This website outlines the history of Jewish people in America from the arrival of the first immigrants in New Amsterdam in 1654 to the present day. It was created by the Commission for commemorating 350 Years of American Jewish History (2004), created through the cooperation of four research institutions: the American Jewish Historical Society; the Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives; the Library of Congress; and the National Archives and Records Administration. The site provides short narrative histories of the community with primary source excerpts for different periods, which would serve either for reference or teaching. For scholars, students and those interested from among the general public, the site offers an online essay with lecture and book excerpts entitled Historiography of American Jewish History. The site connects to multimedia digital archives, based on the holdings of the Truman Presidential Museum and Library, and related to the 50th anniversary of the creation of the State of Israel, 1948-1998. Other parts of the site include online exhibitions, such as Great Voices in Reform Judaism, which uses sound clips, images and full-text resources. There is a general illustrated historical timeline; an exhibition review; a calendar of socially, communally and academically oriented events; and further information on related conferences, links, bibliographies and instructions on how commuities can chronicle and submit their own histories to the Commission.
This website from Alan Corré, Emeritus Professor of Hebrew Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, provides a range of materials useful to students, teachers and researchers of Hebrew and Jewish Studies. These include a glossary of Lingua Franca, the pidgin trade language used by communities in the Mediterranean; and examples of popular Arabic literature of the Jews. This latter section is divided into a general collection, featuring English translations of Judeo-Arabic stories, and a specialist collection, featuring some modern writing and of more interest to those who can speak or are learning Arabic. The site also features an online perpetual Jewish/Gregorian calendar, and a perpetual Parasha calendar, as well as the text for a number of Barmitzvah addresses, and an online version of 'Synagoga Judaica (Juden-schül)' by Johannes Buxtorf, translated into English and annotated by Professor Corré. Children's stories and occasional lectures and writings by Corré are also accessible from this site.
The website 'All About Jewish Theatre' acts as a platform for Jewish and Israeli theatre practitioners and aims to be a central point of information on Jewish theatre and performing arts. It offers an excellent up-to-date news service which covers issues relating to Jewish theatre from all over the world, including for example, new productions, interviews with performers and directors, and festivals. News from the USA, the UK, Israel, Australia, Europe and Yiddish theatre receives particular attention. The site's international day-to-day events and performances guide keeps users informed as to what's on and where. The site also features a comprehensive database of resources, including a collection of full-text scholarly articles on the field, links to online journals, synopses and performance details of plays by Jewish writers, and information about where to source film adaptations. The site aims to bring together professionals in Jewish theatre and the performing arts worldwide and to this end has created a directory which may be browsed according to country or organisation, for example. For researchers, this represents a useful means of contacting individuals who may be the subject of their study. The site also supports practitioners in their work by means of listing information about funding and sponsorship, venues, competitions and festivals. Altogether, this is a substantial and immensely valuable resource for anyone working in this field.
The American Schools of Oriental Research (ASOR) is one of the main sponsors of Near Eastern archaeology in the United States and supports research and publications on the peoples and cultures of the Near East from the earliest times to the present day. It also directs overseas research centres in Amman, Jerusalem and Nicosia. The website for their newsletter gives access to online or PDF versions of the ASOR Newsletter from 1996 to the present. The newsletter includes reports on research funded by ASOR and the activities of their overseas research centres. It is published quarterly. The majority of the research sponsored by ASOR is archaeological, but ethnographic and other types of research are reported in the newsletter as well. The publication will be of interest to students and researchers in Near Eastern archaeology, history and heritage.
Assaph: Studies in Art History is the partial archive of a scholarly full-text ejournal in art history published from 1980 to 2003. At June 2009 there are six full issues online (1996-2001), and tables of contents for three more. The journal was published by the Department of Art History at Tel Aviv University, in English. Example article titles include: 'C.R. Ashbee’s Jerusalem Years: Arts and Crafts, Orientalism and British Regionalism'; 'The Non-Presence of People in David Hockney's Painting of Nouveau Riche Houses'; 'The New Images of Women in Early Christian Art'; and 'Medieval Images of Sacred Love: Jewish and Christian Perceptions', as well as many scholarly articles on Israeli art and artists. This archive is a welcome addition to the small number of free art history journals available online.
This is the website of the quarterly journal Azure, which deals with Jewish issues in history, culture, politics, and religion, as it pertains to Israel and world Jewry. It is published by the Shalem Center, a Jerusalem think-tank, in an English and a Hebrew edition, the latter of which goes under the name Techelet. Like the think-tank that backs it, Azure is committed to bringing to a wider audience the "richness of Jewish tradition and the centrality of a strong, free, and Jewish State of Israel". Contributors, many of whom are affiliated with the Shalem Center, generally write from the perspective of the political and religious right. They include Michael B. Oren, Yossi Klein Halevi, Martin Kramer, and Natan Sharansky. There are notable exceptions, however, such as the Israeli novelist A.B. Yehoshua, a well-known peace activist with left-leaning views. Azure offers most of its content free of charge online, and through an easily navigated archival section, the visitor is allowed access to back-issues, dating as far back as the first issue from 1996. In addition, a handy search function allow searches by title, author, and keyword.
The 'Central Zionist archives' website gives information on the work and activities of the Central Zionist archives (CZA) in Israel, which hold the records of the Zionist movement 1880 - 1970. The CZA aims to collect and encourage the use of documentation held by the World Zionist Organisation, the Jewish Agency, the Jewish National Fund and the World Jewish Congress. These records focus on the growth of the Zionist movement throughout the world, the development of the Jewish communities in Palestine, as well as other aspects of the history of the Jewish people. The website is enhanced by a rich gallery enabling users to examine documents, photographs, printed materials, and posters from different periods on such topics as Herzl, political Zionism, the state of Israel and immigration. The documents in the gallery can be browsed by topic or chronologically. The website also runs the Steven Spelberg Jewish Film Archive with 3,000 film and video titles. This site will be of great interest to students of the history of the Zionist movement and of the Middle East. The site also contains sections on exhibitions and family research.
The website The Ghetto fighters' house provides information on a Holocaust and Jewish resistance heritage museum in Israel. The site has versions in Hebrew, English, French, German, Russian, and Arabic. It is an educational site aimed at sharing the story of the Jewish people in the 20th century, especially as it unfolded during World War II, depicting Jews as victims of the Holocaust and as members of the anti-Nazi resistance. It also provides information regarding a second museum, which is located within the first one, Yad LaYeled. It is a museum devoted to the Jewish young who perished in the Holocaust. The purpose of the museums is to help educators preserve and disseminate information on an international scale. On the website, there are education packs available and the organisation works in partnership with American schools. The site is rich in online exhibitions, and the museum has an excellent art collection centred on the Holocaust. The archive section includes documentation collections on the Łódź Ghetto, Jews remaining in Germany after World War II, the Yitzhak Zuckerman archive, and the Warsaw Ghetto underground, among many other valuable holdings. An excellent resource for all those interested in the Holocaust, or those teaching the subject.
This is the website of the Jewish Museum in New York City, which is devoted to over 4,000 years of art and Jewish culture. As well as all the necessary information about the Museum, such as location, contact details, and opening times, this site makes available a number of online exhibitions. Within these is the companion to the exhibition Frida Kahlo's Intimate Family Picture; Camille Pissarro: Impressions of City and Country; and Dateline Israel: New Photography and Video Art, which documents life in Israel. Of interest also will be the site's Making Connections in Art and Jewish Culture, which explores the Museum's collections interactively. It traces the interconnections between over 60 works, from ancient artifacts to contemporary art and television clips. The site's collection overview may be searched or browsed, and details of current and forthcoming events and exhibitions hosted by the Museum, such as the New York Jewish Film Festival, are provided. This is a rich and diverse museum website which is sure to interest scholars of Jewish studies, art and literature.
The website of the Jabotinsky Institute in Israel offers information about the Institute's museum and archive, whose holdings are partially available online in Hebrew. One of Zionism's most prominent thinkers and the founder of its Revisionist school, Vladimir 'Ze'ev' Jabotinsky was born in Odessa in 1880. During World War I, he managed to get permission from the British to set up the first-ever Jewish military unit to help the Allied war effort. After the war, Jabotinsky was one of the leaders in the cause to establish armed Jewish self-defence units in Palestine. Later on, his work would provide the model for the militant Jewish underground groups Irgun and the Stern Gang as they engaged in a terror campaign against the British in the final years of the Mandate. The Institute is in the process of uploading all of its holdings onto the Internet. In English, the site provides a short biography of Jabotinsky, along with a selected bibliography, and the full texts of a number of Jabotinsky's most famous articles, including "The Iron Wall". Through the website, the Institute also publicises its other activities, including its own research and the publishing of Jabotinsky's writings.
The Bibliothèque Nationale de France makes available online scanned versions of a large number of catalogues for its collection of manuscripts from around the world. The website gives access to all these catalogues, but by clicking on the Manuscrits - Orient option the user is taken directly to a list of manuscript catalogues for the Near East and Africa. These include catalogues for manuscripts in Arabic (11 catalogues); Hebrew (one catalogue); Persian (four catalogues); and Turkish (two catalogues); as well as catalogues for manuscripts in other Near Eastern languages like Armenian and Syriac. The digitisation process is ongoing, and further catalogues will be added in the future. Although the catalogues are scanned as images and therefore not easily searchable, this resource makes available to researchers important catalogues for the library's significant collections of manuscripts for Middle Eastern, Jewish and Islamic Studies.
Mel Alexenberg is an artist and writer interested in the relationship between art, science, technology and Jewish consciousness. This website includes images of his artworks, annotated with extensive excerpts from his published writings (as Word documents), alongside biographical information, and links to the various blogs the artist maintains.
The New Jerusalem Mosaic is an online project hosted by the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. It gives an overview of the history of Jerusalem from the First Temple Period (1006-586 BCE) to 1967. Users can browse by historical period, or by a number of thematic headings: costumes; water systems; food; people; and sightseeing. This resource is informative on aspects of daily life in Jerusalem during each period, but not very extensive on the political or economic background. The reader should also be aware that it glosses over some of the more problematic issues surrounding the history of the city, such as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
This Web page gives access to the full-text of 'Orient: Report of the Society for Near Eastern Studies in Japan' (1960-2004), and despite the word 'report' in the title this is actually a substantial academic journal. Tables of contents, abstracts, and PDF files of articles are all freely available online. The journal was published in English, with occasional articles in German and French, and was devoted to reports and scholarly articles on archaeological and historical topics, with forays into linguistics. Example article titles include: 'Historical problems of the early Achaemenian period'; 'Hadiths as historical sources for a biography of the prophet'; 'A Japanese view of Lord Cromer's rule in Egypt'; and 'A Century of Turkish Studies in Japan', among many others. The latest issue available at 2009 is the 2004 issue, a special on the history of glass and glass-making. This will be a useful full-text resource for those engaged in the historical study of the Near East. The journal issues are held on the Japanese central online archive of ejournals (which is presented in English, but which otherwise contains only scientific journals), and as such the page does not have details of editors and Editorial Board - but these may be found by browsing the preface of recent issues or by searching Google.
Relations of Austria and Israel since 1945 is a subsite of ZIS, the online Information System for Contemporary History which is based at the University of Innsbruck. The majority of information on the site can be initially accessed via a chronological chart of important events related to the founding and history of Israel, as well as Austrian-Israeli relations. Additional information on the timeline posts links to transcribed primary source documents, short videos and scanned images. The site also offers a database of over 1,200 relevant primary source documents that can be searched with an accompanying search engine. The database gives precise archival details for each item, along with the location of different archives. The site has an extensive bibliography, covering the Holocaust and Israel; Austrian-Israeli relations from 1945; and general literature on Israel and the Middle Eastern conflict (English and German sources). There is an additional alphabetised list of important figures who have been active in relations, or in the history of relations, between Austria and Israel in the post-war period. Also helpful is a glossary and an excellent annotated links list. For its elucidation of the links between the History of Central Europe and the History of the Middle East, this site should well serve researchers in the fields of German Studies, Middle Eastern Studies, and European History. It will also be of interest to teachers, students and members of the public.
Sefarad is a Spanish-published peer-reviewed journal of Hebrew, Sephardic, and Near East studies. Appearing twice a year, this publication offers articles and book reviews on topics including: ancient Middle Eastern languages and cultures; philology and textual criticism of the Hebrew Bible; philology and linguistics of the Hebrew and Aramaic languages; the history and culture of the Jews in Spain; and the language, literature, and cultural creativity of the Sephardim. The articles are chiefly in Spanish or English, with occasional pieces in other languages; book reviews are generally in Spanish only. The journal first appeared in 1941, though only the most recent issues (2006 onwards) are available via the website. For six months after publication, material is available solely to subscribers to the print edition of the journal; thereafter, it is freely accessible by all.
The website of the Shalem Center think-tank in Jerusalem offers a comprehensive and accessible overview of the Center's activities, which are primarily geared towards researching and writing on all the major issues relevant to world Jewry. This includes Jewish and Zionist intellectual, social, cultural, and political history, Biblical archaeology, as well as more contemporary subjects, such as economics and social policy. With strong ties to the American neo-conservative movement, the stated aim of the Shalem Center is to conduct research in the interest of "enriching and strengthening the State of Israel," and its scholars are, by and large, positioned on the political and religious right. They include Michael B. Oren, Yossi Klein Halevi, Martin Kramer, and Natan Sharansky, whose writings and various media appearances are collected on the website. Furthermore, the site offers briefings and analyses of current affairs from their fellows. In addition to its research, the Shalem Center operates its own publishing house and puts out a scholarly journal, Azure, which is available in both English and Hebrew. From the site, it is possible to sign up for the Center's newsletter for those interested to keep abreast of its activities.