The Institute for European and Mediterranean Archaeology (IEMA) has been created in 2006 as a collaborative effort among several departments at the College of Arts and Sciences, University at Buffalo, State University of New York. The website provides information on the staff and their research projects as well as events sponsored by the institute. In the "research" page there are hyperlinks to laboratories available to the institute as well as journals published by its members, namely Arethusa; Discourse; and the Journal of World Anthropology. This website also publishes short illustrated summaries of several projects by members of the institute. Among the projects are a survey in the area of Galatas, Crete, which has identified a Neolithic settlement at Profitis Ilias Archalochori; a large Minoan building (60 x 16 m preserved); and 124 archaeological sites. The survey has also recognised an increase in population in the area in the Neopalatial period followed by a decrease and clustering at the end of the Late Minoan period. Another important project featured on the website is the Thy's Iron Age Project (TIA), which focuses on Iron Age and Early Medieval Denmark, for which some preliminary reports are available. Only scanty information is provided for other projects, which include the excavations at çadir Höyük and the Citadel of Nimrud Digital Project.
The website of the 27th Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities in Greece, which is competent for the conservation and study of the archaeological sites and monuments in the prefecture of Pieria (Macedonia), publishes several illustrated reports. The website, in Greek only (online translation services however exist), is a good starting point to learn about the archaeology in the area, new discoveries and contact the ephoria. The region includes Mount Olympus. Sections focus on Mount Olympos; houses; economy (especially agriculture); Pieria; recent research projects; educational projects (aimed at local schoolchildren); information on the ephorate including vacancies and permits requests; a series of studies on the ancient Muses and Mount Olympos (several PDF files) and information on past local conferences. Researchers focusing on the area will find that this website is an essential research tool.
The website of the 35th Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities in Greece, which is in charge of the conservation and study of archaeological sites and monuments in the Ionian Islands of Kefalonia, Ithaca, and Zakynthos, publishes a list of contacts and several reports on the local archaeology. The website is in Greek and Italian only (online translation services can be used). The collections of the Argostoli museum are presented in an illustrated article. The illustrated reports focus instead on recent excavations in the area. A section also publishes notices of events. Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
This website publishes the complete text of the out-of-print volume "The Aegean and the Orient in the Second Millennium, Proceedings of the 50th Anniversary Symposium, University of Cincinnati, 18-20 April 1997", which has been published in the Aegaeum series. Each paper is available as an individual PDF file. Several studies on cultural, religious, and economic aspects of the Bronze Age Aegean related to the ancient Near East are available. There are studies of cultural and artistic influences (Aegean objects in the ancient Near East and Near Eastern influences in Aegean culture); Minoan and Mycenaean exchanges in the Mediterranean; artistic styles in frescoes, ceramics ivories and other artefacts; theoretical and methodological papers. The discussions were recorded and are also available as PDF files transcripts. This website may be precious to researchers who cannot access the book, and perhaps save a trip to the library to the others.
"Aegaeum," or Annales d'Archéologie égéenne de l'Université de Liège are a series of printed monographs on Aegean themes. Only one number is freely available in downloadable PDF format and this is the recent (2001) "POTNIA. Deities and Religion in the Aegean Bronze Age" edited by Robert Laffineur and Robin Hägg. This book is an updated reference text on the subject of religion in the Aegean Bronze Age, but it is already out of print. Its complete and free publication on the Internet is most welcome for anybody interested in Minoan or Mycenaean religion. The key subjects featured in the book are Minoan peak sanctuaries, shrines in Minoan buildings, the Minoan "Snake Goddess", Mycenaean sanctuaries, cultic figurines and, of course, Potnia. The Web page lists and provides access to a separate PDF file for each contribution to the edited volume, for a grand total of 54 papers in 491 pages. These papers were originally presented at the eighth international Aegean conference. The page also links to a complete list of all volumes published in the series Aegaeum, some of which can be purchased online.
Aegean and Balkan Prehistory is a useful website publishing some recent papers and a searchable bibliography on the subject. At the time of review, several of the available papers had been published earlier in printed publications and both the forum and maps sections were not available. The available papers concentrate on Bronze Age matt-painted pottery and grey wares typical of the Balkan region and provide a solid introduction to the topic. Many papers are preliminary reports of excavations (Okolište; Çukuriçi Höyük; Angelochori; Aiani; Dubene; Dragoyna); all papers are illustrated. The addition of an updated bibliography on the subject and area makes the website primarily a useful tool for specialist researchers or advanced students. The lack of a general introduction or overview limits the usefulness of the website for undergraduate students. This website requires Internet Explorer.
The website of Aegeus provides information on the society and information on how to become a member. Benefits for members are being expanded. The society focuses its activities on Aegean and Cypriot prehistory and publishes a fortnightly newsletter on new publications; conferences; postgraduate and job opportunities. The newsletter is available as a PDF file. Postgraduate students and researchers of Aegean prehistory based in Greece or the UK will find the newsletter most helpful.
This is the website of the ALMYRAS-Project, which deals with ancient copper production on Cyprus. The project is a joint-venture between the archaeometallurgical project of Agia Varvara-Almyras in Cyprus, the Swiss National Foundation for Scientific Research, and the Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research. The unearthed architectural structures and artefacts come from the most complete productive chain in ancient Cypriot copper metallurgy. The website gives brief details of the excavations and survey, information on experimental reconstructions of copper production and information on proposed scientific studies and analyses which will be undertaken in the future.
Akamas, Society for the Promotion of Salaminian Monuments is a civil, non-profit society and non-governmental organisation, focusing on the promotion of monuments in the island of Salamís. This website publishes information on the society; archaeological research in Greece carried out by the University of Ioannina and some archaeological events in Greece. All information is available in Greek, most pages have been translated in English. Section "Special Actions" contains the newsletter of the society, in Greek only. The most interesting section, however, is the "University of Ioannina Researches", which includes preliminary reports on surveys and fieldwork. Among the surveyed areas are the Middle Helladic acropolis at Sklavos; the Plateau of Ginani; Cape Mertzani; Peranisi Islet; and Kochi Mountain. These preliminary reports are usually very brief and in Greek only; it is necessary to click on the 3D map to access them. Preliminary reports of archaeological excavations are also available, only a few are in English. The excavations include the sites of the Cave of Euripides ("it was used successively as a place for seasonal human habitation and multiple activity in the Late Neolithic period; as a place intended for burials in the Late Mycenaean period; as a retreat of Euripides in the 5th century BC; as a sacred cave intended for cult activities in the Roman period"); the Sanctuary of Dionysos; and the Mycenaean acropolis (Kanakia area; evidence of Late Bronze Age transmarine trade includes Cypriot and eastern artefacts) in the Salamís Island. Several webpages are still incomplete. Both students and researchers of Aegean and Greek archaeology may find this website useful.
The website of the American Journal of Archaeology (AJA) publishes free full-text electronic versions in PDF format of all published papers from 2002 to 2007 as well as additional online-only contents such as books and museums reviews; image galleries; supplementary data (e.g. bibliography of osteological research in classical archaeology); and forums. Only abstracts are available for articles published since 2008; the full-text PDF files can only be accessed via a subscription. The journal focuses on Greek, Roman and Etruscan archaeology, and publishes also a few papers on Aegean (Minoan and Mycenaean) archaeology and the archaeology of the ancient Near East and Mesopotamia. The website can be searched and prospective authors may find guidelines and a form to submit their papers for publication. Issues of the journal dating before 2001 can be searched and accessed via JSTOR. It is possible to subscribe to a mailing list (AJA e-Update) for updates on the journal and the current activities of the American Institute of Archaeology.
The American Journal of Archaeology was founded in 1885 and is now one of the most prestigious journals in the field of Classical Archaeology. Anyone interested in the archaeology of the Mediterranean region will find this website useful.
The Ancient Cyprus Project offers the opportunity for people at all levels of experience to participate in scholarship and knowledge sharing. The website aims to provide information such as: extensive bibliographies of works about the island; sources of funding for research; centres of study; lists of collections and access arrangements; scholar and project contact details; bulletins on excavations and projects; and full excavation reports. The website presents a list of archaeological sites in Cyprus with links, where possible, to further web resources. The website also provides links to websites that cover archaeological techniques.
University College London and Trent University in collaboration with the Greek Archaeological Service have organised the Antikythera Survey Project (ASP). As part of the project, two major seasons of surface survey have been carried out on the island in 2005 and 2006. Researchers have collected ca. 20,000 artefacts. The survey has so far revealed that, in the island there was a "prehistoric presence dating back to the later Neolithic, a series of Minoan farmsteads, a fortified settlement of Hellenistic pirates, a large Late Roman community, and a period of more recent re-colonization during the late 18th-19th century AD." The website acts as an introduction to the research and describes the projects methods and offers downloads of datasets created by the work.
This is the official website of the Archaeochemistry research in the eastern Mediterranean (ARCHEM) project directed by Andrew J. Koh. As part of the project, researchers extract organic residues from artefacts (primarily ceramic vessels) and analyse them. The website provides a basic introduction to the work being carried out by Koh and colleagues and publishes some reports in PDF format. The project benefits from a lab at the Institute for Aegean Prehistory Study Center for east Crete (INSTAP-SCEC) and has analysed samples from Greek (Aphrodite's Kephali; Azoria; Gournes; Gournia; Mitrou; Mochlos; Petras; Plakalona Tourloti; Priniatikos Pyrgos) and Egyptian (Sedment; Areika; Aniba; Buhen) archaeological sites. No results have been published yet on the website, though this is a very recent project. Koh has carried out a detailed study of building C.7 at Mochlos as part of his PhD and an introduction to his thesis is available on the website; the full thesis may be purchased. An important aspect of this project is the integration of chemical analyses in the excavation process: analyses are carried out on suitable artefacts as they are unearthed, before any destructive processing, like washing, is applied. The website provides an essential introduction to the goals, methods and current work of the project. Interested researchers will find contact details of the project team; guidelines on how to select and handle artefacts for analysis; and a list of events in which the project is being presented.
This atlas of archaeological sites in the Aegean region is published by the Hellenic Ministry of the Aegean and University of Athens. The atlas includes most sites on or near the Aegean coast. The atlas provides information on many archaeological sites from the Neolithic to the late antiquity; for each site a short summary and a few pictures (click to view enlarged version in new window) are available. However, the atlas does not cover the entire regions of important civilisations such as the Mycenaean or Greek ones. For instance, large parts of the Peloponnesus are missing. Furthermore, at the time of this review the records of some maps (such as the one covering Thera) were unavailable. In spite of these problems, the atlas is a valuable tool for the general public and students up to undergraduate level, especially for culturally homogeneous regions such Crete and the Anatolian coast. The atlas can be accessed via the "overview of maps", which details the included regions. By clicking on any region, a map with clickable sites appears. It is possible to scroll the map and access any adjacent map in this way. The "maps" section just opens a random map. The "index of sites" provides a list of sites. The "archaeological sites" gives direct access to the first site in alphabetical order; it is possible to see all the sites in that order. There is also a glossary of terms and a "time chart".
The "Archaeology in Greece Online" website is the product of a cooperation between the French School at Athens and the British School at Athens that publishes short reports on excavations and fieldwork from the Chronique des fouilles (in French) and Archaeological Reports (in English) series of printed publications. The website also lists recent unpublished conferences; its interface is in French, English and Greek. For each excavation compiled in this online database it is possible to access a map (integrated from Google Maps) showing its location. It is possible to search the database according to a series of parameters; in the "Help" section there is a video tutorial that illustrates the search options and the interface of the website. At the time of review only a limited number of reports was available, but it is expected that the number will grow. Of course, the two archaeological schools producing this website have access to unpublished and verified information that would be very difficult to access otherwise, and this makes this resource extremely valuable to researchers involved in archaeological research in the Aegean region. The reports cover all time periods and are usually produced using information coming from the directors of the reported excavations and covering a single year of work. Sometimes multiple reports are available for the same excavation and year if reports were sent to both publications; it is important also to note that the names of the archaeological sites vary in French and English reports (e.g. Cnossos and Knossos) and therefore searches by pre-defined regions should be preferred to keyword searches of toponyms. This website is a treat for researchers.
This website of a computing lab at the University of Catania, Italy, publishes information about research on 3D and laser scanner modelling carried out at the lab. The focus of the lab is on Aegean prehistory (Minoan archaeology) and Classical Greece. Only a few pictures of the digital models are currently available, but there are also a list of publications and contacts of the principal investigators for those interested. Among the 3D models are Phaistos, Ayia Triada, Polizzello and some pictures of Kamares culture. The laser scanner models include the Greek torso of the God Asclepius from Syracuse, a wooden head from a Sicilian Christian church, and Hellenistic Thysia (Catania). There are some useful videos for some of the laser scanner models. Students and researchers interested in 3D modelling and laser scanner use in archaeology may find this website useful.
The archives of AEGEANET, the "discussion list for the Aegean Bronze Age", are available to be browsed for free on this website. The mailing list is open to anyone interested in Aegean archaeology, and participants are primarily students and scholars. The contents are mixed, and include questions; news of discoveries; job listings (especially based in the USA); and announcements of conferences. No particular information is guaranteed to appear in the discussion list and the volume of emails is variable. The archives have a search facility.
To subscribe to the active list, mail to (all quotation marks to be removed) "firstname.lastname@example.org" the message (in the body of the email): "sub egeanet Your Name"; or use "unsub aegeanet" to unsubscribe. To receive AegeaNet in digest form (i.e. to receive one email every day with all messages bundled together), subscribe and then send as second command: "set aegeanet mail digest".
The Arthur Evans archive website is part of the Oxford Digital Library and publishes the papers and drawings that Sir Arthur Evans, keeper of the Ashmolean Museum (1884-1908) left to the museum at his death. Many plans and other drawings of architectural structures are of great archaeological importance because they document the findings and contexts with greater detail than in the published plans. Several drawings of frescoes also document the original state of preservation and intermediate states of restoration of many frescoes that are otherwise known only in their restored state. Many drawings were authored by collaborators of Sir Arthur Evans. In addition to the palace of Knossos, they depict structures and artefacts found at Isopata; Zafer Papoura; Aghia Triadha; and Mycenae. The database can be browsed or searched and for each record it is given the original author, dimensions, eventual publication and other essential information. The quality of pictures is adequate for screen view and the handwritten texts can usually be read with ease; an interactive version that facilitates printing is available by clicking the "zoom" button. This is an essential website for any researcher studying Minoan Crete.
This website is published by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and focuses on the Macedonian site of Madzahari, in the Skopje district. The resource offers a preliminary report on the findings of the excavations, among the most notable of which are some Neolithic anthropomorphic ceramic vessels. The names and institutional affiliations of the members of the team responsible for the excavations are given. Also included are a brief bibliography, and a small 'diaporama' - a gallery of pictures.
This is the website of the Assiros Toumba excavations conducted between 1975 an 1987 by Dr K.A. Wardle of Birmingham University. Evidence of continued occupation from the Middle Bronze Age (ca. 2000 BC) through to the Iron Age (ca. 700 BC) was uncovered, with a series of Bronze Age granaries and an Iron Age destruction level being the principle discoveries. The website provides information on chronology and stratigraphy, recovered finds (including pottery analysis) and provides a list of publications on the subject.
This is the official website of the Australian Archaeological Institute at Athens (AAIA). It includes information on the Institute and membership; its library and hostel; scholarships; fieldwork projects; and publications. Among the fieldwork projects of the Institute are the excavations at Torone; the Paliochora-Kythera survey; and the excavations at Zagora. There is a short summary of the work carried out at Torone with a useful timeline; the work has concentrated on the Greek and Roman periods and of particular interest are some terracotta figurines from domestic contexts and theatrical subject. Some basic information is also provided for the survey at Paliochora. The full text AAIA Bulletin is available in PDF format.
This is the website of the Belgian School at Athens, which provides information on the events organised by the School (Announcements), the permission procedures (Projects), and some information on the School itself and its the staff (About). The School organises seminars on its activities and information on such events (programs and posters) can be found on this website. Aegean archaeologists may want to visit regularly this website for information on the activities of the School.
One of the finest and most diverse collections in Athens, and also the oldest in Greece, it is no surprise to find that the Benaki Museum's website is exemplary in form and content. It offers all the necessary information for the prospective visitor, including QuickTime movies of many of the galleries, details of past, present and future collections, and overviews of the collections. A journey through the museum passes through Ancient Greece and the Roman period, the Byzantine period, the Frankish and Ottoman occupations, to the struggle for independence in the nineteenth century and the establishment of the Greek state thereafter. Each section is represented by a selection of choice artefacts, the illustrations of which can be enlarged. The Museum also holds important collections of historic heirlooms, over 6000 paintings and drawings by Greek artists and those who visited or were inspired by the country, as well as Coptic, Chinese (largely the gifts of George Eumorphopoulos) and Islamic art and a collection of Toys and Games from Greece and the wider world. There is admirable attention to the history of the museum, with special features on the founder, Antonis Benakis, and other significant donors, as well as the building itself (the Benakis' residence in Athens) and plans for the division of the collection (the Islamic collection, the Department of Historical Archives, and the collection of Toys and Games) and their prospective homes. The Museum's Archive collection is particularly important, and there are separate pages for the Historical (much relating to the Greek War of Independence and the later rise of Eleftherios Venizelos), Neo-Hellenic Architecture and Photography archives. The last has further links to pages devoted to James Robertson, Nelly's, Voula Papaioannou and Dimitris Harissiadis, all of which are well illustrated. All three archives are responsible for publications, details of which are listed.
This website publishes the free and full-text online edition of the "Bibliothèques de l'Ecole française d'Athènes et de Rome - Série Athènes", a series of monographs published by the French School of Athens. Almost all volumes have been made available; it is possible that missing volumes will be published in the future. This collection of volumes is often outdated in many parts, but can still be a precious reference for researchers. It focuses on Greek archaeology, history, art and literature. Among the studies are those on the Athenian trireme (La Trière athénienne. Étude d’archéologie navale); the frontier on the Euphrates (La frontière de l’Euphrate de Pompée à la conquête arabe); Etruscan and Villanovan Bologna (Bologne étrusque et villanovienne); Aelius Aristide; Cycladic pottery (La céramique des Cyclades); Callimacus (Callimaque et son oeuvre poétique); several volumes on Delos; the sphinx; the defeat of 404 BC for Athens (Athènes devant la défaite de 404. Histoire d’une crise idéologique); Minoan tholoi, especially from the Mesara Plain, and Mycenaean tholoi (Tholoi, tumuli et cercles funéraires. Recherches sur les monuments funéraires de plan circulaire dans l’Égée de l’Âge du Bronze); Mycenaean ivories; Lysander of Sparta; the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age of Greece (Le Néolithique et le Bronze Ancien égéens); the sanctuary of Poseidon and Amphitrite at Ténos (Ténos. Le sanctuaire de Poséidon et d’Amphitrite); and many others. This website may be useful to both researchers and students.
The British School at Athens' website provides information about the School; its activities and organised events; its museum and archive; its library; and the archaeological site of Knossos. A list of present and past members is available and there is information on how to become a member. The website provides access to the library of the School; lists the publications by the School including the Annual; and publishes events organised by the School; field and bursary opportunities in Greece; it details how to become a friend or member; and how to apply for permits or the facilities available to the School's members, including the Fitch Research Laboratory and the hostels. The School organises courses for both undergraduates and postgraduates. This websites is an essential resource for researchers wishing to carry out research in Greece.
The Bryn Mawr Classical Review (BMCR) is a regularly-updated online journal which publishes reviews, written by academics, of books on a whole range of classical subjects (since 1990). The reviews are generally longer than one expects to find within a scholarly journal, often giving a chapter-by-chapter summary of the work as well as critical comment. BMCR also publishes responses to reviews (and occasionally responses to the responses). The website gives access to all reviews published since 1990 and a simple search interface. The website also includes instructions for viewing Greek characters online, as well as guidelines for reviewers. The reviews are relevant to both Classics and Classical archaeology and may be useful to bot researchers and students.
The Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique (BCH) is a major academic journal publishing papers and excavation reports related to the research activities carried out by members of the French School of Athens; all contents are in French. The Bulletin is well known by both scholars and students interested in the archaeology of Greece and it is an essential publication on Aegean, Minoan, Mycenaean, Greek and Byzantine archaeology. The journal publishes two issues every year, the first issue contains academic papers and the second one contains further papers and the excavation reports of excavations run by the French School or in which the School participates; news and summaries about all excavations carried out that year in Greece are also included. It is possible to perform searches of the journal, but full-text search of the contents is not available. At the time of review all issues from 1877 to 2000 were included; newer issues are also planned to be digitised, but will probably appear online a few years later after the printed version. However, the available issues remain of paramount importance for any scholar or student. This website should be an essential tool of work to study the archaeology of ancient Greece.
In separate sections can be found also the volumes of the tables of contents, which could prove very handy, and the "Suppléments au Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique", which publishes a series of monographs. Among the available volumes in the series are: "Iconographie classique et identités régionales" (Classical iconography and regional identity); "Les villes de Macédoine à l’époque romaine" (The Macedonian villas of Roman period); "Recherches sur la céramique byzantine" (researches on Byzantine ceramics, proceedings); "L’habitat égéen préhistorique" (the prehistoric Aegean environment, proceedings); "La Vallée de l’Énipeus en Thessalie" (the Enipeus Valley in Thessaly); "Polydipsion Argos. Argos de la fin des palais mycéniens à la constitution de l’État classique" (Argos from the end of Mycenaean palaces to the constitution of the Classical state, proceedings); "Les ateliers de potiers dans le monde grec aux époques géométrique, archaïque et classique" (the workshops of ceramists in the Greek world during the Geometric, Archaic and Classical periods, proceedings); "Dikili Tash. Village préhistorique de Macédoine orientale" (Dikili Tash, prehistoric village in eastern Macedonia); Mykénaïka (proceedings of the 9th international conference on Mycenaean and Aegean texts, 1992); "La Crète mycénienne" (Mycenaean Crete, proceedings, 1997); and "Delphes cent ans après la Grande fouille. Essai de bilan" (Delphi a century after the great excavation, proceedings, 2000).
This is the official website of the Centro di archeologia cretese at the University of Catania, Italy. The focus of the centre is on Minoan sites in Crete, but there are also some contributions on "Mycenaean" influences in Bronze and Iron Age Sicily. The website provides information on the members of the centre; its activities and recent publications. Only indexes and cover pages are available in the section about publications. The section on excavations carried out by the centre members focuses on three major sites: Phaistos; Ayia Triadha and Prinias. For each archaeological site there is a short introduction and a few summaries of the research and discoveries in recent years. Phaistos is a palatial site with strata from the Neolithic up to the end of the Minoan period. The Minoan villa of Ayia Triadha located near Phaistos, in the Mesara Plain, served as temporary palace during the reconstruction of Phaistos (Late Minoan period). Knossos and the complex of Phaistos and Ayia Triadha are the most important surviving archaeological sites of the Minoan civilisation.
The publication of 'Centuries of Darkness' by Peter James et al in 1991 provoked a stormy scholarly debate about the nature of the chronological frameworks used by archaeologists to study the Mediterranean and Near Eastern world in the second and first millennia BC. The discussion of the so-called Dark Ages between 1200 and 700 BC was especially controversial as it advocated a drastic downdating of many major historical events and archaeological horizons by several centuries. This website, published by several of the original authors in 2000, provides an interesting angle on the debate in the form of 100 reviews of the book and a sample of the responses made to the critics derived from a wide range of academic and popular publications. Also included is a series of frequently asked questions about the 'Centuries of darkness' debate in which the authors address many of the specific criticisms of their argument. A very useful page listing websites devoted to ancient chronological studies and details of other books by the authors complete the resource.
This resource is by no means an exhaustive guide to the debate about Bronze and Iron Age chronology in the Mediterranean and Near East and the authors' partisan position, which is rejected by the majority of contemporary archaeologists and historians working in the field, is clear throughout. Nonetheless, the website is a valuable source of bibliographic reference to publications on ancient chronology. It also provides important insights into the politics and polemics of scholarly discourse and the nature of academic authority. It will benefit in particular third-level students and researchers in archaeology and the Bronze Age history of the Near East.
General Luigi di Palma Cesnola (1832-1904) was the most famous, if not notorious, excavator and collector of Cypriot antiquities in the 19th century, whose extraordinary assemblage of artefacts was dispersed to many museums and institutions both during his lifetime and after his death. This excellent website provides a guide to the collection of Cesnola material now housed in the Semitic Museum of Harvard University along with a very useful, concise guide to Cypriot archaeology and material culture. The core of the resource, still in progress at the time of writing, is a database of over 1300 objects, searchable by accession number, shape, classification and historical period. The use of pulldown menus provides a useful browse function for visitors to the site not familiar with Cypriot archaeology. Many of the objects are illustrated with thumb-nail images which can also be viewed at a larger scale. The objects are contextualised with the help of short, period-by-period accounts of Cypriot archaeology ranging from the Neolithic to the Byzantine periods circa 10,000 B.C.-1500 A.D. In addition the resource features short entries on fabric and artefact types and on the chronological schemes employed in Cypriot archaeology. The website also features concise biographical material, including a discussion of Cesnola's book 'Cyprus. Its ancient cities, tombs and temples' of 1877, in addition to a short bibliography listing key publications of Cesnola material. This valuable resource will appeal to a wide audience, ranging from undergraduate students in Near Eastern and Mediterranean archaeology and art history to more experienced graduates and researchers in the subject.
"Chloris" is a searchable bibliography of the Bronze Age archaeology of mainland Greece and Crete. Updated and with sections focusing on specific islands, it proves to be very easy to use for anyone interested in Aegean archaeology. Since the books inserted in the database are selected by research staff, and have been indexed by keyword manually, the returned results are always relevant. Other tools should be used to obtain comprehensive lists. The bibliography includes some PhD dissertations. It is possible to suggest books to be included in Chloris, an attractive option especially for authors of unpublished academic dissertations. Two very simple maps constitute the only content other than the bibliographies.
This website is published by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and focuses on the site of Khirokitia, Cyprus. Khirokitia is a eighth millennium BC settlement located on the southern coast of Cyprus and belonging to the Cypriote Preceramic Neolithic period. A few illustrated articles summarise the discoveries at the site, which include a wall and a protective architectural structure at the entrance of the settlement, and circular huts. This website also reports on the geoarcheological, environmental and experimental archaeology studies that have been carried out there. There are articles on the animal and botanical remains in the settlement and on tools. An extensive bibliography is also available. Higher quality versions of all the pictures accompanying the text can be found in the 'diaporama' (gallery) section.
This website, published by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, focuses on the site of Shillourokambos, Cyprus. Through some illustrated articles, this site summarises the discoveries at one of the earliest sites in Cyprus, and considers the introduction of agriculture in Cyprus and the Mediterranean. However, stone tools reveal that Shillourokambos was inhabited from a much earlier period: the earliest products date to the end of the ninth or early eighth millennium BC. This website also includes a bibliography and a 'diaporama' - a gallery of pictures.
The Corinth Excavations website gives brief details of the excavations at Corinth which serve as a field laboratory and training ground for the American School of Classical Studies. The web pages concentrate on the facilities available at the excavation site and the staff involved in the research. There are also brief reports on the results of the excavations carried out between 1998 to 2002 together with links to other web sites about excavation in and around Corinth.
This website provides an introduction to the archaeological research at the city-state of Halai in central Greece together with a description of the on-going excavation and survey work carried out by the Cornell Halai and East Lokris Project (CHELP) directed by Dr John Coleman. Halai was first settled in the Neolithic period and then, after a break in occupation, was continuously occupied from the Archaic to the Byzantine periods (c700 B.C. to 1300 A.D.). The website provides a period by period guide to the main architectural and artefactual discoveries at the site together with a series of annual reports and research papers on various aspects of the site and its surrounding area. There also is a searchable database of artefacts from the site. The resource also includes an extensive bibliography, including publications by earlier excavators at Halai, and a image library of almost over 250 pictures. A clickable AutoCAD map of the acropolis shows the different phases of occupation and provides useful plans of the excavated areas. The website is easily navigable thanks to a series of indices and a search facility. The website contains also galleries of pictures (maps, drawings and photographs) of the sites of Kephala in Keos, Elean Pylos, and Alambra in Cyprus. This website will be of use to both undergraduate students and researchers, particularly to those interested in the development of the Greek city-state.
Dendrochronology, or tree-ring dating, is a major technique used by archaeologists for dating archaeological sites. This website merges contents from two projects, "The Malcolm and Carolyn Wiener Laboratory for Aegean and Near Eastern Dendrochronology" and "The New York State and NE North American Dendrochronology Project". The Aegean Dendrochronology Project based at Cornell University aims to provide a complete sequence of tree-ring dates from the 7th Millennium B.C. until the present in the Near East and the Aegean basin. The North American Dendrochronology Project is similar in nature but focuses on North America. Some basic information on the projects is provided, and submission of samples is invited. There is a page outlining the type of research conducted at the lab, especially the recent developments in dendrochemistry. Researchers interested in dendrochronological dating may find this website useful.
Cretan Hieroglyphic Texts by John G. Younger is a simplified edition of the Corpus Hieroglyphicarum Inscriptionum Cretae (CHIC). It is an important reference work that can disseminate the study of Cretan Hieroglyphic inscriptions (mostly from Knossos and Malia) and eventually distribute updates fast. Cretan Hieroglyphic was used in Minoan Crete and there is evidence of similarities between Linear A and Cretan Hieroglyphic; both scripts are undeciphered.
This technical website may be valuable to researchers in archaeology, linguistics and classics specialising in Linear A and Minoan scripts.
The 'Current Archaeology in Turkey' website is a useful database of all ongoing archaeological excavations, surveys and field research projects in Turkey written by the Anatolian Iron Age research project team at the University of New England, Armidale, Australia. The archaeological sites can be browsed by name; period; and region. For each archaeological site, survey or research project there is a short article summarising recent results from presentations given at the 'International Symposium of Excavations, Surveys and Archaeometry, Turkey' and preliminary reports provided by individual excavators. A few records have a short bibliography, but for most archaeological sites this website provides the only published source of information available. The text is in English and Turkish and it is possible to switch between the two languages clicking on the lateral columns. This is a precious resource for researchers.
"The Cyprus American Archaeological Research Institute" website publishes information about the activities of the institute in Cyprus, including fellowships; lodgings in Cyprus; and access to archival materials. The most useful resource for those not wishing to use any services provided by the Institute is the bi-annual "CAARI News" newsletter, published in PDF format, which summarises and highlights the most recent activities of the Institute. Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
This is the official website of the Danish Institute at Athens. It provides general information on the institute and its activities, including the field projects carried out by members of the institute. Lists of publications, events and contact details are provided. Researchers or postgraduate students interested in the archaeology of Greece may be interested in the activities of this institute.
'Databases about Aegean Subjects' is a website by the University of Florence that publishes archaeological databases on the subject of Aegean prehistory. At the time of review only the database on Middle Minoan hieroglyphic seals was accessible and allowed to perform complex search queries, though it is still incomplete. Each record is catalogued according to CMS and CHIC identification numbers and includes at least one black and white photograph (obtained with macro lens); a drawing and detailed captions. It is possible to access enlarged versions of the photographs and drawings by clicking on them. Before using this database, the authors suggest downloading and installing a special set of specialist fonts, which may be useful to researchers. Other databases are planned, including one on the Hittite tablets mentioning the Ahhiyawa; one on archaeological artefacts conserved at Florence, Italy; and one on "textile work areas in Bronze Age Crete". Details of each database and the associated projects can be read on the website. In section "the Ahhiyawa question" of "bibliographies" there are copies and transcripts of Hittite tablets mentioning the Ahhiyawa in PDF format as well as hyperlinks to online papers. There is also a news section. This website may be useful especially to specialist researchers.
This is the official website of the ongoing archaeological excavations at Tel Kabri, Israel. The website contains information to participate at forthcoming excavation campaigns (both students and volunteers are welcome; application forms can be downloaded) as well as preliminary reports (in PDF format). Tel Kabri has been recognised as the centre of a Middle Bronze Age (ca. 2000-1550 BCE) Canaanite polity; massive fortifications (Area C), residential architecture and tombs (Areas B and C), as well as a large palace (Area D) dating from this period have been identified. Of great importance was the discovery of one Aegean-type fresco from the palace (more information is given in the 2008 preliminary report), one of just four such frescoes found in the Near East, and possibly the oldest. Evidence for occupation in other periods, from the Neolithic to the Iron Age, has also been found, including an Iron Age fortress with imported Greek pottery. Details of the staff members are given, and it is possible to contact them directly through this website. Both students and researchers may find this website useful.
The "Digital Crete: Mediterranean Cultural Itineraries" website by the Institute for Mediterranean Studies (IMS) based in Rethymno, Crete, is an interactive GIS resource mapping several archaeological, historical and cultural resources found on Crete. In short, there are some databases that can be interactively consulted and it is possible to generate maps from the datasets; a series of pre-defined atlases (GIS maps) is also available. At the time of review some maps plotted the data on an empty page (i.e. there is no geographic marking, not even an outline of the island of Crete). Anyone familiar with Crete will be able to make good use of some of the maps and data, but others may find the website very unfriendly. Some sections are also available in Greek only (Western art during the Venetian period and modern notary acts). Section "Archaeological Atlas" contains data on museums and archaeological sites, plus a VRML map of Crete of limited value. The "Ottoman centuries" section contains data on surviving monuments and tombstones. There is a database on El Greco's works. Finally, there is a section on musical routes based on "The violin tradition in the Cretan traditional music" and "The musical tradition of ‘lyra’ in the Cretan traditional music of the Rethymnon prefecture" research projects.
This is a mammoth project that still requires some refining. It publishes a wealth of data, but for the most part it will be useful to people that has already some basic understanding of Cretan geography and archaeology/history/music. Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
This website publishes an etymological dictionary of Greek myths initiated by Carla Zufferli, then an undergraduate student, and now carried forward by an international team. The dictionary can be accessed by clicking on "dizionario etimologico" and then "consulta" on the top menu and then "consulta" on the page (or using the direct hyperlink on this page); it can only be browsed by word ("voce"; in each record the part of the title in capital letters, e.g. "ACHILLE"); ancient name ("indice"; in each record the first part of the title, e.g. "Achillèus"); category ("categoria") or theme ("tema") accessing the menu on the top and then the required word on the menu on the right looking towards the screen. For each word in the dictionary there are short definitions; references to ancient texts; the etymology of each name starting where possible from Linear B words; category and theme where available; pictures of archaeological artefacts in which relevant characters are depicted (not always available and there are some broken links). The dictionary is in Italian, but Spanish and French translations are being completed. It is necessary to have installed a special font for Greek words, which can be downloaded from the website. Another important part of this website is labelled "materiali": here there are short articles ("saggi") on miscellaneous aspects of Greek religion and mythology; original texts ("testi") from both ancient and modern poets (e.g. the "snake women" from "Mythos Libykí²s" by Dionis Chrysostomi; "Narciso al fonte" by Umberto Saba) and reviews ("recensioni e notizie") of recent publications. Some pages also provide more details on the project and the team writing the dictionary. This advanced dictionary is a useful research tool for researchers and postgraduate students of Greek religion and possibly Mycenaean Linear B.
'Dr. J's Illustrated Guide to the Classical World' is a mélange of texts, images and weblinks illustrating many aspects of the ancient Greek and Roman World assembled by Dr Janice Siegel of Illinois State University and is designed to open up the world of classical antiquity to students of all levels. This is an on-going project and will be added to over time. It provides much useful supplementary study material for school children and preliminary undergraduate students in Classics, ancient history and classical archaeology. Illustrated lectures and texts feature items on ancient history, myth, drama, art and archaeology sites and art. The many images and photographs are provided by the author herself or else derive from the major archaeological museums of the world. The website, the core of which is the author's personal webpage, is largely designed to facilitate undergraduate appreciation of the Classics in their studies and is particularly suitable for browsing but is also intended to provide learning aids for teachers. Siegel's colloquial text and selection of images draw numerous parallels between the ancient world and modern political and military events. These also serve a didactic purpose for students and faculty, as will the inclusion of course materials and accounts of her teaching experiences since 1994. Other features of the site include a wide-ranging survey of audio-visual teaching resources in classics, available either online or in video or CD versions.
This is the official website of the French Archaeological School at Athens, founded in 1846 and one of the many foreign archaeological institutes at Athens. It publishes information on the School, its present and past members, and some of its field activities. Summaries of the activities of the School are available. The website contains information useful to contact the School or access the library. A list of publications by members of the School is available. The catalogue of the library is available online. A comprehensive free-and full-text online repository containing a digital version of all journals published by the School is available under the name of Cefael. Further journals of interest to archaeologists, classicists and historians can be found in the Persée repository. This website may be useful to postgraduate students and researchers.
Erétria on the island of Euboea was an important settlement during the Mycenaean, Greek and Roman period. This website summarises the results of the ongoing excavations by the Swiss Archaeological School in Greece. There is a gallery of pictures including both monumental remains and artefacts (such as mosaics); the large high definition pictures are in JPEG CMYK format suitable for press printing and should be downloaded and opened with a specialist program, most browsers will return an error when attempting to open them. Section "theater" by Elisa Ferroni is in German only and publishes the results of a test pit in the area of the theatre, it includes a map; a report on the stratigraphy of the theatre; a detailed report that summarises with drawings and pictures all typical shapes of pottery encountered in the stratigraphy; and a short article suggesting a date for the strata based upon all other studies. There is a timeline (chronology) and a short illustrated article on the landscape. Section "history" publishes a set of illustrated articles each focussing on a period of the settlement of Erétria. Of particular interest are the Early Helladic potter's kiln and the 8th century BC tomb called "Heroon", where a funerary bronze cauldron was found. The town flourished since the Archaic period, and was sacked by the Persians of King Darius in 490 BC, just before the battle of Marathon, and then in 411 BC the town switched side from the Athenians to the Spartans and in the eponymous battle of Eretria the Athenian fleet was destroyed. Philosopher Menedemos was born at Eretria. There articles on the literary sources mentioning the town and epigraphic studies. A large section focuses on numismatics with an article by Monica Brunner and a gallery of pictures in "coins of Eretria"; a separate Euboean coins database which contains information on over 600 Euboean coins recently sold at an auction; it is still possible to access the pages of the auction and access the prices of sale that may be useful in studies of the trade of antiquities. The database contains all inscriptions on coins. There is an extensive bibliography on Euboean coins. On the website of the Swiss Archaeological School in Greece there is also a bibliographic database specialising on Eretria. If a hyperlink appears broken, it might be worth retrying a few times to click on the original link; there were problems with the server at the time of review.
ETANA is a cooperative project between ten scholarly institutions and organizations, funded by the Mellon Foundation, with the aim of enabling wider access to Abzu (the Internet gateway for Ancient Near East studies) and the digitization of core texts in the field. At the time of review, there were over 350 digitized texts, covering topics including ancient Egyptian and Babylonian history, biblical archaeology, and the religion of the Semites. There are also over 180 digitized cuneiform texts. Texts include an electronic version of the 'Pantheon Babylonicum: Nomina Deorum e Textibus Cuneiformibus Excerpta et Ordine Alphabetico Distributa' by Deimel, Panara, Patsch and Schneider. The site also offers a short list of links to archaeological projects and organizations affiliated with ETANA. The ETANA core texts collection can be browsed alphabetically, or keyword searches can be performed using the Abzu interface. Abzu also offers details of a vast array of websites, online journals, and ebooks relevant to academics and students working in this area.
This website publishes a series of free and full-text final reports produced by the French School of Athens on excavations carried out in Crete, and primarily at the Minoan palace of Malia. The series was incomplete at the time of review, but even so the available volumes are a reference resource for anybody studying or researching Minoan archaeology. In addition to several volumes on the palace of Malia (including some of the "Le Palais de Malia" series and some on the quartier Mu), there are volumes on the Minoan palace of Knossos ("La Palais du second millénaire à Knossos" by Jacques Raison, 1993); the necropolis of Mirabello; Linear A tablets ("Recueil des inscriptions en Linéaire A" by Louis Godart and Jean-Pierre Olivier); ideograms on Linear B tablets ("Les idéogrammes archéologiques du Linéaire B" by Jean-Pierre Olivier and Frieda Vandenabeele, 1979); the hieroglyphic inscriptions from Crete ("Corpus Hieroglyphicarum Inscriptionum Cretae" by Louis Godart and Jean-Pierre Olivier, 1996); archaeological anthropology (by Robert Charles, 1965); and wine amphorae in the Classical to Roman Imperial period ("Le Vin et les Amphores de Crète de l’époque classique à l’époque impériale" by Antigone Marangou-Lerat, 1996). The reference volumes on hieroglyphic, Linear A and B volumes as well as the fundamental monographs on the palaces of Malia and Knossos are essential tools for many scholars and students specialising on Aegean archaeology.
Europeana is a European Commission funded web portal which is building a virtual European library offering free access to Europe's cultural resources. Multiple languages are available. It is organised as a giant database of cultural artefacts, typically presenting a (low quality) picture and some metadata for each record and redirecting to other websites to access digital resources. It searches millions of texts (manuscripts, papers, ebooks), images (photographs, maps), films (moving images, videos, film clips, television broadcasts) and sounds from Europe's main research libraries, archives and galleries. Among the institutions involved in supplying data are the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, the British Library in London and the Louvre in Paris. It is possible to search the website by subject keyword, or browse by date, language and theme. Europeana is growing and despite the impressive number of records at the time of review, it could multiply several times that number in the near future given the size of the European heritage. Some areas (e.g. British archaeology) are better represented in the database than others. After registering for free it is possible to tag records and save searches and records on a personal page. Given the scope of the project, anyone may find useful resources searching Europeana, even if only a tiny minority of European heritage is represented.
This Azoria project website publishes the preliminary reports of the excavations of the Iron Age and Archaic town of Azoria, Crete, Greece. The website outlines the methodology applied and there are illustrated preliminary reports of the excavations carried out since 2002. The Azoria project aims at investigate state formation processes in the Aegean by identifying and analysing patterns of land use and culture change in the area and this guiding interest is evident in the reports.
The excavations have unearthed two main public buildings, the Andreion Complex on the upper West Slope and the Monumental Civic Building on the upper Southwest Terrace. The employment of the same method of construction, spine-wall, in both public and private buildings dating to a late phase of the town suggests that works were carried out as part of a single program of architectural renovation without distinction between public and private. The excavations have also yielded evidence of reuse of Minoan stonework (Minoan schist kernos reused face down on a staircase). Preliminary analyses of the organic remains suggest that olives (abundant); grapes; wheat; barley; hackberry; almonds; figs; poppy seeds; pulse; pigs, sheep; goats; and fish were consumed at the site. There is also evidence of wine and oil making.
This online volume accompanies the printed excavation reports for Kissonerga-Mosphilia in Cyprus, and comprises the appendices and chapters 15-27 of Lemba Archaeological Project, Cyprus, Volume II.1A, "Excavations at Kissonerga-Mosphilia, 1979-1992" by Edgar Peltenburg et al. (Studies In Mediterranean Archaeology Volume LXX:2) Jonsered 1998. The excavations, under the auspices of the University of Edinburgh, were concerned with excavating building remains from the Chalcolithic and Neolithic. All chapters are available in PDF format.
This website publishes the preliminary results of the ongoing excavations at Lefkandi Xeropolis by a joint team of the University of Oxford and the British School at Athens. The first section, "New Excavations" provides short illustrated accounts of the work carried out year by year. Several structures and tombs have been unearthed, and a fragment of centaur as well as a set of figurines (including one of a boat, perhaps an early version of a galley) have been found. This section also illustrates the multidisciplinary approach of the current excavations. Section "History of Research" instead contains short illustrated reports of past excavations in the island (directed by Mervyn Popham and Hugh Sackett), focusing on both settlement and cemeteries. There is an updated bibliography. This website may be useful to both researchers and students.
Xeropolis is a plateau facing the sea that was occupied from the Early Bronze Age until the end of the Geometric period. It is one of the most important Greek sites to study the transition from Mycenaean to Greek culture. The recent excavations directed by Irene S. Lemos have been made possible thanks to a grant by the Packard Humanities Institute.
This is the official website of the Finnish Institute at Athens. The website provides information on the library and hostel for visiting researchers; practical information to reach the Institute; information on recent fieldwork, research projects and courses run by the Institute. Among the fieldwork projects run by the Institute are the archaeological excavations at the early Christian basilica at Paliambela in Arethousa (500 AD); the temple of Zeus at Stratos, a monument in the transitional style between the Classical and Hellenistic periods; and the Thesprotia survey in north-western Greece. There is a list of recent publications by researchers working at the Institute.
The "Gazetteer of Aegean-type products in the west Mediterranean" website publishes a database focusing on Aegean-type and -derivative pottery in the central and west Mediterranean (Italian peninsula; Germany; and Iberia). It includes a browsable version of all sites, each on an individual page with a map, and an interactive tabular version that simplifies finding and comparing data. The database is complete and fully functional; it updates a version previously available in print only. In addition to Mycenaean pottery, local (especially Italic) imitations and other artefacts that have been connected to the Aegean are briefly presented. Rather than listing each individual artefact, the gazetteer aims at providing an updated overview of the archaeological evidence known so far. Both researchers and students may find it useful.
This website published by the library of the University of Heidelberg contains a significant number of free and full-text e-books on archaeology; Egyptology; and modern languages literature. It is possible to access digitised manuscripts (Bibliotheca Palatina; Codices Salemitani; and Heidelberger Handschriften) as well as documents and books on the region of Heidelberg; incunabula; documents about the university of Heidelberg; geological writings; art history books (especially nineteenth century European art); archaeology (Minoan, Mycenaeans, Greeks, Romans, Etruscans, iconography, pottery) and Egyptology books; literature of South Asia; World War I archival documents; and other special documents preserved at the university. It is possible to search or browse through the documents and books, mostly written in German. Among the texts are the full-text edition of Arthur J. Evans' "The Palace of Minos" and other works by Evans; works by Adolf Furtwängler, Bernard de Montfaucon, Heinrich Schliemann, William M. Flinders Petrie, and John Ward; and Matthew A. Sherring's "The sacred city of the Hindus: an account of Benares in ancient and modern times". The list of available books is increasing. Since fundamental works of archaeology in the public domain can be accessed through this website, archaeologists at all stages may find this website useful.
The Hellenic History on the Internet website is a large educational resource summaring the long and substantial history of Greece through a series of illustrated articles, some general and some covering specific themes. A panel of scholars have advised in the production of each section. Prehistoric and Classical Greece is well represented, much less Roman Greece. The Byzantine and modern periods are also well covered, less the Ottoman period and the Venetian period is not mentioned. In short, it is a history focusing on the achievements of the indigenous people rather than a history of the region. Despite this, the prehistoric, Classical and modern Greece sections are very valuable; chronologies and bibliographies are also present. At the time of review the sitemaps had broken links, though navigation through the pages was fine. Undergraduates in particular may find this website useful.
The Hellenic Institute of Marine Archaeology (HIMA) is a private non-profit organisation that carries out research studies in marine archaeology in Greece. The website summarises the activities of the institute and provides contact details as well as news on conferences and publications sponsored by the institute. Section "projects" outlines some of the major projects carried out so far, including those concerned with the 4th century AD shipwreck in the south of the Pagasitic Gulf; the island of Dokos; the Point Iria shipwreck; the Kyrenia shipwreck; and the 4th century BC shipwreck at Antidragonera, Kythera. The short illustrated articles only provide an introduction to these topics. This website may be useful to researchers interested on Greek marine archaeology.
Homerica is a French website devoted to the life and works of the archaic Greek epic poet Homer. Featuring a bibliography, and filmography; information on iconography; and chronologies of the Trojan War; Homerica is a valuable resource for understanding the Iliad and Odyssey. Although the site is primarily a gateway to seminars, conferences and publications, it also contains many images; extracts from the Homeric texts in the original Greek; reviews of exhibitions; and catalogues. The section on the historical versus mythical Homer is particularly rewarding, detailing some of the evidence pertaining to the poet's life, and providing helpful links to other material available on the Internet. Some sections may be useful to archaeologists, such as the one on Mycenology (photo and drawing of tablet Ta 641) and various sections on the Trojan War. As a portal to Homeric studies this site is essential reading for those working on literature, Greek culture and archaeology.
This free and full text collection of monographs by members of the French School of Athens may be useful to both researchers and students in Greek and Aegean archaeology. There are volumes on recognising the signatures of ancient Greek sculptors; Thasos; Delphi; Kirrha (Phocis); the necropolis of Myrina; Turkey; and the disk of Phaistos ("Le disque de Phaistos" by Jean-Pierre Olivier, 1992).
The volume on the disk of Phaistos includes a brief summary of the discovery and past researches as well as pictures of all the ideograms. The disk itself remains undeciphered.
The Industrial Minerals in the Aegean website is the official website of a research project at the University of Glasgow. The project focused on the mining of industrial minerals on Greek islands such as Melos, Samos, Lemnos and Kea. It includes pages on Melian alum and sulphur as well as general pages on archaeological discoveries in these islands. There are a few pages concentrating on surveys and geoarchaeological studies in the region. Texts are short, but there are some picture and an essential bibliography of recent research. The interdisciplinary (archaeology and geology) research on industrial minerals in antiquity in the Aegean is a good introduction to this field of research and an excellent case-study of successful interdisciplinary projects that may be of particular interest to researchers.
This is the official website of the Institute for Aegean Prehistory (INSTAP), a non-profit organization (501K) founded in the United States in 1982. The website provides contact details and downloadable forms (Word and PDF formats) to apply to grants and fellowships offered by the Institute. INSTAP at the time of review provided research grants; post-doctoral fellowships; librarian fellowships; petrography internships; academic press fellowships; and publication subventions. INSTAP has financed a large number of researches and fieldwork in the field of Aegean prehistory. A separate study centre (INSTAP-SCEC) operates in Crete. The Institute also publishes excavation reports and researches via INSTAP Academic Press; a separate website provides contact details; a list of publications; and a style guide. This website may only interest active researchers, especially those wishing to apply for any of the financing opportunities provided by the Institute.
The Institute for Aegean Prehistory Study Center East Crete provides useful research services to archaeologists investigating eastern Crete. The simple website provides contact details of the staff and a summary of activities. The centre organises lectures open to the public. The study centre hosts a library; the updated catalogue is available online. This website may be useful to postgraduate students and researchers.
This website publishes the Itanos GIS survey carried out by the French Archaeological School. The website consists of an online GIS map of the archaeological site of Itanos, Crete. It is aimed at a specialist readership of researchers and advanced students.
Kommos is an important Minoan settlement on the southern coast of Crete, in the Mesara region, which has yielded architectural and ceramic findings from the Neolithic to the Late Bronze Age. This website written by the excavation team summarises the evidence, publishes a few colour pictures and republishes in electronic format many of the printed final reports and studies on Kommos and the Mesara. Sites such as Phaistos, Aghia Triadha are frequently mentioned and the subject of some papers. Kommos was an important harbour in antiquity and buildings of palatial architecture, smaller than proper palaces, have been found in the settlement and may have been used for local administration. Some buildings may have been used for ship storage. Long-distance exchanges at Kommos are detected from pottery, which includes also Anatolian, Cypriot and Italic vessels. The Phoenicians appear to have continued to use the site for trade during the Iron Age. Some papers as well as unpublished data, including the field notebooks, are made available by the authors in the T-Space online research repository of the University of Toronto.
This the website of the Kouphovouno Project, which is undertaking excavations at the settlement of Kouphovouno, just south of Sparta, Greece. Kouphovouno was occupied between Neolithic and Early Bronze Age and is a rare Neolithic sites surviving in southern Greece. This website publishes information on the project as well as illustrated preliminary reports of the excavations in Word or PDF format, with colour photographs of unearthed artefacts and maps. The project's main objectives are to establish a stratigraphic sequence for the Middle Neolithic, Late Neolithic and Early Helladic periods using 14C dating; to interpret the domestic architecture of the site; and to reconstruct the palaeoenvironment of the site. After a survey in 1999 several, yearly excavations have been carried out. The project also aims at understanding the increase in settlements in the Final Neolithic and the development of complex societies in the Early Helladic period by focusing on the apparent difference between northern and southern Greece settlement patterns. The Kouphovouno project is a collaboration between three universities and is directed by Professor W. G. Cavanagh (Nottingham). A full report is due to be published as a BSA Supplementary Volume. Both researchers and students may find this website useful.
"Kretika Chronika" was a journal published in Heraklion from 1947 onwards by Andreas G. Kalokerinos and the first 14 volumes (I/1947 – XIV/1960) are republished in digital format in this website. The website is available in Greek and English, but most articles are available in Greek only and can be downloaded as PDF files. The journal focused on archaeology, history, folklore and literary scholarship of Crete from ancient times to the early 20th century. Contributors included leading scholars such as Nikolaos Platon, Menelaos Parlamas, Stylianos Alexiou, Doro Levi, George Miles, Manousos Manousakas, Emmanouil Kriaras, Nikolaos Panagiotakis, Gareth Morgan and Spiros Marinatos, and many more. Thanks to the Society of Cretan Historical Studies, 405 articles of scholarship, many still valuable beyond their historical value, are now available free and full-text. Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
The website of the Kythera Island Project (KIP), an international multi-disciplinary project designed to explore the 7000 year human history of the island of Kythera in the Aegean within the context of changing natural and cultural dynamics and of both insular and regional factors. Based principally at University College London and the British School at Athens, the project has conducted intensive survey fieldwork since 1998 on a variety of island landscapes and to date has documented some 200 archaeological sites from the Late and Final Neolithic period (5th and 4th millennia BC) to Ottoman and recent times, the results of which are summarised and analysed in this resource. Kythera's nodal position between Crete and the Peloponnese ensured a major role in facilitating contact between different parts of the Aegean and the central Mediterranean throughout its history, a role which has also influenced changes in the lifestyle and identity of the islanders over millennia. Kythera therefore is an ideal focus for studying the nature of island societies in their wider context and of expanding the older geographical concept of the island laboratory. Specialist reports, reflecting the multi-disciplinary aims of the project, are also provided: archaeometallurgy; botany; geoarchaeology; GIS; geophysics; historical geography; mortuary landscapes; pottery; stone tools; restudy of the older excavations at Kastri in the 1960s and a new project at Tholos on the edge of Kastri town. Apart from a detailed explanation of the methods employed by the survey team, further insights on the methods of KIP are provided by various PDF versions of the recording forms. Other features include a bibliography of research stemming from the project, a guide to the personnel, and details of sponsors. Historical geographers and historians of the longue durée will also benefit from this website. The site is now archived.
This website describes the "Laconia Rural Sites Project", a series of archaeological projects in Laconia, Greece. The focus of the investigations was to ascertain whether the sites were continuously inhabited or used merely as storage or semi-permanent residences during local agricultural cycles. Surface characteristics and soil were analysed to discover the nature of human activity on the sites from the early Helladic to the Byzantine period. The project organisers have employed an interdisciplinary approach to the project to learn how the rural sites functioned. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Leave scheme.
This website is devoted to the archaeological site of Lefkandi, a Mycenaean settlement on the Greek island of Euboea. The resource contains sections on the following topics: the Dark Ages; Bronze and Iron Age movements; excavations at Lefkandi; Toumba (an important Archaic tomb); and heroic burial. The website has been written by students and thus the text is written at undergraduate level; there are some accompanying illustrations and maps. There is also a short bibliography and a list of links to other relevant online resources. The website is a useful introduction to this classical archaeological topic.
The Lemba Archaeological Project is a digital report to accompany a conventional publication on the excavations at Lemba in Western Cyprus. This volume constitutes the major record of results, suitable for specialists, students of higher learning and researchers. Several chapters containing important data are available for download in PDF format. Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
This website describes the Lemba Archaeological Research Centre in western Cyprus, its staff and projects. The Centre was established by the Edinburgh University Department of Archaeology as a base for excavations and experiments. The aim of the Centre is to examine ideas about prehistoric Chalcolithic buildings and in doing so, to understand how archaeological sites are formed by observing the effects of building construction, use, decay and collapse upon a site. The forms and methods of construction of three different Chalcolithic round houses are explained and illustrated with photographs. Experimental destructions have been carried out on other buildings to investigate the impact which this may have on the formation of archaeological sites. Although there are some brief illustrated texts, the most valuable resource may be the updated bibliography.
This website, published by John Younger of the Department of Classics of the University of Kansas, provides a brief introduction to the script, transliterations of all the major Linear A texts from Crete and the Aegean, a comprehensive bibliography of related publications from 1980 and a series of free downloadable fonts for Macintosh and Windows users of all the ancient Aegean scripts (Hieroglyphic, Linear A, Linear B and the Phaistos disc). Linear A, the main writing system of the Minoan civilisation of Bronze Age Crete in the second millennium BC, is one of the last undeciphered scripts of the ancient Mediterranean. The website also supplies a rudimentary grammar and vocabulary of Linear A and speculates on the language underlying the script, which Younger believes to be related to one of the Indo-European Hittite languages of Anatolia. Linear A is first attested in Middle Minoan (MM) I B palatial contexts circa 2000 BC but its use and occurrence expanded dramatically throughout Crete and the Aegean the during the MM II-III periods and finally disappeared in the course of the 16th century BC (Late Minoan IB), probably as a result of major cultural or political influence from the Greek Mainland. While there are no photographs or drawings of the actual Linear A documents themselves, the texts are presented in a way which allows the reader to reconstruct the original layout of the tablets. In addition, all the various epigraphic conventions and abbreviations are also provided. The editor has also usefully grouped together all the texts believed to be of religious significance. While this is a specialist resource for professional archaeologists, ancient philologists and epigraphists, it will also interest undergraduates and the interested amateur.
David Gill (University of Wales Swansea) and Christopher Chippindale (University of Cambridge) present in this website their research on the trading and looting of antiquities. Among the published sections are: "The material and intellectual consequences of esteem for Cycladic figures" (data available in PDF format); "The material consequences of contemporary collecting"; "Collecting the classical world: the idea of a quantitative history" (includes a PowerPoint presentation); "On-line auctions: a new venue for the antiquities market". Bibliographic references to similar publications are also provided. David Gill also maintains an updated blog, where he discusses "the archaeological ethics surrounding the collecting of antiquities".
Looting of artefacts of historical significance took place already in antiquity and for this reason it has often been silently accepted by archaeologists; some pioneers of archaeological research were also collectors or traders on occasion. However, as the discipline matures, a debate on archaeological ethics is becoming an overdue necessity, and a duty for all archaeologists. This website is an important resource that may be useful to students, researchers, museum curators and heritage professionals; it can be used for teaching archaeological ethics.
This short webpage outlines the project "Material Connections: Mobility, Materiality and Mediterranean Identities" undertaken at the University of Glasgow under the joint direction by Peter van Dommelen, Bernard Knapp and Michael Rowlands. The project will investigate how materiality, migration, colonial encounters, and connectivity or insularity influence social identities and will focus on Sardinia, Corsica, Sicily, Crete, Cyprus, the Balearics.
This is the official website of the scholarly journal "Mediterranean Archaeology", which is the official journal of the Australian Archaeological Institute. There are indexes of current and past volumes and it is possible to purchase many volumes. Guidelines for submission of papers are provided.
Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry is a subscription online journal established in 2001. Subscription information is provided. Articles published in the journal are intended for a specialist audience, but include general introductions so as to be comprehensible to the non-expert. As well as academic reports on recent archaeological finds and excavations, the journal includes reviews and research notes evaluating new archaeological techniques. All articles are in English, with Greek abstracts. Articles are selected from a contents page, and are in PDF format. The website provides submission guidelines. The scope of the journal is broad and moderately interdisciplinary.
The Minnesota Archaeological Researches in the Western Peloponnesos (MARWP) project has focused on three areas of Greece: Messene; Pylos; and Morea. The website publishes the preliminary reports and some methodological papers on GIS. There is an interactive map of the Peloponnese that allows to zoom in at village level. The Pylos Digital Archive had to be a collection of images of the Mycenaean palace at Pylos, but it appears abandoned with just a few detailed maps. Students in particular may find this website useful.
A personal website focusing on Minoan archaeological sites. The aim of this site is to provide basic information about all the major and some of the minor archaeological sites of the Bronze Age civilisation in Crete. This website is primarily aimed at those who have little knowledge of Minoan society or those who have visited Crete and would like to learn more or to look at pictures of the sites they may have visited. Teachers and students of archaeology may be interested in some of the photos. The website is divided into palaces; settlements; tombs; and other sites. Caution should be exercised in the accepting the presentation of some of the Cretan sites: Galatas, Petras and Ayia Triada are listed among the "other sites" in spite of their palatial architecture. Pages describe the sites and their archaeological history and are liberally illustrated with photographs. Photographs act as thumbnails to larger images. The author permits downloading of images for personal use, though requires permission to be sought for other uses. The entire website is also available in Polish. This website is still a mighty useful website for those in need of a picture of some Cretan site; the available pictures were taken at times when overgrown plants did not hide the architectural remains.
At the time of review the website author was publishing higher resolution versions of many images; there is also a link to a Google Earth application that maps the archaeological sites and allows to access some pages through a GIS interface.
Despite the name "Minoan Peak Sanctuaries" may lead to think that this is an introductory website on that particular category of sites, the website is an advanced resource publishing a map with Java VR panoramas from the top of the sites, and a highly specialised bibliography (updated to 2002) consisting of a few full-text papers freely available in PDF format. Researchers and advanced students may find this website useful.
Minos is a journal focusing on Aegean philology (largely Linear B) and this website publishes its archive with the free and full text PDF editions of many early issues (vol. 1-14; 18; and 25). It is possible to contact the editors ("acerca de"); search by keyword or author ("buscar"); and the browsable archives ("archivos"). Some readers may find useful the possibility to register to the journal and be notified when new issues are published. Minos is an essential resource for students and researchers of Mycenaean Greece and Linear B. The papers are in English; Spanish; French; and Italian and aimed at an advanced readership. Some postgraduate students and researchers will find this website very useful.
The Mitrou Archaeological Project (MAP) is an on-going collaborative project between the University of Tennessee and the Greek Archaeological Service which aims to examine a small island in the Bay of Atalanti, eastern Lokris. Mitrou is largest prehistoric site known in the region and may have served as a port for the Late Bronze Age city of Orchomenos some 20 km to the south-west. The site has also been identified as the Opoeis in Homer's Iliad which sent 40 ships to Troy and was thus the home of Patroklos and Lokrian Ajax. The resource provides a brief introduction to the site and its prehistory, a series of useful topographical and archaeological pictures, a selection of the survey finds from the Early Helladic to the Protogeometric periods and details of the project personnel. This resource provides a basic introduction to an important archaeological site and information on fieldwork opportunities at the site.
The Mochlos Excavation Project involves the excavation of a number of related sites on the island of Mochlos and its adjacent coastal plain, located just east of the Bay of Mirabello in eastern Crete. There was extensive occupation from the Bronze Age through the Hellenistic era and into the Byzantine era. This website has pages on the Bronze Age on the island with the Early Minoan cemetery (very famous for the gold finds) as well as the Late Minoan III chamber tombs, the artisans quarters and the settlement at Chalinomouri on the mainland. There is also an updated list of publications. Students in particular may find this website useful; it is also good for teaching purposes.
The website of the Museum of Cycladic Art contains useful information on all collections and activities at the museum, and is aimed primarily at the general public. The website is very neat and easy to navigate, and contains sections on the "museum" with practical information and an online version of a DVD presenting the museum ("virtual tour"). Section "permanent collections" is the most interesting, especially for undergraduate students. It includes artefacts from the Cycladic Collection and Collections of Ancient Greek Art and Ancient Cypriot Art, pictured and described in some detail. The selection of Cycladic artefacts follows an educational criterion, for example several figurines out of the very few in existence with traces of paint have been included. Figurines are one of the key topics, and this evident also in section "special topics", where there are also diagrams ordering the know types. There are also sections on Greek art and Cypriot antiquities (the latter focusing on trade), also with selected artefacts presented in greater detail. For each of the three sections there is a ”Special topics” area. These are thematic essays on various issues (including a large number of texts on Ancient Greek Art). Bibliographies are given in some pages, concentrating on publications of the museum (a section on these is also available). "Donators" (sic) is an interesting section on the donors that from the start gathered the collections of the museum. It may interest anybody who is interested in the sometimes difficult relationship between collectors and public museums. Section "education" is also noteworthy, and is aimed at schoolchildren. It includes a "resources" area, which provides online virtual tours to all the collections and museum publications, available as PDF files. Section "activities" outlines the research carried out by staff or promoted by the museum, and some occasional lectures and seminars organised by the museum may interest researchers. The "exhibitions" section provides information about current and upcoming exhibitions, as well as all previous exhibitions - whether art or archaeological exhibitions - presented at the MCA. There are many colour illustrations, maps and diagrams throughout the website, making this website an excellent educational tool up to undergraduate level.
Mycenae: Research and Publication is a website detailing excavations undertaken at this important ancient Greek site. The resource features both short texts and images (plans as well as photographs of the archaeological excavations and finds) to guide the user around the archaeological site. The resource is divided into the following key sections: the west slope; the prehistoric cemetery; the south house and annex; the cult centre; the temple complex; the room with the fresco complex. Details of relevant publications are also given. The website is a simple and rigorous introduction to the archaeological site of Mycenae for students, with several colour images.
The Mycenaean presence in Sicily website is a useful tool for researchers focusing on Mediterranean Bronze Age exchange networks. This website contains short illustrated overviews (general topics) and specialist full text papers by Davide Tanasi and Gianmarco Alberti in PDF format (download area). Section "publications" contains notices and reviews of recent books on the subject. Section "bibliographical resources" publishes an updated bibliography, which can be very useful to researchers since it lists also old and regional publications. The "notice board" on the home page lists recent and forthcoming conferences and exhibitions that may be useful to researchers. The authors of this website are active researchers on the subject based in Sicily and have published this website to keep updated the international research community of the ongoing research on the Mycenaean artefacts in Sicily. A blog aims to open communication with other researchers. The navigation of the website requires sometimes the use of the "back" button and the use of Internet Explorer is necessary to visualise some pictures.
This website presents the results of intensive archaeological fieldwork by the Nemea Valley Archaeological Project (NVAP-AS) in the Nemea Valley in the southern Cointhia, Greece. There is a special emphasis on the landscape of the Mycenaean period c1600-1100 B.C. but the area also includes the important sanctuary of Zeus at Nemea itself and was home to several poleis or city-states in the Archaic-Classical periods. The website will be a useful source of archaeological and bibliographic information for students and researchers studying the landscape development of this part of Greece from the Neolithic to the Byzantine period. It includes a complete list of relevant publications between 1982-1995 as well as numerous maps and plans of the survey area. The latter includes several three dimensional images of the local topography together with distribution maps of archaeological sites.The many images in the main text can be down-loaded but the editors recommend the use of a 'hard' Ethernet connection as they load very slowly.
The website of the Nemea Valley Archaeological Project (NVAP) presents recent results of excavations of an Ancient Nemea (Neméa) settlement on the hill of Tsoungiza, in the northeast Peloponnesos of Greece. The settlement dates from the Early Neolithic period (6th millennium BC) through the end of the Late Bronze Age (ca. 1200 BC). The website focuses especially on the third millennium BC and the authors make heavy use of multimedia and virtual reality capabilities. However, only images taken from virtual reconstructions are available and therefore the website is less media rich than expected. The contents are scarce, only excavation units 2, 5 and 7 are partially ready, but the excavation is still in progress and updates may come in the future. An updated bibliography is available. The importance of the settlement and the otherwise unpublished state of the recent data make this website an essential complement to any textbook on Aegean archaeology. This multimedia report follows a previous Internet publication of earlier results from the NVAP team - their Archaeological Survey.
This website provides access to Nestor, an international bibliography of: Aegean studies (including all of Greece, Albania, the southern coast of Bulgaria, the western and southern coasts of Turkey, and Cyprus); Homeric society; Indo-European linguistics especially concerning the development of Greek; and related fields (such as Philistine culture and the Classical Cypriot syllabary). It is published in print by the Department of Classics, University of Cincinnati, and editions published since 1959 are available here on this site. Nestor includes over 37,500 citations for all articles, books, monographs, and journals on prehistoric, ancient and classical Greece, and neighbouring areas. For each reference, Nestor gives the author, year of publication, title, place of publication, and publisher, but does not give any indication of the content of the article. The digital collection is searchable by author, title, journal name, and year (but not by subject or keyword), and results give a list of references. The website also provides access to a searchable International Dictionary of Aegean Prehistorians, via which it is possible to trace academics working in this field.
This is the official website of the Netherlands Institute at Athens (NIA). It publishes information on staff and activities, including notices of sponsored publications and conferences. The institute has carried out fieldwork at several archaeological sites, including New Halos; Theissoa-Lavda; Argolid; Geraki; and Nikopolis. Members of the institute have also carried out surveys at Tanagra, Zakynthos and in Aetolia. Short illustrated articles summarise the projects. The institute has also sponsored palaeontological fieldwork in Greece, focussing on Pleistocene fossils and the palaeofauna of the island of Crete. A short illustrated article summarises the discoveries, most recently a herd of Cretan dwarf Hippopotamus creutzburgi and a skeleton of Cretan deer Candiacervus. This website may be useful to postgraduate students and researchers interested in the archaeology of Greece.
Nordlist is an free full-text journal published by the University of Tromsø. There are papers on classical and modern literature; archaeology; and a variety of other topics that reflect the research carried out in that university. Papers are in Norwegian, German or English. Topics include community and place (e.g. the Americans and the Grand Canyon); dramatist John Webster; Anna Akhmatova, Leo Tolstoy and Russian literature; T. S. Eliot; rhetoric; Romanticism; Northern minorities (e.g. Sámi, Nenets, etc.); semiotics; Aksum stelae; Harold Pinter; narrative in Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre; Fridtjof Nansen; the Hellenistic Toledo krater; game boards in Iron Age Northern Europe; and others. A few papers are not accessible online and many are available in PDF format. Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
This is the official website of the Norwegian Institute at Athens. The website publishes information about the activities of the institute, including field projects and publications. Among the field projects recently carried out by members of the institute are the excavations of the temple of Alea Athena at Tegea in Arcadia; a Byzantine statio and Ottoman caravansary on the Via Egnatia at Petropigi, near Kavala; the "Norwegian Arcadia Survey"; and the "Greek-Norwegian Deep-Water Archaeological Survey" off Ithaki. The institute contributes to the Nordic Library at Athens and has a small library; both catalogues can be searched online. Contact details are available. This website may be useful to postgraduate students or researchers planning a study visit to Athens.
This website is the official guide of the Greek Ministry of Culture to the museums, historical buildings and monuments, and archaeological sites of Greece. It offers a comprehensive and illustrated overview of around 1000 heritage sites in the care of the Greek government and combines concise information on the historical and artistic attractions of each site or museum together with practical information on opening times, contact details and management responsibility. The information can be accessed in two principal ways, either via a clickable cultural map of Greece or else in the form of searchable A-Z lists of the relevant sites and institutions. The latter constitute an attractive and easily accessible mini reference guide to historic sites in Greece. Most of the featured sites and museums offer thumb-nail images which can be also viewed at a larger scale. The resource also provides a guide to the many bodies, both Greek and foreign, which are responsible for archaeology and heritage management in Greece together with information on relevant education programmes and recent exhibitions in Greece and abroad. Some of the relevant links are still under construction. Links to the parent website of the Hellenic Ministry of Culture provide a wider view of cultural institutions in Greece.
The website is also available in a Greek language version.This resource will have a wide audience in academic world and will be particularly useful for those planning a study tour, research trip or field project in Greece in addition to appealing to the interested amateur.
This is the official website of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology (Penn Museum). The multimedia website of the museum contains information on the collections and research carried out at the museum. The collections span all continents but the information available at the time of review was scanty. A keyword tagging system simplifies accessing research materials, which are as varied as the collections but concentrate on the ancient Near East and South Asia. Wroth singling out is the lab of Biomolecular Archaeology that has carried out important research on ancient wine. The usual general information to visit the museum or access some research offices is also available. Both researchers and students may find the "research section" of this website useful.
Copper-bearing ore deposits in the Troodos Mountains of Cyprus have been worked repeatedly over the past four thousand years. The metallurgical activities at Phorades concentrated during the Late Bronze Age, within a short interval of time. This website provides a history of the excavations carried out by the University of Glasgow in 1997 and 1998 at Phorades in the northern foothills of the Troodos range. Archaeologists have recovered 2.5 tons of slag, hundreds of furnace fragments, thirty almost complete tuyères and hundreds of tuyère fragments, resulting in Phorades being a key site for the understanding of smelting in Late Bronze Age Cyprus. Cyprus was a principal source of copper during the Late Bronze Age, and mining areas are well known, yet only a few smelting sites have been found. Students will find an interesting overview of the Late Bronze Age copper industry of Cyprus in this website.
The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme.
This website is a comprehensive undergraduate course on the archaeology of the Aegean basin from the Palaeolithic period to the beginning of the Iron Age. Based on the lecture notes of Prof. Jeremy Rutter, this course provides an illustrated survey of prehistoric culture in Greece, Crete, the Aegean islands and western Turkey, including the development of the Minoan, Mycenaean civilisations and their connections with the wider Mediterranean world. Three sections on chronology, the ancient environment and the history of the discipline, introduce 29 individual lessons which focus on key cultural developments in the Aegean region. Each lesson, organised either on chronological or thematic lines, provides detailed information on the relevant topic including discussions of all the key debates within the subject. The bibliographies accompanying each lesson are extensive and many of the lessons include photographs of relevant sites and objects as well as numerous site plans. The illustrations can be viewed in a variety of sizes from thumbnail sketch to original scan scale which is particularly useful for line-drawings. This has become a standard undergraduate resource though the content and particularly the reading lists will also be of use to graduate students on MA courses or to archaeologists and ancient historians whose specialism lies elsewhere.
The Program in Aegean Scripts and Prehistory (PASP) website presents the work of a research centre at the University of Texas. There are news presented in the form of a blog; reports of activities; editorials and articles by staff members; the Studies in Mycenaean Inscriptions and Dialect (SMID) online database; The PASP database for the use of scripts on Cyprus; the Alice Kober, Michael Ventris and Emmett L. Bennett, Jr. archive (finding aids only available online, but a full digitisation program is underway); and other information. Researchers or postgraduate students interested in Aegean scripts (Linear A and B primarily) may find this website useful.
This is the Project Troia website describing the results of the recent renewed excavations at the ancient city of Troy in north-western Turkey. This is a multidisciplinary archaeological and environmental project, sponsored by the University of Tübingen Institut für Ür- und Frühgeschichte and the University of Cincinnati Department of Classics, designed to re-examine this famous archaeological site in its wider landscape context. The website provides an outline of the aims and methods of the project together with a series of illustrated annual reports outlining the results of the renewed excavations at Troy in addition to various news items (including recent media coverage) relating to the project. This resource also includes a guide to recent research on Troy and its surrounding region published in the journal Studia Troica, providing tables of contents and abstracts of the relevant material, and a description of the 2001-2002 German museum exhibition Troia Traum und Wirklichkeit (Troy Dream and Reality), a virtual version of which can be accessed via the Project Troia web page.This resource is also available in a German language version. This website, and its related links, will be of use to undergraduates and graduates working in Mediterranean and Anatolian archaeology as well as to museologists, especially those interested in virtual museums.
Propylaeum-DOK is a full text open access depository of dissertations and other documents related to antiquity and published by the Heidelberg University Library following the Open Archives Initiative protocol for metadata. Most dissertations are written in German and focus on the Hellenistic and Roman Mediterranean region, but there are a few resources on German archaeology; German perception of archaeology throughout time; Aegean prehistory; and Mediterranean prehistory. It is likely that as more dissertations and books are added, further themes will be covered. It is possible to perform full text searches across all documents stored in this depository, which can then be accessed in PDF format. Researchers may find find this depository very useful, and especially the convenient search function.
The preliminary results of the survey of the peninsula of Itanos, Crete, by the French Archaeological School at Athens are published in this website as a searchable database of archaeological sites ranging chronologically from the Late Neolithic to modern times. There is an introduction of the project and some guidelines on how to use the database. It is possible to perform searches by record number; area; chronology; function or keyword and multiple variables can be used. For each archaeological site in the database there is a short description; a map; the proposed chronology and function; and a few pictures (clicking on them opens larger versions). There is no information about the finds that have been found. This website may be useful especially to researchers studying north-eastern Crete.
"The Pylos project" website details the 1991-1998 excavations at the Bronze Age Palace of Nestor in the Western Peloponnese, Greece. The Pylos Project home page gives access to background material on the Bronze Age and post-Mycenaean occupations of the settlement. Reports on the 1991-1993 and 1994-1995 excavation seasons are also provided, accompanied by a bibliography of related material. The project utilised GPS, GIS and remote sensing via Landsat images, the implementation of which is described in the website. Unfortunately, the images intended to accompany the text are not available on the website. Although the resource can be still useful for students, researchers should check the recent literature.
This website presents the results of the Pylos Regional Archaeology Project (PRAP), which investigated the history of land use and landscape development around the Late Bronze Age palace (the so-called Palace of Nestor) near Pylos in Messenia, south-western Greece. In addition to preliminary reports of fieldwork between 1992-1997 and a bibliography of research by PRAP members, the site also provides detailed reports on the re-examination of finds from 1998-2005. The site also contains the following: a gazetteer of archaeological sites with accompanying thumb-nail maps; pottery and small finds databases, with images and descriptions of finds; a three-dimensional tour of the Palace of Nestor (this requires Quick Time); and photographs of the study area. This resource will be of particular use to undergraduate students and researchers interested in Mediterranean landscapes and survey methodology and in the long-term economic and social history of south-western Greece.
This website focuses on the Cypriote site of Pyrgos Mavoraki, which is being excavated by a team of Italian archaeologists led by Maria Rosaria Belgiorno. Pyrgos Mavoraki dates to the Early and Middle Bronze Age and has appeared in the news for its metallurgical workshops, where olive oil was used as fuel; an established industry of perfumed oil seems also proven. A page illustrated with large colour pictures outlines the history of the excavations and contains contact details of the excavator. There are also some notes on the palaeoenvironment and results of radiocarbon analyses. Individual pages concentrate on the different productive activities that have been recognised in the archaeological record: metallurgy (with full downloadable posters containing short texts, pictures and graphs); perfumes; textiles (short paper illustrated with colour pictures); wine; a personal section containing "free thoughts". At the time of review large parts of the website were still under construction, but what is available exceeds the expectations of a preliminary report. Pyrgos Mavoraki appears to have been an important site for the manufacture of luxury products and it is a great opportunity for the general public, students and researchers to follow the discoveries with little delay. The website is supported by the National Research Council of Italy, the Italian Foreign Office and the Municipality of Pyrgos-Limassol, Cyprus.
This is the official website of the Italian Archaeological School at Athens. The website provides information on the field activities and postgraduate courses organised by the School. There are also contact details and a brief history of the School. The notiziario (newsletter) publishes information of recent activities and field work; the most recent edition is available in PDF format. Members of the School run several excavations, including Pale (Cephalonia); Poliochni (Lemnos); and the Cretan sites of Ayia Triadha; Phaistos; Monastiraki Apodolou; Thronos; Prinias and Gortyna. Brief illustrated summaries of the excavations are available in section "attivití , scavi". The School hosts a library (online catalogue via Argo) and archives of photographs, maps and drawings. Access to the archives is restricted. This website may be useful to anybody interested on any of the archaeological sites that the School is investigating. The School organises lectures and conferences; a list of recent publications sponsored by the School is available.
This website is the online publication of a Stanford University conference entitled "Seeing the past". Many of the papers presented at the conference can be accessed through this website. Topics of the papers include general papers on human sight, Neolithic Catalhoyuk, Mycenaean art, Neolithic Italy, Bulgaria, Mesoamerica and Classical archaeology. There are thematic papers focusing on the Lupanar at Pompeii, the Greek symposium and visual problems with the imagery used in virtual reconstructions and aerial archaeology. This website can be useful especially to researchers.
This website publishes the results of an international research project studying Middle Helladic Argolid, including major archaeological sites such as Lerna, Asine and Argos. The website includes information on the project; the team; a series of short illustrated texts on Middle Helladic Greece, with particular emphasis on scientific analyses; news about conferences promoted by the project participants; a comprehensive bibliography. The Middle Helladic was a period of transition, after which the Mycenaean civilisation emerges as the dominant culture in Mainland Greece. The archaeological evidence from the Argolid is especially important to detect the social, economic and cultural changes leading to the Mycenaean Late Helladic period. Apart from presenting current research on the topic, the bibliographic section of this website is a fundamental tool for both students and researchers. There is a large collection of recent published papers (scanned-in articles) on all subjects related to the Middle Helladic, all of which are available full text in PDF format. Another important resource is the "search option" of the bibliography, which provides access to a searchable bibliographic database of printed publications on Middle Helladic Greece.
This website publishes the free and full text series of archaeological guides of sites excavated or studied by members of the French School of Athens. Several guides are available for the major sites; all guides provide a good introduction to the sites and monuments, and they are all written in French, but there are Greek translations of some. Among the sites are: Delos; Thasos; Malia (palace, quartier Mu and necropolis of Chryssolakkos); Delphi (archaeological site and museum); theatres at Argos; Amathonte and non-palatial sites of Crete (only those excavated by members of the School). These guides can be an excellent introduction to some sites for both researchers and students.
This is the website of the Hellenic Society, one of the foremost organisations in the British Isles promoting the study of ancient Greek and Byzantine culture. Included here are: information on membership; details of publications (including the Journal of Hellenic Studies, Archaeological Reports and numerous supplementary volumes); details of available grants, prizes and support for schools; listings of events such as lectures and meetings; a list of the Society's current officers. Via the publications section users may also view contents lists for the Journal of Hellenic Studies from 1999-2008, along wiith abstracts for the volumes from 2001 onwards.
This website publishes the preliminary results of the Southern Euboea Exploration Project. There are a few colour pictures and the newsletter "Seepage" available, as well as a short history of the project, pasta and present members as well as contact details. There is a bibliography, and further bibliographic references may be found in the newsletter. This website may be of interest especially to researchers.
This is the highly detailed and well thought-out website of the Sphakia Survey, an interdisciplinary archaeological project whose main objective is to reconstruct the sequence of human activity in a remote and rugged part of Crete (Greece), from the time that people arrived in the area, by c. 3000 BCE, until the end of Ottoman rule in AD 1900. The project's research covers three major epochs, Prehistoric, Graeco-Roman, and Byzantine-Venetian-Turkish, and has involved the work of many people using environmental, archaeological, documentary, and local information. The website includes: photographs of Cretan landscapes, objects and archaeological finds; illustrated versions of the project's preliminary articles; a searchable database of the site catalogue; a case study based on one period (Graeco-Roman) in one of the eight regions surveyed; and a description of the project's research methodology. This resource is a joint project between the Sphakia Survey project and the Humanities Computing Development Team at the University of Oxford. The website is part of an online course for adult learners; an educational video based on research at Sphakia is available. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC).
Sphragis by John Younger, professor of Classics at the University of Kansas, is an update to the bibliography published by the same author as "A Bibliography for Aegean Glyptic in the Bronze Age" as part of the "Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel" (CMS). This is an extensive and updated bibliography focusing on recent works. It contains a list of books, papers and reviews. This website may be useful to researchers and students of Aegean prehistory.
'Studies in Ancient Art and Civilization' is a full-text open access ejournal, with issues available online from 1991 through to 2009. The journal is published in English and French from the Jagiellonian University Institute of Archaeology, in Poland. Recent articles are primarily in English, and all articles are freely available in PDF format. Example article titles include: 'Egyptianising Grave Monuments in London's Brompton Cemetery'; 'Dwarf Figurines from Tell el-Farkha'; 'Gazelles and Ostriches from Tell el-Farkha'; 'A Forgotten Scarab of Horemheb', among others. Volume 11 was a special issue covering recent research on Greek colonies of the northern Black Sea coast. The journal will be of interest to scholars of... "pre-dynastic and early dynastic Egypt, the archaeology of ancient Egypt and Middle East, archaeology of Greece, Cyprus, Italy; the history of collecting and the history of archaeological research". The journal website has full details of the Editorial Board and submissions process.
This is the personal page of professor Sturt W. Manning at Cornell University. The page summarises his academic career, but also includes an important article about his recent research on the "Thera (Santorini) volcanic eruption and the absolute chronology of the Aegean Bronze Age" that updates his book "A test of time: the volcano of Thera and the chronology and history of the Aegean and east Mediterranean in the mid second millennium BC". In his article he concluded that the Late Minoan I A eruption of Thera happened between 1627-1600 B.C. with 95.448dbc4robability based on the application of radiocarbon wiggle-matching to a carbon-14 sequence of tree-ring segments from an olive tree, which had been buried alive in life position by the tephra. A historical summary of the research, a short explanation of the most recent results and an updated bibliography are included. Two illustrated educational articles provide up to date information on the radiocarbon and dendrochronological dating techniques with essential bibliography are suitable learning materials for students. Manning is leading the research on Aegean Bronze Age absolute chronology using scientific techniques and therefore interested researchers may want to check this page regularly for updates.
Styppax, named after a celebrated Cypriot sculptor mentioned by Pliny the Elder in his Natural History, is a valuable online resource for the study of sculpture from the island of Cyprus, particularly from the Cypro-Geometric, Cypro-Geometric and Cypro-Classical periods (circa 1050-300 BC). The resource consists of an extensive bibliography of published works (including book reviews) related to sculpture and related arts in ancient Cyprus but also to the surrounding region from which Cypriot material culture drew so many of its influences in the Iron Age. The bibliography includes sections on collections of Cypriot art in world museums, travellers accounts and the work of early archaeologists and antiquarians, provenience and distribution studies on Cypriot sculpture, as well as iconographic and religious aspects. Miscellaneous essays on aspects of Cypriot art include the full-text of Mylonas's 1998 University of Mannheim doctoral dissertation on 'Archaische kalksteinplastik Zyperns' (which includes a survey of stone sculpture on the island beginning circa 1900 B.C.) and Jenkins's article arguing for a Cypriot origin for the kouroi from Naukratis in Egypt reproduced from AJA 105 (2001). Also included are maps of Cyprus and the Eastern Mediterranean and a series of web-links to institutions holding substantial or significant collections of Cypriot art as well as to websites with images of Cypriot sculpture. This website will benefit a wide range of students and researchers working in Mediterranean and Near Eastern archaeology and art history.
This is the official website of the Swedish Institute at Athens. The website publishes a short history of the institute; a list of staff; contact details; a list of publications sponsored by the Institute; the services that the Institute provides to scholars; and the guesthouse at Kavala. The website is a contributor to the Nordic Library at Athens. In the section "Swedish excavations", short illustrated articles summarise the research carried out by the institute. Among the investigated sites are: Classical Aphidna in northern Attica; Asea in Arcadia; Asine in the Argolid (continually inhabited from the Neolithic to the Hellenistic period; the settlement and the Late Bronze Age and Geometric cemeteries have been found); Berbati Valley in Argolid (including Mastos hill); Dendra and Midea in the Argolid; Chania on Crete (Minoan "Master Impression" produced by a seal depicting a male figure towering a town on the sea); Malthi and the Swedish Messenia expedition; Paradeisos in Aegean Thrace (Neolithic figurine); and Kalaureia. A database containing essential data of all published artefacts excavated by the institute is freely accessible after registration (name and email required). For each artefact the catalogue number; chronology; material; publication details and a few other details (no description) are given. The database is not intended to replace the printed publications, nonetheless it can be very useful. It includes data from the excavations at Asine (including Zafer Aga); Berbati; Dendra and Midea.
This is the official website of the Swiss School of Archaeology in Greece. It publishes information on the school and its sponsored publications; there are also contact details, and staff and members lists. Press releases are available in PDF format. The main activity of the School is the excavation of Eretria in Euboea; there is a preliminary report on Eretria as well as a gallery of pictures (some aerial photographs included) and a bibliographic database on Eretria and Euboea. Readers are warned that the large high resolution pictures are in JPEG CMYK format suitable for press printing and therefore must be saved on a local disk and opened with specialist software; most browsers will return an error when attempting to open the pictures. At the time of this review the server also returned occasional errors with a few pages requiring to click the original hyperlink several times before access was granted. Annual reports of the excavations at Eretria appear regularly in the scholarly journal "Antike Kunst"; these reports are available full text in PDF format in section "publications", "Antike Kunst reports". Currently all reports since 1964 can be accessed, two files for each year: text and illustrations. This website may be of interest to researchers, especially those studying Eretria.
This is the website of the Sydney Cyprus Survey Project. Originally based at Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, the Sydney Cyprus Survey Project aims to examine settlement hierarchy, mining and agricultural practices and the regional context of human activity in the Troodos foothills area of Cyprus. Now based at Glasgow University, the project has undergone five seasons of field research and one study season. Available from the webpage is an introduction covering the project's aims, methodologies and a brief overview of previous seasons' results. More detailed field reports are also available, supported by maps and images. Data from the project have been archived by the ADS. This website provides some useful information on the project for both researchers and students.
This resource provides access to the Sydney Cyprus Survey Project's (SCSP) digital archive. It contains 15 delimited text files (for importing into a database or spreadsheet), 7 text files providing guidance on various aspects of the archive and its usage, 4 JPEG images of the survey area (high-resolution TIFFs available on request) and 26 GIS datasets (available as ESRI Shapefiles and zipped .e00 files). An extensive project overview and methodology page, providing in-depth background to the creation of the datasets, also accompanies the archive. All files are below 1.5Mb in size and are thus easily downloaded, the majority of files being below 1Mb. The website is easily navigable through the standard ADS interface and users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to accessing the website. The SCSP was an intensive archaeological survey in the northern Troodos Mountains on the eastern Mediterranean island of Cyprus. Between 1992 and 1997 five seasons of fieldwork took place, initially organised by Macquarie University, Sydney, and after 1996 by the Department of Archaeology, University of Glasgow. One of the primary project goals was to use archaeological landscape data to analyse the relationship between the production and distribution of agricultural and metallurgical resources, and to chart the changing configurations of a complex society and the individuals within it. SCSP was designed to investigate the total landscape of its chosen area, and to determine the patterning of settlement and other human activity in the landscape through time. Both researchers and students may find this website useful.
This is the website of "The Archaeological Settlements of Turkey", a project aiming to catalogue all known pre-Classical settlements within the territory of modern Turkey. The targeted settlements date from the Palaeolithic to the Iron Age, though the database does not include yet any settlement past the Early Bronze Age. The website offers access to a growing database of settlements and a GIS version of it. Computing technologies are extensively used, sometimes openly experimented, and a Java enabled browser is required to access the GIS section, which only plots the settlements on a map of Turkey and return on click of each site the corresponding database record. The database can be queried using a simple or advanced search, but the latter only refines the geographical region to be searched. By clicking a period underneath the simple search form, it is possible to access an advanced form limited by period, which is perhaps the best way to perform a search. The data returned by the database are often succinct, and only at times there are maps and pictures. It is also possible for the public to add settlements to the database, or modify data in any record. Such modifications are reviewed before inclusion in the online version. The Turkish team of archaeologists behind TAY is not affiliated to any institution and this is perhaps most evident in the decision to involve the public in the compilation of the database. The website is hosted by the Istanbul Technical University, Turkey.
The website of Thera Wallpainting Exhibition Hall by The Thera Foundation publishes a virtual tour of the Bronze Age wallpaintings found at Akrotiri, Thera. There are also other images of the archaeological site. The pictures are unfortunately of low quality and cannot replace a textbook. The map also refers to a museum where the reproductions of the paintings are exhibited and not to their original settings. Students in particular may find this website useful as a quick reference of the paintings.
The Thesprotia expedition website publishes the preliminary results of the survey work carried out in the Kokytos river basin, Epirus, from prehistoric to modern times. The methods employed for the survey includes intensive surveying with grids 10x10 m or 20x20 m; GIS, GPS and geoarchaeological analyses. The earliest artefacts found date to the Palaeolithic (ca. 100,000 years BP), for which three archaeological sites have been identified. The survey has also found evidence of Mesolithic, Neolithic and Bronze Age human occupation; scarce is the evidence for the Iron Age. More substantial artefacts have been found for the Greek and Roman period (including epigraphs) and later periods. The website only summarises the preliminary results and publishes a few colour illustrations, often without caption, and contains an extensive bibliography.
This website publishes a collection of free and full text monographs by the French School of Athens on topics and archaeological sites related to ancient Greece. Among the monographs are: "Attic Black-Figured Lekithoi" by Caroline Henriette Emilie Haspels (1936); "Lois sacrées de l’Asie Mineure" (sacred areas in Asia Minor) and "Lois sacrées des cités grecques" (sacred areas in the Greek settlements) by Franciszek Sokolowski (1955 and 1969); "Problèmes historiques autour de la bataille des Thermopyles" (historical problems about the battle of Thermopylae) by Apostolos Dascalakis (1962); "Fonction des cavernes crétoises" (function of Cretan caves) by Paul Faure (1964); "Le symbolisme de l’oeil" (the symbolism of oil) by Waldemar Déonna (1965); and "Les matériaux de construction et la technique architecturale des anciens Grecs" (the construction materials and the architectural technique of the ancient Greeks) by Anastase Orlandos (1966 and 1969). This website may be useful primarily to researchers given the danger that some information published in these volumes will now be outdated.
Diane Thompson of Northern Virginia Community College has created a fascinating web resource reflecting on the central role of the story of Troy and the Epic Cycle in Greek, Roman and European culture based on the content of her 2004 book 'The Trojan War: literature and legends from the Bronze Age to the present' (McFarland). She takes the reader on a 3,000 year journey from the archaeology of Troy and Mycenae and the Bronze Age origins of the epics, to the establishment and dissemination of the Homeric texts as seminal books in Greek and Roman times, to their transformation into Christian and later European literature during the Middle Ages, to the Renaissance and the Enlightenment periods and finally down to the reinvention of the tales in the 20th century by James Joyce, Wilfred Owen, Derek Walcott, Jean-Paul Sartre and the generation of writers who reflected their experiences of the Vietnam War through the poetry of Homer. One major section, focusing on the role of women in the Epics and how they have been central to recent feminist discourse, is also used to introduce important bibliographical material on ancient and modern interpretations of goddesses, powerful ancient women and gender roles generally, from both academic and literary authors. Each chapter, arranged in roughly chronological order, contains a summary of the historical context and links to etexts, images, film references and background material, including very useful bibliographic material. A linked series of pages provides a course guide to the module Myths and stories of the Trojan War taught by Thompson to college level students. The website is ideal for students of classics and ancient history (or European history generally), but also for those interested in the evolution of Western literary and artistic models.
The website of the "Service d'Histoire de l'Art et d'Archéologie de la Grèce Antique" at the University of Liège, Belgium publishes information (including abstracts) and announcements about the "Rencontres égéennes internationales", also known as International Aegean Conferences, which are published in print in the Aegaeum series (a list of titles is available). Some issues of the Aegaeum series are available to purchase and a few older titles are available in PDF format. The rest of the website is of little use for those not based at the University of Liège. Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
This website publishes information and preliminary reports on the excavations at Zominthos, Crete, where an enormous Minoan building has been found in the northern foothills of Mount Ida (Psiloritis). Short reports of "daily life" at the excavations; special finds; and ceramics are available; comments can be left. A video tour of the archaeological site is also available. Of particular interest is the "From the Field" section, which contains illustrated preliminary reports of the excavations since 2005.
The "Central Building" appears to have been built during LM I A, at the beginning of the Neopalatial periods; about 90 integral vases (mostly conical cups, miniature cups, kalathoi and jugs) have been unearthed in room 11. The building was destroyed shortly after completion during the same LM I A period and only on the eastern side there are traces of reoccupation dating to the LM III period. Conical vessels are the commonest ceramic shape and have been found in large quantities in all rooms, for example ca. 135 of such vessels have been recovered in room 1. One clay bull rhyton has been found inside a wall niche in room 15, a similar rhyton has been found also inside a niche in room 17; these are the only two rooms with niches. Illegal excavations also yielded one male and one female figurines, now lost. Nearby, a potter's workshop had been investigated in previous excavations in the area.