Maintained by Csanády Miklós with the texts taken from the presently defunct St. Michael's Depot (Australia), the 'All Catholic Church Ecumenical Councils - All the Decrees' website quite simply brings together the canons, decrees and other official proclamations of every ecumenical council from Nicaea in 325 to Vatican II. Generally, information from each council can be accessed either online or downloaded through a compressed zip-file. The files briefly detail the occasion of the council's opening, major events, and its official statements.
Edited and directed by Pastor Carl Johnson, BELIEVE is an online encyclopaedia on the tenets, doctrines and scriptures of Christianity. Entries typically begin with a brief summary definition and then a move to a more comprehensive exposition or analysis on their subject. There are over 3,000 hand-selected articles addressing some 1,300 different topics, the majority of which were composed by professional scholars, a fact which should provide some confidence about the accuracy and completeness of each entry. Unfortunately, readers are often not told when each entry was written and some are anonymous, which makes it difficult to determine how current some pieces are, although it is plain that a substantial number are extracts from older theological works. BELIEVE's editor suggests a pastoral or missionary audience for this resource, but many entries also lend themselves towards undergraduate or other didactic applications. Though the site occasionally seems to betray a Protestant bias - and certainly possesses a Christian one - for the most part the quality, detail and non-partisan style of the articles make this resource a useful reference tool, whether the user simply requires a definition, or a more thorough exposition on a specific subject. Foreign language translations of BELIEVE into a number of other languages are also available.
The Calvinism Resources Database is an online bibliographical database on reformation theologian John Calvin (1509-1564) which is both extensive and easy to use. The database, maintained by the H. Henry Meeter Center for Calvin Studies at Calvin College, provides information on over 20,000 resources pertaining to Calvin, including: primary texts; lectures; journal articles; book chapters; and reviews. The interface allows the user to conduct both basic and advanced searches. Records within the database provide the title, author, and subject of the resource, and in some cases a brief abstract is also supplied. The author and subject details are hyperlinked, allowing users to browse a list of other resources by the same person or covering the same broad subject area. The database is a valuable resource for bibliographical research on John Calvin, although users should note that access is not provided to the full-text resources themselves.
The New Advent website offers a complete online version of the Catholic Encyclopedia. The Encyclopedia, originally published between 1907 and 1914, attempts to cover all aspects of Roman Catholic faith and history that may be of public interest: biographies are given for figures from Church history; historical events are explained; demographic information is provided; doctrinal points are discussed and justified; and Catholic literature, art, and science are covered. The Encyclopedia takes a moderately scholarly approach when discussing other faiths and the particular challenges sometimes presented by philosophy, explaining the background and nature of the proposed belief, and how it sits with Catholicism. Unsurprisingly, the Encyclopedia displays a bias towards the received doctrines of Roman Catholicism, but the reasons given for the faith's superiority are interesting and may also prove challenging. The sources used for each entry, and suggested further reading materials, are included at the base of the page. The site claims that the Catholic Encyclopedia only differs from a general encyclopaedia in 'omitting facts and information which have no relation to the Church'. A search engine is included with the site, which is useful as browsing may only be conducted alphabetically, and not by topic or category of entry.
Confession and Catechisms is a Web page published by the North American Orthodox Presbyterian Church. It gives the complete text of the Westminster Confession of Faith, and of the Larger and Shorter Catechisms. These documents, known collectively as the Westminster Standards, were originally written in the 1640s, in the aftermath of the English Civil War, and since then have been adopted by many Protestant churches (particularly those in the Reformed or Calvinist traditions) as formal statements of their beliefs. In addition to the texts themselves, the site offers a helpful preface which outlines the history of the Standards and details the minor modifications to them which have been made over the centuries. Also is available is a PDF version of the texts, with extensive footnotes indicating the biblical passages on which the Standards are based, plus a modern English paraphrase of the Confession.
Creeds of Christendom is an extensive online collection of creeds and other statements of religious belief from the Christian tradition. It offers the text of, and in many cases notes on, creeds from ancient times through to the present day. The Ancient Symbols section begins with credal statements from the Bible, and includes the Apostles', Nicene, Athanasian and other significant creeds from the first eight centuries BCE. There are also notes on the filioque clause controversy, the text of the Definition of Chalcedon (on the nature of Christ), and the Canons of the Council of Orange. Later statements of belief (including both those of historical importance, such as the Heidelberg Catechism, and contemporary ones) are given for some fourteen denominations. Most of the material is hosted locally, though some texts are provided via links to outside sites; there are a few broken links, but on the whole the site seems well maintained. Although simply presented, it is easily navigable, with a limited search function. The bulk of material on the site in in English; some creeds, however, also have versions in Latin, Greek or other languages.
FiveSolas.com is a website dedicated to theology in the Reformed Calvinist tradition. Named after the five Latin phrases that emerged during the Reformation as an expression of the Reformers' theological beliefs, the site offers access to a collection of articles and longer works on a range of topics including: eschatology; baptism; salvation; the Sabbath; and prayer. Although the site is unabashedly rooted in the Reformed tradition, pieces offering contrasting viewpoints are also included for comparison. In addition, there is a brief glossary, and a section on creeds, confessions, and related documents. The site offers a good selection of works by Protestant theologians and preachers of the 17th and 18th century, including: Augustus Toplady; John Owen; Jonathan Edwards; and an entire section devoted to the works of the Puritan preacher Thomas Watson. Pieces by contemporary writers are also included, although users should note that many of these are not primarily intended for an academic audience, but were instead written for church use (as sermons, for example) or as inspirational literature. The resources listed are a mixture of works hosted on-site, and lightly annotated (and generally well maintained) links to material elsewhere.
'God and His Attributes' is the online version of the first volume of 'The Foundations of Islamic Doctrine', written by the Iranian religious leader Lari in the 1970s. This resource consists of a religious tract divided into 21 lessons on the basic principles of faith in general and of Islam in particular. It starts out with a 'proof' of the existence of God, followed by a lengthy argument for the superiority of Islam above other religions. The final lesson sets out a few 'improper interpretations of fate and destiny'. For those interested in Islamic dogma and polemics, this is a useful site.
The Grace Online Library is a collection of several hundred articles, sermons, biographies, and other writings, predominantly in the Puritan, Reformed, and Calvinist theological traditions. Although at first glance this site might seem to be geared more towards the spiritual seeker than the scholar, there is much here to interest the academic theologian. Works by distinguished authors such as Jonathan Edwards, J. C. Ryle, Charles Spurgeon, John Calvin and many others are included, alongside the writings of more recent theologians. The articles are grouped by subject matter, but unfortunately there does not seem to be a systematic listing of authors or titles. A drawback of this site is the sparsity of biographical or other details about the writers whose work is featured; though brief notes are sometimes given, there is often nothing to indicate whether a particular article was written centuries ago or in the last few years. However, the sheer volume of material available means this is nevertheless a valuable resource.
The Journal for Christian Theological Research is a mainstream online peer reviewed journal published in association with the Christian Theological Research Fellowship, and dedicated to all aspects of systematic and moral theology. Topics addressed include, for example: the Incarnation; the Trinity; the Resurrection; theodicy; and so on. The journal is edited chiefly by Alan G. Padgett of Luther Seminary. The full contents of all issues of the journal, beginning with Volume 1, 1996, are made freely available. Older papers are presented in HTML format, more recent ones as PDF files. Also available are the abstracts of various papers presented at the annual meeting of the Christian Theological Research Fellowship. The site is well presented and accessible. For those interested, guidelines are provided on how to submit articles for publication.
The website of the Lonergan Research Institute, based at Regis College in the University of Toronto, provides information about the Institute's work of preserving, promoting, developing, and implementing the work of Canadian Jesuit philosopher and theologian Bernard Lonergan (1904-1984). The Institute's chief project is the publication of a 25 volume critical edition of Lonergan's work; other ventures include: the preservation and cataloguing of Lonergan's papers; digitisation of recordings of lectures by Lonergan; a series of books focused on Lonergan's work; and a quarterly newsletter (copies of which are available via the site). A link is also provided to the website of the Bernard Lonergan Archive, which offers electronic versions of many of Lonergan's academic papers.
The Lonergan Website (LWS) aims to encourage collaborative study of the works of Bernard Lonergan (1904-1984), the Jesuit theologian and philosopher. The site provides an extensive range of material to assist Lonergan scholars. Key resources offered include: the quarterly Lonergan Studies Newsletter, which provides details of recent work in the field; reviews of recent Lonergan-related books; links to online articles and other works (some material is hosted on-site, and some elsewhere on the Web, although unfortunately some of the external links are broken); interviews with Lonergan scholars; and a substantial bibliography of works by and about Lonergan. The site also offers information about relevant upcoming events; a glossary of key terms used by Lonergan; details of Lonergan-l, an email discussion forum; annotated links to relevant websites; and a set of FAQs about Lonergan's life and work
Created within the umbrella of TeacherServe, the website "Puritanism and Predestination" features an essay by Professor Christine Leigh Heyrman of the University of Delaware. The essay is accompanied by a slideshow of colonial Puritan ministers, the opportunity to pose questions to experts, and illustrations. The essay outlines the theological, social, and political background of the Puritans who arrived in America. The section on guiding student discussion provides sugestions for teaching the subject and tips for explaining concepts such as conversion, to students. Heyrman encourages the teacher to focus the debate around the role of the Calvinist concept of predestination, with all the inherent criticism that will flow. However this provides, in her opinion, the perfect opportunity to contrast this with the instabilities of the early modern period, to ground their empathy with those who espoused the theory. The most useful section here is that on historiographical debate. The site is useful for those teaching at school level.
Published by the Society of Online Christian Theology and Philosophy (SOCTP) and edited by Scott David Foutz (North Park University), 'Quodlibet' is an electronic journal dedicated to the scholarly examination of both historical and modern Christian theology, covering a host of topics under this banner. In theory, the journal appears quarterly, but a glance at the archives reveals that at various times it has more or less frequent than this. Articles within this publication are selected and peer reviewed by the editorial board. All papers published since the journal was founded in 1999 are available through the online archives, which can be sorted by date, author, or title.
Shane Rosenthal’s Reformation Ink is a website devoted to collecting and distributing primary resource material from Renaissance, Enlightenment, and contemporary Christian authors. Texts are divided into classical and contemporary theological works, organised by author and searchable by subject. Multiple works are available from a number of important Reformation thinkers including Luther, Calvin, Warfield, and Erskine, to name but a few. The contemporary articles (a mixture of material hosted on-site and elsewhere on the Web) are predominantly popular or homiletic rather than academic in tone, but may still be of value to those seeking an insight into present day Reformed theology. One quirk of the site is that rather than displaying the current edition of each Web page, the site links to an older copy held by the Internet Archive. While this results in fewer broken links, it does sometimes mean that the material is not the most up-to-date version available.
The Spurgeon Archive claims to be the largest collection of Spurgeon resources on the Web. This extensive collection of works by and about the 19th century Baptist preacher and writer includes the texts of several hundred of his sermons, as published in the 'Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit', a number of complete books and other writings, including his 'Treasury of David' (a commentary on the Psalms), 'A Defence of Calvinism' and excerpts from his autobiography, along with W.Y. Fullerton's full length biography of Spurgeon, written in the early 20th century. New sermons and other works are gradually being added, and there is a good list of well annotated links to other sites about Spurgeon. The site is attractively presented and easy to navigate.
'Summa Theologica' is an online version of St Thomas Aquinas's (c.1225-1274) influential 13th century treatise on theology and philosophy. The copy text is the 1920 revised edition translated by the Fathers of the English Dominican Province. The online version has benefited from the addition of links between the various sections, as well as to encyclopaedia entries. The parent site, New Advent, is the work of a Catholic layman. The resource is freely accessible, but does display advertisements around its borders. Theologians and those studying medieval philosophy should find the site of interest.
Theology on the Web is an online portal which serves as the entry point to a collection of interlinked websites providing bibliographic suggestions for students of Christian theology. The sites are primarily designed for those training for or in ministry, but are broad enough to also be of use to others. The main topics covered are: biblical studies; theological studies; the early church; the medieval church; and missiology (to be launched in 2010). Within each section the references are arranged thematically, with a wide range of sub-headings, including: applied theology; philosophy; Old Testament; New Testament; doctrine and practice; heresies and sects; and history. A significant quantity of material is hosted on the sites themselves; there are also links to works elsewhere on the Web, and details of print resources.
The Web page of the Wesleyan Theological Journal provides online access to the annual bulletin of the Wesleyan Theological Society, which is dedicated to evangelical scholarship. Although the most recent few issues of the journal are only available to subscribers (details are provided of how to order copies), this site makes all other articles published in the journal since its inception in 1966 freely available. Title and author indexes are provided. The journal is a resource of considerable value for those interested in Wesleyan theology and related issues. This resource is hosted by the Wesley Center for Applied Theology at Northwest Nazarene University in Idaho, US.
The Writings of Geerhardus Vos is a website that aims to make available electronic versions of all the uncollected English-language works of the American Calvinist theologian, who many regard as the father of Reformed biblical theology. The site offers the complete text of Vos's book 'The Mosaic Origin of the Pentateuchal Codes', plus numerous articles and book reviews. The texts are mostly in the form of PDF files. There is also a full bibliography of Vos's work, brief biographical information, and a feature that allows users to browse the works by the publication in which they first appeared. No new content seems to have been added to the site for a number of years, but the works that are already available may prove a useful primary resource for those working in this area.