The al-Meshkat website is an Islamic portal with an important collection of electronic copies of Islamic books in Arabic, including many classical texts in the traditional Islamic branches of learning. The main page provides links to the discussion forum; collections of fatwas organised by topic; the virtual library; articles on Islamic principles, education and the family; essays and research in the traditional Islamic sciences; and a search function that allows users to search all sections of the website. The interface and content are in Arabic.
Of most interest to researchers will be the virtual library, which is a repository of over 3,000 Islamic texts available as word or zipped files. Users can navigate the library by subject or through an author or title search. The record for each book includes a brief summary. Major subjects include: biographies of the Prophet; tafsir (Qur'anic exegesis); Qur'anic recitation; the Hadith and Sunna (traditions of the Prophet); Islamic jurisprudence; fatwas; Islamic history; Arabic language; and the writings of figures like Ibn Taymiyyah and Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Abd-al-Wahhab. There is a small selection of books in English and other languages, including two collections of Hadith. The site has a definite traditionalist Sunni slant to it, but is useful for the large collection of primary and secondary sources that will be of interest to advanced students and researchers in Islamic studies.
al-Waqfeya is an online library for digitised texts related to Islamic Studies. It makes available over 1,000 books in Arabic on a variety of topics, as well as a selection of books in English. The books are available as downloadable zipped .rar files. The Arabic selections include books in the traditional Islamic sciences such as: the Qur'an and Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir); Hadith; Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh); biography of the Prophet; and aspects of Muslim theology. The site also includes books on broader topics, including: Islamic economics; history; the Muslim family; contemporary life; and Arabic language and literature. The English books include dictionaries by Edward William Lane, Hans Wehr, Wortabet, and Wright's grammar, all basic reference works for Arabic and Islamic studies. The site is easy to navigate by subject and includes a search function. It will be of most use to advanced students and researchers in Islamic studies looking for primary and secondary sources in Arabic.
This website allows access to the online version of 'Democracy and Islam in the New Constitution of Afghanistan' (ISBN: 0-8330-3358-1). This report was edited by Cheryl Benard and Nina Hachigian. It is the outcome of a workshop organised by the RAND Corporation in January 2003 where a group of experts in Islamic Law, constitution writing and democracy was assembled to identify how Islam should be treated in the new Constitution of Afghanistan. This report is subdivided into the following section headings: Introduction; Islam and Society; Islam and Sources of Law; Judicial Review; Courts and Judges; Individual Rights; and Conclusion. In the Appendix, viewers can find a short paper entitled 'Islam and the state: a short history' and the Constitution of Afghanistan 1964. The document is presented in PDF and Adobe Acrobat Reader can be downloaded from the site.
Islam today is a website under the direction of the Saudi cleric Sheikh Salman al-Oadah (Salmān al-‘Awdah). It is available in English, Arabic, French and Chinese, with some differences in content. The English site provides: an introduction to Islam; an online library with downloadable versions of Sheikh al-Oadah's books; a fatwa archive; and a collection of articles by the Sheikh and others on various topics, including interpretations of verses from the Qur'an or specific Hadith texts. The fatwa archive is organised by topic, and takes the form of questions submitted by users and answers by Sheikh al-Oadah and others. Although much of the site is intended for a Muslim audience seeking answers to questions about Islamic beliefs and practice, the 'discover Islam' section provides introductory articles on various topics. The site contains resources that will be of interest to students and researchers in Islamic Studies at all levels, and could be used to explore current debates about Islamic practice.
Islamport gives access to over 5,000 digitised texts in Arabic on a wide variety of subjects, with a particular focus on the Islamic sciences. It draws together resources from a number of other sites, making it one of the most comprehensive digital libraries for Islamic studies. The library can be navigated through a search function or by subject - the subjects list is found in the khizānat al-kutub section, accessible from the main page. The site also includes a 'comprehensive library' (al-maktabah al-shāmilah) program that allows users to download a large number of texts at once. The site is available only in Arabic.
Major subjects covered include: aspects of Muslim theology; the Qur'an and Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir); Hadith; biography of the Prophet; Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) in general and by school; and works by specific authors like Ibn Taymiyyah. The site also includes books on Arabic language, literature and history. The texts are available as downloadable .rar files or as online text that can be browsed more easily. This will be a useful resource for advanced students and researchers looking for primary and secondary sources in Arabic and Islamic Studies.
The IslamWeb website provides information and a wide array of resources on Islam for a variety of audiences, including Muslims and recent converts. Its articles and primary sources will also be of interest to students and researchers. The site is available in four languages, with some variation to the content on each site. The English site includes introductory articles on Islamic beliefs and practice and common misconceptions about Islam. It also contains more in-depth articles on the Qur'an, the Hadith, Islamic jurisprudence, and family and society in Islam. A fatwa database provides a large collection of fatwas on various issues, arranged by subject. The site also includes audio and video resources like: Qur'anic recitations; lectures; recordings of the call to prayer; and resources for learning the Arabic alphabet and the rules of recitation.
The English site gives access to a number of e-books, and the Arabic site has a much wider variety of primary sources. These include a collection of tafsir (Qur'anic exegesis) texts and collections of Hadith. With its variety of resources, the site will be useful to students and researchers at all levels.
The website of the Kuwait Awqaf Public Foundation provides information about religious endowments (awqāf) in Kuwait. It includes general information on Kuwaiti religious endowments, including the history, development and law related to them. It also contains sections on various projects and funds supported by awqāf, including projects for social, health and educational development as well as projects to support religious heritage. An ongoing project to provide GIS (Geographic Information System) maps for a list of mosques protected by awqāf will be of interest to architectural historians of the Middle East. The site is available only in Arabic. It will be of most interest to advanced researchers in Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies with an interest in Islamic law, religious endowments, philanthropy, and architectural and other heritage.
The website of the Markaz Wadūd lil-Makhṭūṭāt [Wadud Centre for Manuscripts] provides digital facsimilies of over 700 manuscripts and 1400 books in Arabic on a variety of topics. The main focus of the site is Islamic manuscripts and manuscript catalogues, but it also includes manuscripts and books related to Arabic language and literature. The documents are downloadable as zipped .rar files. The site is available only in Arabic.
The manuscripts are accessed through the Khizānat al-Makhṭūṭāt [Manuscript Library] section and are arranged by topic or accessible through a search function. Major topics include: Islamic doctrine; the Qur'an; Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir); Hadith and Sunna; history and biography; Islamic jurisprudence; and language and literature. Each manuscript has an associated record that includes its source and a brief summary. The Fahāris wa-Kutub [Catalogues and Books] section provides a large number of manuscript catalogues, including those of major universities and national libraries in Europe and the Middle East. It also provides Arabic versions of Carl Brockelmann's Geschichte der Arabischen Litteratur and Fuat Sezgin's Geschichte des Arabischen Schrifttums. The site will be of interest primarily to advanced students and researchers in Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies looking for primary sources and manuscript catalogues.
This website offers a brief description of the Network of British Researchers and Practitioners of Islamic Law. Funded as part of the AHRC/ESRC Religion and Society Project, this network brings together scholars and practitioners of both historic and contemporary Islamic law. Identifying the lack of opportunities for Islamic law academics to collaborate and share their research, this network aims to hold four networking workshops each focussed around two particular madhhabs (or distinctive Muslim legal traditions). It is hoped that these will facilitate future learned discussions and research. Programmes and proceedings of each workshop will be posted to the website as they occur.
Nidā’ al-īmān is an Islamic website that provides electronic versions of a large number of both classical and contemporary texts in the Islamic sciences. Along with an extensive digital library, the site includes: the full text of the Qur'an with associated audio files, searchable and navigable by chapter and verse; a number of Hadith collections; a fatwa database that can be searched by topic and jurist; and an audio library of lectures on various topics. The site is available only in Arabic.
The digital library will be of particular interest to researchers in Arabic and Islamic Studies. This provides access to searchable online text versions of books on various subjects, including: the Qur'an; Hadith; aspects of Muslim theology; Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh); Muslim women; literature and rhetoric; biography and history; contemporary issues; language; and medicine.
This is the official website of the Amman Message, a declaration released on the 9th of November 2004 by King Abdullah II of Jordan with the stated aim 'of clarifying to the modern world the true nature of Islam'. By bringing together various Muslim sects and schools of thought, it seeks to look beyond divisions and come to an agreement over common issues. A significant amount of attention is given to outlining opposition to violent inter-sectarian disputes as well as terrorism. One can find here a list of religious leaders and scholars who have endorsed the aims of the declaration, as well as fatwas given by authorities in the various Sunni, Shi'i and Ibadi traditions. In the 'Downloads' section, there are a number of e-books discussing topics related to the Amman Message such as the proper conduct of Jihad from the perspective of Islamic law, and the relationship between Islam and democracy. Together with this, the section also contains poems in Arabic written by affiliated scholars, as well public statements made by Muslim leaders against specific terrorist attacks.
'Religious Legal Systems: A Brief Guide to Research and its Role in Comparative Law' is a website maintained by New York University (NYU) School of Law. It provides brief commentaries and annotated links to resources on Islamic Law, Jewish Law, Christian Canon Law (Roman Catholic Church), Hindu Law, Buddhist Law and Legal Theory, Confucian Law and Legal Theory, and the implementation of religious law in several countries. It also provides a select bibliography of print-based books and articles that would be useful for researching the various religious legal systems. The materials are prepared by Marylin Johnson Raisch, Librarian for International and Foreign Law at the John Wolff International and Comparative Law Library of the Georgetown Law Center.
This webpage allows visitors to access the full-text of 'Sharia Implementation in Northern Nigeria 1999-2006: A Sourcebook' (ISBN:978-978-029-837-1). The work was compiled and edited by Philip Ostien, and was published in 2007 by Spectrum Books Limited. This online edition, which is made available by the University of Bayreuth on their 'Sharia Debates and Their Perception by Christians and Muslims in Selected African Countries' project homepage, includes documents which were too voluminous to be featured in the print version. The work is divided into the following 5 volume headings: Historical Background; Sharia Implementation Committee Records and Related White Papers; Sanitizing Society; The Sharia Project and Criminal Procedure Codes; and Two Famous Cases (i.e. the cases of Safiyatu Hussaini and Amina Lawal). These are presented in PDF and requires Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. This should be an interesting resource for those researching on the application of Islamic Law in African countries, and in Nigeria in particular.
The Shia Books website gives access to online text versions of over 3,000 books in Arabic, primarily related to Islam and Islamic Studies. Despite its name, it includes books in both the Shiite and Sunni traditions. It also has collections related to history and language. The books can be accessed through subject and author indexes or through a search function. Major subjects include: Hadith; biography of the prophet; Islamic jurisprudence; Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir); and men of the Hadith. The site also includes a fully vocalised online text version of the Qur'an. The site is available in Arabic and Persian, but the English version was not working as of July 2008. It will be of most use to advanced students and researchers in Islamic or Middle Eastern Studies looking for primary and secondary source material in Arabic. Users should note that the English version of the site was not working at the time of review.
Sunnipath is an online academy dedicated to providing access to traditional Sunni Muslim education to the English-speaking Muslim world. Many of the scholars associated with this institute were trained in various religious fields, and received their qualifications in traditional institutes or circles of learning (mainly based in Syria, Egypt, Jordan and Yemen) using the personal certification (ijaza) system. Sunnipath tries to combine the benefits of such a system with the advantages of modern technology and educational forms. Attendance of most courses requires payment of fees, but free registration is also possible, allowing access to numerous free online classes and events. The website also hosts a number of features that are accessible without the need for registration. The Answers section was the original reason behind Sunnipath’s creation in 2003, and it is still a useful and regularly updated resource for those with questions about Islamic law (answers are available for two rites of law: the Shafi’i and the Hanafi), faith or practice. The Library section has numerous resources including articles, Quran recitation recordings and translations of a number of classical texts (most notable are the Hadith collections found here). The website also hosts a blog with daily comments from the many scholars affiliated with the institute.