The website African American Women Writers of the Nineteenth Century has been developed by the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture at the New York Public Library.The site provides a searchable database of African American women's writing during the period. It is possible to search by genre such as biography and autobiography, fiction or essays, or by author or title of work. The collection includes the first published book of poetry by an African American, Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral by Phillis Wheatley (1773); the first book of essays by an African American, Essays by Ann Plato (1841); texts by writers such as Mary Prince and Harriet Jacobs that have become more widely-known in recent years, alongside writings by much lesser-known women. To support accurate attribution of the collection, the site also offers MLA-style citations for each of the texts in the collection.In addition to the online texts, the site provides detailed biographies of a number of women whose work figures in the collection. The site provides information on topics such as slavery and missionary work and would be of interest to historians working in a range of fields other than the history of female emancipation, black emancipation or women's writing.
The 'African Traditional Religion' web pages maintained by Chidi Denis Isizoh are a general collection of resources on indigenous African cultures and beliefs, as well as their development both in Africa and in the African Diaspora. Through a series of articles, students and others with a general interest in African society are introduced to a number of social and religious issues including: women's role in religious rites; an examination of certain creation myths; and the function of marriage. There is also an interesting collection of papers tracking the interaction of native African religions with Christianity and Islam. For those writing papers of their own or furthering their research, a number of superior resources may be found here, including a bibliography of traditional African religion, and statistical information on religious adherence. The section on traditional religion in the African diaspora includes links to online resources on: voodou (voodoo); Orisha; Ifa; and Candoble. An extensive series of links to a wide variety of related topics (many from academic sources) will also assist research into any aspect of African culture.
Christian + Feminist is a small but interesting resource gateway providing access to a number of articles, book reviews, and even two full-text books on the role of women in Christianity. The site offers a mixture of locally hosted material and briefly annotated links to other sites. Most works included date from before 1997, so users should note that the most recent discussion will not be included. However, the site does list some fascinating material, such as the pamphlet 'Against the Monstrous Regiment of Women' by the 16th-century reformer John Knox, plus sites on women in Byzantium, on the Beguines (a medieval women's religious movement), and on the different stances taken on the ordination of women in the Christian church.
The Christians for Biblical Equality (CBE) International website provides information about this organisation, based in Minneapolis, which believes the Bible teaches equality between both sexes, between all racial groups, all ethnic and social backgrounds, and all ages. This site holds a number of online articles on racial and gender issues within Christianity, a book store, an FAQ section, a list of current events and a statement on the equality between men and women within the church. While most articles are not primarily intended for a scholarly audience, and tend to focus on gender equality only, they contain interesting views on the interpretation of certain 'problematic' Biblical passages such as 1 Timothy 2 and 1 Corinthians 11:3.
The website Diotima: materials for the study of women and gender in the ancient world has been constructed by the Stoa Consortium for Electronic Publication in the Humanities. The resource is called Diotima after a woman praised for her wisdom by Socrates in Plato's Symposium. Resources are concentrated in the field of women in classical antiquity, especially in ancient Greece. There is also information relating to women in the context of Biblical studies, including New Testament Christianity, early Church history and the medieval period. The site offers links to online texts, essays and criticism, bibliographical material and links to image-based resources, including paintings, archaeological images and costume sketches.
The Encyclopedia of Women and Islamic Cultures (EWIC) is a large scale work edited by Dr Suad Joseph, a professor of Anthropology and Women's Studies at the University of California, Davis. The work consists of six volumes: Methodologies, Paradigms and Sources; Family, Law and Politics; Family, Body, Sexuality and Health; Economics, Education, Mobility and Space; Practices, Interpretations and Representations; Supplement and Index. This website provides the table of contents and lists of contributors to all volumes; information about the encyclopedia and its editorial and advisory boards; news, reviews and a downloadable preview of the work; a contributor template; and author guidelines. Viewers are allowed to download without charge the Arabic version of the first volume. Details of how the encyclopedia, which is published by Brill Academic Publishers, could be purchased is also available from the site. Students of Islam will find this online resource informative.
This is the website of the AHRC funded project 'In the Footsteps of Jesus and the Prophet: Sociality, Caring and the Religious Imagination In the Filipino Diaspora'. The Footsteps Project is a major two year research project funded within the AHRC Diaspora Programme, concerned with the experiences of Filipino carers living and working in the Middle East and the role that Filipino religious congregations play in creating sociality, community and social networks among fellow migrants, both local and transnational; the ways these facilitate relations with their hosts; how faith may empower women negotiating status and identity within and beyond the workplace.
Adrift in a sea of polemics and postulation, the wonderful 'Islam and Islamic studies resources' website is a truly welcome presence on the Internet for its commitment to collecting and evaluating useful Internet resources on the Islamic faith. Maintained by Dr Alan Godlas at the University of Georgia, these pages seek to provide a scholarly overview of Islam, and Islam related issues, with the site divided into a series of categories that introduce the reader to an array of historical and contemporary discussions, but which are detailed enough to entice the most discerning of users. By combining introductory summary material with links to additional external sites, the author provides not only a brief tutorial in Islam but simultaneously identifies and critiques the best Islamic resources on the net. Categories include everything from the basic divisions in Islam, to mysticism, science, women's issues, history and art. Most sections offer additional bibliographic material, and new students will find the collection of bibliographic links and glossary of terms especially helpful. Those who wish to learn about Islam through electronic resources while remaining confident of the quality of material would do well to begin here.
The website of the Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion provides tables of contents for all past issues of the journal from its inception. The journal has been published twice yearly since 1985, with Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza and Judith Plaskow as its founding editors, and is dedicated to encouraging feminist scholarship in the study of religion. It is the oldest interreligious and interdisciplinary feminist journal in religious studies. Information for those wishing to subscribe to the print journal, as well as for those wishing to submit articles for publication, is readily available. The site is well presented and accessible.
The Journal of Men, Masculinities and Spiritualities (JMMS) is an open access online scholarly journal, issued twice a year, with occasional special issues. JMMS aims to address all areas of masculinities and sexualities, with particular concern for those rarely considered in detail. The editorial board is drawn from across a wide range of disciplines, reflecting the journal's inclusive approach. The journal is peer reviewed and open to submissions, guidelines for which are given on the website. With regard to spiritualities, an equally inclusive approach is taken, with papers welcomed on aspects of faith and religion from across the spectrum of cultures and beliefs. JMMS is also interested in the historical and contemporary consideration of spiritualities, including speculation on the future. Full-text articles are available, with a synopsis on the main page and the article downloaded as a PDF file. It is also possible to download each issue as a PDF file. Each journal includes an editorial, research notes, articles, and book reviews. This is a high-standard resource, which is well presented and straightforward to use.
"Julian of Norwich's 'Christ as mother' and medieval constructions of gender" is the online version of a paper presented by Professor Thomas L. Long (Thomas Nelson Community College) in 1995. Long's main argument is that whereas Christianity today still displays a great amount of patriarchal anxiety about the idea of Christ as a mother, medieval religious texts did more freely allow the trope of a feminine God. The focus of Long's paper is the transgendered image of Christ in 'A Revelation of Love' by the 14th-century female mystic Julian of Norwich. This resource is clearly written and contains endnotes and a bibliography. This paper is one of a number on medieval topics on Long's homepage, and would be of interest to medieval studies or religious studies students.
The Matrologia Latina page is part of the website of the Peregrina Publishing House. The site specialises in material by or about women and relating to the mystical and spiritual traditions of western Christianity. Two essays by the site's creator, Margot H. King, provide a survey of the 'Desert Mothers' - female religious hermits of the patristic and medieval periods. Additionally, several Latin texts are offered: Books 1 and 2 of Gertrud of Helfta's 'The Herald of Divine Grace', plus three 'vitae' (lives) of three other medieval holy women: Christina Mirabilis; Lutgard of Aywières; and Marie d'Oignies. The lack of English translations means this site is not as accessible as it might be, but for those for whom this is not a bar, this remains a useful resource on medieval spirituality.
The award-winning website "The Monastic Matrix" presents online collaborative interdisciplinary research being carried out by scholars working on the subject of Christian women between 400 CE and 1600 CE. It is of interest to those working on the period from the perspective of history, religion, women's history, archaeology and history of art, among other subjects. The project is ongoing and also provides an excellent example for those interested in humanities computing. The aim is to "document the participation of Christian women in the religion and society of medieval Europe." The project makes the data widely available and drawing on a range of textual and non-textual sources, bases the project on "Monasticon" - a database of profiles of communities of religious women. The Monasticon may be searched by period, geography or name to reveal details about a community’s history, foundation, population and residents. The site is divided into the following sections: vitae (over 600 potted biographies); Cartularium (primary source documents); Bibliographia (a searchable database of titles); Vocabularium (glossary of Latin and specialist terms); Commentaria (an archive of articles); and Figurae (a visual library). The project allows the reader to examine issues such as the organisation of the religious communities, their relationships with the Church, the nobility, and each other. As the study of female religious orders and communities becomes more popular this source will be useful to an increasingly broader audience. For those working on communities in Western Europe, this is an excellent resource which can be used for teaching and research.
Other Women's Voices is a website offering information about, excerpts from, and links to the work of well over a hundred women writers, dating from ca. 2200 BCE to the end of the 17th century. The majority of the works covered, though not all, have a religious theme; the writers are as diverse as Sappho, Eloise, Lady Nijo, Teresa of Avila, and Elisabeth, Princess Palatine. For each writer, the site includes brief biographical information, links to online editions of the works, bibliographical details of texts not available online, selected quotations (often substantial), and information about secondary sources. The links to online resources are carefully chosen and well annotated. Both chronological and alphabetical indexes are available. This well-maintained site (remarkably few broken links for so extensive a project) is the work of retired college teacher Dorothy Disse.
The Queer Spiritual Spaces project website provides details of this scholarly investigation into the practice of LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer) spiritual communities. Information is given about the project objectives, staff, and activities such as conferences, plus the six case studies which form the core of the project: Queer Buddhists; Queer Muslims; Queer Quakers; Spiritual Seekers (dealing with LGBTQ people who do not belong to a particular religious group); Findhorn Community (covering New Age spirituality); and Michigan Womyn's Music Festival. Other resources include a blog and a list of suggestions for further reading. The project is funded jointly by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) and the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), and is based at the University of Sussex.
The University of California Press has made available online 'A Radical Jew: Paul and Politics of Identity' by Daniel Boyarin, first published in print in 1994. 'A Radical Jew' takes as its starting point the Pauline verse, "There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is no male or female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus", and is a study of gender and ethnicity in the letters of Paul. The author is a self-professed talmudist and postmodern Jewish cultural critic who desires to reclaim Pauline studies as an important part of the study of Judaism in the Roman period and Paul himself as a Jew. The list of chapter headings is as follows: Circumcision, Allegory, and Universal "Man"; What Was Wrong with Judaism?; The Spirit and the Flesh; Moses' Veil or The Jewish Letter, the Christian Spirit; Circumcision and Revelation or The Politics of the Spirit; Was Paul an "Anti-Semite"?; Brides of Christ; "There Is No Male and Female"; Paul, the "jewish Problem," and the "Woman Question"; Answering the Mail. The full-text of the book is available together with notes and bibliography. The entire work may be searched though help for using the search interface is not easily available. The work has been encoded in XML and is made available via Dynaweb. The presentation makes use of frames (though these may be switched off to ease printing). An extra Unicode font may need to be installed to ensure Greek text displays properly.
This is the official website of the Religion in Canada Institute (RCI) based at Trinity Western University, Canada. Founded in 2007 and directed by Dr Michael Wilkinson, the institute is an interdisciplinary research centre which seeks to gain a better understanding of the role of religion in Canada. Themes explored to date include: Evangelism; Faith-based social services; Pentecostalism; Religion, culture and conflict; Religion and globalization; Religion, law and public life; Spirituality and health; and Women and religion. On a number of these, the site provides several resources like annotated and unannotated bibliographies; and links to the homepages of relevant organizations. The site also provides a section on news update; and information about past, recent and upcoming events, as well as publications by RCI members.
Theology of the Body.net is a collection of online resources about John Paul II's theology of the body, described as 'an integrated vision of the human person, body, soul and spirit'. It aims to provide insight into Catholic teaching on matters such as marriage and celibacy, sex and sexuality, contraception, and the nature of love. There is a collection of articles on these and related subjects, along with links to the relevant sections of the catechism, the pronouncements of the Pontifical Council of the Family, and papal writings. Information is provided about the work of TOBIA, the Theology of the Body International Alliance. Other resources include a list of recommended books and CDs, details of relevant events and study groups, a discussion forum, and an annotated links list. While the tone and approach of this resource is broadly speaking popular rather than scholarly, it nevertheless provides a thought-provoking set of perspectives on some important issues.
Twelve Websites on Julian of Norwich is an online resource that makes an immense amount of valuable information available to students and scholars interested in this medieval Anchorite or any aspect of women's lives in the later Middle Ages. Directed by Julia Bolton Holloway, these pages offer a comprehensive introduction to Julian's spiritual and often mystical text, the 'Showing of Love' (also known as the 'Showings' or as 'Revelations of Divine Love'. Contained within are many images and analyses of original manuscript folios, partial transcriptions of the text, and essays. Users will also find many other related Web pages dedicated to the cloister in which Julian lived and the materials to which we suppose she had access. In addition, some resources on the medieval woman's relationship to the Bible are provided, plus information on medieval mystics and theologians who lived both before and after Julian. Special attention is paid to St. Birgitta of Sweden: the complete Latin text of her 'Revelaciones' plus Thomas Gascoine's 'Life of St Birgitta' are included. A Google search utility enables the user to overcome any difficulties in navigating this intricate and colourfully presented website. Lecturers may welcome the wide variety of manuscript images and details on the development of the 'Showing' itself.
The Women in Islam web page presents a number of articles explaining the position of Muslim women in Islamic society. It attempts to correct many of the stereotypes and misconceptions that non-Muslims have about the attitudes towards women sanctioned by Islam, and to justify Islamic principles in relation to those held by 'The West'. The content of the site includes essays on: the ideal Muslimah (Muslim woman); the teachings regarding women in the Qur'an and Sunnah; women in society; women's status in marriage; and the Hijab (veil). Most of the articles are clear and reasonably objective. There is nevertheless the occasional over- generalisation as to what is considered acceptable by 'Western Society'. Nevertheless, this site should provide a useful introduction to non-Muslims seeking to understand this topical aspect of the Islamic faith.
Women in Judaism: A Multidisciplinary Journal (ISSN 1209-9392) is an online peer reviewed scholarly journal that focuses on gender-related issues in Judaism. It is edited by Dr Dina Ripsman Eylon of the University of Toronto. Volumes are freely available since 1997 and articles featured include: 'Women in the Changing World of the Kibbutz'; 'Canadian Jewish Women and their Experiences of Antisemitism and Sexism'; 'Changes in the Social Status of Urban Jewish Women in Iraq as the Nineteenth Century Turned'; and 'Mothers of Israel: Why the Rabbis Adopted a Matrilineal Principle'. The site, which also contains the journal's submission policy and search facilities, is hosted by the University of Toronto. The journal itself is published by Women in Judaism, Inc.
The website "Zeitenblicke 1 (2002) Nr. 1: Hexenforschung aktuell" features the first issue of the historical German ejournal Zeitenblicke, which took the subject of research into witchcraft as its topic. The main language of the journal is German, although there are versions of the introduction, plus occasional articles, in English and French. This edition features an article by the eminent expert in the iconography of witchcraft - Charles Zika. He discusses the influence of the imagery surrounding the ancient sorceress Circe, especially in printed woodcuts, on the formation of the discourse on witchcraft in the 15th and 16th centuries. Other coverage includes: an interview with Carlo Ginzburg; a virtual conversation with Wolfgang Behringer (University of York); sections on sources, digitisation projects, and regional studies of trials for witchcraft such as those of Trier and Luxemburg; and reviews. Since this first issue, Zeitenblicke has been published three times a year: later editions can be accessed via the journal's archive.