This site publishes some thousand images from the 1905 - 1907 Breasted expedition to Egypt and Sudan. The American Egyptologist James Henry Breasted was director of the Haskell Oriental Museum and the University of Chicago, the forerunner to the Oriental Institute. In 1905 - 1907 he led an expedition to Egypt and Sudan where monuments and inscriptions were recorded using photography. This site is a part of the website of the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago. Some 1055 images from the expedition are available on the site along with some background information. This site is easy to navigate and useful for anyone interested in Egyptology and Ancient History.
The ABIA (Annual Bibliography of Indian Archaeology) is a bibliographic database detailing South and Southeast Asian art and archaeology. Compiled by a panel of international specialists, first brought together by the International Institute for Asian Studies (IIAS) in 1997 at Leiden, the Netherlands, the database deals with scholarly publications by specialists.The database itself covers a variety of topics from a number of regions. Topics included: pre- and protohistory; historical archaeology; both ancient and modern art history; material culture; epigraphy and palaeography and numismatics, while regions include: South Asia and culturally related regions (e.g. Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Tibet); Southeast Asia and culturally related regions (e.g. South China and the Pacific). The database also contains material in many different languages.To date, two hard-copy publications containing selections from the database have been made available, published in 1999 and 2002. Both are available to order via this website. The database itself is accessed via this website.
The Archaeology Data Service Library (ArchSearch) links and archives a wide range of publications relevant to the historic environment, including the full-texts of out of print research reports and occasional papers from the Council for British Archaeology, with a range of journal and individual titles (see the Library section). Many of the resources listed are on external websites. Most of the journals referenced provide full-text articles online, although a few provide only abstracts. Online bibliographies are also provided for several specialist areas of archaeological research. The Archaeology Data Service receives funding from the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). This description is based upon that provided by the JISC Resource Guide for the Arts and Humanities.
'Aigyptos' is a database project which aims to provide rapid access to research bibliographies in Egyptology from the prehistoric to the Graeco-Roman periods and includes materials relevant to Coptic and Nubian studies. The searchable database is in German but the comprehensive introduction with detailed search instructions is also available in English. The project is a collaborative venture between the Instituts für Ägyptologie der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München and the Ägyptologischen Institut der Universität Heidelberg. The compilation of the databases is an on-going project. Comprehensive bibliographies are available from 1990 with more selective coverage before this date at the time of writing. The search engine is based on a wide-ranging keyword system drawing heavily on the "Lexicon der Ägyptologie" and is accompanied by detailed advice on how to use the databases. This is a specialist resource aimed at advanced students and researchers in Egyptology and related fields.
The website of the Ancient World Mapping Centre (AWMC) at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, provides an extensive series of online resources in cartography and geographic information science for the use of researchers, teachers and students of ancient studies. The resource provides a wide range of services including: free downloadable digital maps for students; the Ancient Place Name Inventory (APNI); details on maps for the blind; news and information on new mapping initiatives which includes an archive service for older stories; and information on events and other cartographic and geographic publications such as the Barrington Atlas of the Ancient World. Updates to the Barrington Atlas are provided by a community of interested people in the Pleiades website. Also included are links to other mapping projects such as the Stanford University Forma Urbis Roma Project on the Severan period marble map of Rome and the Stadiasmus Provinciae Lyciae on the road system of Roman Lycia in Turkey. The website is easily navigable, can be browsed with a number of software packages and in a text-only version. There are numerous very large images which may take a while to load but they are of high quality and many can be downloaded. This excellent and wide-ranging resource is aimed at a wide variety of users from school teachers and their pupils to undergraduates and researchers in the ancient world as well as those interested computer applications in the humanities.
The Anthro.Net Research Engine is a search tool that serves as a gateway to reviewed websites and bibliographic references. It is owned and managed by Eric J. White of the Department of Anthropology at the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB). The site also has an editorial board made up of anthropologists, archaeologists, psychologists and human geographers from UCSB, the University of Missouri, Columbia, the University of Alaska, Fairbanks and Oxnard College. The content of Anthro.Net is provided by the research interests of the site's visitors. The system keeps track of visitors' queries and uses them to build and maintain the search database. If the search engine cannot find at least ten quality websites that match a visitor's query, then that query is added to the system's 'to do' list. A separate program takes this list and meta-searches the web looking for sites that would match the visitor's query. Sites that do not regularly appear in the search results are dropped from the database. Additional sites are added and deleted from Anthro.Net using this methodology on a daily basis.
Archaeological Records of Europe : Networked Access (ARENA) is an online collection of information on a humanities computing initiative which aims to develop web-based information technology for preserving archive material, particularly, but not exclusively, in the archaeological and heritage sectors. Led by the UK based Archaeology Data Service and a consisting of a team of six cultural organisations in Poland, Romania, Denmark, Iceland, Norway and the United Kingdom, the Arena website aims to develop expertise in the collection and organisation of archaeological data and to raise public and academic awareness of electronic archives and their potential. The project is funded by the EU through the Culture 2000 programme. In addition to outlining the aims and objectives of the project, this resource provides much useful information on good practice in digital archive management and a guide to the relevant technologies and protocols. Also included are: details of websites; special reports on digital archive management; listings of conferences and meetings; and published papers. While this website has immediate value to professionals working in the areas of archaeology, museums, libraries and archives, 'Arena' addresses wider issues which should be interest to the more general practitioner in these fields, including students and researchers at university level.
The ADS hosts the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS) Centre for Archaeology. The service collects, describes, catalogues, preserves, and provides user support for digital resources that are created as a product of research in archaeology and the historic environment. The ADS provides an integrated online catalogue to its archival collections, and to the collections of other organisations, connected by a metadata catalogue of over 450,000 records. These describe archaeological sites across the UK and much of Ireland, and wherever UK archaeologists are active. Collections currently available include resources from the English Heritage National Monuments Record (EH NMR) Excavation Index for England, EH NMR Index to Microfilmed Archaeological Archives, National Monuments Record of Scotland, Northern Ireland Sites and Monuments Record, the Clwyd-Powys Sites and Monuments Record, and many more. The catalogue may be searched by subject keyword, location, resource creator, object, or project title. Access to resources is also available via virtual collections which include: a section on dating; bibliographic databases (including the pre-1992 British and Irish Archaeological Bibliography); an expanding collection of CBA research reports and occasional papers (eventually the complete series will be available); ADS Guides to Good Practice and other publications; an extensive listing of archaeology journals with links to abstracts/full-text articles where available; and a number of excavation and find reports. The site also includes a full range of policy documents, help files, and details of who to contact and how to deposit data with the ADS. The Archaeology Data Service receives funding from the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC). Description based on one supplied by the JISC Resource Guide for the Arts and Humanities.
The Archaeology Image Bank provides a database of copyright-cleared images which may be used in teaching and research. The service encourages the donation of further, good quality, images from members of the archaeology community. The database can be searched by keyword and, in the advanced search mode, by a range of fields, including period, place and object. It is also possible to retrieve the latest images added to the database or the most popular. A successful search results in a list of thumbnail images with a summary description. Each image has its own metadata record, together a higher resolution image. Images of interest may be saved and a list sent by email. The Archaeology Image Bank is the result of a partnership between the higher education Academy (HEA) Subject Centre for History, Classics and Archaeology, and the Archaeology Data Service.
Archbase is a website that contains details of various archaeological projects by different organisations. Featured projects include: excavations at the Graeco-Roman harbour of Berenite (Egypt), and the work of the Fayum Field school at the Graeco-Roman village of Medinet Watfa (also in Egypt). Full excavation reports (Fayum; Berenike; Eastern Desert Ware) and information with abstracts on related workshops (mobile people; residue analysis; ancient apprenticeship; history of the Eastern Desert) can be accessed from the home page. In addition, the website also contains the archaeological databases of some projects; to access these a password is required (researchers may be able to get one contacting the project's administrators). Both researchers and students may find this website useful.
The Archive of Mesopotamian Archaeological Reports (AMAR) website publishes a collection of archaeological site reports describing archaeological excavations both in Iraq and in the immediately surrounding areas (Turkey, Syria, Iran and the Gulf). The website is under development at the time of review and it is expected that by the end of 2010 about 500 reports, some out-of -copyright and some still in-print, will be published here. The website is published as part of the Iraq Cultural Heritage Program Grant, funded by International Relief and Development (IRD) in cooperation with the Cultural Affairs Office, US Embassy Baghdad, and the Cultural Heritage Center, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, Department of State, USA. According to Elizabeth Stone, project director, "this online collection is intended to provide basic sources of information to our colleagues in Iraq, and also other archaeologists working in the Middle East".
The collection is centred on publications on Mesopotamia and can be easily browsed through the interface. There are some metadata for each resource, which can then be accessed from a link. The publications have been digitised in PDF format.
The ArchNet website has catalogued a large number and range of online resources relevant to archaeology. All websites are reviewed for suitability against an explicit editorial policy. The website is easy to navigate and resources maybe found by broad subject area, regions (selected by a clickable world map), academic departments, publishers and journals, and museums.
The Brecon Beacons National Park Sites and Monuments Record, maintained by the Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust in partnership with Brecon Beacons National Park Authority and Powys County Council, is part of the Regional Sites and Monuments Record which contains over 38,000 records and includes sites ranging in date from the Palaeolithic to the twentieth century. The Regional Sites and Monuments Record, maintained by CPAT, also covers the unitary authorities of Denbighshire, Flintshire and the eastern part of Conwy (which from 1974 to 1996 formed the county of Clwyd), and the unitary authority of Powys, which includes most of the National Park. This regional SMR deals with an area of some 7,500 square kilometres of north-east and central Wales, ranging in character from the open uplands of the Cambrian Mountains and the Brecon Beacons, to the rich river valleys of the Severn and the Clwyd. The data made available here to the Archaeology Data Service (as part of the ArchSearch catalogue) contains key data fields derived from the full SMR database and was downloaded from CPAT's Regional SMR on 23rd October 2000. The database is intended to be used as an index to the SMR archive which comprises many elements, from computer databases and digital surveys to historic maps, 25 years worth of excavation and survey archives and over 30,000 aerial and 40,000 terrestrial photographs. Users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to using the dataset and, in all uses, data from the SMR will remain the copyright of CPAT, its partners in the SMR and any other stated bodies. A full overview of the dataset is provided.
The Celtic Inscribed Stones Project (CISP) is an AHRB-funded project based at University College London. The aim of the project is to study medieval Celtic inscriptions (Scotland, Ireland, Wales, Brittany, the Isle of Man, and parts of western England) in the period approximately 400-1100 CE. One objective is the creation of a database of all known inscriptions. The first version of the database is available online. The database contains records for each documented stone. Records include information about the site (description and references), stone, and inscription. Information provided about any given stone includes: history of discovery; dimensions, setting and location; form and condition; crosses and decorations; and folklore. Information provided about the inscription includes: readings (with references); date, incision, language (with linguistic notes); notes on palaeography and legibility; and references discussing names on the stone. The database can be browsed by an alphabetical index, site location, common name, and CISP code.
The Phase 1 archive of the Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL), representing the route of the link from Fawkham Junction (Gravesham) to Folkestone, is a major new research archive for the archaeology of Kent. The construction of the Channel Tunnel Rail Link has provided a unique opportunity to investigate thousands of years of change and development across the landscape and the archaeological programme of works associated with CTRL is probably the largest ever undertaken in the UK. The Link is the first new railway to be built in Britain for over a century and runs for 109km (68 miles) between St Pancras station in London and the Channel Tunnel. The Phase 1 archive represents the first 74 km of this route and was finished in September 2003. The second section, which continues the railway into London, is under construction and will be completed in early 2007. The CTRL Phase 1 archive is organised at a site level allowing access to data from 122 interventions and is accompanied by extensive introductory text both at an overall project level as well as the individual site level. The archive itself contains site reports, site datasets and images for 122 excavations, evaluations and geophysical and standing building surveys provided in a number of file formats (RTF, PDF, CSV and SVG). The data can be accessed through any of three search interfaces (a spatial map search, a period search or an advanced search) or alternatively via a full site list. The CTRL archive is also fully integrated into the ADS's ArchSearch catalogue allowing spatial searches to retrieve CTRL site level data alongside archaeological data from a number of other sources such as the National Trust SMR and the National Monuments Record. The site is easily navigable through the standard ADS interface and users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to accessing the resource. The website data is easily accessible, logically arranged and provided in a number of easily usable data types. Users should be aware that, at present, the site only contains data from Phase 1 of the project and will expand over the next few years with the deposit of Phase 2 data as well as themed analytical reports.
The Corpus of Anglo-Saxon Stone Sculpture (CASSS) aims to detailed, authoritative survey of English pre-Conquest sculpture. The website is currently limited in its functionality, although there is still a link to the previous website, which has more information available. On the old website, currently there is a list of publications and information about the project and staff. CASSS is in the process of producing regional catalogues of carved stones, with full bibliographic references and scaled photographs. The catalogues are of interest to historians, archaeologists, art historians, place-name specialists and local historians. On the old website, the project is in the process of producing regional catalogues of carved stones, with full bibliographic references and scaled photographs. The catalogues are of interest to historians, archaeologists, art historians, place-name specialists and local historians. Photographs can be provided, the project welcomes comments from the public, and it is possible to register to receive further information about publications.The website provides information on the project, Corpus publications for individual counties, the digital grammar of Anglo-Saxon ornament, links to related websites, and a link to the CASSS database. There is a list of regional volumes already published, those in preparation and forthcoming publications. The digital grammar of Anglo-Saxon ornament includes sections on: classification of forms and shapes of monuments; dating methods; epigraphy; techniques of carving; classification of ornament; and a bibliography. The CASSS database features information from Volume IV (South-East England), as a sample of what will become available in the future. The images of sculptures appear with information about the website, location, discussion, dates, description, measurements and evidence for discovery. The project has received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Resource Enhancement scheme.
The Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum (CVA) website makes available online an illustrated catalogue of ancient vases. The CVA was a project initiated in 1919 by Edmond Pottier of the Union Académique National. Its aim was to produce a series of monographs documenting all the ancient vases from Egypt, Mesopotamia and Europe preserved in museums. The website presents digitized versions of all the out of print fascicules, more than 250 in total. The website is quite simple, with just a few lines on the project and a few pictures outlining the contents of the catalogue. The database of vases is browsable by modern country or museum name. A search facility allows users to filter the entire database. This is a monumental project that is well known to all archaeologists interested in this field. Users will find the website useful and neatly designed, but the search facility requires some prior knowledge of ancient ceramics. Details of the vases are often scanty, without comments or interpretive notes, but there are good quality black and white pictures. This is a specialist website based on a resource that has long become a reference work.
Cuneiform Digital Palaeography Project is the website of an interdisciplinary project which seeks to establish a detailed palaeography for the cuneiform script. Such a project has only recently become viable, thanks to technological advances that have made possible the digitisation of three-dimensional script. The project, based at the University of Birmingham and the British Museum, is centred on a database which consists of high-resolution images of each of the many cuneiform signs as they appear on clay tablets and other artefacts. The website explains the aims, objectives, and methodology of the project, and provides access to the database and other related materials. The database may be browsed or searched by: character instance; sign; or text vehicle. Each record specifies: the reigning king at the time of the inscription; the provenance; genre; medium; and vehicle (tablet, cone, or other artefact). The site also explains the related research being enabled by the construction of the database. This includes: the identification of particular scribal hands; the issue of wedge order (cuneiform being impressed by means of pyramidal wedges); and three-dimensional imaging techniques. The site explains the terminology of cuneiform and the components of cuneiform signs. There is also a publications list and a set of links to related web resources. This website provides an excellent example of the application of new technology to research and the dissemination of knowledge.
'Databases about Aegean Subjects' is a website by the University of Florence that publishes archaeological databases on the subject of Aegean prehistory. At the time of review only the database on Middle Minoan hieroglyphic seals was accessible and allowed to perform complex search queries, though it is still incomplete. Each record is catalogued according to CMS and CHIC identification numbers and includes at least one black and white photograph (obtained with macro lens); a drawing and detailed captions. It is possible to access enlarged versions of the photographs and drawings by clicking on them. Before using this database, the authors suggest downloading and installing a special set of specialist fonts, which may be useful to researchers. Other databases are planned, including one on the Hittite tablets mentioning the Ahhiyawa; one on archaeological artefacts conserved at Florence, Italy; and one on "textile work areas in Bronze Age Crete". Details of each database and the associated projects can be read on the website. In section "the Ahhiyawa question" of "bibliographies" there are copies and transcripts of Hittite tablets mentioning the Ahhiyawa in PDF format as well as hyperlinks to online papers. There is also a news section. This website may be useful especially to specialist researchers.
Digital photogrammetry and Computer Aided Design (CAD), widely employed in architectural design, are increasingly used in archaeological research projects for reconstructing and visualising ancient buildings and settlements in the form of 3D computer models. This technical website, written by André Streilein of the Delft University of Technology, provides a useful introduction, with illustrations, to the basic principles of digital imaging and demonstrates how traditional photogrammetry can be allied with CAD techniques, particularly for cultural heritage sites. A series of illustrated practical examples from a variety of heritage sites shows how photographic images can be digitally rectified for use in a CAD format. There is also a bibliographic list of relevant publications by the author, many available in web versions or downloadable as compressed postscript files. Although the resource is aimed primarily at architects working on heritage projects, the basic principles have a wide application and the website will benefit archaeological researchers, heritage professionals and advanced students who employ CAD in their work or who are interested in developing imaging skills for their reconstructions, either for research purposes or for presenting their work to the wider public.
The Digital Archive Network for Anthropology and World Heritage is designed to function as a federation of distributed, interoperable databases, each with specific content of value to the study and preservation of human heritage, both cultural and biological. The project spans the disciplines of archaeology, biological anthropology, ethnography, and linguistics, although it is anticipated that it will also benefit other scholars in the humanities looking at aspects of human heritage. The scale of the project suggests that it may be some time before it is completed. As of August 2003, the archive was limited to archaeological collections from North Dakota State University (where the project is based), with the Biological Anthropology Collection under development. The databases contain text, 2D images, and precise 3D recreations of artefacts. These are apparently detailed enough to allow online measurements to be made of the 'surrogate' object. Software for displaying the various types of image may be downloaded from the website. The website also contains a tutorial and a message board. The project has the potential to become a valuable resource.
This website has been developed by UCL for the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology as a learning and teaching resource for higher education. The website provides much information about ancient Egyptian culture especially useful to Egyptology students. Guidelines for teachers are given in the "Learning" section and sometimes at the bottom of pages. A simple map of ancient Egypt shows the locations of major towns and important sites in various epochs. Clicking on the names of the sites brings up bibliographic information for published reports on the site in question. A timeline summarises the political history and cultural background of Egypt through the ages. This lists the various ruling dynasties and the individuals within them. Most of the names of the kings link to pages of images, biographical, or bibliographical information. Other sections include: archaeological records; art and architecture; communications technologies; ideology and beliefs; technologies and industries; foreign contacts; social history; and the exact sciences. Each section is then subdivided, leading the use to increasingly specific information. Multimedia aspects include a wealth of digitised photographs of artefacts, as well as several 3D reconstructions (VRML, AVI, MPEG and JPEG files available; AVI files are very large) of tombs and settlements. On of the most useful parts of the site is the A-Z index, which enables researchers to quickly access information on a given topic. This gives the site the functionality of a reference guide to ancient Egypt. About 3000 pages have been written by Wolfram Grajetzki, an expert in funerary archaeology; hundreds more have been written by Stephen Quirke and invited contributors. Digital Egypt for Universities receives funding from the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC).
Digital Forma Urbis Romae Project is an online collection of digital photographs and measurements based on a large marble street plan of the ancient city, completed around the start of the third century AD. Parts of it survive in numerous fragments, the assembly of which into a coherent 'jigsaw' has long challenged archaeologists. Stanford University's Digital Forma Urbis Romae Project has collected high definition digital photographs and computer measurements of the 1186 surviving fragments (these may be viewed here) and is now aiming to develop computer algorithms that might help to establish a more useful searchable version of the map. The user interface for the selection from Stanford's database which been made so far is available online. This site, though, is the news page for the technical side of the project. It contains a detailed description of the process which the Stanford team is developing, which will be of interest to those who seek to bring the latest technology to bear on ancient problems. The site also offers background information on the original map itself, as well as a detailed annotated bibliography of relevant reference works. There are also useful press reports and news updates about the progress of the project.
The Digital Library for International Research is a project run by the Council of American Overseas Research Centers (CAORC) that publishes several documents (books; journal; photographs; maps) on archaeology as well as modern literature and languages in digital format. It is possible to use section "Online Catalog" to perform a search across all contents, including library holdings. Section "E-books Collections" contains the ALMA (African Language Materials Archive Project) project archive, with several e-books written in African languages (including Bamanankan; Criol; Fula/Peul/Pular; Fulfulde; Jula/Dyula; Mandinka; Moore; and Wolof). Section "Photo Archives" contains over 125,000 photographs from the American Institute of Indian Studies, Center for Art and Archaeology (AIIS-CAA) in Gurgaon, India. Section "Map Collections" contains the archives of the ongoing Mapping Mediterranean Lands (MedMaps) project. Only a few maps were accessible at the time of review, and there is a section aimed at school teachers. "Journal Collections" contains the digitised version of several journals.
More contents should be added as the projects progress and new projects and archives are added to the collections. This website will be useful to researchers, teaching staff and students.
The website presents some of the research carried out by the Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies (FAMSI). A series of searchable databases have been built and these include: Mesoamerican bibliography database; catalogue of Zapotec effigy vessels; Kerr portfolio database; Maya vase archive database; Montgomery drawings collection database; Piedras Negras online database; Schele drawings collection database; Schele photo collection; Tikal digital access database. It is also possible to search all collections at once. The navigation of the website is neat and easy and the internal search engines of the databases seem efficient. It is also possible to browse the data in the databases. Some databases include both texts and pictures. Researchers specialising in Mesoamerican archaeology may find this website useful.
FASTI online is a database of European excavations since 2000 and is published by the International Association for Classical Archaeology (AIAC), with funding from the Packard Humanities Institute (PHI). In addition, the free and full-text FOLD&R (Fasti On Line Documents & Research) journal is available; at the time of review all published papers (in PDF format) focus on Roman Italy (mostly focus on Rome itself) and were mainly in Italian. The referenced and illustrated (with maps and colour pictures) papers are in fact preliminary or full reports of recent excavations carried out in Italy, or reports of scientific analyses and studies. Each paper, being a report of an excavation, is linked to a record in the main database, FASTI, accessible by clicking on "scheda".
It is possible to explore excavation sites by using interactive maps in the main section of the database or by searching for keywords. It is also possible to browse the data by region, periods and excavation status. Each record provides some basic information, a very short summary of one or more seasons of excavation, and a minimalist bibliography. This website has potential to become useful for all archaeologists, though it is currently useful primarily to researchers in Classical archaeology for checking the existence of current or recent excavations.
The Flintshire sites and monuments record, maintained by the Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust in partnership with Flintshire County Borough Council, is part of the Regional Sites and Monuments Record which contains over 38,000 records and includes sites ranging in date from the Palaeolithic to the twentieth century. The Regional Sites and Monuments Record, maintained by CPAT, also covers the unitary authorities of Denbighshire, Wrexham and the eastern part of Conwy (which from 1974 to 1996 formed the county of Clwyd), and the unitary authority of Powys, which includes most of the National Park. This regional SMR deals with an area of some 7,500 square kilometres of north-east and central Wales, ranging in character from the open uplands of the Cambrian Mountains and the Brecon Beacons, to the rich river valleys of the Severn and the Clwyd. The data made available here to the Archaeology Data Service (as part of the ArchSearch catalogue) contains key data fields derived from the full SMR database and was downloaded from CPAT's Regional SMR on 23rd October 2000. The database is intended to be used as an index to the SMR archive which comprises many elements, from computer databases and digital surveys to historic maps, 25 years worth of excavation and survey archives and over 30,000 aerial and 40,000 terrestrial photographs. Users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to using the dataset and, in all uses, data from the SMR will remain the copyright of CPAT, its partners in the SMR and any other stated bodies. A full overview of the dataset and the fields provided can be found on the ADS website.
The Greater London Sites and Monuments Record (GLSMR) is a computerised record of information relating to historic buildings and archaeological sites in the Greater London area. The GLSMR was started in 1984 by the Greater London Council, and is now funded and managed by English Heritage. The compilation of the Record was carried out in cooperation with the Museum of London, the Passmore Edwards Museum and the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames. The initial phase of compilation was completed in March 1992 and the task of updating and adding listed buildings and archaeological discoveries continues. The online version of the GLSMR, accessible through the ADS Archsearch database, presents a subset of the data held in the SMR. This resource can be searched by selecting the "Search by resource" option from the ADS catalogue menu bar. The website is easily navigable through the standard ADS interface and users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to accessing the resource. English Heritage have provided a description of the GLSMR, guidelines for use and disclaimer which should be read by those wishing to follow up queries resulting from searching the online version of the SMR.
The Oriental Institute of Chicago has sponsored the preparation of the Chicago Hittite Dictionary since 1975, under the direction of Harry A. Hoffner, Hans G. Güterbock and, more recently, of Theo van den Hout. This website provides a brief introduction to the Hittite language together with annual reports of the Chicago Hittite Dictionary Project from 1992 to the present as well as technical information on the online version of the dictionary and the curriculum vitae (and publications) of the editors. The project was originally conceived to fill the need for a Hittite-English lexical tool and a concordance for lexicographical research for all parts of the corpus of Hittite texts. Even though the Hittite language has been a major subject of study since the first large scale excavations at Boghazköy in 1906 began to reveal the first examples of a corpus of texts which now numbers some 10,000 in total, scholars of this important language (the first Indo-European language to survive in written form) still have no comprehensive lexicon for research purposes. This website is a specialist research tool documenting the progress of an important project relevant to scholars of ancient IE languages and Near Eastern archaeology and ancient history.
This is a collection of pictures originally prepared for the course "Notions d'histoire de l'art et d'archéologie : Egypte et Proche-Orient anciens" by the late Prof. R. Tefnin. The collection contains over 500 colour and B&W photographs at medium resolution reproducing mainly tomb frescoes, artistic artefacts and architectural masterpieces such as the pyramids; there are also a few didactic drawings. The photographs are listed with a small thumbnail; clicking on the thumbnail it is possible to access a larger version of the photograph. However, only part of the picture can be seen, and the website requires minimal interactivity to display other parts of the picture. Metadata with information on the subject are provided on each page, and users should be aware that some pictures are taken from books. All photographs are copyrighted and suitable only for personal or internal use only. Although students may find here some useful pictures, the collection remains most useful to lecturers to prepare their courses.
The InscriptiFact project at the University of Southern California publishes photographs of ancient Middle Eastern inscriptions, mainly from Phoenicia, Syria, Mesopotamia, and Egypt. To access the website it is necessary to register by faxing a signed user agreement; read the instructions (PDF files); and install Java components (administrator rights required). The database is accessed using a special Java browser (Mac and Windows supported). After logging in, it is possible to browse the inscriptions by period, site, language, support and collection, or search them. Once a list of relevant inscriptions is produced, clicking on any entry will display the metadata associated with that inscription. Clicking on the "go" button on the list of inscriptions provides access to a series of thumbnails of all the available photographs for that inscription; there is a set of BW and colour photographs for each inscription. The thumbnails can be saved as TIFF or JPEG pictures, or preferably as full resolution JPEG2000 photographs (recommended). There is also a standalone viewer to visualise Reflection Transformation Imaging (RTI) images.
There are no transliterations or translations of the inscriptions. Among the scripts are Ammonite; Arabic; Aramaic; Coptic; Cuneiform (Akkadian; Babylonian; Sumerian; Ugaritic); Egyptian hieroglyphs; Greek; Hebrew; Latin; Nabatean; Phoenician; Semitic and others. There are also early alphabetic inscriptions such as that from Wadi el-Hol and some Dead Sea scrolls. This website can be useful primarily for teaching and researching, but postgraduate students specialising in ancient languages may also find it useful. The project has been funded by several organisations, including the Underwood Family Trust Fund; the Ahmanson Foundation; and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
This website is an online repository of recent documents for staff and students at the Institute of Anthropological and Spatial Studies (IAPŠ), part of the Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (ZRC SAZU). Among the papers and theses, those on GIS applications and the "Adriatic islands project" may interest a broader audience. Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
Metis is a repository of Quicktime movies of archaeological sites in Greece. Metis was created for educational purposes only. The main page is a catalogue of sites for which movies are avalable. Each site may have more than one movie. A website plan is sometimes available which also links to the movies. There may also be links to articles on the Perseus or Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites websites. The Metis icon at the top of the pages provides a link back to the catalogue. A highlights page gives rapid access to sites with particularly rich coverage. A FAQ page provides help. This website may be useful primarily for teaching, since it contains only interactive pictures.
The Museum of London Archaeological Archive contains the records and finds for over 3000 archaeological excavations and interventions carried out in the Greater London area. These date from the beginning of the century up to 1991 and were carried out by a number of organisations including, primarily, the archaeological departments of the Museum of London and its predecessors. An active programme is currently underway to arrange the deposition of over 1400 archives for sites examined since 1991 which are currently in the care of over 25 archaeological organisations. The Archive itself contains over 150,000 registered finds, 120,000 boxes of general finds (pottery, bone, etc.), 75 tonnes of architectural stone work, 4000 environmental samples, ca. 300m of paper records. 60 chests of plans and sections, a large photographic archive and comprehensive, if diverse, computer records. The primary means of access into these archives and their sub-categories is by means of the site address and, in particular, the site code. The online version of the Museum of London Archaeological Archive presents a subset of the data held locally by the Museum of London. Results from ArchSearch, the ADS online catalogue, can be followed up using the contact details displayed during a search. The resource is easily navigable through the standard ADS interface and users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to accessing the resource.
The National papyrological funds website is an online repository of papyrological collections held in Spain. Among the digitised collections are: the Abadia de Montserrat Collection; the Palau-Ribes Collection; and the Fundación Pastor Collection. There are currently thousands of papyri digitised, but the team expects to produce a catalogue of all Spanish papyri. The texts range from small fragments to whole parchments. They are written in different languages (Egyptian demotic, hieratic and hieroglyphics, Coptic, Arabic, Latin, and Syriac Hebrew) and cover a broad temporal range, from the seventh century BC to the tenth century AD. There are literary and religious texts as well as writing pertaining to daily life, including receipts and invoices, contracts, and letters. The texts are transcribed in the original language in which they were written and are not translated. Accessing the catalogue is easy from section "Digital Catalogue". Researchers in particular may find this website useful.
NESPOS is a scientific collaboration platform for research on Neanderthals and associated culture which is accessible to members only. A membership form is available on the website, there are several categories of membership and all require paying a fee. This website provides members with data about archaeological sites; CT-scans, 3D-models; images of Neanderthal fossils and artefacts; 3D maps; a communication area reserved to participants. Members also have the possibility to use the advanced software for 2D and 3D visualisation of artefacts and topographic maps. Members can create their own "space". All private data can be shared with all or selected members and therefore research groups can be formed. Members can also link any useful data to the personal space, where any private data is stored. 3D maps can be produced using separate software that is available to members and must be installed on individual computers. Some papers can be downloaded and an updated bibliographical database is being created. These tools are invaluable for several types of research projects and are adequate for both individual and collaborative research.
A public webpage outlines the main sites, where Neanderthals have been found; these archaeological sites are also the main source of the data recorded in NESPOS. Among the archaeological sites are: Balve; Bockstein; Buhlen; Gröbern; Hunas; Königsaue; Krapina; Lehringen; Neanderthal; Neumark; Ochtendung; Ranis; Rheindahlen; Salzgitter-Lebenstedt; Sarstedt; Sesselfels; Spy; Vogelherd; and Warendorf.
This website provides access to Nestor, an international bibliography of: Aegean studies (including all of Greece, Albania, the southern coast of Bulgaria, the western and southern coasts of Turkey, and Cyprus); Homeric society; Indo-European linguistics especially concerning the development of Greek; and related fields (such as Philistine culture and the Classical Cypriot syllabary). It is published in print by the Department of Classics, University of Cincinnati, and editions published since 1959 are available here on this site. Nestor includes over 37,500 citations for all articles, books, monographs, and journals on prehistoric, ancient and classical Greece, and neighbouring areas. For each reference, Nestor gives the author, year of publication, title, place of publication, and publisher, but does not give any indication of the content of the article. The digital collection is searchable by author, title, journal name, and year (but not by subject or keyword), and results give a list of references. The website also provides access to a searchable International Dictionary of Aegean Prehistorians, via which it is possible to trace academics working in this field.
Initiated during the late 1980s by David Anderson, the Paleoindian Database of the Americas is today a comprehensive depository of data of over 13,000 Paleoindian artefacts within the USA. The website provides distribution maps (entire database; fluted points; Clovis; Cumberland; Folsom; Quad/Beaver Lake; Redstone; and Suwanee/Simpson) of the resulting data. The project is ongoing and should eventually include data on finds made in South America and Central America. The database itself is downloadable in Microsoft Excel format. A list of references and information for those wishing to contribute to the database are provided. The website is nicely presented, with a text-only version available. A few papers related to the project can be downloaded in PDF format. The specialist character of this resource make it useful primarily to researchers.
This website publishes working papers in Classics written by members of Princeton or Stanford Universities. Readers should be aware that because these works are at different stages of production, and are sometimes unfinished, they are perhaps of most use to researchers who are able to assess them critically, rather than to students. The papers can be browsed by author, date, department (that is, Princeton or Stanford), or subject. A short abstract is available for each paper, and the full papers can be downloaded in PDF format. More recent versions of some of the papers may be found in published journals, but many are still be being worked on, are in press, or have been abandoned. The presence of these papers, which are not available elsewhere, makes this repository a valuable resource for scholars working in this area.
Propylaeum-DOK is a full text open access depository of dissertations and other documents related to antiquity and published by the Heidelberg University Library following the Open Archives Initiative protocol for metadata. Most dissertations are written in German and focus on the Hellenistic and Roman Mediterranean region, but there are a few resources on German archaeology; German perception of archaeology throughout time; Aegean prehistory; and Mediterranean prehistory. It is likely that as more dissertations and books are added, further themes will be covered. It is possible to perform full text searches across all documents stored in this depository, which can then be accessed in PDF format. Researchers may find find this depository very useful, and especially the convenient search function.
The Virtual Museum System of Magna Graecia website is an ambitious project financed by the European Union to publish information on the antiquities of Calabria, Italy. Most contents are available in English, and a full-text search facility simplifies access to information; this website requires Internet Explorer. Here it is reviewed the Italian version because more complete and functional; since most contents are images it might be enough to click on the flag when textual pages appear to check if an English version is available, otherwise missing contents and broken links may prevent access to some contents. The website is divided in 4 main sections: Real; Virtual; Documents and didactic; and Info. Section "Reale" contains galleries of images of artefacts in museums (with floorplans) and archaeological sites; a few short referenced essays on ancient productive activities (e.g. oil and wine production; goldsmiths; etc.) are accessible selecting "cultural districts". Maps and lists of sites facilitate the browsing of information. Section "Virtual" also contains galleries of images, but these were produced from 3D models. Pictures of a selection of artefacts preserved in museums form the largest part of the collection; QuickTime pictures allow to zoom into pictures, but they are not tridimensional. The section also contains virtual reconstructions of ancient people (e.g. Archimedes; Pythagoras; Euclid; etc) based on statues. Section "Documenti e didattica" contains some educational texts; unfortunately only some were available in English at the time of review; the videos could not be accessed. A "Wiki" section aims at publishing more texts. Section "Informazioni" contains information about the project. This website may be useful for its many maps and illustrations to anyone interested in the archaeology of Greek colonies in Calabria. The texts are mainly aimed at students, and most are accessible only to Italian speakers.
The “Society of Antiquaries of Scotland scanning project” website contains scanned digital images of the Society’s Proceedings, Archaeologia Scotica, and out-of-print monographs. All of the digitised images are available online as PDF documents and are made available through the Archaeology Data Service and ARCHway. Users will find the complete 129 volumes of Proceedings and general indexes from 1851 to 1999, with each volume having a table of contents and PDF documents to view and download, and 5 volumes of the Archaeologia Scotica (1792, 1822, 1831, 1857, and 1890) with links to scanned PDF images. In addition, seven monographs from the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland Monograph Series have been scanned into PDF documents for researchers, teachers, students and other interested parties.
The official website of the Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism publishes a series of publications of interest to archaeologists. These are available free and full-text in PDF format; all text is in Turkish. The principal periodic publications are: "Türk Arkeoloji Dergisi (1933-1997)", (Turkish Journal of Archaeology); "Türk Etnografya Dergisi (1956-1997)", (Ethnography Journal of Turkey); and "Türk Arkeoloji ve Etnografya Dergisi", (Turkish Journal of Archeology and Ethnography). The following collections of periodic publications are also available: "Müze Çalışmaları ve Kurtarma Kazıları Sempozyumu Yayınları", (Rescue Excavations and Museum Studies Symposium Publications); and "Uluslararası Kazı, Araştırma ve Arkeometri Sempozyumu Yayınları", (International Excavation, Research and Archaeometry Symposium Publications). Information on printed publications is also available. Contact details for the official departments of the ministry that regulate archaeological excavations and museums can also be found in the contacts (İLETİŞİM) page. Researchers in particular may find this specialist website useful.
The University of Michigan Museum of Anthropology (UMMA) website has developed an online collection of digital 35mm slides that represent over 60 years of archaeological work throughout the United States, Latin America, Asia and Europe. The database currently holds over 15,000 slides with another 10,000 slides currently being digitised. The slide collection was put together mainly for Curators to use in teaching undergraduate and graduate courses at the University but also for talks and presentations at annual conferences. The collection also has a large number of commercial (purchased) slides and images taken from various publications that were useful for illustrating objects that the Museum did not possess. The last category of slides consists of images donated to the Museum by both professional and amateur archaeologists. In cooperation with the Digital Library Production Services Department at the University's Hatcher Graduate Library the Museum has been able to distribute its scanned images to the general public and interested researchers. Consequently each slide is now accompanied by relevant metadata as well as a description. Since this site has been made available for the general public to use it is easy to navigate and the search engine easy to use. As such it will be of use to anyone working in the higher education sector for teaching or research purposes.
The Worcestershire online fabric type series, the first part of the 'Pottery in Perspective' project and part of Worcestershire's Historic Environment Record, is a searchable online database that aims to provide information on prehistoric to c.1900ce pottery recovered from archaeological sites in Worcestershire. The online fabric type series database contains information on fabric (clay type and inclusions), manufacture, form, source, distribution and date. The database also contains numerous images of pottery sections and bibliographic references in order to aid identification and cross-referencing. Apart from the database, the resource contains a number of easy reference lists including a full listing of fabric types and forms as well as kilns whose products are found in Worcestershire. The References section provides a complete bibliography together with a small search interface. In terms of images the resource also contains an albums section with colour slide shows of Prehistoric, Roman and Medieval vessels together with an images section showing full vessels (unfortunately there are no scales on these images). The Worcestershire online fabric type series is an extremely useful and comprehensive resource and one that will continue to grow in the future. The site is easy to navigate and the search interface is intuitive and provides a save option to record useful searches. The graphics are clear and thumbnailed in the first instance for quick browsing.