The British Museum has made available on the research section of their website an online version of their occasional paper number 133 entitled, ‘Access to Museum Culture: the British Museum from 1753 to 1836’ by Derek Cash. Accessed through the table of contents this paper considers the attitudes and practice of the trustees and officers of the British Museum during the eighteenth century, as well as the administration of Joseph Planta, principal librarian of the British Museum, and the period from Planta's death to the committee hearings. As well as an analysis of the readers using the museum this paper includes a review of public and government opinion up to 1810, and then from 1810 to 1836. A section also considers public and government opinion regarding access to the British Museum library. There is also a very extensive bibliography.
Part of the American Memory collection at the Library of Congress, the America Singing website contains details and images of over 4,000 song sheets. These often illustrated sheets contained lyrics - but no actual music - to popular songs and were used during the 19th century by people wishing to learn the words to songs such as "Yankee Doodle" or "The star spangled banner". In conjunction with the Rare Book and Special Collections Division of the Library of Congress, this site presents a searchable and browseable catalogue of this collection. It is possible to search by keyword; visitors to the site can browse by title, author and publisher. There is also an exploration of the history of the song sheet itself, including links to further points of reference throughout the text.
This website, part of the Nation Archives Documents Online service provides free access to over 17,000 digital images of ancient petitions in the National Archives. These petitions date from the reign of Henry III (1216-1272) to James I (1603-25), with concentrations in the reigns of Edward I (1272-1307), Edward II (1307-1327) and Edward III (1327-1377). Petitions represent appeals for the righting of wrongs and for favours from the king, but additionally reveal social, political and linguistic information. This website allows this extensive collection to be searched by name, place, occupation, date and keywords, images may be downloaded by adding them to the ‘shopping cart’ – there is no charge for ancient petitions. The resource was funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council under the Resource Enhancement Scheme.
The Archive Awareness Campaign, run by The National Council on Archives, The National Archives and The Museums, Libraries and Archives Council, aims to raise awareness of the rich archival resources of the United Kingdom. Although intended for all, students in higher education are a particular target of this campaign. The Archive Awareness Campaign is run by high profile national organisations but focuses on events at local and regional archival institutions, which this easy to use website helps to publicise. Users can search for open days, exhibitions and online resources in their area, with the option to focus on those suitable for families, adult learners or family historians. Information is provided for each event, including times, dates and any payments involved, with links to the event website and contact details. For archivists who want to be involved in the campaign, there are details of how to register and to download promotional material. The theme of the events for 2007 is 'Freedom and Liberty', which is linked to the two hundredth anniversary of the abolition of the British slave trade.
The website of the "Archiwum akt nowych" (Central Archives of Modern Records) provides information on the section of the Polish state archives in Warsaw that holds records pertaining to the 20th century. The site gives the opening hours, location, accessibility, and prices of reprographic and enquiry services. This site is essential for historians and political scientists carrying out research in Poland during the 20th century. The holdings contain a miscellanea of interesting archives including those of: Ignacy Jan Paderewski; the Polish Home Army (Armia Krajowa); the PZPR Central Committee; and the German occupying forces. A list of the records is posted on the site with a good overview of each fund. The holdings include: ecclesiastical; administrative; industrial; fiscal; social; personal; and political records. This archive is also a good research resource for Holocaust studies. The collections of the archives can be searched via the centralised SEZAM database. Online publications so far include the holdings on Polish-Mexican relations between 1921-1945 and an exhibition of photographs with bullet-scarred buldings in Warsaw entitled "The wounded capital". The site also features the activities of the "Commission for the Women's history in the war of independence" (WWII).
The website of the ARCHON Directory is published by The National Archives, and provides a gateway to UK archives. The ARCHON directory lists all archival repositories in the UK and overseas that are noted in the indexes to the UK National Register of Archives. It is possible to either search or browse the site. The search engine allows searching by ARCHON code number, repository name, town or county. It is also possible to browse the contents of the directory by geographical location or alphabetically. ARCHON provides a valuable resource for anyone wanting information on UK archives. There is a facility for browsing, an A-Z of professional organisations, and access to the Archival Research Projects Register. It is well organised and is easy to search or browse.
Arkivverket: Riksarkivet og Statsarkivene (National archival services of Norway) consists of Riksarkivet (National Archives) and statsarkivene (the regional state archives) and contains documents from the regional and local branches of the state administration in their districts as well as non-current records of government ministries and other central offices. The archive services has as its task to preserve archive material from state institutions; to make this material available for use to the public; and to contribute to the preservation of private archives. The website contains information about the archives; what is found in them; and how to contact them. This site is useful for anyone researching or studying Norwegian civil life.
ARLIS-LINK is the mailing list of ARLIS/UK & Ireland, the Art Libraries Society. It is open to all those concerned with the librarianship of the visual arts, including architecture and design. It is hosted by JISCmail, the UK national academic mailing list service. Visitors to the list can join or leave the list and view list archives, dating back to October 1999; these archives can be viewed by non-list members.
Providing students and tutors with free and useful practical advice on visiting an archive for the first time, this website by historian Nick Barratt also details costs of the training sessions that he runs. An online tutorial takes the student through the stages of using an archive, from locating the right institution and planning the visit, to how to handle documents, research techniques and the use of online material. Four short but comprehensive introductions to major archives explain how to get started at The National Archives, the British Library, the National Archive of Scotland and the National Library of Wales. Clearly laid out, if slightly dated in appearance and content, this user-friendly site provides a few links to archival resources and to relevant books.
The Asian Civilisations Museum in Singapore presents a range of exhibitions that reflect the complex pan-Asian heritage of the island, displaying artefacts from East, South, Southeast and West Asia. Its companion website presents a textual introduction to the aims of the museum, provides visitor information, and lists past, future and current exhibitions. Users will find this exhibition section most informative, which links to extended descriptions of past and current events in the museum's galleries. In the 'Past Exhibitions' section, details are available via hyperlinks for most exhibits dating back to 1993. The galleries display ceramics; photography; painting; textiles and jewellery. Exhibitions described on the website include: Ming dynasty porcelain; jewellery from Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia; Chinese bronzes; Indian and Indonesian textiles; and exhibitions on Peranakan culture.
The main page also acts as a gateway to online resources for other cultural organisations in Singapore, namely; the Singapore Art Museum; the National Archives of Singapore; the Singapore History Museum; and the Heritage Conservation Centre. The Asian Civilisations Museum website will be of interest to any researcher or student with interests in Asian art (particularly traditional arts) and the diverse cultures that are represented in Singapore society.
This website describes the British Film Institute (BFI)’s national archive. Described as one of the “world's greatest collections of film and television” the archive’s focus (and majority of its holding) is on material of British origin or related to British actors and directors, but it includes items of international significance. The archive contains “50,000 fiction films, over 100,000 non-fiction titles and around 625,000 television programmes” ranging from silent newsreels to 3D film. The ‘Portrait of the Collection’ part of the site gives an overview of the collection, with sections such as ‘Television’; ‘Non-fiction’; and ‘Artists’ moving image’, and includes information on accessing the collection. The website also explains the history and work of the archive (which includes preservation and sharing of material with the public) as well as current major projects related to the celebrated Mitchell and Kenyon collection and work to restore Charlie Chaplin’s output.
The British Film Institute's "bfi National Library" website allows online access to the catalogue of one of the world's largest research collections of books on British (and international) cinema, film and television. As well as access to the library database there is information for visiting this reference collection, and useful bibiliographies and guides allowing insights for school and university students and teachers. The bfi is part of the National Grid for Learning. There is a set of "16+ Source Guides" intended for the media studies community but which would be of value for the English Advanced Level curriculum, especially for the study of film and TV related subjects. These provide a selective listing of the Library's collections in subjects that include: TV Science Fiction; Iranian Cinema; Auteurs; Gangsters; Reality TV; South Asian Film and Television; Strong Women; Black British Film and Television; Animation; 1960s British Cinema; James Bond; Marketing; Censorship; William Shakespeare; War Films; and Modern Noir. There is also a series of annotated bibliographies on particular topics, based on the Library's collections, that include: Annuals and Directories; Africa: Films and Television; Black Representation in cinema and television; Books about film; Alfred Hitchcock; Horror; Mexican and Chicano cinema; Shakespeare on the screen; Quentin Tarantino; Westerns; Women and film, television and the mass media; Fritz Lang; David Lynch; Free Cinema and Werner Herzog. These are primarily available to download in PDF and the memory size of each is provided.
This is the website for the Biblioteca nazionale centrale di Firenze (National Central Library of Florence). The site provides free access to the online catalogue of the library. Texts may be searched by: author; title; subject; keyword; collection; country; and language. From the same site users can access the online catalogues of "Manoscritti Galileiani" (Galilean manuscripts), and the SBN-Servizio Bibliotecario Nazionale (national library service). The page offers information on the library's publications, national and international projects, as well as links to other Italian libraries. Users can also find details of events, lectures, concerts and exhibitions held in the library.
This is the website of the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma [National Central Library of Rome]. The Library holds: in excess of 6 million volumes; 8,000 manuscripts; over 45,000 periodicals; thousands of incunabula; sixteenth century publications; maps; and a collection of approximately 10,000 prints and drawings. The Library also covers a comprehensive collection of books and publications from other countries, with a particular emphasis on Italian culture abroad. The website provides access to the Library's holdings via OPAC, a fully searchable online catalogue. Ancillary electronic catalogues listed on the website provide access to other libraries' collections. The section "Biblioteca digitale" aims to provide access to a selection of Italian manuscripts and rare books preserved in the Library. Users can also find helpful information on the Library's services; facilities; projects and events.
This is the website of the Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana in Venice, founded in 1468 by the cardinal Bessarione. The Marciana counts approximately one million volumes in its collections, of which over 13,000 are manuscripts, many richly illuminated, and some 3,000 are early printed books. The library covers many subjects and is particularly rich in Greek culture, Venetian history (including Venetian publishing history), oriental civilisation, and foreign travellers in Italy. Access to the library collections is available via its fully searchable online catalogue. A series of other printed and electronic catalogues are also listed on the website, providing access to various parts of the library collections. Other details relating to the library's services and facilities, including a list of publications are also provided. This resource would be of value to historians working on Venice in particular.
The web site of the "Biblioteka narodowa (National Library: Poland Warsaw)" is an indispensable resource for those working in Polish or Slavonic Studies. The library is a deposit library, but does not have exhaustive holdings due to war damage and censorship in the Communist period. The site is in both Polish and English. Its online catalogue is invaluable for checking bibliographical details and locating materials. The National Library is based mainly in two locations. The rare books and manuscripts (generally before the nineteenth century) are housed elsewhere in the centre of Warsaw. The site lists: reference and referral services; reference activities; events and exhibitions; services provided; and research activity.
This is the website for the hugely impressive new Library of Alexandria in Egypt (Bibliotheca Alexandrina). Intended to recapture the spirit of the original library, the most famous such institution in the ancient world, the new library is international in scope and designed to house eight million books, alongside museums, research institutes, exhibition galleries, a planetarium and a conference centre. The library also holds non-printed materials such as audio, audiovisual and electronic resources. At present, the library's principal collections consist of materials in Arabic, English, and French, with smaller holdings of books in other languages. There is a dedicated children's library and another for young people. The library's collection development policy places particular emphasis on materials relating to Alexandria and Egypt, the Mediterranean world, the Arab world and Africa. It is also a United Nations depository library. The Bibliotheca Alexandrina website provides access to the library catalogue as well as explaining the various facilities and initiatives based at the library. It contains illustrated examples of artefacts from its Museum of Antiquities and its current special exhibitions. Sections of the site are dedicated to the planetarium, the science museum, the arts centre, manuscript centre, and showpiece collections. The library is likely to be of interest to scholars worldwide, and particularly those interested in Mediterranean, Arab, and African history, or the history of science.
This is the home page of the Bibliothèque et Archives Nationales du Québec (BAnQ). Founded in 2006 by the merger of Bibliothèque nationale du Québec and the Archives nationales du Québec, the organisation is devoted to the preservation and dissemination of Québec's published documentary heritage, which it acquires by legal deposit, and the collection of relevant material published outside the province. Amongst its key collections are: governmental records of Québec since its beginning as colonial New France; judicial records since 1638; civil archives (baptisms, marriages and deaths) from 1621 to 1900; and private collections from individuals who made significant contributions to the history of Québec. The website provides access to the BAnQ's online catalogue Iris, and to Pistard, its searchable database of archival finding aids. In addition, it provides access to over 6,000 digitised items, which include: books; sound recordings; postcards; and posters. The site has a search engine which allows complex searches. In general, this is a stylish and well-organised site, easy to navigate, and of interest to: researchers; teachers; and the general public.
This is the website of the Bibliothèque Mazarine, the first French public library, opened to the public in 1643, previously belonging to Cardinal Mazarin. The Bibliothèque Mazarine is part of the Institute de France in Paris. The library holds over 4,500 manuscripts, over 2,000 incunabula, and a large collection of printed books, many before 1801. The main subjects covered by this library include 16th and 17th century European history, religious history (particularly jansenism), the history of the printed book, and regional and local French history.Access to library holdings is provided via an online catalogue. Medieval manuscripts are searchable through CALMES (the universities' and archives online catalogue), along with illuminated manuscripts accessible through a link to the Liber Floridis database. Users will also find basic information about the scope of the library's holdings, and an outline of its printed catalogues. In all, Bibliothèque Mazarine has produced a valuable, user friendly online resource for researchers, academics and students.
The website of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France (National Library of France) is a veritable treasure trove of resources for A Level students, undergraduates, postgraduates, academics, and teachers of French and History. The site is in French and English, although the English version is not as extensive as its French counterpart. It contains numerous resources, of which Gallica is probably one of the most useful. Gallica consists of an extensive collection of digitalised and downloadable texts in French, including: illuminated manuscripts of both the West and the East; portraits of musicians; Gallica Utopie (containing a canon of French literature); Gallica Proust; African Voyages; and Voyages in France. The Gallica Classique section contains over 1,000 volumes, among which are a complete set of Balzac's La Comédie Humaine; Diderot; Montaigne; Corneille; and Laclos. In addition to Gallica there are online exhibitions on China; Napoleon; Renaissance Drawings; Zola; Gustave LeGray; and Victor Hugo. Details of the collections' catalogues and departments, cultural programmes, and teaching resources enhance this site and it is, as expected, lavishly illustrated.
The British Library website offers a range of electronic resources, including online catalogues, details of the library's collections and services, electronic reproductions of important works; and information for those wishing to visit the library. The integrated catalogue allows users to search bibliographic records for over 13 million printed works. The search interface is straightforward to use, and copies of articles or book extracts may be ordered (for a fee) using the document supply service. More specialised catalogues permit searching of other library holdings: maps; manuscripts; and sound recordings, for example. Likely to be of particular interest to academics is British Library Direct, a database of over nine million journal articles from 20,000 publications. Many of these are available for immediate download (although once again, a fee is payable). The website's Collections section provides a thematic guide to some of the library's more interesting material. There are sub-sections for a number of geographical regions (the Americas; Asia, the Pacific and Africa; East European; Modern British; Modern Irish; and West European), and also for: early printed works; manuscripts; maps; music; patents and trademarks; and the sound archive, among others. Each collection's Web page provides details of what is available, and sometimes additional resources such as electronic facsimiles of key items, or accompanying articles. The site's Online Gallery provides a tour through some of the library's most significant holdings, while the Treasures in Full section offers free, high quality digital editions of several important works, including: quarto versions of Shakespeare's plays; Caxton's editions of Chaucer; the Gutenberg Bible; and the Magna Carta.The website also offers a host of useful information for those planning to visit the library, including sections on opening hours, applying for a Reader Pass, and how to order items in advance. A valuable resource for all scholars.
The British Library Inside Service allows users from subscribing institutions to search a database of journal articles, covering all academic disciplines, and order specific articles for delivery. Deliveries can be made by conventional mail, or by fax or email, and can be made in as little as two hours after the order is placed. Over 20,000 research journals and 100,000 conference proceedings are currently included in the database, with more being added. Over 15 million records are in the database at present. Charges for article delivery vary depending on format, timescale, copyright restrictions, and VAT.
The British Library Public Catalogue is an online searchable database of the Library's collection of over 150 million items, covering every aspect of human thought across all ages and in every written language. The online database is not exhaustive as many of the Library's resources still only appear in printed catalogues or indexes. Cataloguing and indexing schemes are not uniform, due to the way in which individual catalogues have developed since the 19th century, which limits some searching possibilities. Consistency of subject classification, for example, is not guaranteed. The online catalogue can, however, be searched in a number of ways and allows the use of Boolean operators (such as AND, OR, NOT). Results are given in brief and in full bibliographic format. Registered customers can order documents online from the site.
The British Museum Image bank is a searchable database of images which represent the best of the many thousands of images held by the museum's many departments. Although not comprehensive, new images are added regularly and tend to reflect the latest exhibitions being held at the British Museum, new photography of existing collections, and newly digitised images. The images can be searched using the box found on every page or browsed according to predefined groups found in the drop down menu. Once an image has been selected then it can be viewed along with a detailed description of its history, the department it is located in and its reference number. Images can also be added to a 'lightbox' which is effectively a folder for organising your images. Any number of lightboxes can be created by a user and can be renamed, copied, deleted, viewed, emailed, or printed. This site is easy to navigate round and will be of use to anyone who wishes to obtain images to use in the higher education sector.
This website brings together material at the British Museum of interest to researchers. Of particular note are the details of individual research projects, which include a vast range of subjects in the fields of archaeology, art history, anthropology, world cultures and museology. Additionally, the website makes available a limited number of fulltext research publications as well as bibliographic details of all the museums publications, including the fulltext online journal British Museum Studies in Ancient Egypt and Sudan. The pages also include a link to the Museum’s online collections database of its two dimensional pictorial art holdings, and details of the Museum's own archives and Paul Hamlyn reference library.
This is the home page of the Canadian Council of Archives (CCA). Established in 1985, the CCA is the main professional association which advises on policy for Canadian archives and administers to their needs. The site provides much information on the CCA's structure, constitution and its many programmes which support the archival community. These include site advisories on preservation; collection; description; financing; and development and maintenance. There is a list of related CCA publications with prices and ordering information. Beyond this, the site serves as a portal for researchers. Two of its new online databases are The Directory of Archives and The Standards Data Bank. The former offers searchable information on archives across Canada. The latter contains information on archival standards from many countries. The CCA also runs CAIN, the Canadian Archival Information Network, which is the main Web portal to all Canadian archives. The site should provide valuable information for those within the archival profession, but also those in academia seeking details on standards and procedure when amassing and administering historical collections.
Dach is a blog which keeps readers updated on the British Library's German collections. It also discusses wider issues connected with German, Austrian and German Swiss culture, politics and literature. The authors - Clemens Gresser, Susan Reed and Dorothea Miehe - are all librarians at the British Library. Some blog postings also give a more personal perspective on issues relating to German culture and everyday work issues. For example, a recent post talked about German elections and how they work. There is an archive of blog postings and a tag cloud to direct readers to frequently discussed subjects.
This is the home page of Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek, the German National Library and national bibliographic information centre. Established in 1990, the current institution actually unifies three older separate institutions: the Deutsche Bücherei in Leipzig (founded in 1912), the Deutsche Bibliothek (founded in 1947) in Frankfurt am Main and the Deutsches Musikarchiv in Berlin. Guides and rules for use and access may be downloaded from the site. The site also offers links; library products (software and research tools); online tours; and information for professional librarians. Under the News section of the site, further details are provided on the latest news; publications; events; lectures; recent acquisitions; exhibitions; conferences; and press releases.
The site offers a plethora of online search catalogues for all three institutions. Perhaps most notable among these is the German National Biography, a catalogue of all works published within Germany, which are automatically collected by the library in its capacity as a copyright library. It is worth noting that the Deutsche Bücherei began collecting in 1912-1913; it holds some earlier sources, but its focus is on the 19th and 20th centuries. It also holds some Austrian sources from the late Habsburg Empire. The Leipzig Bücherei additionally houses the Deutsches Buch- und Schriftmuseum (book and writing museum), the Sammlung Exil-Literatur 1933-1945 (collection of exile literature) and the Anne-Frank-Shoah-Bibliothek. The Deutsche Bibliothek at Frankfurt am Main is responsible for further collections and the development of the central database. It has a special archive of German exile literature, the Deutsches Exilarchiv 1933-1945. The Deutsches Musikarchiv Berlin is responsible for the processing and bibliographic indexing of printed and recorded music.
A number of subsites elaborate further on the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek's holdings. This site should prove most helpful for interested members of the public, students, teachers and researchers in the fields of German Studies and the History of Germany and Central Europe, as well as scholars working within the full range of Humanities, Social Sciences and the Sciences.
The Digital Palace Museum is the companion web resource to the Palace Museum (Forbidden City), a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Equally viewable in English, Chinese and Japanese, the site introduces the history of the Palace Museum, Beijing, offers an online interactive guided tour, presents selected items from the museum's collection and gives the latest news about the museum and its exhibitions. An impressive feature of the website is its online exhibitions, through which users may view the museum's exhibits and related textual information. A large selection of ceramics, lacquer work and textiles are displayed on the site, which are annotated with background information. The site includes many interactive and multimedia elements, including an extensive, annotated 'guided tour' of the Forbidden City's architecture, and downloads of imperial music. For a Mainland Chinese site, the Digital Palace Museum is quick to load, and is well-presented, with many fun elements (some requiring Flash), including online jigsaw puzzles of the Forbidden City's buildings and exhibits. Navigation around the English version of the site, however, is sometimes difficult, and has to be accomplished through the browser's forward and back buttons.
Directory of Special Collections of Research Value in Canadian Libraries is an online resource prepared by the National Library of Canada. The resource is divided into four indexes: a General Subject Index; a Primary Subject Index; a Collections Index; and a Institutions Index. It is worth noting that the collections mentioned here extend far beyond Canadian topics to include History, Politics and Literature of Central Europe; Great Britain; the United States; France; the Italian Renaissance; Germany; Hebrew, rabbinic, Yiddish and Jewish sources; Iceland; Ireland; Jesuits, Mennonites and several other religious groups and traditions; Japan; China; Russia and the Soviet Union; Spain; and the Ukraine. There are also good collections listed here which are related to the History of Science, along with special collections on many famous Western writers, scientists, philosophers, economists, politicians and artists. The site is clear and easy to navigate - one click will provide lists, descriptions and locations of all relevant collections in a given field. There is an excellent subpage of links entitled the Canadian Library gateway. The site is also available in French and has its own search engine.
The European Library portal offers a search service which spans the 47 national libraries of Europe. A replacement for the Gabriel service, it is a multilingual online service, which enables users to search for books, journals etc., both digital and non-digital. Users are offered a simple search and an advanced search, which allows them to specify national collections or search for online materials. The site also features news, exhibitions and a treasures section, which shows digital images of artifacts, rare books, manuscripts and drawings.
The European Library website is a portal which aims to give access to the collections, both digital and non-digital, of the 48 national libraries of Europe. It allows users to conduct searches across the European collections of participating libraries, and delivers bibliographical details and digital materials in full where available. Searches can be broad or confined to the collections of the user's choosing (which may be selected by library or by subject), and represent a fast and effective way of locating materials from across Europe. Of particular interest is the site's collection of treasures, which features facsimiles of individual valuable manuscripts, books, journals and images from the various European libraries. The European Library is based at the Koninklijke Bibliothek, the National Library of the Netherlands, and is an ambitious project with already impressive results. Anyone interested in the history and culture of Europe is recommended to explore this portal as searches will yield a wide range of results, and give free access to valuable material. The site's interface is available in a number of European languages.
The website of the European and Eurasian Reading Room of the Library of Congress offers information and finding aids for the collections, as well as highlights. These sections highlight the Library's European (excluding Britain, Spain and Portugal) and Russian holdings.The General Information section describes the nature and extent of the archive. Initially based on Thomas Jefferson's personal library, the European collection grew to include the 1866 Smithsonian deposit; the Peter Force library in 1867; the library of Czech linguist Martin Hattala (1904); Russian collector Genadii Yudin's 80,000 volumes (1906); the 1910 acquisition of John Boyd Thacher's library; and the 1930 Vollbehr collection purchase. Ultimately, the site boasts an estimated 3,500,000 volumes for France, Germany and Russia. General collections are also described including microfilm archives, such as: post-Soviet ephemera; old Russian manuscripts of the Pushkinskii Dom; records from the Central Military Archives in Warsaw; records from the War History Archives in Budapest; records from the Military Archives of the Romanian Ministry of National Defense. Some of these lists are provided in Russian. The exhaustive information in the European site is invaluable for the researcher, yet this necessary and undeniable asset can be overwhelming when exploring the broad site structure.
This is the website of the Italian National Photographic Archive, part of the Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo e la Documentazione (Central Institute for Cataloguing and Documentation, ICCD). The archive contains documents related to the historical, artistic, archaeological, architectural, landscape and folkloristic heritage of Italy. Founded in 1892, the archive also offers a wide range of material on historical photography and the documentation of the most important aspects of contemporary Italian society and culture. The archive holds over 50,000 black and white images coming from various collections, and about 20,000 colour photographs. The interface is both in English and Italian, but the most useful way to access the collection, by searching for keyword among pictured objects and monuments, is available only by selecting "archivio" and then "schede oggetti" in the Italian version. Among the historical collections it is possible to find photographs by: Ludovico Tuminello; Giacomo Caneva; John Henry Parker; Francesco Chigi; Francesco Paolo Michetti; Luciano Morpurgo; and others.
The archive also contains images from the Casa Savoia collections, representing public and private events of the life of Umberto I's and Vittorio Emanuele III's families. There are numerous photographs of archaeological artefacts conserved in Italian museums and ancient architectural monuments. The archive publishes interactive CD-ROMs such as "archeologia a Roma tra il 1870 e 1930", which contains all photographic material on early archaeological excavations at Rome. CDs and high resolution photographs can be purchased through the online shop; all photographs are available for free at lower resolution and are accompanied by extensive captions in a tabular format.
The British Museum website has provided this history of the museum from its foundation in the eighteenth century to the conversion of the King‘s library into the Enlightenment gallery. This history includes a background to Sir Hans Sloane, whose collections formed the foundation collection of the British Museum. Another section of this website looks at the architecture of the museum, describing the additions and alterations that have taken place over the years. One of the largest covered public squares, the ‘Great Court’ designed by Lord Foster and opened in 2000 is featured on this site. A history of the ‘Reading Room’ at the centre of this square is also provided, as well as a background to the conversion of the former King's Library into the Enlightenment gallery.
Human Rights is a new online exhibition from The National Archives, which traces the development of rights in Great Britain from the granting of Magna Carta in 1215 to the development of the Welfare State in 1945. This interesting and accessible website will be useful for anyone studying the development of rights, for example in relation to voting, education, trade unions or women. Human Rights is attractively illustrated with digitised images of documents held at The National Archives, including the 1225 version of Magna Carta, a poster of the 'Peterloo Massacre' of 1819 and a leaflet describing the force feeding of Suffragettes in 1909. Where necessary, a full English transcription of the document is provided. The website is divided into six sections, each covering a specific time period, with its own timeline and images. There is a glossary of terms used and an index to the manuscripts.
On the website of the Imperial War Museum (IWM) Duxford there is information about the history of Duxford aerodrome as an early RAF station; the Normandy Experience; and the D-day landings, and the museum’s naval collection of aircraft. There are also links to the American Air Museum. The Imperial War Museum Duxford is part of the Imperial War Museum group of museums, and focuses on military aircraft such as: biplanes; Spitfires; Concorde; and Gulf War jets; as well as tanks and military vechicles. While the majority are static exhibits, a number of Duxford based historic aircraft are flown regularly in demonstrations and displays. The museum's website offers information and advice on the history of the airfield, visit planning, descriptions of the various collections and displays, and details of air shows and other special events. The site provides access to a number of online exhibitions, including one for example on the Battle of Britain. The site also has an education section which provides information on courses, special interest days, and includes a range of aviation and military history learning objects and materials for teachers and learners such as quiz sheets, reading lists, lesson plans, and an educational resources online catalogue.
The Incunabula Collections Web page points to the British Library's resources relating to early printed books. These resources include: a digitisation of the British Library's Gutenberg Bible; digitised editions of Caxton's printings of the 'Canterbury Tales'; and the 'Incunabula Short Title Catalogue'. The page gives a description of each resource and links to the relevant page on the British Library's website. These pages would a good starting point for anyone researching the history of early printing in Europe, as well as medieval historians and art historians.
The National Library of Sweden (Kungliga Biblioteket) website contains information about the Swedish copyright deposit library and its collections and provides access to its online catalogue and digitised collection. The library collects all printed material published in Sweden and also holds a large collection of international research literature, mainly in the humanities. The library's digitised collection provides public access to a selection of internationally significant items from the library's holdings in electronic format. These include: a digital presentation of Ferdinand von Gudenus's 1740 engraving, Panorama of Constantinople; the Rålamb Costume Book, a 17th-century volume portraying Turkish folk types and occupations in one hundred and twenty-one miniatures; and an electronic facsimile of Erik Dahlberg's Suecia antiqua et hodiernia, a 17th-century literary, scientific and cultural study of Sweden, illustrated with three hundred and fifty-three images and engravings. There is also material on the library's earlier manuscript holdings, for example the early 13th-century Bohemian 'Devil's Bible'. Other online presentations include: a gallery of poster art, with a series of posters by the graphic designer Wilhelm Kåge; trade literature 1900-1920; and a collection of digitised Swedish newspapers (username and password required for access to this). The texts available are mostly in Swedish, though the larger digital presentations such as the Suecia antiqua are also described and annotated in English. Stig Wärmling's collection of marbled papers, and an online exhibition of Swedish bookbinding are available as part of the library's material on bookbinding crafts. Various parts of the site are available in French, German, Russian, Finnish and Spanish as well as English. Visitors to the site can contact a university reference librarian through the Librarian on Duty chat and email service which is available also outside opening hours.
The website of the National and University Library of Iceland contains information about the library and links to useful online resources in a number of subjects.
The copyright deposit library receives copies of all printed material and (since 1977) sound recordings published in Iceland. It also collects previously published material and Icelandic material or material about Iceland published abroad, which makes its holdings the most comprehensive collection of Icelandic printed material in the world. Also to be found in the library are a large collection of manuscripts and Icelandic maps and many outstanding special collections, such as collections dedicated to the works of the famous Icelandic authors Halldór Laxness and Jón Sveinsson (Nonni); a collection on the history of medicine; Bibles in more than 1,200 languages; and the Fiske collection of chess books.
The library website offers online access to its own catalogue and also that of Gegnir, the union catalogue of about 120 Icelandic libraries. It also lists other catalogues that offer full-text access to digitised documents: timarit.is (newspapers and periodicals of the Faeroe Islands, Greenland and Iceland); Antique maps of Iceland (older than 1900); and Sagnanet (the entire range of Icelandic family sagas). Furthermore, the library website offers a comprehensive list of online databases for different subject areas (some with access restricted to local users) as well as links to search engines, subject gateways, and a Reference Shelf with selected general information sources.
The Library and Archives Canada (formerly the National Library of Canada) makes available online an enormous resource for Canadian history and culture. The site is available in English and French. This web page contains articles, images and bibliographies on subjects as diverse as Early Canadian Books, Wartime Government messages, Aboriginal resources and services, genealogical resources, art and photographic collections an so on. Virtual exhibitions such as "Moving here, staying here. The Canadian immigration experience" can be found on the site. The website introduces the list of collections in the Library and archives of Canada and the resources available online separately. A section is dedicated to the most popular resources. Browse through the online materials can be performed alphabetically, by topic, by media or by product type while a full list of the categories is displayed on the screen. The extent of the collections and guidance is amazing. Anyone interested in North-American history will find in the website a good starting point.
This is the website for Library and Archives Canada, the institution replacing the National Library of Canada and the National Archives of Canada. This immense website is useful to students, teachers and researchers of all levels, and it aims to provide an easy route to resources relating to the development and history of Canada. Although primarily a library catalogue, the site allows users access to a number of digital resources, such as the Canadian Poetry Archive, the National Library's Electronic Collection and the Virtual Gramophone: Canadian Historical Sound Recordings. The site provides access to various permanent and temporary exhibitions, including an informative showcase of Canada's rich and varied private press movement, and an animated exhibition for children about Canadian superheroes. Also featured are a wide range of online resources for historians, such as digitised archival collections, virtual exhibitions featuring excellent primary sources, and research aids for the physical archival and library holdings. The physical holdings include: over 70,000 hours of film; over 270,000 hours of audio and video; over 2.5 million architectural drawings, plans and maps; over 343,000 works of art; and over 21 million photographic images, dating from 1850 onwards. Users can search the archival holdings with ArchiviaNet, and the library holdings with AMICUS, online search tools developed by the Library and Archives Canada.
This vast site, home page of the Library of Congress of the United States, reflects the nature of that institution. Established in 1800, it is the oldest American federal cultural institution, and the largest library in the world. It has, as the site states, "more than 126 million items on approximately 530 miles of bookshelves". The collections include millions of books, recordings, photographs, maps, and manuscripts. Such impressive collections can only be touched on in an overview of the main site. Its special focuses include: business; children's literature; law; local history and genealogy; newspapers and current periodicals; science and technology; African and Middle Eastern studies; Asian Studies; European Studies; Hispanic Studies; geography and maps; manuscripts; microforms; motion pictures and television; performing arts; prints and photographs; rare book and special collections; and recorded sound collections. There is also information posted on the location and use of the Library's main reading room. Other subsites include the American Folklife Center and a huge online American historical collection entitled American Memory. Another subsite, Thomas, constructed in the spirit of Thomas Jefferson's ideas, is a portal for American legislative information on the Internet and has online historical primary source documents. There are a number of online exhibitions, and a historical magazine subsite entitled the Loc.Gov Wise Guide. In a different vein, the Federal Research Division has its own site here, which offers specialized fee-based research for government agencies, self-proclaimed as "customized research and analytical services" on everything from drug trafficking to terrorism. The site also covers various aspects of administration of the library: its finances; services; facilities; and security provisions. It has various search engines; a FAQ section; mission statement; online history of the library itself; lists of library publications; upcoming events announcements; extensive links sites; and a plethora of online teaching, archival, cataloguing and research tools. As such, the site is generally useful, interesting and accessible for the enormous audience it serves.
The website "The National Archives of Hungary" introduces the archives, founded in 1992, and based in Budapest. The site describes the archives, access details, and provides instructions for archival research, including research into family history (genealogy). There is access on the site to digitised documents, catalogues of the main and of the microfilm funds. It enables research on the territories that comprise present-day Hungary as well as those which have historically been included within the Hungarian kingdom or the Austro-Hungarian empire. Birth and death registers are also included. The site provides useful access details for both European and North American national archives. It also provides abstracts of lists of publications based on archival records published by the Hungarian National Archives. Good descriptions of the holdings of the archives are offered in English and German. Interfaces for the databases are however available exclusively in Hungarian. A newly established e-archive is the gateway to all the inventories of public archives in Hungary. The digitising of archival holdings is in full swing, with the medieval collections and the Libri Regii being now available online. To view the digitised material, an image viewer is offered for download on the site. The search interface is only in Hungarian. The websites also informs on the opening hours of the reading rooms, as well as on events and news. User registration is offered without charge.
The Manx National Heritage Library holds a wealth of material to assist researchers including sources for information on internment on the Isle of Man during the First World War and World War II. Manx National Heritage Library Bibliographies and Information sheets are available for download in printable format (PDF) from this website. The bibliographies include: internment during the First and Second World Wars; Archibald Knox; military history; Mackay Hugh Baillie Scott; folklore; cholera and nineteenth century health issues; Manx coastal erosion; and the Isle of Man in the 17th Century. The public information sheets include sources for family and local historians, as well as maps of the Isle of Man.
This is the website of the Mariners' Museum, Newport News, Virginia, USA. This museum is the National maritime museum and on the website you can see highlights of the collections and exhibitions including: the USS Monitor artefacts (from the ironclad battleship of the American Civil War); the Chris-Craft collection; Captive Passage - The Transatlantic Slave Trade and the Making of the Americas; and the USS Monitor Center. There are extensive online resources for educators from the museum's programmes that include: the Birth of the US Navy; the Battle of the Atlantic, (Allied Naval Intelligence in the Second World War); Women and the Sea; The Age of Exploration (includes Christopher Columbus); and Waters of Despair, Waters of Hope - African-Americans; and the Chesapeake Bay: Our History and Our Future. There is detailed information and finding aids for the collections. You may search the catalogues of the collections of the library and research archives, and review visiting and research information, including brief descriptions of material comprising the photography collection; and the Elwin M. Eldredge Collection database which contains records for 352 American steamship companies. .
The official website of the Musée du quai Branly provides information about the museum and its activities as well as a searchable database of its collection of objects, images and archives. The museum, which opened in 2006, holds collections from Africa, Asia, Oceania and the Americas that were formerly housed at the Musée de l'Homme (Museum of Mankind) and Musée des arts d'afrique et d'océanie (Museum of African and Oceanic Art). The site is available in French, English and Spanish, though much of the content is available only in French.
Along with practical information for visitors, the site includes descriptions of the permanent and temporary exhibitions, as well as information on museum publications, conferences, lectures, workshops and other events. Some of the exhibitions have innovative online components that give a taste of the museum from a distance. Those with an interest in ethnographic museum collections and their history will find the collections database especially rich. Digital images of over 250,000 objects and almost 700,000 visual resources (photographs, postcards, drawings) are provided, along with information from museum records on provenance, collectors, and materials. Catalogues of archives related to the collections and of the museum's 'médiathèque' are also available. The Collections section of the website also provides a more accessible look at the permanent collections through a 'highlights visit'.
The Web Site of the Musée nationale du Moyen Age - the National Museum of the Middle Ages is a richly illustrated site in French, English and Spanish. It provides information on the stunning collections, as well as on the museum's opening times, activities, and contact details. The title of the museum seems somewhat restrictive, when one considers that the museum is located within the Gallo-Roman baths dating from the 1st-3rd centuries CE. The second part of the museum is housed in the renowned Cluny Abbey. The collections include exhibits from: antiquity and early middle ages; the romanesque world; gothic sculpture; goldsmiths' work and ivory; tapestries and embroideries; paintings, miniatures, and stained glass; and everyday life. Among them are examples of the famed mille fleurs style of tapestries, including the renowned six Lady and the Unicorn pieces. This is a wonderful site to explore and can be used for French or Spanish language teaching as an excellent aid to vocabulary, as well as a historical source for those studying the Medieval/Early Modern period or French history.
The online video introducing the Tate Modern and Open University study days on ‘Museums and Art History’ held on 24 June 2006 has been made available on the Learn Online section of the Tate's website. Following a short introduction by Marko Daniel, Curator, Tate Public Programmes, Steve Edwards, Lecturer in Art History, Open University discusses ‘Displaying Modern Art’ which focuses on displays at Tate Modern. The second session by Nigel Warburton, Senior Lecturer in Philosophy, Open University, considers ‘Juxtapositions’ and how they affect the viewer. The last session by Frances Morris, Curator and Head of Displays at Tate Modern, reviews the thematic rather than chronological structure of the gallery‘s display. There is no video for the fourth session held on the ‘Guerrilla Girls’ by 'Kathe Kollwitz' and 'Frida Kahlo' from the Guerrilla Girls, but there is a link to their website.
Established in 1970, the Music Archives is a sub-section of the National Library and Archives of Canada. The website of the Archives is simple and straightforward, yet also very informative; the website includes a full general finding aid entitled, 'Music Archives at the National Library of Canada: A Guide.' Both the site and the Guide describe the collections and rules and regulations for access. The Archives contain over 300 fonds on prominent Canadian musicians and musical organisations, including local symphony orchestras, choral societies and opera companies. The collection spans classical to popular music and draws primarily from the twentieth century. Full descriptions of individual fonds are provided online, and are listed either alphabetically or numerically. The site has no internal search engine, but the list is comprehensive enough that users should be able to manage without one. Leading lights whose papers and collected works are housed here include Glenn Gould, Oscar Peterson, and André Prévost. But beyond these well known examples, researchers and students will find a wealth of other fonds that shed much light on the Canadian music scene. Users should note that there are also some non-Canadian collections and many references to prominent non-Canadian composers, musicians or musical figures, such as Percy Grainger and Itzhak Perlman, or folk or rock performers such as Tom Rush and Aerosmith.
The website "Muzeul Literaturii Române" (The National Romanian Literature Museum) presents the activities and collections of this cultural institution based in Bucharest. The introduction on the museum's history and goals informs us that the main mission of the museum is to promote Romanian literature in the world and to preserve the nation's literary heritage. The site describes the collections of the museum: manuscripts of authors and historical documents; old and rare books; art object; periodicals; photographs; and the audio/video collection. Several departments manage these collections: the archives; conservation and restoration; exhibitions; and research. The museum also administers the memorial houses in Bucharest of most important authors in Romanian language, and they are also briefly presented. Information on the national and international projects is available on the site, among the LiteraTur which proposes to create a more dynamic interaction between the museum exhibits and the reader, where multimedia play a central role in the display of the collections. Small images of some highlights of the collections can be enlarged in a different window but the selection of the photographs could have been more generous. A list of all Romanian authors can be viewed in alphabetical order, leading to links with their photographs (where available) and dates. The English version of the site is quite complete although some particular translations of the Romanian version can be irksome for the English speaking audience.
The website of the Prague Technical Museum offers a useful introduction to a key location in the Czech Republic for the study of the history of science and technology. The site has full details of the Museum's background and remit, as well as up to date information on current events, exhibitions and news. The site lists the collections in the Museum, which include Acoustics; Architecture and the Building Industry; Chemistry and Biotechnology; Consumer Industry; Food Industry; Foto-Cinematography; Industrial Design; Mechanical Engineering; and Transport. Each collection is introduced with an overview and links to details on key artefacts or figures featured. A glossary of terms mentioned in the collections pages is also included. The 'Activities' section of the website includes information about current scientific projects and publications, as well as updates on the restoration work undertaken since the flooding of the Museum in 2002. This site offers a vital preparation for any researcher planning to visit the Museum and useful basic information for early research on science and technology generally. The site is in Czech with an English translation available. Aside from a few syntax confusions, the standard of the translation is good.
The Nationaal Archief, the largest public archive in the Netherlands, has published its list of archives on the website and made it fully searchable and browsable. The index lists central government archives, the archives of the Province of Zuid Holland and the former County of Holland and private archives of people or organisations that have played an important role in Dutch history, for example Johan de Witt. In addition, there are private archives of organisations such as the Netherlands Olympic Committee or the Royal Dutch Football Association. So far, inventories of 45 archives have been digitised, thus disclosing the archives in more detail. The inventories include the archives of the Compagnieën op Oost-Indië and the Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie (trading companies to the East-Indies). Another wonderful resource is the image bank containing 100 archives of maps and drawings, 350 atlases and books of maps, around 1 million photographs, including the transferred photo archive of the Government Information Service (Rijksvoorlichtingsdienst) with the Anefo and Elsevier collections. Through the Atlas of Mutual Heritage images have been made accessible online and are seachable. At this moment the AMH contains a list of former Dutch settlements in the East and West Indies (VOC and WIC) and maps, drawings and photographs of these settlements.
Different themes from the archives are disclosed in more detail by searchable databases on separate websites. These themes include From the Netherlands to Australia: Emigrants 1946-1991; Government Members; Japan search guide; Zuid Holland Compagnies register; Dutch Sound Registers; Freed from Slavery; Free in Surinam; Contract Labor; Colonial Surinam; Sailing for the Chambers (under construction). The website is an excellent entrance to the State Archives, enabling historians and other researchers to check the availability of archives and to order copies of images online.
This is the website for the Greek National Archaeological Museum in Athens. Its collections are representative of all the cultures of classical Greece. Section "the Museum" provides information on the history of the museum and its departments, with some useful information on the library and photographic archive for researchers. Section "collections" will be the most interesting for students: it is organised as a database and selecting a period it will be possible to access the thumbnails of significant artefacts of that period in the collections of the museum. Clicking on individual thumbnails will open a page with a larger picture and a descriptive text. Several sections and features of the website are still "under construction", and navigating on the English pages at the time of review often lead to Greek pages, however, it is sufficient to click on "En" at the very bottom of each page to access the English version of that page. The navigation is simple and intuitive, and most of the artefacts described so famous and essential to anyone interested in Aegean (mostly Cycladic, Mycenaean and Cypriot) and Greek archaeology that none can be singled out here. However, the texts describing the artefacts are perhaps too basic, and therefore useful only to first year undergraduates and younger students.
The website of the National Archives (the Statens Archiv, located in Stockholm) and regional state archives of Sweden (Riksarkivet och Landsarkiven) is provided in the Swedish language, but some pages are also available in an English version. These include visitor information for those planning to visit the archives in person, as well as online access to several databases and records from. Some of these require the payment of subscriptions, while others are freely available (Djvu software is required to view images of scanned documents). Online records are provided by the Research Center (Svensk Arkivinformation; SVAR) at Ramsele, aimed primarily at family historians, includes census material, births, marriage and death indexes, convict databases, and a village and farms database. A Guide to archival sources on the Holocaust in the archives is available in English, as is a brief guide to The Military Archives (Krigsakrivet). An online exhibition in the Military Archives section takes four themes - The people, The Landscape, Building and engineering, and War and peace, each of which is illustrated with documents from the archives, accompanied by historical notes. Access to the National Archival Database (NAD), a unified catalogue of archives and libraries across Sweden, is also available from this website.
This is the website of South Africa's National Archives, which holds a range of historical records relevant to over four hundred years of the country's history. The National Archives were founded in 1996, replacing the State Archives Service in post-Apartheid South Africa. Records include those of national and provisional government, personal papers, audio and visual material, and oral histories. On the site it is possible to search and browse through content databases of some of the collections the National Archive holds, although none of these have been digitised yet. These collections include birth and death records, archives for Cape Town, Durban, Pietermaritzburg, Port Elizabeth and Free State, and the National Register of Oral Sources. Also on the site users can access information about the National Film, Video and Sound Archives, but this does not have a searchable catalogue.
The website "National Archives E 179 database" is an online database (also known as "Records of central government taxation in England and Wales 12th-17th centuries"), published by The National Archives providing access to some 25,000 records concerned with lay and clerical taxation from the twelfth to the seventeenth century. The records are known as the ' King's Remembrancer, particulars of account and other records relating to lay and clerical taxation', and are also known by their lettercode E 179. Although The National Archives hosts the database, the information it contains has been added as a result of successive research projects (funded by AHRC, ESRC, Leverhulme and others) on the records relating to taxation of the laity of England (from Cambridge University), the laity of Wales (from Bangor University) and the clergy (from York University). The database is searchable by place, date, grant of taxation, and document type, and these categories can be searched in any combination. The results provide notes on what information the document contains, the date it was created, which taxes it refers to, the places referred to in it, and its format. This is a great resource for historians and genealogists, although the site would be enhanced with more information about how to use the database, and how best to find information.
The website of the National Archives of Australia is the homepage of this institution, whose main collection holds records created since the formation of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901 (therefore there are no records of convicts, colonial migration, or 19th century Australian history such as the gold rushes, exploration or colonial administration). The website holds information about the archives, about how to contact the service and about their publications. Details of exhibitions and events being held at the National Archives are also given. It is possible to search the descriptions of 80,000 collections and over 2,500,000 record items as well as details of about 9,000 creators and depositors. Registered users of the system can save their searches for up to six months. The collections include some nineteenth-century records relating to functions that were transferred by the colonies to the Commonwealth government, such as shipping and post offices. Historians of government will appreciate the wealth of holdings on Australia's constitution and federation. Researchers will find other holdings ranging from post-World War II cabinet records, to information on police, security and intelligence, to documents relevant for the study of family history, transport and defence. The defence section contains such details as the personal dossiers of over 330,000 Australians - men and women - who served overseas in the First World War, and the service records of Australians who served during the Second World War. Details for research visits and similar inquiries are posted.
The website of the National Archives of Ireland provides information about their holdings and publications as well as general information for readers. Information for readers includes opening hours, contact and location details and rules and regulations. The website gives both general and detailed information about the archives. There is an online searchable bibliographic database of archives. This online database does not include details of all the documents available but the amount of material covered is currently being expanded. It is possible to search all the material covered by the database or an individual series of holdings. An online guide to help searching the database effectively is available. As well as providing details of their holdings the National Archives of Ireland have produced an interesting selection of online research guides, which aim to give prospective researchers detailed information on specific research topics and collections. Online information for genealogists is also provided. Of interest to those researching more contemporary issues is the list of recently released records.
The National Archives of Japan (Kokuritsu Kōbunshokan) preserve government documents and historical records and make them available to the public. This extremely comprehensive and accessible website provides information about the Archives and allows the holdings to be searched online. Although the site can be accessed via English and Japanese versions, with clear guidance in both languages on how to use the site, the Japanese version has more information and the holdings themselves are, of course, mainly in Japanese. The bulk of the site is accessible via 'Our Holdings', which provides brief descriptions and sample images, categorised as follows: Principal Government Document Holdings; Principal Library Holdings (including key collections); and Important Cultural Properties of Japan (ancient manuscripts, calligraphy and classical books, and historical materials).
The Digital Archive itself can be accessed via 'Our Holdings' or directly from the home page: detailed descriptions and/or digitised images of the records and artefacts (for example, maps) held in the Archives can be searched using keywords or various categories. The Archive includes digitised images of important cultural properties, and these can be searched by geographical region) for maps) and in the following categories: scrolls; maps; photographs; drawings; posters; and documents.
The 'About Us' section includes information on the research activities and publications of the Archives. Issues of the journal, 'Kita no Maru', the 'Archives' newsletter and annual reports can be downloaded in Japanese, but only a few are available in English versions and these were not up-to-date at the time of cataloguing. There is a link to the Japan Center for Asian Historical Records, a fully digitised archive providing access to modern historical documents on Japan's relations with the rest of Asia that can be downloaded and printed. Links to the websites of other archives in Japanese cities and prefectures as well as to those of international archives are also hosted on this site.
This website provides information about the work of the National Archives of New Zealand and the facilities that it offers to the public. There is a brief history of the origins of the National Archives of New Zealand, together with the text and interpretation of the 1957 Archives Act. The website also has information on the holdings and on how to use the archive offices. There is a section specifically relating to the use of the archives for genealogical research. This section also outline some of the other sources available for genealogical study. A limited number of online primary sources are available on the site. These include the Treaty of Waitangi and the 1893 Woman's Suffrage Petition. The site also has a list of links to New Zealand and overseas archives, to related organisations, legislation sites, electronic records sites, record management sites and to sites about archival standards. Other features of the site include a 'What's New' section including an archive of new listings and details of publications and outreach activities. It is possible to search the site.
The National Archives of England, Wales and the United Kingdom was formed by bringing together the Public Record Office and the Historical Manuscripts Commission. It is one of the world's largest archival collections covering 1000 years of British history, from 1086 to the present day, holding records of central government and the courts of law. The website of The National Archives provides a wealth of information about its activities and collections. The site hosts online exhibitions, audio podcasts and a virtual museum. There is information about opening hours, locations and events. The site provides a host of information for current and potential readers including online information leaflets, details of how to plan a visit and services that The National Archives offers. Also available is an online catalogue which contains over eleven million document references. It is possible to either search or browse the catalogue and online help is available.
This is the website of the National English Literary Museum (NELM) in Grahamstown, South Africa. The museum aims to promote Southern African literature, and though it focuses on literature written in English, the museum has material relating to a variety of Southern African writers, irrespective of their mother tongue. The NELM home page has links to lists of the collections housed in the museum, research topics and bibliographies, as well as outreach programmes and teaching aids, such the NELM backpack series. NELM backpacks comprise copies of collated biographical material and secondary sources on individual Southern African authors, including J.M. Coetzee, Athol Fugard, Tsitsi Dangaremba, Achmat Dangor, Nadine Gordimer, Njabulo Ndebele, Allan Paton, William Plomer, Richard Rive, Mongane Wally Serote, and Pauline Smith. The collections at NELM are open to the general public, and if contacted by email, staff at the Museum can copy and post material worldwide. NELM is not a profit-making organisation, but the costs of photocopying and postage are covered by the researcher.
This website provides information about four Scottish art galleries: the National Gallery of Scotland; the Scottish National Portrait Gallery; the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art; and the Dean Gallery, Edinburgh. There are also details about the Royal Scottish Academy building in Edinburgh, designed by architect William Henry Playfair, recently restored and refurbished, together with information on its activities and exhibitions. Information is also provided on the exhibition space in the new landmark building, the Weston link. Over 1100 works from the collections are available online. Details of current, forthcoming and past exhibitions and events are available, as well as information about community and schools programmes. A list of titles published by the National Galleries is available and the 'Picture Library' section outlines the collections and facilities of the library and links to the SCRAN service where a large number of images from the library can be viewed.
Available in English and French, the National Gallery of Canada's website provides an attractive and informative introduction to this important and diverse institution. The Gallery's collections are particularly strong in Canadian, Aboriginal works, national and international contemporary art, and the Gallery also houses an important collection of prints and drawings. Each department has a brief section on the website, giving an overview of the contents of its collection in a broadly chronological order. The accounts are informative and clear, well suited for the prospective visitor. They do not generally include more than two or three illustrations, but the Cybermuse section (for which Flash 6, QuickTime, RealOne, and Adobe Acrobat Reader are required) provides access to over ten thousand images of the Gallery's holdings, which can be searched or browsed as a virtual tour. The remainder of the website includes all that can be demanded from a museum's home page, with an extensive calendar of events; details of forthcoming and past (since 1988, when the museum moved to its current location) exhibitions; online activities for children, teenagers, adults and teachers; a history of the institution; and research facilities including the Gallery's Library and Archives Catalogue. A link is provided to the Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography.
The National Gallery of Ireland houses the Republic of Ireland's national collection of Irish art and European master paintings. The site provides brief details about the gallery's collection, exhibitions and educational programmes. Its collection spans from the 14th to the 20th centuries, with a significant group of Irish paintings, including works by Jack B. Yeats, Hamilton, Barry, Lavery, Orpen, Roberts, O'Conor, Hone, Danby, Osborne and Leech. Italian, French, Dutch and British works are also well represented.
The National Library of Medicine: History of Medicine Division website provides access to a variety of resources relating to medical history. The website presents a wealth of resources and information on a wide range of medical history topics. Perhaps of greatest benefit will be the 'Historical Collections' section of the website, which presents a number of sub-themes (including 'books and journals', 'archives and manuscripts' and 'digital collections'). The information presented here is excellent laid out and will prove to be of significant interest to those interested in the history of medicine.
The National Library of Scotland Guide to Manuscript Collections contains over 850 inventories of the Library's manuscript and archival collections. The collections are listed alphabetically (by title of each collection - sometimes this is the first letter of the depositor's surname). The larger accessions have more detailed finding aids available as PDF documents. As well as browsing in this way, the Guide can be searched by keywords. (Collections of only a single item or only a few items do not appear to be included in this finding aid). A text-only version of this service is available by following the links to the text-only version of the home page of the National Library of Scotland website. The resource is simple to navigate for the researcher, listing series clearly.
The site of the National Library of the Czech Republic outlines the activities and services of the library in Prague. As an introduction to the site, details are given of the library's history, opening hours and services offered. The sections covering professional activities, projects and programmes provides information on the workings of the library including acquisitions; cataloguing; manuscript archiving; and publishing activities. Many of the library's resources have been electronically catalogued. Electronic catalogues cover the slavonic collection including the catalogue of the Former Russian Foreign Historic Archive. Links to recent portals such as the Manuscriptorium or the Kramerius, which are online resources of manuscripts, historical books and periodicals, are available from the page of the library. The site details forthcoming exhibitions and concerts. Information is given in English and Czech.
The National Museum of Ethnology (Minpaku) is both a research institute and a public museum, based in Osaka. It carries out anthropological research worldwide, but particularly in Asia, and promotes these activities to academics and the public via symposiums, exhibitions and lectures. Its website has English and Japanese versions. The former includes: basic information on its involvement in postgraduate education; symposiums; the Japan Center for Area Studies (based at the Museum); and practical details of the Museum's location and opening hours. Researchers, particularly those carrying out comparative research on Japan and other cultures, will find the Japanese version more valuable because of the level of detail provided. For example, there is information on specific research projects and researchers, as well as contents lists of the journal 'Senri Ethnological Studies' and the Museum's research reports. Access to its library catalogue is also available via the Japanese version. The English version briefly describes the regional and thematic permanent exhibitions and the current special exhibitions. It also includes the schedule of lectures for Minpaku associates and the general public.
The website of the National Museum of Japanese History (Kokuritsu Rekishi Minzoku Hakubutsukan) in Sakura city is available in English and (much more comprehensive) Japanese versions. Probably the most interesting section in the former is Exhibitions, which, as well as providing information on current and forthcoming temporary exhibitions, has many images of the items from permanent exhibits and past exhibitions. These are organised into the broad themes of: geographic conditions; ancient to pre-modern history; folklife; and modern times. A useful feature is the Japanese Chronological Table, which sets out important historical events and activities. The section titled 'Rekihaku' gives (in English) tables of contents and online sample articles from the museum's Japanese-language bimonthly journal of that name. Profiles of the museum's researchers, including publications lists, are provided, as well as practical information on opening hours and museum layout. The most important additional feature of the Japanese version is access to the extensive museum databases, which provide thousands of records and images of artefacts. The Japanese version also has detailed sections on the museum's publications and research activities, including its graduate school. Links to the websites of other national museums and humanities research institutes appear in both versions.
The website for the National Museum Wales provides information on seven museums and galleries in Wales. Details of forthcoming events and education programmes are given, along with visitor information. There is also an introduction to the museums' collections, with short essays on topics including archaeology and numismatics, industry, and social and cultural history. The seven institutions represented by this site are: the National Museum, Cardiff (including the Glanely Gallery); the St Fagans National History Museum (Cardiff); the Big Pit: National Coal Museum of Wales (Blaenafon, Torfaen); the National Wool Museum (Llandysul, Carmarthenshire); the National Roman Legion Museum (Caerleon, Gwent); the Welsh Slate Museum (Llanberis, Gwynedd); and the National Waterfront Museum (Swansea). The site is available in both Welsh and English.
This is the website of the National Museums of Scotland. The site acts as a hub from which the individual museums may be accessed as well as providing services and information common to all of the national museums. These include news on forthcoming events, competitions, exhibitions, and special educational programmes, as well as information about the collections for researchers. The individual museums that constitute the whole are: The Royal Museum; the Museum of Scotland; the Museum of Flight; the Museum of Scottish Country Life; the Museum of Costume; the National War Museum; and the Museum of Piping. The site also contains an online gift shop. This site provides a good guide to what is presented in each of the museums as well as giving their contact and opening details. It does not however contain much primary material in itself.
This is the website of the National Portrait Gallery in London. The Gallery's aim is to collect images of famous British people, and a database of enlargeable images from the Gallery's collection is available on the website. At time of review, the database had details of over 102,000 portraits from the Gallery's collections, almost 54,000 of which were accompanied by images of the works. The database can be searched or browsed by sitter or artist. The website also has general information about the gallery and its history. Details of touring and forthcoming exhibitions are listed, along with essays on present temporary exhibitions and information about all exhibitions from 2000 to the present day. The site provides details of lectures, events, publications, educational programmes, and the Heinz archive and library.
The website of the United Kingdom's National Railway Museum in York provides access details, corporate information, special exhibitions, and details of many of the exhibits and features of the museum itself.The site includes: information and details of the photographic archive held at the museum; collections of railway posters, many of which can be viewed in an online exhibition; a gallery of the work of railway photographer Eric Treacy; another gallery devoted to the work of the illustrator John Cooke Bourne; and an 'exhiblet' on the Japanese 'bullet train', the Shinkansen. There are fact files for many of the locomotive engines held by the museum, from Robert Stephenson's 'Rocket' onwards. Photographs showing the interior of the Museum give potential visitors a taste of what to expect. There are lists of the engines and rolling stock housed in the collections. Whilst designed more for the general public than historians, this site provides a colourful general introduction to British railway history, and useful information as to the museum's holdings.
This is the interesting and colourful website of the Natuurhistorisch Museum Maastricht, one of the largest natural history museums in the Netherlands. The website won "Best Innovative or Experimental Application" in the Museums and the Web 2002 : best of the Web awards (judged by a panel of museum professionals to recognize excellence in heritage website design). The numerous and stunning animations (requiring Flash) provide a context for the museum's collection relating to the geology, palaeontology, flora and fauna of southern Limburg and environs.
This is the website of the National Library of Wales (Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru). It is a gateway to the books, pamphlets, manuscripts, maps, photographs and other materials held in the Library's collections. There is information about the Library for visitors and researchers. This includes well-structured information about the collections and services, as well online catalogues and calendars of these collections. The website is well designed with clear navigation that remains similar wherever in the site you are. The site is available in Welsh and English. The Library's Digital Mirror includes: archives (such as the St Asaph Notitiae - a survey of the population of that diocese during the 1680s; and an autobiography of William Owen, smuggler, who was hanged for murder 1747); manuscripts, such as The Black Book of Carmarthen; Cyfraith Hywel Dda - a Latin version of the native Welsh law (known as 'Latin A'); the history Hengwrt Chaucer, one of the most important texts of the work of Geoffrey Chaucer; as well as maps, photographs, sound and video, and pictures (which includes framed works of art by J. M. W. Turner and Thomas Rowlandson). There is also an archive of online versions of past and current exhibitions that include: work and play; Tower colliery; Lloyd George; architecture of Wales; and Thomas Pennant. Education packages are available for teachers, as well as resources focussing on the needs of family and local historians and other special groups.
The Museum of London website has provided access to ten podcasts that have been produced by 'real' Londoners (by that they mean "normal people living in [London], and not museum staff or specialists"), about objects held in the museum's collections. The podcasts were made as part of the museum's community and audience development inclusion programme, to provide visually impaired visitors with a guide to certain objects in the museum's 'London before London' and 'Medieval' galleries. The object include: an antler comb; an alder wood club; a fingertip-decorated pottery bowl; bronze spearheads; a flint hand axe; a model of St. Paul's Cathedral; a grave slab that covered the heart of Joan de St. Edmunds; a Sabbath lamp; an Anglo-Saxon home; and the Arms of the Hanseatic League.
The Royal Academy of Arts (RA) Collections website provides access to the RA’s permanent collections of about 850 paintings, 350 sculptures, 15,000 prints and drawings, 12,000 historic books, 2,000 historic photographs, and 500 plaster casts. It also includes the archive, which documents the activities of one of the most significant artistic institutions in the UK in the 18th, 19th, 20th and 21st centuries. The collection began with the foundation of the Royal Academy in 1768 and the works of art were often given by the artists themselves. They were intended to show the talents of the British School and to provide inspiration for new generations of British artists. The website provides specific search screens for searching the works of art, books or archive collections. It is also possible to search across all the collections at once by selecting Search all the Collections, or to browse the collections via the Names A-Z and Academicians links. Clicking on the Academicians link brings up an alphabetical list of all past and present Royal Academicians. Clicking on a name in the list brings up a member's page containing biographical information about the artist or architect, including any posts they held within the RA, plus a list of all the works of art, historic books and archival documents relating to them in the collection. The Names A-Z section lists the names of all the people and organisations associated with objects, books and documents in the collections. Clicking on a name will take you to the page that displays all the records in the collection associated with that person or institution. As well as searching and browsing the collection, you can explore different themes within the collections or find out what works from the collection are currently on display in the Royal Academy via the Topics section.
This website brings together the research reports of the Victoria and Albert Museum (V&A). The reports, dating back to 1990 present the whole range of research conducted at the museum, including lectures and exhibitions. Each (annual) report is available to download, and subjects cover the entire of the Museums interests in fine and decorative arts.
The site is an official website of the National Library of Russia, the country's oldest library built in St. Petersburg in 1795. It consists of 5 sections: informaton about the library; services; NLR collections; NLR online; projects and partners. The information about the library focuses on the library's history. The most significant part of this website is the section containing the NLR resources, primarily its electronic catalogue of post-1989 materials, which includes Russian language publications (1989-), Ukrainian and Belarusian materials (1998-) and abstracts of dissertations (1989-). There is also a separate electronic catalogue for literature in European languages (1994-), foreign periodicals (1995-), Russian language books (1725-1998) and others. The site includes illustrated catalogues of exhibitions held at the library and the description of different web projects, such as the Russian-American project on creating an electronic library on exploration of Western Siberia and Far East. The electronic collection "St. Petersburg in Post Cards (1900-1941)" includes 900 post cards from I.P. Churakov's collection. The English version of the site consists of the introduction, information on partners and publicity and the English language description of the NLR online resources which provides links to the actual catalogues.
This is the website of Det kongelige Bibliotek: Håndskriftafdelingen (Manuscript Department at The Royal Library), the main national manuscript and archive collection in Denmark, with holdings covering the period from the early middle ages to the present. A large proportion of the manuscripts are related to European and especially Danish, history, literary and cultural history. The website provides useful information regarding the collections, guides to using manuscripts, a list of selected recent acquisitions, and access to various catalogues and registers, some online. There is also a facility to search manuscript acquisitions in a database covering the period 1924-1987, as well as in a library-wide acquisitions database for material purchased after 1988.
The website of the Slovak State Archives, established in 1956 and based in Bratislava, introduces the history, holdings and work of the Archives. It provides an index of archival terms and discusses the art of archiving and relevant archival legislation in the Republic of Slovakia. It gives information about publications, conferences, seminars in the relevant field, and provides lists of the archives' holdings. This is a useful website for those scholars interested in researching archival material related to Slovak and Austro-Hungarian material over the centuries. It is enhanced by a picture gallery which shows some of the treasures of the archives, mostly illuminated manuscript pages or medieval charters. Links to other archives in Slovakia and to the society of Slovak archivists were broken at the time of review. There are also Slovak and Czech versions of the site.
'The Smithsonian Magazine' is the official magazine of the Smithsonian Institution in the U.S.A. At February 2009 the online archives hold issues from 2002 to 2009, totalling some 86 issues. Recent issues present articles in well-designed HTML pages, with most articles striking a good balance between scholarship and popular accessibility. Some articles are in the field of science, but there is also much here to interest those in the arts and humanities, especially history. This is a content-rich and exemplary online magazine, which would be of regular use to scholars in many disciplines. There is also a paid-for paper edition, and a free electronic newsletter associated with the magazine. The magazine offers a sophisticated set of tools for working with articles, including RSS, Digg, StumbleUpon, and print and email options.
This is a wonderful resource from the State Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg in collaboration with IBM. There is a wealth of detailed information on the history of the museum, its contribution to the cultural life of modern Russia and its experiences through Russia's dramatic history from the Eighteenth Century to the present day. Explore the collections of the museum through a virtual gallery of high resolution artwork images. Search to find artwork by artist, subject, genre, theme or date. Information is provided on publications about the Hermitage and its collections. There are also details of current and upcoming exhibitions, plus an archive of past exhibitions. The site is clear to navigate and simply laid out. A fascinating resource for those interested in general Russian history and the collections of the Hermitage.
Information on the Maritime Museum of Finland - situated in Helsinki - is available on the National Board of Antiquities Finland website. Exhibitions at the museum include: the history of shipbuilding, life on board a ship, merchant shipping, steam technology, winter navigation and the history of diving. Fishing and pleasure boats are exhibited in the boat hall, and at the quay outside the museum is the restored lightship Kemi, built in 1901. Information about opening hours, entry fees and special exhibitions are provided. Other sections of the site describe two shipwrecks. These are the two-masted Dutch snouw, Vrouw Maria, wrecked in 1771 and rediscovered in 1999 and the three-masted galliot St Mikael wrecked in 1747 and rediscovered in the 1950s. There are also details of the maritime historical underwater park situated at the wreck site of the Kronprins Gustav Adolf off Helsinki. There are links to related sites. The text is also available in Finnish and Swedish.
Tate Online is the award winning website of the family of galleries that house the national collection of British art from the sixteenth century to the present day, including the Turner Bequest, and the national collection of international modern art: Tate Modern at Bankside, London; Tate Britain at Millbank, London; Tate Liverpool; and Tate St Ives. The website provides information on each gallery, and a tremendous depth of content (such as access to the Tate Learning and audio and video material, and the Tate's art collections including 50,000 images, details of the collection, a comprehensive A-Z artist listing, and details of current and touring exhibitions). It is easy to use to find more information about an artist or movement. The website was awarded Best Research Site, Museum Search Engine or On-line Database in the 'Museums and the Web 2004 : Best of the Web' competition, for the comprehensiveness of the online databases and search engines that provide detailed information for individuals and/or groups. Specific parts of the website also received nominations in the same competition: for Best Innovative or Experimental Application (Tate Britain : Cornelia Parker Cold Dark Matter : An Exploded View; and the Tate Collections : Insight); for Best Museum Web Site Supporting Educational Use (Tate Art Detective; and Tate Learning); and for Best On-line Exhibition or Activity Site (Olafur Eliasson : The Weather Project).
The Tokyo National Museum (TNM) website provides access to a wide range of information regarding the museum's activities and collections. The museum collects, houses, and displays a comprehensive collection of art works and antiquities from Japan, other Asian countries and the Middle East and Egypt. It also conducts research and investigations into items within its collections. The website is divided neatly into six main sections: Exhibitions; Events; Today's TNM; The TNM Collection; Museum Guide; News. The first two of these sections detail present and upcoming exhibitions (both regular and thematic) and events such as lectures and gallery talks. In addition 'Today's TNM' lists similar information on a day-to-day basis and includes a calendar for the present and following month to allow quick overviews of events on particular days. Other more general information and press releases are also provided via a News section. The museum guide section, which is also available in a number of other languages, provides information on opening hours, access, visitor guidelines and details of the museum shop.
The bulk of the website is, however, contained within the TNM Collection section which allows access to photos and brief information on some of the outstanding works contained within the museum's collections. The TNM Collection section provides access to the object via their type category (archaeology, calligraphy, sculpture, decorative arts, painting and 'others') or via their region. The images themselves are thumb-nailed and accompanied by a short descriptive text for quick browsing and, once the full record is viewed, the photo can be viewed at a number of different sizes. The website is well designed and very easy to navigate. The collection images are of very high quality and are easy to view (although all lack a scale). The website also includes details on museum publications, as well as its history and organisation. The site can be accessed in parallel English and Japanese versions.
The "UK Government Web Archive" is a project undertaken by The National Archives that aims to preserve government websites, with the intention of illustrating the changing nature of interaction between the citizens of the UK and its government. This website collects and makes available an archive of snapshots of selected government websites. Full background information on the project is also available. The project commenced in 2003. The chosen websites fall into the broad categories of: Business, industry, economics and finance; Culture and leisure; Environment; ; Government, politics and public administration; Health, well-being and care; International affairs and defence; People, community and housing; Public order, justice and rights; Transport, communication and technology; and Work, education and skills. The individual websites include: those of major government departments such as DEFRA and the Prime Minister's Office; those of regulatory bodies such as the Strategic Rail Authority; and that of the Hutton Inquiry. The archive of these websites is likely to be of interest to many people, whether they are looking for information about a specific subject or for a general overview of how the UK government has presented information to the public. The snapshots are taken at intervals of either one week or six months, and are made available through the Internet Archive. The search function allows users to search for websites by web address. The collection may also be browsed by category. It is easy to navigate, although once the user is viewing a snapshot it is necessary to use the browser button to return to the snapshot index. The snapshot itself consists of the whole website as it was on the date when the record was taken, with all internal links intact. However, some external links and images may be broken.
This website offers information that will assist visitors to find the Ulster Museum in Belfast, and gives contact details for the museum's other services. There is also more detailed information on the galleries and services, and the collections of the museum relating to Irish history, archaeology of Northern Ireland in particular and artefacts from farther afield.
This Web page gives access to all issues of the 'V&A Online Journal', a free full-text research journal. This annual ejournal is published by the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. At December 2009 there are two issues online, with articles published as HTML pages. Example scholarly articles include: 'James "Athenian" Stuart: The Architect as Landscape Painter'; 'Doing Time: Patchwork as a Tool of Social Rehabilitation in British Prisons'; 'Computer Art at the V&A'; and 'The Film Work of Stage Designer Oliver Messel', among others. There are also book reviews and interviews. The website states that... "Inclusion is not restricted to V&A staff", and papers are invited from outside the museum. Full details of the editors and the submission process are available at the website.
Containing artworks commissioned and collected over 500 years by a succession of Roman pontiffs, the Vatican Museums are among the cultural highlights of the Holy See. The Vatican Museums' website, available in English, German, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese and French, highlights many of the museums' holdings and collections. This part of the site features images and descriptions of artworks, including frescoes, paintings and sculptures from the Gregorian Egyptian Museum; Gregorian Etruscan Museum; Sistine Chapel; Raphael's Room; Pinacoteca (art gallery); and the Ethnological Missionary Museum. A detailed analysis of the fresco paintings of Michelangelo and others, found in the Sistine Chapel, is available. Visitors to the site can also take a virtual tour of different rooms. Other features of the site include a highlights section containing images of 30 masterpieces from the collections, with works by Raphael, Botticelli, Perugino and Michelangelo, and a history of the museum.
The Western Australian Cultural Heritage Portal is a website that provides integrated online access to the cultural heritage collections of Western Australian libraries, archives, museums and galleries. It allows users to conduct simultaneous searches across the catalogues and databases of a range of Western Australian cultural heritage institutions, and is an excellent starting-point for finding material relating to the history and culture of Western Australia. Simple and advanced searches may be made, and results may be saved and sorted according to user needs. The Portal is operated by the University of Western Australia library on behalf on its partners.