The 'African Traditional Religion' web pages maintained by Chidi Denis Isizoh are a general collection of resources on indigenous African cultures and beliefs, as well as their development both in Africa and in the African Diaspora. Through a series of articles, students and others with a general interest in African society are introduced to a number of social and religious issues including: women's role in religious rites; an examination of certain creation myths; and the function of marriage. There is also an interesting collection of papers tracking the interaction of native African religions with Christianity and Islam. For those writing papers of their own or furthering their research, a number of superior resources may be found here, including a bibliography of traditional African religion, and statistical information on religious adherence. The section on traditional religion in the African diaspora includes links to online resources on: voodou (voodoo); Orisha; Ifa; and Candoble. An extensive series of links to a wide variety of related topics (many from academic sources) will also assist research into any aspect of African culture.
Dedicated to the Algerian writer, Assia Djebar, this web resource forms part of the Postcolonial Studies website of Emory State University's English Department. The main site is designed as an introduction to the major topics and issues at the heart of postcolonialism. Divided into three sections, the resource which focuses on the life and work of Djebar offers a biography; a critical and theoretical commentary on her well known work 'L'Amour, la fantasia', translated into English as 'Fantasia: An Algerian Cavalcade'; and a selected bibliography. Best known for challenging colonial and patriarchal historical discourses, Djebar employs a variety of narrative forms in her writing in order to decenter the French colonial perspective and bring to the fore the experience of women engaged in the campaign for Algerian independence. In the light of this, three aspects of Djebar's text 'L'Amour, la fantasia' are explored: the ways in which Djebar uses writing to revise colonial constructions of history; subjectivity and the experience of the 'subaltern', (a term used by Gayatri Spivak to denote marginalized and disenfranchised groups within society); and the feminist challenges Djebar makes to the dominant discourses of nationalism in Algerian society. As such, this page provides a valuable resource for both students and teachers interested or engaged in Postcolonial Studies.
Assia Djebar's website provides an extensive, detailed and well-developed resource which covers all aspects of the life, career, writing and film-making of the Algerian writer. Accessible and easy to navigate, the site is divided into eleven pages. The home page provides a site menu and links to a diary of upcoming events; a list of the prizes and awards she has received (including transcripts of a number of acceptance speeches); details of theatrical performances inspired by Djebar's work; an exerpt from her collection of autobiographical essays 'Ces voix qui m'assiègent: en marge de ma francophonie'; and a page with links to related sites. From the site menu, the following pages can be accessed: First Novels 1957-67; Cinema 1978-82; Novels 1980-95; Violent Algeria 1990s; Novels 1995-present; Women in Islam (a discussion of Djebar's novel 'Loin de Médine' (1991)); On Assia Djebar, which provides an extensive list of bibliographic resources about her work; University Studies, a page which includes Djebar's vision for the field of Francophone Studies, a list of undergraduate dissertations in North America dedicated to her work, and a thematic list of suggested reading for students and other readers; Djebar's biography; and finally a bibliography of her work.
This is the website of the journal Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, which is also available in hard copy. The journal aims to present comparative analysis of the history, culture, politics and economics of the three regions. The journal is published by Duke University. The website offers full-text versions of the papers, reviews and articles in the journal (a little bit later than the print version) in the form of .pdf downloads. An archive of previous issues, also in full-text .pdfs, is also available. There are also a page of links to useful lists of websites for the regions covered and contact details for the editorial board. Overall this is a good, easy-to-use website offering an important, peer-reviewed, international journal.
The online version of a lecture given 21 June, 1995, at Brown University, by William A. Ward deals with the status of women in ancient Egypt society. Although pharaonic Egypt was in most respects a male society, with men holding positions in public life while women dominated the private life, Ward points to the fact that there is plenty of evidence that women, throughout ancient Egyptian civilisation could own, bequeath and inherit land. Furthermore women seem to have been able to hold positions of some importance in administration and there are examples of female scribes. Ancient Egypt was not an egalitarian society in any modern meaning of the word but it seems as if women were not barred from public life or prevented from getting education or owning land. This site is of interest to anyone interested in ancient Egyptian civilisation and the status of women in particular.
Feminist Africa (ISSN 1726-460X) is a peer reviewed ejournal that publishes scholarly research on African feminist philosophy and thought. The journal aims to publish innovative and intellectually rigorous work on gender-related issues, and create a space in which to call into question both intellectually and in the style of presentation the modes of thought founded on technocracy and patriarchy. The coverage of the journal includes: commentaries on featured articles; book reviews; and interviews. Articles can be downloaded in PDF format and have included a critical examination of globalisation and gender equity in African universities, as well as articulation of existential phenomenology as a fruitful theoretical framework within which to think about gender differences on the basis of experiences of African women. The journal was published annually between 2002 and 2004 and has generally appeared bi-annually since 2005. Feminist Africa will be useful to undergraduates, postgraduates and faculty.
This website provides a large bibliography of secondary print material for the study of gender relations with respect to the population, agriculture and rural development of Portuguese-speaking African countries, namely Angola; Cape Verde; Guinea-Bissau; Mozambique; and São Tomé and Príncipe. The site outlines the reasons for compiling such a bibliography and the methodology employed: the texts included are refereed works in Portuguese, produced since 1981, and are available for consultation in Lisbon. The bibliography is divided into two parts. The first contains separate sections for each country listed above with references grouped under particular topics such as gender in family relations, women and migration, and women's and children's livelihoods. The second contains the same references but grouped under keywords. For each reference, the bibliography provides an English translation of the Portuguese title and an annotation informing on the nature and purpose of the text; how rural women, population and development figure in the text; and the substance and findings of the text. Clearly structured and informative, this will be a crucial resource for those working on the area studies of Lusophone African countries.
Wagadu (ISSN 1545-6196) is a peer-reviewed ejournal that publishes scholarly research on gender-related issues that affect women throughout the world; it has been published since 2004. It aims, in particular, to provide a forum for the dissemination of discourses on feminist theory and practice that reflect and capture the experiences and plights of African, Asian and Latin-American women. Publications typically take the form of: full-text articles; creative writing; and book reviews. They are freely available in both HTML and PDF format, and the site is searchable. Issues covered in Wagadu include: an examination of the contributions that Western, African and Islamic values make to the constitution of contemporary feminist thought; and the analysis of the extent to which gender hierarchies help propagate the spread of HIV/AIDS in African communities. Although, contributions are predominantly in English, the journal promises to publish work in any language. Readers can register to receive email notification of new issues. The journal will prove invaluable to undergraduates, postgraduates and specialist researchers in African Studies and gender studies.
The Women and Gender in Ancient Egypt website is an online version of an exhibition at the Kelsey Museum of Archaeology at the University of Michigan, between March 14 and June 15, 1997. The exhibition was curated by Terry G. Wilfong, associate professor of Egyptology at the Department of Near Eastern Studies at the University of Michigan and consists of artefacts from the collections of the Kelsey Museum and the University of Michigan Library. It examines the lives and roles of women in ancient Egyptian society. It appears that women had higher status and were able to hold higher offices in ancient Egypt than what was possible in later Greek and Roman times. Although there are examples of women ruling as kings, the society was still a male dominated society. The site consists of a number of pages or chapters that covers certain areas such as; gender and religion; gender and power; other genders; and gender, fertility and sexuality. Each page consists of a short text and links to images of a number of artefacts relevant for the topic. This resource is easy to navigate and is useful for any student of Egyptology and especially those interested in gender studies.
The Women in the Ancient Near East website is a select bibliography of resources found in the research archive of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago. The Oriental Institute is a research organisation and museum devoted to the study of the ancient Near East, founded in 1919 by the famous Egyptologist James Henry Breasted. The bibliography is compiled by Terry Wilfong, associate professor of Egyptology at the Department of Near Eastern Studies at the University of Michigan. The study of women in ancient Near East has attracted an increased amount of attention in recent years and this bibliography is an attempt to collect some of the more useful resources. The website contains the bibliography, a book review index and a subject index. It is a select bibliography and covers mainly acquisitions to the archive between 1988 and 1992. The bibliography is still a useful resource for anyone interested in ancient history and especially the history of women.