Archivo español de arqueología is a peer-reviewed journal published since 1940 in Spain and focusing on the prehistoric and classical archaeology of Iberia. Since 2006 (vol. 79) the yearly journal is also published online with free abstracts and the full content of all but the current edition. The referenced and illustrated papers are available in PDF format, and can easily be found through the simple interface of the website in both Spanish and English. The journal also publishes reviews. The interface of the website allows to access a series of tools which allow to find papers on similar subject (the website hosts other journals focusing on Iberia, and as more editions will be added, the tools may prove increasingly helpful); it is possible to contact the author and search through dissertations, databases and fee-supported journals. Both researchers and students may find this journal useful.
This is the official website of the Italian association of orientalists, scholars who study the ancient Near East. The website publishes information on the association and how to submit a CV or personal information to be published in "OrientaLista", a list of (mostly Italian) orientalists. The "Orientalia" publishes short reports; reviews; bibliographies; pre-prints; and papers; most files are in PDF format, and written in Italian or English. Among such contents are: "Wisdom Literature and Proverbs 1-9: A Bibliography"; "The Ugaritic Poems of Keret and Aqhat: A Bibliography"; "The So-Called ‘Jehoash Inscription’: Transcription and Bibliography"; "Magic and Divination in the Neo-Assyrian Period: A Selected Bibliography"; "Archaeometry of a Stone Tablet with Hebrew Inscription Referring to Repair of the House"; "Review of Gérard Toffin, Entre hindouisme et bouddhisme: la religion néwar, Népal"; "The Construction of Biblical Monotheism: An Unfinished Task"; "I colori nell’astrologia mesopotamica".
The association also organises some learned meetings; some information on recent meetings is provided on this website. In section "Orientalia" are also available the free and full-text PDF editions of the proceedings of such meetings, including Le discipline orientalistiche come scienze storiche. Atti del 1º Incontro «Orientalisti» (Roma, 6-7 Dicembre 2001), edited by Giuseppe Regalzi; "Mutuare, interpretare, tradurre: storie di culture a confronto. Atti del 2º Incontro «Orientalisti» (Roma, 11-13 dicembre 2002)", edited by Giuseppe Regalzi; and "Definirsi e definire: percezione, rappresentazione e ricostruzione dell’identità. Atti del 3º Incontro «Orientalisti» (Roma, 23-25 febbraio 2004)", edited by Massimo Gargiulo, Chiara Peri and Giuseppe Regalzi. Researchers specialising on the ancient Near East will find this website useful.
The Bible Lands Museum Jerusalem contains collections encompassing all great civilisations surrounding Israel, including Greece, Egypt, the Levant and Mesopotamia. There is a short history of the museum and its founder, Dr Elie Borowski, as well as pictures from some of the artefacts in the permanent collection and a QuickTime VR tour of the rooms. Past and forthcoming events (lectures, conferences, special exhibitions, etc.) are listed and described with some illustrations or even a full interactive catalogue (e.g. Three Faces of Monotheism). Section "study resources" also publishes a list of books and periodicals from the museum's library that are being sold: this may interest some researchers. There is also an online shop selling publications, gifts and reproductions and it is possible to subscribe to a mailing list diffusing announcements. The website does not provide much information on the collections, though at the time of review more information was forthcoming. Yet, students and researchers may find useful information, even if they do not plan a trip to the museum.
Produced to accompany two Channel 4 documentaries on ancient Carthage broadcasted first in May 2004, this attractive resource provides a useful illustrated overview of what was once one of the richest and most powerful civilisations in the Mediterranean during the first millennium BC. While the parent documentaries focussed in particular on the relationship between Carthage and Rome, which fought three bitter wars between 264 and 146 BC, and on the character of the great general Hannibal Barca, the website also provides a valuable social, economic and religious framework for the military history of the city. From its origins as a Phoenician trading settlement founded by merchants from present day Lebanon in the 9th century BC, the city eventually formed the centre of a maritime colonial empire which encompassed much of the western Mediterranean, bringing it into conflict both with the indigenous and Greek settlers and later with the growing Roman empire. Its destruction in 146 BC and subsequent refoundation as a Roman colony resulted in the loss of much of its Phoenician cultural identity, while the biased accounts of hostile ancient sources gave rise to many sensational and lurid representations of Carthaginian culture, in particular the practice of child sacrifice. Archaeology, however, is able to tell a different story and the discussions of Carthaginian sites in Tunisia, Sicily, Sardinia and Spain provide an alternative approach to this ancient culture. The website allows the reader to form a more balanced view of daily life and institutions of the ancient city. Additionally present are links to online resources on the subject of Carthage and the Roman world, as well as printed sources.
The "Centro ricerche archeologiche e scavi di Torino" focuses on research in the Middle East and publishes on its official website short illustrated reports of its field activities. The reports are available selecting "progetti" from the menu on the top and then "progetti di ricerca". It is possible to access the individual reports by browsing by name or using a convenient map. Reports are available for excavations carried out in Italy (GIS survey of the Verbano, Cusio and Ossola area; virtual reconstruction of a Greek capitel from the Greek temple at Marasí , Locri Epizefiri; temple E of Selinunte); Tunisia (Carthage; Colonia Iulia Pietas Tertiadecimanorum Uthina); Lebanon (Beirut); Jordan (Jerash); Iraq (Seleucia on the Tigris; Choche; Nimrud; Hatra; Hamrin dam; Kifrin; Eski Mosul dam; Ninive; museum of Baghdad); Iran; Turkmenistan (Nisa - Mithradatkert); Pakistan (Udegram). Most reports are just introductions to the research projects and contain limited useful information. Among the most interesting and referenced reports are those of Carthage, focusing on the ancient harbours of the Punic town, between the second and third Punic war (202-146 BC); Nisa, focusing on clay figurines, rhyta, marble and metal sculptures; Seleucia, focusing on clay figurines, ceramics, seals and architectural structures such as the archives, the stoa and the southern square; Nimrud, focusing on artistic finds dated to the period of king Sin-shar-riskum; and Nineveh, focusing on the conservation of the palace of Sennacherib.
Complutum is an academic journal published by the University of Madrid. The journal has been published since 1991 and specialises in the archaeology of Iberia, Latin America and the Phoenicians. Some papers focus on theoretical issues or archaeological sciences (e.g. cave pollen). The journal publishes papers on Mediterranean societies dating from the Palaeolithic to the Iron Age and pre-Columbian societies of America. Among the topics of several recent papers are archaeobotany (pollen analyses); long distance trade (e.g. askoi and Cypriot tripod in Iberia; Phoenician exchanges with Nubia); oldest writings from Iberia; the arrival of the first people in Latin America; and the Blue Nile survey (including pollen and archaeozoological analyses). The website contains indexes of all volumes and publishes online full text papers in PDF format after two years have been passed from their publication. Abstracts are available for all papers published since 2002. Most papers are in Spanish, only a few are in English or French.
This website publishes all issues of the Cuadernos de Arqueología Mediterránea, a series of monographs and edited volumes published by the University Pompeu Fabra of Barcelona. The volumes focus on the Phoenician culture, in the Levant, at Carthage, in Sardinia, Spain and Portugal. All issues are free and full-text and available in PDF format. Among the volumes are "La Necrópolis Laurita (Almuñecar, Granada) en el contexto de la colonización fenicia" by Manuel Pellicer Catalán; "Negociando encuentros" on colonisation and exchange on the eastern coast of Iberia during the 8th to 6th centuries BC; "The jatt metal hoard in northern Canaanite/Phoenician and Cypriote context" by Michal Artzy; "Iron Age funerary stelae from Lebanon" by Hélène Sade; "The Phoenician family tomb N.1 at the northern cemetery of Achviz (10th-6th centuries BCE)" by Eilat Mazar; "Los fenicios en Portugal" by Ana Margarida Arruda; and others. Most of the volumes are written in Spanish or English; the older volumes are scanned copies of the printed volumes and may appear of lower resolution. This series of academic volumes is updated and an important source of scholarship on the Phoenicians. Both researchers and students will benefit from the choice of publishing this series of books according to open access guidelines.
The InscriptiFact project at the University of Southern California publishes photographs of ancient Middle Eastern inscriptions, mainly from Phoenicia, Syria, Mesopotamia, and Egypt. To access the website it is necessary to register by faxing a signed user agreement; read the instructions (PDF files); and install Java components (administrator rights required). The database is accessed using a special Java browser (Mac and Windows supported). After logging in, it is possible to browse the inscriptions by period, site, language, support and collection, or search them. Once a list of relevant inscriptions is produced, clicking on any entry will display the metadata associated with that inscription. Clicking on the "go" button on the list of inscriptions provides access to a series of thumbnails of all the available photographs for that inscription; there is a set of BW and colour photographs for each inscription. The thumbnails can be saved as TIFF or JPEG pictures, or preferably as full resolution JPEG2000 photographs (recommended). There is also a standalone viewer to visualise Reflection Transformation Imaging (RTI) images.
There are no transliterations or translations of the inscriptions. Among the scripts are Ammonite; Arabic; Aramaic; Coptic; Cuneiform (Akkadian; Babylonian; Sumerian; Ugaritic); Egyptian hieroglyphs; Greek; Hebrew; Latin; Nabatean; Phoenician; Semitic and others. There are also early alphabetic inscriptions such as that from Wadi el-Hol and some Dead Sea scrolls. This website can be useful primarily for teaching and researching, but postgraduate students specialising in ancient languages may also find it useful. The project has been funded by several organisations, including the Underwood Family Trust Fund; the Ahmanson Foundation; and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
This is an excellent resource offering articles on ancient history and archaeology together with an impressive library of photographic images of ancient sites which can be down-loaded for free for non-commercial use. The website is laid out geographically with sections on Greece, Persia, Anatolia, Carthage and Punic Sicily, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Judaea, Germania and Rome (as well a Dutch language resource on Dutch history) while the authoritative but very readable text has many cross links between them. There is no overall structure to individual sections: the Greek entries have a strong emphasis on Alexander the Great and his successors, on various authors such as Plutarch and Herodotos (including selections of extracted texts) and a series of short encyclopaedia-style entries on politicians, philosophers and literary figures. The Judaean passages discuss, for instance, Messianic claimants, the Diaspora and anti-Semitism in the ancient and mediaeval worlds, alongside more linear accounts of the Roman wars and potted biographies of leading Jewish figures. This website will benefit both students and teachers of the ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern world but the author makes the pointed observation that students must combine the use of electronic resources with proper library research for which the Web is not a substitute.
This short webpage outlines the project "Material Connections: Mobility, Materiality and Mediterranean Identities" undertaken at the University of Glasgow under the joint direction by Peter van Dommelen, Bernard Knapp and Michael Rowlands. The project will investigate how materiality, migration, colonial encounters, and connectivity or insularity influence social identities and will focus on Sardinia, Corsica, Sicily, Crete, Cyprus, the Balearics.
This website is part of SardegnaCultura, an official publication of the regional governmental body. It summarises the history of Sardinia from Palaeolithic to contemporary times, though most of the website is concerned with pre-Nuragic, Nuragic, Phoenician, Roman, Byzantine and Medieval history and focuses on artefacts and architectural structures (material culture). There are short illustrated article for each period, usually a set focusing on archaeology (archeologia), architecture (architettura) and art (arte). Three other sections set this website apart: "guide" (full text ebooks of archaeological guides), "monografie" (full text versions of printed academic books and papers) and "monumenti" (an encyclopaedic work of the major architectural buildings in each period). Different sections are available for each period, with fewer options for post-Medieval periods.
Among the ebooks and papers in PDF format are: "Necropoli ipogeiche di S'Adde 'e Asile e Noeddale (Ossi)"; "Laconi. Il museo delle statue Menhir"; "L'altare preistorico di Monte D'Accoddi"; "Il Nuraghe Albucciu e i monumenti di Arzachena"; "Il museo archeologico di Sassari G. A. Sanna"; "Anghelu Ruju"; "Ricerche archeologiche nel Marghine-Planargia"; "Il Nuraghe Arrubiu di Orroli"; "Barumini"; "Il museo archeologico di Dorgali"; "Civiltà nuragica"; "S. Antioco"; "Monte Sirai"; "Tharros"; "Nora"; "Sardegna punica" (Punic Sardinia); "L'ipogeo di San Salvatore"; "Storia della Sardegna e della Corsica durante il periodo romano" (1923) by Ettore Pais; "Turris Libisonis"; "Fordongianus"; "Sant'Andrea Priu"; and "Studi storici sulle istituzioni della Sardegna nel Medioevo" (Historical studies on Sardinian institutions in the Middle Age). Although some books are now old, most are recent publications.
Sidon was one of the most important settlements in the Levant from the Bronze Age up to Phoenician times thanks also to its strategic location. The favourable location has ensured continuity of occupation, with the modern town eventually being built on top of the ancient one. Only recently archaeological excavations could take place, and this website details them by campaign. Of particular interest, also for the chronology, are the Egyptian materials, which have been discovered up to the Late Bronze Age levels, at a time when the rest of the Levant was in turmoil. In spite of the importance of the archaeological site, the website contains only limited information. A useful bibliography can be downloaded as a PDF file. Students may find this website useful.