This website makes freely available issues of the peer-reviewed scholarly journal Al-Andalus Magreb, published by the University of Cádiz and devoted to research into Arab and Islamic history, culture and society, with some emphasis on its intersections with Spain. The journal's scope is broad encompassing historical studies, literary criticism, linguistics, architecture, philosophy and more. Browsing through the contents of each issue will reveal articles addressing such diverse themes as: Jorge Luis Borges and oriental philosophy; ideas of pain, death and hope in the work of Tunisian poet, Abu I-Qasim al-Sabbi; and Muslim iconography in medieval Spanish ceramics; and furniture in medieval Moroccan mosques. The site lacks a search facility which would have facilitated location of relevant material, but browsing through each issue should yield interesting results. Notes, commentaries and reviews are available in issues separate to those containing research articles. Most contributions are in Spanish, although some are either in English or French.
Al-Qanṭara is a scholarly journal devoted to research on classical Islamic civilization to the 17th century, with a focus on Andalusia and Western Islam. It is published in an annual volume divided into two issues. The website provides full-text access to articles published in the journal six months after publication, starting with issues from 2006. The articles are accessible through tables of contents or a search function. The journal publishes in Spanish, English and French, and all abstracts are available in Spanish and English. The site will be of interest to historians of Islam looking for quality peer-reviewed publications.
The website "Anuario de Estudio Medievales" (Annual of Mediaeval Studies) is the online version of this academic peer-reviewed yearbook published in two issues a year by the Spanish Superior Council for Scientific Research - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. The journal was established in 1964 and is dedicated to the history of the Europe and especially the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages, understood in an interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary fashion. The website gives comprehensive information about the journal, its scope and editorial team, and guidelines for authors. The online archives begin with volume 32/2002 and continues to the present. All issues are available for free downloading with a rolling wall of six months between the paper issue and the electronic version. Files are in PDF format. The site offers the option of searching through the entire archives. The site has a very good English version, but the working language of the journal is Spanish. Articles have English abstracts.
The website "Caliphs and kings: the art and influence of Islamic Spain" is an excellently presented and easy to navigate online exhibition hosted by the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery at the Smithsonian Institute. It is useful both for the general public and for students of Islamic, Spanish, or European Art as well as those studying the complex history of the territories that now comprise modern-day Spain. The exhibition would benefit from rather more background detail, and adding to the rather brief introduction. The exhibition consists of ten items, ranging chronologically from the eighth century to the sixteenth century, which are accompanied by brief descriptive notes. They include: a pyxis from 966; a fifteenth century vase; a fourteenth century lusterware bowl; a silk panel from Granada; a late-Manises plate; an Armorial carpet made for Maria of Castile; a walnut and ivory chest; a fifteenth century Hebrew Bible; coinage from the reign of Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon; and a map of the world by Juan Vespucci. There are also links to other parts of the Smithsonian Institute's website and to other exhibitions.
The academic journal for 'North African and Andalusian Dialectological Studies' (EDNA) is a publication from the Spanish 'Institute of Islamic and Near Eastern Studies'. The journal is devoted to the study of the Arabic language in the Western regions of Maghreb and Alandalús, thus combining studies on contemporary and historical issues of Arabic dialects in these regions. Available on the site is the full-text content for all issues published between 1996 and 2004. Although Spanish is the main language of the publication, there are also articles in English, French and German. As part of the Institute of Islamic and Near Eastern Studies, the user may also browse the website and access relevant information about the institute: publications; cultural activities; and the library.
The Euro-Islam website provides information on Islam and Muslims in Europe and the United States as part of a European Commission-funded project based at the GSRL (Groupe de Sociologie des Religions et de la Laïcité), a CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) research institute in Paris. Two of the most useful sections are: News, consisting of brief summaries of stories with links to full-text articles; and Country Profiles, presenting comprehensive background information on Muslim populations in 13 European countries and four cities. The country profiles include information on: demographics; the labour market; education; state and church relations; political participation; Muslim organisations; Islamic practice; public perceptions of Islam; media coverage; and legislation relating to Islam. Essays presenting transnational analyses of some of these issues are being developed, and the structure of the country profiles is useful for transnational comparison as well.
The site also includes: information on current and past research projects; an extensive bibliography; and links to websites on Islam as well as to relevant journals, research groups and institutes. The site is a valuable resource for all researchers and students looking for reliable and current information on Islam in Europe and the United States.
The virtual library Gonzalo de Berceo has made available the website 'Inquisición Española' (Spanish Inquisition), which brings together a large number of articles on the most important aspects of the history of the institution. They are written by some of the most prominent Spanish historians, and therefore quality is assured. Some of the titles include: 'The Spanish Inquisition' by José Antonio Escudero; 'The Trial Process' by Francisco Tomás y Valiente; 'The Jewish Question' by Antonio Domínguez Ortíz; and 'The Inquisition and the Moriscos' by Julio Caro Baroja. In addition to this, there are some articles on Medieval heresies and the Inquisition as an European institution. Articles are illustrated throughout with images of Francisco de Goya's 'Caprichos'. The large number of articles, as well as their quality, represents an important resource for all those interested in the Inquisition (Spanish and European) and heresy.
The Islam in Western Europe website is a gateway maintained by Martin Riexinger at the Seminar for Arabic and Islamic Studies in Göttingen, Germany. It provides links to a wide range of resources on Islam and Muslims in Europe, organised by country and resource type. Resource categories include: articles, reports and dossiers; organisations; research institutes; local associations and mosques; media; and education and interfaith dialogue. The geographical coverage is quite broad, and the site includes sections on Europe in general as well as Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Ireland, Spain, France, Italy, Austria, Portugal, Switzerland and Scandinavia. Separate pages for Germany and Great Britain also bring together an even wider number of resources, particularly articles and reports, official statistics and documents, and links to organisations and local associations. Although many of the links are not very well annotated, the site is of great value for its collection of published articles related to Islam in Europe from academic and media sources. It is also a good source for initial research on Muslim organisations in European countries.
'Jarchas' is a website dedicated to the history of this particular type of medieval text. They are short lines written at the end of certain poems during the 10th and 11th centuries in Al-Andalus. Jarchas are the oldest written examples of a Romance language, and the website provides a short history which explains their origins and literary complexities. In addition to this, there is a collection of more than 50 jarchas. For these, there are various transcriptions available, as well as Spanish, French, and English interpretations/translations for most of them. The site lacks in-depth explanations of the jarchas, but overall this is a very good means of accessing crucial texts in the history of Spanish and other Romance languages.
The website for Spanish literature written by Mudejar (Moors who kept the Islamic faith and remained in the Iberian peninsula after the Reconquista) and Morisco authors (Moors who converted to Christianity after the Reconquista) is a portal of resources for the study of their literary productions during the period between the 14th and 17th centuries. The site includes a list of authors and their works, as well as some secondary literature and bibliographies. Although there is not a significant number of primary sources available online, some scholarly studies can be accessed full-text. Users may also consult the scholarly journal, Sharq Al-Andalus, dedicated to the study of Mudejar and Morisco literature. The full-text contents of all past issues from 1992 to 2002 are available in the Virtual Library Miguel de Cervantes.
'Medieval Sourcebook: Iberia' is an online resource by the Internet History Sourcebooks Project. It offers an annotated list of primary resources for the study of medieval Spain and Portugal organised in several sections: archives; Visigothic Spain; Al-Andalus-Moorish Spain; the 'Reconquista'; Leon and Castile; Aragon; Portugal; the life of Christian Spain; and Sefarad: Jewish Spain. A lot of the resources are hosted locally, but for those which are external links the site does not guarantee full functioning. Only English translations of the texts are offered. Some of the resources available include: the Visigothic Code (forum iudicum); an anthology of the poetry of the Spanish Moors; the Chronicle of the Cid; Argonese laws; Legend of Santiago; and an account by an Italian Jew of the expulsion of the Jews from Spain. The resource will be useful for students and lecturers of Iberian studies looking for English versions of primary source documents from the medieval period.
This is currently one of the best internet resources in English on the great Andalusian mystic and philosopher Ibn ‘Arabi (1165-1240), also known as the Greatest of Spiritual Masters (Shaykh al-Akbar). The subjects covered include Ibn ‘Arabi’s works, theological and philosophical discussion of themes in his writings, later commentators, and the spread of his teachings. The Muhyiddin Ibn ‘Arabi Society was founded in 1977, and is based in Oxford, with a branch in the United States, and has organised numerous events and publications relating the Ibn ‘Arabi not only addressed to an academic audience, but also a wider group of Ibn ‘Arabi enthusiasts and admirers of his teachings. Information about related events and publications are found here, as well as free podcasts of lectures. Many of the contributors to the website are Ibn ‘Arabi scholars well known in the West, such as Michel Chodkiewicz, William Chittick, Claude Addas and James Morris. These authors and others have contributed original essays and articles for this website, but reproductions of articles from books and journals can also be found here in very readable format. Unfortunately, there are hardly any articles that provide information on his background and historical context, as well as the negative reaction his teachings provoked in some quarters of the Muslim world. Also, works by Ibn ‘Arabi and his commentators are found only in translation, and not in their original languages.
The website of the Spanish historian Dr. Teresa de Castro offers electronic versions of some of her scholarly work on the history of food. Users may choose between navigating the site in English or Spanish, while her work may be in Spanish, English, or Italian. De Castro has published books and articles on the history of food in Spain (including Al-Andalus and Sefarad) and Australia. She has made available electronic versions of some of her books online: "Food mentality in Spain at the Renaissance"; "In the Christian Alhambra: Foods, Shops and Food Market"; and "Food Supply Policies in the Kingdom of Granada (1482-1510)". Some of her articles include: "The Introduction of Coffee and Coconut in Western Australia in 1869"; "Moriscos and Christians in Castile: The emergence of a Dietary Identity in Early Modern Times"; and "New Norcia’s Treasures (1884-1890)". This site will be of interest to anyone interested in the history of food, in particular in Spain and Australia. As the page is hosted by a free server, it carries some advertising.
'Toledo: Espacio y Tiempo' is a website by the University of Castilla-La Mancha which gathers information, images and multimedia material about the medieval period of the city of Toledo. The site was launched in September 2009 using the research which Jean Passini has carried out during the last twenty years. As an ongoing project, it promises to grow with further research, but it already offers very good materials which will prove of interest to anyone interested in medieval Spanish urban history. The main goal of the project is to gather topographic information about dwellings and streets of the city in the medieval period, and users may access a multimedia map with this type of information. There are various options available to explore the map, but alternatively the texts and documents which have been used to create the map can be accessed on the site too. Additionally, an images section provides a good amount of pictures of historical places in Toledo, and an impressive cartographic section holds historical maps, engravings, aerial pictures of the city, and a 3D reconstruction of Toledo.