This growing new resource provides an online database of archival resources for the study of twentieth century international history which are held at Oxford University. The database is browsable by alphabetical listing, category; region; chronology or timespan; and location in Oxford. Several of these headings are broken down into sub-topics, so that categories, for example, are searchable by individuals; national institutions and organisations; international organisations; major events; international economic policy; wars; empire and colonies; and non-state organisations. Each individual collection entry provides a description of the collection, its location, and a relevant archival Web link. Scholars with an interest in British imperial history in Africa and Asia, Middle Eastern history and European studies will find this site to be particularly helpful as an initial guide to locating Oxford's wealth of twentieth century resources in these fields.
Abstracta Iranica is a bibliographical journal of Iranian Studies, published by the Institut Français de Recherche en Iran-IFRI. It publishes abstracts and reviews of selected works published over the past year related to Iran, Central Asia and Iranian civilisation. It covers work in a variety of disciplines, from the origins of Iranian civilisation to the present day. Disciplines include: linguistics; archaeology; history; art history; history of science; religion; Islam; philosophy; literature; and the arts. Works are selected and presented by research scholars.The website for the journal gives full-text access to issues since 2002, accessible by issue or through browsing lists of authors, keywords, subjects or proper names.The interface is available in English and French, though the reviews are primarily in French. The site's extensive bibliographic resources will be of interest to students and researchers looking for recent work in Iranian Studies.
The site of the "Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungariae" is the online version of this refereed journal published by the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and the Akadémiai Kiadó publishing house. Full content of the journal can be accesed by subscription or pay-per-view for individual articles. It is published in one volume of four issues annually. The scope of Acta Orientalia is "in the field of oriental studies, including Turkic, Mongolian, Manchurian, Chinese, Tibetan, Indian, Iranian and Semitic philology, literature and history". The journal also publishes book reviews and advertisements. Information on the journal as well as guidelines for submissions of articles are available on the older site of the publishing house (URL 2). Tables of contents and a list of authors can be viewed on the site, with various search options for articles, contents and authors. The shopping cart also includes a 'saved item' option.
This website makes freely available issues of the peer-reviewed scholarly journal Al-Andalus Magreb, published by the University of Cádiz and devoted to research into Arab and Islamic history, culture and society, with some emphasis on its intersections with Spain. The journal's scope is broad encompassing historical studies, literary criticism, linguistics, architecture, philosophy and more. Browsing through the contents of each issue will reveal articles addressing such diverse themes as: Jorge Luis Borges and oriental philosophy; ideas of pain, death and hope in the work of Tunisian poet, Abu I-Qasim al-Sabbi; and Muslim iconography in medieval Spanish ceramics; and furniture in medieval Moroccan mosques. The site lacks a search facility which would have facilitated location of relevant material, but browsing through each issue should yield interesting results. Notes, commentaries and reviews are available in issues separate to those containing research articles. Most contributions are in Spanish, although some are either in English or French.
The al-Bab website, 'an open door to the Arab world', provides a collection of articles and outside links on a wide range of topics related to Middle East studies. It is run by Brian Whitaker, former Middle East editor for The Guardian, though the site has no relationship to the newspaper. The content is a combination of annotated links to websites, links to previously published articles or book excerpts, and original articles and commentary. It provides a large variety of reliable content appropriate for students and researchers at all levels.
The site's sections include: country briefings for the 22 members of the Arab League; news; reference; and collections of links and articles on specific topics. Along with coverage of political and economic issues, these topics include a number of subjects of interest to arts and humanities students, including: Arabic language; media; architecture; art; cinema; literature; and music. A section of articles on diversity in the Arab world also provides information about ethnic minorities like the Kurds, Berbers and Turkmen, and coverage of special topics like women in the Arab world or gay and lesbian issues. Al-Bab is an excellent source of background information for the general public and a good first stop for preliminary research for students, but even experienced researchers are likely to find useful resources on many topics.
The al-Tafsīr website, maintained by the Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought in Jordan, provides the original Arabic of over 100 Islamic texts, primarily works of Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir) from all the major schools of Islamic jurisprudence and from other theological and mystical currents. It also provides three tafsir collections in English; the full text of the Qur'an in Arabic as well as translations into eighteen languages, including seven different translations in English; and audio files of Qur'anic recitation in different modes. The site is navigable in English and Arabic, though the tafsir collection must be navigated in Arabic for access to the widest range of Arabic texts.
One of the great advantages of the al-Tafsīr website is that the texts have been entered by hand, rather than scanned, making them fully searchable and easily navigable. This brings a large number of Islamic texts, many of them previously only available as manuscripts, to students and researchers around the world. By providing tafsir collections from over 60 authors and a variety of schools, the site makes comparative study possible. Access to the text of the Qur'an also includes tabs for further information (commentaries, reasons for revelation, meanings, vocalisation) for each verse. The site is easy to use and provides access to a large number of original texts that will be of great interest to advanced students and researchers in Islamic studies.
The American Schools of Oriental Research (ASOR) is one of the main sponsors of Near Eastern archaeology in the United States and supports research and publications on the peoples and cultures of the Near East from the earliest times to the present day. It also directs overseas research centres in Amman, Jerusalem and Nicosia. The website for their newsletter gives access to online or PDF versions of the ASOR Newsletter from 1996 to the present. The newsletter includes reports on research funded by ASOR and the activities of their overseas research centres. It is published quarterly. The majority of the research sponsored by ASOR is archaeological, but ethnographic and other types of research are reported in the newsletter as well. The publication will be of interest to students and researchers in Near Eastern archaeology, history and heritage.
Annales islamologiques is a journal published by the Institut français d'archéologie orientale du Caire. It is devoted to research on Arab and Islamic civilization, primarily in Egypt. The website makes available full-text PDF versions of all issues of the journal from 1954 to 1996, many of which are out of print or difficult to find. Tables of contents are provided for more recent issues. Articles are accessible through tables of contents for each issue or for the entire collection, and a full-text search function is also available. The website and most articles are in French, though some articles are in English or Arabic. The site will be of interest to researchers in Middle Eastern history and Islamic Studies.
ArchNet is "an online community for architects, planners, urban designers, interior designers, landscape architects, and scholars, with a special focus on the Islamic world". Developed by the MIT School of Architecture and Planning in cooperation with the Aga Khan Trust for Culture, an agency of the Aga Khan Development Agency, ArchNet provides a personal workspace, news, event information, a digital library and a discussion forum. The website has sections for each of these areas, as well as information about some architectural institutions; a careers section; and course syllabi. Some areas of the website can be viewed in PDF format, which requires the use of an Adobe Acrobat Reader.
The French journal Cahiers d'études sur la Méditerranée orientale et le monde Turco-Iranien (CEMOTI) publishes research on a broad geographical area that includes Southern Europe, the Middle East and Central Asia. The journal also publishes articles related to immigration and the Greek, Turkish and Cypriot diasporas in Europe. Each issue is devoted to a particular theme, with a focus on contemporary history, culture and social questions. The CEMOTI website gives access to tables of contents and abstracts for all issues published since 1985. It also provides full-text versions of selected issues. Disciplinary coverage is broad, including humanities and social sciences disciplines. The journal will be of interest to researchers in Middle East and Central Asian history and cultural studies.
The website of Cambridge University Library's Near and Middle Eastern Department gives access to general information and catalogues related to the department's collections of books and manuscripts in the ancient and modern languages of the Near and Middle East. The history of the collections is described in an introductory page, and users can access the online library catalogue to search for specific resources. Of particular interest are the digital versions of five catalogues of Islamic and other manuscripts in Arabic, Persian and Turkish held in the library's collections. The digitised catalogues, arranged by subject and including indexes, give brief descriptions of the manuscripts along with catalogue details. The site also includes a list of useful links to booksellers, libraries, and other organisations of interest to students and researchers concerned with the Near and Middle East.
"Chroniques Yéménites" is a free full-text journal in French focussing on the archaeology and history of Yemen and publishing referenced academic papers. It is possible to access printable pages of any paper by clicking on "version imprimable"; to perform a full-text keyword search; and to subscribe to a mailing list that sends table of contents of new issues. A few papers are in English or Italian; and some focus on the recent history and culture of Yemen; yearly summaries of political events have been published for both Yemen and Saudi Arabia. The journal includes papers on megalithism; rock art; epigraphy; Islamic manuscripts and studies; trade on the spice route; and other archaeological studies. There are papers as diverse as "A Chinese in the Nubian and Abyssinian Kingdoms (8th Century)" by Wolbert Smidt about ancient contacts between China and the Axumite Empire and "La psychiatrie au Yémen" by Claire Harbonn-Sotty about the state of mental health facilities in contemporary Yemen.
This website describes itself as "the first world wide web initiative to create and develop a complete portal to Moroccan Sufism". Many websites that deal with the subject of Moroccan Sufism do so in French, and this is one of the first to do so in English. The author of the website himself is a descendant and devotee of famous Sufi shaykhs of this region, and this website is therefore mainly aimed at people with a personal interest in Sufism. However, the information given here about the various scholars, saints and shariffs (descendents of the Prophet Muhammad) of Morocco is extensive, and would still be of great use for the researcher. Biographies of important figures come with pictures of their tombs and long translations of passages from their works. The 'Hagiography Bank' section also proves quite useful, as one can find such figures listed according to date, place or tariqa (Sufi order) affiliation. In addition to this, newcomers to the subject can also find more general articles on the various aspects of Moroccan Islam and Sufism. For those interested in discussion with fellow admirers or researchers, a forum is available on the website.
This website allows access to the online version of 'Democracy and Islam in the New Constitution of Afghanistan' (ISBN: 0-8330-3358-1). This report was edited by Cheryl Benard and Nina Hachigian. It is the outcome of a workshop organised by the RAND Corporation in January 2003 where a group of experts in Islamic Law, constitution writing and democracy was assembled to identify how Islam should be treated in the new Constitution of Afghanistan. This report is subdivided into the following section headings: Introduction; Islam and Society; Islam and Sources of Law; Judicial Review; Courts and Judges; Individual Rights; and Conclusion. In the Appendix, viewers can find a short paper entitled 'Islam and the state: a short history' and the Constitution of Afghanistan 1964. The document is presented in PDF and Adobe Acrobat Reader can be downloaded from the site.
This is a the website of DigiIslam, a project which completed, in 2008, a review of User Requirements for Digitised Resources in Islamic Studies. This study was funded by the JISC Digitisation Programme. From the home page you may download a PDF of the final report which details the project's work to plot existing digitised resources (mainly online) and to identify gaps in the provision of digitised resources for Islamic Studies. This also looks at establishing criteria for prioritizing potential material and collections for future digitisation as well as further recommendations to support the development of Islamic Studies via the use of existing digitised resources to assist in the study and teaching of the subject.
The website of Dr. Youssef Ziedan, Director of the Manuscripts Center and Manuscripts Museum at the Bibliotheca Alexandrina in Alexandria, Egypt, provides a wealth of information on Arab and Islamic heritage and manuscripts. It covers Arab and Islamic heritage in general through a series of themed articles and manuscript reproductions, and also provides information on specific collections of manuscripts. The site is available in English and Arabic, though some of the articles are only available in Arabic.
Arab and Islamic heritage are introduced through brief articles on different themes, including: preambles in manuscripts; laughter; cities of Islam; love; and luminaries of Islam. The site also includes audio files of Arabic poetry and prose, and video files of lectures on Arab and Islamic heritage. For those interested in Arabic and Islamic manuscripts, the site provides facsimilies of over 50 rare and mostly unpublished manuscripts. The Catalogs section of the site also gives detailed information on six collections of manuscripts in northern Egypt, along with a searchable database of their contents. The site is appropriate for a wide range of audiences, including advanced students of Arabic literature, and will be of particular interest to researchers in Arabic and Islamic Studies looking for information on manuscript collections and rare manuscripts.
This is the website of the AHRC funded project 'In the Footsteps of Jesus and the Prophet: Sociality, Caring and the Religious Imagination In the Filipino Diaspora'. The Footsteps Project is a major two year research project funded within the AHRC Diaspora Programme, concerned with the experiences of Filipino carers living and working in the Middle East and the role that Filipino religious congregations play in creating sociality, community and social networks among fellow migrants, both local and transnational; the ways these facilitate relations with their hosts; how faith may empower women negotiating status and identity within and beyond the workplace.
H-Bahai is the website of a moderated discussion list that forms part of the H-Net discussion network for the Humanities and Social Sciences. The focus of H-Bahai is the discussion of 'the culture and history of millenarian and/or esoteric religious traditions originating in modern Iran, such as Shaykhism, Babism, and the Baha'i faith'. In addition to providing access to subscription services and the message log for the discussion list (for subscribers only), the website provides further resources for research and teaching on these religious traditions. These resources include: a comprehensive resource guide on the Baha'i faith useful for planning courses or for background research; a digital publications series; and a digital library. The digital library contains digitised texts (mostly scanned images) of both primary and secondary sources in Arabic, Persian and European languages. An impressive selection of primary sources in Arabic and Persian is available, including the complete works of Baha'u'llah (founder of the Baha'i faith), Abdu'l-Baha (son of Baha'u'llah), Shaykh Ahmad al-Ahsa'i (founder of Shaykhism) and The Bab (founder of Babism). Some of these works are also available in translation on the website. A clear and easy to use interface leads users to resources appropriate for those with little previous knowledge of these religious traditions and for advanced scholars in search of primary texts.
Published by the Islamic Organization for Medical Sciences (IOMS), a history of Muslim pharmacy provides information about medieval Arabic pharmacy, which is also known as Saydanah. The site is comprised of a set of narrative essays on Muslim pharmacy, concentrating particularly on the important figures Abu ar-Rayhan al-Biruni and Abu ja'far al-Ghafiqi, and their respective works as-Saydanah fit-Tibb, and al-Jami' al-Adwiyyah al-Mufradah. The site highlights the important contribution of Middle Eastern societies to modern medicine, and early pharmacology.
The website of the Institute of Ismaili Studies provides information on this research institute, located in London, which focuses on the Ismaili community and its culture. It offers a graduate programme in Islamic Studies and Humanities, as well as a doctoral programme, in collaboration with various British universities. The website is an excellent resource for those studying or wanting to find out more about the history of the Ismaili community - the second largest Shia community in the Muslim world. Members of its communities inhabit over 20 countries. The institute serves its own community, by providing various religious and cultural programmes, as well as lifelong learning, and academic seminars, conferences and public lectures. Recognised as one of the leading centres for studies in this field, the institute commissions publications, translations, and research by both internal and external scholars. The site provides a good guide to available resources in English. An extremely useful feature of the site is the glossary, which provides explanations of terms used. The site is available in French, English, Farsi (Persian), and Arabic. It features a short biography of the community's Imam and leader - His Highness the Aga Khan. The site is very easy to navigate (aided by a search facility and site guide) and features the following sections: research; graduate studies; learning; library; publications; news and events; and contact details.
This website describes Islam and its historical origins. Some of the central qualities and assumptions of the religion are outlined, generally accompanied by comparisons with Christianity. The historical part of the site begins with pre-Islamic Arabic culture. It then introduces the prophet Muhammad, the Qur'an (or Koran), and goes on to describe the Caliphate under Abu Bakr, the Civil war and Umayyad Dynasty, the Shi'a schism, and finally the Abassid Dynasty. A separate section on the Arabic language emphasises its centrality to the Islamic faith. An 'Islam reader' consists of sections of the Qur'an translated into English. There is also a glossary of terms and a list of links to other sites. This site forms part of an online courseware unit from Washington State University's 'World Civilizations' project. It is targeted at students about to begin university and first year undergraduates. The site is a decade old, seems to be archived.
Islam online is a website that provides information primarily for the transnational Muslim community, though it will be of interest to students and researchers in Islamic and religious studies. It was established and is supported by the conservative Egyptian scholar Yusuf al-Qaradawi, and is available in English and Arabic versions. The site provides extensive coverage of news and current events related to Islam and the Muslim world, and has a large interactive section where al-Qaradawi and others provide opinions and fatwas in response to user questions. These opinions, arranged by subject and in a searchable fatwa bank, are found in the Living Shari'ah section of the website. This section also contains other resources like Hadith collections; Friday sermons; searchable Qur'an texts; and articles about various issues. The rest of the site is devoted to articles and more extensive reports on issues pertaining to Muslim life and society under subjects like health and science; family; art and culture; youth; and Euro-Muslims. The site is professionally produced and provides information on a wide range of topics for audiences of all levels, though users should be aware of the conservative perspective of the articles and opinions.
The Islam Online website, run by Al Jazeera Publishing in Dubai, provides news and other content related to Islam for a Muslim and non-Muslim audience. The majority of the site is devoted to news articles on the Muslim world and the Middle East, with particular sections focused on Islamic banking and other business news. The site also includes some news in Arabic. The Spotlight on Islam section provides content related more directly to Islam and Islamic practice, including: commentaries on specific verses from the Qur'an and the Hadith; explanations of fatwas on various topics; and articles on the hajj and other topics like prayer, fasting, and the position of women. This section also includes over 80 brief profiles of prominent Muslims, from the time of the Prophet through medieval Islam and to the present day. The sections on Islam unfortunately do not include a topic index or clear indications of the authors of the articles, but still provide information that will be of interest to students as introductory sources on Islam and Islamic practice.
The website of the Islamic Art Network, a large-scale project undertaken by the Thesaurus Islamicus Foundation, makes images of and information about Islamic art and architecture digitally available on the Web, starting with the Islamic monuments of Cairo. Among the resources the site offers are the digitised Bulletins of the Comité de Conservation des Monuments de l'Art Arabe, a standard resource describing the restoration work on Cairo's Islamic monuments between 1882 and 1953 and a digital archive of over 6,000 images documenting photographically the Islamic monuments of Cairo. A virtual exhibition and a technical glossary of all the terms common in the field of Islamic art and architecture are also offered. Upcoming additions will be a navigable map of Cairo and a fully comprehensive bibliography of all the literature written about or relevant to Islamic art and architecture. It is also planned to extend the documentation to the rest of Egypt and monuments around the Islamic world.
The website of The Islamic Manuscript Association (TIMA) provides information about the activities of the organisation as well as descriptions of online catalogues and collections of Islamic manuscripts. The organisation, founded in 2006, describes itself as 'an international effort to protect Islamic manuscripts', and runs projects related to issues of cataloguing, conservation, digitisation, and research and publishing. The website provides a number of resources on these themes that will be of interest to scholars and archivists working with Islamic manuscripts as well as to those working in manuscript studies more generally. It will also be of direct relevance to scholars of Islamic Studies looking for primary sources, as it includes links to: outside projects related to Islamic manuscripts; the UNESCO memory of the world register, which includes nine collections related to Islamic studies; eight online catalogues of Islamic manuscripts; 11 digital manuscript collections; and more general resources for research. This is a good first source for information on Islamic manuscript collections, with links that will lead researchers to further valuable resources.
The Islamic Manuscripts website, moderated by Professor Jan Just Witkam of Leiden University, provides inventories of major manuscript collections and a wealth of other information related to Islamic manuscripts. The website includes recent inventories of the Oriental manuscripts collections at Leiden University and the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. It also has a reference library section, which gives access to digital versions of older catalogues of Islamic manuscripts from various European collections. In addition the reference library makes available many out-of-print or difficult to find articles and monographs related to Islamic manuscripts. Of particular interest to students of Islamic manuscripts and manuscript studies will be Professor Witkam's online course in Islamic palaeography, which provides an introduction to the subject as well as over 35 extracts from manuscripts in Arabic and Persian, with transcriptions and notes for students to guide them through different script styles. This website will be of particular interest to researchers and advanced students looking for catalogues and other information related to Islamic manuscripts.
The Islamic world website, maintained by Dr. Albrecht Hofheinz of the University of Oslo, is a thorough and well-annotated list of links for Islamic and Middle Eastern studies. It covers a wide array of subjects and a broad geographical area, and will be a good first stop for students and researchers looking for online resources. The links are well-organised and can be divided into the following broad subject areas: general reference; internet and communications technology (including search engines, directories, portals, e-lists, discussion forums, chat rooms, and blogs in the Muslim world); countries, regions and peoples (with extensive coverage of Egypt, Morocco, Palestine and the Sudan but including the broader Muslim world in Asia, Africa and the diaspora); languages (especially Arabic); history; religion (especially Islam); culture; social issues; politics and economics; and research (universities and research centres, societies, think tanks, libraries, journals and e-books).
Although the site has not been updated since November 2005 and lacks a navigable contents page, it remains a valuable collection of online resources. Users should note that there were a number of broken links in this directory at the time of cataloguing, but the vast majority were fine. This is one of the few websites to provide links to Middle Eastern search engines and internet directories, and to websites for countries in Muslim regions outside of the Middle East. The section devoted to Islam is especially rich, with links to general information as well as specific subjects like the Qur'an, the Hadith, tafsir, fiqh, Islamic practice, Sufism, South Asian traditions, and religious organisations. An excellent resource for students and researchers of all levels.
The IslamiCity - Islam and the Global Muslim eCommunity - website is an Islamic portal that provides information on Islam and the Muslim world appropriate for a wide range of audiences. General introductory pages on understanding Islam, the hajj, the pillars of Islam, and Islamic history will be useful for students and others with little or no previous background in the study of Islam. The site also provides more in-depth articles on the Qur'an and other Islamic texts; access to the text of the Qur'an in Arabic and in translation; and an English translation of an important collection of Hadith (the Sahih Bukhari). Search functions for the Qur'an and Hadith include a search of the Qur'an in six languages and in phonetic Arabic. The site also serves as a resource for the Muslim community, with features like prayer times calculators, a mosque finder, a question and answer section (Ask the Imam), and members-only content. More general news and a host of other content (multimedia, shopping, travel services) will be of less academic interest, but the site's resources, especially the texts provided, remain a useful tool for students and researchers in Islamic studies.
Islamport gives access to over 5,000 digitised texts in Arabic on a wide variety of subjects, with a particular focus on the Islamic sciences. It draws together resources from a number of other sites, making it one of the most comprehensive digital libraries for Islamic studies. The library can be navigated through a search function or by subject - the subjects list is found in the khizānat al-kutub section, accessible from the main page. The site also includes a 'comprehensive library' (al-maktabah al-shāmilah) program that allows users to download a large number of texts at once. The site is available only in Arabic.
Major subjects covered include: aspects of Muslim theology; the Qur'an and Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir); Hadith; biography of the Prophet; Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) in general and by school; and works by specific authors like Ibn Taymiyyah. The site also includes books on Arabic language, literature and history. The texts are available as downloadable .rar files or as online text that can be browsed more easily. This will be a useful resource for advanced students and researchers looking for primary and secondary sources in Arabic and Islamic Studies.
This is the website for the Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies (ISSN: 0806-198X), which is a peer-reviewed academic journal that covers all aspects of Arabic and Islamic Studies. It is published online and on paper, and accepts submission in English, French, German, Italian and Spanish. The journal is edited by Dr Alex Metcalfe of the University of Lancaster. This homepage allows access to all the journal's contents since the first volume was published in 1996. Articles can be viewed as PDF files. Titles featured to date include: 'Towards a Typology of Arabic Dialects: The Role of Final Consonantality'; 'A Legal Aesthetic of Medieval and Pre-Modern Arab-Muslim Architectural Space'; and 'The Notion Weapon in Arabic Idioms'. The site, which would be of interest to students and scholars of Islam, also provides: a list of FAQs; the journal's editorial policy; and submission guidelines for authors.
The website of the Kuwait Awqaf Public Foundation provides information about religious endowments (awqāf) in Kuwait. It includes general information on Kuwaiti religious endowments, including the history, development and law related to them. It also contains sections on various projects and funds supported by awqāf, including projects for social, health and educational development as well as projects to support religious heritage. An ongoing project to provide GIS (Geographic Information System) maps for a list of mosques protected by awqāf will be of interest to architectural historians of the Middle East. The site is available only in Arabic. It will be of most interest to advanced researchers in Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies with an interest in Islamic law, religious endowments, philanthropy, and architectural and other heritage.
The Bibliothèque Nationale de France makes available online scanned versions of a large number of catalogues for its collection of manuscripts from around the world. The website gives access to all these catalogues, but by clicking on the Manuscrits - Orient option the user is taken directly to a list of manuscript catalogues for the Near East and Africa. These include catalogues for manuscripts in Arabic (11 catalogues); Hebrew (one catalogue); Persian (four catalogues); and Turkish (two catalogues); as well as catalogues for manuscripts in other Near Eastern languages like Armenian and Syriac. The digitisation process is ongoing, and further catalogues will be added in the future. Although the catalogues are scanned as images and therefore not easily searchable, this resource makes available to researchers important catalogues for the library's significant collections of manuscripts for Middle Eastern, Jewish and Islamic Studies.
By providing translations, this website aims to create access for the wider English-speaking Muslim public to writings by classical and contemporary Sunni scholarship. For the Islamic Studies student or researcher, this website can provide a look into the living heritage of medieval Sunnism. The Sunni scholarship that the translators of this website are concerned with reflect a more classical approach (described here as 'orthodox'), sympathetic to the approach of speculative theological schools as well as the teachings and practices of Sufis, and are dominantly from the Arab world (or at least wrote in Arabic). A section dedicated to biographies of such scholars can be found, as well as a collection of photographs of scholars from various parts of the Muslim world. Most of the translations given here are in PDF form, and are either from relatively short treatises, or small sections from larger works. In line with the contemporary concerns of traditional Sunni discourse, many of these papers attempt to defend the theological methodology of the Ash'ari and Maturidi schools as well the teachings of Sufism from attacks by more reformist Sunni streams. Although the quality of translation does vary from text to text,the standard of translation is usually good, and transliteration and citations are given in the style found in academic journal. A number of audio and video recordings of lectures in Arabic by contemporary scholars can also be found on this website, as well as an online forum.
Middle East Virtual Libraries is a well-annotated guide to online versions of Islamic texts in Arabic and Persian. The Web page forms part of the resources provided by the University of Utah's Aziz S. Atiya Middle East Library. It offers links to outside websites that provide the original texts in Arabic or Persian, often with translations into English or other languages. Many of the available texts are fully searchable in English and/or the source language. The websites listed focus on Islamic sources and religious works: the Qur'an (online texts, commentaries and translations); the Hadith (text databases in English and Arabic for the traditions of the Prophet); and other works in various branches of the traditional Islamic sciences. Some sites also contain texts of classical Arabic or Persian histories, poetry, or other genres. Annotations to the links guide users to the most appropriate resources for their purposes, and alert them to particular religious or political perspectives. This is an excellent resource for finding Islamic texts online, though it will be most useful to advanced students and researchers with a solid background in Islamic studies and the appropriate languages.
This is currently one of the best internet resources in English on the great Andalusian mystic and philosopher Ibn ‘Arabi (1165-1240), also known as the Greatest of Spiritual Masters (Shaykh al-Akbar). The subjects covered include Ibn ‘Arabi’s works, theological and philosophical discussion of themes in his writings, later commentators, and the spread of his teachings. The Muhyiddin Ibn ‘Arabi Society was founded in 1977, and is based in Oxford, with a branch in the United States, and has organised numerous events and publications relating the Ibn ‘Arabi not only addressed to an academic audience, but also a wider group of Ibn ‘Arabi enthusiasts and admirers of his teachings. Information about related events and publications are found here, as well as free podcasts of lectures. Many of the contributors to the website are Ibn ‘Arabi scholars well known in the West, such as Michel Chodkiewicz, William Chittick, Claude Addas and James Morris. These authors and others have contributed original essays and articles for this website, but reproductions of articles from books and journals can also be found here in very readable format. Unfortunately, there are hardly any articles that provide information on his background and historical context, as well as the negative reaction his teachings provoked in some quarters of the Muslim world. Also, works by Ibn ‘Arabi and his commentators are found only in translation, and not in their original languages.
'Muslims, Islam and Iraq' is a web page maintained by Dr Alan Godlas, Associate Professor of Religion (Islamic Studies and Arabic) at the University of Georgia. It takes a scholarly (as opposed to political) approach to the following issues: Islam and Muslims in Iraq, and the relationship of the war in Iraq to Islam and Muslims. This website provides commentaries and annotated links to numerous online resources relevant to these issues (e.g. news reports, the homepages of organizations, transcripts of speeches, web blogs, interviews, statements, articles, book chapters, surveys, official documents, and biographies). The materials are organised under the following headings: Breaking News on Iraq; Maps of Iraq; Modern History of Islam in Iraq; Muslim Sects and Organizations in Iraq; Underlying Causes of the War; Muslim Responses; American Muslim Responses; Responses from Muslim Scholars and Leaders; Responses from Non-Islamic Religions; Iraqi Americans; Iraqi Christians; Ben Ladin, al-Qaida, and Iraq; General Websites on the Iraq Crisis; Resources in Print on Muslims and Islam in Iraq; and Iraqi Governing Council. The site is continually updated as new developments occur, though not all links are current.
This Web page gives access to the full-text of 'Orient: Report of the Society for Near Eastern Studies in Japan' (1960-2004), and despite the word 'report' in the title this is actually a substantial academic journal. Tables of contents, abstracts, and PDF files of articles are all freely available online. The journal was published in English, with occasional articles in German and French, and was devoted to reports and scholarly articles on archaeological and historical topics, with forays into linguistics. Example article titles include: 'Historical problems of the early Achaemenian period'; 'Hadiths as historical sources for a biography of the prophet'; 'A Japanese view of Lord Cromer's rule in Egypt'; and 'A Century of Turkish Studies in Japan', among many others. The latest issue available at 2009 is the 2004 issue, a special on the history of glass and glass-making. This will be a useful full-text resource for those engaged in the historical study of the Near East. The journal issues are held on the Japanese central online archive of ejournals (which is presented in English, but which otherwise contains only scientific journals), and as such the page does not have details of editors and Editorial Board - but these may be found by browsing the preface of recent issues or by searching Google.
The Islam pages of the Overview of World Religions website provide introductory articles on many aspects of Islamic belief and practice. Topics include the historical development of Islam and the spread of Islamic civilization as well as more specific traditions within Islam. The site is divided into four main sections: Islam; Sunni tradition; Shi'a tradition; and Sufi orders. Each section includes a general introductory article as well as articles on specific schools of jurisprudence, sects, or traditions. The articles are accessible and well-cited, and will be most appropriate as introductory texts for students or as a basis for further research. The site is part of PHILTAR (Philosophy, Theology and Religion), a project of the Division of Religion and Philosophy at the University of Cumbria. Other sections of the main site provide links to articles and further resources on Islam.
The website Philosophers of the Arabs, a project of the Egyptian Philosophical Society, introduces modern Arab thought and philosophy and aims to facilitate dialogue between Arab philosophy and philosophy more generally. It is aimed at specialists in the Arab world and beyond, but contains much content that will be of interest to non-specialists as well. The site is organised into five main categories: philosophers; research; discourse; news; and services. It is available in both English and Arabic, with some differences in content.
The philosophers section includes brief biographies of modern (19th- and 20th-century) Arab philosophers; a list of contemporary philosophers; as well as lists of important professors, non-Arab Muslim philosophers and Orientalists. The research section lists recent publications on both Arab philosophy and non-Arab philosophy. The English version of the site provides links to many of the publications in Western languages and reviews of some of the publications in Arabic, while the Arabic version provides links to publications in Arabic as well. Also of interest will be the services section, which provides links to websites related to Arab and Islamic philosophy as well as information on publications and research centres. Although the site was still in development at the time of review, it already contains much information that will be of interest to students and researchers interested in the philosophy or history of the Arab world.
The Islamic manuscripts section of the Princeton University Library's Department of Rare Books and Special Collections website provides researchers with digital versions of both published and unpublished catalogues of the manuscripts in the library's collections. The library holds the largest collection of Islamic manuscripts in North America, with 11,000 volumes of Arabic, Persian and Ottoman Turkish manuscripts. The collection focuses on Islamic learning, but also contains examples of illuminated manuscripts and other arts of the book. The website gives access to scanned versions of three of the four published catalogues of the manuscript collections (1938 to 1987), and an unpublished 'Preliminary Checklist of Uncatalogued Islamic Manuscripts' (2004). The site also provides links to descriptions of specific collections of Arabic calligraphy, Arabic papyri, and illustrated Shahnamah manuscripts. This site will be a valuable resource for advanced researchers in Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies looking for information on Islamic manuscript collections.
This is the personal website of Professor Uri Rubin an academic at the Department of Arabic and Islamic Studies at Tel-Aviv University in Israel. Prof. Rubin's area of specialization is early Islam, with special emphasis on the Qur’an, Qur’an Exegesis (Tafsir), and early Islamic tradition (Sira and Hadith). In particular, his work has explored the early Muslim view of the Prophet Muhammad, and prophecy in general. A list of his publications is given, and many are free to download in pdf form. There are also links to his articles displayed elsewhere on the internet. A few recordings of interviews with Prof. Rubin are available for those proficient in Hebrew.
The website for the journal Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée makes available abstracts and some full-text articles from the journal, published by the Institut de recherches et d'études sur le Monde arabe et musulman (IREMAM) in Aix-en-Provence. The journal publishes thematic issues on the Muslim world, broadly defined, in two different series: History and the Contemporary World. Each issue includes a number of articles on a general theme, including contributions from scholars of the Muslim world beyond the Middle East and North Africa; an introductory article; independent studies; book reviews; and lists of bibliographic and electronic resources. The journal is an important source for contemporary scholarship on the Muslim world, and its online version makes much of its text available to a broad public. The website also includes further electronic resources, in collaboration with the Bibenligne site, that will be of use to all those interested in the Mediterranean and the Muslim world. Abstracts are published in French and English, though most of the full-text articles are available only in French.
This website provides free access to the full text of a book by Angel Rabasa, F. Stephen Larrabee which was published by RAND in 2008 ISBN 9780833044570.The 138 page book discusses issues relating to the relationship between religion and politics and religion and the state in Turkey. It traces changing trends in the rise of political and radical Islam in Turkey and its implications for international relations and American foreign policy.
This website gives access to the full-text of 'The Rise of Political Islam in Turkey' (ISBN: 9780833044570). The monograph, which forms part of the RAND Corporation monograph series, was published in 2008. It was jointly written by Angel Rabasa and F. Stephen Larrabee, and received funding from the (US) Under Secretary of Defense for Policy. The work, which analyses the development of political Islam in modern day Turkey, is divided into the following chapter headings: Introduction; The Islamic Landscape in Turkey; The Rise of Political Islam in Turkey; The AKP (the Justice and Development Party) in Power; The AKP's Foreign Policy; and Future Prospects and Implications. It is presented in PDF but Adobe Acrobat Reader can be downloaded from the site.
This is the homepage of the School of Abbasid Studies, where one can find information related to the various activities related to the School, as well as directly access a number of its research publications. This organisation is a cooperative venture between scholars from the Universities of St. Andrews, Cambridge and Leuven, founded (originally in the 1980s) to facilitate study of various aspects of society during the reign of this dynasty. Today, the Abbasid period (mid 8th century - mid 13th century C.E.) is popularly remembered as Islam's 'Golden Age', when cultural and intellectual development flourished. Details regarding the School's biennial conference can be found here, as well as academic biographies of its directors and members. Scholars and students who have had trouble trying to access the publications of this school will be delighted to discover that the complete first three volumes of their Occasional Working Papers are readily downloadable in PDF form from their 'Publications' section. Two edited translations of classical Abbasid literary works (Ibn Fadhlan's travel account, and al-Jahiz's epistle on singing girls) are also available in the same section. Also, the 'Working Papers' section promises access to future work by this group.
This website accompanied the 2009 British Museum exhibition, 'Shah 'Abbas: the remaking of Iran'. Shah 'Abbas (reigned AD 1587–1629) was one of Iran's most influential rulers, stabilising the country after internal conflict and ushering in an age of artistic and cultural production and the exhibition explores his legacy through gifts he endowed to major shrines and his new capital at Isfahan. The website includes illustrations and descriptions of exhibition highlights as well as short videos introducing the exhibition and key aspects of it. Research leading to the exhibition was funded by the AHRC and ESRC.
The Shi'a Islam website provides a basic introduction to the differences between the Shi'a and Sunni religions, and describes the origins and subsequent history of the Shi'ite Muslims. There are pages on 'Ali, Muhammad's cousin and the foundational figure in Shi'a history; Husayn, the third Imam; the Imamate; Muhammad al-Mahdi, the twelfth Imam known as the 'hidden Imam'; medieval Shi'a; and the Safavids. This history extends to modern Iran and the Iranian revolution. A page on Islamic republicanism attempts to explain the principles behind 'rule by jurisprudence' and Islamic fundamentalism. However, at time of review this resource had not been updated in several years, and users should note that this means there is no coverage of more recent events and developments in the Islamic world.
In addition to the overview of Shi'ism, there are images of some of the key holy sites of Shi'a Islam; a glossary of Shi'a terms and concepts; and a glossary of more general Islamic terms. There is also a list of links, but unfortunately this has suffered through a lack of maintenance. This site forms part of an online courseware unit from Washington State University's 'World Civilizations' project. It is targeted at students about to begin university and first year undergraduates.
The Society for Arabian Studies is a scholarly organisation based in London that aims to... "support and encourage research in the Arabian peninsula in the fields of archaeology, history, culture and the environment". The website is presented in English. The Society publishes an annual 'Bulletin' magazine in English, which is freely available online in PDF format. The 'Bulletin' aims to be a comprehensive survey of scholarly activity in the field during the past year, and at October 2008 three issues of this journal are available for download. Also available on the website are full details of the organising committee, membership fees, the Society's conferences, lectures, its Monograph Series, and other activities. The Society also offers small grants, of £500. This website will be especially useful for those seeking an accessible summary of recent scholarship in this area.
This websites provides the reader with easy access to a translation of substantial parts of the Tafsir al-Mizan. This major exegetical work was produced by one of the foremost Iranian Shi'i religious scholars of the 20th century, Ayatollah Sayyid Muhammad Husayn al-Tabataba'i (1892-1981), and reflects not only his background as a scholar rooted in traditional Shi'i religious thought (including the philosophical teachings of the school of Mulla Sadra), but also more contemporary socio-political concerns (many of his students were influential in the Iranian Revolution of 1979). This translation project still seems to be under progress, and the English translation has not been made from the original Arabic, but from a Persian translation by Saeed Akhtar Rizvi. This still seems to be an ongoing project, as only the first six of the original 20 volumes in Arabic have been translated. Besides the translation, various features can be found on the website, including a search tool, and choice excerpts from the work arranged according to different topics. One can also find a section (through a link to a related website) comparing Tabataba'i with other 20th century exegetical writers, as well as a collection of articles discussing various topics related to Shi'i thought. It should be noted that both the comparative study section and the articles reflect the general approach of the website, which presents Tabataba'i and his thought from a commited Shi'i point of view.
This is a website dedicated to the Tijani Sufi Way, which was founded in 1784 by the North African saint Shaykh Ahmad al-Tijani (d.1815), when he had a vision of the Prophet Muhammad. This Sufi order is extremely influential in many parts of Africa today, and has even found followers as far as Indonesia and the United States. Information on the the doctrine and practice of the order can be found on this website, as well as biographies of its major figures. Such information is usually presented with sources and references. Also, a news section enables the visitor to follow recent developments occurring among Tijani communities around the world.
The website of Tebyan, a cultural and information institute associated with the Iranian government's Islamic Propagation Organization, is an Islamic portal that provides articles on various topics and a large virtual library in Persian, Arabic and English. The interface is accessible in a number of languages including Persian, Arabic, English, and French, and some of the content varies depending on the language chosen. Most of the articles are related to Islam, Islamic sciences, and society, but general news, Iran and other topics are also covered. The virtual library provides searchable online texts of over 7,000 books in Persian, 3,000 books in Arabic and 3,000 books in English, most of them related to the Islamic sciences. The Persian library also includes Persian literary texts. The libraries are navigable by subject or through a search function. Major subjects include: Islam; the Qur'an; Hadith; hajj; biography of the Prophet; Islamic jurisprudence; Shiism; and Imam Ali and the Ahl al-Bayt (members of the Prophet's family). Although it does have a political and Shiite slant to it, the website is a useful source for primary and secondary sources and will be of interest to advanced students and researchers in Islamic Studies.
This website allows access to the full-text of 'Turkey: Islam and Laicism Between the Interests of State, Politics and Society' (ISBN: 978-3-937829-49-4). This report, written by Cemal Karakas, was published by the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (PRIF) in 2007 (PRIF Reports No.78). The work takes a close look at the relationship between Islam and laicism in Turkey, and discusses the processes of desecularization and Islamization which the country underwent in recent times. It contains the following chapter headings: Introduction; Diverging interpretations of secularism and laicism in Europe and Turkey; Politicization of religion "from below": The institutionalization of the Islamic movement; The Turkish-Islamic synthesis (TIS) and the re-politicization of religion "from above"; The era of Turgut Ozal: New dynamism and self-confidence for Islamic interest groups; The rise and fall of the Islamist Welfare Party (RP); Post-Islamists or Islamists? Objectives and actions of the Justice and Development Party (AKP); and Conclusion.
The website of the Turkology Update Leiden Project (TULP) provides resources maintained by the Department of Turkish Studies at Leiden University in the Netherlands. The aim of the project is to 'provide a specifically Turkological introduction to the Web' for students and the general public. The main features of the website are: a Web guide for Turkish studies; a working papers archive; interactive Turkish texts; Turkish poetry in Dutch; and Dutch poetry in Turkish. The website's main interface and the Web guide are in English, but much of the other content is available only in Turkish or Dutch.
The section of the site likely to be of most interest to students and researchers is the Web guide, which provides well-annotated links to websites concerned with Turkish studies. It covers a wide range of topics including: art and literature; education; history; language; law and society; opposition (particularly Kurdish issues); and religion. The interactive Turkish texts will also be of interest to students of Turkish, as they include translations of selected words and information on grammatical structures. This content, however, is available only in Dutch.
Thewebsite 'University of Edinburgh Library Special Collections' describes the special collections held by the library of the University of Edinburgh. Objects tend to reflect the university’s own strengths, with manuscripts and papers papers of major Scottish Enlightenment figures, architectural drawings, papers of scientists from the 17th-20th centuries, along side other collections relating to the history of medicine and science, Scottish literature, Gaelic and Celtic studies, music, theology and Middle Eastern studies. The website includes information about the university’s theses collection and collections of images and photographs. Some image collections these are available online. The website also includes details of research projects related to the special collections.
The website of the Yale University Near East Collection provides an extensive listing of both online and library resources related to all aspects of the study of the Near and Middle East. The geographical scope of the resources is broad, going from Afghanistan in the east to Morocco in the west, and including the Arab world, Turkey and Iran but excluding Israel. Some of the resources are available only to Yale University users, but there is plenty of content accessible online.
One main section of the site is devoted to selected Internet resources, which are well-annotated lists of links to outside resources organised thematically. Themes include: Arabic and other languages; literature; the ancient Near East; Islam; women in the Middle East; human rights; Middle East politics; and sites from specific countries. The site also provides links to other resource gateways; journals and indexes; journals and newspapers in Arabic; departments, centres and societies that focus on the Near/Middle East; and other libraries with major Near East collections. In addition, along with information and catalogues related to the collections at the Yale library, the site includes text and images from Near Eastern exhibitions held there. A highly valuable source for reliable and well-organised resources related to Near and Middle Eastern, Islamic and Arabic studies.