This website publishes a collection of pictures on the subject of ancient Egypt that may be useful to both lecturers and students to illustrate lectures and essays. There are photographs of Egyptian monuments; artefacts conserved at the major world museums of Egyptian antiquities (including the sphinx and the pyramids); modern paintings by artist Ángel Salvadó inspired by ancient Egypt; and a collection of pictures of Egyptian obelisks now located in major Italian and French squares. The videos were inaccessible at the time of this review. The photographs document both the art of the ancient Egyptians and the influence that such art is still having on European art and architecture. This website is recommended to anyone in need of some pictures of Egypt.
Arachne is a collection of digital photographs of Roman and Greek antiquities with associated metadata; a simple and free registration is required to access it. Most photographs carry a watermark and are B&W, but they should be fine for use in teaching and research. Three major collections have been prepared: the Ara Pacis; Trajan's Column; and reliefs from sarcophagi. In addition to these collections, thousands of photographs can be searched and browsed with simplicity, these include photographs of artefacts in museums; pictures and drawings of architectural structures; painted ceramics; maps; aerial pictures; and reproductions of the Classical style (e.g. Neoclassical architecture). This website contains photographs of archaeological sites from all over the Mediterranean Region. This is a large and expanding collection of photographs and is recommended for use in teaching for its quality and sheer number.
The project benefits of support from Berliner Museen; Deutsches Archäologisches Institut (DAI); and Winckelmann-Edition Stendal.
John and Peggy Saunders of the Oriental Institute of Chicago have made available their valuable collection of photographs of almost 40 archaeological sites in Egypt and Mesopotamia which were taken during their work in the Middle East, particularly at the site of Nippur, between 1973 and 1990. The archaeological sites featured in this resource, which range in date from the 3rd Millennium BC to the middle of the 1st Millennium AD, can be searched using an interactive map or an alphabetic list. The images are presented in the form of thumbnail images which can also be viewed at full screen size and can be used for not-for-profit purposes by students, scholars and the general public. While the photographs include little in the way of commentary or further description of the archaeology, this website is a very useful adjunct to existing printed-medium reference books. This website is an indispensable source or relatively up-to-date photographs of important archaeological sites in Egypt and Mesopotamia, particularly significant because of the political and military troubles in the latter region since the 1990s, and will benefit students and researchers working on the archaeology and ancient history of the Near East.
The Archaeology Image Bank provides a database of copyright-cleared images which may be used in teaching and research. The service encourages the donation of further, good quality, images from members of the archaeology community. The database can be searched by keyword and, in the advanced search mode, by a range of fields, including period, place and object. It is also possible to retrieve the latest images added to the database or the most popular. A successful search results in a list of thumbnail images with a summary description. Each image has its own metadata record, together a higher resolution image. Images of interest may be saved and a list sent by email. The Archaeology Image Bank is the result of a partnership between the higher education Academy (HEA) Subject Centre for History, Classics and Archaeology, and the Archaeology Data Service.
Archart publishes a large collection of photographs of archaeological monuments and artefacts that can be downloaded for free. Low resolution pictures with watermark are freely available for research purposes on the website, permission instead is required for watermark-free pictures. High resolution pictures can be ordered for a fee. The pictures can be easily browsed through an easy interface and are ordered in smaller galleries. Among the topics covered are Jordan with Petra; Israel; the archaeological museum of Tehran, Iran; Syria with Palmyra; Albania; France with Arles and Nîmes; Italy with Rome and Pompeii; and several photographs taken at major archaeological exhibitions in Italy. The watermarks are different and can be occasionally intrusive, but the website can be used as a valuable source of illustrations for academic essays and non-public presentations (permission is required for public use).
"Art History Resources on the Web" by Prof. Christopher L. C. E. Witcombe is a repository of selected hyperlinks pointing to external resources with pictures of ancient artistic objects. The simplicity of this website makes it easy to navigate, but since almost all resources being external, they are beyond the control of the author and each page is therefore presented with different graphics. Moreover, the quality of the images varies, and generally they are only suitable for the screen. In spite of these drawbacks, the site is very useful as complement to any textbooks that has few colour images. Students in need of an image for their essays or lecturers searching for images to fill their Powerpoint slides will find this website reliable and a time-saver.
Chiron is an organisation formed by Spanish teachers of Classics and their website acts as a portal providing general information on the group (including on the courses organised by Chiron). Among the services are a space for blogs; a Wiki; a collection of bookmarks; a gallery of photographs that can be used for teaching (over 20,000 pictures at the time of review); and a series of online videos relating to classical topics. The aim of the group is to provide a series of Web tools useful in teaching classics that are relevant and tested by other teachers. Many of the resources are in Spanish, but the community is already starting to translate some resources and aims at creating an international community. Teachers in Classics (and classical archaeology) at all levels should visit this website and possibly participate and contribute in developing this community.
This website published by the Civic Museum of Rovereto, Italy, catalogues several recent documentaries focusing on antiquities and archaeological research and makes them available for online streaming. It is necessary to pay a small yearly fee to access the videos, but the database of the documentaries can be accessed freely. Many videos are available in Italian only, with only a few in English. The focus on Italian antiquities is also marked. The museum also organises conferences on many disciplines and these are recorded; from this website it is also possible to search for such recordings and with the same fee it is possible to see them. Teachers, lecturers and other educators in particular may find the website useful.
This is a website created by Clive Ruggles, Professor of Archaeoastronomy in the School of Archaeology and Ancient History of Leicester University, who has amassed a collection of over 1100 photographs of monuments and rock art from around the world. The collection can be searched using a substring search on the site name or photo description or via hierarchical menus organised geographically. Images may be copied and distributed if they are for educational use and the copyright owner is duly acknowledged.
This is the repository of digital recordings of lectures held at the Collège de France and École normale supérieure, Paris, and contains a growing list of recorded lectures on a variety of topics. The audio and video recordings of the lectures are available in compressed MP4 format and are often accompanied by additional material in PDF format, usually handouts and PowerPoint presentations; lectures can be accessed from a list of speakers or topics as well as from a calendar. Most files are very large and should be downloaded before attempting to open them. All lectures include both the presentation and following discussion; many lectures are part of a series given by one author; most published lectures are in French.
Topics include archaeology (e.g. Chris Scarre on the megalithic monuments of the British Isles; Colin Renfrew on the Indo-Europeans; Carlo Zaccagnini on economy and society in the ancient Near East); history; art; philosophy of science (e.g. Marc Hauser on the evolution of aesthetics, mathematics, language and morality); language studies, epigraphy and linguistics (e.g. Harry Falk on the epigraphical evidence on the history of the Indo-Scythian and Indo-Parthian dynasties; Albert de Jong on the Zoroastrian text Avesta during the Sassanian period; Sheldon Pollock on Sanskrit before colonialism; Richie S. Kayne on comparative syntax; Francisco Jarauta on Cervantes' Don Quixote); music (e.g. Guerino Mazzola on musical logic); philosophy and cognitive studies (e.g. Patrick Suppes on the neuropsychological foundations of philosophy; Ian Maclean on defining nature; Richard Andersen on the evolution of brain-machine interfaces). There are also a few lectures on biology; earth sciences; mathematics; and physics.
This digital repository of pictures can be freely accessed clicking on "Gast" when prompted to login. The free resources include a large archive of Egyptological photographs (ca. 1250 photographs at the time of review; mostly tombs); photographs of manuscripts and incunabula conserved at the UB Bibliotheca Palatina (ca. 5700 photographs at the time of review); and other pictures relevant to the history of the University of Heidelberg. This website will be useful to primarily to researchers and lecturers.
This website publishes the digitised collection of 19th to early 20th century photographs portraying Egyptian antiquities that is being conserved at the Frank H. McClung Museum. There are 121 black and white pictures with captions that can be searched by keyword, browsed by theme (museums; temples and tombs; towns and desert life), or by chronological period of the depicted antiquities. Each picture can be viewed with or without captions, in different sizes. It is possible to create a personalised gallery by adding any pictures to the "portfolio", which can be made public or maintained private. This intuitive website can be used by both researchers and students.
The website presents some of the research carried out by the Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies (FAMSI). A series of searchable databases have been built and these include: Mesoamerican bibliography database; catalogue of Zapotec effigy vessels; Kerr portfolio database; Maya vase archive database; Montgomery drawings collection database; Piedras Negras online database; Schele drawings collection database; Schele photo collection; Tikal digital access database. It is also possible to search all collections at once. The navigation of the website is neat and easy and the internal search engines of the databases seem efficient. It is also possible to browse the data in the databases. Some databases include both texts and pictures. Researchers specialising in Mesoamerican archaeology may find this website useful.
This is the website of the Italian National Photographic Archive, part of the Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione (Central Institute for Cataloguing and Documentation, ICCD). The archive contains documents related to the historical, artistic, archaeological, architectural, landscape and folkloristic heritage of Italy. Founded in 1892, the archive also offers a wide range of material on historical photography and the documentation of the most important aspects of contemporary Italian society and culture. The archive holds over 50,000 black and white images coming from various collections, and about 20,000 colour photographs. The interface is both in English and Italian, but the most useful way to access the collection, by searching for keyword among pictured objects and monuments, is available only by selecting "archivio" and then "schede oggetti" in the Italian version. Among the historical collections it is possible to find photographs by: Ludovico Tuminello; Giacomo Caneva; John Henry Parker; Francesco Chigi; Francesco Paolo Michetti; Luciano Morpurgo; and others.
The archive also contains images from the Casa Savoia collections, representing public and private events of the life of Umberto I's and Vittorio Emanuele III's families. There are numerous photographs of archaeological artefacts conserved in Italian museums and ancient architectural monuments. The archive publishes interactive CD-ROMs such as "archeologia a Roma tra il 1870 e 1930", which contains all photographic material on early archaeological excavations at Rome. CDs and high resolution photographs can be purchased through the online shop; all photographs are available for free at lower resolution and are accompanied by extensive captions in a tabular format.
The Global Egyptian Museum is an excellent resource for both students and teachers to learn about the Egyptian material culture. The website is a multimedia gallery of images presenting to the reader Egyptian artefacts conserved in museums outside Egypt. The repository already lists over 1,000 artefacts, and for several additional images; audio commentaries; and videos are available. All materials can be browsed or searched through the simple interface; for each artefact there is at least a colour picture and a concise description with bibliography. The multimedia features available for several records help learning about ancient Egypt through its material culture, and there are good chances that some materials found on the website can be seen in a museum near the reader. Researchers will also find the website useful because it allows to compare materials scattered across the world with ease using multimedia technologies that are better suited for this scope than printed publications. Indeed, the website is part of a project to catalogue all Egyptian artefacts outside Egypt as the plundering of the past ages has produced incoherent collections of Egyptian materials all over the world.
This Web page provides users with free access to an add-on 'layer' for use in the free Google Earth software. Loading this layer inside Google Earth gives users a... "free accurate model of Ancient Rome in the year 320 A.D. The model contains 3D terrain contours and 6,700 3D buildings". A relatively powerful modern PC is required to run the Ancient Rome layer inside Google Earth. The 3D models are... "based on a physical model of the city called the... 'Plastico di Roma Antica' created by archaeologists and model-makers from 1933 to 1974 and housed in a special gallery in the Museum of Roman Civilization in Rome. 3D digital models were created based on scans of the physical model." Buildings are labelled, and two hundred of the most important buildings are modelled with a high level of historically-accurate detail. Users can enter the interior of selected buildings. Users can zoom in, tilt, and create "fly-through" videos of the model using either Google Earth's 'Pro' version or the basic version of Google Earth and free third-party video-capture tools such as FRAPS. This 3D city model will be an important resource for understanding the scope and nature of Ancient Rome's topography and urban structure. It also acts as an exemplar for the authentic online recreation of historic cities in 3D via personal computers. The Web page is available in a wide variety of languages other than English.
Maintained by an enthusiast, this website contains images from postcards, photographs and ephemera related to ships. The collections are indexed by ships on the site, and Liverpool landing stage views.
The website of the "Istituto Nazionale di Archeologia e Storia dell’Arte" outlines the research aims of the institute within the disciplines of archaeology and art history. Of importance are the archives including manuscripts; printed books (mostly old excavation reports); and photographs. Information on the publications of the institute is also available. Staff of the institute is carrying out excavations at Pietrabbondante (Helleno-Samnite theatre); an illustrated preliminary report is available in PDF format. The collection of photographs owned by the institute is particularly interesting and focuses on Italy and Africa including Egypt. A few photographs are published on the website as example and whilst some will have historical significance, some show ancient monuments before modernity reached them. Researchers and postgraduate students in particular may find the website useful to determine if a visit to the collections of the institute would be valuable.
The emergence of new Jewish communities in Britain following their readmission in the 1650s resulted in the creation of a rich and unique heritage of religious building types such as synagogues, cemeteries and ritual bathhouses, but also social spaces such as schools, soup kitchens and hospitals. The decline in the size of the Jewish population and changes in the economic status of congregations since WWII has placed many Jewish buildings of considerable social and architectural importance under threat. This website describes the attempts of a project organised by the Jewish Memorial Council (JMC) and substantially funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund to survey, photograph and archive some 350 surviving examples of Jewish buildings constructed up to the Second World War. The resource includes a map of survey sites in the British Isles, a list of listed synagogues and other Jewish buildings, an outline of sites under risk (or lost, including the last major synagogue in Dublin demolished in 1999) and details of plans for publication and preservation of surviving monuments. Many of the structures under threat are characterised by lavish 19th and 20th century architectural or decorative features and fine craftsmanship, often combing contemporary styles with specifically Jewish features. The resource also provides practical advice for individuals and groups, both members of synagogue communities or the general public, to record any part of the Jewish built heritage which is under threat. This site will interest in particular architectural and social historians and heritage professionals but will also broaden public awareness of this important aspect of the built environment in the British Isles.
Levantine mirage is a database of 19th century studio photographs of the Levant conserved at the Griffith Institute, Oxford. The photographs may be useful to researchers to assess the degradation of monuments, visualise lost features or can be used in teaching classes due to their high quality. The collection can be browsed or searched and contains photographs of classical and medieval antiquities. Students may find some photographs useful for research assignments.
'Lost Trails' is a non-commercial educational resource whose main aim is to provide an English language version of the 'Histories' or 'Enquiries' of the 5th century BC Greek historian Herodotus. The site features many high quality photographs and maps illustrating the locations mentioned in the text, which will help to elucidate the complex and wide-ranging narrative. The photographs are hyperlinked to the translation, which is divided into 48 convenient instalments. The website also features folk handicrafts and music from Greece and other parts of south-eastern Europe as well as a notice board for feedback and comments on the various items featured. Donations are solicited from individuals who wish to support the work of the project. A caveat for less experienced A level or undergraduate students of ancient history (or the general reader) is that, at present, this edition of Herodotus falls short of academic standards in that it lacks line numbers, glosses of words or unfamiliar terms, or footnotes. The project is however work in progress, and these features should be added at some point. Users should also be aware that several of the photographs lack commentary and, inevitably given later rebuilding, depict structures or objects that post-date the events recorded in the Herodotean text. Nevertheless this is a useful online supplement to existing printed or electronic resources for students of classics, ancient history or archaeology.
Over 1,500 colour as well as black and white photographs relating to ancient Greece and Rome taken by the author primarily teaching purposes have been scanned and published online. There are also some non-ancient photographic subjects that have been useful for teaching, such as a photograph of a medieval cathedral for comparison with Roman architecture or a few images of a modern street market in Naples. The site offers a link to a software (Macintosh only) written by the author for teachers of Latin. An internal search engine is also available. The collection can be browsed by subject: England; France; Greece; Italy - (Rome, the Pantheon, Sicily, Italy except Rome and Sicily); and special selections of images (including the Roman house, and some Virgilian sites [Vergil]). The images can be accessed directly or previewed in thumbnails. Information relating to copyright, author and date the photograph has been taken is provided for each image.
An attractively produced website providing a visual overview of Mesoamerican art and archaeology from the Preclassic Period to the Spanish Conquest (1500 BC-1521 AD) based on teaching materials assembled by Dr. Manuel Aguilar of California State University at Los Angeles. The numerous photographs of objects, archaeological sites and reconstruction models as well as maps and site plans are arranged by period and culture group with images viewable as thumbnails and at a larger scale. Each featured item is provided with a data-card providing vital information and brief commentary. There is also a useful page of weblinks to other Mesoamerican resources which will supply background information and further research materials to complement the images provided in this site. This website will benefit in particular undergraduate students of New World archaeology as well as those requiring comparative material for more general courses on world civilisation.
The Mesoamerican Photo Archive provides full-colour photographs of archaeological sites and museums from all over Mexico, complete with detailed captions. These high quality photographs from sites in Mexico are organised by location. Sites include Bonampak, Cacaxtla, Calakmul, Chalcatzingo, Cholula, Chultuns, Ek Balam, Loltun Caves, Monte Alban, Teotihuacan, Xochicalco and the National Museum of Anthropology, Mexico. The website also includes brief details on each location, and descriptions of the monuments in the photographs. The site also includes a list of links to other websites with photographs of Mesoamerican archaeological sites and artefacts. Because the author has uploaded large high quality photographs the downloading time can be slow.
The Personal-Histories Project website publishes a few video recordings of scientific meetings at the McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research at Cambridge University. Senior scientists have been invited as part of the project to share their memories and life stories. Through their recollections it is possible to better understand twentieth-century science and the development of anthropology and archaeology. Among the archaeologists and anthropologists interviewed in the available videos are: Colin Renfrew, Mike Schiffer, Paul Mellars, Meg Conkey, Henrietta Moore, Alison Wylie, Richard Bradley, Chris Stringer, Meave Leakey and David Attenborough. Videos can be streamed online, downloaded, or accessed as audio only files. One video focuses on the history of human evolution research. Files are very large and require an updated browser to be accessed. Both researchers and students may find this website useful.
The Pyramids of Egypt website is a gallery of photographs by amateur Egyptologist Frank P. Roy. Pictures of several Egyptian pyramids and architectural monuments are available; in many pages there are clickable maps that provide an overview of the relative location of the monuments in the major architectural complexes. Among the monuments are the pyramid of Djedefre at Abu Rawash; the complex of Saqqara (pyramids of Menrere, Pepi I, Djoser, Unas, Teti, the archaic mastaba of Mereruka, etc.); Hawara (pyramids of Fayum including those of Sensworet I, II and Sneferu at El-Lisht); the Giza plateau (pyramids of Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure; the sphinx); Dahshur; Zawiyet el-Aryan; Abu Ghurab (sun temples); and Abusir. There are also photographs of artefacts conserved at the Egyptian museum and modern Egypt and the desert. There is a timeline of pharaohs and a page shows how the pyramids of the Giza plateau may have been positioned in relationship to stars, though the suggested stellar alignment is arbitrary and therefore the mentioned date invalid. The author has republished some data like the dimensions, volume and ancient name of the pyramids. The pictures are of adequate quality to be appreciated on a computer screen (including Powerpoint presentations) or to be used in essays by students; high quality prints can be purchased. This gallery is an excellent source of pictures that can be used for teaching, learning or just enjoy pyramids at home; most data and texts are obviously taken from other sources and should therefore be ignored for academic purposes.
This interactive website uses multimedia and virtual reality technologies to present some of the most important architectural monuments built in the Mediterranean region. Sections on ancient, Byzantine; Medieval; Renaissance; Baroque; Islamic and other architectures contain each four parts: a short introduction; virtual panoramas; interactive plans and featured projects among those carried out by staff at Columbia University. Among the featured monuments are the temples in the Athenian acropolis; the Pantheon of Rome; Greek temples of Magna Graecia; Byzantine monuments at Ravenna and Istanbul; several medieval cathedrals including Amiens, Assisi, Canterbury, Chartres, Cluny, Durham, Florence, Lincoln, Milan, Reims, Rome and Salisbury; Renaissance monuments in Rome, Florence and Venice; Baroque monuments at Bath, Paris and Italy; modern architecture in New York and Islamic architecture at sites such as Bam, Granada and Istanbul. Monuments and places such as the Athenian Parthenon; Byzantium; Amiens Cathedral; Florence Cathedral; the Opera House in Paris; Fallingwater house and many others have been singled out for special interactive features. There is also an interactive version of Jacopo de Barbari's map of Venice (direct link in "Relations" field) drawn in 1500. This is a very useful website for students interested in architecture, history of art or archaeology.
SINE is a lottery-funded online database of searchable images featuring the architectural and structural heritage of Northumberland, Tyne and Wear, Durham and Teesside in the North East of England, much of which has been threatened, significantly altered or destroyed as a result of economic developments in the past 30 years. The site was a project of the University of Newcastle on Tyne. The photographs are divided into a series of key categories which illustrate various aspects of the historic environment such as industrial architecture, public monuments, the social history of Newcastle and the North East and the archaeological heritage of the region. The photographic corpus derives from a series of public and private collections. The Stafford Linsley Collection of industrial archaeology is complemented by aerial images from the Norman McCord Collection and several artistic representations of buildings and working activities by Victorian 'gentleman' painter William Henry Charlton (1846-1918). The project also includes news items relating to the SINE archive and its work, including stories relating to the state of preservation of buildings featured in the archive which complements the important section documenting construction and demolition within the project area. The database can be browsed or searched by a wide range of categories such as structure type and materials (based on the English Heritage NMR Thesaurus) and location. An interACTIVE Zone presents the material in an attractive and fun way, in which children can explore the gallery or take learning journeys. Other projects include the digitising of the Lambeth Palace Library archive of church plans. The projects is now concluded and the site has last been updated in 2004. This database has a broad potential constituency of users, from architectural and social historians to mediaeval and post-mediaeval archaeologists and heritage management professionals.
The Thais website focuses on Italian art, presenting a collection of high quality pictures of international architecture, including Egyptian, Greek, Roman, Byzantine, Armenian, Islamic, and European medieval architecture. Pictures of Minoan and Mycenaean buildings form part of the gallery on Greek architecture. The collections are organised by locations, periods or subjects and each picture is briefly introduced. The pictures in this particular section are mostly in black and white, though a few are in colour. All have been taken by professional photographers. The navigation is very intuitive and the pictures appear of a sufficient quality for use in PowerPoint presentations or as illustrations for student assignments.
Wellcome Images is an online collection of pictures focusing on medicine, its practice, healthcare and biosciences published by The Wellcome Trust. Many images have significant historical value and there pictures of several written documents such as fragments of Hippocratic oath; the Johnson Papyrus (herbal); Egyptian Book of the Dead; Egyptian Bryce papyrus; and many others. There are also several images of ancient artefacts such as Egyptian frescoes; a Karo-Batak inscription on bone; a Sudanese amulet; and others. Some images document also the medical practices throughout time and across the world. It is possible to access a larger version of the images by clicking on them. This is not a comprehensive collection of pictures on any specific theme, and is aimed principally to student and teachers as an aid to prepare lectures and essays. All images are beautiful and browsing them is recommended even to people not specifically interested in the history of medicine. Researchers may ask for new pictures to be taken from the Wellcome Library; everybody can order prints.
This is the website of Wessex Archaeology. It includes details of projects undertaken by this charitable trust (Registered Charity No. 287786), their services and information about archaeology in general. The Projects section includes details of excavations, arranged by time-period and by region of southern England, such as: Stone Age (Battlesbury Camp, Warminster, Wiltshire and Stonehenge World Heritage Site); Bronze Age (Amesbury Archer, Boscombe Down, Wiltshire); Iron Age (Channel Tunnel Rail Link); Roman Britain (Dorchester, former County Hospital); Saxon and later (Southampton Friends Provident St Marys Stadium and St Brannock's church spire); Midlands and North of England (M6 Toll Road, Birmingham). The Learning section is aimed at schools and younger audiences. There are consistent links in the top (some drop-down menus) and left navigation bars, and the text throughout the site is hyperlinked. A photo gallery is hosted on a separate photo sharing service; some sets are still hosted within the website. Section News collects all recent information about the activities of Wessex Archaeology as a blog; some of these pages contain multimedia features such as the 3D reconstruction of the palaeoenvironment of the River Arun. Archaeocast is a section accessible from the home page that contains audio commentaries on recent discoveries or educational topics; its contents are available as podcast or can be downloaded in MP3 format.
This website is a searchable database of photographic images taken by Works Progress Administration (WPA) workers of archaeological projects conducted in preparation for Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) dam construction in the 1930s. The photographs can be searched by keyword or browsed by theme or chronological period. Any photographs can be selected and placed on a temporary "portfolio", which can be made public. It is possible to access larger versions of the pictures and all data associated with them are accessible by clicking on "description" in the full records. The original photographs are conserved at he Frank H. McClung Museum at the University of Tennessee, the William S. Webb Museum of Anthropology at the University of Kentucky, and the Alabama Museum of Natural History at the University of Alabama. Since the archaeological sites on which the excavations were made have since been flooded, this collection of photographs is now a primary source of information for the study of Native American cultures in the Southeast of the United States of America. Full resolution TIFF pictures are not available to the public, but interested researchers may apply for a permission to access them.