The Web Site of the "The Beth Shalom holocaust web centre" is a central hub for three main sites: Holocaustcentre.net; holocausthistory.net; and holocaustbookstore.net. It also collaborates with project sites such as the Aegis Genocide Prevention Initiative and Remembering for the Future - academic research. It is supported by the Association of Jewish Refugees and the Pears Family Trust. The Holocaust Centre, Beth Shalom is based in Nottingham and is Britain's first dedicated Holocaust Memorial and Education Centre. It has a permanent exhibition and houses a library and research facilities. The centre is now open to the public and the site provides details on its location and opening hours. The site runs educational tours, and publishes a journal 'Perspectives' three times a year. The sister site Holocaust History is aimed at school pupils. This well-maintained and informative site is particularly useful for those teaching or studying the Holocaust or Second World War history.
This website is part of the online exhibition "Beyond the Pale", which depicts the history of anti-Jewish attitudes and the history of Jews in Europe and Russia. It is entirely devoted to the history of Soviet Jews from 1941 onwards and consists of the following chapters: Behind the front, which gives a picture of the Jewish participation in World War II; The Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee; campaigns against "Cosmopolitans" and "The Doctors' Plot"; assimilatory pressures; the anti-Zionist campaign; the right to emigrate; reforms: 1985-1991, detailing reforms that took place after Mikhail Gorbachev came to power and included the creation of new Jewish schools, Hebrew classes, Jewish religious schools, etc.; anti-Semitism since 1985, featuring Russian nationalist movements; and democracy and minority rights. The textual material is accompanied by numerous photos, images of documents and other pictorial materials which should make it an excellent teaching resources or aid for students.
This is the website of the Center for Jewish history, an organization which unites five pre-existing organizations: the American Jewish Historical Society; the American Sephardi Federation; the Leo Baeck Institute; the Yishiva University Museum; and the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. Its combined holdings include approximately 100 million archival documents, 500,000 books, and thousands of photographs and cultural objects. The Center website states that this collection is the largest repository of sources on the history of Judaism and Jewish culture outside of Israel. It also has holdings pertaining to the Holocaust (prior to and during the Second World War) and to Jewish genealogy. The Center's main website is new, and reflects its comprehensive focus. It includes a virtual tour of the Center's facilities, and an online overview of the center in PDF format which the user can download. It is easy to navigate with clear, quick search options which generally cover all component sites. The search options address the user's immediate concern (professional academic, teacher, student, archivist) and type of historical focus (geneology, archival). Subpages within the site provide information on: Facilities; Academic Research (including a general overview of the library and archival collections); Resources for Educators and Teachers; Family History; Archives and Libraries; Supporting the Center; and Film, Music, Art and History. There is also a calendar of events. For more detailed information, the independent pages of the Center's component organizations can be called up from the main home page. These appear on multiple overlapping new screens which make navigation more cumbersome. Each of these sites is comprehensive in its own right, with extensive details on the history and resources of each organization. Of particular academic note is the Leo Baeck Institute for the Historical Study of German-speaking Jewry, and the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research on East European Jewry and the Yiddish language. The Leo Baeck Institute has put its master catalogue online.
This is the home page of East European Jewish Affairs, a refereed academic journal published twice a year. Since January 2000 it has been administered by the Department of Hebrew and Jewish Studies, University College London and the Oxford Institute for Yiddish Studies. Information on the journal previous to this date is not provided on the site. The journal is interdisciplinary and publishes articles, reviews, and archival and conference notes within its field. The periodical specialises in the study of Jewish communities and perspectives in the East Central Europe. There is a special focus on the post-Soviet context of social, economic, political, and cultural developments within the region. Tables of contents for the most recent issues are available, and free registration entitles users to request a sample copy. Information on subscriptions and submissions is also provided in detail.
The Web Site "Eydes : Evidence of Yiddish Documented in European Societies" has versions in both German and English and obviously contains a lot of material in Yiddish. The aim of the project is to archive the dialects, folklore, customs and life experiences of the East and Central European Jewry. This is essentially home to a project on the language and culture atlas of Ashkenazic Jewry. The project authors have chosen 603 cities, towns and villages to focus on and have collected over 6,000 hours of tape recordings. This archive represents an amazing resource for ethnographers, anthropologists, historians, and sociologists. This resource is an international academic collaboration between scholars in the US, Poland, and Germany, sponsored by the Commission of the European Union, among other organisations. There is an interactive map with audio clips of regional differences in dialect. There are links to an online Yiddish course (in German) and to other sites of relevant interest. Audio and visual plug-ins are available for download on the site.
The Web Site "H-Holocaust discussion list" is part of the H-Net group of resources and lists that hosts discussion groups on various topics of History. In essence the site is a discussion list. The list does not confine itself to just the Holocaust, but covers anti-Semitism, Jewish history in the 1930s and 1940s and related themes in the Second World War. The site features book reviews, conference calls for papers, and most usefully for those teaching courses, there are course syllabi. A section entitled Professional Papers contains good articles on a variety of subjects such as using authentic Nazi propaganda in teaching the holocausts. Interested scholars and students are invited to subscribe to the mailing list. A search of the site and of all H-Net site is available. This is a good site for teachers and students of the holocaust and the Second World War.
This is the home page of the library and archives of the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace. This institute was founded in 1919 by Herbert Hoover (1874–1964) at his alma mater, Stanford University, with the goal of attaining peace through the scholarly study of international conflict in the modern world. The archives began as a repository for World War I documents collected by representatives of the institute in Europe directly after the war. The collection grew to include interwar sources on fascist, communist, and nationalist movements and important sources related to World War II. Subsequent projects include the institute's microfilming of the Archives of the Soviet Communist Party and the Soviet State in Moscow. Further collecting focussed on election campaign materials which demonstrate the workings of democracy in places such as postapartheid Africa and postcommunist Eastern Europe and Russia. There are detailed descriptions and excellent search engines with complete online listings of holdings for the following regions: Africa; the Americas; East Asia; Western Europe; Eastern and Central Europe -- including impressive Czech, Slovak and Romanian holdings; the Middle East; and Russia/Commonwealth of Independent States. With more than five thousand separate collections, the breadth of material here cannot be adequately described in a brief summary. There are millions of individual documents covering twentieth century history from around the world. The library is also significant, with important ephemera and rare books augmenting its primary and secondary source holdings. Lists of archival holdings are bolstered by online poster and pamphlets collections; online exhibitions; updates on new acquisitions; information on recent lectures; and newly translated bilingual section profiles of the Czech and Slovak collections. Contact information for the archivists is clearly available, with details on access to and hours for the reading rooms. Photocopies of documents can be ordered by post for those who cannot visit the archive itself.
This website is part of the Jewish Virtual Library (the division of the American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise) - the most comprehensive online Jewish encyclopaedia in the world, covering everything, from anti-Semitism to Zionism. More than 8,000 articles and 4,000 photos have been integrated into the site. This particular part of the site is entirely devoted to problems associated with Jews from Russia and the former Soviet Union. The site covers the historic past of the Russian Jews, by describing the Pale of settlement, for which a detailed map is also provided. A more recent past is represented by the article about the so-called Doctor's Plot (1953). The site also focuses on Soviet Jewry and refuseniks (people who were not allowed to emigrate from the country). A major problem of anti-Semitism has also been addressed, and the site provides an English version of the Russian communist leader Zyuganov's open letter against Zionism. One of the sections of the site covers Judaic treasures of the Library of Congress from the Land of the Czars. All the articles are accompanied by lists of further readings on the subject.
Keston Digital Collection is a searchable selection of digitised primary sources on the Soviet repression of religion from the Keston archive, now based at Baylor University’s Keston Center for Religion, Politics and Society. Materials chosen from amongst the archive’s 4,000 plus items include: Soviet anti-religious posters; samizdat texts, such as a record of a trial handwritten on cloth; newspaper reports; photos. Users may browse various categories of source (photos; documents; posters; prints) or the entire collection. The site also offers the user sophisticated search and select options, with customised display of favourites, and plans to make audiovisual materials available in addition to high quality reproductions of texts and images. This resource will be of most use to those teaching or researching Church-State relations or religion under Communism.
The website 'Modern Jewry and the Art', hosted by the Special Collections section of the University of Pennsylvania library, is an online exhibition of Jewish art aiming to embrace a broad range of artistic development within the Diaspora and Israel, and to transcend a homogeneous definition of modern Jewishness. That said, the exhibition appears to reflect fundamentally an American Jewish perspective. In 2001, images related to Jewish art, music, theatre, film and dance were selected by the fellows of the Center for Judaic Studies library, who are also based at a number of other universities. Most examples derive from the twentieth century, with some from slightly earlier. The section on contemporary Jewish music in America offers five sound recordings in MP3 format. Historical explanations which accompany the pieces tend to dominate selected artistic works. The resulting combination would be of interest not only to the general public, but also to teachers and students. There is a bibliography for further reading on sources. The page is archived.
Nasledie protoiereiia Aleksandra Menia [the legacy of Father Aleksander Men] is a website devoted to the life and works of an influential Russian priest credited with bringing many of the Soviet intelligentsia to the Church. The site provides both online versions and downloadable files of Men's writings. A vast amount of biographical material is arranged on one page 'about Fr Aleksander Men'. The site is constructed around the following headings (arranged in a sidebar): Novaia Derevnia [where Fr Aleksander was parish priest]; the Church at Semkhoz [where he was murdered in 1990]; Home and office; video library; photos; books; conversations; lectures; interviews; sermons; letters; legacy; audio library [numerous recordings of Men reading or speaking]; about the Men foundation; conferences. Some materials on these pages are available in English, but most are Russian only. Many pages are well illustrated, and the site has a simple search engine. This resource will be of most use to researchers of late Soviet Russian Orthodoxy and contemporary Orthodox theology.
The Nizkor Project is an extensive site devoted to the memory of those who died in the Holocaust. This site addresses a broad audience. It posts many academic articles which constitute the current scholarly discussion on the Nazi period, the Holocaust, and their general historical background and context. The Nizkor Project also presents the material produced by those who deny the Holocaust. There is an large sub-section of articles on the techniques of Holocaust denial, with links back to source articles and source sites. There is also a subsite focussing on Antisemitism with listed examples. Each major camp has its own subsite with annotated links; bibliographies; film listings; contemporary images; and extracts of testimonies from witnesses. There are short biographies of leading figures among the Nazi administration. Primary source excerpts are provided from the Nuremberg trials. The site also has pages on figures and events noted after the Second World War; these include the transcripts of Adolf Eichmann's trial. Functioning in part as a growing archive of a vast array of E-mails, websites and articles on this subject, the Nizkor Project's site content clearly demonstrates the continuity between the tragedy of this past event and present political issues and concerns. There are several specialised bibliographies of primary and secondary sources. The annotated bibliographies take in much of historiographical debates surrounding the Holocaust, and would be a valuable tool for teachers when preparing reading lists for their students. Instructions for ordering pre-prepared courseware via the site's Social Studies School Service are posted. The site has its own search engine and a good sitemap. The site has won several online awards.
The website 'The Parkes Institute at Southampton' is the homepage of this research centre for the study of Jewish/Non-Jewish relations. Established in 2000 through a grant from the Arts and Humanities Research Board in Britain, and formerly known as the AHRB Parkes Centre for the Study of Jewish/non-Jewish Relations, the Parkes Institute is the first research institution in the United Kingdom to be devoted to this subject. It is based at the University of Southampton. One of the most notable parts of the site is its description of the institute's impressive library and archival holdings. The latter comprises one of the United Kingdom's most important collections on Anglo-Jewish history, with additional sources on European Jewry. Subsites describe latest seminars, lectures and conferences organised at the institute. Application and funding information are available for potential students from the Undergraduate to the Post-Doctoral levels. There are also helpful -- although not extensive -- annotated links pages describing the main online academic resources in this field. The site provides contact details and research interests of the professional academics who are affiliated with the institute. The site also has its own search engine.
Madame Lily Dehn, friend to Alexandra Feodorovna, last Tsaritsa of Russia, wrote her memoirs of Alexandra and entitled it, "The Real Tsaritsa". The book was published in 1922, and has been made available to readers online in an e-text version. The book is divided into two parts: The Old Russia, and Revolution. Madame Dehn's book intended to reveal the truth about Alexandra, who had been the focus of slander and distrust from the Russian people due to her foreign status, her religious morals, and her association with Rasputin. Lily was one of Alexandra's friends who followed Rasputin, and encouraged Alexandra to trust him. "The Real Tsaritsa" contains Lily's opinion that the Russian Jews were responsible for the Bolshevik Revolution. The site would, therefore, be a good source for those researching anti-Semitism in Russia, or anti-Semitism in general.
Russia religion news is a long-established, searchable online archive of selected, translated articles from the Russian media on religion in the former Soviet Union from 1996 to date. Articles are taken mostly from the mainstream media, including Interfax and Russian monitors of religious news such as portal-credo.ru. Links to the original Russian text are provided for most recent items. The compiler and translator, US academic Professor Paul D. Steeves, will provide copies of those originals unavailable online on request, where possible. The site may be searched by any word or phrase, with a refine option to narrow results if need be, or browsed by year. Articles selected are weighted towards: major news stories related to religion; religious minorities; persecution of and discrimination against believers, including antisemitism; national and religious identity; religious conflict; interfaith relations; legislation. A brief links page provides access to: the 1997 Russian law 'On freedom of conscience and religious associations' in Russian and in English translation; US Department of State reports on religious freedom; statistics and surveys on religious associations and affiliation up to 2004; and other organisations monitoring religion in the former Soviet Union. A useful guide to abbreviations shows the full Russian and English names for all acronyms used. An option to be notified by email when the site is updated is available from the recent news page. This resource will be of most use to researchers and teachers of post-Soviet religion and Russian media, and of contemporary religious affairs.
Sefer is the website of the Sefer Centre, a non-profit organization founded in 1994 with the support of the International Center for University Teaching of Jewish Civilization and the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee to promote the development of Jewish Studies in higher education institutions in Russia. The site gives details about: Sefer's structure and aims; programmes for students and young researchers; conferences; programmes [lectures and mentoring programme]; Sefer's publications. Much of this material is also available in English, but the Russian version provides a useful additional links page and a news page. The publications and conferences pages will be particularly useful to researchers and teachers of Russian-Jewish culture and history or Judaism in Russia, and those in Jewish Studies wishing to keep abreast of Russian contributions to the field.
This is the home page of the Simon Dubnow Institute for Jewish History and Culture at the University of Leipzig. The site's thematic overview summarises the institute's history since its establishment in 1995, and outlines its development as a centre for international scholarship on the history of Jewish life in Southern and East Central Europe, and East-West Jewish relations in the modern period. It also addresses the context of the non-Jewish environment, especially the Latin, Orthodox and Islamic worlds within and without Europe. There are special concentrations in the institute on political and diplomatic history; the history of migration; intellectual history and the history of ideas. Extensive information on the institute's conferences and colloquia is provided, including some summaries of remarks. The institute's cooperational and internal research projects are described. The site also lists academic fellows along with their recent publications as well as the series of books published by the institute, each volume being described shortly. The library of the institute has an online catalogue. A caution in navigation: although English and German sides of the site appear to be completely parallel translations, the German side is the more complete version. The site has its own search engine.
Soviet Jewish culture is a wonderful resource based on an oral history project led by historians Zvi Gitelman and Anna Shternshis. The project interviewed over 500 Jews born in Russia, Ukraine or Belorussia before 1928 about their daily lives in the Soviet Union. From the main menu the user may link to ten of these interviewees or to a section called 'in their own words', which makes available PDF texts in Russian by the author Shmuel Shapiro. The ten edited interview transcripts in which interviewees discuss their pre-war lives may be downloaded as PDFs, with detailed explanatory footnotes, accompanying photos, maps or videos illustrating songs or places mentioned by the interviewee. Other sections include: a description of the project; a PDF glossary of names and terms; a substantial bibliography; useful links. This attractive and easy to navigate site will be of most use to teachers and students of Soviet Jewish culture and identity, but also of interest to researchers and teachers of Soviet history.
The Web Site of the Stiftung Denkmal für die ermordeten Juden Europas (Foundation for the memorial to the murdered Jews of Europe) is in German and English and reflects the creation, aims and projects of the foundation. Although the name would imply that the project is confined to remembrance of the Jewish population, the foundation's charter extends to "endeavouring to ensure that all victims of National Socialism are remembered and honoured appropriately". The site features information on the project, measuring over 19,000 square metres, based in Berlin, along the edge of the Grosser Tiergarten. The project produces a newsletter in German, press releases and photographs of the memorial site. The memorial has been the subject of great debate. Its location in the area of government and parliamentary buildings is aimed at reflecting the role the German state played in the horrors inflicted by National Socialism, and to facilitate German self-awareness. The designer Dagmar von Wilcken has worked closely with architect Peter Eisenman on this project to make the memorial as personal as possible. The site has an "information in simple language" version in both German and English. The publications are also featured, encouraging those interested to purchase them from the foundation.
The website 'Tradition and its Discontents: Jewish History and Culture in Eastern Europe' is an online exhibition from the Center for Advanced Judaic Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. The exhibition is based on the specific history of Eastern Europe as the main centre for modern Jewish civilisation over the past three hundred years. Expanding studies are now being pursued in this field, based on new access to archives in the former Soviet bloc. Exhibited images are scanned from primary sources going back to the sixteenth century. However, the majority of images and sources concern the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. They take in religious, communal and political themes of Jewish life in the region; they also highlight key figures. Some foci of interest treated here from this latter period include: immigration from the Russian Pale of Settlement and its consequences in Central Europe; pogroms; development of the newspaper press; ritual murder; Jewish scholarship and history; election campaigns in Austria-Hungary; Yiddish and the development of an Eastern European Jewish aesthetic; the founding of the Yidisher visnshaftlekher institut (YIVO -- Yiddish Scientific Institute) in 1925. Explanations of each image are supported by hypertext links to appropriate recommended reading in a good bibliography. There is also a list of contributors, which includes their university affiliations.
Tsentr i fond "Kholokost" is the website of a Moscow-based centre which promotes research and teaching about the Holocaust in Russia. The site offers: information on the centre's history, aims and activities; their archival collections and publications; Russian-language material on the history of the Holocaust aimed at students and teachers. Of most interest are the descriptions of the Centre's own archival collections, which include: oral testimony; personal items; documents relating to the lives of Jewish partisans, ghetto inhabitants, Soviet soldiers and members of the Jewish Anti-fascist Committee; plus evidence collected about Russian citizens who helped save Jews from the Nazis. Descriptions of the Centre's own publications (some downloadable), and of library items secured by them, will also be of interest to teachers and researchers working on Soviet history and the history of the Holocaust, as will the pages that outline their research projects (most significantly, a Russian language Encyclopaedia of the Holocaust). A limited version of the site is available in English and German.
The World History Archives is a general collection of over 9000 online primary historical sources. This site is the branch site devoted to the history of Eastern Europe, specifically Poland; Latvia; Hungary; Russia; Belarus; the Ukraine; and Georgia. Documents on this subsite are drawn from contemporary news sources from the 1990s. Their inclusion in a historical collection is problematic for academic researchers. While the compiler argues at length elsewhere on his site for the use of contemporary sources in the general range of modern history, he does not provide these documents in juxtaposition with older selections. Even following the compiler's own definitions, these documents cannot properly be said to constitute a historical collection. The compiler posts several disclaimers regarding content and copyright. Nonetheless, his own choices produce an underlying quality to this subsite which is additionally difficult. The compilation does not provide sets of documents representing different views of particular politically charged issues. Rather, they offer one perspective on one theme, with no option for immediate comparison with documents representing alternative viewpoints. Only English sources are included.The collection relies heavily upon the contemporary media, and it consequently reflects their standard foci. The compiler does not mark the political persuasions of his sources. Thus, this subsite never transcends the preoccupations and predispositions of its immediate source matter. The Eastern European collection is limited to the mid-1990s, providing an encapsulated image of Eastern Europe during a period of transition. The picture which emerges of the region is uniformly dismal, with documents cataloguing an array of contemporary social and political ills in the region. These ills include: racism and discrimination -- including Antisemitism, anti-Roma sentiments, gay and lesbian oppression, and discrimination against indigenous peoples; child prostitution and poverty; great power policy in the region, especially security issues; left wing party politics; environmental crises; human rights violations; economic problems and the introduction of American-style capitalism; sexual harassment; banditry and organised crime; and labour problems. The site could be used as a teaching resource with the caution that it be used in conjunction with broader-based resources.