For those eager to locate electronic versions of major English and American literary or Western philosophical works, a good place to look is the Alex Catalogue of Electronic Texts. Developed by Eric Morgan (North Carolina State University), the catalogue is a substantial search engine offering access to writings from over 100 different western authors, primarily from the seventeenth to twentieth centuries, but with a few Aristotelian and Augustinian works thrown in for good measure. Alex has a collection development policy which in summary defines its scope as public domain texts (available in complete form), written in English, relevant to English, American Literature or Western Philosophy, and classed as great literature. On the last point the editor is guided by the inclusion of the work within such reference works as the Oxford Companions or the Norton Anthologies. Alex contains about 140 MB of texts (the actual number of distinct works is not easily available). The selection of works is eclectic at best, but it is difficult to imagine undergraduate students not encountering a sizeable portion of these authors during their academic careers. The catalogue itself may be searched by author and/or title, date, keyword, and whole volumes (which can often be very large) instantly read. Texts can be selected, built into corpora, and then further searched. Results are in the form of records which give details about the original publication date, any subsequent copyright date, subject keywords, and its location (both original and archive locations). Morgan has also gone out of his way to include additional features that make the texts more functional and portable. A number of the works are accompanied by an electronic concordance that will be welcomed by anyone trying to locate a particular theme or sentence. It is also possible to add the text to a personalised online bookshelf; create transferable PDF-files; or even configure files to read on Palm-based PDAs (Personal Data Assistants).
American Philosophy is a subsite of The Radical Academy, a privately-maintained online platform for those with a general interest in philosophy. This site will best serve students, teachers and undergraduates who are focussing on American thought from the colonial period to World War II. The site posts short explanatory and introductory essays for various themes and periods, and sourced from a variety of texts. These essays have links embedded within them to explain further the lives of philosophers and their ideas. The site also provides primary texts online, with the foundational documents of different streams of American Philosophy classified under different headings. Among these are: American Political Philosophy; the American divines (from the Puritan, Calvinist, Quaker and Anglican traditions); the Founding Fathers, with a focus on Enlightenment influences; America's Coming of Age, featuring the figures who grappled with the abolition of slavery and early civil rights debates; American Transcendentalism; Late 19th Century thinkers; Idealism in America; American Pragmatism; and Recent American Thought. Navigation of these sources is clear and straightforward. However, there is no immediate bibliography for the site, which would have been useful.
The American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy was established in 1955 to further the study of different aspects of political and legal philosophy. The society meets annually to discuss one particular topic and the results of the discussions are published in their yearbook, Nomos. This website contains information about their latest annual meeting, and information about the volumes of Nomos published since 1958. Themes explored in these meetings and Nomos include: liberty; community; equality; the limits of law; political and legal obligation; coercion; voluntary association; due process; human rights; virtue; global justice; political order; integrity and conscience; anarchism; constitutionalism; liberal democracy; and Marxism. An index of contributors and details about membership can also be found on the site.
The homepage of Andy Miah is a portal to an extensive range of Miah's thinking on the topics of ethics of biotechology and new technologies, specifically in relation their use in human augmentation. His website contains around 50 free full-text PDF papers and book chapters on such topics. Sample titles are: 'Justifying Human Enhancement: The Accumulation of Biocultural Capital'; 'Ethical Considerations of Human Performance Optimisation'; and 'Genetic Tests for Ability?: Talent Identification and the Value of an Open Future', among others. The author also maintains active weblogs on: Posthumanism; the medicalisation 'panic' around internet and videogame users; and bioethics in sports.
'Atlas Shrugged' is a free website providing materials for the study of Ayn Rand's 1957 novel of the same name. Published by the Ayn Rand Institute, this website provides an accessible study-guide to an influential novel that has sold six million copies and continues to sell 185,000 copies each year. The website is best used after a full reading of the novel, since it contains numerous 'plot spoilers'. The website contains a 'History of Atlas Shrugged', audio commentaries and recordings, a chapter-by-chapter video examination of the themes and ideas to be found in the novel, a full profile of Rand and her works, and links to a handful of selected external websites.
The Ayn Rand Society (ARS) is "a professional society affiliated with the American Philosophical Association. ... Its aim is to foster the scholarly study by philosophers of the philosophical thought and writings of Ayn Rand." The ARS webpage has details of the ARS Steering Committee, past and current programmes, and details of obtaining membership - the ARS is only open to members of the American Philosophical Association. The ARS website has a reliable full-text essay, titled 'Ayn Rand and Objectivism: an overview', and a short selected biblilography of works by Ayn Rand. The ARS was established in 1987, and it will be a useful contact point for British scholars seeking to contact those working in U.S. universities on aspects of Rand's philosophy, her novels, and her ideas on art.
Bad Subjects: Political Education for Everyday Life is an ejournal published by a collective dedicated to applying academic analysis to contemporary political questions, topical issues, and popular culture. The site consists of articles, editorials, reviews of books and films, news about events for the Bad Subjects collective, and a list of published books and papers by Bad Subjects authors and editors. Drawing upon a variety of discourses - such as feminist theory, Critical Theory, post-modern thought etc. - Bad Subjects tries to bring the real world into the academy and vice versa. Rather than an attempt to make academic writing 'relevent', Bad subjects instead wishes to raise the level of debate by introducing grounded argument into discussions often motivated by postition-taking and misplaced loyalty. All previous issues, dating back the the ejournal's origins in 1992, are available on the site. A search facility, by author or editor, is provided, as is a set of links to related resources. Bad Subjects is a left-leaning, intelligently diverting resource for those working in the areas of politcal theory or cultural studies.
Bad Subjects: Political Education for Everyday Life is an ejournal published by a collective dedicated to applying academic analysis to contemporary political questions, topical issues, and popular culture. The site consists of articles, editorials, reviews of books and films, news about events for the Bad Subjects collective, and a list of published books and papers by Bad Subjects authors and editors. Drawing upon a variety of discourses - such as feminist theory, Critical Theory, post-modern thought etc. - Bad Subjects tries to bring the real world into the academy and vice versa. Rather than an attempt to make academic writing relevant, Bad Subjects instead wishes to raise the level of debate by introducing grounded argument into discussions often motivated by position-taking and misplaced loyalty. All previous issues, dating back to 1993, are available on the site.
This website offers an English text of the Political Treatise (Tractatus Politicus), by Benedict de Spinoza (Baruch Spinoza)(1632-1677). The unfinished treatise was composed shortly before its author's death, and is considered one of the classics of political philosophy as well as an excellent example of rationalist argument. The translation provided here is by A.H. Gosset, and was first published in 1883. It includes a short preface by R. H. M. Elwes. The text is reproduced chapter by chapter, with a contents page allowing the user to jump straight to the relevant section. It forms part of the 'Liberty Library' website of the Constitution Society.
This is the website of the Italian online philosophy journal Bollettino telematico di filosofia politica [Online journal of political philosophy]. The journal contains review articles, articles, bibliographies, book reviews, and teaching resources about political philosophy - both from historical and contemporary perspectives. Online since the year 2000, the site offers a number of articles in Italian on subjects such as: Kant and Foucault; Scaravelli's interpretation of Leibniz; feminist philosophy and John Locke. The website also contains links to other philosophy sites, and has a search engine for philosophy resources. In theory the journal publishes and accepts articles in a variety of European languages, but in practice virtually all articles are in Italian (with a handful in English and Spanish), as is the content of the site.
The Brooks Blog is the work of Thom Brooks, Reader in Political and Legal Philosophy at the University of Newcastle. The blog is regularly updated, and posts include reflections on political news stories, links to online material that may be of interest to legal and political philosophers, details of job vacancies, and discussion of various higher education issues. The right hand side bar also offers useful lists of links to other blogs that may be of interest, to the home pages of philosophy journals, and to the websites of philosophers with research interests similar to Brooks's. A useful resource for those working in this area.
Brown Electronic Article Review Service (BEARS) is a resource dedicated to reviewing publications in moral and political philosophy. Motivated by the notoriously slow nature of academic publishing, BEARS is committed to providing authors with quick responses to their work. The reviews are produced within six months of the publication of the articles and are kept under a thousand words long. Carrying both solicited and unsolicited reviews, BEARS aims to allow academic debate something of the fluidity and suppleness of journalistic discussion. Simple to use and easy on the eye, the site is a welcome addition to electronic innovations in academic publishing. At the time this record was last reviewed, the site does not, however, seem to have been updated since 2003. The existing contents would nevertheless still be of interest to anyone working in philosophy and politics.
'Budhi: a journal of ideas and culture' is a cross-disciplinary refereed ejournal. At February 2009 there is one full-text issue online, although this is "Vol.9, No.1", from 2005. The journal aims to... "define and further develop the practices of thought in the fields of philosophy, theology, literature, culture, the social sciences, and the arts", and is published in English from Manila University in the Philippines. Articles are offered in PDF format. Example titles from the first issue are: 'Continental Philosophy: Towards the future'; 'Reimagining the Intervention Narrative: Complicity, Globalization, and Humanitarian Discourse'; and 'Notes on American Cultural Imperialism', among others. The journal also publishes poetry. There are details of the editor, Editorial Board, open access policy, and submissions procedure. Since no additional issues have been added since 2005, yet the stated frequency is "three times a year", it is possible the journal has effectively ceased publication online.
This short Web page describes the AHRC-funded ‘Capabilities Measurement Project’ at the Open University’s Centre for Innovation, Knowledge and Development (IKD). This project builds on previous research into freedom and decision making. The project aims to operationalise Amartya Sen's capabilities approach by developing ways in which capabilities can be measured and creating datasets providing capability indicators across a wide range of life domains. The Web page lists publications and presentations associated with the project.
Established in 1914, the Carnegie Council is an independent, non-partisan organization dedicated to research and education in ethics and international policy. The site provides access to extensive resources produced by the Council related to human rights, armed conflict, reconciliation, global justice, the environment, and international ethics. Resources available include articles and book reviews stemming from the Council's many publications (e.g. 'Ethics and International Affairs' and 'Human Rights Dialogue'), as well as various classroom tools. Many abstracts and some full length articles from the Council's publications are available online. This site is an excellent resource for students of applied ethics and it is very well presented.
The Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs is an independent organisation founded in 1914 which seeks to promote the discussion of all aspects of ethics and international relations. This includes coverage of human rights and international relations, global justice, ethics and world politics, ethics and conflict, the politics of reconciliation and peace making/peace keeping initiatives. Its website provides access to a wealth of resources on the aims of the organisation and its current activities. It includes an extensive resource library which provides free access to a number of full-text materials. These include recent speeches, papers and articles published by the Institute. Publications include: Human Rights Dialogue, Public Philosophy monographs and the contents pages of its journal Ethics and International Affairs from 1987 to date. The site also contains a classroom section with guidance and resources for teachers. This provides access to syllabi, book reviews, lecture notes and tools for teaching international relations and ethics.
El Catoblepas (ISSN 1579-3974) is a peer reviewed monthly electronic journal that is concerned with contemporary cultural and area studies in general, but with particular emphasis on issues within the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking world. The journal's scope is broad, publishing articles on philosophy (the journal's main focus); literary and film criticism; politics; language; and television and the media. Users will find articles on, for example, the Spanish language in the US; social interpretations of Don Quixote; liberalism, war and terrorism in Colombia; and foreign intervention in the Spanish Civil War. Additionally, the journal publishes articles from broader, more comparative perspectives, with particular interest in materialist philosophical approaches to culture and politics. Free subscription is available. The site makes use of frames.
The website for the Center for the Study of the Great Ideas aims to provide an online presence that furthers the work of the Center's mission to prove that 'philosophy is everybody's business'. Addressing the questions as to what we should seek in life and how we should go about our search sums up the life and work of Dr. Mortimer J. Adler (1902 - 2001), who co-founded the Center and whose academic credentials include the post of Professor Emeritus at the University of Chicago. The site aims to make the ideas of Dr. Adler widely available and while membership options at a range of prices are offered, the site contains a sufficient amount of open access material to provide comprehensive introductory insights. Under the headings such as 'The Great Ideas', 'The Great Books' and 'Liberal Education', the basic concepts of the Center are introduced fully, with a biography of Dr. Adler and a useful range of links. A search engine is available, which will yield results when searched by author name or subject. This is a wide-ranging site, with a large amount of thought-provoking material.
This website holds a large selection of materials on the life, teachings and philosophy of the Indian political leader, Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948). There is a useful timeline which chronicles the important events in his life; an online version of his autobiography and several other books and articles written by him; a biography and papers and poems on him; a number of speeches, correspondences and quotations which documented his views on peace and non-violence; and an interesting collection of photographs capturing different phases of his life. The site is well-organised and is suitable for academic use.
The Cornelius Castoriadis Agora International website provides information about the life and work of the Greek 20th century political philosopher, economist, and psychoanalyst. The site, which offers content in a wide range of languages, features: a news section; a brief biography of Castoriadis which includes an overview of his thought; and a transcript of a lengthy interview with Castoriadis, conducted in 1990. Other resources include bibliographies of works by and about him, a list of links to other relevant Web resources, and a section on teaching Castoriadis. The site is made available by the French organisation Agora International and the University of Michigan Libraries.
Cosmos and History (ISSN 1832-9101) is a recent peer-reviewed, open-access journal of natural and social philosophy. Its focus is on what it perceives as the otherwise marginalised discussion of humankind's place as social, political and cultural entities within the cosmos. The range of topics thus covered is broad, from archaeology and economics, through to ethics, critical theory, and psychoanalysis. Thinkers discussed include: Georg Hegel (1770-1831); Martin Heidegger (1889-1976); and Alain Badiou (1937-), to whom an entire issue is devoted. The journal is open to the work of philosophically-inclined writers from all disciplines, although potential contributors should look in the 'About' section under Policies to check for subject-specific special issues that may be coming up. Full-text articles for all extant issues are available in PDF format, and a search facility is provided. The Register section gives the opportunity receive email alerts of new issues, or to participate in the peer-review process.
Cultural Logic is an ejournal of Marxist theory, practice and culture (ISSN: 1097-3087). The journal is academic in origin. However, Cultural Logic is committed not just to understanding the world, but changing it too. Featured articles in the journal encompass discussions of the health of Marxism in the wake of recent post-structuralist critiques, as well as more localised interventions in politics. Cultural Logic, then, is a fascinating hybrid - part high-theory journal, part call to action. As such, it will be essential reading for anyone interested in contemporary radical movements, or working in theory or politics. Access to past issues, dating back to the journal's beginnings in 1997, is available, along with links, a search facility, and submission information.
Cultural Notes is a full-text ejournal produced by the UK's Libertarian Alliance. At May 2009 there are 54 issues freely available, with text as either HTML or PDF. Example article titles include: 'Tolkein's Ring: An Allegory for the Modern State'; 'Government Against the People In the USA: Reflections on the Documentary Film - Waco: The Rules of Engagement'; Roger Scruton's article 'Against Deconstruction'; 'Romanticism and Its Enemies in Twentieth Century Cinema'; 'Collectivism Versus Romanticism in the Early Cinema: Sergei Eisenstein and the Mass-Hero'; and 'Life, Liberty and the Stars: The Ideological Significance of Science Fiction', among many others. Articles are available as PDF files. This journal will be useful for those seeking articles offering a libertarian perspective on popular culture, music and the arts.
Culture Machine is an initiative which seeks to advance research and scholarship in culture and theory. For this, they provide an open access international peer-reviewed electronic journal dedicated to cultural studies (ISSN: 1465-4121). It publishes articles and reviews relating to British, Australian and American work in culture and theory that extends the boundaries of its field (but it also welcomes submissions outside these areas). The ejournal is published annually, whilst reviews are published on an on-going basis. All contents are freely available from this website. A section called 'InterZone' is a supplement to the electronic journal, publishing new and experimental research all year round. Each Culture Machine ejournal has a theme. Recent themes have included: Biopolitics; Community; the e-Issue (future of electronic literature; e-archive project; art history; literary ghosts); the Ethico-Political Issue (politics, ethics, radical democracy, aesthetics); Virologies: Culture and Contamination (poesis, atopoesis, autopoethics; nanotechnology; science fiction; artificial life); the University Culture Machine (Jacques Derrida; literature and philosophy; deconstruction; hypertext; future of humanities; academic publishing). A further supplement is a cultural studies electronic archive (CSeARCH) which provides visitors with access to other resources in this area. The website also includes detailed information about the editorial board and the submission process.
This site hosts the complete online text of 'De Cive' ('The Citizen') (1651), by Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679). Whilst the 'Leviathan' is the more famous of Hobbes' socio-political treatises, the shorter 'De Cive' is arguably more readily accessible. The text here is mostly that of the 1651 edition, but with some amendments based on the Molesworth edition, and some orthographical modernisations to avoid confusion. The editor explains these decisions at the end of his introduction to the work. The text is available as HTML pages divided by chapter, or as a single-page plain text file.
This website describes an AHRC-sponsored workshop ‘Disability and Disadvantage: Re-examining Topics in Moral and Political Philosophy’. The workshop, which took place in 2007, aimed to advance the moral and philosophical discussion of disability and disadvantage beyond the traditional themes of quality of life and decisions over bearing healthy children. In doing so, it hoped to use considerations of disability to derive important insights overlooked by mainstream discourses in mainstream philosophy. The website lists the workshop programme and participants, but unfortunately access to discussion papers is restricted by password.
The American Philosophical Association (APA) Diversity Syllabi Project Web page offers a collection of sample syllabi for philosophy courses focusing on various aspects of the theme of diversity. Specific topics include: African American Philosophy; American Indian Philosophy; Asian Philosophy; Feminist Philosophy; Philosophical Perspectives on Disability Studies; Race and Multiculturalism; Peace and Social Justice/Philosophy of Law; and Gay and Lesbian Philosophy. Much of the material is hosted on site, but there are also a few links to external sources (some of which, unfortunately, are broken). The APA hopes that this site will encourage other instructors to develop courses of their own in these various fields, or to incorporate elements from these topics into more general philosophy courses.
Dogma is an electronic journal that publishes articles and reviews in the areas of philosophy, psychoanalysis, critical theory, political theory, aesthetics, and sociology. Most of the articles appear here in French, but there is also some material in English and German. All articles are fully downloadable and freely available. In addition to the papers, there is a broad selection of reviews of recent publications in the aforementioned fields. There is also an extensive bibliography of a selection of contemporary authors, as well as a sophisticated search facility. In sum, this is a very well-designed, user-friendly Web resource that offers a substantial range of high quality material.
Electronic Enlightenment is a substantial scholarly project of the University of Oxford's Humanities Division, available online via Oxford University Press. This subscription resource offers unrivalled online access to correspondence from the long 18th century (approximately 1688 to 1815, though some earlier and later materials are included). At time of writing, over 53,000 letters and other documents from almost 6,000 correspondents were available, with twice yearly updates promised. The authors include great thinkers such as John Locke; David Hume; Jeremy Bentham; and Adam Smith; plus a host of other scholars; politicians; writers; artists; churchmen; members of the professions; and society figures. The letters are taken from the best critical editions, and feature nearly 230,000 scholarly annotations. Works in a variety of languages (including Italian, French, and German in addition to English) are available, and some of the material is previously unpublished. Users can browse the collection, or make use of the sophisticated search tools. Although still in its early stages, this project should prove a valuable resource to the study of the 18th century across numerous disciplines.
The Ernest Gellner Resource Site is maintained by the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), where Gellner (1925-1995) was a Professor of Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method for twenty-two years, between 1962 and 1984. The resources available here are wide ranging in nature, and cover all aspects of Gellner's work. These include, among other things: a bibliography of Gellner's work spanning from the 1950s to the 1990s; a collection of reviews of his books; and an assembly of quotes from his work. Visitors can read a small number of articles and excerpts from his better known books like 'Nation and Nationalism' (1983) and 'Conditions of Liberty: Civil Society and Its Rivals' (1994). The site also includes a biography, obituaries and access to relevant online resources.
This ejournal (ISSN 1526-0569), published biannually, devotes each issue to a specific topic (recent topics include Business Ethics; The Philosophy of Language; and Civil Disobedience). Essays in Philosophy claims to follow 'no specific school of thought, mode of philosophizing, or style of writing', and although recent issues generally follow the Anglo-American tradition, there are essays in the Continental tradition covering such thinkers as Hegel, Husserl and Derrida. Published by Pacific University, the journal announces topics for upcoming issues one year in advance. The site also contains a large number of book reviews.
ETHICS ETC is an online discussion forum for those interested in contemporary philosophical issues in areas such as normative ethics; metaethics; moral epistemology; moral psychology, applied ethics; social and political philosophy; and law. It was founded in May 2007 by Dr Matthew Liao of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Oxford. This website, which is licensed under a Creative Commons Licence, allows access to all discussions posted on the forum since its inception. It also contains opinion polls; information about books recently published; and links to other philosophy blogs, the homepages of relevant journals and online philosophy resources. Articles can also be accessed from the hyperlinks provided to the homepages of contributors. A search engine is available.
Foundations of Political Theory is a specialist section of the American Political Science Association (APSA). This website outlines the purpose of the organization and its bylaws, and offers links to a number of online resources useful for the study of political theory. These include: journals and texts; newsletters; and course syllabi (although quite a number of the links were not active at the time of review). Access is also given to the home pages of organizations and research institutes. Details of forthcoming conferences, events and job vacancies are also provided, but the site does not appear to be regularly updated. The organization is chaired by Michael Gibbons of the University of South Florida.
'The Future of Humanity Institute' (FHI) describes itself as... "a unique multidisciplinary research institute at the University of Oxford" operating as part of the Oxford Faculty of Philosophy. The Institute seeks to engage in pioneering research in the ethics of areas such as: 'Human enhancement'; 'Global catastrophic risks'; 'Rationality and wisdom' in decision-making; and 'Future technologies'. The FHI website offers a full description of FHI staff, and there are also progress reports to download in PDF format. Video is available for some of the guest lectures at the FHI. The pages that detail each of the main research strands also offer full-text PDF papers for download, and links to FHI weblogs.
This is a free online archive of the UK magazine 'Gay Left', which ran from 1975 until 1980 and was edited from London. It is now of historical interest, and each issue has been scanned and placed online. Issues can be freely downloaded as PDF files, and these contain OCR text that can be copied and pasted. The journal regularly carried essays and reviews by notable names such as Richard Dyer, Jeffrey Weeks, Emmanuel Cooper, Ann Oakley, and Simon Watney, among others. Jeffrey Weeks has written a special new overview essay for the website archive. The archive and new essay will be of interest to those researching radical politics and sexuality in the UK during the late 1970s.
This website about Hugo Grotius (1583-1645) consists of a biography and links to primary and secondary resources. Grotius was a lawyer, historian, and political philosopher. He has been described as 'the founding father of international law', and is best known for his treatise 'The Law of War and Peace' ('De Jure Belli ac Pacis'). The website links to a full-text English version of this work, in the form of a PDF file. There is also a short bibliography of Grotius's key publications. The links to secondary essays are useful, and include a number of essays on the relevance of Grotius today.
Humanitas is a print journal that makes a considerable amount of its content freely and openly available online. It offers articles and reviews for those interested in theoretical aspects of sociology (construed as a humanities discipline) and other social sciences, political and cultural criticism, and aesthetics. Scholarly articles sit alongside film reviews and poetry. The tendency, in tone and content, is towards conservative humanism, although liberalism and postmodernism also make frequent appearances in discussions. The current issue, and full tables of contents plus partial access to archives dating back to volume six which was published in 1992, are available. Information about the editors, subscriptions to the print journal, and instructions for submission to the journal, can all be found via the home page. Humanitas is published by the National Humanities Institute. Links to the Institute's site as well as to a number of other sites of relevance to humanities research are given at the bottom of the Humanitas home page.
Inter-disciplinary.Net's Hostility and Violence hub is a website which brings together research into the nature and role of hostility and violence in contemporary life, and explores how violence is portrayed in media, art, and literature. The hub is home to a number of discrete projects: War, virtual war and human security; Violence and the contexts of hostility; and Persecution. Project archives are available, plus details of past and forthcoming conferences and other project activities, and ebooks of a number of volumes of conference proceedings are also available via the Publishing section of the parent site. The projects bring together academics from a range of disciplines, to explore philosophical, historical, theological, literary, cultural, political, and other perspectives on the issues under consideration.
Inter-Disciplinary.Net's Transformations hub is an online resource for exploring aspects of human nature that are in flux. The hub is home to a number of discrete (and quite diverse) projects: Ethics and Public Life; Culture, Politics, Aesthetics; Intellectuals, Knowledge, Power; Sexualities; The Erotic; and Good Sex, Bad Sex: Sex Law, Crime, and Ethics. Project archives are available for each of these (though at time of review, in some cases these were still under construction), plus details of past and forthcoming conferences and other project activities. The projects bring together academics from a range of disciplines, including: ethics; political philosophy; philosophy of love and sex; and cultural studies.
The International Gramsci Society website aims to provide information on the life and works of the Italian political philosopher and activist Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937). The site makes available helpful introductory material on Gramsci, including a biography, chronology and photo archive. For students of Gramsci's works, the site provides: online secondary materials; links to Gramsci's writings; reviews of recent publications on Gramsci, and some interesting audio and video material available for streaming or download. The Society also uses this site to give details of its internal organisation and activities, as well as to make available online both HTML and PDF versions of its newsletter. All information is available in English and free of charge. Links to other relevant sites in English and Italian are given.
The International Journal of Žižek Studies is a new electronic publication devoted to the exploration of the work and influence of cultural theorist Slavoj Žižek (1949- ). Issues are fully and freely available online, with articles presented for the most part in PDF format. Although the journal currently publishes in English only, translations into a variety of non-European languages are planned. Information on the journal's editorial board, along with instructions to contributors, and details of future issues, can all be found on the site. The Information page contains links to other relevant websites of interest, and a select few links can also be found on the Contents page. Although in the early stages, this resource will prove of interest to advanced students and researchers of Žižek in particular, and contemporary cultural theory and criticism in general.
International Socialism (ISSN: 1754-4653) is a quarterly journal dedicated to socialist theory. Based in London, it is edited by Chris Harman and published by the Socialist Workers' Party. This website provides access to all works featured since 2003 and they are available without charge. These include the following articles: 'The shape of the working class'; 'A history of Muslim workers in Britain'; 'Marxism and terrorism'; and 'Socialism in the 21st century'. The site also provides links to relevant online resources and audio recordings from a few conferences. This should be a useful resource for those interested in political philosophy.
Isegoria (ISSN 1130-2097) is a biannual journal dedicated to moral and political philosophy. Based in Spain, it publishes articles on a wide range of topics including those on ethics; analytical philosophy; and the philosophy of right, history, religion, and science. This website is accessible in Spanish and English. It contains an archive which allows viewers to read a number of the works they published without charge. These are in PDF format and are mostly in Spanish. The site also provides a search engine; submission guidelines for authors; and information about its editorial board.
This website provides bibliographical and secondary source material on the British Utilitarian and political and economic theorist, Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832), along with a selection of his works. A complete list of all published works by Bentham is given, as well as a selected list, on the home page, of writings on Bentham. There are also reprints of discussions of Bentham and his influence by John Stuart Mill and Leslie Stephen. The site is perhaps of primary interest, though, for its provision of the full text of a number of Bentham's works centring on economic theory, including: 'Defence of Usury'; 'Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation'; 'A Fragment on Government'; and 'A Manual of Political Economy'. Some of these texts are in PDF format. The site is made available through the extensive McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought.
Jeremy Bentham Links is a large collection of varied Internet sources for the study of Jeremy Bentham, the nineteenth-century political philosopher who created "Benthamism" based upon the theory of utilitarianism ("the greatest good for the greatest number" principle), which drove Victorian legal reformers. Although this website contains little original content, it is a very good source for those studying nineteenth-century political science, history, philosophy, or for literature students as background knowledge for prose by writers such as Charles Dickens, John Ruskin, and Thomas Carlyle. There are many links to Bentham's texts: "A Fragment of Government", "Pannomial Fragments", and others. There are links to Bentham's letters, his infamous will in which he ordered his body to be preserved and seated at a desk in a glass case, and many articles on his works.
Johnstonia is the home page of Ian Johnston, formerly an instructor at Vancouver Island University in Canada. The website offers a substantial collection of primary texts, many of which were translated by Johnston, plus many of Johnston's own essays, lecture transcripts, book reviews, and other study materials. Most of the primary texts fall within the disciplines of classics and philosophy, including works by: Aristophanes; Homer; Nietzsche; Rousseau; and several others. The lectures and other material cover many of the same authors, plus a number of literary writers: T. S. Eliot, John Milton, and Tom Stoppard are among those included, and there is a section devoted to the study of Shakespeare. The site describes itself as 'designed to provide curricular material for various courses in literature and Liberal Studies'. The works are freely available for educational and other non-commercial uses.
This is the personal homepage of the renowned moral, legal and political philosopher Joseph Raz (b.1939). Author of well-known books like The Morality of Freedom (1986), Ethics in the Public Domain (1995), and Practical Reason and Norms, Raz is currently a professor of Law at Columbia University. This website contains his curriculum vitae (CV); an annotated bibliography of his books; and a list of his other publications. Significantly, it provides access to recent articles written by him, both published and unpublished. These, which are presented in PDF, include articles like 'The Problem of Authority'; 'About Morality and the Nature of Law'; 'The Role of Well-Being'; and 'The Myth of Instrumental Rationality'. The site also provides links to the homepages of organisations which Raz is affiliated with.
The Journal of Buddhist Ethics (JBE) is a wholly-online, peer-reviewed journal (ISSN: 1076-9005). It is divided into annual volumes which run back to 1994. Areas dealt with include: Vinaya and jurisprudence; medical ethics; philosophical ethics; human rights; ethics and psychology; ecology and the environment; social and political philosophy; cross-cultural ethics; ethics and anthropology; and interfaith dialogue on ethics. The journal also carries a substantial number of book reviews. The website presents full information about submitting to the journal, plus details of the editorial board, policy, and coverage. The Journal of Buddhist Ethics is also a gateway to online resources for the study of Buddhism in general. There is an extensive (though unannotated) list of websites, and the scholarly resources section includes links to bibliographies and other reference materials. The site further acts as the primary distributor of a public domain version of the Pali Canon in electronic form (in association with the Sri Lanka Tripitaka Project). Additional fonts may be required in order to display the texts in Pali. The site also includes a search engine.
This homepage of the Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy (JESP) (ISSN:1559-3061) is maintained by the School of Law at the University of Southern California (USC). Edited by Andrei Marmor, James Dreier, Julia Driver and David Estlund, this electronic peer-reviewed journal publishes short discussion notes and articles on moral, political and legal philosophy. The site allows the public to access without charge all materials featured in the journal since the first volume was published in 2005. These are presented in PDF and would require Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. Items can be searched chronologically, or by title, keyword or authors' name. Works published to date include: The Myth of Instrumental Rationality; Egalitarian Justice and Innocent Choice; Welfare, Achievement and Self-Sacrifice; and Hume's Internalism Reconsidered. The homepage also contains the journal's editorial policy and instructions for authors.
This web page attempts to collate the bibliographic details of all journals devoted to eighteenth-century studies extant in the world. In practice, this amounts to over twenty publications in various languages covering most humanities disciplines. For each journal, the following information is given where available: the date of the journal's inception; the address at which it may be contacted; its current editors; its size, scope, and price; the frequency of its publication; the number of subscribers; the countries where it is distributed; the language(s) in which it is written; whether or not the journal includes book reviews; and an email and web page address. The website is written in both French and English, and is of obvious value to anyone wishing to publish an article on an eighteenth-century subject, or find a relevant journal in a particular field.
j_spot is an electronic journal of social and political thought (ISSN: 1481-8-5842) that is committed to interdisciplinary cultural analysis. Placing itself in the grand tradition of modern European philosophy and social thought, j_spot is as dedicated to using theory for the analysis of culture and society as it is to criticising the anti-social aspects of such thinking. Issues include themes that range from anthropology to theology - there are articles on gift exchange, and there are pieces on ideas of responsibility in Jacques Derrida and Immanuel Levinas. Theory is the shared language of these disciplines, but only a theory that puts itself on the agenda. Unfortunately, the site does not seem to have been updated since 2003. The existing links are nevertheless working and the materials contained on the site would still be of use to those working in theory, culture or politics.
Karl Marx / Friedrich Engels is a subsite of Stimmen der proletarischen Revolution (Voices of the Proletarian Revolution), an online compendium of primary source documents of revolutionary movements from the 19th and 20th centuries. The Marx-Engels collection here runs from 1837 to 1895. Documents are transcripts of originals in German, ranging from private letters, articles, to manuscript texts and publications. Topics of note include the Jewish Question and emancipation; anti-Semitism; the role of power in history; the working classes in England, Chartists and the Corn Laws; critiques of Hegelian legal philosophy and state law; speeches on free trade and speeches at economic congresses; commentaries on 19th century political affairs in Europe and Russia; the Communist Manifesto; Das Kapital; and remarks on the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871. This collection will prove helpful for undergraduates and postgraduates who are just starting their research and the site would also make a good teaching tool. The site has its own search engine, with which users can search through the texts of documents. Bibliographical information is posted with each transcription.
Krisis is a Dutch open access peer-reviewed journal for contemporary philosophy. It provides an arena for the discussion of issues in social and political philosophy, cultural theory, the philosophy of science and technology, and empirical philosophy. Titles of recent articles include: 'Seeds of the Future. "Presence" of the Past in Relation to Ethnic Violence'; 'Sociology and Science. A Short Controversy Study About Rembrandt's Painting'; and 'Power and Powerlessness of Human Rights'. Krisis has existed in print form since 1981, but was relaunched as an online publication in 2008. It began life as an exclusively Dutch-language work, but recent issues also include articles in English.
The Leon Trotsky Internet Archive is a resource that provides access to an extensive online collection of Trotsky's works. The scope of material is vast, ranging from minor articles to major monographs, all of which are listed chronologically. There is also biographical information on Trotsky, photographs, and extensive links to online versions of Trotsky's writing in languages other than English. Leon Trotsky (1879-1940) remains one of the most important Marxist thinkers of all time. Along with Vladimir Il'ich Lenin (1870-1924), Trotsky was the leader of the 1917 Russian Revolution. Trotsky is famous for his contribution to the concept of permanent revolution. He postulated that victory of socialism outside Russia was a necessary condition to the stable establishment of socialism within Russia. The Leon Trotsky Internet Archive is an invaluable resource for anyone studying and researching Trotsky and his work. It forms part of the vast Marxist Internet Archive, which is committed to providing free access to material and resources on Marxism.
A website maintained by the Constitution Society which provides free access to a collection of several hundred full text books on constitutional government and political philosophy. These include classic works on the nature of government and democracy published from the 17th Century - 19th century. Examples include: Milton, Thomas More; John Stuart Mill. Also provided are works on the American constitution and the nature of the American republic.
The Constitution Society's 'Liberty Library' contains the texts of nearly 150 historic legal, philosophical, or constitutional documents. Although the more recent materials are weighted towards American constitutional history, there are many important English documents from before the War of Independence and several older European and Classical texts. All texts are in English and provide details of the print edition they have been adapted from and the translator where applicable. The site includes such famous texts as: the 'Code of Hammurabi'; the 'Magna Carta'; 'Leviathan' and several other pieces by Thomas Hobbes; the 'Habeas Corpus Act'; John Locke's texts on toleration and the 'Second Treatise on Government'; works by Jean Jacques Rousseau; and Henry David Thoreau's 'Civil Disobedience'. Many of the texts are available to view in a choice of formats; all are available as HTML files. This is an excellent site with a good selection of reliable texts. It should be of use to historians, political philosophers, and interested members of the general public alike.
This Open University website accompanies a series of BBC Four television lectures delivered by Mark Steel, stand-up comedian, journalist and political satirist. The series is an adaptation of Steel's earlier broadcasts on Radio 4 and presents the left-wing comedian's own opinions on the lives and works of "people with a passion" (including Aristotle, Byron, Cromwell, Darwin, Descartes, Marx, Newton, Paine, and Pankhurst). The television lectures were well-researched, and are forcefully and clearly delivered. They avoid comical lecturing, but comedy pervades every episode. Genuine historical comment and insight captures the attention of all - including the "MTV generation". Although obviously accessible for the general reader, the website will be of interest for school and undergraduate students. As well as information about the presenter, the site includes brief essays by Open University tutors on the Steel's lectures and their subjects: Aristotle (by Jon Pike); George Gordon, Lord Byron (by Hamish Johnson); Charles Darwin (by Paul Underhill); Sigmund Freud (by Richard Stevens); Karl Marx (by Sue Hemmings); Isaac Newton (by Robin Wilson). There is also the opportuntiy to follow the history of thought and philosophy further with links to Open University courses, and an email discussion forum about the lectures.
The Marxists Internet Archive is an extensive resource which aims to provide access to texts by and about Marxist thinkers. Marxists.org presents a sizeable number of texts by key thinkers such as Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Il'ich Lenin and Leon Trotsky. The most interesting feature about the site however is its pedagogical intent. Those familiar with Marxism will find the resource very useful, but those new to Marxism can receive what is, in effect, a crash course in dialectical materialism. Explaining basic tenets, such as the theory of surplus value and alienation, Marxism.org is a powerful site devoted to spreading the word of Marx and resolving misconceptions about his legacy. The site is divided into five main sections: Marxist writers; Marxist history; subject archive; reference writers; encyclopaedia of Marxism. There is also a students' section presenting selected foundational texts as an introduction to early Marxism. Marxist writers is the largest section, holding over 500 texts. Large collections of works are available in electronic form for Marx and Engels; Lenin; Trotsky; James Connolly; Daniel DeLeon; Rosa Luxemburg; and John MacLean. Smaller collections exist for writers like Evald Ilyenkov, Karl Kautsky, and Max Shachtman. The Marx and Engels, and Lenin archives are the most substantial, each holding over 200 works as well as correspondence, biographies, photographic images and a subject index. The Marxist history section contains substantial material for the study of the Paris commune and early Soviet history. The subject archive deals with themes like anti-imperialism and Marxism in Africa, political economy, the German Revolution, and the Praxis Group. The section on reference writers draws attention to individuals whose works assist in understanding Marxist concepts. Writers for whom biographies and excerpts are provided include Ludwig Feuerbach; Georg Hegel; Jean-Paul Sartre; Albert Einstein; Charles Darwin; Georgi Dimitrov; and Thomas More. The entire site with all its texts and secondary material is also available on CD-ROM. Work on the site is undertaken by a team of volunteers. The contributions of the volunteers and the overall management of the site is governed by a constitution reflecting the spirit of Marxist thought.
This is a German-language website devoted to the 19th-century German philosopher Max Stirner (1806-1856). A pupil of Hegel, Stirner published works in the spirit of 'left Hegelianism'. His reputation today is divided between those who regard him as a still relevant oppositional thinker, and those who consider him a weak precursor of Marx or Nietzsche. The site contains the following sections: information about Max Stirner publications; book reviews; contents of the journal published by the site, including articles on Stirner's relationships with the thought of Hegel, Marx, Nietzsche, Freud, and anarchism; and a biography of the thinker.
'Methods of Sidgwick' is a website which forms part of the larger Classical Utilitarian Website (CUWS). It is dedicated to Henry Sidgwick (1838-1900), a Victorian academic who in many ways embodied the spirit of the Victorian period with his constant search for knowledge and the breadth of study he embraced. He studied philosophy, religion, politics, mathematics, ethics, adopting John Stuart Mill's ideas about utilitarianism, developing formulas for social welfare, and promoting women's education. This website contains e-texts of his most important works: 'The Elements of Politics', 'The Methods of Ethics, and 'Practical Ethics'. Each chapter is organised by sections that are indicated by brief descriptions. This format makes the texts searchable and gives easy access. There is a secondary source by David Braybrooke entitled 'Sidgwick's Critique of Nozick', as well as a couple of links to further your search. The site provides a search engine. At the time this record was reviewed, a number of links were in need of repair.
The website of the Michael Oakeshott Association (MOA) provides details about the activities of this society devoted to the promotion and critical discussion of the work of the conservative British political philosopher. The site is in blog format, and includes posts reporting relevant news (for example, of new publications or events), and links to material of interest available elsewhere online. Additionally, the site offers a brief biography of Oakeshott, plus an extensive bibliography (last updated in 2006) of works by and about him. Membership information for the Association is provided, plus details of MOA conferences.
This online essay discusses the legal philosophy of Hugo Grotius (1583-1645) from the perspective of the ethical precepts laid down in his theological works. The author seeks to determine whether Grotius should be considered as belonging to the naturalist, positivist, or eclectic, school of international legal theory or under 'an entirely separate category', the theonomist school. The essay also asks whether Grotius is of any relevance to legal theory today, concluding that his belief that a state is composed of individuals, rather than an abstract entity in itself, should be given greater attention. The essay's footnotes are a little intrusive, being regularly inserted into the body of the text, but the work appears scholarly enough.
This Web page on the website of the Intercollegiate Studies Institute gives free and open access to a 50 year digital archive of the journal 'Modern Age', one of the leading journals in post-1945 political philosophy. Journal issues are in full-text form, and may be downloaded as PDF files. 'Modern Age' is described as... "the principal quarterly of the intellectual Right", and its online archives date back to 1957. This will be a useful resource for historians of politics, especially in the English-speaking world. There appears to be no keyword search option, but using Google to search for: keyword site:www.isi.org/journals/archive/ will serve the same function.
The Nietzsche Society website is the home page of the organisation of the same name, whose stated aim is the promotion of the study of the philosophy of the 19th century German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), primarily from a Continental perspective. The resource provides details of the aims and activities of the Society, including its annual conference, as well as hyperlinked access to the website of the Society's journal "New Nietzsche Studies". There is also linked access to a useful array of Nietzsche resources hosted elsewhere on the Web, including other Nietzsche societies and various research tools dedicated to the study of Nietzsche. The resource is easy to navigate with its hyperlink facility, though employs sometimes quite distracting (especially on the journal's call for papers page) large-scale graphics. Unfortunately, the Society's information pages do not appear to have been updated for some time; however, the links are still current and the journal's Web page is up-to-date.
The Nietzsche Source website provides online scholarly editions of the works of the German 19th-century philosopher, Friedrich Nietzsche. The works are available in two forms: an electronic critical edition, and digital facsimiles of manuscripts, proof copies, and early printed versions of Nietzsche's writings. Key works include 'Thus Spake Zarathustra', 'On the Genealogy of Morals', and 'Twilight of the Idols'. The site's introductory material is available in four languages (English, German, French, and Italian), though the works themselves are only in German. The material is made available under a Creative Commons licence, so may be reused for non-commercial purposes free of charge. A valuable resource for serious Nietzsche scholars.
This website is dedicated to the life and work of Norberto Bobbio (1909-2004) one of the key Italian political philosophers of the twentieth century. Hosted by the Centro studi Piero Gobetti of Turin, it provides access to a well organised bibliography of Norberto Bobbio's entire work. This can be searched by subject, genre, language, source and date. The full-text of the majority of works listed is available online, or can be ordered electronically. At the time of this review the complete output for the years 1929 to 2006 has been added. Publications regarding Norberto Bobbio - monographs, articles and book-reviews - are available. The section "Lezioni di Bobbio" provides access to abstracts and press cuttings on the lectures delivered in honour of Norberto Bobbio by eminent intellectuals - Umberto Eco, Giovanni Sartori and Stefano Rodotŕ among them. The section "News" contains full-text of newspaper articles and press cuttings, listed in chronological order; writings by Norberto Bobbio, subdivided by their topics; relevant articles by different authors. The website is available in Italian, English and several other languages, although to varying degrees of completeness.
This is the website of the North American Nietzsche Society. The Society was formed in 1980 to encourage dialogue among scholars working on Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), foster exchange of ideas and collaborations, and encourage other Nietzsche-based productions. Philosophers and researchers in German literature constitute the majority of Society members. The site contains calls for papers, previous conference programmes, information about joining the Society, and a brief message from the Society's director, the Nietzsche scholar Richard Schacht. There is also a section devoted to the correct citation of Nietzsche's texts.
'The Oxonian Review of Books' (ORB) is a full-text online journal that is "published three times a year by graduate members of the University of Oxford." The journal also features essays. At October 2007, 15 issues of ORB are freely available in either HTML or PDF format. The focus of ORB is on scholarly reviews of "recently published work in literature, politics, history, science and the arts". Drawings, photographs and poetry are also published occasionally. For potential contributors, the ORB website has details of the submission process and procedures.
The Paideia Project On-Line is dedicated to the Proceedings of 20th World Congress of Philosophy at Boston University, held between 10 and 15 August 1998. The most substantial aspect of the site is the Paideia Archive, which makes available almost a thousand papers presented at the conference. The archive arranges papers by subject matter in an orderly and user-friendly manner, and the coverage is fairly comprehensive. Beyond the traditional philosophical categories, there are sections on the philosophy of sport, education, children, gender, and literature, plus regional entries focusing on African, Asian, American, and Latin American philosophy. The papers themselves are in printer-friendly HTML format and, with a few exceptions, are in English. They are written by professional philosophers and graduate students who attended the Congress. There is a sophisticated search function for finding particular topics in the archive. This resource will be of primary use to research students and faculty members, especially those investigating the less conventional or widespread areas of philosophy.
Parrhesia - A Journal of Critical Philosophy (ISSN 1834-3287) is a peer-reviewed work which examines the intersections between questions of subjectivity, politics, ethics, aesthetics and truth. This website allows free access to all published articles and book reviews. It contains information about the editorial board; a style guide; and links to relevant websites. Articles featured include: 'Thinking Between Disputes: An Aesthetics of Knowledge'; 'Foucault, Freedom and Truth Emergence'; 'Restating Sovereignty: On America's Regaining the Old Sense of the Political'; and 'The Many Faces of Humanitarianism'. The journal is affiliated with the University of Melbourne and the Melbourne School of Continental Philosophy.
This is the website of the Political Philosophy unit taught by Professor Chris Bertram at Bristol University in the academic year 2003/2004. The course dealt with core topics in political philosophy and democratic theory. The site provides access to lecture notes that deal with topics such as Thomas Hobbes' (1588-1679) and Jean-Jacques Rousseau's (1712-1778) arguments for the state, and John Rawls' (1921-2002) theory of justice. These are in PDF and require Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. There are also links to relevant articles and texts online, but users should be aware that a number of these require access to JSTOR, an archive of scholarly journals available by subscription.
This site is a collection of 150 essays, about various topics in current philosophy. The main topics are: philosophy of science, cognitive science, aesthetics, philosophy of economics, and philosophy of psychology. The essays tend to be quite short but, in many cases, serve as a useful introduction to various topics. Essays on "Mind and Artificial Intelligence", for example, cover Searle's Chinese Room argument, and Turing Machines.The site consists of a series of links to the articles, which are organised by area of philosophy, and accessing the material is therefore quite straightforward. There are also links to other useful sites.
Philosophy Compass (ISSN 1747-9991) is an online scholarly journal which publishes original peer-reviewed surveys of research and other significant works from across the discipline. It fills a gap left by existing guides within the subject by focussing on the most up-to-date development in philosophy. The materials are organised according to Authors' names as well as the following themes: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Continental; Epistemology; Ethics; History of Philosophy; Legal and Political; Logic and Language; Metaphysics; Mind and Cognitive Science; Naturalistic Philosophy; Philosophy of Science; and Philosophy of Religion. While this is a subscription-based journal, free trials are available from this site, together with sample articles and abstracts of all materials published. The site also provides information about its editorial board and on how to subscribe to the journal. This resource is published by Wiley-Blackwell Publishing under the general editorship of Brian Weatherson of Cornell University.
'The Philosophy of Trust' is a website presented by BBCi and the Open University to further explore the topic addressed by Onora O'Neill in the 2002 Reith Lectures. This resource gives a general description of the concept of trust and contains interesting commentaries from contemporary academics on trust, philosophy and society. There is a section which gives a brief summary of the viewpoints of several philosophers on this topic. They range from Szu Tzu, Aristotle, Plato, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Hume, Rousseau and Kant, to Marx, Foucault, Nash, Baier and O'Neill herself. All of the above can be downloaded as PDF or Word documents. Viewers are also given the opportunity to engage in the Open University's interactive version of The Prisoner's Dilemma.
This is the website of the Political Philosophy course previously run by Dr Robert Lane at the University of West Georgia. The module deals primarily with the topics of distributive justice and the justification for political authority. This website gives access to lecture outlines that deal with many topics in this area, such as Plato's (428-347 BCE) rejection of Thrasymachus' account of justice and John Locke's (1632-1704) justification for state authority. Other philosophers discussed include Aristotle (384-322 BCE), Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), John Stuart Mill (1806-1873), Karl Marx (1818-1883), John Rawls (1921-2002), and Robert Nozick (1938-2002). The site also contains a useful summary outline of the lecture notes, a study guide that highlights key themes and points of interest, and a guide to writing philosophy papers. Although the resource does not seem to have been updated since 2003, the contents remain useful for undergraduates beginning studies in Political Philosophy.
Politics, Philosophy, and Medieval Studies is a website compiled by John Kilcullen of Macquarie University, Australia. It offers introductory material on various aspects of political thought, philosophy, and intellectual history. These take the form of essays, lecture notes, reading guides, and other teaching materials, accompanied by copies of a few of the primary works under discussion (some of which are in the original Latin). The site covers a wide range of authors and topics, with section headings including: Australian Politics; Epistemology, Religion, Ethics and Political Philosophy; History of Political Thought; Medieval and Early Modern Intellectual History; William of Ockham as a Political Thinker; and Medieval Philosophy. This site is likely to be of interest to undergraduate students, and perhaps also to instructors searching for examples of content, structure, and teaching methodology.
'The Proceedings of the Friesian School, Fourth Series' is an electronic journal dedicated to continuing the Friesian reformation of philosophical thinking. The Friesian School traces its origins back to Kant. The name Friesian refers to Jakob Friedrich Fries (1773-1843), an evaluator and developer of Kant's theory of Transcendental Deduction. Fries was rediscovered by Leonard Nelson (1882-1927). Others who were influenced by Kantian thinking via Fries include Rudolf Otto, Karl Popper, and Friedrich A. Hayek. The journal contains an archive of essays on a range of subject areas including, 'History of Philosophy' (largest section), 'Epistemology', 'Philosophy of Science', 'Ethics', 'Political Economy', 'Value Theory', 'Philosophy of Religion', 'Metaphysics', and 'Philosophy of History'. Each section contains a mixture of contributed essays and editorial essays (the latter written by the editor, Kelley L. Ross). There are also a number of book reviews, the majority undertaken by the editor. The journal is not peer reviewed though authors of contributed essays include academic staff, postgraduates and senior undergraduates. The writings of the editor comprise the bulk of the site. A section of the site is also dedicated to the publication of correspondence between the editor and readers.
'Quarterly Journal of Ideology' is an ejournal published from Louisiana State University. The journal aims to publish work challenging an established view in a field of study. Back-issues are freely available online from the year 2000 to 2008, but access to the most recent issue is limited to subscribers only. Some issues published prior to 2000 are available in print form via mail-order. There are many free articles online, likely to be of interest to political philosophers - especially those examining fascist and Marxist ideology, and the contemporary U.S. spectrum of conservativism. There are also some free articles of interest to those in media and film studies include: 'Organizational Culture and Its Influence on the News: Class Ideology in Newspapers and Chains'; 'The Dominant Ideology in the Press: Run-of-the-Paper Background Assumptions in 14 Ohio Newspapers'; and 'Green Berets and Born Killers: Myth-Making and the Vietnam War in American Film', among others. The website has details of the editors, Editorial Board, and submission details. Although the main page footer states that the website has not been updated since 2002, issues from 2002-2008 have been placed online.
The 'R.A. Forum' or Research on Anarchism website provides access to a database containing information about a wide variety of resources relating to the history of anarchism. These records cover the development of anarchism from early thinkers such as Bakunin and Kropotkin to 20th-century and contemporary figures such as Emma Goldman, Murray Bookchin and Colin Ward. The site includes a wide variety of records, such as: full-length scholarly articles; transcripts of presentations and speeches; links to online editions of key texts; bibliographies and bibliographic records of anarchist periodicals; titles of current theses on anarchism and related subjects; book reviews; and reviews of art exhibitions, plays and other events. The site also includes a calendar of current events, and a link to the Research on Anarchism Discussion List. The website is available in several languages, with varying numbers of records in each language; those languages with the most records are French and English. The site can be browsed using the comprehensive lists of names and keywords. It can also be searched. Each record is accompanied by a list of related records in English, and a further list of similar records in other languages. Links to relevant external sites are also provided. The navigation could perhaps be a little clearer, and more differentiation between the types of records would be helpful to the first-time user. This website is a rich resource, providing access to a wealth of information about sources for research on anarchism, and to critical writing by contemporary thinkers. It will be of interest to any student of anarchist thought.
The Radical Academy is a vast website that provides information on an array of subjects, as well as acting as a gateway to other sites. The emphasis in on philosophy, but politics and political theory, religion, education, and the sciences are all covered. From the Academy's home page one can connect to sections providing resources on a range of subjects, mostly related to philosophy, including: collections of essays by the Academy's president, Jonathan Dolhenty, and by Mortimer J. Adler (1902-2001); a glossary of philosophical terms; and various sections on the history of philosophy and on individual philosophers, such as Thomas Aquinas (ca. 1225-1274). The Resource Centers section offers substantial collections of links to off-site resources, categorised by subject area.
Additionally, there are plenty of opportunities to become actively involved with the site, in the form of blogs, forums, a guestbook, and a chance to ask the Academy a question. News, events, and other items of topical interest are also supplied. Some of the in-house resources suggest that for the most part the site is being pitched at a general or introductory level. The site makes use of frames. Because of the scale of the website and the presence of a considerable amount of advertising, the site is not at first glance easy to navigate, and individual pages are slow to load. The persistent explorer will, however, be rewarded with a potential wealth of information.
This is the website for 'Ratio Juris: An International Journal of Jurisprudence and Philosophy of Law' (ISSN: 1467-9337). It provides submission guidelines for authors; subscription/renewal details; tables of contents and abstracts for all articles published since 1988; and access to a free sample issue. Papers published include the following: 'Means and capabilities in the discussion of distributive justice'; 'Rights and the sovereignty of the people in the crisis of the nation state'; 'Human rights and the limits of constitutional theory'; 'Equality before the law and precedent'; and 'Essentialism, conventionalism and primacy'. The journal is published quarterly by Wiley Blackwell in conjunction with the University of Bologna. It is edited by Carla Faralli.
'The Realist Archive Project' is a personal project that aims to build a complete and free online archive of 'The Realist' magazine (1958-1974, 146 issues), which was a magazine that played a notable cultural role in the U.S. radical counterculture of the 1960s and early 1970s. At June 2007, four key issues of 'The Realist' are freely available online. Issues are available as readable page images, with one large and clear scan per page. The author of the website states his intention to post online "four issues every month until the archive is complete", and these will be in their original uncensored form. 'The Realist' often contained cartoons, phrases and ideas that may now be considered shocking or taboo, and thus this archive may not be "safe for viewing in the workplace". Notable contributors to the magazine included Lenny Bruce, Robert Crumb, Norman Mailer, Woody Allen, Joseph Heller, and Wally Wood, among others. The original editor of 'The Realist', Paul Krassner, is thanked by the author of the website, who states scans are "posted with permission". Thus it would appear that Krassner has given permission for the archive to be scanned and placed online.
The Reith Lectures are an annual series of lectures, held since 1948 on a variety of topical issues, which are sponsored by the BBC and presented at venues around the UK. The 2002 lectures were delivered by Onora O'Neill under the title of 'A Question of Trust' and originally broadcast on Radio 4 in April and May 2002. The five lectures each considered an aspect of trust and the lecture headings were as follows: spreading suspicion; trust and terror; called to account; trust and transparency; and licence to deceive. The transcripts of the lectures and Q&A sessions can be printed or listened to from the website (for which RealPlayer software is required).
This website concentrates on works by and on the renowned philosopher Roberto Mangabeira Unger. These include: excerpts from and reviews of his books; the full-text of articles by and on Unger; his writings on themes like world politics, architecture and city planning; and a bibliography of his books written in English, Spanish and Portuguese. The site also contains biographical articles; links to relevant websites; and a guestbook. This resource is maintained by James DeRossitt of the University of Texas at Austin.
'Roger Scruton : writer and philosopher' is the personal website and weblog of British philosopher Roger Scruton. One of the most valuable elements of the website is Roger Scruton's active weblog, which has archives that date back to 2000. In the 'Journalism' section there is a link to an external website containing a full bibliography and full-text copies of many notable press articles by Scruton. A full listing of books can be found in the online C.V., and there are also links to selected Amazon pages that feature books. The website also has details of Scruton's activities in music composition, broadcasting, teaching, his farming, and his personal projects.
The Sir Thomas More pages from Luminarium.org provide a biography, links, and primary and secondary texts for the Christian Humanist who became Chancellor of England under Henry VIII. The biography contains hyperlinks to pages of information about the places and personalities with whom More (1478-1535) was associated, and includes footnotes and a small bibliography. The primary sources include links to online texts of some of More's most important writings, including 'Utopia' and 'The History of King Richard III'. There are also online secondary essays, which offer varying perspectives on More's achievements; and a long list of categorised links to other online materials about More. This web resource should prove useful to undergraduates studying Sir Thomas More from a literary or political philosophy perspective.
This is the website of the Social Philosophy and Policy Center (SPPC) based at Bowling Green State University, USA. Established in 1981, the centre studies public policy issues from a philosophical perspective. In so doing, it uses insights from other disciplines like economics, jurisprudence and political science. The site informs visitors of upcoming events (e.g. colloquia; lectures and conferences) and of works recently published by its staff, fellows and visiting scholars. It also connects them to Social Philosophy and Policy, the centre's journal which is published twice a year by Cambridge University Press. Each volume is based on a specific theme (e.g. bioethics; human rights; ethics and economics; philosophy and law; virtue and vice; responsibility; the welfare state; autonomy; and moral epistemology). Visitors can view all themes explored since 1983 from that homepage.
This is the official website for the Society for Applied Philosophy, a British organisation founded in 1975, and a forerunner in promoting rigorous philosophical work with a strong practical and social relevance. The society publishes the Journal of Applied Philosophy since 1984, the contents of which can be viewed from here. Access to full content is nevertheless restricted and is available only to subscribers. The Society organises lectures, workshops, and an annual conference. Information on current and forthcoming activities can be found on the site, along with an archive of previous events. The society invites proposals for future workshops. Membership of the Society is open to all interested parties, and instructions on how to join are given. This site is of interest both to students and teachers of philosophy working in areas of practical concern, such as applied ethics, science, law, education, politics, and medicine. It is also of interest to practitioners or students of those professions seeking informed but accessible debate about important or controversial issues within their field.
This is the website of the Society for Utopian Studies (SUS), which is "an international, interdisciplinary association devoted to the study of utopianism in all its forms, with a particular emphasis on literary and experimental utopias." The Society publishes the scholarly journal Utopian Studies, and tables of contents for this journal are available online as PDF files. The website has advance notice of future annual SUS meetings, with details about how to submit papers. There is information about how to join SUS, and all the other details one would expect to find on the website of a scholarly society. There are some useful links to external websites.
SpeakOut.com is an American 'activism center' focused on a number of moral and religious issues that have entered the public arena through legislation, judicial proceedings and public sentiment. The site does not endorse or espouse one particular stance regarding any religious or moral issue. Rather, it aims to disseminate information and facilitate open discussion and informed political activity. The site attempts to present a range of views on issues such as abortion, the death penalty, religion and morality, animal rights, and gay rights. Including links to news resources, government documents, and the websites of relevant organizations, SpeakOut.com is a user-friendly and balanced political forum. However, while there is much food for thought here, users should note that this site does not appear to be updated particularly frequently, and hence the information included about various issues may not always be as current as one could wish: for example, news stories may well be out of date, and not all links to external sites are functioning. Users should also be aware that as this is an American site, the focus is firmly on these issues as they pertain to the USA: the legislation and sample cases referred to are almost exclusively American.
Studies in the History of Ethics (SHE) is a web-based peer-reviewed journal which publishes articles and book reviews in the following areas: ethical theory/normative ethics; metaethics; applied ethics; moral psychology; social and political philosophy; and legal philosophy. This website provides: an electronic subscription form; details of their submission guidelines and editorial board; and a search engine. Viewers can gain access to all materials published since June 2005 without charge. There does not, however, appear to be a consistent pattern as to how regularly these are published every year. Titles featured include: 'Kants History of Ethics'; 'Kant and Aristotle on the Difficulty of Moral Knowledge'; 'Reevaluating the Historical Evolution of Double-Effect: Anscombe, Aquinas, and The Principle of Side-Effects'; and 'The Morality of On Liberty'. An interesting resource for Philosophy students.
Tales of the frontier: political representations and practices inspired by Hadrian's Wall is the website of a major Arts and Humanities Research Council project (July 2007 - Sept 2009), which is investigating the cultural and political meanings given to this famous Roman frontier system. The project will range in time from the Venerable Bede (8th Century) to contemporary tourism, and will draw on a wide variety of resources including works of art and literature. The website contains details of the project and staff. There are pages for news, publications and events. There are a small number of selected external Web links of relevance to the project. The project is based at the Durham Centre for Roman Cultural Studies, which is also developing the Hadrian's Wall Research Framework.
'Teaching Materials on the History of Political Thought' is a website that provides access to a vast array of material on political philosophy, and is designed to aid understanding of the major figures in this field. A great number of thinkers are covered, from Plato (c.428-347 BCE) to John Rawls (1921-2002). The site consists of extensive reading guides on each of the authors along with some historical background and study questions, full lecture notes, and additional guides and notes on topics somewhat more marginal to the field. Although parts of the site were designed to be used in conjunction with some recorded texts, it nevertheless stands on its own as a useful source of information that is both clear and detailed. Most of the material is pitched at the advanced undergraduate level.
'Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)' is a useful online resource that provides access to information on, as well as a small number of etext versions of works by, the 17th century English philosopher Thomas Hobbes. The site's webmaster and editor is Bill Uzgalis, a professor of philosophy at Oregon State University. He prepared the resource both for a past university course and for anyone in general interested in the subject matter. It forms part of Uzgalis's more general site 'Great Voyages: the History of Western Philosophy from 1492 to 1776'. Hobbes himself was, along with Rene Descartes, primarily responsible for the transition in western philosophy from Scholasticism (the philosophy taught in the universities up until this time, heavily influenced by the work of Aristotle) to the period now known as Modern Philosophy. Amongst other things, he sought to demystify concepts such as perception and causality, believing that there was solely a material, rather than any spiritual, component to such processes. The resource itself is divided into a number of parts: a brief, one paragraph overview of Hobbes' life and work; links to electronic biographical resources useful to the Hobbes' student or scholar; a sourced timeline of important biographical and professional events in Hobbes' life; and an unannotated bibliography of Hobbes' works, along with hyperlinked access to etext versions of Hobbes' The Leviathan, and The Elements of Law Natural and Politic, hosted by the resource's mother site. The resource is attractive to the eye, well laid-out, and is easy to navigate, with hyperlink facilities.
The Uncommon Knowledge home page provides access to information about and recording of the American television show of that name. The programme, presented by Peter Robinson of the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, features discussions of current affairs and public policy. The website contains an archive of transcripts and MP3 files, and in some cases streaming videos (in a variety of formats) of past shows, some of which concern philosophical issues, scientific ethics, and other subjects that may be of interest to students in the humanities, international affairs or American politics and society. Episodes include: Take it to the limits: Milton Friedman on libertarianism; Disharmony of the spheres: science and religion; In whose image? Evolution and spirituality; Love and marriage: marriage in modern America; Darwin's ghost: sociobiology and human behaviour; and Attack of the clones: the ethics of human cloning. The archives can be searched by keyword or browsed by date or topic. The home page also allows the users to see and access the most popular past broadcasts. Uncommon Knowledge was on air between 1997 and 2005, and in 2006 restarted as a webcast.
'Utopia Britannica' is a large free online gazetteer that details utopian communities that have existed in the British Isles. The work is said to have arisen from the author's history of the countercultural communes of the 1960s and 70s, but it now covers such communities from 1325 to 1945. The extensive gazetteer is organised by English county and there are also sections for Wales, Scotland and Ireland. Most entries are brief, giving the known name of the colony or commune, the names of leaders, the place, and the dates that the community was active. The author is still actively uncovering such communities, and the website publishes his research articles. One such is 'Ruskinland', which examines the 1890s-1930s Guild of St. George community at Bewdley in Worcestershire, inspired by the writings of John Ruskin. The Utopia Britannica website is accompanied by a 312-page printed book of the same name. The book is said to contain the content of the website, and also scholarly articles, bibliographies, and the memories of commune members.
The Utopian Studies Society (UCS) is an informal scholarly society with an interdisciplinary focus. It aims to "co-ordinate and encourage the diverse work currently taking place on the subject of utopianism". It appears to operate primarily with a European focus in terms of the scholars it attracts. As of May 2007 the UCS has held seven international conferences. Abstracts for five conferences are available on the website, and there are details of how to submit papers for future conferences. The website also contains full details of the Society, including the AGM minutes. There is the opportunity to join an email mailing list, to receive news about the UCS.
The Miniature Library of Philosophy website provides a large collection of primary source readings which together trace the history of the modern intellectual climate, beginning with Galilei Galileo (1564-1642) and ending with contemporary post-modern theory. While ostensibly the history of modern western philosophy is the main linking theme between the texts chosen, there is a strong bias towards Marxism and socialism, which is not surprising given that this collection is part of the vast Marxist Internet Archive. Other topics covered include the philosophy of mathematics, psychology, science, epistemology, social science, existentialism, and phenomenology, and post-structuralism. The readings are indexed by theme, and alphabetically by author, and a site search facility can be found at the bottom of the home page. A broad spread of philosophical topics is addressed, and there are links to biographical information on some of the philosophers, along with analysis and a glossary. Also available is a set of links to other pages of interest, including resources on ethics, politics, feminism, Marxism, and Hegel. While the site uses frames, a no-frames version is provided. This site was compiled by Andy Blunden, an independent scholar from Australia. It would be of use to students and researchers looking for key texts in the history of western philosophy.
The Vintage Mill website, part of the Classical Utilitarianism Web Site, contains a number of complete texts by John Stuart Mill (1806-1873), the great nineteenth-century political theorist. They include his autobiography, which explains the foundation on which Mill became such a liberal thinker. A strong voice and activist in the reform movement for the improvement of women's rights, Mill's "The Subjection of Women" (1869) was a highly influential piece of prose, and is also included on the site, as is "Chapters on Socialism". This appeared in the Fortnight Review in 1879 outlines Mill's ideas on Socialism, which moved away from Marx's socialist ideas, and tended to side with William Morris' 'Utopian Socialism'. "Utilitarianism", Mill's definition of the great Victorian ideology, is also given on this website. This would be a beneficial read for those studying nineteenth-century history. Other of Mill's works on the website include: "Considerations on Representative Government", "Dissertation and Discussions", "On Liberty", "A System of Logic", and "Three Essays on Religion". There are links to further John Stuart Mill websites.
The Walter Benjamin Research Syndicate is a very impressive site dedicated to the work of Walter Benjamin (1892-1940). However, as a good historical materialist, the site's coordinator, Scott J. Thompson, includes links and writing concerning many of Benjamin's Frankfurt School colleagues - such as Herbert Marcuse and Theodore Adorno. This difficult writer is, then, helpfully and illuminatingly given a context. Beautifully designed, but simple for ease of use, the site contains translated texts by Benjamin, essays about his work, historical documents, biographical information and a good record of other Benjamin-related pages on the Internet. This resource will be of interest to those working in history, philosophy, theory and literature.
The Ockham: Dialogus site presents an online edition of William of Ockham's Dialogus, funded by the British Academy as part of the Auctores Britannici Medii Aevi series. The Dialogus, written soon after 1328, purports to be a discussion between student and teacher on matters of heretics and heresies. The text can be found in a large number of manuscripts and printed editions. This online edition of the Dialogus presents a new edition and translation of the text together with extensive collations of selected sections. These include completed texts for books 1-5 of the first part which are available with drafts and completed texts for parts 2 and 3. Books in parts 1 and 3 also include draft critical editions prepared using Critical Edition Typesetting, delivered in PDF, and intended for printing. The site includes background and explanatory essays.
Women and Marxism is part of the Marxist Internet Archive (MIA). This is a well maintained site that provides a broad range of writing on women's issues and Marxism from almost fifty nineteenth and twentieth century writers. Though not all the authors are Marxists their contributions are included to give context and reference to the cultural and political milieu in which women worked and agitated during their struggles. There are few references to contemporary Marxism-Feminism, the majority of transcriptions being represented by classic texts. Simple to navigate the site is divided into three sections; non-fiction authors, fiction and poetry, and subjects. Subjects is sub-divided into fourteen sections including sex relations, marriage, family, reproduction, labour and suffrage. The larger MIA site is administered and built by volunteers from all over the world, most of whom are non-academics.