Quran al-Islam is part of a larger website run by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Islamic Affairs. It provides information on thematic topics related to Islam, with links to the Qur'anic verses in which these themes are explored. It also includes the full text of the Qur'an in Arabic and in six other languages; these texts are searchable or navigable by verse. The site also provides a number of electronic versions of both classical and modern Islamic texts in Arabic related to the Qur'an that are fully vocalised and searchable. These include four complete works of tafsir (Qur'anic exegesis). The interface is available in a number of languages, including English, French and Arabic, but the electronic texts in Arabic must be accessed through the Arabic interface. The English version of the site will be of use to students and researchers at all levels who wish to learn more about Islam and the Qur'an, while the Arabic version will be of great interest to researchers looking for easily accessible and navigable primary texts.
Al-Islam is a highly informative website which is maintained by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Islamic Affairs, Endowments, Da'wah and Guidance. It not only provides information on a wide range of issues on Islam (e.g. faith; knowledge; moral and manners; jihad; food and drink; acts of worship; rulings and judgements; and crimes), visitors are shown the relevant verses of the Quran and the Hadith where these are derived from. There are also sections on Quranic stories; the Hajj and Umrah; Islamic History; Sacred Mosques; and the Zakah. There are, in addition, a picture gallery; videos and links to other online resources. The site, which holds a search engine, can be accessed in Arabic, English, French, German, Indonesian, Malay and Turkish. It should be an interesting resource for those seeking to learn about Islam and is suitable for undergraduate use.
Al-Islam is one of the more comprehensive Internet sites presently available on Islamic culture and religion. Maintained by members of the Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project (DILP), users are able to browse through a wide array of topics ranging from modern ethical issues to historical outlines. Though much of the material is directed towards students or people without a strong knowledge of Islam, the inclusion of easily accessible electronic editions of journal articles, image galleries, and glossaries may make these pages equally appealing to academics and teachers. However, perhaps the site's best feature is the ever-expanding Digital Islamic Library Project, which contains a healthy selection of English articles and monographs. Through the quick links at the top of the home page, one may also access a multi-lingual Qur'an (Koran), as well as documents on Islamic law, and information on textual alterations (Tahrif) in important Islamic primary texts. Users should, however, note two things: first, although there is much useful information here, not all the material available is scholarly in nature, and secondly, many of the pieces are written from a Shi'a Muslim perspective, and hence should not necessarily be taken as representative of Islam as a whole.
The Al-Mashriq Religion page is a private site run by Børre Ludvigsen, professor at Østfold College, Norway. It offers a rather eclectic collection of resources, including the whole text of the Bible and the Qur'an in English translation, plus a handful of articles. The site also provides links to a selection of online resources on Lebanon and Islam. Unfortunately, the lists do not seem to be particularly well maintained, with a fair proportion of broken links. The Religion page is part of the broader site 'Al-Mashriq - the Levant', Ludvigsen's collection of resources relating to eastern mediterranean countries, and in particular Lebanon. Parts of the site were constructed by Ludvigsen's students, who worked on it as a project for a software design course.
The al-Meshkat website is an Islamic portal with an important collection of electronic copies of Islamic books in Arabic, including many classical texts in the traditional Islamic branches of learning. The main page provides links to the discussion forum; collections of fatwas organised by topic; the virtual library; articles on Islamic principles, education and the family; essays and research in the traditional Islamic sciences; and a search function that allows users to search all sections of the website. The interface and content are in Arabic.
Of most interest to researchers will be the virtual library, which is a repository of over 3,000 Islamic texts available as word or zipped files. Users can navigate the library by subject or through an author or title search. The record for each book includes a brief summary. Major subjects include: biographies of the Prophet; tafsir (Qur'anic exegesis); Qur'anic recitation; the Hadith and Sunna (traditions of the Prophet); Islamic jurisprudence; fatwas; Islamic history; Arabic language; and the writings of figures like Ibn Taymiyyah and Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Abd-al-Wahhab. There is a small selection of books in English and other languages, including two collections of Hadith. The site has a definite traditionalist Sunni slant to it, but is useful for the large collection of primary and secondary sources that will be of interest to advanced students and researchers in Islamic studies.
The al-Tafsīr website, maintained by the Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought in Jordan, provides the original Arabic of over 100 Islamic texts, primarily works of Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir) from all the major schools of Islamic jurisprudence and from other theological and mystical currents. It also provides three tafsir collections in English; the full text of the Qur'an in Arabic as well as translations into eighteen languages, including seven different translations in English; and audio files of Qur'anic recitation in different modes. The site is navigable in English and Arabic, though the tafsir collection must be navigated in Arabic for access to the widest range of Arabic texts.
One of the great advantages of the al-Tafsīr website is that the texts have been entered by hand, rather than scanned, making them fully searchable and easily navigable. This brings a large number of Islamic texts, many of them previously only available as manuscripts, to students and researchers around the world. By providing tafsir collections from over 60 authors and a variety of schools, the site makes comparative study possible. Access to the text of the Qur'an also includes tabs for further information (commentaries, reasons for revelation, meanings, vocalisation) for each verse. The site is easy to use and provides access to a large number of original texts that will be of great interest to advanced students and researchers in Islamic studies.
al-Waqfeya is an online library for digitised texts related to Islamic Studies. It makes available over 1,000 books in Arabic on a variety of topics, as well as a selection of books in English. The books are available as downloadable zipped .rar files. The Arabic selections include books in the traditional Islamic sciences such as: the Qur'an and Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir); Hadith; Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh); biography of the Prophet; and aspects of Muslim theology. The site also includes books on broader topics, including: Islamic economics; history; the Muslim family; contemporary life; and Arabic language and literature. The English books include dictionaries by Edward William Lane, Hans Wehr, Wortabet, and Wright's grammar, all basic reference works for Arabic and Islamic studies. The site is easy to navigate by subject and includes a search function. It will be of most use to advanced students and researchers in Islamic studies looking for primary and secondary sources in Arabic.
'Alkhazina' is an intelligent, well-balanced and therefore much-needed database on Islamic culture in the Middle East. Developed as a teaching resource by Princeton University, it concentrates on Islamic civilisation from the 8th till the 14th centuries but does not ignore more contemporary Muslim issues either. It contains the full-text of the Qur'an in Arabic as well as in English translation, and various links to sites enabling searches on words or phrases from the Qur'an and other works central to Islamic tradition. It has sections dedicated to Sufism and the Hajj, and to maps of the Arabic world from the Middle Ages till the present. You will also find an Islamic timeline, a chapter on medieval Islamic scholars and a resources page. Finally it provides a link to an informative and politically balanced discussion on Islam in the context of the attacks of 11/09/2001 and America's 'War Against Terrorism'.
The website of Dr. Youssef Ziedan, Director of the Manuscripts Center and Manuscripts Museum at the Bibliotheca Alexandrina in Alexandria, Egypt, provides a wealth of information on Arab and Islamic heritage and manuscripts. It covers Arab and Islamic heritage in general through a series of themed articles and manuscript reproductions, and also provides information on specific collections of manuscripts. The site is available in English and Arabic, though some of the articles are only available in Arabic.
Arab and Islamic heritage are introduced through brief articles on different themes, including: preambles in manuscripts; laughter; cities of Islam; love; and luminaries of Islam. The site also includes audio files of Arabic poetry and prose, and video files of lectures on Arab and Islamic heritage. For those interested in Arabic and Islamic manuscripts, the site provides facsimilies of over 50 rare and mostly unpublished manuscripts. The Catalogs section of the site also gives detailed information on six collections of manuscripts in northern Egypt, along with a searchable database of their contents. The site is appropriate for a wide range of audiences, including advanced students of Arabic literature, and will be of particular interest to researchers in Arabic and Islamic Studies looking for information on manuscript collections and rare manuscripts.
Fiqh al-Islam is part of a larger website run by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Islamic Affairs. The larger website provides information in a number of languages, including English, about Islam and Islamic practice, with links to specific passages from the Qur'an and Hadith where these issues are addressed. This section, available only in Arabic, provides a large selection of classical texts in various branches of Islamic law (fiqh) and traditional learning, as well as contemporary writings on Islamic law. The electronic texts are fully vocalised and searchable, and include works on usul al-fiqh and the four major Sunni schools of legal thought (Hanafi, Maliki, Shafii and Hanbali). With its wealth of primary sources that are easily accessed and navigated, the site will be of great interest to advanced students and researchers interested in Islam and Islamic law.
Free-minds, a website run by the organisation Progressive Muslims, is designed to introduce the beliefs, texts and practices of Islam to people of all faiths. It includes a translation of the Qur'an by the organisation; a series of articles on various topics; reviews and excerpts from recent books about Islam; and a special section on women in Islam. The articles include topics such as: God and Islam in general; Hadith; the Prophet; money and economy; politics; Qur'anic laws and behaviour; Satan; science; and history and archaeology. The section on women covers divorce, dress, polygamy, and other topics related to women's status in Islam. The articles are by a variety of authors and are intended to present a 'progressive' view of Islam. The site is appropriate for students and researchers at all levels, but will perhaps be most useful as an introduction to Islam and to current debates about Islamic practice.
Hadith al-Islam is part of a larger website run by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Islamic Affairs. It provides information on various topics related to Islam and Islamic practice with links to the specific Hadith texts in which these topics are addressed. The Hadith (sayings of the Prophet) are available in six languages in addition to Arabic; the translated texts are accessible mainly through subject classifications or indexes. The Arabic version of the website gives access to a wider variety of both classical and modern texts related to the Hadith. It provides fully vocalised electronic versions of the full text of the six most authoritative Hadith collections, as well as other collections, a number of commentaries, and biographies of the Prophet. The English version of the site will be useful to students and researchers at all levels who wish to know more about Islam through the Hadith, while the Arabic version provides access to a wide range of easily navigable primary source texts that will be of use to advanced students and researchers.
The Humanities Text Initiative (HTI), based at the University of Michigan, is an umbrella organisllent resource, providing online texts for a broad range of subjects, including English literature, philosophy, theology, history and linguistics. The collection contains several versions of the Bible, a version of the Koran and texts in Middle English, as well as modern English. It is possible to search the online text collection in a variety of different manners. Browsing is facilitated by the site's inclusion of two alphabetical lists, arranged by author and also title; it is also possible to view the collection using the Dewey Decimal Classification System. Collaborative projects have resulted in the creation of a number of specialised online texts collections being developed on the HTI's main site. Examples include: the American Verse Project and the Corpus of Middle English Prose and Verse. All of the collections are fully searchable.
This website describes Islam and its historical origins. Some of the central qualities and assumptions of the religion are outlined, generally accompanied by comparisons with Christianity. The historical part of the site begins with pre-Islamic Arabic culture. It then introduces the prophet Muhammad, the Qur'an (or Koran), and goes on to describe the Caliphate under Abu Bakr, the Civil war and Umayyad Dynasty, the Shi'a schism, and finally the Abassid Dynasty. A separate section on the Arabic language emphasises its centrality to the Islamic faith. An 'Islam reader' consists of sections of the Qur'an translated into English. There is also a glossary of terms and a list of links to other sites. This site forms part of an online courseware unit from Washington State University's 'World Civilizations' project. It is targeted at students about to begin university and first year undergraduates. The site is a decade old, seems to be archived.
The Islam 101 website provides a number of brief articles by various authors on aspects of Islamic belief, practice and culture. The articles are appropriate for a variety of audiences, from those unfamiliar with the basic tenets of Islam to those looking for information about specific topics. The home page highlights some of these articles and provides access to collections of articles by subject as well as to other features of the website (links, guest book, etc.). Subjects covered include: basic concepts of Islam; Islamic history; Islamic theology; hajj; fasting; the Qur'an; terrorism; human rights; politics; science; sociology; and women in Islam. A comparative religions section provides articles comparing Islamic beliefs to Christianity, Hinduism and Judaism. Although not all articles are by named authors, most of them are, and they provide reliable basic information about Islam from a faith-based perspective.
Islam online is a website that provides information primarily for the transnational Muslim community, though it will be of interest to students and researchers in Islamic and religious studies. It was established and is supported by the conservative Egyptian scholar Yusuf al-Qaradawi, and is available in English and Arabic versions. The site provides extensive coverage of news and current events related to Islam and the Muslim world, and has a large interactive section where al-Qaradawi and others provide opinions and fatwas in response to user questions. These opinions, arranged by subject and in a searchable fatwa bank, are found in the Living Shari'ah section of the website. This section also contains other resources like Hadith collections; Friday sermons; searchable Qur'an texts; and articles about various issues. The rest of the site is devoted to articles and more extensive reports on issues pertaining to Muslim life and society under subjects like health and science; family; art and culture; youth; and Euro-Muslims. The site is professionally produced and provides information on a wide range of topics for audiences of all levels, though users should be aware of the conservative perspective of the articles and opinions.
The Islam Online website, run by Al Jazeera Publishing in Dubai, provides news and other content related to Islam for a Muslim and non-Muslim audience. The majority of the site is devoted to news articles on the Muslim world and the Middle East, with particular sections focused on Islamic banking and other business news. The site also includes some news in Arabic. The Spotlight on Islam section provides content related more directly to Islam and Islamic practice, including: commentaries on specific verses from the Qur'an and the Hadith; explanations of fatwas on various topics; and articles on the hajj and other topics like prayer, fasting, and the position of women. This section also includes over 80 brief profiles of prominent Muslims, from the time of the Prophet through medieval Islam and to the present day. The sections on Islam unfortunately do not include a topic index or clear indications of the authors of the articles, but still provide information that will be of interest to students as introductory sources on Islam and Islamic practice.
Islam today is a website under the direction of the Saudi cleric Sheikh Salman al-Oadah (Salmān al-‘Awdah). It is available in English, Arabic, French and Chinese, with some differences in content. The English site provides: an introduction to Islam; an online library with downloadable versions of Sheikh al-Oadah's books; a fatwa archive; and a collection of articles by the Sheikh and others on various topics, including interpretations of verses from the Qur'an or specific Hadith texts. The fatwa archive is organised by topic, and takes the form of questions submitted by users and answers by Sheikh al-Oadah and others. Although much of the site is intended for a Muslim audience seeking answers to questions about Islamic beliefs and practice, the 'discover Islam' section provides introductory articles on various topics. The site contains resources that will be of interest to students and researchers in Islamic Studies at all levels, and could be used to explore current debates about Islamic practice.
The website of The Islamic Manuscript Association (TIMA) provides information about the activities of the organisation as well as descriptions of online catalogues and collections of Islamic manuscripts. The organisation, founded in 2006, describes itself as 'an international effort to protect Islamic manuscripts', and runs projects related to issues of cataloguing, conservation, digitisation, and research and publishing. The website provides a number of resources on these themes that will be of interest to scholars and archivists working with Islamic manuscripts as well as to those working in manuscript studies more generally. It will also be of direct relevance to scholars of Islamic Studies looking for primary sources, as it includes links to: outside projects related to Islamic manuscripts; the UNESCO memory of the world register, which includes nine collections related to Islamic studies; eight online catalogues of Islamic manuscripts; 11 digital manuscript collections; and more general resources for research. This is a good first source for information on Islamic manuscript collections, with links that will lead researchers to further valuable resources.
The Islamic world website, maintained by Dr. Albrecht Hofheinz of the University of Oslo, is a thorough and well-annotated list of links for Islamic and Middle Eastern studies. It covers a wide array of subjects and a broad geographical area, and will be a good first stop for students and researchers looking for online resources. The links are well-organised and can be divided into the following broad subject areas: general reference; internet and communications technology (including search engines, directories, portals, e-lists, discussion forums, chat rooms, and blogs in the Muslim world); countries, regions and peoples (with extensive coverage of Egypt, Morocco, Palestine and the Sudan but including the broader Muslim world in Asia, Africa and the diaspora); languages (especially Arabic); history; religion (especially Islam); culture; social issues; politics and economics; and research (universities and research centres, societies, think tanks, libraries, journals and e-books).
Although the site has not been updated since November 2005 and lacks a navigable contents page, it remains a valuable collection of online resources. Users should note that there were a number of broken links in this directory at the time of cataloguing, but the vast majority were fine. This is one of the few websites to provide links to Middle Eastern search engines and internet directories, and to websites for countries in Muslim regions outside of the Middle East. The section devoted to Islam is especially rich, with links to general information as well as specific subjects like the Qur'an, the Hadith, tafsir, fiqh, Islamic practice, Sufism, South Asian traditions, and religious organisations. An excellent resource for students and researchers of all levels.
The IslamiCity - Islam and the Global Muslim eCommunity - website is an Islamic portal that provides information on Islam and the Muslim world appropriate for a wide range of audiences. General introductory pages on understanding Islam, the hajj, the pillars of Islam, and Islamic history will be useful for students and others with little or no previous background in the study of Islam. The site also provides more in-depth articles on the Qur'an and other Islamic texts; access to the text of the Qur'an in Arabic and in translation; and an English translation of an important collection of Hadith (the Sahih Bukhari). Search functions for the Qur'an and Hadith include a search of the Qur'an in six languages and in phonetic Arabic. The site also serves as a resource for the Muslim community, with features like prayer times calculators, a mosque finder, a question and answer section (Ask the Imam), and members-only content. More general news and a host of other content (multimedia, shopping, travel services) will be of less academic interest, but the site's resources, especially the texts provided, remain a useful tool for students and researchers in Islamic studies.
Islamport gives access to over 5,000 digitised texts in Arabic on a wide variety of subjects, with a particular focus on the Islamic sciences. It draws together resources from a number of other sites, making it one of the most comprehensive digital libraries for Islamic studies. The library can be navigated through a search function or by subject - the subjects list is found in the khizānat al-kutub section, accessible from the main page. The site also includes a 'comprehensive library' (al-maktabah al-shāmilah) program that allows users to download a large number of texts at once. The site is available only in Arabic.
Major subjects covered include: aspects of Muslim theology; the Qur'an and Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir); Hadith; biography of the Prophet; Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) in general and by school; and works by specific authors like Ibn Taymiyyah. The site also includes books on Arabic language, literature and history. The texts are available as downloadable .rar files or as online text that can be browsed more easily. This will be a useful resource for advanced students and researchers looking for primary and secondary sources in Arabic and Islamic Studies.
The IslamWeb website provides information and a wide array of resources on Islam for a variety of audiences, including Muslims and recent converts. Its articles and primary sources will also be of interest to students and researchers. The site is available in four languages, with some variation to the content on each site. The English site includes introductory articles on Islamic beliefs and practice and common misconceptions about Islam. It also contains more in-depth articles on the Qur'an, the Hadith, Islamic jurisprudence, and family and society in Islam. A fatwa database provides a large collection of fatwas on various issues, arranged by subject. The site also includes audio and video resources like: Qur'anic recitations; lectures; recordings of the call to prayer; and resources for learning the Arabic alphabet and the rules of recitation.
The English site gives access to a number of e-books, and the Arabic site has a much wider variety of primary sources. These include a collection of tafsir (Qur'anic exegesis) texts and collections of Hadith. With its variety of resources, the site will be useful to students and researchers at all levels.
This is an electronic version of The Koran (Qur'an) in English, based on the translation by M. H. Shakir. The electronic version is derived from that made available by the Online Book Initiative and has been published by the Humanities Text Initiative at the University of Michigan. The Book may either be browsed by chapter or searched using a simple, proximity, or Boolean search engine. Results list all chapters and verses that meet the search requirements, and link to the full-texts of the relevant chapters. This is a simple and straightforward site to use. Readers should be aware that the electronic text may contain errors.
The website of the Kuwait Awqaf Public Foundation provides information about religious endowments (awqāf) in Kuwait. It includes general information on Kuwaiti religious endowments, including the history, development and law related to them. It also contains sections on various projects and funds supported by awqāf, including projects for social, health and educational development as well as projects to support religious heritage. An ongoing project to provide GIS (Geographic Information System) maps for a list of mosques protected by awqāf will be of interest to architectural historians of the Middle East. The site is available only in Arabic. It will be of most interest to advanced researchers in Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies with an interest in Islamic law, religious endowments, philanthropy, and architectural and other heritage.
The Mahdiyya copy of the Qur'an was presented to the University of Leeds Library in 1929 and it is now held in the library's Special Collection. This website contains interesting information about the manuscript itself and a digitised version of all 346 pages of the book, its cover and some covering correspondence. It also offers a useful description of the digitization process, and a list of publications and links related to this. The project was jointly conducted by Hazem Hiary, Roger Boyle and Kia Ng of the University of Leeds. The resource would be of interest to papyrologists, arabists, digital archivists and students of Islam.
The Bibliothèque Nationale de France makes available online scanned versions of a large number of catalogues for its collection of manuscripts from around the world. The website gives access to all these catalogues, but by clicking on the Manuscrits - Orient option the user is taken directly to a list of manuscript catalogues for the Near East and Africa. These include catalogues for manuscripts in Arabic (11 catalogues); Hebrew (one catalogue); Persian (four catalogues); and Turkish (two catalogues); as well as catalogues for manuscripts in other Near Eastern languages like Armenian and Syriac. The digitisation process is ongoing, and further catalogues will be added in the future. Although the catalogues are scanned as images and therefore not easily searchable, this resource makes available to researchers important catalogues for the library's significant collections of manuscripts for Middle Eastern, Jewish and Islamic Studies.
By providing translations, this website aims to create access for the wider English-speaking Muslim public to writings by classical and contemporary Sunni scholarship. For the Islamic Studies student or researcher, this website can provide a look into the living heritage of medieval Sunnism. The Sunni scholarship that the translators of this website are concerned with reflect a more classical approach (described here as 'orthodox'), sympathetic to the approach of speculative theological schools as well as the teachings and practices of Sufis, and are dominantly from the Arab world (or at least wrote in Arabic). A section dedicated to biographies of such scholars can be found, as well as a collection of photographs of scholars from various parts of the Muslim world. Most of the translations given here are in PDF form, and are either from relatively short treatises, or small sections from larger works. In line with the contemporary concerns of traditional Sunni discourse, many of these papers attempt to defend the theological methodology of the Ash'ari and Maturidi schools as well the teachings of Sufism from attacks by more reformist Sunni streams. Although the quality of translation does vary from text to text,the standard of translation is usually good, and transliteration and citations are given in the style found in academic journal. A number of audio and video recordings of lectures in Arabic by contemporary scholars can also be found on this website, as well as an online forum.
The website of the Markaz Wadūd lil-Makhṭūṭāt [Wadud Centre for Manuscripts] provides digital facsimilies of over 700 manuscripts and 1400 books in Arabic on a variety of topics. The main focus of the site is Islamic manuscripts and manuscript catalogues, but it also includes manuscripts and books related to Arabic language and literature. The documents are downloadable as zipped .rar files. The site is available only in Arabic.
The manuscripts are accessed through the Khizānat al-Makhṭūṭāt [Manuscript Library] section and are arranged by topic or accessible through a search function. Major topics include: Islamic doctrine; the Qur'an; Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir); Hadith and Sunna; history and biography; Islamic jurisprudence; and language and literature. Each manuscript has an associated record that includes its source and a brief summary. The Fahāris wa-Kutub [Catalogues and Books] section provides a large number of manuscript catalogues, including those of major universities and national libraries in Europe and the Middle East. It also provides Arabic versions of Carl Brockelmann's Geschichte der Arabischen Litteratur and Fuat Sezgin's Geschichte des Arabischen Schrifttums. The site will be of interest primarily to advanced students and researchers in Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies looking for primary sources and manuscript catalogues.
Middle East Virtual Libraries is a well-annotated guide to online versions of Islamic texts in Arabic and Persian. The Web page forms part of the resources provided by the University of Utah's Aziz S. Atiya Middle East Library. It offers links to outside websites that provide the original texts in Arabic or Persian, often with translations into English or other languages. Many of the available texts are fully searchable in English and/or the source language. The websites listed focus on Islamic sources and religious works: the Qur'an (online texts, commentaries and translations); the Hadith (text databases in English and Arabic for the traditions of the Prophet); and other works in various branches of the traditional Islamic sciences. Some sites also contain texts of classical Arabic or Persian histories, poetry, or other genres. Annotations to the links guide users to the most appropriate resources for their purposes, and alert them to particular religious or political perspectives. This is an excellent resource for finding Islamic texts online, though it will be most useful to advanced students and researchers with a solid background in Islamic studies and the appropriate languages.
Part of the Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project, the Multilingual Quran offers online versions of the Arabic text of the Islamic scriptures, plus three English translations (those of Shakir, Yusuf Ali, and Pickthall), and an English commentary. These can be viewed independently, or in parallel in any combination the user chooses, making this a useful resource both for comparative study and for those simply wishing to read through a single version. Individual surahs (chapters) can be selected from a menu on the left-hand side of the screen, and the text is also fully searchable. However, no critical apparatus is provided beyond the translations and commentary. The Arabic font used will display automatically in Internet Explorer and Netscape; instructions for downloading it are included for the benefit of those using other browsers.
Nidā’ al-īmān is an Islamic website that provides electronic versions of a large number of both classical and contemporary texts in the Islamic sciences. Along with an extensive digital library, the site includes: the full text of the Qur'an with associated audio files, searchable and navigable by chapter and verse; a number of Hadith collections; a fatwa database that can be searched by topic and jurist; and an audio library of lectures on various topics. The site is available only in Arabic.
The digital library will be of particular interest to researchers in Arabic and Islamic Studies. This provides access to searchable online text versions of books on various subjects, including: the Qur'an; Hadith; aspects of Muslim theology; Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh); Muslim women; literature and rhetoric; biography and history; contemporary issues; language; and medicine.
Part of the British Library's website, 'Turning the Pages' presents digitised texts of books, missals, psalters, atlases and other important documents that are held at the British Library. Based on the award-winning interactive display system used within the library itself to provide virtual public access to these rare texts which include: Leonardo Da Vinci's notebook; the Lindisfarne Gospels; the Sherbourne Missal; and Sultan Baybars' Qur'an. To view the books that are listed, a Macromedia Shockwave plug-in is required - although there are alternative versions for some of the texts. The Shockwave versions provides interactive animation that allows the user to turn the pages digitally, and also use zoom features to look at sections in detail. An introduction is provided for each book, along with audio descriptions of each page, which requires the use of a Real Audio player. Also of interest is a "highlights" tour of the texts, and a showcase of other manuscripts housed at the British Library.
An even more sophisticted version of Turning the Pages is available online now on the british Library website, for users who have fast broadband and Windows Vista.
'Online Qur'an Resources' is a website with numerous annotated links to sites which represent a variety of viewpoints on the Holy Book of Islam. The materials were compiled by Bruce B. Lawrence of Duke University and Daniel Martin Varisco of Hofstra University. The effort is part of a wider aim to help make possible the teaching of the Qur'an "in a way that both stresses the multiple interpretations among Muslims and the view from a secular but respectful non-Muslim stance". The contents are organised into the following headings: The Qur'an; Interpreting the Qur'an; Reciting the Qur'an; Translating the Qur'an; Qur'an, Jihad and Justice; Science and the Qur'an; and Attacking the Qur'an. The site also provides a bibliography of scholarly books and articles on the Qur'an.
This is the personal website of Professor Uri Rubin an academic at the Department of Arabic and Islamic Studies at Tel-Aviv University in Israel. Prof. Rubin's area of specialization is early Islam, with special emphasis on the Qur’an, Qur’an Exegesis (Tafsir), and early Islamic tradition (Sira and Hadith). In particular, his work has explored the early Muslim view of the Prophet Muhammad, and prophecy in general. A list of his publications is given, and many are free to download in pdf form. There are also links to his articles displayed elsewhere on the internet. A few recordings of interviews with Prof. Rubin are available for those proficient in Hebrew.
The Qur'an website, provided by the University of Southern California's Center for Muslim-Jewish Engagement, offers English translations of the Muslim holy book. Divided into 114 separate pages, corresponding to the Surahs (chapters) of the Qur'an, the resource provides a line by line rendering of the Arabic. Three translations (by Yusuf Ali, Marmaduke Mohammad Pickthal, and M. H. Shakir) of each verse are given, and while this parallel format means this is not necessarily an ideal text for swift reading, it is a valuable tool for those wishing to engage in comparative study. The emphasis lies on a faithful representation of the original rather than on translation into literary English. The site also offers an index of the Qur'an.
This website hosts an extensive audio file collection of Quran recitation recordings. The art of melodious Quran recitation, known as tilawah, is a highly regarded one in the Muslim world, and recordings by many famous reciters (Qurra', plural for Qari) can be found here. Among them are the late Egyptian reciter Abdul Basit Abdul Samad (d.1988) and the numerous reciters of Mecca and Medina, who are household names in the Muslim world. While a significant number of reciters are from Arab countries, there is also a small collection of recitations from Malaysia. Variant reading styles of the Quran can also be found here. The website is made even more accessible through its multilingual format (Arabic, English, French, German, Russian).
Quran explorer provides access to interactive streaming audio of Qur'anic recitations and translations in Arabic, English and Urdu. The main page of the site also contains basic information about the Qur'an as well as links to live online Qur'an tutoring (by subscription) and further Web resources on Islam. The main attraction of the site, however, is the Quran explorer interface, which provides easily navigable recitations and translations of the full text of the Qur'an. Users can decide what to listen to by chapter and verse, and can choose between six different reciters as well as audio of translations in English and Urdu. The Arabic text of the passage is highlighted on screen as the recitation plays, and users can opt for the Arabic text only or side-by-side text translations in English, Urdu, German, French, Indonesian, Malay and Turkish. Although the site is mainly designed for Muslims interested in reading and reciting the Qur'an and does not provide further interpretation of the text, it will be of interest to students and researchers who would like to read the Qur'an and get a sense of the sound and rhythm of the Arabic text.
'Quran.org.uk: Holy Quran Resources on the Internet' is a gateway to a wide range of online materials related to the Holy Book of Islam. Access is provided to several English translations of the Quran and to translations in over 20 other languages. These are accompanied by lightly annotated links to sites that hold useful information on its characteristics, language of delivery, translation, transliteration, manuscripts, commentaries and recitation. There are also sections dealing with topics like law, geography, education and medicine. A search engine is helpfully provided. Viewers can also join their mailing list from here. This website is maintained by Dar al Tableegh.
This is the website of the Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought, a non-governmental research institute based in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. The name Aal al-Bayt is a reference to the family of the Prophet Muhammad, to which Jordanian royal family claim descent. This choice of name is intentionally aimed at bringing together the various schisms within Islam, particularly that between Sunnis and Shi’is. This interest in dialogue and reconciliation extends also to inter-faith dialogue, and a list of the various events and publications organised by this institute can be found here, connected to both types of dialogue. The institute also is involved in funding and organising research in the study of Islamic thought and civilization. The list of fellows associated with the institute contains names of prominent Muslim researchers and teachers in both traditional and modern institutes of learning. A selection of some scholarly contributions (in both Arabic and English) on the subject of ‘Love in the Holy Quran’ (the topic of the Institute’s Fourteenth General Conference) can be freely accessed from the website. Together with this, one can find information on past, current and future activities organised by institute in the ‘Projects’ section.
This website reviews the 'Sacred: Discover What We Share' exhibition which took place at the British Library between the 27th April to the 23rd September 2007. It focuses on the holy books and practices of the three 'Abrahamic faiths' namely Christianity, Judaism and Islam. This home page provides detailed information about the exhibition, and allows access to audio and video recordings of several themes connected to the exhibition like the evolution of the sacred texts; holy sites; and weddings in the three faiths. It also lists 67 of the sacred texts on display (chronologically and by faith) - each of which accompanied by a short commentary and a zoomable high-resolution image.
Shabakat rawḍ al-rayāhīn is an Arabic website devoted to resources on Sufism. It includes: a periodic magazine highlighting Sufi texts and poetry; excerpts from books on Sufism; a collection of mystical poetry by various authors; online versions of important texts by Sufi authors, including Ahmad al-Tijani; and full-text versions of books and theses on Sufism available as zipped or PDF files. The site also contains a number of recordings that can be played with RealPlayer, including lectures on different topics as well as recorded recitations and dhikrs (devotions). The site is available only in Arabic. It will be of most use to advanced researchers looking for primary sources on Sufism and Sufic practice.
The Shia Books website gives access to online text versions of over 3,000 books in Arabic, primarily related to Islam and Islamic Studies. Despite its name, it includes books in both the Shiite and Sunni traditions. It also has collections related to history and language. The books can be accessed through subject and author indexes or through a search function. Major subjects include: Hadith; biography of the prophet; Islamic jurisprudence; Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir); and men of the Hadith. The site also includes a fully vocalised online text version of the Qur'an. The site is available in Arabic and Persian, but the English version was not working as of July 2008. It will be of most use to advanced students and researchers in Islamic or Middle Eastern Studies looking for primary and secondary source material in Arabic. Users should note that the English version of the site was not working at the time of review.
A collaborative effort between the Thesaurus Islamicus Foundation and Cambridge University's HRH Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Centre of Islamic Studies, the Sunna Project is made up of two constituent parts. The first, the Hadith Encyclopedia, assembles all available Hadith literature and reproduces them in printed and digital forms. Included are Sahih al-Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Sunan Abi Daud, Jami al-Tirmidhi, Sunan al-Nasai, Sunan Ibn Maja and Muwatta Malik. The second is the International Hadith Study Association Network (IHSAN), membership of which is open to institutions and individuals in receipt of the Hadith database from the Foundation. This home page contains detailed information about the project itself and includes contact, membership and ordering details. Members of IHSAN can also access the online hadith database from here.
This websites provides the reader with easy access to a translation of substantial parts of the Tafsir al-Mizan. This major exegetical work was produced by one of the foremost Iranian Shi'i religious scholars of the 20th century, Ayatollah Sayyid Muhammad Husayn al-Tabataba'i (1892-1981), and reflects not only his background as a scholar rooted in traditional Shi'i religious thought (including the philosophical teachings of the school of Mulla Sadra), but also more contemporary socio-political concerns (many of his students were influential in the Iranian Revolution of 1979). This translation project still seems to be under progress, and the English translation has not been made from the original Arabic, but from a Persian translation by Saeed Akhtar Rizvi. This still seems to be an ongoing project, as only the first six of the original 20 volumes in Arabic have been translated. Besides the translation, various features can be found on the website, including a search tool, and choice excerpts from the work arranged according to different topics. One can also find a section (through a link to a related website) comparing Tabataba'i with other 20th century exegetical writers, as well as a collection of articles discussing various topics related to Shi'i thought. It should be noted that both the comparative study section and the articles reflect the general approach of the website, which presents Tabataba'i and his thought from a commited Shi'i point of view.
'Teaching Islamic Civilization with Information Technology' is an article written by Dr Corinne Blake of Rowan University, USA. Published by the Journal for MultiMedia History, the paper discusses the deployment of information technology in the delivery of academic courses in Islam and Islamic history. This is carried out in two parts. The first considers primary source materials that are available online like English translations of the Quran, Hadith, Fiqh (jurisprudence) and Islamic literature, as well as materials on Shi'ism, Sufism and Islamic arts and architecture. From here, the author highlights the different ways in which the materials described in the first part could be assimilated into courses. The work is aimed at those who are involved in the development of undergraduate programs of study in these subject areas. Note that several of the links made available on the site were not in operation at the time this record was reviewed.
The website of Tebyan, a cultural and information institute associated with the Iranian government's Islamic Propagation Organization, is an Islamic portal that provides articles on various topics and a large virtual library in Persian, Arabic and English. The interface is accessible in a number of languages including Persian, Arabic, English, and French, and some of the content varies depending on the language chosen. Most of the articles are related to Islam, Islamic sciences, and society, but general news, Iran and other topics are also covered. The virtual library provides searchable online texts of over 7,000 books in Persian, 3,000 books in Arabic and 3,000 books in English, most of them related to the Islamic sciences. The Persian library also includes Persian literary texts. The libraries are navigable by subject or through a search function. Major subjects include: Islam; the Qur'an; Hadith; hajj; biography of the Prophet; Islamic jurisprudence; Shiism; and Imam Ali and the Ahl al-Bayt (members of the Prophet's family). Although it does have a political and Shiite slant to it, the website is a useful source for primary and secondary sources and will be of interest to advanced students and researchers in Islamic Studies.
Translation of Sahih Bukhari is an online resource provided by the University of Southern California's Center for Muslim-Jewish Engagement. Sahih Bukhari, also known as Sahih al-Bukhari or the Sunna, is a collection of sayings and deeds of the prophet Muhammad, recorded by the 9th-century Islamic scholar Bukhari. This resource provides a selection of these hadith (reports) in translation, in 93 thematic sections. Each hadith refers to the volume and book from which it has been taken (there are 2602 hadith in total, gathered into 9 volumes, each comprising several books). The site is easy to navigate, and features a search engine.
The website of the Muslim Student Association of the University at Buffalo (the State University of New York) is aimed at students and individuals at an early stage of exploration into the issues and texts affecting Muslim communities. It provides a substantial guide to electronic resources on Islam and, to a lesser degree, Islamic history. While the initial pages provide some limited discussion on its principles of belief, the site’s most useful facility is the compilation of sacred scriptures and prophetic texts. From here, one can access copies of the Qur’an (Koran) in a variety of translations as well as electronically stored Hadith and other writings on Islamic law and tradition. Students writing essays on some aspect of Islamic religion or history may also find the annotated bibliography especially helpful.
Created and maintained by the Muslim Students' Association at the University of Southern California, the 'USC-MSA Compendium of Muslim texts' is a website which assembles a host of primary and secondary source materials on contemporary and historical issues within Islam. Of particular significance are their database of the Qur'an and various collections of the sunnah and hadith (narrations about the life of Muhammad). Discussions are also provided on the following topics: Islamic Articles of Faith and Pillars; economics; history; human relations; law; misconceptions about Islam; and politics. Those seeking information on a specific issue may wish to employ the excellent query tools. These tools isolate key words and retrieve the relevant passage from either the Qu’ran or hadith. In addition, for those who are new to the study of Islam or unfamiliar with some of the terminology, there is a glossary of Islamic terms and concepts.