The "Whole" Bible is a website which offers a brief history of the New Testament, and then provides an overview of a number of non-canonical works from the New Testament era, including apocryphal gospels, infancy narratives, acts, epistles, and apocalypses. For each work covered, a brief summary of the content is given, along with notes on theories about when and by whom it was written. The material provides a useful introduction for those not familiar with the non-canonical literature, although unfortunately sources of the information are not generally given. For those interested in learning more, however, suggestions of where to find the original texts are provided. The site is the work of amateur theologian Geoff Trowbridge.
The 1662 Book of Common Prayer website contains the complete text of the Book of Common Prayer, along with some useful supplementary material. The BCP itself (which remains one of the authorised forms of Church of England liturgy) contains orders for the main church services (including the Collects and Epistle and Gospel readings for holy days and Sundays throughout the year) and for events such as baptisms, marriages, and ordination of clergy, along with other items such as the Psalter, the Thirty-Nine Articles, and the Table of Kindred and Affinity (which details which relations are forbidden to marry). Additional material on the site includes a list of amendments made to the BCP since 1662, extracts from pre-1662 BCP editions, notes on festivals of the church, and the order of service for the coronation of Elizabeth II. The site is straightforwardly presented and easily navigable, and there is a limited search function (although this does not appear to work in all browsers). The text is also available for download, in HTML, RTF, and ASCII formats. This seems to be the premier 1662 BCP site on the Web: numerous sites link to it, including Charles Wohlers' Book of Common Prayer site, the Anglicans Online resources section, and the Web page of The Prayer Book Society.
A Guide to Thirteenth Century Theologians is an online directory compiled by Gary Macy of the University of San Diego. It lists professional theologians with at least some extant works who were associated with the Universities of Paris and Oxford during this period. The theologians are organised by religious affiliation: Dominican, Franciscan, or secular. The entries themselves are brief, containing only a small amount of biographical material, with the real value of the site to be found in the bibliographic references, which point users to scholarly editions of works, or major academic publications relating to the author in question. These notes allow users to move beyond this website in order to research further their chosen figure, although because of the limited material presented, the site is likely to be of most use to those seeking a starting place for their research. The design of the site is rather basic (there is, for example, no search function), and despite sporting a large 'Under Construction' notice, work on it unfortunately seems to have been abandoned some time ago.
A History of Pentecostalism in Canada is a website created and maintained by Professor Tom Robinson of the Religious Studies Department at the University of Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. It focuses on the historical dimension of the Pentecostal movement in Canada, and aims to collect and provide access to materials relevant to this aspect of study. Some sections have yet to be completed and the site itself does not seem to have been updated since 2005. Nevertheless, it does offer several useful resources for those researching in this area and others who are interested in comparative work. These include: a small number of articles; annotated and unannotated links to the homepages of several Pentecostal denominations in Canada; links to the homepages of relevant journals; bibliographies of print-based work; and annotated links to online resources on Christian Studies and Pentecostal Studies.
'A Hypertext Book of Hours' provides an introduction to the history and context of the Book of Hours (a work giving the texts for each liturgical hour of the day) and lists its usual structure, based on the 1599 'Primer, or Office of the Blessed Virgin Marie, in Latin and English'. This resource provides all calendar dates, Gospel readings, Psalms, prayers and suffrages normally found in a (sixteenth-century) Book of Hours in Latin and English. The site is easy to navigate and would serve well as a teaching tool. However, it underplays the relationship between the text and the often highly refined and detailed illuminations of most Books of Hours.
The Accordance website provides details of a commercial software package, designed for the study of biblical texts where the searching and retrieval of terms from both primary texts and secondary works is a priority. The full versions of Accordance must be purchased on CD-ROM or via paid-for download, although the website does offer animated demonstrations and a downloadable free trial version. Accordance is designed to run on a Mac, but is also available to PC users via an emulator. A number of different packages are offered: the Starter includes the Accordance software plus a number of texts in English, and this can be supplemented by purchasing Library Collections, the Scholar's Collection (which enables the use of the more sophisticated grammar utilities), and, for those with more specialised interests, Jewish and Catholic Collections.
Acta Sanctorum is an institution-only subscription site which allows electronic access to the complete printed text of the Acta Sanctorum. Acta Sanctorum is a collection of documents examining the lives of saints, organised according to each saint's feast day, and runs from the two January volumes published in 1643 to the Propylaeum to December published in 1940. Containing 68 volumes, Acta Sanctorum also contains all prefatory material and critical apparatus. This online version of the Societe des Bollandistes edition, published in electronic form by ProQuest Information and Learning, is an excellent historical-critical tool for theologians, historians, linguists and literary critics carrying out research into the Acta Sanctorum. The website offers information on subscription and a free trial to interested institutions.
The AdHoc Image and Text Database on the History of Christianity is an online compendium maintained by members of the Yale Divinity School. The collection of images is by far the larger, offering several hundred items covering the history of Christianity from the early church through to the modern period. The text collection offers a couple of dozen works, mostly relating to the Reformation. Users can browse by geographical area, historical era, object type, and topic, and there is also a sophisticated search tool. A minority of images are only available to users from Yale, and unfortunately there does not seem to be a way of excluding these from search results. The database was built primarily as a teaching tool for instructors, and the images available may be of interest to anyone wishing to provide visuals to complement their lectures and teaching.
The aim of the African Religion website is to gather together works published on this topic by Wim van Binsbergen, a Senior Researcher at the African Studies Centre, Leiden and Professor of the Foundations of Intercultural Philosophy at Erasmus University Rotterdam. These include a series of articles, books, seminar papers and photo-essays. The site is divided into sections on general theoretical and comparative studies of African religion; popular Islam in North Africa; Christian Churches in South Central and Southern Africa; and further sections on historical African religion in South Central Africa, Southern Africa and West Africa. Sample articles include: 'The interpretation of popular Islamic myth'; 'A modes-of-production approach to religion and ritual'; 'Church and state in contemporary Botswana'; and 'The land as body in Manjak religion'. A useful resource for students of religion.
African-American Religion: A Documentary History Project (AARDOC) is the website of a research project based at Amherst College. The project aims to produce a comprehensive history of African-American religion, from the earliest African-European encounters in the mid 15th century up to the present day. A range of relevant materials are offered on the site, including brief overviews of three periods: African-American religion in the Atlantic world, 1441-1808; the continental phase, 1808-1906; and the global phase, 1906-the present. There are also sample primary documents (for example, the journal of a young black female 19th-century missionary); bibliographic essays; teaching resources including syllabi; and a small collection of articles. A useful resource for those interested in this area.
The AHRC Early Modern Worship Network (EMWN) is a current AHRC research network based at Durham University. It aims to be a network for "historians, literary scholars, theologians, musicologists and other early modernists [who] all share an interest in the practice of religion in the early modern world" and in particular for the examination of "religious practice and its meanings in early modern British culture". The EMWN has two mains themes: "collective and public worship; and private and household devotions". Two major EMWN conferences will be held on these topics in Sept 2008 and June 2009. The website also has news of a £20,000 EMWN fund to send academics to selected conferences during 2008 and 2009. The website has full details of the aims, steering group, members, and funding.
The Albert Schweitzer Page, published by Jack Fenner, is dedicated to the well-known theologian, humanitarian, missionary and medical doctor. The site contains reviews and commentary by Fenner on virtually every book ever written by Schweitzer, including: 'The Quest of the Historical Jesus' and 'The Philosophy of Civilisation'. For each book Fenner provides publication details, a concise synopsis and review, a host of memorable quotes, and the table of contents. Fenner also lists and reviews over 20 secondary sources on Schweitzer in the same manner. Additional material deals with other aspects of Schweitzer's life and legacy, and a list of links to other relevant sites is also provided. The site is well-organised and accessible, and will be of considerable use to anyone interested in the life and thought of Albert Schweitzer.
The Alberti Magni E-Corpus provides online editions of the works of the medieval philosopher and theologian, Albert the Great (ca. 1193-1280). Users can download PDF image files of over 30 volumes of Albert's works, taken from the Borgnet edition. Over 20 works (including Ethica, De Morte et Vita, and Super Porphyrium De V Universalibus) have also been transcribed for online browsing and searching, and there are plans to add further works in the future. Users should note that the texts are only available in the original Latin. The site home page and search interface are available in English and French. This resource is hosted by the University of Waterloo in Canada.
Alexander Street Press's Religion online catalogue page offers information about a number of subscription-only primary source text collections. These include the Digital Library of Classic Protestant Texts, and the Digital Library of the Catholic Reformation (both formerly owned by Ad Fontes). Focusing on the 16th and 17th centuries, these fully-searchable collections offer online access to many hundreds of theological works, including confessional documents, pastoral works, biblical commentaries, and polemical treatises. Both databases have been hand-indexed to ensure that search options are useful to the theological scholar, and are excellent resources for all those interested in Reformation and post-Reformation literature and history.
This Web page also gives details of Alexander Street Press's Digital Karl Barth Library. The latter ultimately aims to provide a definitive electronic edition of Barth's theological writings (in the original German, with English translations of the most important works), complete with metadata tagging designed to meet the needs of researchers. At time of cataloguing, this ambitious project was still in progress, but already appears to be a valuable tool for serious Barth scholars.
Maintained by Csanády Miklós with the texts taken from the presently defunct St. Michael's Depot (Australia), the 'All Catholic Church Ecumenical Councils - All the Decrees' website quite simply brings together the canons, decrees and other official proclamations of every ecumenical council from Nicaea in 325 to Vatican II. Generally, information from each council can be accessed either online or downloaded through a compressed zip-file. The files briefly detail the occasion of the council's opening, major events, and its official statements.
The All-in-One Biblical Resources Search is a Web resource designed to make it as easy as possible to undertake a search of or look up a reference in a variety of versions of the Bible, plus other related resources. The site is divided into five main sections, covering: Bible versions and translations; biblical resources sites; the ancient world; general academic religion resources; and email discussion list archives. Each section offers a series of input boxes that allow users to search the major Web resources in that area. By removing the need to visit each site separately, the All-in-One Biblical Resources Search has the potential to save users a good deal of time and effort.
Ambrose in Anglo-Saxon England was prepared for the collaborative reference work, Sources of Anglo-Saxon Literary Culture (SASLC). The online edition is a corrected version of the print version by Dabney Anderson Bankert, Jessica Wegmann, and Charles D. Wright entitled 'Ambrose in Anglo-Saxon England with Pseudo-Ambrose and Ambrosiaster.' The overall purpose of Ambrose in Anglo-Saxon England is to compile evidence for the circulation of works by (or attributed to) Ambrose (337-397) in Anglo-Saxon England. The publication is structured by genre and then specific works. Each work falls under the following headings: manuscripts; booklists; Anglo-Saxon versions; quotations; citations or references. The main entry includes a summary of the work and its structure together with other relevant information and pointers to secondary sources. Genres include: exegetical; moral and ascetic; dogmatic; miscellaneous; pseudo-Ambrose; Ambrosiaster. The site also provides short introductions to Ambrose, Ps-Ambrose and Ambrosiaster, a bibliography, a list of standard editions, and research tools. The entries may also be searched using keywords.
The American Catholic Philosophical Association (ACPA), established in 1926, is dedicated to cultivating the Catholic philosophical heritage and using it to engage contemporary philosophical issues. This website provides information about the association, how to be a member, meetings and conferences, job opportunities, fellowships, and the Asssociation's constitution and publications. The main scholarly outlet of the Association is the journal 'American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly,' for which subscription information is available online. The site is well presented and accessible.
This is the homepage of the American Scientific Affiliation (ASA). The organization was established in 1941 to study matters relating to the intersection between science and the Christian Faith, and to disseminate the results resulting from those investigations. This website contains information about their history, mission and membership. Visitors are allowed access to numerous resources. These include: the full-contents of their official journal 'Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith' (PSCF) and their bimonthly newsletter which is published jointly with the Canadian Scientific and Christian Affiliation (CSCA). There are pages dedicated to discussion of the following topics: Bible and Science; Creation/Evolution; and Whole Person Education Embracing Science and Faith. Visitors may here access resources like articles and audio/video recordings of lectures. The website also links them to the homepages of relevant organizations. A search engine is available.
This is the website of the American Society of Church History, founded in 1888 as an organisation dedicated to encouraging scholarly research into both church history specifically and the relationship between religion and society more broadly. The Society convenes twice annually, in January and Spring. The principal scholarly outlet of the Society is the quarterly journal entitled, 'Church History: Studies in Christianity and Culture.' Tables of contents and abstracts are available for recent issues. The Society also promotes historical research by awarding five prizes for outstanding historical research, three of which are on an annual basis. Details of the various prizes are made readily available. The site is well presented and accessible.
Felix Just's resource provides a succinct overview of the different periods of Israelite, Jewish, and early Christian history, ranging from 3000 BCE to the Edict of Milan in 313 CE (plus a very brief summary of the major phases of the history of Israel up to the present day). Several additional charts open up specific periods and events into greater detail. Containing Biblical genealogy as well as historical chronology, this site is intended for beginners in the field and people wanting basic information on the periodisation of Biblical history.
'Ancien Testament: méthodes d'étude' is the online version of a textbook on the study of the Old Testament, written by Dr Tim Bulkeley of Carey Baptist College and the University of Auckland, and originally published by the Protestant University of the Congo. The book, which is entirely in French, was intended for use by African theology students. Beginning with the basics (the title of the first chapter translates as 'What is the Old Testament?'), the book gives an introduction to exegesis; historic-critical study; style, rhetoric, and narrative; textual criticism; and other aspects of modern biblical study. The final chapter includes a section on readings of the Bible that are of particular relevance to the third world. A glossary is also provided, and technical terms in the main text are hyperlinked to make checking definitions a simple matter. A useful resource for those seeking an introduction to this subject.
On the Ancient Jewish accounts of Jesus Web page, Alan Humm has gathered a number of ancient sources approaching the figure of Jesus from a non-Christian perspective. This collection includes passages from Josephus, Celsus, the Babylonian Gemara, the Baraitha and more. Humm provides translations of the respective texts with an introduction, explanatory notes, and a short bibliography of sources, but has sadly left out the passages in their original languages. This site offers a useful introduction to some of the traditional Jewish responses to the Christ story.
Ancrene Wisse Preface is a downloadable resource, from the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS) website, available as a zipped PDF and HTML file. Ancrene Wisse, a Middle English 'rule' or guide for female recluses, was composed in the West Midlands in the early thirteenth century. It is a carefully-constructed work, divided into the Preface edited here and eight parts (called by the author distinctiones). This edition offers a corrected form of the text of the Preface in Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, MS 402, but also draws on the evidence of the manuscripts as a whole to place it within the broader history of the development of the work.
The official website of the Anglican Communion offers a wealth of resources for those interested in this branch of the Christian church. Along with news stories about current issues involving or relevant to the Communion or its members, there are sections on: the Archbishop of Canterbury; the Lambeth Conference (including archives of conferences from 1867 onwards); the Primates Meeting; and the Anglican Consultative Council (ACC). Information about the ACC's ministries (which include ecumenical affairs, ethics and technology, and theological education) and of various Anglican networks (including the environmental network, the HIV/AIDS network, and the international family network) provides insight into the Communion's work. One slight drawback of this site is that it seems to assume a certain level of familiarity with the nature and structure of the Anglican Communion: it is not always easy to find introductory information describing the various bodies featured on the site. However, this is still a useful resource for those with an interest in the church's relation to society, or in modern Anglican ecclesiology.
The Anglican Library seeks to provide online editions of literature from the Anglican Christian tradition, and other works of interest to Anglicans. The writings available on the site include the full text of the two Books of Homilies - authorised sermons issued in the 16th century for use in the Church of England. Among the other works are sermons and treatises by classic Christian authors such as Oxford martyr Hugh Latimer, William Law, George Whitefield, and J. C. Ryle, plus selections from the religious works of more recent authors such as C. S. Lewis and Dorothy L. Sayers. There are also links (some of which are annotated) to other online resources on, for example, the Bible and various editions of the Book of Common Prayer. The reference section provides further links. The site has two indexes (title and author) and a keyword search function, and despite one or two oddities of organisation (the Book of Common Prayer, for example, is listed in the author index, but not in that of titles), is easily navigable and attractively presented.
The Anglicans Online website is intended to provide introductory information about, and resources for members of, the Anglican Communion. It offers a brief summary of Anglican belief, including pages on the Book of Common Prayer and the Bible, and provides links for those who would like to know more. There is also a description of typical Anglican churches and services. However, it should be noted that the site appears to take more traditional forms of Anglicanism (particularly those found in America) as the norm, and does not always reflect the full breadth Anglican practice. Other resources include information about the Anglican church around the world, and a lengthy collection of annotated links, although unfortunately this is not particularly well maintained. The site is not principally intended as a scholarly resource, but nevertheless may well be of interest to those wishing to find out more about the modern Anglican church.
This webpage is maintained by Dr Ken Smith, an Honorary Research Consultant in the Department of Mathematics at the University of Queensland, Australia. It contains an annotated bibliography of over 100 print-based works on the interactions between Christianity and science. Listed alphabetically, the works are organised into the following categories: Introductory; Intermediate; Bible Commentaries; and Technical Works, Background and Historical Information. The bibliography is nevertheless confined to materials held at the University of Queensland Library and the library at the university's Chaplain Centre. The resource is primarily intended as a starting point for those wishing to study the relationship between religion and science.
Spinning off from a series of television documentaries, the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) in the United States has developed a helpful introductory website titled 'Apocalypse: The Evolution of Apocalyptic Belief and How it Shaped the Western World.' Complemented by a number of video and audio excerpts, these pages offer a preliminary overview of the development of end-time beliefs and the influence of the book of Revelation. The site includes a pictorial chronology of apocalyptic beliefs, a number of primary resources (some full text, some excerpts), and a fascinating collection of modern documents and reports from academics and government organisations. In addition, there is a helpful glossary of terms and an interesting antichrist quiz. Users should note, however, that as a resource aimed at a popular audience rather than a scholarly one, the site does sometimes over-simplify material, and does not always acknowledge the full range of academic views.
The Aquinas Translation Project is a Web-based project which aims to provide translations of those writings of St Thomas Aquinas which are not currently readily available in English. The works featured include Aquinas's Commentary on the Psalms, his 'A Disputed Question: Concerning the Union of the Word Incarnate', and his 'De Motu Cordis' ('On the Motion of the Heart'). This is a work in progress, so not all the translations on the site are complete. In particular, the co-ordinators of the Commentary on the Psalms translation invite input from anyone interested in contributing to the project. The original Latin of each text is given alongside the translation. The material is simply presented and easy to navigate. This site is a mirror of the Aquinas Translation Project page hosted by Niagara University; both sites feature the same works. However, the DeSales site provides more direct access: some links on the Niagara site simply invite the user to visit the DeSales site, rather than leading to the text itself.
This interesting resource forms part of the Jacques Maritain Center website of the University of Notre Dame, Indiana. They provide a collection of texts written by the Catholic philosopher Jacques Maritain (1882-1973) and others on various subjects, but particularly on Thomism and St. Thomas Aquinas. The works by Maritain at the site include: "St. Thomas Aquinas"; "Reflections on America"; "Art and Scholasticism"; "The Frontiers of Poetry"; "The Responsibility of the Artist"; "Moral Philosophy"; and "The Range of Reason". A section of the site headed 'The Thomistic Revival' includes texts from a number of different authors writing about scholasticism and the renewal of interest in medieval philosophy in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. A list of links to external websites dealing with issues of Catholic theology and philosophy concludes the contents of the site. The texts themselves are presented as plain HTML, and are divided by chapter.
Art and Christianity Enquiry (ACE) is an organisation specialising in visual art and religion (registered charity number 1035221). This website offers information about the research projects and educational activities they engage in (e.g. lectures; study days; workshops) and the conferences they organise. ACE publishes a quarterly journal called 'Art and Christianity'. This website provides the contents of its latest issue and information about how the back issues could be obtained. A recent article is available for downloading. ACE also offers a listing service for individuals' research projects and the site provides information about the three biennial awards it gives to recognise architectural and artistic projects in religious buildings. The site contains a number of photographs and images; as well as links to relevant websites. This should be an interesting resource for those researching on religious art and religious architecture.
The website of the Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA) is an essential resource for students and academics researching or exploring religious trends and developments in the United States and elsewhere. Formerly known as the American Religion Data Archive, it was established to collect and preserve statistical information and reports on a host of religious organisations and issues. The project originally focused on religion in America, but has since expanded to include data about other countries. Information is categorised into national and regional assessments, with reports on religious denominations, and surveys of religious professionals. Research results from whole survey questionnaires may be downloaded from the site, and an extremely thorough search utility allows the user to scan the whole body of information for specific issues and then extract that information. It is even possible to conduct some limited comparisons from separate data files and collate the results. While not limited to the Judeo-Christian tradition, much of the information presently held is on Christian groups, with particularly good survey data available on Catholicism in America. The Archive is directed by Roger Finke.
Athanasius Werke is a German project set up to translate and edit the works of Athanasius of Alexandria, the bishop of Alexandria from 328-373 CE. The texts available online include: Apologia ad Constantium; Epistula ad Ioannem et Antiochum; Epistula ad Palladium; Epistula ad Dracontium; and Epistula ad Afros. Viewing the texts requires the installation of a Unicode Greek font (available via the site). The site, entirely in German, also includes a list of manuscripts, a biography of Athanasius, an extensive bibliography, and the beginnings of a useful prosopography (information about people mentioned in Athanasius's works). This very elegant site is produced by the Theology Department at Friedrich-Alexander-Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg.
Research in Ministry (RIM) Online is a freely available database offering an index of DMin (Doctor of Ministry) and DMiss (Doctor of Missiology) theses and projects by members of institutions accredited by the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada. The full text of the theses is not provided, but details of the title, author, project advisor, and institution (who should be approached by those seeking copies of the works listed) are provided for each entry on the database, along with abstracts where these are available. Entries can be searched or browsed through linked keywords. The process of indexing began in 1981, but the texts listed date from the early 1970s to the present day. The database is updated four times a year.
The Auburn Theological Seminary is an educational institution set up in 1818. It is currently directed by Barbara G Wheeler. It is home to the Center for the Study of Theological Education, the Center for Church Life, and the Center for Multifaith Education. This homepage contains information about the institution's history, mission, and educational programs. It also provides information about the three centres and the projects, programs and activities they engage in. Access is allowed to reports and the full-text of selected publications. Visitors are further linked to news report and the homepages of relevant organisations.
The Augustine of Hippo site was initially created by James J. O'Donnell to support a series of online seminars. The site has grown to provide access to a range of resources for the study of Saint Augustine of Hippo, many of which are authored by O'Donnell. The site is divided into a number of sections and navigated through frames. Sections include: an introduction to the life and works of Augustine; texts and translations; commentaries; research materials; a record of the online seminars; and digital images relating to Augustine. The introductory section includes a number of essays written by O'Donnell as well as links to resources such as encyclopaedia entries. The texts and translations section brings together a number of online works of Augustine ranging from the City of God to sermons. Many of the texts are available in both Latin and English translation. Perhaps the most significant resource available in this section is O'Donnell's own edition and commentary on Augustine's Confessions (Augustine: Confessions, a text and commentary. Oxford: 1992. ISBN 0198143788). Research materials include bibliographies, maps, and a collection of online research papers. Throughout the site are scattered annotated links to other Augustinian resources on the Web.
The Australian Centre for Christianity and Culture (ACC&C) is an ecumenical foundation established in 1993. It is a division of Charles Sturt University and is concerned with interfaith dialogue; reconciliation between the indigenous and non-indigenous communities in Australia; research; and the connection between theology and social issues. The centre is directed by the Reverend Professor James Haire. This homepage provides information about the centre's history and mission; upcoming events; and activities. It connects visitors to an Australian interfaith database; and provides a list of interfaith groups and institutions in Indonesia as well as an interfaith bibliography. It also contains a number of papers and publications which could be downloaded without charge. These are presented in PDF, thus requiring Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. A search engine is available.
The Baptist Library Online offers access to a range of important and hard-to-find texts by English and American authors in the Baptist tradition between the 17th and 19th centuries. The primary focus is on General Baptists and the Arminian (that is, free will) theology closely associated with them. Brief biographical information is included about key Baptist leaders whose work appears on the site, and a copy of the 1660 General Baptist Confession of Faith is available. Most texts are offered as PDF files - often facsimiles of printed editions - and HTML versions of many are also available. Also included is a short list of links to other related resources. A useful site for anyone with an interest in the history or theology of the Baptist church.
Baptisteria Sacra is a project assembling an online index of baptismal fonts from the early Christian period to the 17th century. At time of review, the database contained almost twelve thousand entries, with another three thousand additions planned. Access to the full records is restricted to subscribers, though free access is provided to the basic index and to a small number of examples. The full records contain a great deal of information, including: photographic images; location information; information about the workshop producing the font and the materials in its construction; its dimensions; its description by various categorised features; and there are also sometimes extensive notes. References and bibliographies are provided for each font. The search engine allows advanced searching by a number of the above criteria. The authors of the site encourage new submissions. This is a significant project and an excellent resource. Scholars interested in the history and decoration of fonts or church architecture may wish to consider subscription.
The Bibliographic Information Base in Patristics is a database system specialising in patristics. Although patristic literature remains its major preoccupation, the BIBP touches on all disciplines associated with patristic Christianity. The site allows readers to use the bibliographical services of the BIBP, thereby making available an online database that contains over 30,000 records from 325 journals relating to patristic studies and the history of early Christianity. The chief language of the site is French, though an introduction and a limited amount of other information is available in English. Presently, the search interface for the database is only in French; however, it is possible to search for English terms, and to limit the results by language (at time of writing, over 7,000 records referred to English language works). Alternatively, those users wishing to search in English or other languages are invited to contact the BIBP by email or post. A number of indexes are also available in PDF format.
This is the official website of the Basilica Papale di San Francesco Assisi [Papal Basilica of Saint Francis Assisi]. The Basilica is home to an Order of Friars Minor Conventuals. The website presents a detailed biography of Saint Francis (1182-1226), including excerpts from the work of Thomas of Celano, the biographer who met the Saint during his lifetime. A section is dedicated to the celebrated hymn "Cantico delle Creature", written by the Saint. Further sections refer to Saint Chiara of Assisi (1194-1253) and to the 1223 celebration of the Nativity, thought to be the first such, which took place in the Franciscan hermitage at Greccio, in the Lazio region. Additionally, the site gives a description of the Basilica, the Holy Convent, the Museum, the Library and the Musical Chapel. Each description is accompanied by a selection of images allowing users to appreciate, for example, some of the frescos decorating the interior of the Basilica. An additional section is dedicated to the Franciscan Sanctuary of Rivotoroto, where the "Holy Hovel", the original humble dwelling-place of the Saint, is located. The site, being created by the Franciscan Order, also includes liturgy of some prayers and supplications to the Saint. Past and forthcoming events are listed and contact details provided.
The Missionaries is a BBC Religion Web page offering access to a series of half-hour BBC Radio 4 programmes on Christian missionaries in various countries, presented by Edward Stourton. The programmes cover: Ghana; Guatemala; Japan; and America. There is also a discussion of proselytism and mission more generally. The programmes place missionary activity in the countries covered within the overall historical narrative of Christianity: for example, the programme on Japan begins with Francis Xavier in the 15th century and moves through to the present day, interspersing interviews with experts with the presenter's experiences of Japanese culture today.
The Beatus of La Seu d'Urgell is a 10th-century illuminated manuscript held at the Urgell Diocesan Museum in Catalunia, Spain. It contains Beatus of Liebana's Comments on the Apocalypse. Sadly, this resource gives no details about the origin or the history of the manuscript, nor does it transcribe the comments themselves. What it does provide the user with is twenty-five of the manuscript's illustrations, which are stunningly beautiful and very well preserved, given their early date. Unfortunately the images are not accompanied by a description of their content.
Bede Net, developed by Stephen J. Harris (Department of English, University of Massachusetts), provides access to a selection of academic resources for the study of the Venerable Saint Bede (673-735). Probably the most useful resource is an extensive bibliography which details works by and about Bede published before 1995. The bibliography is divided into the following sections: primary sources; translations; Bede scholarship; Historia Ecclesiastica [Ecclesiastical History of the English People]; homilies and commentaries; and hagiographies. The site also contains a short overview of Bede's life, and an address book of scholars specialising in Bede and Anglo-Saxon studies. (There are also pages for information about conferences and events relating to Bede studies and a list of briefly annotated links, but unfortunately these do not appear to be updated very frequently.) This site would be of use to researchers and students studying Bede or medieval theology.
Edited and directed by Pastor Carl Johnson, BELIEVE is an online encyclopaedia on the tenets, doctrines and scriptures of Christianity. Entries typically begin with a brief summary definition and then a move to a more comprehensive exposition or analysis on their subject. There are over 3,000 hand-selected articles addressing some 1,300 different topics, the majority of which were composed by professional scholars, a fact which should provide some confidence about the accuracy and completeness of each entry. Unfortunately, readers are often not told when each entry was written and some are anonymous, which makes it difficult to determine how current some pieces are, although it is plain that a substantial number are extracts from older theological works. BELIEVE's editor suggests a pastoral or missionary audience for this resource, but many entries also lend themselves towards undergraduate or other didactic applications. Though the site occasionally seems to betray a Protestant bias - and certainly possesses a Christian one - for the most part the quality, detail and non-partisan style of the articles make this resource a useful reference tool, whether the user simply requires a definition, or a more thorough exposition on a specific subject. Foreign language translations of BELIEVE into a number of other languages are also available.
The website "Bibbie Atlantiche" [Giant Bibles] represents an electronic updated version of the catalogue of an exhibition on Italian Giant Bibles organized by the University of Cassino in 2000-2001. The website outlines the history of the Giant Bibles - so-called due to their oversize dimensions - which reached their peak during the period of the Gregorian Reform. Bibles are described in great detail and a selection of electronic reproductions, available in different sizes, can be viewed online. A database allows users to access comprehensive bibliographic descriptions of some the Giant Bibles part of the exhibition, each accompanied by in-depth explanatory texts. Additionally available are both a bibliography - which can be searched or browsed - and various articles being the introduction essays published in the exhibition catalogues and other studies on the Bibbie Atlantiche. Articles are downloadable as PDF files. A section of the site is dedicated to the Tuscan Bibles. Initially manufactured in the Rome region, in the spirit of the Reform movement promoted by Pope Gregory VII (1073-1085), the production centre of Giant Bibles subsequently shifted to the Tuscany region. A different section focuses on the earliest examples of Bibbie Atlantiche, including the so-called Bible of Henry the Fourth, datable to 1060-1070. A link page presents and briefly describes other related websites. Bibbie Atlantiche - available in Italian only - represents a valuable resource for the study of this specific type of manuscript and the early productions of the Bible.
BiBIL is a bibliographical database of books and articles of interest to biblical scholars, with over 70,000 entries. The interface is extremely sophisticated: there are a number of different ways to search the database, and it is well worth taking some time to browse through the Help and FAQs sections to ensure one is making the most of this resource. The database is a project of the Institut Romand des Sciences Bibliques (IRSB) of the Université de Lausanne. Versions of the site in English and German are available in addition to the original French; unfortunately, the translation does not always make things as clear as one might wish, but this is a minor drawback in a resource that has the potential to be a very valuable tool for biblical scholars.
The Bible and Interpretation website aims to provide a non-sectarian platform for the study and interpretation of the Bible by supplying a wide range of material on biblical and related matters, including archaeology and textual studies from many sources. These resources include news stories and comments dating back to 2000, academic articles and Web links on matters of biblical interest as well as a comprehensive A-Z guide to archaeological excavations and sites of historic and biblical interest in Israel and surrounding countries.
The range and source of the many articles, comments and websites vary considerably, from academically sponsored research projects to popular and amateur publications. They are aimed at a wide audience ranging from committed believers and interested members of the public to students and researchers. Some of the articles are polemical in nature and aim to defend or debunk faith-based positions. The editors do not appear to endorse any particular viewpoint and merely provide a medium for discussion, leaving readers to judge the validity of the arguments for themselves. In addition to the wealth of practical information contained herein, this resource also provides an interesting insight into the relationship between religion, politics, and academic studies in the Middle East and highlights the various uses to which archaeology and textual studies in particular can be put by interest groups. Although there was a gap when the site was not updated, The Bible and Interpretation website resumed publishing in October 2008, and so news is being updated on a regular basis again.
The Bible and the Visual Imagination is a research centre based in the University of Wales, Lampeter's Theology and Religious Studies Department. Its interest is the visual representation of biblical imagery ranging from the fine arts to popular devotional imagery. The website provides details of the centre's current research projects, which include: Imaging the Bible in Wales; the Bible and Art: Towards an Interdisciplinary Methodology; the Bible and the Moving Image; and Biblical Subjects in Jewish and Islamic Art. One of the most valuable resources on the site is the 'Biblical Artwork from Wales, 1825–1975' database.
The Bible Gateway website provides the full texts of twenty different translations of the Bible in English, and many more versions in over thirty other languages. The Bibles may be searched by passage, by by keyword or phrase, or by topic. Word and phrase searches may be restricted in several different ways, such as to the books of Moses, or to the Gospels. The site also allows direct comparisons of passages between the various translations. It features audio versions of some translations, including the King James Bible, the New International Version, and the New American Standard, as well as some non-English translations. For some books of the Bible, access to commentaries is also provided. An extremely useful resource for the biblical scholar.
Bible Pages is a remarkable site designed and edited by Wieland Willker. Although Willker is not a theologian by profession, his site offers much which may interest scholars. Bible Pages consists of a series of biblical studies resources, including: a Greek New Testament; a study of the Codex Vaticanus B/03; high-resolution images of biblical manuscripts; sections on New Testament apocrypha; and a substantial textual commentary of the gospels, discussing some twelve hundred textual variants. Excellent scholarly apparatus is available for most resources, which makes them useful for research and reference. With material in English and German, Bible Pages is a welcome resource for those working in theology and biblical studies.
Constructed, maintained and with frequent contributions by Michael Marlowe, 'Bible research: reference materials for students of scripture' is a thoughtful and well-presented site that offers a thorough introduction to the development of many of the more prolific modern English versions of the Bible. Directed primarily towards an undergraduate audience requiring an introduction to the formation of the Bible, students will appreciate the accessibility of, and summaries and external links in these pages. The discussion of the Bible's genesis into its myriad current forms is coupled with an array of material on early Greek, Hebrew and Latin versions as well as discussion on different modes of biblical interpretation. A useful smattering of related articles are provided in each section but due to copyright restrictions, some of this material is over a century old so suffers greatly from unfamiliarity with the discovery of the Dead Sea scrolls and contemporary scholarship. Fortunately, Marlowe has take care to highlight some more serious gaps in knowledge on more than one occasion. Of special note are the 'Annotated Bibliography on Textual Criticism' and the 'Bibliography to English Versions of the Bible'. The former contains alphabetical, chronological and subject indices, and is complemented by a selection of translations and commentaries from early manuscripts and papyri; the latter offers a detailed series of resources organized by version and topic. Either bibliography would admirably serve any undergraduate or seminary student in their research.
Wieland Willker's Bible-Links Web page contains a goldmine of information on biblical studies. The site is a gateway offering access to online resources in both German and English. Annotations are brief, but coverage is extensive and varied, and the site is regularly updated. The links are divided into sections for easy navigation, and categories include: newsgroups; mailing lists; online biblical texts; publishers; software and language learning tools; and online journals. Links to numerous sites on biblical history, palaeography, translation, and textual criticism are provided. Although a list of the main sections is included at the top of the website, it is well worth scrolling down and browsing through the site as a whole, as not all sub-categories are included on the main contents list. A useful resource for biblical scholars.
Bibleserver.com provides online access to over 30 translations of the Bible, in over 20 different languages. Texts can be displayed in parallel and searched by keyword, and free registration enables bookmarking and annotation. Four English versions are offered (including the New International Version and the King James Version). German translations are particularly well represented, and most major European languages are covered. Also offered are the Old Testament in Hebrew, the Septuagint, and the Latin Vulgate. The site also offers a number of reference tools (including Easton's Bible Dictionary, and Strong's Greek and Hebrew Dictionary) and biblical commentaries. Bibleserver.com is developed, hosted, and maintained by the Internet division of German broadcaster ERF.
BibleWiki is a collaborative online project to create a free, scholarly commentary on the complete text of the Bible. Each verse of the Bible has its own page: these can be browsed via a list of biblical books. There are also pages for key biblical terms and themes, which can be located via the search function. At time of cataloguing, the project was still in its fairly early stages (though growing steadily), and much of the site's content was taken from or based on out-of-copyright biblical dictionaries and commentaries. Users are encouraged to contribute additional material (either their own original work, or from other public domain sources), or to assist with tasks such as standardising existing content and creating hyperlinks within it. Bible Wiki uses the MediaWiki software originally written for Wikipedia.
Biblia Sacra : Bibles printed in the Netherlands and Belgium is a website resulting from a combined research project associated with the Faculty of Humanities at the University of Amsterdam and the Faculty of Theology at the University of Louvain. The site offers access to an extensive bibliographical database comprising texts and digital reproductions of Bibles printed in the Netherlands and Belgium in the period from 1477 to 1600. Reproductions of typographical and iconographical material are present in addition to detailed descriptions and information related to both editions and individual copies, such as collation, provenance and binding. Bibliographical information given covers: illustrations, printing types, printers, translators. The material featuring on the site originates mainly from Dutch and Belgian libraries, but Bibles preserved in the British Library and the Cambridge University Library are also included. A dedicated section provides an excursus through some highlights of the online collection which are arranged under four headings: Contents; Bibles as physical objects; Illustrations; Previous owners. The editions included within the resources available can be browsed through according to different criteria. A guide provides assistance for carrying out searches. The database - which includes over seven hundred editions - is an outstanding resource for researchers with an interest in early printing history and the early production of printed Bibles.
'Biblical Hermeneutics: an Afrocentric Perspective' is an electronic article by Professor Yorke. Its primary aim is to present a Christian Afrocentric approach to the Bible in order to counterbalance traditionally Eurocentric hermeneutics and to undermine the assumption that this western angle of biblical interpretation would be the only one valid. This resource covers a number of theological and political issues related to the place the African continent and its culture have (or have not) been given within Christian theology. Professor Yorke examines the Eurocentred viewpoint on the image of God, on biblical geography and on the figure of Christ, and sets these against a more afrocentric equivalent. Although the content of Yorke's afrocentric approach to biblical hermeneutics needs elaboration, this is a good general introduction to the development and specificity of African Christian theology.
The Biblical Studies Carnival provides a monthly showcase for the best academic blog posts relating to biblical studies and allied disciplines. Each edition of the carnival provides an overview of and links to noteworthy posts from the preceding few weeks, sometimes accompanied by news relating to blogs or other relevant online resources. The carnival itself is hosted by a different biblical studies blog each month, while the home page provides links to the current and past carnivals, plus more general information and details of how to submit entries or volunteer to host an issue. This is a valuable resource for those wishing to keep up with current discussions in the biblical studies blogosphere, or wanting to learn about new blogs in this area.
Biblical Studies on the Web describes itself as a gateway to online exegesis (that is, critical interpretation of texts, in particular scripture). It offers access to the electronic versions of three journals: the BSW Journal, Biblica, and Filología Neotestamentaria, along with a multi-library search function, and links to other relevant resources. The BSW Journal is general in scope; Biblica focuses on the Old and New Testaments and intertestamentary literature; Filología Neotestamentaria covers all aspects of New Testament philology. Biblica is the most extensive of the three, offering abstracts of articles which have appeared since 1990, and the full-text of those since 1998; the other two offer two issues each. Articles are in a variety of European languages, though the abstracts are mostly in English. Many works contain quotations in ancient languages; instructions on how to download the relevant fonts are given on the site. The Multi-Library Search theoretically allows one to search up to five online library catalogues, but some users may find it too slow to be useful (though unchecking the Library of Congress Online Catalogue search option can sometimes help). The WWW Biblical Theology Index (various sections of which are accessible via the bar immediately under the site's title) offers an eclectic collection of links of varying degrees of scholarliness. Navigation within the site is not always entirely intuitive, but users can always return to the front page for a handy list of links to the main sections.
Biographical Sketches of Memorable Christians of the Past is a collection of almost 300 brief biographies of saints, martyrs, theologians, and other notable figures in Christian history from apostolic times until the 20th century. Where applicable, information is also given about the person's key writings. The full list can be viewed alphabetically, chronologically, or by the date on which each figure is traditionally commemorated, and the relevant Anglican collects (brief prayers appropriate to a particular day) are also included. Although the individual biographies are quite short, and hence are chiefly suitable as a brief introduction to the figures covered, the number of biographies offered makes this a useful resource for those seeking an overview of church history. Most of the biographies were written by James Kiefer, and have been assembled and made available by the Society of Archbishop Justus. The material is also available in a slightly different format via the home page of Darren Provine.
The Book of Common Prayer website offers an impressive collection of editions of the eponymous prayer book, dating from 1544 through to the present day, along with introductory notes giving the history and context of each edition. The texts are arranged by country of origin, and the two largest sections cover versions of the prayer book from the US Episcopal Church and from the Church of England, but liturgy from a wide variety of churches in the Anglican communion is included. While most of the material is in English, the site also features the text of or links to full or partial translations into over a dozen other languages. The site also features a selection of works on the history of the Book of Common Prayer.
The Book of Deer is a digital reproduction of the original manuscript (MS. Ii.6.32) held by Cambridge University Library. The manuscript is an illustrated 10th century gospel book, generally thought to be the earliest surviving manuscript from Scotland. Later additions, including a communion service for the sick, were made to the manuscript in Gaelic in the 11th and 12th centuries. It is thought that the manuscript was at the Abbey of Deer, in Aberdeenshire when the additions were made. The manuscript consists of 86 folios. There are two images for each folio, front and verso, and each folio is accompanied by a brief description. There is also a more general description of the entire manuscript, and a short bibliography. The resource as a whole is part of Cambridge University Library's impressive Digital Images Collection, which contains digitised versions of wight important manuscripts, including: a collection documenting Sir Issaac Newton's life and ideas; the Gutenberg Bible (the first book in Europe printed using moveable metal type); and digital images from Pascal's Thesis on the Arithmetic Triangle.
This is the website of Borromäusverein, a media department of the Catholic Church. The resource makes available various material that would be of use to scholars of German culture and Catholicism in general. The organisation was established in 1845 to promote Catholic life and writing. The site publishes various magazines online, including editions of its publication BiblioTheke, which is aimed at librarians, and Buchprofile, which reviews thousands of works for librarians. Users can also subscribe free to the magazine Buchspiegal, receiving three copies a year looking at current issues around literature, children's literature, and religious works. Other sections include: a literature cafe, which enables discussion of newly published works; press announcements; and essays and articles, which brings together contributions from various authors. A site map facilitates navigation of this extensive Web resource. All in all, this is a useful source of information for researchers of Catholicism and the publishing industry. Obvious care should be taken regarding bias when using the site's contents.
As its title suggests, A Brief Overview of each Book and Letter in the New Testament is a Web page giving information about the component parts of the New Testament. A chart is provided for each book, which gives (if known) its author, date, provenance, and language, plus a link to the full text. This site also addresses issues such as the unity, authenticity, purpose and literary genre of the individual books. Slightly fuller information about (and comparisons between) the four gospels is given on a separate page. Because its layout is so clear and the information given is concise, these pages serve as an excellent teaching or reference tool. However, users should note that other than the brief (usually a single sentence) statement of the purpose of each book, this resource does not aim to summarise the content of the New Testament books.
The British Academy's John Foxe Project had as its chief aim the production of a definitive edition of Foxe's 'Acts and Monuments of the English Martyrs', also known as Foxe's Book of Martyrs. The project website offers further details about the aims of the project, project news, details of staff, and perhaps most importantly, a link to the online version of the edition of Foxe's work (one of the most important texts for the study of early English Protestantism) that was the fruit of the project's labours. The project, which began in 1993, was originally funded by the British Academy, and subsequently supported by the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB), now the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC).
Buddhist-Christian Studies is a scholarly journal (ISSN: 1527-9472) published by the University of Hawaii Press. It features articles, conference reports and book reviews on Buddhism and Christianity, and on the historical and contemporary interrelationships between the two religions. This homepage contains information about the editorial board and the journal's submission policy. It also allows visitors to view the table of contents of all volumes published since 1999, but the full contents are only available to subscribers. The site nevertheless gives free access to one sample issue. The journal is edited by Father Francis Tiso.
The Institute for Antiquity and Christianity (IAC) is part of the Claremont Graduate School and is a research centre which focuses on the origins of western civilisation; its bulletin is made available online by the Claremont Colleges Digital Library. Volumes available here date from 1970 to 1997. The user may browse contents lists for each volume and then access each volume page-by-page in PDF format. Of particular academic interest are the texts of IAC public lectures, and a wide range of topics is covered by these, including: archaeology relating to Biblical sites; the writing of the New Testament; ancient Roman education; Judaism and Christianity; Alexandrian poetry; ancient magic; the synagogue; and papyrology.
The Burnet Psalter is an illuminated manuscript created in the 15th century and bequeathed to Marischal College, Aberdeen by Gilbert Burnet (1643-1715), Bishop of Salisbury: historian, theological writer, and adviser to William III. This is an online resource providing full-page colour images of the text and illustrations from a 15th century manuscript (AUL MS 25). The term 'psalter' refers to a book containing the Book of Psalms (or a particular version of, musical setting for, or selection from it) used in liturgical as well as private devotional contexts. The Burnet Psalter was composed in the first half of the fifteenth century and contains: a calendar; prayers and hymns for personal use; the Book of Psalms; and liturgies for personal use. The site contains an introduction to the manuscript, lists of contents compiled in 1932 and 1995 and digitised images of each page of the manuscript. There are also enlargements of each of the illuminated letters with commentaries. The site also has full transcriptions of the Latin and an English summary of the prayers and hymns, as well as commentaries on the writing, an editorial, and a bibliography. Pages describing the manuscript are reproduced from M. R. James, 'A Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the University Library Aberdeen' (Cambridge, 1993). A full transcription of the Latin and summaries in English of the prayers and hymns also accompany the text. This project is one of the University of Aberdeen Special Libraries and Archives' NFF projects. Intended for a wide audience, this resource is a useful teaching and research tool for undergraduate and postgraduate study.
Edited by John Thomas and Angela Constantinides Hero, and housed within the Dumbarton Oaks online research library and collection, 'Byzantine Monastic Foundation Documents' is the electronic version of an academic publication of the same name offering details and translations of Byzantine 'Typika' (the technical term for these foundation documents) from the 7th to the 15th centuries. Byzantine Typika essentially outline the customs and regulations of a monastic community of a given Orthodox Church while delineating their legal and economic status. However unlike the Rules of the Latin west, they could also be highly personal and not strictly focused on the foundations or structure of a monastic institution. This electronic text contains over 50 distinct documents from the Orthodox Church making this resource, according to the editors, the only collection of Typika ever assembled for academic study. Chapters are organised by century and then listed either by author or by the community to which they are attached. For those unfamiliar with this topic, each section, and the entire book itself, is prefaced by a brief historical introduction that will assist the uninitiated in orientating themselves. Thus, as all of these texts are available in English translation, this resource will be of interest to both students and researchers focussed on monastic communities, regulations or simply generally curious about the Byzantine Middle Ages. At the end of the almost 2,000 pages of this publication, there is a substantial bibliography covering not only monastic traditions, but also a wide variety of Byzantine cultural topics.
This is the website for the United States-based C. S. Lewis Foundation, which was initiated in 1972 and founded in 1986 in order to establish a Christian community of higher learning. The Foundation draws inspiration from the life and works of the famous Christian theologian, philosopher, and author, C. S. Lewis. The website provides: a chronology of Lewis's life; a selection of Lewis-related resources; a history of the C. S. Lewis Foundation; and details of relevant conferences and seminars. Information is also provided about the scholars-in-residence programme run by the Foundation at Lewis's former Oxfordshire home, The Kilns, which the Foundation assumed ownership of and responsibility for in 1988.
This is the homepage of 'Calling: A Blog To Nurture Vocation'. It is published by the Fund for Theological Education (FTE), an initiative which seeks to encourage and support the training of the next generation of religious leaders in North America. The blogs materials are presented in the form of story-telling under themes like: From the Congregation; Young Voices; Snapshot; Culture; Reviews; Strategies; and Leadership. Visitors are allowed access to all the blog's contents without charge. A user-friendly and interesting resource for students of religion.
This is the website of the Calvin Studies Society, an organisation dedicated to researching all aspects of the life, thought, and times of the reformer, John Calvin. The Society holds a colloquium every two years, and periodically publishes a collection of papers delivered at the colloquia. Titles of past collections include: 'The Legacy of John Calvin'; 'Calvin and the Church'; 'Calvin and his Contemporaries'; and 'Calvin and Spirituality'. Information for those wishing to order copies is made available on the site. The Society also publishes a newsletter, older editions of which are freely available and can be read online. Membership in the Society is open to all for a small annual fee. The site is very well presented, and highly accessible.
The Calvinism Resources Database is an online bibliographical database on reformation theologian John Calvin (1509-1564) which is both extensive and easy to use. The database, maintained by the H. Henry Meeter Center for Calvin Studies at Calvin College, provides information on over 20,000 resources pertaining to Calvin, including: primary texts; lectures; journal articles; book chapters; and reviews. The interface allows the user to conduct both basic and advanced searches. Records within the database provide the title, author, and subject of the resource, and in some cases a brief abstract is also supplied. The author and subject details are hyperlinked, allowing users to browse a list of other resources by the same person or covering the same broad subject area. The database is a valuable resource for bibliographical research on John Calvin, although users should note that access is not provided to the full-text resources themselves.
The Cambridge Inter-Faith Programme is located within the Centre for Advanced Religion and Theological Studies (CARTS) in the Faculty of Divinity at the University of Cambridge. It aims to promote a scholarly and multi-faith approach to religious learning and understanding of the three Abrahamic faiths (namely Christianity, Islam and Judaism) by studying their history; scriptures; traditions; practices; ethics; law; philosophy; theology; sociology; and politics. This homepage contains resources like the transcripts of lectures and speeches; articles and essays; press articles; reports of conferences; details of projects, publications, news and events; a description of the programme's academic design; and links to relevant websites. The Programme is directed by Professor David Ford.
This is the homepage of the Canadian Society of Christian Philosophers (La société canadienne des philosophes chrétiens et chrétiennes) (CSCP-SCPC). The society aims to be a forum for the discussion of inter-related topics in religion and philosophy. It invites those within any Christian denomination or none to attend its annual meetings and contribute to its bi-annual newsletter. This website is well-designed, with a useful split-screen format to facilitate easy access to the main menu. It is broken into sections which include: activities; newsletters; member interests; membership; publications; and related links. The website is accessible in French and English, and all information is available free of charge. The site makes use of frames. A search engine is available.
This is the website of the Canadian Society of Church History, founded in 1960 as a non-denominational organisation dedicated to encouraging research into the history of Christianity in Canada, as well as the history of Christianity more broadly. The Society holds an annual conference and publishes the papers delivered at each conference in its annual journal, 'Historical Papers: Canadian Society of Church History'. The tables of contents of past issues of 'Historical Papers' are made freely available on the site. In addition, information for those wishing to subscribe to the journal, order back issues, and/or become members of the Society is readily available. English and French versions of the site's text appear alongside one another. Unfortunately, some users may find that the chosen combination of colours makes the site a little difficult to read.
This section of the official website of Canterbury Cathedral provides information about their archives. Canterbury Cathedral Archives are the historic archive of the Dean and Chapter of Canterbury. The earliest records date from 742. The records of the Archbishops of Canterbury are held at Lambeth Palace Library. The website provides practical information for the potential researcher. There are contact details, information on opening hours, facilities and location, as well as an online guide on planning a visit. The website has some basic information on their collections - there are outline of their holdings listed by subject and type.
The Canterbury Cathedral Library website is part of the official website of Canterbury Cathedral and provides visitor and holdings information. The library currently contains approximately 30,000 books and pamphlets produced prior to 1900 and 20,000 printed after that date. The library, which is reference only, will accept any reader who has a legitimate interest in the collections. The site provides information about accessing the collections and opening hours. Details of catalogues are provided, as well as a link to the University of Kent's Web catalogue where the Cathedral Library's holdings are catalogued. The site also provides: brief descriptions of the main collections held by the library; a history of the library; and details of forthcoming events. This site would be of use to scholars and researchers.
CANTUS is a database intended to assist medieval scholars in their study of Latin ecclesiastical chants of the Office (a series of Catholic worship services in ecclesiastical Latin that take place at intervals through the course of each day) developed as a collaborative project by the Catholic University of America and the University of Western Ontario, where it is now hosted. It is a very useful research tool given the lack of any critical edition of authoritative versions of individual chants. The records are created based on indices of the chants in sources of the liturgical Office. Older kinds of indices, such as those published in various facsimile editions of sources (for example, Paléographie musicale), and those presented by Dom René-Jean Hesbert in Corpus Antiphonalium Officii have been used as models. In addition to free access to the searchable CANTUS database, the website also provides detailed information on the project background, the sources indexed by the project, descriptions of the database files, tables of liturgical feasts in Latin and English, and lists of related links and publications relating to CANTUS. The database records can be viewed online, or they can be downloaded to the desktop. Several of the CANTUS indices are also available in printed form.
With chapels closed at a rapid rate in Wales, Capel (or The Chapels Heritage Society) seeks to ensure that those facing closure have their records preserved and that the buildings themselves are used sympathetically. The homepage of this voluntary society contains: a list of chapels recently closed and those under the threat of closure; information about projects to record chapels; details of relevant news and events; downloable publications like leaflets and newsletters; and links to relevant websites. Visitors can also find information about how to join Capel and are treated to the photographs of several Welsh chapels, complete with brief notes of their history. This would be an interesting resource for anyone seeking a better understanding of the history of religion in Wales.
The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church is a digital resource created and published by Salvador Miranda of Florida International University. The site provides biographies of the cardinals from the sixteenth to the twenty-first century and of the events and documents concerning the origin of the Roman cardinalate and its historical evolution. Users will also find on site a picture gallery of late nineteenth and twentieth century cardinals, a guide to events and documents from 76-2003, a bibliography, and a general list of cardinals from 112-2003.
The Case Against Q is a website compiled by biblical theologian Mark Goodacre to accompany his 2002 book of the same name. Both book and site present the arguments against the existence of 'Q', the hypothetical source proposed as a solution to the synoptic problem - that is, the problem of the relationship between the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke. The site offers information about the book, including links to reviews, and a selection of supplementary material. The introductory section gives a broad overview of Goodacre's case, plus key quotations and a bibliography; there are also reproductions of five journal articles by Goodacre and other notable opponents of Q such as Austin Farrer and Michael Goulder. The site is clear and well presented, and likely to prove of interest to anyone concerned with the synoptic problem.
James J. O'Donnell (University of Georgetown) maintains a set of Web pages relating to Flavius Magnus Aurelius Cassiodorus Senator (better known simply as Cassiodorus, c.490-c.585). The main part of the site consists of the full text of O'Donnell's Cassiodorus (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979), now available as an electronic postprint. The online version matches the printed edition except for an updated bibliography. The Cassiodorus site also contains links to related resources including the Latin text of De Anima and Institutiones (I and II).
The Catalogue of New Testament Papyri and Codices, 2nd - 10th Centuries, by K.C. Hanson, is a brief but useful index to extant papyri fragments or texts of this period. The page contains data on the present location and date of composition of the fragments, identifies some of the major Greek codices of the Bible, and offers brief descriptions of some of the major text collections, with links to websites where available. The site is likely to be of most use to postgraduate research students beginning advanced studies of New Testament manuscripts. However, there is also a reasonably good introductory bibliography which may interest undergraduates and other readers alike. Users should note the catalogue was compiled some time ago, and so is not a source of up-to-date information about manuscript digitisation projects.
Those searching for introductory information on medieval Christian heresies and fluent in French may wish to visit the website "Catharisme, hérésies médiévales et inédits". Created by one of the most widely recognized authorities on Catharism, Jean Duvernoy (Toulouse), the site offers brief background discussions on some of the most widely known heretical groups of the Middle Ages. Details and references for Cathars / Bogomils and Beguins, who flourished in western Europe during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries and were ultimately suppressed by Christian authorities on the basis of their supposed questionable sexual activity and dualistic belief in the relationship between body and soul. The site is an impressive collection of transcribed archival documents (registers, inquisition protocols) by following the links to the three main sections on the site: medieval heresies; primary sources; and unpublished texts. Those requiring further information can scroll through Jean Duvernoy’s weighty bibliography of his own publications. The site has not been updated since 2003 but the patient reader will find a wealth of sources for medieval heresies.
The website 'Catholic Church Documents Related to Biblical Studies' consists of an annotated list of links to primary and secondary sources central to the Catholic Church, such as 'Dei Verbum' (Vatican II), a number of documents by the Pontifical Biblical Commission, papal encyclicals, and the Neo-Vulgate Bible. Most texts are accessible in English; some sources are given in both Latin and English, and a few are in other languages. This site also contains a short list of printed Catholic writings, although as the author states himself, many of these are now out of print. This resource does not hide its clearly Catholic point of view.
This is the official website of the Catholic Church in England and Wales. It gives an overview of many matters relating to the Catholic faith which would be of use and interest to those seeking a better understanding of the religion. These include on issues like: prayer and spirituality; how to become a Catholic; what the Catholic Church teaches; how to get a child baptised; and how to arrange weddings and funerals in a Catholic Church. The site also contains information about recent events, and provides access to numerous resources such as video recordings and statements issued by the Church on new legislation and public policy; resources and commentary on Vatican and papal releases; newsletters; images; interviews; links to affiliated sites; press releases; and documents published by the Catholic Bishops' Conference of England and Wales since the 1990s. Some of the materials are presented in PDF and would need Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. A search engine is available.
The New Advent website offers a complete online version of the Catholic Encyclopedia. The Encyclopedia, originally published between 1907 and 1914, attempts to cover all aspects of Roman Catholic faith and history that may be of public interest: biographies are given for figures from Church history; historical events are explained; demographic information is provided; doctrinal points are discussed and justified; and Catholic literature, art, and science are covered. The Encyclopedia takes a moderately scholarly approach when discussing other faiths and the particular challenges sometimes presented by philosophy, explaining the background and nature of the proposed belief, and how it sits with Catholicism. Unsurprisingly, the Encyclopedia displays a bias towards the received doctrines of Roman Catholicism, but the reasons given for the faith's superiority are interesting and may also prove challenging. The sources used for each entry, and suggested further reading materials, are included at the base of the page. The site claims that the Catholic Encyclopedia only differs from a general encyclopaedia in 'omitting facts and information which have no relation to the Church'. A search engine is included with the site, which is useful as browsing may only be conducted alphabetically, and not by topic or category of entry.
The website "Catholic encyclopaedia : devil" is part of the extremely extensive New Advent site, which provides a collection of information on religious and theological topics. This page features an explanation and description of the various concepts that came to be amalgamated into the concept of the devil. It is a limited entry, which confines itself (unsurprisingly for an entry in a Catholic encyclopaedia published in 1908) to a rather narrow focus on biblical demonology, the ideas of St Thomas, St Anselm, and Scotus among others. Nevertheless it is a good introduction to these particular interpretations of definitions of the devil, whether named as Lucifer, a demon, or Satan. The text contains embedded links to other pertinent sections, which is very useful. This is of use as a basic resource to theologians, in particular those examining angelology or demonology and also to students of history studying witchcraft or the intellectual history of religious ideas or demonology.
The Catholic Encyclopedia's List of Popes provides links to the Encyclopedia's articles describing the lives and major achievements of all pontiffs from Saint Peter in 37 CE until the early 20th century (when the print edition of the Encyclopedia was published). Names and dates of later popes are also given, but no more detailed information, and antipopes are not mentioned. This resource gives straightforward and easily accessed information. However, particularly in the case of the earlier popes, the historical details recorded are sometimes disputed, and it may be advisable to cross check with another reference source.
'Manuscripts of the Bible' is the electronic version of the entry in the 1910 Catholic Encyclopedia written by Walter Drum. The text provides a simple introduction to biblical manuscripts, listing the different types of manuscripts of the Bible according to type (papyrus, vellum, palimpsest); language (Hebrew, Syriac, Greek, Latin etc); age; and content. This site proves a useful starting point for beginners in the field, and benefits from a bibliography. However, the fact that a number of manuscripts vital to our knowledge of the transmission of the Bible, such as the Dead Sea Scrolls, have been found after this text was published, makes this resource rather outdated and incomplete.
The website "Catholic encyclopaedia: demonology" is part of the New Advent site, which provides information on religious and theological topics. This entry focuses on demonology, defined on the site as "the science or doctrine concerning demons". It provides a good basic introduction to the subject for those studying witchcraft, the history of religious ideas or theology. Links to other entries in the encyclopaedia are embedded in the text, which is also very useful. Since the site is published by a Roman Catholic organisation, the site-user must bear this in mind. The article briefly discusses a variety of demonologies including: Assyrian and Akkadian; Iranian; Jewish; Early Christian; Medieval and Modern. It provides good background reading for the subject, but is evidently dated, published as it was, in the Catholic Encyclopedia of 1908.
While the Catholic Information Network (CIN) website is first and foremost a tool for the promotion of the Catholic faith, it contains such a large amount of information that it will be useful to anyone researching Christian, and specifically Roman Catholic, development and history. From this site, many church documents are accessible, including papal encyclicals from 20th century popes and documents from the Second Vatican Council. There is extensive information on Mary and the Catholic liturgical cycle, but perhaps the most useful reference tool is the epic guide to Saints, Martyrs and Other Holy Persons. This alphabetical index to saints’ lives offers quick historical and bibliographical information to virtually every canonised figure in Church history. Of course there is no need to restrict oneself to historical documentation, for CIN itself is an excellent starting point in exploring the use of the Internet by religious communities, and a chance to see how church bodies try to promote themselves through this new medium.
This website provides information about Catholic Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara. It gives an overview of what Catholic Studies entail and offers details about the graduate and undergraduate degree programs available at the university on this subject. There are also press releases and news about past and forthcoming events relating to Catholic Studies. Of particular interest to students of Religion is a section which contains a collection of articles from the world's media related to Pope Benedict XVI's lecture that was given at the University of Regenburg on the 12th of September 2006. The materials are divided into the following 3 themes: The Speech and Its Meaning; The Kinds of Reactions; and Larger Forces at Play. This is followed by an Epilogue and an annotated bibliography of relevant work. The site also provides unannotated links to websites containing Catholic News and Opinion.
This is the homepage of CedarEthics Online: The Academic Student Journal of Christian Bioethics. This online journal publishes selected papers written by students at Cedarville University on themes relating to ethical issues surrounding life, health and biotechnology. The journal is edited by Dr Dennis Sullivan, the director of the Center for Bioethics at Cedarville. This website, which also contains the journal's submission guidelines, allows access to all materials published since 2001. Works featured to date include: 'Pope Paul VI and the pill'; 'A conversation about assisted suicide'; 'A Christian perspective on stem cell research'; 'The art of dying'; 'Reflections on feminist views of abortion and motherhood'; 'Ethical choices: a case for hierarchicalism'; and 'Euthyphro's dilemma and divine command ethics'. A search engine is available on the site.
The Center for Applied Christian Ethics (CACE) based at Wheaton College is an evangelical research centre dedicated to encouraging the consideration of contemporary practical ethics from the standpoint of traditional Christian values. The centre bases its research around an annual theme and sponsors related projects, publications, and conferences. Past themes have included, for example: community and freedom; lying and censorship; and ethical challenges of globalization. Information on centre activity and past conferences is available online. A resource page includes online articles in PDF, and a links page provides access to related sites of interest. An ejournal is available by free subscription.
The website of the Center for Biblical Theology and Eschatology deals mainly with Reformed theology, having a specific emphasis on eschatology and the Protestant Amillenial position. The site, presented by The Mountain Retreat Center, is ministerial and informative in nature, providing articles, bible studies and other tools from a fundamental, Reformed theological slant. The full-text articles cover a range of theological and ethical topics written by a variety of authors, though many tend to be of the Reformed theological tradition. The site is quite easy to navigate and supplies a fundamentalist viewpoint of most theological topics. The intention of the site seems to be geared for any in the general public who may be interested in the Bible, but it may be a useful resource as well for those in search of Reformed religious viewpoints.
The Center for Christian-Jewish Understanding (CCJU) at Sacred Heart University (SHU) was set up in 1992 to foster interreligious dialogue and understanding between Christians and Jews around the world. This homepage offers information about the academic courses they offer and other activities they engage in like research; publication; conferences; and public lectures. Access is given to numerous resources, the most notable of which is an extensive collection of documents and statements which have shaped post-World War II Christian-Jewish dialogue and relations. Other resources include: newsletters; 'CCJU Perspective' - the center's periodical; brief information about recent publications; and articles. Links are also helpfully given to a number of Christian, Jewish, Islamic; and Interreligious resources on the internet.
This is the homepage of the Center for Pentecostal Research at Northwestern University, USA. The center is directed jointly by Blaine Charette and Jack Wisemore. It aims to sponsor and promote discussion and research relating to Pentecostal thought and practice. It also seeks to develop links and foster communication between the academic and religious communities. To this end, it has organised a Pentecostal Lectureship Series since 2005 and past speakers include Drs Andrea D. Butler (2008), Brian C. Stiller (2007), James K. A. Smith (2006) and Steven Land (2005). The talks could be listened to and downloaded from here. The site also provides links to the homepages of several organisations and journals associated with Pentecostalism.
The Center for Study of the Life and Work of William Carey, D.D. (1761-1834) is based at William Carey College in the United States. The website presents a variety of primary and secondary source material about Carey and his work. The material on the site is divided into the following main sections: Baptist Missionary Society, Bible translations, bibliography, biographies, digital library, gazetteer and maps, Internet resources, memorabilia, missiology, philately and numismatics, portrait gallery and reference. The digital library provides access to a number of full-text works and articles from William Carey and his associates, including Carey’s 1972 manuscript ‘Enquiry’. The portrait gallery has nearly one hundred images relating to Carey and the gazetteer and maps page has over twenty images. It is not, currently, possible to search the site, but it is relatively straightforward to browse.
The Centre for Marcionite Research is a website dedicated to the study of Marcion (ca. 70-150 CE), best known for his heretical claim that the angry, severe God of the Old Testament was not the same deity as the loving, benevolent God revealed by Jesus, and for the development of an early canon of New Testament texts. This site offers a series of electronic texts by Marcion himself and his later critics. These include: a reconstruction of the so-called 'Gospel of Marcion'; the Prose Refutations of Saint Ephraim; the Dialogues of Adamantius; and a series of more modern academic articles on Marcion and his relationship to the New Testament canon. Unfortunately, the texts do not appear to be arranged in any particularly systematic way, and background information about the authors is sometimes rather sparse. Users should note that the Centre for Marcionite Research appears to be a personal website: there is no indication that it is affiliated to a university or other academic institution.
The Centre for Reception History of Bible website gives information about this research centre, based at the University of Oxford. The centre aims to promote connections between scholars researching the use and influence of the Bible. Details are given of the centre's seminar series, The Bible in Art, Music, and Literature, which has been running since 2002, and of conferences organised by the centre (users should note, however, that the website does not at present offer any of the centre's research output online). Contact details for centre staff are also provided.
The Centre of Theology and Philosophy (COTP) is a research centre based in the Department of Theology and Religious Studies at the University of Nottingham. This homepage contains information about the centre's staff, fellows and members; courses they offer and the conferences they organise. The site, which should be of particular interest to those pursuing Religious Studies degree programmes, also provides resources like online papers (available in Word and PDF); a discussion forum; a news section; podcasts; reviews of recent publications in the areas of theology and philosophy; and links to relevant websites. The centre is directed by John Millbank, Professor in Religion, Politics and Ethics. He is also the author of most of the online papers made available on the site.
The Chartres: Cathedral of Notre-Dame image collection website provides access to a collection of over 3,000 high-resolution images (photographs, diagrams, and maps) of, or connected to, Chartres Cathedral - one of the best-preserved French gothic cathedrals in France, dating (predominantly) from the thirteenth century. Of particular note are its sculpture and stained glass. Each item is accompanied by descriptive information, including subject keywords that allow the collection to be searched easily and effectively. For more structured browsing, a link is provided to the relevant page of the MEDART website, where interactive diagrams providing access to themed subsets of the images are available. Users can zoom in on pictures to examine details of the Cathedral's architecture (which is in the high gothic style), including the stained glass windows, sculpture, and wall paintings. Images of two illuminated medieval manuscripts are also available. This attractive and well-presented resource is a joint project between the University of Pittsburgh's Digital Research Library and Professor of History of Art and Architecture Alison Stones. The digital images in the collection are often of a very high resolution and permission is granted for their educational use, provided due acknowledgment is given.
The website of Christ Church Cathedral Dublin's library and archives provides an overview of the material available to be consulted there and in related collections. The contents of the archives themselves are not available online. Brief information is given about the documents housed in the Cathedral, which include a rich collection of printed music and and secondary works on the Cathedral's history, plus microfilm versions or photocopies of material held in other repositories. A more detailed catalogue is given of Cathedral material held by the nearby Representative Church Body Library, which includes: volumes; deeds; maps; plans and drawings; loose papers; and printed materials. Access to the archives is by arrangement: for those interested in visiting, the Cathedral website's home page provides links to visitor information (including how to find the Cathedral) and a contacts page.
Christian + Feminist is a small but interesting resource gateway providing access to a number of articles, book reviews, and even two full-text books on the role of women in Christianity. The site offers a mixture of locally hosted material and briefly annotated links to other sites. Most works included date from before 1997, so users should note that the most recent discussion will not be included. However, the site does list some fascinating material, such as the pamphlet 'Against the Monstrous Regiment of Women' by the 16th-century reformer John Knox, plus sites on women in Byzantium, on the Beguines (a medieval women's religious movement), and on the different stances taken on the ordination of women in the Christian church.
The Christian Apocrypha section of the Society of Biblical Literature aims to support the study of the New Testament Apocrypha by announcing meetings and congresses as well as new and forthcoming publications relating to the Apocrypha. The relatively small resource gives worthwhile bibliographical information on the Apocrypha texts and their influence on later art and literature but it might benefit from more regular updates.
Designed as both an educational tool for students and an online guide for those unable to make the journey to Rome, the brief but engaging "Christian Catacombs of Rome" written by the Istituto Salesiano S. Callisto describes the series of catacombs bordering the consular roads of the Appian Way and constructed between the second and fifth centuries AD. The site begins with a general introduction to the social importance and archaeological history of the catacombs while describing some of the more prominent symbols and structural features of the tombs in light of the Church's early spiritual role and status at the time. This history is accompanied by a series of studies that detail the often-difficult life of these early worshippers and a solid bibliography on the Catacombs of Saint Callixtus. Though overall somewhat basic in its presentation, the site will serve as a helpful introduction to students undertaking preliminary research in early Christian funerary rights and rituals, or those simply interested in Christian life during the decline of the Roman Empire. Th website also publishes a useful and updated bibliography.
The Christian Classics Ethereal Library (CCEL) is one of the largest and best online collections of Christian theological and spiritual works. Directed by Harry Plantinga at Calvin College, the library contains an immense assortment of electronic texts ranging from the earliest of Christian theologians through to 19th century authors. Notable offerings include: the complete Early Church Fathers series (all thirty-eight volumes of the Ante-Nicene, Nicene, and Post-Nicene Fathers are available); the works of St Thomas Aquinas (English translations of the Summa Theologica and Catena Aurea are available); and a selection of works by Anselm, Dante, Walter Hilton, St John of the Cross, Martin Luther, John Calvin, John Foxe, John Wesley, and many others. The works are available in a variety of formats, and may be either read online or downloaded (downloading requires free registration). The site may be browsed by author, title, or subject, and a search engine is also provided. There are also occasional links to texts hosted off-site. Most of the texts offered by CCEL are in English (though users should note that copyright considerations mean that translations are often some decades old); a few are also in other languages. Many works on the site have been encoded in Theological Markup Language (ThML), which provides special support for theological needs such as scripture references and Strong's numberings. Music students and lovers of church hymns may enjoy perusing the Hymnary, organised both by song title and composer. In many cases it is possible both to download the score for a hymn and to listen to a MIDI file. A valuable resource for scholars and students alike.
This is the home page of the journal Christian Ethics Today, published six times a year by the Christian Ethics Today Foundation based at Baylor University. The journal is intended specifically for laypersons, educators, and ministers who wish to engage with contemporary ethical issues facing the church specifically and society more broadly. The full contents and articles of all past issues of the journal, beginning with its inception in April 1995, are made freely available online. The archive of past issues is searchable by keyword, author, or topic. The site is easily navigable and accessible.
Christian Hagiography is the website of the Société des Bollandistes, a group devoted to hagiography and in particular continuing the work of John Bollandus, the seventeenth-century hagiographer and author of the Acta Sanctorum. The site contains contact details of hagiography societies worldwide, and abstracts of their journals. It also provides bibliographical details of resources, both electronic and traditional, that may be of interest to those studying hagiography or the lives of saints.
The Christian Literary Studies Group (CLSG) was set up with the aim of furthering understanding of the implications of the Christian faith in the study and teaching of literature. It seeks also to encourage and support its members in their own writings and readings. This website contains information about the conferences they organise and of how to get involved in CLSG's works. The group publishes a journal known as 'The Glass' and viewers can access without charge a number of recent and past articles published therein. Adobe Acrobat Reader is nevertheless needed to access these. The site also houses a 'Reading Room' which offers a number of articles and reviews written by its members. Links are provided to relevant websites.
The Christian Muslim Forum (charity registration number 114793) was set up in January 2006 by a group of Christians and Muslims who met when they were working on the Archbishop of Canterbury's Initiative in Christian-Muslim Relations. The forum aims to strengthen the relationship and communication between the leaders and adherents of the two faith traditions in England. This homepage advises visitors of their historical background and activities in the following areas of work: community and public affairs; education; family; international issues; media; and youth. The site contains statements and annual reports; a list of FAQs; information on news and events; a photo gallery; and an annotated set of links to relevant websites. Papers; audio and visual materials; and a discussion board are also available but these can only be accessed upon registration. This website, which can also be read in Arabic, should be an interesting resource for those working in the area of interfaith dialogue.
The Christians for Biblical Equality (CBE) International website provides information about this organisation, based in Minneapolis, which believes the Bible teaches equality between both sexes, between all racial groups, all ethnic and social backgrounds, and all ages. This site holds a number of online articles on racial and gender issues within Christianity, a book store, an FAQ section, a list of current events and a statement on the equality between men and women within the church. While most articles are not primarily intended for a scholarly audience, and tend to focus on gender equality only, they contain interesting views on the interpretation of certain 'problematic' Biblical passages such as 1 Timothy 2 and 1 Corinthians 11:3.
This is the homepage of Christians in Science (CiS) (registered charity number 1121422), an international network and professional group which is made up of scientists and others interested in the relationship between science and Christianity. It is directed by Malcolm Jeeves, an Emeritus Professor of Psychology at the University of St Andrews, Scotland. This website contains their Statement of Faith and information about CiS' history, aims, activities and membership. It gives visitors access to their newsletter (PreCiS) and the homepage of their journal 'Science and Christian Belief' from where the table of contents of all issues and a number of sample articles could be viewed. There are also links to numerous online resources like articles written by CiS members on issues like Creation; Bioethics; and the Environment. Other resources include audio and video recordings of lectures and interviews; book reviews; and links to the homepages of relevant organisations and journals. A search engine is available.
Christological Titles in the New Testament is a straightforward Web page in which author Felix Just has collected many of the names and images used to describe God and Christ in the Bible and other Christian writings, ranging from 'Adonai', 'Messiah', and 'Logos' to animal imagery such as the pelican or the fish. Just states where and how often these names occur and adds a brief explanation of their origin. This is a quick and useful reference guide for those embarking on the study of Christology, or New Testament studies more generally.
The Church History Timeline is an online chronology of important dates in the history of Christianity, from apostolic times to the end of the 20th century. Broken into 12 sections for ease of navigation, the timeline lists key events, births, deaths, and theological works. As an aid to further study, links are provided to relevant material elsewhere online. The timeline was originally compiled by Clay McKinney as a project for a course at the Presbyterian Covenant Theological Seminary, and the site also offers MP3 recordings of a series of 37 lectures on church history, given by Dr David Calhoun of the same institution. The links provided to PDF transcripts of the lectures were unfortunately not working at time of review, but the transcripts can be accessed by following the links to Covenant Theological Seminary's own course Web pages. This is a helpful resource for those seeking an overview of ecclesiastical history.
Part of the larger series presented by the University of North Carolina, Documenting the American South, The Church in the Southern Black Community offers a detailed look at the introduction and development of Protestant Christianity in African American communities. Through electronic reproductions of original texts and documents such as slave narratives, sermons and monographs, users are introduced to the history of African American religious conversion, and the subsequent transformation of the churches into evangelical and empowering voices against oppression and slavery. This collection is already very substantial (over a hundred and fifty digitised and encoded works at time of review), and new texts are still being added. All interested in or researching the relationship between Christianity and the African American community at the time of the American Revolution will find this collection an invaluable resource. In addition to the numerous articles, which can be quickly located through a variety of search utilities, the site's creators have also provided an introductory essay on Southern Black Christianity. Users will also find that the other electronic initiatives that make up this series on the American South serve as an excellent complement to each other, and are encouraged to consult them for allied information.
Common Worship comprises the liturgical services and prayers used alongside the Book of Common Prayer in the Church of England and which replaced the Alternative Service Book in 2000. The website reproduces, in electronic form, the series of volumes published by Church House Publishing under the oversight of the Liturgical Publishing Group, together with supplementary materials. Texts are available to browse or download in HTML, PDF and RTF formats. The volumes include: Services and Prayers for the Church of England (services and resources for use on Sundays, principal feasts and holy days, and festivals, including Psalter); Pastoral Services (marriage, funerals); Initiation Services (baptism and confirmation); Daily Prayer (morning, evening and night prayer); and the President's Edition (Holy Communion and Baptism services). Musical settings for the Eucharistic prayers are also available together with the Revised Common Lectionary and other authorised liturgies.
The official website of the Church of England provides a range of resources for those wishing to learn more about this branch of the Christian church. Sections on faith, worship, life events, and the church and its role in society provide introductory articles covering topics including: the basics of the Christian faith, and of Anglicanism in particular; prayer; liturgy; and the organisational structure of the Church of England. There are also news items giving details of events within and relevant to the Church, articles discussing ethical issues, and official records such as the reports of the proceedings of the General Synod. The site is easy to navigate, and links to related sections of the site or other Web pages that may be of interest are often provided alongside articles. There is also a substantial separate links list. Although the primary purpose of the site is to be a resource for believers and general enquirers, there is a significant amount here that may be of use to those of a more academic bent, especially those with an interest in modern ecclesiology, or the church's response to current events.
What better way to learn about a religion than to go right to the source! The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints - a Christian denomination especially prominent in the mid-western United States and notable for including the Book of Mormon in their canon - has constructed an attractive and detailed site. In addition to a guide to the basic tenets of the faith and information about Mormon church and home life (some of which is housed off-site), the site offers a considerable volume of texts. The complete Mormon scriptures are provided in both text and audio versions, including the Book of Mormon, and selections from Joseph Smith's translation of the Bible. Also available is information about historical developments that led to the foundation of the Mormon movement by Joseph Smith in the early 1800s, plus contemporary sermons and a regularly updated collection of news articles and stories that deal with issues and events affecting the Church body. Students looking for background information about this religious group will find ample material to begin their studies, and researchers will find this provides an interesting insight into the Church's activities and theological / cultural responses to modern issues.
This is the online version of the Church Times, the world's leading weekly Anglican newspaper. This is a valuable site for anyone interested in topical issues affecting the Anglican Church: if there's a controversy or a serious moral or doctrinal question, the Church Times will almost certainly cover it. Their stated aim is to provide "balanced and fair reporting of events and opinions across the whole range of Anglican affairs". The online edition of the paper offers selected articles from the current issue. The Search function allows one to access the contents of earlier issues, although tables of contents do not appear to be available online (users are, however, invited to email the Web editor for PDFs of past editions). Other features include a database of Anglican churches worldwide, and books reviews.
The website of the Churches Theological Research Trust (CTRT) aims to provide an interface between academic theology and the practising Christian church by maintaining a register of theological research. Academics are invited to provide their details, and interested parties (those looking for someone to contribute to a book, join a working party, or speak at a conference, for example) are invited to search the database to locate people with the relevant expertise. The register is straightforward to use, and is a valuable resource both for academics who wish to make their expertise more widely available, and for those in the church community who wish to take advantage of this. The CTRT, founded by Stephen Sykes in 1997, is an ecumenical organisation.
The Ecclesiological Society website provides information on the Society, which is devoted to the study and celebration of the: arts; architecture; and liturgy of the Christian Church. The Ecclesiological Society, founded in the 19th century, takes an interest in many different aspects of the structure and upkeep of church buildings, and provides images of the month and short essays by members on topics such as: 'Late medieval dooms and the mouth of hell' and 'Post-Reformation communion arrangements'. There is also a section of links to related websites, although these are in need of updating as some were broken at the time of writing. The Society runs conferences and events, which are also advertised on the website, as well as publishing its own journal, 'Ecclesiology Today', which can be downloaded from the site (free to members). The site is relatively old-fashioned in design, but is informative and would be of use to those interested in church architecture, as well as interested readers. Details on how to join are also provided.
The Cistercians in Yorkshire website is a comprehensive and well-presented source of information on Cistercian history and practice in Britain. The Cistercian Order (or White Monks) arrived in the twelfth century, and was present in Britain until the dissolution of the Monasteries in the sixteenth. The site includes multimedia features and the intelligent use of hyperlinks to navigate the site. The central focus of the website is on the five major Cistercian abbeys in Yorkshire: Byland; Fountains; Kirkstall; Rievaulx; and Roche. For each of these abbeys there are web pages about their location, history, buildings, lands, and people. A full A-Z directory of other British and Irish Cistercian abbeys is also provided, giving brief histories and summary information for each abbey, such as whether the ruins are accessible to the public. The website also provides extensive information about Cistercian life (divided into topic areas) and a general history of the order. A glossary of terms is included, as is a list of prominent people with short biographies. Multimedia features include three-dimensional reconstructions of buildings and video clips of architecture and architectural features. Articles and essays are clear and succinct, and accompanied by full scholarly footnotes. The Cistercians in Yorkshire project is funded by the UK Lottery 'New Opportunities Fund'. The site does not give any indication of its date of creation or last update. A text only version is available.
The Classic Bible Commentaries website, produced by Wholesome Publishing, contains the complete text of a number of important works. Thirteen full or partial commentaries are available, including: the Geneva Study Bible; Martin Luther's Commentary on Galatians; the Matthew Henry Commentary on the Bible (both complete and concise versions); John Wesley's Notes on the Bible; and Charles H. Spurgeon's Treasury of David (on the Psalms). This is a reasonably comprehensive collection, containing most of the commentaries that have a good claim to be called 'classic' - certainly those in the public domain. The commentaries are divided into Bible chapters, and one can easily switch between the commentaries available for a particular passage, making comparative study straightforward. Each chapter of the commentaries also features links to the relevant Bible passages (in a choice of translations) on the Bible Gateway website.
This Web page, 'Classical documents for Christian research', features a series of links to English translations of ancient texts (originating from Greece, Rome, and Egypt) which may be of use to those undertaking research into parallels between Biblical texts and stories featured in classical literature. As the full-text of many of the works is included, these may also be of interest to anyone seeking online translations of the featured authors. Works which appear here are: Aristophanes' 'Peace', 'Clouds' and 'Ecclesiazusae'; Euripides' 'Bacchae'; Hesiod's 'Theogony' and 'Works and Days'; the Homeric Hymns; selected works of Plato; Herodotus' Histories; and extracts from Catullus, Pausanias, Aristotle and Athenaeus, as well as a number of Egyptian texts.
The Clergy of the Church of England Database is an online relational database containing records of the careers of all clergymen of the Church of England between 1540 and 1835. The database provides an extensive research tool for historical researchers who wish to find biographical information about individual clergymen in early modern times, making it possible for the user to trace individuals across parishes, chronological and geographical patronage, and more structural investigations of the Church of England. The database contains records from all 27 dioceses of England and Wales which are held at 51 diocesan repositories and other archives and libraries. The primary records listed from the diocesan collections include registers, subscription books, licensing books, and liber cleri or call books. Where these records are fragmentary, other types of records have been consulted, including bishops' transcripts of parish registers, wills, taxation records, and surveys of clergy. The website also features a list of people involved in the project, and an explanation of the database. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) within the Research Grants scheme.
The website of the Cleveland Museum of Art's Robert Bergman Memorial Gallery of Early Christian and Byzantine Art is a sumptuous presentation of an extraordinary collection of religious paintings, sculptures, and icons. An online tour of the exhibition features the rare Jonah Marbles - large early Christian figures that tell the story of Jonah and the Whale. There is also gold jewellery, an imperial gift from the time of Constantine the Great (AD 306-337), Byzantine mosaics of Adam and Eve, and the exquisite Icon of the Virgin tapestry. The tour offers beautiful images of the art in the gallery, along with introductions to the objects. The site also carries video footage of recent conferences that have been held at the museum. This resource will be of interest to those working in art history, church history, or ancient history.
Codex Gigas is a website hosting a digitisation of a 13th-century Bible, known as the 'Devil's Bible'. The Bible was made in medieval Bohemia, and is said to be the largest extant medieval Bible. The Bible is now owned by the Kungliga biblioteket (National Library in Stockholm), which created this resource. High quality images of all folios of the codex are available, each of which can be magnified in order to see detail or read the text. The images can be browsed by folio number, or highlights can be viewed by type of content (for example: names; Old Testament; New Testament; or Calendar). In addition to the images, the site provides: a history of the manuscript; a description of the codex; and a discussion of the content size and purpose of this Bible. Also helpful are the: bibliography; biographies; and glossary of manuscript terms. The site is well designed and easy to use, and would be of interest to anyone studying medieval manuscripts, or medieval theology. The site is also provided in Swedish and Czech.
The College Theology Society, founded in 1953 as a Roman Catholic organization, is an association of college and university professors dedicated to investigating the relationship between theology and religious studies and other academic disciplines. The Society discusses more effective ways of teaching theology and religious studies, and develops various programs to that end. The Society convenes annually and publishes the semi-annual journal, Horizons, which contains many of the papers delivered at the annual conference. The site provides a discussion forum for members. Information on membership is readily available. The site is well presented and accessible.
The website of the Conference on Faith and History provides information about this organisation, which is composed of Christian historians and scholars dedicated to considering the relationship between faith and historical studies. The Conference aims to provide a forum for discussing recent historical scholarship and to foster scholarship in the general area of faith and history. The Conference meets once every two years, and publishes a journal entitled 'Fides et Historia' twice a year. The site makes available the tables of contents of a number of past issues of the journal, while the book reviews can be downloaded in full in PDF. The Conference also publishes a newsletter periodically containing news of recent activities and events, and this can be viewed on the site in PDF format. The Conference is affiliated with the American Historical Association. Information for those wishing to become members of the Conference or subscribe to the journal is available.
Confession and Catechisms is a Web page published by the North American Orthodox Presbyterian Church. It gives the complete text of the Westminster Confession of Faith, and of the Larger and Shorter Catechisms. These documents, known collectively as the Westminster Standards, were originally written in the 1640s, in the aftermath of the English Civil War, and since then have been adopted by many Protestant churches (particularly those in the Reformed or Calvinist traditions) as formal statements of their beliefs. In addition to the texts themselves, the site offers a helpful preface which outlines the history of the Standards and details the minor modifications to them which have been made over the centuries. Also is available is a PDF version of the texts, with extensive footnotes indicating the biblical passages on which the Standards are based, plus a modern English paraphrase of the Confession.
This resource is an online reprint of 'Augustine: Confessions' a text and commentary by James J. O'Donnell (Oxford: 1992; ISBN 0-19-814378-8). The text of the Confessions is in the original Latin, and the commentary in English. For each of the 13 books of the Confessions, a link is provided to the introductory commentary on that book. Likewise, every section of the text is linked to extensive comments on the section. Users can also enjoy a sample of a number of frescoes on the life of Augustine (350-430 AD) done by Benozzo Gozzoli in San Gimignano in the 15th century. The site is user-friendly, with frames and no-frames versions available, and search engines are provided.
Contra Mundum is a website dealing with Christianity and its interaction with culture. It provides perspectives and resources for the study and theory of culture based on Christian principles. Resources range from essays on government, law, social theory and theology, all in the context of Christian principles; to book reviews on cultural studies. Contra Mundum also provides texts of journals such as Antithesis (1990-1991), Contra Mundum: A Reformed Cultural Review (1991-1995), and Progressive Calvinism (1955-1960). This resource provides a well rounded perspective on the differing interactions of Christianity within a cultural context. The site can also be accessed in Spanish.
The Corpus Hermeticum is a set of core documents in the Hermetic tradition of the early Christian era. This website provides access to G.R.S Mead's translations of the Corpus. Texts are grouped under treatise titles, such as: Poemandres, The Shepherd of Men; The Greatest Ill Among Men is Ignorance of God; On Thought and Sense; and The Secret Sermon on the Mountain. A brief introduction to the history and significance of the Corpus Hermeticum is provided by John Michael Greer, the editor of this online version; he also supplies some useful remarks on Mead's translation. This site is good resource for anyone with an interest in early Christian writings. It is part of the Internet Sacred Text Archive, run by John B. Hare as a free, non-profit archive of e-texts on religion and mythology. All material on the website is available free of charge.
Corpus Thomisticum is a mammoth online project run by Enrique Alarcón of Navarra University, Spain. Its aims include: offering a complete online version of the works of Thomas Aquinas (in the original Latin, where possible following the best critical texts); providing a regularly updated extensive bibliography of Aquinas scholarship from the 13th century to the present day; constructing a database that allows users to search, compare, and sort words, phrases, and quotations, and to compile statistical information about the texts; and digitising the main manuscripts of Aquinas's work. The Corpus is still a work in progress, but there is already a great deal here, and the resource shows exhaustive, meticulous scholarship. The project welcomes contributions from other Aquinas scholars. A possible drawback for non-Latinists is that the lingua franca of this site is Latin, although a brief introduction is provided in eight other languages.
The Corpus Vitrearum Medii Aevi (CVMA) collection is hosted by the Visual Arts Data Service (VADS), and this Web page provides introductory information and access to the searchable collection through the VADS interface or the CVMA's own website. The CVMA was founded in 1949 and has committees in twelve countries. In Britain it is a British Academy Research Project whose activities include the creation of this picture archive. The image collection contains over 18,000 images, most provided by the National Monuments Record, with others from sources such as the Centre for Medieval Studies, York, and several private collections.
This website, which is hosted by the Centre for Medieval Studies at the University of York and maintained by King's College London, provides access to digitised images of stained glass in England taken from the collections of the Corpus Vitrearum Medii Aevi (CVMA). As well as giving details of the project's activities, including publications, over 13,000 images are made available, most of which have been provided by the National Monuments Record, part of English Heritage. The images show glass from the mid-twelfth century onwards, including Renaissance and some later glass. The glass windows form a record of the visual culture of the medieval and Renaissance church and its congregations, including not only religious scenes but also heraldic and memorial glass, and the images made available through this site are a valuable source for historians studying the artistic legacy of the medieval Church, as well as medieval religious and social history. The website can be browsed using the county index for general viewing, or the alphabetical location index for specific places. The county map allows users to view the distribution of locations within an area. The search function employs a wide variety of search categories, although it is recommended that broad terms should be employed for initial searches. Full record details can be viewed for each image. These include information on: the location; the window itself; its date, subject and provenance; the photograph; and drawings, diagrams and other media. Over two hundred church plans are included to supplement this information. In addition, the website provides: details of CMVA publications; a list of secondary works not published by CVMA; a page of relevant Web links; and the 2004 version of Guidelines for the Conservation and Restoration of Stained Glass. Additionally, the Corpus has been added to the collection of Visual Arts Data Service (VADS), and can be searched from their website.
The website "Credenda Agenda" provides information about the bimonthly journal, which explores "all areas of life from a biblical, classical Protestant perspective". It is part of the Christ Church and Canon Press ministries and offers a support letter twice a year. The site includes a statement of faith, affirming the journal's doctrinal editorial policy, which is based on classical Protestantism. The page includes a search engine, back issues, and articles by column, as well as information about subscriptions. The journal covers a lively range of topics including: in praise of escapism; the Salem witch trials of 1692; a reformed appreciation of C.S.Lewis; sex and the reformation; poetry and the Anglo-Saxon mind; and the Jewishness of Christianity. The site is an interesting source of alternative views on a variety of contemporary and historical issues.
Creeds of Christendom is an extensive online collection of creeds and other statements of religious belief from the Christian tradition. It offers the text of, and in many cases notes on, creeds from ancient times through to the present day. The Ancient Symbols section begins with credal statements from the Bible, and includes the Apostles', Nicene, Athanasian and other significant creeds from the first eight centuries BCE. There are also notes on the filioque clause controversy, the text of the Definition of Chalcedon (on the nature of Christ), and the Canons of the Council of Orange. Later statements of belief (including both those of historical importance, such as the Heidelberg Catechism, and contemporary ones) are given for some fourteen denominations. Most of the material is hosted locally, though some texts are provided via links to outside sites; there are a few broken links, but on the whole the site seems well maintained. Although simply presented, it is easily navigable, with a limited search function. The bulk of material on the site in in English; some creeds, however, also have versions in Latin, Greek or other languages.
Conceived and developed by Dr. E. L. Skip Knox at Boise State University, 'The Crusades' is an online undergraduate course that covers these wars. The course is taught for credit via the university, but Knox has made the vast majority of his site accessible to anyone interested in the subject. Each unit of the module comprises a series of recommended readings, of which the majority can be accessed via links to external sites. Knox has also written and posted a substantial quantity of lecture notes on each of the crusades, and includes map of the relevant geographical areas, plus a timeline of the period. All are openly available and together they offer a thorough and complete introduction to this turbulent and frequently bloody period, suitable for the undergraduate level. Though obviously designed for students new to the subject, this site may also be of considerable interest to more advanced academics, as a model for constructing an effective Internet-based learning environment.
Culham Institute is an Oxford-based organisation set up in 1980. It specialises in religious education, collective worship and church schools. This website serves as a portal to sites they produced as well as those that were developed in association with them. This gives viewers access to a wide range of multimedia resources on religious education and church schools. These include curriculum resources, and classroom and discussion materials. As the focus is mainly on schools, the materials would be suitable for those seeking an introduction to Christianity. It would likewise be of interest to undergraduates on Religious Studies courses. The site also provides: a search engine; links to relevant online resources; and information about grants on offer and works published by the institute.
The Cumberland River Lamp Post is a website devoted to articles about the 20th century author and literary critic, C. S. Lewis. A large proportion of the works on the site are by Lewis scholar Richard James, and there are also numerous links to other websites featuring articles and other information about Lewis. The majority of the material deals with Lewis's theological views and/or the Narnia book series. Unfortunately, certain sections of the site are not as well maintained as one might wish; for example, the list of 'recent Lewis Internet sightings' is from 2001, although most of the links still function. The intriguing 'strange bedfellows' section (references to Lewis in unexpected places) fares less well, with a higher proportion of broken links, though there is still enough here to be interesting. The articles vary widely in approach, tone, and quality, and most are popular rather than scholarly. The site also features a journal and photos of a tour of places associated with Lewis.
'D. Anthony Storm's Commentary on Kierkegaard' is an impressive, extensive and user-friendly site dedicated to the influential nineteenth-century Christian existentialist philosopher, Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1855). The site provides abstracts and commentary by D. Anthony Storm on virtually every work ever composed by Kierkegaard, including less known unfinished writings, pamphlets and journal entries. In addition, the site provides a concise and very informative biography of Kierkegaard, a brief overview of his intellectual influences, a discussion of his authorial methodology, a gallery of various images of him, and an extensive bibliography of primary and secondary sources related to him. The site is extremely well presented, highly accessible, and will be of considerable use to all who are interested in the life and writings of Kierkegaard.
De Bijbel in de Nederlandse Cultuur (The Bible in Dutch Culture) is a website published by Amsterdam University Press, intended as a resource for all those who want to know more about the Bible and its influence on Dutch culture. The website, which is entirely in Dutch, offers the full text (including the deuterocanonical books) of a new translation of the Bible: the Nieuwe Bijbelvertaling, commissioned by the Nederlands Bijbelgenootschap and the Katholieke Bijbelstichting (2004). Biblical passages are linked to information on the visual arts; architecture; music; literature; and textual and historical background. It is also possible to search by theme and browse an online gallery of works of art related to the Bible. The site has been developed in collaboration with the Nederlands Bijbelgenootschap and with support of the VSB Fund.
'Dead Sea Scrolls' is a website consisting of a number of translations of fragments of the Scrolls found in the caves at Qumran. The texts are listed according to their content, e.g. Pentateuchal texts; legal and ritual texts; Psalms; wisdom literature; sectarian texts etc. Some translations are preceded by a short introduction. Parts of this site are borrowed from 'Outline of objects and topics of scrolls of the Dead Sea'. Some of the texts are hosted on the site; for others, links to material elsewhere online are provided.
This website is devoted to the work of Domenico Ghirlandaio in decorating the Sassetti Chapel. Francesco Sassetti, a wealthy banker, had acquired the rights of patronage to a small side chapel, the second to the right of the choir in the Florentine church of Santa Trinità. Ghirlandaio was commissioned to paint the chapel, which he decorated with frescoes with scenes from the life of St Francis of Assisi between 1482 and 1485. The website contains digital photographs of the paintings in the chapel, with information about each painting. There is also a postcard service, which allows you to send by email a postcard of a selected painting, with your own message. A summary of the works of Ghirlandaio provides links to reproductions and descriptions of other paintings. A navigation line also gives access, by a simple index, an index of artists, or a search facility, to many other photographs from the Web Gallery of Art.
'Die Bibel, Martin Luther Translation' is part of the Humanities Text Initiative, a unit of the University of Michigan's Digital Library Production Service, which provides online access to full-text resources. This version of the Luther translation of the Bible is derived from the edition published by the Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft. It was initially prepared by Jeffery Triggs of the OED's North American Reading Program, and was subsequently converted to conform to the TEI DTD (the Text Encoding Initiative's standardized rules for marking up online documents) by the University of Michigan Humanities Text Initiative. The main virtue of the site is its extensive search tools. Users can perform simple searches for a word or phrase, or proximity and Boolean searches can be used to find the co-occurrence of two or three words or phrases. One can also browse the Bible by selecting individual books, or perform a citation search, which finds a particular chapter and verse of a specified book.
Die Handschriften des Klosters Weissenburg (The Manuscripts of the Monastery of Weissenburg, Alsace) is the German-language Web page of an exhibition held at the Herzog August Bibliothek in 2002. The exhibits are selected to give an insight into a typical monastic library of the early and high Middle Ages. Sample pages from 26 manuscripts are reproduced, including Bible texts, commentaries, and a copy of the Benedictine Rule. Many texts date from the 9th century (though the exhibition also features both earlier and later works), and the most prevalent languages are Latin and Old High German. A brief description (aimed at a general rather than a scholarly audience) is given of the content and significance of each manuscript.
Die Litauische Postille (1573): Dokumente der Litauischen Reformation' (The Lithuanian Postilla: Documents of the Lithuanian Reformation) is the German-language Web page of an exhibition held at the Herzog August Bibliothek, Wolfenbüttel in 2003. It is part of a project of this library to publish a critical edition of the Lithuanian postilla (collection of sermons) of 1573, also known as the Wolfenbütteler postilla, a manuscript that is considered one of the most precious documents in the Lithuanian language. Apart from the postilla itself, the exhibition displays other valuable manuscripts connected to it, such as older German and Latin postillae that would have served as a reference, the first translations of the Bible into Lithuanian, and documents about the history of the postilla. Also exhibited are some general Lithuanica, including a very rare Lithuanian grammar from the 17th century or the first separate map of the Great Duchy of Lithuania, drawn by Gerhard Mercator.
The Digital Quaker Collection at the Earlham School of Religion is an online digital library containing the full text and page images of over 500 individual Quaker works from the 17th and 18th centuries. The site's organisers write: "The theological and organizational biases of Quakers have historically inhibited the production of systematic presentations on theological topics. As a result, the great wealth of Quaker thinking is contained in primary materials such as journals, epistles, and monographs." As a result, many of the volumes held by the School of Religion and available via this digitised project are rare and/or hard to locate. All of these texts are freely accessible via this excellent website; a fairly comprehensive bibliography and a page of links to related resources are also included. Made possible by a large grant from the Arthur Vinings Davis Foundations, the site is well-presented and easy to navigate.
The website Diotima: materials for the study of women and gender in the ancient world has been constructed by the Stoa Consortium for Electronic Publication in the Humanities. The resource is called Diotima after a woman praised for her wisdom by Socrates in Plato's Symposium. Resources are concentrated in the field of women in classical antiquity, especially in ancient Greece. There is also information relating to women in the context of Biblical studies, including New Testament Christianity, early Church history and the medieval period. The site offers links to online texts, essays and criticism, bibliographical material and links to image-based resources, including paintings, archaeological images and costume sketches.
'Discovery and Reformation' is a history website introducing students to the period between the discovery of the New World and the end of the Thirty Years War. The site focuses on the impact of the discovery of the Americas, and the Reformation and its consequences. It forms part of an online course called 'World Civilizations', run by the Washington State University, and aimed at first-year university undergraduates. The site is divided according to various headings such as 'the Spanish Empire', 'John Calvin', or 'Religious Wars'. Each section consists of a basic narration of the key events and ideas, sometimes including links to glossary entries or other resources. There are extracts from Calvin's 'Institutes' about civil government, and from Martin Luther's 'The Freedom of the Christian'. The site is attractive and clearly laid out. It should provide a useful introduction to this period of European history for those previously unacquainted with it.
This website describes AHRC-funded work on a multi-authored print publication (with online supporting materials) ‘A History of the Dissenting Academies in the British Isles, 1660-1860’. Established after the Act of Uniformity in 1662, Dissenting Academies provided higher education and preparation for the ministry to Protestant students excluded from the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, for some 200 years. The project aims to provide the first modern study of the academies in thirty years, and will include online databases “with relevant details of academies, tutors, and students, and a bibliography of source materials”.
Maintained by the 'Pontificia Universidad Católica Argentina' (Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina), 'Documentos para el Estudio de la Historia de la Iglesia' (Documents for the study of the history of the Church) offers a wide selection of Spanish-only primary resource texts from the Catholic Church. Material is available from periods spanning the entire breadth of Christian history: ancient; medieval; modern; and contemporary. However, not surprisingly, resources originating from Spain or Latin America are especially well represented; and besides a section on the history of the Catholic Church in Latin America, at the time of review, an additional section on the history of the Church in Argentina was under preparation. Directed towards students of Church history, texts are organised chronologically, and are easily read by selecting the appropriate link. A simple search facility also allows users to rapidly hunt through the either entire collection or a specific period for a given key word or term.
The website of the Canadian-based Dooyeweerd Centre for Christian Philosophy is dedicated to the life and works of the Dutch Christian philosopher Herman Dooyeweerd (1894-1977). The site contains: a brief biography of Dooyeweerd; access to the discussion forum "Thinknet" for those interested in his work; a thoroughly annotated bibliography (including excerpts) of Dooyeweerd's written works, and information about ordering his works online; and other related links of interest to Dooyeweerd scholars. The site is straightforward to navigate, and all information is available in English and free of charge. It is a good source of information on this prolific and far-ranging writer.
This interesting website seeks to provide information on church buildings in Dorset, England. Over 200 churches are featured on the site and these are listed in alphabetical order. The level and kinds of information provided for each church are not uniform. Whilst many are accompanied by photographs of the building, brief descriptions of the church itself, web-links and suggested print-based resources for further information; others only contained a number of recommended readings. The site also suggests many general resources about Dorset churches; history; and church bells in Dorset. These include published works and online resources.
The Douay-Rheims Bible website offers the complete text, including the deutero-canonical books (Apocrypha) of the Challoner revision of the 16th and 17th century English translation from the Latin Vulgate. The original translation was first published by the English Colleges at Rheims (which was responsible for the New Testament) and Douay (Old Testament) in 1582 and 1609 respectively; the text was then revised and modernised by Bishop Challoner in the mid 18th century. Brief introductions to the history of the translation and to the HTML version used to create this site are provided. Unfortunately, however, the text does not include footnotes or critical apparatus. The site is simply presented and easy to navigate (although those seeking the deutero-canonical books should note that they are listed together at the end of the index). Users are given the choice of a version using frames, which facilitates moving quickly between books and chapters, and one without, which gives a less cluttered look and allows more space for the text itself.
This is the homepage of the distinguished American philosopher of religion, Dr William Lane Craig. The site offers transcripts of debates he has conducted with eminent scholars, and online versions of several dozen of his articles. Twelve debates about the existence of God or related topics are recorded. The articles section contains papers in five subject areas: the existence of God; divine omniscience; divine eternity; the historical Jesus; and Christian particularism (that is, discussion of the contention that Christianity is the only religion which can offer salvation). A link is also provided to Craig's Reasonable Faith website, which offers further relevant material. An extremely useful resource for anyone interested in the philosophy of religion.
The Duke Papyrus Archive website provides access to images of and information about papyri from Egypt, dating mostly to the period of Greek and Roman control (between the 4th century BCE and the 7th century CE). The Archive contains details of around 1,400 papyri. In addition, there are a number of introductory articles relating to papyri and ancient Egypt, together with bibliographies.
The catalogue is searched via Duke University's online library catalogue. Individual records contain details of the material, notes, and subject headings. Images of the catalogued papyrus are available both as 72dpi and 150dpi colour resolutions. To assist in finding papyri of interest the Archive have put together a number of topics (such as cultural aspects, religious aspects, women and children), which bring together papyri relating to each topic. Papyri have also been gathered by language, including Coptic, Greek, Latin, Arabic, Demotic and Hieratic. Additionally, the project has documented the process of digitising and cataloguing the papyri, which is in itself a useful resource. There is also a set of links relating to other papyri collections and papyri research.
The Religious Aspects page is part of the Duke Papyrus Archive website, and offers over a hundred enlargable images of papyri which relate to religion in some way. The list is divided into categories for ease of use. The most substantial sections cover manuscripts related to paganism and early Christianity, but there are also works referring to magical practices, astrology, Hinduism, and Islam. Each papyrus is accompanied by brief notes on its type, size, script, date, provenance, and content. Most of the texts are in Greek or Coptic, with a few in Arabic or other languages.
The Dumbarton Oaks Hagiography Database assembles a considerable amount of reference material on hagiographic texts concerned with the lives of Byzantine saints and their activities between the eighth and tenth centuries. Inside the database, a record has been created for each saint's 'vita' detailing the name, location, date of death, and author of the 'vita', as well as the approximate date of composition. The structure of the database is quite sophisticated. One can either consult the general name lists of saints and/or hagiographers, or use the search features to isolate specific thematic categories or even exact phrases that appear in the text of the vita. The result offers brief bibliographic information on each saint and, most importantly, details of full-text publications. All users of this database should consult the introduction, accessible through a PDF-file: in addition to helpful background information, this section includes ninety pages of biographical material, listing virtually every saint from this period. Each of these entries briefly summarises their lives and recent academic studies and resources about them.
This is the homepage of the Duncan Black MacDonald Center for the Study of Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations. Based at the Hartford Seminary, the center seeks to increase awareness and appreciation of Islam, and is committed to the idea that mutual respect and cooperation between Muslims and Christians can be achieved through intensive study and academically guided dialogue. This website offers the following resources: details about courses on offer; online articles, lectures, book reviews and interviews; and annotated links to relevant websites. There is also a section entitled 'Islam FAQs' which discusses issues like variations within Islam; Islamic law and economics; scripture and tradition; and the Muslim world's relations with the US. The centre is directed by Dr Ingrid Mattson, Professor of Islamic Studies amd Christian-Muslim Relations.
'Early Christian Writings' provides online access to more than a hundred documents on early Christianity. General introductory information about the text or author is given, along with links to or details of online and/or print copies of the works in question, plus resources related to them where available. Some of the works linked to are hosted on the Early Christian Writings site itself, others are located off-site. Most of the works are in English translation, though for some a version of the text in the original language is provided. This collection includes the New Testament, Gnostic works, Apocrypha, a sub-site on theories about the historical Jesus, and a selection of texts by earlier Church Fathers, including Ignatius, Polycarp, and Clement. The focus is not just on works written by Christians, as pagan authors such as Pliny the Younger, Suetonius and Tacitus are to be found in this resource as well. This site also contains a list of recommended online books. An extensive and valuable resource for those interested in patristic theology.
'Early Church Fathers - Additional Texts' is a website that makes available online a selection of early Christian texts. These are intended to supplement those contained within volumes known as the Ante-Nicene, Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers which are also accessible online via the Christian Classics Ethereal Library (CCEL) website. The texts are mainly digitized versions of nineteenth century translations and each contains an introduction stating the edition digitized and any changes, omissions or additions made. Authors include Eusebius of Caesarea; Philostorgius; Ephraim the Syrian; Basil the Great; Gregory of Nyssa; Sidonius Apollinaris; Evagrius Scholasticus; John of Ephesus; Zachariah of Mitylene; Antiochus Strategos; John of Nikiu; Photius of Constantinople; and Zosimus. The emphasis is on ecclesiastical history originating from the eastern (proto-Byzantine) empire. Texts are delivered in HTML and divided by books. An additional font is required to view any Greek text (e.g. in references and notes).
The early Church website covers the history of the Church from its foundation until c.600 CE. This site is a bibliographic guide listing primary and secondary sources by topic. Topics include: the Bible; councils; heresies and sects; famous individuals within the Church (listed alphabetically); ecclesiastical history; philosophy (Aristotle, Plato, Neo-Platonism, Cynicism, Epicurianism and Stoicism); and study aids. The inclusion of non-Christian philosophy means that the coverage period actually dates back to the fifth century BCE, and thus provides a useful bibliography for students of (Classical) philosophy as well as those studying early Christianity. There, are, however, no accompanying descriptions of the books, but given the extensiveness of the lists, this is understandable.The site is maintained by Robert Bradshaw, who has a Cambridge diploma in religious studies from Mattersey Hall (Assemblies of God Bible College).
The Earthlore Explorations website is devoted to cultural legacies including history; myth; poetry; and more. Resources at the Earthlore site are arranged into sections. Gothic Dreams includes: photographs and artwork depicting the architecture, sculpture, arts, and crafts of the Medieval period; a glossary of various aspects of gothic cathedrals and churches; and an in-depth historical overview of Notre Dame de Paris, comprehensively hyperlinked throughout to relevant resources within Earthlore Explorations. Ireland includes history and mythology, and gives an article on the poems of W. B. Yeats. Additional countries that may be featured with their own sections include Brazil; China; and Egypt. The Mystery of Lost and Forgotten Histories examines: the relevance of a historical or legendary King Arthur (including an in-depth historical overview of the Holy Grail); and the decline of ancient Peruvian civilization. The Lore of Astrology examines the history and evolution of the world's astrological sciences. Additional subjects that may be featured in the future include symbolism; music; literature; and Arthurian lore. Earthlore Explorations, online since 1995, was originally the work of New York based photographer Rhey Cedron. Cedron now works with a number of other investigators and researchers, all of whom are cited on this resource.
The EasyEnglish Bible website is produced by Wycliffe Associates UK. It contains over a hundred translations of biblical books (or parts of biblical books), each accompanied by a verse-by-verse commentary. The texts are in EasyEnglish, a simple form of the language developed for use by those learning English as a foreign language. There are also Bible studies, resources in Accessible EasyEnglish (an even simpler form of English suitable for use with those with learning difficulties), and a collection of semantically analysed texts, which aim to make implicit content of the text explicit, and which are offered as an aid for non-native English speakers translating the Bible into their own language. Numerous people collaborate on the books, and they undergo a formal, detailed process of linguistic and theological checking. Although the language used is simple, the theological content remains uncompromised, and the commentaries deal with hotly debated interpretative issues. These texts are a valuable resource for Internet users who may not have theological texts in their mother tongue, but do have limited command of the English language. They may also be of use to those teaching students whose first language is not English.
EDENDA is an open database created by the Commission for Editing the Corpus of the Latin Church Fathers (=Kommission zur Herausgabe des Corpus der lateinischen Kirchenväter (CSEL)). The database is intended for the dissemination of information about editions in progess of Latin Christian authors of the early church. The database allows the user to select a Latin author and then a specific work, or to select according to the work identifier (by Clavis number). Information recorded about each edition includes the editor's name and contact details, the publisher, intended date of publication, and sources for further information. The site encourages scholars who are currently working on an edition of a Latin patristic text to submit details to the database. Currently the vast majority of editions documented are to be published by CSEL. Introductory and help files are available in English, German, French and Italian. The record fields are in German.
Edward Payson Sermons is a website devoted to the work of the American Congregationalist preacher of that name. Payson was the pastor of a Congregationalist church in Portland, Maine from 1807 until his death in 1827. The titles and subjects of almost a hundred sermons are listed here, and the full text of over 70 of them is available. A substantial proportion of the sermons are calls to repentance, with titles such as 'The Guilt of Indifference to Divine Threatenings'; 'Sins Estimated by the Light of Heaven'; and 'Christ Rejects None Who Come to Him'; other topics include the person and work of Christ, the teaching of children, and eschatology (that is, the theology of the end of the world). Although rather basic in format (for example, there does not appear to be a search function), this site provides a useful body of primary source material for those interested in learning more about this little known American preacher.
The EIKON Image Database for Biblical Studies is an initiative at the Yale Divinity School. The site provides digital images for use in teaching and research in the field of biblical studies. The site consists of a database which can be browsed, or searched by keyword. Images available include digitised photographs of religious art and artefacts, and of important sites in Israel, Turkey, Egypt and Syria. Many of these are cross-referenced against biblical texts. Details are provided about the subject of each photograph, although for a significant portion of the images, access to this information (and to the full size version of the image) is restricted to users from Yale, and unfortunately there seems to be no way of restricting search results to just those that are publicly accessible. The site also provides a selection of links to scholarly resources on the Internet in the fields of theology and archaeology.
The English theologian and philosopher Robert Grosseteste lived from around 1170-1253. The website of the Electronic Grosseteste project, originally funded by the British Academy, aims to make available electronic resources for research into Grosseteste's writings. Offered on the site are full-texts versions of those of Grosseteste's works which are in the public domain (chiefly in the original Latin), plus the facility to search and view extracts from published editions which still carry copyright restrictions. An extensive bibliography is also available on the site, along with further information about the life of Robert Grosseteste and the project itself.
Felix Just's Electronic New Testament Educational Resource (or ENTER) offers a detailed introductory discussion on the composition and development of the books of the New Testament. Divided into four main sections, the site begins with a review of the books of the New Testament along with related statistical and geographical information. This is followed by discussions on the Gospels, Epistles and Revelations breaking them down in turn by major structural and thematic trends. Descriptions of the books are coupled with helpful bibliographic references and a glossary. Students new to textual study of the New Testament Canon, or needing a refresher, will welcome these pages for their clear presentation of many developmental issues including the authenticity of the Pauline letters, the Synoptic Problem and textual authenticity. The ENTER site is in fact part of a much larger examination of New Testament studies by the same author, so students are encouraged to explore many of the links more thoroughly. There is a particularly extensive series of links to apocalyptic images and iconography for those interested in the book of Revelation. Users will also be able to locate an array of external resources and ejournals on the Bible from the home page.
This website publishes a single referenced article on the Christian Coptic Orthodox Church of Egypt. It contains links to several colour images and a few additional texts focusing on the Coptic alphabet (which ends the hieroglyphic tradition); the art (frescoes and icons); music (with audio samples); and the architecture (churches and monasteries). It is a useful and concise introduction for students of arts, archaeology and religious studies to a subject often overlooked.
The history of the Coptic Church dates back to origins of Christianity and still maintains traditions lost by other currents of Christianity. The Coptic culture originated by the religious tradition has blown into a full and original culture that has manifested itself in a variety of forms. This website only allows for a taste of this culture since it is concerned on all its aspects and not just the strictly religious ones. A Polish version is available as Word document.
The Episcopus Society is dedicated to fostering the study of bishops in medieval society. The website of the society provides an international directory of scholars involved in this field, aimed at encouraging the sharing of information amongst researchers, lecturers and students. Also available on the site are: links to online translations of relevant medieval texts; details of upcoming events; and a list of members' publications. The society does not charge fees to join, and encourages students and scholars to contribute to its work. This resource would be of interest to those researching medieval theology, or western medieval history more generally.
The University of California Press has made available online 'Erasmus of the Low Countries' by James D. Tracy, first published in print in 1997. The work is a biography of Erasmus of Rotterdam (1469-1536) which focusses on Erasmus' ideal of a Christian republic brought about by teaching and scholarship. The list of chapter headings is as follows: The Burgundian-Habsburg Low Countries; Erasmus Against the Barbarians; The Ideal of Christian Civility; Between Wisdom and Folly; Reformers of Doctrina; The Name of Erasmus Will Never Perish; The Most Corrupt Generation There Has Ever Been; The Philosophy of Christ; In Defense of Bonae Literae; Christian Liberty in the Catholic Church; A Reformation Gone Wrong; The Parable of the Tares; Circumspect Reformer; Erasmus and His Readers. The online version includes the full-text and notes. The work also provides a chronology of Erasmus' life; a list of works discussed and a bibliography of works cited.
Errancy Wiki is a website for discussion of possible errors in the Bible. Users are invited to contribute arguments for and against claims that passages contain errors of fact or consistency, or that they countenance immorality. A separate page exists for each verse of the Bible: not all pages had significant content at time of cataloguing, but categorised lists of the pages to which material has been added can be accessed from the front page. Debate can sometimes be heated, but the site has a team of vigilant administrators to ensure that it does not descend into acrimony. Contributors are also asked to be careful to maintain dual point of view - that is, not to delete or undermine arguments with which they disagree, but instead to add counter-arguments in the appropriate section. Errancy Wiki uses MediaWiki, the wiki software originally created for Wikipedia.
This blog supports the AHRC-funded research project ‘Evangelicalism and Fundamentalism in Britain’. Although the blog is currently under utilised (the project had only recently begun at the time of writing), it does include a description of the project, which aims to explore the relationship between evangelicalism and fundamentalism through bringing together historians, theologians and sociologists, while encouraging evangelicals in churches and theological colleges to examine their relationship with fundamentalism.
This is the homepage of the Evangelicalism and Fundamentalism in Britain Project. This interdisciplinary initiative seeks to explore the socio-historical expressions of Evangelicalism and Fundamentalism in Britain from the 18th to the 21st century. Its primary quest is to find out the extent to which Evangelicals in Britain have been Fundamentalist. The project is led by Professor David Bebbington of the University of Stirling. This website informs readers about the project's aims and objectives; and the events they organise (e.g. conferences and workshops). It also provides access to a number of papers which were presented at those events, as well as the summaries of the workshops and conferences themselves. A search engine is available. The project receives sponsorship from the AHRC/ESRC Religion and Society Research Programme; the Evangelical Alliance; and Stirling University.
'Faith and Leadership' is a website offered by the Leadership Education initiative at Duke Divinity School. It informs Christian leaders (e.g. pastoral leaders; young leaders and organizational leaders) about the training programs they offer and provides them with numerous resources which can be accessed from here wihout charge. These include: discussions about principles and practice (on topics like leadership philosophy; missions; money; stories of hope; theology; vocation; wellbeing and workplace); articles; reflections; video recordings of talks; interviews; sermons; and a blog. Information is also provided about relevant books and on how to subscribe to their newsletter. A search engine is available.
This is the homepage of the Faraday Institute for Science and Religion based at St Edmund's College, University of Cambridge. Named after the eminent scientist Michael Faraday (1791-1867), the institute conducts research, offers short-term courses, and organises seminars and lectures on science and religion. It is directed by Dr Denis Alexander. This website contains information about: their staff; advisory board; bursaries; research projects; past and forthcoming seminars and lectures; and courses on offer. It likewise provides a number of downloadable resources like articles, commentaries, book chapters and the institute's newsletters; as well as the transcripts of lectures and speeches. Many of these are presented in PDF, thus requiring Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. A list of unannotated links useful to the study of science and religion is also provided.
The Fathers of the Church website, one of the resources offered by New Advent, is an extensive collection of patristic writings. The bulk of the material is from the 3rd, 4th, and 5th centuries CE, though there are also earlier and later texts. As well as the works of luminaries of the early church such as Ambrose, Augustine, Ignatius, John Chrysostom, Origen, Tertullian, and many others, the site also includes early liturgies, accounts of various church Councils of the 3rd to 8th centuries, a wide selection of apocrypha, and a collection of miscellaneous works including the Didache (supposed to be the teaching of the apostles) and various accounts of martyrdoms. Links throughout to another New Advent resource, the Catholic Encyclopedia, provide easy access to biographical and other information where relevant. A valuable resource for anyone with an interest in early Christian writings.
Fides Quaerens Internetum is an online gateway for students, teachers, and researchers of theology and religious studies. It contains links to a wide variety of resources, including information about a range of Christian traditions, works by and about individual theologians, and theology journals. Also included are details of (predominantly American) academic associations and departments, newsgroups, and job vacancy sites. The site does not appear to be updated particularly frequently, but at time of review most of the links were still current. Easy to navigate, this resource is a decent starting point for scholars of Christianity.
Fire and Ice is a fairly impressive collection of puritan and reformed writings. Some writings are available in PDF format, and some in html only. Moreover, some writings are excerpted from larger works, and some are complete. The writings are divided according to author, and featured authors include: Richard Baxter; Jonathan Edwards; Charles Spurgeon; Samuel Rutherford; Thomas Manton; A.A. Hodge, Ebenezer Erskine; John Calvin; and several others. Also available on the site is a collection of poetry and an historical and biographical listing. A highly useful resource for anyone interested in the subject.
John Marshall's website The Five Gospels Parallels contains the full text of the four canonical gospels, plus the Gospel of Thomas and selected passages from the Pauline letters. Users can scroll through the texts and compare similar passages by clicking on the colour-coded symbols which indicate parallels in the other works. This allows for easier comparison than a print synopsis (although the site's author acknowledges that some print synopses give more detail, and suggests that this resource is best suited to introductory level study). Eight different combinations of texts can be viewed (for example, the five gospels, the four canonicals, the gospels plus Paul, and so on). The interface is not difficult to use, and a few minutes of experimenting should be sufficient to learn one's way around. Serious work on developing this project further appears to have stopped in 2001, but this remains a useful resource.
FiveSolas.com is a website dedicated to theology in the Reformed Calvinist tradition. Named after the five Latin phrases that emerged during the Reformation as an expression of the Reformers' theological beliefs, the site offers access to a collection of articles and longer works on a range of topics including: eschatology; baptism; salvation; the Sabbath; and prayer. Although the site is unabashedly rooted in the Reformed tradition, pieces offering contrasting viewpoints are also included for comparison. In addition, there is a brief glossary, and a section on creeds, confessions, and related documents. The site offers a good selection of works by Protestant theologians and preachers of the 17th and 18th century, including: Augustus Toplady; John Owen; Jonathan Edwards; and an entire section devoted to the works of the Puritan preacher Thomas Watson. Pieces by contemporary writers are also included, although users should note that many of these are not primarily intended for an academic audience, but were instead written for church use (as sermons, for example) or as inspirational literature. The resources listed are a mixture of works hosted on-site, and lightly annotated (and generally well maintained) links to material elsewhere.
This is the website of the AHRC funded project 'In the Footsteps of Jesus and the Prophet: Sociality, Caring and the Religious Imagination In the Filipino Diaspora'. The Footsteps Project is a major two year research project funded within the AHRC Diaspora Programme, concerned with the experiences of Filipino carers living and working in the Middle East and the role that Filipino religious congregations play in creating sociality, community and social networks among fellow migrants, both local and transnational; the ways these facilitate relations with their hosts; how faith may empower women negotiating status and identity within and beyond the workplace.
Dedicated to the study of the Johannine literature, the Fourth Gospel and John's Epistles Home Page for Research is a highly specialised but not exclusively scholarly source of information: here you will find directories enabling you to browse listings of books and journal articles, and a large selection of links to related sites. Users are invited to submit suggestions of additional material that should be included. The site also hosts a small collection of unpublished works. Resources are listed alphabetically by author; there is also a search function. This site is basic in layout, easy to navigate and is regularly updated.
The Franciscan Archive is an all-in-one gateway for information about Franciscan life and history as well as the order's major thinkers and figures. Maintained by Brother Alexis Bugnolo, the layout of the home page is reminiscent of a newspaper with articles divided up into a variety of sections that include theology, liturgy, documents and history. When selected, the user discovers that each section is constructed out of external links and transcriptions from original spiritual texts that are available in English, Latin and occasionally Spanish. Not surprisingly there is a massive amount of information available on St. Francis of Assisi and the establishment of the Franciscan order including biographies, medieval hagiographies, legends and the Saint's writings. However the site goes on much further by offering brief histories of other Christian saints associated with the Franciscan movements. Students at all levels will find this resource easy to use and appreciate the depth and variety of material collected. Scholars too will welcome the ongoing addition of electronic texts from and about medieval Franciscan figures.
The Franciscan Authors website is a catalogue of writers connected to the Franciscan order who lived between the 13th and 18th centuries. The authors can be browsed via an alphabetical index, though unfortunately there does not appear to be a search function. A typical entry will include a short biographical note, a list of works, and may also include suggestions for further reading. An extensive bibliography section provides information for those wishing to pursue the topic further. There are also sections for anonymous writers, lives, Franciscan provinces as they were around 1350, plus a substantial but unannotated list of links to related resources.
This website is the home page of the project "From suppression to restoration: the educational work of the English ex-Jesuits in continental Europe and Britain, 1773-1814", which is directed by Professor Maurice Whitehead of the University of Wales, Swansea, and supported by the Spencer Foundation. The project aims to examine how the English ex-Jesuits continued to practise their educational work during the period of prohibition of the Society of Jesus. This was initiated by Pope Clement XIV in 1773 and lasted until 1814. English Jesuits were unusual in that they were able to retain a focus for their educational activities, first at Liege, until 1794, and then at Stonyhurst, Lancashire. They were also able to spread their activities as far as Georgetown in the United States. In addition to publishing information on the aims of the project, this website includes: a gallery of images of the buildings of the English Jesuits; a list of the principal archival collections that will be used in the research, and links to them where appropriate; and a list of links to useful Jesuit history sites elsewhere online. There is also a section giving some historical background, which comprises lists of: colleges and houses of the English Jesuits in the Low Countries; rectors, presidents and headmasters of the English Jesuit College of St Omers, Bruges, Liege and Stonyhurst since 1593; a chronology covering the period 1593 to 1829; the Provincial Superiors of the English Province, 1623-1773; and a list of deceased professors and alumni for whom information exists online, from 1593 onwards. The description of the aims of the project is available in Dutch and French. The historical resources provided on this website are likely to be useful for all researchers with an interest in the history of the English Jesuits. Scholars will also find the information about the project itself to be of interest.
The Fund for Theological Education (FTE) is an initiative set up in 1954 to support the training of the next generation of Church leaders in North America. This website provides information about their history; the programs and fellowships on offer; listings of job opportunities in religion and theology; a list of FAQs; and lightly annotated links to sites useful for theological education and scholarship, pastoral ministry and congregational life. It also allows for downloading several interesting items like their newsletter; lists of suggested reading; guidebooks; tips for letters of reference; a list of tips to keep in mind when approaching congregations for support; sample project proposals; book reviews; tips on how to apply for an FTE doctoral fellowship and how to succeed as a doctoral fellow; book recommendations; essays; and transcripts, powerpoint presentations and audio-recordings of conference proceedings. Visitors are also linked to the homepage of their official journal - 'Calling'. FTE is directed by Reverend Dr Trace Haythorn.
Geographies of Orthodoxy is the website of an AHRC-funded project that aims to chart the: literary; linguistic; and theological effects of pseudo-Bonaventuran English vernacular lives of Christ circulated in the period 1350 - 1550. At the time of writing the Project is still in its early stages, and the content of the site reflects this. Eventually the Project aims to digitise all the remaining manuscript pseudo-Bonaventuran works and make them openly accessible. By examining the content and context of these manuscripts, the Project hopes to shed new light on the nature of pre-Reformation devotional thought. Eventually, the Project also aims to provide a record of the various scribal hands involved in the preparation of the manuscripts in question. The website describes the Project and its aims in some detail, together with the makeup of the Project team. Also provided is a blog containing related items of interest, including book reviews and articles on topics such as the nature of 'vernacular theology'. This site, and ultimately the work of this Project would be of interest to students and researchers working in the fields of: medieval theology; manuscript studies; English literature; and history.
This is the homepage of the European Research Network on Global Pentecostalism (GloPent). The Network, which is the initiative of the University of Birmingham, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and Heidelberg University, is dedicated to the study of Global Pentecostal and Charismatic Christianity. This website contains information on GloPent's research projects; participants, news and events (past, current and forthcoming). It also provides study resources like: annotated links to the homepages of relevant organisations and other online resources; a list and the abstracts of ongoing and completed doctoral research projects; and a collection of academic papers. It also allows free access to the materials published in their online journal called PentecoStudies (ISSN: 1871 7621). The site provides a search engine and it also enables searches to be carried out according to geographical regions. An interesting resource for those researching this area of study.
The Gnostic Society Library website provides a wealth of information for the study of gnosticism. It offers a substantial collection of English translations of primary texts from the gnostic tradition, plus anti-gnostic patristic works. There are over a thousand documents in total, including the Nag Hammadi Library; other Gnostic scriptures and fragments; writings from the Valentinian tradition; the Corpus Hermeticum; and an impressive collection of Manichaean writings. Introductory notes to the material are provided, and there is an annotated bibliography. The site also provides access to a collection of Web lectures on gnosticism. A very valuable site for anyone with an interest in this tradition.
The Gospel of Thomas Web page, maintained by Stevan Davies from the Religious Studies Department at Misericordia University, brings together a surprising amount of useful and scholarly information on one of the earliest works of non-canonical Christian literature. The material listed is a mixture of pieces hosted on-site and links to resources elsewhere on the Web. There is an English translation of the Gospel itself, plus details of books about the Gospel and articles discussing its content, development, and provenance. There is also some coverage of related subjects, including other non-canonical literature. Through a combination of primary and secondary sources, the site explores the important - and sometimes controversial - status of the Gospel in early Christian research.
The website of the GRAMCORD Institute provides details of a range of biblical studies software available for purchase. GRAMCORD software (available for Windows and for handheld computers) offers features including parallel English/Greek/Hebrew displays, instant parsing, and sophisticated search facilities. Tools to assist those learning biblical Hebrew or Greek are also available. A range of bundles offering various combinations of the software is available. The GRAMCORD Institute is a non-profit organisation which has been researching and developing products for the syntactical analysis of biblical texts since 1976.
The French-language website Grégoire de Nysse is committed to presenting the life and works of church father Gregory of Nyssa (4th century CE). The site provides: French translations of Gregory's works; an extensive biography; a bibliography of primary and secondary works; and a list of further links. The site is published in association with Editions du Cerf (publishers of "Sources Chrétiennes") and is compiled by French graduate students with a particular interest in Gregory of Nyssa. All translations are well-referenced and the site as a whole is well presented and easy to navigate.
Those with a special interest in Church Fathers, and specifically in Gregory of Nyssa, may enjoy a visit to the Gregory of Nyssa Home Page. In addition to a general introduction, which offers a very brief history of Gregory's life and works; the site makes available a collection of English translations of around 20 of Gregory's works. Another section provides a bibliography and a number of reference texts, which offer shorter analyses of thematic issues which frequently arise across his corpus. The home page itself feels a little old fashioned in its design and navigation, and at time of review the site had unfortunately not been updated for some time, resulting not only in some broken links to external resources, but also in some broken internal links. Nevertheless, this site offers a substantial amount of scholarly content, and is likely to be of interest to anyone wishing to explore the work of this Cappadocian Father.
This is an online bibliography for the study of medieval Church history, consisting of sections covering: primary sources; guides to using primary sources, divided geographically and by subject; guides to Latin (including dictionaries and specialised vocabularies, plus works on abbreviations, place names, and palaeography); guides to prosopography (information about individual people), topography, and chronology; general handbooks on Church history; and specialised encyclopaedias. The list is extensive and is equally useful to the beginner and to the more advanced researcher in the field. It is arranged on a single webpage, which allows for easy browsing. At time of review, the bibliography did not include works published after the mid 1990s. The list was compiled by Thomas Head at the Hunter College, City University of New York.
The Gutenberg Bible at the Ransom Center is a website that focuses on the copy of the Gutenberg Bible held by the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center at the University of Texas at Austin. The Gutenberg Bible was printed in 1454-5, and was the first book to be printed with movable type. This beautifully designed site, hosted by the Ransom Center itself, details the history of the Gutenberg Bible and provides sample digital page images (additionally, a CD-ROM of all 1,282 individual pages of the Center's copy is now available to buy online). Section headings on the site include: Digital Gutenberg Images; The Book before Gutenberg; Johann Gutenberg; The Printing of the Bible; Anatomy of a Page; Selected Passages; and the Digital Gutenberg Project. This site will be helpful to scholars and students in the fields of: book history; theology; medieval studies, and anyone with an interest in incunabula and the history of early printing.
Published by the Lower Saxony State and University Library in 2000 to mark the 600th anniversary of the birth of Johann Gutenberg, the inventor of movable type and letterpress printing, this website provides a digital version of the two-volume vellum Bible, which was printed in 1454 and is now held in Göttingen library. The website also includes other examples of early printed books: the Göttingen Model Book (c. 1450), and Helmasperger's Notarial Instrument. There is also a section devoted to illumination, where it is possible to compare images from the Model Book and the Bible. The facsimile images are supported by a number of essays on the impact of Johann Gutenberg and letterpress printing, including: a brief biography of Gutenberg; an introduction to the copying of manuscripts; and a detailed description of the Göttingen B42 Bible. Access to the site is via acceptance of conditions for use and reproduction: essentially, the materials offered on the site are for private study only. The website, which is hosted by the Göttingen State and University Library, is available in English and German.
H-Pentecostalism is an electronic mailing list for scholarly discussion of the Pentecostalist movement. Hosted by H-Net, the list provides a forum for exploration of all aspects of the history of this Christian denomination, and for the sharing of details of relevant publications and of teaching ideas and materials. Input is welcomed from clergy, students, and researchers from a wide variety of fields, including religious studies, history, and the social sciences. The network's home page offers information on how to subscribe, discussion logs, and a selection of links to other online resources. At time of cataloguing, this list was relatively low traffic.
The Hagiography Society's website provides information on the Society and its activities. The Society, founded in 1900, is based at the University of Wisconsin--Madison and aims to promote interdisciplinary communication between scholars whose work involves the study of early Christian and medieval saints' lives. Although the majority of the Society's members are based in north America, a significant proportion are from the UK and other European countries, and the Society sponsors sessions at conferences on both sides of the Atlantic. The website provides: an introduction to the Society; the latest edition of the Society's newsletter (in PDF format); a selection of relevant Web links; details on how to join and pay dues; and a questionnaire for any scholar (including non-members) working in the field who would like their details to be included in the Society's directory. This site would be of use to academics already researching in this area, and also students wishing to undertake further study in this field.
The Hall of Church History is an extensive guide to church history resources on the Internet. It covers most major schools of thought within Christianity from the church fathers through to 20th century figures, including sections on heretics and cults as well as the more orthodox. There is also a page of historically important creeds, confessions and catechisms. The site is attractively presented: one navigates by clicking on various 'rooms' in a map of the site (though a text-only version is also available). Each room gives a brief description of the area covered therein, and then a list of annotated links. There are a few broken links, but the proportion is reasonably small. The structure of the site and the descriptions of some resources indicate a distinct bias towards the author's own theological views, which lie in the Reformed Baptist/Calvinist tradition, but, as good coverage is given even to those groups with whom he disagrees, this is still a useful and interesting resource.
This site provides an attractively illustrated introduction to the coins and measures of Judaea from early times until the crusader period with historical background and a useful basic bibliography. Before the adoption of Greek and, later, Persian coins (or 'darics') in the 7th-4th centuries BC, a sophisticated system of inscribed weights, based on the unit of the Shekel, was used in Jewish areas. The first Judaean issues proper were not struck until the 4th century BC under Persian and Seleucid licence and were based on the widely used Athenian owls or Persian modes. The Seleucid Antiochus VII also struck hybrid Syrian-Jewish issues in the later 2nd century. The first properly 'Jewish' coins, with Hebrew inscriptions and lacking the portrait heads of earlier issues for religious reasons, did not appear until the time of John Hyrcanus (135-104 BC) and his successors when Judaea became fully independent. The series of coins from the reign of the Herodian dynasty and the Roman conquest down to the Late Empire and Byzantine period provide a fascinating potted history of Judaea as well as important insights on economic and iconographic matters. There is also a short section on the revival of coins of Israel in the 20th century, both in the Mandate period and after independence in 1948. The resource is part of the Jewish History Ring published by Amuseum.org (The Jewish Museum in Cyberspace) and associated with the American Jewish Historical Society. It is a useful complementary source for students of ancient history and archaeology working in the East Mediterranean or those studying general numismatics as well as an attractive introduction for the interested amateur.
The website 'Hanover Historical Texts Projects' is an ongoing entreprisce of the Hanover College (USA) Department of History.Since 1995 they have been making electronic texts freely available for student and staff use in the study and teaching of history courses. The chronology ranges from ancient Greece and Rome through to the Russian Revolution. Geographic regions include Europe, United States, the Americas (outside the United States), Africa, and East Asia. The collection also includes works of philosophical and theological significance, including sections relating to the Crusades and the Reformation. Each text contains information about its source and who was responsible for scanning it. Texts are supplied as ASCII (presented in HTML) rather than page images. Many of the texts are quite lengthy and divided into sections (e.g. the full-text of the canons and decrees of the Council of Trent). Although the site is fairly regularly updated, some links are broken.
This site is dedicated to the life and works of the influential twentieth century American theologian, Hans Frei (1922-1988). Frei is perhaps best remembered for his influential work, 'The Eclipse of Biblical Narrative' as well as his 'The Identity of Jesus Christ'. Created by Mike Higton, lecturer in theology at Exeter University, and his wife, Hester Higton, this site contains very useful, detailed, reliable and accessible biographic and bibliographic information related to Frei. The site will be of considerable use to all audiences interested in Frei, whether general or scholarly. Both the biographic and bibliographic information is divided neatly into the decades of Frei's academic career, allowing for easy reference and contextual placement. Moreover, the detailed bibliography of Frei's works are annotated by Higton with concise - and yet relatively thorough - summaries of content and purpose. The annotations will prove helpful not only for those already acquainted with Frei looking to dig a bit deeper, but also for newcomers and seasoned scholars as well. The exhaustive bibliography includes not only books and articles, but also book reviews and unpublished manuscripts. There is also a rather thorough listing of secondary sources on Frei (at time of review, this was last updated in December 2004). In addition, there are links on the site to full transcripts (edited by Higton himself) of some of Frei's unpublished works - most notably his 1974 lectures delivered on "Religious Transformation in the later Eighteenth Century" in Rockwell - which are held at the Yale Divinity School Library and made freely available.
Heinrich Bullinger's Original Publications is a subscription only etext project funded by IDC Publishers. Bullinger (1504-1575), an influential Protestant Reformer, wrote many theological treatises in Latin which are now rare, fragile, and often difficult to locate. To commemorate Bullinger's 500th birthday in 2003, IDC have newly revised and catalogued their collection of Bullinger's theological works. The publisher has made these texts available online, by subscription only, to institutional customers. Most of these titles have also been reprinted by IDC in hard-copy format. The publishers suggest that these reprints might be more affordable for individual researchers and institutions interested only in topping-up an existing collection of Reformation texts. Details of how to purchase these reprints are also available via a searchable inventory of titles included in the site.
This is the website of the Henri J. M. Nouwen Archives and Research Collection, based at the University of Toronto, which holds the vast majority of Nouwen's work and manuscripts. Nouwen was a highly celebrated Catholic priest, famed for his popular inspirational writings. The site provides a carefully categorised list of what is available in the collection, a timeline of Nouwen's life, and a couple of full-text documents, including: 'Circus Diary, Part I: Finding the Trapeze Artist in the Priest' and 'Circus Diary, Part II: Finding a New Way to Get a Glimpse of God.'
This is the website of the Henry Martyn Centre for the study of mission and world Christianity, affiliated to the University of Cambridge, and part of the Cambridge Theological Federation. The site provides details about the Centre, the degree courses that can be pursued there, and the current seminar programme. One of the site's most useful resources is a collection of papers, including the texts of lectures and sermons, most of which consider various facets of missiology. There is also information about the Henry Martyn Trust, and the Henry Martyn Library and Archives, which houses 7,500 books, plus the papers of a number of nineteenth and twentieth century missionaries. A list of links to related academic institutions and projects is provided. A useful site for those with an interest in mission studies.
This website provides an English translation of 'Hidden Christians in Contemporary Nagasaki', an article by academic Kentaro Miyazaki (translation by Brian Burke-Gaffney). The article summarises the introduction of Christianity (Catholic) and its subsequent suppression in Japan, then analyses the nature of the beliefs and practices of the hidden Christians (kakure kirishitan) of Nagasaki prefecture, who developed and maintained a distorted form of Christianity secretly through the centuries. Hidden Christianity is described as a folk religion and linked to Japan's other religions, Shinto and Buddhism.
'Historical Jesus Theories' reviews a selection of fairly recent works on the historical Jesus. In this resource Peter Kirby examines material by more than 20 scholars belonging to various denominations and approaching the figure of Jesus from different angles. Authors include Geza Vermes, Alvar Ellegard, Hyam Macoby and Paula Frederikson. Kirby's reviews tend to be descriptive rather than evaluative, and so are useful as summaries of the works rather than for their critical content. Kirby divides the authors into groups, depending on the overall slant of their view of Jesus (categories include: Jesus the Myth; Jesus the Wisdom Sage; Jesus the Apocalyptic Prophet; and Jesus the Savior). A list of each author's relevant works is also provided, complete with links to the Amazon listing for print resources, and to the resource itself for those that are online. A valuable introduction and guide to this area of Christian theology.
The Holy Land Photos website provides good quality, free images of Holy Land sites and artefacts. The database contains well over two thousand images, and continues to grow. Coverage includes Israel, Greece, Turkey, and Jordan, with special attention paid to sites and cities mentioned in the Bible. The images are categorised for easy browsing, and accompanied by text explaining what the image contains and brief information about its significance. The image categories are: daily life and artefacts (including plants, houses, climate, transportation, and shepherding); people; and regions. The site also features a keyword search engine and an email update service that alerts users to new additions to the database. There is a short bibliography of recommended reading. This is a slick and easy to use website that contains quality photographic images. It is intended to be useful for schools and universities, Bible study, and presentations, but it is likely to be of interest to anyone requiring images of archaeological sites in the Near East or depictions of aspects of life relatively unchanged since antiquity. Information is provided about permitted usage of the images.
'Holy Women of Byzantium' is the electronic version of the first volume of a series of Byzantine saints' lives in English translation. The resource begins with an introduction on the genre of the 'vita' (the life of a saint) in general, and on the lives of female Byzantine saints in particular. Chapters on the lives on ten saints then follow. The saints chosen are from a variety of backgrounds and ways of life: there are sections on nuns disguised as monks, on solitaries, cenobitics (members of religious communities), married women saints, and one on Empress Theodora. This solid and scholarly resource, edited by Alice-Mary Talbot, provides full reference details.
Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies (ISSN 1097-3702) is an electronic publication devoted to the study of the Syriac tradition. Published twice yearly by Beth Mardutho: The Syriac Institute, all contents from January 1998 are freely available online. Apart from details about its submission policy, transliteration scheme and email group, the home page provides links to other online resources and journals that are useful for Syriac Studies. A search engine is also made available. This website is hosted by The Catholic University of America.
Ignaziana is a freely available online review of theological research and discussion relating to Ignatian spirituality (based on the teachings of St Ignatius of Loyola, and practised by the Jesuits). The review appears twice yearly, and features between two and six pieces each time. The articles are in a range of European languages (including some in English), although as this is an Italy-based venture, a substantial proportion are in Italian. The rest of the website is available in a choice of six European languages, including English. In addition to the review, the site also offers a bibliography of books and articles on Ignatian spirituality published from 2000 onwards, plus a page of links to other publications and organisations that may be of interest.
'Images of St Augustine' is a website maintained by John Immerwahr, Professor of Philosophy at Villanova University, USA. It provides a brief narrative of the life of Saint Augustine of Hippo (354-430). The materials are offered in two sections. The first presents a selection of images, which are accompanied by narration, of the frescoes painted by Benozzo Gozzoli in the Church of Saint Augustine in San Gimignano, Italy. The scenes are on the following themes: School, College, Mother of Tears; Rome; The Teacher; To Milan; Arrival in Milan; St Ambrose; Conversion; Baptism; Seashell; Death of Monica (his mother); and (St Augustine's) Funeral. The second section contains a number of images from the stained glass windows in the St Thomas of Villanova Church on the campus of Villanova University. The scenes here are on the following themes: Conversion; Baptism; Vision; Death; Writing Confessions; Pelagianism; Sea Shell (an ancient symbol of baptism); and Giving the Rule. This is an interesting and engaging resource for those seeking an introduction to the life and teachings of St Augustine.
'In the beginning was the Word: the Russian church and native Alaskan cultures' is an online exhibition at the Library of Congress, initiated by librarian and historian James H. Billington and compiled by linguist Vyacheslav Ivanov. It brings together manuscript documents and images from the Library's Alaskan Russian Church archive to illuminate the relationship between the Russian Orthodox Church and the native Alaskan population between 1794 and 1915. The resource includes: a brief introduction to the state and church in Russian America; several sections exploring missionary work amongst the native population; and a section on the preservation of native languages such as Tlingit, Eskimo and Aleut. The brief text of these sections is accompanied by selected digitised documents (such as pastoral letters, parish financial reports and priests' journal extracts) and images (photographs, plans, maps). Unfortunately the quality of the digitised documents varies and there are no transcripts, so many are of limited use for close study. The resource offers an exciting introduction to the archive, and will be of most use to scholars planning further research or to students and teachers seeking an illustrated overview of the topic.
The online Index of Christian Art, available by subscription, is an invaluable resource for Christian iconography, including manuscripts, glassware, sculpture, and painting. The original, non-computerised Index of Christian Art describes over 200,000 works of art of all types and includes extensive subject indexing (over 27,000 specially created subject terms). The process of creating an electronic version of the Index began in 1991, and at present this is still the largest electronic database of Christian art available. Each record includes information on data, location, style, and so on. The subject matter of the images has been classified using the ICONCLASS system for describing artistic content. The Index is enhanced by extensive bibliographic material. The project's website includes details of the history and range of the Index; information about subscribing to the online database; details of publications associated with the Index; information on conferences; and how to visit the archive itself. Founded as a card index by Professor Charles Rufus Morey (1877-1955) at Princeton University's Department of Art and Archaeology in 1917, it originally recorded works to 70 CE, subsequently being extended to 1400 CE, and recently to 1600 CE. Users will also find gateways to other online resources of interest from Princeton, such as: essays on medieval art; the Tuck Langland collection on Gothic architecture; anda database of Byzantine art.
One of the better quick reference websites available for Christian and church history is the Index of Saints. Created by Katherine Rabenstein for St Patrick's Catholic Church, Washington DC, the index presently contains over 11,000 entries on Christian saints or 'beati' from Patristic to modern times. Many of the entries offer brief historical and biographical sketches, and on occasion users may also find excerpts from some of the more literary of these blessed figures. Navigation of the site is not difficult, but may take a little getting used to: because the content is designed to be viewed as part of the site's 'Saint of the Day' feature, clicking on a name in the index takes the user to a list of those saints who share the same feast day, so it may be necessary to scroll down to find the relevant entry. Obviously, the material contained within these pages will be of use to anyone who needs brief introductory information on a particular Christian figure. However, those embarking on further research may wish to consult the rather extensive bibliography on saints and saints' lives contained in the source references section, accessible via a link at the bottom of the page.
The website "Index Verborum : Martin Luther's German Writings 1516-1525" is an excellent project based at Boston College. Begun by Heinz Bluhm, and continued by Keith Moorehouse and Agnes Farkas, the project has placed online a reference guide to over 323 of Luther's works in German. It is exceptionally useful for theologians, historians and Germanists, as the works can be searched by word, and number of instances is provided. Textual and linguistic analyses can be more easily carried out. Several examples of the range of meaning a word was assigned within Luther's work are provided here. There is also a helpful list of 'unessential' words not included in the index, and indices of the works are provided. An excellent tool for all those working on the Reformation, Germanic Studies and Theology.
The European Institute of Religious Studies, part of the École Pratique des Hautes Études in France, brings together research centres related to religion and acts as a centre of expertise on the history of religions and contemporary religious questions. One of its main goals is to draw connections between researchers and academics in religious studies and the teaching of religious studies at the primary and secondary school level. To this end the Institute's website includes information on its training programmes and seminars, as well as a number of resources, primarily in French, that can be adapted for teaching purposes. These resources, found in the virtual library, include summaries of books or articles and suggestions for their use in teaching, and cover: general religion; Christianity; Islam; Judaism; secularism; school and religion; Europe and religions; and religious studies. Many of these resources would be appropriate for a higher education context. The site also has a good selection of links on these topics. The site will be of interest to students and lecturers looking for references on religious studies.
The Institute for Christian and Jewish Studies (ICJS), founded in 1987, is a non-profit organisation dedicated to disarming religious hatred and fostering interfaith dialogue and understanding. The Institute's website offers details of its purpose and activities. These include the development of resources that target ingrained prejudice by encouraging appreciation for the distinctiveness and value of Christianity and Judaism: some examples are made available via the site. The Scholars' Corner section contains the full text of many articles addressing issues relevant to the Institute's brief, and the Institute also periodically publishes a newsletter, which is made freely available online. There is also a calendar of ICJS events. The site is well presented and accessible.
This is the homepage of the Institute for Orthodox Christian Studies (IOCS) based in Cambridge, England. It was established in 1999 and is a member of the Cambridge Theological Federation. This website contains information about the courses they offer and the services held at the institute. Other resources available include: a selection of audio recordings from their courses; transcripts of lectures and papers delivered by IOCS staff at conferences and seminars in the UK and abroad; brochures and posters; and the institute's newsletters. Visitors can also search their library catalogue and links are provided to websites containing information about Orthodoxy and Orthodox theological education. The institute is directed by Professor David Frost.
This is the homepage of the Institute for the Study of Christianity in an Age of Science and Technology (ISCAST Ltd), Australia. It is a non-profit company which focuses on the relationship between Christianity and developments in science and technology. Headed by Emeritus Professor John R Pilbrow, the institute engages in research, teaching and public debate. This website allows access to a number of resources useful for those studying Christianity and the ethics of science and technology. These include: the full contents of the institute's online journal; texts of the public lectures they organise; an online discussion forum; information about the activities they engage in; and an annotated list of links to relevant websites. Visitors are also allowed to view and download the institute's bulletin as well as a publication edited by Allan J. Day entitled Science and Spirituality: Approaches in a Post Modern World (ISBN: 095789340X).
Christian Perspectives on Science and Technology is the online journal of the Institute for the Study of Christianity in an Age of Science and Technology, Australia (ISCAST Ltd). This website allows access to material published from 1996 onwards, presented in PDF (and hence requiring Adobe Acrobat Reader). The contents can be browsed by category: articles; opinion; book reviews; reflections; discussions; and the editor's column. A search engine is also available. Titles featured include: The Genesis of Everything: A Historical Account of the Bible's Opening Chapter; Modern Science and Christian Belief Should be at Peace; The Impact of Einstein's Relativity on Christian Thought; and Biotechnology and Medical Ethics: Thinking Biblically About Contemporary Medicine. The resource would be of interest to those studying religion and the ethics of science and technology. The journal is edited by Dr Bruce Craven.
This is the homepage of the Institute for the Study of Islam and Christianity (ISIC). Established in 1989, this independent non-profit academic institute aims to advance the study of Islam, Christianity and Muslim-Christian relations. It seeks also to promote better understanding and communications between Islamic and western societies. This website contains the institute's mission statement, and details about the books and resources it publishes. Visitors are also given the opportunity to access news and research articles, as well as ISIC's bulletin. A search engine is available.
The Institute for Theology and Peace is a research institute established by the Catholic Military Chaplaincy dedicated to developing a theologically based peace ethic, and to addressing questions of peace from a theological-ethical point of view. The site provides an impressive and extensive online theological and ethical bibliography containing more than 100,000 titles indexed according to subject. The Institute has several projects in progress. These include: Reconciliation in Bosnia-Herzegovina; The role of the church in processes of transformation from war to peace; and Controlling arms transfers as a problem of political ethics. The site is well presented and accessible.
A wide variety of historical and bibliographic resources is available from the 'Instituto Brasileiro de Filosofia e Ciência Raimundo Lúlio' on Ramon Llull (1232-1316), one of the most famous medieval scientists. Theologically, Ramon Llull was known for his dramatic visions of Christ, which lead to his conversion to Christianity and his resulting works on Christian doctrine and missions. However, in recent years, he has been the particular focus of researchers interested in the development of natural philosophy in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Likewise, the site underlines the figure of Llull as an inspiring figure for cross-religious dialogues. The vast majority of resources are found under the Studies on Ramon Llull link. From here, one can access data on the chronology of his life and details about his travels. For those looking to expand the frontiers of Llull research, there is a helpful directory of critical editions in both Latin and Catalan; as well as details of theses published in Brazil and a catalogue of pseudo-Llull works on alchemy. The Institute has also collected a series of electronic articles in Portuguese, German, Italian, Spanish and English. A number of free ebooks are available, as well as a catalogue of publications which can be purchased on site. Users of these pages should note that while the site can be navigated in English, many of the documents themselves are available only in Portuguese.
This is the homepage of the International Association of Catholic Bioethicists (IACB). Based in Canada, the organization was established to foster cooperation among Catholic bioethicists from around the world. It seeks to create a network for international colaboration that would enhance their participation in public discussions and to advance their thinking on various issues posed by developments in science and biotechnology. To this end, an international colloquium is organised every 2 years. Some resources on the site are only available to members. Visitors are nevertheless allowed access to 'Bioethics Herald', the association's newsletter, and a number of documents from the international colloquia. Information is also available about how to join their discussion group. Links are given to the homepages of relevant organizations from different parts of the world.
This is the homepage of the International Council of Christians and Jews (ICCJ) which is based in Heppenheim, Germany. It is an umbrella organisation chaired by Reverend Professor Dr John T. Pawlikowski which brings together national Jewish-Christian dialogue organisations from around the world. This website, which is also accessible in German, should be of interest to those researching in the area of interfaith dialogue. Amongst the resources made available include: details of conferences they organise and works they publish; transcripts of lectures; press releases; the ICCJ newsletter; and official statements. Access is also given to their e-bulletin which is available in English, German, Spanish, French, Dutch and Russian. A search engine is provided as are links to relevant websites and the homepages of their member organisations around the world.
The home page of the English language section of the International Dietrich Bonhoeffer Society (IBS) provides information about this organisation, which aims to enhance knowledge of the German theologian and his legacy. Bonhoeffer (1906-1945) is perhaps best known for his role in the German resistance movement against Nazism. In addition to contact and membership information for the society and notices about upcoming events, the IBS website offers details of a recent English edition of Bonhoeffer's work, and an extensive bibliography of primary and secondary scholarly literature. Also available is a brief list of links to other online resources, and a small collection of images.
The Ancient History Sourcebook, created by Paul Halsall, forms part of the Internet History Sourcebooks Project Series. This site concentrates on bringing together primary source material relating to the Ancient World in a structured manner. The main subject areas covered are: human origins; Mesopotamia; Egypt; Persia; Israel; Greece; Hellenistic World; Rome; late Antiquity and Christian origins. These categories are all further subdivided. The material on the site is a mixture of links to other websites and documents prepared as part of the sourcebook project. The Ancient History Sourcebook is straight forward to navigate as it is easy to browse and it is possible to search the site.
The Internet Biblia Pauperum website provides access to an electronic version of the 'Biblia Pauperum' or 'Bible of the Poor'. The Biblia was popular in the 14th and 15th centuries and was a graphic representation of related scenes from the Old and New Testaments (with a few lines of Latin text included) as a way of explaining their content to those could not read or did not have access to books and manuscripts. The Internet Biblia Pauperum builds on a postgraduate project completed at the Univiersity of Illinois at Chicago, which initially aimed to present the Biblia to students, with the Latin text translated into modern English. The online version of the project provides a selection of the original illustrations (from medieval block books), with English translation of the Latin text revealed by rolling the cursor across the image (requires Java). Where the illustrations are not provided, diagrammatic representations of the pictures (describing the images and their position, and translating the original Latin into modern English) are provided instead. Where images are provided, sections can be enlarged for clearer viewing. Short introductions to the Biblia Pauperum and to the project itself are also provided, together with a brief bibliography. This site would be of interest to students studying medieval iconography and typology, as well as those interested in theology, bibliography and art history.
The Internet Christian Library's Guide to Early Church Documents is a collection of annotated links to online versions of an assortment of primary texts from apostolic and patristic sources. It also includes links to documents from church councils through to the 8th century CE. The resources are arranged under a number of broad headings: New Testament Canonical Information; Writings of the Apostolic Fathers; Patristic Texts; Creeds and Canons; Later Documents; Related Documents; Miscellaneous Texts; and Relevant Internet Sites. Unfortunately, the site does not appear to be regularly updated, so while this is still a useful guide to online texts, there are some broken links.
This website was founded in 1996 as an online source of medieval texts. Content scope is broad, covering a wide range of medieval studies. The majority of the sources are organized into one of three major categories: selected sources; full-text sources; and saints' lives. Additional categories include selected secondary resources, medieval legal history, and maps and images. The selected sources section offers an index to facilitate finding texts for particular periods or topics, and deals with material dating from the end of the classical world through to the reformation and renaissance. Topics listed include: economic life; the crusades; church history; intellectual life; Jewish life; and sex and gender. The full-text resources are arranged by document type, including: church councils; historiographical works; literary texts; spiritual writings; and legal documents. The saints' lives are presented in broadly chronological order, beginning with the apostolic era and going through to the post-medieval period. Saints of Byzantine, Western European, and Celtic origin are included. The site is part of the Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies project (ORB), developed by Paul Halsall, the ORB sources editor, and located at the Fordham University Center for Medieval Studies.
J.B. Hare established the Internet Sacred Text Archive to make public domain religious and mythological texts available to the interested reader. It brings together material collected by the archive itself with a variety of links from other primary resource sites on the Internet to form one of the largest and far reaching electronic text resources available anywhere. With a somewhat eclectic selection in content, the site includes everything from English translations of the sacred texts of African, Australian, and North American indigenous cultures to Eastern, Neo-Pagan and Occult traditions. Judeo-Christian and Islamic resources are also well represented. The archive is still growing, with new texts added on a regular basis. The need to avoid material which is still in copyright means that many of the translations date from over a hundred years ago, but the variety of resources in translation makes the site invaluable to those lacking extensive foreign language skills who wish to rapidly familiarise themselves with a specific tradition. This site is an excellent starting point for anyone who wants to locate an electronic English-language version of a significant religious text from almost any religious tradition.
The Interpretation of the Bible in the Church is an online version of the English translation of a paper presented by the Pontifical Biblical Commission on 18th March 1994. It states the Catholic Church's position on interpreting the meaning of Scripture: how it should become known to and understood by both the faithful and academia. It summarises the history of interpretation, and various interpretive methods and approaches, and also includes sections on hermeneutical questions (that is, questions about the science of interpretation), characteristics of Catholic interpretations, and the place interpretation of the Bible has in the life of the church. The site is straightforwardly presented: the paper is given as a single text document, with a short list of links to the various sections given at the beginning. This resource may be of use to those working in Biblical hermeneutics, or those with an interest in Catholic theology.
Interpreting Ancient Manuscripts is a website which aims to offer a scholarly introduction to palaeography, manuscript transmission and textual criticism of the New Testament. Hosted on the website of Earlham School of Religion, this resource contains sections on ancient writing materials, the role of the scribe in ancient and medieval times, the history of textual criticism, and problems surrounding the modern critical text. It also provides an exercise in textual criticism using an English text, a glossary, and a list of Greek manuscripts containing New Testament texts. These pages are intended for beginners in the field, and assume no knowledge of Greek.
This website allows access to the Interdisciplinary Encyclopedia of Religion and Science (INTERS). It is an online only database which features around 60 articles on important areas related to religion and science. The encyclopedia is edited by Giuseppe Tanzella-Nitti, Philip Larrey and Alberto Strumia. Each entry provides a contemporary account on a specific topic as well as a summary of how the same topic was discussed historically. A number of these entries were originally published in Italian as part of the Dizionario Interdisciplinare di Scienza e Fede (ISBN: 88-401-1050-X). This website, which is accessible in English and Italian, also contains background information about the encyclopedia and instructions for readers. A search engine is available.
'Into His Own' focuses on the historical study of Jesus and the New Testament. It consists of a number of primary texts in translation, including extracts from the works of Josephus and Tacitus, and from the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Talmud, and the Mishna, on the political, social and religious situation in 1st-century Palestine. In addition to the primary material, these pages offer information (including maps) on the historical sites and sources on which this study is based. Thorough and scholarly, but still aimed at an audience of non-experts, this resource is an excellent teaching and introductory research tool. The site also features a blog and a short list of related links.
Into the Wardrobe is a website relating to the life and works of Clive Staples Lewis (1898-1963), author of the Narnia novels and numerous works of Christian apologetics. The most substantial resource available here is an interesting collection of articles about aspects of Lewis's work or life (although users should note that while this section is titled 'Academic Papers', many of the essays included here appear to be popular rather than scholarly in their approach, and the source of the material is not always given). The site also offers: a chronology of Lewis's life; a bibliography of Lewis's writings; a photograph album; a selection of audio recordings of excerpts from Lewis's work; a discussion forum; and a list of links to other online resources that may be of interest. Although this is not primarily an academic site, it may prove a useful starting point for those researching Lewis's life or work.
The IntraText Digital Library is building an online library of texts across a range of subject areas. The Library has particular strengths in theology and religion, with a fairly substantial number of works relating to the history of Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam. Within Christian theology there are further collections relating to: Biblical studies; patristics; the Orthodox church; monastic life; the reformation; Vatican documents; and Thomas Aquinas. The texts are in a wide range of languages, although major European tongues feature most prominently. Each electronic text includes a catalogue record; table of contents with links to the full text (in HTML); word lists ordered by alphabet, frequency, and length; and further statistics about the text. Within the text itself, one can click on key words to see a concordance-style list of all instances of that word in context, making the site a valuable resource for those involved in close study of the texts appearing here.
This is the website of Istituto Pio Paschini [Pio Paschini Institute], an organisation based in Udine, Italy, that aims to conserve and organise ecclesiastical archives and libraries in Friuli. Established in 1982, it promotes research in the history of the church in Friuli. This web resource makes available articles on the church, local history, and manuscripts. Newspaper articles on the Institute's work are also made available, some in PDF. Details of the Institute's publications are included, alongside a description of contents. A diary advertises events and activities organised by the Institute. Users can listen to radio discussions and presentations via RealPlayer, and can read the results of members' research in various archives. The Institute is run by academics and archdeacons, whose details are included on the site. This resource is of use to anyone studying ecclesiastical history or the region of Friuli, as a starting point for further research.
Izdatel'stvo Moskovskoi Patriarkhii is the website of the Moscow Patriarchate's official publisher. This resource provides details of all periodicals and books issued by the Moscow Patriarchate, from calligraphy textbooks for children to publications about military service, including cost. The site also provides details of how and where to buy or subscribe to these publications. 'Projects' links to a sub-site about the 17 volume complete works of Gogol' being issued in 2009-2010. A search engine and an official church calendar are particularly useful features. This Russian language-only site will be of particular interest to researchers of Russian Orthodoxy and contemporary Russian culture.
The home page for the J. R. Ritman Library (Bibliotheca Philosophica Hermetica) provides information about the library's collections and activities. This private library (unaffiliated to any university or other institution, but freely accessible to the public) houses materials relating to the Hermetic-Christian tradition (Hermeticism is a set of religious and philosophical beliefs based on a body of writings attributed to the mythical philosopher and alchemist, Hermes Trismegistus). Topics covered include: alchemy; mysticism; Rosicrucianism; and Hermetic philosophy. It is possible to search the library's catalogue online, and a digitisation project is underway, although at time of review the works were not yet available via the website. The site also offers a series of articles on subjects relating to the Hermetic tradition, a bibliography of other relevant works, and access to the library's online exhibitions.
The Jacob Boehme Resources Web page provides a lightly annotated gateway to online material for the study of the Christian mystic and theologian Jacob Boehme (1575-1624). For ease of navigation, the links are divided into a number of sections: introductory resources (which includes both biographical and bibliographical material); a list of primary texts available on the Web; text archives that include Boehme's works; articles and other secondary texts available online; images and art; miscellaneous Boehme pages; and a list of related thinkers, texts, and movements. As is likely to be the case with any substantial gateway, there are some broken links, although at time of review the proportion was relatively small. The site is the work of Bruce B. Janz, Chair of the Philosophy Department at the University of Central Florida.
This website has been developed by the L'Association Internationale Jacques Ellul and the International Jacques Ellul Society to bring together resources relating to the study of the French theologian and sociologist, Jacques Ellul (1912-1994). The website contains information about both societies together with: short biographies of Ellul in both French and English; an essay entitled, "Ellul l'inclassable" by Patrick Troude-Chastenet; a bibliography of books by Jacques Ellul; an aid to finding works by and about Ellul; information about the print publication, 'The Ellul Forum for the critique of technological civilization'; and details of forthcoming events and recent news.
The website of the Jacques Maritain Center, based at the University of Notre Dame, aims to make available information and resources on the work of the French Catholic philosopher, Jacques Maritain. Maritain was a paradigmatic Catholic philosopher who sought to provide a model of the way in which religious belief and other spheres of human life can be interwoven. He was deeply influenced by St. Thomas Aquinas and accepted the Catholic Church's recommendation of Aquinas as its master in theology and philosophy. The Center exists to contribute to the increasing influence of the philosophy of Jacques Maritain. The Center's site contains an extensive range of information on the life and work of Maritain. Exerpts from his work are available online along with useful bibliographic information. In addition, there is: an index of Maritain's papers; an index of papers by Yves R. Simon and Charles de Koninck; a list of books and dissertations on Maritain; conference details; a Latin dictionary and grammar aid; a French dictionary and grammar aid; a Greek lexicon; and an image gallery.
This website is the Jacques Maritain Center's page on St. Thomas Aquinas. A saint, philosopher, theologian, doctor of the Church (Angelicus Doctor), and patron of Catholic universities, colleges, and schools, Aquinas was born at Rocca Secca in the Kingdom of Naples in 1225 or 1227, and died at Fossa Nuova, 7 March, 1274. The site is a detailed outline of his life and thought. A biography and general overview introduces Aquinas, but then the text concentrates on his most important publication - the Summa Theologica - and provides a relatively short, but dense, reading. A basic site, this is a very good introduction to one of the most influential European thinkers.
James Alison: Theology is a substantial online collection of articles, talks, and book excerpts by the contemporary British Catholic theologian James Alison. Much of Alison's work centres on the areas of scripture, faith, and sexuality, and many of the articles on this site deal with gay issues, and in particular Alison's response to the Catholic Church's attitude to homosexuality. Other topics covered include Alison's theological application of René Girard's anthropological theory of mimetic desire and violence. The site is not maintained by Alison himself, but everything here appears with his permission. As well as texts in English, articles in a variety of European languages are offered. An interesting and thought-provoking resource, particularly (though by no means exclusively) for those engaged in the study of theology and sexuality.
Made available over the Internet by Raymond Bucko (Creighton University) and Thom Mentrak, 'Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents, 1610-1791' is an electronic version of the seventy-volume collection of reflections and reports by Jesuit missionaries active during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in what is now Ontario and Quebec (previously Upper and Lower Canada, and prior to that, New France). One of the most important ethnographic tools available to historians and other academics of this period, the Jesuit relations have not only proved to be an invaluable research resource on the religions and cultures of communities with which the Jesuits interacted, but also offer a fascinating insight to the interaction between Christianity and the New World. The electronic text is the English translation made by William Lonc and George Topp. The site will undoubtedly prove to be a vital resource to both students and teachers - particularly for those who have struggled to work through the seventy-volume original.
'Jesuits and the sciences 1540-1995' offers a brief historical outline tracing the relationship between the Society of Jesus and scientific development over the last half-millennium. The site begins with an introduction and is then divided into a series of short historical sketches, each covering a few decades. The site deals with such thinkers as Clavius (1538-1612), Kircher (1602-1680), and Boscovich (1711-1787). Though this work is by no means comprehensive, it satisfactorily introduces students who are interested in the history of scientific development or the interaction between Christianity and science to a number of major figures and the arenas in which they operated. A short but useful bibliography accompanies this resource.
The Early Gospels website is partly a gateway to other webpages, and partly the outcome of the author's own extensive project on the categorisation, wider context and significance of the so-called 'apocrypha', non-canonical accounts of Christ's life and sayings. The four biblical gospels concerning the life and teachings of Christ are not the only sources of information about Jesus that were available to early Christian communities. During the last two centuries, archaeologists, New Testament scholars, and historians of the early church have made considerable progress in recovering many of the lost gospels. This site is an online resource featuring introductions, fresh translations, and links to canonical, non-canonical and hypothetical gospels from the first two centuries. Each category discusses the different manuscripts extant (or not extant) and part of the text can be viewed in Greek transcription with interlinear translation. The site is intended for scholars, students, and laymen interested in primary texts pertaining to the life of Jesus. It contains many obscure gospel fragments, as well as the only interlinear translation presently available of the Greek fragments of the Gospel of Thomas. Unfortunately the site does not appear to be updated or maintained on a regular basis, but nevertheless this resource, which also contains a bibliography and a FAQ section explaining the author's methodology, provides a scholarly, comprehensive introduction to this area of New Testament studies.
The Jesus Seminar Forum is an online gateway to information about the Westar Institute's Jesus Seminar. Since 1985, the Jesus Seminar has been a focus of debate about the historical Jesus - in particular, the authenticity and historicity of the various sayings and actions of Jesus depicted in the gospels. This site gives an overview of the goals and methods of the Seminar, details of the scholarly works that have emerged as a result of and in response to it, plus links to related online resources. Links to further information about the Jesus Seminar on the Westar Institute's own website are also provided. The Jesus Seminar Forum is part of Mahlon H. Smith's Virtual Religion Network.
Jewish and Christian Bibles: A Comparative Chart is a single page Web resource juxtaposing information about the number and order of the Old Testament books according to Jewish, Orthodox, Protestant and Catholic tradition. It explains some of the main differences between the scriptures of these groups, including the different ways of categorising the biblical books. A colour-coded system is used to highlight books whose position varies between Bible versions. This is a straightforward and helpful little guide, suitable for those learning or teaching introductory biblical studies. Links are also provided to more detailed statistical information about the Old Testament, and a glossary of biblical terms.
The Jewish Roman World of Jesus is a high-quality introductory site describing the surrounding political and social conditions during the life of Jesus and the first few centuries of Christian development. The pages open with two substantial introductory essays on the Roman and Jewish environments into which Christianity springs and will provide a useful historical introduction for anyone unfamiliar with this period. The remainder of this resource contains a series of brief sociological sketches on topics ranging from religion, to archaeological discoveries, to New Testament origins, all complemented by historical quotations that illuminate the opinions and quality of life of early Christians.This web guide will be most useful as summary for undergraduates beginning New Testament or Early Christian History studies. While some limited bibliographic material may be derived from the internal articles, unfortunately a comprehensive bibliography of secondary source material is lacking.
Jewish Roots of Eastern Christian Mysticism is the website of an on-going interdisciplinary research seminar organised by graduate students at the Department of Theology, Marquette University. The seminar is organised into over twenty-five themes, and the website presents articles and discussion relating to each theme. Texts are available in HTML or PDF, many of which are exclusive to the seminar's website. The resources normally include previously published and unpublished scholarly articles, electronic publications, lectures, reviews, and sometimes critical responses to these materials. In addition, there are links to numerous bibliographies relating to hellenistic Judaism and Eastern spirituality.
Maintained by the International Council of Christian and Jews (ICCJ), The Jewish-Christian Relations website operates with the mandate to foster better understanding and dialogue between Jews and Christians of all denominations. To that end they compile articles and bibliographic material along with official statements on interfaith relationships from major religious organizations around the world. It also contains a very useful list of policy statements as well as links to and addresses of Christian and Jewish bodies interested in interfaith relations. The articles themselves are diverse and touch on a broad range of topics, discussing historical relations and contemporary issues through a mix of scholarship, theological positions and opinion in many different languages including English, Spanish, German, Portuguese and Russian. Users must, therefore, express some care when drawing upon the sources provided for they are not always free of polemic or balanced in their presentation. Nevertheless, they provide a wonderful mechanism through which both students and scholars can come to understand the variety of ways that Christians and Jews have sought to maintain a dialogue on their shared religious heritage over the last century.
Both students and teachers will benefit from The Johannine Literature Web. Billed as an academic resource for the fourth gospel and part of an excellent series of websites on the Bible and biblical resources by Felix Just (of the Loyala Institute for Spirituality), the Johannine site provides a wide variety of material for students and scholars of the fourth gospel. A mixture of Just's own work and well-maintained lists of links to resources elsewhere on the Web, site features include: introductory material and structural outlines of the gospel; several substantial bibliographies (including a list of full-text online resources); sections on art, archaeology, papyri, and manuscripts; and the results of a number of graduate student projects. A valuable site for all with an interest in John's gospel.
John Bunyan Online is a resource dedicated to the work of that writer who lived from 1628 to 1688. The site provides a fully comprehensive range of online texts by Bunyan, including 'The Pilgrim's Progress' and other Christian and meditational writings. The online archive is based on the George Offer edition of the complete works of Bunyan. Modern spelling is used throughout. The texts can be accessed in a range of formats. Access to texts in HTML is quick and efficient. Other formats including PDF are available for those who want to download texts. The site is functional rather than attractive and there are very few graphics; however, this does speed up access to the textual resources that the site offers. Unfortunately there is no commentary or critical apparatus appended to any of the texts, and this may be a drawback for those working on Bunyan at a scholarly level. The site does not provide any biographical pages about Bunyan although his own autobiographical work, Memoir of John Bunyan, is published here. In spite of its limitations, the site is excellent for those looking for primary texts by Bunyan.
This website contains the complete texts of all 161 extant sermons by the English poet and churchman John Donne (1572-1631). The sermons were written and delivered between 1615 and 1629, and are characterised by their figurative language and Donne's rich literary style. The sermons may be searched by keyword, scriptural source, or location, or browsed alphabetically. They are displayed in PDF format, appearing in a frame with a page index to the left. The copy-text used for the electronic version is Potter and Simpson's unmodernised ten-volume edition of the sermons. The site also offers a very brief introduction to the sermons and an equally brief biography of their author.
The 'John Foxe's Book of Martyrs' website provides searchable online texts of the four editions of Foxe's 'Acts and Monuments of the English Martyrs' published during the author's lifetime, in 1563, 1570, 1576, and 1583. In this work, Foxe (1516-1587) sought to represent the Protestant Reformation as 'a transforming experience in the religious history of England and Europe'. The various editions may be displayed side-by-side to enable easy comparison, and the online texts are accompanied by editorial commentaries and critical apparatus, including hypertext annotations, plus a searchable bibliography. The project originally received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board and is supported by the Humanities Research Institute at the University of Sheffield. This material can also be downloaded from the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS), although registration is required to access the HDS version.
The 'John Milton Lecture Hall' is a sometimes vibrant online message board and discussion group provided by Jollyroger.com, where undergraduates and others with a general interest in the writings of John Milton can share and discuss ideas. The site features both a message board and a real-time chat facility, and is of use primarily to undergraduate students wishing to share ideas about this poet, pamphlet writer and author of the Protestant epic, 'Paradise Lost'. The message facility includes options to post both URLs and images along with questions and thoughts on Milton's work. Expect the occasional popup window. Milton (1608-74) studied at Christ's College, Cambridge and is best known for his 'Paradise Lost', although he also produced much other work including verse, masques and political pamphlets on the subjects of divorce and censorship.
John Wesley (1703-1791): Life, Legend, and Legacy is an online exhibition that documents the life and career of the founder of the Methodist movement, and examines his lasting influence. It is made available by the John Rylands Library, University of Manchester, and is based on a physical exhibition held there in 2003. The site takes a broadly chronological approach, and is divided into the following sections: Early Life; Georgia and the Search for Salvation; The Rise of Methodism; John Wesley's Beliefs; Wesley the Man; Leader and Patriarch; Death and Apotheosis; and The Wesleyan Legacy. These sections illustrate the main events of Wesley's life with images of documents from the collections of the John Rylands Library. A rich variety of material has been used, including: correspondence of the Wesley family; Wesley's personal notes and sermons; printed works; accounts of Wesley's preaching; and watercolour illustrations, prints and engravings. The material also documents aspects of the life of Wesley's younger brother, the clergyman and hymn writer Charles Wesley. Each image is accompanied by a short text that puts the material into context. In some cases, the thumbnails link to larger images. However, the documents are not fully transcribed (though short excerpts are often included in the accompanying text), and the images are generally of just a single page. Nevertheless, this website presents a good deal of interesting material, and will be of use to those with a general interest in Wesley or Methodism.
The website of the Jonathan Edwards Center at Yale University provides information about the Center's work to promote inquiry into the life and writings of the 18th century American theologian and preacher, who was a key figure in the Great Awakening of the 1730s and 1740s. The site also hosts one of the Center's key projects: an online critical edition of Edwards' works, comprising some 100,000 pages of sermons, notebooks, letters, and treatises, including some works never published in print format. In addition to the writings themselves, the site offers biographical information about Edwards, answers to frequently asked questions, and a set of educational resources, including multimedia material. This is a valuable resource for anyone researching Edwards' work.
The Journal for Christian Theological Research is a mainstream online peer reviewed journal published in association with the Christian Theological Research Fellowship, and dedicated to all aspects of systematic and moral theology. Topics addressed include, for example: the Incarnation; the Trinity; the Resurrection; theodicy; and so on. The journal is edited chiefly by Alan G. Padgett of Luther Seminary. The full contents of all issues of the journal, beginning with Volume 1, 1996, are made freely available. Older papers are presented in HTML format, more recent ones as PDF files. Also available are the abstracts of various papers presented at the annual meeting of the Christian Theological Research Fellowship. The site is well presented and accessible. For those interested, guidelines are provided on how to submit articles for publication.
Edited by Paul Allen Williams (University of Nebraska at Omaha) the Journal of Religion and Film is an electronic peer-reviewed publication offering reviews and articles about the literal and symbolic relationship between the film industry and faith. Directed towards an array of scholars from the humanities interested in the cultural, sociological, religious, and symbolic links between faith and film, the journal not only delineates religious themes in such recent popular movies as Star Wars and the Matrix, but also examines philosophical issues such as the role of postmodernism in modern cinema and our perceptions of sacred texts. Visitors to the site may reflect upon some of the on-going discussions between contributors and even submit a question directly to some of the authors. Material on the website can be searched via a number of indexes: of articles, authors, films and directors. Details of how to submit material to the journal are also provided. Given the overwhelming dominance of Christian imagery against any other faith in mainstream cinema the journal articles tend to reflect this reality, however, a few contributions do address Buddhist and Jewish influences.
This home page of the Journal of Scriptural Reasoning allows free access to all articles featured in the journal since the first volume was published in 2001. The journal attracts submission from scholars from the Christian, Jewish and Muslim communities. Among the topics featured include: Messianism in the Christian Kabbalah of Johann; The Reality of Tasawwuf in the Light of the Prophetic Model; Practicing Mysticism: Jews, Christians and Muslims; Islam, Liberalism and Democracy; and The Rules of Scriptural Reasoning. The journal, which is sponsored by the Jewish Studies Department at the University of Virginia, is edited by Kevin Hughes.
'Journal of Scriptural Reasoning Forum' is a website of the Societies for Scriptural Reasoning. It contains: an overview of what scriptural reasoning is and who engages in the activity; a collection of articles; a bibliography; course syllabi; details of events, conferences and conference papers; lightly annotated links to relevant websites; and a search engine. The site is maintained by the Jewish Studies Department of the University of Virginia, USA.
This site gives users access to a selection of translated documents from the reports submitted to the headquarters of the Basel mission from missionaries based in Karnataka in the mid-nineteenth century. The two selections offered on this website are accompanied by an introduction by the translators in which they explain the origins of the documents, the context in which they were originally written and published and the rationale behind the process of selection employed. This introduction and the two translations are all provided as .pdf downloads - on the site itself are links to these downloads and an index for each one. The documents were placed on the internet by Yale University, even though the authors are based in Switzerland. Another piece of the same nature, entitled 'A missionary journey from Mangalore to Subramanya in 1840: one journey from two points of view' can be obtained by emailing the author at the address below.
"Julian of Norwich's 'Christ as mother' and medieval constructions of gender" is the online version of a paper presented by Professor Thomas L. Long (Thomas Nelson Community College) in 1995. Long's main argument is that whereas Christianity today still displays a great amount of patriarchal anxiety about the idea of Christ as a mother, medieval religious texts did more freely allow the trope of a feminine God. The focus of Long's paper is the transgendered image of Christ in 'A Revelation of Love' by the 14th-century female mystic Julian of Norwich. This resource is clearly written and contains endnotes and a bibliography. This paper is one of a number on medieval topics on Long's homepage, and would be of interest to medieval studies or religious studies students.
K C Hanson's website may be a chaotic montage of loosely connected resources, but within this eclectic host of sub-directories, there are several topics worth exploring by those interested in history, culture or religion. Dr. Hanson's primary interest seems to lie with the interactions between various ancient and classical communities spanning from the apogee of the Egyptian to the Roman Empire (in particular the relationship between the later and the early Christian communities). He has assembled a series of dynastic chronologies for both Israel and Rome, along with a selection of texts relevant to this period. With a little searching one can find ancient documents from Mesopotamian, Hittite, and Greek civilizations, along with a selection from Semitic cultures. These texts, all translated, tend to cluster between the eighth century BCE and the third century CE but there are a number which predate these.
Part of the site provides useful support resources for the textbook 'Palestine in the Time of Jesus: Social Structures and Social Conflicts', which Dr Hanson co-authored with Douglas E. Oakman. Those wishing to delve further into a particular topic may also wish to consult Hanson's robust series of web links to the ancient world and/or his bibliographic collections on rituals on ancient Greco-Roman society; Hellenic, Semitic and Anatolia Cultures; and The Old Testament. An attractive collection of images from many of these cultures has been compiled.
The Keio Gutenberg Bible website makes available a digital facsimile of the first volume of the Gutenberg Bible acquired by Keio University in 1996. Also offered is information about the provenance of the copy, details and images of the book's external appearance, illumination and text style, and the paper on which it is printed, plus a select bibliography. Additionally, users can compare pages of the Keio Gutenberg Bible with that owned by Cambridge University Library. There are, however, no transcripts of the Bibles. The site is, by its very nature, image heavy, and hence may be slow to load for some users; the interface can also sometimes be a little cumbersome to use. The text of the site is available in English and Japanese. A valuable site for anyone with an interest in the Gutenberg Bible, or indeed in incunabula (early printed books) more generally.
L'édit de Nantes et ses antécédents (1562-1598) is one of the subsites of ELEC; the online publications page of the National School of Charters at the Sorbonne. This site provides a scholarly critical edition of four different versions of the Edict of Nantes; the royal decree of 1598 which protected the religious rights of French Protestants. It also posts 11 earlier historical edicts and other relevant primary source documents related to efforts to pacify upheavals during the religious wars of 16th century France. A lengthy introduction by the director, Bernard Barbiche, explains the rationale, methods, and scholarly background of the project, as well as the history of the Edict of Nantes itself. Students at the school participated in the production of this website, under the guidance of their professors. The site has a number of online tools to aid thematic research: an alphabetical index; a search engine; and a glossary. It should be of special interest for professional academics, postgraduates and undergraduates working in various branches of 16th and 17th century French History, Religious Studies, and French Studies.
'La Septante' offers a French translation of selected books of the Septuagint (Greek Old Testament), presented in parallel with the original Greek. The whole of the Septuagint (including the deutero-canonical books) appears on the site, but unfortunately no complete French translation exists in the public domain; consequently, for those books where no French version was available, the site's editors have provided an English translation instead (this applies to a little under half the books included). The bulk of the French translation is by Pierre Giguet, while most of the English is by Lancelot Brenton. Some individual books are the work of other translators: full details are given on the site's preface page. The Greek text is taken from the edition prepared by Alfred Rahlfs. The site is attractively presented and easy to navigate, with a useful list of books and chapters on the left-hand side of the screen allowing one to move around within the Septuagint at will. Those wishing for their own copy of the text are invited to download one, in either HTML or PDF format. The Greek font needed to view the Septuagint text correctly is also available for download from the site.
The website of Lambeth Palace Library provides information about the principal library and record office for the history of the Church of England, which is also one of England's oldest public libraries. The site offers an overview of the library's holdings, plus information about facilities and services, and how to go about accessing the collections. Online access is provided to the library's printed book catalogue (listing over 130,000 works held by the library), the catalogue of archives and manuscripts, and the Church Plans Online database, which offers digitised images of over 13,000 plans. Details of the Church of England Record Centre are also given. A valuable site for those interested in the history of this branch of the church.
The Latin Library website houses a large collection of Latin texts, available for viewing online. Authors and works present include: the younger and elder Plinys; the oratorical, philosophical, and epistolary works of Cicero; Catullus; Martial; Seneca; Suetonius; Horace; Vitruvius; and about 50 others. As well as works of classical literature, the site offers legal and religious texts, along with a selection of medieval works. The texts are divided by book, chapter, and paragraph, so navigating to the right part of the required work is fairly straightforward. No translations, commentary, apparatus or vocabulary help are provided, but the range of texts is so broad that the site is still a very valuable resource. The texts come from a variety of sources, either scanned in by the site's compiler from public domain sources, or submitted by other online Latinists around the world. The compiler gives a list of links to the providers of the texts, and is careful to point out that his collection is not a substitute for published critical editions.
The Latino Bibliography of theology and religious studies provides an extensive bibliographical database of publications about Latino theology and religious studies mostly from 1990 onwards. Produced by the Academy of Catholic Hispanic Theologians of the US (ACHTUS) the database provides full bibliographic information about books and reference material that has been published by scholars in the field. Browsing is possible by year, title, type, author or keyword and a search is available under "Filter". The keyword browse provides lists of relevant subject headings. Clicking on the title of each publication shows complete details and hyperlinked subject keywords. The site also provides a link for the patron to send information about new titles. This well laid out and clear database is invaluable for any researcher looking at Hispanic or Latino theology.
'Le Cartulaire blanc de Saint-Denis' is one of the subsites of ELEC, the online publications site of the National School of Charters at the Sorbonne. This resource features an impressive selection of explanatory historical essays, primary source transcriptions, maps, genealogical tables and current photographs. All documents support the site's central focus on the most important cartulary of the medieval French abbey of St. Denis; the White Cartulary of the 13th century. There are explanatory notes on scholarly principles that inform both the transcription of the Cartulary and the organisation of the site. A table of contents subpage lists the chapters of two volumes of the Cartulary. Actual material from the Cartulary can be accessed via a table of documents (Tableau des actes du chapitre "Tremblay" du Cartulaire blanc), and via a chronological table of documents online (Table chronologique des actes en ligne). The site is a work in progress, with scholarly editorial footnotes still being added to primary source samples. These excerpts provide a good starting point for research on monastic concerns and medieval business at this abbey, situated not far north of Paris. The site has its own search engine and an alphabetical cross-linked index. It is a valuable resource for those working in medieval French history or religious studies. The main language of the site is French.
One of the most beautiful medieval manuscripts ever created, Les Trí Ã‚Â¨s Riches Heures du Duc de Berry, is currently available in electronic form through the WebMuseum Network. Each of the twelve pages of this celebrated Book of Hours that depict the seasonal and agricultural cycle of medieval life has been digitized and may be viewed in exquisite detail. This site would make an excellent teaching tool, either on the book itself or as a demonstration of apex of medieval illumination techniques. Students unfamiliar with the manuscript itself may explore the accompanying brief documentation, which provides a short introduction to the pages and their creators. Users will also find a glossary of specialist terms used inside the resource.
The website of the free and full-text Liber Annuus journal publishes papers on Biblical archaeology and theology and other Biblical studies, including linguistic ones. The papers are available in PDF format and are published in English, Italian, French or German. The journal is published by the Franciscan Printing Press of Jerusalem (Studium Biblicum Franciscanum) and therefore the papers follow the theology of the Roman Catholic Church. The website published at the time of the review all volumes dated between 1991 and 2006. The excavations reports include sites in Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Syria and Egypt. The excavated sites reported in the papers are often ecclesiastical properties and religious buildings and therefore there is a strong focus on the archaeology of Christian religious areas. Researchers in particular may find this journal useful.
Liberation Theology and Land Reform is an online course offered by the Henry George Institute, New York. The lessons and readings are freely available online. Students seeking personal tuition and credit are requested to pay a fee. The aim of the course is to introduce students to liberation theology, a branch of theology particularly relevant to Latin America, which attempts to construct a theology which takes account not only of the care for souls by the Church but also the care for people's essential material needs. Liberation theology includes a number of models which draw on, for example, Marxist thought. At the core of any model usually lies a concern for freedom and justice. In the online course, readings have been selected from: Clodovis Boff and Leonardo Boff. Introducing Liberation Theology (New York, 1987); Robert Andelson and James Dawsey. From Wasteland to Promised Land: Liberation Theology for a Post-Marxist World (New York, 1992); Archer Torrey. Biblical Economics (Seoul, 1997); and a selection of essays. There are 72 short lessons to complete, a selected bibliography, and links to a few related resources.
The Linacre Centre for Healthcare Ethics aims to assist Catholics and others to explore bioethical issues from the perspective of Catholic moral teaching. Based in London, it operates under the trusteeship of the Catholic Trust for England and Wales, and the directorship of Dr Helen Watt. This homepage contains online papers written by their staff on a wide range of issues such as: abortion; AIDS; brain death; cloning; euthanasia; fertility treatment; genetics; hybrids/chimeras; organ donation; prolonging life; and stem cell research. On a few of these topics, viewers can also find the centre's submission to government committees and other official bodies. The site provides information about events organised by the centre (e.g. conferences and forums) and the facilities they are able to offer to researchers (e.g. a specialist bioethics reference library which holds over 6000 titles). Links to relevant websites are available. This would be a useful resource for those interested in Catholic Bioethics.
This is the homepage of the Lincoln Theological Institute at Manchester University's School of Arts, Histories and Cultures. Launched in 1997 and directed by Dr Peter Scott, the institute focuses on the theological study of religion and society. This website contains information about: past and upcoming events, the projects which the institute engages in, and the works published by the institute's staff. Access is given to the institute's newsletters; as well as resources like reports, images and papers from workshops; transcripts of speeches; links to relevant websites; film recordings of interviews; and draft articles. Some of the materials are available in PDF and would require Adobe Acrobat Reader for access.
This is the homepage of the Prof. dr. G. A. Lindeboom Institute (PLI), a centre for medical ethics based in The Netherlands. The institute, which works within the Christian tradition, engages mainly in research and publication. This website informs visitors about its history, mission and range of activities. It allows them to access a number of articles and to search the institute's database. A search engine and lightly annotated links to relevant resources are provided. Visitors are also given access to the homepage of 'Ethics and Medicine', a journal which the institute co-publishes. This website is available in Dutch and English.
The Lindisfarne Gospels site provides a general introduction to the contents of the Lindisfarne Gospels manuscript (British Library, MS Cotton Nero D.iv) and its cultural and historical context. Written by Michelle Brown, Curator of Illuminated Manuscripts at the British Library, it is divided in four sections, or "seminars", on the following topics: The Lindisfarne Gospels and the Early Christian World; Eadfrith and the Making of the Lindisfarne Gospels; The Lindisfarne Gospels in Use; and A Display Opening of the Lindisfarne Gospels. Designed for the non-specialist and assuming no prior knowledge, the site gives a lively introduction to Anglo-Saxon England and early Christian Europe to place the codex in its religious and cultural setting. It is illustrated with a selection of images from the manuscript which, although not as clear as they might be, provide the reader with a valuable accompaniment.
The Lindisfarne Gospels website is the work of the British Library, and gives a brief introduction to the Gospels manuscript. The manuscript was created between 715 and 720 on the island monastery of Lindisfarne, and is written in Latin but also includes the oldest surviving translation of the Gospels into Old English. The site gives a brief overview of the Gospels and their history, and some contextual historical information. There is also a link to the British Library's 'Turning the Pages' Web pages, where users can access high quality images of some pages from the Gospels. This last involves the use of Shockwave, and knowledge of connection speed in order to work effectively. This resource would be of interest to beginners studying medieval manuscripts, or the more general reader.
The Logia Translation Hypothesis Home Page outlines a theory (abbreviated to LTH) which supposes that the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke each independently relied on the same Greek 'notes', called the 'Logia'. These Logia in turn go back to an older Aramaic source, compiled by the apostle Matthew (who is not, according to this hypothesis, the author of the gospel of that name). The site offers a diagram reflecting the influence of the different 'Logia' according to the LTH, followed by thirteen frequently asked questions, explaining the relationship between the Logia Translation Hypothesis and other existing theories on the subject. This resource is clearly written. A number of related papers by the site's author (Brian E. Wilson, who sadly died in 2002) are also available for download as MS Word or RTF files.
The Lollard Society website provides information about this academic association dedicated to the study of Lollardy. The site is presented in blog format, and offers relevant news and announcements, including calls for papers and conference details. Available elsewhere on the site are society membership information, and perhaps most usefully for the serious scholar, a series of bibliographies, covering both primary and secondary texts. Where the texts listed are out of copyright, a PDF version of the full work is sometimes provided. Also known as Wycliffism (because its member followed the teachings of John Wycliffe) Lollardy was a religious and political movement which flourished in England between the mid 14th century and the Reformation, and which was characterised by criticism of the western church.
This is the homepage of the Center for Christian Bioethics at Loma Linda University, USA. The center was established in January 1984 to promote teaching, research and service in areas connected to Christian bioethics. This website contains general information about the academic programs that it offers. Visitors can also access the center's newsletter (available in PDF); reports and guidelines on bioethical issues; conference statements; transcripts of lectures; opinion statements; powerpoint slides; and news on bioethics events. The site provides a search engine and a small number of links to relevant websites. The center is directed by Dr Mark Carr.
The website of the Lonergan Research Institute, based at Regis College in the University of Toronto, provides information about the Institute's work of preserving, promoting, developing, and implementing the work of Canadian Jesuit philosopher and theologian Bernard Lonergan (1904-1984). The Institute's chief project is the publication of a 25 volume critical edition of Lonergan's work; other ventures include: the preservation and cataloguing of Lonergan's papers; digitisation of recordings of lectures by Lonergan; a series of books focused on Lonergan's work; and a quarterly newsletter (copies of which are available via the site). A link is also provided to the website of the Bernard Lonergan Archive, which offers electronic versions of many of Lonergan's academic papers.
The Lonergan Website (LWS) aims to encourage collaborative study of the works of Bernard Lonergan (1904-1984), the Jesuit theologian and philosopher. The site provides an extensive range of material to assist Lonergan scholars. Key resources offered include: the quarterly Lonergan Studies Newsletter, which provides details of recent work in the field; reviews of recent Lonergan-related books; links to online articles and other works (some material is hosted on-site, and some elsewhere on the Web, although unfortunately some of the external links are broken); interviews with Lonergan scholars; and a substantial bibliography of works by and about Lonergan. The site also offers information about relevant upcoming events; a glossary of key terms used by Lonergan; details of Lonergan-l, an email discussion forum; annotated links to relevant websites; and a set of FAQs about Lonergan's life and work
The Lost Gospel of Judas is a website from National Geographic Society, focusing on the Coptic manuscript discovered in the 1970s and eventually restored and translated in 2006. The Gospel of Judas is believed to have been written before 180 A.D. by an unknown gnostic writer, possibly in Egypt, and was regarded as heretical both for its gnostic content and its favourable treatment of the eponymous disciple, traditionally held to have betrayed Jesus. This site offers background information about the manuscript, its discovery, and the work to conserve it, along with images of the pages of the codex, plus a complete transcription of the Coptic text and an English translation. This is a useful resource for those wishing to learn more about this important discovery.
The Ludwig Feuerbach Archive, published by the Marxists Internet Archive, contains the full-text translation of the most influential work that Ludwig Feuerbach (1804-1872) wrote; namely, The Essence of Christianity. In addition to this, the site features the full-text of two of Feuerbach's Lectures on the Essence of Christianity, and his Principles of Philosophy of the Future. The full-texts of several important secondary sources are also made available. These include: Karl Marx's critique of Feuerbach; Marx's theses on Feuerbach; and Frederick Engels' The End of Classical German Philosophy. The site is well presented, accessible, and will be of value to those interested in the writings and influence of Ludwig Feuerbach.
'Luthers Werke im WWW' is an institution-only subscription site which allows access to the complete works (both in German and English) of Protestant Reformer Martin Luther (1483-1546). Containing over 117 quarto volumes, Luther's Werke represents one of the largest editions of any individual author ever to have been created. This online version of the Weimar Edition, published in electronic form by ProQuest Information and Learning, is an excellent historical-critical tool for theologians, historians, linguists and literary critics carrying out research into Luther's life and work. The website offers information on subscription; the German and English versions; and a free trial to interested institutions.
Mapping Margery Kempe is an online digital library of resources relating to the contextual study of Margery's and her spiritual biography (known as the 'Book of Margery Kempe'). The site is based at the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, Massachussets, USA, and provides various resources, including an online, original-spelling edition of the Book of Margery Kempe itself. The text of the book has been formatted so that users can locate particular sections and chapters quickly and easily, and is supported by an online glossary and bibliographical resources. The website also offers an excellent range of contextual material including biographies of some of Margery Kempe's most significant influences and contemporaries, and material relating to: medieval piety; pilgrimage; saints' lives; and church history. There are also detailed photographic resources relating to the church in Norfolk that Margery Kempe attended. Mapping Margery Kempe would be of interest not only to literary scholars but social and cultural historians of the medieval period. It is an ideal resource for those interested in contexual approaches to Margery Kempe's writing.
Designed by history students of Kenyon College (Gambier, Ohio), the Marginality and Community in Medieval Europe website offers a good introduction to a selection of medieval communities who found themselves socially isolated because of physical infirmities or what was regarded as deviant behaviour by medieval society. After a brief introduction to the topic and a survey of the methodologies used, the site is divided into five major categories, covering: sexuality (including homosexuality and prostitution); medieval heresy; leprosy; Jews; and witchcraft. Each sub-section offers some limited historical background about the relevant group's status and, in the case of heretics, briefly explains the philosophies of such groups as Lollards, Waldensians, Beguines, and Cathars. Selected bibliographies of introductory texts are provided, and for some sections there are also extracts from relevant primary source texts. Finally, there are lists of external links to primary and secondary sources, though unfortunately the site has not been updated for some time, resulting in a number of broken links. Nevertheless, these pages are both a valuable resource for students needing preparatory information on medieval heresy and social marginality, and a good example of integration of electronic media into curriculum and teaching goals.
The Matrologia Latina page is part of the website of the Peregrina Publishing House. The site specialises in material by or about women and relating to the mystical and spiritual traditions of western Christianity. Two essays by the site's creator, Margot H. King, provide a survey of the 'Desert Mothers' - female religious hermits of the patristic and medieval periods. Additionally, several Latin texts are offered: Books 1 and 2 of Gertrud of Helfta's 'The Herald of Divine Grace', plus three 'vitae' (lives) of three other medieval holy women: Christina Mirabilis; Lutgard of Aywières; and Marie d'Oignies. The lack of English translations means this site is not as accessible as it might be, but for those for whom this is not a bar, this remains a useful resource on medieval spirituality.
The website 'Medieval Manuscripts of Canon Law and Roman Law' provides access to a list of Canon law incipits compiled and maintained by Dr Giovanna Murano, and to a database of Canon law and Roman law manuscript shelfmarks developed by Gero Dolezalek at the University of Leipzig. The website aims to provide a comprehensive cumulative inventory of all manuscripts of Canon law and Roman law mentioned in catalogues or in legal-historical publications. It is designed as a tool for scholars in order to assist with the discovery of who published what, where and on which manuscript. In addition, the website also provides a gateway of annotated links to other web resources related to manuscripts of medieval Canon Law and Roman law and to some general medieval manuscripts sites. The Canon Law incipit list can be downloaded as a compressed file.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range, and availability of the dataset 'Medieval Marriage Sermons, 1200-1299', hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). From this Web page you may download PDF and HTML files giving introductory information about the study. The data itself is available to order from the HDS as an RTF or PDF file, though to make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS: further information is supplied giving instructions. The study offers a sample of model marriage sermons by Franciscans and Dominicans associated with 13th century Paris. The selection includes sermons by: Pierre de Reims; Hugh de Saint Cher; Jean de la Rochelle; Pierre de Saint Benoit; Gerard de Mailly; and Guibert de Tournai. To understand these texts properly it is recommended that they should be used with the supporting material in d'Avray, D. L., 'Medieval Marriage Sermons: Mass Communication in a Culture without Print', Oxford: OUP.
The website "A journey through the Jubilees" is a project promoted by the Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri and the Agenzia Romana per la preparazione del Giubileo and completed by the Consorzio BAICR (Library Archive and Cultural Institute Consortium of Rome). The site provides access to a rich database containing a wealth array of documents and historical information related to the Jubilees celebrated by the Catholic Church from the year 1300 - the first Jubilee proclaimed by the Pontiff Boniface VIII - to the year 1984. Documents of different typology are available: bibliographical; iconographic; archival records originating from several libraries and archives; brief historical accounts of events. Material included is presented in chronological order. In addition, the database can be explored by subject, comprising: art; clergy; custom and social life; health and hygiene; pilgrims; laws and rules. The database presents a hierarchical configuration and resources included are inter-linked to offer a structured pathway for exploration.
'Metalogos: the Gospels of Thomas, Philip and Truth' is a website of 'The Ecumenical Coptic Project', whose aim is to 'distribute scholarly editions of the Nag Hammadi Gospels to the academic and religious communities'. The material on this site, while of obvious use to theology researchers, has a wide interdisciplinary application, due to the broad influence of these early texts. An introduction is given to the finding of the Nag Hammadi texts, criteria for dating them and their importance in the consideration of the New testament canon. This includes links to essays considering, for example, 'Orthodoxy and Heresy in Earliest Christianity' (Walter Bauer), and details of significant scholars in this area, as well as definitions of terms and texts mentioned. Scholars include Bob Schapiro, Chris Wesson and Pedro Chamizo, and some of the references offered cover the 'Epistle of Barnabus', the 'Apocalypse of Peter' and the 'Council of Trent'. The texts of the three gospels may be accessed in English or Spanish, in HTML or as an MSWord document. There are also instructions for downloading Coptic and Hebrew fonts, access to J. M. Plumley's 'Introductory Coptic Grammar', and a hypertext interlinear of the Gospel of Philip. Another interesting feature of the site is information on studies of the Shroud of Turin, with links to ongoing research findings. This site is updated weekly and is comprehensive and informative with great attention to detail. It is easy to use, well-presented and while the subject may at first seem to be highly specialised, it offers insights into a wide range of related areas.
'The Metaphysics of Mysticism' is the complete etext version of a book by Geoffrey K. Mondello. The work is a philosophical commentary on two major works by the sixteenth century Spanish mystic, St John of the Cross: the Ascent of Mount Carmel, and his Dark Night of the Soul. The book is chiefly concerned with the possibility of developing what the author calls 'a coherent mystical epistemology', that is, a theory of knowledge which can be applied to mystical experience. A brief biography of St John is also included. The site is straightforward to navigate; links to all chapters are provided at the bottom of each page. There does not, however, appear to be a search function. Visitors to the site are also invited to email the author to obtain a free zipped copy of the manuscript.
The Methodist Collections Web page provides information about the Methodist Archives and Research Centre (MARC), located in the John Rylands University Library at the University of Manchester. This site's chief function is to describe the library's extensive collection of papers and correspondence from the Wesley family and other prominent evangelists, which is focused primarily on the development of the Methodist movement in the United Kingdom during the 18th century. The contents of the archives are not themselves available online, although the site does offer some useful electronic resources, including an index of Methodist ministers, and a bibliographic index providing brief notes on some 1,300 significant figures. The Online Virtual Library section also offers a large collection of links to relevant material elsewhere on the Web.
The primary aim of the Military Martyrs website is to provide information about a selection of saints who were martyred whilst in military service during late antiquity and the early medieval period. The site offers entries for over 20 martyrs from Italy, Asia Minor, and North Africa. The entries include: English translations of martyrdom accounts; select bibliographies; links to related Web resources; information about the origin of the cults; and images (although not all of these are available for every martyr listed). The site also provides access to a selection of martyrologies and calendars, including the Calendar of Carthage; the Sinaite Calendar; and the Oxyrhynchite Calendar. A general bibliography on the history of Christian participation within the Roman army and the growth of the cult of the military martyrs is also available. The site is the work of David Woods of University College Cork.
This online essay discusses the legal philosophy of Hugo Grotius (1583-1645) from the perspective of the ethical precepts laid down in his theological works. The author seeks to determine whether Grotius should be considered as belonging to the naturalist, positivist, or eclectic, school of international legal theory or under 'an entirely separate category', the theonomist school. The essay also asks whether Grotius is of any relevance to legal theory today, concluding that his belief that a state is composed of individuals, rather than an abstract entity in itself, should be given greater attention. The essay's footnotes are a little intrusive, being regularly inserted into the body of the text, but the work appears scholarly enough.
The Mission to Seafarers organisation is a missionary society of the Anglican Church. It has centres in ports around the world, and aims to meet both the practical and spiritual needs of seafarers. The website includes information on the work of the Mission; recent news and developments; a world map of ports where seafarer centres are located; prayers for seafarers; a message centre; links to sites of further interest; and a list of publications. These include: The Sea, a bi-monthly newspaper for seafarers; the society newspaper; and the Mission to Seafarers Directory. A directory of ports throughout the world with Seafarers' Centres and links to related sites are also available.
Monachos.net is a website that aims to further the study of Orthodox Christianity by providing an impressive range resources on patristics, monasticism, and liturgics as they relate to the Eastern Christian tradition. The site offers primary texts, commentaries and articles, and a number of useful annotated lists of links. There are also discussion boards, and resources to assist those learning classical or ecclesiastical Greek. The site is attractively presented and easy to navigate, with a full search function. A few pages require SPIonic Greek font to display properly: this is available to download. Monachos.net is an extensive resource, with much to offer not just to those interested in Orthodox Christianity, but also those working more generally in patristics, ecclesiastical history, and doctrine. The range of materials available is such that there will be something to interest almost everyone, from the casual enquirer to the academic researcher.
MOnasteriuM.net is a project to develop a virtual archive of Central European monasteries and dioceses. At the time of writing, searchable archives were available of a diverse range of documents from medieval times from Germany, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovenia, Slovakia, and Austria. The documents, which have been provided by both national and ecclesiastical archives, include personal data (birth, wedding, and death certificates), land register records, and contracts. Through this project, a wealth of material which had previously been difficult to access has been brought into the public sphere. Information about the project is available in English and several other languages, but the archive browse interfaces are currently only in German. The site also includes a range of useful links to related online resources.
The award-winning website "The Monastic Matrix" presents online collaborative interdisciplinary research being carried out by scholars working on the subject of Christian women between 400 CE and 1600 CE. It is of interest to those working on the period from the perspective of history, religion, women's history, archaeology and history of art, among other subjects. The project is ongoing and also provides an excellent example for those interested in humanities computing. The aim is to "document the participation of Christian women in the religion and society of medieval Europe." The project makes the data widely available and drawing on a range of textual and non-textual sources, bases the project on "Monasticon" - a database of profiles of communities of religious women. The Monasticon may be searched by period, geography or name to reveal details about a community’s history, foundation, population and residents. The site is divided into the following sections: vitae (over 600 potted biographies); Cartularium (primary source documents); Bibliographia (a searchable database of titles); Vocabularium (glossary of Latin and specialist terms); Commentaria (an archive of articles); and Figurae (a visual library). The project allows the reader to examine issues such as the organisation of the religious communities, their relationships with the Church, the nobility, and each other. As the study of female religious orders and communities becomes more popular this source will be useful to an increasingly broader audience. For those working on communities in Western Europe, this is an excellent resource which can be used for teaching and research.
This website, Monastic Wales, presents a database of medieval monastic sites and related bibliographic and archival resources which can be used as both a research and a teaching tool. The project aims to make both scholars and the public aware of Welsh monastic history during the Medieval period, and to situate it truly within the wider European understanding. The website presents online access to a database of primary and secondary sources on Welsh monastic history and will prove to be invaluable to historians of this period.
This website publishes a database of pictures and transcriptions of ancient manuscripts (originating in the first centuries AD) conserved in northeastern Italy and coming from the archives of Aquileia, an important Roman colony and later Christian patriarchate. The ancient musical format of the "monodia" (chanted lament) resisted later influences in the area and became typical of the Christian tradition of the area. The manuscripts that have been made available are all Late Antiquity / Early Medieval volumes with Christian texts and music used for liturgical celebrations. The website is in Italian, and at the time of review it was largely incomplete and being updated. However, the pictures of some full manuscripts are already available and researchers interested in these manuscripts may find them useful, along with bibliographic references and some texts. In particular, some miniatures, liturgical texts and musical notations may be useful to researchers in the fields of history of music; art and religious studies.
Mormon Publications: 19th Century is an online collection of books, missionary tracts, doctrinal treatises, hymnals, and periodicals. Part of Brigham Young University's Digital Collections, the works offered relate to the history and doctrinal development of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints from 1830 until the end of the 19th century. PDF facsimiles of over 700 texts are available, including issues of the Deseret News, the Journal of Discourses, and the Millennial Star. The process of full digitisation is ongoing, but all the titles in the collection have been processed using optical character recognition software, so it is possible to search the full text of each publication. Alternatively, one can browse through the collection as a whole, or through one of the sub-sections accessible via a pull-down menu on the front page. Descriptions of the major items available are also given. A valuable resource for those working in this area of religious history.
Mundus is a Web-based guide to more than 400 collections of missionary materials in over 40 institutions in the United Kingdom. The key partners include: Angus Library, Regent's Park College, Oxford; University of Birmingham Library / Orchard Learning Resources Centre (Selly Oak); Cambridge University Library; Centre for the Study of Christianity in the Non-Western World, New College, Edinburgh; Edinburgh University Library; Rhodes House Library; School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), London; and the University of London Computer Centre. Aimed at the research community, the website is a database to these and other collections in the UK of overseas missionary materials, which comprise of archives and personal papers, photographs, drawings and engravings. The Web guide contains a description of each of the collections and can be interrogated by free-text searching, as well as searching by personal name, organisation, place-name or subject. The website contains information about the work undertaken, the searchable database of archive material, and an image gallery of digitised photographs of missionary activity. The search engine enables users to search a number of different fields, and catalogue entries are detailed and informative, including subject headings, personal and corporate names, and geographical regions. Researchers should find it straightforward to locate relevant material.The included collections span the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and the twentieth century up until 1970. Most of the collections relate to Protestant missionary activity; Roman Catholic records tend to be held on the continent. The Mundus Project received funding from the Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP).
The Murthly Hours is a medieval book of hours probably produced in Paris in the thirteenth century for an English woman, and now held by the National Library of Scotland. As part of its digitisation programme, the National Library has made available online images of the 216 folios contained within the manuscript together with an introduction to the Murthly Hours. The work has two distinct sections: a set of full page illuminated miniatures; and the devotional text of the book of hours. The text also has a number of additions by early owners including a prayer in French and what are probably the second-oldest texts written in Gaelic (the manuscript was brought to Scotland by the fifteenth century). The website enables access to the digital images of the folios, which are divided into four groups. Where appropriate folios have been given titles reflecting their content. These include: the miniatures; the calendar of the book of hours (by month); the hours of the virgin (by office); the hours of the Holy Spirit; the penitential Psalms; the litany of the saints; collects; gradual psalms; and the office of the dead. Each folio is displayed on a single web page with brief notes and a link to a larger image. The electronic facsimile of the Murthly Hours is also available on CD-ROM.
Musei Vaticani is an online resource promoting the Vatican Museums. The site has no official connection with the Vatican Museums and is the work of Christus Rex, Inc. and Michael Olteanu. It has been online since 1994 and consists of over 500 digital images of artefacts contained within the collection of museums within the Vatican. The images, displayed initially as thumbnails, are listed by museum and generally indicate only title, artist and image size. The site also contains some basic information about the Museums and a site-wide search engine.
This is the homepage of the New Zealand Catholic Bioethics Centre, a Wellington-based organisation also known as the Nathaniel Centre. It was set up in 1999 as an agency of the New Zealand Catholic Bishops' Conference and is directed by Dr Michael McCabe. The centre engages in several activities including education; research; and publication. It also serves as an advisory and resource centre in bioethics. This website offers brief information on several important topics in medical ethics like cloning; end of life issues; surrogacy; xenotransplantation; embryo adoption; genetic testing and engineering; and euthanasia. It allows access to the Nathaniel Report which features articles and updates on bioethics, and is published by the centre three times a year. The site also gives access to press releases and official submissions which the centre makes to different bodies. Annotated links are offered to the homepages of relevant websites.
This is the homepage of the US National Catholic Bioethics Center (NCBC). Established in 1972 and chaired by The Most Reverend Robert C. Morlino, the center conducts teaching, research, consultation and publishing in bioethics based on the official teaching of the Catholic Church. This website contains a number of interesting resources like: public policy reports; church documents; a state by state table of legal mandates; a Bioethics FAQs and Pastoral Resources; and NCBC's resources on stem cell research and human cloning. It also provides information about: the center's consultation services; publications; educational programs; news and events; membership; and other activities like seminars and workshops. The site gives access to the homepages of the center's two official journals - 'Ethics and Medics' and 'The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly'. This should be a stimulating resource for those interested in the intersection between religion and medicine.
"Nazianzos", the website of the Centre for the Study of Gregory of Nazianzus, based at the Université catholique de Louvain in Belgium, is devoted to the life and work of the fourth-century Cappadocian theologian, Gregory of Nazianzus (c.325-390). For the most part delivered in French (although a number of sections have English versions), the site includes a brief essay on textual transmission, online databases for finding manuscripts of Gregory's Orations, bibliographies of editions and translations, and information about the Centre's activities and projects. Through an international collaboration, the Centre is also building a critical edition of Gregory's texts, while evaluating the impact of his thought on the Oriental Christian cultures. Their results can be observed through a series of annual reports (available in French only). The site also functions as a gateway to some of the material on the early church fathers available on the Internet. Directed primarily towards professional academics and research students, Nazianzos will be of use to those interested in early church history, theology or biblical hermeneutics, and particularly anyone working at the advanced level on Greek Orthodox Christianity in the fourth and fifth centuries, Gregory of Nazianzus himself, or the impact of his writings.
The NET Bible website offers the online edition of a new Bible translation (released in 2005), featuring over 60,000 translators' notes. The text can be read online, or downloaded free of charge. Access is also provided to Greek and Hebrew versions of the text (fonts are available to download), to the King James Version text annotated with Strong's Bible numbers and links to concordance entries, and to an extensive list of biblical cross references. Additionally, links are provided to a large collection of Bible study materials and articles on a variety of aspects of church life - though users should note that these are predominantly aimed at believers rather than academics.
NetSERF is an annotated gateway to well over a thousand websites on the medieval period. The site is well maintained, and has a clear structure which makes it easy to navigate. Links are divided into eighteen main categories: Archaeology; Architecture; Art; Arthuriana; Civilizations; Culture; Drama; History; Law; Literature; Music; Paleography; People; Philosophy; Religion; Science and Technology; Women; and Research Center. The categories are further subdivided, and there is also an advanced search function. As well as providing a gateway to Web resources, NetSERF offers an online glossary of medieval terms, with almost 1500 entries.
This is the homepage of the Network for Inter Faith Concerns (NIFCON) of the Anglican Communion. It was established in 1993 to help promote healthy relationships between Christians and those from other faiths. This website contains a number of resources that would be of interest to those working in the area of inter-faith dialogue. These include: agreements and declarations; consultation papers and reports; sermons; articles; a photo library; powerpoint presentations; booklets; guidelines; information about news and events and of books written or edited by NIFCON members; links to relevant websites; and NIFCON's brochure and newsletter. The site also allows access to 'The Christian Muslim Digest' which provides a factual coverage of developments from around the world involving Christian-Muslim relations.
The New Advent website offers a valuable collection of resources related to Catholic theology. The site's most important feature is an online version of the Catholic Encyclopedia, based on the 1913 edition. This offers over 11,000 articles on notable theologians, doctrine, and history as it relates to the Catholic Church. Also available is an extensive collection of primary texts, including the complete Summa Theologica of Thomas Aquinas, the works of dozens of Church Fathers (mostly dating from the 3rd to 5th centuries, although some earlier and later works are also included), accounts of church councils, apocryphal works, and the Douay-Rheims translation of the Bible, presented in parallel with the Latin Vulgate text. The library section offers a variety of church documents, including papal statements. There are some adverts on the site, but these are not unduly intrusive. Overall, this is a key resource, most obviously for those with an interest in Catholicism, but also for Christian theology more generally.
The University of Michigan's New Testament website gives the complete text of the mid-18th century Challoner revision of the Rheims New Testament of 1582. The individual books can be browsed, and the site also allows simple, proximity, boolean, and citation searches. However, this resource does not include footnotes or other critical apparatus. This version of the text was prepared by Jeffery Triggs of the OED's North American Reading Program, and was subsequently converted to conform to the TEI DTD (text encoding initiative document type description) at the University of Michigan Humanities Text Initiative. Part of the Douay-Rheims Bible, the Rheims New Testament is a translation from the Latin Vulgate. Bishop Challoner's revision remained the standard Bible version for English-speaking Catholics for around two centuries
The New Testament Gateway is part of a larger collection of online material authored and compiled by Mark Goodacre, associate professor in the Department of Religion at Duke University, USA. The gateway is an extensive annotated catalogue of Web resources for the study of the New Testament. Sections include: the Greek New Testament; textual criticism; the ancient world; the early Church; art; Jesus in film; the synoptic problem; and women and gender. Users wishing to stay informed of new resources as they become available may subscribe to the onsite email list. The gateway is frequently updated and each month the site includes a selection of featured sites. Readers are encouraged to submit sites to the author for inclusion. The gateway, together with other New Testament pages created by the author, is fully searchable.
Newbigin.net provides an extensive online bibliographic and documentary archive relating to the work of Lesslie Newbigin (1909-1998), a British bishop and theologian whose subject area was the theology of mission. The site's core resource is a bibliographic database of articles and works by Newbigin together with a smaller number about him. As well as standard catalogue data, a substantial number of records link to a full-text version of the article or book. In total there are over 280 works available as PDF files (mostly essays or articles, but also including the text of a number of published books), dating from 1932 onwards. The texts themselves are also searchable. A brief biography of Newbigin is also provided. The site is the result of collaboration between a number of groups, including including the Gospel and Our Culture Networks in the UK and North America, the DeepSight Trust of New Zealand, the Council for World Mission (based in the UK), the Newbigin Estate, and the University of Birmingham Newbigin Archives.
This is the website of the Newton Project, which aims to provide an online scholarly edition of Isaac Newton's manuscript collection. Based at the University of Sussex (formerly at Imperial College, London), the Project has so far published a catalogue of all Newton's surviving theological, alchemical, and administrative papers, and developed a transcription and markup policy (drawing on the Text Encoding Initiative Guidelines). Manuscripts made available include: 'Seven statements on religion'; 'A Short Schem of [the true] Religion'; 'Twelve articles on religion'; 'Three paragraphs on religion'; and 'Twenty-three queries regarding the word omoousios'. Digital images of the original manuscripts themselves are not provided, although the electronic texts show all deletions and corrections made in their sources. The website also provides an introduction to the life and achievements of Sir Isaac Newton; his extant archives; the transcription and tagging policy; and an introduction to the manuscript transcriptions. The Project has received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme and through the Cultural Heritage Language Technologies group. The resource can also be downloaded in XML format from the Oxford Text Archive (OTA) website (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS)).
The format may be somewhat bland, but the Noncanonical Literature home page, organised by staff from the Wesley Centre for Applied Theology, is an extremely useful online resource for students and scholars desiring biblical apocryphal and pseudepigraphal texts. Divided into categories of Old Testament, New Testament and Other Noncanonical Early Christian Literature, a wide cross-section of resources can be accessed and read in English translations. Some of the offerings found within these pages include: the Gospel of Thomas and other Nag Hammadi texts; Maccabeean books; the Wisdom of Solomon; the Didache; the Epistle of Barnabas and the Epistles of Ignatius.
'Not Just for Christmas: Consumption, Popular Culture and Religious Observance' is the project homepage of an AHRC-funded workshop. The work aims to study the ethical issues surrounding the usually intense consumer culture during Christmas time and the wider questions involved. This website contains links to resources like the events they organise; blogs and a discussion forum; a photo gallery; and links to relevant websites. The site will also incorporate working papers as the project progresses. A search engine is available. The project is led by Dr Damian Sutton of the Department of Historical and Critical Studies at the Glasgow School of Art. He is assisted by Dr Karen Wenell of the Centre for Faith, Culture and Education at the University of Glasgow.
'Not the new perspective' is the e-text of a paper given by Francis Watson at the British New Testament Conference in 2001. The essay is a discussion and critique of what Watson calls the 'new perspective on Paul': the recent scholarly consensus that the traditional Lutheran interpretation of the Pauline epistles is mistaken, and that Paul's chief concern is not to contrast Christian salvation by grace with Jewish salvation by works (as, it is argued, the Jewish concept of salvation was itself predominantly one of grace), but to argue that salvation is not just for the Jews, but is available for everyone. Watson begins by providing a brief five-point analysis of this new perspective, and then goes on to discuss what he considers to be the weaknesses of this approach. The paper is both scholarly and readable, and while there will inevitably be those who disagree with his conclusions, this is an interesting contribution to the debate in this area of New Testament studies.
Notes on Church History is an annotated timeline listing the events and people that have come to form the core of Christian history. Each century from the 1st to the 20th is given due attention, and a further section gives pre-Christian background. The information covers most denominations of the Christian church, although there is a particular focus on the Orthodox church. For ease of browsing, an index in the left-hand frame of the website lists the centuries and the key events/people represented. Also available at the bottom of this frame are several maps, and an extensive bibliographic page (although the author notes that this is not a full list of references). The timeline was compiled by R. Grant Jones. No further information is given about the author or his credentials, though the bibliography permits checking of the facts given.
NT Blog is an academic blog by Mark Goodacre (Associate Professor of New Testament at Duke University, and creator of the NT Gateway) for material relevant to New Testament studies. Frequently updated, the site features substantial posts on current issues in New Testament scholarship, conference reports, news items (including information about new books in the field), and links to other online biblical studies resources. Goodacre also provides a list of other scholars' blogs which may be of interest. One of the longest-established and best-respected theological blogs, this website has much to offer those engaged in the academic study of the New Testament.
This website provides the full-text of a number of papers presented or published by Allan Anderson, Professor of Global Pentecostal Studies at Birmingham University's Graduate Institute for Theology and Religion. The works date from the early 1990s and are organised in reverse chronology. These include the following: 'The Origin of Pentecostalism and its Global Spread in the Early Twentieth Century'; 'Pentecostal-Charismatic Spirituality and Theological Education in Europe from a Global Perspective'; 'Towards a Pentecostal Missiology for the Majority World'; 'The Globalisation of Pentecostalism'; and 'Evangelism and the Growth of Pentecostalism in Africa'.
Online Critical Pseudepigrapha is a website which offers scholarly electronic versions of Old Testament pseudepigrapha and related literature. For each work, the site aims to provide a critical edition of the text in its original languages, with other ancient translations where applicable (English translations are not generally offered), plus other relevant information such as the text status and contents, details of manuscripts, and so forth. The project is ongoing, and at time of cataloguing not all texts had the full critical apparatus. Scholars with relevant expertise are invited to get involved with the project by digitising, tagging, or proof reading texts. A valuable resource for researchers working in this area.
The Online Database of New Testament Manuscripts has been developed by Michael Jones (Cambridge University) and published by the Stoa Consortium. The database enables searching by both biblical passage (returning manuscripts containing that passage) and by manuscripts (whether majuscule or papyrus). Catalogue data returned includes the manuscript Gregory-Aland number; type; earliest and latest dates; and location (including shelfmark). The data has been compiled from a variety of printed sources. This is designed as a simple lookup tool and there are not, for example, hypertext links from the manuscript references to further information held elsewhere.
Maintained by the Order of Saint Benedict at Saint John's Abbey, Minnesota, the General Information and Monastic Topics website is a useful source of both historical and contemporary information about this Christian religious order. Relating to Saint Benedict himself, there is a brief biography, his Rule, and Book II of Gregory the Great's 'Dialogues', which chronicles Benedict's life. A collection of other resources covers various aspects of Benedictine life and practice, including details of Benedictine saints. For those wishing to explore the subject further, there is a list of biographies, and links to relevant resources elsewhere on the Web.
Oremus is a website devoted to prayer and worship from the Christian tradition. Alongside orders of service for the eponymous oremus (a brief form of daily prayer), there are several resources that may be of interest to the academic. The chief of these are the liturgical library, the hymnal, and the labarum collection - the text of religious services from the Royal Army Chaplains' Department. The liturgical library contains the text of or links to material from a wide variety of traditions, mostly within the Anglican Communion. The orders of service found here and in the labarum collection are in a variety of formats: some can be read using a standard Web browser, but others are only available in PDF format or as downloadable Zip files. The searchable hymnal contains the text, and in many cases MIDI files of the tunes, of several hundred traditional hymns, with plans for more to be added in the future. This well presented and easily navigable site is a valuable resource for anyone with an interest in the study of liturgy or hymnology.
This resource is the home page of the international Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, based at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. The main aim of this site is to inform the reader on the Center's research and teaching programmes, its bibliographic resources and the state of its scholarship. Apart from programme outlines and calendars of papers and publications, this page provides an excellent and frequently updated bibliography on the Dead Sea Scrolls, including works in more than ten languages. A separate list of suggested introductory reading is provided in the beginner's guide to the Scrolls. The site also offers a 'tour' of one of the caves at Qumran, complete with aerial photographs and pictures and descriptions of some of the manuscript finds. Finally, it provides details of a discussion list (g-Megillot), and has a page with links to related sites.
OSIS Website is an online collection of resources on the work of the Bible Technology Group, which was formed to develop a common XML format for biblical texts. The Group is sponsored by the American Bible Society and the Society of Biblical Literature. The chair of the Group is Steven DeRose, Brown University. The Group's website includes: information about the members and structure of the Group; details of development of the Open Scriptural Information Standard (OSIS) for encoding biblical texts in XML; and information about the annual Bible Technologies conference. The Group also maintain an email discussion list, the archives of which are available online.
An Overview of New Testament Geography is an online resource compiled by Felix Just, giving a brief outline of the locations where the main events described in the four gospels, Acts of the Apostles, and the epistles took place. Maps of Palestine in Christ's time, the Roman Empire, and key places in Paul's ministry are provided, and a link is also given to the larger collection of maps at the New Testament gateway website. This resource is intended for students beginning study of the field.
This website documents the special collections and archives held at Oxford Brookes University. Individual collections are described, and items in them may be searched for through the library’s online catalogue. The collection reflects the history of the institutions, together with its strengths in research, and is notably strong in material relating to the history of medicine, cartography, twentieth century literature and the food, drink and hospitality industry. Collections are supplemented by a number of important archives, including the National Brewing Library, the Museum of Modern Art Oxford collection (now Modern Art Oxford) and Man Booker Prize archive.
Public and Contextual Theology (PaCT) is a Strategic Research Centre within the School of Theology at Charles Sturt University, Australia. It is directed by the Reverend Professor James Haire and was established in 2005. This homepage provides a brief explanation of what Public Theology and Contextual Theology entail. It also gives information about PaCT's focus groups; researchers; monograph series; and events. Visitors can access without charge a number of articles drawn from the events it organises. A number of these are available in PDF and Adobe Acrobat Reader is needed for access. Links are further provided to the homepages of relevant organisations.
Papal Encyclicals Online is a highly useful resource for accessing encyclicals, bulls, briefs, and other papal writings from the Roman Catholic Church in electronic form. Documents are available from as early as Pope Honorious III (d. 1227), up to and including Benedict XVI. Unfortunately, not all encyclical communications are available (coverage is generally limited to only one or two documents per pope until the 18th century), but overall the site offers a reasonable cross-section of writings. Users should also note that many of the documents are available only in Latin. The number of documents and their availability in English improves as we move towards the 20th century. The site also offers a brief introduction to encyclicals and papal documents, records of church councils, and a small image gallery.
The papyrus Egerton 2 is a fragment of an unknown gospel, dated between 150 and 200 CE and found in Egypt in the 1930s. This home page is a private site published under the University of Bremen Web pages, containing high quality images of the Egerton 2 papyrus, with full transcription and translations into English and German. The author has also provided a brief history of the papyrus and the scholarly debate it has provoked, information on its palaeography and a discussion of its canonical parallels. Finally, this resource holds an extensive bibliography and a number of online secondary sources.
This resource contains the Vulgate version of the Psalter in Latin, presented alongside the Douay English translation. You can browse the Psalms according to their number or via their Incipit (first verse); there is also a search function. Straightforward and easy to navigate, this site is excellent for teaching or research purposes. However, as it does not include a critical apparatus nor any grammar tools, it is less useful for scholars of textual transmission or people needing explanation of the Latin text.
This site is the Diocese of Partenia - not the webpage of the diocese, but the diocese itself. Bishop Jacques Gaillot, a progressive and activist bishop in an increasingly conservative Catholic hierarchy, was stripped of his bishopric (at Evreux, in France) in 1995. Summoned to Rome, he was reassigned to a patch of central Algerian desert, once a thriving community in the first millennium but now a sandy wasteland. In response, Bishop Gaillot created the first virtual diocese and has pursued his clerical duties from this base ever since. The website/diocese has become the diocese without borders, the diocese which excludes no one, worldwide, in seven languages. There is a brief history of the founding of the diocese, but most of the site is given over to the ordinary life of a diocese: Gaillot's record of his activities during the month; a sermon chosen for the month; and conversations among the churchgoers as they work to support each other, worldwide.
ProQuest's online edition of Minge's 'Patrologia Latina' is a major resource for scholars working on patristic and medieval theology. The original work was a series of over 200 volumes, first published in the mid-19th century by Jacques-Paul Migne, and contains the entire corpus of Latin Christian writing from around the 3rd century until 1216. The Patrologia Latina Database includes all prefatory material, critical apparatus, and indexes, and offers a full-text search of the entire corpus. However, as the site offers only the Latin originals of the texts, without English translations, this resource is likely to be of most interest to advanced students and researchers. Access to the database requires a subscription.
'Pentecostal-Charismatic Theological Inquiry International' (PCTII) is a website maintained by Reverend Dr Harold D. Hunter. It provides access to a wide range of online materials on Pentecostalism. These include: articles (including those by Harold Hunter himself); reports; conference papers; and links to the homepages of journals, seminaries, research centers, academic societies and churches in Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America; North America and Oceania. Likewise available is a schedule of past, recent and future academic conferences. The website provides full-text access to an e-journal, entitled Cyberjournal for Pentecostal-Charismatic Research, which is published annually; articles from the most recent issue are available as PDF files. There is also a PCTII Global Database but registration is required to access this. The site allows free access to all PCTII newsletters issued since 1993 and it holds a search engine.
This is the homepage of Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith (PSCF), an official publication of the American Scientific Affiliation. The journal publishes works which engage with the intersection between science and Christianity. It is edited by Arie Leegwater of Calvin College and is published four times a year. This website contains the journal's submission policy. It allows free access to materials published since 1949 to the present day. The more recent issues are available in PDF and requires Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. Titles featured include: 'An examination of a proposed new religion based on science'; 'Empirical social science and Christian faith'; 'Thinking critically and Christianly about technology'; ''From scientific method to methodological naturalism: the evolution of an idea'; 'Prospects for theistic science'; and 'Conflicts between Christianity and physical science'. Search facilities are available that would enable searches to be conducted by words in the title, author and date of publication.
This site was created to mark the 500th anniversary of the birth in 1497 of the Protestant humanist and religious reformer Philipp Melanchthon. The site was originally created in German, and an English translation of the majority of the site is available. Biographical details of Melanchthon and the part that he played in the Reformation are included on the site. A more general historical background has also been written and this has details of the political situation and information about humanism. Melanchthon was also involved in education during much of his lifetime and was awarded the honorary title of "Praeceptor Germaniae" (Teacher of Germany). Brief details of his educational career are provided on the site. The German version of the site also offers a short links list.
Philosophical Themes from C. S. Lewis is a website offering a collection of online articles and other resources. While much of the material deals with aspects of Lewis's thought, there are also articles on G. K. Chesterton, and on more general philosophical and theological questions. The articles are the work of Steven Lovell, a former PhD student at the University of Sheffield; the site also offers a summary of his PhD thesis, and interested readers are invited to contact him to request copies of further sections of this work. There is also a useful list of links to online Lewis and Chesterton resources, and to other sites of interest to the philosopher of religion. The site is attractively presented; a side bar which provides links to the major sections of the site makes navigation easy. Lovell himself admits that not all the material on the site is perfect: some of it, written when he was younger, has obvious weaknesses. Nevertheless, there is still a great deal of food for thought here, and this is a stimulating site for anyone interested in Lewis, or in philosophical theology more generally.
Edited by Dr Richard T. Nolan, the Philosophy and Religion website includes a diverse collection of materials, some written by Nolan himself, and some by other authors. There are: articles relating to issues in philosophy (particularly philosophy of religion), theology, biblical thought, and ethics; two complete books ('The Diaconate Now' and 'Living Issues in Ethics'); the scholarly papers of contemporary philosophers of religion Edmond La B. Cherbonnier and Frank G. Kirkpatrick; a section dealing with Christology within a Semitic context; brief items for the novice in philosophical, theological and religious studies; reflective homilies; Constructive Criticisms and Commentary on the Institutional Church; and information about the Anglican liturgy and beliefs.
Pitts Theology Library The Digital Image Archive presents more than 28,000 images of biblical illustrations, portraits of religious leaders, printers devices, engravings of church buildings, and other theological topics. portraits. Many of the images are available in PDF, and all are of very high quality. Additionally, there are two full-text volumes available: 'Deutsch Messe' and 'Passional Christi und Antichristi'. Images are available for teaching, research, and other non-commercial purposes (a fee is payable for commercial use).
Unlike many other resources on religious trends within the United States which focused specifically on the Judeo-Christian tradition, The Pluralism Project, directed by Diana Eck at Harvard University, seeks to consider and evaluate the growing diversity in religious expression found across the nation. A variety of textual resources are made available through this site including: a series of scholarly articles; directories of religious centres; and a series of excellent bibliographies and guidelines for conducting contemporary research on religious denominations, applicable to research on religious pluralism in both North America and Europe. There is a link advertising the project's CD-ROM On Common Ground: World Religions in America, (Second Edition). An interesting sub-set of this project is World Religions in Boston, which describes the variety of religious expression and interaction all within one major American city, and can be downloaded or viewed on the web. Unfortunately, the site lacks any extensive demographic material on religious growth and developments.
'Practicing Our Faith' is a website launched by the Valparaiso Project on the Education and Formation of People in Faith. Based at Valparaiso University and funded by the Lilly Endowment Inc., the project aims to use the website as a means to explore and share with the public the following twelve time-honored practices that have been developed by the Christian community: Honoring the body; Hospitality; Household economics; Saying yes and saying no; Keeping Sabbath; Testimony; Discernment; Shaping communities; Forgiveness; Healing; Dying well; and Singing our lives. For each of these practices, the resource provides a general discussion and access to related documents like essays, study guides and sermons. The site also informs visitors about the publications sponsored by and related to the project; and the activities sponsored. They can also access transcripts of lectures, and the project's website about Christian practices for teenagers.
Pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia is the online version of a multi-volume reference work on Orthodox Christianity and the history of the Russian church, published under the editorship of the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia. The encyclopaedia is searchable by keyword and includes an Orthodox calendar with hypertext links to related entries. Entries can be viewed alphabetically or browsed by category (e.g. theology, demography). Available in Russian language only, it is easy to navigate and includes citation details (volume and page numbers, publication date) for each entry. Currently only entries for the first eight letters of the Russian alphabet are online, with new entries added daily. An RSS feed notifies subscribers of additions to the encyclopaedia. Many entries are illustrated, and include a bibliography. This is an excellent resource for researchers, teachers and students of Russian religious culture and history.
John Morgan, the author of this 'Primer for Second Semester Divinity Students' website, freely admits that some may regard his resource as 'outrageous'. It is indeed true that this collection of brief articles expresses a number of rather unorthodox views on Christianity (to give just one example, there is a section arguing that the Bible condones same sex relationships). Other contents include a page on inconsistencies between the gospels, and one on the similarities between fundamentalist movements in different religions. Although often somewhat simplistic and not always supported by scholarly research (nor particularly well proof-read), this 'primer' offers a thought-provoking, refreshing, and sometimes humorous alternative to the average theological textbook.
The Project Canterbury website aims to make Anglo-Catholic texts available online. These are drawn from the writings of authors including: George Herbert; John Keble; William Laud; John Henry Newman; Edward Bouverie Pusey; and Charlotte Yonge. Current holdings include: Tracts for the Times; John Keble's The Christian Year; several biographical resources (e.g. Desmond Morse-Boycott's Lead, Kindly Light: Studies of Saints and Heroes of the Oxford Movement (1933)); and documents relating to Anglican orders. The texts are sorted by a number of different criteria (including topic, time period, and key figures) for ease of access. The Project is managed by Richard J. Mammana (Columbia University), and is a voluntary effort.
Project Wittenberg, created under the direction of Reverend Bob Smith of Concordia Theological Seminary in Fort Wayne, Indiana, provides a gateway to Lutheran texts, texts by Luther, texts about Luther and works of other Lutherans. The end aim of the project is the production of an international electronic library of Lutheran texts. The site includes works by Reformation writers such as Luther, Melanchthon, Chemnitz and Eber as well as works by seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth century authors. Documents on the site include Luther's Ninety-five Theses, Luther's Catechisms, the Augsburg Confession and the 1580 Book of Concord. The site also includes biographies and hymnals. All the documents provide full bibliographic details of the original source of the text. The home page of the site provides links to selected resources. To access documents via a chronological author list select the 'Project Wittenberg's Electronic Lutheran Web' link from the home page. Although the site can initially be a little confusing to navigate it does provide online access to a large number of primary sources.
'Pulpit and Pew: Research on Pastoral Leadership' is an interdenominational project by Duke Divinity School aimed at enhancing the quality of pastoral leadership (clergy and lay) across America. It is directed by Nathan Kirkpatrick and receives funding from the Lilly Endowment Inc and the J.M.Ormond Fund of the Duke Endowment. This website gives visitors an overview of the project and the types of research they carry out; and provides access to their news releases; press coverage and other online resources. It also provides a list and the abstracts of books published to date; and allows visitors to view in full and to download a number of articles; research reports and surveys. An interesting and user-friendly resource for students of religion.
Created within the umbrella of TeacherServe, the website "Puritanism and Predestination" features an essay by Professor Christine Leigh Heyrman of the University of Delaware. The essay is accompanied by a slideshow of colonial Puritan ministers, the opportunity to pose questions to experts, and illustrations. The essay outlines the theological, social, and political background of the Puritans who arrived in America. The section on guiding student discussion provides sugestions for teaching the subject and tips for explaining concepts such as conversion, to students. Heyrman encourages the teacher to focus the debate around the role of the Calvinist concept of predestination, with all the inherent criticism that will flow. However this provides, in her opinion, the perfect opportunity to contrast this with the instabilities of the early modern period, to ground their empathy with those who espoused the theory. The most useful section here is that on historiographical debate. The site is useful for those teaching at school level.
The Quaker Archives Database from the University of Leeds Special Collections department is an online index of names from many of the older documents in the University Library's Carlton Hill archive. This archive relates mainly to Quaker records of West and North Yorkshire. Seventy minute books have been indexed; creating a total of almost 40,000 records. A list of the documents which have been indexed for inclusion in the database is available from the site. It is possible to limit searches to particular types of data, for example name, place or meeting. The results can be displayed by name or by meeting. The results provide references to the documents in the archive containing the search terms used. Online help on how to use the database is available from the site, as is a longer guide in PDF format.
The website of the Quaker Heritage Press offers a collection of electronic texts concerning the Quakers. Most notable among these is the four volume 'Works' of Isaac Penington (1616-1679). Other texts include: Essays by Job Scott (1751-1793); Thomas Lurting's 'The Fighting Sailor Turn'd Peaceable Christian'; writings by George Fox (1624-1691) not included in his 'Collected Works'; Margaret Fell's justification of 'Women's Speaking'; and several others. The texts themselves are in standard HTML format, with longer works divided into chapters for ease of navigation. A number of the texts offered are not readily obtainable in modern editions, making this resource of particular assistance to historians or theologians studying Quakerism. Additionally, the site provides a list of print works available from the Quaker Heritage Press, and a bibliographic catalogue of all historic Quaker writings known to the site's compilers that are currently in print or available online.
Quakers in Britain is the website of the Religious Society of Friends (or Quakers) in the UK. It is a large, regularly updated resource for practising Quakers or those who wish to explore its history and beliefs. Features on the site include a monthly newsletter; details of resources, listings of demonstrations and vigils; and a calendar of events for the year, plus a large collection of documents relating to the Quakers' work for peace and social justice. There is also useful information about the library at Friends House and its holdings. A copy of Quaker Faith and Practice, the publication which sets out the theology and structure of the Quaker movement (and which includes a recent version of 'Advices and Queries' - the document that has stated the tenets of Quakerism since 1682), is available on the site.
This is the homepage of the Queensland Bioethics Centre (QBC), a community service which was set up in 1981 under the sponsorship of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Brisbane, Australia. Directed by Ray Campbell, the centre is responsible for providing: regular briefings on developments in bioethics; a resource library; workshops; education, advice and respresentation; and an online resource centre. This website allows visitors to search their library holdings. It also provides factsheets, notes and articles on issues like euthanasia; IVF; status of the embryo; cloning; stem cell research; the beginning of life; and abortion. The site contains media releases; information statements prepared by the centre; and unannotated links to the homepages of relevant organisations.
The University of California Press has made available online 'A Radical Jew: Paul and Politics of Identity' by Daniel Boyarin, first published in print in 1994. 'A Radical Jew' takes as its starting point the Pauline verse, "There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is no male or female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus", and is a study of gender and ethnicity in the letters of Paul. The author is a self-professed talmudist and postmodern Jewish cultural critic who desires to reclaim Pauline studies as an important part of the study of Judaism in the Roman period and Paul himself as a Jew. The list of chapter headings is as follows: Circumcision, Allegory, and Universal "Man"; What Was Wrong with Judaism?; The Spirit and the Flesh; Moses' Veil or The Jewish Letter, the Christian Spirit; Circumcision and Revelation or The Politics of the Spirit; Was Paul an "Anti-Semite"?; Brides of Christ; "There Is No Male and Female"; Paul, the "jewish Problem," and the "Woman Question"; Answering the Mail. The full-text of the book is available together with notes and bibliography. The entire work may be searched though help for using the search interface is not easily available. The work has been encoded in XML and is made available via Dynaweb. The presentation makes use of frames (though these may be switched off to ease printing). An extra Unicode font may need to be installed to ensure Greek text displays properly.
The Brazilian Institute of Philosophy and Science Ramon Llull has made available a fair number of resources on the Majorcan philosopher and mystic. Author of over 250 works in Catalan, Arabic, and Latin, Lull devoted much of his life to converting the Saracens to Christianity through a unification of theology and philosophy. His most important work is the 'Ars Magna', which involved a mechanical logic machine. The front page of the site is available in English, German, or Catalan, but most of the actual content is in either Catalan or Portuguese. There is a biography and chronology of Lull's life, along with a map of his last voyage. Another section details the current state of research into Lull and the progress towards compiling a complete critical edition (in Latin and Catalan). There are links to a good number of primary and secondary texts. A catalogue is provided of the alchemical works of the Pseudo-Lull (there has been a long tradition of crediting Lull with an extensive body of occult works on alchemy). Links are provided to other sites that may be of interest to scholars studying Lull.
This Internet resource provides information relating to the Reformation and some of its key figures: Martin Luther; Phillip Melanchthon; Calvin; and Zwingli. In relation to Luther, visitors to the site can access online versions of his selected works, including the Ninety Five Theses (in Latin and English) and his Letter to the Christian Nobility. In addition, the site contains electronic texts of Luther's hymns (in English and German), and a textlink to an online version of his famous German translation of the Bible. The site also offers a selection of hyperlinks to other Luther-related websites. The resource provides several electronic texts by and relating to the other figures listed above. Most notably, there are pages devoted to Phillip Melanchthon, which include electronic text versions of his 'A History of the Life and Actions of the Very Reverend Dr. Martin Luther,' and 'Treatise on the Power and Primacy of the Pope.' A few links were broken at the time of review.
Shane Rosenthal’s Reformation Ink is a website devoted to collecting and distributing primary resource material from Renaissance, Enlightenment, and contemporary Christian authors. Texts are divided into classical and contemporary theological works, organised by author and searchable by subject. Multiple works are available from a number of important Reformation thinkers including Luther, Calvin, Warfield, and Erskine, to name but a few. The contemporary articles (a mixture of material hosted on-site and elsewhere on the Web) are predominantly popular or homiletic rather than academic in tone, but may still be of value to those seeking an insight into present day Reformed theology. One quirk of the site is that rather than displaying the current edition of each Web page, the site links to an older copy held by the Internet Archive. While this results in fewer broken links, it does sometimes mean that the material is not the most up-to-date version available.
The Baptist History section of the website The Reformed Reader presents a collection of electronic versions of texts about the history of the Baptist denomination, chiefly in the UK and America. Many of the works (which include a number of complete books) date from the 19th or early 20th century, although there are some more modern pieces. Separate sections deal with the history of related groups and denominations, including: the Anabaptists; the Church of the Brethren; the Waldenses; the Winebrennerians; and so forth. Most of the material listed is hosted on-site, but a few links to external resources are also included. This resource is part of a wider website about the Baptist denomination, The Reformed Reader, and while much of the material in other sections is devotional or popular in focus, those researching the Baptists may also find the Documents section useful, as this includes a range of Baptist confessions, catechisms, and related material.
The website "Reformers of the 16th Century: An Online Study" is an interesting amateur site compiled by Barry McWilliams, an ordained Teaching Elder of the Presbyterian Church in America. He teaches a course on Protestant Reformers and this material is intended for his class. It provides a good and basic introduction to prominent Protestant figures of the Reformation such as: Luther; Melanchthon; Zwingli; Bucer; Calvin; and Oecolampadius. Readers must bear in mind that the author is a church elder and that religious bias is evident in his writing, however, this provides a good example of textual and critical analysis for students, to vary the usual sources studied for the Reformation. There are links to a variety of resources, some of which, at the time of cataloguing and reviewing, were not available.
The website 'Religion and Society in Central and Eastern Europe' is a peer reviewed electronic journal which began publication in 2005. The work is inter-disciplinary in nature, covering history, religion, geography, anthropology, sociology, and other related fields. The editors are particularly keen to encourage submissions that address the following topics: regionalism in central and eastern European religion; religious aspects of the region's culture (e.g. religion, music, and literature); civil religion; local and folk religions, including ethnographic studies of groups and parishes; ethnicity; religion and race, class, and gender issues; and political influences, including the regulation of religion in central and eastern Europe. The full-text of articles is made available online as soon after acceptance as is possible, and the journal also publishes reviews of relevant books. The site is attractively presented, easy to navigate, and a search facility is available. The journal is sponsored by the International Study of Religion in Eastern and Central Europe Association (ISORECEA) and is also supported by University of Szeged, Hungary.
Religion Compass (ISSN: 1749-8171) is an online journal dedicated to original peer-reviewed surveys of research and other works from across the discipline. Published by Wiley-Blackwell Publishing and edited by Tamara Sonn, the resource is targeted at teachers, researchers and students of religion, as well as non-specialist scholars. The materials can be browsed according to Authors' names and the following section themes: African Religions; Ancient Near East; Buddhism; Chinese and Japanese Traditions; Christianity; Indian Traditions; Islam; Judaism; New Religions; Native Religions of the Americas; and Theory and Method. Although subscription is needed to access the materials in full, this website makes available their abstract alongside information about the journal's editorial board.
Edited by George P. Landow, and part of the much larger Victorian Web project, the Religion in Victorian Britain Web page is a useful starting point for those who wish to gain an overview of 19th century British religious denominations, trends, and writers. The site's introductory Timeline of Religion and Philosophy, and its exhaustive list of categories (organised under headings including Denominations, Dissenters, and the Bible, Interpretation, and Religious Symbolism) offer sound introductory material for an undergraduate audience. There is a helpful bibliography, but unfortunately the accompanying list of links to primary literature has not been updated recently, and so includes a high proportion of broken links. Written by graduate students and scholars from the UK and USA, Religion in Victorian Britain is a well-designed site which may prove valuable to those teaching undergraduates in either religion or church history.
For anyone who has an interest in the religious development of the youngest of the Canadian provinces, Hans Rollman’s website Religion, Society and Culture in Newfoundland and Labrador is one the best electronic resources currently available about religion on The Rock. Hosted by Memorial University, the site brings together historical articles on religious groups that helped to shape the character of religious expression in Newfoundland and Labrador, from native traditions such as Beothuk to contemporary Christianity. A significant amount of material is hosted on-site, but there are also links to information elsewhere on the Web (including, unfortunately, some broken links). Where possible, transcriptions of original texts and letters from early religious leaders on the island are made available, including material for all Christian denominations with a significant presence in the region during the 18th and 19th centuries. There are also links to modern religious associations and some limited demographic information on religious practice. A good starting point for any student or academic researching the earliest Christian presence in Canada and the New World.
Developed by William Fore (United Theological College, Bangalore, India) in order to make religious resources more available to students in developing countries, the vast Religion-online.org now stands as one of the larger collections of Christian primary texts available anywhere on the web. At present the site holds in excess of 6,000 documents, with material organised under a series of topical headings and then broken down into specific issues, thinkers or themes, all of which are readily accessed by clicking on a sub-category or using the index. The site is especially strong in documents written by and concerning 19th and 20th century theologians; contemporary moral and ethical issues; modern practical theology and theological movements; and contemporary mainstream Christian denominations. If anything, the greatest hindrance to using this site is also its chief advantage - the size and breadth of resources. It is sometimes difficult to locate specific texts so users searching for a well-defined topic are strongly advised to make use of the in-built search facility or the Author Index. However, despite its size - or perhaps because of it - this page remains a vital resource for anyone trying to find texts on contemporary Christian issues and thought.
The Religious Society of Friends is a very simple website devoted to the Quaker movement. This resource is in essence a vast links page (although a small proportion of material is hosted on-site), with a view to forging contacts between Quakers all over the world, and raising the profile of the movement. However, there is also a considerable amount of Quaker-related material that may be of interest to those of with more academic interests, such as historical information and writings by influential members of the Society throughout its history. The site is deeply democratic, and that is, perhaps, its greatest strength. The site states that: "Everything on these pages should be considered representative of some but not all Quaker thought. Free web space is available on this server for any meeting-sponsored Quaker activity." The result is the inclusion of fascinating private documents, such as letters or unpublished memoirs, which amount to primary sources for the study of Quaker history. The Religious Society of Friends is, then, a deceptive site. Its simple production values, and it humble approach to its aims, make it a remarkable archive for important, and little understood, religious movement.
Renaissance Liturgical Imprints: A Census (RELICS) is an online database of liturgical and other ritual texts printed before 1601, developed under the direction of David Crawford at the University of Michigan. The database records the titles, provenance, physical details, and present location of around 14,000 works relating to European Catholic, Protestant, and Jewish groups. The full texts of the works themselves are not available through the site. While the primary language of the database is English, users should note that many of the references contain text in German and/or Latin. The creators have also had the foresight to include an extensive index of both relevant citations and library 'Sigla'. These pages are primarily directed towards advanced researchers working in the field of European liturgy.
Répertoire des architectes diocésains du XIXe et du début du XXe siècle is one of the subsites of ELEC, the online publications page of the National School of Charters at the Sorbonne. This site, designed by Jean-Michel Leniaud, a Professor at the School, is based on one of his published works. The site offers a catalogue of French cathedral and church architects who were active during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Information is available on the architects in an alphabetised index of names (Accès par le nom des architectes). Each entry brings up a biography, professional history, and a short bibliography. A general bibliography for the entire site is also provided. Users can also search via place names. But there is an excellent comprehensive general index with places, buildings, architects and links to further information. A separate search engine is additionally available. Researchers in the French History of Art and Architecture and French Religious Studies should find this site to be a most informative and helpful resource, which is also clear and easy to use.
A Repertorium of Middle English Prose Sermons offers an online sample of the English language section of an international project designed to further the development of sermon studies. Its purpose is to introduce both the academic and general researcher to the sermon as a resource for the study of medieval history, literature, and culture. The site includes extracts from the hard copy published by Brepols in 2007, as well as images from the manuscripts. It also offers a database of almost 3500 quotations found in Middle English sermons: this feature is not included in the printed version, so represents a complement to the hard copy of the text. This part of the project is ongoing and fully searchable. Researchers may locate particular texts, quotations, or authors through a simple or advanced search, with full instructions for achieving the best results included on the site. Also available is a useful bibliography and links page. The website's production was enabled by an award from the AHRC's Supplementary Pilot Research Dissemination scheme.
The website of the Representation of the Russian Orthodox Church to European Institutions in Brussels seeks to give the official position of the Moscow Patriarchate on relations with other Christian denominations and religions, and on issues of importance to Orthodox Christians in the European Union. The site is divided into: events; background information (about the formation of the Representation); Christianity in Europe; Church and society (addressing topics such as euthanasia); inter-orthodox relations; ecumenical relations; inter-religious dialogue; Church life; catechism; theology and spirituality; liturgy and prayer; Church history; Europaica bulletin. Each section has publications in English, French and German, and the site also has Russian and Magyar pages. The bulletin is available by email subscription. This easy to navigate site will be of interest to teachers and researchers of religion in the European Union, inter-church relations and Russian religious culture.
This is the website of the Dutch Research Group John Duns Scotus, which studies the work of this medieval theologian and philosopher. The site offers a short biography of Duns Scotus (1266-1308) plus a discussion of his significance. There is also a brief history of the research group, which is attached to the Franscican Study Centre in Utrecht, and a list of its current members. Details of books and articles by research group members are also given, although users should note that most of the works listed are in languages other than English. Finally, there is a list of links to other academic institutions and scholars engaged in study of Duns Scotus, which may be helpful to those looking for further information about this thinker, or to researchers seeking potential collaborators.
The Resources Pages for Biblical Studies website is an extensive gateway, focusing on academic study of early Christian writings and their social world. Compiled by Torrey Seland, Professor of New Testament Studies at the School of Mission and Theology at Stavanger, Norway, the list of links is divided into four sections: Bible texts, translations and related texts; biblical studies; aspects of the mediterranean social world; and a page on Philo of Alexandria. All sections are strong, but it is perhaps the sociological material in the third section that makes this resource distinctive. The level of coverage is good, the links are accompanied by useful annotations, and the site is regularly updated. It is almost inevitable that a resource of this size will include a few broken links, but at time of review the proportion was low. The site is easy to navigate, the front page of the site providing a hyperlinked list of the sub-divisions within the four main sections. This is a very valuable resource for anyone studying or researching this area.
The Philo of Alexandria (c. 20 BCE - c. 45 CE) Web page gives access to a rich and well-structured picture of Philo on the Web. Part of the Resources Pages for Biblical Studies compiled by Torrey Seland (School of Mission and Theology, Stavanger, Norway), the site offers a collection of annotated links. For easy reference these are arranged into sections, including: introductory articles about Philo's life, works, and audience; a table of English translations of his works online; scholarly articles and reviews; bibliographies; and resources relating to the study of Philo or ancient Egypt. The site is updated regularly.
The Restoration Movement website was developed and compiled by Hans Rollman at Memorial University in Newfoundland, these pages hold a considerable amount of information including a photographic archive, bibliographies of recent publications and biographies of hundreds of figures associated with this movement. The volume of primary resources will make these pages a great boon for students and researchers at every level. Users will find links to contemporary restoration churches, as well as transcriptions of original sermons, writings from the movement’s founders, and a digital library. Inaugurated in the north-eastern United States by Barton W. Stone, Thomas Campbell and his son Alexander at the beginning of the 19th century, the movement advocated the restoration of the gospel and the church of the New Testament. The movement's ideas soon spread across North America and much of the English-speaking world, and some of the churches founded by the movement are still active to this day.
The Ricci Roundtable database, maintained by the Ricci Institute for Chinese-Western Cultural History at the University of San Francisco, provides a collection of electronic reference resources focused on the relationship and impact of Christianity and Christian missions in China during the past few centuries. The site contains an impressive guide to archival resources on this topic from all over the world, with each entry detailing the institution that houses the relevant archive and listing the documents in question. Users are able to search through the online database and isolate specific library holdings in China or the United States or locate a specific resource by employing the search and index utilities. The site itself is directed towards the larger academic community, including both students and scholars. Among the tools that will appeal to both groups is a strong collection of fully searchable bibliographic and biographic material. The biographies themselves are brief, but include helpful pointers to additional resources. In addition, for those at more advanced stages of research, there is are directories of both institutions and individuals interested in Chinese-Western cultural relations. Those with a serious interest in this field will also wish to explore the main site of the Ricci Institute, accessible through the link on the site's front page.
Ricci Institute for Chinese-Western Cultural History is a major research institute located at the University of San Francisco. The Ricci Institute website has full details of current activities and five major research projects, and also has details of conferences, scholarships, and other scholarly news. The website contains nine issues of Pacific Rim Reports online, offering 15 full-text PDF papers on aspects of Chinese history and culture. There is a searchable online catalogue for the Ricci Institute Library. The website provides a Web link to the Ricci 21st Century Roundtable on the History of Christianity in China website. There are also nine online exhibitions, such as: Through the Moon Gate: Portraits of China, 1950s-1990s; Icons of the Celestial Kingdom; and Mechanics of Heaven: Jesuit Astronomers at the Qing Court, among others.
The Richard Hooker (1554-1600) Web page brings together a range of resources relating to the 16th century priest and theologian, whose magnum opus 'Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity' laid out what would become the theological and political basis for the structure of the Anglican church. The website provides a short but accurate biographical sketch, plus a collection of links to online copies of Hooker's major works, and essays and articles about him. A small proportion of the material can be found on-site, but the majority is hosted elsewhere on the Web, and unfortunately there are a few broken links. Additionally, some users may find the soundtrack which accompanies this resource a little irritating. This is, however, a useful site for those seeking an introduction to Hooker's life and work. It forms part of Anniina Jokinen's Luminarium website, which provides information about a wide range of authors from the medieval period onwards.
The Richard Rufus of Cornwall project is a scholalry undertaking to produce critical editions of the complete extant works of this important medieval scholastic philosopher-theologian who taught at the Universities of Paris and Oxford between 1231 and 1255. The project website provides an introduction to the life of Richard Rufus, a complete list of his works, the manuscripts where his texts can be found, and the incipits. Each listing is annotated with a shortdescription. A section is dedicated to his works - which have been translated into English, French, German, Italian and Spanish. Users will find an impressive bibliography, a search facility, and help with abbreviations used in the resource. There is also a brief outline of the purpose of the project, and the profile of the editors and sponsors.
The website of the Roman Martyrs Project describes a research project based at the University of Manchester, which investigated the 'gesta martyrum', over a hundred anonymous martyr romances from 5th and 6th century Rome. The site is of interest to those studying or researching theology, the history of Rome, the medieval church, martyrology, or Latin literature. The website offers an annotated handlist of 150 martyr saints, in which material from modern and ancient sources is cross-referenced. For a selection of saints there is a 'hagiographical dossier' with more detailed profiles of the myths, legends, and sources connected with them: these are provided as samples of the dossiers compiled by the Roman Martyr Project, which are available to researchers on request. An online database offers an index to the texts examined (free registration is necessary to search the database). The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) and the Leverhulme Trust.
RS-Web (Religious Studies on the Web) is designed and written by Robert Bowie, a Senior Lecturer in Religious Studies at Canterbury Christ Church University. It contains a number of interesting resources like annotated links to relevant websites; bibliographies; discussion topics; ethical quotes; glossaries; and links to online Bibles and commentaries. These are organised into the following topics: Ethics; Philosophy of Religion; Religious Education; Biblical Studies; and Theology. There are also Study Support resources like essay writing and examination tips. Although primarily targeted at A-Level students, this resource is suitable for undergraduate use. It would also be of interest to anyone seaching for introductory materials on Christianity and Ethics.
Russia religion news is a long-established, searchable online archive of selected, translated articles from the Russian media on religion in the former Soviet Union from 1996 to date. Articles are taken mostly from the mainstream media, including Interfax and Russian monitors of religious news such as portal-credo.ru. Links to the original Russian text are provided for most recent items. The compiler and translator, US academic Professor Paul D. Steeves, will provide copies of those originals unavailable online on request, where possible. The site may be searched by any word or phrase, with a refine option to narrow results if need be, or browsed by year. Articles selected are weighted towards: major news stories related to religion; religious minorities; persecution of and discrimination against believers, including antisemitism; national and religious identity; religious conflict; interfaith relations; legislation. A brief links page provides access to: the 1997 Russian law 'On freedom of conscience and religious associations' in Russian and in English translation; US Department of State reports on religious freedom; statistics and surveys on religious associations and affiliation up to 2004; and other organisations monitoring religion in the former Soviet Union. A useful guide to abbreviations shows the full Russian and English names for all acronyms used. An option to be notified by email when the site is updated is available from the recent news page. This resource will be of most use to researchers and teachers of post-Soviet religion and Russian media, and of contemporary religious affairs.
Russian folk religious imagination is the website of a project which aims to produce a multimedia, cross-disciplinary publication on the religious mindset of the Russian ‘folk’. Developed by an impressive list of US and Russian academics (linguists, philologists, historians, folklore and literature experts) and based on archival research and fieldwork, the project aims to make primary source material (images, interviews, performances) collected by Soviet and post-Soviet scholars available in both English and Russian. In addition to a project summary and list of participants, the website provides the following sample materials: a flash illustration of the proposed digital interface; a text (transcribed interview from 1980) of the ‘legend of how the Jews caught Jesus Christ’, with translation, notes and commentary; two images related to the legend; an audio file of the interview with English translation; a video clip of graveside rituals from 2006 with commentaries. The site should be of interest to scholars and students from a variety of disciplines, and of use to teachers of Russian language and culture.
The Russian Orthodox Church website is an official Web server of the Moscow Patriarchate. The site is available in Russian and in English, although at time of review a substantial number of sections of the site did not yet appear to have been translated into English; rather frustratingly, the pull-down menus along the top of the screen give no indication of what offers useful content and what yields only blank pages, meaning a little patience is required to discover what is actually available. Among the resources that do appear in both languages are a news service reporting significant events in church life, a biography of Patriarch Alexy II of Moscow and All Russia, and an interesting selection of church documents, including the Statute of the Russian Orthodox Church. Notwithstanding the drawbacks mentioned above, this is a useful site for those seeking information on this branch of Christianity, especially those with enough Russian to read the untranslated version.
This website provides study notes on the biblical book of Ruth. The notes begin with an overview of plot, structure, and narration, covering characterization and dialogue. There is also a brief discussion of genre and historico-critical issues. Following this, there is a detailed verse-by-verse commentary on the text, paying particular attention to narrative technique, and highlighting devices such as repetition of key words, unusual phrases, and so on. Internal links to related sections are provided, and clicking on technical terms opens a pop-up window giving a definition (although unfortunately at time of review not all of these were functioning). A useful resource for those embarking on study of this book of the Old Testament.
This website reviews the 'Sacred: Discover What We Share' exhibition which took place at the British Library between the 27th April to the 23rd September 2007. It focuses on the holy books and practices of the three 'Abrahamic faiths' namely Christianity, Judaism and Islam. This home page provides detailed information about the exhibition, and allows access to audio and video recordings of several themes connected to the exhibition like the evolution of the sacred texts; holy sites; and weddings in the three faiths. It also lists 67 of the sacred texts on display (chronologically and by faith) - each of which accompanied by a short commentary and a zoomable high-resolution image.
Saints.SQPN.com is primarily an extensive database of information about saints. Profiles of over 5,000 saints, beati (that is, those who have been beatified or declared blessed, often as a preliminary to canonisation) and venerables (those declared 'heroic in virtue') are given: each includes brief biographical information, plus further details such as alternative or variant names, saint's day, and patronages (that is, the people or things of which the saint is patron). Many entries are accompanied by images, and there is is also a separate image galleries section. The site can be searched, or the list of saints can be viewed alphabetically, via a calendar, or by patronage. This website also offers several additional resources, including an online version of the New Catholic Dictionary, a substantial collection of papal documents (with information about the popes responsible for them), and a selection of downloadable ebooks by or about saints.
Sancti Epiphanii ad Physiologum is an online digital facsimile, with commentary, of a 16th century book containing a works attributed to and biography of Saint Epiphanius. The most substantial of these works is the Physiologus, a precursor to the medieval bestiary - a set of allegorical animal tales used as a means of teaching Christian values and doctrine. The book was published by Christopher Plantin in Antwerp in 1588, and is now in (and made available online by) the Special Collections department of the McPherson Library, University of Victoria, Canada. The commentary section of the site describes both the book itself (the binding, paper, and typefaces, for example) and its contents, giving an overview of each of the works included. Accompanying the facsimile is a transcription of selections of the Latin text (although no English translation is given). For those wishing to engage in further research, a bibliography is provided.
The Sant'Agostino website, published by Città Nuova Editrice and Nuova Biblioteca Agostiniana, provides access to almost the complete works of Saint Augustine of Hippo (354-430) in Latin and Italian, together with introductions, bibliographies, an extensive database of iconography, and links to translations available on the Web. The Latin edition of the works of Augustine are based on Migne's Patrologia Latina, vols. 32-45 and include the Confessions; the City of God; On Christian Doctrine; On the Holy Trinity; writings against the Manicheans, the Donatists and Pelagius; Letters 1-300; sermons 1-396; and commentaries on books of the Old and New Testaments. Works in Italian comprise a number of texts written by Agostino Trapè ("Introduzione alla dottrina della grazia", "Commento alla Regola di Sant'Agostino", and "Introduzione a Sant'Agostino: l'uomo, il pastore, il mistico") together with a series of bibliographies. The database of iconography contains over 300 artworks relating to the life and times of Augustine, including miniatures, frescos, engravings, pictures, and sculpture. The core of the website is in Italian, although English translation provides links to English translated works elsewhere on the Web. Similar pages exist for other languages (e.g. German, French and Spanish). The site offers a helpful internal search engine.
This is the online version of the Scottish Journal of Theology, an international refereed quarterly journal edited in Scotland and the United States. The site states that the Journal "provides an ecumenical forum for debate, and engages in extensive reviewing of theological and biblical literature". On this website you can search the complete index of the Scottish Journal of Theology from volume 1.1 (1948), and view the table of contents of the current issue.
The Scottish Preachers Hall of Fame is a website providing extensive material relating to over 30 Scottish divines. Most of the figures covered were active in the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries (although one or two are slightly earlier or later), and are from the Puritan, Presbyterian, and Calvinist traditions, including a number of ministers of the Free Church of Scotland, and members of the Covenanter movement (which sought to promote Presbyterianism as a form of church government). Among those covered are: Andrew Gray; Robert Smith Candlish; John Knox; William Guthrie; Thomas Chalmers; Andrew Bonar; Thomas Boston; and Robert Murray McCheyne. Some biographical information is provided for each preacher, along with the texts of sermons, letters, and other works where these are available. Details of print resources are also sometimes given. Most of the material is hosted on-site, although there are also links to a few external resources. Although perhaps a little basic in presentation, this site provides a considerable quantity of primary source material for those with an interest in this era of Scottish ecclesiastical history.
Scrolls from the Dead Sea is an online exhibit based on the Dead Sea Scroll exhibition held at the Library of Congress, Washington DC in 1993. In spite of its rather primitive layout and sometimes outdated bibliographical references (users should note that the dominant scholarly opinion has shifted since the site was written), it provides valuable information not just about the Scrolls themselves, but also about the Qumran community, about archaeological finds in the area and about the Scrolls' impact on contemporary Jewish and Christian thought. The site includes images of Scroll fragments accompanied by translations of the text, a map of the region, a glossary, resources for teachers and a bibliography.
Evolving out of his own doctoral dissertation, Donald Binder's Second Temple Synagogues website offers a high-quality introduction to synagogues and their function within Jewish society before the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 A.D. The author has brought together a wide variety of textual material for the general reader, beginning with a literary archive offering quotations and references about the synagogues from ancient sources. There is a brief but helpful FAQ, clarifying some of the more basic issues pertaining to social function, and a dozen detailed overviews of ancient synagogues are available, each discussing its history and prominent features, and usually including detailed archaeological cross-sections and beautiful colour photographs. The site also offers a substantial collection of links to other Judeo-Christian resources online, although this section does not appear to have been updated for some time.
This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Segregation and Social Structure in Early 20th Century Belfast' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). To collect data which would facilitate the analysis of segregation and social structure in early twentieth century Belfast in relation to the main religious groups in the city - Catholics, Episcopalians, Presbyterians, Methodists and other Protestant groups. The data is available to order from the HDS as a relational database (tab delimited text files). From this Web page you may download a PDF of images of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the HDS, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The data consists of an eight per cent sample of households was drawn from the 1901 Census schedules (Public Record Office, Dublin) and all variables on the form recorded: age, sex, relationship to head,birthplace, religion, occupation, literacy, Irish language. Each sample household was also linked with valuation data from the special valuation of Belfast, 1900-1901, and also with the 'Belfast and Ulster directory' for 1896 and 1906, to discern whether the same family was at the address in those years.
The Simone Weil Home Page provides an eclectic selection of information about the French Christian mystic, philosopher, and social activist who lived in the first half of the 20th century. The website offers a small collection of articles about Weil, a brief biography, and excerpts from both her religious works (including a description of her own mystical experience) and from her lectures on philosophy. Contact details for the American Weil Society are also provided. While this is not an extensive site, it does provide a useful starting point for those interested in learning more about this intriguing thinker.
This online resource on New Testament criticism almost fulfils the role of a good introductory textbook: it starts with an explanation of the meaning and purpose of textual criticism, followed by a brief overview of the types of manuscripts and printed texts extant and by an outline of the possible problems a biblical scholar might encounter while trying to interpret the texts. The main body of this site consists of an alphabetical list of topics and articles surrounding New Testament textual studies and, although not always poured into a user-friendly format, the information it holds is well-structured and concise. It is therefore a pity the author has failed to add an extensive bibliography. These pages would benefit beginning textual scholars and teachers of biblical studies but should probably be used in conjunction with more scholarly, peer reviewed resources.
Slovesnaia sluzhba is the home page of Father Mikhail S. Zheltov, a lecturer at Moscow Spiritual Academy, which offers an excellent library of often hard-to-find full-text publications on Orthodox church history, theology and liturgy (downloadable as DJVU or PDF files), and a good collection of related links. The site is divided into four sections: Library (numerous nineteenth and early twentieth century publications including seminal works such as A. I. Almazov's multivolume work on the sacrament of confession, weighted towards liturgical theology but including subjects such as pilgrimage); Publications (a brief biography and bibliography with downloadable files of Zheltov's own publications); Co-authors (brief biographies of four academics from St Tikhon's Orthodox University and Moscow Spiritual Academy, with bibliographies of their extensive publications); Links. The links page is divided into: Sources (everything from facsimiles of a Jerusalem Typikon printed in Greek in 1545 to collections of contemporary liturgical texts); Research (including a section on early Rus); Discussion forums (on related subjects such as early Russian singing). This Russian language-only site will be of most use to academics researching the history and liturgical traditions of Russian Orthodox Church, and those in the field of early Russian history and culture.
The Society of Biblical Literature (SBL) seeks to promote the study of biblical interpretation with emphasis on the Bible in the Mediterranean and the Near Eastern World. It also publishes printed and online resources for students, teachers and scholars. Its website contains a bibliography of recently published monographs and journal articles. Some articles are fully available online for non-members but most are by subscription only. The society also organises an annual conference and gives bursaries for scholars outside North America. This site might interest students of Christianity, Judaism and Islam but the stress lies on Christianity.
The Society of Christian Ethics (SCE) is a non-denominational organisation dedicated to promoting scholarship in Christian ethics, including the relationship between Christian ethics and other areas of theoretical and practical interest. The Society also seeks to promote better teaching of Christian ethics in colleges and universities. The Society convenes annually, and publishes a journal twice a year, details of which are available on the site. Information for those interested in membership and upcoming conferences is readily available, as are links to related societies and interest groups. Some resources are only available to members.
The Society of Christian Philosophers (SCP) aims to provide a forum for the discussion of philosophical issues and especially the nature and role of Christian commitment in philosophy. The Society is open to anyone interested in philosophy who considers himself or herself a Christian. The website provides membership details, announcements of recent news and events, a list of FAQs, and an archive of newsletters (available to view in PDF format). The Society also hosts its own email discussion list and publishes a journal, 'Faith and Philosophy', details of which are included.
The website of Society of Jesus in the United States offers a substantial collection of material on the contemporary and historical aspects of the Jesuits, and some of its more prominent figures. Much of the site is devoted to familiarising members of today's Jesuit communities with resources, including information about parishes, retreats and educational institutions, and articles giving a Jesuit response to issues currently in the public eye. There are also useful collections of external links to articles and sites about Jesuits who have had an important impact on the artistic and scientific development of the western world, and about the history of the Society, including information on the Society's founder, St. Ignatius Loyola. Academically, the site will be of interest to anyone either studying contemporary Jesuit practice or desiring a brief historical overview of the society.
The Society, Religion and Technology Project is a unit within the Church of Scotland which aims to promote analysis of the relationship between science, technology, religion and ethics, to encourage discussion between professionals in the various fields involved and the general public, and to disseminate its own views on the subject. This site contains the texts of many of the Project’s reports and press releases on such matters of public concern as genetic modification, nuclear energy, cloning and stem-cell research, and information relating to the Project’s 1999 publication "Engineering Genesis", produced in consultation with a group of social scientists, geneticists and ethicists. Also provided are links to other sites concerning the relationship of Christianity with both science and the environment.
The Spurgeon Archive claims to be the largest collection of Spurgeon resources on the Web. This extensive collection of works by and about the 19th century Baptist preacher and writer includes the texts of several hundred of his sermons, as published in the 'Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit', a number of complete books and other writings, including his 'Treasury of David' (a commentary on the Psalms), 'A Defence of Calvinism' and excerpts from his autobiography, along with W.Y. Fullerton's full length biography of Spurgeon, written in the early 20th century. New sermons and other works are gradually being added, and there is a good list of well annotated links to other sites about Spurgeon. The site is attractively presented and easy to navigate.
The St Pachomius Library website offers an encyclopaedia of Orthodox Christianity, focusing particularly on the early church. The entries are generally fairly brief (and in some cases are still under construction), but are often accompanied by a list of links to English translations of relevant primary and secondary resources. The majority of the links are to works elsewhere on the Web (unfortunately these links have not always been kept up to date), but a limited number of key primary texts are hosted on-site - in particular, those which are deemed especially important within the Orthodox tradition. Navigation is straightforward, but there is no search function, and there appears to be no way to access the site's own collection of primary texts except by browsing through the encyclopaedia entries. The site may be of use to students of Orthodox Christianity, and patristics more generally.
Coptic is the name given to the latest stage of the ancient Egyptian language from the first century BC and written in an alphabet deriving from Greek and Demotic. The term is applied more generally to the distinct culture of Egyptian Christianity and its diaspora which still uses the Coptic language in its religious rituals. This website, produced by the St Shenouda the Archimandrite Coptic Society of Los Angeles, is part of an on-going project to preserve and promote Coptic culture by providing digital resources for Coptic language, literary, archaeological and artistic study. Projects include the Coptic Microfilm Library (CML) which aims to put all relevant Coptic and Arabic texts online and the Mapping of Coptic Monuments project, which will record all Egyptian Christian architectural and archaeological sites. The Manual of Coptic Studies (at the time of review almost completely empty and not updated since 1996) includes: the liturgy and texts of Coptic Christianity; a history of the language; a guide to Coptic writing; a directory of Coptic scholars. Other features include a useful slide show of frescoes from Coptic churches and monasteries. There is also a run of newsletters from the mid-1990s and downloadable software. The links page provides further information on websites of Coptic interest.
The website St Nicholas Russian Orthodox Church in Dallas, Texas provides a range of resources which may be of use to those interested in the Orthodox Church. The site offers a substantial collection of sermons and articles on theological questions, including pieces on Great Lent, Pascha (Easter), and the Nativity. Some talks are offered as MP3 files. There are extracts from writings by or about church fathers, plus sections on scripture, liturgy, and the lives of saints. There is also information about St Nicholas's Church itself: times of services, contact details and so forth.
While there is a lot of material here, users should note that this is not primarily intended as an academic resource. Consequently articles do not generally give full references, and the tone is sometimes impassioned and polemical rather than detached and scholarly. This resource is perhaps of most use to those seeking an overview of one perspective within Orthodox theology.
Designed to complement the British Broadcasting Corporation’s (BBC) news reporting, articles, and publications on the African continent, 'The Story of Africa' provides a comprehensive multimedia introduction to African culture and its entire history. With contributions from an array of academics from around the world and recordings of historical broadcasts from major African figures, the site describes a host of major political and social events beginning with early nomadic and agricultural communities up to and including the political movements for African independence from colonial powers. Students who work their way through these pages will find themselves quickly orientated and introduced to the major events in African history. The sections on Islam, Christianity and traditional religions will especially please those interested in religious development on this continent. Each describes the arrival and progress of these belief systems, as well as their distinctive features, practices, and interactions with various political and secular arenas. Within the sub-sections of the site users will find helpful links and bibliographies, as well as excerpts from audio broadcasts previously transmitted by BBC radio.
This is the home page of the Student Journal of Scriptural Reasoning. The site provides a brief overview of what scriptural reasoning is and who is engaged in the activity; and allows free access to all articles featured in the journal since the first volume was published in 2006. Each volume carries a particular theme and these include 'Scriptual Reasoning and the Garden of Eden' and 'The Relationships of Scriptural Reasoning: Readings of the Biblical and Qur'anic Joseph Stories'. The journal is written and edited by undergraduate and graduate students at the University of Virginia.
These study notes on the Old Testament Book of Jonah look at the text from a primarily literary perspective. A section on Hebrew narrative defines the term and introduces some theoretical aspects of narrative in general. The issues discussed in this section are then applied to Jonah. The author provides short pages on the plot and structure of the story, the characters it involves, and several topics particular to the book. These include Jonah's questioning; the presence of ironic humour; generic considerations; and the historicity of the events described. Short commentaries are provided for each of the four chapters of the book.
'Summa Theologica' is an online version of St Thomas Aquinas's (c.1225-1274) influential 13th century treatise on theology and philosophy. The copy text is the 1920 revised edition translated by the Fathers of the English Dominican Province. The online version has benefited from the addition of links between the various sections, as well as to encyclopaedia entries. The parent site, New Advent, is the work of a Catholic layman. The resource is freely accessible, but does display advertisements around its borders. Theologians and those studying medieval philosophy should find the site of interest.
The website of the Survey of Dedications to Saints in Medieval Scotland presents the results of a three-year Arts and Humanities Research Council funded research project based at the University of Edinburgh. The chief aim of the project was the creation of a searchable database of Scottish dedications to saints, in churches and elsewhere, dating from before 1560. This database, which consists of almost 12,000 records, is freely available via the website. The search interface offers a broad range of options, permitting users to find dedications by name or type of saint, name or type of devotee, date, or location. An interactive map showing the distribution of dedications across the country is also available. Alternatively, the entire database may be downloaded for further analysis. However, the more advanced features of site (particularly the interactive map) are not always particularly intuitive, so users need to be prepared to spend a little time experimenting to get the most out of this resource.
'Symeon the Holy Fool: Leontius's Life and the Late Antique City' is the electronic version of a translation by Derek Krueger (Assistant Professor of Religious Studies at the University of North Carolina) that was published by the University of California Press in 1996. This is the first English version of Leontius's book, and brings to life one of the most colourful of the early Christian saints. In addition to the translation itself, Krueger fleshes out a broad picture of the religious, intellectual, and social environment in which the Life was created, and opens a window on to the Christian religious imagination at the end of Late Antiquity. The online version is based on XML which can also be viewed. The full-text is available including notes and bibliography. Greek text has not always converted well to online presentation.
The Synoptic Gospels Primer has been designed for undergraduate students new to the synoptic problem. The website explains the various theories as to the literary relationship between the Gospels of Mark, Matthew, and Luke, and a possible common source. The traditional opinions of Papius, Clement, Jerome, Irenaeus, Origen, and Augustine are concisely summarised, along with the more modern hypotheses proposed by Weisse (the two-source theory), Griesbach, and Farrer. The site includes a number of sample synopses that compare the gospels side-by-side, with colour coding indicating variations and parallels between texts. Links are provided to other sites concerned with the synoptic question, and to essays supporting or critiquing one or more of the common hypotheses. The English translation of the Gospels used on the site is the Revised Standard Version, with some emendations to make the texts as 'literal' as possible. Parts of the site require Greek fonts, which may be downloaded for free. This is a clear, well-structured resource that provides an excellent introduction to its subject.
This is the website of the Søren Kierkegaard Society, founded by Robert L. Perkins in 1979, and dedicated to encouraging scholarship and discussion related to the life and thought of the highly influential 19th century Danish philosopher, Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855). The Society is affiliated with the American Academy of Religion and the American Philosophical Association and convenes annually in conjunction with one of the two organisations. The site provides an extensive bibliography of secondary sources pertaining to Kierkegaard published from 1960 to the present as well pointers to other Kierkegaard resources on the Web. Information for those interested in membership is available. The site is well presented and accessible.
Joel Kalvesmaki's 'Table of Old Testament Quotes in the New Testament' is a welcome online work tool for those who want to trace the exact place of all Old Testament passages referred to throughout the New Testament. This website, consisting of a single page in the form of a three-column chart, provides the New Testament verse, the Septuagint version and the Masoretic text, all in English translation. It does not intend to discuss any linguistic ambiguities in the Greek or Hebrew nor does it seek to offer an analysis of the discrepancies in the translations displayed. The author makes it clear that this is purely a basic guide intended for those with no Greek, but as such, it performs a useful function.
The Tablet website is the online edition of the weekly newspaper, founded in 1840, which provides international news coverage of the Catholic Church and reports on current affairs from an intellectual Catholic viewpoint. The site includes a historical overview of the newspaper (including material from issues from 1840 and 1896), and a sample complete recent issue, carrying articles, book reviews, and reviews of the arts. The site also offers an extensive archive of articles which is helpfully indexed by theme (including by GCSE religious studies topics). Articles can also be listed by date or author. Over 200 articles relate to politics (UK and world), whilst there are also numerous articles relating to the church, ecclesiology, social welfare, culture and media, and ecumenism. A large number of full-text pieces can be accessed free of charge, though this does require user registration. Information about how to subscribe, a copy of the liturgical calendar, and a selection of annotated links to Web resources are also included.
TC: A Journal of Biblical Textual Criticism (ISSN 1089-7747) is a peer reviewed electronic journal that publishes scholarly articles, project reports and book reviews relating to the study of the Jewish and Christian biblical texts. All contents, beginning from the first volume which was published in 1996, are freely available from here. The home page contains details about its submission policy and other TC projects. Links to other Internet resources dealing with textual criticism are also provided. The journal is sponsored by the Society of Biblical Literature and edited by James R. Adair of the Baptist University of the Americas.
Though Roger Pearse declares his Tertullian project website to be simply a preliminary collection of information arising out of amateur interest, he has in fact assembled an impressive amount of work concerning this second and third century Christian apologist, useful to both introductory readers and more advanced researchers. Organised into a variety of sub-sections dealing with various aspects of Tertullian's life, writings and modern scholarship, the site rivals many 'academic' pages for both its quality and utility. Within these pages, one will find a brief historical outline on this writer as well as a few contemporary retellings of his life. However, the real strength of this compilation is the wealth of resources and information on Tertullian's writings. Almost all of his extant texts are available in both Latin and English translation. There is also a series of extremely useful tables listing the manuscripts which contain these writings and their provenance. In addition, Pearse has collected information on scholarly editions, constructed a chronology, examined Tertullian's impact upon other classical writers, and even offered details of lost codices and manuscripts. All researchers should thoroughly explore the bibliography and online articles. Contents include not only an annotated list of citations, but electronic scholarship on various aspects of Tertullian's life and works in an array of western European languages. In short, the site is an essential resource for anyone studying Tertullian, whether they are undergraduates or professional scholars.
Theologica is a lively discussion and blogging site, focused on Christian theology. The most active part of the site is the forum, which features threads on a range of topics, including conversations about points of doctrine and church practice. Users who locate themselves within the historic Christian tradition are also invited to create blogs, for longer, more reflective pieces. Thirdly, the groups section allows individuals with an interest in a particular topic to congregate for discussion. This is not primarily an academic site, but it does offer an interesting range of perspectives on a wide variety of theological topics.
The Theology Blogs Web page is best described as a meta-blog: a blog which exists to bring together information about other blogs, in this case those that focus on or relate to systematic theology. Systematic theology is interpreted broadly, and is taken to include dogmatics, ethics, hermeneutics, patristics, and philosophy of religion. Finnish theologian Patrik Hagman provides links to and brief descriptions of a substantial collection of weblogs from around the world. A Blog of the Month feature provides more in-depth reviews of a selection of these. Hagman also invites suggestions of other blogs that should be listed on the site. A useful resource for anyone wishing to explore the theological side of the blogosphere.
Theology of the Body.net is a collection of online resources about John Paul II's theology of the body, described as 'an integrated vision of the human person, body, soul and spirit'. It aims to provide insight into Catholic teaching on matters such as marriage and celibacy, sex and sexuality, contraception, and the nature of love. There is a collection of articles on these and related subjects, along with links to the relevant sections of the catechism, the pronouncements of the Pontifical Council of the Family, and papal writings. Information is provided about the work of TOBIA, the Theology of the Body International Alliance. Other resources include a list of recommended books and CDs, details of relevant events and study groups, a discussion forum, and an annotated links list. While the tone and approach of this resource is broadly speaking popular rather than scholarly, it nevertheless provides a thought-provoking set of perspectives on some important issues.
Theology on the Web is an online portal which serves as the entry point to a collection of interlinked websites providing bibliographic suggestions for students of Christian theology. The sites are primarily designed for those training for or in ministry, but are broad enough to also be of use to others. The main topics covered are: biblical studies; theological studies; the early church; the medieval church; and missiology (to be launched in 2010). Within each section the references are arranged thematically, with a wide range of sub-headings, including: applied theology; philosophy; Old Testament; New Testament; doctrine and practice; heresies and sects; and history. A significant quantity of material is hosted on the sites themselves; there are also links to works elsewhere on the Web, and details of print resources.
This is the website of a project 'Theology Through the Arts' that aimed to explore how the arts can contribute to a better understanding of theological issues and practice. The project, directed by Jeremy Begbie (formerly of Ridley College, Cambridge, now at Duke University) sought to engage theology and the Church with postmodern culture through the arts. The arts are defined broadly, including: visual arts; poetry; literary fiction; dance; music; film; and architecture. The project's website gives further information about the project and the people involved, and documents the events and publications of the first phase (1997-2000) and the academic or church initiatives of the second phase. The project was set up in September 1997 as a project within the Centre for Advanced Religious and Theological Studies in the Faculty of Divinity, University of Cambridge. Phase 2 (2000-2008) was attached to St Andrews University. It is now under the aegis of Duke Initiatives in Theology and the Arts. Scholars associated with the project include: David Brown; David Ford; Ruth Etchells; Dan Hardy; Ann Loades; Janet Martin Soskice; and Nicholas Wolterstorff. There is a link to' Duke Initiatives in Theology and the Arts'.
Theology Today is a scholarly journal based at Princeton Theological Seminary and published by Sage. The journal's home page offers contents lists and abstracts. Access to full text is available to subscribers. The journal contains articles by many world-class scholars, addressing a wide range of both classical and contemporary issues in Christian theology. This is a valuable resource for both professional theologians and serious students at all levels. A search function is provided, allowing visitors to search by keyword, title, category, author and/or year. For those wishing to obtain hard copies of the journals, there is subscription information and information on ordering back issues.
Theopedia is a website using wiki technology to create an encyclopaedia of Christianity and biblical theology. As is usual with wikis, registered users are encouraged to add or edit articles. Founded in 2004, the site has a substantial number of active participants and is growing steadily. Theopedia locates itself within the Reformed theology tradition: an explanation of this position is provided, along with a statement of faith, a writing guide, and help pages for potential contributors. In addition to written articles, the site also provides links to a substantial collection of multimedia resources (some of which may require plug-ins). The site is fully searchable, with a useful list of key topics on the front page and numerous hyperlinks between articles to aid navigation.
Michael Martin's website "Thesaurus Precum Latinarum" or "Treasury of Latin Prayers" gathers a number of Latin hymns and prayers into one easy to navigate resource. When a particular hymn or prayer is selected, the text is presented in both Latin and English and often accompanied by a brief commentary detailing its history and development. The documents themselves can be accessed via a thematically arranged table of contents, or by indexes of title and supposed date of composition. These pages may serve as a helpful reference tool to the liturgical cycle, while bridging the gap between Latin and English felt by so many undergraduate students.
The website 'Of God and His Creatures' features an electronic version of Joseph Rickaby's slightly abridged translation of Aquinas's work 'Summa Contra Gentiles', originally written between 1261-64. The translation was first published in 1905 and was re-edited by Jacques Maritain. It has now been made available online by the Jacques Maritain Center of the University of Notre Dame. The text can be browsed by book and by chapter. The layout of this resource is rather basic, as its primary goal is to serve as teaching tool.
'Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography' is a website maintained by Thérèse Bonin. It contains a useful bibliography of works by and about the medieval Catholic philosopher and theologian St Thomas Aquinas (c.1225-1274). The list is divided into the following categories: theological syntheses; commentaries on scripture; commentaries on Aristotle; commentaries on neoplatonic texts; disputations; polemical writings; other authentic works; works of uncertain authenticity; and spurious works. There are links to online editions where available. Further links are provided to other websites of interest (e.g. on early Christian writers; medieval authors; the middle ages; and Islamic philosophy).
The Thomas Instituut te Utrecht is a collaborative organisation founded by theologians and philosophers in the Netherlands for the study of St Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274). The Institute has the status of an interuniversity institute of the Catholic Theological University at Utrecht and the Tilburg Faculty of Theology. The site provides an online database of bibliographic information relating to the works of Aquinas. The tools section of the site is especially useful for researchers new to Aquinas, where an online essay contains links to primary and secondary literature or resources, together with printed and electronic aids. The Institute also maintains an online news service.
This site, part of the Secular Web from Internet Infidels, contains, or links to, electronic versions of some of the works of Thomas Paine, the eighteenth and nineteenth century deist and proponent of American independence. Major works include 'Rights of Man', 'Agrarian Justice', 'The American Crisis', and 'The Age of Reason'. Also included are a number of minor works, such as essays and articles, particularly on the subject of religion. The site's presentation is simple and clear.
Thomistica.net is primarily a news website devoted to the medieval philosopher and theologian, Thomas Aquinas. The site hosts news items, a newsletter (available both online and for download in a number of formats), and also offers an RSS newsfeed. The frequently updated news items are presented in blog format, and include information about new publications, conferences, and online resources. Some other resources are also provided: the documents section contains a small selection of short articles and translations relevant to Aquinas and his works, and the picture gallery offers photos of places which in some way relate to him. There is also a useful annotated links list. A valuable resource for those engaged in the study of this thinker.
Tserkovno-nauchnyi tsentr 'pravoslavnaia entsiklopediia' is an excellent resource created by the publishers of the Orthodox encyclopaedia and broadcasters of a television programme of the same name. The site is divided into six main sections: topics (mostly related to current Orthodox feasts); news; the Patriarch’s service (news about the Patriarch’s activities); videos (weekly broadcasts of the ‘Orthodox encyclopaedia’ programme); library; encyclopaedia (opens new website). The latter three are of most interest for researchers, teachers and students of Russian religious culture. The library offers a good collection of published works and primary sources on religion which can be browsed by topic (e.g. pre-Mongol history of the Russian church) or searched by title. There is also an index of authors. The encyclopaedia is searchable by keyword and includes an Orthodox calendar with hypertext links to relevant entries. Entries can be viewed alphabetically or browsed by category (e.g. theology, demography). The centre site also offers an RSS news feed.
Tserkovnyi vestnik is the e-version of the official newspaper of the Russian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), updated twice monthly. Intended as a 'chronicle of Orthodoxy in the twenty-first century', readers may browse by theme (e.g. Patriarch Kirill; raising children; Orthodox Rus; music) or visit the following site sections: 'in the world' (international news about Orthodoxy); history; culture; charity; education; society; church; analysis; documents (materials from conferences, Patriarchal letters etc); interviews; news; reporting; reviews. Some items appear under more than one heading. The newspaper archive remains at the old version of the site, http://www.tserkov.info/, which also has a special section on St Seraphim of Sarov and numerous useful topic headings (e.g. pilgrimage; youth). Unfortunately issues from 1987-2001 have not yet been made available online, and there is no English language version of either site, just a brief description of the publication. A simple search engine is provided, and there is a link to a useful official church calendar. This attractive, easy-to-use site will be of significant use to researchers of Russian Orthodoxy, and of interest to researchers of contemporary Russian culture and society.
Twelve Websites on Julian of Norwich is an online resource that makes an immense amount of valuable information available to students and scholars interested in this medieval Anchorite or any aspect of women's lives in the later Middle Ages. Directed by Julia Bolton Holloway, these pages offer a comprehensive introduction to Julian's spiritual and often mystical text, the 'Showing of Love' (also known as the 'Showings' or as 'Revelations of Divine Love'. Contained within are many images and analyses of original manuscript folios, partial transcriptions of the text, and essays. Users will also find many other related Web pages dedicated to the cloister in which Julian lived and the materials to which we suppose she had access. In addition, some resources on the medieval woman's relationship to the Bible are provided, plus information on medieval mystics and theologians who lived both before and after Julian. Special attention is paid to St. Birgitta of Sweden: the complete Latin text of her 'Revelaciones' plus Thomas Gascoine's 'Life of St Birgitta' are included. A Google search utility enables the user to overcome any difficulties in navigating this intricate and colourfully presented website. Lecturers may welcome the wide variety of manuscript images and details on the development of the 'Showing' itself.
The Twenty-Six Martyrs Museum in Nagasaki commemorates the Catholic martyrs (Japanese and others) who were crucified on a hill outside the city in 1597 as part of the Shogun Toyotomi Hideyoshi's persecution of Christianity in Japan. The site includes sections on: the story of the martyrs; a list of their names; the museum; the shrine; images of some of the museum's holdings; a catalogue of the documents and artefacts held; publications; and databases. The site can be accessed in English, Japanese, Spanish and Korean versions.
The Tyndale Society is dedicated to the biblical translator and Reformation theologian William Tyndale (1495?-1536). The Society's website provides information about the organisation's aims and events, especially the conferences, lectures and social activities which it organises. Helpfully for the historian and student of theology or religious studies, the site provides a search facility for the Tyndale Society and Reformation journals; and for the complete text of the Wycliffe Bible. This beautifully-designed site is divided into sections on: events; Tyndale's genealogy; links; membership details; publications; and an introduction to Tyndale's life and work. A distinguished panel of trustees and editors ensures the quality of material contained in the site.
Made available via the UK Web Archive, 'Quakers in Brief' or 'Quakerism Made Easy', by David Murray-Rust provides an online overview of the Quaker movement from 1650 to 1990. The body of the work is a six chapter history of Quakerism, each section broadly dealing with a single century. The appendix offers a short bibliography for those interested in exploring the subject further, although unfortunately the links that accompany this were not functioning at time of review. The site is fast and easy to navigate. This resource offers ample information to make this a resource to interest anyone looking for an introduction to this area of theology or church history, although as the author points out, it is intended only as an overview.
This website describes the extensive special collections deposited at the University of Birmingham’s library. Collected over 120 years, there are over 80,000 pre 1850 books (the oldest dating from 1471) and 3 million manuscripts. Important individual highlights include: Vesalius’ De Humani Corporis (1543); the Complete Works (1616) of Ben Jonson, two copies of The Temple of Flora (1799-1807) by Robert Thornton. There are comprehensive collections of Joseph Priestley and D H Lawrence and a major Dickens collection; publications from John Baskerville, the Kelmscott Press, the Birmingham School of Printing, and the Giambattista Bodoni; political papers (including the papers of Joseph, Austen and Neville Chamberlain); religious material (including the collections of the former Selly Oak Colleges) from Bibles and New Testaments (including an Erasmus first edition of 1516) through early books on devotional and recusant matters and significant parish libraries from the 16th century; women’s papers; literary papers; public administration and items of local interest (such as the papers of the Cadbury family). Material is searchable online through the detailed archives catalogue. As well as outlining the collections in some detail, the website also has an interesting selection of online exhibitions of important holdings ranging from (digitised) rubbings of medieval church brasses, through excerpts from the first edition of Samuel Johnson’s dictionary to images from fore-edge painting. The library also employs two paper conservators, and information is provided about their work.
The website 'University of Bristol Special Collections' describes the special collections held by the University of Bristol Library. Covering a wide range of subjects the collections derive from a wide range of subject-specific personal and institutional libraries donated to the university. Particular strengths are in the history of architecture, non-conformist Christian movements, science and medicine as well as rare books, political pamphlets and social history. Other collections include various family archives, often related to the history of Bristol and the nationally important collection of material relating to Isambard Kingdom Brunel. The site informs about catalogues and archives and gives guidance regarding library policy and practical things to know for users.
John Howard Yoder (1927-1997) was one of the most prominent 20th century Christian ethicists, probably best known for his adamant defence of pacifism. He was a Mennonite theologian, and for many years Professor of Christian Ethics at the University of Notre Dame. This Web page offers the full text of many unpublished, hard-to-find, and out-of-print manuscripts of Yoder. It is an extremely useful resource for those interested in Christian approaches to social ethics broadly speaking, and of course in the writings of Yoder specifically. The texts available on the site are organised topically; subjects include, for example: church and state; the Just War tradition; the Bible; and moral theology method. The text of a New York Times obituary of Yoder is also provided.
The 'University of St. Andrews Library : Special Collections : Manuscripts' website provides information about the university's collections of manuscripts, which are used in a supporting role in the research and teaching of the university. The collection ranges from Greek papyri to modern business records, and relates to individuals, families and institutions. The holdings are particularly strong on manuscripts relating to the former North-East Fife Burghs and the Kirk Session Records of the former Presbyteries of Cupar and St Andrews. There is also a good collection of material on the Roman Catholic Modernist Movement (especially relating to Wilfred Ward). An interesting resource for those researching on Christianity and church history. To access the Web pages relating to the individual collections, click on the terms directly underneath 'Manuscripts' in the left-hand side menu. The website uses frames.
This website documents the extensive library special collections of the University of Stirling. The collections are particularly strong in their coverage of Scottish literature, with personal archives from poets, including James Hogg and Norman MacCaig, alongside material related to figures such as Walter Scott and Helen B. Cruickshank. Two of the most important collections that are held at the University are the Lindsay Anderson Archive (personal and working papers, diaries, photographs, memorabilia and his personal library) and the John Grierson Archive (papers, photographs and other material). There is also coverage of politics, from radical left-wing literature, to documents and pictures relating to Napoleon Bonaparte. Other collections relate to scholars at the University and rare books and manuscripts. The website details the content of each collection, with information about searching and accessing material.
'Vatican: the Holy See' is the Vatican's official website. It provides information on a wide variety of topics, from opening hours of the Vatican Museum and past and forthcoming events involving the Pope to online versions of documents of the Second Vatican Council and bishopric synods and information about the Vatican secret archives. It also contains the entire Bible and the catechism in six languages, including Latin, and a large number of sermons, many of which are translated into several languages. The site is well-maintained and aesthetically pleasing, although this can occasionally be at the expense of ease of navigation. What seems to be lacking, however, is a section on credits for this site's form, content and maintenance.
The website Vetus Latina: Resources for the Study of the Old Latin Bible details a project carrying out research into the first translations into Latin of the Bible, made prior to the 4th century - that is, those which preceded St Jerome's Vulgate. These translations were known as the "Old Latin" or "Vetus Latina". The website aims to be a tool for those studying the early church and the history of the Bible: the Vetus Latina cast light on lost Greek versions of the New Testament, and are of great significance to the study of the early church. Information is available on published editions of the Vetus Latina. Also available are listings of Old Latin Bible manuscripts, complete with images.
Additionally, the website gives details of the Verbum Project, on the Old Latin translation of the Gospel of St John. A list of links to related online resources is also provided. This project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme.
The Bibliothèque Humaniste (Humanist Library), at Sélestat in Alsace, France, is one of the great libraries of Europe. Their website provides bibliographic information about the Sélestat treasures, including: a special exhibition of bindings; ancient collections of the religious communities of its region, and 15th-16th century collections from the period during which the city was a leading centre of the Humanism movement in Europe. Most well-known is the collection of Beatus Rhenanus; and it houses an important collection of the music scores of Alsatian composers. An online catalogue is available. Visitors are welcome in person at the library and there is a blog-style page featuring news and job vacancies at the library.
The Virtual Religion Index (VRI) is an extensive catalogue of online religion resources. It provides an ideal starting point for both researchers and students of religious studies. The site is topic-led with topics including: archaeology and religious art; ancient near eastern studies; comparative religion; all the major world religions; and the philosophy and psychology of religion. Each link within the catalogue has a short annotation and links are according to topic on a single page. Users may join the site's email list if they wish to be kept up-to-date with new additions and alterations.
The Vitae Patrum website provides an English translation of a collection of early Saints' Lives of the Desert Fathers which was compiled in the 17th century by Heribert Rosweyde. The translation of the text from Latin and the creation of the website was a personal retirement project of the Reverend Benedict Baker. This website would be of most value to readers who are not predominantly concerned with the nuancing of the original work because the introduction from the translator indicates that this project was undertaken without scholarly apparatus. The outcome is a useful and openly accessible Web resource which provides sections from all ten books of the Vitae Patrum, including: various Saints' Lives from the 3rd, 4th and 5th centuries; Sayings of the Fathers; extracts from the Dialogues of Severus Sulpicius and the Institutes and Conferences of John Cassian; Palladius' Lausiac History; and the Spiritual Meadow by John Moschus.
VulSearch 4 is a freely available open source software program which enables the viewing of the Clementine edition (i.e. the version formally approved for use in the Catholic Church in 1598, during the pontificate of Clement VIII) of the Latin Vulgate Bible alongside the Douay-Rheims translation. It is made available for download as part of Michael Tweedale's Clementine text project, which also offers a searchable online version of the Latin text. The VulSearch program includes a search facility, bookmarking, and also a Latin dictionary. Other texts, including the Stuttgart edition of the Vulgate, are also available for downloading. The website also offers information on the digitisation process, including details of the base text from which the digital text has been derived, and the overall editing and proof-reading process. The resource can also be downloaded in XML format from the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS) website.
One of the treasures of the National Library of Wales, William Morgan's 1588 Welsh-language Bible has been made available online. This website explains the circumstances behind the translation and publication of the Bible, presents images of each page, and provides a biography of its translator, Bishop William Morgan (Prys Morgan). The Bible itself is a folio volume and includes the apocrypha. It was intended for church use rather than private study. The site includes an English translation of the dedication to the Bible. However, the images of the Bible are large and may take some time to load over a slow Internet connection. Furthermore, the Bible may be browsed by book and chapter, but is not searchable. Overall, this is a well-presented and informative resource that will be of interest to those studying the history of religion in Wales.
Celebrating Memory and Mission: John Wesley at 300 is an online exhibition of archival materials related to the life, work and influence of John Wesley (1703-1791) hosted by the E. J. Pratt Library, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The site begins by providing a biography of Wesley, including his conversion experience of 1738, which led him to refocus his high-church Anglican stance and found the Methodist movement. This biography is accompanied by a timeline and a biography of Wesley's brother, Charles Wesley (1707-1788). The site features a display of Wesleyana which typify the rise of Methodism: there are scanned images of handwritten letters by Wesley, books he edited, and his portrait. The exhibit also shows a collection of ceramic busts of notable Methodists crafted by Josiah Wedgwood (1730-1795). All artefacts and printed materials depicted here are taken from the Special Collections of the E. J. Pratt Library. The site itself provides a fair amount of detail in this regard, including a section on the history of the collection. Researchers in social and cultural history, as well as Canadian, American and British History, will particularly appreciate this site's coverage of a notable religious leader.
The Westminster Presbyterian is a website maintained by the Presbytery of the United States, an American denomination in the tradition of the Free Church of Scotland. The site gives details of the denomination's congregations and theology. There is also a substantial library of Reformed theological literature, with texts by a wide range of authors, dating from the 17th century to the present day. These are arranged under a number of headings: Introduction to the Christian Faith; The Doctrines of Grace; Worship; Godly Living; The Church; A Godly Society; and Confessional Standards. Access is also provided to the online version of the Presbytery periodical, The Master's Trumpet. This site is likely to be a useful resource for those researching this branch of Reformed Christian tradition.
Compiled by Bruce Janz of the University of Central Florida, 'Who's Who in the History of Western Mysticism' is an online guide to a wide variety of reference resources from all over the Internet, assembled in chronological lists. The bulk of the material deals with Christian mystics (divided into three sections: the early church; medieval Catholic and Orthodox mystics; and non-Catholic Christian mystics of the 16th-18th centuries), but there are also brief sections on pre-Christian mystics and on the Jewish and Islamic traditions. The site provides brief descriptive paragraphs about the mystics listed and about some key concepts, along with links to more detailed information available elsewhere (in, for example, resources such as the Catholic Encyclopedia, the Medieval Sourcebook, and various university websites). While the majority of these sources are still available, the site does not seem to be updated particularly frequently, and consequently there are some broken links. There is also a reasonably thorough bibliography of secondary sources on mysticism, although this does not include any material published after 1998.
This is the homepage of the William Temple Foundation (WTF) which is based in Manchester. Established in 1947, the foundation is an independent faith-based research institution seeking to take forward the vision of Archbishop William Temple (1881-1944) for a better engagement between the church and society. This website informs visitors about their mission, history and range of activities (e.g. research; seminar series and conferences). It also makes available information about publications by staff members and writings about William Temple. It allows access to resources like newsletters; papers; reports; transcripts of lectures; images; flyers; and excerpts of books and articles. Some of the materials are presented in PDF, thus requiring Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. There are also links to the homepages of organisations associated with the foundation. The site provides a search engine.
The William Tyndale Home Page is a website devoted to the 16th century Protestant reformer and scholar who was responsible for one of the first translations of the Bible into English. The site offers an overview of the life and work of Tyndale, including his clashes with the religious establishment of the day (who did not favour a vernacular Bible translation), which eventually led to his death. There are also excerpts from various relevant primary source texts, including sections from Tyndale's own works, from Foxe's Book of Martyrs, and from J. C. Ryle's book Five English Reformers. A timeline helps set the events of Tyndale's life in context, although users should be wary of relying too heavily on this, as it contains one or two errors. The site provides a useful introduction to Tyndale, and is generally well-presented - though some users may prefer to mute the accompanying midi file.
The Women's Alliance for Theology, Ethics and Ritual (WATER) is a feminist educational centre set up in 1983. It was founded and directed by Drs Mary Hunt and Diann Neu to draw attention to the contribution which feminist religious values can bring to effect social change and justice. This website provides information about the activities which they are involved in; the works they have published; and how to join their email list. Visitors can access articles; reports; slideshows; the index of WATERwheel - their newsletter; transcripts of lectures and sermons; and annotated links to the homepages of relevant organizations and journals.
The Woolf Institute of Abrahamic Faith aims to advance teaching, research and dialogue in the encounter between the adherents of the three Abrahamic Faiths - Christianity, Islam and Judaism. Based in Cambridge, it is an umbrella organisation of the Centre for the Study of Jewish-Christian Relations (CJCR) and the Centre for the Study of Muslim-Jewish Relations (CMJR). It is also an associate member of the Cambridge Theological Federation and is directed by Dr Edward Kessler. This homepage contains information about their staff and recent works published by them; the events they organise; and the education programmes available. It also provides links to their press and media coverage, and to other online resources like journals; maps and dictionaries. The site allows access to the institute's newsletter, and holds a search engine and a mailing list. An interesting resource for those working in the area of interfaith dialogue.
This website describes an AHRC-funded research project which is re-uniting the eight surviving part books of the Wode Psalter, one of the finest Reformation Psalters in existence. The Psalter, a set of richly decorated and annotated musical manuscripts offers a unique insight into post-Reformation Scottish life and worship, and this project will undertake interdisciplinary research around the manuscripts, curate an exhibition and produce a complete recording of the music and create a digital copy of the complete series of part books.
This website contains a searchable database of images, which focuses on South Indian cultural and religious faiths. The database is the outcome of work undertaken by Revd Dr Paul M. Collins at the University of Chichester, who conducted research in South India into cultural and religious practices. In particular, the database is "offered as a resource for those interested in the inculturation of Christian worship and buildings. It will also be useful for any whose interest lies in understanding more fully the rich cultural context of South India both historic and contemporary." The database is searchable by keyword, as well as browsable by categories including: Hindu temples; Indian culture; inter-religious buildings; Jain temples; Jewish synagogues; Muslim mosques; orthodox Christian tradition; palaces; Protestant traditions; Roman Catholic Latin tradition; secular architecture; and St Thomas Christian tradition. The project was supported by a research grant from the British Academy.
The Writings of Geerhardus Vos is a website that aims to make available electronic versions of all the uncollected English-language works of the American Calvinist theologian, who many regard as the father of Reformed biblical theology. The site offers the complete text of Vos's book 'The Mosaic Origin of the Pentateuchal Codes', plus numerous articles and book reviews. The texts are mostly in the form of PDF files. There is also a full bibliography of Vos's work, brief biographical information, and a feature that allows users to browse the works by the publication in which they first appeared. No new content seems to have been added to the site for a number of years, but the works that are already available may prove a useful primary resource for those working in this area.
This is the homepage of the Divinity School at Yale University. It provides information about the academic programmes on offer and of the application procedures involved. The site also offers numerous resources that would be of interest to students on Religious Studies programmes. These include access to their newsletters, bulletins, magazines and journals. There are also webcasts of lectures, conferences and worship services; religion podcasts; outlines of curriculum; news of upcoming events; and annotated links to their centers for research and outreach. A search engine is available. The School is headed by Harold Attridge, the Lillian Claus Professor of New Testament.
This is the home page of the Institute of Sacred Music (ISM) at Yale University. It was established in the academic year 1972-1973 to support musical and theological education at the university. The institute is directed by Professor Martin Jean. It focuses on the history and practice of sacred music and of worship and the arts. This website contains information about the academic programmes on offer; of the performing groups sponsored by the institute; and of past, upcoming and ongoing events. It allows access to resources like journal articles, and calendar of events and performances. Visitors can also listen to lectures from their Liturgy Symposium Series and conferences. In addition, they may listen to a selection of organ and choral performances; and view the institute's library catalogue and catalogue of CD collection.
The Yorkshire Quaker Heritage Project aims to increase access to and awareness of collections of Quaker material relating to Yorkshire. The project's website offers two online databases: one provides descriptions of Yorkshire Quaker collections and their locations; the other is a name index. The website also provides some background information on the project and on Quakerism in general. Other features of the site include a news and events section, a guide to sources for those interested in researching Yorkshire Quaker history, and a list of links to other Quaker sites. The Yorkshire Quaker Heritage Project receives funding from the Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP).
The Youth and Religion (formerly Youth and Religion in Glasgow) website briefly describes a research project exploring faith and religion among young people in socially deprived Britain, which grew from an earlier project looking at the contemporary meanings and significance of religion from the perspectives of young Christians in Glasgow. There are details of the project's aims and objectives and information about the project team, though at time of review other information was rather sparse. There are, however, some resources relating to the Glasgow project in the 'Previous Work' section. The project is funded by the AHRC and ESRC through the Religion and Society Programme.
'Zechariah and Jewish Renewal' offers a verse by verse translation and commentary on the book of Zechariah. While the level of detail makes this a potentially useful resource, readers should note that the author of this commentary takes a very specific theological standpoint. As the author states in his introduction, the approach taken here is one of strong belief in the prophetic (Christological) nature of the book. The site concludes with seven chapters on the historical background to the Zechariah commentary and on the significance the author (a Christian) believes Zechariah's prophecy might have for the development of Judaism.
The Kommission zur Herausgabe des Corpus der Lateinischen Kirchenväter (Commission for Editing the Corpus of the Latin Church Fathers, or CSEL), is one of the many divisions of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. The CSEL website provides information about the Commission's projects, which revolve around research on notable medieval texts. Projects include: a series of critical editions of Christian Latin authors from late antiquity to the early medieval period; research into the manuscript tradition of the works of St Augustine; a series of monographs; and the publication of Wiener Studien, a journal for classical philology, patristics and Latin studies. The site also features a database of patristic editing projects currently being undertaken around the world (scholars are invited to contribute details of projects they are working on); conference information; and a useful list of links to related online resources.