This PDF document is a final report on a AHRC/BBC knowledge exchange project which uses the 1983-84 Miners’ Strike as a pilot to investigate the possibilities of the BBC’s extensive archives. The study used national and regional news bulletins to explore the BBC’s coverage of the strike, and was centred around the responses and memories of local communities, Miners, Policemen and others involved in the strike. The project collected these memories and responses to the archive material as a way of contextualising the output as well as for exploring the ways in which the BBC’s content should and might be used more widely in the future. The report includes many (edited) responses and comments of those involved, as well as a description of the study’s methods, findings and conclusions. This project would be of interest obviously to those studying this period of British history, but also as a test case of utilising new technologies to make media archives more widely available.
This website is run by the Istituto Luce (Luce Institute) and is an online archive of film footage covering most major historical and political events of the twentieth century, providing an Italian perspective on home and foreign affairs. It has thousands of cinema newsreels and documentaries viewable through Windows Media Player. Each clip is dated and comes with a description of the images transmitted. Archive access is free, but users must first register. An advanced search facility enables specific archive footage to be found and results are listed in chronological order; though browse facility is lacking.
Users can save clips in a personal archive for easy retrieval. Clips cover, among other things: Fascism; Mussolini; the two World Wars; the excavation of the Nemi ships; Feminism and the Feminist movement's campaigns for abortion and divorce; Futurism; and the Catholic Church . The Istituto Luce was established in 1924 with the aim of documenting events for educational purposes. This site is a valuable source of primary material for anyone interested in modern Italian history and media, and the uses of propaganda.
This website results from the digitisation (from 16mm film and magnetic track) of the North West Film Archive’s collection of BBC television programmes made for broadcast in the North West of England between August 1973 - May 1986. the majority of these relate to the daily regional news magazine, spanning 3,004 separate dates and including 15,380 separate news items and 687 documentaries. Broadcast footage is accompanied by the daily Programme-as-Broadcast sheets, which in detailing the contents of each show, form the basis of the catalogue. When originally produced, much of this material was regarded as disposable, making this a rare archive, offering covering the social, political and cultural history of this area of the UK at a time of massive change. Additionally the material can be seen as an “important regional alternative to broader narratives of British TV history”. All the material can be consulted in person at the North West Film archive in Manchester, and the catalogue is available (and fully searchable by keyword, transmission date and producer/newsreader) from this website, alongside around 160 short clips illustrating topics as varied as transport, urban and rural issues, sport and entertainment.
'Botanical and Cultural Images of Eastern Asia, 1907-1927' is a free online exhibition offered by the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University. It contains photographs and biographical details of the plant collecting expeditions of the early 20th century. The website has details of the collectors: John George Jack (1861–1949); Ernest Henry Wilson (1876-1930); Frank Nicholas Meyer (1875-1918); William Purdom (1880–1921); Joseph Hers (1884–1965); and Joseph Rock (1884–1962). The British collector Wilson, alone, has 2,488 of his images accessible via this website, which interfaces with the Visual Information Access archive at Harvard. This website provides a comprehensive search form, leading to VIA thumbnail images of original photographs, and extensive annotations, all without any online registration. There are short illustrated biographical essays on each of the plant hunters. There are also four themed "What They Saw" photography galleries, titled: 'Magnificent Trees'; 'Buildings and Bridges'; 'Daily Life'; and 'Landscapes'. Images within these galleries are clear and crisp, and usually at a large 770-pixels on the longest side. Images are presented using Flash, without watermarks. Some images are in colour.
The British Pathe website is described as the world's first digital news archive, and offers a database of the entire 3500 hours of the British Pathe Film Archive, comprising nearly half a million records relating to film footage from newsreels and cinemagazines produced between 1896 and 1970. The site also includes sample colour pictorials, available in RealAudio format. The material covers topics including: British news; sport; nature; entertainment; British culture; and social history. There is an online search function which produces annotated lists of available files. Those wishing to get a general idea of the scope of the archive may find the Lucky Dip function (which previews twenty items selected at random from the collection) useful. Users of the site can preview items for free, license high resolution copies, or purchase still images.
This website forms a digital archives of political poster art from Cuba, China, the United States, and other countries, with supplemental articles and resource links. For the more well-known symbols (for example, the symbol for the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in the United Kingdom or commonly known as the 'peace' symbol in the rest of the world) has a detailed essay on its history, origins, designer and use. The website's aim is to create a responsible digital repository of the significant visual sources in history, and to document and catalogue their designs, uses, and meanings in an accurate fashion.
The website "Early photographically illustrated boks", which is part of the British Library's Online Gallery, makes available 1,500 images of early photographic illustrations. Photography, as a new technology, was an exciting way of illustrating books, and was increasingly used after the 1840s. Later in the century the photographs themselves became the focus of such publications. The images presented here cover a vast variety of subjects, including: towns and buildings in Britain and Ireland; portraits; scenic views and landscapes; works of art and architecture; figure groups; and many more. The collection include images taken by pioneers of the technology such as Francis Frith. The photographs document the cultural interests of the Victorian era, and also depict many places and buildings that no longer exist (for example, in London, where many buildings have been destroyed by war or redevelopment). They are an invaluable source for the study of local history, and for Victorian cultural and social history. This site will be appreciated by all researchers with an interest in the period. The entire Online Gallery site can be searched by keyword. This collection can also be browsed using the list of thumbnail images, which can be sorted by date or title. Each image can be clicked to access the item page, which provides bibliographical information and a descriptive text, which frequently includes the contemporary commentary of the photographs. Large versions of the images are provided, as are images with zoom and pan functions.
The East Anglian Film Archive (EAFA) was established in 1976 as the first regional film archive in the UK and is a non-profit making organisation based at the University of East Anglia (UEA). It 'aims to collect and preserve moving images relating to East Anglia and to provide a service of access and presentation where copyright allows'. This site gives a brief introduction to the archive's collections and services and offers links to a range of catalogues including that of the archive itself. There are brief details of the MA course 'Film Archiving', offered within the Film Studies sector of UEA. A section on News gives information on the use of the EAFA's collection in recent television programmes. The Archive has received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC).
ViewFinder is an online image archive published by the National Monuments Record, the public archive of English Heritage, in collaboration with Oxfordshire County Council and the Science Museum. It is comprised of various digitised photographic collections, including: The Henry W. Taunt Collection; England at Work; Rupert Potter (father of Beatrix); and York and Son. These collections cover varying aspects of everyday life in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, including: architecture; landscape; customs; local history; coal mining; agriculture; railways; textiles; and transport. The collections can be searched by: keyword; collection; and photographer, among other methods, and are accompanied by contextual captions. Also available are specially created photo essays, which introduce specific topics and photographers. This site would be of use to social and cultural historians, as well as those interested in photographic history.
Ephemeral films is part of the Internet Archive Moving Images database. Ephemeral films are described as "non-fiction films usually made for educational, industrial, or promotional purposes". Available for viewing and/or downloading, there are over 200 guidance films from the post World War II British government; drive-in movie intermission ads; vintage educational films; and videos documenting the history of San Francisco from 1906 to the early 21st Century. Access is also provided to two classic ephemeral film collections: the Prelinger Archives and AV Geeks. A list of the items can be browsed alphabetically, by subject or using keywords. A VLC Media Player or MPlayer is needed to view downloaded items.
The website "Focus On Film" is published as part of The National Archives Learning Curve teaching resource. It provides free access to 20th century film images, and its aim is to help teachers and learners make use of the increased bandwidth being put into many schools. The film clips can be viewed with online in Flash or downloaded for editing. They cover topics such as Britain 1906-1918, the Abyssinian War, the British home front during the Second World War, the Cold War, early 20th century Kent and the British Empire, but also reenacted moments of mediaeval and early modern England. The clips can be searched or browsed. Other resources include classroom activities, available in format compatible with PCs and interactive whiteboards. The Editor's Room requires a free registration and offers a tutorial for editing film clips with online editing tools and or downloaded videos. This site is a wonderful resource not only for media studies but also for the historical value of the films and the portrayal of major moments in British history.
Maintained by an enthusiast, this website contains images from postcards, photographs and ephemera related to ships. The collections are indexed by ships on the site, and Liverpool landing stage views.
The E.W. Blatchford Collection is a photographic archive of the Middle East and parts of Europe in the late nineteenth century. It is published by the Digital Documentation Centre at the American University of Beirut. The E. W. Blatchford Collection contains 800 photographs of Europe, Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Jordan, Egypt and Tangiers, taken between 1880 and 1900, many taken by important photographers such as Bonfils, Dumas, Sarrafian, Dupré and Amodio. The photographs cover many things, including landscapes, historical monuments, people, architecture, archaeological sites, and daily life. The images cannot be searched, but they can be browsed using the thumbnail gallery, by list, or by using the index.
The Historical Podcasts website is compiled as a directory of links to a variety of sources, mostly from the UK and USA, which provide access to podcasts on all aspects of history. The directory is divided alphabetically according to the name of the broadcast show which offers each podcast. There is also a guide to podcasts arranged by the name of the historical figures which are the subjects of further podcasts. These include Alexander the Great, Albert Einstein, Queen Boudicca, and Oliver Cromwell, amongst others. The compiler of the directory provides a brief abstract and review for each link. The sources include the National Archives, the History Channel, iTunes, the BBC and many others. The directory indicates where a subscription is required for access, but many of the links are to freely available podcasts.
The British Film Institute (BFI) 'InView : Moving Images in the Public Sphere' website gives students and teachers access to a selection of films of some of the key social, political and economic issues of the 20th century drawn from the BFI's film and television collections, and those of some their partners: The National Archive; the Parliamentary Broadcasting Unit; the BBC; and Open Media. These full-length films have been catalogued with descriptions and keywords, as well as technical information, as well as links to related video or film, and essays by curators and experts putting the material in context. This learning resource has been funded by the JISC Digitisation Programme, and further content will be added. The best starting-point is to browse by theme. Themes include: UK industry and economy; health; environment; law and order; immigration, race and equality; education; conflict. Each theme is broken down further into more categories. Access to the films themselves is limited to users from UK higher education institutions who should follow the links to login, where their Athens or Shibboleth credentials will be checked. You can stream the films online, or download them in sections ina variety of formats. You may also search the collection, and you can browse by 'collection' (such as National Coal Board or 'After Dark' or party political broadcasts) and by hundreds and hundreds of keywords - all displayed on a single screen.
Showcasing the Antarctica collections held by the State Library of New South Wales, Australia, Lines on the Ice is the website that accompanied a 2002 exhibition of the same name. Focusing on the Australasian Antarctic Expedition of 1910 to 1915, this evocative resource is beautifully illustrated with two thousand digitised photographs, maps, illustrations and artifacts such as diaries. It includes photographs taken by Frank Hurley. Not all images relate to Antartica - there are several illustrations from Captain James Cook's second voyage to Australia. The images are set in context through text and an interactive timeline, which details the history of Antarctic expeditions from 1772. An advanced search facility is available. The site is now archived on Pandora, Australia's web archive. The site also contains an Antarctica timeline with information on the history of exploration to the continent, as well as links to further information.
The Nachrichtendienst für Historiker website is a repository of newspapers articles of historical interest that is updated daily. Major newspapers from Germany, Italy, France and the English speaking world are read daily and included in the searchable database. The website is aimed principally at German speaking readers, and published articles are only available in the original language. Most of the articles are freely accessible on the Internet, and are not archived on this site. Newspapers articles are not always trustworthy, but often the only source of information for ongoing or unpublished research, especially for projects of local value. The selected articles are catalogued by a team of professional journalists, who scan German newspapers for news of interest to foreign papers, and scan foreign papers for news of interest to German papers. This freely accessible website limited to historical articles demonstrates the service provided by the team. In the same section "Information", there are also a few data about transmitted TV historical documentaries. The journalists also have included reviews of books; DVDs; CD-ROMs; of interest to historians, classicists or archaeologists in section "Materialen". Although some multimedia titles are aimed at the general public and can be purchased from the website, most reviewed titles such as "Troia"; "Packard Humanities Institute (PHI) Latin Texts 5.3"; and "Poesis" are aimed at students and scholars. The website makes accessible via streaming technology audio or video historical sources, especially of twentieth century Germany in section "Recherche - Multimedia". It is possible to discuss the news or ask for more information in the forum.
The website News on Screen is a database of British newsreel production between 1910 and 1983, created by the British Universities Film and Video Council (BUFVC), which had been archiving news reels for academic study since 1969. The database contains 170,000 records from 21 newsreels and cinemagazines, 80,000 digitised newsreel production documents, and a wide range of information resources, including oral history recordings, film availability sources, and online articles. 40,000 records link to free low-resolution downloadable copies from the British Pathe website. From 1999-2003 the BUFVC received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB, now the AHRC) to digitise copies of 80,000 commentary scripts, cameraman's dope sheets, assignment sheets, shot lists and other original documentation as part of the British Universities Newsreel Scripts Project (BUNSP). Further funding was granted by JISC. Each record includes the date of release, title, keyword and description. The films are available either through commercial and public sector film archives or as commercial video releases. Search parameters are flexible, and results provide bibliographic details, subject descriptions, dates, locations, technical details, and staff records where available. The website also boasts a biographical database of British newsreel staff. The "Learn more" section describes how newsreels were made and relates the history of the newsreel. A biography of David Lean, one of the great British film directors, is featured on the site. This resource is currently free, though users from UK FE/HE institutions (ac.uk domains) and BUFVC members can access additional content, such as the NewsFilm Online, the ITN/Reuters archives. The News on Screen was previously called British Universities Newsreel Database (BUND).
The Normans, three centuries of achievement, 911 - 1204, is a website created by the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge University, to accompany an exhibition of the same name held in 2004 which followed fortunes of the Normans in England, Sicily and Southern Italy. The website and exhibition were based on Dr William Conte's collection of Norman coins, which is in the Fitzwilliam's holdings. The site covers the following main areas: Scandinavian Homelands and Settlements Overseas; The Normans in Sicily and Southern Italy; The Norman Conquest; The Anarchy of the Reign of Stephen and Hoards and Site Finds. These sections trace the origins of the Normans and their rise and fall, including: the reigns of Robert Guiscard and Roger I in Sicily; William the Conqueror in Normandy and England and the conflict between Stephen and Matilda. The events of the period are described through the lens of the history of coinage. The exhibition is likely to be of use to those with an interest in numismatic history, as well as those looking for an overview of the Normans themselves. Each section is divided into sub-sections that include images of the coins, with brief descriptions setting them in their historical context. The site also includes maps illustrating the scope of Norman rule in Europe. Good quality large images of the coins, without the contextualising descriptions, can be viewed in the site's Gallery. The site includes a small selection of links for Norman history, and a link to the online version of Dr William Conte's collection. The site is informative and easy to use.
'OV: the Open Video Project' is an online video bank that aims... "to collect and make available a repository of digitized video content for the digital video, multimedia retrieval, digital library, and other research communities". It contains historical and some arts videos, all released under open source licenses. These include videos from: the Digital Himalaya Project (34 early films from anthropologists in the Himalayas); and SIGGRAPH Video (10 videos); among others. At April 2008 the OV video bank contained around 4,000 videos, although some of these are longer films cut into shorter sections for ease of download. The bias of the collections seems to be strongly toward films from the United States - for instance, a sample search for keyword 'London' only calls up six videos, although these include a 13 minute 'Tour through central parts of London' (1920), as a 370Mb MPEG file. The archive can be searched using a variety of options, including colour/B&W, sound or silent, and by duration. The website also has a weblog-like listing of project news, and additional information about each collection. This may be an especially useful website for historians of the United States, and may also interest artists seeking historic film footage that is free to use in new works. The website also has full details of the OV project, its staff, aims, and future plans.
This is the home page of the Phonogrammarchiv, or Research Sound Archive, of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, the self-proclaimed oldest sound archive in the world. Dedicated to the research and preservation of sound recordings since 1899, the archive now has a wing devoted to video recording. The site gives a detailed description of its collection and storage procedures, as well as its external projects. A brief history of recording technologies is incorporated into a catalogue of the archive's resources and those of its affiliated library. An outside link to Österreichische Mediathek, the affiliated audiovisual archive of the Technical Museum of Vienna, offers sound files of the voices of famous historical figures, such as Emperor Franz Joseph I ; Arthur Schnitzler ; and Josef Weinheber. Essays (or descriptions thereof), some with sound documents, are posted from staff research in the fields of Ethnomusicology ; Ethnolinguistics and Dialectology ; Cultural Anthropoly and Folklore ; musical automata ; Zoology ; Medicine and Natural Sciences ; environmental sounds and noises ; early collections ; language and music samples ; and mechanical musical instruments. Projects, downloadable publications and links are all clearly and comprehensively posted -- as are several indexes of archive holdings, and a good selection of sound samples. Together, these resources make the site valuable for musicologists, anthropologists and historians of Austria, Central Europe, and World History. The site has a news page and its own search engine.
Picture Sheffield.com is the Internet version of Sheffield Local Studies Library's computerised image system. Funded from the Heritage Lottery Fund, the collection contains nearly 20,000 photographs, most of which date from between 1900 to 1950. Images are mostly of streets, transport infrastructure, and buildings. Buildings include Cutlers Hall, the University of Sheffield and its campus, and the many cutlery factories that used to dot the city's landscape. There are also some portraits in the collection. The archive can be searched by keyword or browsed alphabetically by place or topic. The details provided with each image varies, and users are invited to submit any information they might have to help complete each record. The decade in which each photograph was taken is included, but not the precise date. Images may be magnified on the screen, or ordered as physical prints (for a fee). The electronic versions may be reproduced free of charge for personal use.
Picture Stockton is an online repository of over 2,000 images of Stockton-on-Tees, from the eighteenth to the twentieth century. The site is published by Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council and all of the images are taken from Stockton's Reference Library Local History Collection. The images are largely photographs, although there is a number of sketches and drawings from the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The images can be searched by keyword or browsed by category. The categories include aerial photographs, art and architecture, churches, uniforms, domestic, industry, leisure, schools and shopping. All the images are accompanied by captions, which site users can also add to.
Pobeda 1941-1945 is a searchable online archive of over one thousand photographs from the second world war, selected from numerous federal and regional Russian archives and presented as high-quality digitised images. The archive can be browsed thematically or searched by keyword or photograph details: date or place taken; photographer; archive number. Although there is no English-language version, the site is well constructed and easy to use, and offers a valuable resource for historians teaching and researching the second world war. Developed by the Federal Archival Service of Russia (Rosarkhiv), the archive page lists the numerous archives participating in the project, describes their relevant holdings and provides links to their websites or contact details. The catalogue page offers access to images collated thematically. Themes include: children at war; the Leningrad blockade; the liberation of Europe (subdivided geographically); the partisan movement; the battle of Stalingrad; victory over Japan; Victory Day 9 May 1945; Berlin, from war to peace; the Nuremberg process. Site contents may also be browsed by photographer ('author' in the Russian). Photographers are listed alphabetically, with biographical details where available and clickable thumbnails of their photographs. Most of the photographs are Soviet, but some are of US or German provenance. Each photograph is provided with details of: place and date taken; the subject(s) and photographer (where known); current location and archive number. A links page lists many useful and relevant websites. Site users may give feedback via a forum page. 'About the site' describes the project history and participants.
SINE is a lottery-funded online database of searchable images featuring the architectural and structural heritage of Northumberland, Tyne and Wear, Durham and Teesside in the North East of England, much of which has been threatened, significantly altered or destroyed as a result of economic developments in the past 30 years. The site was a project of the University of Newcastle on Tyne. The photographs are divided into a series of key categories which illustrate various aspects of the historic environment such as industrial architecture, public monuments, the social history of Newcastle and the North East and the archaeological heritage of the region. The photographic corpus derives from a series of public and private collections. The Stafford Linsley Collection of industrial archaeology is complemented by aerial images from the Norman McCord Collection and several artistic representations of buildings and working activities by Victorian 'gentleman' painter William Henry Charlton (1846-1918). The project also includes news items relating to the SINE archive and its work, including stories relating to the state of preservation of buildings featured in the archive which complements the important section documenting construction and demolition within the project area. The database can be browsed or searched by a wide range of categories such as structure type and materials (based on the English Heritage NMR Thesaurus) and location. An interACTIVE Zone presents the material in an attractive and fun way, in which children can explore the gallery or take learning journeys. Other projects include the digitising of the Lambeth Palace Library archive of church plans. The projects is now concluded and the site has last been updated in 2004. This database has a broad potential constituency of users, from architectural and social historians to mediaeval and post-mediaeval archaeologists and heritage management professionals.
This is the website of the University of Southern California Shoah Foundation Institute for Visual History and Education. Its collections were brought together by the Survivors of the Shoah Foundation, which was established by Steven Spielberg during the filming of 'Schindler's List.' Between 1994 and 1999, the foundation collected some 52,000 testimonies of Holocaust survivors and other witnesses, including liberators, from 56 countries in 32 languages; about 90 per cent of the survivors are Jewish, the rest are "Jehovah's Witnesses, Sinti and Roma, homosexuals, political prisoners, and survivors of eugenics policies." The site states that the testimonies have been primarily collected for the purposes of education in order to inform students about the Holocaust as well as other genocides and to combat racism and prejudice. Altogether, the testimonies make up 120,000 hours of video which are searchable on this site. The Shoah Foundation has made several award-winning films based on its testimonies, as well as CD-ROMs for educational purposes; the site also describes the Foundation's ongoing educational projects. For researchers in Holocaust Studies, it is worth noting that, while some short video excerpts and the testimony catalogue are available online, the site does not provide immediate access to the videos. The catalogue offers information on witnesses, such as city and country of birth, religion and wartime experiences. In the autumn of 2005, the Shoah Foundation became part of the University of Southern California, where researchers can make appointments to gain direct access to the collection. Procedures for gaining access are provided on the site, although online instructions seem to be aimed primarily at institutions and teachers; there is, however, a Visiting Scholars Fund to support graduate students and post-doctoral researchers who wish to consult the archive.
"Victorian illustrated newspapers and journals : select list" is part of the British Library's Help for Researchers Web pages. The page gives details of a selection of Victorian newspapers and periodicals which can be viewed in the British Library, and is illustrated with a number of contemporary images. The site gives publications details for each of the titles, together with access details of the collection. Further details about visiting the newspaper collections can be obtained from the main British Library Collection website, which also has an online catalogue of newspapers held in the British Library.
Virtual Mitchell is an online database of images of Glasgow, published by the Mitchell Library, one of the largest reference libraries in Europe. The images have largely been taken from the City Archives, and are mainly of street scenes and buildings. The collection is largely made up of photographs, but also includes a small amount of prints and lithographs. The database can either be searched or browsed by keyword, street name and area. It can also be browsed thumbnail menus or by subject areas such as the cinema, shipbuilding, immigrant communities and the First and Second World Wars. Individual images can be downloaded from the site, but if proper copies are required these can be ordered separately.
Warwickshire Library and Information Service provide online access to over fifty interviews with people from Nuneaton and Bedworth, on their "Working lives" website, providing a rich source for industrial and social history of workers in a wide range of industries since the 1930s. Brick and tile production, quarrying, textiles and engineering were the major industries in the area during the last century, attracting a significant proportion of immigrant workers from the Commonwealth. Other themes include the Second World War, trade unionism, and working conditions. The interviews can be listened to as MP3 audio files, and many are also transcribed. A collection of contemporary photographs, arranged by industrial companies from the area, accompanies the sound collection. The interviews can be searched by keyword or accessed via an interactive map.
Part of the BBC History World Wars website, Voices of D-Day contains audio recordings of eight people who experienced D-Day first-hand, on 6 June 1944. Experience one of the most momentous operations of World War Two through the words of British and American soldiers who led the assaults, a French Resistance fighter who spied from behind the lines and the German defender who celebrated his 18th birthday on D-Day. Real Player is required to hear the recordings, but transcripts are also available.