This website presents AURA (the Australian Rock Art Research Association, Inc.) and its activities. Several sections concentrate on themes of general interest, including cave art and rock art conservation, interpretation, methodologies to date rock art, cognitive archaeology, palaeoart epistemology, rock art recording, Pleistocene portable palaeoart, Pleistocene seafaring and a glossary. The section about cave art presents papers on Australasian cave petroglyphs and a few deontological controversies that should be ignored by students. More interesting are the other sections. The section about rock art conservation focuses on both natural and anthropogenic causes of deterioration. The section about interpretation includes a three parts publication of the Sydney Daramulan engravings. Numerous articles form, in fact, a comprehensive general introduction to the archaeological interpretation, including articles on the role of ethnographic, iconographic and scientific interpretation. A long list of articles detailing the various methods applicable in dating rock art is followed by a few papers on dating European (Portuguese and Italian alpine) and Australian rock art. A separate project on Early Indian Petroglyphs (EIP) is investigating the claim that some of the oldest rock art may be found in India. A paper on rock art, taphonomy and epistemology is at the centre of the section about palaeoart epistemology, along with articles on philosophy of archaeology and semiotics. The website makes available many free full-text papers and articles in PDF format across all it sections and the AURA newsletter. New contents and updated news are being added to this website.
The Australasian Institute of Maritime Archaeology (AIMA) is dedicated to the preservation of underwater heritage and the promotion of maritime archaeology. AIMA hosts the Australian National Shipwreck Database, a database of over 6,500 wrecks. There are details about membership of the organisation and about courses they run internationally. AIMA has an active publication programme and indexes to their Bulletin, Special Publications and Newsletter are available on the website. There is an extensive list of links to sites concerned with maritime archaeology, history, museums and legislation. The website is easy to navigate.
The Australian Archaeological Association is one of the largest archaeological organisations in Australasia and includes both staff and students among its members. It aims to promote archaeological investigation and help discuss and disseminate information and ideas. The Association's website provides membership information and a copy of their constitution and code of ethics. The Association holds annual conferences and publishes a journal, "Australian Archaeology" and the website contains information on both. Some posters presented at the annual conferences are available for download (as images and in PDF format). Abstracts of journal articles are provided along with thesis abstracts and full book reviews; guidelines for contributors are included. The website also provides news of upcoming events and meetings, a page of media releases related to archaeological projects and discoveries in Australasia, and information on several awards for archaeological research in Australia. The website also hosts an email discussion list, "AUSARCH-L", the archives of the list are not available online, although anyone can subscribe to the list including non-members. There is an introduction to studying archaeology in Australia for the benefit of prospective students. Members can access a reserved area with further resources. This website is best viewed with Internet Explorer.
Bridge and Barrier is an archaeological and historical research project which explores the transformation of Maori culture in Central New Zealand from first human arrival until the beginning of organised European colonisation. The project is multi disciplinary and incorporates archaeological, ethnological and historical research to examine changes in subsistence economy, the use of stone resources and settlement patterns and warfare. The project is run by the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. The website mainly provides information and overviews of the project's background and research themes though also includes details of the project's funding and links to other pages of interest. The website also provides detailed information and contact details for both the people and institutions involved in the project and lists other supporting institutions. The site uses basic html markup and is simple and easy to navigate around.
The Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association is a regular free full-text journal published by the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association. This website contains all issues since 2005; the journal was published also on paper until 2006. The journal publishes papers focusing on a wide area, including both Asia and Oceania. Recent issues have concentrated on reports published at the meetings of the association. It is possible to register to receive notifications of new issues by email. This website also publishes announcements from the association, including news of future meetings and instructions to register as well as news of grants. As a result, this website is an essential resource for researchers interested in the archaeology of Asia, Australia and Polynesia.
This is the website of CNRS Info, an online publication of the French National Council of Research. A special issue on archaeology dated 2000 is available full-text and summarises French archaeological research across the globe. It also includes some articles on environmental archaeology and archaeometry. The several illustrated articles are organised by region, with articles on French sites being also subgrouped according to chronological period, from the Palaeolithic to the historical period. Among the sites are: Closeau, near Rueil-Malmaison (France, Palaeolithic); Le Mourral, Trèbes (France, Neolithic); Rhí´ne Valley (France); medieval Marseille (France); Jerf el Ahmar (Syria); Alexandria (Egypt); Tahiti (French Polynesia). The site of Jerf el Ahmar is particularly important as it has been studied in relation to the emergence of agriculture and the social impact it had. There is a map, a small bibliography, a few pictures and a glossary in PDF format. Overall, this website can be very useful as it contains many summaries of important researches and provides a French perspective on state-funded research. The home page is quite confusing as the summaries of all issues of CNRS Info are provided and none of them contains any article on archaeology. Moreover, from within each article it is only possible to return to the home page. This unnumbered issue between issues 384 and 385 is in reality a separate volume that has been almost "buried". Researchers may find this website useful.
Demetrius at The Australian National University is the official depository of that university, containing a variety of publications, from archive materials to individual papers by university staff. The depository can be browsed by collections; titles; authors; subjects; and date. It is not easy to browse the collections due to the large size of the digital archive: searching may be preferable in most occasions. It is possible to be notified by email of new additions to any collection by registering for free.
Among the collections are papers on Byzantine Egypt; theses (on any subject); archival material held at The Australian National University on China; photographs of works of art and archaeological sites (many are clearly taken by staff during leisure trips); a vast collection of e-books (includes titles on maritime and coastal archaeology; Australian Aborigines; globalisation; Asian economy; societies, nature and heritage in Oceania); and archives of the Pacific Manuscripts Bureau. Archival materials on the Australian Aborigines and the archaeology of Australasia can be found throughout several collections. There are also some contents related to modern English and Spanish literature as well as contents not pertinent to Humanities or Visual Arts. It is advisable to perform searches across the depository and not rely exclusively on browsing specific collections or subjects. This website may be very useful to a wide range of researchers.
The website 'Eras' is an online journal produced by postgraduate students from the School of Historical Studies at Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. The journal focuses on the areas of history, archaeology, religion and theology, and Jewish civilisation. Readers are encouraged to respond through the discussion page. Eras is intended to provide a platform to showcase recent Masters and doctoral research. There are links to back editions and each edition contains five or six full articles plus some book reviews. The articles are presented in both abstract and full form (in PDF format). The journal lacks a thematic approach, which would help or even engage the reader. Instead, each issue contains random material and it is necessary to trawl through the issues to discover if there is anything useful. Guidelines for contributors are available on the site together with calls for papers. There is scope to contact the editors and contribute to the discussion page.
This website is published by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and focuses on the sites of Cikobia and Naqelevu, Fiji Islands. A few illustrated articles summarise the archaeological evidence, including the arrival of the earliest people to the islands; the fortifications; and the cemeteries. The 'diaporama' (picture gallery) collects in one place all the many colour photos and drawings in the articles. There is a map and a bibliography, with contact details of the researchers involved in the study.
The website of "Heritage Council of Victoria" publishes a wealth of information on the local cultural heritage, including a newsletter; a database of inland sites and information on shipwrecks off the coast (a few shipwreck have been given greater detail). The website also includes much information on local and Australian legislation regarding cultural heritage as well as reports of local relevance. All documents are in PDF format. Most archaeology in the area is historical archaeology (modern period). Both students and researchers interested in the area may find the website (and especially the database) useful.
This is the official website of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association (IPPA), which aims "to promote cooperation in the study of the prehistory of eastern Asia (east of 70º longitude) and the Pacific region". The website contains information about the association (including some historical notes); past meetings; research partnerships; and registration procedures. This website may be useful to researchers interested in the archaeology of Asia, Australia and the Pacific.
The official website of the International Association for Obsidian Studies (IAOS). The website provides the opportunity to learn about the IAOS and explore technical information relating to obsidian characterization (provenance) studies and obsidian hydration methods. Also available is an online source catalogue detailing obsidian from many locations around the world. The website features an obsidian source catalogue, which provides geographically organised lists of obsidian sources found throughout the world. It also contains a library of obsidian related articles (at the time of review focusing exclusively on the USA), abstracts and IAOS Bulletins. A list of Internet resources relating to obsidian is also given, in addition to a directory of laboratories that specialise in obsidian provenance and hydration studies.
This association is dedicated to the maritime heritage of New Zealand. With both Polynesian and European maritime traditions, New Zealand has a rich and diverse maritime history. Around the New Zealand coast there are over 2000 shipwrecks, the first one recorded is dated 1795. Of these around 150 wrecks have been relocated. This site provides information about the association, current projects, and details of some of the shipwrecks and maritime history. Information on joining the association is provided.
This website is maintained by the New South Wales Heritage Office as part of the NSW Maritime Heritage Program. It provides information about various aspects of maritime history in the area. The site can be viewed by region; the maritime coast, the Darling River and the Murray River. It also looks at different features of maritime heritage in the regions, including coastal defences, shipwrecks, lighthouses, ports and harbours, customs houses, pilot stations and museums. There is a research centre, which provides access to a range of material to assist divers, maritime heritage researchers and school projects. There are various search options, which include a keyword search and a shipwreck search. More information about the NSW Maritime Heritage Program is provided along with contact details.
The Australian National Shipwrecks Database is a joint project between the Commonwealth, States and Territories, and Australasian Institute for Maritime Archaeology. The database includes all known shipwrecks in Australian waters. The data has been collected by individual State historic shipwreck agencies, and are subject to ongoing editing and refining as new information is obtained. The database can be searched in various ways, including by position and distance. There are also shipwreck graphs of statistical information, covering such themes as wrecks by construction type, decade, and industry.
This website is published by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and focuses on the site of Irian Jaya, Indonesia (province of West New Guinea). A few illustrated articles concentrate on the pottery production, trade and consumption in the region. A short article focuses on the Sentani culture, which imported bronze object during the first millennium CE. The 'diaporama' (picture gallery) collects in one place all the many colour photos and drawings in the articles. There is a map and a bibliography.
The Oceanic Archaeology Laboratory (OAL) is a research laboratory at the Archaeological Research Facility, part of the University of California at Berkeley. The website includes information on OAL; a background to Pacific archaeology and prehistory; details of current research projects (PDF files are available for some projects); and information on courses and publications.
The website of the Pacific History Association presents the association; its activities (mainly conferences); and membership information. This website may be useful to archaeologists, anthropologists and historians interested in the archaeology and history of the Pacific Islands. In particular, those wishing to attend one of the conferences organised by the association will find some useful information. The website publishes also hyperlinks of universities researching the area as well as other useful websites such as those about the islands of Rotuma and Abara Banaba.
This personal website written by Peter Brown at the University of New England, Australia, focuses on Australian and Asian palaeoanthropology, but includes educational and informative sections. There are index pages of Australian and south-east Asian discoveries; a presentation of the human body for students of palaeoanthropology; research resources including raw data and case studies; some papers available especially for postgraduate students; and a list of selected web links. A PDF document provides an introduction to the human skeleton and the index pages provide access to smaller pictures, whcih provide links to corresponding articles. Each article contains colour pictures, a short description of the findings and a bibliography. These articles will prove very useful to undergraduate students as case studies and scholarly papers are also available as large PDF files. Among the skeletons presented are those from Lake Mungo, of particular interest since the Lake Mungo 1 sepulture, dating from 17,000 years ago, is currently regarded as the oldest in Australia and possibly the earliest human cremation known in the world. In the research section, the 'querks' link opens an mp3 audio recording about the discovery of the small adults at Flores (proposed name: Homo floriensis). The page also makes available raw data, ready to be imported into software programs, which may be used by students to familiarise themselves with palaeoanthropological data and test statistical functions. However, these datasets are incomplete and unsuitable for researchers. Undergraduate students approaching palaeoanthropology for the first time will find this website most useful.
The Saint Eustatius Center for Archaeological Research was established in order to preserve and promote the archaeology of Saint Eustatius. The Island, situated between Guadeloupe and St. Kitts and Nevis in the West Indies, was an important free trade port during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It played a significant role in supplying arms to the American revolutionaries and was sacked by the British in 1781 as a result. The small island has since been largely forgotten but harbours a high density of archaeological sites, both from the colonial period and the pre-colonial Saladoid Native Americans (until around 800 A.D.). Thus far, archaeological research has concentrated on colonial sites, such as the Pleasures Estate sugar plantations. The website provides a brief history of 'Statia' and explains the work being conducted by the centre. There are online reports and a bibliography as well as a list of known extant maps of the island. The site does not appear to be updated very regularly, as the news section of upcoming events was about two years out of date when last checked.
Part of the PBS Nova website, Secrets of Easter Island focuses on an experimental archaeology project concerning the statues (or Moai) of Easter Island. As well as information on the project, dispatches, and theories on how the statues were originally transported by the Islanders, the site contains information on the migration of the first inhabitants to the island, and their possible navigational methods. The site also contains an option to explore the island through QuickTime, and a list of further resources.
This website, designed by students from a school in Tasmania in conjunction with the Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service, is aimed at school children and teachers. It contains journal stories of shipwrecks and Antarctic exploration, which can be accessed using Adobe Acrobat. There is also information about Macquarie Island, a database of shipwrecks that occurred in the area and a bibliography of texts on the subject of Antarctic exploration and shipwrecks around Macquarie Island. Included on the site are puzzles, games and suggestions for classroom activities.
Part of the Nova Online series, this website was produced to compliment the television programme Sultan's Lost Treasure. The programme follows an expedition to recover thousands of porcelain and other artefacts from a centuries-old Chinese shipwreck off the coast of Brunei. Information onsite includes ancient Chinese explorers; Asia's undersea archaeology; Chinese porcelain; and a quiz which involves dating specific porcelain items and requires the Flash plug-in software. There are links to other sites, a transcript of the broadcast and resources for teachers.
This website published by Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service focuses on the marine heritage of Tasmania and includes sections on sealing, whaling and shipwrecks. Altogether around 1,000 vessels of all sizes are known to have been lost on the Tasmanian Coast, Australia, but the locations of less than ten percent of these shipwrecks are known. Ten historic shipwrecks that have been located are described here. The Historic Heritage Section of the Parks and Wildlife Service are responsible for the management of these wrecks and maintain this site. There is a small list of related books.
Traditional Navigation in the Western Pacific is an online adaptation of an article which first appeared in Expedition Magazine vol. 29 no. 3 (1987). The site is part of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology site; and focuses on the traditional navigation techniques developed and perfected by Caroline Islanders. The site includes maps of the Caroline Islands; discussions of the history of ocean voyaging in the Western Pacific; the use of 'star structure' as a compass; the teaching of navigational methods, schematic mapping, weather predictions; and a bibliography.
The Wairau Bar blog publishes news and informative articles (with plenty of pictures) on one of the most important archaeological sites of New Zealand. The blog is written by a University of Otago student who partecipates in the fieldwork at the site. Updates about excavations appear here when fieldwork is being carried out at the site.
Wairau Bar was used by some of the earliest settlers of New Zealand, between the end of the 13th and the first decades of the 14th centuries AD according to radiocarbon dating. The Moa-Hunter oeriod of Maori culture has been defined after excavations at the site. It is a burial site of Rangitane (a local ethnic group) and is still being used to bury repatriated remains of that people.
The maritime division of the Western Australian Museum is based in Fremantle; The Western Australian Maritime Museum provides exhibitions on Shipwrecks discovered off the Western Australian coast and Western Australia's Maritime endeavours. There are three sites: the new Maritime Museum, the Shipwreck Galleries, and the Submarine 'Ovens'. The new Museum has six themed galleries: the Indian Ocean Tin Canoe to Australia II; Fremantle and the Swan River; Hooked on Fishing; Cargoes; and Naval Defence. The Shipwreck Galleries feature: early exploration and shipwrecks as early as the 17th Century, including original timbers from the Dutch VOC ship the 'Batavia', wrecked in 1629.
The website "Western Australian Museum Department of Maritime Archaeology online databases" has made a number of databases available online. There are five databases in total: artefacts; bibliography; strangers on the shore (which contains records of all known European and Asian shipwrecks around Western Australia where survivors have had indigenous social contact); numismatics; and Western Australian shipwrecks. The last includes details of the names of the ships wrecked; date of loss; area in which the ship was wrecked; and whether the wreck has been found. The bibliographic listing gives information about 6,000 primary and secondary sources available in the museum library. Each of the databases is searchable, but they cannot currently be searched as an entire collection. All of the material relates to maritime history in Western Australia.