The al-Meshkat website is an Islamic portal with an important collection of electronic copies of Islamic books in Arabic, including many classical texts in the traditional Islamic branches of learning. The main page provides links to the discussion forum; collections of fatwas organised by topic; the virtual library; articles on Islamic principles, education and the family; essays and research in the traditional Islamic sciences; and a search function that allows users to search all sections of the website. The interface and content are in Arabic.
Of most interest to researchers will be the virtual library, which is a repository of over 3,000 Islamic texts available as word or zipped files. Users can navigate the library by subject or through an author or title search. The record for each book includes a brief summary. Major subjects include: biographies of the Prophet; tafsir (Qur'anic exegesis); Qur'anic recitation; the Hadith and Sunna (traditions of the Prophet); Islamic jurisprudence; fatwas; Islamic history; Arabic language; and the writings of figures like Ibn Taymiyyah and Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Abd-al-Wahhab. There is a small selection of books in English and other languages, including two collections of Hadith. The site has a definite traditionalist Sunni slant to it, but is useful for the large collection of primary and secondary sources that will be of interest to advanced students and researchers in Islamic studies.
al-Waqfeya is an online library for digitised texts related to Islamic Studies. It makes available over 1,000 books in Arabic on a variety of topics, as well as a selection of books in English. The books are available as downloadable zipped .rar files. The Arabic selections include books in the traditional Islamic sciences such as: the Qur'an and Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir); Hadith; Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh); biography of the Prophet; and aspects of Muslim theology. The site also includes books on broader topics, including: Islamic economics; history; the Muslim family; contemporary life; and Arabic language and literature. The English books include dictionaries by Edward William Lane, Hans Wehr, Wortabet, and Wright's grammar, all basic reference works for Arabic and Islamic studies. The site is easy to navigate by subject and includes a search function. It will be of most use to advanced students and researchers in Islamic studies looking for primary and secondary sources in Arabic.
This is the homepage of the Association of Muslim Lawyers in the UK (AML). Established in 1995, the organisation works on important issues that impact upon the lives of Muslims in Britain and draw attention to those that affect Muslims in other parts of the world. To this end, they organise seminars and conferences where such matters could be debated and possibly resolved. Despite its name, membership is also open to non-lawyers and students, and to Muslims and non-Muslims alike. It publishes a journal called 'The Muslim Lawyer', the full content of which could be accessed without charge from here. The site also makes available the latest news from the association and information about upcoming events and membership. It holds an online directory of Muslim legal practitioners in the country, and provides links to online resources on Islamic Law as well as the homepages of relevant organisations. Information is further given about recently published books on Islam and Islamic Law. Viewers can also read about projects involving the association, and their response to the Law Commission's proposal on Islamic marriage. This resource should benefit those studying the experience of Muslims in contemporary Britain.
This website allows access to the online version of 'Democracy and Islam in the New Constitution of Afghanistan' (ISBN: 0-8330-3358-1). This report was edited by Cheryl Benard and Nina Hachigian. It is the outcome of a workshop organised by the RAND Corporation in January 2003 where a group of experts in Islamic Law, constitution writing and democracy was assembled to identify how Islam should be treated in the new Constitution of Afghanistan. This report is subdivided into the following section headings: Introduction; Islam and Society; Islam and Sources of Law; Judicial Review; Courts and Judges; Individual Rights; and Conclusion. In the Appendix, viewers can find a short paper entitled 'Islam and the state: a short history' and the Constitution of Afghanistan 1964. The document is presented in PDF and Adobe Acrobat Reader can be downloaded from the site.
Fiqh al-Islam is part of a larger website run by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Islamic Affairs. The larger website provides information in a number of languages, including English, about Islam and Islamic practice, with links to specific passages from the Qur'an and Hadith where these issues are addressed. This section, available only in Arabic, provides a large selection of classical texts in various branches of Islamic law (fiqh) and traditional learning, as well as contemporary writings on Islamic law. The electronic texts are fully vocalised and searchable, and include works on usul al-fiqh and the four major Sunni schools of legal thought (Hanafi, Maliki, Shafii and Hanbali). With its wealth of primary sources that are easily accessed and navigated, the site will be of great interest to advanced students and researchers interested in Islam and Islamic law.
Islam online is a website that provides information primarily for the transnational Muslim community, though it will be of interest to students and researchers in Islamic and religious studies. It was established and is supported by the conservative Egyptian scholar Yusuf al-Qaradawi, and is available in English and Arabic versions. The site provides extensive coverage of news and current events related to Islam and the Muslim world, and has a large interactive section where al-Qaradawi and others provide opinions and fatwas in response to user questions. These opinions, arranged by subject and in a searchable fatwa bank, are found in the Living Shari'ah section of the website. This section also contains other resources like Hadith collections; Friday sermons; searchable Qur'an texts; and articles about various issues. The rest of the site is devoted to articles and more extensive reports on issues pertaining to Muslim life and society under subjects like health and science; family; art and culture; youth; and Euro-Muslims. The site is professionally produced and provides information on a wide range of topics for audiences of all levels, though users should be aware of the conservative perspective of the articles and opinions.
Islam today is a website under the direction of the Saudi cleric Sheikh Salman al-Oadah (Salmān al-‘Awdah). It is available in English, Arabic, French and Chinese, with some differences in content. The English site provides: an introduction to Islam; an online library with downloadable versions of Sheikh al-Oadah's books; a fatwa archive; and a collection of articles by the Sheikh and others on various topics, including interpretations of verses from the Qur'an or specific Hadith texts. The fatwa archive is organised by topic, and takes the form of questions submitted by users and answers by Sheikh al-Oadah and others. Although much of the site is intended for a Muslim audience seeking answers to questions about Islamic beliefs and practice, the 'discover Islam' section provides introductory articles on various topics. The site contains resources that will be of interest to students and researchers in Islamic Studies at all levels, and could be used to explore current debates about Islamic practice.
'Islamic and Middle Eastern Law Materials on the Net' is a resource provided by the Centre for Islamic and Middle Eastern Law (CIMEL) at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), London. On offer are the texts of speeches and excerpts from books published by the centre. Also available are unannotated links to sites that contain useful information on: the ancient (pre-Islamic) Middle East; the Quran and Hadith; legal rulings; constitutional law; international law; and academic courses in Islamic and/or Middle Eastern Law. There are, in addition, links to commercial, personal and government sites; and the home pages of law firms, periodicals and relevant websites.
Islamic Family Law is a large-scale project conducted by the Law and Religion Program of Emory University. It seeks to examine the worldwide application of Islamic family law and to assess the feasibility of family law reform within particular communities of Muslims in their own socio-legal contexts. This home page contains information about the project, the contact details of the key figures behind it, a discussion forum and a selection of academic papers. It also provides the cultural and legal profiles of the jurisdictions under study. The project is directed by Dr Abdullahi A. An-Naim and is sponsored by the Ford Foundation. The resource would be particularly interesting to students of Islamic Law and those undertaking comparative work.
Website of the Islamic Family Law project which is based at Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA . The aim of the project is to survey the application of Islamic family law in a selection of countries and explore the possibilities of reform in particular Muslim communities. A regional breakdown of Islamic countries around the world is given with a profile of each region consisting of historical and religious background, family issues, legal practices and institutions and a list of references. There are legal profiles for each country within these regions which include an outline and history of the legal system, constitutional status of Islamic law, relevant legislation, case reporting system and schools of Fiqh (system of jurisprudence). This site has not been updated since 2002.
This is the homepage of the Islamic Supreme Council of America. It is a non-profit and non governmental organisation which aims to help resolve problems that affect Muslims in modern day America through the use of traditional Islamic legal rulings and teachings. This website contains information about the council's mission; their past and present activities and events; and the treaties, books, tapes and papers they publish. It holds: reports on countries and regions of interest in the Muslim world; press releases; and relevant official statements issued by the US government. The site also gives an overview of Islamic history, teachings, practice and law which would be of interest to those wishing to gain a basic understanding of Islam.
The Islamic world website, maintained by Dr. Albrecht Hofheinz of the University of Oslo, is a thorough and well-annotated list of links for Islamic and Middle Eastern studies. It covers a wide array of subjects and a broad geographical area, and will be a good first stop for students and researchers looking for online resources. The links are well-organised and can be divided into the following broad subject areas: general reference; internet and communications technology (including search engines, directories, portals, e-lists, discussion forums, chat rooms, and blogs in the Muslim world); countries, regions and peoples (with extensive coverage of Egypt, Morocco, Palestine and the Sudan but including the broader Muslim world in Asia, Africa and the diaspora); languages (especially Arabic); history; religion (especially Islam); culture; social issues; politics and economics; and research (universities and research centres, societies, think tanks, libraries, journals and e-books).
Although the site has not been updated since November 2005 and lacks a navigable contents page, it remains a valuable collection of online resources. Users should note that there were a number of broken links in this directory at the time of cataloguing, but the vast majority were fine. This is one of the few websites to provide links to Middle Eastern search engines and internet directories, and to websites for countries in Muslim regions outside of the Middle East. The section devoted to Islam is especially rich, with links to general information as well as specific subjects like the Qur'an, the Hadith, tafsir, fiqh, Islamic practice, Sufism, South Asian traditions, and religious organisations. An excellent resource for students and researchers of all levels.
The website of the Markaz Wadūd lil-Makhṭūṭāt [Wadud Centre for Manuscripts] provides digital facsimilies of over 700 manuscripts and 1400 books in Arabic on a variety of topics. The main focus of the site is Islamic manuscripts and manuscript catalogues, but it also includes manuscripts and books related to Arabic language and literature. The documents are downloadable as zipped .rar files. The site is available only in Arabic.
The manuscripts are accessed through the Khizānat al-Makhṭūṭāt [Manuscript Library] section and are arranged by topic or accessible through a search function. Major topics include: Islamic doctrine; the Qur'an; Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir); Hadith and Sunna; history and biography; Islamic jurisprudence; and language and literature. Each manuscript has an associated record that includes its source and a brief summary. The Fahāris wa-Kutub [Catalogues and Books] section provides a large number of manuscript catalogues, including those of major universities and national libraries in Europe and the Middle East. It also provides Arabic versions of Carl Brockelmann's Geschichte der Arabischen Litteratur and Fuat Sezgin's Geschichte des Arabischen Schrifttums. The site will be of interest primarily to advanced students and researchers in Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies looking for primary sources and manuscript catalogues.
Nidā’ al-īmān is an Islamic website that provides electronic versions of a large number of both classical and contemporary texts in the Islamic sciences. Along with an extensive digital library, the site includes: the full text of the Qur'an with associated audio files, searchable and navigable by chapter and verse; a number of Hadith collections; a fatwa database that can be searched by topic and jurist; and an audio library of lectures on various topics. The site is available only in Arabic.
The digital library will be of particular interest to researchers in Arabic and Islamic Studies. This provides access to searchable online text versions of books on various subjects, including: the Qur'an; Hadith; aspects of Muslim theology; Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh); Muslim women; literature and rhetoric; biography and history; contemporary issues; language; and medicine.
'Religious Legal Systems: A Brief Guide to Research and its Role in Comparative Law' is a website maintained by New York University (NYU) School of Law. It provides brief commentaries and annotated links to resources on Islamic Law, Jewish Law, Christian Canon Law (Roman Catholic Church), Hindu Law, Buddhist Law and Legal Theory, Confucian Law and Legal Theory, and the implementation of religious law in several countries. It also provides a select bibliography of print-based books and articles that would be useful for researching the various religious legal systems. The materials are prepared by Marylin Johnson Raisch, Librarian for International and Foreign Law at the John Wolff International and Comparative Law Library of the Georgetown Law Center.
This webpage allows visitors to access the full-text of 'Sharia Implementation in Northern Nigeria 1999-2006: A Sourcebook' (ISBN:978-978-029-837-1). The work was compiled and edited by Philip Ostien, and was published in 2007 by Spectrum Books Limited. This online edition, which is made available by the University of Bayreuth on their 'Sharia Debates and Their Perception by Christians and Muslims in Selected African Countries' project homepage, includes documents which were too voluminous to be featured in the print version. The work is divided into the following 5 volume headings: Historical Background; Sharia Implementation Committee Records and Related White Papers; Sanitizing Society; The Sharia Project and Criminal Procedure Codes; and Two Famous Cases (i.e. the cases of Safiyatu Hussaini and Amina Lawal). These are presented in PDF and requires Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. This should be an interesting resource for those researching on the application of Islamic Law in African countries, and in Nigeria in particular.
The website of Tebyan, a cultural and information institute associated with the Iranian government's Islamic Propagation Organization, is an Islamic portal that provides articles on various topics and a large virtual library in Persian, Arabic and English. The interface is accessible in a number of languages including Persian, Arabic, English, and French, and some of the content varies depending on the language chosen. Most of the articles are related to Islam, Islamic sciences, and society, but general news, Iran and other topics are also covered. The virtual library provides searchable online texts of over 7,000 books in Persian, 3,000 books in Arabic and 3,000 books in English, most of them related to the Islamic sciences. The Persian library also includes Persian literary texts. The libraries are navigable by subject or through a search function. Major subjects include: Islam; the Qur'an; Hadith; hajj; biography of the Prophet; Islamic jurisprudence; Shiism; and Imam Ali and the Ahl al-Bayt (members of the Prophet's family). Although it does have a political and Shiite slant to it, the website is a useful source for primary and secondary sources and will be of interest to advanced students and researchers in Islamic Studies.