The website "Żydowski Instytut Historyczny" (Jewish Historical Institute) introduces the activities and the holdings of this institution dedicated to the history and culture of Polish Jews, which is based in Warsaw, Poland. The website presents the history of the institute; one learns for example that the Underground Archives of the Warsaw ghetto (the Ringelblum Archives) are now deposited there. The guide to collections includes overviews of the institute archives; of the library with an online catalogue; of the institute's museum; and of the section dedicated to monuments. In the latter photographs of historical Jewish towns, synagogues, quarters, streets in Poland can be seen. The site also presents in great detail the exhibitions held at the institute, permanent and temporary. Permanent exhibits include the Jewish art gallery and the Warsaw ghetto exhibition, all illustrated with photographs. A third section on the site covers the research and education activities carried out by the institute, of which details can be found on the site. The "Jewish History Quarterly" published by the Institute is introduced on the site with tables of contents for the latest issues, but the full texts can be read via the CEEOL. Further sections of the site are not present on the main page but appear as one navigates through the site. The institute runs a Genealogical Project, has a document preservation laboratory and started creating a large database with the Jewish communities in Poland before WWII. Online shopping for books, other publications, films and other memorabilia is available. The site also informs about entry fees, opening hours and access.
This online anthology of several papers given by Robert Kraft on copies of Greek Jewish scriptures contains, apart from actual texts, a number of images of fragments of the Septuagint and a short bibliography. The main scope of Kraft's site is the extent of continuity or discontinuity between Jewish scribal culture and early Christian practices at the beginning of the Christian era. 'Textual Mechanics' also lists a number of links to related sites, document lists, and bibliographic information. 'Textual Mechanics' is not the most user-friendly site you may encounter: its layout could be much improved. However, it is worth making an effort to read through this resource, as its content fully compensates for its lack in form.
This is the homepage of Alif Aleph UK, a group of British Muslims and British Jews brought together with the aim of improving Jewish-Muslim relations in the UK. It was founded in 2003 by Richard Stone, President of the Jewish Council for Racial Equality. This website informs visitors about the inter-faith projects the group is involved with. It makes available their press releases; and information about the latest news and events, and of how to get involved in Jewish-Muslim interfaith activities in different regions in the UK. There are also documents which could be downloaded. The site provides a search engine.
Felix Just's resource provides a succinct overview of the different periods of Israelite, Jewish, and early Christian history, ranging from 3000 BCE to the Edict of Milan in 313 CE (plus a very brief summary of the major phases of the history of Israel up to the present day). Several additional charts open up specific periods and events into greater detail. Containing Biblical genealogy as well as historical chronology, this site is intended for beginners in the field and people wanting basic information on the periodisation of Biblical history.
On the Ancient Jewish accounts of Jesus Web page, Alan Humm has gathered a number of ancient sources approaching the figure of Jesus from a non-Christian perspective. This collection includes passages from Josephus, Celsus, the Babylonian Gemara, the Baraitha and more. Humm provides translations of the respective texts with an introduction, explanatory notes, and a short bibliography of sources, but has sadly left out the passages in their original languages. This site offers a useful introduction to some of the traditional Jewish responses to the Christ story.
This is the homepage of the Association for Canadian Jewish Studies (ACJS). Launched in 1976 and based in Montreal, the association promotes historical and inter-disciplinary research on the Canadian Jewish experience. This website contains information about the association's history and the conferences it organises. The association publishes a journal called the Canadian Jewish Studies and visitors may view the table of contents of all volumes issued since 1993 from here. They are also linked to the homepage of The Student Journal of Canadian Jewish Studies from where they may access all the journal's contents without charge. The site allows access to a number of the association's bulletin and provides information about how to join their membership and discussion group. Links are offered to the homepages of relevant organisations.
The website of the Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA) is an essential resource for students and academics researching or exploring religious trends and developments in the United States and elsewhere. Formerly known as the American Religion Data Archive, it was established to collect and preserve statistical information and reports on a host of religious organisations and issues. The project originally focused on religion in America, but has since expanded to include data about other countries. Information is categorised into national and regional assessments, with reports on religious denominations, and surveys of religious professionals. Research results from whole survey questionnaires may be downloaded from the site, and an extremely thorough search utility allows the user to scan the whole body of information for specific issues and then extract that information. It is even possible to conduct some limited comparisons from separate data files and collate the results. While not limited to the Judeo-Christian tradition, much of the information presently held is on Christian groups, with particularly good survey data available on Catholicism in America. The Archive is directed by Roger Finke.
'Beyond the Pale' is a bilingual online exhibition in English and Russian, which gives an overview of the history of the Jews who lived in the Pale of Settlement, the western borderland of Czarist Russia where Jews were legally allowed to live. The site summarizes anti-Semitic attitudes against Jews in Russia from the 18th to 20th centuries. Additional sections include Jews in the Soviet Union; Nazism and the Holocaust; and Democracy and Minority Rights. There is also a basic background history of the Jewish people prior to their history in Russia. This site is a good starting point for students interested in Jewish social history in this region. This resource contains a number of useful pictures and maps, as well as links to related sites, but no bibliographical material.
The Bible and the Visual Imagination is a research centre based in the University of Wales, Lampeter's Theology and Religious Studies Department. Its interest is the visual representation of biblical imagery ranging from the fine arts to popular devotional imagery. The website provides details of the centre's current research projects, which include: Imaging the Bible in Wales; the Bible and Art: Towards an Interdisciplinary Methodology; the Bible and the Moving Image; and Biblical Subjects in Jewish and Islamic Art. One of the most valuable resources on the site is the 'Biblical Artwork from Wales, 1825–1975' database.
This resource is written for a Reform Jewish audience and for those who are seeking a common ground between the different strands within Judaism. It contains sections on Torah study and discussions on topics such as Jewish identity; the nature of Reform Judaism; what qualifies as work for purposes of observing the commandment not to work on the Sabbath; and so forth. More than anything else, it is a discussion forum with a number of interesting personal views on various aspects of Jewish life. This resource is not meant to be scholarly, but provides solid information on contemporary Judaism.
The British Association for Jewish Studies (BAJS) is a non-profit organisation which aims to promote the scholarly study of Jewish culture and history within higher education (HE) in the UK. It was set up in 1975 and at the time of cataloguing, the association is presided over by Dr Seth Kunin of the University of Durham. This website contains information about: the conferences they organise; job vacancies in HE relating to Judaism and Jewish Studies; BAJS' publications; recent news and events; the course contents of undergraduate and postgraduate Jewish Studies programmes offered at a number of British universities; and the prizes, bursaries and grants offered by BAJS to students. The site holds a search engine and provides links to the homepages of relevant organisations.
The British Association for Jewish Studies Bulletin (BAJS) provides information relevant to Jewish Studies within the UK. The Bulletin, published in print and online, includes: news from related departments; a list of publications by members of the Association; lectures, seminars and conferences being held at various associated centres for Jewish and Hebrew studies; and details of prizes and grants. There is a useful list of PhD research underway with details of dissertation titles and supervisors. The BAJS website is hosted by the Centre for Jewish Studies at the University of Manchester.
The Cambridge Inter-Faith Programme is located within the Centre for Advanced Religion and Theological Studies (CARTS) in the Faculty of Divinity at the University of Cambridge. It aims to promote a scholarly and multi-faith approach to religious learning and understanding of the three Abrahamic faiths (namely Christianity, Islam and Judaism) by studying their history; scriptures; traditions; practices; ethics; law; philosophy; theology; sociology; and politics. This homepage contains resources like the transcripts of lectures and speeches; articles and essays; press articles; reports of conferences; details of projects, publications, news and events; a description of the programme's academic design; and links to relevant websites. The Programme is directed by Professor David Ford.
This is the official website of the Canadian Society for Jewish Studies (CSJS). This educational organization was established in 2004 to advance the study and teaching of Canadian Jewish Studies. It aims to serve as a forum for the presentation and sharing of Jewish Studies research and information for scholars in Canada and beyond. It is chaired by Dr Ira Robinson of the Department of Religion at the University of Concordia. This website informs visitors of the society's history and the conferences they hold since 2006. It makes available their by-laws, minutes for annual meetings, newsletter and information on how to join their membership and discussion group. There are links to relevant websites; news and information related to Canadian Jewish Studies on the internet; and an online Hebrew dictionary.
'Casa Shalom' is a research institute dedicated to the study of Spanish Jewish history, specially after the expulsion of 1492 when secret Sephardic Jews (marranos, or Anusim) continued to live in the country. The institute's website will be of interest to anyone interested in this part of Jewish history, as it offers bibliographies of published studies (some of which can be requested online to the institute). 'Casa Shalom' publishes a journal, and lists of contents for all issues can be accessed on the site too. Articles published here include studies on: the Ladino language; Sephardic Jewish history; and Jewish literature. News and membership information are also provided.
The website "Catholic encyclopaedia: demonology" is part of the New Advent site, which provides information on religious and theological topics. This entry focuses on demonology, defined on the site as "the science or doctrine concerning demons". It provides a good basic introduction to the subject for those studying witchcraft, the history of religious ideas or theology. Links to other entries in the encyclopaedia are embedded in the text, which is also very useful. Since the site is published by a Roman Catholic organisation, the site-user must bear this in mind. The article briefly discusses a variety of demonologies including: Assyrian and Akkadian; Iranian; Jewish; Early Christian; Medieval and Modern. It provides good background reading for the subject, but is evidently dated, published as it was, in the Catholic Encyclopedia of 1908.
This website, published by the University of Pennsylvania's Penn Libraries, features a set of online exhibitions relating to Jewish history from 600BCE to the twentieth century. The exhibitions have been produced by the Centre for Advanced Judaic Studies, a post-doctoral college at the University, and cover a range of topics in Jewish history. These include Jewish history and culture in Eastern Europe; Jewish biblical interpretation; modern Jewry and the arts; Christian Hebraism; and Jewish traditions. The exhibitions all follow the same format, featuring an introduction, digitised exhibits with explanatory notes, and suggested further reading. They should be of particular interest to graduate and post-graduate students.
The Center for Christian-Jewish Understanding (CCJU) at Sacred Heart University (SHU) was set up in 1992 to foster interreligious dialogue and understanding between Christians and Jews around the world. This homepage offers information about the academic courses they offer and other activities they engage in like research; publication; conferences; and public lectures. Access is given to numerous resources, the most notable of which is an extensive collection of documents and statements which have shaped post-World War II Christian-Jewish dialogue and relations. Other resources include: newsletters; 'CCJU Perspective' - the center's periodical; brief information about recent publications; and articles. Links are also helpfully given to a number of Christian, Jewish, Islamic; and Interreligious resources on the internet.
This is the website of the Center for Jewish history, an organization which unites five pre-existing organizations: the American Jewish Historical Society; the American Sephardi Federation; the Leo Baeck Institute; the Yishiva University Museum; and the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. Its combined holdings include approximately 100 million archival documents, 500,000 books, and thousands of photographs and cultural objects. The Center website states that this collection is the largest repository of sources on the history of Judaism and Jewish culture outside of Israel. It also has holdings pertaining to the Holocaust (prior to and during the Second World War) and to Jewish genealogy. The Center's main website is new, and reflects its comprehensive focus. It includes a virtual tour of the Center's facilities, and an online overview of the center in PDF format which the user can download. It is easy to navigate with clear, quick search options which generally cover all component sites. The search options address the user's immediate concern (professional academic, teacher, student, archivist) and type of historical focus (geneology, archival). Subpages within the site provide information on: Facilities; Academic Research (including a general overview of the library and archival collections); Resources for Educators and Teachers; Family History; Archives and Libraries; Supporting the Center; and Film, Music, Art and History. There is also a calendar of events. For more detailed information, the independent pages of the Center's component organizations can be called up from the main home page. These appear on multiple overlapping new screens which make navigation more cumbersome. Each of these sites is comprehensive in its own right, with extensive details on the history and resources of each organization. Of particular academic note is the Leo Baeck Institute for the Historical Study of German-speaking Jewry, and the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research on East European Jewry and the Yiddish language. The Leo Baeck Institute has put its master catalogue online.
This is the homepage of the Center for Judaic Studies at the University of Denver. The centre was established to promote understanding of Jewish history, thought and culture. It offers an interdisciplinary programme of study that explores Jewish history, literature, philosophy and religion since biblical times. This website provides information about their academic and public programmes, and on how to join their mailing list. It also gives a description of the videos which their Media Center holds on themes like Jewish Experience; Religion and Identity; The Holocaust; and International Jewry. Access is given to their newsletter; press releases; calendar of events; and links to relevant websites. The centre is directed by Sarah Pessin, Associate Professor in Philosophy and the Emil and Eva Hecht Chair in Judaic Studies at the University of Denver.
This is the homepage of the Center for Muslim-Jewish Engagement (CMJE) at the University of Southern California (USC). Established in 2008, the center is a partnership between USC's Center for Religion and Civic Culture (CRCC), the Omar Al-Khattab Foundation and the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion. It seeks to promote dialogue and understanding between the adherents of Judaism and Islam in the United States and around the world. This website informs visitors about the initiatives they engage in, and of recent news and events. It provides access to resources like papers/articles; video recordings; theses; an annotated bibliography of suggested reading; religious texts (e.g. the English translation of the Quran; the Hebrew Bible; and the Hadith); and an alphabetical annotated listing of Muslim and Jewish groups.
This is the homepage of the Centre for Jewish Studies (CJS) at the University of Manchester. Established in 1997, the centre offers a range of undergraduate and postgraduate programmes on Jewish Studies. It conducts research and is keen to disseminate the results to the wider community. This website provides information about the academic programmes on offer and of forthcoming events (e.g. research seminars; conferences; lecture series; community events). Access is generously given to annual reports; the abstracts and transcripts of lectures; teaching materials (e.g. bibliographies and Hebrew language tutorials); and links to exhibitions and the homepages of online resource centres, relevant organisations and journals hosted by the centre. A search engine is available on the site. The centre is co-directed by Philip Alexander (Professor of Post-Biblical Jewish Literature) and Bernard Jackson (Alliance Professor of Modern Jewish Studies).
The Chabad.org site is the official host of the Chabad-Lubavitch Movement. The site contains information both about the movement, and for practice and devotion. The site is mainly topic-based (or event-driven in relation to chassidic thoughts for the day). Topics include Jewish women, science and Judaism, the Moshiach (messiah), and the resurrection. Also available are: a glossary; a directory of Chabad houses and a search engine. The site can be accessed in English, German, Hebrew, French and Spanish.
'The Forum for the Comparative Study of Jews and Muslims in Britain, Europe and North America' is the homepage of a project led by Humayun Ansari, Professor of Islam and Cultural Diversity at Royal Holloway, University of London. The initiative was funded under the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC)'s Diasporas, Migration and Identities research programme. It aimed to: study the experiences of Jewish and Muslims as members of minority faith groups in the West; enhance understanding of Jewish-Muslim relations in the contemporary era; and use the findings from the above two aims to lay the foundation for a fruitful dialogue between members of the 2 groups in the future. To meet these objectives, an academic workshop and a practitioners workshop were held in 2006. This website provides the names and biographies of the participants; and the reports or abstracts of papers presented at the workshops. It also permits access to the contents of a book jointly edited in 2007 by Professor Ansari and David Cesarani. The book, entitled 'Muslim-Jewish Dialogue in a 21st Century World' (ISBN: 9781905846122), was published by the Department of History at Royal Holloway. Links are provided to the homepages of relevant organisations.
This is the homepage of Concordia University's Institute for Canadian Jewish Studies. The institute is directed by Dr Norman Ravvin and was established to promote and support the study of the Canadian Jewish experience. This website informs visitors of the academic courses and fellowships available at the institute. It also contains information about the events they organise (e.g. conferences and lectures series); and the projects they engage in. There are details about works published by the institute, some containing abstracts and links to select chapters. Visitors are given access to the homepage of their Student Journal of Canadian Jewish Studies (SJCJS) from where they may view the full contents of the journal without charge. Links are provided to the homepages of relevant organisations and other web resources.
This online resource, written by Gemma Romain and Radhika Bynon, is part of the Connections project which was originally conceived by the Jewish Council for Racial Equality (JCORE), the Asian-Black-Jewish Forum, and the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) Parkes Institute for the Study of Jewish/Non-Jewish Relation at the University of Southampton. The project charts the history of Asian, Black and Jewish people in Britain, and the interactions between them. The results are disseminated by means on an exhibition which is available for hire without charge until the end of 2008. This website provides information about the project itself; and how to hire the exhibition and where it can be viewed. It also provides a brief historical overview of the three communities' experience in Britain; downloadable resources for teachers; and links to relevant websites.
Correspondences: Jewish Mysticism, Indian Philosophies is a dissertation by Axel Randrup and Tista Bagchi. The work can be downloaded in HTML format from the Oxford Text Archive website (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS)). The authors examine correspondence between eight significant traits of Jewish mysticism and traits of Buddhism and other systems of Indian religion and philosophy in the literature. This is a study in comparative religion, but some important relations between these Indian and Jewish belief systems and modern science are also discussed. The work is freely available, although users are asked to agree to a brief terms and conditions statement before downloading it.
'Dead Sea Scrolls' is a website consisting of a number of translations of fragments of the Scrolls found in the caves at Qumran. The texts are listed according to their content, e.g. Pentateuchal texts; legal and ritual texts; Psalms; wisdom literature; sectarian texts etc. Some translations are preceded by a short introduction. Parts of this site are borrowed from 'Outline of objects and topics of scrolls of the Dead Sea'. Some of the texts are hosted on the site; for others, links to material elsewhere online are provided.
'Dead Sea Scrolls and Qumran' offers a treasure of information about the Dead Sea Scrolls themselves and the context in which they were written. Mitchell Hoselton has created a site which combines his own knowledge and material on the field with that of other electronic resources, which make these pages a gateway to other sites as well as a very useful secondary source in its own right. Among the most interesting contents are the inventory of caves; the timelines; ancient and modern profiles (short biographies); the glossary; and the bibliography. His links include images, bibliographies, and URLs of major academic departments and centres studying the Scrolls, although unfortunately the list does not appear to have been updated recently, resulting in some broken links.
The Institute for Microfilmed Hebrew Manuscripts (IMHM) contains "microfilm copies of all Hebrew manuscripts extant in public and private collections. Over 74,000 reels, representing more than 90% of known Hebrew manuscripts are available." Most recently, over 20,000 manuscripts have been microfilmed from Russian collections, especially documents from Moscow and St. Petersburg. The IMHM maintains an ongoing and thoroughgoing search for small obscure samples and collections of all existing manuscripts written in Hebrew anywhere in the world. This site enables the reader to search the catalogue of the IMHM or to order copies of microfilms in their collection. It also provides information on research opportunities at the Institute, as well as a bibliography on the subject and a list of libraries which hold a microfiche catalogue of the Institute's resources. There is a good list of relevant global archival and library links and the Institute also has its own blog. This site is a remarkably interesting and valuable resource for researchers.
The website 'Jewish History Resource Center' is an online project of the Dinur Center for Research in Jewish History at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The website is a selective gateway for Jewish history, with links to over 4,500 sites. All have been checked by the Center's staff, and deemed relevant to the subject. Brief descriptions of the resources are provided. The sites listed cover Jewish history from biblical times until the 20th century, including a section devoted to the Holocaust. There are also sections on online texts and documents; relevant institutions (libraries, archives, and museums, for example); study and research resources (such as details of academic programmes, bibliographies, and journals); plus thematic sections on archaeology, genealogy, Jerusalem, and gender studies. The index of sites is searchable, or can be browsed by keywords. Also provided is information about the Dinur Center, including details of recent publications online and in print. A well-maintained and valuable resource for all those working in this area.
Early Jewish Writings is a useful online gateway, providing links to texts of many Jewish religious and historical texts, together with additional online study resources such as introductions, commentaries and encyclopaedia entries. The corpus of links includes material on: the Tanakh (familiar to Christians as the Old Testament) and Deuterocanon (also known as the Apocrypha); various Jewish, Hellenistic, and Christian pseudepigrapha; and an introduction to the Talmud. The site also hosts the complete works of Philo of Alexandria and Josephus. While full primary texts are not available for all of the other works covered by this resource, and the quality of the online resources linked to varies from text to text, the editor provides much helpful introductory material, often in the form of excerpted material from biblical scholars. This is particularly useful for those approaching the less familiar works for the first time, or for undergraduate students of theology or classics in search of a study aid. This is a non-commercial site, but readers can support this project by purchasing a CD-ROM, which offers a more detailed version of these resources.
The Emmanuel Levinas Web Page provides an overview of the life and work of the Lithuanian-born philosopher and Talmudic commentator, who lived from 1906 to 1995. The site offers a list of Levinas's own works, plus an extensive and regularly updated bibliography of secondary literature. An announcements section provides details of relevant conferences and other events, and for those who would like to explore the subject further, there is a short list of links to resources elsewhere on the Web. The site is maintained by Peter Atterton of San Diego State University.
The website 'Eras' is an online journal produced by postgraduate students from the School of Historical Studies at Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. The journal focuses on the areas of history, archaeology, religion and theology, and Jewish civilisation. Readers are encouraged to respond through the discussion page. Eras is intended to provide a platform to showcase recent Masters and doctoral research. There are links to back editions and each edition contains five or six full articles plus some book reviews. The articles are presented in both abstract and full form (in PDF format). The journal lacks a thematic approach, which would help or even engage the reader. Instead, each issue contains random material and it is necessary to trawl through the issues to discover if there is anything useful. Guidelines for contributors are available on the site together with calls for papers. There is scope to contact the editors and contribute to the discussion page.
ETANA is a cooperative project between ten scholarly institutions and organizations, funded by the Mellon Foundation, with the aim of enabling wider access to Abzu (the Internet gateway for Ancient Near East studies) and the digitization of core texts in the field. At the time of review, there were over 350 digitized texts, covering topics including ancient Egyptian and Babylonian history, biblical archaeology, and the religion of the Semites. There are also over 180 digitized cuneiform texts. Texts include an electronic version of the 'Pantheon Babylonicum: Nomina Deorum e Textibus Cuneiformibus Excerpta et Ordine Alphabetico Distributa' by Deimel, Panara, Patsch and Schneider. The site also offers a short list of links to archaeological projects and organizations affiliated with ETANA. The ETANA core texts collection can be browsed alphabetically, or keyword searches can be performed using the Abzu interface. Abzu also offers details of a vast array of websites, online journals, and ebooks relevant to academics and students working in this area.
This website (which is published by the Wesley Center for Applied Theology) contains the complete works of Flavius Josephus, including the 'Antiquities' (an history of the Jewish people), the 'Jewish War' (an historical account of the revolt against Rome from AD 66-70), Josephus's 'Autobiography', the 'Discourse on Hades' and, 'Against Apion' (an apology of the Jewish people and customs). All the translations are those of William Whiston (who translated them in the seventeenth/eighteenth century). The book version of Whiston's translation was updated in 1906 and more recently in 1988. The version which appears here is based upon the 1906 edition. The translation into English is therefore somewhat archaic, but elegant and eminently readable. There is, however, no commentary on the text, nor even the smallest background detail on any of the works, Josephus, or Whiston. Josephus was born in AD 37 to a priestly Jewish family, and as such was destined for the priesthood himself. At the age of sixteen Josephus spent several months studying with the Pharisees, Sadducees and Essenes before deciding to become a Pharisee. During the Jewish Revolt against Rome (AD 66-70), Josephus was appointed commander of the region around Galilee. The Romans captured Josephus in AD 67, and he remained a prisoner of Vespasian (the military commander and future emperor) until AD 69, when Josephus was given his freedom for prophesying Vespasian's rise to the purple. Josephus remained in Rome after the revolt was put down, and retained close connections with the imperial family (with both Vespasian and Vespasian's sons Titus and Domitian when they also became emperor). Although Josephus became a Roman citizen, he retained his Jewish religion - choosing to remarry a Jewess in AD 73/4. The date of Josephus' death is unknown, but is conjectured to have been around AD 92/3. Josephus's works are clearly set out and the individual chapters (or books) are labelled so that one can click on to a particular book without having to wade through the entire opus. There is no search engine, however. One can also download the complete works as a Zip file from this site.
The Flavius Josephus Home Page, edited by G. J. Goldberg, is a well-maintained resource giving a solid overview of the life and works of the 1st century scholar, soldier and priest. The works themselves (including The Jewish War and Antiquities of the Jews) can be downloaded as ZIP files, or accessed via the links provided to other online sources. A number of thematic sections provide guides to specific aspects of Josephus's writings, for example: the war against Rome; Jewish holidays; women; and parallels with the New Testament. The site also gives details of recent scholarship on Josephus.
The Foundation for the Advancement of Sephardic Studies and Culture (FASSAC) aims to preserve and promote the ancient culture of the Sephardic communities of Turkey, Greece, the Balkans, Europe and the United States. The first of two core resources on the website is a section devoted to Sephardic heritage, featuring: a historical overview of Sephardic communities; family genealogy; a collection of academic papers and other articles; and FASSAC's digital archives of Sephardica. The latter include, for example, the Amsterdam Haggadah from 1695; the Abarbanel Commentary on Prophet Daniel; and the Tehillim (Psalms) from 15th Century Spain. The second pillar of the site is a series of resources relating to Ladino, the Judeo-Spanish language which originated after the Jews were expelled from Spain in 1492. The site also features further details of the Foundation and its publications, and general background information pertaining to Sephardic studies.
'A Great Assemblage: An Exhibit of Judaica', which is hosted by Yale University Library, takes the form of an online museum and brings together the highlights of the university's many collections related to Judaica. Contributions are here from the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library; the Judaica Collection of the Sterling Memorial Library; Yale's Babylonian Collection; Yale's Map Collection; Yale's Manuscripts and Archives; and Yale's Art and Architecture Library. It enables visitors to view manucripts, rare books and prints in Hebrew and Yiddish, as well as artefacts ranging from Babylonian times to the 1930s. Each image can be enlarged and is accompanied by a brief description. This site contains remarkable images of Babylonian art, 16th-18th-century Jewish marriage contracts, early 20th-century religious prints from Palestine, and more.
The Great Isaiah Scroll website concerns one of the Dead Sea Scrolls, discovered in the caves at Qumran. The scroll dates from around 100 B.C. and contains the complete text of the biblical book of Isaiah. This site provides quality images of the scroll, column by column, each accompanied by an English translation and a transcription into modern Hebrew. Also given is a description of the physical characteristics of each scroll section, and information about differences between the Qumran text and the Masoretic version of Isaiah (that is, the version on which the standard biblical text has traditionally been based). An interesting resource for those wishing to learn more about the Dead Sea Scrolls.
The Greek Bible in the Graeco-Roman World website provides information about an AHRB-funded joint project between the Universities of Southampton and Reading. The project's aim was to provide a re-evaluation of the Greek Bible (Septuagint or LXX) as a source for Jewish interpretation of the hellenistic world - in particular the political, social, and intellectual elements thereof. This involves an assessment of the existing criteria used to date and suggest the context of the translation of the books of the Septuagint, and where possible, to develop new criteria for deducing this information from the text. One major result of the project is the Demetrios database of Septuagint Greek, containing political, legal, and administrative words. The database is still being expanded, but the current version is available online via the project site (although at time of writing only project members had access to the full search capabilities). However, although new material is still being added to the database, users should note that the main project pages are no longer being updated. For those interested in exploring the subject further, a useful links section is provided.
H-Judaic is the moderated electronic discussion list of the Jewish Studies Network, affiliated to Hebrew College. The network exists to facilitate and promote scholarly study of ancient, medieval, and modern Judaism. Subscribers to the discussion list also receive the Jewish Studies Newsletter, distributed several times each month, and containing information on job opportunities, conferences, calls for papers, and so on. H-Judaic has existed in its current form, as part of H-Net Humanities and Social Sciences Online, since 1993, though earlier versions of the list date back to 1989. The list's home page offers searchable discussion logs, book reviews, and details of how to subscribe.
This site provides an attractively illustrated introduction to the coins and measures of Judaea from early times until the crusader period with historical background and a useful basic bibliography. Before the adoption of Greek and, later, Persian coins (or 'darics') in the 7th-4th centuries BC, a sophisticated system of inscribed weights, based on the unit of the Shekel, was used in Jewish areas. The first Judaean issues proper were not struck until the 4th century BC under Persian and Seleucid licence and were based on the widely used Athenian owls or Persian modes. The Seleucid Antiochus VII also struck hybrid Syrian-Jewish issues in the later 2nd century. The first properly 'Jewish' coins, with Hebrew inscriptions and lacking the portrait heads of earlier issues for religious reasons, did not appear until the time of John Hyrcanus (135-104 BC) and his successors when Judaea became fully independent. The series of coins from the reign of the Herodian dynasty and the Roman conquest down to the Late Empire and Byzantine period provide a fascinating potted history of Judaea as well as important insights on economic and iconographic matters. There is also a short section on the revival of coins of Israel in the 20th century, both in the Mandate period and after independence in 1948. The resource is part of the Jewish History Ring published by Amuseum.org (The Jewish Museum in Cyberspace) and associated with the American Jewish Historical Society. It is a useful complementary source for students of ancient history and archaeology working in the East Mediterranean or those studying general numismatics as well as an attractive introduction for the interested amateur.
Created by the Jewish National and University Library (JNUL) in Jerusalem, this website is concerned with the music that is associated with the Jewish festival of Hanukkah (or Chanukah), the Festival of Lights. The website presents various versions of songs that are typically sung during this eight-day festival, including the blessings that are performed when lighting the candles on each of the eight nights and Moaz Zur, one of the most important songs that can be heard at this time. The website presents audio versions of the songs for which software is required, as well as English and Hebrew texts and transliterations of the Hebrew.
'The Hebrews: A Learning Module' provides an excellent introduction to the history of the Hebrew peoples from the Age of the Patriarchs (beginning c. 1950 BC) to the Diaspora of the Jews in the first century AD. Based largely on the testimony of the Torah and the rest of the Old Testament, the account provided here also introduces corresponding evidence where available. The history is divided into separate chronological web pages, covering periods such as: Egypt and the wanderings; the occupation of Canaan; the Monarchy (with accounts of Saul, David, and Solomon); the two kingdoms (of Israel and Judah); the exile; and the Greeks and the Jews. The site includes a separate section on the Hebrew religion. This looks at the evolution of Jewish scripture and beliefs from the pre-Mosaic period, to monotheism and the prophetic books, to the post-exile reforms. There is a page on the Torah and a glossary of Hebrew terms and concepts. An anthology of Hebrew readings includes extracts from Genesis, Exodus, and Judges. The site also includes a map of ancient Israel, and a list of links to other sites (although a few of these were not in operation at the time this record was reviewed). This site forms part of an online courseware unit from Washington State University's 'World Civilizations' project. It is targeted at students about to begin university and first year undergraduates.
The website "Heritage: Civilization and the Jews" is a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) site, which is designed to accompany a series of broadcasts that are also available on video and DVD-ROM. This site accompanies a nine-part course, with lesson plans, discussion questions, and research projects. The history of the Jewish people is described using texts, images and a rather selective timeline. The website is easy to navigate and nicely presented, and of great use to teachers and those wishing to gain a basic knowledge of Jewish history. The course covers the period from 3800 BC to the present day and was written by Professor William Hallo, a Professor at Yale University. The course follows a broad chronological path, but is also themed, presenting links to modern issues and points for reflection and discussion. Each episode of the programme is accompanied by an index, an atlas, documents, and a real player visual clip.
This is the homepage of the Historical Society of Jews from Egypt, a committee-run organization which serves Egyptian-born Jews everywhere, but especially in the United States. The Society received a charter from the New York State Museum in 1996 and devotes itself to the history of the community as it existed in Egypt and subsequently via institutions of education, arts, good will organizations and religious establishments. Through a great range of posted letters, reminiscences and samples of private ephemera, the site describes key events and details of this very old and still extant community; it particularly notes departures during the defining 'second Exodus' in the 1950s and 1960s, when Jews were expelled and the recent rise of anti-Semitism in Egypt. Navigation is haphazard, but scholars will find a wealth of photographs, biographical information and starting points for deeper research on this interesting site. There is also a lot of news on current matters related to Jewish history and the protection of Jewish historical documents and artifacts in Egypt. Researchers will note that the site conveys an émigré perspective.
The Holy Land Photos website provides good quality, free images of Holy Land sites and artefacts. The database contains well over two thousand images, and continues to grow. Coverage includes Israel, Greece, Turkey, and Jordan, with special attention paid to sites and cities mentioned in the Bible. The images are categorised for easy browsing, and accompanied by text explaining what the image contains and brief information about its significance. The image categories are: daily life and artefacts (including plants, houses, climate, transportation, and shepherding); people; and regions. The site also features a keyword search engine and an email update service that alerts users to new additions to the database. There is a short bibliography of recommended reading. This is a slick and easy to use website that contains quality photographic images. It is intended to be useful for schools and universities, Bible study, and presentations, but it is likely to be of interest to anyone requiring images of archaeological sites in the Near East or depictions of aspects of life relatively unchanged since antiquity. Information is provided about permitted usage of the images.
Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies (ISSN 1097-3702) is an electronic publication devoted to the study of the Syriac tradition. Published twice yearly by Beth Mardutho: The Syriac Institute, all contents from January 1998 are freely available online. Apart from details about its submission policy, transliteration scheme and email group, the home page provides links to other online resources and journals that are useful for Syriac Studies. A search engine is also made available. This website is hosted by The Catholic University of America.
The Humanities Text Initiative (HTI), based at the University of Michigan, is an umbrella organisllent resource, providing online texts for a broad range of subjects, including English literature, philosophy, theology, history and linguistics. The collection contains several versions of the Bible, a version of the Koran and texts in Middle English, as well as modern English. It is possible to search the online text collection in a variety of different manners. Browsing is facilitated by the site's inclusion of two alphabetical lists, arranged by author and also title; it is also possible to view the collection using the Dewey Decimal Classification System. Collaborative projects have resulted in the creation of a number of specialised online texts collections being developed on the HTI's main site. Examples include: the American Verse Project and the Corpus of Middle English Prose and Verse. All of the collections are fully searchable.
This website is the online version of a wide ranging, lavishly illustrated and extensively referenced online art history course by Dr. Chris Witcombe of Sweet Briar College, Virginia. The course focuses on the social, political and religious interpretations of artistic representation of women in six broad areas or periods: Egypt; the Aegean basin; Palestine; Greece; the early prehistoric period; and barbarian Europe. Each section is organised around a series of case studies or essays which are accompanied by discussion topics and questions, extensive bibliographic lists, and collections of relevant Web links. Particular pieces of art from each culture or period are examined: the site describes each art piece, looks at how they have been interpreted, and examines the role of women in ancient cultures. Essays and online lectures by other academics and students are also featured. Textual sources from the relevant Greek, Hebrew and Egyptian contexts are extensively used throughout. A hypertext medium with frames is employed which sometimes can be clumsy to use, though it allows you to have several parts of the course on screen at once. Some of the in-text links are inaccessible to off-campus browsers. This resource will be valuable both to college students taking courses in ancient art, archaeology, ancient history, and gender studies, and also for those interested in cross-cultural and multi-period approaches to art and gender and in comparative religion.
'Incunabula, Hebraica and Judaica' is a website maintained by the National Library of Canada. It contains an online exhibition of five centuries of Hebraica and Judaica, rare Bibles, and Hebrew incunables from the Jacob M. Lowy Collection at the library. The materials are organised under 18 headings, namely: Incunabula Hebraica: The Beginning of Hebrew Printing; Bibles; Commentaries; Renaissance Humanism and Christian Hebraism; Josephus; Talmud; Codes and Responsa; Philosophy; Mathematics and the Sciences; Mysticism; Liturgy; The Passover Haggadah; History, Geography and Travel; Philology, Poetry and Belles-Lettres; The Sephardic World; Jewish Languages; The Spread of Hebrew Printing and the Fate of the Hebrew Book; and Hebraic Manuscripts. The site is accessible is English and French.
The Inscriptions of Israel/Palestine website aims to publish an electronic version of all inscriptions found in Israel dating from the Hellenistic period (ca. 330 BCE) to the Islamic Conquest (640 CE). A search engine allows users to access some 15,000 inscriptions, with searches possible for individual inscriptions or words, including proper names, occurring in one or more inscriptions. There is, however, no browse function, which makes general access to the site difficult without prior knowledge of sources. Ultimately users should be able to access detailed maps of every single archaeological site that contains inscriptions of the period concerned, as well as photographs of every inscription with a translation. The site also provides a bibliographic database and lists related links; links to some scholarly essays on epigraphy were broken at the time of last review.
The European Institute of Religious Studies, part of the École Pratique des Hautes Études in France, brings together research centres related to religion and acts as a centre of expertise on the history of religions and contemporary religious questions. One of its main goals is to draw connections between researchers and academics in religious studies and the teaching of religious studies at the primary and secondary school level. To this end the Institute's website includes information on its training programmes and seminars, as well as a number of resources, primarily in French, that can be adapted for teaching purposes. These resources, found in the virtual library, include summaries of books or articles and suggestions for their use in teaching, and cover: general religion; Christianity; Islam; Judaism; secularism; school and religion; Europe and religions; and religious studies. Many of these resources would be appropriate for a higher education context. The site also has a good selection of links on these topics. The site will be of interest to students and lecturers looking for references on religious studies.
The Institute for Christian and Jewish Studies (ICJS), founded in 1987, is a non-profit organisation dedicated to disarming religious hatred and fostering interfaith dialogue and understanding. The Institute's website offers details of its purpose and activities. These include the development of resources that target ingrained prejudice by encouraging appreciation for the distinctiveness and value of Christianity and Judaism: some examples are made available via the site. The Scholars' Corner section contains the full text of many articles addressing issues relevant to the Institute's brief, and the Institute also periodically publishes a newsletter, which is made freely available online. There is also a calendar of ICJS events. The site is well presented and accessible.
This is the homepage of the Institute for Jewish and Community Research (IJCR) which is based in San Francisco, USA. It is an independent non-profit think-tank which looks at a wide range of issues concerning the Jewish community. This website, which informs visitors about their current and past projects, allows them to read the reports published on these without charge. Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to access the reports. The site also enables access to the IJCR Quad - their quarterly publication; press releases; audio and video recordings of interviews; news and academic articles; and contains links to relevant recent developments. A search engine is available. The Institute is presided over by Dr Gary A. Tobin, a senior fellow with the Baylor Institute for Studies of Religion.
This is the homepage of the International Council of Christians and Jews (ICCJ) which is based in Heppenheim, Germany. It is an umbrella organisation chaired by Reverend Professor Dr John T. Pawlikowski which brings together national Jewish-Christian dialogue organisations from around the world. This website, which is also accessible in German, should be of interest to those researching in the area of interfaith dialogue. Amongst the resources made available include: details of conferences they organise and works they publish; transcripts of lectures; press releases; the ICCJ newsletter; and official statements. Access is also given to their e-bulletin which is available in English, German, Spanish, French, Dutch and Russian. A search engine is provided as are links to relevant websites and the homepages of their member organisations around the world.
The website 'Internet History Sourcebooks Project', created by Paul Halsall at Fordham University, provides access to online primary source material for a number of branches of history. The project offers a combination of locally hosted material and links (often annotated) to documents on other sites. The three main sourcebooks cover ancient, medieval, and modern history; in addition to these, there are subsidiary sourcebooks, which take a thematic approach. There are, for example, sourcebooks on: Jewish history; Islamic history; East Asian history; history of science; and women's history. The material within the sourcebooks is well organised into categories, and is searchable. The home page provides general information about the sourcebooks project, including details of updates (maintaining a resource of this scope is a considerable task, and consequently some broken links are almost inevitable). Overall, this is a very valuable site, as the sources offered have the potential to be of immense use to historians; however, the user does need patience to browse what can be rather eclectic collections of sources. Also, the editor warns that the site had last been updated in 2006.
The Internet Jewish History Sourcebook, part of Paul Halsall's sourcebook project, is a rich source of primary texts for the study of Jewish history and culture. A significant number of the texts have been digitised by the author, whilst others link to a variety of sites elsewhere on the Web. Major sections in the sourcebook include: the people of Israel; the emergence of Judaism; Jewish middle ages; and life since the enlightenment. Amongst the many sub-topics are: the Jews in the diaspora; Jewish communities in Christendom; Jewish intellectual life; the history of the Ashkenazi in Eastern Europe; modern anti-semitism; the Holocaust (prior to and during the Second World War); and the state of Israel.
This website was founded in 1996 as an online source of medieval texts. Content scope is broad, covering a wide range of medieval studies. The majority of the sources are organized into one of three major categories: selected sources; full-text sources; and saints' lives. Additional categories include selected secondary resources, medieval legal history, and maps and images. The selected sources section offers an index to facilitate finding texts for particular periods or topics, and deals with material dating from the end of the classical world through to the reformation and renaissance. Topics listed include: economic life; the crusades; church history; intellectual life; Jewish life; and sex and gender. The full-text resources are arranged by document type, including: church councils; historiographical works; literary texts; spiritual writings; and legal documents. The saints' lives are presented in broadly chronological order, beginning with the apostolic era and going through to the post-medieval period. Saints of Byzantine, Western European, and Celtic origin are included. The site is part of the Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies project (ORB), developed by Paul Halsall, the ORB sources editor, and located at the Fordham University Center for Medieval Studies.
J.B. Hare established the Internet Sacred Text Archive to make public domain religious and mythological texts available to the interested reader. It brings together material collected by the archive itself with a variety of links from other primary resource sites on the Internet to form one of the largest and far reaching electronic text resources available anywhere. With a somewhat eclectic selection in content, the site includes everything from English translations of the sacred texts of African, Australian, and North American indigenous cultures to Eastern, Neo-Pagan and Occult traditions. Judeo-Christian and Islamic resources are also well represented. The archive is still growing, with new texts added on a regular basis. The need to avoid material which is still in copyright means that many of the translations date from over a hundred years ago, but the variety of resources in translation makes the site invaluable to those lacking extensive foreign language skills who wish to rapidly familiarise themselves with a specific tradition. This site is an excellent starting point for anyone who wants to locate an electronic English-language version of a significant religious text from almost any religious tradition.
This website allows access to the Interdisciplinary Encyclopedia of Religion and Science (INTERS). It is an online only database which features around 60 articles on important areas related to religion and science. The encyclopedia is edited by Giuseppe Tanzella-Nitti, Philip Larrey and Alberto Strumia. Each entry provides a contemporary account on a specific topic as well as a summary of how the same topic was discussed historically. A number of these entries were originally published in Italian as part of the Dizionario Interdisciplinare di Scienza e Fede (ISBN: 88-401-1050-X). This website, which is accessible in English and Italian, also contains background information about the encyclopedia and instructions for readers. A search engine is available.
'Into His Own' focuses on the historical study of Jesus and the New Testament. It consists of a number of primary texts in translation, including extracts from the works of Josephus and Tacitus, and from the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Talmud, and the Mishna, on the political, social and religious situation in 1st-century Palestine. In addition to the primary material, these pages offer information (including maps) on the historical sites and sources on which this study is based. Thorough and scholarly, but still aimed at an audience of non-experts, this resource is an excellent teaching and introductory research tool. The site also features a blog and a short list of related links.
iTanakh is a classified directory of Internet resources for the academic study of the Tanakh (the Hebrew Bible). The site not only contains essays on and exegesis of the Scriptural texts, but also sections on archaeology, biblical history, and ancient Middle-Eastern languages. Long indexes are provided for links to particular topics relevant to biblical study, and to articles discussing various theories and methods of biblical interpretation. Each index heading takes the user to a page of annotated links, mostly to external articles and materials. The site references a good deal of material, pitched at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. It should prove a valuable resource for theology students, Christian as well as Jewish, and students of biblical-era archaeology, history, and language. Unfortunately for a site with such a wealth of links, broken connections do not seem to be fixed especially rigorously.
Jewish and Christian Bibles: A Comparative Chart is a single page Web resource juxtaposing information about the number and order of the Old Testament books according to Jewish, Orthodox, Protestant and Catholic tradition. It explains some of the main differences between the scriptures of these groups, including the different ways of categorising the biblical books. A colour-coded system is used to highlight books whose position varies between Bible versions. This is a straightforward and helpful little guide, suitable for those learning or teaching introductory biblical studies. Links are also provided to more detailed statistical information about the Old Testament, and a glossary of biblical terms.
The emergence of new Jewish communities in Britain following their readmission in the 1650s resulted in the creation of a rich and unique heritage of religious building types such as synagogues, cemeteries and ritual bathhouses, but also social spaces such as schools, soup kitchens and hospitals. The decline in the size of the Jewish population and changes in the economic status of congregations since WWII has placed many Jewish buildings of considerable social and architectural importance under threat. This website describes the attempts of a project organised by the Jewish Memorial Council (JMC) and substantially funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund to survey, photograph and archive some 350 surviving examples of Jewish buildings constructed up to the Second World War. The resource includes a map of survey sites in the British Isles, a list of listed synagogues and other Jewish buildings, an outline of sites under risk (or lost, including the last major synagogue in Dublin demolished in 1999) and details of plans for publication and preservation of surviving monuments. Many of the structures under threat are characterised by lavish 19th and 20th century architectural or decorative features and fine craftsmanship, often combing contemporary styles with specifically Jewish features. The resource also provides practical advice for individuals and groups, both members of synagogue communities or the general public, to record any part of the Jewish built heritage which is under threat. This site will interest in particular architectural and social historians and heritage professionals but will also broaden public awareness of this important aspect of the built environment in the British Isles.
This informative and engaging website is the homepage of the Jewish Museum in London (registered charity number 1009819). Established in 1932, the Museum collects, preserves, interprets and exhibits material depicting various aspects of Jewish life, history and religion in this country and beyond. It receives funding from the National Lottery through the Heritage Lottery Fund. This website contains information about its mission, mandate, history and development. It provides details about current exhibitions, events, activities, and the educational resources available from the museum. Viewers can also search the museum's collection on matters like Jewish ceremonial art; Jewish history in Britain both pre and post 1880; and paintings, prints and drawings. They can access without charge the museum's annual reports and online exhibitions on 'The Treasures of the Jewish Museum, London'; 'Yiddish Theatre in London'; and 'Continental Britons'. Links are given to the homepages of relevant organisations.
The Jewish Music WebCentre is a gateway to many sources concerned with all aspects of Jewish music including sacred music. Composers and performers are detailed, and a number of different types of music such as choral and instrumental music are given their own sections. Information on accessing Jewish music in any form is also given, from discographies to publishers. It is possible to find out about events and festivals; a weblog furthers contributions from visitors to the site. Those wishing to research Jewish music and musical culture can access information concerning important collections, conferences and bibliographies. The website also allows access to tables of contents from 'Musica Judaica: Journal of the American Society for Jewish Music'. A 'directory' section points visitors to other resources that may be of interest.
Eliezer Segal (University of Calgary) has created a substantial site for the study of Jewish mysticism. Although it was originally created for a specific undergraduate course, the site should prove useful for its bibliographies and overviews, as well as links to further resources. The bibliography includes sections on early Kabbalah, German pietism, Hasidism, and feminism. Overviews include sources for mysticism during the Talmudic era, from the Bahir to the Zohar, an imagemap guide to the ten sefirot of the Kabbalah, and the Chabad-Lubavitch Hasidic movement.
The Jewish Roman World of Jesus is a high-quality introductory site describing the surrounding political and social conditions during the life of Jesus and the first few centuries of Christian development. The pages open with two substantial introductory essays on the Roman and Jewish environments into which Christianity springs and will provide a useful historical introduction for anyone unfamiliar with this period. The remainder of this resource contains a series of brief sociological sketches on topics ranging from religion, to archaeological discoveries, to New Testament origins, all complemented by historical quotations that illuminate the opinions and quality of life of early Christians.This web guide will be most useful as summary for undergraduates beginning New Testament or Early Christian History studies. While some limited bibliographic material may be derived from the internal articles, unfortunately a comprehensive bibliography of secondary source material is lacking.
Jewish Roots of Eastern Christian Mysticism is the website of an on-going interdisciplinary research seminar organised by graduate students at the Department of Theology, Marquette University. The seminar is organised into over twenty-five themes, and the website presents articles and discussion relating to each theme. Texts are available in HTML or PDF, many of which are exclusive to the seminar's website. The resources normally include previously published and unpublished scholarly articles, electronic publications, lectures, reviews, and sometimes critical responses to these materials. In addition, there are links to numerous bibliographies relating to hellenistic Judaism and Eastern spirituality.
Maintained by the International Council of Christian and Jews (ICCJ), The Jewish-Christian Relations website operates with the mandate to foster better understanding and dialogue between Jews and Christians of all denominations. To that end they compile articles and bibliographic material along with official statements on interfaith relationships from major religious organizations around the world. It also contains a very useful list of policy statements as well as links to and addresses of Christian and Jewish bodies interested in interfaith relations. The articles themselves are diverse and touch on a broad range of topics, discussing historical relations and contemporary issues through a mix of scholarship, theological positions and opinion in many different languages including English, Spanish, German, Portuguese and Russian. Users must, therefore, express some care when drawing upon the sources provided for they are not always free of polemic or balanced in their presentation. Nevertheless, they provide a wonderful mechanism through which both students and scholars can come to understand the variety of ways that Christians and Jews have sought to maintain a dialogue on their shared religious heritage over the last century.
The website is the online version of the Jewish Encyclopedia, published between 1901-1906 in 12 volumes in English. This encyclopaedia is a major source for information on Jewish history, culture, and religion up until the 19th century. The website is overseen by a distinguished panel of scholarly advisers and offers scans of the original pages of the encyclopaedia, including pictures, graphs, and tables. Additionally, the text of the entries has been digitised, and thus the website can be searched easily. Some articles also include hyperlinked cross-references for easy navigation. This electronic resource was created by the Kopelman Foundation, and it is useful for scholars, students of any level, and laymen alike. Unfortunately, the site seems to suffer from intermittent server problems: while often quick to load, on some occasions it can be painfully slow. The site usually does appear eventually, though some browsers may time out first. If problems are experienced, it may be worth trying again at a later point, or using an alternative browser.
'Jews and the Graphic Novel' is a 22-page documentary comic book created and written by David Gantz. This comic is free to read online, and offers a condensed history of the immense contribution made by American Jewish men to the art and craft of the comic book in the 20th century. The author has the advantage of having worked in the industry since the 1940s, and there is particular focus on the impact of the Second World War on the industry. In 22 pages, this free online comic can only scratch the surface of a history which is now dealt with in a significant number of scholarly history books - such as 'From Krakow to Krypton: Jews and comic books'; 'The Jewish graphic novel: critical approaches'; 'Up, Up, and Oy Vey'; and 'Disguised as Clark Kent: Jews, Comics, and the Creation of the Superhero', among others. It does however give a useful outline introduction for those who are just starting to take an interest in the topic.
The website of Joods Historisch Museum (the Jewish Historical Museum), provides information about the collections, exhibitions, and other activities of this Amsterdam museum. The museum has around 11,000 works of art, ceremonial items, and other objects relating to Jewish history and culture, while the museum's resource centre has a further 43,000 documents, books, photos, and audio and visual items. Information about many items is available via a searchable catalogue on the website (however, it does not seem to be easily possible to browse this catalogue, making it most useful for those users searching for something specific). Also offered on the site are visitor information, details of past and present exhibitions, and a children's section including educational resources. The website is available in Dutch and in English.
Founded in 1996, the Journal of Hebrew Scriptures (JHS) is an electronic peer-reviewed periodical (ISSN: 1203-1542) distributed by the University of Alberta. Its primary focus is on linguistic and literary issues and discoveries that have arisen through the study of the Hebrew Bible and other related texts. An abstract accompanies each article, and the full text can be read via one's browser or as a PDF file. Articles from earlier volumes can also be downloaded as Microsoft Word files. In addition to academic articles, the journal publishes a number of book reviews each year. Some articles require a Unicode Hebrew font: links to sites from which one can be downloaded are provided.
Edited by Paul Allen Williams (University of Nebraska at Omaha) the Journal of Religion and Film is an electronic peer-reviewed publication offering reviews and articles about the literal and symbolic relationship between the film industry and faith. Directed towards an array of scholars from the humanities interested in the cultural, sociological, religious, and symbolic links between faith and film, the journal not only delineates religious themes in such recent popular movies as Star Wars and the Matrix, but also examines philosophical issues such as the role of postmodernism in modern cinema and our perceptions of sacred texts. Visitors to the site may reflect upon some of the on-going discussions between contributors and even submit a question directly to some of the authors. Material on the website can be searched via a number of indexes: of articles, authors, films and directors. Details of how to submit material to the journal are also provided. Given the overwhelming dominance of Christian imagery against any other faith in mainstream cinema the journal articles tend to reflect this reality, however, a few contributions do address Buddhist and Jewish influences.
This home page of the Journal of Scriptural Reasoning allows free access to all articles featured in the journal since the first volume was published in 2001. The journal attracts submission from scholars from the Christian, Jewish and Muslim communities. Among the topics featured include: Messianism in the Christian Kabbalah of Johann; The Reality of Tasawwuf in the Light of the Prophetic Model; Practicing Mysticism: Jews, Christians and Muslims; Islam, Liberalism and Democracy; and The Rules of Scriptural Reasoning. The journal, which is sponsored by the Jewish Studies Department at the University of Virginia, is edited by Kevin Hughes.
'Journal of Scriptural Reasoning Forum' is a website of the Societies for Scriptural Reasoning. It contains: an overview of what scriptural reasoning is and who engages in the activity; a collection of articles; a bibliography; course syllabi; details of events, conferences and conference papers; lightly annotated links to relevant websites; and a search engine. The site is maintained by the Jewish Studies Department of the University of Virginia, USA.
The Journal of Textual Reasoning (formerly the Postmodern Jewish Philosophy Bitnetwork) is the main journal for the Society of Textual Reasoning. This website allows access to all articles featured in the journal since its inception in 1991. All volumes follow a particular theme and these include: Jewish Sensibilities; Rational Rabbis; The Ethics of the Neighbour; Strauss and Textual Reasoning; and Why Textual Reasoning? The journal is edited by Steven Kepres and Shaul Magid. The website itself is maintained by the Jewish Studies Department at the University of Virginia.
Jewish Studies, an Internet Journal (JSIJ), based at Bar-Ilan University, Israel, describes itself as "a peer reviewed, electronic journal dealing with all fields of Jewish studies". The Journal's interesting and high-quality articles are in English and Hebrew, and cover such topics as Suicide in the Bible; and the Talmudic Proverb in its Cultural Setting. The Journal is distributed free of charge via the Internet, where its articles are all available either in Word or PDF format. The site is well-designed and easy to navigate. Its articles should prove useful to undergraduate and postgraduate scholars of Theology; Hebrew and Jewish Studies; and Religious Studies.
The website Judaism and Jewish Resources was created by Andrew Tannenbaum in the early nineteen nineties and has continued to grow, as a list of annotated links to websites on Judaism. It is of interest to those who wish to find out about Jewish culture, or who wish to locate Jewish resources. The website is also a good resource for those studying or researching aspects of Jewish Studies or Israel. Although hosted by Shamash, the author is at pains to state his own independence from the organisation. The author has stated his selection policy and users are encouraged to send links that they think might be of interest. At times the author's informality is a little bit jarring, but this is not meant to be an academic site. The website provides annotated links to portals, mailing lists, and a host of websites on subjects such as: the state of Israel; Press in the Middle East; Torah and Talmudic Studies; Jewish sacred texts; Yiddish; museums; and links to the websites of Jewish communities all over the world. Of particular value are links to programmes and websites that translate or teach Yiddish and Hebrew. There are hundreds of links on this site of varying value, but many are excellent.
'Lilith' is a website compiled by Alan Humm. According to Jewish lore, Lilith was Adam's first wife who rebelled against God and transformed herself into a demon. The content of this resource is quite miscellaneous: it provides links to a variety of sites whose focus ranges from the study of pre-medieval texts in which Lilith is mentioned to interpretations of the Lilith figure in modern feminist thought. Most of it is not scholarly in the strict sense of the word but it is still a useful starting point for anyone interested in the continuity of middle eastern mythology into contemporary Judaism. It contains an extensive bibliography and a list of passages quoted.
This unique online resource, Graeco-Roman Marriage Papyri, compiled by David Instone-Brewer, collates every Greek, Roman and Jewish text relating to marriage and divorce from the fourth century BC to the fourth century AD. The texts are accessible here in their original languages, whether Greek, Latin, Aramaic or Hebrew; links are given to the documents on the websites of the Perseus Digital Library, the Tyndale Archive and the Advanced Papyrological Information System (APIS). References to the texts in which the documents can be found are also given (these are shown in pop-up windows, so to make use of this resource the user must disable any pop-up blockers). The papyri are organised in chronological order, and the catalogue listing for each item is accompanied by references to relevant secondary material and English translations, where possible. Also featured are: a full bibliography; a checklist of editions of papyri; links to other works on divorce, remarriage and the New Testament written by the site's author; and link to downladable Greek and Hebrew fonts.
This Internet resource provides German-language information pertaining to the life and work of the Jewish theologian, philosopher, bible translator, and proponent of the chassidic tradition (a Judaic religious movement), Martin Buber (1878-1965). An abridged version of the site is available in English. The main attraction of the site is the sizeable collection of electronic secondary texts relating to the work of Buber. Equally useful is the section on Buber's life and work, which consists of an informative overview of his works and main intellectual pursuits and achievements. Themes include Jewish-Christian theological debates. Also available here is an extensive range of excerpts from Buber's works - a greater number of these are available in the German language version of the site than in the English. Other notable features of the site include a chronology of Buber's life; a bibliography of secondary literature on Buber; and a collection of links related to Buber.
This website is a major corpus of artifactual and historical material relating to the people of Canaan/Israel and surrounding areas in the Middle and Late Bronze Age and Iron Age I-II periods, c2200-550 B.C. This resource is aimed at both undergraduate students and researchers in archaeology and ancient or biblical history. It will also be of interest to those interested in ancient Near Eastern religions and the origins of Judaism. The site uses a Hypertext medium to interpret Canaanite material culture in the context of the historical and literary record which is provided through extensive quotations from J.B. Pritchard's seminal Ancient Near Eastern Texts (ANET). The material in this resource can be accessed in three main ways: a period by period account provides a chronological and cultural framework based on contemporary historical sources, biblical accounts and excavation reports; a topical index based on important aspects of culture such as burial customs, dress and personal adornment, warfare and architectural; a Hyperlink general index with links to over 90 key topics of Canaanite, Israelite and Phoenician culture.There are many photographs and drawings of artifacts, architecture and archaeological contexts from all over the region while bibliographic references accompany all of the major entries. Quicktime Plug-in 4.1 or later is required for some of the interactive features. The lack of a word-search index is frustrating given the considerable quantity of material in the resource and the historical sources are not explicitly indexed. Nonetheless the quantity and range of the material is impressive and the website will be of widespread interest.
This is the website of the Megiddo Expedition of Tel Aviv University. The archaeological site of Megiddo in Israel, the Armageddon of the Book of Revelation, was occupied continuously from ca. 7000-500 B.C. and features prominently in Near Eastern and biblical history in the second and first millennia B.C., particularly in the period of the United Monarchy when it was one of King Solomon's regional capitals. This attractively presented website provides a useful introduction to the history and archaeology of the settlement and surrounding region as well as providing information on a wide range of topics connected with digging in Israel and biblical archaeology. Apart from providing reports on the renewed excavations at the site by Tel Aviv University and a history of previous campaigns at Megiddo, this website describes a number of ancillary projects connected with Megiddo including the landscape survey of the surrounding countryside, the magnetometer survey of the city itself, the petrographic analysis of the pottery discovered during excavations and a guide to the controversy surrounding the dating of archaeological sites of the United Monarchy. Also featured is "Revelations from Megiddo" the newsletter of the expedition which has numerous articles on issues related to the archaeology and history of Megiddo and the Jezreel Valley.The text is accompanied by numerous attractive images including a 3D virtual tour of the highlights of the archaeology. VISCAPE is required for this presentation. The website also provides detailed information for volunteers wishing to take part in the archaeological excavations.This site will mainly appeal to the interested amateur and to undergraduates but also provides a useful overview for a more specialist audience, particularly the extensive bibliography and the up-to-date chronological information.
This is the homepage of Melilah: The Manchester Journal of Jewish Studies (ISSN:1759-1953). This electronic peer-reviewed journal focuses on Jewish law, history, literature, religion, culture and thought. It was launched in 2004 by the Centre for Jewish Studies at the University of Manchester. The site allows access to all materials published in the journal without charge. These are presented in Word and PDF. Articles published to date include: 'The nature of ultra-orthodox responses to the Holocaust'; 'Biblical arsonists and Sabbath firemen: matters of public safety'; and 'A question of backbone: comparing Christian influences upon the origins of reform and liberal Judaism in England'. The site also contains the journal's submission policy and a search engine. The journal is jointly edited by Professor Bernard Jackson, Dr Daniel Langton and Dr Ephraim Nissan.
Under the direction of Frank Unlandherm (East & Jewish Studies Librarian), the Columbia University Libraries have constructed a superior gateway to "research-orientated" Internet resources covering ancient and modern periods in the Middle East and Sinai Peninsula. Part of Columbia University’s larger library network, these easily navigable selections begin with the simple division between Middle Eastern and Jewish resources and then focus on more specific aspects of the region’s history and culture. Links are organized both by topic and nation, and include (but are not limited to) economic, linguistic, religious, and contemporary political issues. Of special interest to researchers will be the very large collection of links to bibliographies, maps, and libraries with major Middle Eastern collections and news resources.
The Movement for Reform Judaism is a UK organisation which exists to promote and provide information about this Jewish denomination. The Movement's website offers information on the history of Reform Judaism, and about the current visions and purpose of the movement. There are also articles, news items, a discussion forum where specific questions about Judaism can be asked, and a glossary. This is not (not does it claim to be) a scholarly resource, but it is a useful starting point for those wishing to learn more about the practice of this strand of Jewish tradition in the UK.
MyJewishLearning.com is a website which claims to be representative of the many trans-denominational perspectives within Judaism. The materials are organised under the following headings: History and Community; Daily Life and Practice; Holidays; Lifecycle; Texts; Ideas and Beliefs; and Culture. For each of these, four levels of Guided Learning are provided. Users may advance from 'Primer' (Level I) to 'Topical Overviews' (Level II) to 'Deeper Explorations' (Level III) to 'Analysis and Interpretation' (Level IV). Alternatively, they could start by taking the quiz prepared at the top of every section to ascertain the level they should begin at. The site provides a search engine, a glossary and a discussion forum.
As its title suggests, 'Navigating the Bible: online bar/bat mitzvah tutor' focuses on the study of the Hebrew Bible in preparation for the bat/bar mitzvah. However, although its target audience consists predominantly of Jewish children and their tutors, this site offers useful tools for biblical scholars with an interest in Hebrew and Judaism. The whole Torah is available, plus the haftarot (selections from the prophetic books that traditionally accompany Torah readings) and brachot (blessings). The site provides: simple text searches; transliteration of the Hebrew with translations in English, Spanish and Russian options; audio recordings of the Hebrew text; and extensive commentaries, including those of medieval Jewish scholars such as Saadia Gaon, Rashi, Maimonides, et al. Also offered are a reference guide to biblical fauna and flora, and resources for studying biblical genealogy.
The New Jerusalem Mosaic is an online project hosted by the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. It gives an overview of the history of Jerusalem from the First Temple Period (1006-586 BCE) to 1967. Users can browse by historical period, or by a number of thematic headings: costumes; water systems; food; people; and sightseeing. This resource is informative on aspects of daily life in Jerusalem during each period, but not very extensive on the political or economic background. The reader should also be aware that it glosses over some of the more problematic issues surrounding the history of the city, such as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
This is the homepage of 'Notebook: A Discussion of Contemporary Jewish Issues', a University of Toronto student journal (ISSN: 1715-9679). It publishes work on Jewish and broader issues written by undergraduate and graduate students at the University of Toronto. This website allows access to the online version of the journal. Viewers can read without charge all materials featured in the journal since the first issue was published in 2005. Some of these are presented as PDF and requires Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. The site also contains information about recent events and provides links to the homepages of relevant websites. The journal is edited by Elah Nadel and receives funding from the Azure Student Journals Project and Hillel of Greater Toronto.
Online Critical Pseudepigrapha is a website which offers scholarly electronic versions of Old Testament pseudepigrapha and related literature. For each work, the site aims to provide a critical edition of the text in its original languages, with other ancient translations where applicable (English translations are not generally offered), plus other relevant information such as the text status and contents, details of manuscripts, and so forth. The project is ongoing, and at time of cataloguing not all texts had the full critical apparatus. Scholars with relevant expertise are invited to get involved with the project by digitising, tagging, or proof reading texts. A valuable resource for researchers working in this area.
The Online Jewish Missions History Project offers a collection of 90 documents relating to Christian missionary activity among Jewish people in North America and the UK in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The documents include newspaper articles (in particular, a large number of pieces from the New York Times) and reports and other publications issued by churches and missionary organisations. The majority are American in origin, with a few from Scotland or London. A significant number of documents relate to the rather turbulent career of Hermann Warszawiak, a Jewish convert to Christianity who himself became a missionary in America. While most of the works accessible through the site are texts (mostly available in both HTML and Word formats), a few images are also included. The documents can be browsed in a number of different ways (by title, creator, date, format, and so forth), and there is a sophisticated search function. This resource is hosted on the website of the Lausanne Consultation on Jewish Evangelism.
'The Origins and Emergence of West-Semitic Alphabet Scripts' is dedicated to the ground-breaking work of two scholars, James Harris and Dann Hone, in deciphering a number of inscriptions found in the desert between the borders of Egypt, Israel and the Jordan. This resource traces earlier theories on and interpretations of this particular alphabet and provides images of a number of inscriptions with their transliteration in Hebrew. A third section of this site deals with the religious and cultural background of the texts, focusing on the rendering of the divine name in this script. Unfortunately, a bibliography on the subject is lacking in this resource.
This resource is the home page of the international Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, based at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. The main aim of this site is to inform the reader on the Center's research and teaching programmes, its bibliographic resources and the state of its scholarship. Apart from programme outlines and calendars of papers and publications, this page provides an excellent and frequently updated bibliography on the Dead Sea Scrolls, including works in more than ten languages. A separate list of suggested introductory reading is provided in the beginner's guide to the Scrolls. The site also offers a 'tour' of one of the caves at Qumran, complete with aerial photographs and pictures and descriptions of some of the manuscript finds. Finally, it provides details of a discussion list (g-Megillot), and has a page with links to related sites.
PaleoJudaica.com is the blog of James R. Davila, Lecturer in Early Jewish Studies at the University of St. Andrews. It aims to chronicle and comment on current developments (mainly as recorded in Internet sources) in the academic field of ancient Judaism and its historical and literary context. Material on related subject areas such as early Christianity, Roman history, or archaeology is also sometimes included if it has some bearing on ancient Judaism. Posts include notifications of recent publications in the field, relevant news items, including information about conferences, and responses to articles published online or elsewhere. Davila also maintains a list of links to useful websites, including online texts, course syllabi, and other blogs that may be of interest. A valuable resource for those who wish to keep up to date with developments in this area.
The website 'The Parkes Institute at Southampton' is the homepage of this research centre for the study of Jewish/Non-Jewish relations. Established in 2000 through a grant from the Arts and Humanities Research Board in Britain, and formerly known as the AHRB Parkes Centre for the Study of Jewish/non-Jewish Relations, the Parkes Institute is the first research institution in the United Kingdom to be devoted to this subject. It is based at the University of Southampton. One of the most notable parts of the site is its description of the institute's impressive library and archival holdings. The latter comprises one of the United Kingdom's most important collections on Anglo-Jewish history, with additional sources on European Jewry. Subsites describe latest seminars, lectures and conferences organised at the institute. Application and funding information are available for potential students from the Undergraduate to the Post-Doctoral levels. There are also helpful -- although not extensive -- annotated links pages describing the main online academic resources in this field. The site provides contact details and research interests of the professional academics who are affiliated with the institute. The site also has its own search engine.
'The Pesher to Habakkuk' analyses the 'Pesher' (commentary) on chapters 1 and 2 of the book of the prophet Habakkuk, found at Qumran. This resource contains high quality black and white photographs of the Habakkuk scroll, provided with full verse by verse transcription and translation of the text, and a commentary by Fred Miller. There are also two introductions: one focussing on the text of Habakkuk, and the other on Peshers. Similar to Miller's Isaiah and Zechariah sites, these pages contain a meticulous transcription and grammatical explanation of the Hebrew text but do not offer extensive further interpretation.
The 'Philo Judaeus: On Ascetics' website contains a copy of the first four chapters of the aforementioned text (based on a translation which appeared in an edition by O. Thatcher in 1907 and which has been adapted by Professor Arkenberg). This is one of many texts which appears in the Internet Ancient History Sourcebook. There is a brief introduction, taken from Thatcher's edition, which explains who Philo was and when he wrote (an Alexandrian Jew of the first century CE). This text was composed c.30 CE and focuses on the customs of the Essenes - a particular set of Jews who had an especially rigid modus vivendi (hence the title 'On Ascetics').
The 'Philo Judaeus: The Creation of the World' site is part of the Internet Ancient History Sourcebook and contains an English translation (of the first eleven chapters only) of the aforementioned work. Philo was an Alexandrian (Hellenised) Jew of the first century AD, whose most famous work is arguably 'The Embassy to Gaius'. Philo, however, also wrote many works (all in Greek) on the Jewish religion, of which this is one. Professor Arkenberg of Fordham University has modified Thatcher's (1907) edition. This appears to be the standard translation of Philo, by C. Yonge (who is not credited on the site), which first appeared in 1854-5, and which has since been published in much more recent and more accessible editions than Thatcher's. The site, unfortunately, indicates none of this rather essential and elementary information. There is a very brief introduction to the text, taken directly from Thatcher's book, but there is no commentary, and the format of the text is plain and unadorned.
The Studia Philonica Annual is a scholarly journal devoted to the study of Hellenistic Judaism, and in particular the writings of Philo, an Alexandrian Jew who lived in the 1st century CE. The journal's website offers tables of contents and indexes of articles from 1989 onwards, but the articles themselves are not currently available online. Subscription details are available from the site, as is information on ordering back copies. The Studia Philonica Annual is published annually by Brown Judaic Studies under the aegis of SBL (Society of Biblical Literature) publications. The journal has an international advisory board, consisting of academics from America, France, the United Kingdom and Norway.
Unlike many other resources on religious trends within the United States which focused specifically on the Judeo-Christian tradition, The Pluralism Project, directed by Diana Eck at Harvard University, seeks to consider and evaluate the growing diversity in religious expression found across the nation. A variety of textual resources are made available through this site including: a series of scholarly articles; directories of religious centres; and a series of excellent bibliographies and guidelines for conducting contemporary research on religious denominations, applicable to research on religious pluralism in both North America and Europe. There is a link advertising the project's CD-ROM On Common Ground: World Religions in America, (Second Edition). An interesting sub-set of this project is World Religions in Boston, which describes the variety of religious expression and interaction all within one major American city, and can be downloaded or viewed on the web. Unfortunately, the site lacks any extensive demographic material on religious growth and developments.
The aim of the Geniza Project of the Department of Near Eastern Studies at Princeton University is to develop better methodologies for Hebrew and Arabic scholars working with the so-called 'Geniza fragments', which are documents found in the Geniza chamber of the Ben Ezra Synagogue in Cairo in the late 19th century. This project ultimately intends to create a full-text database of transcriptions of the documents and to offer a dictionary and morphological tools to facilitate the study of the Geniza texts. The site's target audience is the scholar interested in Middle Eastern archaeology, history and religious developments. This resource requires Hebrew fonts. The site has its own search engine.
'Quntres: an online journal for the history, culture, and art of the jewish book' is a full-text scholarly ejournal. At 2009 there is one issue available, freely offering articles such as: 'Moritz Steinschneider: an Appreciation'; 'The First Printed Edition of Norzi’s Introduction to Minhat Shai, Pisa 1819'; and 'Clarifying the Obfuscation Surrounding the Reissue of Sefer ha-Kavanot'. Articles are provided in both HTML and PDF form, and some articles are in Hebrew only. The journal is published from the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York. The website has details of the editors, editorial board, and the submissions process.
The University of California Press has made available online 'A Radical Jew: Paul and Politics of Identity' by Daniel Boyarin, first published in print in 1994. 'A Radical Jew' takes as its starting point the Pauline verse, "There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is no male or female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus", and is a study of gender and ethnicity in the letters of Paul. The author is a self-professed talmudist and postmodern Jewish cultural critic who desires to reclaim Pauline studies as an important part of the study of Judaism in the Roman period and Paul himself as a Jew. The list of chapter headings is as follows: Circumcision, Allegory, and Universal "Man"; What Was Wrong with Judaism?; The Spirit and the Flesh; Moses' Veil or The Jewish Letter, the Christian Spirit; Circumcision and Revelation or The Politics of the Spirit; Was Paul an "Anti-Semite"?; Brides of Christ; "There Is No Male and Female"; Paul, the "jewish Problem," and the "Woman Question"; Answering the Mail. The full-text of the book is available together with notes and bibliography. The entire work may be searched though help for using the search interface is not easily available. The work has been encoded in XML and is made available via Dynaweb. The presentation makes use of frames (though these may be switched off to ease printing). An extra Unicode font may need to be installed to ensure Greek text displays properly.
RAMBI, an online index of articles on Jewish studies, is hosted by the Jewish National and University Library. The database has been compiled from international periodicals and other collections of articles, and aims to be a comprehensive listing of important articles in this area. Each record in the database contains full bibliographic information together with subject classification headings. Where available, the records include links to full text versions of the material, although articles published in subscription journals will only be accessible by subscribers. The database can be browsed by author, subject, section or sources. Searching can be undertaken on all fields: author, subject or source. Searches can be further refined, sorted, saved or emailed.
Religion Compass (ISSN: 1749-8171) is an online journal dedicated to original peer-reviewed surveys of research and other works from across the discipline. Published by Wiley-Blackwell Publishing and edited by Tamara Sonn, the resource is targeted at teachers, researchers and students of religion, as well as non-specialist scholars. The materials can be browsed according to Authors' names and the following section themes: African Religions; Ancient Near East; Buddhism; Chinese and Japanese Traditions; Christianity; Indian Traditions; Islam; Judaism; New Religions; Native Religions of the Americas; and Theory and Method. Although subscription is needed to access the materials in full, this website makes available their abstract alongside information about the journal's editorial board.
This site gives a bibliography of printed materials for the study of religion in South Asia. The site is divided into nine different sections: eight giving resources available for Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Judaism, Sikhism and Zoroastrianism and one final section which features works in which two or more of these religions are compared. The list is not at all comprehensive, but determinedly selective. Entries have, on the whole, been quite stringently assessed before inclusion using book reviews, other bibliographies and the 'World bibliographical' series. The bibliography is further restricted based on the holdings of the various libraries at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It is, however, a worthwhile list and useful for anyone studying the religions of South Asia.
Renaissance Liturgical Imprints: A Census (RELICS) is an online database of liturgical and other ritual texts printed before 1601, developed under the direction of David Crawford at the University of Michigan. The database records the titles, provenance, physical details, and present location of around 14,000 works relating to European Catholic, Protestant, and Jewish groups. The full texts of the works themselves are not available through the site. While the primary language of the database is English, users should note that many of the references contain text in German and/or Latin. The creators have also had the foresight to include an extensive index of both relevant citations and library 'Sigla'. These pages are primarily directed towards advanced researchers working in the field of European liturgy.
The Philo of Alexandria (c. 20 BCE - c. 45 CE) Web page gives access to a rich and well-structured picture of Philo on the Web. Part of the Resources Pages for Biblical Studies compiled by Torrey Seland (School of Mission and Theology, Stavanger, Norway), the site offers a collection of annotated links. For easy reference these are arranged into sections, including: introductory articles about Philo's life, works, and audience; a table of English translations of his works online; scholarly articles and reviews; bibliographies; and resources relating to the study of Philo or ancient Egypt. The site is updated regularly.
This website provides study notes on the biblical book of Ruth. The notes begin with an overview of plot, structure, and narration, covering characterization and dialogue. There is also a brief discussion of genre and historico-critical issues. Following this, there is a detailed verse-by-verse commentary on the text, paying particular attention to narrative technique, and highlighting devices such as repetition of key words, unusual phrases, and so on. Internal links to related sections are provided, and clicking on technical terms opens a pop-up window giving a definition (although unfortunately at time of review not all of these were functioning). A useful resource for those embarking on study of this book of the Old Testament.
This website reviews the 'Sacred: Discover What We Share' exhibition which took place at the British Library between the 27th April to the 23rd September 2007. It focuses on the holy books and practices of the three 'Abrahamic faiths' namely Christianity, Judaism and Islam. This home page provides detailed information about the exhibition, and allows access to audio and video recordings of several themes connected to the exhibition like the evolution of the sacred texts; holy sites; and weddings in the three faiths. It also lists 67 of the sacred texts on display (chronologically and by faith) - each of which accompanied by a short commentary and a zoomable high-resolution image.
Scrolls from the Dead Sea is an online exhibit based on the Dead Sea Scroll exhibition held at the Library of Congress, Washington DC in 1993. In spite of its rather primitive layout and sometimes outdated bibliographical references (users should note that the dominant scholarly opinion has shifted since the site was written), it provides valuable information not just about the Scrolls themselves, but also about the Qumran community, about archaeological finds in the area and about the Scrolls' impact on contemporary Jewish and Christian thought. The site includes images of Scroll fragments accompanied by translations of the text, a map of the region, a glossary, resources for teachers and a bibliography.
The Scrolls from the Dead Sea website, prepared by the Library of Congress, takes the form of an online exhibition. The exhibition provides an overview of the historical context of the scrolls and the Qumran community. An account of the discovery of the scrolls in 1947 is also provided, as is an outline of the controversy that surrounds the them. The website was also created with the aim of encouraging a better understanding of the challenges and complexities connected with the researching the scrolls. Images of fragments of the scrolls and photographs of artifacts from the Qumran site, including a scroll jar and its fastenings, are also available.
Evolving out of his own doctoral dissertation, Donald Binder's Second Temple Synagogues website offers a high-quality introduction to synagogues and their function within Jewish society before the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 A.D. The author has brought together a wide variety of textual material for the general reader, beginning with a literary archive offering quotations and references about the synagogues from ancient sources. There is a brief but helpful FAQ, clarifying some of the more basic issues pertaining to social function, and a dozen detailed overviews of ancient synagogues are available, each discussing its history and prominent features, and usually including detailed archaeological cross-sections and beautiful colour photographs. The site also offers a substantial collection of links to other Judeo-Christian resources online, although this section does not appear to have been updated for some time.
Sefer is the website of the Sefer Centre, a non-profit organization founded in 1994 with the support of the International Center for University Teaching of Jewish Civilization and the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee to promote the development of Jewish Studies in higher education institutions in Russia. The site gives details about: Sefer's structure and aims; programmes for students and young researchers; conferences; programmes [lectures and mentoring programme]; Sefer's publications. Much of this material is also available in English, but the Russian version provides a useful additional links page and a news page. The publications and conferences pages will be particularly useful to researchers and teachers of Russian-Jewish culture and history or Judaism in Russia, and those in Jewish Studies wishing to keep abreast of Russian contributions to the field.
The Student Journal of Canadian Jewish Studies (SJCJS) is a web-based academic journal created by the Concordia Institute for Canadian Jewish Studies. It publishes papers, articles and book reviews by undergraduate and graduate students from any discipline on issues connected to the Jewish experience in Canada. The journal is published twice yearly and is edited by Julie Spergel. This homepage gives free access to all materials featured since the first volume was published in 2006. These are presented in PDF, but Adobe Acrobat Reader can be downloaded free from the site. Also available are the biographies of contributors; links to relevant websites; letters to the editor; and the journal's submission guidelines.
This is the home page of the Student Journal of Scriptural Reasoning. The site provides a brief overview of what scriptural reasoning is and who is engaged in the activity; and allows free access to all articles featured in the journal since the first volume was published in 2006. Each volume carries a particular theme and these include 'Scriptual Reasoning and the Garden of Eden' and 'The Relationships of Scriptural Reasoning: Readings of the Biblical and Qur'anic Joseph Stories'. The journal is written and edited by undergraduate and graduate students at the University of Virginia.
These study notes on the Old Testament Book of Jonah look at the text from a primarily literary perspective. A section on Hebrew narrative defines the term and introduces some theoretical aspects of narrative in general. The issues discussed in this section are then applied to Jonah. The author provides short pages on the plot and structure of the story, the characters it involves, and several topics particular to the book. These include Jonah's questioning; the presence of ironic humour; generic considerations; and the historicity of the events described. Short commentaries are provided for each of the four chapters of the book.
'Synagoga Judaica' is the title of an early modern tractate by the Swiss man of letters and professor of Hebrew Johannes Buxdorf (1564-1629). This resource gives you the full annotated translation of the work with an introduction.In 'Synagoga Judaica' Buxdorf describes how he sees the origin and history of the Jewish people, as well as what he knew about their practice and liturgy. The author of this web resource has set the text in its wider historical context, discussing issues such as anti-semitism and the relations between Jews and non-Jews in Switzerland and the rest of Europe at the time. This site has a functional and straightforward layout and allows you to download the original German text as well.
The website of the Taylor-Schechter Genizah Research Unit provides information about the Unit's manuscript collection and research. Based in Cambridge University Library, the Unit holds 140,000 fragments of Hebrew documents from the Ben Ezra Synagogue in Cairo. Much of the material dates from the 11th to the 13th centuries. The main scholarly resource accessible from the site is the Genizah Online Database, which offers cataloguing and bibliographic information, together with images of selected fragments. The database has particular strengths for the study of Targumic and medical manuscripts, for which high resolution images are available. A brief bibliography is also provided, together with an online newsletter, and details of the research interests of the Unit's staff.
TC: A Journal of Biblical Textual Criticism (ISSN 1089-7747) is a peer reviewed electronic journal that publishes scholarly articles, project reports and book reviews relating to the study of the Jewish and Christian biblical texts. All contents, beginning from the first volume which was published in 1996, are freely available from here. The home page contains details about its submission policy and other TC projects. Links to other Internet resources dealing with textual criticism are also provided. The journal is sponsored by the Society of Biblical Literature and edited by James R. Adair of the Baptist University of the Americas.
This resource provides a large collection of links to material on the historical, archeological and political background of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. The quality of the sites is uneven and many of them contain a mixture of fact and religious propaganda. However, you will still find here a number of solid articles on the history of Jerusalem and the excavations on the Temple Mount to date, as well as good photographs, timelines and maps.
The website 'Tradition and its Discontents: Jewish History and Culture in Eastern Europe' is an online exhibition from the Center for Advanced Judaic Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. The exhibition is based on the specific history of Eastern Europe as the main centre for modern Jewish civilisation over the past three hundred years. Expanding studies are now being pursued in this field, based on new access to archives in the former Soviet bloc. Exhibited images are scanned from primary sources going back to the sixteenth century. However, the majority of images and sources concern the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. They take in religious, communal and political themes of Jewish life in the region; they also highlight key figures. Some foci of interest treated here from this latter period include: immigration from the Russian Pale of Settlement and its consequences in Central Europe; pogroms; development of the newspaper press; ritual murder; Jewish scholarship and history; election campaigns in Austria-Hungary; Yiddish and the development of an Eastern European Jewish aesthetic; the founding of the Yidisher visnshaftlekher institut (YIVO -- Yiddish Scientific Institute) in 1925. Explanations of each image are supported by hypertext links to appropriate recommended reading in a good bibliography. There is also a list of contributors, which includes their university affiliations.
Yiddish Prints is an extraordinary online collection of more than eight hundred complete scans of Yiddish books held in the University Library in Frankfurt am Main (Universitätsbibliothek Frankfurt am Main). The scanned texts (the originals of which were printed in major Hebrew printing centres in Europe between the 16th century and the early 20th century) can be viewed in varying sizes and percentages of zoom focus. The website thus represents an online library, covering the major genres (including liturgy, practical guidebooks, legends, and fiction) and the most important writings from all periods of Yiddish literature. The collection is also a major bibliographic tool, searchable by author, title, date of publication, place of publication, and other categories. This excellent resource is intended for researchers of Yiddish literature and culture.
The West Semitic Research Project at the University of Southern California's School of Religion, directed by Bruce Zuckerman, aims to facilitate the study of ancient texts by developing a database system using advanced photographic and computer imaging techniques. The project's website is intended for students, teachers and researchers and features both educational and scholarly sections. The educational section provides images and notes relating to non-biblical inscriptions and documents which assist in understanding the Bible; biblical manuscripts, represented by the Leningrad Codex; the Dead Sea Scrolls; and photographs and images from other collections and historic sites. The scholarly site is intended to make available high resolution images from the West Semitic Research project, particularly in the languages and scripts of Northwest Semitic. At the time of writing the database did not contain images, though catalogue records describing the language, script, type of object were available (and images may be obtained by application to the project). A related project, InscriptiFact, is building a database of high resolution images. Information (mainly lists) about other holdings is also available, with subjects including: Assyriological texts; Elephantine papyri; Syrus Siniaticus. Of particular interest to scholars working with digital images will be the Adobe Photoshop Scholar's Manual for working with digital inscriptions. Users must register with the site in order gain access to some of its resources.
The Virtual Religion Index (VRI) is an extensive catalogue of online religion resources. It provides an ideal starting point for both researchers and students of religious studies. The site is topic-led with topics including: archaeology and religious art; ancient near eastern studies; comparative religion; all the major world religions; and the philosophy and psychology of religion. Each link within the catalogue has a short annotation and links are according to topic on a single page. Users may join the site's email list if they wish to be kept up-to-date with new additions and alterations.
Women in Judaism: A Multidisciplinary Journal (ISSN 1209-9392) is an online peer reviewed scholarly journal that focuses on gender-related issues in Judaism. It is edited by Dr Dina Ripsman Eylon of the University of Toronto. Volumes are freely available since 1997 and articles featured include: 'Women in the Changing World of the Kibbutz'; 'Canadian Jewish Women and their Experiences of Antisemitism and Sexism'; 'Changes in the Social Status of Urban Jewish Women in Iraq as the Nineteenth Century Turned'; and 'Mothers of Israel: Why the Rabbis Adopted a Matrilineal Principle'. The site, which also contains the journal's submission policy and search facilities, is hosted by the University of Toronto. The journal itself is published by Women in Judaism, Inc.
The Woolf Institute of Abrahamic Faith aims to advance teaching, research and dialogue in the encounter between the adherents of the three Abrahamic Faiths - Christianity, Islam and Judaism. Based in Cambridge, it is an umbrella organisation of the Centre for the Study of Jewish-Christian Relations (CJCR) and the Centre for the Study of Muslim-Jewish Relations (CMJR). It is also an associate member of the Cambridge Theological Federation and is directed by Dr Edward Kessler. This homepage contains information about their staff and recent works published by them; the events they organise; and the education programmes available. It also provides links to their press and media coverage, and to other online resources like journals; maps and dictionaries. The site allows access to the institute's newsletter, and holds a search engine and a mailing list. An interesting resource for those working in the area of interfaith dialogue.
Yale University Library's Judaica Collection page offers online versions of a number of exhibitions of material relating to Jewish history and culture. The exhibits featured include: 'You Shall Tell Your Children': the Passover Haggadah (that is, the text traditionally read during the Passover meal) in the Yale University Collections; Yale and the Ancient Holy Lands; an Exhibit on Maimonides, the 12th century rabbi and philosopher; Issachar Ryback's Portrayal of Shtetl Life (shtetls were typically small towns with substantial Jewish populations, in pre-Holocaust central and eastern Europe); Yiddish Sheet Music; Jewish Workers' Life in America; plus a number of more general Judaica exhibits. For each exhibition, a selection of images is provided, accompanied by descriptive and explanatory text. This is a useful site for those wishing to gain a flavour of Yale's holdings in this area, or those with an interest in learning more about these aspects of Jewish history.
'Zechariah and Jewish Renewal' offers a verse by verse translation and commentary on the book of Zechariah. While the level of detail makes this a potentially useful resource, readers should note that the author of this commentary takes a very specific theological standpoint. As the author states in his introduction, the approach taken here is one of strong belief in the prophetic (Christological) nature of the book. The site concludes with seven chapters on the historical background to the Zechariah commentary and on the significance the author (a Christian) believes Zechariah's prophecy might have for the development of Judaism.
This website provides a detailed introduction to the library special collections, archives, museums and digital resources held at the University of Aberdeen. These collections have a distinctly Scottish flavour, although their quality is said to be of international significance, and range from the archives of the University’s own five centuries of history, through family and estate records, to items associated with the history of science and medicine, Jacobitism and the Enlightenment. These records can be searched via the library catalogue. The website also acts as a portal to the University’s eight museums, all leaders in their field, ranging from ethnography to zoology. The website also details the various digitisation projects which have taken place, a set of useful resources derived from key collections. Of particular note is the archive of "Collection Highlights" which showcase particular collections or achives as well illustrated online exhibitions.