This website is written and maintained by the expatriate community of Sikhs and Hindus who have mostly fled Afghanistan in the face of Taleban oppression. It gives the history of the two communities in the country, details of festivals and diasporic cultural events and articles about the dispersal of these often overlooked groups. The site is not the most informative, but is of great interest purely because so few sources deal with the issue, or even acknowledge the existence, of Sikhs and Hindus in Afghanistan and what has happened to them over the last twenty years or so. It is well maintained and well worth a visit.
The 'British Asian Theatre Project' website contains full up-to-date details of a major AHRC project "to document the presence of South Asians on the British stage". The project covers the 1790s to contemporary theatre, and combines interviews with research in archives. The project team is headed by Graham Ley at the School of Performing Arts, University of Exeter. The four-year project was funded from November 2003 to November 2007, culminating with an international conference in April 2008 and a special issue of the journal South Asian Popular Culture due in 2009. Two books are also forthcoming (publication date spring 2010), which will be titled 'British South Asian Theatre: a documented history’ and 'Critical Essays on British South Asian Theatre’. The website has full details of the project, the research team, and project outputs. The conference page contains abstracts of the papers presented at the conference.
This is the homepage of the Center for Sikh and Punjab Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Launched in 2004, the center engages in teaching, research, publication and outreach programs. This website informs visitors of the center's history and range of activities including the courses they offer and works they publish. It allows access to the homepage of their periodical, The Journal of Punjab Studies, from where individual articles from recent volumes can be downloaded without charge. The site also enables visitors to download the full-text of a small number of doctoral dissertations. These are made available in PDF and would require Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. The center is directed by Dr Gurinder Singh Mann.
This site is an introduction to all manner of information about Sikh religion and culture. It is not necessarily an academic site - there are links to Sikh greetings cards and adverts placed by matrimonial services - but there are several sections which are of interest to researchers, especially those beginning an investigation of the Sikh religion. There are, for example, detailed outlines of the lives of the Sikh Gurus and their teachings, and much the same information is given about significant Sikh martyrs. There is an excellent list of significant historical events with links to further pages giving extensive details about the events on the list. All in all the site looks a bit tacky, an impression which is not helped by some of the more trivial data it carries. While you might want to avoid the recipes and marriage offers by email, however, there are some parts of this site which will be of great general interest.
'History of the Sikhs' is an informative website maintained by Sandeep Singh Bajwa. Featured are links to published articles on Sikh History. This extensive list is organised into six categories: Sikh Gurus and Early Gursikhs; Sikh Martyrs; Sikh Warriors; Historical Events; Modern Sikh Personalities; and Sikh Institutes. A discussion forum, links to relevant sites, an education section and search engines are also provided. This would be a useful resource for those seeking to further their undertanding of Sikhism and its rich heritage.
The Internet Indian History Sourcebook consists of an annotated gateway to primary resources relating to Indian history from the ancient period to post-independence. Many of the resources are hosted locally, with those marked Web being external sites. The sourcebook has been compiled from the ancient history, medieval, and modern history sourcebooks compiled by Paul Halsall at Fordham University. The guide is conveniently divided into sections covering particular periods and themes. Texts and images hosted locally include: The Laws of Manu; The Bhagavad-Gita; King Bhartrihari's One Law There Is; sources on the Buddha's life and death; The Arthashastra; The Rock Edicts; Strabo's geography of India; the Indian section of Pliny's Natural History; sources concerning European contacts and colonialism; Robert Clive's The Battle of Plassey; Edmund Burke's Speech in Commons on India; Thomas Babington Macaulay's On Empire and Education; Monier Monier-Williams' Camp Life in India; Dadabhai Naoroji's The Benefits of British Rule; Elisa Greathed's Account of the Opening of the Indian Mutiny at Meerut; Robert Traill Spence Lowell's The Relief of Lucknow; Bal Gangadhar Tilak's address to the Indian national congress; Jawaharlal Nehru's Marxism, Capitalism and Non-Alignment; British Government statements; and the 1966 Declaration of Pakistan and India on Jammu and Kashmir. There is also a section on gender and sexuality. This is an extensive site that should be of use to students and scholars studying the history of South Asia and the Indian subcontinent. At the time of review (2010) the site hadn't been updated since 2007.
J.B. Hare established the Internet Sacred Text Archive to make public domain religious and mythological texts available to the interested reader. It brings together material collected by the archive itself with a variety of links from other primary resource sites on the Internet to form one of the largest and far reaching electronic text resources available anywhere. With a somewhat eclectic selection in content, the site includes everything from English translations of the sacred texts of African, Australian, and North American indigenous cultures to Eastern, Neo-Pagan and Occult traditions. Judeo-Christian and Islamic resources are also well represented. The archive is still growing, with new texts added on a regular basis. The need to avoid material which is still in copyright means that many of the translations date from over a hundred years ago, but the variety of resources in translation makes the site invaluable to those lacking extensive foreign language skills who wish to rapidly familiarise themselves with a specific tradition. This site is an excellent starting point for anyone who wants to locate an electronic English-language version of a significant religious text from almost any religious tradition.
'Introduction to Sikhism' is the electronic version of an article by S. Gobind Singh Mansukhani, first published in 1977. It defines and explains the pillars of Sikhism, often with Hinduism and Islam as a point of reference, thereby setting out the essential differences between Sikhism and these two other religions. Consisting of seven chapters, it gives an overview of Sikh history, Sikh worship and Sacred Literature. Its last section is devoted to Sikhism in relationship to 'modern' problems such as divorce, family planning and euthanasia. Although this site outlines basic ideas central to Sikhism, it remains very general and often vague, particularly in its comparisons between Sikhism and other religions. As it is written entirely from a Sikh perspective, its statements should sometimes be approached with this in mind.
Unlike many other resources on religious trends within the United States which focused specifically on the Judeo-Christian tradition, The Pluralism Project, directed by Diana Eck at Harvard University, seeks to consider and evaluate the growing diversity in religious expression found across the nation. A variety of textual resources are made available through this site including: a series of scholarly articles; directories of religious centres; and a series of excellent bibliographies and guidelines for conducting contemporary research on religious denominations, applicable to research on religious pluralism in both North America and Europe. There is a link advertising the project's CD-ROM On Common Ground: World Religions in America, (Second Edition). An interesting sub-set of this project is World Religions in Boston, which describes the variety of religious expression and interaction all within one major American city, and can be downloaded or viewed on the web. Unfortunately, the site lacks any extensive demographic material on religious growth and developments.
Religion Compass (ISSN: 1749-8171) is an online journal dedicated to original peer-reviewed surveys of research and other works from across the discipline. Published by Wiley-Blackwell Publishing and edited by Tamara Sonn, the resource is targeted at teachers, researchers and students of religion, as well as non-specialist scholars. The materials can be browsed according to Authors' names and the following section themes: African Religions; Ancient Near East; Buddhism; Chinese and Japanese Traditions; Christianity; Indian Traditions; Islam; Judaism; New Religions; Native Religions of the Americas; and Theory and Method. Although subscription is needed to access the materials in full, this website makes available their abstract alongside information about the journal's editorial board.
Religion in South Asia is a section of the American academy of religion whose aim is to promote the academic study of religions around the world. The website of the organisation offers users a number of resources - mailing lists, membership details, notices about forthcoming meetings, lists of publications, a few of which are available in full text on the site. There are also pages with bibliographies of South Asian religions and others which give access to a wide range of teaching resources. The links page is useful, but unfortunately the page which promises to be the most interesting, promising video and multimedia resources, does not open. This site is quite useful - more so for the specialist than the interested researcher - but it is in need of some design work and a test of the links.
This site gives a bibliography of printed materials for the study of religion in South Asia. The site is divided into nine different sections: eight giving resources available for Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Judaism, Sikhism and Zoroastrianism and one final section which features works in which two or more of these religions are compared. The list is not at all comprehensive, but determinedly selective. Entries have, on the whole, been quite stringently assessed before inclusion using book reviews, other bibliographies and the 'World bibliographical' series. The bibliography is further restricted based on the holdings of the various libraries at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It is, however, a worthwhile list and useful for anyone studying the religions of South Asia.
The Sikh Bulletin publishes reviews and essays by and for the adherents of Sikhism worldwide. This homepage enables access to all works featured since September 2003 without charge. They are available in pdf format and Adobe Acrobat Reader can be downloaded from the site. There is also a subscription form for those who would like to receive the work via email. The bulletin is edited by Hardev Singh Shergill and published by Khalsa Tricentennial Foundation of North America Inc, a California-based religious organisation. The resource would be of interest to anyone seeking an introduction of Sikhism as well as an understanding of the social and political issues affecting Sikhs around the world.
The Sikh Cyber Museum is an online educational project focusing on Anglo-Sikh history. In total, the website offers over 2,500 pages of information, divided into four main sections. The History section features: information on key events in Anglo-Sikh history from the 17th century to the present day; early European accounts of encounters with Sikhs; information about Sikhs in the British armed forces; and a useful timeline. The People section offers over 700 brief biographies of important figures in Anglo-Sikh history. The Places section provides information about museums and other locations in the UK which may be of interest. Finally, the Gallery section offers around a thousand images, including photographs, paintings, and pictures of artefacts. The Sikh Cyber Museum is managed by the Council of Sikh Gurdwaras in Birmingham, and seeks to promote interest in Anglo-Sikh heritage. This is a valuable resource for anyone wishing to learn more about this area.
Sikh spectrum is online quarterly magazine run by volunteers. The aim of the magazine is to provide a forum for discussion of issues related to Sikhism and of importance to Sikhs around the globe. It contains a large number of submissions from all parts of the world, which bears testimony to its success in achieving this aim. Users can view everything on the site for free, registering with the site results in the receipt of alerts about future issues. The home page of the site lists the articles in the current issue - these cover a wide range of subjects, some comparative pieces looking at other religions, others magazine pieces about entertainment news, or else about world politics. The range is extremely broad. There is a complete index of previous issues back to the first edition in 2002. This archive is also indexed - under the heading 'Bibliography' articles are entered under a number of subject headings, while they are listed by author name under the heading 'Authors'. The site gives submission details for those wanting to contribute. This is an excellent, informative and well-maintained site. Well worth a look.
The Sikh Home Page is a attractive website offering a good introduction to the beliefs and philosophy of Sikhism, complete with images and the occasional audio accompaniment. Beginning with a basic overview of the Sikh history, the site then turns to a series of more detailed essays on the ten guru masters and brief expositions on Sikh saints. Also available is a considerable collection of writings, including an English translation of the Sikh holy book, the Guru Granth Sahib, as well as other prayers and poetry. Those unfamiliar with Sikh practices will find the glossary of terms in the "Resources" section and the details on festivals and ceremonies under "Way of Life" particularly helpful. Students requiring introductory background information will find the histories, biographies and reading lists direct and accessible. The site is the work of practising Sikh Sandeep Singh Brar.
The Sri Granth website is a resource for studying the Sikh holy book, the Guru Granth Sahib. The site permits viewing of parallel passages in any chosen combination of Gurmukhi, Hindi, Punjabi, and English, plus a transliteration and two Punjabi teekas (commentaries). Hovering the mouse pointer over the Gurmukhi text displays a transliteration of individual words, and sometimes also a translation. A search function is available, including support for non-Roman character sets (Gurmukhi and Devanagari) via an on-screen keyboard. Alternatively, one can jump to any of the Guru Granth Sahib's 1430 standardised pages. Secondary resources are also provided: an encyclopaedia, dictionaries, and a word list, although little of this material seems to be available in English. Additionally, there is a link to an online version of the Dasam Granth, the works attributed to Guru Gobind Singh, Sikhism's final guru. Although the comparative lack of English secondary material or critical apparatus may be a drawback for some, this is a useful site for those studying the Sikh scriptures.
The website 'Sri Guru Granth Sahib', part of the sikhs.org website, gives access to an English translation and commentary on the central text in the Sikh religion. The site has a number of sections about the text: a history of the writing of the book, notes about the authors, a table of contents and index as well as the translation itself. There are a number of pages about the different translators of the Adi Granth, a comparison of the translations themselves and notes about navigating the text on the site. There are some problems with navigation, however. The menus for the 'Pick a section' and 'Pick a page' options do not appear on some browsers (Safari, for example, cannot see them at all, while IE, Opera and Firefox can). When they are visible, however, the menu of sections available is only four characters wide, so it impossible to tell which part of the text you will be taken to. All browsers show the index link. The translations themselves are well-presented and from an authoritative source.
This is the project homepage of 'Writing British Asian Cities', an initiative which was funded by the AHRC Diasporas, Migrations and Identities Programme. The project had sought to study the changing socio-religious dynamics of 5 British-Asian localities (namely Bradford, London, Manchester, Leicester and Birmingham) in the 60 years since post-war migration from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and East Africa began. The study, which took place between 2006 to 2008, was led by Drs Sean McLoughlin, William Gould, Ananya Kabir and Emma Tomalin from the University of Leeds. This website contains numerous materials related to the project like: interactive papers; audio recordings of presentations; reports; powerpoint slides; photographs; and bibliographies. There are links to relevant websites and a database which contains the names and contact details of scholars working in the areas of diasporas, migrations and identities. The website aims also to be a hub for relevant work on different genres of writing about South Asian diasporas in Britain.