The 'Ancient China' website provides a basic introduction to Chinese history and intellectual culture. Beginning with the prehistoric Yellow River Valley settlements and ending with the fall of the Chou dynasty in 256 BCE, the site describes the major events and developments in Chinese civilisation. There are pages on Chinese philosophy, covering: the Five Classics; Confucius (Kung Fu Tzu); Mencius; Lao Tzu and Taoism; Mo Tzu; and the legalists. Also included are extracts from Confucius's 'The Analects' and selections from the Tao Ching (Book of Changes), along with an abstract of the 'Dream of the Red Chamber'. There is also a short glossary of key terms. Unfortunately, the site appears to have been abandoned before it was complete, and hence some sections listed on the contents page - those on ancient Chinese culture, and the historical atlas - appear not to exist. The extensive links list has also suffered from lack of regular maintenance, with a high proportion of broken links. Nevertheless, the rest of the site forms a useful starting point for those interested in this subject. It is targeted at students about to begin university and first year undergraduates. The site is part of an online courseware unit from Washington State University's 'World Civilizations' project.
The Bibliography of Western Language Publications on Chinese Popular Religion (1995 to present) is an online listing of primarily English journal and book references, addressing a wide variety of geographical and cultural aspects from Oriental belief systems. Compiled by Philip Clart, Professor of Chinese Studies at the University of Leipzig, the bibliography started life as a collection of citations taken from his own articles published in the journal 'Minjian zongjiao' (volumes 3-5, 1995-1997). Since then, Clart has continuously added new material to the list of resources to keep it up-to-date. Presently, resources are organised under 20 different subject categories that include topics as diverse as folklore, deities, gender issues, and rituals. These categories include three local studies sections, covering Taiwan, Hong Kong, and the mainland. Separate year-by-year lists are also given for the most recent publications. Unfortunately, the site currently lacks any internal search facility. Despite this, researchers at all levels and in every subset of religious studies in the east are likely to find this resource valuable.
The Chinese Philosophical Etext Archive, directed by Stephen C. Angle (Wesleyan University, Connecticut) seeks to assemble a wide collection of Chinese Confucian texts and texts inspired by Confucian writings from the eleventh century to the present day. At present, many important works are available through this page including Confucius' 'Analects', 'Xunzi', and 'Doctrine of the Mean'. Users will also find some of the writings of later authors in these pages, Zhu Xi, Wang Yangming and Tan Sitong. The site itself is easily navigable and the texts will be of use to anyone researching the Confucian tradition at any level. However, users should note that all the material (apart from the actual navigation and descriptions of the site itself) is in Chinese.
This site, authored and edited by Chad Hansen, contains segments of a wide-ranging interpretation of classical Chinese philosophy that takes Daoism (Taoism) as central to classical Chinese thought. The interpretation turns on a new reading of the Daoist philosopher Zhuangzi that highlights sceptical and relativist themes in his thinking. Hansen's crucial assumption is that Zhuangzi was a philosopher of language. Zhuangzi was deeply engaged with the linguistic insights of the Later Mohists (sometimes called Neo-Mohists or Dialectical Mohists) and the School of Names. This site is a good introduction to Chinese philosophy and offers some interesting interpretative strategies. Hansen is author of, A Daoist Theory of Chinese Thought: A philosophical interpretation (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992).
'Confucianism and Traditional Chinese Beliefs' is part of the Internet Sacred Text Archive, run by amateur John B. Hare as a free, non-profit archive of e-texts on religion and mythology. The page on Confucianism provides free access to many of the key texts of the state religion of feudal China. Texts are grouped under the section headings: Confucian Canon; Five Classics; Sacred Books of the East; and Traditional Chinese Beliefs. Texts provided include the Confucian Canon in Chinese and English; the I Ching; and the Hsiao Ching. The site does not promote the views of John Hare or any other individual but simply presents sacred texts from original scans and printed anthologies. Mainly, the texts are given in English translation although a few texts are accessible in their original language. The Internet Sacred Texts Archive is a partner of Distributed Proofreading for Project Gutenburg in developing e-text projects. Previously published texts within the public domain on Confucianism and Chinese culture are also included for reference, although these do not provide information on modern Confucian practice. All material on the website is available free of charge, although Sacred texts also offer their archive on CD-ROM in order to fund the running of the site. This site is an excellent resource for anyone with an interest in Confucian teachings, but note that not all texts display correctly in all browsers.
Essential readings on Chinese philosophy is an annotated bibliography of mainly printed books intended for use by experienced philosophers seeking a core reading list. The subject headings include: general histories; specialised studies; Neo/Confucianism; Taoism; Mohism; comparative studies; I Ching; Buddhism; and Chinese science. Where available links are made to websites by or about authors. Annotations vary from short statements to more lengthy paragraphs. The author of the site, Bryan Van Norden, is an assistant professor in the Philosophy Department at Vassar College.
The H-Buddhism Graduate Programs in Asian Philosophy and Religion Web page, which was created in 1997 by Charles Muller, provides an alphabetical list of institutions around the world that offer postgraduate studies in Asian religions, including Buddhism, Hinduism, Confucianism and Taoism. Each entry contains the name and address of the department; a description of the course(s) it offers; and the names of the primary and affiliated instructors and their areas of speciality. There are also links that take visitors to the home pages of the respective institutions. The site is clearly presented and its contents are updated by the H-Buddhism Web team. The resource should be a very useful starting point for those investigating graduate study in this area.
This site is a portal to I Ching resources on the Web. The I Ching, or 'Book of Changes', is an ancient Chinese divination manual and book of wisdom. Since the 1960s, its poetry and symbolism - to say nothing of its strange effectiveness in divination - have gained it a wide following in the West. This site, then, provides readers with access to translations, original Chinese versions of the texts, background information, commentaries, and even software useful for reading electronic texts. The site also offers advice on applying the insights of the I Ching to everyday life.
J.B. Hare established the Internet Sacred Text Archive to make public domain religious and mythological texts available to the interested reader. It brings together material collected by the archive itself with a variety of links from other primary resource sites on the Internet to form one of the largest and far reaching electronic text resources available anywhere. With a somewhat eclectic selection in content, the site includes everything from English translations of the sacred texts of African, Australian, and North American indigenous cultures to Eastern, Neo-Pagan and Occult traditions. Judeo-Christian and Islamic resources are also well represented. The archive is still growing, with new texts added on a regular basis. The need to avoid material which is still in copyright means that many of the translations date from over a hundred years ago, but the variety of resources in translation makes the site invaluable to those lacking extensive foreign language skills who wish to rapidly familiarise themselves with a specific tradition. This site is an excellent starting point for anyone who wants to locate an electronic English-language version of a significant religious text from almost any religious tradition.
The Japanese Journal of Religious Studies is an academic journal devoted to the study of Japanese religions. The journal's website offers open access to the essays and books reviews published since its inception in 1974; these are available for download in PDF format. The back issues are fully searchable and well indexed. Also available are its submission policy and subscription details for the print version of the work. The journal currently appears twice yearly, published by the Nanzan Institute for Religion and Culture. Links are provided to the Institute's and Nanzan University's home pages.
Ricci Institute for Chinese-Western Cultural History is a major research institute located at the University of San Francisco. The Ricci Institute website has full details of current activities and five major research projects, and also has details of conferences, scholarships, and other scholarly news. The website contains nine issues of Pacific Rim Reports online, offering 15 full-text PDF papers on aspects of Chinese history and culture. There is a searchable online catalogue for the Ricci Institute Library. The website provides a Web link to the Ricci 21st Century Roundtable on the History of Christianity in China website. There are also nine online exhibitions, such as: Through the Moon Gate: Portraits of China, 1950s-1990s; Icons of the Celestial Kingdom; and Mechanics of Heaven: Jesuit Astronomers at the Qing Court, among others.
The Taoism Information Page is a gateway to mainly scholarly English-language resources relating to the study of Taoism, one of the three religions usually associated with China. The other two, namely Buddhism and Confucianism, are also briefly touched on. The gateway is divided into sections which include: Tao Te Ching; Chuang-tzu; I Ching; The Sun-tzu Art of War; Taoism and Martial Arts; and Taoism and Modernity. Each link is accompanied by a brief annotation. The site is an associate site of the Asian Studies WWW Virtual Library and is edited by Gene R. Thursby, Associate Professor, Department of Religion at the University of Florida.