ID Label Notation Scope
889501Islam in Britain
202087British isles: archaeologyDC.723Archaeology of the British Isles, excluding Roman Britain (see above).
202086Aegean prehistoryDB.211001The archaeology of the peoples and cultures surrounding the Aegean sea in the prehistoric period. Includes Greek bronze-age Mycaenean culture and the Minoans. USE for Linear A and B scripts.
202104Religious ritualsUse for sites describing or analysing ancient or modern religious rituals, including formal acts of worship, rites connected with births, marriages, death, and other significant life events, pilgrimages, and sacrificial offerings. For resources that provide just the text intended for use at a religious service, with no additional material, use the Liturgy / Religious Music classification.
888880Gender studies
202103Religious buildingsUse for resources that deal with churches, mosques, temples, synagogues and other places of worship. May include general information on the structure and use of religious spaces, architectural studies, and sites devoted to individual buildings. For sites focused on decorative aspects of religious buildings, consider the Religious Art classification instead.
202102Occult / esotericaUse for resources concerned with the study of the occult or esoteric practices, in either historical or modern contexts, including academic perspectives on spiritualism, astrology, numerology, magic(k), divination, Gnosticism, Theosophy, Rosicrucianism, and allied themes.
202101Atheism / agnosticism / secularismUse for resources dealing with belief systems that are characterised by a lack of belief in (or substantial doubt about) the existence of a God or other form of ultimate reality, and/or the belief that organised religion should play no significant role in public life. May include anti-religious apologetics.
202107Islamic lawUse for resources describing or analysing Islamic law (sharia) and jurisprudence (fiqh). Includes resources which discuss the relationship between Islamic law and secular authority.
202108Religious orders / monasticismUse for resources dealing with historical or contemporary religious orders or their members: that is, monks, nuns, and others committed to a religious life, typically involving taking vows and often living in community. May include sites about a particular monastery, convent, or similar building if these also include information about the associated order; for purely architectural resources, consider the Religious Buildings classification instead.
202106HagiographyUse for resources dealing with the lives of saints or equivalent figures. Includes both individual biographies and sites providing broader information about patron saints, saints' days, etc.
202105Interfaith dialogue / religious toleranceUse for sites aiming to encourage and/or facilitate dialogue between members of different faith traditions, and for those which promote tolerance and respect for a range of religious opinions. May include the home pages of organisations working against religious discrimination.
202082Glass and ceramicsDC.503Glass and ceramics material culture. Use for resources relating specifically to glass or ceramic artefacts, technologies, or crafting (e.g. pottery, glass-blowing).
202085Phoenician and Punic studiesDB.2112The archaeology of the Levantine Phoenician culture and its Mediterranean colonies, including Carthage.
202084Mesopotamian studiesDC.7301The archaeology of the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia prior to the Persian empire.
202083Persian studiesDC.7302The archaeology of Persia prior to the Islamic period.
artifact870Conservation and preservation
artifact871Conservation and preservation
artifact868Museology
artifact859Library and information studies
artifact444Museums and GalleriesUsed mainly for museum and gallery organisations with a broad remit. For individual museums and galleries see categories within Collections and exhibitions, Fine and contemporary arts and Art history.
artifact163Archival studies
artifact164Conservation and restoration
202080Humanities computingHumanities Computing
202079Humanities - generalHumanities - General
889000Islam
889001Islamic law
889002Qur'an / Islamic texts
889003Judaism
889004Torah / judaic texts
200021LinguisticsFJ.The study of the nature of language, its development and acquisition. May involve some study of human vocal anatomy.
200893Islamic studies - GermanFM.25The study of Muslim communities or Islamic religion, culture, history, and literature in Germany.
200925Jewish studies - GermanFM.22The study of Jewish communities or Jewish religion, culture, history, and literature in Germany.
201247Gender studies - FrenchFB.2The study of gender issues in French society. Includes historical, cultural, social, and literary sites relating specifically to women's studies, or to issues of gender or sexuality, such as 'Queer studies', 'masculinity', etc.
200011ClassicsDF.The languages, literature, history, and culture of the civilizations of Greco-Roman antiquity and, more broadly, the study of the ancient history and cultures of the Mediterranean and Near-Eastern regions. Resources concerning the ancient history of cultures outside this geographical range should be catalogued under their relevant Area Studies subgateway. Resources that primarily concern non-textual physical remains should be catalogued under Archaeology unless clearly intended to be included in a Classics or Ancient History syllabus.
201669History of librariesDE.13006
200007ArchaeologyDC.The study of the past as it relates to human culture, through material remains. Archaeology does not include purely anthropological resources that make no significant reference to material remains. Anthropology resources are catalogued by Intute: Social Sciences.
201667Museum collections finding aidsJD.52003
201665Archives collections finding aidsCX.52003Use for online services that provide information about where to find archives and/or their contents.
201666Library collections finding aidsCZ.52003Use for online services that provide information about where to find libraries and/or their contents.
201664Digital repositoriesCZ.6002Use for Web sites of organisations with responsibility for the provision and long-term maintenance of digital resources.
201663Audiovisual / specific Media collectionsCZ.6001Use for Web sites of physically stored collections or archives of audio, visual, video, or other non-textual media.
201662Academic libraries / archives / museumsCZ.71Use for Web sites of physical libraries, museums, or archives affiliated with universities or specifically intended for use by scholars.
201660ArchivesCX.5002Use for Web sites about physical archives or collection of archives associated with this subject. The archives themselves need not be available in digitised form.
201661National libraries / archives / museumsCZ.52002Use for Web sites of physical libraries, museums, or archives officially recognised or generally regarded as being of national significance.
201659LibrariesCZ.5Use for Web sites of physical libraries associated with this subject.
200177Museums, libraries, archivesCX.5Use for Web sites of organisations engaged in the collecting, cataloguing, and preservation of materials of value to Further and Higher education. These may or may not include digitised versions of offline materials.
201658Museums / art galleriesJD.Use for Web sites of physical museums or art galleries associated with this subject.
200317Roman britainDB.5312The archaeological study of the Roman province Britannia, circa 43?410 CE.
200313Islamic studies - archaeologyFM.25Archaeological study of Islamic civilization. Geographical coverage potentially stretching from North Africa to the western periphery of the Pacific.
200316RomeDC.7222The archaeological study of the Roman civilization, from its inception to the fall of the Western Empire.
200314Jewish studies - archaeologyFM.22Archaeological study of Canaanite and Israelite civilisations. USE FOR Biblical Archaeology.
200312GreeceDC.7221Archaeological study of classical and Hellenistic Greek civilization.
200310EgyptologyDC.733The archaeological study of the civilisations of Egypt's ancient past, especially its history, belief systems, monuments, and cultural life.
200311Etruscan studiesDB.211The archaeological study of the civilisation of the Etruscans.
200309Byzantine studiesDC.732The archaeological study of the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantine civilization from 330 CE to circa 1453 CE.
200016HistoryDB.In Intute: Arts and Humanities, History should be used for the resources dealing with the following subjects: English local history; British history; general European history; world history. A resource should also be catalogued under History if its content transcends national or regional borders, or if it is of broad historical significance. Resources that are specific to particular geographical locations, and which are not concerned with the implications of the historical events they cover beyond their impact upon that particular locality or region, should be catalogued under the various Area Studies headings.
201795History of librariesDE.13006
201793Museum collections finding aidsJD.52003
201792Library collections finding aidsCZ.52003Use for online services that provide information about where to find libraries and/or their contents.
201791Archives collections finding aidsCX.52003Use for online services that provide information about where to find archives and/or their contents.
201790Digital repositoriesCZ.6002Use for Web sites of organisations with responsibility for the provision and long-term maintenance of digital resources.
201789Audiovisual / specific Media collectionsCZ.6001Use for Web sites of physically stored collections or archives of audio, visual, video, or other non-textual media.
201788Academic libraries / archives / museumsCZ.71Use for Web sites of physical libraries, museums, or archives affiliated with universities or specifically intended for use by scholars.
201786ArchivesCX.5002Use for Web sites about physical archives or collection of archives associated with this subject. The archives themselves need not be available in digitised form.
201787National libraries / archives / museumsCZ.52002Use for Web sites of physical libraries, museums, or archives officially recognised or generally regarded as being of national significance.
201725History of LibrariesDE.13006
201723Museum collections finding aidsJD.52003
201722Library collections finding aidsCZ.52003Use for online services that provide information about where to find libraries and/or their contents.
201721Archives collections finding aidsCX.52003Use for online services that provide information about where to find archives and/or their contents.
201720Digital repositoriesCZ.6002Use for Web sites of organisations with responsibility for the provision and long-term maintenance of digital resources.
201719Audiovisual / specific Media collectionsCZ.6001Use for Web sites of physically stored collections or archives of audio, visual, video, or other non-textual media.
201718Academic libraries / archives / museumsCZ.71Use for Web sites of physical libraries, museums, or archives affiliated with universities or specifically intended for use by scholars.
201717National libraries / archives / museumsCZ.52002Use for Web sites of physical libraries, museums, or archives officially recognised or generally regarded as being of national significance.
201716ArchivesCX.5002Use for Web sites about physical archives or collection of archives associated with this subject. The archives themselves need not be available in digitised form.
201715LibrariesCZ.5Use for Web sites of physical libraries associated with this subject.
200178Museums, libraries, archivesCX.5Use for Web sites of organisations engaged in the collecting, cataloguing, and preservation of materials of value to Further and Higher education. These may or may not include digitised versions of offline materials.
201714Museums / art galleriesJD.Use for Web sites of physical museums or art galleries associated with this subject.
200455Cultural heritageDC.31The study of the conservation of society's social, artistic and intellectual inheritance from the ancient world. Includes the preservation of sites and artefacts of historical significance, etc. May include maintenance and visitor management.
200443PalaeographyDC.4The historical study of scripts. Use for sigillography (Seal rings), manuscripts, cuneiform studies (Sumerian, Akkadian and related languages in which wedge-shaped impressions are left on a clay tablet).
200444PapyrologyDC.4001The study of ancient writing on Papyrus.
200456Preservation of monumentsDC.32Preservation of ancient / historic buildings, conservation of ancient monuments.
201870ArchivesCX.5002Use for Web sites about physical archives or collection of archives associated with this subject. The archives themselves need not be available in digitised form.
201869LibrariesCZ.5Use for Web sites of physical libraries associated with this subject.
200179Museums, libraries, archivesCX.5Use for Web sites of organisations engaged in the collecting, cataloguing, and preservation of materials of value to Further and Higher education. These may or may not include digitised versions of offline materials.
201868Museums / art galleriesJD.Use for Web sites of physical museums or art galleries associated with this subject.
201435Linguistics of Australasian and South West Pacific languagesFM.8001The study of Australasian and South West Pacific languages (including Oceanic), their structure, history, grammar and use.
201433Linguistics of Ancient and Classical languagesFN.15001The study of ancient and Classical languages (including Greek, Latin), their structure, history, grammar and use.
201434English linguisticsFJ.2
200516Linguistics of Slavonic / East-European languagesFN.375001The study of the structure, development, spread and acquisition of the languages of the Slavonic and East-European peoples.
200517Spanish linguisticsFN.349002The study of the structure, development, spread and acquisition of the languages of the Spanish-speaking peoples.
200514Russian linguisticsFN.3755001The study of the structure, development, spread and acquisition of the languages of the Russian-speaking peoples.
200515Scandinavian linguisticsFM.414001The study of the structure, development, spread and acquisition of the languages of the Scandinavian peoples.
200512Linguistics of other European languagesFN.3001The study of the structure, development, spread and acquisition of European languages not otherwise covered here.
200513Portuguese linguisticsFN.346003The study of the structure, development, spread and acquisition of the languages of the Portuguese-speaking peoples.
200510Linguistics of Middle Eastern languagesFM.9002The study of the structure, development, spread and acquisition of modern Middle-Eastern languages.
200511Linguistics of other Asian languagesFN.71004The study of the structure, development, spread and acquisition of Asian languages not otherwise covered here.
200508Japanese linguisticsFN.712001The study of the structure, development, spread and acquisition of the languages of the Japanese-speaking peoples.
200509Linguistics of Latin American languagesFM.612002The study of the structure, development, spread and acquisition of the languages of the Latin American peoples.
201627Gender studies - AfricanFB.2The study of gender issues in African society. Includes historical, cultural, social, and literary sites relating specifically to women's studies, or to issues of gender or sexuality, such as 'Queer studies', 'masculinity', etc.
200507Italian linguisticsFN.344001The study of the structure, development, spread and acquisition of the languages of the Italian-speaking peoples.
200028PhilosophyDE.Philosophy encompasses the study of ideas concerning the nature of reality, value, and experience.
201955National libraries / archives / museumsCZ.52002Use for Web sites of physical libraries, museums, or archives officially recognised or generally regarded as being of national significance.
201956Academic libraries / archives / museumsCZ.71Use for Web sites of physical libraries, museums, or archives affiliated with universities or specifically intended for use by scholars.
201953LibrariesCZ.5Use for Web sites of physical libraries associated with this subject.
201957Audiovisual / specific Media collectionsCZ.6001Use for Web sites of physically stored collections or archives of audio, visual, video, or other non-textual media.
201954ArchivesCX.5002Use for Web sites about physical archives or collection of archives associated with this subject. The archives themselves need not be available in digitised form.
201952Museums / art galleriesJD.Use for Web sites of physical museums or art galleries associated with this subject.
201879History of librariesDE.13006
201877Museum collections finding aidsJD.52003
201876Library collections finding aidsCZ.52003Use for online services that provide information about where to find libraries and/or their contents.
201875Archives collections finding aidsCX.52003Use for online services that provide information about where to find archives and/or their contents.
201874Digital repositoriesCZ.6002Use for Web sites of organisations with responsibility for the provision and long-term maintenance of digital resources.
201873Audiovisual / specific Media collectionsCZ.6001Use for Web sites of physically stored collections or archives of audio, visual, video, or other non-textual media.
201872Academic libraries / archives / museumsCZ.71Use for Web sites of physical libraries, museums, or archives affiliated with universities or specifically intended for use by scholars.
201871National libraries / archives / museumsCZ.52002Use for Web sites of physical libraries, museums, or archives officially recognised or generally regarded as being of national significance.
200404Classical studiesDF.001
200407Ancient Egyptian / hieroglyphicsDC.42The study of the structure, semantics, cultural significance and hieroglyphics of ancient Egyptian.
200406Ancient language studiesFN.15The study of ancient languages, their structure and semantics. May involve investigation into their linguistic, social and/or religious significance and their position as the basis for modern languages.
200409Church LatinFN.323001The study of the history and grammar of ecclesiastical Latin and how it differs from standard Latin.
200410Medieval LatinFN.323002The study of the history and grammar of vernacular Latin used in legal documents and how it differs from standard Latin.
200408Latin studiesFN.323The study of Latin, its structure, history, grammar and use. May involve investigation into its relationship with modern day speech and language.
200411Classical Greek studiesFN.325The study of Classical Greek, its structure, history, grammar and use. May involve investigation into its relationship with modern day speech and language.
200413Late GreekFN.324The study of the history, grammar and use of the Greek used in Eastern churches and how it differs from standard Classical Greek.
200412Classical Church GreekFN.326The study of the history, grammar and use of ecclesiastical Classical Greek and how it differs from standard Classical Greek.
200611Introduction to philosophyDE.005Broad introductions to philosophy.
200607Critical thinkingDE.5001Resources concerning good practice in thinking and argumentation; informal logic. Involves aspects of hermeneutics.
200608Critical theoryFC.221Postmodern theories stemming from the 'Frankfurt School', regarding the practices of criticism, interpretation, and historical understanding of social action. Typically examines the implicit manipulation of social processes and expectations.
200609EpistemologyDE.3Theories regarding the nature, sources and limits of knowledge.
200601AestheticsDE.22The philosophy of art and response to perceptible phenomena. Includes issues of taste and beauty.
200613Gender studies - philosophyFB.2Philosophical resources relating to gender and sexuality.
200620Philosophy of languageDE.53The study of the role of language in communicating ideas.
200619MetaphysicsDE.2Ontology and the study of the first principles of reality and being.
200615LogicDE.51Resources dealing with the processes of valid reasoning and argument; the general science of inference; formal logic.
200616MetaphilosophyDE.006The philosophy of philosophy. Concerned with the subject, matter, methods, and aims of philosophy.
200653Pastoral studiesDD.9Use for resources of specific interest to those in or training for pastoral ministry of some kind. Includes resources discussing the nature of religious leadership, or dealing with common pastoral issues. NB This classification should be used for sites that have a particular bearing on the work of people in ministry; for more general discussion of religious ethics, use Applied / Moral Theology
200621Philosophy of lawEC.12The study of the nature and practice of law as it relates to ideas concerning justice, rights, and duties in society. Jurisprudence.
200622Philosophy of mindDE.23Issues surrounding thinking, consciousness, and the nature of mental phenomena.
200655Religion and cultureFB.14Use for resources dealing with the impact religious beliefs, practices, and groups have on the culture of the societies in which they exist, and vice versa. Includes both sites on the historical context of religions, and those on aspects of modern popular culture (e.g. film, the Internet, etc.).
200657Sociology / psychology of religionEE.225The study of religious thought, experience, and behaviour using the concepts and methods of social science disciplines such as sociology and psychology. Anthropology of religion resources may also be included here, if no other classification is more appropriate.
200667Sects / denominationsDD.5001Use for resources covering the beliefs, practices, and history of sects, denominations, or other organised sub-groups of a religious tradition. Includes the home pages of individual denominational groups, and resources offering comparisons between two or more such groups
200656Gender studies - religion and theologyFB.2The study of gender issues as they relate to religion or theology. Includes resources dealing with the roles of men and women within a religious tradition, or with issues related to sexuality.
202055Introduction to theologyDD.10001Use for resources providing an introduction to the detailed study of the doctrines and beliefs of a religious tradition, often, though not always, from the perspective of committed believers. May include analysis of sacred texts, of religious history, and of the significance of religious practices.
200676Comparative religious textsDD.15001Use for sites that present portions of religious texts from two or more traditions in a parallel format, for the purpose of analysing similarities and/or differences. If the site focuses on the doctrines or practices drawn from the texts, consider also adding the Comparative Religion classification. Do not use for sites which simply feature sacred texts from multiple traditions, with no explicit comparisons made.
200670Languages for theology / religious studiesDD.1005Use for resources intended to aid learners of Hebrew, Greek, ecclesiastical Latin, and other languages for the purpose of reading theological texts in their original languages. Do not use for resources that simply offer the original language material without providing any additional learning resources.
202057Systematic theologyDD.13A theological method characterised by the careful exploration of a series of themes (for example, in the Christian tradition, doctrines such as Creation, the Incarnation, the Trinity, etc.), with the ultimate aim of arriving at a complete and coherent theological system.
202056Doctrinal studiesDD.10002Use for resources offering detailed exposition or analysis of the doctrines, beliefs, or credal statements of a religious tradition, particularly those formulated by a church or other religious authority. Do not use for sites which simply outline the key beliefs of a religious tradition.
202054Theology (general)DD.1000General resources dealing with the detailed study of the doctrines and beliefs of a religious tradition, often, though not always, from the perspective of committed believers. May include analysis of sacred texts, of religious history, and of the significance of religious practices. For purely descriptive resources, Religious Studies (General) may be more appropriate.
202059Ecclesiastical / Church historyDB.73002Use for sites dealing with the history of the Christian tradition. Includes Church Councils, biographical material on important figures, and interaction between church and state. Do not use for sites that cover the theological thought of earlier centuries, but which have no historical focus.
202058History of religionsDB.73Use for sites dealing with the history of religious traditions. Includes biographical material on key figures, and interaction between religious groups and the state. Do not use for sites that simply cover the theology of earlier centuries with no historical focus. Where the subject matter falls under the Ecclesiastical / Church History classification, use that in preference to History of Religions (though there may be sites for which it is appropriate to apply both).
202063Liturgy / religious musicLG.26Use for sites covering prayers or other formularies intended for use in formal public worship, especially those endorsed by a church or other official religious body, and for sites dealing with hymns or other religious music, with or without words. NB. If the religious significance of the music is not clear, it may be more appropriate to catalogue the resource under Music and the Performing Arts instead.
202061Philosophy of religionDD.12The philosophical study of religion, and in particular the question of whether religious beliefs can be rationally justified. Includes philosophical theology. NB. Some sites about non-theistic religions such as Buddhism describe their content as 'philosophy' (because it makes little sense to talk about the theology in a non-theistic context). Do not select the Philosophy of Religion classification for such resources unless there is significant philosophical content.
202060Applied / moral theologyDD.14Use for sites dealing with religious approaches to ethical questions, sites describing or discussing moral systems or precepts found within or emerging from religious traditions, and sites covering attempts to apply religious principles to problematic real-life or hypothetical cases. Includes religious approaches to medical ethics, Just War theory, Natural Law, etc.
202065Religious studies (general)DD.1General resources dealing with the description, study, and comparison of beliefs, practices, culture, and groups within religious traditions, usually approached from a neutral point of view. For detailed analysis of religious beliefs and doctrines, Theology (General) may be more appropriate.
202062MysticismDD.10003Use for material by or about religious figures or practices whose focus is on achieving experience of spiritual realities inaccessible to the intellect or to ordinary perception, often with the ultimate goal of achieving union with or being absorbed into God or the Infinite.
202067Comparative religionDD.1003Use for sites that compare the traditions, beliefs, or practices of two or more religions, for the purpose of analysing similarities and/or differences. For sites which simply feature discrete sections on two or more religions, use Religious Studies (General), Introduction to Religious Studies and/or classifications for the individual religions covered.
202066Introduction to religious studiesDD.1001Use for resources providing an introduction to the description, study, and comparison of beliefs, practices, culture, and groups within religious traditions, usually approached from a neutral point of view. May include sites giving a brief overview of a number of religious traditions.
202064Religious artJA.23Study of artwork that is either religious in character, or connected to religious buildings. Includes paintings and drawings, iconography, statuary, stained glass, and other decorative elements of religious architecture. If this classification applies, also consider cataloguing under Visual Arts > Art History > Iconography > Religious Art.
202069Religion and scienceFB.14001Use for resources dealing with the interaction between religious and scientific thought. Includes the debate between evolutionary theory and creationism. For sites dealing specifically with medical ethics from a religious point of view, Applied / Moral Theology may be more appropriate.
200658BuddhismDD.51Use for resources dealing with the beliefs, practices, or history of Buddhism.
202068MethodologyEE.225001Use for resources which describe, analyse, or evaluate one or more methods of theological enquiry. Includes hermeneutical theory.
200659ChristianityDD.2Use for resources dealing with the beliefs, practices, or history of the Christian religion.
201414Tripitaka / Buddhist textsDD.51001Use for resources dealing with the sacred writings of the Buddhist tradition. Includes both the primary texts themselves and commentary or analysis. If this classification applies, you should generally also select the Buddhism classification.
200671Bible / Christian textsDD.22Use for resources dealing with the sacred writings of the Christian tradition: the Old Testament, the New Testament, and associated apocrypha/pseudiepigrapha. Includes both the primary texts themselves and commentary or analysis. If this classification applies, you should generally also select the Christianity classification.
200264Antiquities / analysis of artifactsDC.24001Historical and methodological study of objects and cultural analysis of artefacts.
200267Archaeological conservationDC.3The methods and science of artefact preservation. Processes for arresting physical, chemical, or biological decay resulting from changing environments.
200266Archaeological practiceDC.2Use for resources concerned with general archaeological methodology. Includes methods of surveying, excavating, and recording archaeological sites.
200268Archaeological drawingDC.22Resources concerning archaeological illustrations and the depiction of excavations or surveys, such as section drawings.
200270Archaeological sciencesDC.27Scientific processes and methods used in archaeological investigation. Includes archaeometallurgy; archaeometry (scientific analysis of archaeological materials); computed axial tomography (CAT or CT scanners); dendrochronology (tree ring dating); Geoarchaeology (sediments and site formation, dating, sediments, geomorphology).
200271Archaeological surveying / prospectionDC.21Use for archaeological techniques such as: walk-over surveys; geophysics; aerial photography; reconnaissance surveying.
200269Archaeological recording / documentationDC.28Techniques involved in recording and documenting archaeological excavations and fieldwork.
200273Computing and archaeologyDC.2005Application of computers and information and communications technnology, particularly GIS (mapping software and data), to archaeology.
200272Art / architecture historyJA.23The historical study of art, architecture, iconography and sculpture as an aspect of cultural history. Includes rock art and cave painting.
200355Antiquities / analysis of artifactsDC.24001Historical study of objects and cultural analysis of artifacts.
200356Biographical literatureFC.35The use of biographical or autobiographical accounts of historical figures, or concerned with biography and autobiography as history.
200359HistoriographyDB.124Historiography and historical methods (such as prosopography, family reconstitution, psychohistory, etc.).
200357Computing and historyDB.12The use of computers and information technology in historical research.
200360NumismaticsJE.6The historical study and cultural analysis of coins.
200358Historical geographyRF.441The use of topographical and topological resources in historical research. Includes historical maps.
200361PalaeographyDC.4Historical methods and study of palaeography (paleography). Includes texts, writing, runes, shorthand and other scripts, sigillography (seal rings). USE FOR manuscripts (or the study of these books or documents written or typed by hand rather than being printed).
200362Oral historyDB.8The use of spoken records as historical evidence.
200363Philosophy of historyDB.11Theory / philosophy of history.
200365Agricultural / rural historyDB.711Historical studies of rural environments, including settlement, horticulture and agriculture, field systems, historic landscape.
201508Islamic studies - South AsianFM.25
200662IslamDD.3Use for resources dealing with the beliefs, practices, or history of Islam.
202070Patristic theologyDD.2001The history and theology of the Church Fathers and the early church more generally between the end of the New Testament period (ca. 100 CE) and the 7th century.
202071Medieval theologyDD.2002Use for sites dealing with the works of medieval theologians, or with religious beliefs prevalent in the High Middle Ages (1000 to 1300 CE). For purely historical resources with no discussion of theology, use Ecclesiastical / Church History and/or History of Religions.
200663JudaismDD.4Use for resources dealing with the beliefs, practices, or history of Judaism.
200674Torah / judaic textsDD.4001Use for resources dealing with the sacred writings of the Jewish tradition: the Tanakh, the Talmud, Midrash, etc. Includes both the primary texts themselves and commentary or analysis. If this classification applies, you should generally also select the Judaism classification.
200673Qur'an / Islamic textsDD.3001Use for resources dealing with the sacred writings of the Islamic tradition: the Qu'ran and the Hadith literature. Includes both the primary texts themselves and commentary or analysis. If this classification applies, you should generally also select the Islam classification.
200661HinduismDD.52Use for resources dealing with the beliefs, practices, or history of the Hindu religion.
200664SikhismDD.54Use for resources dealing with the beliefs, practices, or history of the Sikh religion.
201413JainismDD.5004Use for resources dealing with the beliefs, practices, or history of the Jain religion.
200660ConfucianismDD.56Use for resources dealing with the beliefs, practices, or history of the Confucian religion.
200665TaoismDD.57Use for resources dealing with the beliefs, practices, or history of the Taoist (Daoist) religion.
200675Other Asian religious textsDD.5002Use for resources dealing with the sacred writings of religious traditions primarily practiced in or originating from Asia, OTHER THAN Buddhism, Hinduism, Confucianism, Islam, Jainism, Sikhism, and Taoism. Includes both the primary texts themselves and commentary or analysis. If this classification applies, you should generally also select the Other Asian Religions classification.
201415Bhagavad-Gita and Hindu textsDD.52001Use for resources dealing with the sacred writings of the Hindu tradition. Includes both the primary texts themselves and commentary or analysis. If this classification applies, you should generally also select the Hinduism classification.
201416Jain textsDD.50041Use for resources dealing with the sacred writings of the Jain tradition. Includes both the primary texts themselves and commentary or analysis. If this classification applies, you should generally also select the Jainism classification.
200623Philosophy of religionDD.12Concepts involved in religious belief, such as fate, sin, redemption, and God. Includes psychological, social, and anthropological dimensions of religious belief.
200624Philosophy of scienceRA.6The study of the nature and boundaries of scientific knowledge and methodology.
201501Philosophy of social scienceDE.42The study of the methodologies used in the social sciences and the assumptions upon which they are based.
202077Education theory / philosophyGA.3
201500Political philosophyEA.21Concepts of political authority and governance.
200637EthicsDE.4The study of human virtue and duty, good or bad action. Moral philosophy. Includes study of how ethical values are assigned, considering objectivity and relativism. Also use a more specific term where appropriate.
202076Existentialism and phenomenologyDE.001001
202078Philosophy of mathematicsRA.6004
200629Social ethicsDE.421Moral and political issues concerning the relationship between the individual and society.
200630Theoretical ethicsDE.41
200636Professional and business ethicsAF.1Ethical issues arising from business practices. Includes social responsibilities of firms, company loyalty, conflicting obligations
200633Ethics of science and medicineDE.4004Moral, social, or political issues arising from medicine or scientific research. Includes abortion, euthanasia, animal ethics, and environmental ethics.
200631Applied ethicsDE.4001The consideration of ethical responsibilities and obligations in practical situations. Also use additional terms listed below where appropriate.
201893History of librariesDE.13006
201889Archives collections finding aidsCX.52003Use for online services that provide information about where to find archives and/or their contents.
201884ArchivesCX.5002Use for Web sites about physical archives or collection of archives associated with this subject. The archives themselves need not be available in digitised form.
201883LibrariesCZ.5Use for Web sites of physical libraries associated with this subject.
200461Clinical linguisticsFJ.2002The study of speech processes, including the production, perception and analysis of speech sound.
200460Anthropological linguisticsEE.23The study of language through human genetics and human development . This strongly overlaps the field of linguistic anthropology, which is the branch of anthropology that studies of humans through the languages that they use.
200462Cognitive linguisticsFJ.2003A branch of linguistics and cognitive science. Aims to provide accounts of language that mesh well with current understandings of the human mind. The guiding principle behind this area of linguistics is that language use must be explained with reference to the underlying mental processes.
200463Comparative linguisticsFJ.222Comparisons between different languages.
200467History of linguisticsFJ.2004Sites relating to the history of linguistics studies.
200466Historical linguisticsFJ.221History of languages. The study of the structure and development of languages, now dead, which form the root of modern languages. USE FOR Philology and language change.
200465GraphologyPK.52The study of alphabets and handwriting.
200464Deaf studiesKB.62Sites relating to linguistics of the deaf, and linguistics issues relating to sign languages and other forms of commmunication.
200470Language typologyFJ.2005Classification of world languages into typological categories.
200468Language contactFJ.221001Study of linguistic environments where languages are in contact with each other, e.g. pidgins and creoles, switching between languages in multilingual situations.
200469Pidgins / creolesFJ.221002Sites particularly concerned with pidgins and creoles - two or more languages that have combined to form a language that enables people from different lanugae groups to communicate.
200473Lexical semanticsFJ.25001A field in Computer science and Linguistics which deals mainly with word meaning. Covers various theories of the structure of words, the differences and similarities in lexical semantic structure between different languages, and the relationship of word meaning to sentence meaning and syntax.
200472LexicologyFJ.244A speciality in linguistics dealing with the meaning and usage of words, as conceived in a dictionary or thesaurus. There are difficulties in working out what simple words such as 'the' mean, and what complicated words mean. Also which words to include or exclude.
200471LexicographyFJ.244001The art or craft of writing dictionaries and the scholarly discipline of analyzing and describing the semantic relationships within the lexicon (vocabulary) of a language.
201809History of librariesDE.13006
201807Museum collections finding aidsJD.52003
201806Library collections finding aidsCZ.52003Use for online services that provide information about where to find libraries and/or their contents.
201805Archives collections finding aidsCX.52003Use for online services that provide information about where to find archives and/or their contents.
201804Digital repositoriesCZ.6002Use for Web sites of organisations with responsibility for the provision and long-term maintenance of digital resources.
201803Audiovisual / specific Media collectionsCZ.6001Use for Web sites of physically stored collections or archives of audio, visual, video, or other non-textual media.
201802Academic libraries / archives / museumsCZ.71Use for Web sites of physical libraries, museums, or archives affiliated with universities or specifically intended for use by scholars.
201801National libraries / archives / museumsCZ.52002Use for Web sites of physical libraries, museums, or archives officially recognised or generally regarded as being of national significance.
201800ArchivesCX.5002Use for Web sites about physical archives or collection of archives associated with this subject. The archives themselves need not be available in digitised form.
201799LibrariesCZ.5Use for Web sites of physical libraries associated with this subject.
201798Museums / art galleriesJD.Use for Web sites of physical museums or art galleries associated with this subject.
200163Museums, libraries, archivesCX.5Use for Web sites of organisations engaged in the collecting, cataloguing, and preservation of materials of value to Further and Higher education. These may or may not include digitised versions of offline materials.
200366Ancient historyDB.21Historical studies of the peoples and cultures of the ancient world (prior to the seventh century AD). If possible ALSO USE more specific terms.
200367Art / architecture historyJA.23Historical study of developments in the arts as an aspect of cultural history. Includes architecture, art, iconography, sculpture, and design.
200370History of religionsDB.73Historical study of the beliefs, practices and organization of religious movements and their interactions with other cultures.
200368Byzantine studiesFM.913Historical studies of Byzantine history, between circa C4th to circa C7th CE. SEE ALSO Classics.
200372Economic historyDB.741Study of the growth and development of economies, economic activity and organization in history. May include the study of industrialisation, currency, labour, trade, etc.
200369Cultural historyFB.1The historical study of the performing and creative arts or traditional culture. Includes music, dance, crafts, folklore, etc
200371Ecclesiastical / Church historyDB.73002Historical study of the beliefs, practices and organization of Christian religious movements and their interaction with other cultures. Includes Christian religious art, buildings, education, occultism, etc.
200373Education historyGA.31Historical study of education and schools. Includes educational patronage, policies, professions, buidlings, etc.
200374Family historyDB.9Genealogical study of family or personal descent.
200377Intellectual history / ideas and learningDE.13The historical study of the development and propagation of ideas. Use for histories of learned societies, history of the book, changing social attitudes, methods of enquiry, etc.
200375Gender studies - historyFB.2The historical study of gender issues. Includes resources relating specifically to women's studies, or to issues of gender or sexuality, such as 'Queer studies', 'masculinity', etc.
200378International historyDB.4Historical studies of relations between nation states. Includes commercial, economic, and diplomatic relations, treaties, reparations, etc.
200376Imperial and colonial historyDB.742001Study of imperial and colonial policy, and the impact of empires in modern history.
200379Islamic studies - historyFM.25The historical study of Muslim culture and communities, or the Islamic religion.
200380Jewish studies - historyFM.22The historical study of Jewish culture and communities, or the Jewish religion. Includes historical accounts of the World War II holocaust.
200416Classical Greek literatureFN.325001The study of literature originally written in Classical Greek. Includes the use of techniques of literary analysis and interpretation.
200414Linguistics of Ancient and Classical languagesFN.15001The study of the structure, development, spread and acquisition of Ancient and/or Classical languages.
200418Biographical literatureFC.35Biographical or autobiographical accounts of historical/literary figures, or concerned with biography and autobiography as historical/literary forms.
200417Latin literatureFN.323003The study of literature originally written in Latin. Includes the use of techniques of literary analysis and interpretation.
200419Ancient theatreLC.4The study of the technical aspects of theatrical production and performance. Includes ancient history of the theatre. USE ?Drama (Comedy / Tragedy)? for dramatic texts as literature.
200421Literature in translationFC.24Study, analysis and interpretation of literature translated from (or into) a classical or ancient language.
200420Drama (comedy / tragedy)FC.32Dramatic texts written for performance or acting in Classical languages, includes tragedy and comedy, and the study of these texts.
200422Other proseKC.31Prose texts not included in other categories and the study of these. Includes diaries, journals, letters, sermons, and essays studied as literary texts.
200423PoetryFC.31Resources primarily consisting of poetry (language in metrical or rhythmical form) or concerned with the study of poetry, poets, or poetics.
200426Ancient historyDB.21Historical studies of the peoples and cultures of the ancient world (prior to the seventh century AD). If possible ALSO USE more specific terms.
200424Rhetoric and lawFN.15002Ancient rhetoric, oratorial and legal resources of application to students of Classical Studies. Also USE FOR Roman Law.
200429EgyptologyDC.733The historical study of Egypt's ancient past, its significant individuals, belief systems, government, relations, conflicts, commerce, and cultural life.
200427AssyriologyDC.731The historical study of the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia, from circa 3000 BC through circa 500 BC in the area which is now modern Iraq and Syria. Includes significant individuals, belief systems, government, relations, conflicts, commerce, and cultural life.
200428Byzantine studiesFM.913The historical study of the Byzantine civilization from 330 AD to circa 1453 AD, its significant individuals, belief systems, government, relations, conflicts, commerce, and cultural life.
200430Etruscan studiesDB.211The historical study of the Etruscans, their belief systems, government, relations, conflicts, commerce, and cultural life.
201130Gender studies - ChineseFB.2The study of gender issues in Chinese society. Includes historical, cultural, social, and literary sites relating specifically to women's studies, or to issues of gender or sexuality, such as 'Queer studies', 'masculinity', etc.
200274Cultural / political / historical surveysDC.2003Cultural-historical approaches using the procedures of the traditional historian.
200275Environmental archaeologyDC.272Methods and sciences for documenting and understanding the physical environment in which particular cultural systems operated. Includes: bioarchaeology (botanical analysis of plant remains); bone studies; zooarchaeology (the study of animal/faunal remains found in archaeological sites).
200276EpigraphyTG.265The study of inscriptions.
200279Fieldwork methodsDC.26001Fieldwork techniques and methodologies not elsewhere covered.
200277Excavation techniquesDC.23Techniques involving the systematic uncovering of archaeological remains through the removal of the deposits of soil and the other material covering them and accompanying them. USE FOR open area excavation, Planum method, Quadrant method, Wheeler method, etc.
200278Experimental archaeologyDC.2004The study of past behavioural processes through experimental reconstruction under carefully controlled scientific conditions.
200281LithicsDC.24002Stone material culture. Use for resources relating specifically to stone artefacts, technologies, or crafting. USE Art History for rock art and cave painting.
200280History and theory of archaeologyDB.71Investigations of the historical development of archaeology in its social and cultural context. The nature and development of archaeological theory and the various schools of theoretical archaeology, including functionalism, processualism, post processualism, and cognitive archaeology
200283Onomastics / place namesFJ.20018The study of names (usually of people and places).
200282NumismaticsJE.6The historical study and cultural analysis of coins.
200285PapyrologyDC.4001The study of ancient writing on Papyrus.
200284PalaeographyDC.4The historical study of writing, runes, shorthand and other scripts. Use for sigillography (Seal rings), manuscripts, cuneiform studies.
200286Rescue archaeologyDC.2001Issues relating to archaeological sites threatened by man-made or natural disturbance, most commonly due to building or infrastructure development. USE FOR Salvage archaeology and crisis archaeology.
200288Gender studies - archaeologyFB.2The schools of theoretical archaeology for gender/feminist archaeology. The position of women in archaeology and the formulation of archaeology as a gendered or otherwise socially-constructed discipline.
200686Museums / art galleriesJD.Use for Web sites of physical museums or art galleries associated with this subject.
200688ArchivesCX.5002Use for Web sites about physical archives or collection of archives associated with this subject. The archives themselves need not be available in digitised form.
200025Museum, library, and archive studiesXXXUse for Web sites of organisations engaged in the collecting, cataloguing, and preservation of materials of value to Further and Higher education. These may or may not include digitised versions of offline materials.
200228English language teachingGC.52English language teaching to students whose first language is English.
200227DictionariesFJ.244The study of English dictionaries (or dictionaries that are of application to students of English Studies), and lexicology in general. USE Type = 'reference source' if the resource is itself a dictionary.
200225English languageFN.2The study of the history, grammar and use of English. Includes pronunciation and articulation, grammar, phonetics and phonology, syntax, vocabulary, words, history of English language, variation in English; figures of speech. If possible ALSO USE a more specific term.
200226English linguisticsFJ.2The study of the structure, development, spread and acquisition of the language of the English-speaking peoples. Includes English dialects and English-based pidgin and Creole languages.
200229English as a foreign language (EFL)FN.222English language teaching to students, normally living outside the UK, whose first language is not English.
200230English for speakers of other languages (ESOL)FN.221English as an additional language (EAL): for those living in the UK whose mother tongue is not English, such as ethnic minorities for whom English may or may not be a first language. It also includes issues relating to Welsh and Gaelic.
200232English for academic purposes (EAP)FN.24001The English language as applied in academic situations, e.g. for students who are preparing to enter English-speaking educational institutions and need to bring their English skills to university-level fluency.
200381Legal history / law and orderEC.14Historical studies of law and order, law enforcement, criminal justice systems, and legal records.
200382Local / regional historyDB.75Social historical study of a particular locality such as a town or village.
200383Maritime / naval historyDB.76Historical studies of docks and harbours, merchant shipping, maritime exploration, piracy, and the development of naval forces and their deployment in warfare.
200385Political historyDB.742Study of political and constitutional history. Includes history of monarchs and ruling dynasties, legislatures, local politics, political movements and parties, representations of politics, etc.
200384Media studiesKA.2Historical studies of media and communication, e.g. films, television, radio, the press, electronic media, etc. May involve the study of the media industry, technical innovations, cultural significance, and the role of audiences.
200388Urban studiesTC.231Historical studies of urban environments, including settlement, and the planning for and management of the built environment.
200386Population / environment historyRF.44101Historical studies of population and environment. Includes demographic studies, migration and settlement, environmental change, natural disasters, polution, etc.
200233RhetoricGC.52001Ancient or modern rhetoric resources that are of application to students of English Studies.
200231English for specific purposes (ESP)FN.24The English language as applied in particular contexts or professions, e.g. engineers, scientists etc.
200237Literary researchFC.23Methods of literary research. USE SPARINGLY FOR resources that might otherwise be hard to catalogue.
200235English literatureFC.4The study of literature originally written in English. Includes the use of techniques of literary analysis and interpretation. If possible ALSO USE a more specific term.
201565Oriental manuscriptsCC.26
201562PalaeographyDC.4
200022Manuscript studiesDC.4001
201570CodicologyCC.25.7
201563Western manuscriptsCC.25
201573Writing materials and instrumentsDC.4004
201571SigillographyCC.25.5
201577AbbreviationsCC.25.3
201576CalligraphyJB.71
201581Literary manuscriptsDC.4005
201580Illuminated manuscriptsJB.72
201585Bible and Christian textsDD.22
201583Music manuscriptsLF.3
201589DiplomaticCC.25.5
201593Book tradeCC.25.71
201595Scribes and illuminatorsFC.48010
201600ScriptoriaFC.48015
201604Catalogues of manuscriptsCC.25.8
201598Manuscripts owners and collectorsFC.48013
200387Social historyDB.7The interpretation of the underlying processes of change in society. Includes the study of the growth and development of societies in history, social conditions, domestic life, leisure pursuits, social mobility, welfare, charity, etc.
201605Catalogues of illuminated manuscriptsCC.25.61
201606Incipits, explicits, colophonsCC.25.89
200389Military history / wars and conflictsDB.77Historical studies of the development of armed forces and their deployment in warfare. Includes resources about specific wars.
201610PapyrologyCC.21
201611ChronologiesCC.18.4
201613Family and local historyDB.9
201614HeraldryJB.62
888940Byzantine manuscripts
201616Latin manuscriptsFN.323
201619Greek manuscriptsFN.325
889806Medieval literacy
889807Transmission of texts
888941Jewish studies - Hebrew manuscripts
888942Scientific texts
889802Conservation of archives and manuscripts
889803Facsimiles
889804Historical manuscripts
889805Medical texts and herbals
202074Other Asian religionsDD.5001Use for resources dealing with the beliefs, practices, or history of religions primarily practiced in or originating from Asia, OTHER THAN Buddhism, Hinduism, Confucianism, Islam, Jainism, Sikhism, and Taoism. For religions not practised in the modern world, use Ancient Religions and Mythology.
201417Confucian textsDD.56001Use for resources dealing with the sacred writings of the Confucian tradition. Includes both the primary texts themselves and commentary or analysis. If this classification applies, you should generally also select the Confucianism classification.
202073Taoist textsDD.57001Use for resources dealing with the sacred writings of the Taoist (Daoist) tradition. Includes both the primary texts themselves and commentary or analysis. If this classification applies, you should generally also select the Taoism classification.
202072Sikh textsDD.54001Use for resources dealing with the sacred writings of the Sikh tradition. Includes both the primary texts themselves and commentary or analysis. If this classification applies, you should generally also select the Sikhism classification.
201510Jewish studies - South AsianFM.22
200903Islamic studies - other AsianFM.25
200475PhoneticsFJ.23The study of speech sounds (voice). It is concerned with the actual nature of the sounds and their production. USE FOR speech acoustics, anatomy and physiology.
200477PragmaticsFJ.25001The study of how context influences the interpretation of meaning. Context here must be interpreted as situation as it may include any imaginable extralinguistic factor.
200476PhonologyFJ.23001A subfield of grammar. Whereas phonetics is about the nature of sounds (or phones) per se, phonology describes the way sounds function within a given language.
200474MorphologyFJ.241Study of the structure, form, or variation in form (including formation, change, and inflection) of a word or words in a language.
200478PsycholinguisticsFJ.27Psycholinguistics or Linguistics of psychology is the study of the psychological and neurological factors that enable humans to acquire, use and understand language. Psycholinguistics study the factors that account for codification and decodification, i.e., the psychological structures that allow us to construct or understand utterances, words, sentences, texts, etc.
200480SociolinguisticsFJ.28The study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used. It also studies how lects differ between groups separated by certain social variables, e.g., ethnicity, religion, economic status, level of education, etc., and how creation and adherence to these rules is used to categorize individuals in social class or socio-economic classes.
200479SemanticsFJ.25Defined as the study of meaning of (parts of) words, phrases, sentences, and texts.
200481DialectologyFJ.28001Relates to the study of dialects and geographical variations within a language community.
200482Speech technologyFJ.23002The study of speech processes, including the production, perception and analysis of speech sound. Includes speech acoustics, anatomy and physiology.
200483Speech therapyPJ.3The corrective or rehabilitative treatment of physical and/or cognitive deficits/disorders resulting in difficulty with verbal communication. This includes both speech (articulation, intonation, rate, intensity) and language (phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, both receptive and expressive language, including reading and writing).
200790Philosophy of social science (humanities)DE.42The study of the philosophy of the social sciences (and the assumptions upon which they are based).
201438History of physics (humanities)DB.71006Historical studies of natural philosophy and the physical sciences.
200391History of scienceDB.71002Investigation of the historical development of the sciences in their economic and cultural context. Includes the influence of non-scientific factors and the impact of science on society. Includes history of the social sciences, scientific instruments, science policy, etc. If possible ALSO USE a more specific term.
201499Exploration and discoveryRF.44102
200393History of biologyDB.72001Investigation of the historical development of the biological sciences (including natural history, biochemistry, genetics, palaeontology).
200392History of astronomyDB.71004Investigation of the historical development of the astronomical sciences.
200240ManuscriptsDC.4Literary manuscripts (or the study of these books or documents written or typed by hand rather than being printed; authors copies in this form submitted for publication).
200239Critical theoryFC.221Critical theory (general and systematic reflection on literary methods and models) and the study of it.
200238Collections / anthologiesFC.3002USE SPARINGLY for collections and anthologies of literature, and the study of these.
200241Printing / publishingKH.1The study of the production, distribution and sale of information made available by printed, electronic or other means, in the English language, or as conducted within the United Kingdom. Includes History of The Book, analytical bibliography (history or description of books, their authorship and editions etc.), and catalogues, printing (production of books etc. by applying inked block or plates to paper, includes typography, binding, illustration, paper); publishing (distribution of books, documents etc. to the public.
200242Textual criticismFC.222Only use for detailed textual commentary, comparison, or close textual analysis, includes scholarly editing / editing of texts.
200247Creative writingKC.3The teaching and/or practice of creative writing. Includes resources and services intended for those engaged in creative writing.
200246Children's literatureFC.36Literature for children and young adults, including 'teen fiction' (writing for teenagers), or the study of this.
200431Mycenaean GreeceDB.211001The historical study of the Greek Bronze Age Mycenaeans (or Achaeans), their belief systems, government, relations, conflicts, commerce, and cultural life.
200432GreeceDC.7221The historical study of classical and Hellenistic Greek civilization, its significant individuals, belief systems, government, relations, conflicts, commerce, and cultural life.
200434RomeDB.212The historical study of the Roman state, peoples, and empire, from its inception through to the fall of the Western empire, its significant individuals, belief systems, government, relations, conflicts, commerce, and cultural life.
200435Roman BritainDB.5312The historical study of the Roman province Britannia, circa 43?410 CE.
200436Other Ancient culturesDB.21001Historical studies of other ancient cultures not covered above. Includes European, African, Asian, Australasian, and pre-Columbian American cultures.
200446Art / architecture historyJA.23Historical study of developments in the arts as an aspect of cultural history. Includes architecture, art, iconography, sculpture, and design.
200447Gender studies - classicsFB.2The historical study of gender issues. Includes resources relating specifically to women's studies, or to issues of gender or sexuality, such as 'Queer studies', 'masculinity', etc.
200448Jewish studies - classicsFM.22The historical study of Canaanite and Israelite civilisation, its significant individuals, belief system, government, relations, conflicts, commerce, and cultural life. Also use for more general Biblical history.
200292Preservation of monumentsDC.32Issues relating to the preservation of ancient / historic buildings, and the conservation of ancient monuments.
200291Listed buildingsDC.31001Issues relating to listed buildings, which have protection from destruction or 'inappropriate' development.
200290Cultural heritageDC.31Use for archaeological heritage management (AHM), archaeological resource management (ARM), and Cultural Resources Management (CRM). Covers the identification, preservation, and maintenance of existing cultural sites or landscapes. Includes the study of Sites of Special Scientific Interest, sites of historical significance, etc. May include maintenance and visitor management.
200294Agriculture / horticultureDC.5001The archaeology of farming and gardening. Use for field systems, agricultural practices and artefacts, etc.
200298Landscape archaeologyDC.62The mapping and analysis of landscape as archaeological context. Also use for interpretative work focusing on the social use of space by past communities.
200299Marine archaeologyDC.61The archaeology of underwater environments. Includes practical and methodological issues. Use for underwater and maritime archaeology, shipwrecks, wrecksites.
200567Islamic studies - AmericanFM.25The study of Muslim communities or Islamic religion, culture, history, and literature in North America.
200568Jewish studies - AmericanFM.22The study of Jewish communities or Jewish religion, culture, history, and literature in North America.
200894Islamic studies - HispanicFM.25The study of Muslim communities or Islamic religion, culture, history, and literature in Spain.
200926Jewish studies - HispanicFM.22The study of Jewish communities or Jewish religion, culture, history, and literature in Spain.
200632Ethics of familyDE.4002Ethics relating to family relationships.
200605Ancient philosophyDE.8The philosophy of the Greco-Roman world up to the 6th Century AD
200634Ethics of sexualityDE.4003Moral, social, or political issues surrounding sexual activity.
200635Ethics of technologyDE.4005Moral, social, or political issues arising due to technological developments.
200617Modern philosophyDE.007Philosophy in the modern period, from the 17th to 19th centuries. Generally regarded as beginning with Descartes
200604History of philosophyDE.12Resources tracing changes in philosophy and philosophical ideas over time.
200610Medieval philosophyDE.121Western European philosophy from the fall of Rome in the 5th century to the Renaissance (14th century). Generally typified by scholasticism and theological in tendency.
200614Renaissance philosophyDE.12002European Renaissance philosophers and philosophy of the 15th to 17th centuries, characterised by revival of ancient systems and renewed interest in occult.
200900Islamic Studies - ScandinavianFM.25The study of Muslim communities or Islamic religion, culture, history, and literature in Scandinavia.
200687LibrariesCZ.5Use for Web sites of physical libraries associated with this subject.
200691National libraries / archives / museumsCZ.52002Use for Web sites of physical libraries, museums, or archives officially recognised or generally regarded as being of national significance.
200696Academic libraries / archives / museumsCZ.71Use for Web sites of physical libraries, museums, or archives affiliated with universities or specifically intended for use by scholars.
201523Gender studies - South AsianFB.2
200627Contemporary philosophyDE.003Use for diverse 21st-century and late 20th-century philosophy not easily assiged to other categories.
20062620th century philosophyDE.004Use for general 20th-century philosophy resources not easily assigned to other categories.
200606Continental philosophyDE.001Use for 'Continental' schools of 20th-century philosophy, such as existentialism, structuralism and poststructuralism, post-modernism, etc.
200603Analytical philosophyDE.002Philosophy employing the analytical method typical of modern Anglo-American philosophy, in which there is a central concern with language and meaning.
200618Non-Western philosophyDE.7All philosophy not derived from the Greco-Roman and later European traditions. Includes Eastern, African, and non-European native philosophies. Consider adding Area Studies headings.
200612Islamic philosophyFM.25Use for Islamic philosophers and philosophy developed within the framework of Islamic culture. The period between the 9th and 16th centuries AD is generally considered the golden age of Islamic philosophy.
200935Jewish studies - other AsianFM.22
200394History of chemistryDB.72002Investigation of the historical development of chemistry.
200397History of technologyDB.71006Investigation of the historical development of technology. Includes the influence of non-scientific factors and the impact of technology on society.
200396History of medicineDB.72Investigation of the historical development of the medical sciences (including anatomy, physiology, psychology, pharmacology, forensic science, eugenics, medical research, etc.).
200395History of mathematicsDB.71005Investigation of the historical development of the mathematical sciences (including mathematical instruments, geometry, statistics, applied mathematics).
200398Transport historyDB.7413Investigation of the historical development of transport. Includes the influence of non-scientific factors and the impact of transport on society.
201461Islamic studies - AustralasianFM.25The study of Muslim communities, or Islamic religion, culture, history, and literature in Australasia.
201460Jewish studies - AustralasianFM.22The study of Jewish communities, or Jewish religion, culture, history, and literature in Australasia.
201470Gender studies - AustralasianFB.2The study of gender issues in Australasian society. Includes historical, cultural, social, and literary sites relating specifically to women's studies, or to issues of gender or sexuality, such as 'Queer studies', 'masculinity', etc.
202075Other religious textsDD.50031Use for resources dealing with the sacred writings of non-Asian religious traditions OTHER THAN Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. Includes both the primary texts themselves and commentary or analysis. If this classification applies, you should generally also select the Other Religions classification.
201980Museums / art galleriesJD.Use for Web sites of physical museums or art galleries associated with this subject.
200184Museums, libraries, archivesCX.5Use for Web sites of organisations engaged in the collecting, cataloguing, and preservation of materials of value to Further and Higher education. These may or may not include digitised versions of offline materials.
201982ArchivesCX.5002Use for Web sites about physical archives or collection of archives associated with this subject. The archives themselves need not be available in digitised form.
201981LibrariesCZ.5Use for Web sites of physical libraries associated with this subject.
201983National libraries / archives / museumsCZ.52002Use for Web sites of physical libraries, museums, or archives officially recognised or generally regarded as being of national significance.
201985Audiovisual / specific Media collectionsCZ.6001Use for Web sites of physically stored collections or archives of audio, visual, video, or other non-textual media.
201984Academic libraries / archives / museumsCZ.71Use for Web sites of physical libraries, museums, or archives affiliated with universities or specifically intended for use by scholars.
200666Other religionsDD.5003Use for resources dealing with the beliefs, practices, or history of non-Asian religions OTHER THAN Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. For religions not practised in the modern world, use Ancient Religions and Mythology.
201986Digital repositoriesCZ.6002Use for Web sites of organisations with responsibility for the provision and long-term maintenance of digital resources.
200648Ancient religions / mythologyFB.43Use for sites dealing with religions practiced solely or chiefly in the ancient world (6th century CE or earlier), or with mythology as it relates to religion.
200030Religion and theologyDD.
201987Archives collections finding aidsCX.52003Use for online services that provide information about where to find archives and/or their contents.
200625Philosophical systemsDE.6Resources broadly concerned with particular philosophical systems (such as Marxism, existentialism, or logical positivism) or the nature of philosophical systems in general.
200297Industrial archaeologyDC.52The archaeology of industrial environments and processes. Includes issues concerning engineering and production in various industries. Use for mining, shipbuilding, weaving, production sites, industrial machinery, etc.
200769History of science (humanities)DB.71002The historical development of science and technology, and their relationships with broader cultural and social issues. Includes development of all scientific and social science disciplines, scientific instruments, government policy, public health, science education, and scientific communication. ALSO USE MORE SPECIFIC TERM WHERE POSSIBLE.
200017History and philosophy of scienceRA.6The study of the history of science and the philosophy of science (and related topics in the history of the natural and social sciences), including mathematics, medicine and technology.
200449Ancient philosophyDE.8The philosophy of the ancient world, up to the 6th Century AD
200770Ancient history of science (humanities)DB.71003
200302Religion / ritual / funeraryDC.51Religious or ritual sites and artifacts. Includes funerary, monuments, buildings.
200300Military studies / warfare and defenceDB.77The landscape, sites and artifacts associated with war, military occupation, defence, battelfields.
200301Provincial / colonial administrationDB.742001The landscape, sites and artifacts associated with the governance and administration of provinces or colonies.
200303Rural / urban settlementDC.5002The study of the internal structure, arrangement, distribution, and relationships of settlements in the context of their environmental setting and landscape position.
200304Secular architecture / structuresDC.5003Architecture, buildings and structures that specifically have no religious/ritual significance.
200400Cultural heritageDC.31The study of the conservation of land (or society's social, artistic and intellectual inheritance from the past), which has or contains something of rarity value. Includes the study of Sites of Special Scientific Interest, sites of historical significance, etc. May include maintenance and visitor management. SEE ALSO more specific terms in Classics or Archaeology.
200305Trade / communicationDC.5004The archaeology of trade/communication (the transfer of goods, services, or information between individuals or communities).
200485Translation studiesFJ.4Translation Studies, including the theory and practice of literary translation.
200484SyntaxFJ.242The study of the rules, or 'patterned relations,' that govern the way the words in a sentence come together. It concerns how different words which are categorized as nouns, adjectives, verbs etc. are combined into clauses which in turn combine into sentences.
200452Ancient history of scienceDB.71003Ancient history of science (astronomy, mathematics, medicine etc.) and technology (agriculture, transport etc.)
200450Greek Classical philosophyDE.81Use for resources concerning Greek classical philosophy and philosophers, 5th and 4th centuries BC.
200451Ancient religions and mythologyFB.43Use for resources concerning ancient religions or mythology.
200438Antiquities / analysis of artifactsDC.24001Historical study of objects and cultural analysis of artefacts.
200453War and conflicts / military historyDB.77Historical studies of the development of armed forces and their deployment in warfare in the ancient world. Includes resources about specific wars.
200489Human-machine interactionFJ.26001USE SPARINGLY for sites that are specifically concerned with interaction between machines and human language.
200488Computational linguisticsFJ.26A subfield of linguistics in which logical modeling of natural language from a computational perspective is central. USE FOR Natural Language Processing (NLP) etc.
200487Applied linguisticsFJ.2001The application of linguistics in fields such as second language learning. 'Today, the field is a cross-disciplinary mix of departments primarily from linguistics, anthropology, psychology and education.'
200491Contrastive linguisticsFJ.20012The study of the similarities and differences between languages or dialects or between different periods in the historical development of one language.
200490Text modellingFJ.26002USE SPARINGLY for sites that are specifically concerned with text modeling.
200492Corpus linguisticsFJ.20013The study of language as expressed in samples (corpora) or 'real world' texts.
200493Discourse analysisFJ.20014The study of language use by members of a speech community. It looks at both language form and language function and includes the study of both spoken interaction and written texts. It identifies linguistic features that characterize different genres as well as social and cultural factors that aid in our interpretation and understanding of different texts and types of talk.
200593Gender studies - AmericanFB.2The study of gender issues in North American society. Includes historical, cultural, social, and literary sites relating specifically to women's studies, or to issues of gender or sexuality, such as 'Queer studies', 'masculinity', etc.
200494Forensic linguisticsFJ.20015The name given to a number of sub-disciplines within applied linguistics relating to the interface between language, the law and crime. The range of topics is diverse: from the analysis of confessions to the language rights of ethnic minorities, from the assessment of threat in a ransom demand, to determining the genuineness of a suicide note.
200495Language acquisitionFJ.20016Studying how a child acquires language.
200498StylisticsFC.25The study of style used in literary, and verbal language and the effect the writer/speaker wishes to communicate to the reader/hearer. Attempts to establish principles capable of explaining the particular choices made by individuals and social groups in their use of language, such as, socialization, the production and reception of meaning, literary criticism, and critical discourse analysis.
200497OnomasticsFJ.20018The study of names, usually of people or places.
200496Language pathologyFJ.20017The study of human communication disorders. This includes disorders of speech, language and swallowing.
200499StylometryFJ.25002The science of measuring literary style.
200250Media studiesKA.2The study of English television and radio programmes, the press, the Internet, advertising, and other broadcasting or mass media. Includes study of media industry, technical innovations, cultural significance, audiences, etc.
200252DramaFC.32Dramatic texts written for performance or acting in English, includes television, radio and theatrical drama, and the study of these texts.
200253Electronic writing / publishingKH.15Resources exploring issues concerning electronic writing or publishing, or which are intended to demonstrate the application of new media technologies to English literature and culture.
200254Gender studies - EnglishFB.2Resources consisting of, or concerned with, texts in English relating to gender or sexuality. Includes 'Feminist fiction' (celebrating and revaluating the role of women and /or challenging the traditional power of men), 'Gay & Lesbian' (Queer writing), 'Women?s writing', and 'Men's writing' and 'masculinity'.
200257LettersFC.3001Non-fictional letters and correspondence (written messages) relating to literary figures or subjects, or studied as literary texts.
200255Islamic studies - EnglishFM.25Resources consisting of, or concerned with, literary texts and other media of particular relevance to the theory and practice of Islam, Islamic culture, or history. NOT purely historical accounts.
200256Jewish studies - EnglishFM.22Resources consisting of, or concerned with, literary texts and other media in English of particular relevance to Jewish culture or history when taught as part of an English Studies curriculum. NOT purely historical accounts.
200258Literature in translationFC.24Study, analysis, and interpretation of literature translated into English from a foreign language, or the processes involved in that translation.
201143Gender studies - other AsianFB.2
200260Novels / short storiesFC.33Resources consisting of, or concerned with novels, short stories, and other fictional works in prose. ALSO USE specific genre fiction headings where appropriate.
200501Linguistics of African languagesFN.4001The study of the structure, development, spread and acquisition of the languages of the African peoples.
201784Museums / art galleriesJD.Use for Web sites of physical museums or art galleries associated with this subject.
200924Jewish studies - FrenchFM.22The study of Jewish communities or Jewish religion, culture, history, and literature in France.
200895Islamic studies - ItalianFM.25The study of Muslim communities or Islamic religion, culture, history, and literature in Italy.
200898Islamic studies - Middle EasternFM.25The study of Muslim communities or Islamic religion, culture, history, and literature in the Middle East.
200929Jewish studies - Latin AmericanFM.22The study of Jewish communities or Jewish religion, culture, history, and literature in Latin America.
200899Islamic studies - PortugueseFM.25The study of Muslim communities or Islamic religion, culture, history, and literature in Portugal.
200934Jewish Studies - Other EuropeanFM.22The study of Jewish communities or Jewish religion, culture, history, and literature in European countries not elsewhere covered.
201344Jewish studies - RussianFM.22The study of Jewish communities or Jewish religion, culture, history, and literature in Russia.
201342Islamic studies - RussianFM.25The study of Muslim communities or Islamic religion, culture, history, and literature in Russia.
201358Gender studies - RussianFB.2The study of gender issues in Russian society. Includes historical, cultural, social, and literary sites relating specifically to women's studies, or to issues of gender or sexuality, such as 'Queer studies', 'masculinity', etc.
201141Gender Studies - Slavonic and East EuropeanFB.2The study of gender issues in Eastern European society. Includes historical, cultural, social, and literary sites relating specifically to women's studies, or to issues of gender or sexuality, such as 'Queer studies', 'masculinity', etc.
200932Jewish Studies - ScandinavianFM.22The study of Jewish communities or Jewish religion, culture, history, and literature in Scandinavia.
201323Gender Studies - ScandinavianFB.2The study of gender issues in Scandinavian society. Includes historical, cultural, social, and literary sites relating specifically to women's studies, or to issues of gender or sexuality, such as 'Queer studies', 'masculinity', etc.
200931Jewish studies - PortugueseFM.22The study of Jewish communities or Jewish religion, culture, history, and literature in Portugal.
200902Islamic Studies - Other EuropeanFM.25The study of Muslim communities or Islamic religion, culture, history, and literature in European countries not elsewhere covered.
200930Jewish studies - Middle EasternFM.22The study of Jewish communities or Jewish religion, culture, history, and literature in the Middle East.
201138Gender studies - Middle EasternFB.2The study of gender issues in Middle Eastern society. Includes historical, cultural, social, and literary sites relating specifically to women's studies, or to issues of gender or sexuality, such as 'Queer studies', 'masculinity', etc.
200897Islamic studies - Latin AmericanFM.25The study of Muslim communities or Islamic religion, culture, history, and literature in Latin America.
200927Jewish studies - ItalianFM.22The study of Jewish communities or Jewish religion, culture, history, and literature in Italy.
200181Museums, libraries, archivesCX.5Use for Web sites of organisations engaged in the collecting, cataloguing, and preservation of materials of value to Further and Higher education. These may or may not include digitised versions of offline materials.
201785LibrariesCZ.5Use for Web sites of physical libraries associated with this subject.
200440HistoriographyDB.124Historiography and historical methods as applied to the ancient world.
200439Historical geographyRF.441The use of topographical and topological resources in historical research relating to the ancient world. Includes historical maps.
200442NumismaticsJE.6The historical study and cultural analysis of coins.
200502Linguistics of American languagesFN.5001The study of the structure, development, spread and acquisition of the languages of the American peoples.
200441EpigraphyTG.265The study of inscriptions. USE FOR: Linear B, etc.
200504Chinese linguisticsFN.711001The study of the structure, development, spread and acquisition of the languages of Chinese-speaking peoples.
200503Linguistics of Celtic languagesFN.35001The study of the structure, development, spread and acquisition of the languages of the Celtic peoples.
200506German linguisticsFN.335001The study of the structure, development, spread and acquisition of the languages of the German-speaking peoples.
200505French linguisticsFN.343002The study of the structure, development, spread and acquisition of the languages of the French-speaking peoples.
200892Islamic studies - FrenchFM.25The study of Muslim communities or Islamic religion, culture, history, and literature in France.
201136Gender studies - JapaneseFB.2The study of gender issues in Japanese society. Includes historical, cultural, social, and literary sites relating specifically to women's studies, or to issues of gender or sexuality, such as 'Queer studies', 'masculinity', etc.
201277Gender studies - Latin AmericanFB.2The study of gender issues in Latin American society. Includes historical, cultural, social, and literary sites relating specifically to women's studies, or to issues of gender or sexuality, such as 'Queer studies', 'masculinity', etc.
200261Other proseKC.31Prose texts not included in other categories and the study of these, e.g. diaries, journals, romances (epic prose), sermons, orations, and essays studied as literary texts.
201308Gender Studies - Other EuropeanFB.2The study of gender issues in European countries not elsewhere covered. Includes historical, cultural, social, and literary sites relating specifically to women's studies, or to issues of gender or sexuality, such as 'Queer studies', 'masculinity', etc.
200262PeriodicalsFC.3003Resources primarily concerned with periodicals (publications published at regular intervals e.g. monthly magazines), NOT scholarly journals. Includes publications such as the Gentleman's Magazine or Blackwood's. Also includes sites devoted to the study of newspapers or magazines as literary texts.
200012EnglishFN.2001The study of the English language and literature written in English.
200263PoetryFC.31Resources primarily consisting of poetry (language in metrical or rhythmical form) or concerned with the study of poetry, poets, or poetics.
201267Gender studies - ItalianFB.2The study of gender issues in Italian society. Includes historical, cultural, social, and literary sites relating specifically to women's studies, or to issues of gender or sexuality, such as 'Queer studies', 'masculinity', etc.
201317Gender studies - PortugueseFB.2The study of gender issues in Portuguese society. Includes historical, cultural, social, and literary sites relating specifically to women's studies, or to issues of gender or sexuality, such as 'Queer studies', 'masculinity', etc.
201258Gender studies - HispanicFB.2The study of gender issues in Spanish society. Includes historical, cultural, social, and literary sites relating specifically to women's studies, or to issues of gender or sexuality, such as 'Queer studies', 'masculinity', etc.
201430Old EnglishFN.212The study of Anglo-Saxon. The language of the period 450-1100; literature 450-1066.
201252Gender studies - GermanFB.2The study of gender issues in German society. Includes historical, cultural, social, and literary sites relating specifically to women's studies, or to issues of gender or sexuality, such as 'Queer studies', 'masculinity', etc.
201431Middle EnglishFN.213The study of the language of the period 1100-1500; literature 1066-1485.
201556Humour (literature)FC.37Resources consisting of, or concerned with, humorous and comic writing in any genre, whether narrative fiction, poetry, drama, jest books (joke books), magazines and periodicals, etc. Includes satire and nonsense verse. Also includes theory of comedy, wit, and laughter.
201557Science fiction / fantasy / horrorFC.3301Resources consisting of, or concerned with, prose fiction in the science fiction (sci-fi), fantasy, and horror genres. Includes gothic novels, cyberpunk, J. R. R. Tolkien and followers.
201559Historical fictionFC.3303Resources consisting of, or concerned with, prose fiction set in an historical period prior to that in which it was written. Includes fictitious accounts of actual historical figures and events. Frequently involves elements of other genres, e.g. adventure stories, romantic fiction, 'the novel of ideas', etc.
201558Crime fictionFC.3302Resources consisting of, or concerned with, murder-mystery novels, detective stories, and related prose fiction.
200762Gender Studies - CelticFB.2The study of gender issues in Celtic societies. Includes historical, cultural, social, and literary sites relating specifically to women's studies, or to issues of gender or sexuality, such as 'Queer studies', 'masculinity', etc.
200771Historiography of science (humanities)DB.124001Theory of the history of science and technology. Examines historical and modern approaches to the discipline
200772History of astronomy (humanities)DB.71004Investigation of the historical development of the astronomical sciences in their economic and cultural context. Includes the influence of non-scientific factors and the impact of astronomy on society.
200773History of biology (humanities)DB.72001Investigation of the historical development of the biological sciences (including natural history, biochemistry, genetics, palaeontology) in their economic and cultural context. Includes the influence of non-scientific factors and the impact of biology on society.
200774History of chemistry (humanities)DB.72002Historical studies of the chemical sciences (including alchemy).
200776History of medicine (humanities)DB.72History of medical sciences and their impact upon society. Includes anatomy, physiology, psychology, pharmacology, medical research, healthcare and social practices, medical theories.
200775History of mathematics (humanities)DB.71005Historical studies of the mathematical sciences.
200778Introduction to history of science (humanities)DB.71001USE SPARINGLY only for resources designed as an introduction to the subject for whatever audience (school or graduate).
200777History of technology (humanities)DB.71007Investigation of the historical development of technology (including power, building techniques, weapons) in an economic and cultural context. Includes the influence of non-scientific factors and the impact of technology on society.
200781Epistemology of science (humanities)DE.3001For contemporary epistemology of science, USE PHILOSOPHY, NOT HPS. The study of the theory of scientific knowledge, its acquisition and reliability.
200779Philosophy of science (humanities)RA.6001The study of the philosophy of the Sciences, including scientific methodology, the nature of scientific knowledge and the use of formal logic, the boundaries of science as a discipline, and sociological approaches (such as the influence of social factors upon scientific research and the scientific community ? including theories relating to authority, class, and social power). ALSO USE MORE SPECIFIC TERM WHERE POSSIBLE.
200782Ethics of science (humanities)DE.4004For contemporary medical and scientific ethics USE PHILOSOPHY, NOT HPS. The branch of ethics that investigates problems specifically arising from scientific research, medical and biological practice. These include problems of the nature and distribution of treatment, the sphere of authority of the patient, the physician, and others, the limitations of acceptable intervention and experimentation; issues relating to abortion and euthanasia; the propriety of various forms of research.
200783Ethics of technology (humanities)DE.4005For contemporary ethics of technology USE PHILOSOPHY, NOT HPS. Concerned with ethical issues arising from technological developments, such as genetic modification or the social accessibility of technology.
200785Introduction to philosophy of science (humanities)RA.60011USE SPARINGLY for introductory sites covering general background information about the philosophy of science.
200784History of philosophy of science (humanities)DE.12003Historical perspectives on the philosophy of science.
200787Philosophy of biology (humanities)RA.6003Concerned with the theoretical basis of biological science, scope, function, taxonomy, and issues such as evolution.
200786Metaphysics of science (humanities)RA.6002For contemporary metaphysics of science USE PHILOSOPHY, NOT HPS. Concerned with the underlying principles and ideas upon which science and scientific methodology are based. Includes theories of identity and causation. USE FOR Realism / Anti-Realism (the philosophical dispute centred on notions of the real existence of things, facts, and states, as applied to scientific and mathematical phenomena).
200788Philosophy of mathematics (humanities)RA.6004Concerned with the nature of mathematical facts and entities, logic, and the derivation of mathematical knowledge.
201560Romance fictionFC.3304Resources consisting of, or concerned with, popular fiction primarily revolving around romantic relationships, e.g. Mills & Boon, 'Chick Lit.', 'bodice-rippers', Jilly Cooper, Jackie Collins, et al.
201561Travel writingKC.3101Resources consisting of, or concerned with, non-fiction travel writing, usually considering or comparing different cultures. May include study of tourist guides, travel journals, or 'traveller's tales'.
200789Philosophy of physics (humanities)RA.6005Concerned with the assumptions underlying the physical sciences, including experimental and theoretical approaches, and the nature of physics as a discipline.
200716Audiovisual / specific Media collectionsCZ.6001Use for Web sites of physically stored collections or archives of audio, visual, video, or other non-textual media.
889800Cataloguing of manuscripts
889801Classical texts
200725Digital repositoriesCZ.6002Use for Web sites of organisations with responsibility for the provision and long-term maintenance of digital resources.
201493Archives collections finding aidsCX.52003Use for online services that provide information about where to find archives and/or their contents.
201495Library collections finding aidsCZ.52003Use for online services that provide information about where to find libraries and/or their contents.
201496Museum collections finding aidsJD.52003
201602History of librariesDE.13006
200533Jewish studies - AfricanFM.22
200532Islamic studies - AfricanFM.25
202081MetallurgyDC.502Metal material culture. Use for resources relating specifically to metal artefacts, technologies, or crafting.
202088Other European archaeologyDC.72European archaeology excluding the British Isles, and the classical Mediterranean civilizations listed above
202089Other Middle Eastern archaeologyDC.73Middle-Eastern archaeology excluding the specific civilizations and geographic regions listed above
202090Other African archaeologyDC.74African archaeology excluding the ancient and classical Punic and Egyptian cultures. Includes Sub-Saharan archaeology.
202091Asia: archaeologyDC.76The archaeology of Asia, East of Persia.
202092Americas: archaeologyDC.75The archaeology of the Americas. Includes the Maya, Inca, Aztec, Toltec, and various other pre-Columban cultures.
202093Australasia: archaeologyDC.77The archaeology of Australasia. Includes Australian Aborigine and Pacific Island cultures.
202110Jewish Studies - Slavonic and East EuropeanFM.22
202109Islamic Studies - Slavonic and East EuropeanFM.25
888881Islamic studies - general
888882Jewish studies
888890Gender studies - history and philosophy of science
888892Islamic studies - Celtic studies
888893Islamic studies - Chinese studies
888894Islamic studies - history and philosophy of science
888895Islamic manuscripts
888896Jewish studies - Celtic studies
888897Jewish studies - Chinese studies
888898Jewish studies - history and philosophy of science
888899Jewish studies - manuscript studies
888887Jewish studies - Japanese
888888Islamic studies - Japanese
humanities_generalHumanitiesdummy heading