The Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Cambridge is one of the world's major centres for study in HPS. This website provides general departmental information, details of staff and graduate students and their research areas, and full listings of over a dozen seminar series, specialist discussion groups and workshops running within the Department. The section "Research Guide", under "Information for Current Students" or on the "Quick Links" section, is one of the best things of its kind ever created, containing numerous essays by members of the Department on areas such as writing style, collecting oral history and organising dissertations, plus bibliographies for a wide variety of specialist fields within the history and philosophy of science. This is invaluable material for students of HPS at any institution, and some of the bibliographic guides may in addition prove useful for higher-level researchers. A separate section within the site is devoted to the Whipple Museum of the History of Science, housed within the Department. The museum specialises in scientific instruments and related materials, and is particularly strong on items produced in England between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries. The website provides outline details of its collections, exhibitions and publications, plus a number of "case studies" or small online exhibits. The Department's Whipple Library also has a presence on the site: this offers online catalogue information, collection development policy guidelines, etc, plus a list of dissertations and theses held by the Library, downloadable in PDF format.
This website is an online resource offered in collaboration by the Science Museum, the National Museum of Photography, Film & Television, and the National Railway Museum, which together form the National Museum of Science and Industry (NMSI). Over 30,000 objects, images and pictures from the combined collections are accessible via the site, with the aim of 'Celebrating and exploring the many feats of human ingenuity that have shaped our lives'. While the overall presentation of the site suggests it is for a general audience, its links to primary source material in the hard copy collection broaden its usefulness to the needs of undergraduate students. The site is divided into sections: 'Read', offers articles across a range of subjects, with links to associated images, further readings, biographies and primary source materials; 'Debate' enables online discussions, including, for example, 'Should the state pay to make ugly people beautiful?'; 'See' has access to more than 30,000 images from the collection of the NMSI, many of which have not been seen publicly before; 'Create' offers the opportunity to build an image library. This site offers useful access to a huge collection of material for the early stages of research and, aside from a visually irritating home page, is well-presented and structured so that users can follow the information through various levels of detail.
Part of the University of Minnesota's College of Liberal Arts' website, the Media History Project promotes the study of media history. Sub-titled "promoting the study of media history from petroglyphs to pixels", it contains a media time line, ranging from the prehistoric to the present day, articles and quizzes for media studies students. The articles explore the way technology; politics; economics; cultural and moral change; and institutions have contributed to the development of the media throughout its history. Subjects include printing and publishing; journalism; photography; advertising and comics; telegraphy, telephony and sound recording; radio, film, television and computing.
The Natural History Museum in London houses the most important collection of fossils in the country. This has the links to lots of quality sites with information on natural history, zoos and botanical gardens around the world. Apart from news about museum activities and exhibits, the site now has a superb natural history portal. A range of online exhibits and features are available, including: details of galleries (including earth sciences), with floor plans and some videos; interactive online exhibits (including eclipses, UK geology Earthlab datasite; the cosmic football (meteorites)); educational materials for all ages; and details of the museum's research. The museum is concerned with research into the life sciences and earth sciences, and sections of the website deal with each. In total, over 70 million specimens are held in the museum's collections. The site includes a searchable database of images and information about the animal, plant, and mineral specimens catalogued by the museum. As one would imagine, not all holdings have yet been recorded for digital access. The museum's library catalogue is available online. About 800 pre-1989 holdings have been converted to electronic form. The library owns around 800,000 books including many early works on botany, a huge collection of watercolours, and many maps (especially geological maps). The site is attractively presented and contains sections of interest to all age groups.
Published by the Museum of the History of Science, University of Oxford, to accompany an exhibition held from 25 April to 25 July, 2006, the Science in Islam website brings together "a number of objects of Islamic origin that provide insight into some of the achievements of Islamic science". Scientific areas addressed include astronomy (celestial globe and astrolabe); religion and astrology; trade and travel (compass and qibla indicator, used for finding the direction of Mecca); and mathematics and geometry (algebra and quadrant). Each section links to images of a few of the objects shown in the exhibition. Although aimed at secondary schools, this website provides a useful introduction to the subject.
The "Scientific Revolution" website is part of web page of Dr. Robert A. Hatch and is made available by the University of Florida. It provides access to a range of resources for the study and teaching of the Scientific Revolution, covering developments from Copernicus to Isaac Newton over the period 1550 to 1700. At the time of review, some links on the site were incomplete or broken. Nevertheless, the site presents much useful information about the resources available for the study of the Scientific Revolution and the scientists and thinkers involved. The site is divided into the following sections: Introduction; Overview and Background; Outlines, Timelines and Tools; Biography and the Scientific Revolution; Intermediate Resources; Research - Primary Texts; and Research - Early English Books Online. It is aimed at undergraduate students and teachers. The content available at the time of cataloguing included: an introductory essay discussing the concept of periodisation in relation to the Scientific Revolution; bibliographic essays by Robert Hatch and Richard Westfall; an account of basic concepts of various world and cosmological systems, from the Aristotelian cosmos to Newton; timelines; bibliographies of secondary and important primary material; and a guide to online resources, in particular Early English Books Online and Gallica. Hatch's "History of Science Study Guide", which covers developments in astronomy and related scientific disciplines from pre-scientific times to Newton, is a very useful overview. The site also makes available Richard Westfall's browsable prosopographical list of over 600 individuals involved in the scientific community. This is a valuable tool and will be of use to students and researchers. The study guide and account of cosmological concepts will also be of considerable interest to those involved in the history of science in the early modern period. The bibliographical material will be of use to all students of the subject. There is no indication of updates and the site seems to be archived.
Internet for History and Philosophy of Science is a free "teach yourself" tutorial on the Web, covering Internet information skills for this subject. The tutorial is aimed at students, lecturers, and researchers who want to improve their knowledge of the best Internet resources for the history and philosophy of science. Internet for History and Philosophy of Science is one of a set of tutorials which make up Intute's Virtual Training Suite. The tutorials may be used in the course of independent study, or to support teaching and training courses. Each tutorial consists of: a tour of some key sites; techniques for discovering additional Web resources; guidelines for critically evaluating such resources; and a set of success stories giving concrete examples of how the Internet can be used by students, researchers, and teachers. Each tutorial is written by subject specialists. The Intute Virtual Training Suite receives funding from the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC).