For those searching for primary resources on Zoroastrianism, the Avesta Zoroastrian Archives are an excellent starting point. Zoroastrianism was a major world religion from the 6th century BC to the 7th century AD, and still has several hundred thousands adherents in India, Iran and North America. The site includes the whole of the Avesta (ancient scriptures of Zoroastrianism) in both English and Avestan (though the latter is provided in Latin script), an assortment of the middle-Persian/Pahlavi texts, and a selection of modern works. Introductory discussions on Zoroastrianism and the Avestan language are also offered. The linguistic section contains a helpful dictionary and descriptions of the language, but caution should be exercised with some of the other Zoroastrian resources, as not all information presented here reflects the best of scholarly opinion. Nevertheless, they do offer an intriguing view into modern expressions of the faith.
The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon, hosted by the Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati, USA, aims to create a lexicon of all Aramaic words from 900 BCE till the Early Middle Ages. The resource consists of a database section with facilities allowing for concordance, dictionary, dialect and lexicon searches, and a searchable, very well updated bibliography. A few pages introduce the Aramaic language, which is still spoken today.
The EasyEnglish Bible website is produced by Wycliffe Associates UK. It contains over a hundred translations of biblical books (or parts of biblical books), each accompanied by a verse-by-verse commentary. The texts are in EasyEnglish, a simple form of the language developed for use by those learning English as a foreign language. There are also Bible studies, resources in Accessible EasyEnglish (an even simpler form of English suitable for use with those with learning difficulties), and a collection of semantically analysed texts, which aim to make implicit content of the text explicit, and which are offered as an aid for non-native English speakers translating the Bible into their own language. Numerous people collaborate on the books, and they undergo a formal, detailed process of linguistic and theological checking. Although the language used is simple, the theological content remains uncompromised, and the commentaries deal with hotly debated interpretative issues. These texts are a valuable resource for Internet users who may not have theological texts in their mother tongue, but do have limited command of the English language. They may also be of use to those teaching students whose first language is not English.
The website of the GRAMCORD Institute provides details of a range of biblical studies software available for purchase. GRAMCORD software (available for Windows and for handheld computers) offers features including parallel English/Greek/Hebrew displays, instant parsing, and sophisticated search facilities. Tools to assist those learning biblical Hebrew or Greek are also available. A range of bundles offering various combinations of the software is available. The GRAMCORD Institute is a non-profit organisation which has been researching and developing products for the syntactical analysis of biblical texts since 1976.
Adrift in a sea of polemics and postulation, the wonderful 'Islam and Islamic studies resources' website is a truly welcome presence on the Internet for its commitment to collecting and evaluating useful Internet resources on the Islamic faith. Maintained by Dr Alan Godlas at the University of Georgia, these pages seek to provide a scholarly overview of Islam, and Islam related issues, with the site divided into a series of categories that introduce the reader to an array of historical and contemporary discussions, but which are detailed enough to entice the most discerning of users. By combining introductory summary material with links to additional external sites, the author provides not only a brief tutorial in Islam but simultaneously identifies and critiques the best Islamic resources on the net. Categories include everything from the basic divisions in Islam, to mysticism, science, women's issues, history and art. Most sections offer additional bibliographic material, and new students will find the collection of bibliographic links and glossary of terms especially helpful. Those who wish to learn about Islam through electronic resources while remaining confident of the quality of material would do well to begin here.
The website of the Jacques Maritain Center, based at the University of Notre Dame, aims to make available information and resources on the work of the French Catholic philosopher, Jacques Maritain. Maritain was a paradigmatic Catholic philosopher who sought to provide a model of the way in which religious belief and other spheres of human life can be interwoven. He was deeply influenced by St. Thomas Aquinas and accepted the Catholic Church's recommendation of Aquinas as its master in theology and philosophy. The Center exists to contribute to the increasing influence of the philosophy of Jacques Maritain. The Center's site contains an extensive range of information on the life and work of Maritain. Exerpts from his work are available online along with useful bibliographic information. In addition, there is: an index of Maritain's papers; an index of papers by Yves R. Simon and Charles de Koninck; a list of books and dissertations on Maritain; conference details; a Latin dictionary and grammar aid; a French dictionary and grammar aid; a Greek lexicon; and an image gallery.
Monachos.net is a website that aims to further the study of Orthodox Christianity by providing an impressive range resources on patristics, monasticism, and liturgics as they relate to the Eastern Christian tradition. The site offers primary texts, commentaries and articles, and a number of useful annotated lists of links. There are also discussion boards, and resources to assist those learning classical or ecclesiastical Greek. The site is attractively presented and easy to navigate, with a full search function. A few pages require SPIonic Greek font to display properly: this is available to download. Monachos.net is an extensive resource, with much to offer not just to those interested in Orthodox Christianity, but also those working more generally in patristics, ecclesiastical history, and doctrine. The range of materials available is such that there will be something to interest almost everyone, from the casual enquirer to the academic researcher.
This resource contains the Vulgate version of the Psalter in Latin, presented alongside the Douay English translation. You can browse the Psalms according to their number or via their Incipit (first verse); there is also a search function. Straightforward and easy to navigate, this site is excellent for teaching or research purposes. However, as it does not include a critical apparatus nor any grammar tools, it is less useful for scholars of textual transmission or people needing explanation of the Latin text.
The Quartz Hill School of Theology website provides online courses on a wide range of theologically related subjects. Classes are offered as shareware, meaning that students don't have to pay unless they choose to (though certain advantages, such as gaining academic credit for the courses studied, are only available to paying students). Courses include seminars devoted to the close reading of a single Old or New Testament book, but also broader surveys of apocalyptic literature and introductions to biblical textual criticism. An online library of useful texts hosted both on- and off-site is provided. The School also publishes the Quartz Hill Journal of Theology - also available online for free - a journal devoted to Christian readings of the Bible (the site as a whole is unashamedly Christian in approach: its aim is stated as being 'to train believers for more effective ministry'). There is much here that may be of use to anyone interested in (or perhaps starting to teach) biblical studies, or Christian theology more generally.
The Sanskrit Documents website provides copies of Sanskrit texts in both transliteration and Devanagari display (although English translations are not generally available). The site also offers resources to assist in the learning of Sanskrit, including a dictionary, tutorials, and pronunciation guides. The range of texts available includes: Ganesha stotra; Devi stotrani; Vishhnu and krishhna stotra; the Ramayana; Rāma stotra; Navagraha; Upanishhat; Rigveda; and many other works. Most works are available in a number of different formats, including PDF and GIF files; in some cases, additional fonts will be needed to view the Devanagari text. Information about the site's publishers does not seem to be readily available, although there is a lengthy list of those who have contributed to the project.
The SP Fonts Home Page (formerly the 'Scholars Press') contains several TrueType fonts that may be downloaded and used free of charge. The alphabets available are Greek, Hebrew, Coptic, and Syriac. The site includes two Greek fonts: SPDoric and SPIonic. Three Hebrew fonts are featured: SPTiberian; SPDamascus; and SPEzra. SPEdessa is a Syriac Estrangela font. SPAchmim is a Coptic font. Finally, SPAtlantis is a transliteration font that includes diacriticals and other special characters that allow the representation of numerous Indo-European, Semitic, and other languages. SPAtlantis is available in both Roman and Italic type. The Greek and Coptic fonts are largely based on the 'Thesaurus Linguae Graecae' encoding, with additional codes for Coptic characters not represented in the Greek encoding. The Hebrew and Syriac fonts follow the Michigan-Claremont encoding scheme.The fonts may be individually downloaded, and are compatible with PC and Mac computers. Each font has a .readme file explaining the standard keyboard mapping used by the font. Although the fonts are free to use, the website requests that permission be sought from the copyright holder before including the typefaces in commercial electronic products.
The Taoism Information Page is a gateway to mainly scholarly English-language resources relating to the study of Taoism, one of the three religions usually associated with China. The other two, namely Buddhism and Confucianism, are also briefly touched on. The gateway is divided into sections which include: Tao Te Ching; Chuang-tzu; I Ching; The Sun-tzu Art of War; Taoism and Martial Arts; and Taoism and Modernity. Each link is accompanied by a brief annotation. The site is an associate site of the Asian Studies WWW Virtual Library and is edited by Gene R. Thursby, Associate Professor, Department of Religion at the University of Florida.