This site, authored by the director of the Centre for Science Studies at the University of Lancaster, concerns actor resource theory. This theory was developed in sociology departments but has relevance for various other disciplines, including philosophy of science. The site contains an annotated bibliography of relevant print-based material, organized both alphabetically, by author, and thematically, by subject. There is, for instance, a section dealing with the application of actor resource theory to science. In addition, the site contains links to a small number of online papers, and offers visitors the opportunity to add to the resource by submitting more entries. The presentation is rather basic, but clear enough.
"Chaos in Prehistory" is a speculative paper on the potential of Complexity Theory for the conceptual study of Palaeolithic Archaeology, authored by Roger Grace of the University of Essex. The paper was given at a conference at the University of Oslo in late 1991, but continues to be updated with recent text and graphics. The paper is divided into ten sections (plus a bibliography) and deals with the study of "nonlinear" (i.e. irregular) systems. Instead of reducing such complex systems to a regular cause-and-effect model, Grace argues we should attempt to deal with their irregular, chaotic and unpredictable behaviour. He states that rather than being random processes and dynamics, as is implied by the word 'chaos', such systems are based on regular patterns lying beneath the apparent disorder. The paper itself is mainly text, but is supported by several diagrams and illustrations. There is a separate chapter on Fractal Geometry offers full colour fractal images.
Cheiron is a society open to students and scholars working on issues relating to the history of the behavioural and social sciences. It aims to promote scholarly research and provide a broad perspective on contemporary scientific activities. The society organises conferences, offers an annual book prize, and publishes a newsletter, amongst other services. The website contains details of upcoming conferences and meetings, the Society's committee, and its membership dues. There is an online version of the newsletter, viewable in PDF format. The site also features a bibliography of recent publications by Cheiron members, along with syllabi details of courses they have taught. There are links to other online resources, including the Journal of the History of the Behavioural Sciences, with which Cheiron is affiliated. Finally, there is a page on the myth of Cheiron the Centaur, including links to the proceedings of a series of conferences on contemporary centaur scholarship.
This site is a collection of 150 essays, about various topics in current philosophy. The main topics are: philosophy of science, cognitive science, aesthetics, philosophy of economics, and philosophy of psychology. The essays tend to be quite short but, in many cases, serve as a useful introduction to various topics. Essays on "Mind and Artificial Intelligence", for example, cover Searle's Chinese Room argument, and Turing Machines.The site consists of a series of links to the articles, which are organised by area of philosophy, and accessing the material is therefore quite straightforward. There are also links to other useful sites.
This web page contains the text of a polemical guest editorial written for the journal 'Philosophy of Science' in 1992, by its former editor-in-chief, C. West Churchman. Churchman was one of the pioneers of the philosophy of management science, and this essay applies some of his ideas concerning management ethics to the physical sciences. Considering the development of the atomic bomb, he starts by asking whether "human beings should study physical nature, whether it is dangerous or ethical to do so". The essay then broadens to consider the nature of the management decisions that scientists (and others) are required to make, but frequently deny responsibility for, before turning to address the perceived ethical failings of the modern world, especially concerning child abuse. Although this essay skips between subjects rather rapidly, and is decidedly polemical in tone, it does raise questions about the ethics of science and technology, and demonstrates that the philosophy of the social sciences is not easily separable from that of the physical sciences.