Advaita Vedanta is a philosophy based on the Vedas which emphasises the non-duality of the soul and the divine. The Advaita Vedanta home page is a scholarly and substantial site which aims to introduce and explore the philosophical issues associated with advaita vedanta. The site has sections on history, philosophy and philosophers. There are notable essays on Sankara and his disciples, for example. Philosophies include: the Upanishads; schools of Vedanta; creation and causality; and the Bhamati and Vivarana schools. The site also maintains the archive for the ADVAITA-1 email discussion list, and a set of annotated links to Sanskrit texts.
This website is written and maintained by the expatriate community of Sikhs and Hindus who have mostly fled Afghanistan in the face of Taleban oppression. It gives the history of the two communities in the country, details of festivals and diasporic cultural events and articles about the dispersal of these often overlooked groups. The site is not the most informative, but is of great interest purely because so few sources deal with the issue, or even acknowledge the existence, of Sikhs and Hindus in Afghanistan and what has happened to them over the last twenty years or so. It is well maintained and well worth a visit.
This website is dedicated to the Bhagavad Gita ('Divine Song of God') - the Sanskrit text from the Bhishma Parma of the Mahabharata epic. The text, composed of 700 verses and organised into 18 chapters, consists of the dialogue between Krishna and Arjuna on the eve of a battle. This online resource contains a host of resources on the work. These include: a summary of the Bhagavad Gita itself and articles on each of the 18 chapters; email newsletter; the Gita in pictures; famous reflections on the Bhagavad Gita; and discussion forums. The site also provides a search engine and information about how viewers could purchase books and audio CDs on the text. This is an attractive and well-presented resource for those studying Hinduism.
This is part of a site which gives access to a wide range of resources related to the Hare Krishna religion. The page gives links to a number of sections of the site which deal with the Bhagavad-Gita - either through commentary on the religious significance of the text to adherents of Hare Krishna, or through textual criticism of the Gita itself. Much of this is not of great use to scholars of South Asian religion. What is most interesting here, however, is the 'audiobook' of the whole text of the Bhagavad-Gita which is offered in its entirety for free either as a download or via an embedded link. The text is presented with some rather irritating background music, but this is nonetheless a unique resource which will prove useful to a number of scholars of the ancient texts of the Hindu religion.
The US-based Bhagavad-Gita website offers free access to a number of translations of this sacred Hindu text. The work itself is available in 17 different languages, though most of the accompanying material is available only in English. Each verse of the text is presented on a separate page, accompanied by the original Sanskrit text, a transliteration, and excerpts from various commentaries (although users should note that these are devotional rather than scholarly in nature). Audio recordings (in MP3 format) of both the Sanskrit and the translated versions are also available. As the text is presented a verse at a time, this site is better suited to close study than to reading through the text as a whole. Compiled and maintained by the Bhagavad-Gita Trust, a Krishna organisation, the website also offers a range of additional material, including essays on themes from the text (although once again, these are not primarily aimed at the academic reader), brief reflections on the Bhagavad-Gita by Einstein, Jung, Rudolph Steiner and many others, and short videos. The site is well-presented and easy to navigate.
The website 'black peacock' offers users a large number of Indian devotional images and scenes from religious and mythological tales. The site is organised into sections dealing with different texts in Hindu mythology, from which depictions are presented in galleries of thumbnails which can be expanded to reveal a larger image along with some explanatory text and sometimes relevant extracts from the original text. Other sections deal provide access to images of deities, avatars and demigods. The pictures are of a high quality and taken from originals which vary greatly in age, which makes for an interesting mix. It's an attractive website, although getting the drop down menus to stay in place while you move your cursor down them is a challenge.
The 'British Asian Theatre Project' website contains full up-to-date details of a major AHRC project "to document the presence of South Asians on the British stage". The project covers the 1790s to contemporary theatre, and combines interviews with research in archives. The project team is headed by Graham Ley at the School of Performing Arts, University of Exeter. The four-year project was funded from November 2003 to November 2007, culminating with an international conference in April 2008 and a special issue of the journal South Asian Popular Culture due in 2009. Two books are also forthcoming (publication date spring 2010), which will be titled 'British South Asian Theatre: a documented history’ and 'Critical Essays on British South Asian Theatre’. The website has full details of the project, the research team, and project outputs. The conference page contains abstracts of the papers presented at the conference.
This website allows free access to the full-text of ''Connecting British Hindus : An Enquiry Into the Identity and Public Engagement of Hindus in Britain' (ISSN 1751-8210). The report, which was commissioned by the Hindu Forum of Britain (HFB), was carried out by the Runnymede Trust and sponsored by the Department for Communities and Local Government. It aims to gain an insight into the feelings, aspirations, fears and contributions of Hindu communities in this country. It wishes also to assess the needs of this third largest faith group in Britain and to make recommendations to policy makers on how public services could respond to these appropriately. Subject headings of this 74-page-long report include: Rethinking the National Story; Identitites in Transition; Cohesion, Equality, Difference; Dealing with Racisms; Reducing Inequalities; and Building a Pluralistic Human Rights Culture. This is an informative and interesting resource for those seeking an insight into the experiences of Hindus in contemporary Britain.
This interesting website makes available in electronic form the texts presented at the panel discussion held at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Religion in Denver on the 17th of November, 2001. The event aimed to address the controversies that have arisen from Western academic scholarship about Hinduism. The texts are on the following topics: Reflection on Hindu Studies vis-a-vis Hindu practice; On the gore and glory of Western Indology; When scholarship matters: the Indo-Aryan origins debate; Defamation and diaspora Hindus: notes on internet discussions; Panch (five) asymmetries in the dialogue of civilization: a Hindu view; Toward context sensitivity; and Toward a Gandhian pragmatics of scholarly collaboration. The site is hosted by the Department of Religion at Barnard College.
The website Devi: The Great Goddess was developed to complement an exhibition of the same name held at the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution in 1999. It is of interest to those looking at basic comparative religion or religious studies at A, AS and undergraduate levels. For other interested parties there is a list of resources on South Asian Arts and cultures. The site also works well simply as an online exhibition, richly illustrated and annotated. The focus is on the six aspects of the Indian Hindu goddess Devi (Ma, or Jaganmata): cosmic force; gentle donor; heroine; local protector, semi-divine; and female saint. Devi has a range of manifestations and is the primary female Hindu deity. The site is extremely informative and greatly enhanced by its superb illustrations, additional information, and a comprehensive listing of links to US South Asian Studies Departments.
This is the homepage of the Dharam Hinduja Institute of Indic Research (DHIIR) which was based at Cambridge University's Faculty of Divinity. It was established in January 1995 with a grant received from the Hinduja Foundation (UK). It aimed to study the Indic traditions i.e. "those religio-cultural traditions with deep roots in the Indian sub-continent". The institute ceased to operate in 2004. This website informs visitors about the works published in the 10 years of its operation. It allows access to a number of their newsletters and reports from the conferences and workshops they organised. In the institute's final 4 years of operation (2000-2004), research had focused on Indic health and medicine. The site contains annotated links to online articles; bibliographies; the homepages of government bodies; and educational sites relevant to these issues. The institute was directed by Dr Elizabeth De Michelis.
The Digital Shikshapatri website provides digital images of the Shikshapatri manuscript held within the Bodleian Library, Oxford (Bodleian Arch.O.f.3). Oxford's Shikshapatri is venerated as a sacred text by Swaminarayan Hindus. The images of the manuscript are accompanied by supplementary material including: further information about the project; a collection of articles and biographies; a glossary; and a video recording of a reading of the Shikshapatri (requires RealPlayer).
The handwritten Sanskrit Shikshapatri, which contains a code of conduct, was presented to Sir John Malcolm, Governor of the Bombay Presidency, by the Gujarati saint, Sahajananda Swami (Lord Swaminarayan) in 1830. It was subsequently bequeathed to the Bodleian Library. The Project receives funding from the New Opportunities Fund (NOF) and commenced in January 2002. It is part of the NOF World Cultures consortium. The Digital Shikshapatri project is a collaboration between the Bodleian's Indian Institute Library, the Oxford Centre for Vaishnava and Hindu Studies and Oxford University's Refugee Studies Centre.
Dvaita Home Page is an online resource dedicated to the Sri Madhyacharya doctrine. Propounded by Ananda Tirtha (1238-1317), it teaches that the difference between the individual soul and the Creator is eternal and real. This website, which caters both for those with no prior exposure to the doctrine and those with in-depth knowledge, provides useful information about its founder and his teachings; as well as the biography and works of major scholars that follow in his footsteps. It also contains resources like: downloadable texts; hymns (Stotra) which are listed in alphabetical order and by deity name; a Dvaita FAQ; a calendar of festivals; essays; a bibliography; images; and a list of contributors. The site is user-friendly and would be of interest to those studying South Asian religions.
The website From primitives to zen is an online reproduction of the reference work by Mircea Eliade, originally published in print in 1966. While the title of the book hints that the principal focus of the book would be on Buddhism, it is in fact a very large, comprehensive investigation of ancient religions of the world, divided into sections which are geographically based. The omission of Judaism and Christianity is explained in the introduction. The following five chapter headings given on the home page lead to lists of links to further pages. The first of these chapters looks at creation myths from around the world. After this section the emphasis is more strongly on the Ancient Near East, Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism and Zen. This presentation of the book is offered with no further commentary but is rather a faithful reproduction of the original text.
This online resource is part of the Indian Institute of Technology's (IIT) larger project to develop a repository of Indian Philosophical texts on the internet. The Gita Supersite concentrates on the Bhagavad Gita ('Song of the Lord') - a Sanskrit text from the Mahabharata epic which is revered as sacred by the adherents of Hinduism. It is composed of 700 verses (shlokas) and arranged into 18 chapters. This website makes available the text and commentaries in Sanskrit, as well as translations and commentaries (classical and contemporary) in English and Hindi. It also enables visitors to view the verses and the Sanskrit commentaries in the following language scripts: Assamese; Bengali; Devanagari; Gujarati; Kannada; Malayalam; Onya; Punjabi; Roman; Tamil and Telegu. A useful and interesting resource for anyone studying Hinduism.
The H-Buddhism Graduate Programs in Asian Philosophy and Religion Web page, which was created in 1997 by Charles Muller, provides an alphabetical list of institutions around the world that offer postgraduate studies in Asian religions, including Buddhism, Hinduism, Confucianism and Taoism. Each entry contains the name and address of the department; a description of the course(s) it offers; and the names of the primary and affiliated instructors and their areas of speciality. There are also links that take visitors to the home pages of the respective institutions. The site is clearly presented and its contents are updated by the H-Buddhism Web team. The resource should be a very useful starting point for those investigating graduate study in this area.
This is the homepage of the Hindu Council UK (charity number 1067682). The organisation was founded in 1994 to represent the voice of various Hindu denominations in Britain and to contribute towards the promotion of inter-faith dialogue in this country. This interesting and well-organised website provides information on the activities they engage in. It also features news reports on matters connected to Hindus and Hinduism both in the UK and abroad. The site contains a search engine and allows visitors to access other resources such as articles; circulars; reports; discussion papers; an online discussion forum; and a list of FAQs. There are also scholarly articles and a selection of other highly accessible papers on Hinduism that cover topics like history; scriptures; festivals; prayers and Yoga. The resource would therefore be useful to those wishing to deepen their understanding of the Hindu faith as well as to those new to the subject.
This is homepage of the Hindu Forum of Britain (HFB). Presided over by Ishwerbhai Tailor, the forum brings together nearly 300 organisations from around the country, making it the largest umbrella body for Hindus in Britain. This website is a useful resource for those seeking a better understanding of the Hindu faith as well as the experiences of their adherents here. Visitors can find, among other things, information about recent news, events and HFB projects; and a section which describes to them issues like the Hindu faith; festivals, arts and culture, philosophy, scriptures and dietary requirements. They are also given the opportunity to access research reports; the organisation's formal responses to various Government documents; their news and events archives; and newsletter. The site provides a search engine.
The Hindu gallery is a website giving a simple list of links to images of a number of Hindu deities - there is a selection of pictures of each deity featured. The list is quite long, with several images each of Ganesh, Shiva, Parvati, Subramany, Vishnu, Krishna, Lakshmi, Rama and Sita, Saraswati, Hanuman, images of the Navagraha and pictures of Hindu saints and famous composers of Carnatic music. The pictures take various forms: some are photographs of statues, others full colour illustrations, others line drawings. The site could be better in terms of design, and it would be very useful to have the images linked to some text giving their history and some of their roles in the great Indian epics, but it is a useful reference work nonetheless.
The Sacred Scriptures of Hinduism Web page provides English texts of the Hindu holy writings, including: the Rig Veda; the Ramayana; the Mahabharata; the Bhagvad-Gita; and the Laws of Manu. Also available is an electronic version of Surendranath Dasgupta's 1922 work 'A History of Indian Philosophy'. The site is a part of the much larger Hindu Website, which offers a variety of resources on Hinduism and other eastern religions, including separate sections providing more detailed information on the Bhagavad-Gita, the Vedas, and the Upanishads. While this is not primarily intended as an academically focused site (and some users may find the adverts distracting), it does offer one of the more comprehensive online collections of the Hindu scriptures, and so provides a useful resource for students of the religion.
'Hinduism Here' is a website hosted by the Department of Religion at Barnard College, New York. It makes available essays presented by students to a course by the same name which was organised in the coordinate Religious Departments at the college and Columbia University in 2003 and 2005 by Professor John S. Hawley. The essays explore different dimensions of "lived Hinduism" in the greater New York area where students reflect upon research conducted in settings like temples; worshipping communities; retreat and spiritual centres; and foundations. Apart from the essays, which comprise of brief portraits and full seminar papers, the website also offers brief descriptions of the different settings and provides links to their respective homepages.
This website is the online version of the magazine Hinduism Today, the print version of which was founded on 5 January 1979 by Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami. It is a nonprofit educational activity of the Himalayan Academy with a mission to foster Hindu solidarity - unity in diversity - among all sects and lineages. The magazine aims to inform and inspire Hindus worldwide and people interested in Hinduism, dispel myths, illusions and misinformation about the religion, preserve its culture and to nurture Hindu renaissance. Political and cultural, as well as theologically orientated, the journal is a forum not just for Hindus but for all those interested in inter-faith debate.The magazine is available on subscription, but there is also an archive of articles that are available for free.
The website 'Images of temples and deities' is a four-page site giving a straight list of thumbnail images of Hindu deities - some being photographs of icons in situ in temples, others representations and reproductions of artworks depicting scenes from the Hindu epics. On the fourth page there are also some images, mostly black and white, of some of the more famous temples in India. The pictures are presented in a larger version when you click on a thumbnail and can also be viewed in a slideshow. This site is a personal addition to the Internet and the design may not appeal to everyone. It's content will be of interest, however, especially to those setting out on their studies of India or Hinduism.
The international journal of Hindu studies is published by Springer, Netherlands. This website gives access to the journal in its entirety with .pdf versions of the articles accessible via clickable links from the contents page of each issue. Unusually for a website offering free access to a journal which has a paper version, the articles are made available on the site before they are released in print. This is a high quality academic publication, peer reviewed and with a good reputation which is now offered for free. Without a doubt this site will be useful for all scholars of the Hindu religion in particular, and of Indian and world religions in general.
The Internet Indian History Sourcebook consists of an annotated gateway to primary resources relating to Indian history from the ancient period to post-independence. Many of the resources are hosted locally, with those marked Web being external sites. The sourcebook has been compiled from the ancient history, medieval, and modern history sourcebooks compiled by Paul Halsall at Fordham University. The guide is conveniently divided into sections covering particular periods and themes. Texts and images hosted locally include: The Laws of Manu; The Bhagavad-Gita; King Bhartrihari's One Law There Is; sources on the Buddha's life and death; The Arthashastra; The Rock Edicts; Strabo's geography of India; the Indian section of Pliny's Natural History; sources concerning European contacts and colonialism; Robert Clive's The Battle of Plassey; Edmund Burke's Speech in Commons on India; Thomas Babington Macaulay's On Empire and Education; Monier Monier-Williams' Camp Life in India; Dadabhai Naoroji's The Benefits of British Rule; Elisa Greathed's Account of the Opening of the Indian Mutiny at Meerut; Robert Traill Spence Lowell's The Relief of Lucknow; Bal Gangadhar Tilak's address to the Indian national congress; Jawaharlal Nehru's Marxism, Capitalism and Non-Alignment; British Government statements; and the 1966 Declaration of Pakistan and India on Jammu and Kashmir. There is also a section on gender and sexuality. This is an extensive site that should be of use to students and scholars studying the history of South Asia and the Indian subcontinent. At the time of review (2010) the site hadn't been updated since 2007.
J.B. Hare established the Internet Sacred Text Archive to make public domain religious and mythological texts available to the interested reader. It brings together material collected by the archive itself with a variety of links from other primary resource sites on the Internet to form one of the largest and far reaching electronic text resources available anywhere. With a somewhat eclectic selection in content, the site includes everything from English translations of the sacred texts of African, Australian, and North American indigenous cultures to Eastern, Neo-Pagan and Occult traditions. Judeo-Christian and Islamic resources are also well represented. The archive is still growing, with new texts added on a regular basis. The need to avoid material which is still in copyright means that many of the translations date from over a hundred years ago, but the variety of resources in translation makes the site invaluable to those lacking extensive foreign language skills who wish to rapidly familiarise themselves with a specific tradition. This site is an excellent starting point for anyone who wants to locate an electronic English-language version of a significant religious text from almost any religious tradition.
This website gives an introduction to, and text of the Katha Upanishad, an ancient Indian religious text. The site has an introductory essay which explains the context of the text as well as its historical importance. The analysis then goes on to examine the sections of the text in which the inner nature of human beings is discussed by Hindu deities. Much of this section is compared with the writings of other ancient religions, with many links to external pages in which these religions are discussed. Finally the website gives a full translation of the Katha Upanishad along with some suggestions for further reading and references. A useful site, if somewhat simplistic in its textual analysis.
The Mahabharata (i.e. the great [story of the] Bharatas or the the great story of India) is reputedly the longest epic in world literature. The work is concerned with an 18 day war among 18 armies, and is divided into 18 books. This website contains a synopsis of the great epic. Prepared by Larry A. Brown, the resource firstly provides some background information about the Mahabharata and a pronounciation guide of the main characters. The discussion is then divided into three parts. Part One (The Game of Dice) tackles the following themes: Ancestors of the Pandavas and Kauravas; Growing Rivalry between the Pandavas and the Kauravas; Arjuna Wins the Hand of Draupadi; and the Dice Game and the Humiliation of Draupadi. Part Two (Exile) deals with the Importance of Dharma; Preparations for War; and the Thirteenth Year. Part Three (The War) concludes by discussing the following themes: the Bhagavad Gita ('The Lord's Song); The Battle Begins; Drona Takes Command; the Death of Karna; The Death of Duryodhana; and the Aftermath.
This website gives a long list of resources for those studying the Mahabharata. The list starts with links to sites of bibliographies about the text, and to online versions. There are also a number of retellings of the story of the Mahabharata and articles related to it. Some of the resources are annotated briefly by the site's compiler. Most of the links provided take the user to external sites, while others give a direct download of the resource in question. All sites and documents linked to the site are quite authoritative and of academic merit. This site is a very useful list of resources which will be of use to religious and Sanskrit scholars.
This resource is available via the the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS) website, and can be downloaded as a zipped file in plain text and PDF format. It is necessary to complete an order from from the AHDS before accessing this resource. The complete Mahabharata-Tatparya-Nirnaya (5003 verses) and the smaller Yamaka-Bharata (80 verses) by the same author on the same topic are included. Using ITRANS, a freeware program running with LaTeX, the raw text files (mbtn.itx) are converted to PostScript, which is then converted to PDF.
"Meeting God: Elements of Hindu Devotion" is an online exhibition from the American Museum of Natural History. It accompanied an exhibition at the Museum from 2001-2002, which explored contemporary craftsmanship, traditions and rituals of Hindus, Sikhs and Jains in India and in particular in the US (New York). There are audio and video presentations which require Real One Player. A link from the home page offers the user the chance to see related links onto the Internet and a select bibliography.
Unlike many other resources on religious trends within the United States which focused specifically on the Judeo-Christian tradition, The Pluralism Project, directed by Diana Eck at Harvard University, seeks to consider and evaluate the growing diversity in religious expression found across the nation. A variety of textual resources are made available through this site including: a series of scholarly articles; directories of religious centres; and a series of excellent bibliographies and guidelines for conducting contemporary research on religious denominations, applicable to research on religious pluralism in both North America and Europe. There is a link advertising the project's CD-ROM On Common Ground: World Religions in America, (Second Edition). An interesting sub-set of this project is World Religions in Boston, which describes the variety of religious expression and interaction all within one major American city, and can be downloaded or viewed on the web. Unfortunately, the site lacks any extensive demographic material on religious growth and developments.
This is the homepage of a network project entitled 'Public Representation of a Religion Called Hinduism: Postcolonial Patterns in India, Britain and the US'. Funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) and based in the School of Arts, Histories and Cultures at the University of Manchester, the project seeks to explore the different ways in which Hinduism has developed a public presence in India and the diaspora. It runs for 2 years from June 2008 to June 2010, and is structured around discussions at a series of meetings held in India, the US and the UK. This website contains information about the project's aims and steering group. It holds a database of the names and contact details of researchers interested in the themes of the project, and provides details of the meetings held in the 3 countries. The project is led by Dr John Zavos of the University of Manchester.
This website provides the scholar with a detailed introduction to the Purusha Sukta, one of the Rig Vedas, as well as with a translation and transliteration of the text itself. The introduction gives a detailed analysis of the origins of the Purusha Sukta according to Hindu tradition, and the place of the text in the broader context of Hindu and Vedic mythology. The text itself is offered in transliterated form and in translation verse by verse, with each section being examined and explained before moving on to the next. This creates a very detailed and comprehensive investigation of the work, although some of its narrative coherence is lost as a result.
This interesting website contains the English translation of the Ramayana, one of the most significant literary and oral texts of South Asia. It offers both a brief synopsis and a long version of the text. These are supplemented by commentaries as well as educational materials like moral dilemmas for classroom discussion; images and maps; a brief outline of Hinduism; and a glossary of terms. Also presented is a Bengali scroll which was collected in Calcutta in 1980 which depicted Sita's abduction by Ravana. The site is maintained by the South Asia Center at Syracuse University. It is a useful resource for students and teachers of Indian culture and religion.
Religion Compass (ISSN: 1749-8171) is an online journal dedicated to original peer-reviewed surveys of research and other works from across the discipline. Published by Wiley-Blackwell Publishing and edited by Tamara Sonn, the resource is targeted at teachers, researchers and students of religion, as well as non-specialist scholars. The materials can be browsed according to Authors' names and the following section themes: African Religions; Ancient Near East; Buddhism; Chinese and Japanese Traditions; Christianity; Indian Traditions; Islam; Judaism; New Religions; Native Religions of the Americas; and Theory and Method. Although subscription is needed to access the materials in full, this website makes available their abstract alongside information about the journal's editorial board.
This site gives a bibliography of printed materials for the study of religion in South Asia. The site is divided into nine different sections: eight giving resources available for Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, Jainism, Judaism, Sikhism and Zoroastrianism and one final section which features works in which two or more of these religions are compared. The list is not at all comprehensive, but determinedly selective. Entries have, on the whole, been quite stringently assessed before inclusion using book reviews, other bibliographies and the 'World bibliographical' series. The bibliography is further restricted based on the holdings of the various libraries at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. It is, however, a worthwhile list and useful for anyone studying the religions of South Asia.
This website presents the translation of a selection of verses from the Rig Veda, one of the earliest Sanskrit texts, along with a brief introduction. As there are only thirty verses available here, this is not a great resource for scholars in terms of the original texts available. What is of use, however, is the list of resources at the bottom of the home page. Here are links to sites which contain the full text, others examining other Vedic literature and some which look at the cultural and religious history of India which informs their creation. This site itself is rather weak in its presentation and content, but it is nonetheless useful as a portal to connect to other, more helpful websites.
The website 'Sacred texts: Hinduism' is a resource for scholars of Indian religion, mythology and language. The site, which is a part of a larger collection on religious texts from around the world. This section gives a large number of sacred Hindu texts, both in translation and in some cases in Sanskrit using Devangari script. The works provided on the site include the Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas, a selection of epics, the Mahabharata, the Ramayana, the Bhagavad Gita and Vedanta as well as a collection of later texts and modern books. The works are all well annotated and referenced. In the listing of the texts on the site there is also a commentary on the place of the original work in the broader context of the Hindu religion as well as notes about authorship and the period during which the document originated.
The Sanskrit web is a German language site with an English version - the English home page does not work, but the rest of the site does. The website has a collection of texts at its core. These are linked to from the main page (the page after users have selected their language) and are mostly offered in Devangari script. The main page also has links to sections of the site with notes on transliteration schema and fonts to enable the user to read the Devangari script, along with technical manuals about their use. The main texts on the site are the Rigveda, the Yajurveda and the Samaveda, although a further section takes you to a page giving access to a number of shorter documents.
The Sanskrit Documents website provides copies of Sanskrit texts in both transliteration and Devanagari display (although English translations are not generally available). The site also offers resources to assist in the learning of Sanskrit, including a dictionary, tutorials, and pronunciation guides. The range of texts available includes: Ganesha stotra; Devi stotrani; Vishhnu and krishhna stotra; the Ramayana; Râma stotra; Navagraha; Upanishhat; Rigveda; and many other works. Most works are available in a number of different formats, including PDF and GIF files; in some cases, additional fonts will be needed to view the Devanagari text. Information about the site's publishers does not seem to be readily available, although there is a lengthy list of those who have contributed to the project.
This is an extensive online resource supporting those studying the classic Sanskrit texts. The website offers a large collection of Sanskrit texts, transliterated, as well as a sample of the same texts as audio files. There are also sections containing information about publications analysing the corpus of classic Sanskrit literature, some of which are also offered for purchase as audio books, with free samples available from the site, .pdf versions of articles about the texts and links to sites which offer further background information, alternative translations and supporting literature. The site would benefit from some design input, but is nevertheless a useful portal for Sanskrit scholars, the audio pages being of particular interest.
Tantric literature is associated with the Indian sub-continent. It is a broad collection of works within the Hindu spiritual tradition, dating back to the tenth century. The Hindu Tantrik home page makes available many of the less well-known texts in English translation together with a gateway to other related resources. The following types of texts are available: Tantrik ritual; nathas and yoga; Tantrik devis and devas; kalikula and shrikula; and Sanskrit texts (delivered as Adobe PDF files). The site also provides a lengthy glossary of terms and an annotated bibliography.
The website 'somadevah' is a repository for a large college of Sanskrit texts. The home page of the site carries almost no information at all, and certainly nothing about the collection of texts that the website contains. Clicking on the heading 'etexts' takes the user to a list of available works - all of which are provided in transliterated Sanskrit form without any commentary, and with only the most occasional footnote. A separate page gives a list of useful software with links to download pages, while a third section 'research', links directly to the site author's blog, which contains a number of musings on Sanskrit texts and has links to many other Sanskritist websites. A useful site, but one exclusively for the specialist - beginners and casual observers will find almost all of this website inaccessible.
The website 'stories of Krishna' allows users to explore a selection of the paintings featured in the exhibition 'Painted visions from India and Pakistan, past and present' in the 'past exhibitions' section of the website of the Seattle art museum. The exhibition comprises copies of nine paintings alongside which are presented an audio commentary of the story of Krishna and a transcript of the text of this story. Users can navigate to points in the exhibition by clicking on thumbnails of the images at the top of each page. On each page there are icons over the images which link to a pop-up description of the roles of the characters depicted. The music on the home page, as well as some of the audio features on subsequent pages, are a bit superfluous to the story, but this is an excellent representation of a museum exhibition which has quite rightly been recognised with awards. Well worth a visit.
This is the official website of Swami Krishnananda of The Divine Life Society in Rishikesh. Born in India, Swami Krishnananda was one of the most revered philosophical thinkers of his time. His thought embraces Eastern and Western philosophy, the philosophy of education, the philosophy of religion, metaphysics, mysticism, cosmology and, of course, spirituality. Before his death in 2001, Swami Krishnananda agreed to allow more than thirty of his books to be placed online for free access. Accurate electronic versions of many of his writings are, then, available on the site. The website also contains articles, poetical writings, audio recordings and video clips (with transcripts), all on various aspects of philosophy and spiritual development. A biography of Swami Krishnananda is included, as is information about the Divine Life Society.
India is a country rich in temples ranging over 2000 years and exhibiting a great variety of regional variations. Kanniks Kannikeswaran has compiled information on and images of hundreds of temples from the Indian sub-continent. Access to this archive is either by deity or geographically. The temples have detailed descriptions of the architecture, decoration, iconography and history and also information on legends and festivals associated with them. Further background information is available on the various deities, beliefs and legends and regional variations in architectural styles. A glossary explains various terms pertaining to Indian Temples that may be encountered in the website. This is a very extensive website with substantial cross linking, positively encouraging exploration. Most pages have a navigation bar on the left but it is possible to leave the site and get lost.
This site, part of the Internet Sacred Text Archive, is a copy of the text of twelve Upanishads translated by Max Muller. The texts are presented in two parts. The first part puts the texts in their historical and religious context, with comments on broader Vedic literature. There are also notes on transliteration. There then follow translations of five Upanishads. The second part of the translation, after a brief introduction, gives another seven translated texts. All of the texts translated are given with extensive footnotes and commentary. The site is very straightforward and easy to use and gives an important translation of one of the key Hindu religious texts.
The Virtual Religion Index (VRI) is an extensive catalogue of online religion resources. It provides an ideal starting point for both researchers and students of religious studies. The site is topic-led with topics including: archaeology and religious art; ancient near eastern studies; comparative religion; all the major world religions; and the philosophy and psychology of religion. Each link within the catalogue has a short annotation and links are according to topic on a single page. Users may join the site's email list if they wish to be kept up-to-date with new additions and alterations.
The Vishishtadvaita Vedanta homepage aims to provide information about the branch of Hindu philosophy of the same name, most closely associated with Sri Ramanuja Acarya (1013-1137). The site is divided into a set of essays on the following topics: introductory material; Alvar literature; teachers of visistadvaita vedanta; doctrines of visistadvaita vedanta; and a short annotated bibliography. It also provides access to online articles and a small number of relevant websites. The site is maintained by Frank Morales of the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
This is the project homepage of 'Writing British Asian Cities', an initiative which was funded by the AHRC Diasporas, Migrations and Identities Programme. The project had sought to study the changing socio-religious dynamics of 5 British-Asian localities (namely Bradford, London, Manchester, Leicester and Birmingham) in the 60 years since post-war migration from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and East Africa began. The study, which took place between 2006 to 2008, was led by Drs Sean McLoughlin, William Gould, Ananya Kabir and Emma Tomalin from the University of Leeds. This website contains numerous materials related to the project like: interactive papers; audio recordings of presentations; reports; powerpoint slides; photographs; and bibliographies. There are links to relevant websites and a database which contains the names and contact details of scholars working in the areas of diasporas, migrations and identities. The website aims also to be a hub for relevant work on different genres of writing about South Asian diasporas in Britain.
This online ethnographic exhibition provides an interesting introduction to Hinduism and religious life in India. Through a combination of 360° rotational view photographs, sound files, articles, paintings, maps, drawings, and slides and text shows, the exhibition takes viewers through stories on topics including: rituals; myths; priests; festivals; temples; worshipping practices; texts; daily life; and the role of women in a Hindu society. Some material in the exhibition requires the use of Adobe Acrobat and Quicktime plug-ins (these are available from the site without charge). The site can also be accessed in Danish and German; unfortunately, there appear to be a few sections of the site that have not been fully translated into English, but these are generally where the main content is images rather than text, so this does not detract too much from the site's usefulness. This resource is jointly presented by the Moesgaard Museum and Aarhus University in Denmark.