A History of Pentecostalism in Canada is a website created and maintained by Professor Tom Robinson of the Religious Studies Department at the University of Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. It focuses on the historical dimension of the Pentecostal movement in Canada, and aims to collect and provide access to materials relevant to this aspect of study. Some sections have yet to be completed and the site itself does not seem to have been updated since 2005. Nevertheless, it does offer several useful resources for those researching in this area and others who are interested in comparative work. These include: a small number of articles; annotated and unannotated links to the homepages of several Pentecostal denominations in Canada; links to the homepages of relevant journals; bibliographies of print-based work; and annotated links to online resources on Christian Studies and Pentecostal Studies.
Preston Hunter's website Adherents.com is one of the most valuable tools available on the Internet for researchers needing statistical information on religious groups or organisations around the globe. The site is easily navigable and may be searched by either geographic location or religious affiliation. Though the bulk of information relates to American religious demographics, those digging for information will be hard pressed to find any belief system omitted, as virtually all-major cultures are included somewhere in these pages. Appropriate for students and academics at all levels, inquiries produce detailed information on various sects and denominations within a faith, their distribution, the number of adherents, the percentage of the population, and (when available) the number of congregations or churches. Thankfully, the editors have taken care to provide the source information for each entry and often a link to the referring page for electronically published data. Limited amounts of historical population statistics are also available through this site. The site features advertising but it is not obtrusive.
Advaita Vedanta is a philosophy based on the Vedas which emphasises the non-duality of the soul and the divine. The Advaita Vedanta home page is a scholarly and substantial site which aims to introduce and explore the philosophical issues associated with advaita vedanta. The site has sections on history, philosophy and philosophers. There are notable essays on Sankara and his disciples, for example. Philosophies include: the Upanishads; schools of Vedanta; creation and causality; and the Bhamati and Vivarana schools. The site also maintains the archive for the ADVAITA-1 email discussion list, and a set of annotated links to Sanskrit texts.
The official website of the Anglican Communion offers a wealth of resources for those interested in this branch of the Christian church. Along with news stories about current issues involving or relevant to the Communion or its members, there are sections on: the Archbishop of Canterbury; the Lambeth Conference (including archives of conferences from 1867 onwards); the Primates Meeting; and the Anglican Consultative Council (ACC). Information about the ACC's ministries (which include ecumenical affairs, ethics and technology, and theological education) and of various Anglican networks (including the environmental network, the HIV/AIDS network, and the international family network) provides insight into the Communion's work. One slight drawback of this site is that it seems to assume a certain level of familiarity with the nature and structure of the Anglican Communion: it is not always easy to find introductory information describing the various bodies featured on the site. However, this is still a useful resource for those with an interest in the church's relation to society, or in modern Anglican ecclesiology.
The Anglican Library seeks to provide online editions of literature from the Anglican Christian tradition, and other works of interest to Anglicans. The writings available on the site include the full text of the two Books of Homilies - authorised sermons issued in the 16th century for use in the Church of England. Among the other works are sermons and treatises by classic Christian authors such as Oxford martyr Hugh Latimer, William Law, George Whitefield, and J. C. Ryle, plus selections from the religious works of more recent authors such as C. S. Lewis and Dorothy L. Sayers. There are also links (some of which are annotated) to other online resources on, for example, the Bible and various editions of the Book of Common Prayer. The reference section provides further links. The site has two indexes (title and author) and a keyword search function, and despite one or two oddities of organisation (the Book of Common Prayer, for example, is listed in the author index, but not in that of titles), is easily navigable and attractively presented.
The Anglicans Online website is intended to provide introductory information about, and resources for members of, the Anglican Communion. It offers a brief summary of Anglican belief, including pages on the Book of Common Prayer and the Bible, and provides links for those who would like to know more. There is also a description of typical Anglican churches and services. However, it should be noted that the site appears to take more traditional forms of Anglicanism (particularly those found in America) as the norm, and does not always reflect the full breadth Anglican practice. Other resources include information about the Anglican church around the world, and a lengthy collection of annotated links, although unfortunately this is not particularly well maintained. The site is not principally intended as a scholarly resource, but nevertheless may well be of interest to those wishing to find out more about the modern Anglican church.
The website of the Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA) is an essential resource for students and academics researching or exploring religious trends and developments in the United States and elsewhere. Formerly known as the American Religion Data Archive, it was established to collect and preserve statistical information and reports on a host of religious organisations and issues. The project originally focused on religion in America, but has since expanded to include data about other countries. Information is categorised into national and regional assessments, with reports on religious denominations, and surveys of religious professionals. Research results from whole survey questionnaires may be downloaded from the site, and an extremely thorough search utility allows the user to scan the whole body of information for specific issues and then extract that information. It is even possible to conduct some limited comparisons from separate data files and collate the results. While not limited to the Judeo-Christian tradition, much of the information presently held is on Christian groups, with particularly good survey data available on Catholicism in America. The Archive is directed by Roger Finke.
The Baptist Library Online offers access to a range of important and hard-to-find texts by English and American authors in the Baptist tradition between the 17th and 19th centuries. The primary focus is on General Baptists and the Arminian (that is, free will) theology closely associated with them. Brief biographical information is included about key Baptist leaders whose work appears on the site, and a copy of the 1660 General Baptist Confession of Faith is available. Most texts are offered as PDF files - often facsimiles of printed editions - and HTML versions of many are also available. Also included is a short list of links to other related resources. A useful site for anyone with an interest in the history or theology of the Baptist church.
This truly superior online collection of citations and bibliographic material has been compiled by Barend J. ter Haar at the University of Leiden. The main introductory page of his Bibliographies on Chinese History and Culture leads to eight different extensive (and usually annotated) bibliographical resources on Chinese society. While this includes references for literacy and education, violence, and protest and dissent, many categories are specifically devoted to religious themes including the Yao religion, Shamanism, and the Falun Gong movement, as well as more general collections on twentieth century religious life and culture in mainland China. The bibliographies are organised in a series of logical sub-divisions, and include details of electronic resources. However, a basic search engine to retrieve references by author or exact subject would be a welcome addition to the site. In any case, undergraduates and academics at all levels who wish to enlarge their knowledge of Chinese secondary sources will find these lists useful, whether they are searching for books or material on the Web. New lecturers may also wish to avail themselves of the Teaching Aids section, which takes the form of an extended annotated exploration of Internet, encyclopaedic and print resources.
Richard Hooker's Buddhism website provides a historical introduction to this religious tradition. Beginning with the birth of Siddhartha Gautama in the 6th century B.C., the site describes the founding of the religion and its major concepts and beliefs. There are sections describing the origins and differences of Theravada and Mahayana Buddhism, and a page on the development of Tantric ideas. The site also examines the reasons behind the decline of Buddhism in India, and looks at the growth and development of the various schools of Buddhism in Japan, including Zen. A proposed section on Chinese Buddhism has unfortunately not been completed, and work on the site seems to have stopped. The site includes extracts from the Dhammapada ('The Path of Dharma'), the most important collection of the sayings of the Buddha. There is also a list of links to other websites, although this does not appear to have been maintained, and consequently few of the links still function. This site forms part of an online courseware unit from Washington State University's 'World Civilizations' project. It is targeted at students about to begin university, and first year undergraduates.
The website 'Catholic Church Documents Related to Biblical Studies' consists of an annotated list of links to primary and secondary sources central to the Catholic Church, such as 'Dei Verbum' (Vatican II), a number of documents by the Pontifical Biblical Commission, papal encyclicals, and the Neo-Vulgate Bible. Most texts are accessible in English; some sources are given in both Latin and English, and a few are in other languages. This site also contains a short list of printed Catholic writings, although as the author states himself, many of these are now out of print. This resource does not hide its clearly Catholic point of view.
This is the official website of the Catholic Church in England and Wales. It gives an overview of many matters relating to the Catholic faith which would be of use and interest to those seeking a better understanding of the religion. These include on issues like: prayer and spirituality; how to become a Catholic; what the Catholic Church teaches; how to get a child baptised; and how to arrange weddings and funerals in a Catholic Church. The site also contains information about recent events, and provides access to numerous resources such as video recordings and statements issued by the Church on new legislation and public policy; resources and commentary on Vatican and papal releases; newsletters; images; interviews; links to affiliated sites; press releases; and documents published by the Catholic Bishops' Conference of England and Wales since the 1990s. Some of the materials are presented in PDF and would need Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. A search engine is available.
The New Advent website offers a complete online version of the Catholic Encyclopedia. The Encyclopedia, originally published between 1907 and 1914, attempts to cover all aspects of Roman Catholic faith and history that may be of public interest: biographies are given for figures from Church history; historical events are explained; demographic information is provided; doctrinal points are discussed and justified; and Catholic literature, art, and science are covered. The Encyclopedia takes a moderately scholarly approach when discussing other faiths and the particular challenges sometimes presented by philosophy, explaining the background and nature of the proposed belief, and how it sits with Catholicism. Unsurprisingly, the Encyclopedia displays a bias towards the received doctrines of Roman Catholicism, but the reasons given for the faith's superiority are interesting and may also prove challenging. The sources used for each entry, and suggested further reading materials, are included at the base of the page. The site claims that the Catholic Encyclopedia only differs from a general encyclopaedia in 'omitting facts and information which have no relation to the Church'. A search engine is included with the site, which is useful as browsing may only be conducted alphabetically, and not by topic or category of entry.
The Catholic Encyclopedia's List of Popes provides links to the Encyclopedia's articles describing the lives and major achievements of all pontiffs from Saint Peter in 37 CE until the early 20th century (when the print edition of the Encyclopedia was published). Names and dates of later popes are also given, but no more detailed information, and antipopes are not mentioned. This resource gives straightforward and easily accessed information. However, particularly in the case of the earlier popes, the historical details recorded are sometimes disputed, and it may be advisable to cross check with another reference source.
While the Catholic Information Network (CIN) website is first and foremost a tool for the promotion of the Catholic faith, it contains such a large amount of information that it will be useful to anyone researching Christian, and specifically Roman Catholic, development and history. From this site, many church documents are accessible, including papal encyclicals from 20th century popes and documents from the Second Vatican Council. There is extensive information on Mary and the Catholic liturgical cycle, but perhaps the most useful reference tool is the epic guide to Saints, Martyrs and Other Holy Persons. This alphabetical index to saints’ lives offers quick historical and bibliographical information to virtually every canonised figure in Church history. Of course there is no need to restrict oneself to historical documentation, for CIN itself is an excellent starting point in exploring the use of the Internet by religious communities, and a chance to see how church bodies try to promote themselves through this new medium.
This website provides information about Catholic Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara. It gives an overview of what Catholic Studies entail and offers details about the graduate and undergraduate degree programs available at the university on this subject. There are also press releases and news about past and forthcoming events relating to Catholic Studies. Of particular interest to students of Religion is a section which contains a collection of articles from the world's media related to Pope Benedict XVI's lecture that was given at the University of Regenburg on the 12th of September 2006. The materials are divided into the following 3 themes: The Speech and Its Meaning; The Kinds of Reactions; and Larger Forces at Play. This is followed by an Epilogue and an annotated bibliography of relevant work. The site also provides unannotated links to websites containing Catholic News and Opinion.
This is the homepage of the Center for Pentecostal Research at Northwestern University, USA. The center is directed jointly by Blaine Charette and Jack Wisemore. It aims to sponsor and promote discussion and research relating to Pentecostal thought and practice. It also seeks to develop links and foster communication between the academic and religious communities. To this end, it has organised a Pentecostal Lectureship Series since 2005 and past speakers include Drs Andrea D. Butler (2008), Brian C. Stiller (2007), James K. A. Smith (2006) and Steven Land (2005). The talks could be listened to and downloaded from here. The site also provides links to the homepages of several organisations and journals associated with Pentecostalism.
This site, authored and edited by Chad Hansen, contains segments of a wide-ranging interpretation of classical Chinese philosophy that takes Daoism (Taoism) as central to classical Chinese thought. The interpretation turns on a new reading of the Daoist philosopher Zhuangzi that highlights sceptical and relativist themes in his thinking. Hansen's crucial assumption is that Zhuangzi was a philosopher of language. Zhuangzi was deeply engaged with the linguistic insights of the Later Mohists (sometimes called Neo-Mohists or Dialectical Mohists) and the School of Names. This site is a good introduction to Chinese philosophy and offers some interesting interpretative strategies. Hansen is author of, A Daoist Theory of Chinese Thought: A philosophical interpretation (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992).
The official website of the Church of England provides a range of resources for those wishing to learn more about this branch of the Christian church. Sections on faith, worship, life events, and the church and its role in society provide introductory articles covering topics including: the basics of the Christian faith, and of Anglicanism in particular; prayer; liturgy; and the organisational structure of the Church of England. There are also news items giving details of events within and relevant to the Church, articles discussing ethical issues, and official records such as the reports of the proceedings of the General Synod. The site is easy to navigate, and links to related sections of the site or other Web pages that may be of interest are often provided alongside articles. There is also a substantial separate links list. Although the primary purpose of the site is to be a resource for believers and general enquirers, there is a significant amount here that may be of use to those of a more academic bent, especially those with an interest in modern ecclesiology, or the church's response to current events.
What better way to learn about a religion than to go right to the source! The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints - a Christian denomination especially prominent in the mid-western United States and notable for including the Book of Mormon in their canon - has constructed an attractive and detailed site. In addition to a guide to the basic tenets of the faith and information about Mormon church and home life (some of which is housed off-site), the site offers a considerable volume of texts. The complete Mormon scriptures are provided in both text and audio versions, including the Book of Mormon, and selections from Joseph Smith's translation of the Bible. Also available is information about historical developments that led to the foundation of the Mormon movement by Joseph Smith in the early 1800s, plus contemporary sermons and a regularly updated collection of news articles and stories that deal with issues and events affecting the Church body. Students looking for background information about this religious group will find ample material to begin their studies, and researchers will find this provides an interesting insight into the Church's activities and theological / cultural responses to modern issues.
This is the online version of the Church Times, the world's leading weekly Anglican newspaper. This is a valuable site for anyone interested in topical issues affecting the Anglican Church: if there's a controversy or a serious moral or doctrinal question, the Church Times will almost certainly cover it. Their stated aim is to provide "balanced and fair reporting of events and opinions across the whole range of Anglican affairs". The online edition of the paper offers selected articles from the current issue. The Search function allows one to access the contents of earlier issues, although tables of contents do not appear to be available online (users are, however, invited to email the Web editor for PDFs of past editions). Other features include a database of Anglican churches worldwide, and books reviews.
The Clergy of the Church of England Database is an online relational database containing records of the careers of all clergymen of the Church of England between 1540 and 1835. The database provides an extensive research tool for historical researchers who wish to find biographical information about individual clergymen in early modern times, making it possible for the user to trace individuals across parishes, chronological and geographical patronage, and more structural investigations of the Church of England. The database contains records from all 27 dioceses of England and Wales which are held at 51 diocesan repositories and other archives and libraries. The primary records listed from the diocesan collections include registers, subscription books, licensing books, and liber cleri or call books. Where these records are fragmentary, other types of records have been consulted, including bishops' transcripts of parish registers, wills, taxation records, and surveys of clergy. The website also features a list of people involved in the project, and an explanation of the database. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) within the Research Grants scheme.
The Digital Quaker Collection at the Earlham School of Religion is an online digital library containing the full text and page images of over 500 individual Quaker works from the 17th and 18th centuries. The site's organisers write: "The theological and organizational biases of Quakers have historically inhibited the production of systematic presentations on theological topics. As a result, the great wealth of Quaker thinking is contained in primary materials such as journals, epistles, and monographs." As a result, many of the volumes held by the School of Religion and available via this digitised project are rare and/or hard to locate. All of these texts are freely accessible via this excellent website; a fairly comprehensive bibliography and a page of links to related resources are also included. Made possible by a large grant from the Arthur Vinings Davis Foundations, the site is well-presented and easy to navigate.
The Doukhobor collection is a database of primary sources held at Simon Frazer University, relating to a Russian religious sect ('the spirit-wrestlers') which emigrated to Canada in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Over 260 digitised primary sources (500+ images) dating from 1898 to 1975 may be browsed or searched by keyword. These include: letters; photographs; postcards; books and book chapters; magazine articles; documents; interviews. The site is structured around the following topics: Doukhobor History to 1930; the 1932 perjury trial of Peter Verigin (1881-1939); Verigin’s 1932 incarceration on Piers Island; Schism after the Death of Peter Verigin, 1859-1924; Conflict with the Government over the Vital Statistics Act; Count Leo Tolstoy and the Doukhobors. Topics include links to digitised sources and/or a bibliography based on materials in the collection. There is also a bibliography on the Sons of Freedom, a Doukhobor sect, and a further page of links to other sources of information on the Doukhobors in Canada. Images are of excellent quality, and include rare publications such as a translated letter from Tolstoy written to the Doukhobors in 1900. A fascinating resource for researchers of Russian religious history, and of potential interest for Tolstoy scholars.
Dvaita Home Page is an online resource dedicated to the Sri Madhyacharya doctrine. Propounded by Ananda Tirtha (1238-1317), it teaches that the difference between the individual soul and the Creator is eternal and real. This website, which caters both for those with no prior exposure to the doctrine and those with in-depth knowledge, provides useful information about its founder and his teachings; as well as the biography and works of major scholars that follow in his footsteps. It also contains resources like: downloadable texts; hymns (Stotra) which are listed in alphabetical order and by deity name; a Dvaita FAQ; a calendar of festivals; essays; a bibliography; images; and a list of contributors. The site is user-friendly and would be of interest to those studying South Asian religions.
Essential readings on Chinese philosophy is an annotated bibliography of mainly printed books intended for use by experienced philosophers seeking a core reading list. The subject headings include: general histories; specialised studies; Neo/Confucianism; Taoism; Mohism; comparative studies; I Ching; Buddhism; and Chinese science. Where available links are made to websites by or about authors. Annotations vary from short statements to more lengthy paragraphs. The author of the site, Bryan Van Norden, is an assistant professor in the Philosophy Department at Vassar College.
The ExLibris website provides detailed discussion on religious dissenters prior to, during, and just after the English Civil Wars and Interregnum. The website also provides an extensive list of English music's greatest works (and, where available, the composers) from 1385 to 1714. The discussion of the dissenters is divided by religious grouping (so, for example, there is a section on Baptists and a section on Muggletonians) and each area provides details on the group's aims, goals, achievements and influential leaders. There is a considerable bibliography which, although missing a few details on some publications, is of very wide scope and highly beneficial to any student or researcher in English religious, social or political history. The English 'musick' section is split into chronological order, with seven separate areas, and also has a very detailed and lengthy bibliography.
FiveSolas.com is a website dedicated to theology in the Reformed Calvinist tradition. Named after the five Latin phrases that emerged during the Reformation as an expression of the Reformers' theological beliefs, the site offers access to a collection of articles and longer works on a range of topics including: eschatology; baptism; salvation; the Sabbath; and prayer. Although the site is unabashedly rooted in the Reformed tradition, pieces offering contrasting viewpoints are also included for comparison. In addition, there is a brief glossary, and a section on creeds, confessions, and related documents. The site offers a good selection of works by Protestant theologians and preachers of the 17th and 18th century, including: Augustus Toplady; John Owen; Jonathan Edwards; and an entire section devoted to the works of the Puritan preacher Thomas Watson. Pieces by contemporary writers are also included, although users should note that many of these are not primarily intended for an academic audience, but were instead written for church use (as sermons, for example) or as inspirational literature. The resources listed are a mixture of works hosted on-site, and lightly annotated (and generally well maintained) links to material elsewhere.
This is the homepage of the European Research Network on Global Pentecostalism (GloPent). The Network, which is the initiative of the University of Birmingham, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and Heidelberg University, is dedicated to the study of Global Pentecostal and Charismatic Christianity. This website contains information on GloPent's research projects; participants, news and events (past, current and forthcoming). It also provides study resources like: annotated links to the homepages of relevant organisations and other online resources; a list and the abstracts of ongoing and completed doctoral research projects; and a collection of academic papers. It also allows free access to the materials published in their online journal called PentecoStudies (ISSN: 1871 7621). The site provides a search engine and it also enables searches to be carried out according to geographical regions. An interesting resource for those researching this area of study.
H-Pentecostalism is an electronic mailing list for scholarly discussion of the Pentecostalist movement. Hosted by H-Net, the list provides a forum for exploration of all aspects of the history of this Christian denomination, and for the sharing of details of relevant publications and of teaching ideas and materials. Input is welcomed from clergy, students, and researchers from a wide variety of fields, including religious studies, history, and the social sciences. The network's home page offers information on how to subscribe, discussion logs, and a selection of links to other online resources. At time of cataloguing, this list was relatively low traffic.
The Hall of Church History is an extensive guide to church history resources on the Internet. It covers most major schools of thought within Christianity from the church fathers through to 20th century figures, including sections on heretics and cults as well as the more orthodox. There is also a page of historically important creeds, confessions and catechisms. The site is attractively presented: one navigates by clicking on various 'rooms' in a map of the site (though a text-only version is also available). Each room gives a brief description of the area covered therein, and then a list of annotated links. There are a few broken links, but the proportion is reasonably small. The structure of the site and the descriptions of some resources indicate a distinct bias towards the author's own theological views, which lie in the Reformed Baptist/Calvinist tradition, but, as good coverage is given even to those groups with whom he disagrees, this is still a useful and interesting resource.
This is the homepage of the Institute for Orthodox Christian Studies (IOCS) based in Cambridge, England. It was established in 1999 and is a member of the Cambridge Theological Federation. This website contains information about the courses they offer and the services held at the institute. Other resources available include: a selection of audio recordings from their courses; transcripts of lectures and papers delivered by IOCS staff at conferences and seminars in the UK and abroad; brochures and posters; and the institute's newsletters. Visitors can also search their library catalogue and links are provided to websites containing information about Orthodoxy and Orthodox theological education. The institute is directed by Professor David Frost.
The website of the Institute of Ismaili Studies provides information on this research institute, located in London, which focuses on the Ismaili community and its culture. It offers a graduate programme in Islamic Studies and Humanities, as well as a doctoral programme, in collaboration with various British universities. The website is an excellent resource for those studying or wanting to find out more about the history of the Ismaili community - the second largest Shia community in the Muslim world. Members of its communities inhabit over 20 countries. The institute serves its own community, by providing various religious and cultural programmes, as well as lifelong learning, and academic seminars, conferences and public lectures. Recognised as one of the leading centres for studies in this field, the institute commissions publications, translations, and research by both internal and external scholars. The site provides a good guide to available resources in English. An extremely useful feature of the site is the glossary, which provides explanations of terms used. The site is available in French, English, Farsi (Persian), and Arabic. It features a short biography of the community's Imam and leader - His Highness the Aga Khan. The site is very easy to navigate (aided by a search facility and site guide) and features the following sections: research; graduate studies; learning; library; publications; news and events; and contact details.
J.B. Hare established the Internet Sacred Text Archive to make public domain religious and mythological texts available to the interested reader. It brings together material collected by the archive itself with a variety of links from other primary resource sites on the Internet to form one of the largest and far reaching electronic text resources available anywhere. With a somewhat eclectic selection in content, the site includes everything from English translations of the sacred texts of African, Australian, and North American indigenous cultures to Eastern, Neo-Pagan and Occult traditions. Judeo-Christian and Islamic resources are also well represented. The archive is still growing, with new texts added on a regular basis. The need to avoid material which is still in copyright means that many of the translations date from over a hundred years ago, but the variety of resources in translation makes the site invaluable to those lacking extensive foreign language skills who wish to rapidly familiarise themselves with a specific tradition. This site is an excellent starting point for anyone who wants to locate an electronic English-language version of a significant religious text from almost any religious tradition.
The Interpretation of the Bible in the Church is an online version of the English translation of a paper presented by the Pontifical Biblical Commission on 18th March 1994. It states the Catholic Church's position on interpreting the meaning of Scripture: how it should become known to and understood by both the faithful and academia. It summarises the history of interpretation, and various interpretive methods and approaches, and also includes sections on hermeneutical questions (that is, questions about the science of interpretation), characteristics of Catholic interpretations, and the place interpretation of the Bible has in the life of the church. The site is straightforwardly presented: the paper is given as a single text document, with a short list of links to the various sections given at the beginning. This resource may be of use to those working in Biblical hermeneutics, or those with an interest in Catholic theology.
Izdatel'stvo Moskovskoi Patriarkhii is the website of the Moscow Patriarchate's official publisher. This resource provides details of all periodicals and books issued by the Moscow Patriarchate, from calligraphy textbooks for children to publications about military service, including cost. The site also provides details of how and where to buy or subscribe to these publications. 'Projects' links to a sub-site about the 17 volume complete works of Gogol' being issued in 2009-2010. A search engine and an official church calendar are particularly useful features. This Russian language-only site will be of particular interest to researchers of Russian Orthodoxy and contemporary Russian culture.
John Wesley (1703-1791): Life, Legend, and Legacy is an online exhibition that documents the life and career of the founder of the Methodist movement, and examines his lasting influence. It is made available by the John Rylands Library, University of Manchester, and is based on a physical exhibition held there in 2003. The site takes a broadly chronological approach, and is divided into the following sections: Early Life; Georgia and the Search for Salvation; The Rise of Methodism; John Wesley's Beliefs; Wesley the Man; Leader and Patriarch; Death and Apotheosis; and The Wesleyan Legacy. These sections illustrate the main events of Wesley's life with images of documents from the collections of the John Rylands Library. A rich variety of material has been used, including: correspondence of the Wesley family; Wesley's personal notes and sermons; printed works; accounts of Wesley's preaching; and watercolour illustrations, prints and engravings. The material also documents aspects of the life of Wesley's younger brother, the clergyman and hymn writer Charles Wesley. Each image is accompanied by a short text that puts the material into context. In some cases, the thumbnails link to larger images. However, the documents are not fully transcribed (though short excerpts are often included in the accompanying text), and the images are generally of just a single page. Nevertheless, this website presents a good deal of interesting material, and will be of use to those with a general interest in Wesley or Methodism.
The website of Lambeth Palace Library provides information about the principal library and record office for the history of the Church of England, which is also one of England's oldest public libraries. The site offers an overview of the library's holdings, plus information about facilities and services, and how to go about accessing the collections. Online access is provided to the library's printed book catalogue (listing over 130,000 works held by the library), the catalogue of archives and manuscripts, and the Church Plans Online database, which offers digitised images of over 13,000 plans. Details of the Church of England Record Centre are also given. A valuable site for those interested in the history of this branch of the church.
The Methodist Collections Web page provides information about the Methodist Archives and Research Centre (MARC), located in the John Rylands University Library at the University of Manchester. This site's chief function is to describe the library's extensive collection of papers and correspondence from the Wesley family and other prominent evangelists, which is focused primarily on the development of the Methodist movement in the United Kingdom during the 18th century. The contents of the archives are not themselves available online, although the site does offer some useful electronic resources, including an index of Methodist ministers, and a bibliographic index providing brief notes on some 1,300 significant figures. The Online Virtual Library section also offers a large collection of links to relevant material elsewhere on the Web.
Monachos.net is a website that aims to further the study of Orthodox Christianity by providing an impressive range resources on patristics, monasticism, and liturgics as they relate to the Eastern Christian tradition. The site offers primary texts, commentaries and articles, and a number of useful annotated lists of links. There are also discussion boards, and resources to assist those learning classical or ecclesiastical Greek. The site is attractively presented and easy to navigate, with a full search function. A few pages require SPIonic Greek font to display properly: this is available to download. Monachos.net is an extensive resource, with much to offer not just to those interested in Orthodox Christianity, but also those working more generally in patristics, ecclesiastical history, and doctrine. The range of materials available is such that there will be something to interest almost everyone, from the casual enquirer to the academic researcher.
Mormon Publications: 19th Century is an online collection of books, missionary tracts, doctrinal treatises, hymnals, and periodicals. Part of Brigham Young University's Digital Collections, the works offered relate to the history and doctrinal development of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints from 1830 until the end of the 19th century. PDF facsimiles of over 700 texts are available, including issues of the Deseret News, the Journal of Discourses, and the Millennial Star. The process of full digitisation is ongoing, but all the titles in the collection have been processed using optical character recognition software, so it is possible to search the full text of each publication. Alternatively, one can browse through the collection as a whole, or through one of the sub-sections accessible via a pull-down menu on the front page. Descriptions of the major items available are also given. A valuable resource for those working in this area of religious history.
The Movement for Reform Judaism is a UK organisation which exists to promote and provide information about this Jewish denomination. The Movement's website offers information on the history of Reform Judaism, and about the current visions and purpose of the movement. There are also articles, news items, a discussion forum where specific questions about Judaism can be asked, and a glossary. This is not (not does it claim to be) a scholarly resource, but it is a useful starting point for those wishing to learn more about the practice of this strand of Jewish tradition in the UK.
Papal Encyclicals Online is a highly useful resource for accessing encyclicals, bulls, briefs, and other papal writings from the Roman Catholic Church in electronic form. Documents are available from as early as Pope Honorious III (d. 1227), up to and including Benedict XVI. Unfortunately, not all encyclical communications are available (coverage is generally limited to only one or two documents per pope until the 18th century), but overall the site offers a reasonable cross-section of writings. Users should also note that many of the documents are available only in Latin. The number of documents and their availability in English improves as we move towards the 20th century. The site also offers a brief introduction to encyclicals and papal documents, records of church councils, and a small image gallery.
'Pentecostal-Charismatic Theological Inquiry International' (PCTII) is a website maintained by Reverend Dr Harold D. Hunter. It provides access to a wide range of online materials on Pentecostalism. These include: articles (including those by Harold Hunter himself); reports; conference papers; and links to the homepages of journals, seminaries, research centers, academic societies and churches in Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America; North America and Oceania. Likewise available is a schedule of past, recent and future academic conferences. The website provides full-text access to an e-journal, entitled Cyberjournal for Pentecostal-Charismatic Research, which is published annually; articles from the most recent issue are available as PDF files. There is also a PCTII Global Database but registration is required to access this. The site allows free access to all PCTII newsletters issued since 1993 and it holds a search engine.
Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia is the online version of a multi-volume reference work on Orthodox Christianity and the history of the Russian church, published under the editorship of the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia. The encyclopaedia is searchable by keyword and includes an Orthodox calendar with hypertext links to related entries. Entries can be viewed alphabetically or browsed by category (e.g. theology, demography). Available in Russian language only, it is easy to navigate and includes citation details (volume and page numbers, publication date) for each entry. Currently only entries for the first eight letters of the Russian alphabet are online, with new entries added daily. An RSS feed notifies subscribers of additions to the encyclopaedia. Many entries are illustrated, and include a bibliography. This is an excellent resource for researchers, teachers and students of Russian religious culture and history.
The Project Canterbury website aims to make Anglo-Catholic texts available online. These are drawn from the writings of authors including: George Herbert; John Keble; William Laud; John Henry Newman; Edward Bouverie Pusey; and Charlotte Yonge. Current holdings include: Tracts for the Times; John Keble's The Christian Year; several biographical resources (e.g. Desmond Morse-Boycott's Lead, Kindly Light: Studies of Saints and Heroes of the Oxford Movement (1933)); and documents relating to Anglican orders. The texts are sorted by a number of different criteria (including topic, time period, and key figures) for ease of access. The Project is managed by Richard J. Mammana (Columbia University), and is a voluntary effort.
The Pure Land Buddhism WWW Virtual Library provides access to Web resources on this topic. It offers links to resources about the various Pure Land schools, bibliographical information about Pure Land Buddhism, plus an introductory essay. This introduction is clear and well written, and provides a useful account of how Pure Land Buddhism (one of the most popular schools within the Far East) is located within the wider picture of Buddhist philosophy. This resource is easily navigated and invaluable to those interested in research of this particular area of Buddhist thought. The site is part of the more general Buddhist Studies WWW Virtual Library.
The Quaker Archives Database from the University of Leeds Special Collections department is an online index of names from many of the older documents in the University Library's Carlton Hill archive. This archive relates mainly to Quaker records of West and North Yorkshire. Seventy minute books have been indexed; creating a total of almost 40,000 records. A list of the documents which have been indexed for inclusion in the database is available from the site. It is possible to limit searches to particular types of data, for example name, place or meeting. The results can be displayed by name or by meeting. The results provide references to the documents in the archive containing the search terms used. Online help on how to use the database is available from the site, as is a longer guide in PDF format.
The website of the Quaker Heritage Press offers a collection of electronic texts concerning the Quakers. Most notable among these is the four volume 'Works' of Isaac Penington (1616-1679). Other texts include: Essays by Job Scott (1751-1793); Thomas Lurting's 'The Fighting Sailor Turn'd Peaceable Christian'; writings by George Fox (1624-1691) not included in his 'Collected Works'; Margaret Fell's justification of 'Women's Speaking'; and several others. The texts themselves are in standard HTML format, with longer works divided into chapters for ease of navigation. A number of the texts offered are not readily obtainable in modern editions, making this resource of particular assistance to historians or theologians studying Quakerism. Additionally, the site provides a list of print works available from the Quaker Heritage Press, and a bibliographic catalogue of all historic Quaker writings known to the site's compilers that are currently in print or available online.
Quakers in Britain is the website of the Religious Society of Friends (or Quakers) in the UK. It is a large, regularly updated resource for practising Quakers or those who wish to explore its history and beliefs. Features on the site include a monthly newsletter; details of resources, listings of demonstrations and vigils; and a calendar of events for the year, plus a large collection of documents relating to the Quakers' work for peace and social justice. There is also useful information about the library at Friends House and its holdings. A copy of Quaker Faith and Practice, the publication which sets out the theology and structure of the Quaker movement (and which includes a recent version of 'Advices and Queries' - the document that has stated the tenets of Quakerism since 1682), is available on the site.
The Baptist History section of the website The Reformed Reader presents a collection of electronic versions of texts about the history of the Baptist denomination, chiefly in the UK and America. Many of the works (which include a number of complete books) date from the 19th or early 20th century, although there are some more modern pieces. Separate sections deal with the history of related groups and denominations, including: the Anabaptists; the Church of the Brethren; the Waldenses; the Winebrennerians; and so forth. Most of the material listed is hosted on-site, but a few links to external resources are also included. This resource is part of a wider website about the Baptist denomination, The Reformed Reader, and while much of the material in other sections is devotional or popular in focus, those researching the Baptists may also find the Documents section useful, as this includes a range of Baptist confessions, catechisms, and related material.
Edited by George P. Landow, and part of the much larger Victorian Web project, the Religion in Victorian Britain Web page is a useful starting point for those who wish to gain an overview of 19th century British religious denominations, trends, and writers. The site's introductory Timeline of Religion and Philosophy, and its exhaustive list of categories (organised under headings including Denominations, Dissenters, and the Bible, Interpretation, and Religious Symbolism) offer sound introductory material for an undergraduate audience. There is a helpful bibliography, but unfortunately the accompanying list of links to primary literature has not been updated recently, and so includes a high proportion of broken links. Written by graduate students and scholars from the UK and USA, Religion in Victorian Britain is a well-designed site which may prove valuable to those teaching undergraduates in either religion or church history.
The Religious Movements Homepage is a vital resource for anyone researching new or contemporary religious developments in the western world. Developing out of, and in conjunction with, a class on the sociology of new religious movements, this site is an excellent example of the practical utility of electronic resources in higher education. The primary function of these pages is to provide introductory information and research on those religions typically not regarded as mainstream, and often labelled as ‘cults’, ‘sects’ or ‘quasi-religious organizations’. Its most valuable utility is a searchable index of new religious movement profiles, which contains historical and demographic information on over 200 groups, summarizes their individual belief system as well as offers links to related resources. Far more than simply a reference tool, the often-surprising breadth for detail for an undergraduate class project means it can stand as a true starting point for students researching the formation and development of new religions. The site actively seeks to clarify the meaning of such terms as ‘cult’ and ‘sect’ while diffusing some of the fear occasionally associated with these words. A number of articles are included on cults and cult-controversies, and an extensive bibliography will help guide interested readers further in these issues.
As of mid 2008, the Religious Movements Home Page is in the process of undergoing a major revision and migration. Until this is complete, a link to an archived version of the resource is available.
The Religious Society of Friends is a very simple website devoted to the Quaker movement. This resource is in essence a vast links page (although a small proportion of material is hosted on-site), with a view to forging contacts between Quakers all over the world, and raising the profile of the movement. However, there is also a considerable amount of Quaker-related material that may be of interest to those of with more academic interests, such as historical information and writings by influential members of the Society throughout its history. The site is deeply democratic, and that is, perhaps, its greatest strength. The site states that: "Everything on these pages should be considered representative of some but not all Quaker thought. Free web space is available on this server for any meeting-sponsored Quaker activity." The result is the inclusion of fascinating private documents, such as letters or unpublished memoirs, which amount to primary sources for the study of Quaker history. The Religious Society of Friends is, then, a deceptive site. Its simple production values, and it humble approach to its aims, make it a remarkable archive for important, and little understood, religious movement.
The website of the Representation of the Russian Orthodox Church to European Institutions in Brussels seeks to give the official position of the Moscow Patriarchate on relations with other Christian denominations and religions, and on issues of importance to Orthodox Christians in the European Union. The site is divided into: events; background information (about the formation of the Representation); Christianity in Europe; Church and society (addressing topics such as euthanasia); inter-orthodox relations; ecumenical relations; inter-religious dialogue; Church life; catechism; theology and spirituality; liturgy and prayer; Church history; Europaica bulletin. Each section has publications in English, French and German, and the site also has Russian and Magyar pages. The bulletin is available by email subscription. This easy to navigate site will be of interest to teachers and researchers of religion in the European Union, inter-church relations and Russian religious culture.
The Restoration Movement website was developed and compiled by Hans Rollman at Memorial University in Newfoundland, these pages hold a considerable amount of information including a photographic archive, bibliographies of recent publications and biographies of hundreds of figures associated with this movement. The volume of primary resources will make these pages a great boon for students and researchers at every level. Users will find links to contemporary restoration churches, as well as transcriptions of original sermons, writings from the movement’s founders, and a digital library. Inaugurated in the north-eastern United States by Barton W. Stone, Thomas Campbell and his son Alexander at the beginning of the 19th century, the movement advocated the restoration of the gospel and the church of the New Testament. The movement's ideas soon spread across North America and much of the English-speaking world, and some of the churches founded by the movement are still active to this day.
Roshd is a website which provides information on Shia Islam. Although not written with an academic audience in mind, the resource should be useful for scholars seeking an introduction to this second largest denomination of Islam after Sunni Islam. The site, which is accessible in Arabic, English and Persian, contains diagrams, articles, letters; multimedia; and a Q & A section. Together, they help present to visitors various aspects of Shia Islam like its history; imamate (religious leadership); key figures; and religious occasions and holidays. The site also contains a guestbook; a weekly saying; information on how to join their mailing list; and links to a large number of online resources with information about Shia Islam or Islam in general.
The Russian Orthodox Church website is an official Web server of the Moscow Patriarchate. The site is available in Russian and in English, although at time of review a substantial number of sections of the site did not yet appear to have been translated into English; rather frustratingly, the pull-down menus along the top of the screen give no indication of what offers useful content and what yields only blank pages, meaning a little patience is required to discover what is actually available. Among the resources that do appear in both languages are a news service reporting significant events in church life, a biography of Patriarch Alexy II of Moscow and All Russia, and an interesting selection of church documents, including the Statute of the Russian Orthodox Church. Notwithstanding the drawbacks mentioned above, this is a useful site for those seeking information on this branch of Christianity, especially those with enough Russian to read the untranslated version.
The Shi'a Islam website provides a basic introduction to the differences between the Shi'a and Sunni religions, and describes the origins and subsequent history of the Shi'ite Muslims. There are pages on 'Ali, Muhammad's cousin and the foundational figure in Shi'a history; Husayn, the third Imam; the Imamate; Muhammad al-Mahdi, the twelfth Imam known as the 'hidden Imam'; medieval Shi'a; and the Safavids. This history extends to modern Iran and the Iranian revolution. A page on Islamic republicanism attempts to explain the principles behind 'rule by jurisprudence' and Islamic fundamentalism. However, at time of review this resource had not been updated in several years, and users should note that this means there is no coverage of more recent events and developments in the Islamic world.
In addition to the overview of Shi'ism, there are images of some of the key holy sites of Shi'a Islam; a glossary of Shi'a terms and concepts; and a glossary of more general Islamic terms. There is also a list of links, but unfortunately this has suffered through a lack of maintenance. This site forms part of an online courseware unit from Washington State University's 'World Civilizations' project. It is targeted at students about to begin university and first year undergraduates.
The website of Society of Jesus in the United States offers a substantial collection of material on the contemporary and historical aspects of the Jesuits, and some of its more prominent figures. Much of the site is devoted to familiarising members of today's Jesuit communities with resources, including information about parishes, retreats and educational institutions, and articles giving a Jesuit response to issues currently in the public eye. There are also useful collections of external links to articles and sites about Jesuits who have had an important impact on the artistic and scientific development of the western world, and about the history of the Society, including information on the Society's founder, St. Ignatius Loyola. Academically, the site will be of interest to anyone either studying contemporary Jesuit practice or desiring a brief historical overview of the society.
The Soka Gakkai International website is the home page of one of the largest religious movements in the world. The website offers information about this form of Buddhism, relevant news items, and details of the organisation's activities (which include work for peace, development, and humanitarian relief). Soka Gakkai, which arose in 20th century Japan, follows in the tradition of several schools of East Asian Buddhism that emphasise the chanting of a short prayer from the Lotus Sutra, the 'Nam-myoho-renge-kyo' or daimoku. It adheres to the teachings of the Japanese monk Nichiren, the founder of the Jodoshin school in the 13th century. The website, which is attractively presented and easy to navigate, is available in English, Spanish, and Chinese.
The St Pachomius Library website offers an encyclopaedia of Orthodox Christianity, focusing particularly on the early church. The entries are generally fairly brief (and in some cases are still under construction), but are often accompanied by a list of links to English translations of relevant primary and secondary resources. The majority of the links are to works elsewhere on the Web (unfortunately these links have not always been kept up to date), but a limited number of key primary texts are hosted on-site - in particular, those which are deemed especially important within the Orthodox tradition. Navigation is straightforward, but there is no search function, and there appears to be no way to access the site's own collection of primary texts except by browsing through the encyclopaedia entries. The site may be of use to students of Orthodox Christianity, and patristics more generally.
The website St Nicholas Russian Orthodox Church in Dallas, Texas provides a range of resources which may be of use to those interested in the Orthodox Church. The site offers a substantial collection of sermons and articles on theological questions, including pieces on Great Lent, Pascha (Easter), and the Nativity. Some talks are offered as MP3 files. There are extracts from writings by or about church fathers, plus sections on scripture, liturgy, and the lives of saints. There is also information about St Nicholas's Church itself: times of services, contact details and so forth.
While there is a lot of material here, users should note that this is not primarily intended as an academic resource. Consequently articles do not generally give full references, and the tone is sometimes impassioned and polemical rather than detached and scholarly. This resource is perhaps of most use to those seeking an overview of one perspective within Orthodox theology.
This is the home page of the Sufi Muslim Council (SMC). The organisation aims to apply traditional scholarship to help resolve modern day problems facing British Muslims and is dedicated to the cause of promoting tolerance and interfaith dialogue. This website contains a number of resources that would be of interest to those wishing to learn more about Sufism. Under the heading 'Spirituality', visitors may find essays on topics like: About Sufism; Levels of Sufi Meditation; The Mevlivi Order; and The Naqshbandi Sufi Way. Publications and essays available under 'Extremism' include those on Islamic Radicalism and Current Trends in Extremist Islamic Ideology. The site also offers a number of articles which deal with issues like honour killing; stoning; and jihad. It likewise provides a set of links to relevant websites and a photo gallery.
The Tablet website is the online edition of the weekly newspaper, founded in 1840, which provides international news coverage of the Catholic Church and reports on current affairs from an intellectual Catholic viewpoint. The site includes a historical overview of the newspaper (including material from issues from 1840 and 1896), and a sample complete recent issue, carrying articles, book reviews, and reviews of the arts. The site also offers an extensive archive of articles which is helpfully indexed by theme (including by GCSE religious studies topics). Articles can also be listed by date or author. Over 200 articles relate to politics (UK and world), whilst there are also numerous articles relating to the church, ecclesiology, social welfare, culture and media, and ecumenism. A large number of full-text pieces can be accessed free of charge, though this does require user registration. Information about how to subscribe, a copy of the liturgical calendar, and a selection of annotated links to Web resources are also included.
Tserkovno-nauchnyi tsentr 'pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia' is an excellent resource created by the publishers of the Orthodox encyclopaedia and broadcasters of a television programme of the same name. The site is divided into six main sections: topics (mostly related to current Orthodox feasts); news; the Patriarch’s service (news about the Patriarch’s activities); videos (weekly broadcasts of the ‘Orthodox encyclopaedia’ programme); library; encyclopaedia (opens new website). The latter three are of most interest for researchers, teachers and students of Russian religious culture. The library offers a good collection of published works and primary sources on religion which can be browsed by topic (e.g. pre-Mongol history of the Russian church) or searched by title. There is also an index of authors. The encyclopaedia is searchable by keyword and includes an Orthodox calendar with hypertext links to relevant entries. Entries can be viewed alphabetically or browsed by category (e.g. theology, demography). The centre site also offers an RSS news feed.
Tserkovnyi vestnik is the e-version of the official newspaper of the Russian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), updated twice monthly. Intended as a 'chronicle of Orthodoxy in the twenty-first century', readers may browse by theme (e.g. Patriarch Kirill; raising children; Orthodox Rus; music) or visit the following site sections: 'in the world' (international news about Orthodoxy); history; culture; charity; education; society; church; analysis; documents (materials from conferences, Patriarchal letters etc); interviews; news; reporting; reviews. Some items appear under more than one heading. The newspaper archive remains at the old version of the site, http://www.tserkov.info/, which also has a special section on St Seraphim of Sarov and numerous useful topic headings (e.g. pilgrimage; youth). Unfortunately issues from 1987-2001 have not yet been made available online, and there is no English language version of either site, just a brief description of the publication. A simple search engine is provided, and there is a link to a useful official church calendar. This attractive, easy-to-use site will be of significant use to researchers of Russian Orthodoxy, and of interest to researchers of contemporary Russian culture and society.
Made available via the UK Web Archive, 'Quakers in Brief' or 'Quakerism Made Easy', by David Murray-Rust provides an online overview of the Quaker movement from 1650 to 1990. The body of the work is a six chapter history of Quakerism, each section broadly dealing with a single century. The appendix offers a short bibliography for those interested in exploring the subject further, although unfortunately the links that accompany this were not functioning at time of review. The site is fast and easy to navigate. This resource offers ample information to make this a resource to interest anyone looking for an introduction to this area of theology or church history, although as the author points out, it is intended only as an overview.
The website 'University of Bristol Special Collections' describes the special collections held by the University of Bristol Library. Covering a wide range of subjects the collections derive from a wide range of subject-specific personal and institutional libraries donated to the university. Particular strengths are in the history of architecture, non-conformist Christian movements, science and medicine as well as rare books, political pamphlets and social history. Other collections include various family archives, often related to the history of Bristol and the nationally important collection of material relating to Isambard Kingdom Brunel. The site informs about catalogues and archives and gives guidance regarding library policy and practical things to know for users.
'Vatican: the Holy See' is the Vatican's official website. It provides information on a wide variety of topics, from opening hours of the Vatican Museum and past and forthcoming events involving the Pope to online versions of documents of the Second Vatican Council and bishopric synods and information about the Vatican secret archives. It also contains the entire Bible and the catechism in six languages, including Latin, and a large number of sermons, many of which are translated into several languages. The site is well-maintained and aesthetically pleasing, although this can occasionally be at the expense of ease of navigation. What seems to be lacking, however, is a section on credits for this site's form, content and maintenance.
The Vishishtadvaita Vedanta homepage aims to provide information about the branch of Hindu philosophy of the same name, most closely associated with Sri Ramanuja Acarya (1013-1137). The site is divided into a set of essays on the following topics: introductory material; Alvar literature; teachers of visistadvaita vedanta; doctrines of visistadvaita vedanta; and a short annotated bibliography. It also provides access to online articles and a small number of relevant websites. The site is maintained by Frank Morales of the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Celebrating Memory and Mission: John Wesley at 300 is an online exhibition of archival materials related to the life, work and influence of John Wesley (1703-1791) hosted by the E. J. Pratt Library, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The site begins by providing a biography of Wesley, including his conversion experience of 1738, which led him to refocus his high-church Anglican stance and found the Methodist movement. This biography is accompanied by a timeline and a biography of Wesley's brother, Charles Wesley (1707-1788). The site features a display of Wesleyana which typify the rise of Methodism: there are scanned images of handwritten letters by Wesley, books he edited, and his portrait. The exhibit also shows a collection of ceramic busts of notable Methodists crafted by Josiah Wedgwood (1730-1795). All artefacts and printed materials depicted here are taken from the Special Collections of the E. J. Pratt Library. The site itself provides a fair amount of detail in this regard, including a section on the history of the collection. Researchers in social and cultural history, as well as Canadian, American and British History, will particularly appreciate this site's coverage of a notable religious leader.
The Westminster Presbyterian is a website maintained by the Presbytery of the United States, an American denomination in the tradition of the Free Church of Scotland. The site gives details of the denomination's congregations and theology. There is also a substantial library of Reformed theological literature, with texts by a wide range of authors, dating from the 17th century to the present day. These are arranged under a number of headings: Introduction to the Christian Faith; The Doctrines of Grace; Worship; Godly Living; The Church; A Godly Society; and Confessional Standards. Access is also provided to the online version of the Presbytery periodical, The Master's Trumpet. This site is likely to be a useful resource for those researching this branch of Reformed Christian tradition.
The Yorkshire Quaker Heritage Project aims to increase access to and awareness of collections of Quaker material relating to Yorkshire. The project's website offers two online databases: one provides descriptions of Yorkshire Quaker collections and their locations; the other is a name index. The website also provides some background information on the project and on Quakerism in general. Other features of the site include a news and events section, a guide to sources for those interested in researching Yorkshire Quaker history, and a list of links to other Quaker sites. The Yorkshire Quaker Heritage Project receives funding from the Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP).