The 'De Grey' Hours is an online digital facsimile of a book of hours held by the National Library of Wales (MS 15537C). The resource is one of a number of facsimiles included on the Library's 'Digital Mirror' Web pages, which provide access to a selection of highlights from the institution's collections. The manuscript itself is named after a family who once owned the work, and is richly decorated with over sixty miniatures and historiated intials. The codex can be viewed folio by folio or as a gallery of illuminations only. Images are provided initially as thumbnails, which can then be enlarged for easier viewing. A brief introduction to the concept of a book of hours, and to this particular manuscript are provided, together with a list of illustrations and a bibliography. This resource would be of interest to those studying art history, particularly iconography, as well as those interested in western manuscripts.
Adfontes is a website dedicated to an eLearning application developed and maintained by the History Department of the University of Zurich. It is in German, and aims to help students develop the skills necessary for archival work. The site consists of online tutorials for transcribing and dating Latin and German documents, using digitally reproduced samples of documents from the archives of the Abbey of Einsiedeln in Switzerland. Adfontes may be used free of charge, after registering and installing Shock Wave freeware. It is organized in four interlinked sections devoted to practical tasks, lessons and reference material. The 'Tutorium' section provides concise information on: transcription; chronology; dating; weights; and measures. In 'Training', students can transcribe online everything from pre-Carolingian manuscripts to 19th-century letters. A magnifying tool, helpful hints and the option to check results are supplied. The 'Archiv' section simulates a visit to the archives of Einsiedeln Abbey; 'Ressourcen' has tables, links and other reference material. Adfontes, besides winning a number of prizes, has been tested successfully as a teaching aid.
The AHRC Centre for Editing Lives and Letters is a collaboration between Queen Mary, and Birkbeck College, University of London. Its aims are to provide resources, both academic and practical for large- and small-scale editing projects of works between 1500-1800. It particularly concentrates on historical biography, diaries, and correspondence, and is led by Professor Lisa Jardine. The website is of interest to students, postgraduates, and those carrying out research or who wish to produce an edition of letters or biography. The website lists details of courses available, projects in progress, the staff of the centre and events. Project results available on the site include: Francis Bacon's Correspondence; the letters of William Herle; the Workdiaries of Robert Boyle; Erasmus's Correspondence; Gabriel Harvey's Marginalia; and Early Letters of the Royal Society 1651-1741. The site provides links to a section on electronic letter collection, considering editorial issues and presents papers and models developed by the centre for textual editing. There is also a section on the importance and relevance of electronic texts, and the need to encourage interdisciplinary debate and dialogue between a range of experts. Established in July 2002, it was funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Board, under the Research Centre Awards scheme.
The "Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts in Microfiche Facsimile" (ASMMF) website provides information on this initiative, which aims to make available in an economical format the entire manuscript corpus of the Old English language. There are over 500 manuscripts in the entire series. The microfiche volumes are being published at 2-3 months intervals by the Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies at the Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies at Arizona State University, and are available by subscription or by individual volume. The website lists all the published and forthcoming volumes, the manuscripts included in the project, the libraries participating in the project, and some links to Anglo-Saxon related sites. The project also publishes its guidelines for preparing manuscript descriptions on this website. This site would be of interest to academic libraries, and to those studying or teaching Anglo-Saxon literature or history.
This is an online palaeography course created by Jean Claude Toureille (Association pour la Diffusion de l'Information Historique et Archéologique en France) for a class held from 1 November 1996 to 28 July 1997. It contains thirteen online lectures consisting of images of original French documents written in various hands from the 15th to the late 18th century, transcriptions and palaeographical notes providing guidance to the students. There are also three assessment exercises of manuscript transcriptions. This course is freely available and aimed at the introductory level.
This is the website of The Arnamagnæan Institute (Den Arnamagnæanske Samling), a teaching and research institute within the Faculty of Humanities at the University of Copenhagen, whose academic staff are responsible for research and instruction in Old West Norse, Modern Icelandic and Faroese language and literature, and, to a lesser extent, Old Danish and Old Swedish. The Institute hosts the largest (over a million) collection of photographs of Icelandic and Old Norse manuscripts in the world, for which a full-scale digitisation project is under way. A sample of the digital images is available on the website. Information on a Dictionary of Old Norse Prose (ONP) published by The Arnamagnæan Institute is available on the website, including details for ordering. The ONP uses a specially designed font, which can be downloaded from the website for demonstration. The font can also be ordered from the Institute for permanent installation on personal computers.
The website is in Danish and English and provides information about the Institute, its collections, staff and publications. It also gives details about the annual international seminar on the care and conservation of manuscripts, the digitisation project, and lists recent library acquisitions.
The Auchinleck Manuscript website features an online edition of the manuscript held by the National Library of Scotland. Produced in London during the 1330s, the manuscript contains verses and poems spanning a wide range of genres including: romance; hagiography; doctrinal instruction; a chronicle; satire; complaint; and humorous tales. According to popular myth, Chaucer himself may have read the manuscript, and his 'Tale of Sir Thopas' may have been influenced by the Auchinleck's stanzaic 'Guy of Warwick'. But it is for romances in particular that the manuscript is renowned. There are eighteen romances, including: 'Reinbroun'; 'Of Arthour & of Merlin'; 'Roland and Vernagu'; 'Sir Tristrem'; 'Kyng Alisaunder'; 'Sir Orfeo'; 'The King of Tars'; 'Amis and Amiloun'; and 'Horn Childe and Maiden Rimnild'. All of the poems are in English. As well as containing the transcribed texts (and page images) of the manuscript, the website includes a history of manuscript and a page about its physical make up. There is also a glossary and a lexicon, as well as bibliographies for each text and topic, and links to other relevant websites. This is an excellent example of a manuscript Internet resource, which should be of great value to scholars engaged in manuscript studies or researching Middle English literature. It is also possible to download the manuscript from the Oxford Text Archive site.
The Leeds Verse Database (BCMSV) holds detailed information about English poetry contained within the seventeenth and eighteenth century manuscripts held in the Brotherton Collection at the University of Leeds. Many of the manuscripts are miscellanies and commonplace books which have not been previously indexed. In total the BCMSV database details some 6,600 poems from 160 manuscripts, with 320 images available from selected images in the collection. The database can be searched by keyword, first or last lines, author, title, date, manuscript and bibliographic references. A typical record will also include information about the length of the poem, its verse form, brief summary of content, and further information about the manuscript in which the poem is found. A separate list of manuscripts is also available.
The website "Le cartulaire" was developed by the mayor's office of Beaumont-de-Lomagne and provides information about and access to the full-text of "Cartulaire de Beaumont" or "Livre Jurataire". A 13th century manuscript written in Latin, the cartulary represents one of the most significant documentary sources for the history of the city of Beaumont. The website offers a well-researched and lengthy introduction into the history of this document, providing much historical and contextual detail, for example: the name of the city; the buildings; coats of arms; glossary of Latin terms; an index of the names in the cartulary. The cartulary is reproduced page by page both in image form and in full-text Latin transcription. The image quality is modest. Browsing through the content of the document (152 pages) is facilitated by a top menu grouping the manuscript pages into small groups of 10. An online glossary of Latin terms is also provided.
The website for the Digital Library of Castilla-La Mancha offers digital versions of resources which are physically held at public libraries in this Spanish region. At the time of cataloguing, the digital library contains more than 550 books; 100 historical newspapers and journals; and about 50 manuscripts from the early modern period to the present. This is an ongoing project financed by the government of Castilla-La Mancha and the Spanish ministry of culture, and it is expected a continuous growth of the collections. Texts and documents are conveniently organised by topics, but there are also search options and the possibility of browsing the collections by: title; language (Spanish and/or Latin); type of document; publisher; and author. However, although this is a digital library, there is a small number of records in the catalogue which have not been digitalised yet and only bibliographical details are available for these (this is the case, for example, of manuscripts in Latin). The site is available in Spanish only.
The Bodleian Library's western manuscripts to c. 1500 Web page is a guide to one of the most extensive and renowned collections of medieval manuscripts anywhere in the world. This page describes the Library's holdings for this period, and the shelfmarks relating to them. To add to the more general information, there are links to the Bodleian's high quality online images of manuscripts, and to other related library pages. A search engine is promised as a future addition to this page, which will further help students and researchers to find manuscripts relating to their field of study. In the meantime, users can find help through the website index.
The British Library online manuscripts catalogue has been created in order to provide a single point of access to the mainstream catalogues of the Department of Manuscripts, covering documents from the pre-Christian era to the present day. There is a list of collections on the site indicating which are available online, including recent additions. It is possible to search the indexes, descriptions or by manuscript number. Index searches can be carried out on the following fields: name, additional name, descriptive adjunct, index entry, language, state, start year and end year. Description searches enable keyword searching of the descriptions. Online search tips are available. Images are not included within the catalogue, but users are provided with gateways to the British Library's Images Online collection, and its Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts, both of which provide digital images of texts.
The website 'The British Library Online Gallery: Illuminated Manuscripts' is an online exhibition of the BL, containing over 3000 images taken from the library's collection of illuminated manuscripts. The site is introduced by the curator, and contains images chosen from manuscripts dating from the 8th to the 15th centuries, including: annals; medical treatises; hagiographies; psalters; bestiaries; chronicles; and religious works. Celebrated manuscripts such as the Lindisfarne Gospels and the Sherborne Missal are represented, as would be expected, but perhaps more interesting are the images from the less showy manuscripts that constitute the greater part of the library's collection. The images chosen include: marginalia; heraldic art; illuminated and historiated initials and miniatures. This resource would be of use to all those interested in the cultural and intellectual history of the medieval period, as well as scholars and students of art history and manuscript studies. Users can browse the illuminated manuscripts collection by title and date or use the link to the catalogue. Once selected, the images are presented with a short description and can be viewed either as a large image or as smaller image in which users can zoom and pan (requires Flash).
The website of the Brut Chronicle is hosted by the University of Michigan and part of the Humanities Text Initiative. It contains comprehensive scanned images of the University's Middle English manuscript of the so-called 'Brut Chronicle': the earliest prose chronicle in English and the most popular history of England in the Middle Ages. The quality of the images is very good and a transcription of the manuscript is to be added to the site in the future. In addition, the site contains a brief bibliography and list of related resources, as well as access to further collections in the University of Michigan's online resources.
The website of the Canterbury Tales Project provides information about the project and access to a number of their articles. The aim of the project is to examine the textual history of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales from 84 manuscripts and four pre-1500 printed editions using computer-assisted means. Since it was founded in the early 1990s, the project has produced editions of individual tales, as well as individual manuscript facsimiles. Using new technology, recent research, computer collation and computer-assisted analysis, the project has produced new insights into Chaucer scholarship. The methodology of the project and the way in which the texts are being recorded, collated and analysed is described on the website through access to a large number of articles published by the project. More information about the CD-ROMs produced by the project is also provided on the website as well as a selection of links to other sites related to Chaucer and related topics. This site is of use to scholars of Chaucer, as well as those in other fields such as dialectology, palaeography, and textual analysis.
The 'Cantigas de Santa María" website makes available facsimiles of this medieval text. It consists of a collection of medieval songs in Galician-Portuguese, written during the reign of Alfonso X 'El Sabio' (1221-1284). On the site, users may view facsimiles of both the To Codex and the E Codex and each 'cantiga' is available as a standard and small gif file, as well as a printable PDF. The illuminations that accompany every tenth cantiga in the E Codex may also be viewed here. While all may be viewed in black and white, a selection may be viewed in colour. The site also provides a good list of links to related Web resources, including: transcriptions of the cantigas; the full-text of the book 'Emperor of Culture: Alfonso X the Learned of Castile and His Thirteenth-Century Renaissance'; and an article on 'Accentuation and Duration in the Music of the Cantigas de Santa Maria' by Hendrik van der Werf.
This is the homepage of the Centre for Manuscript and Print Studies (CMPS), which was founded in 2001 at the Institute of English Studies, University of London on behalf of the British Library; the St Bride Printing Library; the University of London Research Library Services; the English Department at the University of Birmingham; the School of English at the University of Reading; and the Literature Department at the Open University. The Centre covers a diverse range of fields such as: palaeography; codicology; diplomatic writing and calligraphy; the history of printing; manuscript and print relations; the history of publishing and of the book trade; ephemera studies; the history of reading; the history of libraries; collecting and scholarship; analytical, descriptive and historical bibliography; textual criticism and textual theory; and the electronic book. The CMPS serves as a resource for the international community of scholars (including undergraduate and postgraduate students); the site provides news of events such as conferences, seminars, exhibitions, and summer schools such as the Centre's annual Palaeography Summer School and London Rare Book School. Information and progress reports are provided about CMPS research projects, most of which receive funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC). Several of the more developed projects have their own sites, including: the Complete Works of John Ford; the Catalogue of English Literary Manuscripts 1450-1700 (CELM); and the Digital Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts (DigCIM); Philo-Bibliographical Notes and Queries; Early Paper; John Masefield Virtual Research Environment; the William Sharp "Fiona Macleod" Archive; and the Yeats Annual Series. The Centre additionally hosts the AHRC National Research Training Scheme (NRTS) in English Language and Literature, Palaeography and the History of the Book. Links to related sites and partner institutions are included. The Web pages are uncomplicated and easy to follow.
The website of the University of Edinburgh's Centre for the History of the Book (CHB), gives information on an international and interdisciplinary unit for advanced research into all aspects of the material culture of the text. The site includes information on: personnel; projects; events; fellowships; courses; and links to other sites of interest. The site also provides back issues of the Centre's newsletter, and recent items of related news concerning scholarship on the history of the book. The site would be of value to students and scholars researching book history or manuscript history.
Codex Gigas is a website hosting a digitisation of a 13th-century Bible, known as the 'Devil's Bible'. The Bible was made in medieval Bohemia, and is said to be the largest extant medieval Bible. The Bible is now owned by the Kungliga biblioteket (National Library in Stockholm), which created this resource. High quality images of all folios of the codex are available, each of which can be magnified in order to see detail or read the text. The images can be browsed by folio number, or highlights can be viewed by type of content (for example: names; Old Testament; New Testament; or Calendar). In addition to the images, the site provides: a history of the manuscript; a description of the codex; and a discussion of the content size and purpose of this Bible. Also helpful are the: bibliography; biographies; and glossary of manuscript terms. The site is well designed and easy to use, and would be of interest to anyone studying medieval manuscripts, or medieval theology. The site is also provided in Swedish and Czech.
Depicting Devotion is an online exhibition hosted by Washington University Libraries, in collaboration with: the Saint Louis Art Museum; Saint Louis University; and the Saint Louis Public Library. The exhibition describes the various parts of a medieval book of hours, with images from Washington Universities Special Collections holdings to illustrate each section. The exhibition also provides an introduction and a short essay on the history of the manuscript in France, as well as a bibliography. The images can be enlarged for better viewing, but are often still not large enough to show detail. The site would be a good introduction to the subject for students of medieval iconography, as well as those studying western manuscripts.
Digital Medievalist is the website of an online community of practice for medievalists working with digital media, particularly the digital representation of historical source material. The project runs: an email discussion list to enable the sharing of experience and knowledge amongst scholars working with medieval sources in a digital environment; a refereed online journal; and a news server for calls for papers and announcements. The Project also arranges conference sessions at relevant congresses. Full texts of journal issues are available on the website, as are guidelines for contributors. The Executive Board of the project has an international membership, reflecting the scope of this area of research. The site would be of interest to researchers already in the field, and anyone considering starting a digital project using medieval sources.
The digital repository, Zaguan, was created in 2008 by the University of Zaragoza (Spain) as a means to offer electronic versions of rare manuscripts and old books from the early modern period to the nineteenth century held physically at the university. However, the project has exceeded these goals, as now it also offers a large number of very recent publications and ebooks in all areas within the humanities; social sciences; law; and architecture/design. Resources available are mostly in Spanish and English, although old materials may be in Latin. The collection of rare books and manuscripts also offers sections on: printings from the 16th to the 19th centuries; and a historical archive. Additionally, the site has made available the full-text content of PhD theses and research articles. Users may search for documents in all sections of the repository (a search guide is provided), but browsing options are somehow limited; there is a section of resources for English studies, but it is no possible to browse for resources within other disciplines in the humanities and social sciences.
The Digital Scriptorium website is the home of a union catalogue of manuscripts held in a variey of institutions within the United States. Each manuscript catalogue record includes links to sample images (occasionally folio images of the entire codex). The database can be searched by terms relating to manuscripts, parts and texts. A typical catalogue record includes: location; shelfmark; binding; and provenance; together with part information about: geographic origin; script; scribes; layout; and date. Records also include information about the text within the part including: number of folios; author; title; explicit; language; and available images.The database currently holds around 23,000 images drawn from holdings at: the Berkeley and Columbia-affiliated libraries; Union Theological Seminary (New York); and the De Bellis Collection (California). Other partners include: the Huntington Library in southern California; the Ransom Center at the University of Texas, Austin; and the New York Public Library.The Digital Scriptorium project also makes available information about: the creation of the database; the digitization of manuscripts; XML/SGML tools for transcription; and details of partners and contributors. The Project has received funding from the Mellon Foundation and the National Endowment for the Humanities and is hosted by Columbia University Libraries. This site would be of use to: medieval scholars; art historians and palaeographers among others.
The Durham Liber Vitae Project was a joint project between the AHRB Centre for North-East England History, University of Durham and the Centre for Computing in the Humanities, King's College, London. The project ran from 200-2003. The Durham Liber Vitae is one of seven surviving libri memoriales from the Carolingian period, and the only English example of its date. The book contains several thousand names of persons in some way associated with the church of St Cuthbert from the 8th to the 16th century. Libri Vitae have the potential to cast considerable light on how major churches interacted with contemporary lay and ecclesiastical society and what these interactions can show about the basis of the churches' position and their role in defining the communities and the regions to which they related. The website gives information about the project, including: details of research publications, bibliographies and seminars; some brief information about the computerised edition project; and a description of British Library, MS Cotton Domitian VII which contains the Durham Liber Vitae. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) under the Resource Enhancement Scheme.
Early Greek Bible Manuscripts is a research project under the auspices of the Institute for the Study of Early Christianity in its Greco-Roman Setting based at Tyndale House (Cambridge). The searchable online catalogue available on this website gives access only to the published materials on the subject but the project's main aim is to add descriptions of all the library's holdings of facsimiles, photographs and microfilms of the early Greek Bible manuscripts. The project also plans to provide a range of web-based resources for the scholarly study of the subject. There is no project information on the website, but details can be obtained directly from the Project Director.
This website contains scans of over 80 early manuscripts from collections associated with the University of Oxford. It forms the culmination of the Early Manuscript Imaging Project, which sought to create a wider availability for original texts that might otherwise be too fragile for handling. The scanned manuscripts are all regarded as major treasures, and date from the 9th Century onwards. Particular mention is made of the Celtic manuscripts in the collection, which are of Irish, Welsh, Cornish, and Breton origin. Otherwise, most of the texts are in Latin, with a few in English, Old English, Greek, or other European languages. The manuscripts are catalogued by collection, and descriptions are given of the contents. The electronic scanning has necessarily been conducted at high definitions, usually around 600dpi. As a result of this, each manuscript page takes up a significant amount of memory, and it is recommended that readers access the images from computers with fast Internet connections, and export the images into viewing software that enables rescaling, in order to render the text readable. Copyright information is given for each manuscript, although permission is not usually required when using the images for personal research use.
The Edward IV Roll Web pages (part of the Free Library of Philadelphia website) provide an online facsimile of the Edward IV Roll (Free Library of Philadelphia, Rare Books Department, MS Lewis E201). This roll, an illustrated history of the world with a genealogy of Edward IV, was produced circa 1461. This site provides a comprehensive introduction to the roll, aimed at the general public, which serves to contextualise the manuscript. The information is split into eleven sections, which include: a short general introduction; an historical overview, setting the scene of the Wars of the Roses; a short life of Edward IV; discussions of heraldry; and information on banners and badges. Each section provides the interested reader with a short bibliography. The facsimile of the roll is split into six sections, each of which can be viewed as JPEG files in three different sizes. It is also possible to view the whole roll as one complete image. The images are reasonably clear but the resolution is too low to be able to read much of the smaller script from the original. Nonetheless, this is an excellent resource which will appeal to the generalist and the specialist.
The Electronic Manipulus Florum Project aims to provide a complete online edition of Thomas of Ireland's medieval work of reference, the 'Manipulus Florum' (Handful of Flowers). This work was widely circulated in both manuscript and print form during the Middle Ages and Early Modern period, and is an example of a genre of text known as 'florilegia', or anthologies of quotations. Currently around 1800 quotations (about 30 percent of the text) have been edited and are available via an alphabetical index, with more transcribed from the 1493/5 Venice edition available in PDF format. The Project (particularly the critical edition) is still ongoing, with a search engine due to be provided towards the end of 2008, and Italian, German and French translations of the supporting webpages to follow thereafter. The site provides a timetable for the project; progress updates; sections on three of the major early printed editions of the texts; a set of related links; and a guest book. This site would be a useful resource for students of manuscript/book history, and medieval literature.
The English Emblem Book Project was set up with the aim of making full-text emblem books from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries available online. Nine books are currently available online. Full bibliographical details of the original source of each book is provided. The full-text of each book has been scanned. Details of the optimum viewing requirements for each book is available from the technical information section of the site. This section also provides further information on the numbering, scanning and physical condition of the original works used for the project. The website also provides details of what emblem books are and general information on the project. The website has a bibliography of printed sources and a list of other emblem book websites.
"English handwriting 1500-1700" is part of the Cambridge English Renaissance Electronic Service (CERES). The website provides an online course for late medieval, renaissance and early modern palaeography (paleography) on the basis of an extensive archive of manuscript images, drawn from several Cambridge colleges. In fifteen course lessons, it offers samples of different hands and manuscripts, and invites the visitor to supply transcriptions in the workspace provided. A wide range of pedagogical materials is provided, such as exemplary transcriptions of each course manuscript, alphabets of letter forms, an historical introduction, and codicological as well as palaeographical analyses. Each lesson concludes with a short test, and follow-up sections are available.This site is aimed mainly at beginners, but is also convenient for continuing reference, and includes a concise bibliography and list of links. It has a very user-friendly navigation, and provides downloadable PDF versions of the transcriptions.
The electronic collection of the University of Seville acts as a digital repository of historical photographs; PhD theses; and digitised version of old printed books, journals and manuscripts. The collection is divided in three clear sections for each type of materials. The electronic collection of ancient and rare materials includes books, newspapers and manuscripts from the 15th to the 20th century. It can be browsed by subject and date of publication; or the user may alternatively perform a free-text search using the many options available. The photographic library is the digital version of a project which began in 1907 to create a library of art images, although it expanded soon after to include other photographs which today are invaluable for the contemporary history of Spain, and Andalucia in particular. The repository of PhD theses offers electronic versions of doctoral works in a wide variety of disciplines. For all collections search options and navigation are available in English, but information pages and most text contents are in Spanish only.
This is a virtual exhibition on the late medieval painter and illuminator Jean Fouquet (c.1415-1481) presented online by the Bibliothèque nationale de France. It is part of the BNF's Virtual Exhibitions series, which aims to make possible the interactive discovery of some of the most treasured collections in this library. There is also an English presentation of this exhibition. The Fouquet Online site is beautifully put together and it contains a wealth of information on the artist, including technical detail on the execution of his works. High quality images accompany the scholarly curatorial notes throughout. The exhibition can also be viewed interactively with accompanying sound.
The website for the 'Glosas Emilianenses' offers a wide selection of scholarly works and articles on these unique examples of medieval Hispanic Romance language and medieval Basque. The 'glosas' (glosses) are annotations in a Latin codex from the end of the 10th or beginning of the 11th century which have traditionally been considered as one of the first examples of the Spanish language (or perhaps Aragonese) and medieval Basque. For students, there is a PowerPoint presentation with pictures and explanations of the glosses. Also, in addition to the actual text of the glosses, the site includes a large number of studies by established scholars, including: 'The Origins of Spanish Literature' by Menéndez Pidal; 'Basque glosses'; and 'From medieval Latin to Romance languages'. Given the amount of materials available, both lecturers and students of the history of the Spanish and Basque languages will find interesting resources here.
The Gradual from Maundy Thursday to the Vigil of Pentecost (Denison Library, Perkins 4. Gradual. s. XVI, Scripps College) Web pages provide a digitised version of this entire 16th-century manuscript (including the binding). The gradual (a choir book) contains the Latin text and plainsong music sung during masses over the period between Easter and Pentecost. The text is illuminated, often with large historiated initials and intricate borders, and is annotated with liturgical information and descriptions of the illuminations. The images are of a high quality and enable the user to zoom in significantly on individual details. The site gives a good general description of the whole manuscript, its binding and probable use, as well as descriptions of each folio to accompany the individual images. The manuscript is searchable by: title; description; day of the Church Year; illuminations; and transcriptions among other fields, with some hyperlinking between fields from within individual descriptions. This site would be of interest to students and researchers in the fields of: manuscript studies; religious studies; and history, and, as the publishers hope in future to include musical transcriptions and sound files of the music being played, music historians.
This is the Web version of an exhibition held at the Library of Congress during 2005. It features woodcuts from an important collection of fifteenth and sixteenth century illustrated books, purchased in the 1940s by an American collector-philanthropist Lessing Rosenwald (1891-1979) from British collector Dyson Perrins (1864-1958). The online exhibition provides biographies of the two collectors, a description of the woodcut process, and many illustrations from the books, each accompanied by detailed descriptions. In particular, the site deals with technique, composition, perspective, and colouration. The illustrations are fascinating and come from valuable texts, some of which are the only known copies of certain editions. The books are chiefly religious texts, but other works include a copy of Aesop's fables, a calligraphy manual, and a treatise on military machinery. The examples are arranged by century and region and include works by German, Italian, French, Spanish and Dutch woodcutters, designers and printers. The website also provides an 'object checklist' (a full list of all the books and illustrations in the exhibition) and details of a catalogue that was published to accompany the exhibition.
Historia da Escritura en Galicia is a website which offers a succinct presentation of the evolution of writing in this autonomous region of Spain. It has been written by Romaní Martínez and Vázquez Bertomeu, lecturers in the Universidade de Santiago de Compostela. It provides a general introduction to five main scripts: Visigothic; Caroline; Gothic; legal script (cortesàs-procesais); and Humanistic. Each presentation is accompanied by one or more examples of manuscripts in digital form. The image quality is modest but legible. Only a brief manuscript description is given, and transcriptions or commentaries are not available for each image. The webpage will be of interest to anyone looking for a quick overview of the history of manuscripts and palaeography in Galicia. Users should note that the site can be viewed in Galician only.
HoBo (formerly History of the Book @ Oxford) was launched on the Web in 1996 in order to provide a list of Oxford-based events relating to book history, along with details of some relevant local resources. The site is now national in scope, aiming to cover all events, conferences, and announcements relevant to research in the history of the book throughout the UK. In addition to its function of keeping the academic community up to date with the latest events in the field of book and printing history, the website also provides a directory of Oxford scholars and librarians with a registered interest in the history of the book, and links to related websites. The contents of over twenty journals that regularly publish articles on the history of the book may be searched from the site, with full bibliographical details for each. The site also provides access to the Don McKenzie (1931-1999) home page. McKenzie was Professor of Bibliography & Textual Criticism at the University of Oxford from 1989 to 1996 and this home page was created in his honour.
Illuminating the Renaissance is a joint collaboration between the British Library, the Royal Academy and the J. Paul Getty Museum. The site highlights the exhibition, of the same name, that was held at the J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, from 17 June to 7 September 2003, and at the Royal Academy of Arts, London, from 29 November 2003 to 22 February 2004. Between 1400-1550 European manuscript painting enjoyed a period of revival, particularly in Flanders (modern Belgium and northern France). A selection of images from Flemish manuscripts have been taken from the British Library for public viewing. The British Library site provides a detailed timeline of the period documenting key events in European history. The site also links to the British Library's 'Turning Pages' online edition of Simon Bening's 'Golf Book'. The site links to the J. Paul Getty Museum which features some of the exhibits. A bookshop at the British Library allows users to order the exhibition catalogue online.
The German-only website 'Illuminierte Handschriften aus Österreich (ca. 780 - ca. 1250)' (Illuminated manuscripts from Austria) was set up by the Institute for the History of Art, University of Vienna. It is a database put together by Friedrich Simader as part of a project entitled 'Illumination in Austria in the Early and High Middle Ages' in 1994-1997 and managed by Martina Pippal. The special feature of this database is that it does not only contain general information such as the present holding library, name and shelfmark of the manuscript, date and provenance, but also lists all the illuminations of each manuscript. It is possible to search for all of the above, including for details of particular illustrations. There is however some difficulty with searching and retrieving data from the database mainly due to the lack of any field indexes or other help facilities for constructing useful searches. A comprehensive list of reference literature and an alphabetical list of the libraries with links to manuscript information are also available. The authors haven't updated the content since 2003 but the resource still stands as a good research tool.
The Index of Medieval Manuscripts online database aims to enable readers to locate references to specific manuscripts within a corpus of printed works. The database includes details of manuscripts of English and French texts, mostly literary and historical. The database is searchable by: title; date; contents; author; provenance; and associated people or manuscripts. Each record provides brief notes for most of the searchable fields, together with bibliographic references to selected works within the printed corpus that provides the basis for this project.
This is the website of L'Institut de Recherche et d'Histoire des Textes; a think-tank of the Centre National de Recherche Scientifique [CNRS], based in Paris. The institute conducts fundamental research on the medieval manuscript and the transmission of medieval texts written in Latin, Greek, Hebrew, Arabic, and Old French. The site provides information regarding: the Institute's activities and publications; a calendar of seminars, conferences and colloquia; access to online searching of its library catalogue; a listing of available electronic resources; and information on courses of interest.This website is of particular interest to researchers of the medieval manuscript book.
An Introduction to Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts provides the general reader with an excellent introduction to the manuscripts and manuscript culture of Anglo-Saxon England. Written by Michelle Brown, Curator of Illuminated Manuscripts at the British Library, it is divided into five sessions: Anglo-Saxon England and the Book; Reading and Writing the Manuscripts; Spiritual and Secular Worlds; Materials and Techniques; and Illustration and Ornament. The site is generously illustrated with a selection of images from British Library manuscripts. Some of these can be enlarged and the quality is good. Interested readers might also like Brown's seminar on the Lindisfarne Gospels (MS Cotton Nero D.iv), which is also part of the Fathom site. This resource would be of use to those beginning to study western manuscripts, and those interested in medieval studies.
The Jordanus database comes from a collaboration between the Max-Planck-Institute for the History of Science in Berlin and the Institute for the History of Science in Munich. Its main focus is on mathematical manuscripts of all western languages written before 1500 - they claim to now have incorporated the majority of those, more than 13,000 - but a good number of manuscripts from neighbouring science disciplines plus non-science material can be found there as well. Records can be searched for not only by name and author but also by several other fields, like the library that currently houses it, the city in which the library is situated or language or year. Even a shelfmark search is possible. The whole website interface is bilingual in German and English.
Anglo-Saxon Charters, or Kemble, is the project website of the British Academy - Royal Historical Society Joint Committee on Anglo-Saxon Charters, maintained by Professor Simon D. Keynes. Set up in 1966, the Committee exits to produce the definitive collected edition of the entire corpus of Anglo-Saxon charters, from the last quarter of the seventh century to the Norman Conquest, edited in accordance with modern standards. The term 'Anglo-Saxon charter' covers a wide range of documents including royal diplomas (mostly in Latin) and wills of churchmen, laymen, and women (in Anglo-Saxon). The surviving charters are for the most part records of grants of land or privileges by kings to religious houses, or to lay beneficiaries. There are also records of settlements of disputes over: land or privileges; leases of episcopal property; and records of bequests of land and other property. The site offers online access to the 'New Regesta Regum Anglorum', full texts of Anglo-Saxon royal diplomas, which can be searched by: archive; king; and kingdom. A revised electronic version of P. H. Sawyer, 'Anglo-Saxon Charters: an Annotated List and Bibliography' (London, 1968) containing a listing of all the charters is also available. The site contains a list of Committee members and publications, and a guide for editors of charters. There are also links to various working aids: the Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England (PASE) databas; listings of Anglo-Saxon bishops and abbots; a bibliography; and links to other websites. It is a useful reference resource mainly for undergraduate and postgraduate teaching and research. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (now the AHRC) within the Resource Enhancement scheme.
'Labyrinth' is a digital repository of texts and electronic resources for medieval studies. As part of the site, there is a section which provides access to all materials in old Spanish (to 1500) available on the site. It includes both digital versions of literary texts and a list of external resources. One of the texts available is 'El Arte de Bien Morir' (The Dying Well), for which both images of the manuscript and a modern transcript can be read at the same time. There is also an introduction to the text by E. Michael Gerli (Georgetown University). In addition to this, there are links to interesting external sites and the reproduction of a Columbus' letter to the King and Queen of Spain, which has been taken directly from the Internet Medieval Sourcebook.
Leaves of Gold is the website belonging to a project whose aim is to promote illuminated manuscripts owned by special collections libraries in Philadelphia. The project exhibited many of its treasured manuscripts in 2001-02, and the website's online gallery is an extension of those exhibitions. The website was created by the Philadelphia Area Consortium of Special Collections Libraries [PACSCL], in collaboration with the Philadelphia Museum of Art and other exhibition partners. 'Leaves of Gold' offers an online tour of images from each manuscript exhibited, highlighting the major types of works: Bibles; Psalters; books of hours; liturgical manuscripts; and literary texts. Only two fairly small images for each manuscript are made available,. Each image is accompanied by a brief description and explanation of the illuminations. The online 'Learning Centre' provides a slide show of manuscript pages, as well as information on the main aspects of medieval book production, and is aimed at a younger audience, or the interested reader.
The Life of King Edward the Confessor website gives access to a digitised version of the only copy of an illustrated Anglo-Norman verse life of St Edward the Confessor, probably originally written in the later 1230s or early 1240s. The manuscript is held by Cambridge University Library (Cambridge University Library MS.Ee.3.59), and consists of thirty-seven folios, with a total of sixty-four pictures. The images are of good quality, allowing the user to zoom in to areas closely, and each folio is accompanied by a brief description. Folios can be browsed from start to finish, or via a summary page showing thumbnails of the images, with their descriptions. The website provides a brief introduction to the manuscript, and suggestions for additional reading. This site would be of interest to scholars studying: art history; manuscript history; religious texts or medieval history.
The Lindisfarne Gospels site provides a general introduction to the contents of the Lindisfarne Gospels manuscript (British Library, MS Cotton Nero D.iv) and its cultural and historical context. Written by Michelle Brown, Curator of Illuminated Manuscripts at the British Library, it is divided in four sections, or "seminars", on the following topics: The Lindisfarne Gospels and the Early Christian World; Eadfrith and the Making of the Lindisfarne Gospels; The Lindisfarne Gospels in Use; and A Display Opening of the Lindisfarne Gospels. Designed for the non-specialist and assuming no prior knowledge, the site gives a lively introduction to Anglo-Saxon England and early Christian Europe to place the codex in its religious and cultural setting. It is illustrated with a selection of images from the manuscript which, although not as clear as they might be, provide the reader with a valuable accompaniment.
The Llanbeblig Book of Hours is an online digital facsimile of manuscript NLW MS 17520A at the National Library of Wales. The resource forms part of the National Library of Wales' Digital Mirror Web pages, which provide access to some of the most important items in the Library's collections. A short history of the manuscript is provided, with an overview of its contents and some suggested further reading. The manuscript itself can be viewed folio by folio, or as a gallery of some of the main illuminated pages. Images can be enlarged to allow for better viewing of the Latin text. The images are clear and detailed, and would be of interest to those studying medieval manuscript production or medieval art and iconography.
The MANCASS C11 database project is an online database of scripts and variant Old English spellings in eleventh century manuscripts and texts. The project is based at the Manchester Centre for Anglo-Saxon Studies (MANCASS), University of Manchester and funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC). At present the manuscript catalogue contains details of more than 250 eleventh century manuscripts written in English from 47 major collections worldwide, and more additions are being planned. The database offers sophisticated tools for palaeography and spelling analysis. At the top level the database can be searched either by using an index of the collections included in it or an index of the manuscript shelfmarks. The database operates with concepts such as: sequences; sequence spelling; scriptors; item heading or incipit; and item spelling; many of which provide image-based points of access into the catalogue. C11 is a sophisticated specialist palaeographical and linguistic tool of great value to scholars of Anglo-Saxon manuscripts and texts.
A Manuscript Miscellany is a website hosted by the Folger Shakespeare Library and is the result of a 2005 National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) summer humanities institute entitled 'The Handwritten Worlds of Early Modern England'. The institute focused on the history of manuscripts from 1400 to 1700, examining among others: literary; domestic; devotional; dramatic; and business documents and texts from the Folger Library, in order to write a "more nuanced history of the period". The resulting essays (14 of them) written by the college-teacher participants of the institute are available on the website, with topics including: '"The Emperor of China His Letter to Queen Elizabeth" (1600)'; 'The Marginalized Voices of Chaucer's Early Readers'; 'A Seventeenth-Century Prophecy of Merlin'; and 'Gendering Hands, Gendering Business: A Letter from Elizabeth Bagot'. The site also provides a useful Glossary of Manuscript Terms, as well as a useful set of links to related electronic resources. The resources here would be of interest to students and researchers in the fields of manuscript studies, history and English, especially those studying the dissemination of texts and literacy in the early modern period.
The Manuscript Studies Portal at Senate House Library provides online access to resources useful for the study of Western manuscripts. These resources are divided into three categories: Senate House's own Manuscript Studies research collection; databases and CD-Roms available in the Senate House library itself; and online resources freely available on the Web. Types of resources covered include: books; catalogues; medieval manuscripts; papers of palaeographers; facsmilies on CD-Rom and online; vocabulaires and glossaries; related courses of study; dictionaries of abbreviations/contractions; image databases; and related projects. Some of the links are annotated, others have a separate link to relevant websites or catalogues that describe the resources themselves in detail. The Portal has developed out of the work of the 'Palaeography - Developing the National Resource' Project, funded by the Research Support Libraries Programme, which ran from 1999 to 2002.
The Manuscripts of the West Midlands website describes a project based at the University of Birmingham. The project aims to provide a catalogue of vernacular manuscript books of the West Midlands: an extensive collection of historical and linguistic data connected to Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, and Worcestershire between 1350 and 1475. There are many extant sources originating in the West Midlands area, which allows a great deal of regional study to be undertaken, and insights into manuscript geography to be gained. The site is likely to be of interest to those researching or studying the history of the West Midlands, history of the book, or manuscript studies. The catalogue can also be downloaded in XML format from the Oxford Text Archive website (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS)). The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) within the Resource Enhancement Scheme.
The website "Manuscrits médiévaux des monastères et chapitres vosgiens. Catalogues and inventoires" is an online version of the second volume of Marie-José Gasse-Grandjean's doctoral thesis entitled "Livres manuscrits et librairies dans les abbayes et les chapitres vosgiens des origines au XVIe siècle", presented in 1989 at Universite Nancy 2 (2 vol., 752 p. + pl.). This volume brings together various research sources, including: a catalogue of the surviving Vosgian manuscripts, a presentation of ancient book catalogues from Vosgian monasteries, and a list of books found in various archives.The complete text of the volume is available online, as well as an extensive bibliography and a few digital images of manuscripts. The catalogue of surviving manuscripts is presented in a searchable database form, and includes comprehensive indexes for each search field. This resource is particularly useful to the specialist manuscript researcher. The site is now archived.
The Margot Project's website, based at the University of Waterloo, Canada, is an online forum for the publishing of medieval and early modern texts in French. Aside from details of the Project itself, items currently available on the site include: a corpus of Anglo-Norman verse hagiography from 1100-1400 (the Campsey Project); excerpts from the Roman de la Rose in the original French and also in English translation; and texts by women writers from the Ancien Regime (in PDF format). The Campsey Project provides an image of first folio of each of the saints' lives from the original manuscript, plus the facility to search the texts by keyword. The excerpts from the Roman de la Rose are in PDF format, and are meant to be read in conjunction with the book 'Debating the Roman de la Rose : a critical anthology' by Christine McWebb. To add to the main resources, the site also provides: links to related websites; the latest project news; and details of related conferences and publications. This site would be of use to students studying the history of the French language, as well as medieval and early modern scholars. The Project is ongoing, and it is hoped that more texts will be added in future.
The Medieval Bestiary website is an attempt by an independent scholar (David Badke) to assemble a database of information about: medieval bestiaries; their antecedents; and the medieval view of animals in general. Useful aspects of the site include: a list of manuscripts by institution and shelf-mark (for each there is a brief description and bibliography); an alphabetical listing of animal names together with a brief description of their attributes and a representative image; and a small encyclopaedia of short articles on topics relating to bestiaries and their authors. The site also offers a small "digital text library" of full-text articles (PDF) and digital copies of: 'The Bestiary of Philippe de Thaon' (Cotton Nero A V, ff 41r-82v. edited by Thomas Wright, 1841); 'Physiologus: A Metrical Bestiary Of Twelve Chapters' by Bishop Theobald (1928 facsimile of that published in Cologne, 1492); and 'Symbolism of Animals and Birds Represented in English Church Architecture' by Arthur H. Collins (New York 1913). A lengthy bibliography (with notes) can be viewed by subject and the site includes a search engine. This site is an excellent resource for medieval scholars.
One of the many results from decades of study and work by Professor L.M. de Rijk (Universiteit Leiden) on logical texts of the Middle Ages, is the Medieval Logical Manuscript website. The database itself contains hundreds of entries listing the incipit, location, title, number of folios, and a host of other details. Searches can be conducted by medieval author, country, library holding, and even by content. The amount of information displayed by each search is at the discretion of the user, who may select from a variety of different fields to suit their needs. It is also possible to quickly scroll through the list of authors available and this method is probably the most efficient in beginning any search. All of this results in a fast and easy to use catalogue that will be of value to anyone conducting advanced studies of medieval philosophy in Latin. The catalogue entries are, of course, primarily limited to the research of Professor de Rijk, and so do not contain every available relevant Latin manuscript. However, the extent and number of entries is so great that it would be unlikely to not find some resource on a given medieval author. Users should take note of the introductory background material, which clarifies certain restrictions, and organizational features of the search facility. Moreover, the database cannot be browsed from the main page.
The Medieval Manuscripts at the National Library of Medicine website is an online version of an exhibit held by the National Library of Medicine from 18th May - 15th August 2000. This exhibition was designed to celebrate the medieval manuscripts holdings of the National Library of Medicine in general, and in particular their twelfth century manuscript 'Treatises on Medicine'. The site has been divided into the following main sections: Treatises on Medicine, The Articella, Arabic Legacies, Salerno, and English Leechcraft and Physick. Each section has a narrative on the topic and is accompanied by facsimile images from medieval manuscripts illustrating the topic. The resource would be of value to anyone seeking an accessible introduction to manuscripts with medical themes.
The website 'Medieval Manuscripts of Canon Law and Roman Law' provides access to a list of Canon law incipits compiled and maintained by Dr Giovanna Murano, and to a database of Canon law and Roman law manuscript shelfmarks developed by Gero Dolezalek at the University of Leipzig. The website aims to provide a comprehensive cumulative inventory of all manuscripts of Canon law and Roman law mentioned in catalogues or in legal-historical publications. It is designed as a tool for scholars in order to assist with the discovery of who published what, where and on which manuscript. In addition, the website also provides a gateway of annotated links to other web resources related to manuscripts of medieval Canon Law and Roman law and to some general medieval manuscripts sites. The Canon Law incipit list can be downloaded as a compressed file.
The website 'Medieval Palaeography' is an online introductory tutorial for a module on the M.A. course in English Local History at the University of Leicester. It is intended for use in the classroom, but it can be used by anyone interested in learning palaeography via the web. The tutorial focuses on teaching the basic ability to read and understand the hands and types of medieval documents usually encountered during research into medieval economic and social history. The site was created by Dr. Dave Postles (University of Leicester), and is a collaborative project between West Sussex Record Office and the Centre for English Local History at the University of Leicester. Digital images of several 13th-century charters are used in this tutorial, with transcriptions and notes provided in pop-up windows. Also available on the site are: notes on various aspects of the charters; descriptions of different types of documents; bibliographies; a list of palaeographical terms; and self assessment exercises. The Medieval Palaeography website would be of interest to anyone wishing to consult original medieval documents, whether they are university students, local historians or amateur family historians.
Developed from the Manchester University Press Medieval Sources series, Medieval Sources online is a Web-based based learning resource containing hundreds of original medieval history documents compiled for the teaching and study of history. With a yearly subscription to the site, students and teachers can have open and unrestricted access, through their own computers, to high quality history resource material. Medieval Sources online is "designed to be fully integrated with undergraduate courses, and is intended as a one-stop answer for many medieval history students, academics and researchers". Medieval Sources online is organised according to subject matter. The site's excellent and intuitive search engine makes it simple to browse for the texts or beautifully rendered images that are available. The site also provides a portal (freely available to non-subscribers) to other online resources relating to the study of the Middle Ages. Subjects covered by this free portal include: women in medieval times; the black death; the Crusades; Monasticism; the Norman Conquests; and Medieval warfare. The resource would be of value to anyone with an interest in the teaching of Medieval history, and further education or undergraduate level.
This handy website, compiled by John Herrington and hosted by Georgetown University, provides a short introduction to Anglo-Saxon manuscripts written in, or containing, Old English. Introductory matter is kept to a minimum, however, since the main purpose of the site is to provide an Excel spreadsheet which aims to list all the available facsimiles of Anglo-Saxon manuscripts. Nevertheless, users will find information on: the historical background of Old English manuscripts; Facsimilies of manuscripts; and instructions on using the database. N. R. Ker's 'Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon' (Oxford, 1957) is the cornerstone of this database. Manuscripts are listed by Ker number, perhaps slightly confusingly, in three sequences. Each entry contains the pressmark, the major contents of the manuscript, author (if known) and approximate date. Lastly, there is a reference to the facsimile. The spreadsheet also includes a listing by by date. This tool is extremely useful for tracking down manuscript surrogates, a task which can be time-consuming and frustrating. The spreadsheet is offered in versions for Excel 4.0 and 5.0.
The Old English Martyrology website contains an extensive annotated bibliography for use in the study of the 9th-century text of the same name. The site includes: indices for saints, feasts, and persons named in the manuscript; criticism on the dating and sources of composition for the text; and research on its language, style and historical importance in terms of earlier Anglo-Saxon hagiography. It was originally compiled as a guide to the extensive work on the sources of the Old English Martyrology by the late James E. Cross, of the University of Liverpool, but the bibliography now supersedes his work, covering publications on all aspects of the text. It should be noted however that the compiler of the bibliography suggests that it be used in conjunction with the 'Fontes Anglo-Saxonici' database, which gives more detail on specific saints. This resource would be of interest to students and scholars in the fields of Old English, manuscript studies and the history of religion.
The Electronic Beowulf is an image-based facsimile edition of the sole extant 11th-century manuscript of the Old English poem, held by the British Library. The electronic edition is edited by Kevin Kiernan of the University of Kentucky and published on CD-ROM by British Library Publications and the University of Michigan Press. The online guide to Electronic Beowulf reproduces the complete help documentation from the CD-ROMS, together with: information about the history of the project; a selection of online articles; and associated links. The online articles cover the technical aspects of the project, including: constructing a glossary; digital restoration of the text; and image processing. This site would be of use to anyone working on a similar project, and also to students and researchers in the fields of manuscript studies and medieval literature.
Piers Plowman is an online electronic facsimile of a fifteenth-century manuscript copy of William Langland's famous devotional poem. The manuscript (NLW MS 733B) is held by the National Library of Wales, and the facsimile forms part of the Library's 'Digital Mirror', which provides images of some of the institution's most important holdings. The manuscript is incomplete, but contains an unusual variant of the poem, which is thought by some to illustrate the evolution of the text. The digital images are large and clear, but the manuscript itself is sometimes hard to read, having been originally copied onto poor-quality parchment. Along with the images, the site provides: biographical information on Langland; a short description of the poem; and a brief history and description of the manuscript. This resource would be of interest to Langland scholars, or those studying medieval literature and manuscripts more generally.
The website of the Porphyrogenitus Project is a project under development at the Hellenic Institute, Royal Holloway College, University of London. The aim of the project is to compile a lexicon of abbreviations and ligatures in Greek Minuscule Hands (ca. 8th century to ca. 1600) in order to facilitate access to the content of manuscripts by Classical scholars and medievalists. The material the project coordinators use comes from manuscripts housed in major European and American libraries, and covers a variety of subjects from literature, music, law and notarial documents to mathematics, physics & alchemy, astronomy & astrology, weights & measures, and medicine, as well as tachygraphy, cryptography, monocondyliae and abbreviations and ligatures in early printed books. There are plans to publish the lexicon as a printed handbook and in CD-ROM format. This project was funded between 2001-2004 by the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the research grants scheme.
The production and use of English manuscripts 1060 to 1220 is the website for the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) funded project of the same title. The project intends to 'identify, analyse and evaluate all manuscripts containing English written in England between 1060 and 1220'. A collaboration between the Universities of Leeds and Leicester, the project aims to produce a corpus of material in order to address fundamental questions about the evolution of medieval English textual culture. The project will also analyse the manuscripts': place of origin; contents; audience; and reasons why they were written. The status of written English in relation to French and Latin will also be addressed. The site provides information on activities and publications by the Project and its team, as well as a catalogue of manuscripts, an online newsletter archive, and a related bibliography. The work of this project would be of interest to researchers and students of: linguistics; manuscripts studies; and English.
The Quadrivium Project is an online resource for training doctoral students in Medieval English textual studies. The site is hosted by the Faculty of Arts at the University of Glasgow and is run in partnership with the Universities of: York; Birmingham; Queen Mary's London; and Queen's University in Belfast. The site provides a portal to training materials on: language (mainly Middle English); palaeography and codicology; and textual criticism and editorial practices. Another section on 'socio-historical context' is also under construction at the time of writing. The types of materials available on the site range from links to catalogues of medieval manuscripts and digitised manuscripts, to brief discussions on textual editing processes. The project also provides links to the partner projects and institutions, and to other related websites. This resource would be of interest to postgraduates working in: Medieval English; history; or manuscript studies.
The Richard Rawlinson Center is the website of the main research centre for Anglo-Saxon Studies and manuscript research at the Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University. The Center's website is mainly an information site offering: details about seminars run by the centre; links to associated research and publication projects; links to other subject-related websites; and information on current research. The site also hosts a full-text electronic version of Introduction to Old English by Peter S. Baker (originally published in 2003) which would be of interest to students of Anglo-Saxon language and literature.
This is the 22nd online edition of a selection of digitised manuscripts from the Schoyen Collection. The Schoyen Collection is a large private manuscript collection formed in the 20th century and held at the National Library of Norway, comprising over 13,000 manuscripts from all over the world and spanning over 5,000 years, from 3300 BC to 1500 AD. The checklist is well structured and has a good contents page with hyperlinks to the main collections organised by subject. Sections of particular interest to manuscript scholars include: Bibles; history; literature; bindings; pre-1450 printing; and palaeography. The manuscript descriptions are very full and include good quality images in both thumbnail and large screen formats. There is also a comprehensive introductory section giving an overview of the entire Schoyen Collection, including the chronological distribution of manuscripts, the distribution by countries and languages, and a list of manuscript scriptoria and provenances. Users will also find a bibliography related to the Schoyen Collection.
The website "Schøyen Collection" is a private collection of manuscript items comprising most types of material and content from around the world, spanning over 5,000 years, owned by Martin Schøyen. Containing 13,010 items, it is the largest private manuscript collection formed in the 20th century. This website comprises a detailed checklist of manuscripts arranged by subject, chronology, country, and provenance. About 600 manuscripts are explained in detail with images of sample pages. These manuscripts include examples of patristic literature, writings on world religions, mathematical tables, and some of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Smaller collections that may be previewed over the Internet deal with subjects such as Roman military diplomas, slavery, wine and beer, and literary letters.
Scriptorium is an online digital archive of manuscript miscellanies and commonplace books dating from the 15th to 18th centuries. The archive is the work of a project funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council and the Faculty of English at the University of Cambridge, and is still progressing. At the time of writing the site gives access to images of three codexes from the University of Cambridge: a French Biblical miscellany from the 1540s; an English miscellany of verse dated c. 1640; and a 16th-century collection of carols in English and Latin. The images are of a high quality and can be enlarged for clearer viewing. The images are accompanied by: a description of the codex; a summary of its contents; and a bibliography. In the future the project hopes to provide access to manuscripts from some of its collaborators, including: the Brotherton Library at the University of Leeds; and Holkham Hall in Norfolk. Users of the site can also access: details of project news and events; a 'Provenance Image Database'; related articles; and a link to an online palaeography course. This site would be of use to those studying western manuscripts and literature.
This Uppsala University website is devoted to the Codex Argenteus, the "Silver Bible", which was written in silver and gold letters on purple vellum in Ravenna in about 520 CE. It contains fragments of the four gospels in the 4th century Gothic version of Bishop Ulfilas (Wulfila). The Web page for the Codex includes a digitisation of the 1927 photo facsimile edition. This includes supplementary images from other codices, plus the 'Alphabeta Gothica' (which compares the script alphabets of several different codices, including the Codex Argenteus), but is somewhat lacking in descriptive or explanatory material. The site also provides links to a small number of papers, and other research material relevant to the study of this Bible and its early medieval historical context. Navigation of the site is unfortunately not always intuitive: for example, a bibliography for the Codex Argenteus is listed under the heading 'Database of the Gothic language' in the Books and Links section.
The St Albans Psalter website makes available text and images from the medieval St Albans Psalter, with additional English translation, commentary and contextual information. The St Albans Psalter is an illuminated manuscript created in the 12th Century for Christina of Markyate, an anchoress at St Albans. The miniatures, painted by the so-called Alexis Master, are among the finest examples of English Romanesque painting. Essays on the site cover topics such as: Christina of Markyate and the Abbot Geoffrey de Gorham; iconography; codicology; the Alexis Master and the other artists; the scribes; miniatures; and the calendar. The book itself can be browsed by page, and viewed with commentary, or with translation. The reproduction quality of the pages is very high. A less extensive version of the site is also available in German. The site is a collaboration between the History of Art and Historic Collections departments of the University of Aberdeen, and has received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (now the AHRC) and the Faculty of Arts and Divinity at University of Aberdeen. Anyone studying or researching medieval iconography; manuscripts; or history would find this impressive site of interest.
"St. Mary of Egypt in BL ms Cotton Otho B. x" is a full-text online version of an MA thesis of the same title, submitted to the University of Kentucky by Linda Cantara in 2001 and supervised by Kevin Kiernan. The subject of the thesis is the anonymous Old English prose Life of St. Mary of Egypt, in particular the fragmentary text contained within the severely damaged Otho B. x. manuscript of the British Library's Cotton collection. Using high-resolution digital facsimiles (which in turn were created in conjunction with ultraviolet fluorescence) the author contends that Otho B. x. contains textual evidence not present in other versions of the work (e.g. BL MS Cotton Julius E. vii). The thesis examines the textual history and current scholarship of the text and, in part three, presents new textual evidence illustrated with excerpts from the digital images of the manuscript folios. A list of figures and works cited are also included. This is a fascinating piece of work, which should be of intererst to those studying Old-English literature and medieval manuscripts.
This website outlines a three year AHRC-funded project to create a digital copy of the important Vernon Manuscript in the Bodleian Library, Oxford. The “biggest and most important surviving late medieval English manuscript”, access to the extensive and lavishly illuminated Vernon Manuscript is currently very limited for reasons of conservation and the “sheer scale of the volume”. This project will publish a DVD-format digital copy, with full colour images and searchable descriptions and transcriptions of every page. The website gives details of the project team and partners.
This is the online full-text of M.R. James's articles entitled "The wanderings and homes of manuscripts" (London, 1919), dealing with the survival and transmission of ancient literature. Questions such as where manuscripts were made, how and in what centres they have been collected, and ways of tracing out their history are addressed in this text. The article was scanned as part of the Tertullian project, which is a collection of ancient and modern texts about the ancient Christian Latin writer Tertullian and his writings. The website is very well maintained and is added to regularly.
The website of the York Doomsday Project provides information on a research project based at Lancaster University. The Project explores the 15th-century York Mystery Plays and their various social, intellectual, religious, and theatrical contexts and aims to collect all surviving evidence of performances, making the results available to scholars and teachers of medieval drama in the shape of: high resolution images; transcriptions; and interactive CD-ROMs. Information on this site includes: project progress reports; notes on the archives; and information on some of the individual manuscripts connected with the project.