The 1851 Project: The Great Exhibition is a Web page devoted to the collection of Exhibition materials which are held at the National Art Library (NAL) of the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. The site opens with a brief history of the Great Exhibition and the influence of the event upon subsequent similar exhibitions and the development of London's museums, especially the Victoria and Albert Museum. Beyond the legacy of the event are the actual holdings of documents directly related to it, which is the concern of this site. Dating back to 1995, the aim of the 1851 Project has been to improve access to the archival collections related to the Exhibition, including what remains of the actual exhibits themselves. To that end, by February 1997, a previously incomplete set of lists of all holdings in the NAL were compiled into a single computer catalogue. A link is provided to the NAL catalogue, and this page explains in detail how the user can search it in order to locate all relevant sources. It also explains the procedure that readers must follow to gain access to the collections. The site describes related holdings at other museums and archives, and provides links to their websites.There is also a bibliography of contemporary sources, such as pamphlets, and of secondary sources. In general, this page would be very helpful for researchers in this topic as a starting point for extended work or as confirmation that they had not missed any sources on this topic.
This website encourages exploration and understanding of and participation around the collection of Aberdeen Art Gallery and Museums (Aberdeen Art Gallery, Aberdeen Maritime Museum, Provost Skene's House and the Tolbooth). A selection of images have been digitized to represent the scope and depth of the collections and arranged in virtual tours, including some of relevance for art history, maritime history, the history of science and industry, archaeology and numismatics. There is also an online catalogue of this selection of objects from the collection of Aberdeen Art Gallery and Museums. It is possible to view these objects in various ways: single image with basic cataloguing information; 6 images with a simple caption of the object's title or name; or a list of objects without images. All the images can be enlarged to a full-screen size.
This is the home page of the Acadian Museum and Archives in West Pubnico, Nova Scotia. The site has several features which will provide good starting points for the teaching and study of Acadian Canadian History, beginning with one sub-section entitled Digital Archives of the Argyle District Acadians. While its historiographical assumptions are only implicit, this section highlights the tremendous importance and potential usefulness of etymological approaches in the study of Canadian history. To accompany a small historiographical essay on the subject, there are lists on the site -- accompanied by audio files -- of old French words which are still used in the region but are slowly vanishing; words which are spelt differently from spellings in modern dictionaries; words to which Acadians apply unique definitions; and archaic words which are still listed in modern dictionaries. Local religiosity is profiled in an online exhibit of religious artefacts with explanations.
Another subsite provides essays on the history and geography of the Acadians of the region. This section includes: online transcriptions of land grants; accounts of local folklore; and genealogical descriptions of founding Acadian families. In addition to the Digital Archives of the Argyle District Acadians, the site provides an online tour of the Acadian Museum and its gift shop; details on the local historical society; coming events; related links; and other local attractions. But the subsite on the Archives is perhaps the most useful section for researchers. Here, there are detailed lists of archival resources available for some 5000 library books; periodicals; genealogies; land grants; deeds; microfilms; maps; photographs; and church records.
The Adachi Museum of Art in Yasugi, Shimane prefecture, Japan is renowned for its gardens as much as for its collection of modern paintings, particularly the work of Japanese painter Taikan Yokoyama. Its website, available in more or less parallel English and Japanese versions, is divided into several sections. The information section outlines the background of the museum and its founder, Zenko Adachi, as well as giving practical information on access and admission. The section on the collection is further divided into around 25 individual 20th-century artists, with images of one or two sample works and brief biographical notes for each. The garden section describes the different Museum gardens (moss garden, pond garden, dry landscape etc.) through the seasons, with photos. Finally, the exhibition section outlines the various current and forthcoming exhibitions. In addition, the Japanese version has a section for the museum shop, and news items (recent publications, discounts etc.) on the homepage.
The Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum in Chicago is a public building and a research institution. It aims to educate schoolchildren about astronomy in an exciting environment, whilst also maintaining significant holdings of texts and artefacts of interest to more scholarly visitors. The website provides a virtual tour of the planetarium, along with the usual transport and access information. It offers a substantial education section for teachers of school students. A section on shows and exhibits gives details of current presentations, which again are generally aimed at a younger audience. The historical collections section is more academic. It contains a database of the museum's holdings, which include: almost 2,000 historic instruments; about 550 individual maps, prints, and book plates featuring astronomical illustrations; over 2,000 books, including some incunabula. There are illustrated introductions to some of the more significant types of scientific instrument, such as astrolabes, orreries, armillary spheres, and telescopes. The site also contains Webster's database of signatures of instrument makers.
This website presents the work of the Ainu Museum (Porotokotan) in Shiraoi, Hokkaido, Japan. The English version of the site briefly describes the background of the museum's foundation and aims, along with data on the numbers of artefacts and books held, and a guide to the main features of this outdoor museum. There is also information about and images of various aspects of Ainu culture and way of life: fishing; hunting; agriculture; clothing; eating habits; religion; ornaments; wild vegetables; sacred dances; and oral literature.
The Japanese version is far more comprehensive and detailed. A section on legends presents traditional folk tales as digital picture books with sound files in the Ainu language and in Japanese translation. Sound files, images and written explanations are combined in another section on the mukkuri (an Ainu traditional instrument). In the plant world section, around 60 trees and plants used by the Ainu for food and medicinal purposes are described, listed by their Japanese names with Ainu equivalents. An online themed exhibition of ritual items (gireigu) provides images and descriptions of these artefacts. Museum news announcements and newsletters can be accessed or downloaded from the site. A section on the iyomante (ceremonial bear killing) is preceded by a warning that some may find this offensive. Details of publications (books and research reports) published by the Museum and other organisations and individuals and CDs and videos available from the museum are provided. The site is also available in a Chinese version, similar to the English one.
This is the website of Museum Plantin-Moretus in Antwerp, devoted to "300 years of printing activity". Christoffel Plantin started working in Antwerp as a bookbinder and then a printer in about 1549. Appointed by Philip II of Spain, he was the official printer for Catholic Spain and its colonies, as well as of the Protestant Staten-General, who led the attack against Spanish rule. With Philip II's encouragement Plantin published the famous 'Biblia Polyglotta' (the Bible in five languages). On his death in 1589, his son-in-law, Jan I Moretus inherited the printing business, which continued to grow until it was sold in 1876. The building was converted into the Plantin-Moretus Museum and opened to the public in 1877. Supported by the Municipal Print's Gallery, the Plantin Society, the Association of Antwerp Bibliophiles and the Permanent Contribution Fund for the Municipal Library and the Museum Plantin-Moretus and published in Dutch and English, the website has a section on the history of Christoffel Plantin and his successors, a description of the collection and library, a section on the temporary exhibitions shown at the Museum and visitor information.
This online resource provides "a view of 150 years of American art as represented in The Phillips Collection". It includes a timeline of American art from 1830-2000, illustrated with images from the collection and details of American historical events. A facility to explore the collection can be browsed by artist, date or medium and contains a selection of 650 images, commentary about the works of art, and biographies of the artists. Some educational materials for teachers are also provided. This resource was funded by the National Endowment for the Arts, with additional support from the Zickler Family Foundation and the Marpat Foundation.
This is the dynamic and colourful website of The American Museum of Natural History, New York. The museum's collections, exhibitions, research centres, education programmes, and some of the 32 million specimens and artifacts in the field of scientific research and education, are available through this resource. Whilst mini-sites cover current exhibitions, more permanent displays and departments of the museum are introduced through dedicated pages.
The description of a hall or collection or subject offers links to some of the artifacts. For example: from the Culture Halls users can view short descriptions of: Indians of the Northwest Coast, Eastern Woodlands, and the Plains; African Peoples; Asian Peoples; Mexico and Central America; South American Peoples; and Pacific Peoples. Teachers' guides (mainly school-level) are available for each, providing PDF articles, evidence and analysis on subjects that range through the fields of anthropology (archaeology briefly features), history of astronomy, biology, earth sciences and paleontology, for example. There are Web pages for most collections such as North American Ethnography, where you can browse more than 50,000 artifacts online. The education resources section was nominated in the competition for Best Museum Web Site Supporting Educational Use in 'Museums and the Web 2004 : Best of the Web'.
This is the electronic version of the Anais do Museu Paulista (ISSN 0101-4714), or the Annals of the Museum of São Paulo in Brazil, which is also known as the Ipiranga Museum. The journal focuses on research into the history of both the Museum and its collections and the city of São Paulo, reports on the Museum's exhibitions and restoration projects, and studies on Brazilian material culture. Users will find articles on, for example, the uniforms of the Brazilian National Guard between 1831 and 1852; caring for collections in tropical environments; the history of the Ibirapuera park and its contribution to the construction of Paulist identity; and the challenges facing the Museum in the 21st century. The contents of the journal are available as PDFs via Red AlyC (the open access ejournal archive from the Universidad Autónoma de Estado de México). Articles are in Portuguese and issues of the journal from 2003 onwards are available online.
The website for the Anglo Boer War Museum in Bloemfontein, South Africa, catalogues the Boer perspective of the South African War of 1899-1902. The site contains information relating to Boer heroes such as General Louis Botha, President Paul Kruger and Emily Hobhouse, the English social worker who travelled to South Africa and became an outspoken critic of the concentration camps used by the British. Given that the Museum is located in Bloemfontein, the heartland of Afrikaner nationalism, the pro-Boer content of the website is to be expected, but there are some other content-related problems. There is no mention of the currently accepted terminology of the South African War to refer to this conflict, to acknowledge the number of black South Africans who also participated, no mention either of Sol Plaatje's writings on the conflict.
The Archaeological Collections Areas Database and Map, compiled on behalf of the Society of Museum Archaeologists, provides an interface to information and contact details on the collecting areas of English museums. The resource is based around an intuitive map interface allowing users to drill down from the county level to individual units and districts and their relevant Museums. The ultimate aim of the project is to provide mapped information on each museum's catchment area for the deposition of archaeological archives. The database information is based upon a survey of 141 museums or museum services. The project has revealed not only the extent of museum collection areas but also the approaches adopted towards the collecting of archives together with the levels of curatorial and conservation skills present in English museums. A copy of the full report, together with its appendices, is available for download on the site. The website is easily navigable through the standard ADS interface and users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to accessing the resource. Contact information for individual museums is provided through external links to the Cornucopia:Discovering UK Collections website. The project report and appendices are provided for download in Microsoft Word document format.
This is the website of the Archaeological Museum of Bologna. The museum, inaugurated in 1881, is home to several noteworthy collections of Villanovan, Etruscan, Greek and Roman artefacts from areas surrounding Bologna. The catalogue of the museum can be accessed from the Italian version; it contains multiple images of selected artefacts (mostly Classical ceramics and coins) along with their description. In particular, the museum's Numismatic collection provides access to a sizeable number of images depicting the obverse and reverse sides of coins and medals originating from various periods. The rest of the website - available in both Italian and English - offers simple descriptions of the museum's thematic sections and is aimed at the general public. Additionally, the website offers news on current and forthcoming events at the museum.
This is the website of The Art Fund Prize, an award from the UK's leading independent art charity made to a museum or gallery in the UK. This prize was formerly sponsored by the UK Branch of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, The Gulbenkian Prize. The first Art Fund Prize for museums and galleries will be awarded in May 2008. The website includes details of the ten recommended exhibitions and institutions, comments from the judges, comments from the public, as well as links for anyone to have their say in the lead-up to the long-list being whittled down to four, and then the winner announced during Museum's month each year.
This site is essentially a portal that unites some 200 International galleries and museums in order to bring to public attention information about exhibitions, artists, projects, publications etc. Museums in America and Europe are primarily represented. For example, the Birmingham Museum of Art, the British Museum, the Chrysler Museum, the Hermitage, the J. P. Getty Museum, and the Tate Gallery are all featured.The site allows easy access to the Web pages of the 200 institutions, but it also contains an archive of 10,000 high-quality images from many of the museums featured (The Art Museum Image Consortium). A calendar of exhibitions brings together in a single place the year's programme of international events. The site also contains articles, notices and news, provided by its main sponsor - Reuters.
Artcyclopedia aims to be a comprehensive index of every artist represented at hundreds of museum sites, image archives, and other online resources. Artists are listed chronologically with online links to work displayed in museums and galleries. This part of the site has a chronological listing of artists specialising in maritime scenes, dating from the 16th to the 20th centuries.
Proposed by the Association of Art Historians in the mid-1980's the Artists' Papers Register (APR) is a searchable list of papers and primary resources located in the UK relating to artists, designers and craftspeople. It is a collaborative project between a number of institutions: the Association of Art Historians, Henry Moore Foundation, Leeds University Library, Barber Institute of Fine Arts, University of Birmingham Library, Victoria and Albert Museum, the National Archives, National Gallery of Ireland, Full Disclosure, the Getty Foundation and the Pilgrim Trust. The APR is an essential resource for anyone who requires quick and easy access to information about archive material relating to design and art history. The Artists' Papers Register defines the term 'artist' as including painters, sculptors, designers, design groups and studios, craftspeople and design occupations within manufacturing. Nationality and status do not form part of the criteria for inclusion; all artists who have papers in publicly accessible collections in the United Kingdom are listed on the Register. Partly for reasons of scale, and also because of the different type of collection or repository in which they are kept, the papers of architects and photographers are not sought out, though an architect's papers may be noted where they relate to interior or furniture design. The database can be searched by artist name, location, artist type, keyword or biography. A list is provided with record description and dates of each resource. When a list item is selected the location is given with a link to its place in the National Archives' Archon Directory, which provides more information about that particular repository. Prospective papers can be reported to the register on the website.
The University of Oxford Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology website contains museum information, gallery plans, scheduled events and exhibitions, museum news, publications information, pages for individual departments and collections, as well as contact information. As well as digitised highlights from the museum's collections, there are details about past, present and forthcoming exhibitions, both temporary and permanent. A small number of images illustrate the descriptions. There is a link to the Object of the Month, as well as virtual exhibitions. A section provides free access to out-of-print publications, including books on pre-Roman Italy, Cyprus and Scythian artefacts in the museum. The collections of antiquities in the museum include products from the Palaeolithic to Victorian periods; from Egypt and the Middle East to Europe and Britain. The Roman and Greek Classical collections comprise several casts from sculptures. The Museum receives some core funding from the AHRC.
Based in San Francisco and built in 1966, the Asian Art Museum is one of the largest museums in the Western world, which is devoted exclusively to Asian art. The museum is designed to "lead a diverse global audience in discovering the unique material, aesthetic, and intellectual achievements of Asian art and culture". The images on the web pages are representative of the collection of over 12,000 objects and reflect just a few of the countries in the museum's holdings, which are displayed by country in the galleries (India, the Persian World and West Asia, Southeast Asia, the Himalayas and Tibet, China, Korea, Japan, Contemporary Art and recent additions). The website has sections on: past, present and future exhibitions; a list of upcoming programmes, which includes details about the resource centre and information for teachers; general collection information; history of the museum; and visitor information.
The Asian Civilisations Museum in Singapore presents a range of exhibitions that reflect the complex pan-Asian heritage of the island, displaying artefacts from East, South, Southeast and West Asia. Its companion website presents a textual introduction to the aims of the museum, provides visitor information, and lists past, future and current exhibitions. Users will find this exhibition section most informative, which links to extended descriptions of past and current events in the museum's galleries. In the 'Past Exhibitions' section, details are available via hyperlinks for most exhibits dating back to 1993. The galleries display ceramics; photography; painting; textiles and jewellery. Exhibitions described on the website include: Ming dynasty porcelain; jewellery from Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia; Chinese bronzes; Indian and Indonesian textiles; and exhibitions on Peranakan culture.
The main page also acts as a gateway to online resources for other cultural organisations in Singapore, namely; the Singapore Art Museum; the National Archives of Singapore; the Singapore History Museum; and the Heritage Conservation Centre. The Asian Civilisations Museum website will be of interest to any researcher or student with interests in Asian art (particularly traditional arts) and the diverse cultures that are represented in Singapore society.
The website of the Strindberg Museum gives information about the life and work of the Swedish playwright, poet and novelist August Strindberg (1849-1912), best known outside Sweden for his naturalist plays Fadren (The Father, 1887) and Fröken Julie (Miss Julie, 1888); and expressionist-symbolist pieces such as Dödsdansen (The Dance of Death, 1900); Ett Drömspel (A Dream Play, 1901) and Spöksonaten (The Ghost Sonata, 1907). The museum is housed in the Stockholm building Strindberg called The Blå Tornet (Blue Tower), and users of the site may view photographs and descriptions of the reconstructed bedroom, dining-room and study where Strindberg spent the last four years of his life. The Swedish version of the site has a series of short essays on aspects of Strindberg's creative output, including his photography, plays, letters, autobiographical writing, poetry and novels and a limited amount of this material is also available in English, although most of the pages in English were still under construction at the time of review. Full text versions of some of the works can be accessed on the site or via links to the Project Runeberg. There is a fascinating online gallery of nineteen of Strindberg's paintings; a searchable list of Strindberg translations in thirty languages; a chronological list of all Strindberg's works; and some suggested further reading. Details of how to access the Strindberg Museum and its archives can also be found. The site links to the web-page of the Intima Teatern, a revived version of Strindberg's pioneering The Intimate Theatre, and details of current performances can be found here. The Strindbergsmuseet site should be bookmarked by anyone wishing to use the Internet to find out more about Strindberg and his final years in Stockholm.
The Web Site Auschwitz - Birkenau is the official Web Site of the concentration camp (KL) Auschwitz-Birkenau (Oswiecim-Brzezinka). It is in Polish and English, and features a brief history and overview of the infamous death camp where Jews, Poles, Roma, Sinti and many other nationalities and ethnicities perished during the Second World War. Initially set up as a concentration camp, in 1942 it began to function as an extermination centre which saw the murder of between 1.1 and 1.5 million people. The site provides information about the opening times of the memorial museum, its foundation, and news concerning the site. There is a good links section and details of the museum's publications. There is also a sizable sub-section devoted to the Museum's Archives, which reflects the bureaucratic system by which the camp functioned. There are valuable pages on the archival collections, how they are organized, and how researchers may gain access to study them. This site is of interest to all those studying or researching Jewish, Polish, or European History and World War Two.
The Web Site "Auschwitz Jewish Center Foundation" serves to provide information about an American-Polish foundation that seeks to make available information about the Polish town of Oswiecim - Auschwitz and aspects of its Jewish history. The site is in German, Polish and English with flyers in French and Hebrew. It is of interest to all those studying Jewish, Polish and German history. More infamously known as the location of the death camps Auschwitz and Birkenau, the town is home to the Auschwitz Jewish Center run by the foundation. The site has a timeline of Jewish life in Oswiecim and there are excellent images of exhibits held at the center. The center has a video testimony room, a family history room and library (it also has an experienced genealogical researcher at its disposal), and runs various educational programmes as well as dialogue meetings and community events. The foundation has offices in the USA and Poland and offers scholarships for students and researchers. Contact information for both offices is provided.
As part of the redevelopment of Sydney's Darling Harbour, the plans for the Australian National Maritime Museum were established in 1984, and the museum opened in 1991. Its website offers a varied and informative introduction to the national maritime collection and its history. For the prospective visitor, there is extensive information about the museum. Current and forthcoming exhibitions are listed, such as the 2009-2010 exhibition on Mythic Creatures: Dragons, Unicorns and Mermaids. These are complemented by blogs which discuss interesting parts of the Museum's collections on an ongoing basis. Online exhibitions include a history of World War II War Brides. A past exhibits subsite archives offerings such as Antarctic views, nautical clothing fashions, the history of Sydney's harbour and the art of scrimshaw (engraving designs into whalebone and shell). Each of the seven permanent exhibitions receive an introductory essay. There are virtual reality tours of the museum (no plug-ins are necessary for browsers that are Java-enabled; otherwise, Quicktime is required). For maritime history researchers, there is access to the catalogue of the Vaughn Evans Library. The Collections and Research section of the site provides research guides and an in-site search tool. There are links to the National Maritime Collection's archive, as well as other relevant sites, such as the Australian Register of Historic Vessels and a subsite on Maritime Archaeology. Finally, a Director's Choice page gives researchers a taste of the eclectic materials available here, from the Oskar Speck collection, to the Blaeu Globe, to the Tu Do collection.
The Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive (BAMPFA), part of Berkeley University of California, focuses on art exhibitions and the screening and study of cinema films. The website provides an overview of the art collections and exhibitions and includes short essays on many of these. The film archive offers a searchable database of film notes documenting a wide range of film types, including foreign, independent, classic and avant-garde cinema.
Base Joconde is a site hosted by the French government that provides a catalogue of the collections held in French museums. The title of the site is a reference to Leonardo da Vinci's famous Mona Lisa painting, held at the Louvre Museum in Paris. The site is testament to France's great wealth of museum collections which embrace archaeology; the fine arts; the decorative arts; ethnology; history; science; and technology. The site lists participating museums across France, with good contact and location information. It also gives highly detailed and illustrated lists of individual items in each museum's collection. This database should be primarily valuable for Art Historians and scholars working in French Studies. However, some collections cover broader areas and users should check carefully for artistic examples stemming from Franco-America; Asia; other parts of Europe; and elsewhere. A quick overview of non-French holdings is evident under the Recherche par listes (Search by lists) function, in which users can cross search the database by means of themed lists, especially under such rubrics as Lieux géographiques étrangers; Lieux de création / exécution à l'étranger; and Lieux de découverte à l'étranger. Social and Cultural Historians should also find this resource helpful, with its range of ancient to modern artifacts and art pieces. The site's links list is truly impressive, opening onto many relevant sites and portals. Under the heading Nouveautés, the site additionally lists upcoming exhibitions and gives beautiful sample images. Small online exhibitions with equally appealing images are posted under the main headings Parcours thématiques and Expositions virtuelles. Here, the Victor Guillen historical shoe collection is a particular highlight, featuring, a woman's mule from the French Revolution along with other historical footwear.
This is the website of the Bata Shoe Museum in Toronto, Canada. The museum contains five main collections - North American Indian (shoes of Native American populations); ethnological (shoes from accross the world, including Latin America, the Middle East, Africa, the Indian continent, China, Korea and Japan); circumpolar (shoes from polar regions such as Russia, Siberia, Alaska, Inuit and Greenland); History of Western Fashion (from 2500 BC to the present); and Walk of Fame (celebrity shoes). The site contains information about each collection, illustrated by images of specific examples. It also provides details of current exhibitions and events in the museum, as well as general information about the museum and a fun facts quiz. Additionally, the site supplies details about the museum building and architecture, designed by Raymond Moriyama of Moriyama & Teshima architects.
This is the website of the North of England's largest local history museum, at Beamish, County Durham. In particular the museum recreates how the people of the North of England lived and worked in the nineteenth and twentieth century. The excellent information for the general visitor and the educator describes, with images, the attraction of this open-air experience of living history. The museum concentrates specifically on two periods: 1825, when the region was rural and thinly populated. The industrial revolution, especially the coming of the railways, accelerated change (the reconstructed buildings and attractions include a wagonway, railway and manor); and 1913, by which time the region's heavy industries were at their peak, (that includes a colliery, a railway station, the town, a tramway, as well as a farm and other exhibitions).
One of the finest and most diverse collections in Athens, and also the oldest in Greece, it is no surprise to find that the Benaki Museum's website is exemplary in form and content. It offers all the necessary information for the prospective visitor, including QuickTime movies of many of the galleries, details of past, present and future collections, and overviews of the collections. A journey through the museum passes through Ancient Greece and the Roman period, the Byzantine period, the Frankish and Ottoman occupations, to the struggle for independence in the nineteenth century and the establishment of the Greek state thereafter. Each section is represented by a selection of choice artefacts, the illustrations of which can be enlarged. The Museum also holds important collections of historic heirlooms, over 6000 paintings and drawings by Greek artists and those who visited or were inspired by the country, as well as Coptic, Chinese (largely the gifts of George Eumorphopoulos) and Islamic art and a collection of Toys and Games from Greece and the wider world. There is admirable attention to the history of the museum, with special features on the founder, Antonis Benakis, and other significant donors, as well as the building itself (the Benakis' residence in Athens) and plans for the division of the collection (the Islamic collection, the Department of Historical Archives, and the collection of Toys and Games) and their prospective homes. The Museum's Archive collection is particularly important, and there are separate pages for the Historical (much relating to the Greek War of Independence and the later rise of Eleftherios Venizelos), Neo-Hellenic Architecture and Photography archives. The last has further links to pages devoted to James Robertson, Nelly's, Voula Papaioannou and Dimitris Harissiadis, all of which are well illustrated. All three archives are responsible for publications, details of which are listed.
The Bible Lands Museum Jerusalem contains collections encompassing all great civilisations surrounding Israel, including Greece, Egypt, the Levant and Mesopotamia. There is a short history of the museum and its founder, Dr Elie Borowski, as well as pictures from some of the artefacts in the permanent collection and a QuickTime VR tour of the rooms. Past and forthcoming events (lectures, conferences, special exhibitions, etc.) are listed and described with some illustrations or even a full interactive catalogue (e.g. Three Faces of Monotheism). Section "study resources" also publishes a list of books and periodicals from the museum's library that are being sold: this may interest some researchers. There is also an online shop selling publications, gifts and reproductions and it is possible to subscribe to a mailing list diffusing announcements. The website does not provide much information on the collections, though at the time of review more information was forthcoming. Yet, students and researchers may find useful information, even if they do not plan a trip to the museum.
The Web Site "Muzeum Archeologiczne w Biskupinie (Biskupin Archaeological Museum)" has versions of the site in Polish, English and German, although the latter has the least of the information available in the other two languages. The site as well as the museum is dedicated to inform about the settlement of Biskupin, formerly known as the Polish Pompeii, the site of the excavation of a wooden settlement over 2,700 years old. It is famed for its excellent museum and archives that reveal how the archaeological digs progressed from their start in 1934, and for the vibrant recreation of early everyday life in the Lusatian settlement and in the Kujawy-Pomorze area. The abundance of bronze and iron ware led to many controversies about the precise dating of the site, but more accurate testing has dated the site to the 8th century BCE. Biskupin is of interest to those studying the history of the early Slavs, Polish Studies, and archaeology. This is one of the most complete and well-preserved sites in central Europe and is a repository of knowledge about an early Slav settlement. The site contains much information about the museum and archives, festivals, symposia as well as online exhibitions.
This site, which is part of the Chicago Historical Society's site Wet with Blood, offers a detailed, illustrated history of Chicago's Libby Prison War Museum. Although it is part of a larger site, this distinct section is worth mentioning in its own right, as it explores the history of a remarkable late nineteenth century museum and the life of its proprietor Charles Gunther. Covered is the history of the museum from its early days as a tobacco warehouse in Richmond, Virginia, its use as a Confederate prison centre during the American Civil War, and its transportation and reincarnation as a museum in Chicago from 1889-1899. It provides information on the experience of Union prisoners during the American Civil War, and the history of the museum itself.The site is easy to navigate and features images, primary source accounts, and audio clips; listening to these requires QuickTime.
The British Postal Museum and Archive website provides access to the catalogue and some of the collections of the Royal Mail and the Post Office, dating back over four hundred years. It is an invaluable source for the history of postal communication in Britain, and for developments in social, transport and business history and in design and advertising, particularly in the last two centuries. Learning pages provide resources for small children through to adults, with specific information for teachers; there is a guide for family historians. A history section traces the development of the post from the Romans onwards, concentrating on the period from the Stuarts to the present day. Informative and attractive online exhibitions include How the Post Office went to War, Elizabeth, Queen and Icon, and Playing for the Cup. This user-friendly site was designed with accessibility in mind; it can be viewed in Welsh and a spoken version is available. Clearly laid out, the website includes FAQs, a glossary and a shop. The records in the archive were awarded designated status by the Museums, Libraries and Archives Council, in recognition of their national importance.
The Brunel Museum website not only encourages people to visit its exhibitions, but also provides an interesting history of the building, its location, and the Brunel family. The museum itself is on the site of the oldest remaining piece of tunnel in the London Underground. This tunnel was designed by Marc Isambard Brunel in 1825, and he worked on it with his son, Isambard Kingdom Brunel, who later designed Clifton suspension Bridge and the Great Western Railway. The Thames Tunnel was the first tunnel to be built under a navigable river, and was a pedestrianised tunnel with a shopping arcade and amusements until 1869 when it started being used for trains. The principles of Brunel's new tunnel building system - to use a protective tunnel shield - are still used today. As an established museum supported by Southwark Council, the information should be pretty reliable and kept up to date. The site is very easy to use, although disappointingly the videos and flythroughs do not work on every computer. Most of the information that would be most useful to architecture students can be found in the "history and future" category.
Part of the Imperial War Museum website, the Cabinet War Rooms section provides information about the development of Churchill's Second World War underground complex as a museum. (During the Blitz on London, Winston Churchill, his Cabinet, his War Cabinet, his Intelligence organisation and his staff met below ground in a fortified basement in Whitehall known as The Cabinet War Rooms). The website includes a virtual tour (Quicktime or Java movies) of the war rooms, and links to Churchill's Room, the Cabinet Room, the Map Room, and the Transatlantic Telephone Room, as well as other parts of the Cabinet War Rooms, a history of the rooms, and an introduction to the London Blitz, as well as practical information about visiting the rooms currently open to the public.
This is the website of the Campaign for Museums, which was charity that was "created in 1995 to promote museums and galleries throughout the UK". Its activities involved organising the annual Museums and Galleries Month in conjunction with engage (National Association for Gallery Education), and arranging regular marketing conferences and seminars. The Campaign for Museums also founded the 24 Hour Museum, and supported the Museums in the Classroom and other promotional initiatives. However, the Campaign for Museums was dissolved in 2008, and the activities of the organisation are now administered by Culture24 (formerly the 24 Hour Museum). Information about all of the organisation's previous activities have been archived on the website, with links to relevant websites and contact information.
"Canada in WWII" is a brilliant site on Canadian involvement in the Second World War published by the Juno Beach Centre. This online museum provides an excellent overview of the Canadian war experience, with a good mix of reference articles and primary source images and personal stories. The events of World War II are covered from the eve of war to its conclusion, looking at Canada in the Depression, the rise of Fascism, key campaigns and readjustment after the war. In the section dedicated to People there are biographies of the key Canadians, British, American, Polish and German figures involved in the war. Information on the weaponry used in the different branches of the armed forces in detailed in the section for arms and weapons. In addition there is an interactive centre, which requires users to have Flash 6. Here users can access interactive animations of how wartime technologies and manoeuvres worked, such as minesweeping and convoys.
This comprehensive and award-winning site provides access to the online catalogues, virtual collections, virtual exhibitions, bibliographies and other resources of Canada's national museum of human history - the Canadian Museum of Civilization (CMC), which also incorporates the Canadian Postal Museum and Canadian Children's Museum - the Canadian War Museum (CWM) and the Virtual Museum of New France (VMNF). Created by the museums' management body, the Canadian Museum of Civilization Corporation, the site seeks to promote a greater understanding of Canadian identity, history and culture to as wide an audience as possible. English and French versions of all pages are provided. Navigation of the site is possible in three ways: by individual museum; by broad subject (Archaeology, Arts and Crafts, Civilizations, Cultures, First People, History, Treasures, Military History, Exhibitions, Features); or by user category (there are sections designed specifically for children, educators, scholars, and media). There is also a general search facility. It provides access to electronic versions of past and present exhibitions held at the museums; interactive adventure features for children; a searchable catalogue of the artefact collections; online catalogues of the libraries and archives of the constituent museums; a browsable selection of images of the artefact collections; electronic monographs written on various subjects by museum staff; and a range of bibliographies. There is also an online shop and occasional webcasts (audio lectures), such as one on understanding the Dead Sea scrolls. Although the resources relate mainly to Canada and its history there are virtual exhibitions concerning other countries (including Egypt, the Mayan civilisation, Imperial Austria, Central Africa, etc).
This is the website of The Center for Western Studies at Augustana College (South Dakota). In 1862 Minnesota Sioux (Dakota) Indians evicted the original white settlers of the area, who returned with the establishment of Fort Dakota in 1865. Sioux Falls is the site of one of United States' largest livestock markets. The Center for Western Studies preserves and interprets the history and cultures of the Northern Plains of America, which includes south western Minnesota and north western Iowa, but especially South Dakota. It serves as a repository for over 200 archival collections (collection level descriptions available online), and maintains a library of over 35,000 books and bound periodicals on the American West (catalogue details available via an external link). In addition, the Center holds an extensive art and artefact collection (a selection of these are presented online), and sponsors annual events. Details of all this activity is included here. One of the most notable features of this website is the collection level descriptions of the Center's archive of over 100 collections documenting women’s history.
The website introduces the museum which was founded to collect information and documentation on the POW camps. The site is in Polish, German and English. The site explains the history of the museum, beginning in 1964. Its main emphasis was on the accounts of Polish prisoners in the camps at Lamsdorf. The internment camp functioned between 1939-1945, but Lamsdorf had been used as a camp as early as the Franco-Prussian War. The Nazis established one of the largest complex of camps here which saw over 300,000 pass through it. For a year or two after the Second World War it was used as a detainment centre for Germans. The site is quite informative and includes details of research activity, exhibitions, camp facilities for modern tourists, and a map of the grounds. This site is of interest to those studying nineteenth and twentieth century European history, military history, and Polish History.
The Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery house one of the finest collections of Chinese art outside China. The companion online resource to these collections introduces the highlights of their acquisitions (including painting, sculpture and ceramics dating from Neolithic times), and allows users to browse interactive exhibitions, and read details of past and future exhibits. Online exhibitions related to China can be selected from a list in the 'Online Exhibitions' section, and cover: Chinese Arts of the Brush; works from contemporary artists Cai Guo-Qiang and Xu Bing; Asian games; Chinese art from the Indianapolis Museum of Art; and ceramics and trade between China and Iraq. All online exhibitions include an impressive number of multimedia elements. For example, along with concise textual information, users can 'zoom in' on detail in works of art, or watch short clips of performance art (in the case of Cai Guo-Qiang's online exhibition) or interviews (in Xu Bing's online exhibition). Users can also read about current, past and future exhibitions and, although not all are interactive, can view selected photographs of the galleries' collections. The website would be of interest to anyone with a casual or research interest in all periods of Chinese art, and may be of particular help to further and lower level undergraduate teachers introducing Chinese art to students. The interactive elements of the website are quick to load, making the resource an ideal introduction to the diversity of Chinese art.
The website of Clare Museum is a very rich resource for images of archaeological artefacts. At the time of writing, images from almost fifty museum collections could be viewed online. The museum is particularly strong on Stone Age tools and weapons as well as on exhibits of interest to the history of Clare County in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The Riches of Clare is the name of a special exhibition at the museum which may be toured online. As for educational resources, the website provides three quizzes aimed respectively at the age groups 6-9, 10-14 and 15-17 years.
The Cold War Museum website records the history of the people, places and events of the Cold War (circa 1946-1991 CE) to inform about the fears, divisions, and dangers that the Cold War fostered, and to promote interest in the creation of a permanent Cold War Museum facility. The site includes a discussion forum, a facility to search the website and also browse through a timeline from the 1940s to 1990s. The resource is hyperlinked throughout so the section on the Korean War, for example, might be accessed from a number of points on the site. Online exhibits complement the travelling Cold War Museum exhibits. These include: the CIA; the DIA; Berlin Wall; patches collection; photo gallery; Cold War Museum Collection; reconnaissance aircraft; and 1998 U-2 declassification conference. The museum is based in Virginia, US.
COLLAGE (the City of London Library and Art Gallery Electronic) is an online image database created by the City of London and iBase Image Systems. The database currently contains approximately 20,000 images from the Guildhall Library and Guildhall Art Gallery in London. The collection is devoted primarily to London topography and London life from the 15th Century to the present day. All parts of London (not just the City) are covered, as are the adjoining counties. Each image is accompanied by a description of the picture and details of, for example, the artist, size of the picture, date, publisher, medium, etc., as appropriate. The database can be searched or browsed by artists, places or people, or by categories such as abstract ideas, history, politics, or the natural world. A series of online exhibitions are also available, as well as sections bringing together some selected highlights of the collections.
This is the official website of Colonial Williamsburg, a living museum in Virginia in the United States. It is published by the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, and provides excellent resources on the Williamsburg site and life in eighteenth century colonial America. On the site the Explore and Learn section is where users will find most of the learning and teaching resources. These include articles, primary sources, biographies, and bibliographies on the social makeup of Williamsburg, information on historic buildings, and reference essays on topics such as animals, clothing, religion, politics and food. There is also a section on teaching resources with lesson plans and electronic trips, and information on museums, libraries and archaeological research on the site. The exhibits and education resources available on this website received a number of nominations in the competition for best online resource in the Museums and the Web 2004: Best of the Web.
The Computer History Museum is a visitor attraction, archive and deposit centre for the history of computing and computer culture, based in California's Silicon Valley. The Museum's associated website will be of interest to researchers mainly for a section on access to its collections, begun in the 1970s and now numbering many thousands of items, grouped under the headings Artefacts, Documentation, Software, Media (audiovisual footage) and Ephemera. Eventually the catalogues for all collections will be digitised and placed online; at present only the Artefacts catalogue is available, accessed through a keyword search facility. The site also provides a few "online exhibits": a history of the Internet (to 1992) with narrative discussion; a timeline charting the development of the microprocessor; and photographs and brief details of several of the Museum's artefact holdings. Another feature is a more general timeline, covering the period 1945 to 1990. Short summaries of individual events from the established historiography of computing are presented: the subheadings under which they are classified -- "computers"; "people and pop culture"; "software"; "components"; "robots and artificial intelligence"; "networks"; "companies" -- define the scope of the survey. The tone is concise, poppy, and sometimes unreasonably glib (1970: "Vietnam War protesters attacked university computer centers. At the University of Wisconsin, the toll was one human and four machines"): the material may be of help to some beginning students looking for an overview of the field, but is unlikely to be better than the established print sources. In addition, the site gives details of the museum's location, staff and current events, including lecture series.
The is the English-language website of the Berlin Computer Games Museum (Computerspiele Museum, run by the Forderverein fur Jugend und Sozialarbeit e.V.). The Museum has staged a number of temporary exhibitions since 2006, and in April 2009 it announced funding for a new permanent Computer Game Museum to be housed in Berlin. The Museum's website is in both English and German, with the English version offering online exhibitions such as the sophisticated 'History of Online Games' subsite (2009, requires Flash) and an 'Online Expo of Gaming Machines'. There are also details of the Museum, its directing body and partners. The site updates occasionally with news, and there is also a free email newsletter. The 'History of Online Games' timeline exhibition may be especially useful for students researching the history of videogames.
This Web page introduces the Pitt Rivers Museum's collection of artefacts assembled by Johann Reinhold Forster and his son George during Captain James Cook's second voyage to Oceania (1772-1775). The collection consists of some 150 objects and includes a colourful Tongan apron, a breast ornament from the Marquesas Islands, wooden figures from Tahiti, a Tahitian mourning dress, and Maori hand clubs, all of which are illustrated at the site. A bibliography of further reading suggestions is also included.
The Cowper and Newton Museum website is the home page of the museum at Olney, Buckinghamshire, which from 1768 to 1786 was the home of poet, hymn-writer, classical scholar and man of letters William Cowper (1731-1800) and became a museum in 1900. Whilst at Olney, Cowper became acquainted with John Newton who had converted to evangelical Christianity in 1748 and accepted the curacy of Olney. Newton is best known for his hymn 'Amazing Grace' which was written in collaboration with Cowper at Olney. The site provides: detailed biographies of the two men; information about the museum; details of the restoration of the flower gardens; and pictures of some of the highlights of the museum's artefacts. Whilst the website is primarily targeted at literary tourists, it does give a useful impression of what life would have been like at Olney during the eighteenth century, and includes a helpful list of related links.
This website provides a short history of the oldest museum for recording crime, the Metropolitan Police's Crime Museum, also known as the Black Museum, which was founded in 1875. The site explains the origins of the museum and its present-day incarnation, mentioning some of the collections and artefacts that are housed there. In addition to this, it also provides information about five notorious cases investigated by the Metropolitan Police, including Jack the Ripper, Dr. Crippen and the Brighton Trunk Murders. The museum is not open to members of the public, but can be used by police officers.
This is the Dahesh Museum of Art, was set up in 1995 in New York City and was based in two galleries in the city until 2007, when they began touring exhibitions. The museum concentrates its collections on the academic tradition of depicting the idealised human figure, which was used to educate and train artists in order for them to learn and gain an understanding of the arts and cultures of the past. The permanent collection of Dr. Dahesh (1909-1984), the pen name of Salim Moussa Achi, a Lebanese writer and philosopher, it concentrates on the work of the European visual artists of the 19th and early 20th centuries. The website consists of sections on the collections and exhibitions presented by the museum, with thumbnail images linking to larger sized pictures; public programmes and events; education, for which some guides can be downloaded in PDF format; visitor information; and membership details. A glossary and bibliography are also provided under 'educational resources'. The 'Dahesh Travels' section follows items from the collections as they are exhibited around the world.
The Danish Jewish Museum has an excellent website which can be used as a teaching aid for those teaching Danish Jewish History, the Holocaust, and the history of Denmark up to the Second World War. The museum was designed by the prestigious Daniel Libeskind. One of the most outstanding events of World War Two took place in October 1943, when ordinary Danes smuggled their Jewish countrymen across the Öresund Strait to neutral Sweden to save them from being rounded up by Nazis occupying the country. Dodging German patrol boats and under the cover of darkness on a rocking sea, most of Denmark's 7,300 Jews escaped to safety, some from the concentration camps in Europe.
The museum tells the story of Danish Jews, invited to Denmark by King Christian IV in 1622 throughout the centuries until the present day when the community numbers about 7,000 people. Some of the Royal Library's Hebrew and Jewish artifacts are also displayed. The website is in Danish and English and is easy to navigate. There is a useful list of scholars and their research, as well as the usual details on the museum's opening hours, location and events. There are excellent exhibition areas with information about Jewish culture and the origins and difficulties experienced by Denmark's Jews.
This is the website of the David M Robinson collection at the University of Mississippi's University Museum. The Museum holds over 2000 objects, a collection built up principally by Dr Robinson, the excavator of Olynthos, his wife and Mr and Mrs Frank Peddle. The website puts online photographs of a significant and diverse proportion of the museum's holdings. Of Greek artefacts, there are inscriptions, coins, sculptures, mosaics and other objects, mainly small bronzes and terracottas. The Roman objects are organised in the same categories. In addition there is an important collection of Greek and South Italian vases, of which there are around ninety photographs presented here. There is also a small section on Egyptian artefacts. In all cases, there is a brief accompanying description, but no dimensions. A bibliographical reference is provided for most of the inscriptions, vases and sculptures. Many of the Greek vases are also linked to the relevant entry on the Perseus website. A number of the photographs of vases are out of focus, so whilst the images provide a general impression they may in some cases be inadequate for detailed study.
Published in two versions, Flash for full content and HTML with reduced content, this is the website for London's Design Museum, which claims to be one of the world's leading museums of modern and contemporary design and covers industrial design, fashion, architecture, graphics, and multimedia. The Design Museum provides design education resources, as well as workshops and visits for schools, FE, and HE. Teachers' packs can be downloaded in PDF format (which requires the use of an Adobe Acrobat Reader). The website has information about current exhibitions and future exhibitions. The Digital Design Museum section showcases chosen developments in design, such as 'A Century of Chairs', a history of chair design. The Design at the Design Museum section is an online archive of designers, architects, and design technology. Location, visitor, and membership information is also provided, along with the opportunity to become a supporter, individually as a patron, friend or benefactor, or as an organisation. There is a downloadable membership form in PDF format.
This is the home page of the German Literature Archive and National Schiller Museum in Marbach, Germany. The site gives an overview of the research and publishing currently undertaken in relation to collections held by these two institutions. The Archive's many scholarly publications are listed, making the site a good bibliographical resource for researchers in German Studies - it also gives a good indication of the nature of the archival collections. There are profiles of the Museum's upcoming exhibitions. Perhaps most important for scholars are the descriptions of special research projects based on Marbach's literary collections. These include studies on the writings of: Eduard Mörike (1804-1875) and Harry Graf Kessler (1868-1937).
Several other projects are the products of cooperative efforts between the affiliated Marbach Institute, the German Schiller Society, and various German universities, with participants and their publications listed. One of these projects is the Internationales Germanistenlexikon, 1800-1950 (International Germanists' Lexicon). The site has its own search engine and online catalogues - but unfortunately no comprehensive descriptive summary of holdings. It also provides a long list of links to museums; libraries; German Studies institutes; and online resources. General information regarding contact details; opening hours; funding and housing for visiting researchers; rules for use of literary collections; and museum location is provided.
The Digital Palace Museum is the companion web resource to the Palace Museum (Forbidden City), a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Equally viewable in English, Chinese and Japanese, the site introduces the history of the Palace Museum, Beijing, offers an online interactive guided tour, presents selected items from the museum's collection and gives the latest news about the museum and its exhibitions. An impressive feature of the website is its online exhibitions, through which users may view the museum's exhibits and related textual information. A large selection of ceramics, lacquer work and textiles are displayed on the site, which are annotated with background information. The site includes many interactive and multimedia elements, including an extensive, annotated 'guided tour' of the Forbidden City's architecture, and downloads of imperial music. For a Mainland Chinese site, the Digital Palace Museum is quick to load, and is well-presented, with many fun elements (some requiring Flash), including online jigsaw puzzles of the Forbidden City's buildings and exhibits. Navigation around the English version of the site, however, is sometimes difficult, and has to be accomplished through the browser's forward and back buttons.
The Digital Clendening site is published by the Clendening History of Medicine Library and Museum, part of the University of Kansas Medical Center. The site features eight digitised collections related to the history of medicine in several countries. The collections are an eclectic mix, and include a database of rare text images, taken from medical and natural history books published before 1800, a collection of some 500 portraits of historical medical figures, and images of the history of medicine in the Ralph Major Photographs collection. There are two other fascinating visual collections of Japanese medical prints and Chinese public health posters. The final three collections are of documents, the Samuel Crumbine papers, the Rudolf Virchow manuscripts, and the Florence nightingale letters.
The online Directory of South West Museums, Libraries, and Archives, provided by MLA South West, features information almost 2,000 museums, galleries, libraries, and archives in South West England, plus other relevant organisations such as specialist support services and governing bodies. The directory may be searched by museum content (from agriculture to transport) or by locality. Alternatively, searches may be conducted by keywords from the museum description. Results include each museum's name and address, with a description of the content; visitor information such as opening hours, pricing, and concessions; access details for disabled visitors; information on public transport links and the availability of parking; and a link to the museum's website if it has one. The directory is part of the broader MLA South West website, which contains more general information on development programmes and collections.
This website provides information on the Dittrick Medical History Center (Cleveland, Ohio) and its collections of 60,000 rare books, 60,000 museum artifacts, 10,000 images, and archive listings. Originally part of the Cleveland Medical Library Association (est. 1894), the Dittrick is now an interdisciplinary centre within the College of Arts and Sciences of Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio. It is an international resource for the study of the history of medical technology, and provides research material for the study of speciality areas and local and international medical institutions. The site has six main sections: the Dittrick Museum of Medical History which consists mainly of a collection of instruments gathered from Cleveland physicians dating from 19th and 20th centuries; the rare medical book collection dating from late 14th century to 20th century; a section featuring 4 small online exhibits (Cleveland's smallpox epidemic of 1902; Images of dissection; a tour of Lake View Cemetery, Cleveland; and Asklepios Murals at the Allen Memorial Library); sample lists and overviews of the centre's archives; the image collection; and a What's New? section. Each section provides a very small sample of the collections housed at the center through the use of online images accompanied by brief background essays. There are also pages listing the Centre's publications, events and links to medical museums, archives and libraries both in the USA and worldwide. This site is regularly updated and includes news of forthcoming events and publications.
The website of the Deutsches Ledermuseum Schuhmuseum in Offenbach (German Leather Museum and German Shoe Museum) is available in both German and English. The museum collects examples of leather work from across the world, representing the cultures of North and Central America (including cowboys and Native American Indians), as well as Japan, China, Africa and Inuit/Eskimo cultures. European leather crafts are also represented, with examples of everyday objects, fashion and design objects, contemporary art and a large collection of handbags. The shoe collections include European, Non-European and design art shoes. The museum website provides information about, and many images of, these collections, which cover costume, masks, bags, suitcases, boxes, containers, furniture, shadow puppets and many other objects from the 15th to the 20th Century.
The Dock Museum is based in Barrow-in-Furness, and charts the social and industrial history of the Furness area, including the development of the shipyard and dock complex. The site includes information on the Museum's collections, which include boats and the history and ongoing development of Barrow Shipyard. It covers a wide range of work carried out by the Yard such as production of ships, submarines, armaments and general engineering products (from airships to cement kilns), and includes a variety of ship models made in its Model Shop. There is also a link to the Vickers Photographic Archive, which documents the working of the Barrow Yard. Other information on the site includes galleries, exhibitions, and visitor information.
This website is part of the Doncaster Community website, and provides a detailed history of one of Doncaster's most important civic buildings, the Mansion House. The Mansion House is currently used by local government, and was originally built in the eighteenth century as 'Assembly Rooms', for the purpose of public entertainment. This site contains a good range of information about the Mansion House; which is one of only four surviving civic Mansion Houses in England. The site is structured in the form of a tour of the rooms in the house, with current photographs of the rooms and a brief history of each room and the furnishings in it. Also available is information about the origins of the house, the architect James Paine who designed it and contact details for those wishing to visit the house.
Dorich House, Kingston-Upon-Thames, was the residence of the sculptress Dora Gordine (c.1900-1991) and her husband, the Russianist Richard Hare (1907-1966). It was built in 1936 in a mixture of Eastern European and modernist styles. The house is now owned by Kingston University and holds a permanent collection of Gordine's sculptures and Hare's collection of Russian art. The house is open on request to scholars and members of the general public. The website describes the history of the house and the lives and careers of its residents. It contains an online catalogue and gallery of both Dora Gordine's sculptures and Richard Hare's Russian collection. Access details to the collections are provided, along with information of open days. Forthcoming conferences are also publicised. Dorich House has recieved numerous research grants from the AHRC and British Academy.
The site provides an introduction to the 20,000 monographs, 4,000 manuscripts, as well as medical instruments, photographs and illustrations housed in the Duke University (Durham, North Carolina, USA) Medical Center Library's History of Medicine Collections. Six online exhibitions based on the collections are accessible. The site also provides a gateway to the Historical Images in Medicine (HIM) database (over 3,000 items) and to the National Library of Medicine's HISTLINE database. The Collections include histories of medicine, medical institutions, biographies of doctors, and other practitioners, and the historical aspects of every field of medicine. Online lists of guides, bibliographies and encyclopaedias available in the Library are provided.
This is the website of the Edo-Tokyo Museum (Edo Tokyo Hakubutsukan), which is dedicated to the history of the city of Tokyo, formerly known as Edo. The English, Chinese and Korean versions of the site provide fairly basic information about the museum and its permanent and current special exhibitions (although this last section is not always up to date). The Japanese version is much more comprehensive. It gives detailed information about past special exhibitions as well as about the permanent display and the library; the museum's research activities, including publications, are also described, as are the public talks and seminars hosted by the museum. There is also a page of links to the websites of other museums and research institutes.
This is the website for an AHRC-funded project which aims to make available digital images of the collection of works assembled by John Ruskin to aid his teaching of drawing at Oxford University, together with the various catalogues of the collection which Ruskin created. The collection consists of watercolours and drawings by Ruskin and his associates, 19th century photographs of paintings and architecture, and a number of watercolours, drawings and prints by Old Masters and modern artists - notably Turner, Burne-Jones, and Dürer. The digitisation project is a collaboration between the Ashmolean Museum, the Ruskin School of Drawing and Fine Art and the Oxford University Computing Services Learning Technologies Group. The project website gives background information about the project and the collections and catalogues earmarked for digitisation. The website also provides a link to the online database of digitised images, and electronic versions of Ruskin's catalogues. The project is inviting contemporary artists to create new work in response to the collection and the first of these projects are available as PDF documents.
This is the website of the local museum of the East London borough of Elmbridge, at Weybridge, Surrey. This e-Museum provides access for visitors to the museum via kiosks and via this website to tour the collections of the museum, and search for objects. The top navigation bar enables the user to locate themselves within the collection, within the website (whether during a tour, or search results), and within time period. Images are shown with only the most essential interpretation, making this an extremely accessible and browsable resource. The site design although busy is very easy to navigate, and the designers explain that they have addressed accessibility issues for the visually impaired especially as what is viewed on the website is close to the kiosk-view for the museum visitor. The use of Flash used to deliver some navigation elements, and some of the colour-scheme style sheets, for example, show that the designers have had to compromise some accessibility issues for this design-rich and content-rich presentation.
The website "Empire and Us" is for the Bristol based British Empire and Commonwealth Museum, Britain's first major museum dedicated to the nation's colonial past, opened in 2002. The museum documents 500 years of imperial and Commonwealth history, from John Cabot's voyage to Newfoundland in 1497 to the legacies of Empire in Britain today. The site does not publish any online exhibitions, but provides information about the main galleries at the museum, Britain builds an empire, 1480-1800, the rise of Victoria's empire, 1800-1900, and the End of empire, 1900 to the present. The website also contains information about the museum's archives, which holds a range of resources including photographs, books, periodicals, artefacts, and uniforms and clothing, as well as museum publications, and the educational resources available for schools. A virtual museum tours is offered with the option of downloading the file in compressed format for slower connections. The website announces that the museum will relocate to London.
'England: the other within' is the website of major research project on English artefacts in the Pitt Rivers Museum. This comprehensive free website has full details of the collections - along with photographs, object biographies, and a series of short interpretive essays. Essay titles include: 'What is an English object?'; 'Calendar-related artefacts'; 'Death-related artefacts'; 'English folklorists'; 'Pitt Rivers and archaeology in England'; and 'Technologies and materials', among others. There is also an essay on the statistical analysis of the collection, 'Introduction to the analysis of the English collections at the Pitt Rivers Museum'. The databases can also be searched. This polished and richly illustrated website forms part of a major ESRC-funded 'The Other Within' research project (2006-2009), examining 44,015 objects and 6,593 photographs in the collection.
This the website of the Eric Carle Museum of Picture Book Art, the first full-scale museum in the United States devoted to picturebook art. In celebrating the images that enlivened childhood, the museum hopes to further the relationship between visual and verbal literacy, as well as promoting and curating examples of this under-rated artform. The museum was partly founded by Eric Carle, famed for more than 70 books, including "The Very Hungry Caterpillar" (1969). The caterpillar, incidentally, is not exhibited because of its fragile state. As well as Carle's work, the Museum exhibited the work of Maurice Sendak, Robert Ingpen, Nancy Eckholm Burkert, Mitsumasa Anno, Leo Lionni, Ashley Bryan, and the art of Russian children's books in its inaugural year. Its permanent collection includes work by Barry Moser, Gennady Spirin, Steven Kellogg, Robert Ingpen, Petra Mathers, Lothar Meggendorfer and Wendell Minor. The website is an excellent introduction to the museum, with a virtual tour, outlines of educational programmes. Current exhibitions are listed with a few examples of the museum's holdings illustrated.
This is the website for Eureka! the hands-on children's museum, based in Halifax, Yorkshire. Aimed at 3-12 year-olds, the Museum has been designed to inspire children to find out more about themselves and the world around them via hands-on exhibits. The website provides details about the educational activities, workshops and exhibitions that Eureka stage, including interactive games. The 'Galleries' section introduces the various galleries that can be visited, including one about the body and senses, one about the 'world of work', and one about different types of gardens and climates round the world. There's also a gallery for exploring sound, and a gallery for under-5s: Desert Discovery, which features a desert quarry. This website would be of interest to those studying museum and art gallery studies. Adobe Flash is required to view some parts of the website.
This is the website of the Exploratorium: The Museum of Science, Art and Human Perception. Primarily the education arm of the museum, the site contains many interactive resources aimed at school pupils, but also of interest to those in more advanced education. For example, there is a fascinating online multimedia exhibit focusing on biodiversity, which provides readers with an excellent introduction to the issues involved, the models used by scientists, and some of the studies that have been carried out. Online features such as this often utilise the full capabilities of the Internet, particularly favouring video footage.The site also contains links to other sites of interest.
Founded in 1919 by world traveller, collector and patron of the arts, Ferenc Hopp (1833-1919), the Ferenc Hopp Museum of Eastern Asiatic Arts, based in Budapest, contains collections from the following countries: China, Japan, India and South-east Asia, Mongolia, Tibet and Nepal, and Korea. The website provides information about the museum, collections and exhibitions. There are also links to pages about Ferenc Hopp, the museum library, the György Rà¡th Museum and the Ervin Baktay Foundation. The site can be accessed in English and Hungarian versions. The collections are described, with sample images, and include: ceramics; lacquerware; furniture; bronzes; statues; sculptures; carvings; woodblock prints; scroll paintings; textiles; costumes; and folk art. Many items are connected with Buddhism.
This site is part of the Hull City Council website and contains brief information on the Ferens Art Gallery, a collection that spans the medieval period to the present day. Included in the collection are European Old Masters, particularly Dutch & Flemish, portraiture, marine paintings, modern and contemporary British art. It is possible to make a virtual reality visit to the Art Gallery (requiring the Cosmoplayer plug-in). The site contains visitor and events information.
The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge University online public access catalogue (OPAC) enables the search and retrieval of over 80,000 records describing objects in the museum's collections of paintings, drawings, manuscripts, books, coins, and antiquities. The catalogue is a work in progress and at the time of writing contained 'over 110,000 records online and over 38,000 of these records have digital images attached'. The catalogue's strengths include paintings, drawings, prints, Egyptian antiquities, sculpture, porcelain, pottery, and Korean ceramics. Many of the records also have a digital image of the object available. The catalogue may be searched by a range of fields including: collection, creator, title, object type, description and date.
This website presents a virtual exhibition of the artefacts donated to Oxford by Johann Reinhold Forster and his son George, both of whom sailed on Captain James Cook's second great voyage of discovery (1772-75). The Forsters gathered a collection of over 220 items, about 180 of which are in the modern collection at Oxford's Pitt Rivers Museum. They also recorded the artefacts they acquired in a 'Catalogue of Curiosities'. Digitised images of the manuscript of the catalogue can be viewed at the website, as can images of the artefacts themselves. A search engine can be used to view objects from specific islands or of specific types. Apart from the gallery of artefacts, the website offers a brief overview of James Cook's second voyage, short biographies of the Forsters themselves, and a section on the history of the collection. Links are provided to related sites and there is a bulletin board for posting comments or initiating discussions. The site is clear and well presented.
The website of the Freud Museum provides the address and contact details of this museum; as well as fairly extensive information relating to Sigmund Freud's life and works. Located in Maresfield Gardens, London, the Museum building was Freud's place of residence in England after he left Vienna to escape the Nazis in 1938. The site offers a section on Freud in England; biographical and bibliographical details; information about Freud's daughter, Anna; lists of Freud's antiquities held by the Museum; information regarding Freud's library (which comprises the books Freud brought with him from Vienna); information about the Museum's research library (which includes the working library of his daughter, Anna Freud, and books bequeathed by Dorothy Burlingham); and comprehensive catalogues of letters, documents and photographs held by the Museum (though most original documents were transferred to Washington to form the Sigmund Freud Archive in the Library of Congress). Past and forthcoming conferences are mentioned, and the site features an interesting "dream exhibition", relating to Freud's Interpretation of Dreams.
Available in both English and Japanese, this is the website for the Fukuoka Asian Art Museum (FAAM) in Japan, which opened in 1999. The museum has a large international collection, highlights of which can be seen on the website. There is a search facility to look at some objects from the collection online, as of June 2010 there are over 1,700 available. The website also has details of the current exhibitions at the museum, with an archive of some events and exhibitions. There is a general news section for events and developments at the museum. The museum hosts a number of resident artists each year, and information about the research undertaken at the museum is available here as well as application guidelines and forms. Additional content includes a publication list, the FAAM newsletter and shop.
The Web Site of the "Fundacji Archiwum i Muzeum Pomorskie Armii Krajowej oraz Wojskowej Służby Polek w Toruniu (The Foundation of the Pomeranian Archive and Museum of the Home Army and Polish Women's Military Service in Toruń)" is in Polish with a more limited English version. It was founded by Professor El់ieta Zawacka, who had an extremely distinguished career during the Second World War as a military instructor of women, fought in the defence of Lwów, and in the Polish underground. As the courier 'Zo' she was famous throughout Europe for her journeys and bravery and was later arrested by the Communist Security Forces in 1951. The Web Site contains information on the archives and holdings pertaining to the role of Polish women in World War Two. It also features accounts by women of their experiences, and details of academic meetings and conferences. This is an excellent site for those interested in women's history, military history, the Second World War, or Polish Studies.
Galdrasýning á Ströndum is the website of the Museum of Icelandic Sorcery and Witchcraft, a permanent exhibition located in Iceland. This is a site of use to undergraduates and those researching the history of witchcraft at a higher academic level. The site is available in Icelandic, English and German, although not all material is translated into all three languages. The phenomenon of witchcraft in Iceland has received comparatively little attention by the scholarly community, so this is an excellent site for comparative purposes for those interested in the history of the so-called witch-hunts. There are brief sections on sorcery in various areas of Iceland in the early modern period. The Icelandic witchcraft trials are of particular note because around 90 percent of those accused were male. This site provides a good overview of the Icelandic witchcraft trials, details famous cases and provides a list of those accused. A fascinating part of the site lists the musical staves found in grimoires, the use of which formed a high proportion of the accusations of witchcraft. As well as practical information on the exhibition, such as opening hours and directions, there are also images of exhibits.
This is the website of Gallery Oldham, built in 2002 as part of a new Cultural Quarter for the town. Gallery Oldham shows different exhibitions of contemporary art, work from their collection, and community art concurrently and there is information about current, past and forthcoming exhibitions on the website. The website also has details of the gallery's wildlife, local history and education programmes, as well as forthcoming events. The gallery has a collection comprising art, decorative arts, natural history items, geological and archaeological samples as well as photographs and printed materials. There is a searchable online archive, which contains selected items from the gallery's collection and users can search by keyword and create an album to store images they like. As the collection is owned by the people of Oldham, appointments can be made to view items that are not on display, contact details for relevant staff members are available.
This is the official website of the Garden Museum (formerly called the Museum of Garden History). Dedicated to the history of gardens and gardening, the Museum is based in the old parish church of St Mary-at-Lambeth, saving this historic building from demolition by re-purposing it as a museum. The church itself is an extremely interesting example of ecclesiatical architecture - a medieval Church rebuilt by Philip Hardwick, with beautiful stained glass windows. It is also home to monuments to the John Tradescants, Elias Ashmole, William Bligh, and memorials to various Archbishops of Canterbury (the museum is next door to Lambeth Palace). The Museum also has a beautiful knot garden dedicated to the Tradescants. The Museum website provides details of the history of the building, as well as the history of the museum, information about the collections and exhibits and also about the surrounding garden. A small selection of images show items from the collections, which cover garden tools, ephemera and the library collections. The 'displays and exhibits' section includes a chronology of British gardening from Roman times through to the early 20th Century. A wonderful museum of interest to those with a horticultural leaning.
This website is an online index of art galleries in the German cities of Berlin, Cologne, Dresden, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Munich and Stuttgart, as well as many other cities and towns in Germany. With some information given in English and German, the index is searchable by gallery, city and artist. This is a useful research tool.
This is the official website for the Getty Center in Los Angeles which incorporates the John Paul Getty Museum and the New Getty Villa. It is an extensive site, providing visitor information about the museum and exhibitions at the Center. The site provides a number of online research tools, including the Photo Study Collection Database. This is a collection of approximately 700,000 images from the Getty collections, relating to sculpture, architecture, paintings, prints and the decorative arts. Other research tools include a Vocabulary Database, a searchable facility which provides biographical information about artists.The site provides information about the John Paul Getty Trust, which administers the Getty Center and this website. There is information about projects which the Trust has supported, including grants to individuals working in the field of art history.The site provides a vast range of information about the activities of the Getty Center and provides good-quality images to accompany the text. It would be advisable to access pages through the Site Map rather than following links from the home page. The site is so comprehensive that it can be difficult to navigate.
This website is devoted to the State Historical Museum, Moscow, Russia, which has a rich collection of archaeological findings, numismatics, cartographic items, weapons, ceramics, visual works of art, fabrics and historical costumes, and other materials. The archaeological section is comprised of 1.5 million objects made of stone, bone, clay, gold, silver, etc. The numismatic collection numbers 1.7 million coins. The cartographic department consists of 42,000 items (about 75,000 map-sheets), both hand-drawn and printed, and also includes globes and atlases. The visual arts section exceeds 500,000 exhibits, which include paintings, drawings, miniatures, water-colours, and other works of fine art. Apart from the description of the museum's collections, the site also includes a list of its publications and contact details and a description of exhibitions held in the museum, such as Rostov Monasteries, Royal hunting, and others. The descriptions are accompanied by images from the exhibitions. The best resolution for using this site is 800 x 600, and the contents of the site are also available in English, German and French.
The Guildhall Art Gallery is part of the Corporation of London. The website provides informaton on the collection including pictures with an explanation of subject and history for the Copley painting; the Fire Judges; Victorian paintings; London subjects; and Bequests. The website contains access to the gallery shop, information for educational visits and group bookings, the Gallery Newsletter, and a link to COLLAGE, the Gallery's searchable site of over 20,000 London images. There is also an online presentation about the Gallery requiring Flash Player to view.
This is the website for The Gulbenkian Prize for museums and galleries which was an annual UK arts prize, superseded in 2008 by The Art Fund Prize. The Gulbenkian Prize was funded by the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation and awarded to a UK museum or gallery who have demonstrated "imagination, inspiration and excellence" through work mainly undertaken over the past year. This website provides information about the prize for 2007, including details of the winners, finalists and shortlist. There is also information about previous years, dating back to the first prize awarded in 2003. Information on how to enter is also provided. The prize was won by the National Centre for Citizenship and the Law, Galleries of Justice, Nottingham in 2003, the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh in 2004 and in 2005 by the Big Pit in South Wales.
This is the home page of the Haus der Kulturen der Welt (HKW), the House of World Cultures, a forum for international cultural and artistic debate and exhibitions situated in the heart of the government district of Berlin. The aims of the organisation reflect changes in German culture, which is becoming more international; and it is fitting that cosmopolitan Berlin should uphold that transition. The site gives a history of the organisation and its building, relevant contacts and links to sites on "art, culture and society worldwide, with ... emphasis on Africa, Asia and Latin America." New events and exhibitions are advertised. Users can subscribe to the HKW Newsletter, check the organisation's press releases, and make purchases from the HKW virtual shop. A large number of artistic publications can also be ordered via the site. The real highlight of the site, however, is Virtual HKW, a collection of stunning online artistic and cultural exhibtions with themes ranging from Brazil, to the Chinese 'Avant-garde' from the 1990s, to African independence movements from 1945 to 1994, among many others. These exhibitions are accompanied by good written commentary in English or German, providing artistic and historical contexts for posted artworks. The site also hosts culturebase.net. Navigation is good, with a sitemap and a multi-field search engine.
This is the website of the Chatham Historic Dockyard Trust, and more specifically provides visitor information about the "The Historic Dockyard Chatham". The website of the museum interprets "the age of sail" for the general visitor and for school parties. The Museum of the Royal Dockyard on the River Medway, in Kent, covers 80 acres and contains over 40 ancient monuments and a wide range of exciting maritime and naval exhibits including three historic warships: HMS Gannet, 1878; HM Submarine Ocelot; and HMS Cavalier. Audio tours of the warships are available online. The dockyard was Britain's chief naval base from the time of Charles II until closure in the early 1980s. The site provides visitor information, detailing the exhibits and opening times, and providing contact details for school educators for using the learning resources of the museum.
The Historic Jamestowne website is published by the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities (APVA) in collaboration with the National Park Service (NPS). It is concerned with the first permanent English settlement in America, founded by the Virginia Company in 1607. On the site there is information on the archaeological activity currently ongoing in Jamestowne, with information and images of featured finds. There is also a strong history section giving the background to the Jamestowne settlement, the Virginia Company and the early settlers. Elsewhere on the site are lesson plans and interactive exercises, web links and recommended reading.
The Historical Scientific Instrument Gallery website, hosted by the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, displays images of and information about the collection that has been assembled from items used in teaching, demonstrating, and research by University staff from 1887 onward. The physical collection contains around seven hundred items from the last part of the nineteenth century and the first part of the twentieth, and a substantial sample of these appear on the website. The instruments are catalogued according to their field of use (optics, electrostatics, vacuum discharges, etc.). Brief descriptions are provided, alongside thumbnail photographs that can be clicked to view a larger image. Unfortunately, few original records remain detailing the provenance of the instruments, although the curator has recovered as much information as possible from old books and sale catalogues. This is a well-presented site that will be of interest to anyone studying the more recent history of scientific instruments or who requires images of such equipment.
HistoryWired provides a visual means of accessing short descriptions and pictures of objects from part of the collections of the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of American History. Currently there are around 450 objects available, with plans to provide online access to 95 per cent of the museum’s collection of objects relating to American history and American culture. HistoryWired offers a personalised tour through the collection using an object map or matrix of subjects including print and communications, home, clothing, arts and entertainment, business, science and medicine, photography, transportation, computers, military and sports. This matrix can be filtered by subject - choose one or more of the above categories, and the relevant objects are highlighted, with keywords, thumbnails and pointer lines adding to the display. You can filter the collection further using an adjustable time line, and there is a search engine. This functionality requires a Java enabled browser, but a text-only index of all the featured objects is available. Although certain objects are highlighted this does not eliminate the others in the collection from the object map. Indeed, all objects are accessible at all times. It takes very little time to get used to the innovative interface and instructions are presented in a separate browser window when you first access the site. Currently (April 2009), the available online resources only offer a taster of the museum’s vast and diverse collections. If more of the collection is made available, then it will make this resource a magnificent tool for research and teaching.
This is the website of the Horniman Museum, based in South London. The museum aims to encourage a wider understanding of the world, its peoples, cultures and environments, through the use of its collections of artefacts from around the world (which has been built up since the 1860s) and related exhibitions and events. The website includes information about its collections on world cultures, musical instruments, natural history, aquarium, library, education handling, research and fieldwork, objects in store, and a look behind the scenes. The exhibitions and events section contains information about courses and activities that the Horniman organises and provides the opportunity to join the mailing list. The education section provides learning packs and museum trails, some of which can be downloaded in PDF format. The site has information on current staff, and also has a current vacancies list. This is a great resource for anthropologists, ethnographers, and those interested in exploring other cultures.
Created by the current occupant and descendant of Houghton Hall in Norfolk, Lord Cholmondeley, the Houghton Hall website provides a historical background to the building and its surroundings. Built for Sir Robert Walpole (1676-1745) by the architect William Kent (1685-1748), it is a key building in the history of Palladian architecture in England. An interior map of the state floor provides a virtual tour by clicking on the individual rooms to access colour photographs and brief background information on each room. More detailed information is included on the furniture commissioned by Sir Robert Walpole in a separate section of the website. A family tree is also available, as well as information on the park, gardens, stables attached to the hall, and the soldier museum started by the 6th Marquess of Cholmondeley.
This is the website of the Imperial War Museum, based in London. This immense online presentation includes details of the Museum's unique coverage of Twentieth Century conflicts, especially those involving Britain and the Commonwealth (from the First World War to the Gulf War and the present day), and is a portal to the Museum's further branches: Imperial War Museum Duxford; Cabinet War Rooms; HMS Belfast moored on the River Thames; and the Imperial War Museum North, Manchester. Visitor information is clearly presented as are links to Museum services such as the "Collecting Group", the online shop, "Education", even "Battlefield Tours". Collections online allow the user to access short essays on historical themes.The online exhibitions of the Imperial War Museum London are all accessible here, including many about World War I and the Second World War; also the Spanish Civil War, the Korean War, and the Falklands Conflict; the submarine; and interviews with the women who were living at, or involved with the Greenham Common Women's Peace Camp in the 1980s. There is also a selection of images from the Photograph Archive.These online exhibitions reflect the range of resources and presentations on the Museum's website as a whole, covering all aspects of life in wartime. From here information is provided about the Imperial War Museum's Holocaust Exhibition (the story of the Nazis' persecution of the Jews and other groups before and during the Second World War). Previous exhibits include "Anthem for Doomed Youth" a major exhibition relating to the poets of the Great War (including: Edmund Blunden; Rupert Brooke; Robert Graves; Julian Grenfell; Ivor Gurney; David Jones; Francis Ledwidge; Wilfred Owen; Isaac Rosenberg; Siegfried Sassoon; Charles Sorley; and Edward Thomas). Extracts of oral history interviews held by the Museum's Sound Archive are available, such as short accounts of soldiers in the trenches, the home front and women at war; and the "Lusitania medallion". For the Second World War exhibition themes include the Commonwealth; the Battle of Britain; the campaign in Burma; the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor; the factories and workers of Great Britain; codes in wartime, and how the German Enigma code was broken.
"The Imperial War Museum's Collections" website provides access to a searchable catalogue of around 60,000 of the museum's records. Listed is material from a range of the Imperial War Museum's holdings, including film and video, sound recordings and oral history, documents, art, exhibits, books and printed material, photographs, aircraft, vehicles and aero engines. As well as being searchable, the catalogue can also be browsed in one of nine separate sections, each dealing with a different aspect of the history of warfare. The categories are War and Land, War and Sea, War in the Air, War and Peace, Prisoners, Civilians, Commonwealth, Truth and Propaganda, and Burial and Remembrance. Each section includes a short topic overview, tracing the history of each theme, and a selection of collection highlights taken from the catalogue. These highlights include images, audio files and documents, some of which can be accessed online. Excellent help and troubleshooting pages are provided, as well as different methods to navigate the collections. Desired items from the collections are collected by the user in a virtual list, for which an appointment can be requested for viewing at the Museum. Items from the IWM collections can be also be ordered for purchasing through the website.
On the website of the Imperial War Museum (IWM) Duxford there is information about the history of Duxford aerodrome as an early RAF station; the Normandy Experience; and the D-day landings, and the museum’s naval collection of aircraft. There are also links to the American Air Museum. The Imperial War Museum Duxford is part of the Imperial War Museum group of museums, and focuses on military aircraft such as: biplanes; Spitfires; Concorde; and Gulf War jets; as well as tanks and military vechicles. While the majority are static exhibits, a number of Duxford based historic aircraft are flown regularly in demonstrations and displays. The museum's website offers information and advice on the history of the airfield, visit planning, descriptions of the various collections and displays, and details of air shows and other special events. The site provides access to a number of online exhibitions, including one for example on the Battle of Britain. The site also has an education section which provides information on courses, special interest days, and includes a range of aviation and military history learning objects and materials for teachers and learners such as quiz sheets, reading lists, lesson plans, and an educational resources online catalogue.
This outstanding website features online exhibitions published by the Imperial War Museum. Each exhibition deals with an aspect of warfare, and the topics range from the First and Second World Wars to the Greenham Common protests during the Cold War. The twenty-one exhibitions all deal with twentieth century wars and campaigns that have had British involvement. Included are exhibitions on war artists Edward Ardizzone, H.S. Williamson and Mervyn Peake, a display about the British home front during the Second World War, Enigma and code-breaking, and Christmas during war years, as well as exhibitions on conflicts such as the Korean War, the Spanish Civil war, the Battle of Jutland, the campaign in Burma 1942-1945, the Falklands and Pearl Harbour. All of the exhibitions incorporate primary source material held at the museum, and make particular use of audio files, photographs and documents.
The Imperial War Museum's Holocaust Exhibition uses historical material to tell the story of the Nazis' persecution of the Jews and other groups before and during the Second World War. The website acts primarily as an introduction to the exhibition, and does not itself contain a great deal of text or primary material. The site does however provide details of recent publications on the Holocaust, a list of links to related websites, and an education section that provides details for teachers wishing to use the exhibition as a study aid for schoolchildren. The site includes a few secondary articles about the issues surrounding exhibiting and teaching the Holocaust. Details of museum opening hours and tour times are also provided.
The Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts is a vast bureaucracy as well as an art museum and a performance space. As a physical institution it is impressive and a great resource centre. The website reflects its many missions, and while there are gems to be found by the patient reader, there is no overall design, navigation is difficult, and the front page subjects the viewer to an unstoppable stream of music - pleasant the first time, but soon enough maddening. Among the gems to be found here are an enormous collection of Sanskrit e-texts (under "Gaudiya Grantha Mandira" and a selection of Indian classical and devotional music (under "audio recordings"). Under "thematic collections" a vast corpus of images, well catalogued, is carefully hidden. By and large, however, the site is so poorly constucted as to be nearly unusable, with incomplete query forms, links to the webmaster's local hard drive, typos and other irritating glitches. Most of the website requires only English, but there are significant blocks of material in Hindi and the etext and sound archives contain mostly Sanskrit and Hindi materials.
This is the website of The Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust (Shropshire), among the best UK Outdoor Attractions chosen by the Which? Guide, and The Family Attraction of the Year in the 2003 Good Britain Guide, that describes the reconstructed Victorian village at Blists Hill as "the undoubted highlight" of "the best open-air museum of its kind". This Gorge of the River Severn is a UNESCO World Heritage Site - a testament to the area's heritage but also the work of the trust to conserve, manage and interpret its history. It is an area likened to the "Silicon Valley of the Industrial Revolution" - the site of the first cast-iron bridge built in 1779 by the grandson of the first Abraham Darby, who had made the vital breakthrough of successfully smelting iron with coke. The website provides visitor and collections information about the museums including: The Iron Bridge and Tollhouse; Blists Hill Victorian Town; Iron and Darby Furnace; the Darby Houses; the Gorge; Coalport china; Jackfield Tiles; Broseley Pipeworks; and Clay tobacco pipes. The Ironbridge Institute, linked to from this website, is a partnership between the University of Birmingham and the Ironbridge Gorge Museums Trust, building on their experience of Heritage Management to provide taught postgraduate courses in Heritage Management and Industrial archaeology. Online, to assist teachers linking their classroom work with their visit to the museums, a series of educational resources are provided by the Ironbridge Gorge Museum's Education Department, for teachers of Key Stages 1, 2 and 3 studying History, Art and Design, Science, Design and Technology and Citizenship are provided online. They include some focussing on the Victorians, family history, local history, social history, for example, and many relating to Coalport china.
This is the website of the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston, Massachusetts. Opened in 1903 by its founder Isabella Stewart Gardner, the museum's collection is of fine and decorative arts and it is housed in a 15th-century Venetian-style palace. The web site provides information about the museum, its collections and exhibitions. The collection overview section provides images of many items from the collections, browsable either by artist, genre/geography or gallery. The collections cover American, Ancient, Asian, European and Islamic painting, plus European decorative arts, sculpture and drawing. Information about exhibitions is provided, along with several online exhibits and details of the artist-in-residence scheme. The museum also has an ongoing concert schedule and gives detailed information about this, including a music library of free classical music.
This is the website of the Israel Museum in Jerusalem. Founded in 1965, the Museum has quickly established an excellent reputation. Information is provided about the main collections, of which perhaps the most important is the Shrine of the Book, which holds the Dead Sea Scrolls. These Essene manuscripts date from the third century BC to the first century AD, and the museum's website provides an informative and well-presented introduction, outlining their historical context and importance. A select bibliography and related links are provided. Details are also given of the other wings, devoted to world art, Judaica and Jewish Ethnography, and archaeology, plus the art garden and the youth wing. Each contains descriptions and images of objects from the collection. There are details of events, lectures and publications, as well as exhibitions past present and future. The website is well presented, and provides all the information a prospective visitor might require about the museum and its resources. One of the highlights among the online exhibitions is a Virtual Tour at the Model of Jerusalem in the Late Second Temple Period. The Museum's website is an excellent example of the productive use of the World Wide Web in offering an accessible and informative introduction to a cultural institution of international importance.
The Web Site Muzeum uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego (Jagiellonian University museum) provides information about the university's museum in Cracow, Poland. The site is in English and Polish, although the English site is less comprehensive. The Jagiellonian University is the second oldest in Central Europe, founded in 1364. The museum is situated within the Collegium Maius, the oldest university building in Poland. The museum houses permanent and temporary exhibitions. One section is dedicated to Nicolaus Copernicus, another houses the library, and there is an excellent collection of early scientific instruments. The textual guide to the museum is accompanied by links to images. The tables of contents of the annual published by the museum, Opuscula Musealia of all issues, since 1986, are posted on the site. A small video opens automatically in the main page, presenting the Collegium Maius with a rather distracting musical background. The most famous alumni of the university are listed on the front page. This is a good site for those interested in the material culture of Cracow, and those who are studying Polish Studies.
This online resource is the official website of Jane Austen's House Museum. Dedicated to the life and figure of this 19-century English novelist, the Museum finds a perfect location in Austen's former home in Chawton, Hampshire, where the author spent the last eight years of her life. It was at this house that she revised 'Pride and Prejudice', 'Sense and Sensibility' and 'Northanger Abbey', and wrote 'Mansfield Park', 'Emma' and 'Persuasion'. Austen's Museum features furniture, memorabilia, and other artefacts that once belonged to the author, or were in some way associated with her, but it also runs a series of educational projects for children and young adults. The page 'Services for Schools' outlines workshops and talks which Jane Austen's House and Chawton House Library organise for primary and secondary school students. Relevant Web pages provide details of the Museum's opening times and admission charges, as well as offer a virtual tour of the house and its surroundings, presenting, for example, a cottage garden with plants and herbs typical of the late eighteenth-century, or the recently refurbished donkey-carriage which Austen used when she was too unwell to travel on foot. An interactive map is provided for visitors travelling from different parts of the country. Links to a number of Jane Austen societies throughout the world are included on a separate Web page.
The Jenner Museum website provides a number of resources on Dr. Edward Jenner, the eighteenth and nineteenth century English doctor and scientist. On the site there are two well-written reference chapters. The first of which provides a biography of Jenner and highlights aspects of his career, including his interest in migration, hibernation, and fossils. The other looks specifically at his pioneering work on smallpox and vaccination, and the founding principles of immunology. Elsewhere on the site there is a chapter explaining the principles of immunology and vaccination. There is also a learning resources section, which suggests how displays at the museum can be connected to the national curriculum, interactive games, and general information about visiting the museum and its facilities.
The website of the "Jersey Heritage Trust" describes the work of the organisation responsible for the island's major historic sites, award-winning museums and public archives. The Channel Island has a rich history, culture and heritage, positioned as it is close to the French coast, and its own distinct form of language and culture. The Heritage Trust holds collections of artefacts, works of art, documents, specimens and information relating to Jersey's history, culture and environment. These collections define the island, hold the evidence for its historical development and act as the community's memory. The website provides details for the tourist as well as the Historian. There are details on Jersey's museums, archives and historical sites, such as Mont Orgueil. There are searchable databases on art, archives and museums (Mont Orgueil Castle, Elizabeth Castle, Maritime Museum). Multimedia offers are also on the site, such as the 360 virtual tour of the neolithic La Houghe Bie. The site also informs about the "Flash Days" programme for children.
This is the website of the Jewish Museum in New York City, which is devoted to over 4,000 years of art and Jewish culture. As well as all the necessary information about the Museum, such as location, contact details, and opening times, this site makes available a number of online exhibitions. Within these is the companion to the exhibition Frida Kahlo's Intimate Family Picture; Camille Pissarro: Impressions of City and Country; and Dateline Israel: New Photography and Video Art, which documents life in Israel. Of interest also will be the site's Making Connections in Art and Jewish Culture, which explores the Museum's collections interactively. It traces the interconnections between over 60 works, from ancient artifacts to contemporary art and television clips. The site's collection overview may be searched or browsed, and details of current and forthcoming events and exhibitions hosted by the Museum, such as the New York Jewish Film Festival, are provided. This is a rich and diverse museum website which is sure to interest scholars of Jewish studies, art and literature.
The website of the "Jewish Museum of Greece" is in English and provides information on the museum, its opening hours, its collections, and on the Jewish community of various lands that have been known as Greek. The Museum was established in 1977 in Athens, from artifacts salvaged from the WWII, including those formerly confiscated by the Bulgarians from the Greek Jews of Thrace. The site provides an interesting brief insight into the collection which boasts over 7,000 objects - material evidence of 2,300 years of the Jewish community (Romaniote and Sephardi) in Greece. They include: sixteenth-century marriage certificates; traditional Tikkim; a Shofar; traditional costumes; and a level devoted to the Jewish Holocaust. Considering the rich array of exhibits, this site could have been a lot more comprehensive. However, as it is, it provides a brief snapshot of useful information as well as links to other sites on the Jewish communities of Greece.
This informative and engaging website is the homepage of the Jewish Museum in London (registered charity number 1009819). Established in 1932, the Museum collects, preserves, interprets and exhibits material depicting various aspects of Jewish life, history and religion in this country and beyond. It receives funding from the National Lottery through the Heritage Lottery Fund. This website contains information about its mission, mandate, history and development. It provides details about current exhibitions, events, activities, and the educational resources available from the museum. Viewers can also search the museum's collection on matters like Jewish ceremonial art; Jewish history in Britain both pre and post 1880; and paintings, prints and drawings. They can access without charge the museum's annual reports and online exhibitions on 'The Treasures of the Jewish Museum, London'; 'Yiddish Theatre in London'; and 'Continental Britons'. Links are given to the homepages of relevant organisations.
This is the website of the Kelsey Museum of the University of Michigan which is home to nearly 100,000 artefacts from the ancient Mediterranean, Egypt and the Near East ranging in date from 5000 B.C.-900 A.D.The website provides an open-access database of the objects in the collection and provides a detailed guide on how to search the collection and download the necessary software. Readers can also browse the collection image by image. Work on the database appears to be still in progress and is due to be completed in Autumn 2002. The resource also includes numerous attractive online versions of exhibitions which have taken place at the Kelsey Museum since 1997. These provide fascinating insights both into the collections themselves and the archaeologists associated with the museum since its foundation and can be used as freestanding study modules for the wide range of topics featured as they also include bibliographic information. There is a guide to past and present excavations in North Africa and the Middle East which have been sponsored by the Kelsey at sites such as Carthage, Cyrene and Apollonia, St. Catherine's Monastery in the Sinai, Seleucia on the Tigris, Pisidian Antioch and currently at Kedesh in Israel and Abydos in Egypt. Apart from the general didactic value of this resource for archaeology students and researchers, this site will also appeal to those interested in electronic publishing and virtual museums.
This is the official website of Kilmartin House, an archaeological centre and museum situated in Argyll, on the west coast of Scotland. The Kilmartin House Trust has won many prestigious awards for their high-quality, innovative interpretation of the archaeological heritage to be found in the area: over 150 prehistoric sites lie within 6 miles of Kilmartin. These include Pictish sites, burial cairns, rock carvings, standing stones and the fortress of the earliest Scottish kings at Dunadd. The website includes a virtual tour of the museum with some colour images of artefacts and displays, and an Interactive Monuments section, created in association with SCRAN (Scottish Cultural Resources Access Network). This includes colour images of and information about the key 150 local sites. The website also includes information on their educational programmes and publications, information for visitors to the area and a section on the Trust itself. For some sections of the website Cosmo or Cortona plug-ins are required. The Museum was awarded the Scottish Museum of the Year in 1998, but in 2004 has risked closure. The website has won numerous online awards for design and information and still provides excellent contents. The website includes comprehensive information for anyone interested in visiting the museum and the locality, including a quick preview (photographs and descriptions) of the exhibition. The research work of the museum and the Kilmartin House Trust is also described.
The Web Site "KL Stutthof" provides information on the concentration camp located at Sztutowo, in Poland. The site is in German, English and Polish. The museum focuses on the conservation of the camp, collecting archival materials, and research and education. The location of the site was selected as early as August 1939, and was initially created to eliminate 'Polish undesirables'. Over 110, 000 people were held at the camp, who came from all over Europe. This site is a good resource for those studying the Second World War, or German or Polish history. In the gallery section the user will find a rich collection of photographs of the museum and its events, as well as archived historical images. Although the thumbnails are of poor quality, when clicked on, the enlarged versions are of much better quality. The site gives details of its publications, the opening hours and contact details of the museum, and a map of the museum. The museum holds details of former prisoners and extant documentation pertaining to the camp. The news section is of interest to researchers, with conference announcements, notice of exhibitions, and updates on events at the museum.
Kongens Kunstkammer (The King's Kunstkammer) is an online exhibition which partly reconstructs the Royal Danish Kunstkammer. It was established in the mid 17th century and dissolved about 175 years later. The site is part of the National Museum of Denmark and is in both Danish and English, although the English version is predictably sparser than the Danish. The site contains information on permanent exhibitions, which focus on the various historical collections including: the Victorian home; the ethnographic collection; the children's museum; and Danish prehistory. The site is enhanced by a film which appears in mov and wmv formats. There are also links to several other Danish museums. The section entitled Your Own Exhibition was a finalist in the competition for Best Innovative or Experimental Application in Museums and the Web 2004: Best of the Web. This is a useful site for those researching or interested in Danish history.
Kyoto International Manga Museum is an internationally important museum in Japan, devoted to Japanese comics. Its English Web pages are detailed, and include a search engine for its collection (records are returned partly in English, partly in Kanji). Through the 'Galleries' button on the search interface page, visitors can access five examples of antique manga, including an image and details of "the first Japanese manga magazine, Eshinbun Nipponchi, influenced by Charles Wargman - a British man who founded the Japanese version of Punch". The Kyoto International Manga Museum is said by many comics fans to be a vital stop on any tour of Japan, and should be of interest to visiting academics interested in Japanese popular culture. The website has full details of access and opening hours. The museum is supported by the Kyoto city authorities, who in 2008 will hold an international conference on manga.
The Kyoto National Museum website is available in largely parallel English and Japanese versions. The museum's collections contain early works of art and archaeological artefacts from all over East Asia but particularly from Japan, and many of these can be viewed on the site. Information and images on temporary exhibitions are accessed from the home page. A particularly valuable feature is in the Collections section: Masterworks is a database of images and detailed descriptions of selected objects from the permanent collections; it can be searched by keyword, title, artist, country/period or category. Thumbnail images can be enlarged as complete images or by sections, and the objects are categorised under: archaeology; ceramics; sculpture; paintings; calligraphy; textiles; lacquer-ware; and metalwork. The Museum Dictionary is something of a misnomer, as it provides an online guided tour for children, explaining the cultural background to some of the objects in a very accessible way with drawings and photos. Another section gives a list of links to the websites of other major museums, research institutes and archives, and other relevant institutions and organisations within Japan and abroad. The Kyoto National Museum Bulletin and collection and exhibition catalogues (all are Japanese-only) can be purchased from the museum shop, and details appear in the Publications section; there are also sections on Visitor Information and Lectures and Events.
The 'Land of Lost Content' Museum, based in Shropshire, houses a collection of British 20th and 21st century memorabilia amassed by Stella and David Mitchell. The collection of British popular culture is now one of the largest and most comprehensive of its type in the country and includes advertising, graphics, fashion, textiles, beauty, product design, photographic works, architecture, landscape design, and transport. A section of the website provides information about Stella and David Mitchell and the history of their collection. There is also information about how to find the museum, opening times, and a list of related links.
The website of the Latvian War Museum (Latvijas Kara Muzejs) provides information on the museum, its collections, location in Riga and opening hours. The museum was founded as a Shooters' Museum in 1916 and its holdings and exhibitions reflected Latvian independence until 1940, when the Soviet Union occupied Latvia. Until 1990 and the beginning of the restoration of Latvian independence, the museum was a mouth-piece for Soviet propaganda and much of its holdings were removed elsewhere. There is a list of exhibitions, which, at the time of writing, has not been updated since 2004. The site is in Latvian and English and contains a repetitive roll of film running at the start of the site and also at the top of site sections, which can be rather distracting. Six rolls of film can be downloaded. There are also links to other Latvian sites of interest. The site is useful for those who intend to visit the museum, who are studying occupation, Latvian or Soviet Studies, or the Second World War.
LeMo Archiv, the living virtual museum online, is an outstanding online archive and teaching resource produced by the German Historical Museum in Berlin. It has a number of online teaching aids and other tools aimed at helping students. Local German schools affiliated with the LeMo Archive through museum outreach are linked via the teaching aids site. Teachers and students of German will find the site most informative and enjoyable: there are good illustrated historical essays covering different periods of German history during the 20th century. The essays also link to many supporting contemporary audio and text documents. Researchers in German History and German Studies will also benefit, as the site posts memoirs and letters from individuals from the First World War onwards under the heading 'Kollektive Gedächtnis' (Collective Memory). The most helpful section, however, falls obscurely under the site's 'Suche' (Search) subsite, which opens surprisingly onto a large collection of online primary sources and historical aids, including: important audio recordings; illustrated biographies of noted figures; timelines; laws, news items and speeches; a visual online archive of posters, icons, flyers and maps; statistics; and videos. Parts of the site are available in either 3D (VRML) or 2D (HTML) formats; technical advice for the necessary plug ins is provided. The site has a Web cam with views of the LeMo office space and surroundings in Berlin; it also features an archived online forum with commentary from site visitors going back to 1998 -- whether good, bad or indifferent.
The Limfjord Museum, Denmark, is housed in the former residence of the canal manager, built in connection with the construction of Frederik VII's Canal. The collection at the Museum represents the fishing and navigation of the Limfjord. Information is given on the site about the history of Frederik VII's Canal. Opening hours, admission charges and a location map are provided. The site is available in Danish and English.
This website describes Little Sparta, the influential garden and artwork created by Ian Hamilton Finlay at his home on Scotland. There is a description of its history, a map of the garden and a biography of the artist. The website also includes opening times and directions to the garden.
The Logan Museum of Anthropology is a teaching museum of Beloit College, Wisconsin. It has notable collections of: Mesoamerican ceramics; native North American basketry and other artefacts; and Old World palaeolithic finds, particularly from France and North Africa. The website hosts four online exhibitions. The first contains images and descriptions of the museum's palaeolithic artefacts grouped geographically and by time period. The second online exhibition is divided into two halves, one covering the woodland and Mississippian traditions of central and eastern North America between 700 AD and 1500 AD, the other examining the cultures of south-western North America, including the Anasazi, Casas Grandes, Hohokam, and Patayan. The third exhibition presents three-dimensional views of some of the museum's most interesting objects, and requires QuickTime viewer. The final exhibition was put together by students in 1999, and covers the 'World of Music'. It was not functioning when checked. The history of the museum and the collections is described on the site, which also gives access information and opening hours. The museum publishes a biannual newsletter, available online in PDF format. There is an education section, a calendar of events, and a search engine.
The website Museum Ziemi Lubuskiej w Zielonej Górze (Lubuska Province Museum) is available in German and Polish. The museum focuses on the history of the area of Polish Zielona Góra, which was previously German Grünburg. The museum has an excellent collection of watches, sacral art, and engravings. The archive collection shows exponents not exhibited in the main galleries, which include: galleries of modern art; ancient art; historical objects; and the wine department. The museum is also host to the court record book of witchcraft trials in Zielona Góra between 1663-1665. The site is of interest to those interested in German and Polish history, the history of Silesia, or material culture.
This is the website of Australia's Macleay Museum, a history of science at the University of Sydney. There is a profile of the Macleay family and the eponymous museum, as well as downloads of scanned exhibition catalogues and recordings and transcripts of public lecture series. The museum's anthropology and taxonomy exhibitions are listed here, but navigation requires exploring the University's parent site to understand the full extent of the Macleay Museum's latest exhibits and online presentations devoted to scientific instruments, invertebrates, vertebrates, historic photographs and ethnography. Researchers should take note of the subpage on applications for the affiliated Macleay Miklouho-Maclay Fellowship.
Manchester Museums Unwrapped is an online database of the collections available at five of Manchester's museums. The site is published by the University of Manchester, and has received funding from the Designation Challenge Fund. With this database, users can search the collections of the Manchester Museum, the Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester, The People's History Museum, Manchester City Galleries, and the Whitworth Art Gallery separately or simultaneously. Some of the items included can be browsed under the topics cotton, people, Manchester, animals, and plants, and personalised searches can be made using the advanced search facility. All of the items have detailed records, which include a description and the location of the artefact, and some also include an image.
This is the award-winning website of Canada's Manitoba Museum. A science and natural history museum and planetarium, the museum specialises in space and space exploration. The site contains many attractive and informative features. Apart from articles about previous exhibitions (on the Northern Lights, for example), browsers can take a virtual tour of a bat cave; view the night sky; read about telescopes; investigate the history of expeditions to Mars; order education kits; take a virtual tour of the entire museum. The site also provides information about membership, special tours, lists of collections, and an online shop.
This is the website of the Mariners' Museum, Newport News, Virginia, USA. This museum is the National maritime museum and on the website you can see highlights of the collections and exhibitions including: the USS Monitor artefacts (from the ironclad battleship of the American Civil War); the Chris-Craft collection; Captive Passage - The Transatlantic Slave Trade and the Making of the Americas; and the USS Monitor Center. There are extensive online resources for educators from the museum's programmes that include: the Birth of the US Navy; the Battle of the Atlantic, (Allied Naval Intelligence in the Second World War); Women and the Sea; The Age of Exploration (includes Christopher Columbus); and Waters of Despair, Waters of Hope - African-Americans; and the Chesapeake Bay: Our History and Our Future. There is detailed information and finding aids for the collections. You may search the catalogues of the collections of the library and research archives, and review visiting and research information, including brief descriptions of material comprising the photography collection; and the Elwin M. Eldredge Collection database which contains records for 352 American steamship companies. .
The Mauritshuis website provides information about the Mauritshuis Museum and Art Gallery, which is situated in the Hague in the Netherlands. The core of the collection consists of masterpieces from Flemish painters such as Vermeer, Rembrandt, Jan Steen and Frans Hals, and the website covers this collection in detail. The entire collection can be searched by artist, title, inventory number, or period. The 'paintings in detail' section provides enlargeable images and more information about the selected paintings. In addition, there are sections on general information relating to the museum, conservation and a detailed exhibition schedule.
The extensive and impressive collection of Greek and Roman antiquities in New York's Metropolitan Museum is represented in this well-presented website by photographs of fifty highlights. These range from the third millennium BC (Early Cycladic I/II period) to the third century AD, and include vases, sculptures and metal objects. Each object is accompanied by its inventory numbers, dimensions, and details of material. Descriptions are provided for all pieces, although without reference to notable bibliography. The high-quality photos can be enlarged by being clicked on, and alternate views are offered. There is a search facility restricted to the fifty highlights. The links to other parts of the museum's website are straightforward, and include a history of the gallery of Greek and Roman art and its collections.
The Mingei International Museum in San Diego and Escondido, California, was inspired by the work of Soetsu Yanagi in preserving and promoting the folk art of Japan. The museum is a public foundation that aims to further the understanding of traditional and contemporary folk arts, crafts, and design from Japan and all over the world. The sections on current, forthcoming, and previous exhibitions present images and descriptions, with links to exhibition programmes that can be ordered online. Japanese exhibition themes include: ningyō (dolls); individual National Living Treasures; and various modern and traditional mingei (folk arts) (ceramics, textiles, lacquer, basketware, handmade paper, paper lanterns). There are also images and brief descriptions of sample objects from the permanent collections. Japanese artefacts also feature in many of the international exhibitions; however, the museum displays works from a broad range of nations, including: Indonesia; Russia; The Americas, including indigenous peoples; India; and many others. Information on the Museum's location and opening hours, educational programmes, advisory and trustees' boards, and staff is also available on the site.
The website of the Minneapolis Institute of Arts provides information on its collection of fine arts, which is international in coverage and spans the past 4,000 years. The museum's collections include: African, Oceanic, and native American art; ancient art; architecture, design, decorative arts, craft and sculpture; Asian art; paintings; photography; prints and drawings; and textiles. The website provides interactive maps of the galleries, a calendar of events, exhibition and collection details, and online educational resources (ArtsConnectEd). Many of the collections listed on the website have related online resources, including, for example, videos on YouTube that have been created by the Minneapolis Institute of Arts. Flash software is required to view the website.
This is the website of the Museums, Libraries and Archives Council (formerly known as Resource), which was launched in April 2000, replacing the Museums and Galleries Commission and the Library and Information Commission. The Museums, Libraries and Archives Council (MLA) is a strategic agency which aims to provide guidance, leadership and advocacy across all and for each of the sectors represented. The Council's website contains a full copy of its corporate plan and details of its vision. There are sections on: Improving a library service; 'Leading Museums', MLA's action plan; 'Renaissance', MLA's programme to transform regional museums; and 'Digital Participation' (opening up free online access in public libraries). There is also information about the work done regionally, information about MLA's role, and a news section.
The website for the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth provides an overview of their collection of art objects in all media dating from post-World War II. A gallery of images selected from the over 2,500 objects in their collection, arranged under the last name of the artist, include Jean-Michel Basquiat, Sophie Calle, Anthony Caro, Howard Hodgkin, Sally Mann, Robert Motherwell, Cindy Sherman, and the ‘Fort Worth Circle’ (Bill Bomar, Cynthia Brants, Kelly Fearing, Dickson Reeder, and Bror Utter). Current and forthcoming exhibitions and events are also featured, together with their educational programme, and podcasts of lectures and insights on modern art. Membership information and an online application form are also available, together with an archive of press releases relating to the museum‘s activities.
This is the website for the Moderna Museet, which is a modern and contemporary art museum in Stockholm, Sweden. The website provides articles, catalogue texts, images, film and video, and interviews with artists and curators, for current shows and for many exhibitions dating back to 1998. There is also information about the museum's collection. The section under Collections, entitled 'About the Collection' discusses individual artworks under the headings of: Swedish and Nordic art; international art; drawings and prints; photography; and films and video. The museum also looks after the apartment of the late artist Einar Hylander (1913-1989), which is in Stockholm; the website offers the opportunity to view the apartment in QuickTime. Also included are details about the museum's education and events programmes.
Founded in 1981 and based in Los Angeles, the Museum of Neon Art (MONA) exhibits, documents and preserves neon signs and "contemporary fine art in electric media". As well as exhibiting work, the museum maintains an archive and a slide library and offers courses in neon design and techniques. The website supplies information about membership, current exhibitions, courses and night time bus tours of neon signs run by MONA; a gallery of digitised images of featured artists; and a 'resources section, which offers a large number of links to neon related websites.
The Pierpont Morgan Library and Museum website contains useful information about the institution and its collections. The collections section (online exhibitions) includes short text and several pictures on drawings and prints; medieval and Renaissance manuscripts; rare printed books; literary and historical manuscripts; music manuscripts; ancient Near Eastern seals and tablets; paintings and art objects. Most of the artistic objects are from ecclesiastical contexts of the European Middle Age and Renaissance. Among the works described are a Latin Bible printed by Johann Gutenberg (Biblia Latina); miniatures form the Old Testament with Latin and Persian inscriptions (Saul Slaying Nahash and the Ammonites and Samuel Anoints Saul and Sacrifices to the Lord); the autograph manuscript by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart of symphony K.385; paintings by Peter Paul Rubens; an autograph manuscript by Henry David Thoreau; and Mesopotamian seals and cuneiform tablets. The online exhibitions have been nominated in the competition for Best On-line Exhibition or Activity Site in 'Museums and the Web 2004 : Best of the Web'. This website contains sections useful to almost all arts and humanities and is a resource for use by the general public or students. The Morgan Museum and Library was re-built in 2006; the newly enlarged building was designed by architect Renzo Piano.
This site is the home page of a museum which is devoted to the French Revolution in Vizille, France. Housed in a 17th century castle once owned by the Duke of Lesdiguières, the museum was established in 1983. The museum's website gives information on: its collections; new acquisitions; recent restorations; lectures; conferences; and current and past exhibitions. This information should be of interest to art, cultural and political historians and specialists in French Studies, as well as members of the public. There is a sub-site for the museum's library, which complements the art collection with some 17,000 titles. The library includes private papers and collections of historians who studied the Revolution. An online library search engine, combined with that of the municipal library of Grenoble, is available for basic and complex searches. Information for teachers who wish to prepare school visits and projects is provided. There is also a visitors' guide on the site.
The official website of the Musée du quai Branly provides information about the museum and its activities as well as a searchable database of its collection of objects, images and archives. The museum, which opened in 2006, holds collections from Africa, Asia, Oceania and the Americas that were formerly housed at the Musée de l'Homme (Museum of Mankind) and Musée des arts d'afrique et d'océanie (Museum of African and Oceanic Art). The site is available in French, English and Spanish, though much of the content is available only in French.
Along with practical information for visitors, the site includes descriptions of the permanent and temporary exhibitions, as well as information on museum publications, conferences, lectures, workshops and other events. Some of the exhibitions have innovative online components that give a taste of the museum from a distance. Those with an interest in ethnographic museum collections and their history will find the collections database especially rich. Digital images of over 250,000 objects and almost 700,000 visual resources (photographs, postcards, drawings) are provided, along with information from museum records on provenance, collectors, and materials. Catalogues of archives related to the collections and of the museum's 'médiathèque' are also available. The Collections section of the website also provides a more accessible look at the permanent collections through a 'highlights visit'.
This is the home page of the National Museum of Fine Arts of Quebec, Canada. The Museum houses over 22,000 artworks produced mainly in Quebec from the establishment of the colony of New France to the present day. The site explains that the Museum is now the main custodian of the memory of Quebec art and artists. As such, it is as much a repository for Art History as it is for the artistic reflections of the social, cultural and political history of this Canadian province. Details of current and recent exhibitions are provided under the 'Exhibitions' section. There is a section for the Museum's library and an online catalogue search engine. The library contains a noteworthy collection of resources essential to the study of Quebec art, including thousands of monograph volumes; exhibition catalogues; files; videos; CDs; films; periodicals (a list of available titles is posted) private archives (with their own online catalogue) reports and theses; auction inventories; photographs; and slides. Contact details for various curators are provided. There is also a links list of the Museum's supporters. The site is available in English and French, but information on the French side is more extensive and complete, and contains, for example, information on cooperative programmes with French schools and the Museum's journal in full online. Some parts of the site require user registration and identification.
The Web Site of the Musée nationale du Moyen Age - the National Museum of the Middle Ages is a richly illustrated site in French, English and Spanish. It provides information on the stunning collections, as well as on the museum's opening times, activities, and contact details. The title of the museum seems somewhat restrictive, when one considers that the museum is located within the Gallo-Roman baths dating from the 1st-3rd centuries CE. The second part of the museum is housed in the renowned Cluny Abbey. The collections include exhibits from: antiquity and early middle ages; the romanesque world; gothic sculpture; goldsmiths' work and ivory; tapestries and embroideries; paintings, miniatures, and stained glass; and everyday life. Among them are examples of the famed mille fleurs style of tapestries, including the renowned six Lady and the Unicorn pieces. This is a wonderful site to explore and can be used for French or Spanish language teaching as an excellent aid to vocabulary, as well as a historical source for those studying the Medieval/Early Modern period or French history.
Musei online (Italian museums online) is an online directory of over 3,500 museums in Italy. Its aim is to promote Italian cultural heritage. Users can locate museums either by an advanced search facility or by browsing by type or region. Museums are divided into categories such as: art; history; scientific; specialist; and archaeology. Information such as opening times, contact details, and prices are given for each museum, along with a brief summary of its key holdings. Details about services offered by individual museums and links to some museum websites are also included. The site provides information on temporary exhibitions and special events being held in Italian museums. It is available in both Italian and English and is maintained by ADN Kronos Cultura and supported by the Italian Ministry for Cultural Heritage and Activities. It is of value as a way of locating specific museums or of browsing for resources.
This is the official website of the archaeological museum of Lipari (Aeolian Islands, Sicily), which also has branches on the islands of Panarea and Filicudi. The museum was established by Prof. Luigi Bernabò Brea to preserve the many artefacts that had been unearthed during the long period of excavations in the Aeolian Islands and carried out by himself and Dr Madeleine Cavalier. The website, which is available in Italian, English, French and German, outlines all sections of the museum with short texts and many illustrations. Section "The Museum/il Museo" only contains general introductions, but section "Visit to Museum/Visita il Museo" contains a detailed overview of the collections. Of great interest to any archaeologist will be the collections on the Bronze Age cultures of Capo Graziano and Milazzese (materials of these cultures are associated with Mycenaean ceramics, some of the first evidence of long distance contacts between the Aegean region and Sicily) as well as the Classical collection (ceramic masks and high quality productions such as those by the Lipari painter) and underwater archaeology (Pignataro di Fuori shipwreck, and many others). Human life in the Aeolian Islands is chronicled without interruptions in the archaeological record expect for the periods when the islands were deserted (it happened a few times) and the importance of the archaeological collections cannot be overstated: the Aeolian Islands are a World Heritage Site also because of their rich cultural heritage. Smaller sections focus on the unique environment such as the volcanoes (obsidian) and the fossils (127 to 104 kya). A bibliographic list and practical information is available. The website has been produced with funds provided by the European Union. This website may be a good introduction to the museum collections especially for archaeology students.
This is the website of the "Museo Bodoniano" [Giambattista Bodoni Museum] in Parma, Italy. The Museum is dedicated to Giambattista Bodoni (1740-1813) and his work as printer and typographer. The website presents a short history of the Museum and a description of its collections, which include rare samples of Bodonian editions, correspondence, typographic types, punches and matrices. Additionally available is a bibliography of works related to the institution. A section of the website includes a biography of Giambattista Bodoni and an extensive bibliography. The Museo Bodoniano, inaugurated in 1963 to mark the 150th anniversary of Bodoni's death, is the oldest Italian museum of printing. The Museum is a corporate member of the Association of European Printing Museums (AEPM) and the "Associazione Italiana dei Musei della Stampa e della Carta [Italian Museums of Printing and Paper Association]. The website - available in Italian only - offers detailed information on past and forthcoming related events and exhibitions.
This is the website of the Museum of Physics, which is based at the Federico II University of Naples. Crucially the museum is not only a collection of objects, but also an archival centre for research. The website aims to introduce the museum's collections of antique scientific instruments. It provides a brief introduction to the museum and its collections, and then more detailed sections on the museum's three main collections: the Bourbon collection; the physics cabinet; and the Melloni collection. The Bourbon collection was accumulated by Carlos (of Anjou-Bourbon), who reigned as King of Naples (as Carlo VII) and Sicily (as Carlo V) (both from 1735 to 1759), and as Charles III of Spain (1759-1788). He collected four crates "of different mathematical machines" during his time in Naples. The collection has been added to since then, and it now includes instruments relating to mathematical physics and chemistry, (divided into astronomy, geodesy, mechanics, statistics and dynamics), and experimental physics, (divided into pneumatics, heat, electrical studies, magnetism and meteorology). Macedonio Melloni (1798-1854) was an Italian physicist, who under the patronage of Ferdinand II, King of the Two Sicilies (1810-1859) ran the Meterological and Vesuvio Observatory in Naples; the Melloni collection contains instruments that he used in his research conducted in Naples, on infrared radiation and other subjects. The Physics Cabinet is a teaching museum that was set up in 1812. The website provides an introduction to each of the three collections, and contains images of some of the collections' instruments, with detailed historical notes. Straightforward and user-friendly, it is a useful introduction to historical scientific instruments, relating to physics.
This is the website of the Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, housed in the Palacio de Villahermosa, Madrid, Spain. The Museum's collection was begun in 1920 by the then Baron von Thyssen-Bornemisza and is one of the finest private art collections in the world. The collection includes examples from the 13th to the 20th century and covers works of Italian, English, Dutch and German masters, as well as impressionist and expressionist paintings; and European and American paintings from the latter half of the 20th century. The website provides information about these collections via a 'virtual visit': an online tour of the museum's galleries. There are videos and podcast discussions of events, exhibitions and individual works. A 'thematic' visit illustrates art history topics with examples from the museum; topics covered include the landscape, the city, the portrait, the primitives and experimental avant-garde movements. The 'masterpieces' section displays further images from the collections and a search facility enables searching by artist or title. There is also information about museum activities, including online presentations of exhibitions. Information about education at the museum provides links to a Young Thyssen section and a series of eLearning courses (in Spanish only). The website is available in English and Spanish.
The website of the Museu Virtual de Informática (Departamento de Sistemas de Informação, Universidade do Minho, Portugal) is devoted to the history of information science. The site contains a chronology and timeline that shows the most important events in the history of computer science illustrated with photographs. Another section provides a narrative of the discipline. A further section displays and explains its basic tools (e.g. magnetic disks) to the lay user. Sources of information are provided. The site also publishes transcriptions of interviews with the key players of Poruguese information science in which they expound their vision of the future of information science in Portugal. The site also carries an illustrated archive of the history of the subject. In general, the site carries much important information about the development of fascinating subejct in an interestingly presented way. The history of the project is also documented, including a video presentation. The site was also nominated in the competition for Best Museum Web Site Supporting Educational Use in 'Museums and the Web 2004 : Best of the Web'. This resource is highly recommended to students interested in the history of technology and information science.
Museum Bredius focuses on a collection of 17th Century Dutch art collected by Abraham Bredius. The collection includes paintings, drawings, porcelain, and silver. The collection is browsable by artist and category, and there are links to exhibitions and sites of further interest. The site is available in English and Dutch.
Set within the medieval Bishop's Castle in Wittstock, Westphalia, Germany, the Museum de Dreißigjährigen Krieges (Thirty Years' War museum) commemorates the seventeenth century conflict which began as a local rebellion in Bohemia in 1618, rapidly escalating into an international conflict pulling in other German principalities, the Netherlands, Spain, France and Sweden. The website provides brief notes giving the historical background to the series of conflicts which embroiled these countries in a struggle for the supremacy between competing monarchies, political and religious disputes, finally bought to an end by the Peace Treaty of Westphalia in 1648. The historical context is provided in seven parts, corresponding to the seven floors of exhibitions in the museum at Wittstock. Museum visitor information is also provided. The website is also available in the German language.
The web site of the "Museum of allied prisoners of war martyrdom in Żagań (Muzeum martyrologii alianckich jeńców wojennych w Żaganiu)" has versions in French, Polish, German, and English. It provides information about the museum in Żagań, famous as the site where the Nazis built a chain of prisoner-of-war (POW) camps. The site informs that the museum focuses on pilots camps Stalag Luft III, Stalag VIII C and Stalag VIII E between 1939 and 1945. Luft III was famed for the many escape attempts made. The site describes some of them and has published an account by one of the survivors, Flt Lt van der Stok. However, it was not the first time that Żagań was chosen as a location for POW camps. In the early nineteenth century Napoleon's armies passed through and the Franco-Prussian and First World Wars also left their marks and their dead here. There is a good selection of illustrative photographs. Links provide further reading into the Great Escape and the Stalag III. This is a good site for those interested in the history of the Second World War.
This is the website of the American Aviation Museum, at the Robins Air Force Base. There are highly animated and visually and orally stimulating presentations about the military aircraft collection exhibits and aviation history. Exhibits online include: the Aviation Hall of Fame; 14th Air Force; 43rd Bomb Group; RAFB and World War Two Commemorative; History of Flight; The Korean War; The Tuskegee Airmen; and The Robert Scott Story. The website engages the senses with entertaining yet easily navigable and informative content, snappy graphics - some like a pilot's head-up-display, sound effects of aircraft, innovative use of technology, and consistent use of graphics and navigation menus. The site includes games and interactivity for children and older researchers to enjoy. The website won the Gold MUSE Award 2003 for Promotion of an Institution from the Media and Technology Standing Professional Committee of the American Association of Museums (AAM).
The website "Muzeum Pomorza Środkowego w Słupsku (Museum of Central Pomerania in Słupsk) is in Polish, with some English, French and Italian information. It provides information on opening hours, permanent and temporary exhibitions, and the history of the museum. The museum of Słupsk (German name Stolp), was founded in 1905-1906, its collection comprising town archives, manuscripts, guild collections, and numismatic collections. Devastated by the Second World War, it is estimated that a mere ten per cent of the holdings survived. The site features images of previous and current exhibitions, of particular note is the impressive collection of Stanisław Witkiewicz's (Witkacy) works, one of the most controversial of Polish artists and writers of the Young Poland (Młoda Polska) movement. This site is of use to those researching Polish Studies.
The Museum of Chinese in America is the first and one of the most important museums dedicated to preserving the heritage of Chinese immigrants and their descendants in the United States. The online resource for the museum offers textual background information on the museum, a substantial listing of past and future exhibits, and guides for teachers and researchers. The Exhibitions section will be of most interest to those researchers outside the United States; it provides detailed descriptions of past and current events, including exhibitions on: the Chinese restaurant in America; ideas of home for Chinese Americans; homosexuality in Asian America; and Chinatown in the nightclub era. Further articles on current exhibitions can be found in the News section, including a link to an interview with documentary maker Cheuk Kwan. The website contains an impressive number of resources for teachers. For researchers, the website also acts as a gateway to online resources for other Asian American cultural organisations. The website will be of value to any researcher with an interest in the social history of immigrant communities in America. Please note that in early 2009, links to collections are suspended due to restoration of the museum buildings. The website is set to relaunch in Spring 2009.
The Museum of Computing (in Swindon, UK) website includes an introduction to the history and vision of the museum together with recent news items; brief details of exhibitions; a blog; and PDF copies of the Museum of Computing newsletter which includes articles covering all aspects of digital history from handheld electronic games to home computers of the 1980s.
The website of the Museum of East Asian Art in Bath offers users information on the museum's location, gives details of its educational activities and provides textual descriptions of past and current exhibitions. The museum was established in 1993, and holds one of the most impressive selections of jade in the UK and some of the finest bamboo carvings in Europe, as well as ceramics and bronzes from China, Japan, Korea and Southeast Asia. From the main page of the website, users can navigate to sections on planning visits to the museum, and descriptions of its changing main exhibitions. The News section contains press releases on current and past exhibitions, including: propaganda posters from the 1960s and 1970s; trade in silk, spices and ceramics; work by artist Rebecca Yue; and Tibetan Buddhist art. There is also substantial information on the history of the museum, with a short essay on the museum's founder, Brian S McElney. The website also acts as a gateway to other online resources relating to East Asian art through its Links section.
Researchers and teachers may find the Education section of the website of interest: this gives details on the museum's activities with schools and researchers, including access to the dedicated handling collection. More details on permanent exhibits and features on the museum's non-Chinese collections would have been welcome. However, the website seems intended to be used as a companion to a visit to the museum rather than as a replacement for it.
This is the website of the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, New Zealand's national museum, which collects and exhibits on all aspects of New Zealand's environment, history, culture and people. The site is very slick, with Flash movies and excellent graphics. It is easy to navigate and contains a wealth of information on collections, visiting, learning and events. Amongst the highlights for the online user are the searchable Te Papa's Picture Library, containing some 800,000 images of pictures and artefacts in the museum, and the multimedia database Tai Awatea Knowledge Net, which showcases selected artefacts from the museum and discusses their backgrounds. The website includes information on collection care and access, a history of the collections, details about the different collections, which include photography, art and visual culture, and information on the museum's research projects. Accessible in either English or Maori, this is an impressive website, which provides an interesting path to New Zealand's history.
The website of the "Museum of occupations" provides information in English and Estonian on the occupations suffered by the Estonian lands between 1940-1991. The aims of the museum are to commemorate those who perished or suffered during the mass represssions, to carry out research on the period, and to examine the lives of Estonians, Russians, Germans, Jews, Swedes, and other minorities who were victims of the totalitarian regime. The museum co-operates with other organisations on an international level and is funded by the Kistler-Ritso Foundation. The website is of interest to those studying occupation as a subject, the Cold War, Estonian or Baltic Studies, and the USSR. It is also of use to those studying the Second World War. Photographs and filmed documentaries are a compellingly rich aspect of this site which offer an insight into the individuals concerned. The site is easy to navigate and provides information on: the foundation of the museum; its activities; publications; photographs; and useful links to other pertinent sites. There is also an extremely good section on the register of victims of repression which is currently being compiled. It asks for contributions and could be useful for those engaged in researching personal genealogy.
The official website of the museum of Oriental Ceramics of Osaka, Japan, includes an illustrated catalogue of its collections (under "collection" in the English version). Among the ceramics are examples of Chinese (Han-Tang; Song-Yuan; and Ming dynasties); Japanese; Vietnamese; and Korean (Silla; Koryo; and Choson dynasties) ceramics. The catalogue can be browsed clicking on a vertical bar with pictures of the artefacts. For each object there is a page usually containing two pictures; a short description; inventory number; height of the artefact; and dynasty. The Japanese version also includes Quicktime VR 3D renditions of selected vessels. This website may be useful to advanced students and researchers already familiar with ancient Asian ceramics.
This website is written by a professional historian and is published as part of the Science Museum of Minnesota website. The Museum of Questionable Medical Devices Online features a mixture of primary and secondary resources on quack medicine and its practitioners in the United States. On the site readers can browse through several examples of quack devices, including devices for bloodletting and breast enlargement. Elsewhere users can access advertisements and magazine covers related to health and quackery, biographies of well-known U.S. quacks, and a digitised copy of Samuel Hopkins Adams book The Great American Fraud, which helped to change food and drug laws.
The Museum of the History of Science, which reopened in 2001 following a three-year refurbishment, effectively serves as a centre for History of Science studies in Oxford, and this website offers several resources likely to be of use to researchers in the history of instruments. A fully searchable collections database is currently in development, providing catalogue information and, in some cases, photographs of instruments; the Museum’s collection of images, including many portraits of scientists and instrument-makers, is also in the process of being digitised; and the site also hosts a full searchable index for rete, the mailing list for the historical study of scientific instruments. A page of links to other institutions with significant instruments collections is maintained. There is also a collection of well-produced, atmospheric ‘online exhibits’ on diverse themes, including: early-modern Biblical metaphors of knowledge; the application of geometry in warfare; portrait images of the astronomer Tycho Brahe; early photographic processes; and the scientific history of Oxford, which may interest students and general readers. The site also provides general information about the Museum, its library and staff, online copies of its newsletter, Sphæra, and details of its Master’s-level postgraduate course.
The website of the "The museum of the occupation of Latvia 1940-1991" is in both Latvian and English. It tells the story of the occupations of Latvia in the twentieth century until 1991, when the state gained independence from Moscow. Established in 1993, it aims to be both informative and a memorial to those who "perished, who suffered, and who fled the terror of the occupying regimes." There is on online exhibition that takes the user through the first Soviet occupation (June 1940-July 1941), the Nazi occupation (July 1941-May 1945), the second Soviet occupation (1944-August 1991) and finally into a period designated as national reawakening (1987-1991). The site contains the usual details on using the museum, access to its archives, opening hours and its location. In addition there are working papers published online which are frequently updated. At the time of cataloguing, these had a focus on: Latvians in the Armed Forces of Germany in World War II; the Soviet occupation and annexation of Latvia 1939-1940; the Holocaust in German-occupied Latvia; and Soviet mass deportations from Latvia. This is an excellent site for those seeking more information on twentieth century Latvia, and the Second World War, or for students and teachers of history.
The Museum of the Red River, in Idabel, Oklahoma, holds collections of Native American art and artefacts. Its strengths include Caddoan and Choctaw archaeology. The Caddo were a confederation of Indian groups sharing a common language. A distinctive Caddoan culture can be identified from around 900 AD. The Choctaw were later arrivals in Oklahoma, being moved to the state in 1830. A brief history of each culture is provided on the website, along with a gallery of images of some the museum's holdings. The online gallery is rather small, and does not provide much information about the items on display. Information regarding news and events at the museum is also available from the website.
The Web Site "Museum of Wieliczka Salt Mine (Muzeum Żup Krakowskich: Wieliczka) has both Polish and English versions. It provides information about one of Poland's oldest commercial enterprises. The salt mines of Bochnia and Wieliczka in southern Poland date from the first half of the thirteenth century. The Wieliczka mine is set within a pretty castle complex and has been placed on the UNESCO World Cultural and National Heritage List. The site features a gallery of images from the mine, exhibitions, and the castle complex, and a brief history of the mine and the castle. There is a list of publications, details of research currently being carried out and images of the famed collection of salt cellars. The site is of interest to those studying Polish history, or European material culture. The mine has played a large part in its local and often national history and is an extremely popular tourist attraction. The visitor can descend into the mines and see sculptures carved out of salt, as well as the beautiful chapel of St Barbara and an extenisve hall where many events have been held.
This is the online version of the Art Institute of Chicago’s print journal ‘Museum Studies’. The journal “offers readers in-depth explorations of the Art Institute's rich collections, history, and special exhibitions”, and popular issues are made fully available here, with other issues as abstracts. Subjects covered in the available journals include ‘African Americans in Art’ and ‘Mary Reynolds and the Spirit of Surrealism’.
This is the website for Museums and Galleries Month (MGM), which was an event that took place in May of each year, and was organised by the Campaign for Museums on a specific theme. However, the Campaign for Museums has been dissolved, and its activities have been taken over by Culture24 (formerly known as the 24 Hour Museum). The MGM website highlights the events and activities arranged throughout the UK and provides the facility to search for what is happening in a particular area and region of the country. Museums and Galleries Month is a celebration of the fact that "more people go to museums and galleries than go to football matches!" and acts as a good reminder to revisit your favourite gallery or museum and to discover new ones. For those wishing to organise events, a range of information is provided, including a publicity kit.
The Museums of Russia portal contains details of over 3,500 museums within the Russian Federation. The site is almost entirely in Russian with some idiosyncratic English (an English version is planned and under construction). It is a comprehensive starting point for discovering the collections and exhibitions of most Russian museums and galleries, with links to many of them provided. The site includes: a searchable directory of museums and cultural websites; a section which gives you a random selection of links from the database to museum sites, with resource descriptions; information for tourists; news on new exhibitions; and a section where maps of Saint Petersburg and Moscow may be searched for their many museums. There is also a message board, a discussion list, a section with Surround Video clips of museum interiors, and information on CD-ROMs available on Russian cultural heritage. This site can be slow to operate.
Museums Online South Africa (MOSA) is a heritage portal for South African museums and associations dedicated to arts, science and culture. The home page has a quick search facility for finding museums with websites, searched by province. In addition there are unmoderated Q&A pages and forums. There are pages for news from the site and from contributors. Readers can submit details about (South African) museums and associations. Although MOSA is non profit-making, and website listing is free, there is has some charged services to cover its running costs.
This is the website of Museums Sheffield, which incorporates Bishops' House, Millennium Gallery, Graves Gallery and Weston Park. The website covers events and temporary exhibitions at each of the sites. There is also a section looking at the collections in each of the museums and galleries, covering a broad range of artefacts such as metalwork, decorative arts, archaeology, natural history and the social history collection and Ruskin collection. The 'Learning' section of the website has a broad range of resources for teachers, including various teaching packs and flashcards available to download freely as PDF files. The website also has an experts exchange where schools can upload their own projects completed from the museums' guides. The website has information about upcoming events across the four venues and there are details of how to get more involved with Museums Sheffield along with some general information for visitors and a FAQ section.
The Web Site of the "Muzeum archidiecezjalne sztuki religijne w Lublinie (Lublin archdiocesan museum of religious art)" is in Polish. It provides the usual information on the museum's opening hours, collections, and location. The site has details of past and current exhibitions, and includes a brief history of the museum. The museum is famed for its Trinitarian Tower and close links to the Jesuits from the sixteenth century. The site features descriptions of the ongoing preservation of historic buildings and objects and a brief gallery. The site is well illustrated and of interest to those researching Polish ecclesiastical history, or the area of Lublin.
The website Museum of the History of Polish Jews is in both Polish and English. The museum, built in Warsaw, is established by the Association of the Jewish Historical Institute of Poland and led by Jerzy Halbersztadt, the Museum Project Director. Its aims are to break down stereotypes held by Jews and Poles about each other and to contribute to the memory of the Jewish culture that was once such an integral part of Polish life. It provides a brief history of the Jews in Poland and points out the many prominent Jews who can trace their roots to Poland or who were born there. The user can also find information on the newest projects envisaged by the museum, including a huge multimedia exhibition and some information about the Jewish Historical Institute. Plans for the content and architecture of the museum are clearly presented and more information will be added as the project progresses. However there is a wealth of information there already. This site is of great interest to those studying Jewish Studies or Polish Studies.
The Web Site "Muzeum Historyczne m. st. Warszawy (Historical Museum of Warsaw)" provides information on the Polish museum, dedicated to its capital. The site has both an English and Polish version. Located in the centre of the rebuilt Old Town, the museum has managed, despite destruction during the Second World War, to gather an impressive collection of artifacts. There are frequent exhibitions, in particular of art, and the site publishes information about permanent and temporary exhibitions. A good resource for those interested in the history of Warsaw in particular, Polish Studies, or Polish culture.
The Web Site "Muzeum lotnictwa polskiego w Krakowie (Polish Aviation Museum, Cracow)" is in both Polish and English and provides details on its opening hours, collections and location. Situated at the historic site of Rakowice, one of the oldest military airfields in Europe, it was home to a balloon detachment at the end of the nineteenth century, and played a critical role in the First World War, the Polish-Soviet War, and the Second World War. It was used as an active airfield for the last time in 1963. The site is of great interest to military historians and provides some good illustrations of engines, planes, helicopters, gliders and anti-aircraft missiles. The museum is home to many unique aircraft, including the 1916 Russian M. 15 flying boat, a German Albatross B.IIa trainer and the fuselages of World War One German warplanes. The museum also has an excellent and extensive library and photograph archive. The publications of the museum are presented and available for purchase.
The website Muzeum Lubelskie w Lublinie (Lublin Castle Museum) provides information in Polish and English about the historic castle in Lublin. The castle (there has been a castle on the site since the thirteenth century) is famous as the site of a prison from its rebuilding between 1824-1826 until 1954. After that it was renovated and opened as the main museum of Lublin. It is also renowned for the beautiful chapel of the Holy Trinity, one of the most stunning examples of medieval Gothic, with Russian-Byzantine frescoes. It was the location for the signing of the historic Union of Lublin in 1569. The site provides information on the collections, permanent and temporary exhibitions, and educational activities. One of the most moving exhibitions is that of the victims of Soviet repression during and after World War II, who were tortured and incarcerated in the castle. The site also lists a useful bibliography of pertinent publications.
The Web Site "Muzeum Narodowe w Gdańsku (National Museum in Gdańsk)" is in Polish and provides information on the National Museum's department in Gdańsk (the city formerly known as Danzig). There are descriptions of educational programmes run by the museum and themed lectures on topics such as Reformation and Counter-Reformation art in the city, What is Art?, and the culture of Gdańsk. The museum has other departments such as the ethnographic museum, the modern art museum and the art museum, which boast many treasures. As well as information about opening hours there are details of temporary and permanent exhibitions, of interest to those studying Polish Studies.
This is the website of the Muzeum Narodowe w Krakowie (National Museum in Cracow), with up to date versions in Polish, English and German. It is the oldest part of the national museum in Poland. The site introduces to great length the many departments that belong to the museum, such as the section in Sukiennice with the gallery of nineteenth century Polish art, the house of Jan Matejko, the house of Stanisław Wyspiański, and the museum of Karol Szymanowski. The museum boasts over 780,000 items from all periods of Polish history, and has a specialist collection of the iconography of Cracow. As well as the permanent exhibitions, there is also information on current and previous exhibitions. This site is a good introduction to one of the best museums in Poland, which also has an excellent numismatics section. This site is complex and does justice to the richness of the collections, offering good illustrations and samples from the exhibitions and art works. Those interested are encouraged to register and sign up for the free newsletter.
The website Muzeum Narodowe w Poznaniu (National Museum in Poznań) has a Polish and an English version and includes information about the main and sub-departments of the museum of the area of Wielkopolska, Poland. They include: the Gallery of Painting and Sculpture; the Museum of the History of the City of Poznań; the Wielkopolska Military Museum; the Museum of Musical Instruments; the Ethnographic Museum; Rogalin Palace; Gołuchów Castle; and the Adam Mickiewicz Museum. There is a brief history of the museum and its collections, its educational programmes, conservation departments and a link to the Museum's publishing imprint. Details of public services offered and opening hours are also on the site. This is an excellent site for all those interested in Polish material and artistic culture and history, and those studying Polish Studies.
The Web Site of the "Muzeum narodowe w Szczecinie (State museum in Szczecin)" provides information on this Pomeranian regional branch of the state national museum. On the site can be found details of the museum's opening hours, collections, and exhibitions. It maintains a particular focus on the city's German and Polish heritage. There are listings of the sections, but the site would benefit from more illustrations. Most of the information pertains to descriptions of current and previous exhibitions. The museum has four departments, housed in separate buildings consisting of the maritime museum, the city museum, and the gallery of modern art. The presentation of each department is accompanied by highlights of the exhibitions in small JPEG images. The site is of basic interest to those researching Pomeranian, German or Polish history.
The website of the "Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie (National Museum in Warsaw)" has a Polish version and an English summary, introducing the history of the museum and description of its functioning and of temporary exhibtions. The main section of Poland's national museum, located in Warsaw, is home to an excellent collection of Polish and European art, including works by Matejko, Canaletto, and Wyspia?ski. The site provides infomarmation on the museum, its collections and opening hours as well as other departments located elsewhere such as the poster museum in Wilanów, the Paderewski Museum, and the Xsawery Dunikowski sculpture museum. Unusually there are not as many images on the site as the user might expect, instead there are many pages of textual descriptions of the collections in particular galleries. The English translation is not the best, but does not overly hinder the non-Polish speaker. The museum is famed for the rich collection of exhibits from Mesopotamia and Egypt. The eventful history of the museum itself is also recounted on the site, together with details of its publications, archives, calendar of events and educational programmes. An excellent site for those studying Polish studies, curatorship or with a particular interest in art history.
The website Muzeum Pałac w Wilanowie (Wilanów Palace Museum) is in both English and Polish. The palace is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Warsaw, famous for its baroque architecture, elegant gardens, and collections of paintings and furniture. Erected in the late 17th century as the palace of King Jan III Sobieski, it was then inhabited by many of Poland's leading magnatial families such as the Potockis, Czartoryskis, Lubomirskis and Branickis. It was continually refashioned and additions were made. There are details on the opening hours, access, and services offered by the museum. Each section of the museum and room of the castle are described in detail. The multimedia option offers three-dimensional views of some of the most spectacular chambers. Many photographs accompany the section dedicated to education, namely events organised for groups of children.
The Web Site of the Muzeum pierwszych Piastów na Lednicy (The museum of the first Piasts in Lednica) provides information about the museum, its location, holdings, and contact details. The museum is devoted to the era in Polish history that saw the rule of the Piast dynasty, and the findings from this era on the island of Ostrów Lednicki, which include a palatial-sacral architectural complex with baptismal fonts and a church with graves from the period of Mieszko (around 966). The museum displays exhibits from the residences of Mieszko and Bolesław Chrobry. There is also brief information on other parts of the museum, such as a skansen, archaeological reserve, and an ethnographical park. The site features a short history of the museum, its collections, publications, and events. A good basic site for those interested in the history and archaeology of Wielkopolska and Poland.
The website Polish Museum in Rapperswil has Polish, English and German versions. The museum, founded over 130 years ago in Switzerland, played a seminal role in the preservation of Polish culture at many times when Poland's fate has looked uncertain at best. As with many of these sites, the English translation is at times tedious, however the interested user can find out basic details about the museum, such as its history, opening times, exhibitions and library. The library has an impressive collection, including materials from Jan and Jadwiga Nowak-Jezioranski, a collection of Dahlberg's engravings of several Polish towns and battles, and the famous cartography holdings. The site is enlivened by a 3-D virtual tour of the beautiful castle on a lake in which the museum is located, and which also takes in some of the exhibition galleries. A site of most use to those carrying out research on Poland or studying Polish studies.
The website of the Muzeum Regionalne: Pinczów (The Regional Museum of Pinczów) is mainly in Polish, but also has a section in English. The town in the Holy Cross (Swietokrzyz) region of Poland was home to a large Jewish population before the Second World War, but now all that remains is a Renaissance synagogue, in which the first inscription dates from 1608-1609. The site provides information about its opening hours, its location and its holdings. There is a brief sections on the museum holdings which consist of archaeological finds, historical manuscripts, books, maps, stamps, militaria and ethnographic exhibits. The history of the synagogue is in English and it is clear that the building still needs a great deal of repair work done to it. It is presently (within the remit of the building's permission) used for exhibitions. Pinczów had three synagogues and was once considered the Jewish capital of southern Poland, having hosted several Congresses of the Four Regions. An interesting site for those researching or with an interest in Jewish or Polish Studies.
The website of the Muzeum Tatrzańskie w Zakopanem (The Tatra museum in Zakopane) introduces one of the oldest regional museums in Poland. The site is in Polish, English and French. It covers the artistic, literary, ethnographic and scientific achievements of the culture of the Tatra mountains and the regions of Podhale, Spisz and Orawa. The museum is scattered between many different buildings in Zakopane (famed as the winter capital of Poland). The museum also publishes the journal 'Rocznik Podhalański'. The site features a brief history of the museum, named after Dr Tytus Chałubiński, who really placed Zakopane on the map as a resort, which subsequently contributed to a new movement in Polish literature and culture. The site is of great use to those interested in Polish Studies and for those carrying out research, the museum provides information on its location, opening hours, and collections. The museum also provides news and information on the educational projects carried out on various subjects.
The Web Site "Muzeum Zamkowe w Malborku" (Malbork Castle Museum) is presented in Polish, German and English. Malbork (Marienburg) castle is one of the most famous in Europe and was home to and the headquarters of the Teutonic Knights. Building began in the late thirteenth century since then the castle has had a varied fate, returned to Poland, occupied by the Prussians and by Napoleonic troops. The site features a good history of the castle, with illustrations and information about its extensive restorations. The Teutonic Order has been known under varying names and is still extant, its headquarters are currently in Vienna. Between 1309 and 1457 its headquarters were in Malbork. The site also features sections on permanent exhibitions including; the Malbork Amber Collection; rare and old militaria; at sacral and banquet tables; and nineteenth century stained glass windows. News on the symposia and events organised by and at the museum is given up to date. Information about the museum, its location, and opening times is also provided on this site. An online bookstore is also available.
The Web Site "Muzeum, biblioteka, fundacja książąt czartoryskich (Museum, library, and foundation of the Czartoryski princes)" is in Polish. It provides details about one of the best Polish collections of art and literature, located in Cracow, Poland. The Czartoryskis were one of the leading aristocratic families in Poland, and their collections reflect this. The museum is home to the works of Pieter Bruegel the elder, Hans Bol, and most famously, Leonardo da Vinci's Lady with an Ermine. The site provides information about the opening hours, location and access to the museum and library, which have some of the best Polish collections of early modern art and literature. This is a useful site for those carrying out research in Polish Studies.
The Nagoya TV Ukiyo-e Museum has a collection of over 8,000 Japanese woodblock prints known as ukiyoe (pictures of the floating world), and this website presents a virtual exhibition of many representative works from the 17th to 19th centuries. The site can be accessed in English and Japanese, and in various ways, and each image is accompanied by a brief description. The List section categorises the prints into: portrait; landscape; sumo and kabuki; and eccentric characters. The works of individual artists (Hokusai, Hiroshige, Kunisada, Kuniyoshi, Yoshitoshi) can be accessed via the Collection section, but the images here are quite small; much larger versions can be viewed via the List section.
This is the website of the National Army Museum. The museum in Chelsea presents the history of British land forces from the Fifteenth Century to the present day, and the history of Commonwealth land forces up to their respective dates of independence. Online there is an excellent guide to the general history of the Army with summaries of a number of battles and campaigns including: an introduction; the Regimental System; the English Civil War; the War of the Spanish Succession; the American War of Independence; war with France; First World War; Second World War; the Korean War; Aden; the Falklands; and the Gulf War.The museum holds few official records, but provides brief guides to starting points for researching British Army records, researching a soldier’s military career; finding more about soldiers who died during the First and Second World Wars; and how to use the collections of the National Army Museum to conduct research. These guides as well as teaching notes are available by post from the museum, and details are provided online.The National Army Museum's Collections Page offers access to some resources. Currently there is the opportunity to browse oil paintings and the collection of vehicles and artillery, and also search the record descriptions.
The site of the Brukenthal Museum in Sibiu is the gateway to one of the most important art collections in Romania. The museum was established in the last will of Samuel von Brukenthal, governor of Transylvania (1721-1803). The paintings, prints, and decorative art items can be viewed as JPEG images, searchable in a simple catalogue or as links from the respective pages of the site. From the holdings of the Brukenthal Library, a breviary from the early sixteenth century has a digitised version; two other medieval illustrated manuscripts can be viewed partially in small jpeg images. This website also includes the home pages of the Museum of History and the Museum of Natural History in Sibiu, although the holdings and collections of these institutions are only given short descriptions. The Romanian version of the site contains electronic versions of books relevant to or published by the Museum.
The website 'The National Czech and Slovak Museum and Library' is the home page of this institution founded in 1974 in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Holdings focus on Czech and Slovak life in the United States, and are described as specialising in: political and local history, especially for publications between 1875 and 1950; literature and poetry; folk and fine art; music; genealogy; an archives with photos, letters, postcards, antiquarian books, and stamps. There is a Calendar of Events, and previous News Releases. In the 'Publications' section, the journal Slovo is described briefly without further information on tables of contents, number of issues or editorial board and policy. The latest issue of NCSML newsletter, MOST, is published full-text on the site in PDF format. Little information is available about the exhibitions of the museum. A recent flood (2008) has damaged large parts of the archival holdings and artefacts, and the website focuses mostly on stories of the flood and of the subsequent restoration and recovery.
This is the website of the National English Literary Museum (NELM) in Grahamstown, South Africa. The museum aims to promote Southern African literature, and though it focuses on literature written in English, the museum has material relating to a variety of Southern African writers, irrespective of their mother tongue. The NELM home page has links to lists of the collections housed in the museum, research topics and bibliographies, as well as outreach programmes and teaching aids, such the NELM backpack series. NELM backpacks comprise copies of collated biographical material and secondary sources on individual Southern African authors, including J.M. Coetzee, Athol Fugard, Tsitsi Dangaremba, Achmat Dangor, Nadine Gordimer, Njabulo Ndebele, Allan Paton, William Plomer, Richard Rive, Mongane Wally Serote, and Pauline Smith. The collections at NELM are open to the general public, and if contacted by email, staff at the Museum can copy and post material worldwide. NELM is not a profit-making organisation, but the costs of photocopying and postage are covered by the researcher.
The website of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, covers the collection of paintings, prints, and sculptures available in the Gallery, some of which can be viewed online. The site is searchable by artist's name, title keyword, or subject, and there is also an Artist Index. Biographical information available also includes bibliographies, exhibition history, works after the artist, and related subjects. In the Painting Collection categories are Dutch and Flemish 16th - 17th Centuries art. Current temporary and touring exhibitions are listed, some with online guides, as are permanent installations, past exhibitions and virtual exhibitions. Information on the library and archives is provided. There is also access to the Library Catalogue; news releases; online tours; visitor information; and information on Curatorial Records; Gallery Records; and Photographic Archives. PDF versions of information on the collections are available free from the website in French, German, Italian, and Spanish.
Available in English and French, the National Gallery of Canada's website provides an attractive and informative introduction to this important and diverse institution. The Gallery's collections are particularly strong in Canadian, Aboriginal works, national and international contemporary art, and the Gallery also houses an important collection of prints and drawings. Each department has a brief section on the website, giving an overview of the contents of its collection in a broadly chronological order. The accounts are informative and clear, well suited for the prospective visitor. They do not generally include more than two or three illustrations, but the Cybermuse section (for which Flash 6, QuickTime, RealOne, and Adobe Acrobat Reader are required) provides access to over ten thousand images of the Gallery's holdings, which can be searched or browsed as a virtual tour. The remainder of the website includes all that can be demanded from a museum's home page, with an extensive calendar of events; details of forthcoming and past (since 1988, when the museum moved to its current location) exhibitions; online activities for children, teenagers, adults and teachers; a history of the institution; and research facilities including the Gallery's Library and Archives Catalogue. A link is provided to the Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography.
The website National Maritime Museum (NMM) is the homepage of this museum located at Greenwich in London, which collects, preserves, and makes accessible holdings relating to the history of Britain at sea. The museum also includes the Royal Observatory, Greenwich. The Museum's website includes a range of information about the museum, events, visits, exhibitions, and services. Each of the museum's themed galleries has an online page, and the Explore Online section provides access to images of over 9000 objects, including artwork and naval uniforms. The Exhibition highlights some of the most impressive collections of the Museum. A blog is kept updated with the latest additions to the digital collections on the website. The collections websites contain the following subsites: collections online; prints and drawings; archive catalogue; PortCities; Maritime Memorials; the Flinders Papers. Famous holdings of the NMM include Harrison's timekeepers and Nelson's Uniform. Clips from the museum's archive can be seen on Flickr, while each clip has a permanent URL. The collection can be approached from the thematic categories as well: astronomy and time; sea and ships; art and new visions; podcasts; and games and activities. This complex site is an enjoyable exploring experience.
Founded in 1983 and located in Bradford, the National Media Museum, formerly the National Museum of Photography, Film & Television, is part of the National Museum of Science and Industry (NMSI). The museum's extensive collection includes the world's first negative, the world's earliest television footage and what is regarded as the world's first example of moving pictures - Louis Le Prince's 1888 film of Leeds Bridge. In 1999 Imaging Frontiers, an expansion programme funded by the Arts and Heritage Lotteries, the European Community and the private sector, was completed, bringing the museum into the digital age. The website includes information about what is on at the museum and what is happening in the film world. It also includes educational activities, worksheets and notes for the exhibitions organised by educational level in PDF format, as well as online exhibitions, links to related websites, the IMAX cinema (for which the Flash 6 plug-in is required) and the NMSI and its partner museums.
This is the website of the National Museum of African Art, part of the Smithsonian Institution in the United States. The 'exhibitions' area contains text and images to accompany both temporary and permanent museum exhibits. There are also several fully developed online exhibitions to accompany past and present exhibitions and collections. The 'Research and Interpretation' section provides details of tours, outreach and resources, including the Library and the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives and the Conservation Department. An 'explore the collections' feature contains information and images about the museums' collections, ranging from ceramics, textiles, furniture and tools to masks, figures and musical instruments and covering painting, printmaking, sculpture and other media works from the ancient to the contemporary. It also covers the Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives. Radio Africa can be listened to online and plays music from the collections of Smithsonian Global Sound, there are also podcasts that can be downloaded from the website. Additional content includes visitor information, a calender of events and interactive games and activities.
The National Museum of Civil War Medicine website provides general information on the Museum, together with a brief overview of the various aspects of medicine practised during the American Civil War (1861-5) and select bibliographies for further reading and research on the subject. It offers a useful starting point for researchers in Civil War history and the history of medicine. The National Museum of Civil War Medicine, located in Frederick,Maryland, is an independent corporation which collects, exhibits and preserves medical artifacts, manuscripts, books, documents and other materials related to the Civil War. It is the national centre for study and research of American Civil War medicine. The website features an exhibits section, which provides a short guide to the exhibits housed at the museum accompanied by images of featured objects and reconstructed scenes of camp life, evacuation, field hospital, etc. The research section provides suggestions for further reading on nurses and women, diseases and drugs, hospitals and prisons, surgeons, soldiers, medical definitions and medical equipment and information on records held at the National Archives in Washington. It also gives details for researchers wishing to use its library. The site also features an online shop and details on opening hours, location, events and news.
The National Museum of Ethnology (Minpaku) is both a research institute and a public museum, based in Osaka. It carries out anthropological research worldwide, but particularly in Asia, and promotes these activities to academics and the public via symposiums, exhibitions and lectures. Its website has English and Japanese versions. The former includes: basic information on its involvement in postgraduate education; symposiums; the Japan Center for Area Studies (based at the Museum); and practical details of the Museum's location and opening hours. Researchers, particularly those carrying out comparative research on Japan and other cultures, will find the Japanese version more valuable because of the level of detail provided. For example, there is information on specific research projects and researchers, as well as contents lists of the journal 'Senri Ethnological Studies' and the Museum's research reports. Access to its library catalogue is also available via the Japanese version. The English version briefly describes the regional and thematic permanent exhibitions and the current special exhibitions. It also includes the schedule of lectures for Minpaku associates and the general public.
The website of "The National Museum of History, Sofia" is in Bulgarian and English and provides information on over 650,000 exhibits in its holdings, making it one of the largest history museums on or in the Balkans. Access details, opening hours, and contact information are all available and there is a very useful events calendar, for those planning to visit the musuem. The online tour takes the user round a selection of exhibits but requires flash player. This tour enables the user to see treasures such as the mitre of the Ochrid archbishops, dating from the late seventeenth century, icons, and wonderful pieces of art wrought in gold and jewel-encrusted. The museum traces many periods of Bulgarian history including: prehistoric cultures; Ancient Thrace; the Roman Empire; the Byzantine Empire; the Bulgarian Kingdoms; Ottoman rule; and modern Bulgarian history. The site also introduces the branches of the museum, including the famous Boyana church and numerous other medieval churches around the country. This is a wonderfully rich site for anyone interested in Balkan, Bulgarian and European history.
The website of the National Museum of Japanese History (Kokuritsu Rekishi Minzoku Hakubutsukan) in Sakura city is available in English and (much more comprehensive) Japanese versions. Probably the most interesting section in the former is Exhibitions, which, as well as providing information on current and forthcoming temporary exhibitions, has many images of the items from permanent exhibits and past exhibitions. These are organised into the broad themes of: geographic conditions; ancient to pre-modern history; folklife; and modern times. A useful feature is the Japanese Chronological Table, which sets out important historical events and activities. The section titled 'Rekihaku' gives (in English) tables of contents and online sample articles from the museum's Japanese-language bimonthly journal of that name. Profiles of the museum's researchers, including publications lists, are provided, as well as practical information on opening hours and museum layout. The most important additional feature of the Japanese version is access to the extensive museum databases, which provide thousands of records and images of artefacts. The Japanese version also has detailed sections on the museum's publications and research activities, including its graduate school. Links to the websites of other national museums and humanities research institutes appear in both versions.
The website of the National Museum of Women in the Arts provides details on the museum that is based in Washington, DC. The museum was incorporated in 1981, and is now housed in a former Masonic temple. Home to over 3,000 works, it is a library and research centre as well. The collections begin with the sixteenth century and continue up to the present. Each epoque is accompanied by a brief account of the various factors that affected female artists at the time. Images from the museum's permanent collection are browsable by historical period and there is information about a selection of artists from each period. The holdings include work by artists such as: Elisabetta Sirani; Lavinia Fontana; Angelica Kauffman; Camille Claudel; Georgia O'Keeffe; and Frida Kahlo. This stunning collection also features the work of female silversmiths, embroiderers and photographers. The site publishes information on forthcoming and past exhibitions, and the museum's admission charges, opening times and location. Of great use to researchers is the research centre and library with its extensive holdings of artists' books, archives on women artists and over 18,500 resources.
The website of 2National Museums Liverpool2 is collective, featuring eight first-class museums in Liverpool: Liverpool Museum; Walker Art Gallery; Lady Lever Art Gallery; Sudley House; Merseyside Maritime Museum; Conservation Centre; HM Customs & Excise National Museum; and the Museum of Liverpool Life. Established as National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside in 1986, as one of the twelve national museums in England and Wales, the organisation changed its name to National Museums Liverpool in April 2003. The website is easy to navigate and provides information for teachers planning school trips to the various establishments. It also serves as a good introduction to and preview of the museums, providing links to the websites of each of them. There is information about forthcoming events taking place in the galleries and museums, and special features on current exhibits. The newsroom section keeps the user up to date with local news and events. The site is very user-friendly and colourful, providing practical details and serving as a showcase of chosen exhibits. The National Museums Liverpool is supported by annual grant-in-aid by the Government through the Department of Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS).
This is the website of the National Museums of Scotland. The site acts as a hub from which the individual museums may be accessed as well as providing services and information common to all of the national museums. These include news on forthcoming events, competitions, exhibitions, and special educational programmes, as well as information about the collections for researchers. The individual museums that constitute the whole are: The Royal Museum; the Museum of Scotland; the Museum of Flight; the Museum of Scottish Country Life; the Museum of Costume; the National War Museum; and the Museum of Piping. The site also contains an online gift shop. This site provides a good guide to what is presented in each of the museums as well as giving their contact and opening details. It does not however contain much primary material in itself.
This is the website of the National Portrait Gallery in London. The Gallery's aim is to collect images of famous British people, and a database of enlargeable images from the Gallery's collection is available on the website. At time of review, the database had details of over 102,000 portraits from the Gallery's collections, almost 54,000 of which were accompanied by images of the works. The database can be searched or browsed by sitter or artist. The website also has general information about the gallery and its history. Details of touring and forthcoming exhibitions are listed, along with essays on present temporary exhibitions and information about all exhibitions from 2000 to the present day. The site provides details of lectures, events, publications, educational programmes, and the Heinz archive and library.
The website of the United Kingdom's National Railway Museum in York provides access details, corporate information, special exhibitions, and details of many of the exhibits and features of the museum itself.The site includes: information and details of the photographic archive held at the museum; collections of railway posters, many of which can be viewed in an online exhibition; a gallery of the work of railway photographer Eric Treacy; another gallery devoted to the work of the illustrator John Cooke Bourne; and an 'exhiblet' on the Japanese 'bullet train', the Shinkansen. There are fact files for many of the locomotive engines held by the museum, from Robert Stephenson's 'Rocket' onwards. Photographs showing the interior of the Museum give potential visitors a taste of what to expect. There are lists of the engines and rolling stock housed in the collections. Whilst designed more for the general public than historians, this site provides a colourful general introduction to British railway history, and useful information as to the museum's holdings.
The National Steinbeck Center is a museum and visitor centre devoted to the American novelist, best known for his novels "The Grapes of Wrath" and "Of Mice and Men". The centre is located in the Salinas Valley, California, where Steinbeck was born and where much of his writing is situated. It boasts the largest collection of Steinbeck archives in the United States and seeks to provide a world-class facility for scholarship. The centre's website does not provide access to the materials held therein, but rather concentrates on publicising exhibitions and holdings of interest to the more general public. It promotes the Steinbeck festival, canvasses submissions from artists and writers for forthcoming exhibitions and events, and describes its education programme. There is also a brief biography of the author, together with short sections on the films of his novels and awards and honours given to Steinbeck.
The Natural History Museum in London houses the most important collection of fossils in the country. This has the links to lots of quality sites with information on natural history, zoos and botanical gardens around the world. Apart from news about museum activities and exhibits, the site now has a superb natural history portal. A range of online exhibits and features are available, including: details of galleries (including earth sciences), with floor plans and some videos; interactive online exhibits (including eclipses, UK geology Earthlab datasite; the cosmic football (meteorites)); educational materials for all ages; and details of the museum's research. The museum is concerned with research into the life sciences and earth sciences, and sections of the website deal with each. In total, over 70 million specimens are held in the museum's collections. The site includes a searchable database of images and information about the animal, plant, and mineral specimens catalogued by the museum. As one would imagine, not all holdings have yet been recorded for digital access. The museum's library catalogue is available online. About 800 pre-1989 holdings have been converted to electronic form. The library owns around 800,000 books including many early works on botany, a huge collection of watercolours, and many maps (especially geological maps). The site is attractively presented and contains sections of interest to all age groups.
This is the interesting and colourful website of the Natuurhistorisch Museum Maastricht, one of the largest natural history museums in the Netherlands. The website won "Best Innovative or Experimental Application" in the Museums and the Web 2002 : best of the Web awards (judged by a panel of museum professionals to recognize excellence in heritage website design). The numerous and stunning animations (requiring Flash) provide a context for the museum's collection relating to the geology, palaeontology, flora and fauna of southern Limburg and environs.
The website 'NCCL Galleries of Justice' offers an introduction to the National Centre for Citizenship and Law Galleries of Justice in Nottingham. The NCCL Galleries of Justice is a museum project which collects material from the HM prison service museums and makes use of the heritage of the Shire Hall in Nottingham (former court of justice and prison) and of the police station in Lace Market. The NCCL Galleries of Justices is a registered charity aiming at reducing crime among young people, and their centre has a generous presentation on the site. The web presentation of the museum itself is aimed at encouraging family visits and school parties. The site has four sections: Visitor attractions; Conference and events; Crime reduction; and Learning and access. Each of them contains material and information about the offerings of this museum, the history of the Galleries of Justices and of administration of justice at the Shire Hall in Nottingham. Resources for teachers and students are partially still under construction. The visitor attractions feature a crime and punishment tour and ghost tours.
This website documents the New Forest Pavilion, an ‘official collateral event’ at 52nd Venice Biennale in 2007. The Pavilion, hosted in a Venetian palazzo, brought together six international artists concerned with “the experience of transformation, modification and change”. The pavilion was also intended as a showcase of the work of ArtSway, a gallery in a rural location in England’s New Forest. The website includes biographies of the artists and images of the pavilion’s installation.
This is the website of the New Museum, which, founded in 1977, is New York City's "only museum devoted exclusively to contemporary art". The museum features solo exhibitions and landmark group shows that define key moments in the development of contemporary art, reflect the global nature of art today, and span a vast array of cultural activities and media. Their website provides information about the Museum, including news, a program of events, and ongoing education initiatives. There is information on current, past and upcoming exhibitions. The past exhibitions information is organised by year and dates back to 1977. All exhibitions have accompanying text on the website, and all current and some recent exhibitions also feature a slide show with selected images of the featured works.
This is the website for the Nezu Institute of Fine Arts in Tokyo, which holds over 7,000 Japanese and Chinese works of art from various periods: paintings; calligraphy; ceramics; scrolls; textiles; folding screens; lacquerware; sculpture; Buddhist and Shinto art; and other objects. The English version of the site gives information about the museum's history, opening hours and admission. The Japanese version is more comprehensive, including details of programmes from previous exhibitions for sale in the museum shop. An overview of the collection was under construction in both versions of the site at the time of reviewing this record.
The Web Site Nicolai Copernici Musaeum Fromborcense is the home page of the Copernicus Museum in Frombork and is available in French, Polish, English, German and Russian. The site provides information on the museum, the life of Copernicus and on the city of Frombork. There is also information on permanent exhibitions, with a few illustrations of the exhibits and local stained glass. There is a detailed timeline of the great scientist's life and of the writing of De Revolutionibus, and a good collection of portraits, as well as a Jan Matejko painting from the nineteenth century. The museum also consists of the Hospital of the Holy Ghost, the Cathedral Hill, and the Planetarium and Observatory.
This is the website of the Nihon Mingeikan, the Japan Folk Crafts Museum in Tokyo, available in largely parallel English and Japanese versions. The collection has around 17,000 folk art items, including: ceramics; textiles; paintings; lacquerware; woodwork; bamboo work; metalwork; glassware; and stone work. Images of many of the items can be seen in the Gallery section of the site. The works are mainly from Japan, but some come from other countries, and there is a room devoted to works from the Korean Yi dynasty period.
The About section includes: an outline of the history of the Museum and the mingei (folk arts) movement; profiles of the Museum's founder, Yanagi Soetsu (Muneyoshi), and of other early members of the mingei movement; and two of Yanagi's essays. Temporary exhibitions and events appear in another section.
The website Norway's Resistance Museum is published by the Norwegian Ministry of Defence and is in German, English and Norwegian. The site, split into sections on the exhibition and the museum, provides information about the history, location and opening hours of the museum in the Akershus Castle, Oslo. The location was chosen because it adjoins the spot where, during the Second World War Norwegian patriots were executed by the Germans. It is now the site of a memorial. The aim of the museum is to collect items and printed matter, which will preserve the memory of the occupation and give a true insight of the horrors of that period. The page entitled exhibition is divided into over 40 sections of text describing the relevant exhibits. It ranges from newspapers reporting the invasion of Poland, to prisons and concentration camps in Norway, such as Grini, Berg, Osen and Ulven. The site is of interest to those studying World War Two, or Scandinavian Studies.
This is the homepage of the Nova Scotia Museum (NSM), which was established in 1868 and is one of the oldest provincial museums in Canada. The NSM's site also hosts over 25 other museums in the province. There is an annotated list of links to all constituent museums and a second general list of archives and museums. The site gives details on the NSM's funding competitions for research grants and educational services for schools. It also hosts major subsites on archaeology in the province; natural sciences; protected heritage sites; and posts information on collection conservation policy. The site lists the NSM's publications, with prices and details for ordering them. These include Curatorial Reports with preliminary results from research on NSM collections or from research carried out under NSM programmes. One Curatorial Report on the history of the use of Gaelic in the province can be downloaded directly. Site visitors should note that the site has a French component, but there is no full parallel French site. The site has its own search engine and should prove useful as a starting point for researchers. It will also be of interest to tourists and other members of the general public. Teachers will possibly find it of greatest use, however, for its courseware and online teaching suggestions.
The National Cryptologic Museum holds a large collection of machines, books, and other artefacts relating to cryptography and code-breaking. Situated in Maryland, USA, the Museum is dedicated to 'the exploitation of enemy cryptology and the protection of American communications'. Exhibits include German Enigma machines used in the Second World War, a cipher-wheel that may or may not have been connected with Thomas Jefferson, early computers, and a collection of rare books. There are also several special exhibitions described and illustrated at the website. The site provides an interesting overview of some of the technologies used in the intelligence industry.
This is the website of the Old Operating Theatre Museum and Herb Garret, a London museum that explores the history of medicine, surgery and herbal medicine at St Thomas Hospital. On the site there are several online exhibitions tracing the history of the hospital from its medieval foundations, through the Reformation and Age of Enlightenment, to the nineteenth century. There are also panoramic tours of the operating theatre, which is the oldest one in Britain, the herb garret, and St Thomas Street. In addition to this the site provides information about the museum, such as opening hours, bookings and events.
The website of the Old State House Museum in Arkansas is a fascinating online repository of resources on the history of this U.S. state. The site contains general information on the museum, like visitor information, events listings and the history of the building, as well as many online exhibitions. In both the collections and exhibits sections of the website users can access online resources looking at many different aspects of Arkansas history, political, social and cultural. Included are photographs of Dust Bowl migrants in the Depression, African-American quilts, slave narratives, costume, civil war flags, and biographies of Arkansas's Governors.
The award-winning OLogy website is a colourful kid-oriented interpretation of the wonders of the American Museum of Natural History. As the name suggests, "ology" denoting a field of study, and the site itself states, "an OLogist is anyone who follows their curiosity about something and keeps at it until they get answers. And then they have a hundred new questions!" This website uses this sentiment as its mission. Produced in collaboration with NASA, this site allows kids to enjoy an online experience that ought to just make them beg to visit the Museum in New York, or natural history exhibits closer to home. Humanities related subjects that the site touches on are the history of science ("Way to Go Einstein!") and some anthropology/archaeology. However, this is best viewed as an example of best practice to show you how to engage schoolchildren's interest in your online service. As such, among the many accolades garnered by OLogy (circa 2002-2004, are Best Website for Kids (Webby Awards), and Best Museum Web Site Supporting Educational Use (Museums and the Web conference).
The website of Durham University's Oriental Museum provides access information and details of the museum's holdings. The museum holds collections from ancient Egypt through to twentieth-century China. The website includes pages on Egypt, the Near East, South Asia, Korea and Southeast Asia, Tibet, China, and Japan. Most of these pages simply give brief details of the scope and format of the holdings, although the website does also include special online exhibitions. There is a 'virtual tour' of some of the Chinese artefacts, each of which is illustrated by a large photographic image and accompanying explanatory text. There is also a small picture gallery of twentieth-century Chinese paintings and drawings. A 'news' section describes current and forthcoming special exhibitions as well as talks, crafts activities, and story-telling performances at the museum. Details of the museum's location, opening hours, and group access restrictions are also provided.
The official Polish website of the "State Museum at Majdanek" has Polish and English which vary slightly in content. Majdanek, the second largest Nazi camp of its kind in Europe, was located on the edge of the Eastern Polish city of Lublin and the site is still preserved. The State Museum was established in the autumn of 1944, in the wake of the German retreat. The site provides information on the museum and its role in education, research and preservation on an international level. The well-illustrated site presents a brief history of the concentration/death camp, where it is estimated that over 230, 000 people met their deaths. There is also vital information about the nature of extant archival records, which include documents pertaining to: the Polish Red Cross; Action Reinhard; prisoners' memoirs and recollections; the construction of the camp; and correspondence relating to the looting of prisoners' property. The extensive collection of exhibits held by the museum numbers nearly 300,000. Information about the educational programmes, galleries, and events held at the site is also provided, as well as details of the opening hours.
The Web Site of the "Państwowe muzeum etnograficzne w Warszawie (State ethnographic museum in Warsaw)" is in Polish. Founded in 1888, it is one of the oldest museums in Poland, and boasts over 74,000 items in its collections. The site provides information on the museum's opening hours, its collections and holdings, and its permanent and temporary exhibitions. Although it is famous for its collections of Polish folk art, folk costumes, and craft instruments, it also has a good collection of foreign exhibits. From weapons of non-Europeans to its Latin American exhibition - the museum is a wonderful source of folk and ethnographic art.The presentation of each gallery has a number of small photographs as illustrations but they cannot be viewed as large images. The site introduces in brief description the archive and the library of the museum, where photographs, artifacts, rare books and reference literature can be consulted.
The Pacific Asia Museum is a small museum with excellent collections in Pasadena, California. Its website offers both information on the museum's programmes and free online access to its collections. Of particular interest are three special online exhibits (found in the Digital Lounge section of the resource): an award-winning study of Buddhist iconography; a very thorough teaching sequence on Chinese ceramics; and an exploration of animals in Japanese paintings and prints. The Buddhist iconography exhibit ("Visions of Enlightenment") requires Flash 6 or higher. It skilfully combines an introduction to Buddhist art with key points from the history and doctrines of Buddhism. There are games to play along the way (the "fact or fiction" boxes in the lower left) and teaching resources for educators who want to draw on the site as part of their course planning. The online exhibit on Chinese ceramics places more emphasis on the historical and economic context of the porcelain trade but is equally well thought out and also offers tools and tips for the teachers. The online exhibition of animals, real and mythological, in Japanese paintings and prints also requires Flash 6 or higher; it includes a glossary, games and a timeline outlining key events of the Edo period. Recently added is an online exhibit on dress in Imperial China. All the exhibits are pitched at advanced secondary or first year university students and use a combination of genuinely intriguing information and dry humour to carry the reader through the entire sequence of pages.
The Pacific Pathways website was created by the Pitt Rivers Museum and Academic Computing Development Team at the University of Oxford, with funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board. The idea behind Pacific Pathways is to provide routes to items held in the Forster Collection at the Pitt Rivers Museum. All of the items are connected to the history of New Zealand and the South Sea Islands, with the pathways concentrating on society and culture. These pathways have been commissioned from anthropologists, museum curators, art historians and artists. Amongst the topics covered are clothing, mourning dress, barkcloth, musical instruments, household objects and Mai, the first South Sea Islander to come to Britain.
This is the website for the lavish Palace of Pavlovsk, near St. Petersburg, Russia. The palace was constructed in the late eighteenth century as a residence for Tsar Paul I, son of Catherine II. Work on the palace was undertaken by several of the finest architects of the day, including Charles Cameron, Vincenzo Brenna, Giacomo Quarenghi, Andrei Voronikhin and Carlo Rossi. The landscaped gardens, designed by Pietro Gonzaga, are also notable. The website provides a short history of the palace and its inhabitants along with visitor details and images of the building, the artworks it houses, and the gardens. There are photographs of each of the major rooms in the palace, some of which may also be viewed as a QuickTime panorama. The site also gives details of the continued restoration work being undertaken.
The website of the Peabody Essex Museum provides users with information about current, previous and upcoming exhibitions at the Museum. The collections include Maritime Art and History in addition to Photography (containing many maritime images), and Arts of the Pacific Islands. Details of the collections are included on the site. Specific exhibits are breathtaking: there is a complete Qing dynasty house to explore ('Yin Yu Tang House'). The house is situated in its geographic, cultural and historical context, and the viewer is able to examine every detail of the architecture, living patterns, artwork, furnishings and so forth. Even with such a delightful showcase, the real zing lies within the Artscape engine. Here a viewer can study images from dozens of exhibits, building a bookmark list as they go. ARTscape includes photos and descriptions of objects from the collection plus "definitions, book excerpts, quotations, video clips and audio clips". The Peabody is a museum of art, architecture and culture located in Salem, Massachusetts and founded in 1799. The site contains information about PEM's collections of American decorative arts; its Asian, Indian, Oceanic, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, African and Native American art; plus Asian export art, early American architecture, maritime art, rare books and manuscripts and photography. Images of many items from the collections are provided, covering, for example, textiles, furniture, paintings and crafts and the site also provides details and online presentations on current and past exhibitions held at the museum. The museum's holdings are strongest in the Asia-Pacific region, especially East Asia, and the opportunities for comparative or historical work with this tool are staggering.
The Maritime Art and History Collection features the work of Fitz Hugh Lane, Robert Salmon, and James Buttersworth. It is possible to search an image library of 80 items by artist or by subject. Examples of navigational instruments, scrimshaw and folk art are also included on the site. The site also includes: an outline of the holdings of the Phillips Library; a programme of events; visitor information; and press releases. This site was nominated in the competition for Best Museum Professional's Site in 'Museums and the Web 2004: Best of the Web'.
Penlee House Gallery and Museum was established in 1839. The site includes: collections information; a history of the house; the artistic history of West Cornwall; a calendar of exhibitions; educational services; and links to related local sites. Artists whose work is included in the collections are William Brooks, John Miller, Stanhope Alexander Forbes (painted the fishing harbour of Newlyn) and Dame Laura Knight (known for her coastal scenes), while several other artists have painted local seascapes or views from the fishing industry. Brief biographical information on some of the artists is available on the site. Penlee House also has a large collection of photographs.
The People's History Museum is the national centre for the collection, conservation, interpretation, and study of material relating to the history of working people in Britain. On this website users can access information about the museum and its collections. Amongst the resources available is the Labour History Archive and Study Centre (LHASC), which holds records for working class political organisations from the Chartists to New Labour, and which is managed by the John Rylands University Library of Manchester. The most useful section of the website is the searchable database of the museum's collections. This enables access to a wide range of material, including individual objects as well as special collections, and it combines a good number of digitised materials accompanied with explanatory text. The museum has received funding from the AHRC. Users should note that the LHASC has closed until the end of 2009 in order to relocate. The site provides updates on these arrangements.
This is the website for Philip Mould art dealers. The gallery is dedicated entirely to the British face from Elizabethan times to the present day. The site includes links to current illustrated lists of artists and sitters with criticism of the work, and a Categories list of portraits, including Naval & Military. The gallery also provides research and scholarship services.
Urbino University's Physics Laboratory and Museum of Scientific Instruments holds several collections containing over a thousand objects in total. The museum is open to the public, with access details available from the website. The site presents a history of physics in Urbino from the fifteenth to nineteenth centuries, and a history of the collections held at the museum, which began at the beginning of the nineteenth century. Many of the instruments are pictured online, with catalogue details and notes provided in English and Italian. The instruments are grouped according to their field of application. Some of them may be viewed in '3-D', the user being able to rotate the view of the instrument through 360 degrees. The website also features a list of the laboratory's publications, links to online resources about scientific instruments and the history of science, and a guide to online museums and exhibitions around the world. The guide presents the user with a map of the world, which links to a list of resources geographically located in the selected continent.
The Physics Museum of the University of Coimbra in Portugal houses a collection of scientific and didactic instruments from the 18th and 19th centuries. They consist of rare instruments used in the Physics Cabinet of the University of Coimbra since its origin in 1772. Many of the instruments have considerable artistic as well as historic value. This website includes the ability to browse the online catalogue and view 150 instruments through pictures, schemes, texts and animations. There is a Virtual Museum that contains a set of Virtual Reality films enabling visitors to pan around the Museum exhibition rooms and to virtually interact with selected Museum instruments. There is a Digital Library on the History of Physics under development on the site to put 18th century books online. The first work available is Pierre van Mussenbroek's 'Cours de Physique Experimentale et Mathematique' in 3 volumes. This site has been 'under development' for some time. It may be viewed in Portugese or English.
The Web Site "The Polish Museum of America" provides information about the museum, its location, opening hours, history, and collections. There is information on events and exhibitions held at the museum as well as photographs. Of most use to the student of Polish language, history, culture or literature are the details on the library and archival collections. The library holdings are in excess of 40,000 volumes and include a large bilingual collection, and much material on World War II, as well as a large collection of the Parisian journal "Kultura". The archives, however, feature excellent holdings, including materials on and by: Tadeusz Kościuszko; Ignacy Jan Paderewski; Helena Modrzewska; and Tymon Terlecki. There is a good collection of historical maps and atlases from the fifteenth century as well as rare books from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The museum is also a good place to carry out genealogical research or research on American-Polish matters.
The Portsmouth Historic Dockyard encompasses six visitor attractions at the Portsmouth Dockyard. On their website details are provided about each of these which are: the 'Mary Rose' the Tudor warship which had thousands of items on board when she sank; HMS 'Victory' the oldest warship in the world in continuous commission and the most famous of all sailing warships; HMS 'Warrior' built in 1860, she was essentially the world's first iron battleship and the largest, fastest, most heavily armed, warship ever built; the Royal Naval Museum containing a rich collection of artefacts including ship models, figureheads, swords, uniforms and medals; warships by water, a 40 minute boat tour of the modern Naval Base; the Dockyard Apprentice, a hands on exhibition displaying the skills used in building the great Dreadnought class battleships; and Action Stations, with displays about the Navy today. Included is visitor information such as admission charges and special events.
The website of the "Muzeum archaeologiczne w Poznaniu (Poznań archaeological museum)" focuses on prehistoric and medieval archaeology of Wielkopolska (Greater Poland) and the prehistoric archaeology of Egypt and the Sudan. The website provides information on the museum's opening hours; location; history and collections; publications; conferences; research projects in which museum staff participates and a list of archaeologists working at the museum. Section "The Górka Palace - the seat of the Museum" contains an historical video entitled "Restoration of the Górka Palace (1960-1966)" by Zygfryd Ratajczak; unfortunately the video appears inverted like seen in a mirror. Permanent exhibitions include: the prehistory of Wielkopolska; death and life in Ancient Egypt; and the granite obelisk of Ramesses II. A section also contains short articles and some photographs about previous temporary exhibitions. There are also working sample versions of computer programs related to heritage management. Section "Archaeological field research" contains illustrated papers (some available only in Polish) on the field researched carried out by museum staff around Poznań (mostly medieval archaeology) and in Africa. There is the report (in PDF format; maps and photographs in separate pages) of the 1981 mission at Tassili-n-Ajjer in Algeria; and photographs of other African projects, unfortunately most without captions or accompanying text. Prehistoric rock art appears to be an important research theme, with interesting discoveries at Tassili-n-Ajjer (Algeria) and Dakhleh Oasis (Egypt). This website is a valuable resource for both the archaeology of Poland and Egypt that may be useful primarily to interested researchers, who should check periodically the illustrated articles in the "news" section.
This is the website of Puke Ariki, a museum, library and heritage visitor centre for Taranaki. The site provides information about this 'knowledge centre' that houses a full public library, museum and visitor information centre, and provides digital access to some of the resources on New Zealand history available there. The site also contains comprehensive information about the centre itself and its facilities, resources and exhibitions. The main focus of the online content is the Taranaki Stories that provide biographies and oral histories of important historical individuals. These are divided into a variety of topics, including leading women, immigration, farming and conflict. There are also a few online exhibitions, immigration passenger lists and historical photographs.
The informative and well-presented website of the Queensland Museum in Australia provides an overview of the museum's operations, and some online exhibitions. The featured exhibitions include: 'Queensland stories', which relates the histories of some of the Pacific settlers who came to Australia to alleviate the early labour shortages; 'The Queensland House', which details the architecture, gardens, and furnishings of the several styles of housing built in the state; 'Pandora', which describes the wreck of the HMS Pandora, the ship that was sent to recover the HMS Bounty after the infamous mutiny; 'Women of the West', about the roles of pre-twentieth-century pioneering and aboriginal women in Queensland; and 'Portraits of our Elders', which consists of old photographs of Aborigines. The museum website also includes pages on the natural history of Queensland, providing information on the snakes, frogs, spiders, dinosaurs, and other dangerous animals that add to the excitement of Australian living. A section on endangered species discusses biodiversity and ecological change.
This is the website of Amsterdam's Rijksmuseum, the largest museum of art and history in the Netherlands. Best known for its collection based around the paintings of the 17th Century Dutch Republic, the Golden Age of Dutch masters (including 20 Rembrandts), the museum also houses art from the Middle Ages and from the 18th and 19th centuries. In addition are collections of sculpture; costume and textiles; furniture and interiors; prints, drawings and photos; and objects from countries such as Indonesia, China, Japan and India. The Museum also has a maritime models room which contains a 19th Century collection of around 1,600 objects, all related to Dutch navigation and shipbuilding. The government department for maritime affairs founded the collection in 1817. Space was reserved for historical ship models, paintings and trophies from the Admiralties. The site offers a facility to search the collection online, providing images, texts, photos, video and animation museum's top exhibits. This information can be accessed by browse lists of artists' names, artistic themes or encyclopaedic terms. Other information provided by the site includes details of future, current and past exhibitions; a calendar of events at the museum; details about the museum library and access to the online library catalogue; information about museum educational activities and products; and information about conservation and restoration at the museum.
The website for the Roald Dahl Museum and Story Centre describes the activities organised by the Centre and allows access to the searchable catalogue of archives held there. Roald Dahl (1916-1990) was one of the greatest children's writers of the 20th century, his works including classics such as: Charlie and the Chocolate Factory; James and the Giant Peach; The Witches; and The BFG (Big Friendly Giant). The Centre, which is based in the village of Missenden, Buckinghamshire, offers: family and school activities; exhibitions; and storytelling workshops. For a more scholarly audience, they host Roald Dahl's extensive archive of: manuscripts; letters; and photographs. The archive database may be searched online, returning both collection-level and individual item details. A handful of items have been digitised and may be viewed at the site. These include some the letters Dahl wrote when he was at school (1925-1934), and early drafts of Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (viewable in PDF format). The site also provides press releases, along with several photographs of Roald Dahl, his family, and the Centre itself. This is a well-designed website that should be of use to scholars researching Dahl and 20th-century children's literature.
This is the website of the Belgian Royal Museum of the Army and Military History (KLM-MRA), in Brussels. Here are preserved the military history of the country since the Middle Ages, including the Austrian, French and Dutch periods, Belgian independence and military politics, as well as the major world conflicts of the twentieth century, especially World War I. The website offers practical guidance for visitors, and contact details for teachers and others wishing to bring groups to the museum. There is a panoramic photographic display taken from the roof of the museum available to download, but the main attraction for the potential visitor is the chance to take a "virtual visit" in the galleries, (a basic display of photographs with interpretative text), and the opportunity to consult the museum's databases. The galleries include: The Austrian Netherlands; Dutch period and Belgian Revolution; Belgium/Arms -in the 19th Century, -in the Middle Ages, - in the Napoleonic Era; Resistance and Deportation (during the Second World War); Aeroplanes; Tanks (including hyperlinks to the Brussels Tank Museum); The First World War; Navy; and Treasures of Imperial Russia. The Orders and Medals gallery, for example, is very clearly represented here with photographs. One may also interrogate the databases of the collections including: Library Online Database; Register of Belgian Military Museums; Collection Catalogue; and the Index of the Museum Journal 1924-1999.The navigation is facilitated by frames, but these detract visually from the site's design, as do pop-up adverts for events at the museum. However, the presence of these adverts and the text of the site itself point to a resource that is constantly evolving and being added to on a weekly if not daily basis.
The website 'The Royal Navy Submarine Museum' is the homepage of this museum based in Gosport, Hampshire. The Museum collections overviews the holdings in the online exhibitions; description of the five submarines held at the museum; artefacts; the photographs; and several sections dedicated to the history of British submarines and their actions during wars. The Online exhibitions include: Nasmith VC; Free a man for sea; The Jolly Roger; and D-day. There is a subsite dedicated to submarine losses from 1904 to 1971, with brief details of the ship and circumstances of sinking. The Education Services section highlights the benefits the museum has for school children at various key stages. The site gives information about news and events organised by the museum.
The Royal Observatory and the National Maritime Museum have teamed together to create this comprehensive subsite dedicated to the holdings and activities of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich. The information on the site is manifold. The history of the Royal Observatory and events related to the International Year of Astronomy 2009 are present on the main page. Sections on the site are: Planetarium Shows; Peter Harrison Planetarium; Meridian line; 28-inch telescope; Time ball; Camera obscura; Observing evenigs; Astronomy galleries; Time galleries; and For schools. Each section has subsequent chapters with background information; history; aspects of physics or astronomy explainedl or answers to various questions related to time or observation of the skies. Photographs on the site and on Flickr! and 360 degrees panoramas accompany the text. The online learning resources were stil under development at the time of review. This site introduces an exciting place to visit and offers a great deal of information to anyone interested in astronomy, physics and time reckoning.
The website 'Russian Museum' is entirely dedicated to the treasures of the State Russian Museum (St. Petersburg, Russia), which boasts the world's largest collection of Russian fine art of all historical periods and development tendencies. The collection includes Russian icons, paintings, graphics, sculpture, numismatics, drawing and water-colours, applied and folk arts, and modern arts. The museum was opened in 1898 and was Russia's first ever state museum of fine art. Although it is a museum of world importance, it would not be an exaggeration to say that it is visited primarily for its picture gallery. By going into each of the 10 sections of the museum's collection users can read about this particular part of the collection and view images associated with it. For example, the section "Painting" includes images of pictures by Aivazovsky, Bryulov, Levitsky and others. The site also covers some past and current exhibitions, as well as those held abroad, and two virtual exhibitions: Kazimir Malevich and Jesus Christ in Christian Art and Culture (14th to 20th centuries), for which a special plug-in is required. The site also provides visitor information.
This is the website of the Sainsbury Institute for the Study of Japanese Arts and Cultures, an independent charity based in Norwich, UK, and affiliated with the British Museum, the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), and the University of East Anglia, where the Sainsbury Centre for Visual Arts is located. The Institute promotes the study of and international research on the visual and material arts and cultures of Japan. Its website provides information on its activities, which include: individual and collaborative research projects; publications; and monthly lectures by visiting speakers open to the public. The section devoted to the Lisa Sainsbury Library in Norwich describes its individual collections of art books and allows both its own catalogue and that of the SOAS library to be searched online. A collection of maps can also be searched online. Outlines of current research projects (such as Japanese porcelain, art collections, Jomon pottery, and literature in art), and profiles of the Institute staff appear. Application details for research fellowships, particularly in the areas of the history of art, architecture, and the visual arts, are also provided.
The website The Salem Witch Museum is the home page for the Salem Witch Museum, and as such provides a basic introduction to the Salem Witchcraft trials of 1692. It is obviously aimed at attracting visitors, but has a few points worth looking at. There is a tour of Salem and its nearby villages such as Danvers and Wenham, quoted from A Guide to the Salem Withcraft Hysteria of 1692 by David C. Brown, which describes relevant sites and helps to put the persecution into context. The site has a Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) section which may be of use to those seeking basic answers.The online museum shop features an excellent collection of most of the works written about the Salem witchcraft trials, and includes a section of books for children and younger readers, and educational materials.
The website of the “San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA)” is a highly sophisticated site that uses the full multimedia capacity of the Internet to present its remarkable collection and explore issues in modern art. The whole site is keyword searchable and users can browse by the artist’s last name. This online resource is mainly devoted to displaying artworks from the museum’s permanent and temporary exhibitions that includes images, text, film, and interactive resources with Flash and QuickTime plug-ins needed to view certain features. Other sections include an introduction to the Museum and building itself, which was designed by Swiss architect Mario Botta, details of education programmes, a calendar of events and access to the museum bookstore. In addition, there is a section called “explore modern art”, which contains features and interactive resources, and “about us” gives the user access to the mission statement of the museum, current research projects, library and archives and the press room.
Schaulager is the home for the works in the collection of the Emanuel Hoffmann Foundation that are not currently on exhibition, based outside Basel. It is a new kind of space for art. Schaulager describes itself as "neither museum nor a traditional warehouse", it has a gallery area with temporary exhibitions open to the public and a storage area with work displayed (but not curated or intended for exhibition) for access by researchers and students. Schaulager is funded by the Laurenz Foundation. The website has background information and an overview of the concept of the building and information about the Emanuel Hoffmann Collection. There is information on research at Schaulager and how access to the collection can be arranged. There is a section about the building, and the architects Herzog & de Meuron who designed the space, with a gallery of images of Schaulager. Events, exhibitions and information about publications are also available on the website. The website also provides general information about its location and opening hours.
The website for the Sigmund Freud Museum in Vienna commemorates the life and ideas of the founder of psychoanalysis. The museum itself is situated in the former living quarters and office of Sigmund Freud in the house at Berggasse 19 in Vienna's ninth district. It has been gradually expanded and now hosts a library, an art gallery, and a lecture hall. The website provides information on accessing the museum and gallery, along with news about special exhibitions and installations. The library collects literature on Sigmund Freud and on the theory, technique, and history of psychoanalysis. It contains over 30,000 volumes in total. New accessions and journals are reported on the site. The archives are accessible by appointment only. The website also provides information about the Fulbright Scholarship for students wishing to conduct research at the museum. The Sigmund Freud Society, and the Society of Friends of the Sigmund Freud Museum, are both represented here. Membership details are explained and names of committee members provided. There is also a press section and a dedicated news section. The final part of the site is the 'Sigmund Freud Online' feature. This gives biographical information about the psychoanalyst and discusses important places, themes, and events in his life. It also includes some multimedia videos of Freud at home. This nicely presented site may be accessed in German or English.
This website provides details on the London museum and house of the architect Sir John Soane (1753-1837). Soane designed the house not only to live in, but also to house his antiquities and art and was determined to establish the house as a museum to which 'amateurs and students' should have access. The website provides a history of the museum, information on the library, exhibitions, lectures, bibliography, links to related websites and study groups. It includes the current issue of the museum newsletter.
The website Slavia: Foundation for Polish history and culture is a collaboration between the Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, the Nicolas Copernicus University, Toruń, the Slavia Foundation, and the Museum of the First Piasts. The site is in English and focuses on the archaeological work being carried out at Lednica and Giecz in Wielkopolska. The Museum of the First Piasts of Lednica (Muzeum pierwszych Piastów) offers educational courses in archaeology, anthropology, human osteology, ethnography, and palaeoecology. The work concentrates on the period of the tenth and eleventh centuries when Lednica and Giecz were significant settlements. It is thought that Ostrów Lednicki was where Mieszko (the first Polish ruler to accept Christianity) built a fort and a residence. The site is also fundamental to the Germanic-Slav archaeological debate which sees both sides laying claim to finds in the Wielkopolska area. A site which provides information on the summer digs which students can attend, about the sites at Lednica and Giecz, and reproduces a basic article on the site. There is a section dedicated to the documentary filmed by the Discovery Channel at Giecz. The site also presents the table of contents of the Slavia Project Handbook which the participants in the field schools receive.
The website Smithsonian education is part of the vast online resources of the Smithsonian Institute, Washington. This site is aimed at teachers, students, and families. It is also supported by a free e-newsletter, which users can subscribe to. The section for teachers helps them to plan and prepare lessons on art and design, science and technology, history and culture, and language arts. The educational resources can be searched by the following topics: lesson plans; field trips; websites; publications and products; and professional development. Materials can also be searched by US grades, subjects, or keyword. This site is obviously US-based, but forms an interesting resource for other users.
In its early years the Society of Antiquaries of London acted as a centre for gathering information on archaeological discoveries and historical objects in private hands. Many items were drawn for its meetings and publications in the 18th and 19th centuries and as a result its library holds the most important national collection of historic drawings of portable antiquities found in Britain. The Catalogue of Drawings and Museum Objects consists of an online database of over 5,000 drawings and museum objects from the Society's collections. The database also includes images of over 3,000 of these items together with over 600 objects from the Society's museum collection. A wide variety of objects are represented, including everything from prehistoric weapons and tools to Medieval pottery and eighteenth-century portraits. The drawings have been taken from albums compiled in rough subject divisions in the 1840s. The database includes a number of objects that are now in national museums and, at the other end of the spectrum, a number of important objects which are now missing (e.g. the Anglo-Saxon Witham bowl). The site is easily navigable through the standard ADS interface and users are required to accept the ADS terms and conditions prior to accessing the resource. The database can be accessed either fully through the comprehensive search interface or the images alone can be browsed via the Gallery option. The search interface allows gradual access to the full data records and images and includes thumbnails where images are present (though users should be aware that full record details and images appear in pop-up windows). The catalogue is a large and valuable resource for researchers not only for the artefacts that it depicts but also for the artistic depictions themselves.
This is the website of the South Street Seaport Museum which is dedicated to New York's archaeological heritage and the history of the port. The collection includes eight historic ships and the site contains sections on: the lightship Ambrose; the fishing schooner Lettie G. Howard; the steel barque Peking; the steel schooner Pioneer; the iron full-rigged ship Wavertree; the steam-powered tug W.O. Decker, Helen McAllister, and the Marion M.. The site also includes visitor information and details of events, exhibitions, education and preservation programs and membership, including Seaport, New York's History Magazine. Further information is given on the living history programs (New York Unearthed, Maritime Crafts Center and Bowne & Co., Stationers), excursions; and the collections, virtual exhibits, stories and timeline of the proposed exhibition World Port, New York.
This website presents information on two museums at St Albans - the Museum of St Albans, presenting archaeology and social history of the town from after the Roman period until the present day, and the Verulamium Museum displaying the Roman history of the town in an attractive parkland setting. The site is easy to navigate and links are provided to all sections through the use of headers on each page. The pages provide general visitor information for each museum as well as highlighting other interesting local archaeological sites. Other pages include brief information on the collections of each museum, and particularly good education sections for teachers and students at Key Stage 2 (KS 2) level in the National Curriculum, including interactive games. A full bibliography of papers and books on local archaeology is also included alongside a calendar of upcoming events and local archaeological news. Further information on volunteering and the Verulamium Trust are also available alongside annual reviews, collection policies and marketing and development plans in PDF format. The site is ideally suited for those interested in this region and KS 2 pupils.
This is the website for the Stanley and Audrey Burton Gallery at the University of Leeds. From somewhat inauspicious beginnings the gallery has grown in stature, receiving AHRC funding until 2004 and a major refurbishment in 2008. It now provides a home for the university’s important art collection as well as the venue for changing temporary exhibitions. The website includes more information about the art collection (although a database of the collection is being developed and not yet available, there are 'highlights' as well as links to various sources of digital images of works in it), a programme of exhibitions and events and a list of gallery publications.
The Steno Museum for the History of Science and Medicine website offers a useful introduction for researchers planning to visit the Museum. Based in Århus, Denmark, the museum houses exhibitions on the history of science, astronomy and medicine, with a planetarium and a medicinal herb garden based on a 16th century model. The website, which may be viewed in Danish, English or German, offers sufficient information on the different aspects of the museum to enable a thorough understanding of what is available. The museum's exhibitions have original objects, reconstructions and 'hands-on' features to give a view of the development of science, with a particular reference to the Renaissance, but also focusing on modern discovery. The 'Virtuseum', which has text in Danish only, takes a virtual tour of the Museum with high quality images from the collection. The site is well presented and provides detailed information on a large collection of primary source materials.
The website for the Swaledale Museum provides an overview of this museum, which opened in 1974 to provide a repository for examples of folk art and local history relating to this part of the North Yorkshire dales. Some examples of the over 1,000 objects in the museum‘s collections are featured on this website, including a sampler made by 13-year old Elizabeth Thompson in 1862 and an 1890s skirt lifter - used to raise the skirt or dress to save it from being soiled while walking in muddy areas. This museum is an example of a small private museum collecting objects and archives to illustrate the local trades and crafts, including local folk art, to put on display to provide an educational resource on local history.
This is the official website of The Tank Museum, Bovington, Dorset which houses "the Worlds Largest Collection" of tanks and armoured fighting vehicles. This site hosts a large selection of illustrated articles about this collection - whetting the appetite for potential visitors and adding to students and teachers knowledge of warfare in the twentieth century. This includes presentations of museum exhibitions such as a First World War Trench Exhibition"Tanks on the Somme" that allows the visitor to walk through British and German trenches to experience the conditions of trench warfare and understand how the tank came to break the stalemate. As well as museum exhibits from World War I and the Royal Armoured Corps in the Second World War, through to the Gulf War, there is also an extensive Archive and Reference Library. Guidance for visitors to this research facility and to the Tank Museum itself is provided on these pages. This site is obviously a vital part of the museum's outreach to the education sector, with detailed information about new ventures such as an interactive activity trail. Unfortunately the website is a marketing tool for this trail and little interactivity is online. There is, however, the Curator's "Virtual Reality" guided tour of a chronological journey through the museum provided as a Java version, so no extra plug-in is required.
The Tate Archive website introduces this museum archive which was founded in 1969 and contains over a million documents relating to the history of the Tate Gallery and twentieth century British art. On the website the different collections and materials held in the archive are detailed, and some 4,000 items have been digitised and can be searched and viewed online. The website itself is divided into four sections, the Archive Collection, Archive Showcase, and Gallery Records. The entire holdings can be searched in the Archive Catalogue. The Archive Showcase features the digitised material, which relates to the Tate's history, the Bloomsbury Group, and Barbara Reise, and this can be searched by theme, media, and category. The Archive online section presents the microsites hosted by the Tate, containing papers and archives of individual artists: the archives of the Institute of Contemporary Art (ICA); the John Piper archive; Goshka Makuga archive; Audio and Film footage highlights; Prunella Clough; Bill Furlong; Christmas Tree; The Musgrave Kinley Outsider Trust; Donald Rodney; and the microsite dedicated to the Artist Placement Group.
Tate Online is the award winning website of the family of galleries that house the national collection of British art from the sixteenth century to the present day, including the Turner Bequest, and the national collection of international modern art: Tate Modern at Bankside, London; Tate Britain at Millbank, London; Tate Liverpool; and Tate St Ives. The website provides information on each gallery, and a tremendous depth of content (such as access to the Tate Learning and audio and video material, and the Tate's art collections including 50,000 images, details of the collection, a comprehensive A-Z artist listing, and details of current and touring exhibitions). It is easy to use to find more information about an artist or movement. The website was awarded Best Research Site, Museum Search Engine or On-line Database in the 'Museums and the Web 2004 : Best of the Web' competition, for the comprehensiveness of the online databases and search engines that provide detailed information for individuals and/or groups. Specific parts of the website also received nominations in the same competition: for Best Innovative or Experimental Application (Tate Britain : Cornelia Parker Cold Dark Matter : An Exploded View; and the Tate Collections : Insight); for Best Museum Web Site Supporting Educational Use (Tate Art Detective; and Tate Learning); and for Best On-line Exhibition or Activity Site (Olafur Eliasson : The Weather Project).
The website "Tate Online: Archive Journeys" is published as part of the Tate's website. It showcases content from the Tate Archive Online in three themed galleries: Tate History; Bloomsbury; and Reise. The first gallery covers the history of the Tate, from its foundation in 1897 to the present, the second looks at the lives of the literary and artistic Bloomsbury set in London, and the third follows the career of the American art critic Barbara Reise, who lived and worked in London during the 1960s and 1970s. Each of the galleries uses material from the Tate's archives, such as letters, photographs, and pictures, combined with a narrative of the subject. Each section also features a quiz. The level would be appropriate for school students and life-long learners in particular, but also for undergraduates.
The Temehu Tourism Services website has a special and substantial section on the museums in Libya, and also provides a directory of the little-known museums in that country. This new 2009 website also aims to make scholarly information and images freely available. The website includes "detailed reviews and analysis of all the museums of Libya, a photo gallery about the whole country, organised by town, a video gallery, a Libyan jewellery & traditional crafts gallery, and prehistoric art galleries". Details of opening times and museum entrance fees are also given, along with other practical details. Travel without an approved guide and planned route is still forbidden in the country, so the website has suggestions for its own Libyan tours, routes, and hotels. There is an associated weblog, which currently has details of the new (June 2009) changes in the Tourist Visa Law in Libya, advice on driving in Libya (apparently it is rather dangerous), and other useful current advice. This website would appear to be an important resource for archaeologists and historians planning to visit Libya, although other scholarly tour guides and resources may be available.
The website of the House of Terror Museum in Budapest, Hungary, provides information in both English and Hungarian on the museum set up to commemorate the victims of terror in Budapest during World War II and the Stalinist regime. The Museum was opened in 2002, and was built on the site of the most feared locations, where many victims were tortured in 1944 as well as during the 1950s. The website describes the story of the construction of the museum, and the different exhibition rooms on three floors illustrated with photographs. It also lists past temporary international exhibitions, such as exhibitions on George Orwell, the children of the Holocaust, and the famine in the Ukraine of the 1930s. The site is rich in historical information on political terror in Europe in the 20th century. Links to similar and related sites are provided.
This is the website of Time Travellers, a non profit-distributing limited company, that create live interpretive performance of history and archaeology subjects in museums, galleries, heritage sites and schools. These performances can provide "living history and children's role-play... to provoke, enlighten, and entertain". This is essentially an online advertisement for the company, and provides links to recent clients and partners such as: Bradford Industrial Museum; National Army Museum, London; Northumbria National Park; National Railway Museum, York; and the North Yorkshire Education Advisory Service. In addition to the content provided here to show off their range of tailored performance programmes - a brief résumé of performances like "Cat and Mouse (politician and suffragette in debate from 1913) and "Interview with Wilfred Owen" (an interview with the First World War poet using his own words) - there is also a brief set of links to articles which deal with theoretical issues surrounding Time Travellers, live interpretation, and historical character interpretive performance. These appear to have been written to contribute to the lack of academic and professional publications about performance in museums.
The New York Metropolitan Museum of Art's Timeline of Art History is an excellent online gallery spanning the entire history of the visual arts from the Palaeolithic to the present day, across all continents and cultures. It won the Museums and the Web 2005 Best of the Web: Best Research Site. The site is subdivided into chronological and geographical sections, each of which contains images of paintings, illustrations, sculptures, apparel, and other artefacts representing the characteristic styles and forms of the period in question, arranged along individual timelines. Each section also contains text describing the historical background and important events of the years it covers, along with links to relevant special exhibitions. Absolute dates for the prehistoric period and information on minor archaeological cultures should be read with caution, as new research can make obsolete such information fast. The presentation is usually of high standard, minimally biased towards European classical culture and Western art, with enlarged versions available of each image and a number of QuickTime video presentations. There are a number of special topics providing more detailed looks at particular facets of art history, and a general index of the site's contents. Special topics authored by experts in the field include: ancient cultures (Australian "Pre-Estuarine", Egyptian, Halaf, Ubaid, Minoan, Mycenaean, Phoenician, Jomon, Valdivia and others); African art, ancient near eastern art, colonial art of the Americas, Islamic art, and Greek and Roman art. The site also features a search engine and an extensive categorized list of links to external resources. This is a very useful reference tool for students, which is especially valuable for its aim of summarising cultural and artistic developments throughout the entire history and the whole world.
The website of the Tokugawa Art Museum in Nagoya showcases some of its extensive holdings - the collections of the Owari branch of the Tokugawa family, which had its seat at Nagoya Castle. The core of the collection is formed of objects inherited from the first shogun, including a 12th-century Tale of Genji. There are also several National Treasures and other state-recognised objects of worth. There are separate pages for each of the six exhibition rooms, with enlargeable thumbnails of sample objects. The rooms are themed around: the warrior (samurai); tea ceremonies; formal chambers; Noh; daily life of a daimyō; and courtly tradition. Other pages cover special exhibitions, past and present. There is also a floor guide to help with the complex layout and information for visitors. The site is accessible in English and Japanese versions, and the latter has more detailed information about the special exhibitions, as well as additional sections devoted to news and to lectures and other events.
The Tokyo National Museum (TNM) website provides access to a wide range of information regarding the museum's activities and collections. The museum collects, houses, and displays a comprehensive collection of art works and antiquities from Japan, other Asian countries and the Middle East and Egypt. It also conducts research and investigations into items within its collections. The website is divided neatly into six main sections: Exhibitions; Events; Today's TNM; The TNM Collection; Museum Guide; News. The first two of these sections detail present and upcoming exhibitions (both regular and thematic) and events such as lectures and gallery talks. In addition 'Today's TNM' lists similar information on a day-to-day basis and includes a calendar for the present and following month to allow quick overviews of events on particular days. Other more general information and press releases are also provided via a News section. The museum guide section, which is also available in a number of other languages, provides information on opening hours, access, visitor guidelines and details of the museum shop.
The bulk of the website is, however, contained within the TNM Collection section which allows access to photos and brief information on some of the outstanding works contained within the museum's collections. The TNM Collection section provides access to the object via their type category (archaeology, calligraphy, sculpture, decorative arts, painting and 'others') or via their region. The images themselves are thumb-nailed and accompanied by a short descriptive text for quick browsing and, once the full record is viewed, the photo can be viewed at a number of different sizes. The website is well designed and very easy to navigate. The collection images are of very high quality and are easy to view (although all lack a scale). The website also includes details on museum publications, as well as its history and organisation. The site can be accessed in parallel English and Japanese versions.
The Twenty-Six Martyrs Museum in Nagasaki commemorates the Catholic martyrs (Japanese and others) who were crucified on a hill outside the city in 1597 as part of the Shogun Toyotomi Hideyoshi's persecution of Christianity in Japan. The site includes sections on: the story of the martyrs; a list of their names; the museum; the shrine; images of some of the museum's holdings; a catalogue of the documents and artefacts held; publications; and databases. The site can be accessed in English, Japanese, Spanish and Korean versions.
The Twickenham Museum website is an excellent example of a local museum online resource. It contains a wide range of well-presented materials relating to the history of Twickenham, Whitton, Teddington, and the Hamptons, towns and villages by the river Thames situated to the South-West of London. The site includes artworks, image archives, and accounts of notable individuals that lived in the region. There are features on the statues at York House, the great English poet Alexander Pope, and life on the river Thames. A timeline traces the history of Twickenham and its environs from the eighth century to the present day, with links to pages about artefacts held at the museum. Pages on individuals are categorised according to their field of achievement: writers; soldiers; artists; garden designers; merchants; scientists; physicians; noblemen and landowners; politicians; lawyers; actors; and so forth. Each page is hyperlinked to others, and includes a bibliography. There are special sections for children, and histories of local schools and other institutions. A search engine is provided.
This website offers information that will assist visitors to find the Ulster Museum in Belfast, and gives contact details for the museum's other services. There is also more detailed information on the galleries and services, and the collections of the museum relating to Irish history, archaeology of Northern Ireland in particular and artefacts from farther afield.
The University of Iowa Healthcare medical museum website provides information about the museum and has a number of online exhibitions. There are nearly thirty exhibitions in total covering both historical and more contemporary topics. The online exhibitions are on a range of topics including: 'The Beat Goes On: A History of Cardiology', 'Nature's Pharmacy: Ancient Knowledge, Modern Medicine', and 'The Trail of Invisible Light: A Century of Medical Imaging'. Each exhibition provides a narrative which is illustrated by items or photographs held by the museum. The website also has basic information about the museum; its collections, opening hours, collection policies, and their mission statement. A list of links is also available from the site.
This is the website of the Victoria Gallery and Museum, based at the University of Liverpool. The art collection has works from the 16th to 21st centuries, with over 6,500 items. Highlights include a number of Audubon oil paintings (the largest collection outside America), ceramics from the Sir Charles Sydney Jones collection and a modern sculpture collection. The Museum section shows items from the University collection covering a range of areas such as animal skeletons and X-ray studies. There is an illustrated history of the building and as temporary exhibitions are held at the Victoria Gallery, details of current, past and forthcoming exhibitions can also be found on the website. There are also details of events as well as some general information about the Gallery and Museum for visitors.
The University of Melbourne's Classics and Archaeology Virtual Museum Project puts online the majority of the contents of the Classics and Archaeology wing of the University's Ian Potter Museum, together with a number of collections not owned by the University. This vast online resource offers access to Greek, Roman, Egyptian and Middle Eastern manuscripts, pottery, coinage, bronzes, vases and sculpture.The centrepiece of the site is the database that allows the user to search the collection. Over 7000 images are available, and there are a number of photos for each object, taken from differing angles and with varying degrees of detail. This makes the site particularly useful for research, as do the full descriptions, bibliographies and comparisons for individual pieces. This information, with all other relevant data such as date, provenance and material, is attractively presented and easily accessible. The self-directed tour allows the user easy access to full lists of the artefacts and the history of the individual collections. There is extensive documentation about the development of the museum and the virtual museum project.
'Untold London: discover the art of London's diverse communities' is a website showcasing the variety of exhibitions to be found in the capital. The website is served with content via the popular 24 Hour Museum web service, edited from the London Museums Hub, and funded by the Museums and Libraries Association. Untold London serves both as a listings and "What's On?" service, and a guide to collections and venues. At June 2009 the service was up-to-date, and delivered in English only. There is a sophisticated search facility, able to search for London exhibitions by ethnic group, nationality, or religious affiliation. The lesbian, bisexual and gay section is seemingly limited to just one page, and these groups do not feature on the otherwise sophisticated search options. Despite this limitation, Untold London is a polished and practical website for those seeking to discover the variety of cultural history exhibitions that London is able to offer.
The website and database of the Ure Museum of Greek Archaeology at the University of Reading, which possesses the fourth largest corpus of Greek vases in Britain in addition to an interesting collection of Egyptian material. Founded in 1922 to house the collection of antiquities at the then University College, the collection has expanded considerably since that time through further purchases and gifts. In 2005 the museum benefitted from an Arts and Humanities Research Council funded 'renewal', vastly improving the presentation and interpretation of its collections. This website provides a useful thematic guide to the museum holdings as well as a very detailed and well illustrated searchable database which is described as work-in-progress. In addition to sections on the history and techniques of Greek vases and on the Egyptian material, the thematic sections features: 'Athens and Sparta'; the 'Symposium'; 'Childhood'; 'Men and women'; 'Athletics and warfare'; 'Health and death'; 'Mythology and the gods'. The online database, developed in cooperation with the Max Planck Institute for the history of science in Berlin, contains detailed descriptions and captioned images of individual objects and can be searched according to a wide range of fields, including shape, fabric, period, provenance, artist, bibliography and Beazley cross-reference. Both the website and the database are extensively hypertexted. The site also provides visitor information, an online tour, lists of events and brief information for schools (including 'A' level students). This is a very helpful resource for undergraduates studying classical archaeology and ancient history but also provides much useful material for researchers from a relatively unknown but richly endowed museum.
This is the website of the Victoria and Albert Museum, the world's largest museum of decorative arts, in London (UK). Information is provided about the museum's collections, opening hours, events, and services. Selected images provide an introduction to the museum's exhibitions, and a searchable database offers images and details for over twenty thousand objects from the museum's collections. There is further information about the museum's branches: Bethnal Green Museum of Childhood which houses an extensive toy collection, the Theatre Museum which collects materials related to the stage, and the Wellington Museum, Apsley House, the nineteenth century home of the First Duke of Wellington. Information is also provided about the National Art Library, a reference library and a curatorial department of the museum. The website offers a range of resources for educational professionals and students, and details are given of the museum's Learning and Interpretation Department, which runs study days for further education and higher education students, as well as a programme of continuing professional development for lecturers.
This is the Photography page of the Victoria and Albert Museum's (V&A) website. The Canon Photography Gallery at the V&A closed on 26 January 2003 and a new photography gallery opened on 8 May 2003. The gallery highlights works from the V&A photography collection, which began in 1852, showing special displays from the birth of photography in 1839 to contemporary photography exhibitions and featuring new acquisitions. The website shows current and past exhibitions, with information and images from the exhibitions. It also has Web pages on several photographers and short stories about photographic events, as well as a section entitled 'In focus: exploring photography', which links to more information about photographers and photographic processes. Some photographs are described to help blind or visually impaired visitors imagine what the image is like.
The "Valencian Institute of Modern Art (IVAM)" website offers pertinent information about this museum of contemporary art. The site, available in English, Spanish and Valencian, is divided into several sections presented in a tabular form. The collections section describes the main features of the permanent collection of the museum. It consists of over 10,000 pieces representing Cubism, Surrealism, Informalism, Pop Art and other expressions of modern art during the last century. There is also an extensive collection of graphic design and photography, although none of the collections or exhibitions is displayed on the webpage. In addition to further information about past and future temporary exhibitions, conferences and publications, the user can access the bibliographic catalogue of the IVAM's library, which holds more than 40,000 documents and other resources relating to modern art. Researches may be interested in the Data search tool (in the "Collections" section), as it allows the user to consult information about the collections of the museum too. This last option is only available after completing a registration form.
Containing artworks commissioned and collected over 500 years by a succession of Roman pontiffs, the Vatican Museums are among the cultural highlights of the Holy See. The Vatican Museums' website, available in English, German, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese and French, highlights many of the museums' holdings and collections. This part of the site features images and descriptions of artworks, including frescoes, paintings and sculptures from the Gregorian Egyptian Museum; Gregorian Etruscan Museum; Sistine Chapel; Raphael's Room; Pinacoteca (art gallery); and the Ethnological Missionary Museum. A detailed analysis of the fresco paintings of Michelangelo and others, found in the Sistine Chapel, is available. Visitors to the site can also take a virtual tour of different rooms. Other features of the site include a highlights section containing images of 30 masterpieces from the collections, with works by Raphael, Botticelli, Perugino and Michelangelo, and a history of the museum.
This Dutch-language web page introduces the Spinoza House Association and the houses in their possession. These consist of a cottage in Rijnsburg, in which the rationalist philosopher Benedict de Spinoza (1632-1677) lived and worked from 1661 to 1663, and the house in which he died, located in the Hague. The Rijnsburg house has been converted into a public museum, with Spinoza's library recreated and other period adornments. The property in The Hague hosts the Association's library, consisting mostly of nineteenth and twentieth century works about Spinoza. These may be consulted by appointment. The website also provides a bibliography of the Association's publications, news and information on events of interest to Spinoza scholars, and links to selected other Spinoza sites on the Web.
Vindolanda is a Roman fort and civilian settlement lying just to the south of Hadrian's Wall. The Roman Army Museum, adjacent to the Roman site of Carvoran, 8 miles to the west, (one of the best preserved sections of the Wall), offers an insight into the garrisons of Hadrian's Wall. Roman Vindolanda and The Roman Army Museum are both part of the Hadrian's Wall World Heritage Site. Presented in this website is essential visitor information and background to the museum and the Vindolanda Trust (that provides research, education and the public display of the monument and finds from the Vindolanda excavations) and the Trust's base in the country house of Chesterholm. There are also preliminary reports (news) of all the archaeological excavations carried out since 1997 (the most interesting section), a bookshop, tourist information and a growing Roman and general history links page.
The Virtual Library museums pages (Vlmp) is a directory of online museums and museum-related resources, supported by the International Council of Museums (ICOM). This distributed directory has numerous mirror sites throughout the world, and although presented mainly in English, translations of the directory about a country's museums are available in that country's native language. From the home page the directory is sub-divided into countries. The site does not appear to have been updated since 2006.
The “Virtual Museum of Canada” bilingual website (French and English) contains hundreds of online multimedia exhibitions covering various aspects of Canadian archaeology, history, art, and culture. The site also acts as a directory of Canadian museums and an educational resource for schoolteachers. The site aims to be enjoyable and technologically cutting-edge. Whilst the presentation is frequently impressive, with different plug-ins required for a number of exhibitions, the wealth of animated menus and pop-up messages can slow access in some of the exhibitions. Indeed, some of the exhibitions do not work. The diverse range of exhibitions can be searched via the subject headings of “history and society”, “arts and leisure”, “science and technology”, and “nature”, and by name and exhibit type. In addition, there are searchable image galleries of works by Canadian artists and photographers with special collections on canoes, kayaks, totems, ice hockey, and other Canadian obsessions. Moreover, a toggle button allows transition between English/French versions of the pages. Overall, the site is directed more towards the general public and the younger learner rather than the scholar, but the breadth of material and quality of the exhibitions should make the site well worth visiting for students of Canadian history and culture.
The Virtual Museum of Canada is an online repository of multimedia exhibits and other Canadian cultural resources produced out of a close collaboration between Canada's museums and galleries and the Department of Canadian Heritage. The website is managed by the Canadian Heritage Information Network (CHIN), a special operating agency of the Department of Canadian Heritage. This page is a gateway to online exhibits which fall into the 'Arts and leisure' category. These digital displays cover a wide range of subjects, from art history to contemporary design, indigenous arts and handicrafts to garden design.
This website represents the Wallace Collection, the private collection of Sir Richard Wallace, and it provides information on opening hours, shops and publications, including price details. Included is an illustrated introduction to the history of the collection and Hertford House, the painting and miniatures, and the decorative arts and armour. These descriptions are supplemented by images of artwork from the Collection. The complete gallery programme for lectures, special events and study days is listed and the latest developments, projects, publications, changes and plans are announced regularly. Wallace Live is the online collection, which is currently being developed until it contains all of the items from the Wallace Collection.
The website Wawel Royal Castle (Zamek Królewski na Wawelu) has versions in English, Polish, French, and German. As well as providing information about opening hours and location, a brief history of the former royal seat of Poland (Cracow was formerly the capital of Poland), Wawel Castle can be found on the site. The historical importance of this architectural and cultural site cannot be underestimated. During the Second World War it was the headquarters of Governor Hans Frank. The complex of castle, cathedral (burial site of many Polish monarchs and their consorts), museums and archives is located on a hill rumoured to be a site of mystical forces, which overlooks the southern Polish town. There are excellent images of the Royal apartments, Crown treasury and armoury, oriental art, and the state rooms. The Wawel complex also houses archdiocesal archives and part of the Cracow area archives. The site is of interest to those studying Polish or Slavonic Studies. The Polish version of the site contains very much more information on conservation projects, departments in the castle of Pieskowa Skala, and details of past and present exhibitions.
The website "The Weald and Downland Open Air Museum" provides information on and illustrations of nearly 50 buildings of historic importance which date from 13th to the 19th century. It has won a variety of awards such as Museum of the Year and Community Museum of the Year. Information is also provided in French, Dutch and German. The complex also features period gardens, woodland walks and farmsteads. The buildings have been rescued from destruction and carefully reassembled and include: a timber-framed farmhouse; a market hall; a medieval shop; a granary; and workshops. This is a wonderful resource for studying local history, or the practicalities of life in the period. Essential insights into social and cultural history can be sparked off by watching the everyday practices and rituals that were part of particularly pre-industrial community life. There are displays of practical crafts taking place in the workshops and many of the buildings' interiors have been refurbished according to the style of its period. There is a virtual tour of the complex, and provisions are made for educational programmes for all levels from schools to an MSc in Timber Building Conservation. The centre also hosts courses on historic building conservation, traditional country skills and recreational courses. There is a timetable of the courses online. Courses include topics such as: the sixteenth century dairy; making pottage (including a look at Tudor social structure and its impact on food); historic gardens and their various uses in the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries; as well as workshops in practical skills such as ploughing with heavy horses.
The Whipple Museum of the History of Science houses a large collection of scientific instruments and texts belonging to the University of Cambridge. Its collections cover all branches of science from the sixteenth century to the 1980s. The website provides an introduction to the museum and some of its special collections. There are features about current exhibitions such as "An University Within Ourselves", which takes a look at the sciences in Cambridge during the eighteenth century, and a page of case studies, which gives summaries of single display-case exhibits assembled by students and staff. An extensive annotated list of the Museum's publications is provided, along with a selection of links to other museums in Cambridge and history of science museums worldwide. The website is informative, but does not include an online catalogue of the Museum's holdings.
This is the website of The Whitworth Art Gallery, which is part of The University of Manchester in northwest England. Originally founded in 1889, by Sir Joseph Whitworth (1803-1887), the Stockport-born engineer, the gallery has been part of the university since 1958. The gallery holds collections of watercolours, prints, drawings, modern art and sculpture, as well as textiles and wallpapers and is "among 62 museums in England whose collections have been designated by MLA, the Museums, Libraries and Archives Council, as outstanding.", also receiving funding from the AHRC. The collections can be browsed by theme or it is possible to search the collections by performing a simple or advanced search, a who/what search or an exhibitions search. The database provides enlargeable images of each work and includes data about each object, such as creator role and name, creation date, creation place and acquisition information. The website also contains a large number of narratives, which are stories and historical information about people, places and events. They include collection themes, the history of the Gallery and collections, technical terms, biographies, exhibition text panels and labels. They are usually linked both ways to records of objects, people and organisations, events and images so, for example you can find all related narratives in the Object display page. The site also contains details, images and case studies about the conservation of the collection; a section about the Education Department of the gallery; and visitor information.
The Web pages of the Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Museum provide teachers and the general public with an impression of what a visit might involve, at this educational facility set in the Centre Court. The Museum's collection includes memorabilia from many of the famous players, from Victorian times up to the present day. There is information here outlining visits, workshops, and tours designed to meet the needs of the national curriculum from Key Stage 1-4. Also, the librarian of the All England Tennis and Croquet Club has compiled a club history that is linked to from these pages via the top navigation bar of the official website of Wimbledon.
The Window on Wiltshire's Heritage (WOW) website acts as a central resource and portal to related websites with a focus on the archaeology, architecture, art, nature and museums of Wiltshire. The project involves 22 partner organisations from across Wiltshire with the aim to provide a virtual display of Wiltshire's heritage. The website consists of eight main themed sections, two of which are currently under development, and these in turn link through to the partner websites on which the various datasets are hosted. The partner websites can also be searched from the WOW website through the 'Discover' section. The WOW website itself also hosts a 'Get Involved' section in which users can view and vote for their favourite Wiltshire monument. The site also features a news section, listing upcoming events and developments in Wiltshire's heritage sector, and publishes an e-newsletter which can be subscribed to through the website. The site is easily navigable, well designed and well set out. Lists of results, linking through to the partner sites, are produced for searches and from the selection of keywords and a warning is always given when a user is about to leave the WOW pages.
The website of the Wing Luke Asian Museum describes the exhibitions and mission of this organisation dedicated to the history and culture of Asian and Pacific Islands immigrants and their descendants in Seattle, USA. From the main page, users can find links to past and current exhibitions, which are briefly described with illustrations. These include exhibits covering: the experience of American families adopting Asian children; and Filipino-American photography; the Sikh community in the Pacific Northwest; New Year traditions from several Asian cultures; and Asian Pacific American labour history in Puget Sound.
The website also includes multimedia elements. For example, a short video accompanies a biography of Wing Luke. In the 'Community Heritage Center', users are able to search and browse through over 150 photographs of Asian American life, which are annotated with short descriptions and cataloguing data. The website would be of interest to anyone researching Asian communities in Western societies, and its multimedia elements would be of particular interest to tutors of undergraduate level students.
The website for Worcester City Museums provides visitor information for its two sites - the City Art Gallery and Museum, and the Commandery. Resources include images and text from past exhibitions, which cover a range of topics, including medieval Worcester, for which there is an online galley of maps and plans, along with archaeological reports. Similarly, there are online exhibitions providing much information relating to old photographs and paintings, maps, plans and aerial photographs of the city, Victorian industry in Worcester, Oliver Cromwell, and the history of the Commandery building (used over the centuries as a monastic hospital, private family home, Royalist army headquarters during the Civil Wars, a College for the blind, and a printing works). The Archaeology Service section leads to newsletters, reports, and updates, while the Collections section provides access to an online gallery of images (with accompanying notes) of items in the two museums, including the collections of the Worcestershire Regiment and Worcestershire Yeomanry Cavalry which are housed here.
This is the website of the Wordsworth Trust, based at Dove Cottage in Grasmere. The Trust is based in the most famous of Wordsworth's homes - now a popular museum - and is host to the famous annual Wordsworth Summer School, which brings together international scholars and writers with a shared interest in Romanticism. The Trust is also a research centre with impressive holdings of Romantic manuscripts (most notably, those of William and Dorothy Wordsworth). The site contains guides to, and images of, exhibitions displayed in the museum at Dove Cottage. The site posts full text versions of Wordsworth's best-known poems, supported by short illustrated explanatory pieces that will be helpful for students. Some historical and biographical information on Wordsworth's son, Hartley, and on Wordsworth's friends and associates, the other prominent Romantic poets, is additionally provided. The site includes audio downloads of recent poems read at the Wordsworth Trust and details on the Trust's festivals, readings, workshops, guided walks and similar activities for families, teachers, students and the general public.
The Web Site Zamek Królewski w Warszawie (Royal Castle in Warsaw) introduces the museum and the scope of functions and activities that it holds. The Royal Castle was blown up during World War Two and reconstruction was not begun until 1971, and this was financed through contributions from thousands of Poles in Poland and abroad. One of the focal points of Warsaw Old Town, it is home to many permanent and temporary exhibitions. It was the ancient residence of Mazovian princes as well as Polish kings, and is richly furnished with art works by Canaletto and Caffieri among others. The site provides wonderful images of the many apartment suites together with a brief description. The Castle also hosts workshops, educational programmes and concerts in its salons. The site gives details of research into, and publications on the castle. It is a well-designed site which is of interest to those studying Polish Studies.
The Zamoyski Museum in Kozłówka is a good website for those interested in Polish material culture and history, as well as the interested historian. The site is in Polish and English. As well as basic details about how to visit the museum, and its location, the site is well illustrated and therefore provides a good insight into one of the best-preserved noble residences in Poland. Combined with the 18th century palace park complex, Kozlówka boasts a good collection of French art of the Second Empire. The twentieth century is represented by the Socialist Realism Art Gallery with its impressive collection of communist era art and sculpture. The coach house exhibits carriages, gigs and landaus, and is supplemented with exhibits on the history of riding.
This well-organised and informative site describes the famed collections and history of the Austrian Belvedere gallery. Housed in an 18th-century summer palace originally belonging to Prince Eugene of Savoy, the buildings and gardens are Baroque attractions in and of themselves. Good information sheets are posted in English and German on the history of the gallery and its collections. The gallery is split into the Upper and Lower parts of the palace. The Lower Belvedere exhibits many famous examples of medieval and Baroque art; the Upper Belvedere houses the 19th- and 20th-century collections, and notably includes masterpieces from fin-de-siècle artists such as: Klimt; Schiele; Kokoschka; Monet; Rodin; and Van Gogh. An archives subpage gives details on exhibitions running back to 1924, with some reference to old catalogues. At the time of review, the Belvedere was renovating a separate building, the 20er Haus (the Museum of the 20th Century), for artworks from later in the century. There is an additional reference to the Atelier Augarten, another gallery connected with the Belvedere, located elsewhere in Vienna. This latter institution comprises the Centre for Contemporary Art and the Gustinus Ambrosi Museum, which houses sculptures and other works by Gustinus Ambrosi (1893-1975). The Belvedere posts its public relations and press releases on current and upcoming exhibitions. Access to, and downloading of, picture files requires temporary registration. The site also gives admission prices; visitors' directions; pages for the shop, café and restaurant; donations information; speakers; visitors' surveys; a newsletter subscription form; children's programme pages (in German); and instructions for venue hire for special occasions. Some further limited information is available in French, Italian, Spanish, Czech, Russian and Japanese.