Acume2 is a European project that aims to investigate "the complex interaction between sciences and humanities", with the specific goal of developing new interdisciplinary university curricula. Acume2 is funded by the European Union. The University of Bologna heads an extensive network of Acume2 researchers and partners across Europe. The website has a listing of researchers, with contact details. Acume2 is organised into five main research areas: 'Interfacing Sciences, Literature & Humanities'; 'Popular Science/Sci-fi'; 'Scientific Myth-Making'; 'Humanistic Discourses in Educational Scientific Programs'; and 'Reshaping the Humanities through Applied Sciences'. The 'Download' area contains a useful selected bibliography, titled "Literature and Science - Science in Literature". As of May 2006 parts of the website do not function, notably the website's internal links to 'Research' and 'Teaching' materials. There are records of initial Acume2 meetings and conferences, which were held in late 2006 and 2007.
'Airminded: airpower and British society, 1908-1941' is an active scholarly weblog that examines the representation of airpower in Britain. The weblog is written by Brett Holman, a PhD researcher at the School of Historical Studies, University of Melbourne. Weblog postings are referenced, using footnotes, and many postings are very well illustrated with old posters and adverts that employ the theme. The website is searchable by keyword. Also available is a "partial and preliminary" bibliography, and the author provides a useful online timeline/gazetteer titled 'Scareships: the British phantom airship scares, 1909-1913'.
The Alliance of Literary Societies (ALS) is an active umbrella organisation that encompasses the hundreds of small non-profit literary societies active in the British Isles. These societies are usually historical in nature, and are devoted to the works of a particular writer or a small group of writers. The ALS website maintains a comprehensive and detailed A-Z listing of all member societies, which at June 2007 stood at over 100 members. The ALS website also lists forthcoming conferences, talks and courses held by ALS member societies. There is a noticeboard of requests and queries from members.
'An encyclopedia of role-playing games' is a free personal project by programmer John H. Kim, and it has records for over 1000 role-playing games. These are traditional "printed tabletop" RPGs, not videogame RPGs. Games are searchable by name, by date, or by the language in which they were first produced. The website has details of the criteria for inclusion, and a useful timeline. There is also a listing of "Rumored RPGs", listing games mentioned elsewhere but not otherwise known to exist. Elsewhere on the website is a Company List. At March 2009 the website was last updated in May 2008. This will be a useful website for those examining the history of traditional RPGs and the many ways in which they influenced the emerging videogames market from 1972-2002.
The online resource 'Anthony Burgess Centre' is hosted on the website for the University of Angers Library, France. The Centre aims to promote the study of Burgess (1917-1993). It houses a large collection of his writings and of books that belonged to him. The catalogues of the collection may be downloaded from the University Library site (link provided). Burgess was a prolific writer and scholar, but is probably best known for 'A Clockwork Orange', which was made into a controversial film by Stanley Kubrick. The website presents information about the Centre and its holdings. Samples of these are available on the website, for instance, there is a piece by Burgess on the short story. A biannual newsletter is published on the site, including its current and previous issues, as is the content of symposia and workshops organised in the years 2001-2010. There are also several photographs of the collection room which contains the author's personal effects. The site is in a mixture of French and English, with the most important sections available in both languages. The Centre is of obvious importance to scholars studying Burgess.
'The Art of Harry Clarke' is a personal website edited by an enthusiast of the dark fantasy illustrations of Irish artist Harry Clarke (1889-1931). The website contains biographical and bibliographic details for Clarke, who illustrated Coleridge, Hans Christian Andersen, Poe, Perrault, Goethe, and Swinburne. The author has purchased original editions, now in the public-domain, and scanned the images in order to place these online. Images are presented at a medium size, but most of the fine detail can be seen. The website also has a small number of links to external websites that contain material about Clarke.
'The Art of Penguin Science Fiction' is a website showcasing the history Penguin Books' science fiction cover art. The site is navigated initially visually, from a homepage consisting of thumbnails of the book covers. Once users have navigated away from the homepage, the site takes on more of the structure of a book, with covers and descriptions available via an index or a contents list. The site focuses mainly on the period 1935 - 1977, dividing this into design phases, with a general introduction to all, and a specific introduction to each phase. Covers are shown as small images, accompanied by a brief explanation contextualising the design or artwork within the main history. Covers can be viewed by title as well as within historical context, making it easy to compare designs across the decades. This is a site that would appeal to students or teachers of graphic design, as well as publishing history.
'The Association for Research in Popular Fictions' is a joint venture by Liverpool John Moores University and the University of Liverpool, and it aims to "offer a forum for research in popular fiction and to support the teaching and understanding of popular fiction in an interdisciplinary context". The website contains a long and detailed introduction to the Association, written by Nickianne Moody. There are details of the Association's newsletter and the peer-reviewed journal 'Diegesis'. The website has tables-of-contents for Diegesis, and details of how to obtain copies. A full-text copy of Diegesis No.7 (Special Horror Edition) is available from an external website. There are details of Association conferences, such as the 2007 "Popular Politics and Vampire stories: the appropriation of vampires in 21st century narratives" held in Liverpool. The Association also hosts several Web pages that offer details of the new Cultural Disability Studies Research Network (DSRN) and the DSRN journal 'Journal of Literary Disability'.
The Ballardian website is dedicated to the work of the novelist and short-story writer J.G. Ballard (1930-2009). It is constructed by Simon Sellars, a freelance writer and editor, and appears to be very much a 'labour of love'. Never-the-less it is very thorough and includes pages of news, interviews, features, reviews and a detailed bibliography. There is also a very useful 'categories' box which effectively provides an index to the site and a large list of links. Ballard came to prominence in the 1960s as one of the 'New Wave' science-fiction writers with novels such as 'The Drowned World' (1962) and short-story collections such as 'The Terminal Beach' (1964). His more recent fiction, however, for example : 'Super Cannes' (2000) and 'Millennium People' (2003), has moved away from this genre and is set mostly in man-made dystopias allowing the author to chronicle the psychological effects of technology on society. He died on April 19, 2009.
'BookScans' is a free online image bank of over 21,000 scans of pulp fiction artwork, mostly the front and back covers of these cheap mass-market paperbacks. The website has been created by the collector Bruce Black with the aid of a network of other collectors and dealers, and the focus is on pulp fiction from the U.S., published from 1939 until 1959. The aim is to create a complete database of all published cover art. Images are presented at a uniform size throughout, 350 x 400 pixels. Most pulp artists worked anonymously, so the database is organised by publisher. Details of the publisher and its products are given on each index page. There are also galleries of publisher brand logos, and other themed selections created by the website author. The bulk of the website is devoted to the database of thousands of images, but there are also two short full-text articles, 'Censorship in the Paperback Age' and 'Things That Are Wrong with Vintage Paperback Books' (an overview of some conservation issues). The page titled 'Reference Books' is also very useful, containing a very comprehensive selection of bibliographic books and magazines published to aid collectors and dealers. Histories of the form are also listed here. As of July 2007, the website is being actively and regularly updated. The website appears to be funded by the sales of a $10 DVD containing all the images.
The website for the British Fantasy Society, which "exists to promote and enjoy the genres of fantasy, science fiction and horror", provides information on the Society and its activities, as well as various other resources. The Society has a high profile and is supported by the publishing industry, having many well-known authors among its members, including the current president, Ramsey Campbell. The website offers a useful resource for budding writers and researchers in the science fiction and fantasy genres, providing a finger-on-the-pulse of current trends and events. Alongside its membership and news and events information, the site features a range of: articles; reviews; and interviews (including profiles of Robert Rankin and Neil Gaiman). This site would primarily constitute a starting point for research, but the Society's active involvement in the current world of fantasy fiction makes it an important resource.
'A Chronological Bibliography of Books About Tolkien' is a scholarly bibliography by Åke Bertenstam of the Swedish Forodrim Society. His bibliography lists 711 titles that relate to the author J.R.R. Tolkien, covering materials from 1959 until 2003. It is organised by year. Works included are only those that are "about Tolkien and his writings" rather than attempting to deal with the dense undergrowth of 'Tolkienalia' such as games, comics, plays or music. There is, however, a short addendum that lists works related to film adaptations. Some entries are annotated. The bibliography also endevours to include reprinted titles. All encyclopaedias were excluded from the bibliography.
'Collective endeavour: small press role-playing games in the UK' is a website and weblog that covers the independent RPG (role-playing game) gaming scene in the UK. It is accompanied by a paper magazine titled 'The Collective Endeavour Journal', available by subscription. The website offers: a listing of recently-published independent UK games with additional links to online reviews; a Forum; an open listing of members; a contents-list for the Journal; details of gamer conventions; and a weblog. This will be a useful website for those investigating self-publishing RPG fan-cultures outside of videogames.
Comicsresearch.org is a bibliographic website that has details of a wide range of serious books about comic books and comic strips. The website also includes a bibliography of comics-related dissertations & theses. Begun in 2000 by Gene Kannenberg, Jr., the website is a useful and active scholarly resource, with a wide range of subject-categorised and annotated bibliographies. Some bibliographies are hosted on behalf of other scholars, such as the bibliography for "Early Decades of Italian Comic Art". The website contains a detailed style guide, giving authoritative guidance about how to cite panels or pages of comics in academic writing. As of April 2007 the stated future plans include adding the table of contents from each book listed, although some of the webpages for individual books already have this feature. Some bibliographies also link to relevant external websites, and a discreet Amazon affiliate link can be found on many of the webpages that list individual books. The site's author, a comics scholar and university lecturer, also maintains a personal weblog as part of this website.
The website 'A Course in Science Fiction' presents a collection of materials to support the undergraduate study of SF literature. The resource is published and maintained by Richard D. Erlich and Patrick N. Thayer, University of Miami in Ohio. Considering the inclusion of course assessment pages in the section 'Class Materials', the resource has been intended as a study support for course participants at MU Ohio. However, the same section also includes a number of helpful 'Study Guides' for selected works of science fiction, mainly American, such as Ursula K. Le Guin's 'The Left Hand of Darkness' or Kurt Vonnegut's 'Slaughterhouse Five', and English - George Orwell's '1984'. All of them include bibliographic details of relevant primary and secondary literature. In addition, a 'Links' page refers the user to authorial sites of science fiction writers, and other SF related resources. These may be of use to students as well as researchers looking for related information. There is also a page of 'Novels, Stories and Anthologies' that offers a list of relevant literary publications and directs the user for further bibliographical details to the Amazon.com website.
The Coyote's Song website is a full-text digital book by Richard D. Erlich, dedicated to the writings of Ursula K. Le Guin, a contemporary American science fiction writer, the author of 'The Left Hand of Darkness' (1969), 'The Dispossessed' (1974), 'The Telling' (2000), and many other works of fiction and poetry. The ebook contains twenty one chapters, including Le Guin's biography, a discussion of her early short stories, her major works of fiction and poetry, and a very comprehensive primary and secondary bibliography of works published before the year 2000. The titular 'teaching' aspect of Le Guin's stories refers to various philosophical approaches which, Erlich demonstrates, the writer promotes in her writings. Altogether, the Coyote's Song website is an interesting and reliable resource, and, due to its accessible language, it will be of interest to all enthusiasts of Le Guin's work. In addition, students and researchers will welcome the fact that, although copyrighted, the entire contents can be downloaded free of charge, as 'fair-use quotations with citations are permitted and encouraged'.
Critters Workshop is an online workshop and critiquing group for serious writers of science fiction, fantasy and horror, run by Dr. Andrew Burt (of the University of Denver, and also former vice-president of Science Fiction Writers of America). Membership is free and offers an unusual and useful resource, namely a co-operative arrangement whereby members critique one another's work to agreed guidelines and within set deadlines. Every piece of work submitted is open to the whole membership for consideration, and most manuscripts get between 15 and 20 critiques of around 800 words. The site includes a library with a collection of articles on: how to critique work in a constructive way; information on research sites; writer interviews; market information; and a wide range of additional useful material. Detailed instructions for submitting material are included, as well as ways to jump to the head of the not-inconsiderable queue. The site is very well organised and easy to navigate, making it a real find for new writers aiming at bringing their work to publication standard, and established writers looking to help others and to get external opinions on new work.
'Demonic Texts and Textual Demons: the demonic tradition, the self, and popular fiction' is a free online ebook, by Frans Mayra. Mayra is Professor of Hypermedia at the University of Tampere in Finland. This book was originally published in 1999 by the Tampere University Press. It is presented online in English, and the Web page for it is cleanly and elegantly designed. Individual chapters are in PDF format. Chapter titles include: 'The Ancestry of the Demonic'; 'Demons of Horror: Intimations of an Inner Alien'; 'Mothering a Demon: Rosemary’s Baby'; 'The Inarticulate Body: Demonic Conflicts in The Exorcist'; and 'Good at Being Evil: the Demons of The Vampire Chronicles', among others.
Digital Comic Museum is a very large website archive of U.S. comic books known to be in the public domain. As such, it includes a wealth of high-quality scans of vintage ("Golden Age", in the terminology of comic book collectors) comics, freely available for reading. Most comics are from the 1940s and 1950s. Some newspaper comic strips are also included. Files are in the standard CBR (Comic Book Reader) format, for which Comical is possibly the best free viewer. Free registration is required to download the comics, but not to search the website. The Digital Comic Museum will be a valuable resource for those researching the history of comics in the U.S., as well as for those interested in the dynamic hand-made typography of the medium, the depiction of stereotypes during the 20th century, and the ways that the standards and politics of the time were presented to children. Adverts in the comics may also be of interest to those researching the history of advertising or the history of toys.
Dracula's Homepage is a website that provides a large amount of well researched and informative material on Bram Stoker's novel and its background. This site is the work of academic Dr Elizabeth Miller, who has published and lectured extensively on the topic. Among the resources available on the site are: a link to the full online text of the novel; transcriptions and facsimiles of some of Stoker's notes; biographical information on Stoker; notes on the origins of the Dracula myth, including information on Vlad the Impaler; a photo gallery; and links to related sites. Both scholars and enthusiasts will find much of interest here.
'Dreams of space' is a large free online 'image bank' of illustrations and paintings. The images illustrate how future and actual space travel was imagined, with most of the material being book illustrations that date from 1883 until 1974, 1974 being the year when there was little possibility of future manned moon landings continuing. The bulk of the collection is focussed on illustrations taken from children's books. The collection also covers some non-English European books on the subject. Most images are of small to medium size. There is a short directory of artists and illustrators, and a basic listing of authors and editors. The website republishes a short section from the 1978 book Space Art, titled 'The Archeology of Space Art'. The website appears to be a personal website created by John Sisson of the Science Library at the University of California at Irvine.
'e-fabulations: e-journal of children's literature' is a full-text online ejournal. At December 2008 there are three issues online, published by the University of Portugal. The journal is in both Portugese and English. Articles are available in PDF format, and these include: 'For whom the (Tinker) Bell Tolls: the construction of love and possession in Peter Pan'; 'The Chronicles of Narnia and the Lord of the Rings: similarities and differences between two children of the Great War'; 'Peter Pan: child/adult relationship and the narrative strategies of time(s) and space(s)'; and 'Dolls: The realm of make-believe'. Although the website is in Portugese, it is easy to navigate to each issue, which is represented by an illustrated cover. Each issue has details of the Editorial Committee.
This is the website of the Eaton Collection, which claims to be the world's largest archive of science fiction, fantasy, horror and utopian fiction, and has an international range. The collection is accessible to the public, and contains historic books, magazines, fanzines, moving image and audio material, comic books, screenplays, and sundry ephemera. There is also a large collection of literary criticism relating to such literature. The Eaton Collection is located at the University of California, Riverside. The Collection offers a special online exhibition titled "FANAC: Fanzines and Fan Criticism", featuring scholarly texts and numerous reproductions of science fiction fanzine covers from the 1940s to the 1980s. The website also has a page showing covers from the Eaton Collection's archive of French science fiction, and including some images of interior pages. The bulk of the Eaton Collection is not yet illustrated on the website, but it is described in outline. The Eaton Collection also organises the Eaton Conference on Science Fiction and Fantasy Literature, a major international conference begun in 1979. The Conference has produced twenty-five printed collections of scholarly papers, but tables of contents for these are not yet available online.
The Edgar Allan Poe Society of Baltimore website provides information on the Society, as well as: bibliographical; biographical; and critical material relating to Edgar Allan Poe and his works. This extensive site also makes freely available the full text of: Poe's written works; his own letters; and a large number of critical essays relating to Poe, by influential scholars and academics. The site is frequently updated on multiple levels. The sections 'Poe Topics' and 'Poe Works' are particularly useful, whilst the text posted of 'The Journal of Julius Rodman' is one of many electronic firsts at this site. This is an essential bookmark for students studying Poe, and a source of interest for his readership more generally.
This is the website for the Endicott Studio. Founded in 1987, the Endicott Studio describes itself as "an interdisciplinary organization dedicated to the creation and support of mythic art". It is interdisciplinary in the sense that it is interested in the expression of myth, folklore and fairy tales through contemporary literary, visual and performance arts. It offers a resource for the study of 'myth, folklore, fairy tales, and their use in contemporary arts', which is likely to be of use to literature, creative writing and art researchers. It is also a very beautiful site, with images from well-known artists such as Archimboldo, Arthur Rackham and Alan Lee, among others, including Thomas Canty, Stu Jenks and Mark Wagner. This website is also home to the Endicott Studio's Journal of Mythic Arts, a quarterly online-only publication (from 1997 to 2008). The journal has three sections, for poetry; fiction; and art, drama and mixed media. Articles include: 'Sleeping Beauty' by Midori Snyder; 'Women and Fairy Tales' by Terri Windling; 'The Lore of Simple Things: Bread, Milk and Honey in Fairy Tales' by Ari Berk; and 'The Lore of Gemstones by Ellen Steiber'. Fiction and poetry by Tappan King, Barth Anderson, Laurie J. Marks, Neil Gaiman, Deborah Cash and Theodora Goss is included, amongst the work of a collection of distinguished writers. The gallery, which features art works and accompanying articles, displays a range of art forms, from fiber art and folk art to paintings and sculpture. Thematic exhibitions include masks, the green man and the green woman and shape-shifting (animal transformations), and a selection of historical displays include Kay Nielsen's Arabian Nights, the Pre-Raphaelites, Adrienne Ségur and Victorian fairy paintings. Other sections of the Endicott site include an online bulletin board, a blog, which ceased publication in May 2008, recommended books and reading lists. This site is a pleasure to view and read, through both the accomplished presentation and the quality of the creative and critical material it contains.
'The Gothic Literature Companion' is an online version of the book 'Gothic Literature, Vol. 1' (Thomson Gale, 2006). It provides "a wide range of historical accounts about, literary excerpts from, and critical interpretations of a long-standing mode of ... 'the Gothic'." 35 key authors have entries listed in an A-Z manner. There is also a useful introductory essay 'Gothic Literature: An Overview ', and a 'Chronology of Key Events'. There are also further short essays on specific topics: 'Society, Culture, and the Gothic'; 'Gothic Themes, Settings, and Figures'; 'Performing Arts and the Gothic'; and 'Visual Arts and the Gothic'. Volumes 2 and 3 of the book, not freely available online, appear to provide the bulk of this scholarly work, being a comprehensive A-Z listing of entries about gothic authors.
This is the website of Experience Music Project/Science Fiction Museum and Hall of Fame (EMPSFM) based in Seattle, Washington. EMP explores all aspects American popular music including rock, jazz, country, blues, pop, hop-hop and punk. The website provides information about the museum, such as current and recent exhibitions, as well as a number of online features. Several online exhibitions are available at any one time, and there is also information about the EMP oral history programme, which includes a number of videos. SFM's exhibitions "promote awareness and appreciation of science fiction literature and media while encouraging visitors to envision new futures for humanity. In the Science Fiction Hall of Fame, the museum pays homage to the most respected of science fiction practitioners - writers, artists, publishers and filmmakers", providing an overview and select bibliography of its members, including: Brian W. Aldiss; Isaac Asimov; Ray Bradbury; Ursula K. Le Guin; Phlip K. Dick; and Mary W. Shelley, amongst many others. The "education" section provides information about the education programmes that take place either at or through EMP, and includes information about the curriculum that can be followed. There is information about coming events, such as workshops and it is also possible to sign up for one or more of a number of email newsletters including an education newsletter and coming events. In order to receive the members' newsletter, it is necessary to become a member of EMPSFM, for which a fee is payable.
'The Fantastic in Art and Fiction' is an "image bank" and online exhibition curated by the Cornell Institute for Digital Collections. The website offers an illustrated and scholarly overview of the gothic and supernatural fantastic, as seen in historical art and book illustration. Images are available at several sizes, with the largest size being a reasonable 800 pixels on the longest side. Subjects covered include: Angels and Demons; Fantastic Space; Weird Science; Danse Macabre; Bestiary; the Marvelous; the Grotesque; Possession and Insanity; and Freaks, Monsters & Prodigies. Images can be sorted by theme. The majority of the 295 images are black and white or tinted, and most are book illustrations. There are short introductory texts for each section, and suggestions for further reading. There is a webpage giving information about the website, but the names of curators are not given. The website text is orange-on-black, and some may find this difficult to read.
Fantastic, Mysterious, and Adventurous Victoriana is an encyclopaedia created by Jess Nevins. This website contains the first draft of the encyclopaedia, which was completed online in 2004. The work was later published in an expanded and academic form as the 1,200-page print volume titled 'The Encyclopedia of Fantastic Victoriana' (MonkeyBrain, 2005), which is described on the website as "the first comprehensive encyclopedia of fantastic literature of the nineteenth century". However, this original "draft" encyclopaedia remains online and public, and offers a substantial A-Z listing of notable characters and beings who appear in fantastic and 'mysterious' Victorian literature. Since all the characters listed can now be assumed to be in the public domain, this website may be a source of inspiration for creative university students creating historical/steampunk comics, animation or literature, as well as a resource for scholars.
'Feminist Science Fiction, Fantasy and Utopia' is a scholarly site devoted to the study of a genre 'traditionally seen as a male domain', which offers writers and scholars the opportunity to explore 'social configurations other than the patriarchal societies we all know'. It is a comprehensive resource for researchers at all levels. The site is very plainly laid out in comparison to other sci-fi sites, including scholarly ones, which makes the site map easy to follow, if a little tiring on the eyes. The contents include Anthologies, Writers and Criticism. Each of these areas is broken down into detailed subheadings and includes comprehensive and fully referenced information. A history of feminist sci-fi is included, with each text designated as 'BF' (Before Frankenstein) or 'AF' (After Frankenstein). Comprehensive author indexes are also available, recommendations made for journals, a scholar's directory and information on live events, such as conferences. This site has a large content, across a broad consideration of the subject area, and as such it will be of interest primarily to the researchers of science fiction and fantasy.
Femspec is an "interdisciplinary feminist journal dedicated to critical and creative works in the realms of SF, fantasy, magical realism, surrealism, myth, folklore, and other supernatural genres." Femspec publishes critical texts, fiction and poetry, reviews, and interviews. The Femspec website contains tables of contents for the current and previous issues, and there is an A-Z article index organised by author. There are four sample full-text articles, and three reviews. The website has details of the editors and Editorial Board, costs of subscriptions, calls for paper for future issues, and details of how to submit works.
The is the personal website of Rob Hansen, and contains several items of interest to scholars of British science fiction. Hansen's British Fanzine Bibliography (BFB) comprehensively lists British fanzines that were devoted to literary science fiction and were published between 1931 and 1990. The BFB does not cover fanzines for film or television science fiction, or fanzines for comics. A few fantasy literature fanzines are included. The list is said to have been compiled, where possible, from the original fanzines themselves. Detailed records are given for each title and issue. For the period 1981-1990 the A-Z listing currently stops at the letter O. The BFB is maintained by Rob Hansen, who has written a detailed history of British science fiction fan culture. The BFB may be a useful finding aid for those interested in British fan culture networks and subcultural communication before the Internet, or in fan criticism of popular forms of literature. Also available on the website is Hansen's "Who's Who in SF Fandom". There are also external weblinks to Hansen's history of British fandom, which is hosted online by the Glasgow University SF Fandom Archive.
The webpage for the First Annual Conference on the Rhetoric of the Monstrous (Stanford University, 2005) contains the conference programme and full-text conference proceedings. The Conference papers examine a variety of monsters from history, literature, popular culture, and contemporary media representations (such as cults, paedophiles, GM 'frankenfoods', and plastic surgery). This will be a useful resource for those seeking a wide introduction to current thinking and research on the topic of monsters.
The Fossils: The Historians of Amateur Journalism is a North American organisation and archive dedicated to research on the amateur journalism movement and its authors. The organisation gives free online access to 'The Fossil', a full-text ejournal. At April 2010 the free online issues of The Fossil run from 2004 to January 2010. Some issues are made up largely of short association news, obituaries and notes - but others contain substantial scholarly articles (e.g.: a ten page article on Lovecraft in the July 2009 issue). The website also contains archived articles from the American Private Press Association, and a history of the Library of Amateur Journalism, together with the expected details of membership fees and contact details. The Fossils website will be a useful contact point for researchers interested in the history of fan cultures, fantasy and science-fiction fandom, and the history of small press publishing in the USA.
'Frankensteinia' is an intelligent and well-presented illustrated weblog "tracking Frankenstein and all things related in the arts, media and popular culture." At May 2008, the weblog is frequently updated, and seems avid in seeking out a wide range of examples. There are archives dating back to 2007. The category tagging system of this weblog is precise and well-developed, but it seems the weblog cannot be searched by keyword - visitors should instead use a site-limited Google search to search. This weblog will be a useful research aid for those seeking to survey the uses to which the Frankenstein monster is still being put in popular culture, and the contemporary neo-gothic / neo-Victorian imagination in general.
This is an online exhibition from the University of Delaware Library, designed to accompany a 2006 Special Collections exhibition curated by Iris Snyder. This free website has an annotated listing of selected key early works of utopian fiction and literary science fiction, from the year 1516 until the 20th century. There is also a short overview of the rise of popular science fiction in early 20th century pulp magazines of the United States. Other sections outline key categories of aliens and robots encountered in the literature, and survey key examples of literary dystopias. There is an annotated survey of African American writers of science fiction. There is a very short selected bibliography. This is a concise website that would be useful for students unfamiliar with literary science fiction, but who want to identify and read a small selection of the key novels and stories. Illustrations used are small, and are predominantly of front book covers.
Galactic Central is a website devoted to listing science fiction author bibliographies and fiction magazines. The site, compiled by Phil Stephensen-Payne, is divided into three sections: bibliographies of science fiction, fantasy and horror authors; a comprehensive list of more than 7000 fiction magazines (at the time of writing); and oddments regarding bibliographies of other fiction authors. The bibliographies are not available online, generally consisting of descriptions of published books, but would be useful to those researching science fiction. The magazine lists cover a wider range of subjects, including: pulp; adventure; love story; crime; mens and little magazines and would appeal to anyone studying these topics, or researching magazine publication more generally. Images of magazine covers are often included in the magazine lists, together with: publication dates; price; and publisher information. The contents of the site can be browsed by author or title, as appropriate, but there is no dedicated search facility. The lists on the site are still in progress, and the site's creator is keen to hear from anyone with similar interests or who can contribute to information provided.
'Ghosts & Scholars' contains news, information and Web links related to "Ghost Stories in the M.R. James Tradition and Research on Jamesian authors" There is also a full index to the contents of 46 issues of the 'Ghosts & Scholars: M.R. James Newsletter', together with submission and subscription information. The pages in the section 'Ghosts & Scholars Archive' feature a significant number of free full-text scholarly articles from the Newsletter. Among other topic guides, there is a 'M.R. James on TV, Radio and Film: An Updated Checklist'.
'GOLEM: Journal of Religion and Monsters' is a full-text peer-reviewed ejournal. At February 2009 there are two issues online, featuring articles such as: 'Smiting Goliath: Giants as Monsters in the Ancient Near East'; 'Religious Themes of George Romero’s Zombie Movies'; and 'The Doomsday Body, or Dr. Strangelove as Disabled Cyborg', among others. The journal also contains a section titled "Gremlin", for student work, and invites submissions for "Monster Tracks", a section that allows fans to... "contribute a succinct reflection on a monster, without writing an entire article". All articles are offered as PDF files. The journal is edited from Cape Breton University, and the website contains full details of the editorial board and submissions procedure.
The Gormenghast website, hosted by the American television channel PBS, is devoted to the 2000 BBC and PBS television drama based on Mervyn Peake's trilogy of novels. The site provides contextual information on the novels: 'Titus Groan'; 'Gormenghast'; and 'Titus Alone', including: original cover art; selected critical observations; and Peake's original sketches for the books. The site also features biographical information about the author - an artist, illustrator, novelist and poet - who lived from 1911 to 1968, as well as a bibliography of Peake's work. The heart of the site, however, is about the television series, providing: behind-the-scenes images; interviews with actors and producers; notes on costume design and production; and clips from the programmes. Students of English and media would find this resource of interest, particularly for the insights it gives into turning what was considered an 'unfilmable' work into award-winning television.
'Grand Guignol' is a large website devoted to the Le Theatre du Grand-Guignol. Produced by members of an enthusiast theatre troupe who work in the Grand Guignol tradition, ThrillPeddlers of San Francisco, the website includes: a history of the theatre; a substantial annotated timeline of plays; a gallery of 18 original theatre posters; 11 full-text magazine and scholarly articles (including 'The Grand-Guignol: Aspects of Theory and Practice'); and a small annotated list of books on the topic. The website also hosts a discussion forum on the topic.
'The Grotesque' is a website created by university lecturer David Lavery for a 2004 degree course on the grotesque. The website contains a lengthy bibliography, a list of 'Major Artists and Theorists of the Grotesque', exemplary seminar papers such as 'The Grotesque in Children’s Literature', and other pointers to locating the grotesque in various artforms. There is also a free full-text online version of the book 'The Grotesque' (Methuen, 1972) by Philip Thomson, presented here with the author's permission. David Lavery holds the Chair in Film and Television at Brunel University, London.
'A Guide to Supernatural Fiction' is an online bibliography edited by R.B. Russell and published under the auspices of Tartarus Press. The focus is mainly on supernatural fiction, the site stating that "we only skirt around the boundaries of fantasy, and science fiction is poorly represented". The guide is a work in progress, but at the time of writing it offers details of over 360 authors and editors of supernatural fiction. Bibliographical information is browsed alphabetically by author, with entries often also supplying biographical information and images of book covers. Users of the site are updated on progress / additions to the guide via a news section on the home page of the site. This resource would be of use to students of English literature, as well as interested readers of this genre.
The website of the American H. G. Wells Society is dedicated to publicising the aims and activities of the Society. The site offers information on: the copyright status of Wells's works in various locations around the world; current society and Wells-related events; a directory of relevant Internet resources; and link to an archived email discussion group named the H. G. Wells Literary Forum that can also be accessed online (membership is required to post, but not to read, messages). There is also a small section dedicated to photographs related to the life and work of H. G. Wells and to the activities of the Society. The site shares a considerable amount of material with its sister site, the UK H.G. Wells Society, but the two websites are not identical, and significant differences can be found in the sections addressing their contact details, publications, "Statement of Objects", and membership.
This is the H. P. Lovecraft (1890-1937) archive, a large website dedicated to the work of the now celebrated American fantasy/horror/science fiction writer and author of numerous volumes of short stories. It is usefully divided into several sections providing biographical and bibliographical information, studies of his life and work, his creations (including a Lovecraft bestiary), insights into his effect on popular culture and links to other websites. The brief biography is provided by the renowned Lovecraft scholar S. T. Joshi. A family tree is also included plus an alphabetical list of his correspondents, information about his personal interests and a section which corrects common misconceptions about Lovecraft and his work. A comprehensive index to the journal 'Lovecraft Studies' is provided.
The website of the UK-based H. G. Wells Society provides: a brief overview of its objectives; information about the society's journal and other publications; a note on the copyright status of Wells's works in Europe, North America and elsewhere; a section dedicated to Society news and current events; a directory of relevant Internet resources; and a link to the H. G. Wells Literary Forum - an archived email discussion group that can also be accessed online (membership is required to post, but not to read, messages). The section on copyright includes a link to A. P. Watt, the literary agents of H. G. Wells, while the section dedicated to 'The Wellsian' includes an index to the new series of the journal. This resource makes extensive use of material published on the website of its sister association, 'H. G. Wells, The Americas', and a considerable number of its pages are used by its American counterpart in return. The two websites are not identical, however, and they diverge most notably when addressing issues related to their contact details, publications, "Statement of Objects", and membership.
'HAL's legacy: 2001's computer as dream and reality' is a substantially free ebook, originally published by the MIT Press in 1996. The title refers to the HAL computer that controlled the spaceship in Arthur C. Clarke's novel '2001', and its feature film version '2001: A Space Odyssey' (1968). The book contained a foreword by Clarke, and 16 essays that are tightly focussed on HAL and the cultural imaginary that existed in the late 1960s around 'highly intelligent' computers. Eight chapters are free in this online version, with abstracts available for the others. There are also author profiles. The free full-text chapters include: 'The Best-Informed Dream: HAL and the Vision of 2001'; 'Does HAL Cry Digital Tears? Emotions and Computers'; and ''The Talking Computer': Text to Speech Synthesis', among others. Despite being online in incomplete form (the paper version is said to be "profusely illustrated"), this is still a useful free resource for those interested in how the future of artificial intelligence was imagined in a key science fiction film of the late 1960s.
The head of Orpheus : A Russell Hoban reference page is a website devoted to the American born novelist and children's writer, Russell Hoban (1925-). Hoban's novels include both works for adults (e.g. 'The Lion of Boaz-Jachin and Jachin-Boaz'; 'Riddley Walker'; and 'Angelica's Grotto') as well as children's books (e.g. 'Frances and the Badger'; 'The Marzipan Pig'; and 'The Mouse and His Child'). Resources available on the site include: an introduction to Hoban and his work; biographical information; information on Hoban's novels; a bibliography of criticism; Hoban-related links; and a 'news' section to keep readers up-to-date on the author's latest work and related events. The site also features interviews and an essay by Hoban. The site is valuable resource for Hoban enthusiasts, or those studying science fiction.
Horror Studies is a peer-reviewed academic journal, published by Intellect Books. The journal is a new one and the first issue (January 2010) is available free online, with no restrictions. Further issues are likely to be only available by subscription. The first issue offers articles in the PDF format, with titles such as: 'Mummy Knows Best: Knowledge and the Unknowable in Turn of the Century Mummy Fiction'; 'Of Submarines and Sharks: Musical Settings of a Silent Menace'; and 'Strange Botany in Werewolf of London', among others. The Web page for the journal offers full details of the editors, the submission process, and the cost of subscriptions. Even without a subscription to further issues, this free first issue gives a useful insight into the current state of the academic study of popular fictional horror.
This is a website promoting, and providing information on, the work of the Scottish fiction writer Iain Banks (1954- ) who also writes science fiction under the name Iain M. Banks, produced by his publisher the Little, Brown Book Group. It contains the latest news about Banks, a very short biography and details of all his books. A plot summary, extract, selection of reviews and bibliographical information is supplied for each title. An 'Extras' page provides information on his appearances, interviews and reviews plus resources and links. The site also hosts the Iain Banks Forum where readers can air their views. A search facility is included. Iain Banks' mainstream fiction includes 'The Wasp Factory' (1984), 'The Bridge' (1986), 'Crow Road' (1992) and 'Whit' (1995).
Ice, Fire and Northern Myths: Icelandic Literature at the University of Nottingham is an online exhibition on Icelandic and Viking myth and literature, presented by Nottingham University. The University has extensive original holdings in Viking and Icelandic literature, together with a facsimile of the Flateyjarbok compliation of sagas. The Ice, Fire and Northern Myths website contains a history of the collections, together with short illustrated texts on: Dramatic Landscapes, An Artist in Iceland (about Sabine Baring-Gould, 1834-1924); Icelandic dress; Illustrating Literature (on 19th and 20th Century illustrators); Observing and Recording; and Northern Tongues. The exhibition's images are presented at a small size only.
This is Isaac Wilcott's website dedicated to the Canadian born science-fiction writer A. E. van Vogt (1912-2000). A recipient of the Encyclopaedia Britannica Internet Guide Award in 2006, it contains a downloadable PDF bibliography where all entries are cross-indexed with internal hyperlinks. Scans of over two hundred book covers of US and UK editions of his work are included plus illustrations to some of his magazine stories. Plot summaries, a biography and photographs of the author are provided alongside transcripts of two rare interviews with van Vogt conducted in 1979 and 1980. As a bonus, a pre-SF story from 1937, originally published in the Toronto Star, is here reprinted. A. E. van Vogt moved to the United States in 1944 after establishing his name with a number of short stories in the 'Astounding Science Fiction' magazine. His novels include 'Slan' (1946), 'The Voyage of the Space Beagle' (1950), 'The Mind Cage' (1957), 'The War Against the Rull' (1959), 'Moonbeast' (1969) and 'The Violent Man' (1962). He was a recipient of the Anne Radcliffe Literary Award in 1968 and Guest of Honour at the European Science Fiction Convention in 1978. He died in Hollywood, California in 2000.
The International Gothic Association (IGA) is an association that "promotes the study and dissemination of information on gothic culture from the late eighteenth century to the contemporary moment". The IGA covers gothic culture across disciplines, and membership is open not only to scholars and students, but also to artists, writers, and performers. The IGA publishes the scholarly journal Gothic Studies through Manchester University Press, and tables of contents and abstracts for this can be found on the MUP website. The IGA holds an international conference every two years. The website has a list of gothic academic courses from around the world, and a small listing of external websites. There are full details of the IGA, including committee membership and AGM minutes.
The 'International Workshop on Strange Convergences: Performance and Performativity in Fantasy Game Cultures, the Gothic Milieu, and Pagan Spirituality' was held at the Royal Netherlands Academy of Art and Sciences in April 2006. This webpage is in English, and it gives full details of the workshop, of those attending to present papers (with email addresses), and has generous abstracts of the papers presented. Most usefully, at the foot of the page there is a selected bibliography of about 50 items that relate to the workshop themes.
The Internet Speculative Fiction Database is 'a community effort to catalog works of science fiction, fantasy, and horror'. Originally, the resource was provided by the Cushing Library Science Fiction and Fantasy Research Collection and Institute for Scientific Computation at Texas A & M University. Currently, its content can be altered and updated by any individuals or groups who have access to the World Wide Web, however, to do so, a user registration is required. This simple but very useful site gathers together a number of bibliographies: author bibliographies, publication bibliographies, award listings, magazine content listings, anthology and collection content listings, yearly fiction indexes, and forthcoming books. A bespoke search engine is provided for ease of use. This means that the collection can be searched by the author's name, title of the work, year of publication, series, publisher, ISBN, and tag (for example, the name of a particular award). Data retrieval, as a result, is fast. Considering its content and structure, this database can be the first point of reference for students in search of relevant bibliographic information on SF and fantasy literature, as well as it can be of interest to the general reading public.
This site, edited by Brian Quinette, is a large catalogue of 'books that only appear in other books'. In the 'library's' catalogue can be found the titles of 'imaginary books, pseudobiblia, artifictions, fabled tomes, libris phantastica' - annotated to provide the names of their fictional authors, as well as the names of the real texts in which they are found, and the writers of these texts. Authors such as Jorge Luis Borges, Flann O'Brian and Max Beerbohm are strongly represented. The site also has a section on the Fortsas Bibliohoax, and an excellent links page, listing many sites of interest to enthusiasts of science fiction and post-modernist literature.
The Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies is a full-text peer-reviewed ejournal published by the University of Iowa. As of June 2007, the website contains seven substantial themed back issues, on topics such as 'comics', 'extreme mainstream' and 'suburbia'. Back issues are freely available online in full-text form. There are also details and a sample essay from the current issue, which is available only in print form. The website has details of the editors, staff and Advisory Boards. There are details of subscription costs for the print version of the journal, which is published twice a year.
This full-text ejournal was launched in October 2006, as a scholarly publication "devoted to the study of Gothic and Horror in all their varying forms". This ejournal is biannual, and is not available in paper form. As of May 2007 this ejournal appears to give prominence to the literary gothic, but it is interdisciplinary and so also covers film, television, horror comics and computer games, especially in the reviews section. Details of the Editorial Board are given, along with submission details for future issues. The website has a 'Lost Souls' page, featuring biographical information about "neglected & underrated personages of Horror".
'J. Sheridan Le Fanu: a database' is comprehensive website on this Victorian writer of ghost and mystery stories, compiled by Gary William Crawford. This free service serves as an online expansion of the 1995 book 'J. Sheridan Le Fanu: A Bio-Bibliography', and the records are very usefully and copiously annotated. The website also includes the archives of the free full-text academic ejournal, Le Fanu Studies. This database and journal archive will be of great interest to anyone interested in the life and work of the 19th Century's leading writer of ghost stories.
'J. G. Ballard on William S. Burroughs' Naked Truth' is the first of two web pages dedicated to a 1997 telephone interview with the writer J.G. Ballard (1930-2009 )on the topic of William S. Burroughs, author of 'Naked Lunch', 'The Ticket that Exploded' and 'The Soft Machine'. The interviewers, Richard Kadrey and Suzanne Stefanac, introduce their transcript of the interview with a homage to William S. Burroughs, whose work, in their opinion, offered his readers 'something new about truth and humour and maybe even love'. Seeing Burroughs as a seminal writer of his time, Kadrey and Stefanac set up their interview by locating J. G. Ballard as one of the many authors who publicly credit Burroughs as a strong influence. The interview discusses Burroughs impression on Ballard in his first days as a writer and the interviewers draw many parallels between Ballard's and Burroughs' work. Ballard reflects on these parallels, and speaks knowledgeably about Burroughs, drawing in part on his own encounters with him and praising Burroughs for the honesty of his work. This two-page transcript is well presented, with occasional highlighted references which lead to further articles rather than footnotes. Of interest to researchers or enthusiasts of twentieth century literature, the interview offers the appeal of relating Ballard's comments directly, rather through the interpretation of a critic.
'Jews and the Graphic Novel' is a 22-page documentary comic book created and written by David Gantz. This comic is free to read online, and offers a condensed history of the immense contribution made by American Jewish men to the art and craft of the comic book in the 20th century. The author has the advantage of having worked in the industry since the 1940s, and there is particular focus on the impact of the Second World War on the industry. In 22 pages, this free online comic can only scratch the surface of a history which is now dealt with in a significant number of scholarly history books - such as 'From Krakow to Krypton: Jews and comic books'; 'The Jewish graphic novel: critical approaches'; 'Up, Up, and Oy Vey'; and 'Disguised as Clark Kent: Jews, Comics, and the Creation of the Superhero', among others. It does however give a useful outline introduction for those who are just starting to take an interest in the topic.
'The Journal of Dracula Studies' is a full-text ejournal. The journal is published using Wiki software, by the Dracula Research Centre under the directorship of Dracula scholar Elizabeth Miller. At May 2009 there are ten issues of the journal online, freely offering articles for download in either RTF or DOC formats (both formats can be opened with MS Office or the free MS Word Reader). Example article titles include: 'The Image of Transylvania in English Literature'; 'Count Dracula and the Folkloric Vampire: Thirteen Comparisons'; 'The Cultural-Historical Origins of the Literary Vampire in Germany'; and 'The Models for Castle Dracula in Stoker's Sources on Transylvania', among others. There are also many essays on Dracula in post-1945 popular culture. There appears to be no details of an Editorial Board or editor, or details on how to submit papers for future issues.
'The Journal of Interactive Drama' is a full-text academic ejournal. It is subtitled... "An Online Multi-Discipline Peer-Reviewed Journal of Scenario-Based Theatre-Style Interactive Drama Freeform Live Action Roleplaying Games", and is edited by Dr Scott Beattie of Victoria University in Australia. At January 2009 there are five issues online, as PDF files. Example article titles include: 'Speculative Realities: Embedding Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Horror Themes in Interactive Drama'; and 'The Psychological Power of the Roleplaying Experience'; 'Interactive Drama As Theatre Form', among others. The website has details of the editor, Editorial Board, and submissions procedure. There is also a Yahoo Groups discussion forum, and a books list.
The Journal of the Fantastic in the Arts (JFA) is an "interdisciplinary quarterly devoted to the study of the fantastic in literature, art, drama, film and popular media". It is only available in printed form, but the website lists the contents of back-issues published during the past 17 years. Listings are by author, title, or by issue theme. There appears to be no way to search these listings by keyword, and so this is probably best done via an advanced Google search. The website has details of the editors, the editorial board, submission procedures and subscriptions. The Journal was published by the Department of English & Philosophy at Idaho State University and is now hosted by the Center for Applied Technologies, Virginia Tech.
'Fan fiction and fan communities in the age of the internet: new essays' is a Web page that promotes a book of the same name, published by McFarland in 2006. The page contains a useful overview of the book by the editors Karen Hellekson and Kristina Busse, full abstracts for the twelve essays included in it, and the full-text of the book's extensive bibliography. The useful bibliography, titled 'Fan fiction: a bibliography of critical works', has about 50 hyperlinks embedded in it, leading to full-text copies of the items listed.
The print version of Kirkus Reviews was founded in 1933 by Virginia Kirkus, once the head of the children's books department in Harper and Bros. It is now a biweekly subscription-based ejournal that reviews, two to three months before publication, about 5,000 titles a year, including fiction, non fiction, children's books and translations. Kirkus Reviews is read by librarians, publishers, agents, newspaper editors, booksellers, and story departments of major film and television studios. Each issue of the journal contains alphabetical listings (by author) of all the books reviewed in each genre. The reviews are short (approximately 320 words) and accessible, but authoritative - a welcome change from the vagaries of newspaper notices. Other sections of the website link to Kirkus Supplements (Special Issues), provide information on advertising opportunities (Kirkus Classifieds), and advise independently published authors how to order reviews of their books in Kirkus Discoveries - a separate book review service, the website explains, not to be confused with Kirkus Reviews.
'Knowing Poe' is Maryland Public TV's (MPT) website on Edgar Allan Poe, which was nominated for an education Webby Award in 2005. Although primarily aimed at school students and literary-minded parents looking for educational family activities, this site would also be of interest to older students reading Poe. Aside from the shadow of the Raven that glides over the site and the other imaginative visuals highlighting the classic association of Poe with the dark and mysterious, the site is full of valuable information that makes it well worth a look for any initial research on the author, his life and writing. The site is divided into the key topics: 'Poe the Person'; 'Poe the Writer'; and 'The Poe Library'. Each of these has a number of sub-headings and at least one interactive feature, including a timeline of Poe's life, contextualised by significant dates in literary and world history. Also included are: facsimiles of primary source documents; annotated poems; critical analysis; and suggestions for further research. Essays and letters by Poe on life and literature and copies of his poems in his own hand with corrections add to the value of the material in this collection, as well as the performance interpretations, and links to further resources on the site.
LibriVox is the website of an open volunteer-run project that aims to "make all public domain books available as free audio books". As of May 2007, there appears to be over 600 audio books available, for download as either standard MP3 or OGG audio files. Complete audio books can be downloaded in a standard Windows ZIP file, or individual chapters can be downloaded via a direct link to the relevant audio file. Some books are read by different people for different chapters. All recordings are placed in the public domain, and may be used for any use including commercial uses.
Licus: journal of literature and cultural studies is a full-text peer reviewed ejournal produced from the University of Zagreb. At February 2009 there are three issues online, with most articles available in English. Example article titles: Bodies that Baffle: Post-Humanism and Popular Science in the The X-Files; The Pursuit of Pleasure: Changes in the Notion of Hedonism in Eighteenth-century England; The Archaic Attraction of Harry Potter; and Filming the British Compromise: British-Asian Cinema and Cultural Hybridity, among others. Articles are freely available in PDF format. The journal aims to give priority to papers that examine... "new forms of literature (e.g. cyber-literature) and currently neglected forms of literature (e.g. children's and juvenile literature)". There website is in English and has full details of the international Editorial Board, and advice for contributors. The journal aims to publish twice a year.
'Limbonaut: a correlation of Lovecraftian contents on the web' is a full-text ezine edited and published online on the website of Steve Walker, Assistant Professor of Library Services at the University of Central Missouri. Issues are available online in full-text form, running from 2000 to 2008. The publication tracks and describes the range of new online information likely to be of use to scholars of the famous American horror and fantasy writer H.P. Lovecraft (1890-1937). There are also issues of an earlier zine, 'The Criticaster' (1996-2000). This will be a website of interest to those researching Lovecraft and his ilk, the American gothic, and fantasy/horror writing in general.
This is the website for The Literary Gothic which has been developed by Jack Voller at Southern Illinois University. The site aims to provide an archive of electronic texts relating to Gothic literature and ghost fiction throughout the high Gothic period (1764-1820). There are also some texts and resources relating to the post-Gothic period up to 1950.The site is searchable by author or by title of work. Author pages feature a short biographical summary, a list of online texts, and links to related sites on the Internet. These recommended sites are generally specific to each particular author, so there is little duplication of information. The Literary Gothic features an extensive range of authors, including Ann Radcliffe, Mary Braddon, Wilkie Collins, and Matthew Lewis. At the moment, the online archive does not include ballads.The site provides a list of links for those working on Gothic literature, including discussion groups for specific topics such as ghost stories and folklore.
'Literature of the Fantastic' is a virtual online library of full-texts and extracts from fantasy and Gothic literature. Most of the material is from 19th century but some earlier and later texts are provided, including one by the site's creators, writers James D. MacDonald and Debra Doyle. Links are also provided to other online texts and related sites. The site is useful for students or researchers looking for lesser known or hard to find texts in this genre, as well as single items from larger collections, such as William Allingham's famous poem, 'The Fairies'. It also offers an overview of the range of material covered by the definition 'fantastic'. Any text which is in print, or has a related item in print, is noted, with a bookseller's link. Among the authors whose work is included are: Lord Dunsany; Bram Stoker; George Gordon (Lord Byron); Mary Shelley; John Polidori; Robert W. Chambers; Ambrose Bierce; and Marcus Clarke. Another useful feature of the site is its inclusion of work by authors not usually associated with the genre, such as Rudyard Kipling and Jerome K. Jerome. The collection is not especially large, though it is developing, but the small selection makes for straightforward use and the texts are laid out for easy reading. This is a useful resource for early research into 'fantastic' literature.
'Little Bibliography of Robin Hood : Works Relating to the English Outlaw, in the English Language, Published Since 1939', is part of the website of the Robin of Sherwood fan society. The author, Linda Furey, states that "This bibliography represents a work in progress. It was last updated 9 July, 1995. ... it is my intention to update J. Harris Gable's work, 'Bibliography of Robin Hood' (Lincoln, Nebraska: 1939)." This short bibliography also covers comics, fanzines, games, music, non-fiction, stage plays, films and television.
'The Looking Glass: New Perspectives on Children's Literature' is a full-text scholarly ejournal. At January 2008, there are 30 issues online. The journal is being published online through the La Trobe University institutional repository. The focus is on literature in English and in translation, but some notable feature films are covered. For instance, the special 'Japan' issue (Vol.10, No.2) had the article "Walking Along With Nature: A Psychological Interpretation of My Neighbor Totoro". Articles that appear in the 'Alice's Academy' section of the journal are peer-reviewed. The journal also contains news of events, publications and useful 'snippets' of information. Users are invited to register, for email notification of new issues.
The 'Maison d'Ailleurs' is a "museum of science fiction, utopia, and extraordinary journeys". Also known as 'The House of Elsewhere', the museum is located in Switzerland. The Maison d'Ailleurs website offers details of current and past gallery exhibitions, a free newsletter, and has an overview of the research facilities. The website also has details of the 'Innovative Technologies from Science Fiction for Space Applications' (ITSF) project, in which The European Space Agency asked the museum to conduct a study of technologies found in science fiction literature. The museum claims to have a "large, fabulous collection consisting of more than 40,000 books ... [and] nearly 20,000 documents and items related to science fiction and its imagery" and the museum collaborates with an French archive to offer what it claims is one of "the biggest science fiction photo libraries in the world". The website has contact details, opening times, and complete documentation of past exhibitions.
This is the official website of Marina Warner, the novelist and expert on the cultural history of the fantastic. This substantial website offers full bibliographic details of publications, novels, exhibitions and other works, plus a C.V. and details of agents used. There is a listing of recent and forthcoming 2009/10 publications by Warner - although this list may not be as up-to-date it could be (at July 2009, the website was last updated in 2008). There are only six substantial extracts from novels, and no full-text essays or audio lectures are available. This website is a useful overview of the range of work produced by one of our most innovative and interesting independent cultural thinkers.
The Medieval Electronic Multimedia Organization (MEMO) is a group of scholars working in the field of Medieval Studies and neo-medievalism, who are interested in the revival of medieval forms of storytelling in modern culture - in fantasy videogames, films and television series. The group maintains an open online discussion list, publishes a free newsletter, and is currently planning their first book for late 2008, titled 'The Medieval in Motion: Neomedievalism in Film, Television and Electronic Games'. Membership of the MEMO group is free and is open to creatives and fans as well as to academics. The editors of the website intend to add a bibliography and publications list at some future date.
'Morrowind Expanded' is a website that presents a detailed and structured 12-step guide to re-installing the famous role-playing videogame 'The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind' (Bethesda, 2002-2003). The aim of the website is to bring Morrowind's capabilities up-to-date for 2009 via a discerning selection from the four thousand free fan-made 'mods' and applications that exist to enhance the game. There is also a page giving a bibliography of academic work published on The Elder Scrolls III and IV, which links to fifteen full-text academic texts including three Masters dissertations and one PhD thesis. These include 'A Plague in Montiel: Plague, Quarantine, and Social Space in Role-Playing Games', and 'Believability, Adaptivity, and Performativity: Three Lenses for the Analysis of Interactive Storytelling', among others. This will be a useful website for those wishing to explore one of the most influential and critically-acclaimed videogames yet created for the PC, and the fan cultures associated with it. It may also be useful for videogame archives which may wish to create playable archival versions of the 'fully modded' version of the game.
The Mythopoeic Society is a scholarly "organization for the study, discussion, and enjoyment of fantastic and mythic literature, especially the works of J. R. R. Tolkien, C. S. Lewis, and Charles Williams." The Society publishes the monthly newsletter 'Mythprint', and the irregular peer-reviewed scholarly journal 'Mythlore'. Tables of contents, submission and subscription details are available for 'Mythlore', which is only available in print form. The Mythopoeic Society has held an annual conference since 1970, and details of these are available. There are external Web links to useful websites, including the websites of members. The website contains a concise 'Beginner's Bibliography of the Inklings'.
'The Nabokov Online Journal' is a full-text ejournal devoted to discussion of the works of the author Vladimir Nabokov . The Journal is freely published by the Department of Russian Studies at Dalhousie University, and the editors have the permission of the Estate of Vladimir Nabokov to use extracts from Nabokov's works. At February 2009 there are two issues online, offering scholarly articles, interviews, multimedia, and book reviews. Articles are freely offered in PDF format. Example article titles include: 'Staging Nabokov'; 'The Lolita Effect: Sexy Girls in the Media'; and 'In Search of a Mailbox: Letters in The Gift'; among many others. The website has a statement of the aims and purpose of the journal, details of the editor and Editorial Board, and the submissions process.
'Narrative Design Exploratorium : a journey into interactive story design' is a website containing full-text interviews with famous videogame writers. The interviews are in-depth and illustrated. Articles and interviews are freely available in HTML format. Interviews are in two main series: 'Masters of Narrative Design' and 'Game Writers in the Trenches', and the interviewer Stephen E. Dinehart has succeeded in interviewing some major industry writers and game designers, such as Ken Rolston (Morrowind, Oblivion). There are also three short tutorials, including 'Screenplays for video games'. At March 2009 new material is being regularly added. This will be a useful and inspiring website for aspiring game writers, and will also give Game Studies academics a range of insights into the contraints that writers work under when trying to develop compelling narratives for games.
'Necropsy: the review of horror fiction' is a full-text online fan magazine that is available in online form only. Necropsy publishes lively and informed reviews of recent horror fiction and films. The website also has galleries of original artwork. The archives are freely available online and run from 2001 to date, offering 24 issues in total. There are listings of 'Horror In Print' for 2004, 2005 and 2006, with hyperlinks from titles to Necropsy reviews. Archives can also be searched by publisher or reviewer. The website has details of the editors and the editorial policy.
The website 'Nuclear holocausts : atomic war in fiction' is a free full-text book-length work by Paul Brians, Professor of English at Washington State University. The online book surveys the 'History of Nuclear War in Fiction' and examines the causes, short-term and long-term consquences of nuclear war, as imagined in fiction. The final chapter is on how fiction dealt with the topic of 'Avoiding Nuclear War'. There is a very comprehensive annotated bibliography, including a set of 'Supplementary Checklists' for fiction on related topics such as nuclear bomb tests. The website is not illustrated.
'The Oxford Companion to English Literature', is a full text reference source, offered online by eNotes. The version offered appears to be the full version of the 6th Edition edited by Margaret Drabble, dating from 2000 and containing over 8,300 entries presented in a simple A-Z manner. It can also be searched by keyword. The Companion offers short author biographies, summaries of stories, novels and poems, and outline descriptions of various movements and genres in literature. No user registration appears to be required to use this resource, but only part of entries is available free. For full access to the content of the Companion a monthly or annual fee is required; access is in plain HTML format.
'Papers: Explorations into Children's Literature' is an open full-text ejournal. Published since 1990, at May 2010 only the most recent four issues (2007-2009) are available online. Papers are freely available as PDF files, with abstracts. Example article titles include: 'Abandoned Boys and Pampered Princes: Fantasy as a Journey to Reality in the Harry Potter Sequence'; 'Haunted Histories: Time-slip Narratives in the Antipodes'; 'Fantasy Motif Metaphors: Magical Powers as Exceptionality in Disney's The Incredibles and Zixou Corder's Lion Boy Trilogy'; and 'Roald Dahl's Reception in America: The Tall Tale, Humour and the Gothic Connection', among others. The website has details of the Editors, Editorial Board, and the submissions process.
Paradoxa is a hard copy academic journal which publishes articles on genre literature, including: science fiction; children's literature; horror; romance; and westerns. The journal is interested in 'written, oral, drawn or designed' versions of genre literature and offers a resource for research in popular fiction, media or cultural studies. The Paradoxa website provides various: articles; essays; and extracts from the hard copy journal. A full contents page for each themed journal is provided, with themes including: 'Cities of the Future'; 'The Western'; 'Where's Love Gone? Transformations in the Romance Genre'; and 'Metafictions: Stories of Reading'. One of the journal's selling points is the active participation of genre authors, as is the way in which it challenges perceived ideas of how literature is classified. The website gives a flavour of the full hard-copy version, and is straightforward to use.
'Paul Gravett' is the website of Paul Gravett, a well-known British comics critic. Gravett is the author of the books: 'Manga: 60 years of Japanese Comics'; 'Graphic Novels'; and 'Great British Comics'. His free open-access website contains over 100 critical articles by Gravett. There are also some interviews, such as a January 2008 interview with Alan Moore on the subject of censorship. Gravett maintains a comprehensive and timely events listing on his website, listing comics and comics-related events in the UK and Europe. The website also contains details of a number of exhibitions that Gravett has curated. This will be a useful website for those seeking intelligent readable criticism on comics, with a British bias. It will also be useful for those seeking a free online UK events listing which is pro-actively compiled and regularly updated.
Peake Studies is a scholarly journal "dedicated to the life and work" of Mervyn Peake (1911-1968), author and book illustrator. Peake Studies is run by Peake scholar G. Peter Winnington. At June 2007 the Peake Studies website has tables-of-contents for some 50 issues of the journal published between 1988 and 2007. There are details of current subscription rates. The website's author also maintains the authoritative and annotated 'Peake in Print' Mervyn Peake bibliography as part of the website, which includes completed dissertations and theses. This bibliography is available for free, and is updated via a 'Recent Books on Mervyn Peake' webpage. The website often launches a new window when going to a new webpage, so pop-up blocking software should be disabled before visiting.
'Philip K. Dick: the official site' is a vast enterprise set to inform, entertain, and inspire lovers of one of America's best known science fiction writers. Philip K. Dick is most famous for his novel, 'Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?' (1968), the inspiration behind the film 'Bladerunner'. The website, devoted to Dick's life and work, offers features such as: biographies and bibliographies; interviews; essays and articles; games; reviews; artwork; and press releases. Of interest to fans and those studying his works is the exclusive content on this site, which includes: a two-page synopsis for a novel that was never written; the text of a number of Dick's personal letters; and extracts from his personal diary. This is a website for the newcomer as much as the officionado and an invaluable resource for students of science fiction writing.
Places to Go, People to Be (PTGPTB) is a full-text online fan magazine for fans and designers of role-playing games. The contents consist of much that is of only fannish and game-designer interest, but there are also long and deeply informed articles on: 'The History of Role-Playing' (in nine parts); 'Law and Enforcement in Imaginary Realms'; and 'Gaming in Japan' (three parts, based on a field trip), and as such PTGPTB is a welcome addition to the sparse scholarly literature on role-playing games that has been written by players. At June 2009 the website has issues from 1998-2008, and articles are HTML form. There is an associated online Forum, and a French edition.
The Poe Decoder is a website devoted to criticism and interpretation of the works of American novelist Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849). The site is divided into pages on Poe's works, including: "The Fall of the House of Usher"; "The Cask of Amontillado"; and "The Raven", and essays on themes in these works. The pages on each work provide a basic overview of each work, its setting, symbols and context and related links. The pages on Poe's thematics include essays on the relationship between Poe's work and psychology and cosmology. There are useful general links to other Poe resources, including online texts.The site will mainly be of interest to Poe enthusiasts, but students may also find some useful introductory content.
This is the website of the Poe Museum, in Richmond, Virginia, where the American master of gothic horror, Edgar Allan Poe, lived and worked for most of his life. The site covers the story of Poe's life, provides a timeline of current events of the time, and gives details of news and upcoming events at the museum. Opened in 1922, the Museum is a short distance away from Poe's first home and from his first place of work, the Southern Literary Messenger. Known as the father of detective fiction, Poe was both a poet and the pioneer of the short story form - the site offers full-text access to his famous poem, The Raven (1845), and to five of his stories: The Masque of the Red Death (1838), The Cask of Amontillado (1847), The Tell-Tale Heart (1843), The Murders in the Rue Morgue (1841), and The Fall of the House of Usher (1839). A museum guide can be downloaded as a PDF file and an audio tour is available in mp3 format. The link to educational resources within the website has sections for teachers and students, including a sample lesson on Poe, and an online quiz for students. Additionally present are links to other online resources on Poe and his literary output.
The Poe Studies Association, founded in 1972, aims to provide a 'forum for the scholarly and informal exchange of information' on the life and works of Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849), the American writer of poetry, criticism and tales of horror. The main resource on the site is the archive of PSA newsletter, published from 1972 onwards, available as HTML or PDF files. This contains articles, papers from conferences, notes, and books reviews. The whole archive can be searched. From the Spring of 2000, the Newsletter has become The Edgar Allen Poe review, co-sponsored by the PSA, and details of this publication are provided. The site includes other information about the Society and its history and it also links to other major Poe websites.
This is the website for the feature-length American Documentary, Inc. / PBS arts documentary In The Realms of the Unreal (2005), about the life and work of U.S. outsider artist and author Henry Darger. The website contains interactive audio tours of some of his large paintings. There are extracts from the longest work of fiction ever written - Darger's 15,000-page Realms - and from the book Henry Darger: Art and Selected Writings. There are also interviews with the documentary film makers, and a trailer for the film which can also be purchased on DVD (a region-free player will be needed by those in the UK). This website is a compact and reliable source of information about Darger and his works.
This is the website of Pretty/Scary, a website dedicated to the study of women in horror films and literature. It was created in July 2004 and its run by enthusiasts Heidi Martinuzzi, Mary Goff and Bryan Bloodsoaker. The aim of Pretty/Scary is to provide women in horror a platform to showcase their work and meet other like-minded individuals. The website contains current news, details of events, film festivals and conventions, film reviews, interviews with actresses and writers and other information about women in the genre. There is a section on science fiction and dark fantasy. There is a section on essays with titles such as ‘a brief history of black women in horror films’ and ‘The horror of feminism’. There is some adult content on the website.
The 'Project Aon' website offers free interactive novels, specifically several well-known fantasy book series from the 1980s and early 1990s. These books are free to download (as HTML and graphics, in single ZIP files) or to view and play online as Web pages. The books are the Lone Wolf fantasy series, written by Joe Dever. His series attempted to enhance the genre by adding an innovative 'choose your own storyline' system, as well as some aspects of traditional role-playing games. Such 'interactive' books served in the 1980s and early 1990s as a training ground for those who later made important careers in videogame production. 'Interactive' books are thus a notable transition moment between 'pen & paper' roleplaying games, computer-based hypertext story systems, and early narrative-based videogames. As such the Lone Wolf examples may be of interest to media historians, as well as to creatives who may wish to closely examine a commercially successful print form of interactive storytelling.
Push: new thinking about roleplay is a well-designed critical journal about role-playing games. The first two issues have tables of contents for online - and the full-text of the introduction and first two papers are freely available to read. The titles of the available free articles are: Collaborative Roleplaying: Reframing the Game; and Immersive Story Methods for Tabletop Play. Print copies of the journal have apparently sold out and are no longer available by mail-order. Push is part of the non-profit Bleeding Play, which publishes free pen-and-paper roleplaying games and which provides a directory of similar games by other publishers. Push is a welcome contribution to the small but growing amount of academic material on the topic of role-playing games, and seems particularly concerned with storytelling and story-making through RPG games.
The Ray Bradbury website is devoted to the the author best known for two early science fiction novels 'The Martian chronicles' and 'Farhenheit 451', but who has also written some five hundred published works and is considered to have had a significant influence on contemporary American literature. This official site offers: brief biographical details; a chronology of his major works; texts of articles about Bradbury; and links to related sites. A section on Bradbury's books gives: summaries; excerpts; and quoted comments, as well as a number of audio clips of Bradbury's readings. There is the option to subscribe to a 'Ray Bradbury Newsletter' and to register with an active Ray Bradbury Message Board. The site also includes photographs and video clips. This is a well-constructed site providing basic information about Bradbury and his major publications, which would appeal to students of American literature and fans of science fiction.
'Ray Bradbury: reviewing the film, television, radio and theatre work of the leading American writer' is a website created and maintained by Phil Nichols of the University of Wolverhampton, England. Nichols states that he has been "collecting Bradbury adaptations for years", and his collection forms the basis for his free listings of film, television and audio adaptations of Bradbury's works. Where possible there are external hyperlinks to clips or to full media files. At June 2007 the website's listings run to about 2005, but the author maintains a current weblog giving details of new Bradbury material. Despite the website's title, the author also offers comprehensive listings of Bradbury's short stories, via his detailed 'Ray Bradbury Short Story Finder'. There is also a listing of books by and about Bradbury. The author is a member of the Advisory Board for the U.S. Center for Ray Bradbury Studies.
The Science Fiction and Fantasy Research Database is a freely available online resource designed to help students and researchers locate secondary sources for the study of this genre. These include: historical material; books; articles; news reports; interviews; film reviews; commentary; and fan writing. Book reviews are not indexed here, nor are novels and short stories of this genre. The database, compiled by Hal W. Hall, a librarian at Texas A & M University, draws and expands upon the Science Fiction and Fantasy Reference Indexes of 1878-1985; 1985-1991; and 1992-1995. The scope of the database is intentionally inclusive, covering science fiction; fantasy; horror; gothic; utopian; supernatural; and weird fiction, although science fiction receives the greatest coverage. Most of the entries are in English, although the database does hold a representative collection of non-English material, particularly from Europe. Simple and advanced searches may be conducted with full guidance provided on how to get the best results from the database: it may be used as a current awareness tool, for example, by conducting an advanced search using the imprint field and entering a specific year. A list of the magazines and journals surveyed in order to compile this index is available, together with a thesaurus of science fiction and fantasy indexing terms. Users are invited to suggest additions to the database. Continually updated and expanded, this is an excellent online tool for those interested in science fiction and fantasy.
The 'writing' section of the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America website is a valuable resource for writers of all genres. Divided into sections for beginner, intermediate and advanced writers, the site offers a comprehensive range of advice. Articles include 'Frequently asked Questions for Beginner Writers', 'The Basics' and 'Common Mistakes and How to Avoid Them', in the beginners section. For intermediate writers, the advice includes 'Hunting for a Literary Agent', 'Selling to Foreign Markets' and 'Worldbuilding Questions'. Advanced writers are offered considerations from 'The Theory and Practice of Titles' to '7 Reasons Fiction Writers Should Sell Non-fiction' and 'Writing SF for Kids'. Within each section are further articles aimed at different stages in a writing career, from 'Manuscript Preparation', to 'Career Recovery', with a large wide collection of material in between. Articles specifically addressing science fiction and fantasy topics include 'A checklist for Critiquing Science Fiction', 'Making Monsters' and 'Science in Science Fiction : Making it Work'. All the articles are written by professional writers and include practical experienced suggestions, often combined with humour, making them all very accessible. Also offered is an alarming feature called 'Writer Beware' which is described as 'the public face of the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America's Committee on Writing Scams'. This alerts writers to scams by publishers, agents, competitions and editors on a worldwide basis and makes important reading for anyone setting out as writer. While this site does have pages restricted to its members, the many open access pages are full of information and user-friendly, making for a valuable resource.
Science Fiction Citations website has been launched as a pilot for an Oxford English Dictionary (OED) project under the guidance of Mike Chrisitie, an OED volunteer, and Sue Surova, an independent researcher for the OED. Words associated with a special area of interest - in this case science fiction - are being collected so that experts in particular fields can help the OED collate their origins and meanings. Science Fiction Citations aims to include all words that are frequently used in science fiction, and attempts to find the earliest example of every sense of every word listed. The editor of the site Jesse Sheidlower requests that enthusiasts help with the project, as it needs earlier examples of terms already included, early examples of terms that have been slated for future inclusion, and any overlooked terms that are common in science fiction. Words used infrequently, words associated chiefly with a single author, or words so specialised that they are found only in a single sub-genre, are not high priorities for inclusion. A very simple interface makes this site a fast and simple specialist resource.
The Science Fiction Foundation website is the home of an organisation founded in 1970 by writer and social activist George Hay, as an association of writers, academics, critics and others interested in science fiction writing. The Foundation, whose patrons are Neil Gaiman, Professor David Southwood and Ursula K. Le Guin, aims to promote science fiction by bringing together readers, writers, students and teachers worldwide. The Foundation's website reflects its academic approach to the genre, and details the means by which it pursues its aims, including publication of the journal 'Foundation: the International Review of Science Fiction' and the support of the Science Fiction Foundation Collection, housed at the University of Liverpool. 'The Foundation offers a bursary scheme to enable visits to use the research collection, together with other awards detailed on the site. Contents for issues of the journal from number 21 (February 1981) to the present day are provided. For science fiction researchers, a number of critical essays are available on the site, covering topics such as, ''Parsifal' as proto science fiction' and 'Postcolonial Science Fiction'. The website also provides details of: related conferences and events; Foundation publications; how to join; and recent news. The site is updated regularly and also offers some useful links to related sites. This resource is very well-presented and straightforward to use.
This is the website of the Science Fiction Research Association (SFRA), which was founded in 1970, and is the longest established professional organisation for the academic study of the genre in all media areas. Its aims are to enhance classroom teaching and scholarship and to review and analyse new publications, teaching methods and materials. The membership includes scholars, students, readers, librarians and teachers across a range of interests and countries. The website offers membership information and news for current members, as well as calls for papers, conference details and details of other live events. It also contains an archive of the Association's journal 'SFRAReview', which appears online ten weeks after each issue is delivered in hard copy to members. Also available is an archive of assorted items of interest including teaching resources and a digital book by Richard D. Erlich,'Coyote's Song: the teaching Stories of Ursula K. Le Guin'. Submission guidelines are included for contributions of essays and book reviews. An annual conference is held in June; details of latest conference are provided. This site is well laid out and easy to use.
The online 'Science Fiction Resource Guide' is part of the French Science Fiction Pages. The Guide itself, however, is in English. It is a comprehensive resource with an extensive list of categories to browse. These contain annotated links to relevant online resources. Categories of subjects and topics include: Art and Artists; Authors; Awards; Bibliographies and lists; Fiction; Movie Resources; Publishers; Reviews and criticism; Television; Writers Resources; Zines, Magazines, Web E-zines. Among the better known topics included are Bram Stoker, Jules Verne, Star Trek, Star Wars, and many more. The website offers as well a brief 'Introduction' to this collection, a FAQ section, and information about new additions to the Guide. Unfortunately, the resource does not seem to have been updated since 2001. Despite this drawback, it is still an informative and useful site, and it will be of interest to general science fiction enthusiasts as well as students and scholars searching for Web resources on the subject.
Science Fiction Studies is a scholarly peer-reviewed journal. Published three times per year by DePauw University, it covers literary science fiction. Abstracts of articles from the most recent issues are provided online. One year after publication the full-text contents become freely available online. These include reviews as well as the main articles. As of May 2007, full-text contents are available for issues running from the year 1973 until March 2006. The website has a simple keyword search option. The website also has a selected bibliography of science fiction criticism. There are full details of the Editorial Board, policies, subscription rates, and submission details.
This is a comprehensive bibliography of theses and dissertations written about science fiction, fantasy, horror, utopian, and dystopian literature. The bibliography was compiled by Leslie Kay Swigart, a librarian at California State University, Long Beach. The bibliography was last added to in September 2004, when it was said to contain around 2000 entries. Entries are short and basic, and are not annotated. The bibliography was compiled from authoritative sources, and the author claims to have personally examined about one fifth of the works listed. The bibliography is listed by author name, in an A-Z system. There is no search option, and keyword or keyphrase searching is probably best done via an advanced Google search.
The webpage for the Second Semi-Annual Conference on the Rhetoric of the Monstrous (Stanford University, 2006) contains the full-text conference proceedings. The Conference papers examining a wide variety of monsters from history, literature (e.g.: 'Monsters of the Anglo-Saxon World'), popular culture (e.g.: 'The Evolution of Evil in Buffy the Vampire Slayer'), and contemporary media representations (such as 'the Mushroom Cloud', the 'Killer Virus', 'pollution as monster'). This will be a useful resource for those seeking a wide introduction to current thinking and research on the topic of monsters and monstrosity.
The SF Hub website provides various resources likely to be of interest to those researching science fiction, including an online catalogue of the archives held at the Sydney Jones Library, University of Liverpool. Liverpool's Science Fiction Foundation Collection was founded in 1970 and is one of the world's leading repositories of science fiction material. It contains books, magazines, fanzines, and academic journals. Other holdings include the archives of notable British sci-fi authors such as John Wyndham, Brian Aldiss, Stephen Baxter, John Brunner, Eric Frank Russell, Olaf Stapledon and David Wingrove. The website enables the individual or combined searching of the science fiction catalogue and the special archives. Various browse options are also available. Results return full bibliographic details including shelf marks and archive references. Archival descriptions are detailed. Besides the catalogues, the SF Hub also offers various research tools and links to other significant Web resources. There is: a guide to UK academic courses in science fiction; information on upcoming conferences; an A-Z of significant scholars in the field; and a link to an index of theses and dissertations on science fiction, fantasy, horror, utopian and dystopian themes. An 'SF Research Directory' links to other collections, databases, journals, and specialised websites. This resource will provide an excellent starting point for anyone undertaking higher research in science fiction, whether as a literary genre or from a popular cultural studies angle. The hub is funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC).
The 'SF Timeline' is an incredibly detailed online timeline of science fiction literature, created by Magic Dragon Multimedia initially in 1996, but still updated until 2006. The timeline is as part of the 'Ultimate Science Fiction Web Guide' and is divided into centuries until the 19th century, after which it is organised by decade. For each decade a comprehensive list of further reading is provided at the foot of each page. Some technological and political context is provided alongside events in SF literature and the book and magazine trade. Some key film and television material is also included, although this is listed separately from the literature. This timeline appears to be exhaustively complete, and would therefore be a very useful resource for those seeking to understand the development of science fiction, and the interaction of science fiction with other arts and media. The author states that it "may be posted electronically provided that it is transmitted unaltered, in its entirety, and without charge".
SFFaudio is a large group-run website that acts as a clearing house for information about science fiction audio books and podcasts in English. SFFaudio is presented in a weblog-like format, with a useful and very comprehensive category tagging system. The category tags system can be used to find details of 66 author interviews (look for 'Interviews' on the drop-down menu), often with MP3 links to the interviews. The authors offer a 'SFFaudio Essentials' listing of recommended audio books, a list of those Hugo Award winning works that are available in audio book format, and a directory of online radio stations that broadcast science fiction. An RSS feed is available. The website is searchable by keyword.
'The Sickly Taper: A Bibliography of Gothic Scholarship' is a website created by Fred Frank, Professor Emeritus of English at the Allegheny College, Pennsylvania. The resource features a comprehensive selection of scholarly articles on various aspects of Gothic literature and art. This selection can be found in the section 'Bibliographies' which organises the material into five main categories: A-Z by Author; Anthologies of Gothic Literature (selected); American Gothic; Canadian Gothic; English/Irish/Scottish Gothic; Female Gothic (forthcoming; Gothic Film Criticism; Research and Reference Guides; Special Subject Areas. Works included in each category appear as a straightforward alphabetical listing of authors. Although the database is not searchable by key words or titles, the search in two of its categories can be narrowed down. 'English/Irish/Scottish Gothic' is sub-divided into 'Classic Era', 'Victorian' and 'Twentieth Century'. 'Special Subject Areas' can be browsed by 'The Double and the Doppelgaenger', 'Miscellaneous Subject Areas', 'National Gothics', 'Special Gothic Collections', 'Vampirism' and 'Werewolfery'. Relevant sections list publications on a large number of authors, covering a time frame from Ann Radcliffe to Angela Carter. These may be available in hard copy or online. For print publications, full bibliographic details are provided. The site also provides information about its editors, including contact details, and a page of links to related online resources, such as the International Gothic Association (IGA) or Gothic Materials for Study at the University of Virginia. This website will be of interest to students and researchers of Gothic fiction across the genre, from Horace Walpole to Stephen King.
This is the website of the Society for Utopian Studies (SUS), which is "an international, interdisciplinary association devoted to the study of utopianism in all its forms, with a particular emphasis on literary and experimental utopias." The Society publishes the scholarly journal Utopian Studies, and tables of contents for this journal are available online as PDF files. The website has advance notice of future annual SUS meetings, with details about how to submit papers. There is information about how to join SUS, and all the other details one would expect to find on the website of a scholarly society. There are some useful links to external websites.
'South Bohemian Anglo-American Studies' is a full-text ejournal. Published entirely in English, the substantial first issue is formed from the proceedings of the 2006 conference Dream, Imagination and Reality in Literature. Articles are freely available as PDF files. Example article titles include: 'Make-belief and Dis-belief: Operations of Fantasy in Fairy Tales and Nonsense'; 'The Image of Children in the Novels and Short Stories by Graham Greene'; 'Death, Angels and Football: Blake’s Visions and Almond's England'; and 'The Real and Imaginary City in the Works of Martin Amis and Ian McEwan', among others. This journal will be of interest to those researching the British fantasy tradition and the fantastic.
Spaces of Utopia is a free full-text ejournal in English, published by the Faculdade de Letras of the University of Porto in Portugal. The refereed journal aims to cover a "wide spectrum of topics related to literary utopias and utopian thought and practices". The journal began publication in Spring 2006 and, as of May 2007, three issues are available online. Individual articles can be freely downloaded in PDF format. Access to the back-issues and current issue is by clicking the final menu link, titled 'Spaces of utopia: an Electronic Journal', at the top of the page. The journal appears to be the English counterpart to the Portugese-language ejournal 'E-topia: Revista Electrónica de Estudos sobre a Utopia'.
Steampunk magazine is a fan magazine devoted to the steampunk literary genre, to steampunk crafts, and to neo-victorian clothing and grooming. It is available in print form, or online as a free full-text PDF journal. As of May 2007, two substantial issues are available for download. Notable articles in issue two include an interview with art robot maker I-Wei Huang (Crabfu Steamworks), and the article "A history of misapplied technology: exploring the history of the steampunk genre". The focus of Steampunk magazine is on literary steampunk rather than on steampunk in films, animations, comics or videogames. Short original fiction is also published. The magazine is licenced under a Creative Commons licence.
The online resource 'Stephen King' is a comprehensive fan site dedicated to the life and work of this popular American writer, author of horror, science fiction and fantasy books. Among King's best known titles are Carrie (1974), The Shining (1977), Misery (1987), Dolores Clairborne (1993) and The Green Mile series (1996). Apart from numerous nominations, the author is the recipient of many international literary awards, such as, to name just a few, the Canadian Booksellers Association Award for Lifetime Achievement (2007), British Fantasy Society Award For Outstanding Contribution to the Genre (1981), Horror Writers Association Best Novel Award for 'Misery' (1987). This website provides biographical information (The Author), an extensive bibliography of King's works, literary and other (The Library), and news about publications and promotional events (News) as well as the author's public appearances (The Author). There is also an interesting section 'The Dark Tower', dedicated to this particular book series. 'Dark Tower' pages provide synopses, illustrations, and a glossary of words used in the stories. Another section, 'The Office', takes King's fans on a tour around a virtual office which reproduces the writer's actual work place. This page is still under construction (November 2009). The resource 'Stephen King' also includes links to online resources for artists, such as the website for the Haven Foundation that supports free lance artists. As a source of bibliographic material, 'Stephen King' website will be of use to students of contemporary and horror or science fiction literature. Broadly informative and abundant in trivia, it will be also interesting to all enthusiasts of King's literary worlds.
This website was created for the promotion of Bram Stoker, nineteenth-century writer, most famous for his fin de siècle novel Dracula. The Irish organisation places Stoker into his Irish context, and claims the author for Dublin. Within this site there are various bibliographical pages about Stoker's birthplace - Clontarf, a timeline of his life, and Irish influences. There are many interesting facts such as the success of Stoker's novel, selling second only to the Bible, and Stoker's friendship with Henry Irving, the celebrated Victorian actor. For those Stoker academics, there is news about upcoming events, and information about the Bram Stoker Heritage Centre.
'Strange Horizons' is a weekly online 'speculative fiction' magazine. The editors of the magazine define speculative fiction as 'what is more commonly known as "sci-fi" but which properly embraces science fiction, magic realism, slipstream and a host of sub-genres'. Its approach to speculative fiction is thoughtful as well as enthusiastic, making it a useful resource for researchers in literature and creative writing. The magazine is produced by volunteer staff and aims to 'raise the readership, appreciation and status of speculative fiction across the different forms of media'. Published items (freely accessible online) include: poetry; short fiction; articles; and reviews, and searchable archives of all these are provided. Once each month, an art gallery is included featuring the work of one speculative artist. Works by authors including: Jo Walton; Alex Irvine; Tim Pratt; Theodora Goss; Bruce Boston; and Richard Chwedyk have appeared on the site, as well as art by: Colleen Doran; Frank Wu; and Mark Heath. The articles provided cover a wide range of topics within the genre, including: gaming; fantasy literature; music; and film and readers are encouraged to provide feedback through an interactive forum. Submission guidelines are included for articles, fiction, poetry and artwork.
Although somewhat limited in the questions it poses, and therefore only partly suited for undergraduate use, this chapter-by-chapter study guide for Margaret Atwood's 'The Handmaid's Tale' will certainly be of great help to those studying for their A levels, as it brings to the reader's attention the main narrative and stylistic issues associated with this novel. This website also provides a brief but useful overview of mid-20th-century women's issues from both a general historical and a feminist perspective, and makes explicit a significant number of the many biblical references that are present in this book. Unfortunately the link it provides to a searchable electronic edition of the Bible is broken. The guide itself is accompanied by a short document detailing the terms and conditions of use, by a list of study guides by the same author, an annotated Science Fiction research bibliography, and a link to the Feminist Science Fiction, Fantasy and Utopia website.
Sublime Anxiety : the Gothic Family and the Outsider is an online exhibition hosted by the University of Virginia, which offers useful visual and textual information for students and researchers studying Gothic literature. A dramatic home page invites visitors to enter the exhibition and the impression of a virtual gallery is maintained by a second page of visual icons leading to each section. An introduction by curator Natalie Regensburg gives a helpful overview of Gothic literature and images. The different elements of the exhibition come under headings which include: Northanger Canon (information and images of the title pages from the ten Gothic novels Jane Austen mentions in her novel "Northanger Abbey"); Chapbooks (the small inexpensive pamphlet version of texts that were published, the Gothic series being one of the most popular kind); Women and the Gothic; The Shelleys and their Circle; The Rice Phenomenon (drawing on the work of Anne Rice). You can find information on the Bronte sisters, Arthur Conan Doyle and the detective genre, as well as monsters other than Frankenstein's monster, such as vampires, witches, and ghosts. Each icon leads to a collection of images of and from publications under this heading, with commentary on their place in the development of the genre and the publishing history of each text. While the primary focus of the exhibition is eighteenth and nineteenth century Gothic, a short feature on twentieth-century writer Edward Gorey completes the collection. This exhibition is user-friendly and contains visual material which helps to contextualise the Gothic novels and stories, while providing useful background information and commentary.
Tabula Rasa is a website providing "a compendium of material on a number of esoteric subjects" with an emphasis on the history of horror in Australia and beyond. The site covers a number of topics, including: 'Dark Ages'; 'horror on screen'; Australiana; comics; and role playing games, with special sections on Stephen King and Doctor Who. The site would interest those researching science fiction and horror literature, as well as those studying media and television. The horror section typifies the broad spectrum of articles on this site, covering topics such as: 'Sexuality in Horror'; 'Classic Monsters'; 'Horror in Music'; 'Vampire Cinema'; and 'Children's Horror'. The articles on the site are written by the site's editors, Kyla Ward and David Carroll (writers and artists in the horror genre among others) and although informal in tone are also informative. Aside from articles about horror authors and book and film reviews, the site also provides the text of interviews with authors such as: Neil Gaiman; Tanith Lee; and Richard Harland.
'Tales from the Vault!' is an online exhibition of visual material from Libraries and Archives Canada, and it is drawn from "one of the very few known pulp magazine holdings in Canada". There are nine sections, eight with a scholarly text and large clear scans of pulp front covers. There is also a discussion of the effects of the pulps on contemporary culture. There is a Flash-based gallery of front covers, which has the ability to zoom in to see a reasonable amount of detail. The website has six full-text 'facsimile' magazines that can be read online. There is a very short bibliography. The website is also available in French.
'Technovelgy' is a personal website encyclopaedia that details over 1,800 inventions found in literary science fiction, from the year 1638 until the present. Details of these imaginary inventions can be browsed by a timeline, via one of 100 themes ranging from Armour to Work, by author and book, or by 'device name'. This website will be a useful aid for science fiction scholars and science historians, as well as entertainment producers, who wish to quickly establish the literary predecessors of a certain form of technology or device. The website offers an RSS newsfeed for updates. The author also uses the website to track and provide links to 'Science Fiction in the News', using a weblog-like form to cover media reports appearing to show that a previously fictional science fiction invention is now possible or available in commercial form.
This site, created by the Università di Parma's Language Department, is an online resource dedicated to British Gothic drama. It covers the period 1768 (when the first Gothic tragedy, Horace Walpole's 'The Mysterious Mother' was written) until the 1820s and 30s. The website includes links to: critical bibliographies; other Internet resources; teaching and study aids; a virtual bookshelf with information in Italian and English; a section with abstracts of recent dissertations, and links to other websites.
This website offers a starting-point for all beginner and intermediate students who wish to explore Gothic drama and theatre from an Italian background. The creators of the site hope students will rediscover a cultural phenomenon which has played second fiddle to the better-known Gothic romance, in spite of being just as shocking and frightening to contemporary audiences.
The webpage for the Third Semi-Annual Conference on the Rhetoric of the Monstrous (Stanford University, 2007) contains the full-text conference proceedings as PDF files. The Conference papers examining a wide variety of monsters from history (e.g.: 'the Framing of the Elephant Man'), literature (e.g.: 'Grotesque Transformation of Sexuality from Ancient Greece to Early Christendom'), popular culture (e.g.: 'The Archetype of the Evil Clown', the fear of dolls, and 'Miyazaki's Monsters'), and contemporary media representations (such as drug abusers). This will be a useful resource for those seeking a wide introduction to current thinking and research on the topic of monsters and monstrosity.
Tolkien Library is a website compiled by Pieter Collier, a remarkable Belgian collector of the works of J. R. R. Tolkien (1892-1973). Designed originally to create a bibliographical catalogue of his growing collection of 650-plus items, it has now evolved towards a general Tolkien collector resource. As the sub-title suggests, there is a bibliography of works by and about Tolkien with interlinks providing more details for those items in his collection; an illustrated biography of Tolkien with reviews, articles and essays about him. Visitors can sign-up to receive an electronic newsletter which is fully archived on the site. Described as "A descriptive and illustrated guide to collecting Tolkien and Tolkien related books," it is truly the "One library to rule them all."
The 'Education Home Page' of the Tolkien Society provides resources for 'teachers, lecturers and other facilitators of learning'. The resources are divided into a number of sections, including: 'Ideas for teachers'; 'Help for students'; 'Putting on a Tolkien Event in a library or school'; 'Theses'; 'Study packs'; 'Researching Tolkien'; 'Education bibliography'; and 'Fun projects'. The 'Researching Tolkien' section provides some links, although the links section of the parent Tolkien Society site is perhaps more comprehensive. The pages would also be of interest to students themselves.
'The Transatlantic 1790s' is database-backed site devoted to the literature and culture of the late eighteenth century, primarily in Britain and the United States. Of use to literature and history researchers up to undergraduate level, it is divided into three main sections, namely 'Projects', 'Bibliography' and 'Chronology'. Within the 'Projects' section are a collection of studies undertaken by the student researchers who designed and wrote the site, with details of the texts used as the focus of the research, a select bibliography and relevant further reading suggestions. The projects include 'Revolutionary Nuptials', which considers the changing nature of marriage under the influence of feminism, 'Conversations in Politics', a study of the views of Thomas Paine on democracy and religion, and 'Gothic Narratives' which explores the function of narrative in 'Edgar Huntley' by Charles Brockden Brown, 'Caleb Williams' by William Godwin, and 'The Italian' by Ann Radcliffe. The 'Bibliography' section is a database of critical works about or relating to the literature and culture of the 1790s. It is searchable by year, author or keyword. This is a developing feature of the site and suggestions for further texts to be included are invited. The 'Chronology' is also searchable by year, category or keyword, and may be customized to generate a chronology of the period according to particular research interests. This is a well-organised and presented site, with valuable practical features, as well as the useful content of the various projects.
'Transformative Works and Cultures' (TWC) is a new peer-reviewed academic journal for the study of fan cultures and fandom in popular media cultures. The journal appears to be Open Access, and the website states that "TWC provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge". However, registration and a password is required in order to access articles. The TWC journal began to accept submissions in February 2008, aiming to publish the first issue in September 2008. Currently the website has details of the impressive editorial board, submissions policies, focus and scope. The editors welcome "personal essays integrated with scholarship, and hypertext articles", as well as standard academic papers.
'UFOPOP: Flying Saucers in Popular Culture' is a very large online image bank of images from popular culture, images that in some way depict the recognisably classic form of "UFO's" or "flying saucers" or their imagined inhabitants. The site is free to use, and claims to offer over 5,500 images. The website is divided into five main sections: Comic Book Gallery (covers only); Book Gallery (covers only); Magazine Gallery (covers only, including ufo-ologist fanzines); Merchandising Gallery (includes press adverts, stickers, badges); and an "under construction" Toys Gallery with 31 examples of jigsaw, board-game and puzzle box-covers. Images are usually shown at a medium size and are accompanied with a short description. The database can be searched by keyword. The collection does not appear to cover material from outside the English-speaking world.
Founded in 2000 as an independent horror genre community, Urban Chillers is a website which showcases horror video, audio, images and prose from both novice and established artists. Free membership is required to have full access to the site but there are viewable trailers and short films on the front page. The site aims to provide a central point from which those interested in this material can find free and accessible content. Users are invited to add critical comments on the media which is showcased on the site, although these comments are not always overly detailed or constructive. The website is available in English, Chinese, Spanish, French, Japanese and Dutch languages. There are also RSS feeds.
The Utopian Studies Society (UCS) is an informal scholarly society with an interdisciplinary focus. It aims to "co-ordinate and encourage the diverse work currently taking place on the subject of utopianism". It appears to operate primarily with a European focus in terms of the scholars it attracts. As of May 2007 the UCS has held seven international conferences. Abstracts for five conferences are available on the website, and there are details of how to submit papers for future conferences. The website also contains full details of the Society, including the AGM minutes. There is the opportunity to join an email mailing list, to receive news about the UCS.
This is a website dedicated to the British fantasy writer David Lindsay (1876-1945), who was best known for his extraordinary novels 'A Voyage to Arcturus' (1920) and 'The Haunted Woman' (1922). The site provides an illustrated primary and secondary bibliography with a separate page dedicated to each of Lindsay's published and unpublished works. A biography, timeline and list of influences help to explain the development of Lindsay's somewhat esoteric work. His first novel, the allegorical 'A Voyage to Arcturus' sold badly and, as a result, forced him to spend the rest of his career trying to explore more commercially acceptable ways of communicating his ideas. However, subsequent novels fared no better and he sadly ended his days in obscurity. His work was rediscoved in the 1970s by, among others, Colin Wilson, who described 'Arcturus' as "the greatest imaginative work of the twentieth century." As a result his novels have been reprinted and he is now established as a major writer in the fantasy genre.
VISCO is a very large "visual catalogue of the cover art of the science fiction, fantasy, weird and horror fiction magazines from the early twentieth century to the present day" and as of June 2007 it features "3631 images from 100 titles/editions". The website is free to use, and no registration is required. There is a detailed A-Z artist index to the images in the collection. There is also a useful annotated A-Z index organised by magazine name. Images are usually shown at a size of 335 x 500 pixels. Covers range in date from the 'Golden Age' of the 1930s to about 2004.
'The Vital Science: Biology and the Literary Imagination, 1860-1900' is the online full text of Peter Morton's 1984 work. Morton, an Associate Professor in English at Flinders University, South Australia, writes that the confusion and chaos in the biological sphere following the publication of Darwin's 'The Origin of Species', proved fertile ground for writers such as: H. G. Wells; Thomas Hardy; W. H. Hudson; and Samuel Butler. Morton examines their imaginative responses to such theories as: evolutionism; degeneration; eugenics; and ideas of heredity. The online layout is very easy to navigate, via chapter headings, with notes and references listed separately. Unfortunately there is no index or search facility. An impressive bibliography on Darwinism and literature is appended to the book. This site would interest students of English and also of history of science.
Describing itself as 'expansive, yet wholly unauthorized', this site offers a wide range of information about the American writer Kurt Vonnegut (1922-2007), best known for his novels Slaughterhouse Five and Cat's Cradle. The resource includes a chronology, a detailed listing of Vonnegut's writings, a substantial Critical Bibliography, and a series of pages offering biographical information, including the personal details and interviews with the author. One of the most useful sections of the site deals with Vonnegut's dramatic works and includes cast lists and reviews. The Archive section provides full-text versions of Vonnegut's articles and essays, published in various magazines and newspapers, which are not included in printed collections of his non-fiction writing. It seems, however, that the site is still under construction and a number of links remains unavailable. One other drawback of the resource is the fact that it has not been updated since approximately 2005, and consequently it does not include the information on the writer's death in 2007, or any of the works published in his last years or posthumously.
The ifiction website claims to contain over 250 works of pioneering interactive fiction and text-based adventure gaming, which are easily playable inside a web browser. The author states that "the games are mainly just Z-machine (Inform) games" and these are presented online using "a general-purpose Z-machine emulator with a web interface". The collection includes commercial games, including historic and hugely influential classics such as the three main Zork adventures, and the Adventure game. While playing, games can be saved. This is a useful website for those investigating interactive fiction and the online presentation of narrative, and the website allows users to bypass the problems inherent in getting old games to install and play on modern PCs.
'Wells and his Worlds : Wells and his Box' is a website about the British novelist and pioneer of the science fiction genre, H. G. Wells (1866-1946), and about his novel 'The Time Machine' in particular. The site offers a brief account of Wells's childhood and education, which the author uses to explain his later social and political ideas as manifested in The Time Machine. It also discusses the omission of the far future episode of the book from the 1960 film version, reproducing that episode online. Other primary sources on the site include Wells's comments on the book, and two of its contemporary reviews, one positive, the other largely negative. A description of President Teddy Roosevelt's reaction The Time Machine is also included, as is an account of some of H. G. Wells's prejudices. There are links to an essay on Wells as a founder of science fiction, and pages on the Fabian society of which Wells was a member. The tone of the writing is informal rather than scholarly, but the author of the site offers some suggestions for further exploration that should interest undergraduates.
'Who's who of American comics books' is a personal website authored by Jerry Bails, and it hosts the final version of his comprehensive database documenting the careers of comic book creators in the United States. The database also covers publishers, including small press and alternative publishers. It also covers overseas comics creators whose works had wide distribution in the United States. The database can be searched from a simple keyword search box, or via a useful set of A-Z webpages that list the names of artists. The database does not provide rounded biographies, but does provide some very limited biographical details. The focus is instead on facts such as: studios worked in; characters created; notable titles worked on; pen names used; and fan and trade publications in which biographical profiles can be found. The database began life as a four-volume book published in the 1970s, and it continued to be worked on until the death of author Jerry Bails in November 2006. As of April 2007 the future of the database is uncertain, but the website's front page currently states that "It will remain online for all of you to use for free." The website also has 370 high-resolution scans of original comics artwork, donated to the website by various notable artists.
YLEM is a non-profit arts group for "artists using science and technology". The most valuable section of the website is a full-text archive of the YLEM Journal. The journal is placed on the website, as a PDF file, 90 days after paper publication. Full-text copies of about 75 journal issues are freely available for download, and these date from 1981-1987, 1989-1990, and 1999-2006. The website appears to offer no table of contents for issues that are not yet online. Journal issues usually have themes, such as: 'Computers and music'; 'Mathematics in art'; and 'Pioneers of new media'. There are also several themed issues of interest to scholars working in science fiction studies, such as: 'Science fiction and its discontents'; 'British science fiction boom'; and 'New wave to hard science fiction'. There are brief details of regular offline 'YLEM forums' meetings, which are held in San Francisco. There is an extensive directory of external Web links that lead to the galleries and websites of YLEM members. "YLEM" is not an acronym, but is a Middle English term that is now used to refer to the exploding matter from which the universe is thought to have formed.
francesca.net is the personal website of Francesca Myman, a graduate of Yale University. The site provides links to two websites Myman maintains: the Octopia Blog, that tracks "the octopus in art and culture"; and the website "Giant Octopus Pulps", a gallery of science fiction pulp art featuring octopus. Also available on the website are the full texts of two substantial scholarly essays by Myman: "'Skirting the Edge': Costume, Masquerade, and the Plastic Body in Blade Runner"; and "The "Nature" of the Female Cyborg: Evidence of Will in the Mechanical Woman". In addition to these there are also a number of her short fiction pieces, and an illustrated tribute to the ruby slippers in The Wizard of Oz. This site would interest students of film and science fiction literature, as well as creative writers and artists.