This website encourages exploration and understanding of and participation around the collection of Aberdeen Art Gallery and Museums (Aberdeen Art Gallery, Aberdeen Maritime Museum, Provost Skene's House and the Tolbooth). A selection of images have been digitized to represent the scope and depth of the collections and arranged in virtual tours, including some of relevance for art history, maritime history, the history of science and industry, archaeology and numismatics. There is also an online catalogue of this selection of objects from the collection of Aberdeen Art Gallery and Museums. It is possible to view these objects in various ways: single image with basic cataloguing information; 6 images with a simple caption of the object's title or name; or a list of objects without images. All the images can be enlarged to a full-screen size.
The Archaeological Collections Areas Database and Map, compiled on behalf of the Society of Museum Archaeologists, provides an interface to information and contact details on the collecting areas of English museums. The resource is based around an intuitive map interface allowing users to drill down from the county level to individual units and districts and their relevant Museums. The ultimate aim of the project is to provide mapped information on each museum's catchment area for the deposition of archaeological archives. The database information is based upon a survey of 141 museums or museum services. The project has revealed not only the extent of museum collection areas but also the approaches adopted towards the collecting of archives together with the levels of curatorial and conservation skills present in English museums. A copy of the full report, together with its appendices, is available for download on the site. The website is easily navigable through the standard ADS interface and users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to accessing the resource. Contact information for individual museums is provided through external links to the Cornucopia:Discovering UK Collections website. The project report and appendices are provided for download in Microsoft Word document format.
This is the website of the Archaeological Museum of Bologna. The museum, inaugurated in 1881, is home to several noteworthy collections of Villanovan, Etruscan, Greek and Roman artefacts from areas surrounding Bologna. The catalogue of the museum can be accessed from the Italian version; it contains multiple images of selected artefacts (mostly Classical ceramics and coins) along with their description. In particular, the museum's Numismatic collection provides access to a sizeable number of images depicting the obverse and reverse sides of coins and medals originating from various periods. The rest of the website - available in both Italian and English - offers simple descriptions of the museum's thematic sections and is aimed at the general public. Additionally, the website offers news on current and forthcoming events at the museum.
This is the official website of the archaeology collections at the University College London. The website contains some useful information to visit the collections; a database of collection materials available and a teacher's pack in the "Learning" section. There are no photographs of materials or detailed information on any artefact part of the collections and this is a pity the collections include the Sir Flinders Petrie collection of Palestinian artefacts and materials from the excavations of Dame Kathleen Kenyon at Jericho. The database can be very useful to researchers and school teachers in order to prepare a visit to specific collections.
One of the finest and most diverse collections in Athens, and also the oldest in Greece, it is no surprise to find that the Benaki Museum's website is exemplary in form and content. It offers all the necessary information for the prospective visitor, including QuickTime movies of many of the galleries, details of past, present and future collections, and overviews of the collections. A journey through the museum passes through Ancient Greece and the Roman period, the Byzantine period, the Frankish and Ottoman occupations, to the struggle for independence in the nineteenth century and the establishment of the Greek state thereafter. Each section is represented by a selection of choice artefacts, the illustrations of which can be enlarged. The Museum also holds important collections of historic heirlooms, over 6000 paintings and drawings by Greek artists and those who visited or were inspired by the country, as well as Coptic, Chinese (largely the gifts of George Eumorphopoulos) and Islamic art and a collection of Toys and Games from Greece and the wider world. There is admirable attention to the history of the museum, with special features on the founder, Antonis Benakis, and other significant donors, as well as the building itself (the Benakis' residence in Athens) and plans for the division of the collection (the Islamic collection, the Department of Historical Archives, and the collection of Toys and Games) and their prospective homes. The Museum's Archive collection is particularly important, and there are separate pages for the Historical (much relating to the Greek War of Independence and the later rise of Eleftherios Venizelos), Neo-Hellenic Architecture and Photography archives. The last has further links to pages devoted to James Robertson, Nelly's, Voula Papaioannou and Dimitris Harissiadis, all of which are well illustrated. All three archives are responsible for publications, details of which are listed.
The Web Site "Muzeum Archeologiczne w Biskupinie (Biskupin Archaeological Museum)" has versions of the site in Polish, English and German, although the latter has the least of the information available in the other two languages. The site as well as the museum is dedicated to inform about the settlement of Biskupin, formerly known as the Polish Pompeii, the site of the excavation of a wooden settlement over 2,700 years old. It is famed for its excellent museum and archives that reveal how the archaeological digs progressed from their start in 1934, and for the vibrant recreation of early everyday life in the Lusatian settlement and in the Kujawy-Pomorze area. The abundance of bronze and iron ware led to many controversies about the precise dating of the site, but more accurate testing has dated the site to the 8th century BCE. Biskupin is of interest to those studying the history of the early Slavs, Polish Studies, and archaeology. This is one of the most complete and well-preserved sites in central Europe and is a repository of knowledge about an early Slav settlement. The site contains much information about the museum and archives, festivals, symposia as well as online exhibitions.
This is the website for the Bowes Museum, situated in County Durham. Opened in 1892, the museum has public galleries on three floors containing a number of collections, including European fine and decorative arts, paintings, costume, ceramics and musical instruments. The website contains a comprehensive database for all of the collections, plus details of the museum's events and education programmes. The archaeology collection comprises over 360 items excavated or collected in Co. Durham including cup and ring marked stones, a Bronze Age hoard and graffiti and other objects from the Roman fort at Binchester. This resource provides a useful corpus of artefacts for those interested in the archaeology of Co. Durham. An informative virtual tour contains numerous full colour photographs.
General Luigi di Palma Cesnola (1832-1904) was the most famous, if not notorious, excavator and collector of Cypriot antiquities in the 19th century, whose extraordinary assemblage of artefacts was dispersed to many museums and institutions both during his lifetime and after his death. This excellent website provides a guide to the collection of Cesnola material now housed in the Semitic Museum of Harvard University along with a very useful, concise guide to Cypriot archaeology and material culture. The core of the resource, still in progress at the time of writing, is a database of over 1300 objects, searchable by accession number, shape, classification and historical period. The use of pulldown menus provides a useful browse function for visitors to the site not familiar with Cypriot archaeology. Many of the objects are illustrated with thumb-nail images which can also be viewed at a larger scale. The objects are contextualised with the help of short, period-by-period accounts of Cypriot archaeology ranging from the Neolithic to the Byzantine periods circa 10,000 B.C.-1500 A.D. In addition the resource features short entries on fabric and artefact types and on the chronological schemes employed in Cypriot archaeology. The website also features concise biographical material, including a discussion of Cesnola's book 'Cyprus. Its ancient cities, tombs and temples' of 1877, in addition to a short bibliography listing key publications of Cesnola material. This valuable resource will appeal to a wide audience, ranging from undergraduate students in Near Eastern and Mediterranean archaeology and art history to more experienced graduates and researchers in the subject.
This is the section of Lincolnshire County Council's website with information about the art and archaeology collection, which covers the Usher Gallery as well as the City and County Museum. The website can be translated into various languages, including Chinese, Polish and Russian. There is background information about the permanent collection, which includes Bronze, Iron and Stone Age, Mediaeval, Roman, Viking and Saxon finds from Lincolnshire. An online, searchable database contains images and details of a large number of items from the collection. The Collection Studio hosts an artist in residence, and the website has information about current and past residents, as well as an online gallery of works. There is also a list of current and past exhibitions of contemporary art held at the Usher Gallery. Additionally, the collection offers professional development assistance for artists, and an art loan scheme. As well as information about events and sponsors, there is also information for visiting school groups and about activity programmes offered by the museum and gallery.
This is the website of the David M Robinson collection at the University of Mississippi's University Museum. The Museum holds over 2000 objects, a collection built up principally by Dr Robinson, the excavator of Olynthos, his wife and Mr and Mrs Frank Peddle. The website puts online photographs of a significant and diverse proportion of the museum's holdings. Of Greek artefacts, there are inscriptions, coins, sculptures, mosaics and other objects, mainly small bronzes and terracottas. The Roman objects are organised in the same categories. In addition there is an important collection of Greek and South Italian vases, of which there are around ninety photographs presented here. There is also a small section on Egyptian artefacts. In all cases, there is a brief accompanying description, but no dimensions. A bibliographical reference is provided for most of the inscriptions, vases and sculptures. Many of the Greek vases are also linked to the relevant entry on the Perseus website. A number of the photographs of vases are out of focus, so whilst the images provide a general impression they may in some cases be inadequate for detailed study.
The Davistown Museum website, includes a few sections of relevance for experimental archaeology, American history and the archaeology of North America. The website provides background information about both the Center and the tools contained in the museum’s collections. Clicking on "Tools" it is possible to access section "An Archaeology of Tools", which contains several articles on tools (including historic maritime tools) in PDF format; a series of useful publications on collections held by the museum, also available in PDF format; and extensive bibliographies on a variety of subjects (including "European Precedents and the Early Industrial Revolution", "Metallurgy", "The Industrial Revolution in America", "US and New England Toolmakers" and others). A small section focuses on the art collections of the museum, largely centred on American artists. Section "History" groups a series of volumes from the museum publications and adds some additional essays. It presents an industrial history of Maine and New England, starting from proto-historic Pemaquid, that may be a useful introduction to the subjects for students at undergraduate and lower level; the comprehensive bibliographies may be useful to a wider audience. Section "Native Americans" is also a series of volumes and chapters from the museum publications with added essays and bibliographies. The section contains an history of Native Americans in New England; chronologies; an interesting essay on "Pathways and Canoe Routes of Native Americans" and other essays on Native Americans trails; a list of Native American artefacts held by the museum (mostly stone tools) and bibliographies. The list of artefacts is in PDF format with hyperlinks to the pictures; this may cause problems with restrictive security settings in the PDF reader. There is an educational section and educational materials are available in several sections of the website: school teachers may use some of them. The website clearly attempts to adapt to the digital format and expand a series of volumes designed for printing; most of the contents of this website is textual, and this is good. Readers should note that the sections only group some of the available printed volumes; clicking on "Site Index" it is possible to access the contents of all volumes with links to their digital versions. This website may be useful to broad audience principally interested on American archaeology and history.
This website publishes a digital catalogue of the objects in the Dinajpur Museum, Bagladesh. Clicking on "object search" displays a search form that can also list by categories all objects in the museum. For each artefact, a short description and a small picture is displayed. Clicking on the "show details" button will open a popup with the full record and several colour pictures (if available) of the chosen artefact. The museum "possesses various categories of objects including some rare and interesting pieces of sculptures which testify to the Eastern Indian School of Art" after the 6th century AD. Among the artefacts are inscriptions, sculptures and coins. Researchers interested in the archaeology of Bangladesh or specifically in artefacts conserved in the museum will find this website very useful.
This is the website of the Division of Anthropology of the American Museum of Natural History, that is dedicated to the study of human culture and biology. Members of the Division carry out ethnological research in Asia, Africa, North, Central and South America, and study such global topics as warfare and the origins of the state, highlights of these expeditions are presented online. The online collections section provides an opportunity for the browser to see the Division's archaeological, ethnological, and physical anthropology collections, assembled from the time the Museum's founding (late 1860s) to the present day. These include more than 500,000 objects from cultures in the Americas, Africa, Asia, and the Greater North Pacific region. The website enables the browser to use the Museum's Collection Management System to browse, search for and view images, detailed description, publication and exhibition history of each object. The Museum's research into archaeology and ethnography of North and Central America and Mexico is also introduced, including Web pages for: the excavation of the Hidden Cave, Nevada; and the archaeology of the Barinas region of Western Venezuala. Online, there are pages about the Museum's digital imaging project and other conservation initiatives and programmes. Information is also provided for visitors planning to research at the Museum.
This is the official website of the Gibraltar museum, which contains news of recent archaeological discoveries in the region; programs of conferences organised by the museum; information about the museum newsletter "Gibraltar Heritage" and full-text copies of some issues; historical notes about the museum; general information on the museum; illustrated notes on the collections held by the museum; an illustrated section on medieval baths; several pages on archaeological discoveries and artefacts; an educational section; information on conservation activities. Section "Exploration" includes illustrated articles on Gorham's Cave (occupied by Neanderthals); Bray's Cave (Middle Bronze Age burial); the Phoenicians (coastal shrine of the northern Pillar of Herakles); urban excavation (medieval and post-medieval archaeology); "Stay Behind" Cave (World War II building). From Gorham's Cave page it is possible to access a further section on a 2003 project that focused on caves on the Rock. Among the findings at Gorham's Cave were: an Acheulian cleaver similar to those found in Sahara, suggesting that Gibraltar was the arrival point of Homo heidelbergensis individuals from Africa; perforated sea shells; animal bones; ceramics from the Neolithic to the Phoenician period. Many low resolution pictures are also available. This website is an essential introduction to the archaeology of Gibraltar and provides up-to-date information about recent discoveries.
The Historic Jamestowne website is published by the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities (APVA) in collaboration with the National Park Service (NPS). It is concerned with the first permanent English settlement in America, founded by the Virginia Company in 1607. On the site there is information on the archaeological activity currently ongoing in Jamestowne, with information and images of featured finds. There is also a strong history section giving the background to the Jamestowne settlement, the Virginia Company and the early settlers. Elsewhere on the site are lesson plans and interactive exercises, web links and recommended reading.
This is the website of the Israel Museum in Jerusalem. Founded in 1965, the Museum has quickly established an excellent reputation. Information is provided about the main collections, of which perhaps the most important is the Shrine of the Book, which holds the Dead Sea Scrolls. These Essene manuscripts date from the third century BC to the first century AD, and the museum's website provides an informative and well-presented introduction, outlining their historical context and importance. A select bibliography and related links are provided. Details are also given of the other wings, devoted to world art, Judaica and Jewish Ethnography, and archaeology, plus the art garden and the youth wing. Each contains descriptions and images of objects from the collection. There are details of events, lectures and publications, as well as exhibitions past present and future. The website is well presented, and provides all the information a prospective visitor might require about the museum and its resources. One of the highlights among the online exhibitions is a Virtual Tour at the Model of Jerusalem in the Late Second Temple Period. The Museum's website is an excellent example of the productive use of the World Wide Web in offering an accessible and informative introduction to a cultural institution of international importance.
This is the website of the Kelsey Museum of the University of Michigan which is home to nearly 100,000 artefacts from the ancient Mediterranean, Egypt and the Near East ranging in date from 5000 B.C.-900 A.D.The website provides an open-access database of the objects in the collection and provides a detailed guide on how to search the collection and download the necessary software. Readers can also browse the collection image by image. Work on the database appears to be still in progress and is due to be completed in Autumn 2002. The resource also includes numerous attractive online versions of exhibitions which have taken place at the Kelsey Museum since 1997. These provide fascinating insights both into the collections themselves and the archaeologists associated with the museum since its foundation and can be used as freestanding study modules for the wide range of topics featured as they also include bibliographic information. There is a guide to past and present excavations in North Africa and the Middle East which have been sponsored by the Kelsey at sites such as Carthage, Cyrene and Apollonia, St. Catherine's Monastery in the Sinai, Seleucia on the Tigris, Pisidian Antioch and currently at Kedesh in Israel and Abydos in Egypt. Apart from the general didactic value of this resource for archaeology students and researchers, this site will also appeal to those interested in electronic publishing and virtual museums.
This is the official website of Kilmartin House, an archaeological centre and museum situated in Argyll, on the west coast of Scotland. The Kilmartin House Trust has won many prestigious awards for their high-quality, innovative interpretation of the archaeological heritage to be found in the area: over 150 prehistoric sites lie within 6 miles of Kilmartin. These include Pictish sites, burial cairns, rock carvings, standing stones and the fortress of the earliest Scottish kings at Dunadd. The website includes a virtual tour of the museum with some colour images of artefacts and displays, and an Interactive Monuments section, created in association with SCRAN (Scottish Cultural Resources Access Network). This includes colour images of and information about the key 150 local sites. The website also includes information on their educational programmes and publications, information for visitors to the area and a section on the Trust itself. For some sections of the website Cosmo or Cortona plug-ins are required. The Museum was awarded the Scottish Museum of the Year in 1998, but in 2004 has risked closure. The website has won numerous online awards for design and information and still provides excellent contents. The website includes comprehensive information for anyone interested in visiting the museum and the locality, including a quick preview (photographs and descriptions) of the exhibition. The research work of the museum and the Kilmartin House Trust is also described.
The website for the Lofotr Viking Museum at Borg in the Lofoten Islands, Northern Norway, mainly provides information for visitors but also contains some background notes on the activities and research carried out on the site. Brief descriptions of some of the exhibition material and demonstrations of early medieval handcrafts is given, as well as notes on the excavations carried out between 1983 and 1989 which revealed the largest Viking building found in Europe. The Viking chieftain's longhouse has been reconstructed adjacent to the archaeological site, and the website describes some of the main features of the reconstruction of this and associated buildings, as well as the museum's reconstruction of the Gokstad ship from Oslo which has been tested on sea voyages.
The Logan Museum of Anthropology is a teaching museum of Beloit College, Wisconsin. It has notable collections of: Mesoamerican ceramics; native North American basketry and other artefacts; and Old World palaeolithic finds, particularly from France and North Africa. The website hosts four online exhibitions. The first contains images and descriptions of the museum's palaeolithic artefacts grouped geographically and by time period. The second online exhibition is divided into two halves, one covering the woodland and Mississippian traditions of central and eastern North America between 700 AD and 1500 AD, the other examining the cultures of south-western North America, including the Anasazi, Casas Grandes, Hohokam, and Patayan. The third exhibition presents three-dimensional views of some of the museum's most interesting objects, and requires QuickTime viewer. The final exhibition was put together by students in 1999, and covers the 'World of Music'. It was not functioning when checked. The history of the museum and the collections is described on the site, which also gives access information and opening hours. The museum publishes a biannual newsletter, available online in PDF format. There is an education section, a calendar of events, and a search engine.
Founded in 1921, the McCord Museum of Canadian History reflects the efforts of private collector David Ross McCord (1844-1930) to amass a significant set of historical documents, artworks, archaelogical finds and cultural artifacts that would present a general image of aboriginal, colonial and modern Canadian history. The museum is also located in Montreal and connected to the city's one-time history as the most important urban centre in the country. Altogether, the museum possesses over 1,370,000 manuscripts, objects and images, spanning the 11th to the 21st centuries. It has working ties with faculty at McGill and Concordia Universities. The site provides visiting information for teachers (who will also appreciate special events for students, onsite games, the McCord's school outreach efforts and EduWeb, a special subsite with many teaching resources) and members of the public. Researchers will benefit both from the museum's colloquia and from bursaries set up to support scholarly work on the collections. A site search engine permits users to search the museum's past and current exhibits, alongside an online database of 130,000 images. Users can store their image searches. There is also a function which allows site visitors to turn images into E-mail postcards. Advanced searches for serious research are possible, as is casual browsing by themes relevant to those studying in such fields as fashion; cultural studies; art history; folklore; Canadian history; ethnology; and archaeology. These well-integrated browsing capabilities are bolstered by several beautiful online animated exhibitions, entitled Thematic Tours. These range from medical history to aboriginal relations with the state, and from confederation to Aislin's scathing political cartoons, thus spanning Canada's founding history and the outcome of that history in contemporary affairs.
The virtual Achaemenid museum is a multimedia-rich interactive website focusing on the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 560 to 330 BC), also known as Persian Empire. The website publishes a database of artefacts from several museums representing a broad selection of categories and archaeological sites of provenance. It is possible to browse the artefacts in the "consultation" section by museum; archaeological site; category; or iconographic theme. A large sub-section publishes drawings by early travellers to the region. Any object can be saved as link in a special section, "my archive". Section "discovery" publishes a few audio and video presentations of key topics such as the "The Middle-East 550 B.C."; "Cyrus' conquests"; and "Pasargades". The help section is also a brief multimedia presentation and it is very useful to familiarise with the interface. At the bottom left there is a menu which allows to perform keyword searches, to add and access the records saved in "my archive" and to jump to any previously accessed record. For each record there are a few textual details and generally at least one picture, often more than one. Captions and texts change according to the picture displayed, and therefore multiple records may be available for a single object, one for each available photograph or drawing. At the top of each picture there is a menu labelled "tools", which allows zooming; reversing colours; transforming to greyscale; pan; copy; and paste pictures. Among the categories are buildings (architectures); coins; paintings; statues; vessels (both ceramic and metal vessels); and others.
This is the official website of the museum of Arles, France. It is an educational website which introduces the museum, its collections, and present and past exhibitions. The section about the collections includes short texts and several images for each period represented. Prehistory (Stone Age) and protohistory (Metals Age) are included, but most of the pages focus on the Roman period up until the late antiquity with thematic sub-sections on economy, mosaics and funerary rituals. Each sub-section is also divided into: a short presentation of the historical context; artefacts preserved at the museum; and other archaeological features from the area conserved elsewhere. Hovering the mouse arrow on highlighted keywords in any text will present a definition of terms or further information. In the section presenting temporary exhibitions, essential information and images accompany the descriptions. Past exhibitions have focused on: Algeria; Gaza; funerary rituals in Egypt; and Christianity in the Middle Ages. This website should prove useful to students.
This is the official website of the Guimet Museum of Asian art, Paris. The website contains short texts about the history of museum, galleries of photographs about its collections (Afghanistan and Pakistan; Himalaya; Central Asia; China; Korea; India; and Japan); a series of illustrated articles on temporary exhibitions (most are available in the French version only) among which is the lavishly illustrated text on "Afghanistan, les trésors retrouvés" (Afghanistan, rediscovered treasures); a splendid virtual tour of the whole museum using QuickTime panoramas (available in low and high resolution); and other sections for the general public or visitors of the museum. The many pictures may be useful to illustrate presentations or essays. In section "about the museum" are some articles on archaeological research carried out by members of the museum, including the "Indus and Mehrgarh" mission, which has explored Mehrgarh (traces of successive settlements from the aceramic Neolithic period dated between the end of the 8th and the beginning of the 7th millennium BC to 2600 BC, before the beginning of the Indus civilisation); Nausharo (settlement that yielded evidence of the stylistic development of Harappan ceramics); and Pirak (settlement dated at the end of the Indus civilisation, between 1900 and 1800 BC, where the appearance of miniatures of horsemen, horses and two-humped camels, animals previously absent from the archaeological record, suggest significant changes in the society; iron appears from 1200 BC). The article about the French Mongolian mission reports the discovery of two main categories of tombs: "large tombs set on a north-south axis, complete with a funerary walkway ending in a square terrace enclosed by low, dry stone walls; and small tombs, generally circular, surrounded by a ring of flat stones marking the circumference". There are also pictures showing the work done by dentists in 9000 BC Baluchistan. Section "behind the scenes" publishes short illustrated articles about the conservation of artefacts such as a 6th century AD stone funerary couch from China.
The Museen im Nildelta website publishes information on a research project in collaboration between Egyptian and German scholars and that focuses on the collections of three museums: the Sharkea National Museum, Herriat Raznah; the Ismailia Museum; and the Museum of the University of Zagazig. The project is carried out by archaeologists at the Seminar für Archäologie und Kulturgeschichte Nordostafrikas (AKNOA) in the Humboldt University of Berlin. The results of the project are to be published in the Corpus Antiquitatum Aegyptiacarum (CAA); only an introduction to the project is available online. Researchers interested in the project may gather some information on the website, where there are also contact details of the archaeologists involved.
The Archaeological Museum of San Miguel de Azapa, near the town of Arica, in the northernmost part of Chile, provides useful contents on the archaeology of the region. The petroglyphs in the Azapa Valley and the excavations in the valley of Lluta are the main features. There are also scholarly articles on Andean textiles, rock art and the Chinchorro culture of northern Chile. The online journal Azeta, published by the museum, contains articles, some of which are also available as PDF files. Topics include the archaeology of the Arica region and the valley of Lluta. The museum makes available in PDF format the article about archaeology in the 1972 "Enciclopedia de Arica", which contains both colour and black and white pictures, and a chronological table. Further information on temporary and permanent expositions, conservation activities and a gallery of pictures complete this website. This is a fundamental resource for students and researchers of Andean archaeology.
This is the official website of the Museum of Montelupo Fiorentino,Italy, which conserves collections of local archaeology and ceramic productions. Section "Sistema Museale" provides information on the long tradition of ceramic production in the area (including maiolica vessels). The archaeological section contains short illustrated articles on local archaeological sites such as the Roman villa of Vergigno; the Late Bronze Age site of Bibbiani; and the Etruscan settlement of Montereggi. There are also basic information and contact details of the laboratories attached to the museum, including one specialised on scientific analyses; one on ceramics; and one on experimental archaeology. The museum also host an archive and a library. Section "mostre" publishes information on current and past temporary exhibitions; there are special pages on the Roman road "Via Quinctia" and the "Masterpieces of Renaissance ceramics" exhibition (full catalogue available). The website is still incomplete, but already usable. An English section was planned at the time of the review. Researchers and students interested in the local area or ceramics may find this website useful.
The website for the Museo Nacional Sicán - the National Museum of the Sicán - offers information about the museum, introduces all aspects of the Sicán culture of Peru, and explores the archaeological research on sites of the Sicán culture. The website includes four main sections: the museum and its collections; the archaeological research; the Sicán culture; and the Sicán Archaeological Project. The first section provides some practical information on the museum and a multimedia gallery of pictures. This gallery contains short texts presenting each room and collections of imagues of both artefacts on display and archaeological sites. The second section presents preliminary archaeological reports of recent excavations, with colour pictures. Some information on specialist archaeologists and the restoration of some artefacts is also provided here. The section about the Sicán culture focuses on several themes with illustrated articles, some of which are available in Word format. There is also a bibliography, where some of the papers listed can be downloaded directly, and an extensive gallery of colour images. The final section about an ongoing archaeological project contains articles and images. The navigation of this website is very easy and from most pages users may access an introductory video and a panoramic image. This website, like the museum itself, aims to be a reference site for the Sicán culture of Peru. Anyone interested in the Sic´n should find this resource to be of value.
This is the official website of the museum and excavations of Conimbriga, in northern Portugal. The website provides general information on the museum, archaeological site and history of the Franco-Portuguese excavations. It is possible to virtually visit both the museum and the excavations ("ruins") through a series of QuickTime VR panoramas. Each unearthed building is also presented in a collection of short articles containing maps of its position regarding the site, a plan, a photograph and a brief description. There is also a very useful and extensive glossary as well as a site map and a keyword search facility. This website is principally designed for the general public, but its neat presentation of the excavation area can be a useful reference also for students and researchers.
This is the official website of the museum of the Roman town of Tarraco (Tarragona, Spain). It contains information about the museum, its collections and past and present temporary exhibitions. The section focusing on Tarraco presents short texts and several colour pictures and maps of the local Roman monuments. There is also an illustrated section on Roman anthropomorphic lamps. The section about the many exhibitions includes extensive texts and several colour pictures on various topics, including: Tarraco and its relationship with water in antiquity; the Maya and the art of Mesoamerican civilisations; and various themes of Roman Tarragona such as the metals, virtual reconstructions and the exploration of Tarraco. The English version of this website includes only a limited selection of the available contents.
The Museum of Ancient Shipping is situated in Mainz, Germany. It aim is to provide an overview of the manifold connections between the Mediterranean and northern Alpine boat-building traditions on the one hand, and the social standing and responsibilities of Roman marines on the other. There is information about the exhibits, which include five military ships of the late 3rd and 4th century, model ships, and an explanation of Roman ship construction. The museum address and opening hours are provided.
This website describes the University of Cambridge’s Museum of Classical Archaeology. Located within the Faculty of Classics (although open to the public) the Museum is formed from a collection of some 450 plaster casts of ancient Greek and Roman sculpture, including many well known pieces, and is one of the few remaining of this (once common) type of study collection. Additionally, the Museum’s reserve research collection (consultation by appointment) includes a further 200 plaster casts, Greek vases, pottery sherds and epigraphic squeezes. Full lists of the casts and sherds are available in PDF documents, although a database is promised. The website explains the Collection’s history and highlights, such as The Peplos Kore a cast of an ancient Greek statue of a young girl which is as brightly painted as the original would have been when it was created. Other noted highlights include casts of the Lysikrates Monument, Sounion Kouros, Olympia Pediment and Farnese Heracles. The website also includes details of the museums services for schools and family activities. The museum is closed until spring 2010.
The website of the Museum of Cycladic Art contains useful information on all collections and activities at the museum, and is aimed primarily at the general public. The website is very neat and easy to navigate, and contains sections on the "museum" with practical information and an online version of a DVD presenting the museum ("virtual tour"). Section "permanent collections" is the most interesting, especially for undergraduate students. It includes artefacts from the Cycladic Collection and Collections of Ancient Greek Art and Ancient Cypriot Art, pictured and described in some detail. The selection of Cycladic artefacts follows an educational criterion, for example several figurines out of the very few in existence with traces of paint have been included. Figurines are one of the key topics, and this evident also in section "special topics", where there are also diagrams ordering the know types. There are also sections on Greek art and Cypriot antiquities (the latter focusing on trade), also with selected artefacts presented in greater detail. For each of the three sections there is a ”Special topics” area. These are thematic essays on various issues (including a large number of texts on Ancient Greek Art). Bibliographies are given in some pages, concentrating on publications of the museum (a section on these is also available). "Donators" (sic) is an interesting section on the donors that from the start gathered the collections of the museum. It may interest anybody who is interested in the sometimes difficult relationship between collectors and public museums. Section "education" is also noteworthy, and is aimed at schoolchildren. It includes a "resources" area, which provides online virtual tours to all the collections and museum publications, available as PDF files. Section "activities" outlines the research carried out by staff or promoted by the museum, and some occasional lectures and seminars organised by the museum may interest researchers. The "exhibitions" section provides information about current and upcoming exhibitions, as well as all previous exhibitions - whether art or archaeological exhibitions - presented at the MCA. There are many colour illustrations, maps and diagrams throughout the website, making this website an excellent educational tool up to undergraduate level.
This is the website of Museums Sheffield, which incorporates Bishops' House, Millennium Gallery, Graves Gallery and Weston Park. The website covers events and temporary exhibitions at each of the sites. There is also a section looking at the collections in each of the museums and galleries, covering a broad range of artefacts such as metalwork, decorative arts, archaeology, natural history and the social history collection and Ruskin collection. The 'Learning' section of the website has a broad range of resources for teachers, including various teaching packs and flashcards available to download freely as PDF files. The website also has an experts exchange where schools can upload their own projects completed from the museums' guides. The website has information about upcoming events across the four venues and there are details of how to get more involved with Museums Sheffield along with some general information for visitors and a FAQ section.
The Web Site of the Muzeum pierwszych Piastów na Lednicy (The museum of the first Piasts in Lednica) provides information about the museum, its location, holdings, and contact details. The museum is devoted to the era in Polish history that saw the rule of the Piast dynasty, and the findings from this era on the island of Ostrów Lednicki, which include a palatial-sacral architectural complex with baptismal fonts and a church with graves from the period of Mieszko (around 966). The museum displays exhibits from the residences of Mieszko and Bolesław Chrobry. There is also brief information on other parts of the museum, such as a skansen, archaeological reserve, and an ethnographical park. The site features a short history of the museum, its collections, publications, and events. A good basic site for those interested in the history and archaeology of Wielkopolska and Poland.
This is the interesting and colourful website of the Natuurhistorisch Museum Maastricht, one of the largest natural history museums in the Netherlands. The website won "Best Innovative or Experimental Application" in the Museums and the Web 2002 : best of the Web awards (judged by a panel of museum professionals to recognize excellence in heritage website design). The numerous and stunning animations (requiring Flash) provide a context for the museum's collection relating to the geology, palaeontology, flora and fauna of southern Limburg and environs.
The Neanderthal museum website focuses on the Neanderthals, whose first traces were discovered in 1856 in the Neander Valley, Germany. The cave of Feldhof, where the first skeleton has been unearthed, does not exist anymore and the entire area has been transformed in an artistic park. This website contains short descriptions of the museum and park, the artistic exhibitions, research sponsored by the museum and practical information to visit or contact the museum. The section about research contains some information about the EU-financed research project "The Neanderthal Tools" (TNT). Many abstracts and some presentations delivered at project meetings are available for download in PDF format. These files are very informative as preliminary reports on recent research and have contact details of all researchers involved. The TNT project is largely concerned with the virtual (3D) reconstruction of ancient human bodies as well as the application of computing in archaeology.
The official website of the Niigata Prefectural Museum of History in Japan concentrates on the Jomon culture and the history of the Niigata region. A few simple texts with colour pictures introduce some of the arguments. The Research Activities section contains the profiles of the researchers working at the museum, and there are some scientific papers or short articles by Mark Hall (Sarmatian gold, glass and pottery; obsidian in Hokkaido; Jomon pottery) and Toru Miyao (Jomon pottery). In the Publications section it is possible to access English abstracts of papers published in the Bulletin of the Niigata Prefectural Museum of History, and to access some interesting pages written on the occasion of the special exhibit 'Jomonesque Japan'. These provide only an introduction to Jomon culture, and hence are suitable for students. A few archived archaeological news items from the region, and some general information on the museum and its exhibitions are available. Although this website is incomplete and at times confusing, students may find enough information and pictures to complete an assignment on the Jomon culture of Japan. Researchers may find some of the papers on Sarmatian and Jomon material culture useful.
The website of Durham University's Oriental Museum provides access information and details of the museum's holdings. The museum holds collections from ancient Egypt through to twentieth-century China. The website includes pages on Egypt, the Near East, South Asia, Korea and Southeast Asia, Tibet, China, and Japan. Most of these pages simply give brief details of the scope and format of the holdings, although the website does also include special online exhibitions. There is a 'virtual tour' of some of the Chinese artefacts, each of which is illustrated by a large photographic image and accompanying explanatory text. There is also a small picture gallery of twentieth-century Chinese paintings and drawings. A 'news' section describes current and forthcoming special exhibitions as well as talks, crafts activities, and story-telling performances at the museum. Details of the museum's location, opening hours, and group access restrictions are also provided.
The website of the Peabody Essex Museum provides users with information about current, previous and upcoming exhibitions at the Museum. The collections include Maritime Art and History in addition to Photography (containing many maritime images), and Arts of the Pacific Islands. Details of the collections are included on the site. Specific exhibits are breathtaking: there is a complete Qing dynasty house to explore ('Yin Yu Tang House'). The house is situated in its geographic, cultural and historical context, and the viewer is able to examine every detail of the architecture, living patterns, artwork, furnishings and so forth. Even with such a delightful showcase, the real zing lies within the Artscape engine. Here a viewer can study images from dozens of exhibits, building a bookmark list as they go. ARTscape includes photos and descriptions of objects from the collection plus "definitions, book excerpts, quotations, video clips and audio clips". The Peabody is a museum of art, architecture and culture located in Salem, Massachusetts and founded in 1799. The site contains information about PEM's collections of American decorative arts; its Asian, Indian, Oceanic, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, African and Native American art; plus Asian export art, early American architecture, maritime art, rare books and manuscripts and photography. Images of many items from the collections are provided, covering, for example, textiles, furniture, paintings and crafts and the site also provides details and online presentations on current and past exhibitions held at the museum. The museum's holdings are strongest in the Asia-Pacific region, especially East Asia, and the opportunities for comparative or historical work with this tool are staggering.
The Maritime Art and History Collection features the work of Fitz Hugh Lane, Robert Salmon, and James Buttersworth. It is possible to search an image library of 80 items by artist or by subject. Examples of navigational instruments, scrimshaw and folk art are also included on the site. The site also includes: an outline of the holdings of the Phillips Library; a programme of events; visitor information; and press releases. This site was nominated in the competition for Best Museum Professional's Site in 'Museums and the Web 2004: Best of the Web'.
This is the official website of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology (Penn Museum). The multimedia website of the museum contains information on the collections and research carried out at the museum. The collections span all continents but the information available at the time of review was scanty. A keyword tagging system simplifies accessing research materials, which are as varied as the collections but concentrate on the ancient Near East and South Asia. Wroth singling out is the lab of Biomolecular Archaeology that has carried out important research on ancient wine. The usual general information to visit the museum or access some research offices is also available. Both researchers and students may find the "research section" of this website useful.
The Polish Maritime Museum's aim is to document and popularise Poland's maritime traditions as well as the evolution of her present-day maritime policies, economics, technology and culture. The Museum's collections contain artefacts, documents and a library. Displays are of the history of port construction, boatyards and ship-building, the history of shipping and maritime trade, fisheries, the history of Polish yachting, and marine art. The Museum publishes several series of publications on maritime history, and guidebooks, information brochures and folders, as well as catalogues of the collections. The website also contains details of the Museum's opening hours. The website contains a useful "research" section, which also includes the full text edition of the proceedings of the first Cultural Heritage Forum in PDF format. There are also sections with contact and opening hours details on the Fisheries Museum; the Vistula River Museum; and the Vistula Lagoon Museum.
The website contains information on the Maritime Museum: the Diver's Corner, with a display of early and modern diving equipment, plus a number of shipwreck artefacts; the Quarterdeck, displaying a collection of ship models; and the discovery of the wreck of HMS 'Swordfish', which disappeared in 1940. Artefacts in the Museum have been salvaged from a number of vessels, including S.S. 'Mendi', S.S. 'Molina', S.S. 'Leon', HMS 'Boxer', HMS 'Acheron', HMS 'Renown', 'UB81', 'Witte Zee' and 'Dizzy Dunlop'. The 1887 vintage "pulling and sailing" ex-RNLI lifeboat "Queen Victoria" is the star of the exhibition and has a separate website.
The Virtual Museum System of Magna Graecia website is an ambitious project financed by the European Union to publish information on the antiquities of Calabria, Italy. Most contents are available in English, and a full-text search facility simplifies access to information; this website requires Internet Explorer. Here it is reviewed the Italian version because more complete and functional; since most contents are images it might be enough to click on the flag when textual pages appear to check if an English version is available, otherwise missing contents and broken links may prevent access to some contents. The website is divided in 4 main sections: Real; Virtual; Documents and didactic; and Info. Section "Reale" contains galleries of images of artefacts in museums (with floorplans) and archaeological sites; a few short referenced essays on ancient productive activities (e.g. oil and wine production; goldsmiths; etc.) are accessible selecting "cultural districts". Maps and lists of sites facilitate the browsing of information. Section "Virtual" also contains galleries of images, but these were produced from 3D models. Pictures of a selection of artefacts preserved in museums form the largest part of the collection; QuickTime pictures allow to zoom into pictures, but they are not tridimensional. The section also contains virtual reconstructions of ancient people (e.g. Archimedes; Pythagoras; Euclid; etc) based on statues. Section "Documenti e didattica" contains some educational texts; unfortunately only some were available in English at the time of review; the videos could not be accessed. A "Wiki" section aims at publishing more texts. Section "Informazioni" contains information about the project. This website may be useful for its many maps and illustrations to anyone interested in the archaeology of Greek colonies in Calabria. The texts are mainly aimed at students, and most are accessible only to Italian speakers.
The website Slavia: Foundation for Polish history and culture is a collaboration between the Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, the Nicolas Copernicus University, Toruń, the Slavia Foundation, and the Museum of the First Piasts. The site is in English and focuses on the archaeological work being carried out at Lednica and Giecz in Wielkopolska. The Museum of the First Piasts of Lednica (Muzeum pierwszych Piastów) offers educational courses in archaeology, anthropology, human osteology, ethnography, and palaeoecology. The work concentrates on the period of the tenth and eleventh centuries when Lednica and Giecz were significant settlements. It is thought that Ostrów Lednicki was where Mieszko (the first Polish ruler to accept Christianity) built a fort and a residence. The site is also fundamental to the Germanic-Slav archaeological debate which sees both sides laying claim to finds in the Wielkopolska area. A site which provides information on the summer digs which students can attend, about the sites at Lednica and Giecz, and reproduces a basic article on the site. There is a section dedicated to the documentary filmed by the Discovery Channel at Giecz. The site also presents the table of contents of the Slavia Project Handbook which the participants in the field schools receive.
The official website of the Iraq Museum publishes some information on the galleries. For each gallery there are a few pictures (thumbnail size) with captions. Some texts do appear in a few galleries. Further information may appear in the future as there are placeholder pages for an extensive website (possibly the whole website as reviewed is a placeholder for future contents). Students will find very little reason to visit the website for the information it contains at the time of review. In recent years the museum has come to symbolise the damage to cultural heritage that conflicts may do and unfortunately the website mirrors the state of the real museum. A blank page on the "looting impact" is an icon by itself. The arabic version of the website opens in a new domain, but is currently empty, not even the scanty information available in the English version has been translated. Hopefully as things progress on the ground, they will do so also on the Web.
The University of Melbourne's Classics and Archaeology Virtual Museum Project puts online the majority of the contents of the Classics and Archaeology wing of the University's Ian Potter Museum, together with a number of collections not owned by the University. This vast online resource offers access to Greek, Roman, Egyptian and Middle Eastern manuscripts, pottery, coinage, bronzes, vases and sculpture.The centrepiece of the site is the database that allows the user to search the collection. Over 7000 images are available, and there are a number of photos for each object, taken from differing angles and with varying degrees of detail. This makes the site particularly useful for research, as do the full descriptions, bibliographies and comparisons for individual pieces. This information, with all other relevant data such as date, provenance and material, is attractively presented and easily accessible. The self-directed tour allows the user easy access to full lists of the artefacts and the history of the individual collections. There is extensive documentation about the development of the museum and the virtual museum project.
The website and database of the Ure Museum of Greek Archaeology at the University of Reading, which possesses the fourth largest corpus of Greek vases in Britain in addition to an interesting collection of Egyptian material. Founded in 1922 to house the collection of antiquities at the then University College, the collection has expanded considerably since that time through further purchases and gifts. In 2005 the museum benefitted from an Arts and Humanities Research Council funded 'renewal', vastly improving the presentation and interpretation of its collections. This website provides a useful thematic guide to the museum holdings as well as a very detailed and well illustrated searchable database which is described as work-in-progress. In addition to sections on the history and techniques of Greek vases and on the Egyptian material, the thematic sections features: 'Athens and Sparta'; the 'Symposium'; 'Childhood'; 'Men and women'; 'Athletics and warfare'; 'Health and death'; 'Mythology and the gods'. The online database, developed in cooperation with the Max Planck Institute for the history of science in Berlin, contains detailed descriptions and captioned images of individual objects and can be searched according to a wide range of fields, including shape, fabric, period, provenance, artist, bibliography and Beazley cross-reference. Both the website and the database are extensively hypertexted. The site also provides visitor information, an online tour, lists of events and brief information for schools (including 'A' level students). This is a very helpful resource for undergraduates studying classical archaeology and ancient history but also provides much useful material for researchers from a relatively unknown but richly endowed museum.
This is the website of The Monitor Center, a facility that is being developed as part of the The Mariners' Museum (the US National maritime history museum). The site currently provides online exhibitions about the discovery and underwater archaeological recovery, conservation, related research and education programmes about the USS Monitor and artifacts from this ironclad battleship of the American Civil War. The Monitor and the Virginia (of the Confederate navy) fought a pounding battle near Newport News on March 9, 1862. It was the first clash of wooden ships armoured with steel plates to repel cannon balls. Most historians consider the four-hour battle a draw. Later that year the Monitor sank 16 miles off the American coast. A joint Navy and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration team (NOAA) has raised the Monitor's turret and other parts. The Mariners' Museum in Newport News has custody of these and other Monitor artifacts. Several parts of the Virginia (which sank in May 1862) survive in museums, including dented armour and the ship's wheel at the Mariners' Museum. There are images and logs from the archaeological excavations by the NOAA.
Vindolanda is a Roman fort and civilian settlement lying just to the south of Hadrian's Wall. The Roman Army Museum, adjacent to the Roman site of Carvoran, 8 miles to the west, (one of the best preserved sections of the Wall), offers an insight into the garrisons of Hadrian's Wall. Roman Vindolanda and The Roman Army Museum are both part of the Hadrian's Wall World Heritage Site. Presented in this website is essential visitor information and background to the museum and the Vindolanda Trust (that provides research, education and the public display of the monument and finds from the Vindolanda excavations) and the Trust's base in the country house of Chesterholm. There are also preliminary reports (news) of all the archaeological excavations carried out since 1997 (the most interesting section), a bookshop, tourist information and a growing Roman and general history links page.
Situated in the port town of Dover, the Museum collections cover the history of Dover from the Bronze Age to the present, covering the Roman, Anglo-Saxon, Norman, Medieval and Victorian periods and both World Wars. The museum is also the home of the Dover Bronze Age Boat and there is a section of the site which contains details of the boat's discovery, its history and the preservation and conservation work involved. The site also includes information about the collections and temporary exhibitions, education at the museum, museum news, details of other museums in Dover, and a details of local history books than can be supplied by mail order by the museum. Parts of the site are also available in French.
The Window on Wiltshire's Heritage (WOW) website acts as a central resource and portal to related websites with a focus on the archaeology, architecture, art, nature and museums of Wiltshire. The project involves 22 partner organisations from across Wiltshire with the aim to provide a virtual display of Wiltshire's heritage. The website consists of eight main themed sections, two of which are currently under development, and these in turn link through to the partner websites on which the various datasets are hosted. The partner websites can also be searched from the WOW website through the 'Discover' section. The WOW website itself also hosts a 'Get Involved' section in which users can view and vote for their favourite Wiltshire monument. The site also features a news section, listing upcoming events and developments in Wiltshire's heritage sector, and publishes an e-newsletter which can be subscribed to through the website. The site is easily navigable, well designed and well set out. Lists of results, linking through to the partner sites, are produced for searches and from the selection of keywords and a warning is always given when a user is about to leave the WOW pages.