The Emilio Segrč Visual Archives is a subsite of the Center for History of Physics, which in turn is administered by the American Institute of Physics (AIP). This subsite is devoted to the photograph and image archive of the Center's Niels Bohr Library. This archive contains some 30,000 historical images. Of these, thousands are available online, and can be browsed casually or searched according to mini exhibitions devoted to well known scientists, including: Niels Bohr ; Ludwig Boltzmann ; Marie Curie ; Paul Dirac ; Arthur Eddington ; Albert Einstein ; Michael Faraday ; Enrico Fermi ; Richard Feynman ; Galileo ; Werner Heisenberg ; Maria Goeppert Mayer ; Isaac Newton ; Max Planck ; Andrei Sakharov ; Erwin Schrödinger ; Emilio Segrč ; and Joseph John Thomson. There is also information on how to submit and order photographs and images. Copyright and permissions information is posted. The site is easy to navigate and would be of use to teachers, students and researchers.
The BIRTH Television Archive brings together five major European television archives to present the first Internet archive dedicated to the early years of European television. The project aims to develop a multimedia and multilingual pool of archive material from the first broadcasting days 50 years ago for online access by different user-groups. The website home page contains an overview of the project with links to fuller information on its development, including interviews, presentations and related documents. A library of 'General' and 'Science' articles related to television history is available, as well as 'mediafile' access to early programmes, such as 'It's hard to be a housewife', a 1960s German guide to domestic skills; 'This is English', the first Austrian Television English language course, shown in 1961; and the 1965 speech by Queen Elizabeth II at the inaugural ceremony of President John F. Kennedy, which was shown live. Commentary is provided on the significance of each programme, both in terms of its reflection of the society of its time, and its importance in television history. Most of the material on the site is in English, as well as the original language of the author, and while the site is presented in English, it may also be viewed in Dutch, German or French. A comprehensive search facility is available, which has sophisticated tools for searching across languages. Interested researchers may register as either a scientist or a TV producer to contribute their own articles to the site. There does not seem to be any selection process involved in this. A multilingual thesaurus is available, as well as a timeline search. At first viewing, the chatty presentation of this site suggests a resource aimed more at the general public. However, the invitation for research contributions, sophisticated search features and comprehensive range of articles, programmes and associated documents reveals a much more serious and useful resource. The site is extremely well organised, taking full account of the needs of users of several nationalities, with clear instructions and an impressive breadth of material.
'Darwin Country' is a website describing the landscape and places that are associated with the famous scientist Charles Darwin, in and around the rural town of Shrewsbury in the British Isles. The website was created by the Shrewsbury Museums Service with support from The Council for Museums, Archives and Libraries, and the West Midlands Regional Museums Council, among others. It contains a wealth of images, paintings, maps, and texts. Some articles are also linked to selected digitised materials from museum collections. Users of the website can 'collect' such items into a personal 'discovery folder'. By visiting the 'Images' pages, the user can also browse 1294 photographs, paintings, drawings, and some maps. Despite its general lack of design values or navigational elegance, this substantial website is a useful and impressive addition to the online resources for the study of Darwin in the context of the northern Midlands and the Welsh Marches.
Published by the Lane Library, Stanford School of Medicine, to accompany an exhibition held from February to September 2007, the 'Not a Cough in a Carload' website provides enlargeable images of print and poster advertisements that tell "the story of how, between the late 1920s and the early 1950s, tobacco companies used deceptive and often patently false claims in an effort to reassure the public of the safety of their products". One of the tactics that was used was to show, in advertising campaigns, medical staff (doctors, dentists and nurses) as smokers. Another was to use celebrities (such as John Wayne, Lucille Ball, and Ronald Reagan), athletes (Joe Di Maggio), and even spacemen, to advertise cigarette smoking. A third strategy was to make false medical claims (smoke cigarettes to prevent sore throats, smoke cigarettes for a good digestion), use pseudoscience (smoke cigarettes to relieve fatigue and irritability, the myth of "safe cigarettes"), or raise fears over weight gain (reach for a cigarette instead of a sweet). The website provides dozens of advertising images, which are organised by brand, or by theme, such as: doctors smoking; brides smoking; inhaling; calming nerves; infants and children; targeting teens; comical ads; santa claus; religious symbols; and cultural icons. Useful commentaries are provided, although dates are not always given for individual advertisements, and it also possible to read some famous slogans, which are organised by brand.
Wellcome Images is an online collection of pictures focusing on medicine, its practice, healthcare and biosciences published by The Wellcome Trust. Many images have significant historical value and there pictures of several written documents such as fragments of Hippocratic oath; the Johnson Papyrus (herbal); Egyptian Book of the Dead; Egyptian Bryce papyrus; and many others. There are also several images of ancient artefacts such as Egyptian frescoes; a Karo-Batak inscription on bone; a Sudanese amulet; and others. Some images document also the medical practices throughout time and across the world. It is possible to access a larger version of the images by clicking on them. This is not a comprehensive collection of pictures on any specific theme, and is aimed principally to student and teachers as an aid to prepare lectures and essays. All images are beautiful and browsing them is recommended even to people not specifically interested in the history of medicine. Researchers may ask for new pictures to be taken from the Wellcome Library; everybody can order prints.