Quran al-Islam is part of a larger website run by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Islamic Affairs. It provides information on thematic topics related to Islam, with links to the Qur'anic verses in which these themes are explored. It also includes the full text of the Qur'an in Arabic and in six other languages; these texts are searchable or navigable by verse. The site also provides a number of electronic versions of both classical and modern Islamic texts in Arabic related to the Qur'an that are fully vocalised and searchable. These include four complete works of tafsir (Qur'anic exegesis). The interface is available in a number of languages, including English, French and Arabic, but the electronic texts in Arabic must be accessed through the Arabic interface. The English version of the site will be of use to students and researchers at all levels who wish to learn more about Islam and the Qur'an, while the Arabic version will be of great interest to researchers looking for easily accessible and navigable primary texts.
The 3D Kabah website is an interesting online resource which provides visitors with an opportunity to enjoy a three-dimensional view of the Kabah (sometimes spelt Kaaba), a cuboid structure in Makkah (Mecca) and the holiest place in Islam. Available on this website are a number of attractive pictures and downloadable videos that allow the Kabah and the mosque which surrounds it to be viewed from unique perspectives. The history of this 3D project and its development to date are also documented. The site is user-friendly and engaging. It is maintained by Abid S. Hussain.
This website is dedicated to the life and works of the eminent Islamic scholar Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (1058-1111). On offer are: original and translated versions of his writings in areas as diverse as theology, jurisprudence, logic, Sufism and philosophy; monographs and other works related to him; and access to bibliographic materials on the web. The site, which can be accessed in over 10 languages, also includes a short biography of al-Ghazali and access to further biographical material on the web; lecture transcripts; portraits; maps of areas and eras important for studies on al-Ghazali; and a search engine. Some materials are in PDF format. This resource would be particularly useful to postgraduate researchers.
The aim of the African Religion website is to gather together works published on this topic by Wim van Binsbergen, a Senior Researcher at the African Studies Centre, Leiden and Professor of the Foundations of Intercultural Philosophy at Erasmus University Rotterdam. These include a series of articles, books, seminar papers and photo-essays. The site is divided into sections on general theoretical and comparative studies of African religion; popular Islam in North Africa; Christian Churches in South Central and Southern Africa; and further sections on historical African religion in South Central Africa, Southern Africa and West Africa. Sample articles include: 'The interpretation of popular Islamic myth'; 'A modes-of-production approach to religion and ritual'; 'Church and state in contemporary Botswana'; and 'The land as body in Manjak religion'. A useful resource for students of religion.
Al-Islam is a highly informative website which is maintained by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Islamic Affairs, Endowments, Da'wah and Guidance. It not only provides information on a wide range of issues on Islam (e.g. faith; knowledge; moral and manners; jihad; food and drink; acts of worship; rulings and judgements; and crimes), visitors are shown the relevant verses of the Quran and the Hadith where these are derived from. There are also sections on Quranic stories; the Hajj and Umrah; Islamic History; Sacred Mosques; and the Zakah. There are, in addition, a picture gallery; videos and links to other online resources. The site, which holds a search engine, can be accessed in Arabic, English, French, German, Indonesian, Malay and Turkish. It should be an interesting resource for those seeking to learn about Islam and is suitable for undergraduate use.
Al-Islam is one of the more comprehensive Internet sites presently available on Islamic culture and religion. Maintained by members of the Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project (DILP), users are able to browse through a wide array of topics ranging from modern ethical issues to historical outlines. Though much of the material is directed towards students or people without a strong knowledge of Islam, the inclusion of easily accessible electronic editions of journal articles, image galleries, and glossaries may make these pages equally appealing to academics and teachers. However, perhaps the site's best feature is the ever-expanding Digital Islamic Library Project, which contains a healthy selection of English articles and monographs. Through the quick links at the top of the home page, one may also access a multi-lingual Qur'an (Koran), as well as documents on Islamic law, and information on textual alterations (Tahrif) in important Islamic primary texts. Users should, however, note two things: first, although there is much useful information here, not all the material available is scholarly in nature, and secondly, many of the pieces are written from a Shi'a Muslim perspective, and hence should not necessarily be taken as representative of Islam as a whole.
This is the homepage of the Al-Maktoum Institute for Arabic and Islamic Studies which is based in Dundee, Scotland. The institute, which is led by Professor Malory Nye, provides postgraduate study programmes in Arabic and Islamic studies. Building on academic scholarship from around the world, the approach they take is described as post-orientalist, post-traditionalist, interdisciplinary, multidisciplinary, and multicultural. This website contains information about their vision; academic programmes on offer; the activities they organise (e.g. conferences and workshops); and news articles relating to the institute. An interesting resource for those intending to pursue postgraduate studies in these areas.
The Al-Mashriq Religion page is a private site run by Børre Ludvigsen, professor at Østfold College, Norway. It offers a rather eclectic collection of resources, including the whole text of the Bible and the Qur'an in English translation, plus a handful of articles. The site also provides links to a selection of online resources on Lebanon and Islam. Unfortunately, the lists do not seem to be particularly well maintained, with a fair proportion of broken links. The Religion page is part of the broader site 'Al-Mashriq - the Levant', Ludvigsen's collection of resources relating to eastern mediterranean countries, and in particular Lebanon. Parts of the site were constructed by Ludvigsen's students, who worked on it as a project for a software design course.
The al-Meshkat website is an Islamic portal with an important collection of electronic copies of Islamic books in Arabic, including many classical texts in the traditional Islamic branches of learning. The main page provides links to the discussion forum; collections of fatwas organised by topic; the virtual library; articles on Islamic principles, education and the family; essays and research in the traditional Islamic sciences; and a search function that allows users to search all sections of the website. The interface and content are in Arabic.
Of most interest to researchers will be the virtual library, which is a repository of over 3,000 Islamic texts available as word or zipped files. Users can navigate the library by subject or through an author or title search. The record for each book includes a brief summary. Major subjects include: biographies of the Prophet; tafsir (Qur'anic exegesis); Qur'anic recitation; the Hadith and Sunna (traditions of the Prophet); Islamic jurisprudence; fatwas; Islamic history; Arabic language; and the writings of figures like Ibn Taymiyyah and Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Abd-al-Wahhab. There is a small selection of books in English and other languages, including two collections of Hadith. The site has a definite traditionalist Sunni slant to it, but is useful for the large collection of primary and secondary sources that will be of interest to advanced students and researchers in Islamic studies.
'Al-Serat' consists of a number of journal articles dealing with aspects of Islamic life and thought. The articles, tackling issues such as 'The Spiritual Significance of Jihad', 'Martyrdom in Islam' and 'Islam and the Question of Violence' are predominantly written by Muslim scholars seeking to contradict some of the major Western assumptions about Islam. Occasionally defensive in tone, these articles nevertheless provide solid explanations of some frequently misused Arabic terms as well as interesting views on Islamic religious ideas and practices.
The al-Tafsīr website, maintained by the Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought in Jordan, provides the original Arabic of over 100 Islamic texts, primarily works of Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir) from all the major schools of Islamic jurisprudence and from other theological and mystical currents. It also provides three tafsir collections in English; the full text of the Qur'an in Arabic as well as translations into eighteen languages, including seven different translations in English; and audio files of Qur'anic recitation in different modes. The site is navigable in English and Arabic, though the tafsir collection must be navigated in Arabic for access to the widest range of Arabic texts.
One of the great advantages of the al-Tafsīr website is that the texts have been entered by hand, rather than scanned, making them fully searchable and easily navigable. This brings a large number of Islamic texts, many of them previously only available as manuscripts, to students and researchers around the world. By providing tafsir collections from over 60 authors and a variety of schools, the site makes comparative study possible. Access to the text of the Qur'an also includes tabs for further information (commentaries, reasons for revelation, meanings, vocalisation) for each verse. The site is easy to use and provides access to a large number of original texts that will be of great interest to advanced students and researchers in Islamic studies.
'Al-Tawhid: A Quarterly Journal of Islamic Thought and Culture' is published by The Foundation of Islamic Thought, an independent institution established in Iran in 1984. This website allows full-text access to a selection of articles previously published in the journal. These are on a wide range of issues, and they are organised under the following headings: Qur'anic studies; hadith (narrations about the life and sayings of the prophet Muhammad); 'Irfan (Islamic mysticism); philosophy; history; akhlaq (Islamic ethics); fiqh and usul (Islamic jurisprudence); kalam (Muslim scholastic philosophy); economics; the Muslim ummah (community of believers); and Western and Islamic interactions. An interesting resource for students of Islam.
al-Waqfeya is an online library for digitised texts related to Islamic Studies. It makes available over 1,000 books in Arabic on a variety of topics, as well as a selection of books in English. The books are available as downloadable zipped .rar files. The Arabic selections include books in the traditional Islamic sciences such as: the Qur'an and Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir); Hadith; Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh); biography of the Prophet; and aspects of Muslim theology. The site also includes books on broader topics, including: Islamic economics; history; the Muslim family; contemporary life; and Arabic language and literature. The English books include dictionaries by Edward William Lane, Hans Wehr, Wortabet, and Wright's grammar, all basic reference works for Arabic and Islamic studies. The site is easy to navigate by subject and includes a search function. It will be of most use to advanced students and researchers in Islamic studies looking for primary and secondary sources in Arabic.
'Alkhazina' is an intelligent, well-balanced and therefore much-needed database on Islamic culture in the Middle East. Developed as a teaching resource by Princeton University, it concentrates on Islamic civilisation from the 8th till the 14th centuries but does not ignore more contemporary Muslim issues either. It contains the full-text of the Qur'an in Arabic as well as in English translation, and various links to sites enabling searches on words or phrases from the Qur'an and other works central to Islamic tradition. It has sections dedicated to Sufism and the Hajj, and to maps of the Arabic world from the Middle Ages till the present. You will also find an Islamic timeline, a chapter on medieval Islamic scholars and a resources page. Finally it provides a link to an informative and politically balanced discussion on Islam in the context of the attacks of 11/09/2001 and America's 'War Against Terrorism'.
Annales islamologiques is a journal published by the Institut français d'archéologie orientale du Caire. It is devoted to research on Arab and Islamic civilization, primarily in Egypt. The website makes available full-text PDF versions of all issues of the journal from 1954 to 1996, many of which are out of print or difficult to find. Tables of contents are provided for more recent issues. Articles are accessible through tables of contents for each issue or for the entire collection, and a full-text search function is also available. The website and most articles are in French, though some articles are in English or Arabic. The site will be of interest to researchers in Middle Eastern history and Islamic Studies.
The Annual Review of Islam in South Africa (ARISA) is produced by the Department of Religious Studies at the University of Cape Town. It publishes works that relate to Islam and Muslims in South Africa, but includes reports on relevant matters from other parts of the African continent. ARISA is jointly edited by Susana Molins Literas and Shaheed Mathee. This homepage allows free access to all articles published in the review between 1998 to 2005. The materials are presented in PDF. Adobe Acrobat Reader is therefore needed for access. Among the articles featured include: 'Aspects of Muslim Participation in the South African Economy'; 'Muslim Political Space in South Africa: Imagining a Local Ummah'; 'Current Research and Writing Relating to Islam and Muslims'; and 'Muslims in the Townships of South Africa'. This should be a useful resource for those seeking a better understanding of the role of Islam in Africa and the experiences of Muslims there.
'Arab-Islamic history' is a website that provides links to a range of online materials on Islamic history. Included are the works of scholars like Philip Hitti, Montgomery Watt, Ibn Ishaq, Abdul Wahid Hamid, Richard Hooker, Maxime Rodinson and Muhammad Hamidullah. Coverage spans from pre-Islamic times to the early twentieth century. The intervening period is covered under the following headings: the birth of Islam; Islamic expansion; the early Caliphate; the Umayyads and the Abbasids; Islam in Europe; the Crusades; the Fatimids and the Mamluks; and the Turks and the Ottoman Empire. Students of Islam will find this a useful and interesting resource for further exploration of the subject. 'Arab-Islamic history' is part of the Al-Bab website, and is the work of Brian Whitaker, Middle East editor of the newspaper 'The Guardian' - though the site has no official connection to the paper.
'Arabic, Islamic and Middle Eastern Resources' is a website produced by the University of Exeter's Academic Services. It aims to provide those working in these closely connected subject areas with a list of annotated links to online resources useful for their studies. The resources are helpfully organized under the following seven headings: gateways to general sources (e.g newspapers; media; and information portals); gateways to sources on individual countries (covering areas like Central Asia; Gulf States; and North Africa); gateways to sources on Islam and Islamic culture (e.g. Islamic Studies resources; Islamic texts; and directory of UK mosques); specialist web-sites (e.g. on language; art; architecture; archaeology; philosophy; and law); handbooks, encyclopaedias, country directories and other reference works; on-line journals and series; and academic organizations for the study of the Middle East and Islam.
This is the homepage of the Association of Muslim Lawyers in the UK (AML). Established in 1995, the organisation works on important issues that impact upon the lives of Muslims in Britain and draw attention to those that affect Muslims in other parts of the world. To this end, they organise seminars and conferences where such matters could be debated and possibly resolved. Despite its name, membership is also open to non-lawyers and students, and to Muslims and non-Muslims alike. It publishes a journal called 'The Muslim Lawyer', the full content of which could be accessed without charge from here. The site also makes available the latest news from the association and information about upcoming events and membership. It holds an online directory of Muslim legal practitioners in the country, and provides links to online resources on Islamic Law as well as the homepages of relevant organisations. Information is further given about recently published books on Islam and Islamic Law. Viewers can also read about projects involving the association, and their response to the Law Commission's proposal on Islamic marriage. This resource should benefit those studying the experience of Muslims in contemporary Britain.
This is the homepage of the Association of Muslim Social Scientists of North America (AMSS). Led by Dr Ali A. Mazrui of Binghamton University, the association serves as a forum that brings together Muslim and non-Muslim scholars to examine and identify Islamic perspectives on issues of contemporary concern, and to use these to help improve the lives of Muslims around the world. This website provides information about: the association's history and mission; and news and events. In addition, there are press releases and details of their annual conferences as well as downloadable copies of papers presented therein. The site also allows access to the homepage of their official journal, the American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences (AJISS). An interesting resource for students of Islam.
The Association of Muslim Social Scientists (UK) brings together Muslim academics and others interested in the study of Islam to develop Islamic thought through research and publications. They are particularly interested in generating Islamic perspectives on contemporary issues from an academic standpoint. The website of the association provides information about its work, including news, recent events and awards. It also gives access to a number of publications, including: current and past newsletters; occasional papers; conference proceedings; and more general publications on themes like British Muslims or Muslims on Education. The site will be of interest to students and researchers in Islamic Studies, particularly those interested in research on contemporary issues or Islam in the United Kingdom.
Barbara von Schlegell's home page offers a selection of material for those studying Islam. The resource guide provides a valuable collection of links to varied and high quality sites, ranging from pages on Arabic language and Islamic religious texts to material on social issues within Islam, resources for research, maps and images, and newspapers online. Most of the material linked to is elsewhere on the Web, but a small proportion is hosted on-site. Among these are a collection of maps from historical atlases of Islam, and a handful of electronic texts (also accessible via the Online Texts section of the site), including an Islamic catechism and an Islamic perspective on free will and determinism. Also available is information about various university courses taught by Schlegell, which may be helpful to those seeking reading suggestions or to other teachers looking for inspiration.
Part of the Beliefnet.com website, the section on Islam pertains to religious issues and contemporary questions relating to the difficult relationship between Islam and the West. The site consists mostly of journalistic articles and opinion pieces about Muslim lifestyles and religious subjects, often written in response to recent events, or on topical issues such as politics, women in Islam, and so forth. The site also features a discussion forum, and a number of blogs. The material is targeted primarily at the American public, and as such is unlikely to be useful for advanced research; it does, however, include some interesting articles from a variety of perspectives, offering a good source of news and opinion about contemporary Islamic issues, and hence may be of interest to those wanting to learn more about the religion. Some may find the presence of advertisements a little annoying.
This website enables free access to the full-text of 'Beyond the Stream: Islam and Society in a West African Town' (ISBN: 0-520-07718-0). The book was written by Professor Robert Launay of the Department of Anthropology at Northwestern University and published by the University of California Press in 1992. It dealt with religious change and controversy among the Dyula community in the Republic of Cote d'Ivoire, a country in West Africa. The work, which was awarded the Amaury Talbot Prize for best African ethnography in 1992, should be of interest to students of Islam. In addition to its ten chapters, the site provides links to the book's notes; index; glossary of terms; and bibliography.
The Bible and the Visual Imagination is a research centre based in the University of Wales, Lampeter's Theology and Religious Studies Department. Its interest is the visual representation of biblical imagery ranging from the fine arts to popular devotional imagery. The website provides details of the centre's current research projects, which include: Imaging the Bible in Wales; the Bible and Art: Towards an Interdisciplinary Methodology; the Bible and the Moving Image; and Biblical Subjects in Jewish and Islamic Art. One of the most valuable resources on the site is the 'Biblical Artwork from Wales, 1825–1975' database.
British Muslims Monthly Survey (BMMS) (ISSN 1350-1090) is a periodical that has appeared in print since January 1993. Published by the Centre for the Study of Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations (CSIC) at the University of Birmingham, all volumes up until May 2002 have now been made available online. On offer are monthly compilations of British press reporting on issues that have a bearing on the lives of Muslims in this country. These are derived from national and regional, daily and weekly newspapers and magazines, as well as the newsletters of various organisations. The work gives readers a unique opportunity to follow at close range the experiences of Muslims in contemporary Britain.
'The Calligraphic State: Textual Domination and History in a Muslim Society' was written by Brinkley Messick, Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the University of Michigan. The book studies the changing relation between writing and authority in a Muslim society from the late nineteenth century onwards. Organised into four parts and twelve chapters, this online edition of the work is freely available to the public. Also included are the book's bibliography; index; biographical guide; and glossary of terms. Its contents should appeal to postgraduates and postdoctorate researchers of Islam. The print edition, which was published in 1993, can be ordered from this website.
Carl W. Ernst, a professor of Religious Studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and author of works like 'Following Muhammad: Rethinking Islam in the Contemporary World' and 'The Shambhala Guide to Sufism', makes available on this website a select bibliography of articles he has published since the 1980s. Readers are linked to the online version (usually presented as an MS Word document) of a substantial proportion of these including: 'An Indo-Persian Guide to Sufi Shrine Pilgrimage'; 'Ideological and Technological Transformations of Contemporary Sufism'; 'Between Orientalism and Fundamentalism: Problematizing the Teaching of Sufism'; 'Persecution and Circumspection in the Shattari Sufi Order'; and 'Sufism and Yoga According to Muhammad Ghawth'.
This is the homepage of the New York University Center for Dialogues: Islamic World-U.S.-The West. Launched in the aftermath of the 11th of September 2001 incident to serve as a structured forum for sustained dialogue between the Islamic World and the US/West, the organisation engages in outreach programmes; international conferences; academic study; and policy review and recommendations. This website contains a number of resources which would be of interest to students and scholars of Islam and those engaged in interfaith work. These include: information about events and how to join their email list; links to relevant press articles; downloadable reports; book reviews; and access to video recordings of interviews. The site also makes available a photo gallery and holds a search engine. The centre was founded and directed by Professor Mustapha Tlili.
This is the homepage of the Center for Islam and Science (CIS), Canada. Founded and chaired by Dr Muzaffar Iqbal, the organisation aims to encourage research and the dissemination of knowledge on all aspects of Islam and science. This website informs visitors about their vision and activities, and contains instructions about how to be a member. There are several resources that would be of interest to students of Islam. These include: biographies of eminent Muslim scientists through the ages; annotated and shorter bibliographies of works relevant to Islam and science; articles; book reviews and audio recordings on 'Islam and Theories of Evolution'. The site also allows access to the homepage of their official journal 'Islam and Science: Journal of Islamic Perspectives on Science".
This is the home page of the Prince Alwaleed Bin Jalal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding (ACMCU) based at Georgetown University, USA. The centre, which was established in 1993 to build bridges of understanding between the Muslim and non-Muslim worlds, is directed by Professor John L. Esposito. This website informs visitors of the academic programs on offer and of news and events. It allows full access to their opinion pieces, and provides abstracts of articles and books published by their members of staff as well as annotated links to relevant websites. Visitors can also access from here the home page of the centre's official journal - the Journal of Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations (ICMR). This should be an interesting resource for students of Islam and those researching on issues involving Islam and the West, and Islam in the West.
The Center for the Study of Islam and Democracy (CSID) was established in March 1999 by a diverse group of academics, professionals and activists who saw the need for the study and dissemination of reliable information on the topic of Islam and democracy. This homepage makes available the following resources: the center's email bulletin since 2005; information on conferences, workshops, special lectures, international events, and monthly lecture series; and press releases and statements. Users can also access numerous articles as well as the full text of all copies of Muslim Democrat, CSID's quarterly newletter, from 1999 onwards.
This is the official website of the Center for the Study of Muslim Networks (CSMN). The organisation is based at Duke University's Franklin Center in North Carolina and is led by Professor Ebrahim Moosa. It aims to bring together Islamic scholars and activists from various institutions around the world; and provides an interlocking program of visiting fellows and workshops, international conferences, public awareness and outreach programs, and a series of working papers. This website contains details about classes and events they organise; information on meetings; and video archives of conferences held. Unfortunately, it does not appear that it is regularly updated. Its existing contents would nevertheless be of interest to students and scholars of Islam.
This is the homepage of Hudson Institute's Center on Islam, Democracy and the Future of the Muslim World. Based in Washington DC, the center is directed by Hillel Fradkin. This website contains: information about the center's mission; news updates; and details of previous and upcoming events. It gives access to a large number of works published by them like articles; reports; and monographs. These can be browsed by Date; Author; Region; and Publication Type. The site holds a search engine and provides links to a small number of relevant websites. A useful resource for students and scholars of Islam.
The Centre for Islam in Europe (CIE) was set up in 1998 at the University of Ghent, Belgium. Its primary aim was to develop a modernised program of Islamic Studies for school and university use, with the support of scholars from across Europe and the cooperation of Muslim organisations and institutes. This home page contains details of the Centre's activities and manifesto, a collection of academic papers, links to other online resources and a discussion forum. The site can be navigated in Arabic, Dutch, English, French, German, Spanish and Turkish.
The Christian Muslim Forum (charity registration number 114793) was set up in January 2006 by a group of Christians and Muslims who met when they were working on the Archbishop of Canterbury's Initiative in Christian-Muslim Relations. The forum aims to strengthen the relationship and communication between the leaders and adherents of the two faith traditions in England. This homepage advises visitors of their historical background and activities in the following areas of work: community and public affairs; education; family; international issues; media; and youth. The site contains statements and annual reports; a list of FAQs; information on news and events; a photo gallery; and an annotated set of links to relevant websites. Papers; audio and visual materials; and a discussion board are also available but these can only be accessed upon registration. This website, which can also be read in Arabic, should be an interesting resource for those working in the area of interfaith dialogue.
'Conflicts Forum' is an international movement which aims to foster a healthier relationship and a better climate of understanding between the West and the Muslim world. It was founded in 2004 and is directed by Alistair Crooke and Mark Perry. This website informs visitors of its history, mission, services, and activities to date. It allows free access to a wide range of materials including monographs; articles; conference reports; newsletter (from 2005); transcripts of interviews; and briefing papers. This resource would be of interest to students of Islam and to those working in the areas of interfaith dialogue and international conflict resolution.
The Council on Islamic Education (CIE) is a non-profit research institute set up in California in 1990. This homepage provides information about their history; mission; and range of services and activities. It makes available several interesting resources for policymakers; publishers; educators; the media; members of the community; and international visitors. These include articles and essays; lesson plans; online forums; news, views and events; assessments and reports; and links to other online resources like calendars; databases and primers. The council is directed by Mr Shabbir Mansuri. This resource should be useful to anyone seeking a better understanding of Islam and to those teaching the subject at school and university levels.
This website describes itself as "the first world wide web initiative to create and develop a complete portal to Moroccan Sufism". Many websites that deal with the subject of Moroccan Sufism do so in French, and this is one of the first to do so in English. The author of the website himself is a descendant and devotee of famous Sufi shaykhs of this region, and this website is therefore mainly aimed at people with a personal interest in Sufism. However, the information given here about the various scholars, saints and shariffs (descendents of the Prophet Muhammad) of Morocco is extensive, and would still be of great use for the researcher. Biographies of important figures come with pictures of their tombs and long translations of passages from their works. The 'Hagiography Bank' section also proves quite useful, as one can find such figures listed according to date, place or tariqa (Sufi order) affiliation. In addition to this, newcomers to the subject can also find more general articles on the various aspects of Moroccan Islam and Sufism. For those interested in discussion with fellow admirers or researchers, a forum is available on the website.
'The different aspects of Islamic culture' is an extensive project carried out under the auspices of UNESCO. Its brief was to prepare and publish a work that traces and illustrates the various facets of Islamic culture, both past and present. This was now to appear in the form of a six-volume work published under these respective titles: The Foundation of Islam; The Individual And Society In Islam; The Spread of Islam Throughout The World; Science and Technology in Islam; Culture and Learning in Islam; and Islam in the World Today. This home page carries background information about the project, the table of contents of each volume, the profiles of the many scholars from around the world who have contributed to the work, and a photo gallery.
The 'Discovering Islam in Devon' Web page displays texts and illustrations used in the exhibition on the same theme held at Exeter Central Library in 2001. The project was sponsored by the University of Exeter, Exeter City Council and Devon City Council. Exploring themes like: earliest contact; sailors; scholars; diplomats and missionaries; Islamic art and architecture; Islamic literature and its influences; Islamic science and medicine; and Muslims in Devon, this interesting online exhibition charts the growth of Islam in the south-west of England from the moment the region first made contact with the Islamic world to the present day. It should be a useful resource for students of Islam and those interested in the history of religion in Britain.
This is the homepage of the Duncan Black MacDonald Center for the Study of Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations. Based at the Hartford Seminary, the center seeks to increase awareness and appreciation of Islam, and is committed to the idea that mutual respect and cooperation between Muslims and Christians can be achieved through intensive study and academically guided dialogue. This website offers the following resources: details about courses on offer; online articles, lectures, book reviews and interviews; and annotated links to relevant websites. There is also a section entitled 'Islam FAQs' which discusses issues like variations within Islam; Islamic law and economics; scripture and tradition; and the Muslim world's relations with the US. The centre is directed by Dr Ingrid Mattson, Professor of Islamic Studies amd Christian-Muslim Relations.
The Encyclopedia of Women and Islamic Cultures (EWIC) is a large scale work edited by Dr Suad Joseph, a professor of Anthropology and Women's Studies at the University of California, Davis. The work consists of six volumes: Methodologies, Paradigms and Sources; Family, Law and Politics; Family, Body, Sexuality and Health; Economics, Education, Mobility and Space; Practices, Interpretations and Representations; Supplement and Index. This website provides the table of contents and lists of contributors to all volumes; information about the encyclopedia and its editorial and advisory boards; news, reviews and a downloadable preview of the work; a contributor template; and author guidelines. Viewers are allowed to download without charge the Arabic version of the first volume. Details of how the encyclopedia, which is published by Brill Academic Publishers, could be purchased is also available from the site. Students of Islam will find this online resource informative.
The Euro-Islam website provides information on Islam and Muslims in Europe and the United States as part of a European Commission-funded project based at the GSRL (Groupe de Sociologie des Religions et de la Laïcité), a CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) research institute in Paris. Two of the most useful sections are: News, consisting of brief summaries of stories with links to full-text articles; and Country Profiles, presenting comprehensive background information on Muslim populations in 13 European countries and four cities. The country profiles include information on: demographics; the labour market; education; state and church relations; political participation; Muslim organisations; Islamic practice; public perceptions of Islam; media coverage; and legislation relating to Islam. Essays presenting transnational analyses of some of these issues are being developed, and the structure of the country profiles is useful for transnational comparison as well.
The site also includes: information on current and past research projects; an extensive bibliography; and links to websites on Islam as well as to relevant journals, research groups and institutes. The site is a valuable resource for all researchers and students looking for reliable and current information on Islam in Europe and the United States.
This is the homepage of the Federation of the Universities of the Islamic World (FUIW). Presided over by Dr Abdollah Jassbi of the Islamic Azad University in Iran, the organisation aims to foster closer cooperation among the universities and higher education institutions in the Islamic world. The website was launched to serve as a forum that could highlight member institutions' activities, vision and potential. Membership stands at around 200 institutions at the time of writing. The site, which is also accessible in French and Arabic, informs visitors of FUIW's action plan, its charter and financial regulations. It provides: a list and the abstracts of the works they publish; a list and the contact details of their member institutions; reports of meetings; news of events and vacancies; and links to the home pages of relevant organisations.
'Finding the Law : Islamic Law (Sharia)' is a website that serves as a guide to online and printed materials on Islamic Law as well as its relationship with civil law. Prepared by Andrew Grossman, the resource began by providing some background information on Islamic law. From there, readers are given bibliographical information on selected introductory texts and print bibliographies. They are also directed to websites dealing with historical issues, key contemporary scholars, the treatment of Islamic law in western courts, public policy and law reviews. The resource is useful for students of Islam.
Fiqh al-Islam is part of a larger website run by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Islamic Affairs. The larger website provides information in a number of languages, including English, about Islam and Islamic practice, with links to specific passages from the Qur'an and Hadith where these issues are addressed. This section, available only in Arabic, provides a large selection of classical texts in various branches of Islamic law (fiqh) and traditional learning, as well as contemporary writings on Islamic law. The electronic texts are fully vocalised and searchable, and include works on usul al-fiqh and the four major Sunni schools of legal thought (Hanafi, Maliki, Shafii and Hanbali). With its wealth of primary sources that are easily accessed and navigated, the site will be of great interest to advanced students and researchers interested in Islam and Islamic law.
The Forum Against Islamophobia and Racism (F.A.I.R.) was established in 2001 to help raise awareness of and challenge Islamophobia and related prejudice in Britain. It aims to do this through four project areas: Faith and Positive Image; Media and Popular Culture Watch; Equality Casework and Monitoring; and Policy Research and Lobbying. Details of these, and how to get involved, can be found on this website. Visitors can also download numerous materials such as factsheets; reports on Islamophobia; Hajj and Ramadan packs; campaign packs; event flyers; press releases; annual reports; and legal and policy documents. Likewise provided are details of how to join their mailing list; a search engine; and links to relevant websites. The forum is chaired Ahmed Al-Rawi.
Free-minds, a website run by the organisation Progressive Muslims, is designed to introduce the beliefs, texts and practices of Islam to people of all faiths. It includes a translation of the Qur'an by the organisation; a series of articles on various topics; reviews and excerpts from recent books about Islam; and a special section on women in Islam. The articles include topics such as: God and Islam in general; Hadith; the Prophet; money and economy; politics; Qur'anic laws and behaviour; Satan; science; and history and archaeology. The section on women covers divorce, dress, polygamy, and other topics related to women's status in Islam. The articles are by a variety of authors and are intended to present a 'progressive' view of Islam. The site is appropriate for students and researchers at all levels, but will perhaps be most useful as an introduction to Islam and to current debates about Islamic practice.
The website From primitives to zen is an online reproduction of the reference work by Mircea Eliade, originally published in print in 1966. While the title of the book hints that the principal focus of the book would be on Buddhism, it is in fact a very large, comprehensive investigation of ancient religions of the world, divided into sections which are geographically based. The omission of Judaism and Christianity is explained in the introduction. The following five chapter headings given on the home page lead to lists of links to further pages. The first of these chapters looks at creation myths from around the world. After this section the emphasis is more strongly on the Ancient Near East, Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism and Zen. This presentation of the book is offered with no further commentary but is rather a faithful reproduction of the original text.
'God and His Attributes' is the online version of the first volume of 'The Foundations of Islamic Doctrine', written by the Iranian religious leader Lari in the 1970s. This resource consists of a religious tract divided into 21 lessons on the basic principles of faith in general and of Islam in particular. It starts out with a 'proof' of the existence of God, followed by a lengthy argument for the superiority of Islam above other religions. The final lesson sets out a few 'improper interpretations of fate and destiny'. For those interested in Islamic dogma and polemics, this is a useful site.
H-Bahai is the website of a moderated discussion list that forms part of the H-Net discussion network for the Humanities and Social Sciences. The focus of H-Bahai is the discussion of 'the culture and history of millenarian and/or esoteric religious traditions originating in modern Iran, such as Shaykhism, Babism, and the Baha'i faith'. In addition to providing access to subscription services and the message log for the discussion list (for subscribers only), the website provides further resources for research and teaching on these religious traditions. These resources include: a comprehensive resource guide on the Baha'i faith useful for planning courses or for background research; a digital publications series; and a digital library. The digital library contains digitised texts (mostly scanned images) of both primary and secondary sources in Arabic, Persian and European languages. An impressive selection of primary sources in Arabic and Persian is available, including the complete works of Baha'u'llah (founder of the Baha'i faith), Abdu'l-Baha (son of Baha'u'llah), Shaykh Ahmad al-Ahsa'i (founder of Shaykhism) and The Bab (founder of Babism). Some of these works are also available in translation on the website. A clear and easy to use interface leads users to resources appropriate for those with little previous knowledge of these religious traditions and for advanced scholars in search of primary texts.
Hadith al-Islam is part of a larger website run by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Islamic Affairs. It provides information on various topics related to Islam and Islamic practice with links to the specific Hadith texts in which these topics are addressed. The Hadith (sayings of the Prophet) are available in six languages in addition to Arabic; the translated texts are accessible mainly through subject classifications or indexes. The Arabic version of the website gives access to a wider variety of both classical and modern texts related to the Hadith. It provides fully vocalised electronic versions of the full text of the six most authoritative Hadith collections, as well as other collections, a number of commentaries, and biographies of the Prophet. The English version of the site will be useful to students and researchers at all levels who wish to know more about Islam through the Hadith, while the Arabic version provides access to a wide range of easily navigable primary source texts that will be of use to advanced students and researchers.
The Hajj website was set up to accompany 'Hajj - The Greatest Trip on Earth', a documentary first shown on Channel 4 between the 8th and 15th of February, 2003. It features slideshows and video recordings of the pilgrimage, and invites users to embark on a virtual Hajj. It also contains information on the historical, theoretical and practical aspects of Hajj. It further provides links to related websites, a list of recommended readings, maps and a glossary of terms. Informative and engaging, this resource is suitable for anyone who wishes to learn more about the Hajj or Islam in general.
This is the homepage of the Muslim academic and theologian Dr Tariq Ramadan. At the time of cataloguing, he was a Visiting Professor at the Erasmus University of Rotterdam (holding the Chair in 'Identity and Citizenship') and a Research Fellow at St Antony's College, Oxford. This website contains several resources that would be of interest to those researching on Islam and its role in the modern world. These include: the full-text of a number of Dr Ramadan's recent publications (in Dutch and English); news releases; the transcripts and video recordings of interviews; reports; information about the courses he teaches at Erasmus University; and free access to the video recordings of the public lectures he delivered there including the inaugural speech he gave on the 9th of November 2007.
This is the homepage of the HRH Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Centre of Islamic Studies (formerly the Centre of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies (CMEIS)) at the University of Cambridge. It was founded in 1960 by the renowned scholar of Arabic, Persian and Islamic Studies - Professor Arthur J. Arberry (1905-1969). The centre aims to "enable the development of a constructive and critical awareness of the role of Islam in wider society, initially through research programmes about Islam in the United Kingdom and Europe". It organises events like Lecture Series and conferences, and is involved in numerous large scale projects.
'Inquiries about Islam' is an online version of the book of the same title, last published in 1986. The work takes the form of a dialogue between Wilson Guertin, an American psychologist and converted Muslim, and the author, who was the founder of the Islamic Center of America. Subdivided into 21 inquiries, it covers the basic principles of Islamic thought, ranging from the definition of 'Islam' and 'Muslim' to the Qur'anic interpretation of the creation, prophethood, and the future of Islam. This site aims at an audience of western non-Muslims and covers topics such as 'where Islam and Christianity differ on Jesus'; it also goes at great length to reconcile modern day science with the teachings and prophecies of Muhammad, and offers some interesting views on the way Islam sees the relationship between science and religion.
This is the homepage of the Institute for the Study of Islam and Christianity (ISIC). Established in 1989, this independent non-profit academic institute aims to advance the study of Islam, Christianity and Muslim-Christian relations. It seeks also to promote better understanding and communications between Islamic and western societies. This website contains the institute's mission statement, and details about the books and resources it publishes. Visitors are also given the opportunity to access news and research articles, as well as ISIC's bulletin. A search engine is available.
The Institute of Islamic Information and Education (IIIE) seeks to enhance and improve the image of Islam and Muslims in North America through the provision of information about Islamic beliefs, history and civilization from authentic sources. The Institute was set up in 1985 in Chicago, Illinois. This website gives full-text access to numerous articles and these are organised into the following categories: Islamic beliefs and practices; Islamic values; Women; Experiences with Islam; Islam and Christianity; Muslims in American life; Contemporary issues; Attacks on Islam; Pseudo-Islamic cults; and For Muslims. There are also annotated links to relevant websites and a search engine.
This website makes available over 100 articles written by the renowned Islamic scholar and rights activist, Dr Asghar Ali Engineer. These include the following papers: 'The political universe of Islam'; 'On the multilayered concept of Jihad'; 'Reconstruction of Islamic thought'; 'Islam and secularism'; 'Islamic ethic'; 'Islam and nationalism'; 'Muslims, modernity and change'; 'Islam and pluralism'; and 'On the concept of compassion in Islam'. The site is sponsored by the Institute of Islamic Studies and the Centre for the Study of Society and Secularism, India.
The website of the Institute of Ismaili Studies provides information on this research institute, located in London, which focuses on the Ismaili community and its culture. It offers a graduate programme in Islamic Studies and Humanities, as well as a doctoral programme, in collaboration with various British universities. The website is an excellent resource for those studying or wanting to find out more about the history of the Ismaili community - the second largest Shia community in the Muslim world. Members of its communities inhabit over 20 countries. The institute serves its own community, by providing various religious and cultural programmes, as well as lifelong learning, and academic seminars, conferences and public lectures. Recognised as one of the leading centres for studies in this field, the institute commissions publications, translations, and research by both internal and external scholars. The site provides a good guide to available resources in English. An extremely useful feature of the site is the glossary, which provides explanations of terms used. The site is available in French, English, Farsi (Persian), and Arabic. It features a short biography of the community's Imam and leader - His Highness the Aga Khan. The site is very easy to navigate (aided by a search facility and site guide) and features the following sections: research; graduate studies; learning; library; publications; news and events; and contact details.
'Inter-Islam' is a website that conveys the message of Islam and its doctrines through bringing to the readers information from Hadith, Qur'an, biography of the prophet and its disciples, and the Islamic view about controversial moral issues. There is information about: the Hajj, fasting, praying, and alms giving, in addition to views on alcohol; gambling; music; TV; suicide; drugs; smoking; and many other issues. Also included are recitations of some suuras of the Qur'an and some religious preaching. The site is presented in several languages and interested users can download articles, books, and audio recordings for free. However, when downloading audio recordings, disconnection from the site may be encountered.
The International Association of Sufism is an educational organization dedicated to peace-keeping and community building. This home page contains information about the events and projects which it organises. It also introduces users to the different departments within the association and their respective roles and activities. In addition to these, it provides several articles on the study, practice and discipline of Sufism. And lastly, it gives details about the journal, newsletters, and audio-visual materials published by the organization. This is an interesting resource for anyone wishing to learn more about Sufism.
The International Forum for Islamic Dialogue (IFID) is a London-based non-profit organisation which seeks to promote a modern understanding of Islam. It was set up in 1994 and is directed by Dr Najah Kadhim. Accessible in English and Arabic, this website contains articles, information on news and events as well as reports on the following issues: Political Islam; Philosophy of Religion; Women Affairs; Religious Violence; and Quranic Concepts. Access is also given to the latest issues of IFID's publication 'Islam21Monitor'. Works available on the site include those by well-known scholars of Islam like Fazlur Rahman; Tariq Ramadan; John L. Esposito; Abdullahi A. An-Naim; and Karen Armstrong. Some of the materials are presented in PDF. Adobe Acrobat Reader is therefore required to access these. A search engine is available on the site.
The International Institute for the Study of Islam in the Modern World (ISIM) was operative between 1998 and 2008. Although the Institute itself is now closed, the website remains online for archival purposes, offering a significant amount of information which may be useful to students and researchers. Based in Leiden in The Netherlands, the organisation focused on interdisciplinary research on the social, political, cultural, and intellectual developments in contemporary Muslim communities around the world. Publications available via the website include: copies of the Institute's newsletter from 1998 onwards; academic papers; dissertations; and annual reports. The site and publications are in English, although a Dutch version of a few sections is also available.
This is the homepage of the International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT). Established in 1981, the organisation aims to promote research, publication and conferences on Islamic thought and contemporary social sciences. Visitors can find information on the institute's history; news and events (recent and archived); and educational programs on offer. Other resources include videotapes of lectures and details about works published by the institute. Links are offered to the homepage of the institute's official journal 'The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences (AJISS)'. The site, which provides a search engine as well as links to relevant online resources, can be accessed in English and Arabic.
This is the homepage for the UK branch of the International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT). Based in London, the institute is dedicated to supporting research efforts that would be beneficial to the Islamic ummah (community). This website provides information about the organisation's background, mission and activities (e.g. the production of English language titles; commissioning translations; and organising conferences, seminars and workshops). It allows access to samples pages from the institute's published works and visitors can download clips from their audio lectures. Links are also provided to relevant websites. An interesting resource for students of Islam.
This is the homepage of the International Museum of Muslim Cultures (IMMC) based in Jackson, Mississippi. Founded by Emad Al-Turk and Okolo Rashid in 2001, the museum conducts research and engages in the collection, preservation, exhibition and interpretation of artifacts relating to Islamic history and culture, and Muslims' contribution to world civilisation. Through these activities, it aims to enhance the public's understanding of Muslim cultures as well as to promote interfaith dialogue and religious tolerance. In addition to information about its history and vision; this website offers an overview of and images from the museum's current exhibitions. There are also interviews with the museum's founders and news items relating to the museum. Information on how to subscribe to their newsletter and on how to become a member are likewise available.
The website 'Internet History Sourcebooks Project', created by Paul Halsall at Fordham University, provides access to online primary source material for a number of branches of history. The project offers a combination of locally hosted material and links (often annotated) to documents on other sites. The three main sourcebooks cover ancient, medieval, and modern history; in addition to these, there are subsidiary sourcebooks, which take a thematic approach. There are, for example, sourcebooks on: Jewish history; Islamic history; East Asian history; history of science; and women's history. The material within the sourcebooks is well organised into categories, and is searchable. The home page provides general information about the sourcebooks project, including details of updates (maintaining a resource of this scope is a considerable task, and consequently some broken links are almost inevitable). Overall, this is a very valuable site, as the sources offered have the potential to be of immense use to historians; however, the user does need patience to browse what can be rather eclectic collections of sources. Also, the editor warns that the site had last been updated in 2006.
The Internet Islamic history source book is an extensive online reader to texts relevant for the study of Islamic history from its foundations through to the period post-1945. The overall aim of the sourcebook is to give ready access to primary texts, many of which may be difficult to find from other sources. The broad sections of the guide include: The pre-Islamic Arab world; Muhammad and foundations (to 632 CE); Islamic faith and theology; Islamic expansion and empire; the Caliphate; the Persians, the Turks and the Ottomans; interaction with the West and the Western intrusion; Islamic nationalism; Islamic world since 1945; maps and further resources. Texts available are relevant to history, theology, culture, and politics. Other sourcebooks exist for ancient, medieval, and modern histories.
This website was founded in 1996 as an online source of medieval texts. Content scope is broad, covering a wide range of medieval studies. The majority of the sources are organized into one of three major categories: selected sources; full-text sources; and saints' lives. Additional categories include selected secondary resources, medieval legal history, and maps and images. The selected sources section offers an index to facilitate finding texts for particular periods or topics, and deals with material dating from the end of the classical world through to the reformation and renaissance. Topics listed include: economic life; the crusades; church history; intellectual life; Jewish life; and sex and gender. The full-text resources are arranged by document type, including: church councils; historiographical works; literary texts; spiritual writings; and legal documents. The saints' lives are presented in broadly chronological order, beginning with the apostolic era and going through to the post-medieval period. Saints of Byzantine, Western European, and Celtic origin are included. The site is part of the Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies project (ORB), developed by Paul Halsall, the ORB sources editor, and located at the Fordham University Center for Medieval Studies.
The preface to Introduction to Islam by M. Cherif Bassiouni states that this extensive resource aims to give non-Muslims an understanding of Islam, its history, culture, and contribution to civilisation, in a reader-friendly format. 'Introduction to Islam' covers a wide range of interrelated topics: it contains large sections on Islamic history and geographical spread, religion, Sharia (Muslim law), Islamic economic and social systems, and education. Combining clear, comprehensive language with useful maps and beautiful photographs, this website offers a solid and well-structured overview of the main aspects of Islamic heritage.
This website describes Islam and its historical origins. Some of the central qualities and assumptions of the religion are outlined, generally accompanied by comparisons with Christianity. The historical part of the site begins with pre-Islamic Arabic culture. It then introduces the prophet Muhammad, the Qur'an (or Koran), and goes on to describe the Caliphate under Abu Bakr, the Civil war and Umayyad Dynasty, the Shi'a schism, and finally the Abassid Dynasty. A separate section on the Arabic language emphasises its centrality to the Islamic faith. An 'Islam reader' consists of sections of the Qur'an translated into English. There is also a glossary of terms and a list of links to other sites. This site forms part of an online courseware unit from Washington State University's 'World Civilizations' project. It is targeted at students about to begin university and first year undergraduates. The site is a decade old, seems to be archived.
The Islam 101 website provides a number of brief articles by various authors on aspects of Islamic belief, practice and culture. The articles are appropriate for a variety of audiences, from those unfamiliar with the basic tenets of Islam to those looking for information about specific topics. The home page highlights some of these articles and provides access to collections of articles by subject as well as to other features of the website (links, guest book, etc.). Subjects covered include: basic concepts of Islam; Islamic history; Islamic theology; hajj; fasting; the Qur'an; terrorism; human rights; politics; science; sociology; and women in Islam. A comparative religions section provides articles comparing Islamic beliefs to Christianity, Hinduism and Judaism. Although not all articles are by named authors, most of them are, and they provide reliable basic information about Islam from a faith-based perspective.
This is the website for the Islam and Human Rights Fellowship Program at Emory University, USA. The project is sponsored by the Ford Foundation and brings scholars and activists together to investigate the relationship between human rights and Islam. The site contains: information about the program itself; the biographies of program fellows and research projects undertaken by them; and details of workshops organised by the program. Resources provided include: the profiles and contact details of scholars in Islam and human rights around the world; bibliographies; databases; links to the home pages of relevant journals; extracts on religion and fundamental freedoms from the constitutions of countries with large Muslim populations; links to materials on education and training in human rights; and downloadable articles and links to relevant articles which can be viewed by author's name or by topic (e.g. constitutionalism; globalization; Islamic law and Shari'ah; reform; tolerance and pluralism; cultural rights; inter-faith and inter-community relations; modernity and modernization; rights in the Qur'an and other Islamic sources; women's rights; democracy; international law; radical Islam/fundamentalism; secularism and secularization).
Adrift in a sea of polemics and postulation, the wonderful 'Islam and Islamic studies resources' website is a truly welcome presence on the Internet for its commitment to collecting and evaluating useful Internet resources on the Islamic faith. Maintained by Dr Alan Godlas at the University of Georgia, these pages seek to provide a scholarly overview of Islam, and Islam related issues, with the site divided into a series of categories that introduce the reader to an array of historical and contemporary discussions, but which are detailed enough to entice the most discerning of users. By combining introductory summary material with links to additional external sites, the author provides not only a brief tutorial in Islam but simultaneously identifies and critiques the best Islamic resources on the net. Categories include everything from the basic divisions in Islam, to mysticism, science, women's issues, history and art. Most sections offer additional bibliographic material, and new students will find the collection of bibliographic links and glossary of terms especially helpful. Those who wish to learn about Islam through electronic resources while remaining confident of the quality of material would do well to begin here.
This website enables access to the full-text of 'Islam at Universities in England: Meeting the Needs and Investing in the Future'. The report, written by Dr Ataullah Siddiqui of the Markfield Institute of Higher Education, was commissioned by and submitted to Bill Rammell MP, Minister of State for Lifelong Learning, Further and Higher Education. Its brief was to look at the measures that could be taken 'to improve the quality of information about Islam that is available to students and staff in universities in England'. The study, which began in August 2006, was presented on the 10th of April 2007 in this report under the following chapter headings: Introduction; The Changing Context of Islamic Studies; The Current Debate; Defining Islamic Studies; Who is Providing the "Islamic Studies"; Universities and Communities; Chaplaincy and Muslims; Training of Staff; Findings From the Student Study; and Recommendations. A glossary of terms is also provided. Lecturers and students of Islamic Studies would find the report thought-provoking and interesting.
'Islam for Today' aims to provide Muslim converts and non-Muslims with information on all major aspects of Islamic life. Targeting a Western as well as an Eastern audience, this service covers a wide variety of topics, including tractates on basic Islamic beliefs, articles on Islamic history and civilisation, discussions on Muslim fundamentalism and the position of women within Islam, and advice for newly-converts. The tone of the material offered differs from article to article, and can be uneven at times. On the whole, however, this resource gives a valuable insight into Islam's past, present and possible future.
This is the homepage of the Islam in the West (IIW) program based at Harvard University's Center for Middle Eastern Studies (CMES). The program seeks to investigate the religious and socio-political situations of Muslims in the Western world, and the relationships of these communities with the wider Islamic ummah (community). This website provides information about the research and projects they undertake; works they publish (e.g. the Encyclopedia of Islam in the United States); and news of forthcoming events and workshops. Visitors can listen to audio recordings of lectures delivered at the seminar series they organise. The site also offers links to other relevant websites. A search engine is provided.
The Islam in Western Europe website is a gateway maintained by Martin Riexinger at the Seminar for Arabic and Islamic Studies in Göttingen, Germany. It provides links to a wide range of resources on Islam and Muslims in Europe, organised by country and resource type. Resource categories include: articles, reports and dossiers; organisations; research institutes; local associations and mosques; media; and education and interfaith dialogue. The geographical coverage is quite broad, and the site includes sections on Europe in general as well as Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Ireland, Spain, France, Italy, Austria, Portugal, Switzerland and Scandinavia. Separate pages for Germany and Great Britain also bring together an even wider number of resources, particularly articles and reports, official statistics and documents, and links to organisations and local associations. Although many of the links are not very well annotated, the site is of great value for its collection of published articles related to Islam in Europe from academic and media sources. It is also a good source for initial research on Muslim organisations in European countries.
Islam online is a website that provides information primarily for the transnational Muslim community, though it will be of interest to students and researchers in Islamic and religious studies. It was established and is supported by the conservative Egyptian scholar Yusuf al-Qaradawi, and is available in English and Arabic versions. The site provides extensive coverage of news and current events related to Islam and the Muslim world, and has a large interactive section where al-Qaradawi and others provide opinions and fatwas in response to user questions. These opinions, arranged by subject and in a searchable fatwa bank, are found in the Living Shari'ah section of the website. This section also contains other resources like Hadith collections; Friday sermons; searchable Qur'an texts; and articles about various issues. The rest of the site is devoted to articles and more extensive reports on issues pertaining to Muslim life and society under subjects like health and science; family; art and culture; youth; and Euro-Muslims. The site is professionally produced and provides information on a wide range of topics for audiences of all levels, though users should be aware of the conservative perspective of the articles and opinions.
The Islam Online website, run by Al Jazeera Publishing in Dubai, provides news and other content related to Islam for a Muslim and non-Muslim audience. The majority of the site is devoted to news articles on the Muslim world and the Middle East, with particular sections focused on Islamic banking and other business news. The site also includes some news in Arabic. The Spotlight on Islam section provides content related more directly to Islam and Islamic practice, including: commentaries on specific verses from the Qur'an and the Hadith; explanations of fatwas on various topics; and articles on the hajj and other topics like prayer, fasting, and the position of women. This section also includes over 80 brief profiles of prominent Muslims, from the time of the Prophet through medieval Islam and to the present day. The sections on Islam unfortunately do not include a topic index or clear indications of the authors of the articles, but still provide information that will be of interest to students as introductory sources on Islam and Islamic practice.
'The Islam Project' is an initiative which seeks to counter the current climate of fear and misunderstanding surrounding the Islamic faith by providing information which represents a spectrum of perspectives. This website gives an overview of the project, and numerous teaching resources like video clips, essays, lesson plans, gateways to online resources on Islam and the Quran, maps, and a booklet titled 'A Teacher's Guide to Religion in the Public Schools'. The project was funded by the Carnegie Corporation, the James Irvine Foundation, the Nathan Cummings Foundation, the Surdna Foundation, and the Hasan Family Foundation. Although primarily targeted at high school students and teachers, this resource would be useful for undergraduates who are studying Islam for the first time.
Islam today is a website under the direction of the Saudi cleric Sheikh Salman al-Oadah (Salmān al-‘Awdah). It is available in English, Arabic, French and Chinese, with some differences in content. The English site provides: an introduction to Islam; an online library with downloadable versions of Sheikh al-Oadah's books; a fatwa archive; and a collection of articles by the Sheikh and others on various topics, including interpretations of verses from the Qur'an or specific Hadith texts. The fatwa archive is organised by topic, and takes the form of questions submitted by users and answers by Sheikh al-Oadah and others. Although much of the site is intended for a Muslim audience seeking answers to questions about Islamic beliefs and practice, the 'discover Islam' section provides introductory articles on various topics. The site contains resources that will be of interest to students and researchers in Islamic Studies at all levels, and could be used to explore current debates about Islamic practice.
'Islamic and Middle Eastern Law Materials on the Net' is a resource provided by the Centre for Islamic and Middle Eastern Law (CIMEL) at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), London. On offer are the texts of speeches and excerpts from books published by the centre. Also available are unannotated links to sites that contain useful information on: the ancient (pre-Islamic) Middle East; the Quran and Hadith; legal rulings; constitutional law; international law; and academic courses in Islamic and/or Middle Eastern Law. There are, in addition, links to commercial, personal and government sites; and the home pages of law firms, periodicals and relevant websites.
Designed and maintained by the non-profit organisation, Islamic Arts and Architecture Organization (IAAO), this website offers an introductory exploration into the developments of Islamic architecture, Arabic calligraphy, coins and the woven arts; each complimented by a host of details and images. Most entries typically describe the origins of the major forms and styles, the methods of construction or execution, as well as providing some limited detail about their religious or cultural significance and function where appropriate. For those wishing to delve deeper into these topics, the creators have developed a helpful bibliographic section containing approximately a dozen different citation lists focused on the four primary subject divisions of the site itself. This website may be most useful to students and the general public.
The Islamic Conference Youth Forum for Dialogue and Cooperation (ICYFDC) is an OIC (Organisation of Islamic Conference) coordinating body which focuses on issues affecting Muslim youths. It is presided over by Ali Sarikaya. This website contains numerous resources that would be of interest to students of Islam and those researching in the area of youth and religion. These include downloadable documents like action plans; the ICYFDC statute; newsletter; official statements; reports; and articles. Likewise available are: press releases; a photo gallery; a search engine; and annotated links to relevant websites.
'Islamic Culture and the Medical Arts' is an online exhibition by the US National Library of Medicine (NLM). It is based on an exhibition by the same name which took place in 1994 to commemorate the 900th anniversary of the oldest Arabic medical manuscript in the NLM's collection. The materials on this website are organised under the following subject headings: Medieval Islamic medicine; Greek influences; The book as a means of communication and a forum for artistic design; Prophetic medicine; Al-Razi, the clinician; The great systematizers; Specialized literature; Ophthalmology and surgery; Pharmaceutics and alchemy; Hospitals; The art as a profession; and Late medieval and early modern medicine. There is a bibliography of relevant print-based books that could be consulted and an accompanying video program on Islamic calligraphy.
Islamic Family Law is a large-scale project conducted by the Law and Religion Program of Emory University. It seeks to examine the worldwide application of Islamic family law and to assess the feasibility of family law reform within particular communities of Muslims in their own socio-legal contexts. This home page contains information about the project, the contact details of the key figures behind it, a discussion forum and a selection of academic papers. It also provides the cultural and legal profiles of the jurisdictions under study. The project is directed by Dr Abdullahi A. An-Naim and is sponsored by the Ford Foundation. The resource would be particularly interesting to students of Islamic Law and those undertaking comparative work.
This is the homepage of the Islamic Human Rights Commission (IHRC). Based in London, the commission was established in 1997 to campaign for justice for people all around the world irrespective of their racial, religious and political background. To do this, it works closely with different Muslim and non-Muslim organisations. This website contains press releases; articles; reports; briefings; the commission's newsletter; and audio-video recordings of conference proceedings. It also provides information about events and alerts visitors to the latest news on several cases and campaigns. The site holds a search engine and provides details about how to join their mailing list.
This is the homepage of the Islamic Legal Studies Program (ILSP) at Harvard Law School. Established in 1991, the program seeks to enhance understanding of Islamic law and to facilitate research into all aspects of Islamic legal studies, both classical and contemporary. This website informs visitors about their range of activities (e.g. Visiting Scholars program; film series; conferences; workshops and projects) and resources. There is information about the books published in their monograph series (the Harvard Series in Islamic Law). Visitors can access ILSP's newsletter and annual reports from here. They can also view articles from the program's Occasional Publications series. These are presented in PDF but Adobe Acrobat Reader can be downloaded from the site. Links are provided to the homepages of relevant organizations.
The website of The Islamic Manuscript Association (TIMA) provides information about the activities of the organisation as well as descriptions of online catalogues and collections of Islamic manuscripts. The organisation, founded in 2006, describes itself as 'an international effort to protect Islamic manuscripts', and runs projects related to issues of cataloguing, conservation, digitisation, and research and publishing. The website provides a number of resources on these themes that will be of interest to scholars and archivists working with Islamic manuscripts as well as to those working in manuscript studies more generally. It will also be of direct relevance to scholars of Islamic Studies looking for primary sources, as it includes links to: outside projects related to Islamic manuscripts; the UNESCO memory of the world register, which includes nine collections related to Islamic studies; eight online catalogues of Islamic manuscripts; 11 digital manuscript collections; and more general resources for research. This is a good first source for information on Islamic manuscript collections, with links that will lead researchers to further valuable resources.
This interesting website displays the digitised version of 32 Islamic manuscripts from the Mamma Haidara Commemorative Library and the Library of Cheick Zayni Baye of Boujheba in Mali. They cover a wide range of topics (e.g. Islamic Law; Muslims and Non-Muslims; Living with Christians; Early Years of Islam; and Islamic Manuscripts) and were written in various styles of the Arabic script as developed in Mali and its surrounding regions. The manuscripts can be browsed by Keyword; Titles and Subjects. The site, which is maintained by the African and Middle Eastern Division of the US Library of Congress, also displays maps, photographs and other information about the Mamma Haidara Commemorative Library. It contains background information about the collection itself and a brief description of how the manuscripts were digitised. This should be a useful resourse for those researching on Islamic history in general and the history of Islam in Africa in particular.
'Islamic Medicine' is an online book edited by Dr Shahid Athar, a clinical associate professor of Internal Medicine and Endocrinology at Indiana University School of Medicine. It features a compilation of articles previously published in the Journal of Islamic Medical Association as well as a few of Dr Shahid's own work. Articles include: historical notes; Islamic philosophy of medicine; Islamic view of the well-being of man; the Quran and the psyche; Islamic perspective on medical ethics; and the role of the Muslim doctor.
Islamic Philosophy Online presents an extensive collection of resources for the study of Muslim philosophers and thought, from the Abbasid period (which began in the 8th century) to the present day. There are over two gigabytes of text at the site, mostly in English or Arabic, but with some works in French, German, or Latin. The website consists of: general histories of Islamic philosophy; reference guides, including a dictionary of Islamic philosophy; primary texts by some of the most notable Muslim thinkers; modern articles; and news of events and current research. It also hosts utilities such as a date converter and an Arabic text processor. There are extensive separate Web pages devoted to a number of thinkers, including: Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (1058-1111); Ibn Sina (Avicenna) (980-1037); Ibn Rushd (Averroes) (1126-1198); and Ibn Taymiyah (1263-1328). These pages contain a wealth of information including biographical and bibliographical details, primary and secondary works, and links. Details are also given of the Journal of Islamic Philosophy, which features articles and book reviews. Tables of contents and submission guidelines are available. This is an excellent site that should be bookmarked by anyone studying Islamic philosophy or interested in its historical impact.
This website contains information that would be useful to those seeking to pursue Islamic Studies in PhD programs in religious studies in North American universities. It lists the name of institutions which offer programs in Islamic Studies and provides links to their respective home pages. It gives a concise description of the institution's area of speciality in this field of study as well as information on the degrees they offer and the names of relevant members of staff. The list, arranged alphabetically, was compiled by Professor Carl W. Ernst of the Department of Religious Studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
'Islamic Studies Pathways' is a website that provides access to evaluated online resources on Islam. These range from virtual libraries and sites on the Quran and Hadith, to the home pages of news and radio stations. They are selected on the basis of their suitability for academic use by Dr Gary Bunt of the University of Wales, Lampeter. A search engine is provided as are links to the university's and its Department of Theology, Religious Studies and Islamic Studies' home pages. This site is updated regularly and navigation is straightforward.
This is the homepage of the Islamic Supreme Council of America. It is a non-profit and non governmental organisation which aims to help resolve problems that affect Muslims in modern day America through the use of traditional Islamic legal rulings and teachings. This website contains information about the council's mission; their past and present activities and events; and the treaties, books, tapes and papers they publish. It holds: reports on countries and regions of interest in the Muslim world; press releases; and relevant official statements issued by the US government. The site also gives an overview of Islamic history, teachings, practice and law which would be of interest to those wishing to gain a basic understanding of Islam.
The Islamic world website, maintained by Dr. Albrecht Hofheinz of the University of Oslo, is a thorough and well-annotated list of links for Islamic and Middle Eastern studies. It covers a wide array of subjects and a broad geographical area, and will be a good first stop for students and researchers looking for online resources. The links are well-organised and can be divided into the following broad subject areas: general reference; internet and communications technology (including search engines, directories, portals, e-lists, discussion forums, chat rooms, and blogs in the Muslim world); countries, regions and peoples (with extensive coverage of Egypt, Morocco, Palestine and the Sudan but including the broader Muslim world in Asia, Africa and the diaspora); languages (especially Arabic); history; religion (especially Islam); culture; social issues; politics and economics; and research (universities and research centres, societies, think tanks, libraries, journals and e-books).
Although the site has not been updated since November 2005 and lacks a navigable contents page, it remains a valuable collection of online resources. Users should note that there were a number of broken links in this directory at the time of cataloguing, but the vast majority were fine. This is one of the few websites to provide links to Middle Eastern search engines and internet directories, and to websites for countries in Muslim regions outside of the Middle East. The section devoted to Islam is especially rich, with links to general information as well as specific subjects like the Qur'an, the Hadith, tafsir, fiqh, Islamic practice, Sufism, South Asian traditions, and religious organisations. An excellent resource for students and researchers of all levels.
The Islamic World Academy of Sciences (IAS) is a non-political, non-governmental and non-profit organisation which seeks to promote all aspects of science and technology in the Islamic world. It is directed by Moneef R. Al-Zoubi. This homepage informs visitors of their mission, vision, programmes, activities and publications. It allows access to their newsletters which are issued since 1991 and provides annotated links to the homepages of relevant organisations. The site also links viewers to the homepage of the academy's journal (ISSN: 1016 3360) from where they may access without charge the full-text of all contents published since 1988. An interesting resource for students of Islam.
The IslamiCity - Islam and the Global Muslim eCommunity - website is an Islamic portal that provides information on Islam and the Muslim world appropriate for a wide range of audiences. General introductory pages on understanding Islam, the hajj, the pillars of Islam, and Islamic history will be useful for students and others with little or no previous background in the study of Islam. The site also provides more in-depth articles on the Qur'an and other Islamic texts; access to the text of the Qur'an in Arabic and in translation; and an English translation of an important collection of Hadith (the Sahih Bukhari). Search functions for the Qur'an and Hadith include a search of the Qur'an in six languages and in phonetic Arabic. The site also serves as a resource for the Muslim community, with features like prayer times calculators, a mosque finder, a question and answer section (Ask the Imam), and members-only content. More general news and a host of other content (multimedia, shopping, travel services) will be of less academic interest, but the site's resources, especially the texts provided, remain a useful tool for students and researchers in Islamic studies.
Islamport gives access to over 5,000 digitised texts in Arabic on a wide variety of subjects, with a particular focus on the Islamic sciences. It draws together resources from a number of other sites, making it one of the most comprehensive digital libraries for Islamic studies. The library can be navigated through a search function or by subject - the subjects list is found in the khizānat al-kutub section, accessible from the main page. The site also includes a 'comprehensive library' (al-maktabah al-shāmilah) program that allows users to download a large number of texts at once. The site is available only in Arabic.
Major subjects covered include: aspects of Muslim theology; the Qur'an and Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir); Hadith; biography of the Prophet; Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) in general and by school; and works by specific authors like Ibn Taymiyyah. The site also includes books on Arabic language, literature and history. The texts are available as downloadable .rar files or as online text that can be browsed more easily. This will be a useful resource for advanced students and researchers looking for primary and secondary sources in Arabic and Islamic Studies.
The IslamWeb website provides information and a wide array of resources on Islam for a variety of audiences, including Muslims and recent converts. Its articles and primary sources will also be of interest to students and researchers. The site is available in four languages, with some variation to the content on each site. The English site includes introductory articles on Islamic beliefs and practice and common misconceptions about Islam. It also contains more in-depth articles on the Qur'an, the Hadith, Islamic jurisprudence, and family and society in Islam. A fatwa database provides a large collection of fatwas on various issues, arranged by subject. The site also includes audio and video resources like: Qur'anic recitations; lectures; recordings of the call to prayer; and resources for learning the Arabic alphabet and the rules of recitation.
The English site gives access to a number of e-books, and the Arabic site has a much wider variety of primary sources. These include a collection of tafsir (Qur'anic exegesis) texts and collections of Hadith. With its variety of resources, the site will be useful to students and researchers at all levels.
This is the website for the Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies (ISSN: 0806-198X), which is a peer-reviewed academic journal that covers all aspects of Arabic and Islamic Studies. It is published online and on paper, and accepts submission in English, French, German, Italian and Spanish. The journal is edited by Dr Alex Metcalfe of the University of Lancaster. This homepage allows access to all the journal's contents since the first volume was published in 1996. Articles can be viewed as PDF files. Titles featured to date include: 'Towards a Typology of Arabic Dialects: The Role of Final Consonantality'; 'A Legal Aesthetic of Medieval and Pre-Modern Arab-Muslim Architectural Space'; and 'The Notion Weapon in Arabic Idioms'. The site, which would be of interest to students and scholars of Islam, also provides: a list of FAQs; the journal's editorial policy; and submission guidelines for authors.
The Journal of Economic Cooperation and Development (formerly the Journal of Economic Cooperation Among Islamic Countries) is a peer-reviewed journal published by the Statistical, Economic and Social Research and Training Centre for Islamic Countries (SESRIC). It aims to foster communication and cooperation among members of the Organisation of Islamic Conference (OIC) and focuses on economic and social issues affecting developing countries. The journal is published quarterly and this website allows visitors to access without charge all materials featured since 1994. These are presented in PDF hence requiring Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. The home page also contains the journal's aims and scope; submission policy; and information on how the print version could be ordered.
This home page of the Journal of Scriptural Reasoning allows free access to all articles featured in the journal since the first volume was published in 2001. The journal attracts submission from scholars from the Christian, Jewish and Muslim communities. Among the topics featured include: Messianism in the Christian Kabbalah of Johann; The Reality of Tasawwuf in the Light of the Prophetic Model; Practicing Mysticism: Jews, Christians and Muslims; Islam, Liberalism and Democracy; and The Rules of Scriptural Reasoning. The journal, which is sponsored by the Jewish Studies Department at the University of Virginia, is edited by Kevin Hughes.
'Journal of Scriptural Reasoning Forum' is a website of the Societies for Scriptural Reasoning. It contains: an overview of what scriptural reasoning is and who engages in the activity; a collection of articles; a bibliography; course syllabi; details of events, conferences and conference papers; lightly annotated links to relevant websites; and a search engine. The site is maintained by the Jewish Studies Department of the University of Virginia, USA.
This is an electronic version of The Koran (Qur'an) in English, based on the translation by M. H. Shakir. The electronic version is derived from that made available by the Online Book Initiative and has been published by the Humanities Text Initiative at the University of Michigan. The Book may either be browsed by chapter or searched using a simple, proximity, or Boolean search engine. Results list all chapters and verses that meet the search requirements, and link to the full-texts of the relevant chapters. This is a simple and straightforward site to use. Readers should be aware that the electronic text may contain errors.
This website brings users into contact with online resources on Muslims and Islamic organisations generally associated with the liberal tradition within Islam. It is maintained by Charles Kurzman, an associate professor of Sociology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill who is also the editor of 'Liberal Islam: A Source Book' (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998). The materials are organised into three parts. The first is devoted to writers who were included in the anthology like Fatima Mernissi, Yusuf Qaradawi, Mohamed Arkoun, Ali Shariati and Muhammad Shahrour. The second is on prominent Muslims not featured in the anthology like Asghar Ali Engineer, Muqtedar Khan and Fethullah Gulen. And the third focuses on organisations from around the world that promote the liberal theme.
This interesting website, maintained by a non-profit internet-based group, contains a diverse range of information and materials on Islam. Although not necessarily designed for an academic audience, 'Light of Islam' is useful for university students seeking a better understanding of the religion. Topics covered include those on the Prophet Mohamed; the Holy Quran; the fundamentals of Islam; important Muslims; and supplications. Resources available include: audio recordings (e.g. on Quranic recitations, lectures and supplications); articles; sermons, letters and sayings; the full-text of books; photos and artworks; and links to relevant websites. The site contains a search engine and a guestbook.
This website provides access to the full text of 'Living Apart Together: British Muslims and the Paradox of Multiculturalism' (ISBN 190609702-X). This report was commissioned by Policy Exchange (charity registration number: 1096300) to seek a better understanding of the attitudes of Muslims in contemporary Britain and of the factors that contribute to the rise of Islamic fundamentalism amongst the younger generation. The print version of the work was published in 2007 and it was jointly authored by Munira Mirza, Abi Senthilkumaran and Zein Ja'far. The report is 99 pages in length and consists of three parts. These are organised into eight chapters as follows: Introduction; The Emergence of Muslim Consciousness in Britain; Identity and Belonging; Cultural Attitudes; Foreign Policy and the Ummah [community of believers]; Victimhood; Who Speaks for Muslims?; and Reflections on Policy. This should be an interesting resource for students of Islam.
The Mahdiyya copy of the Qur'an was presented to the University of Leeds Library in 1929 and it is now held in the library's Special Collection. This website contains interesting information about the manuscript itself and a digitised version of all 346 pages of the book, its cover and some covering correspondence. It also offers a useful description of the digitization process, and a list of publications and links related to this. The project was jointly conducted by Hazem Hiary, Roger Boyle and Kia Ng of the University of Leeds. The resource would be of interest to papyrologists, arabists, digital archivists and students of Islam.
The University of California Press has made available online the full-text of Making Muslim space in North America and Europe, edited by Barbara Daly Metcalf and first published in print in 1996. Making Muslim Space explores the religious life and cultural identity of Muslim communities in the United States, Canada and Europe through their use of private and public space. The book comprises a series of essays by various contributors divided into two parts: 'Making a Space for Everyday Ritual Practice' and 'Claiming Space in the Larger Community'. The essay titles are as follows: Muslim Space and the Practice of Architecture; Transcending Space; "This Is a Muslim Home"; "Refuge" and "Prison"; Making Room versus Creating Space; New Medinas; Island in a Sea of Ignorance; A Place of Their Own; Stamping the Earth with the Name of Allah; Karbala as Sacred Space among North American Shi'a; The Muslim World Day Parade and "Storefront" Mosques of New York City; Nationalism, Community, and the Islamization of Space in London; Engendering Muslim Identities. The online version includes the full-text of each essay together with over forty black and white photographs.
By providing translations, this website aims to create access for the wider English-speaking Muslim public to writings by classical and contemporary Sunni scholarship. For the Islamic Studies student or researcher, this website can provide a look into the living heritage of medieval Sunnism. The Sunni scholarship that the translators of this website are concerned with reflect a more classical approach (described here as 'orthodox'), sympathetic to the approach of speculative theological schools as well as the teachings and practices of Sufis, and are dominantly from the Arab world (or at least wrote in Arabic). A section dedicated to biographies of such scholars can be found, as well as a collection of photographs of scholars from various parts of the Muslim world. Most of the translations given here are in PDF form, and are either from relatively short treatises, or small sections from larger works. In line with the contemporary concerns of traditional Sunni discourse, many of these papers attempt to defend the theological methodology of the Ash'ari and Maturidi schools as well the teachings of Sufism from attacks by more reformist Sunni streams. Although the quality of translation does vary from text to text,the standard of translation is usually good, and transliteration and citations are given in the style found in academic journal. A number of audio and video recordings of lectures in Arabic by contemporary scholars can also be found on this website, as well as an online forum.
The website of the Markaz Wadūd lil-Makhṭūṭāt [Wadud Centre for Manuscripts] provides digital facsimilies of over 700 manuscripts and 1400 books in Arabic on a variety of topics. The main focus of the site is Islamic manuscripts and manuscript catalogues, but it also includes manuscripts and books related to Arabic language and literature. The documents are downloadable as zipped .rar files. The site is available only in Arabic.
The manuscripts are accessed through the Khizānat al-Makhṭūṭāt [Manuscript Library] section and are arranged by topic or accessible through a search function. Major topics include: Islamic doctrine; the Qur'an; Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir); Hadith and Sunna; history and biography; Islamic jurisprudence; and language and literature. Each manuscript has an associated record that includes its source and a brief summary. The Fahāris wa-Kutub [Catalogues and Books] section provides a large number of manuscript catalogues, including those of major universities and national libraries in Europe and the Middle East. It also provides Arabic versions of Carl Brockelmann's Geschichte der Arabischen Litteratur and Fuat Sezgin's Geschichte des Arabischen Schrifttums. The site will be of interest primarily to advanced students and researchers in Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies looking for primary sources and manuscript catalogues.
The Markfield Institute of Higher Education (MIHE) is an Islamic institution which aims to promote teaching, research and training in Islam and interfaith dialogue. Established in September 2000, it is sponsored by the Islamic Foundation, UK and is validated by Loughborough University. The institute, which is located in Leicestershire, is directed by Dr Ataullah Siddiqui. This website informs visitors about the postgraduate programmes and short courses they offer, and of the facilities on site. There is a video gallery on the latter and visitors are also linked to the library website. Available for downloading include materials like course leaflets, application forms and a number of articles on Islamic economics. This should be a helpful resource for those wishing to embark on postgraduate studies in Islam.
The Mas’ud Ahmed Khan website has evolved substantially from its early origins as a newsgroup run in the 1990s by the administrator. Its resources mainly reflect the interests and concerns of an increasingly vocal and articulate section of British Muslim society interested in reviving a traditionalist Sunni version of Islam, Sufi orientated, and keen on maintaining a strong British identity (one section is dedicated to British Muslim Heritage). Leading figures of this community (US born Nuh Ha Mim Keller and Cambridge don Abdul Hakim Murad, who both produce a bulk of the articles) have grown in importance over the last decade, particularly following 9/11 and the increasing media attention given to Muslims in the West. Therefore, this website is useful to those interesting in researching discussion among British Muslims over issues relating to citizenship and jihad, articulated not only in contemporary article form, but also in the language of classical juristic and theological scholarship. Numerous video and audio resources are also available, including lectures and radio interviews. These resources deal not only with contemporary social issues, but also long-standing theological debates that are still current in modern Muslim society.
MENALIB (The Middle East Virtual Library) is a portal that provides extensive information about online and offline resources useful for Middle East and Islamic Studies. These include bibliographical data on printed materials; evaluated links to Internet resources; information about theses, periodicals and scholarly projects; and news on conferences and workshops. This impressive website is maintained by the State and University Library Saxony-Anhalt in Halle, Germany. It is accessible in English and German.
Under the direction of Frank Unlandherm (East & Jewish Studies Librarian), the Columbia University Libraries have constructed a superior gateway to "research-orientated" Internet resources covering ancient and modern periods in the Middle East and Sinai Peninsula. Part of Columbia University’s larger library network, these easily navigable selections begin with the simple division between Middle Eastern and Jewish resources and then focus on more specific aspects of the region’s history and culture. Links are organized both by topic and nation, and include (but are not limited to) economic, linguistic, religious, and contemporary political issues. Of special interest to researchers will be the very large collection of links to bibliographies, maps, and libraries with major Middle Eastern collections and news resources.
The Middle East and Islamic Studies Collection is an Internet resource developed to support teaching and research at Cornell University. The site provides a record of the university's print-based and audio-visual holdings on the Middle East and Islam and related areas of study. It also serves as a gateway to online resources like bibliographies and indexes; dictionaries and encyclopedias; academic journals; dissertation abstracts; and news sources. The site also features special reports on recent events related to the Middle East, the Arab world and Islam. With target audience ranging from undergraduates to postdoctorate researchers, navigation can indeed be rewarding.
Middle East Virtual Libraries is a well-annotated guide to online versions of Islamic texts in Arabic and Persian. The Web page forms part of the resources provided by the University of Utah's Aziz S. Atiya Middle East Library. It offers links to outside websites that provide the original texts in Arabic or Persian, often with translations into English or other languages. Many of the available texts are fully searchable in English and/or the source language. The websites listed focus on Islamic sources and religious works: the Qur'an (online texts, commentaries and translations); the Hadith (text databases in English and Arabic for the traditions of the Prophet); and other works in various branches of the traditional Islamic sciences. Some sites also contain texts of classical Arabic or Persian histories, poetry, or other genres. Annotations to the links guide users to the most appropriate resources for their purposes, and alert them to particular religious or political perspectives. This is an excellent resource for finding Islamic texts online, though it will be most useful to advanced students and researchers with a solid background in Islamic studies and the appropriate languages.
The Ministry of Hajj is the authority responsible for implementing the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's policy on all matters relating to the Hajj (pilgrimage). It oversees the services provided to performers of Hajj and Umrah (an optional pilgrimage that can be performed at any time of the year); and coordinates with local government authorities and officials of other countries on issues pertaining to the Hajj and Umrah. This official website provides extensive information about the Ministry's work and those that would be of significance to prospective pilgrims (e.g. visa requirements; preparation for Hajj; and the services available). The site would also be of interest to students of Islam and indeed anyone wishing to learn more about the religion. It provides a useful overview of Islam which comprises issues like its history; central tenets; sacred text; religious practices and rituals. On the Hajj itself, other resources include: a photo gallery of major sites along the piligrimage route; maps; audio and visual recordings of the ritual; safety films; and a list of FAQs. This well-presented site contains a search engine, and can be accessed in English and French.
This website presents a downloadable copy of a report from the Mosque Study Project which was jointly sponsored by the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR), the Islamic Society of North America, the Ministry of Imam W. Deen Mohammed, and the Islamic Circle of North America. The work, which was published on the 26th of April 2001, has two aims: to give a comprehensive potrait of mosques in the US, and to present a public profile of mosques in the hope that this would enhance understanding of the Muslim presence there. The report was divided into the following headings: 'The Mosque: Basic Characteristics'; 'Worship'; 'Participants'; 'Mosque History, Location and Building'; 'The Mosque: Its Mission, Practices and Teachings'; 'Mosque Programs and Involvement In The Community'; 'Leadership and Organizational Dynamics'; and 'Finances'. An interesting resource for students of Islam and those undertaking comparative work.
This is currently one of the best internet resources in English on the great Andalusian mystic and philosopher Ibn ‘Arabi (1165-1240), also known as the Greatest of Spiritual Masters (Shaykh al-Akbar). The subjects covered include Ibn ‘Arabi’s works, theological and philosophical discussion of themes in his writings, later commentators, and the spread of his teachings. The Muhyiddin Ibn ‘Arabi Society was founded in 1977, and is based in Oxford, with a branch in the United States, and has organised numerous events and publications relating the Ibn ‘Arabi not only addressed to an academic audience, but also a wider group of Ibn ‘Arabi enthusiasts and admirers of his teachings. Information about related events and publications are found here, as well as free podcasts of lectures. Many of the contributors to the website are Ibn ‘Arabi scholars well known in the West, such as Michel Chodkiewicz, William Chittick, Claude Addas and James Morris. These authors and others have contributed original essays and articles for this website, but reproductions of articles from books and journals can also be found here in very readable format. Unfortunately, there are hardly any articles that provide information on his background and historical context, as well as the negative reaction his teachings provoked in some quarters of the Muslim world. Also, works by Ibn ‘Arabi and his commentators are found only in translation, and not in their original languages.
Part of the Ahlul Bayt Digital Islamic Library Project, the Multilingual Quran offers online versions of the Arabic text of the Islamic scriptures, plus three English translations (those of Shakir, Yusuf Ali, and Pickthall), and an English commentary. These can be viewed independently, or in parallel in any combination the user chooses, making this a useful resource both for comparative study and for those simply wishing to read through a single version. Individual surahs (chapters) can be selected from a menu on the left-hand side of the screen, and the text is also fully searchable. However, no critical apparatus is provided beyond the translations and commentary. The Arabic font used will display automatically in Internet Explorer and Netscape; instructions for downloading it are included for the benefit of those using other browsers.
The website of the Muslim Council of Britain (MCB) provides information about the Council's work and activities. The MCB is an umbrella organisation, representing several hundred national, regional, and local groups, including educational and professional bodies. The site offers news items relevant to the British Muslim community, articles and features, and details of the Council's activities. The Council's aims include promoting co-operation and unity about Muslim affairs in the UK, working against discrimination, and fostering good community relations. This is not (nor does it aim to be) a scholarly site, but it is a useful starting point for those seeking information about the issues affecting Muslims living in Britain today.
The Muslim Directory website is a guide to information, services, and organisations for the British Muslim community. It also includes some information on Islam in general and Islam in the United Kingdom that will be of interest to students and researchers. The main features of the site are searchable directories for Muslim businesses, schools, organisations and mosques across the United Kingdom. The main page also gives access to: company profiles; events and activities postings; prayer times; and brief guides to issues relevant to British Muslims like marriage, birth, and funeral arrangements. Students and researchers may also be interested in the Islam at a Glance section, which is a series of brief articles on basic topics related to Islam; as well as the News section, which compiles articles from the media, primarily related to Muslims in Britain. Although the main audience for the site is the British Muslim community, it is a good first stop for basic information about Islam and Muslim communities, and the directories will be a valuable resource for those looking for information on local services and organisations for Muslims.
As its title suggests, the website 'Muslim Life in America' is a resource which depicts the experiences of the adherents of the Islamic faith in the USA. It contains interesting information on themes such as: family life; Muslim communities (e.g. patterns of immigration and where Muslims live; education (e.g. Muslim schools and teachers); varieties of worship (e.g. demographic facts, American mosques, prayer and observing Ramadan); and the world of work. The material on the site is taken from a booklet prepared by the US Department of State. The site contains a search engine and numerous photographs which help bring to life the issues discussed. This is not (nor is it intended to be) a scholarly site, but it provides an accessible and colourful introduction to Muslim life in a western country.
This is the homepage of The Muslim News, an independent monthly newspaper which seeks to provide objective news and views of Muslims in the UK. The site, which is updated several times a day, offers news coverage on related issues not only from the UK but also from other parts of the world. An archive of past news can also be accessed upon registration which is free. Also available are press releases; and information about forthcoming events and how to join their mailing list. Visitors are also invited to register their views on selected themes (e.g. their Hajj experiences; and their British Muslim identity). This is an interesting resource for students of Islam as well as those seeking to better understand the experience of Muslims in contemporary Britain.
This is the online text of 'Muslim Rulers and Rebels: Everyday Politics and Armed Separatism in the Southern Philippines'. It was written by Thomas M. McKenna and the print version was published by the University of California Press in 1998. The book examines the roots and ascendancy of Muslim separatism in the Philippines. It does this through the following eleven chapter headings: The Politics of Heritage; People and Territory in Cotabato; Islamic Rule in Cotabato; European Impositions and the Myth of Morohood; America's Moros; Postcolonial Transitions; Muslim Separatism and the Bangsamoro Rebellion; Regarding the War from Campo Muslim; Unarmed Struggle; Muslim Nationalism After Marcos; and Resistance and Rule in Cotabato. The site also links readers to the notes section of the book as well as the bibliography and glossary of terms. An interesting resource for students of Islam.
The Muslim Scientists and Islamic Civilization web page attempts to redress the perceived imbalance in Western education that promotes European science and invention whilst ignoring the contributions and achievements of Islamic scholars. It contains accounts of Muslim scientists, scientific references in the Qur'an, quotations from historians of science, and a section called 'putting the record straight', which takes scientific accreditations in works such as the Encyclopaedia Britannica and places them alongside earlier Muslim thinkers and inventors who made the same discovery. The site contains more than simply articles on the history of science. There are also accounts of Islamic civilisation by geographic area, a section about the Qur'an, a group of essays about Western perceptions of the Prophet Muhammad, and a miscellaneous group of writings, many of which concern conflicts between Christianity and Islam. Islamic thinkers listed on the site include: Ibn Ishaq Al-Kindi (Alkindus, 800-873); Al-Farabi (Al-Pharabius, 870-950); Ibn Sina (Avicenna, 980-1037); Al-Ghazali (Algazel, 1058-1111); Abu Bakr Muhammad Ibn Yahya (Ibn Bajjah, 1106-1138); Ibn Rushd (Averroes, 1128-1198); Ibn Khaldun (1332-1395). Whilst this is in many ways a fascinating site, it should be noted that some of the accounts are rather more controversial than the site flags (such as the account of the Gospel of St. Barnabas to name but one).
The Muslim-West Facts Project is an interesting website which displays the findings of Gallup's Poll of the Muslim World. The project explored Muslims' views about their beliefs regarding issues like education; religion; democracy; culture; financial prosperity; the media; and how relations between the Muslim world and the West could be improved. The site, which is jointly maintained by Gallup Inc. and the Coexist Foundation, also contains information about how the research was conducted, and an overview of the project is made available in English and Arabic. Further provided are video recordings of various parties' reactions to the poll findings. This should be an interesting resource for students and scholars of Islam.
'Muslims in Europe post 9/11: Understanding and Responding to the Islamic World' is the webpage of a conference by the same name held at St Antony's College, Oxford, on the 25th and 26th of April, 2003. The event is the second in a series put together by the Universities of Oxford and Princeton. Themes explored include: Multiculturalism in Europe; Immigration and Asylum; Citizenship and Political Participation; Attitudes and the Media; Discrimination and Legislation; Terrorist Networks in Europe; and the Foreign Policy Impact in European Countries. This website makes available the conference programme; texts of papers delivered; biographical notes on the main contributors; a full list of delegates; and transcripts of discussions. It also provides links to relevant sites.
The Nawawi Foundation is a not-for-profit educational institution set up in 2000 to provide Islamic teachings to America's first and second generation Muslims. It was named after the renowned Muslim scholar Imam Nawawi (1234-1278). The institution is based in Illinois, USA and is chaired by Dr Umar Faruq Abd-Allah. This website informs visitors of: their mission; the courses on offer; the educational tours abroad which they organise (including the umrah i.e. a non-obligatory pilgrimage to Mecca); and the programs they sponsor. Of particular interest to scholars of Islam is the small collection of articles written by Dr Abd-Allah, a few of which are also available in Spanish. Visitors can join their mailing list from here.
Nidā’ al-īmān is an Islamic website that provides electronic versions of a large number of both classical and contemporary texts in the Islamic sciences. Along with an extensive digital library, the site includes: the full text of the Qur'an with associated audio files, searchable and navigable by chapter and verse; a number of Hadith collections; a fatwa database that can be searched by topic and jurist; and an audio library of lectures on various topics. The site is available only in Arabic.
The digital library will be of particular interest to researchers in Arabic and Islamic Studies. This provides access to searchable online text versions of books on various subjects, including: the Qur'an; Hadith; aspects of Muslim theology; Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh); Muslim women; literature and rhetoric; biography and history; contemporary issues; language; and medicine.
This is the official website of ‘A Common Word’, a letter drafted and signed by a large group of Muslim scholars, clerics and intellectuals in reaction to the controversy raised by Pope Benedict the XVI’s message in Regensberg on the 13th of September, 2006. The name ‘Common Word’ refers to a Quranic verse (3:64) which calls on followers of other Abrahamic religions to come together with Muslims and agree on common ground and shared values. This document can be found here in numerous languages (including English, Arabic, French, German, Russian, Polish and Indonesian), together with lists of signatories and recipients. The website has special sections for documents related to Christian and Jewish responses, and a ‘News’ section which provides a chronology of events following the release of ‘A Common Word’. The ‘New Fruits’ section has a substantial collection of papers published since then, including conference proceedings. Audio and video recordings of many of the events mentioned above can also be seen in the multimedia section.
This is the official website of the Amman Message, a declaration released on the 9th of November 2004 by King Abdullah II of Jordan with the stated aim 'of clarifying to the modern world the true nature of Islam'. By bringing together various Muslim sects and schools of thought, it seeks to look beyond divisions and come to an agreement over common issues. A significant amount of attention is given to outlining opposition to violent inter-sectarian disputes as well as terrorism. One can find here a list of religious leaders and scholars who have endorsed the aims of the declaration, as well as fatwas given by authorities in the various Sunni, Shi'i and Ibadi traditions. In the 'Downloads' section, there are a number of e-books discussing topics related to the Amman Message such as the proper conduct of Jihad from the perspective of Islamic law, and the relationship between Islam and democracy. Together with this, the section also contains poems in Arabic written by affiliated scholars, as well public statements made by Muslim leaders against specific terrorist attacks.
Part of the British Library's website, 'Turning the Pages' presents digitised texts of books, missals, psalters, atlases and other important documents that are held at the British Library. Based on the award-winning interactive display system used within the library itself to provide virtual public access to these rare texts which include: Leonardo Da Vinci's notebook; the Lindisfarne Gospels; the Sherbourne Missal; and Sultan Baybars' Qur'an. To view the books that are listed, a Macromedia Shockwave plug-in is required - although there are alternative versions for some of the texts. The Shockwave versions provides interactive animation that allows the user to turn the pages digitally, and also use zoom features to look at sections in detail. An introduction is provided for each book, along with audio descriptions of each page, which requires the use of a Real Audio player. Also of interest is a "highlights" tour of the texts, and a showcase of other manuscripts housed at the British Library.
An even more sophisticted version of Turning the Pages is available online now on the british Library website, for users who have fast broadband and Windows Vista.
'Online Qur'an Resources' is a website with numerous annotated links to sites which represent a variety of viewpoints on the Holy Book of Islam. The materials were compiled by Bruce B. Lawrence of Duke University and Daniel Martin Varisco of Hofstra University. The effort is part of a wider aim to help make possible the teaching of the Qur'an "in a way that both stresses the multiple interpretations among Muslims and the view from a secular but respectful non-Muslim stance". The contents are organised into the following headings: The Qur'an; Interpreting the Qur'an; Reciting the Qur'an; Translating the Qur'an; Qur'an, Jihad and Justice; Science and the Qur'an; and Attacking the Qur'an. The site also provides a bibliography of scholarly books and articles on the Qur'an.
The Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) is an inter-governmental organisation which was established in 1969 to serve as a collective voice of the Muslim world. This Web page gives background information about the organisation and its membership; news of upcoming events; and a calendar of meetings. It allows access to numerous resources such as transcripts of speeches; articles; news of contemporary issues; official reports; all issues of their newsletter from 2006; the contents of the OIC journal published since 2007; the contents of their Islamophobia monthly bulletin published since February 2008; official Declarations; a photo gallery; and links to the home pages of relevant organisations. This site, which can also be accessed in French and Arabic, should be of interest to students of Islam.
The Organization for Islamic Learning aims to promote learning based on the Quran and the Sunna of the Prophet Muhammad so as to enhance religious and civic participation as well as interfaith dialogue. This website makes available a number of interesting resources to help further these objectives. It contains a section which gives introductory information on Islam; and another which offers guidelines on health care and the ethics of human cloning. Also included are: articles; audio lectures; a list of recommended readings; reviews of topical issues; and links to relevant websites. A useful resource for students of Islam and medical ethics.
The Islam pages of the Overview of World Religions website provide introductory articles on many aspects of Islamic belief and practice. Topics include the historical development of Islam and the spread of Islamic civilization as well as more specific traditions within Islam. The site is divided into four main sections: Islam; Sunni tradition; Shi'a tradition; and Sufi orders. Each section includes a general introductory article as well as articles on specific schools of jurisprudence, sects, or traditions. The articles are accessible and well-cited, and will be most appropriate as introductory texts for students or as a basis for further research. The site is part of PHILTAR (Philosophy, Theology and Religion), a project of the Division of Religion and Philosophy at the University of Cumbria. Other sections of the main site provide links to articles and further resources on Islam.
The Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies (OCIS) (registered charity number 293072) was set up in 1985 to promote the scholarly study of Islam and a more informed understanding of Islamic culture and civilisation. The centre, which is an associated institution of the University of Oxford, is directed by Dr Farhan Ahmad Nizami. It is engaged in teaching, research, publishing and outreach programmes. Details of these, which include those on short-courses; the Young Muslim Leadership Programme; conferences; seminars; and works produced by the Centre's staff; are available on this homepage. The site also contains information about visiting fellowships; scholarships; and job vacancies. The centre organises a Distinguished Visiting Lecturer Programme since 1993 and past speakers include HRH The Prince of Wales (who is also the Patron of the Centre); Nelson Mandela; Kofi Annan; HRH Prince Saud Al-Faisal and Syed Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi. Visitors are allowed free access to the texts of these lectures as well as the centre's latest newsletter which is available in Arabic and English.
This is the homepage of the Oxford Cross-Cultural Research Institute (OCCRi) which was founded in January 2004. The institute is a Muslim think tank which seeks to provide Muslims with the tools and forum to respond to the challenges they confront in contemporary times. It gives independent commentary on current affairs affecting Muslims in the West. The institute is directed by Dr Shaykh Riyad Nadwi, who is also the author of most of the essays on the website. The site contains information about how to be a member and how to join their mailing list. Users are allowed free access to a number of articles as well as a few lectures which can be downloaded from here. The website had been dormant for over a year and the sections on press releases and book reviews were still 'under construction' at the time of writing.
Unlike many other resources on religious trends within the United States which focused specifically on the Judeo-Christian tradition, The Pluralism Project, directed by Diana Eck at Harvard University, seeks to consider and evaluate the growing diversity in religious expression found across the nation. A variety of textual resources are made available through this site including: a series of scholarly articles; directories of religious centres; and a series of excellent bibliographies and guidelines for conducting contemporary research on religious denominations, applicable to research on religious pluralism in both North America and Europe. There is a link advertising the project's CD-ROM On Common Ground: World Religions in America, (Second Edition). An interesting sub-set of this project is World Religions in Boston, which describes the variety of religious expression and interaction all within one major American city, and can be downloaded or viewed on the web. Unfortunately, the site lacks any extensive demographic material on religious growth and developments.
This is the online edition of 'The Politics of Muslim Cultural Reform: Jadidism in Central Asia', a book written by Adeeb Khalid and published in 1998 by the University of California Press. The work, which focuses on cultural debates in Central Asia during Russian Rule, is presented under the following chapter headings : 'Knowledge and Society in the Nineteenth Century'; 'The Making of a Colonial Society'; 'The Origins of Jadidism'; 'The Politics of Admonition'; 'Knowledge as Salvation'; 'Imagining the Nation'; 'Navigating the Nation'; and '1917: The Moment of Truth'. These are all freely available on this website. Also included are: a select bibliography and the index. The print edition of the book can also be purchased from here. A search engine is helpfully provided.
This website allows users to access the online edition of 'Putting Islam to Work : Education, Politics, and Religious Transformation in Egypt'. Written by Gregory Starrett, the book focuses largely on what Egyptians wish and expect their younger generation to know and believe, and what they want each other to think the children should know and believe. For this, he looks at the historical changes in the nature of religion, the relationship of Islam to state bureaucracies and political interest groups, the role played by the media in the construction of national identities; and explores the manner in which religious education and formal schooling have served as the fora for discussing and addressing political issues. Divided into four sections, the work has eight chapters in total. The print version was published by the University of California Press in 1998. A useful resource for students of Islam and those interested in the intersection between religion and politics.
Q-News: The Muslim Magazine first went into print in 1992. This is their official homepage, from which viewers may access without charge the contents of several back issues. This UK-based magazine claims to provide "independent analysis, critique and review of politics, culture and ideas" and its readership is said to range from second and third generation Muslims, to policy-makers and educators. The site also provides information about how to subscribe to the magazine as well as to how to purchase back issues. This is also a Media section, and links are provided to relevant websites. The magazine is edited by Fareena Alam and published by Fuad Nahdi.
Qantara, meaning 'bridge' in Arabic, is an Internet portal which aims to strengthen the ties between Europe and the Islamic world. Funded by the German Foreign Office, this website reports on political, societal and cultural issues relating to Muslims around the world. It contains debates, interviews and commentaries which aim to help clarify many of the issues surrounding Islam and Muslims. Dossiers are presented on issues like Reformist Islam; globalisation; democracy and civil society; the headscarf debate; Islamic feminism; and German-Arab literature exhange. The site is well-presented and its contents would be suitable for an academic audience. It can be navigated in Arabic, English, German, Indonesian and Turkish.
The Qur'an website, provided by the University of Southern California's Center for Muslim-Jewish Engagement, offers English translations of the Muslim holy book. Divided into 114 separate pages, corresponding to the Surahs (chapters) of the Qur'an, the resource provides a line by line rendering of the Arabic. Three translations (by Yusuf Ali, Marmaduke Mohammad Pickthal, and M. H. Shakir) of each verse are given, and while this parallel format means this is not necessarily an ideal text for swift reading, it is a valuable tool for those wishing to engage in comparative study. The emphasis lies on a faithful representation of the original rather than on translation into literary English. The site also offers an index of the Qur'an.
Quran explorer provides access to interactive streaming audio of Qur'anic recitations and translations in Arabic, English and Urdu. The main page of the site also contains basic information about the Qur'an as well as links to live online Qur'an tutoring (by subscription) and further Web resources on Islam. The main attraction of the site, however, is the Quran explorer interface, which provides easily navigable recitations and translations of the full text of the Qur'an. Users can decide what to listen to by chapter and verse, and can choose between six different reciters as well as audio of translations in English and Urdu. The Arabic text of the passage is highlighted on screen as the recitation plays, and users can opt for the Arabic text only or side-by-side text translations in English, Urdu, German, French, Indonesian, Malay and Turkish. Although the site is mainly designed for Muslims interested in reading and reciting the Qur'an and does not provide further interpretation of the text, it will be of interest to students and researchers who would like to read the Qur'an and get a sense of the sound and rhythm of the Arabic text.
'Quran.org.uk: Holy Quran Resources on the Internet' is a gateway to a wide range of online materials related to the Holy Book of Islam. Access is provided to several English translations of the Quran and to translations in over 20 other languages. These are accompanied by lightly annotated links to sites that hold useful information on its characteristics, language of delivery, translation, transliteration, manuscripts, commentaries and recitation. There are also sections dealing with topics like law, geography, education and medicine. A search engine is helpfully provided. Viewers can also join their mailing list from here. This website is maintained by Dar al Tableegh.
Religion Compass (ISSN: 1749-8171) is an online journal dedicated to original peer-reviewed surveys of research and other works from across the discipline. Published by Wiley-Blackwell Publishing and edited by Tamara Sonn, the resource is targeted at teachers, researchers and students of religion, as well as non-specialist scholars. The materials can be browsed according to Authors' names and the following section themes: African Religions; Ancient Near East; Buddhism; Chinese and Japanese Traditions; Christianity; Indian Traditions; Islam; Judaism; New Religions; Native Religions of the Americas; and Theory and Method. Although subscription is needed to access the materials in full, this website makes available their abstract alongside information about the journal's editorial board.
This site gives a bibliography of printed materials for the study of religion in South Asia. The site is divided into nine different sections: eight giving resources available for Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Judaism, Sikhism and Zoroastrianism and one final section which features works in which two or more of these religions are compared. The list is not at all comprehensive, but determinedly selective. Entries have, on the whole, been quite stringently assessed before inclusion using book reviews, other bibliographies and the 'World bibliographical' series. The bibliography is further restricted based on the holdings of the various libraries at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It is, however, a worthwhile list and useful for anyone studying the religions of South Asia.
This is the homepage of the Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA) based in Istanbul, Turkey. This international institution researches and publishes in the following areas: the history of Muslim nations; the history of arts and sciences in Islam; and Islamic culture and civilisation. This website contains information about the organisation itself; the research projects they undertake; news of upcoming events; details about the calligraphy, architectural and photography competitions they organise; a list and the abstracts of the work they publish; and details of their award program. Visitors are linked to the website of their library and the homepages of relevant organisations. They may also download the latest copy of the centre's newsletter. A search engine is provided. The centre is directed by Dr Halit Eren.
The website for the journal Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée makes available abstracts and some full-text articles from the journal, published by the Institut de recherches et d'études sur le Monde arabe et musulman (IREMAM) in Aix-en-Provence. The journal publishes thematic issues on the Muslim world, broadly defined, in two different series: History and the Contemporary World. Each issue includes a number of articles on a general theme, including contributions from scholars of the Muslim world beyond the Middle East and North Africa; an introductory article; independent studies; book reviews; and lists of bibliographic and electronic resources. The journal is an important source for contemporary scholarship on the Muslim world, and its online version makes much of its text available to a broad public. The website also includes further electronic resources, in collaboration with the Bibenligne site, that will be of use to all those interested in the Mediterranean and the Muslim world. Abstracts are published in French and English, though most of the full-text articles are available only in French.
Roshd is a website which provides information on Shia Islam. Although not written with an academic audience in mind, the resource should be useful for scholars seeking an introduction to this second largest denomination of Islam after Sunni Islam. The site, which is accessible in Arabic, English and Persian, contains diagrams, articles, letters; multimedia; and a Q & A section. Together, they help present to visitors various aspects of Shia Islam like its history; imamate (religious leadership); key figures; and religious occasions and holidays. The site also contains a guestbook; a weekly saying; information on how to join their mailing list; and links to a large number of online resources with information about Shia Islam or Islam in general.
The Web Site of The Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland provides information on the society's activities, library, publications, news and events, and its journal. It is an excellent resource for those working in the field of Asian Studies, and was founded in 1823, by a group led by Henry Colebrooke. Other distinguished fellows have included: Sir Henry Rawlinson; the Duke of Wellington; Rabindranath Tagore; and Sir Richard Burton. The library's collections range geographically from Turkey to Japan, Siberia to Sri Lanka, and include materials on Islamic North Africa. The main focus is on humanities and the collections do not cover events of the last fifty years. Information about its collections, accessibility, opening hours, and location is available on the site. A small photo gallery enhances the site and there are comprehensive details on how to order publications. The site also features subscriptions to and information on the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, which has been published since 1827.
'Islam' is a Web page maintained by the Information Office of the Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia in Washington DC. It provides a basic and user-friendly account of the Islamic faith, making it suitable for those seeking an introduction to the religion. The materials, which come with illustrations, are divided into the following headings: Islam; Guardian of the Holy Places; Islam and Muslims; Saudi Arabia: Islam's heartland; The coming of the Prophet; The community of the faithful; The five pillars of Islam; The rise of Islam; and Understanding Islam. The site also contains information on recent news and public statements made by Saudi officials.
This website reviews the 'Sacred: Discover What We Share' exhibition which took place at the British Library between the 27th April to the 23rd September 2007. It focuses on the holy books and practices of the three 'Abrahamic faiths' namely Christianity, Judaism and Islam. This home page provides detailed information about the exhibition, and allows access to audio and video recordings of several themes connected to the exhibition like the evolution of the sacred texts; holy sites; and weddings in the three faiths. It also lists 67 of the sacred texts on display (chronologically and by faith) - each of which accompanied by a short commentary and a zoomable high-resolution image.
This is the website of the Sadra Islamic Philosophy Research Institute (SIPRIn), established in 1994 with the objective of promoting knowledge about the 17th century Islamic philosopher Mulla Sadra and his Transcendent Philosophy, and to this end, organising international conferences. The site provides details of the Institute's activities, an introduction to the life and philosophy of Mulla Sadra, and a substantial collection of online papers. The site is available in Persian and in English, though the quality of the translation in the English version is somewhat variable, occasionally resulting in rather idiosyncratic use of language. A useful resource for anyone wanting to find out more about this Islamic thinker.
The Salaam website is a valuable resource for information about Islam in general as well as about Islam and Muslims in Britain. Much of the site is devoted to links and services for the British Muslim community, including: mosque and halal restaurant locators; listings for jobs, events and charities; and an interactive advice section. The rest of the site provides information appropriate to academic and general audiences, including an extensive news section as well as articles on various topics.
Academic audiences will be most interested in the Knowledge section of the site, which provides generally well-sourced articles on different themes including: hajj; Islamic finance; Islamic art; Muslims in the West; specific Muslim countries; and Islam and science. It also includes a searchable biographical dictionary with over 2300 entries. An excellent section on Muslims in Britain includes articles on: the history of Islam in the UK; public recognition of Muslims; defining events; demographics; and politics. It also provides links to a number of books and reports on the topic. The site is a good source for students looking for basic information on Islam in general and on Muslims in Britain, as well as for researchers interested in current debates related to Islam in the West.
This is the homepage of the Salam Institute for Peace and Justice, a non-profit organisation based in Washington DC. It is dedicated to teaching, research and practice in the area of conflict resolution, and to fostering intra-Islamic and interfaith dialogue particularly between Muslims and non-Muslims. The institute is directed by Dr Mohammed Abu-Nimer, an associate professor at American University's School of International Service in International Peace and Conflict Resolution. This website informs viewers of their activities and the projects they are involved in. It allows access to articles, conference reports and the institute's newsletter. Links are also provided to a small number of relevant websites. An interesting resource for students of Islam and those working in the area of interfaith dialogue.
Shabakat rawḍ al-rayāhīn is an Arabic website devoted to resources on Sufism. It includes: a periodic magazine highlighting Sufi texts and poetry; excerpts from books on Sufism; a collection of mystical poetry by various authors; online versions of important texts by Sufi authors, including Ahmad al-Tijani; and full-text versions of books and theses on Sufism available as zipped or PDF files. The site also contains a number of recordings that can be played with RealPlayer, including lectures on different topics as well as recorded recitations and dhikrs (devotions). The site is available only in Arabic. It will be of most use to advanced researchers looking for primary sources on Sufism and Sufic practice.
The Shi'a Islam website provides a basic introduction to the differences between the Shi'a and Sunni religions, and describes the origins and subsequent history of the Shi'ite Muslims. There are pages on 'Ali, Muhammad's cousin and the foundational figure in Shi'a history; Husayn, the third Imam; the Imamate; Muhammad al-Mahdi, the twelfth Imam known as the 'hidden Imam'; medieval Shi'a; and the Safavids. This history extends to modern Iran and the Iranian revolution. A page on Islamic republicanism attempts to explain the principles behind 'rule by jurisprudence' and Islamic fundamentalism. However, at time of review this resource had not been updated in several years, and users should note that this means there is no coverage of more recent events and developments in the Islamic world.
In addition to the overview of Shi'ism, there are images of some of the key holy sites of Shi'a Islam; a glossary of Shi'a terms and concepts; and a glossary of more general Islamic terms. There is also a list of links, but unfortunately this has suffered through a lack of maintenance. This site forms part of an online courseware unit from Washington State University's 'World Civilizations' project. It is targeted at students about to begin university and first year undergraduates.
The Shia Books website gives access to online text versions of over 3,000 books in Arabic, primarily related to Islam and Islamic Studies. Despite its name, it includes books in both the Shiite and Sunni traditions. It also has collections related to history and language. The books can be accessed through subject and author indexes or through a search function. Major subjects include: Hadith; biography of the prophet; Islamic jurisprudence; Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir); and men of the Hadith. The site also includes a fully vocalised online text version of the Qur'an. The site is available in Arabic and Persian, but the English version was not working as of July 2008. It will be of most use to advanced students and researchers in Islamic or Middle Eastern Studies looking for primary and secondary source material in Arabic. Users should note that the English version of the site was not working at the time of review.
This is the website of the Society for Libyan Studies, founded in 1969 with support from the British Academy. The Society aims to encourage and coordinate the activities of researchers working on Libya in Britain and elsewhere. The Society is interested in a broad range of research including: archaeology; history; linguistics; natural sciences; and religion. The site is a valuable resource for information on current academic activities and potential sources of support for researchers. The Society provides some grants and scholarships and organises fieldwork trips. It also publishes the Journal of Libyan Studies, and the site provides tables of contacts for the volumes for 1983-1999, plus abstracts for some of these volumes. Details of forthcoming lectures and meetings concerning Libya are given, plus details of relevant collections in British libraries and archives. The site links to: archaeological sites in Libya; Libyan and British institutes; and other relevant sites.
This is the homepage of the Statistical, Economic and Social Research and Training Centre for Islamic Countries (SESRCI). It was established in 1978 as a subsidiary organ of the Organisation of Islamic Conference (OIC) and is located in Ankara, Turkey. The site contains information about the centre; its member countries; upcoming events; recent activities; vacancies; and training opportunities. Available for download are the full contents of Information Report - the centre's newsletter; the Statistical Yearbook of the OIC Countries; basic facts and figures on OIC countries; the full contents of the centre's journal; and several other reports. Also available are: a directory of universities; a statistics database; rosters of experts; press releases; and a hyperlink to the centre's library website. The resource can be accessed in Arabic, English and French.
This is the home page of the Student Journal of Scriptural Reasoning. The site provides a brief overview of what scriptural reasoning is and who is engaged in the activity; and allows free access to all articles featured in the journal since the first volume was published in 2006. Each volume carries a particular theme and these include 'Scriptual Reasoning and the Garden of Eden' and 'The Relationships of Scriptural Reasoning: Readings of the Biblical and Qur'anic Joseph Stories'. The journal is written and edited by undergraduate and graduate students at the University of Virginia.
This is the homepage of the academic journal published by the Center for Islamic Studies at Youngstown State University, USA. Interdisciplinary and international in scope, 'Studies in Contemporary Islam' is published semi-annually, and is co-edited by Professors Mumtaz Ahmad of Hampton University and Mustansir Mir of Youngstown State University. This website contains the journal's mission statement, submission guidelines, and information about subscription. It also allows access to all past issues published between 1999 to 2003 without charge. These contain both articles and book reviews. Works published to date include 'Defining Islam in the throes of modernity'; 'The interaction of nationalism, secularism, and Islam'; 'The Muslim world and the United States'; 'The west, Islam and the democratic imperative'; and 'Paradigm shifts in Muslim international relations discourse'.
This is the home page of the Sufi Muslim Council (SMC). The organisation aims to apply traditional scholarship to help resolve modern day problems facing British Muslims and is dedicated to the cause of promoting tolerance and interfaith dialogue. This website contains a number of resources that would be of interest to those wishing to learn more about Sufism. Under the heading 'Spirituality', visitors may find essays on topics like: About Sufism; Levels of Sufi Meditation; The Mevlivi Order; and The Naqshbandi Sufi Way. Publications and essays available under 'Extremism' include those on Islamic Radicalism and Current Trends in Extremist Islamic Ideology. The site also offers a number of articles which deal with issues like honour killing; stoning; and jihad. It likewise provides a set of links to relevant websites and a photo gallery.
'Sufism, Sufis, Sufi Orders: Sufism's Many Paths' is an online essay by Dr Alan Godlas of the University of Georgia, introducing Sufism, the mystical or inner dimension of Islam. The work takes the reader through definitions and issues important to Sufism, including: obstacles and internal struggles; awakening and remembrance of God; and Islam's relationship to Sufism. There is also a section dedicated to a number of well-known Sufis like Hasan al-Basri, Mansur al-Hallaj and Abu Hamid al-Ghazali; and another to Sufi Orders and their Shaykhs. Throughout the essay are numerous hypertext links (their presence explained within the text) to further texts by the author or to external sites. The essay ends with a list of annotated links relating to Sufi orders, books and other resources. The essay forms a part of the author's 'Islam and Islamic Studies Resources' site.
A collaborative effort between the Thesaurus Islamicus Foundation and Cambridge University's HRH Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Centre of Islamic Studies, the Sunna Project is made up of two constituent parts. The first, the Hadith Encyclopedia, assembles all available Hadith literature and reproduces them in printed and digital forms. Included are Sahih al-Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Sunan Abi Daud, Jami al-Tirmidhi, Sunan al-Nasai, Sunan Ibn Maja and Muwatta Malik. The second is the International Hadith Study Association Network (IHSAN), membership of which is open to institutions and individuals in receipt of the Hadith database from the Foundation. This home page contains detailed information about the project itself and includes contact, membership and ordering details. Members of IHSAN can also access the online hadith database from here.
Tabsir is a blog offering insight on Islam and the Middle East, maintained by a group of scholars all of whom have academic research experience in the Middle East or in Muslim societies. 'Tabsir' is an Arabic word, meaning 'knowledge' or 'clarification', and the site aims to encourage informed debate and rational assessment of current political issues, while countering stereotypes and misinformation. Posts cover subjects such as terrorism and Islamophobia; gender issues; and news stories relating to Middle Eastern nations. Past posts can be viewed by category or date, and the archive can also be searched. A thought-provoking resource for those with an interest in this field.
This websites provides the reader with easy access to a translation of substantial parts of the Tafsir al-Mizan. This major exegetical work was produced by one of the foremost Iranian Shi'i religious scholars of the 20th century, Ayatollah Sayyid Muhammad Husayn al-Tabataba'i (1892-1981), and reflects not only his background as a scholar rooted in traditional Shi'i religious thought (including the philosophical teachings of the school of Mulla Sadra), but also more contemporary socio-political concerns (many of his students were influential in the Iranian Revolution of 1979). This translation project still seems to be under progress, and the English translation has not been made from the original Arabic, but from a Persian translation by Saeed Akhtar Rizvi. This still seems to be an ongoing project, as only the first six of the original 20 volumes in Arabic have been translated. Besides the translation, various features can be found on the website, including a search tool, and choice excerpts from the work arranged according to different topics. One can also find a section (through a link to a related website) comparing Tabataba'i with other 20th century exegetical writers, as well as a collection of articles discussing various topics related to Shi'i thought. It should be noted that both the comparative study section and the articles reflect the general approach of the website, which presents Tabataba'i and his thought from a commited Shi'i point of view.
The official website of Tariq Ramadan, a well-known European Muslim scholar and public intellectual, provides information on Ramadan and his work as well as other articles and resources related to Islam and Muslims in the West. The site includes: a brief biography; recent and upcoming events listings; descriptions and reviews of Ramadan's books; links to a large number of his articles in academic and mainstream journals; and a good number of audio and video files of Ramadan's lectures, debates and media appearances. It also includes articles by other authors about Ramadan or about issues related to Islam in the West. Although the focus of the site is on the political, intellectual and social questions related to the presence of Muslim populations in Europe and the United States, the site also includes a 'spirituality' section that focuses more on religious questions. This will be a useful source for students and researchers at all levels with an interest in contemporary Islam in Europe and the United States.
'Teaching Islamic Civilization with Information Technology' is an article written by Dr Corinne Blake of Rowan University, USA. Published by the Journal for MultiMedia History, the paper discusses the deployment of information technology in the delivery of academic courses in Islam and Islamic history. This is carried out in two parts. The first considers primary source materials that are available online like English translations of the Quran, Hadith, Fiqh (jurisprudence) and Islamic literature, as well as materials on Shi'ism, Sufism and Islamic arts and architecture. From here, the author highlights the different ways in which the materials described in the first part could be assimilated into courses. The work is aimed at those who are involved in the development of undergraduate programs of study in these subject areas. Note that several of the links made available on the site were not in operation at the time this record was reviewed.
The website of Tebyan, a cultural and information institute associated with the Iranian government's Islamic Propagation Organization, is an Islamic portal that provides articles on various topics and a large virtual library in Persian, Arabic and English. The interface is accessible in a number of languages including Persian, Arabic, English, and French, and some of the content varies depending on the language chosen. Most of the articles are related to Islam, Islamic sciences, and society, but general news, Iran and other topics are also covered. The virtual library provides searchable online texts of over 7,000 books in Persian, 3,000 books in Arabic and 3,000 books in English, most of them related to the Islamic sciences. The Persian library also includes Persian literary texts. The libraries are navigable by subject or through a search function. Major subjects include: Islam; the Qur'an; Hadith; hajj; biography of the Prophet; Islamic jurisprudence; Shiism; and Imam Ali and the Ahl al-Bayt (members of the Prophet's family). Although it does have a political and Shiite slant to it, the website is a useful source for primary and secondary sources and will be of interest to advanced students and researchers in Islamic Studies.
This website allows access to a document published by the Muslim Council of Britain (MCB) in 2007 entitled 'Towards Greater Understanding: Meeting the Needs of Muslim Pupils in State Schools'. The work seeks to provide information and guidance to schools, local authorities, governors and teachers in helping them to recognise, understand and respond appropriately to the needs of Muslim pupils and parents. This 69-page document touches on issues like: a Muslim inclusive approach; dress in schools; halal meals; provision for prayer; Ramadan - the month of fasting; Islamic festivals; physical education; religious education; collective worship; sex and relationship education; modern foreign languages; expressive arts; Islamic resources in the school library; educational visits; and engaging with the Muslim community.
Translation of Sahih Bukhari is an online resource provided by the University of Southern California's Center for Muslim-Jewish Engagement. Sahih Bukhari, also known as Sahih al-Bukhari or the Sunna, is a collection of sayings and deeds of the prophet Muhammad, recorded by the 9th-century Islamic scholar Bukhari. This resource provides a selection of these hadith (reports) in translation, in 93 thematic sections. Each hadith refers to the volume and book from which it has been taken (there are 2602 hadith in total, gathered into 9 volumes, each comprising several books). The site is easy to navigate, and features a search engine.
Understanding Islam is a text-based website devoted to answering questions regarding religion in general and Islam in particular. The discussion board at the heart of the site is a major feature, facilitating contact and exchange between those interested in Islam. However, of greater interest to students of Islam may be the articles that are derived from noticeboard discussions: example topics include: general Muslim customs and traditions; principles of Islamic ethics; and the transmission of the Qur'an. This is not (nor does it claim to be) a scholarly site, and at time of review some sections were unfinished, but it does give an interesting insight into the practices and beliefs of modern Islam. The site features some advertising.
This website from Telegraph.co.uk aims to help readers gain a better understanding of Islam. It contains an introductory message from Prince Charles, and over 10 articles which dealt with Islam's history, culture and central tenets. These are written by authors like David Waines; Malise Ruthven; Carole Hillenbrand; Ruqaiyyah Waris Maqsood; John Casey; Sophie Gilliat-Ray and David Abulafia. Topics include: What is Islam?; The Unshakeable Five Pillars; The Koran; Sharia; Art and Architecture; The Veiling of Women; Muslims in Britain; Sunnis and Shi'ites; and Crusade v Jihad. Also provided is an A-Z of Islam.
This website allows free access to the full-text of 'Understanding Islam and its Impact on Latin America'. It is an academic research paper written by Curtis C. Connell which was submitted in April 2004 to the US Air Force Fellows in partial fulfilment of the graduation requirements. The project, the author commented, would be helpful to those with a general interest in Islamic Fundamentalism and its impact on the area south of the US border. The discussion was organised into the following chapter headings: Introduction; Understanding "Islamic Fundamentalism"; Islamic Fundamentalism in Latin America and the Caribbean; Today's Islamic Threat; Policy Recommendations; and Conclusions. This 57-page work is available in PDF format and requires Adobe Acrobat Reader.
The website of the Muslim Student Association of the University at Buffalo (the State University of New York) is aimed at students and individuals at an early stage of exploration into the issues and texts affecting Muslim communities. It provides a substantial guide to electronic resources on Islam and, to a lesser degree, Islamic history. While the initial pages provide some limited discussion on its principles of belief, the site’s most useful facility is the compilation of sacred scriptures and prophetic texts. From here, one can access copies of the Qur’an (Koran) in a variety of translations as well as electronically stored Hadith and other writings on Islamic law and tradition. Students writing essays on some aspect of Islamic religion or history may also find the annotated bibliography especially helpful.
This is the homepage of the Islamic Society at the University of Cambridge (ISOC). The organisation aims to serve as a focal point for Muslim students at the university and for Muslims who live in or near Cambridge. It has over 600 members, both Muslims and non-Muslims. It organises many events which are open to the public like Guest Lecture series and the Islamic Awareness Week. The site should therefore be of interest to students of religion from other universities as well. This homepage also contains weekly newswire links to numerous news sources on human rights concerns around the world; information on prayer times and how to join their mailing list. Viewers are also allowed access to past (since Winter 2004) and present copies of ISOC's Magazine, Ar-Risaalah. This termly publication is made available in PDF, hence requiring Adobe Acrobat Reader which can be downloaded free of charge from the site.
Created and maintained by the Muslim Students' Association at the University of Southern California, the 'USC-MSA Compendium of Muslim texts' is a website which assembles a host of primary and secondary source materials on contemporary and historical issues within Islam. Of particular significance are their database of the Qur'an and various collections of the sunnah and hadith (narrations about the life of Muhammad). Discussions are also provided on the following topics: Islamic Articles of Faith and Pillars; economics; history; human relations; law; misconceptions about Islam; and politics. Those seeking information on a specific issue may wish to employ the excellent query tools. These tools isolate key words and retrieve the relevant passage from either the Qu’ran or hadith. In addition, for those who are new to the study of Islam or unfamiliar with some of the terminology, there is a glossary of Islamic terms and concepts.
The Virtual Religion Index (VRI) is an extensive catalogue of online religion resources. It provides an ideal starting point for both researchers and students of religious studies. The site is topic-led with topics including: archaeology and religious art; ancient near eastern studies; comparative religion; all the major world religions; and the philosophy and psychology of religion. Each link within the catalogue has a short annotation and links are according to topic on a single page. Users may join the site's email list if they wish to be kept up-to-date with new additions and alterations.
The Virtually Islamic website offers a selection of tools for those with an interest in Islam as it relates to and is portrayed in cyberspace. Perhaps the most useful of these is the Pathways section, which offers annotated links to over a hundred online resources, useful for discovering more about different aspects of Islam. These include Qur'an sites, information about political-religious organisations, and pages illustrating the diversity of Islamic expression. Each site is given a brief description and rating. There is also a news feeds section, and a regularly updated blog, providing links to online articles on Islam and comment on topical issues. The website is the work of Gary Bunt, author of a number of publications on this subject, details of which are also given on the site.
The Women in Islam web page presents a number of articles explaining the position of Muslim women in Islamic society. It attempts to correct many of the stereotypes and misconceptions that non-Muslims have about the attitudes towards women sanctioned by Islam, and to justify Islamic principles in relation to those held by 'The West'. The content of the site includes essays on: the ideal Muslimah (Muslim woman); the teachings regarding women in the Qur'an and Sunnah; women in society; women's status in marriage; and the Hijab (veil). Most of the articles are clear and reasonably objective. There is nevertheless the occasional over- generalisation as to what is considered acceptable by 'Western Society'. Nevertheless, this site should provide a useful introduction to non-Muslims seeking to understand this topical aspect of the Islamic faith.
The Woolf Institute of Abrahamic Faith aims to advance teaching, research and dialogue in the encounter between the adherents of the three Abrahamic Faiths - Christianity, Islam and Judaism. Based in Cambridge, it is an umbrella organisation of the Centre for the Study of Jewish-Christian Relations (CJCR) and the Centre for the Study of Muslim-Jewish Relations (CMJR). It is also an associate member of the Cambridge Theological Federation and is directed by Dr Edward Kessler. This homepage contains information about their staff and recent works published by them; the events they organise; and the education programmes available. It also provides links to their press and media coverage, and to other online resources like journals; maps and dictionaries. The site allows access to the institute's newsletter, and holds a search engine and a mailing list. An interesting resource for those working in the area of interfaith dialogue.
This interesting website is maintained by Mohamed Zakariya, an Islamic calligrapher, artist and maker of custom instruments from the history of science. It describes what is meant by 'Islamic art' and features papers under the following titles: 'Music for the eyes: an introduction to Islamic and Ottoman calligraphy'; 'Becoming a calligrapher: memoirs of an American student of calligraphy'; 'Great Islamic calligraphers'; 'The Hilye (beautiful and significant description) of the Prophet Muhammad'; 'Selected Hadiths' (sayings of the prophet); 'Mahmud Yazir and the beauty of the pen'; and 'A note about content'. The site, which provides a good insight into the art, history and practice of Islamic calligraphy, also makes available the biography of the webmaster and information about his works; a glossary of terms; and links to relevant online resources.
The Zaytuna Institute is a non-for-profit educational institute which was set up in 1996. It aims to provide educational programs, materials and training in the traditional sciences of Islam through the use of the latest technology. This home page informs visitors of the courses on offer. It also provides a list of FAQs; and information about forthcoming events and works published by members of the institute. Also available are audio recordings, video clips, photographs, slide shows and articles. In addition, the site gives access to the institute's newsletter and links visitors to the home page of Seasons, their official journal. This should be an interesting resource for students of Islam.