This website makes available the full-text of the Assisted Dying for the Terminally Ill Bill. It was introduced as a private members bill by Lord Joel Joffe, a retired human rights lawyer, in the wake of heart-rending cases like those of Diane Pretty's and Reginald Crew's. The bill seeks to make it lawful for doctors to assist terminally ill patients to end their lives. The contents, divided into 16 sections, could be downloaded from the site without charge. The resource would be of interest to those studying ethics at the end of life.
'Atlas Shrugged' is a free website providing materials for the study of Ayn Rand's 1957 novel of the same name. Published by the Ayn Rand Institute, this website provides an accessible study-guide to an influential novel that has sold six million copies and continues to sell 185,000 copies each year. The website is best used after a full reading of the novel, since it contains numerous 'plot spoilers'. The website contains a 'History of Atlas Shrugged', audio commentaries and recordings, a chapter-by-chapter video examination of the themes and ideas to be found in the novel, a full profile of Rand and her works, and links to a handful of selected external websites.
'bioethics.net' is the homepage for the American Journal of Bioethics. The site contains a contents page and abstracts for articles published in its latest issue, as well as commentaries on each piece. There is also information on how to subscribe to the journal in print and online.The site provides free of charge a number of short articles introducing the general reader to the field of bioethics. It also serves as a portal to a wide range of online resources on bioethics. Topics catered for include: cloning; end-of-life; genetics; stem cell research; and research ethics. This site provided a good general introduction to bioethics for beginners whilst also catering for specialists requiring the latest news, conference reports, and articles relating to the subject.
Bioethics.net is a website which offers a substantial collection of articles on issues important to this field, including: AIDS/HIV; genetically modified organisms; IVF/assisted reproduction; physician assisted suicide; and organ transplantation. The majority of the material on the site takes the form of short opinion pieces which are journalistic rather than academic in style, so this resource is perhaps most useful for those wishing to familiarise themselves with these topics in general terms, and as a spur to further debate. However, the Bioethics for Beginners section (under the Features heading) may prove useful to students new to this area, and the site also offers tables of contents for the American Journal of Bioethics, which tackles issues at greater length and in a more scholarly format. Links to the full text of the journal articles are also provided, but access requires a personal or institutional subscription. A blog written by the journal's editors is freely accessible via the main Bioethics.net site.
The British Society for Ethical Theory (BSET) is dedicated to fostering the exchange of information, papers, and reviews related to ethics. The Society's official Web page provides information about past and present events: the Society's annual conference is one of the leading UK philosophical meetings. Information for those interested in joining the Society is also provided. At time of review, the site was somewhat basic, but there are plans to add further features, including a members-only section offering a discussion forum.
Brown Electronic Article Review Service (BEARS) is a resource dedicated to reviewing publications in moral and political philosophy. Motivated by the notoriously slow nature of academic publishing, BEARS is committed to providing authors with quick responses to their work. The reviews are produced within six months of the publication of the articles and are kept under a thousand words long. Carrying both solicited and unsolicited reviews, BEARS aims to allow academic debate something of the fluidity and suppleness of journalistic discussion. Simple to use and easy on the eye, the site is a welcome addition to electronic innovations in academic publishing. At the time this record was last reviewed, the site does not, however, seem to have been updated since 2003. The existing contents would nevertheless still be of interest to anyone working in philosophy and politics.
This is the official website for the Center for Ethics and Social Justice at Loyola University Chicago. The center was established in 1991 to encourage the integration of ethics throughout the university and the production of ethics-based programs and initiatives. It is directed by Dr William French. This website provides information about the center's history and mission, and the activities it has undertaken to date (e.g. ethics competition for undergraduates; conferences; workshops; and outreach programs). Also available are: a downloadable article on outcomes-centered ethics teaching and annotated links to online resources in ethics and social justice. An interesting site for those researching in these areas.
The website for the Center for the Study of the Great Ideas aims to provide an online presence that furthers the work of the Center's mission to prove that 'philosophy is everybody's business'. Addressing the questions as to what we should seek in life and how we should go about our search sums up the life and work of Dr. Mortimer J. Adler (1902 - 2001), who co-founded the Center and whose academic credentials include the post of Professor Emeritus at the University of Chicago. The site aims to make the ideas of Dr. Adler widely available and while membership options at a range of prices are offered, the site contains a sufficient amount of open access material to provide comprehensive introductory insights. Under the headings such as 'The Great Ideas', 'The Great Books' and 'Liberal Education', the basic concepts of the Center are introduced fully, with a biography of Dr. Adler and a useful range of links. A search engine is available, which will yield results when searched by author name or subject. This is a wide-ranging site, with a large amount of thought-provoking material.
The Corporate Social Responsibility website, created by Mallen Baker, offers a range of resources for those interested in this growing area. The site offers a wide range of articles (including links to material on sister site Business Respect) on various aspects of the subject, including the environmental, social, and financial impact of various business practices. Other features of the site include: discussion of exactly what corporate social responsibility (CSR) is; some arguments for and against it; case studies; news items; reading suggestions and links to other Web resources; and a blog. The site is aimed both at interested business people, and at scholars and students working on CSR.
Cosmos and History (ISSN 1832-9101) is a recent peer-reviewed, open-access journal of natural and social philosophy. Its focus is on what it perceives as the otherwise marginalised discussion of humankind's place as social, political and cultural entities within the cosmos. The range of topics thus covered is broad, from archaeology and economics, through to ethics, critical theory, and psychoanalysis. Thinkers discussed include: Georg Hegel (1770-1831); Martin Heidegger (1889-1976); and Alain Badiou (1937-), to whom an entire issue is devoted. The journal is open to the work of philosophically-inclined writers from all disciplines, although potential contributors should look in the 'About' section under Policies to check for subject-specific special issues that may be coming up. Full-text articles for all extant issues are available in PDF format, and a search facility is provided. The Register section gives the opportunity receive email alerts of new issues, or to participate in the peer-review process.
Cultura is a Romanian-based international journal devoted to philosophy of culture and axiology (the study of value). It aims to promote the exploration of both ethical and aesthetic values in regional and international contexts. The journal publishes articles in several European languages, though in practice the majority of works are in English. Author guidelines are provided. Recent article titles include: 'Mass Media and European Cultural Citizenship'; 'The Concept of Ruin and the Ruin of Concepts'; and 'Axiological Reflections about Don Quijote'. Cultura has appeared twice yearly since 2005.
This is the homepage of the Dartmouth College Ethics Institute. Led by Professor Ronald M. Green, the institute is actively engaged in teaching and research activities in applied and professional ethics. Faculty's interests range from medical, business, legal and engineering ethics, to teaching and research ethics. This website provides an events calendar; and information about: seminars; competitions and campus visits; visiting scholars programme and other fellowships on offer; educational programmes and research opportunities available. There is also an annotated link to relevant online resources which would be particularly interesting to students of Philosophy and Applied Ethics.
This website describes an AHRC-sponsored workshop ‘Disability and Disadvantage: Re-examining Topics in Moral and Political Philosophy’. The workshop, which took place in 2007, aimed to advance the moral and philosophical discussion of disability and disadvantage beyond the traditional themes of quality of life and decisions over bearing healthy children. In doing so, it hoped to use considerations of disability to derive important insights overlooked by mainstream discourses in mainstream philosophy. The website lists the workshop programme and participants, but unfortunately access to discussion papers is restricted by password.
Diseases and Disorders: Links Pertaining to Ethics is a collection of lightly annotated links to important websites on biomedical ethics. These are organised into seven categories: Bioethical Issues; Bioethics; Institutional Ethics; Professional Ethics; Humanism; Morals; and Professional Misconduct. Between them, over 200 entries from around the world are recorded. They cover a diverse range of issues such as the ethical use of animals in biomedical research; the administration of lethal injection to prisoners on death penalty; war crimes; abortion; organ transplantation and donation; assisted suicide; cloning; human rights; confidentiality and privacy issues associated with medical records; medical malpractice; and the use of human subjects in research and experimentation. The sources linked to range from journalistic pieces to material produced by academic institutions and articles in medical journals (some publications may require subscription to access the full text). The site would be of interest to students on medical ethics courses.
The Earth Charter Initiative website describes a worldwide project devoted to promoting and implementing 'fundamental principles for building a just, sustainable and peaceful global society in the 21st century'. Its contributors are international experts, local community groups, non-governmental organisations, professional societies, and youth groups. In addition to material for a general audience, the website provides some excellent resources for researchers: the most useful area for scholars is the Resources section, which offers a substantial virtual library. This includes the Earth Charter itself, documentation on its creation, transcripts of speeches, essays, articles, and conference papers, as well as teaching materials for all levels of education and information on groups and projects arising from the Earth Charter's programmes. A useful site for those with an interest in environmental and social ethics.
This website is dedicated to the Lithuanian-born Jewish philosopher Emmanuel Lévinas (1906-1995). Famous for the assertion that ethics should replace ontology as 'first philosophy', Lévinas' works have been influential for a generation of French philosophers including Jacques Derrida and Jean-Luc Marion. This gateway to Lévinas-related resources on the web has been compiled by a Japanese enthusiast, Gen Nakayama, and contains some useful information, including: a bibliography of Lévinas' writings and links to sites grouped under such subject headings as: Judaism; Anti-Semitism and Racism; and the Holocaust. Users should note, however, that at the time this record was reviewed, the site does not seem to have been updated since 1998 and a number of the links are no longer in operation.
The Emmanuel Levinas Web Page provides an overview of the life and work of the Lithuanian-born philosopher and Talmudic commentator, who lived from 1906 to 1995. The site offers a list of Levinas's own works, plus an extensive and regularly updated bibliography of secondary literature. An announcements section provides details of relevant conferences and other events, and for those who would like to explore the subject further, there is a short list of links to resources elsewhere on the Web. The site is maintained by Peter Atterton of San Diego State University.
This is the home page of the Center for Ethics at Emory University, USA. The center was established to promote research on ethics and to enhance the practical application of ethical thinking to a wide spectrum of life. This website informs visitors about the center's history and mission; the academic programmes they offer; the initiatives they are involved in; and news of upcoming events. It allows access to: a video recording of a discussion on the science of Mind Reading; a small number of articles; and links to relevant websites. A search engine is available. The center is directed by Dr Paul Root Wolpe.
This ejournal (ISSN 1526-0569), published biannually, devotes each issue to a specific topic (recent topics include Business Ethics; The Philosophy of Language; and Civil Disobedience). Essays in Philosophy claims to follow 'no specific school of thought, mode of philosophizing, or style of writing', and although recent issues generally follow the Anglo-American tradition, there are essays in the Continental tradition covering such thinkers as Hegel, Husserl and Derrida. Published by Pacific University, the journal announces topics for upcoming issues one year in advance. The site also contains a large number of book reviews.
This is the homepage of Ethical Perspectives (ISSN: 1783-1431), a journal which aims to encourage reflection and dialogue between fundamental and applied ethics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and is edited by Bart Pattyn of the European Centre for Ethics at the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium. This website contains the journal's submission guidelines. It allows free access to all materials published since the first volume was released in 1994 to 2006. These, which are made available in PDF, include articles like: 'The Diane Pretty case and the occasional impotence of justification in ethics'; 'What do we owe the world's poor? International justice in an era of globalisation'; 'Communitarianism and patriotism'; and 'Environmental optimism'. Searches can be conducted by year of publication, title or author. For volumes published from 2007 onwards, only the contents and abstracts can be viewed from here. The journal is published four times a year by Peeters Publishers. This website is maintained by the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium.
This website provides access to the full contents of 'Ethics: An Online Textbook'. The work is prepared by Stephen O'Sullivan and Philip A. Pecorino of Suffolk County Community College, New York. The first thirteen chapters discuss what Ethics is about and introduce readers to the different theories underpinning this branch of Philosophy. These are presented under the following chapter headings: Moral Development, Mores and Law; Relativism; Ethical Theories; Teleological Theories: Egoism; Teleological Theories: Utilitarianism; Deontological Theories: Natural Law Theory; Kantian Theory: The Categorical Imperative; Rawls Theory: Justice as Fairness; Post Modernism: Pragmatism; Existentialism; Feminism; and Relativism Reconsidered. The last four chapters explore the application of ethical principles in the areas of Medicine and Health Care; Social Policy; Business; and Computers and Technology. All the chapters are divided further into several sections, and links are provided to a number of online resources when the various issues are explored. The work also contains discussion topics which could be used by teachers of Ethics.
ETHICS ETC is an online discussion forum for those interested in contemporary philosophical issues in areas such as normative ethics; metaethics; moral epistemology; moral psychology, applied ethics; social and political philosophy; and law. It was founded in May 2007 by Dr Matthew Liao of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Oxford. This website, which is licensed under a Creative Commons Licence, allows access to all discussions posted on the forum since its inception. It also contains opinion polls; information about books recently published; and links to other philosophy blogs, the homepages of relevant journals and online philosophy resources. Articles can also be accessed from the hyperlinks provided to the homepages of contributors. A search engine is available.
French philosopher and feminist Simone de Beauvoir (1908-1986) wrote many influential works, including 'The Ethics of Ambiguity', which addresses issues of existence, freedom and morality. The full-text version of Bernard Frechtman's translation of this text (ISBN: 0-8065-0160-X) is here reprinted and available to download free of charge. The site's creator Bob Corbett states that the text will be available at this site while the book remains out of print. Corbett has divided the work into four parts, which are each available to download separately: Ambiguity and Freedom; Personal Freedom and Others; The Positive Aspect of Ambiguity; and the Conclusion.
This site collects together the classic essays: 'The Ethics of Belief' by William Kingdon Clifford (1845-1879) and "The Will to Believe" by William James (1842-1910), along with analysis from the site's editor, A.J. Burger. Together, these writings deal with the question of whether it is appropriate to act on a desire to believe something for which there is insufficient evidence. The particular focus of this question is its bearing on religious faith. As Burger points out, it is rare that the essays of James and Clifford are presented in their entirety (Clifford's had been out of print for some time prior to this site's appearance). The object of this collection, then, is to present the complete texts, and to situate James' essay in its proper context, as a response to Clifford. The text is available in HTML, and there is a link to information on the revised print version of the publication.
This is the homepage of the Ethics Resource Center (ERC) - a non-profit organisation established in 1922 to promote high ethical standards in public and private institutions. The centre is chaired by Dr Patricia Harned and its main areas of activity are research and consultancy. This website informs visitors of its history, mission, vision, policies; publications and activities. It also provides resources like annual reports; newsletter; an ethics toolkit; press releases; articles; and ethics games and puzzles. A search engine is available. This should be an interesting resource for students of professional and applied ethics.
Ethics Updates is a website designed primarily for the provision of resources and information on ethics for both professional philosophers and their students. The site is edited by Lawrence M. Hinman, a moral philosopher at the University of San Diego. It is intended to provide updates on current literature, both popular and professional, that relates to ethics. The site covers a wide range of topics in both ethical theory and applied ethics. Each section points to an extensive range of primary and secondary sources, including online videos of ethics conferences and speakers. There are also bibliographic surveys for most subjects. In addition, the site features a substantial section listing general learning and teaching resources for ethics. A valuable resource for all working in this area.
"Zur Genealogie der Moral" is an e-text version of the book of the same name, first published in 1887 by the 19th-century German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900). Known in English as "On the Genealogy of Morals", the e-text is in the original German. The resource is maintained by Ian Johnston, an associate researcher at Malaspina University-College, Canada, and it forms part of his general webpage "Johnstonia". Nietzsche himself was a radical thinker both in terms of his style and the content of his philosophy. "Zur Genealogie der Moral" sees Nietzsche examining how moral codes are born and develop, and he launches a fervent attack on what he sees as the negative cultural forces at play behind the central concepts involved in Judaeo-Christian morality. The resource is clearly presented, and there are hyperlinked shortcuts to the different chapters. The site would be of use to anyone wanting to access an online edition of this book in the original German, and Ian Johnston's home page, linked at the bottom of the Prologue to the Genealogie, also contains an English translation of the text by Johnston himself.
The Garden of Forking Paths is a philosophical blog devoted to agency theory. Free will and moral responsibility are particularly popular subjects for posts, but the topic is interpreted broadly, and is taken to include all related facets of metaphysics, ethics, and philosophy of action. Founded and coordinated by Neal Tognazzini and Gustavo Llarull (both doctoral candidates at the University of California, Riverside), the blog has an impressive list of contributors, including Alfred Mele, Jonathan Kvanvig, and Thomas Nadelhoffer. Posts are a mixture of philosophical pieces intended to provoke discussion, subject news (including conference announcements and calls for papers), and links to other relevant online material. The blog also offers a small collection of online papers, mostly in draft form. This resource is likely to be of interest to anyone wishing to keep up with current debates in this area of philosophy.
This website explains how to subscribe to and use the Phil-Action-L discussion list - a resource aimed at professional philosophers and graduate students with a basic knowledge of the field. The list is primarily for the exchange of ideas concerning the philosophy of action. However, there is flexibility as to subject matter, and discussion of related subjects is permitted, such as the nature of autonomy and free will. As the main topic is action, contributions are invited not only from philosophers of mind, but also from those working in psychology, the social sciences, moral psychology and ethics. The list is free but does require user registration.
The History of (Modern) Ethics is a website maintained by Stephen Darwall, a professor of philosophy at Yale University. It considers moral philosophy from the period of the 17th century through to the end of the 19th century. The philosophers Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), Immanuel Kant (1724-1804), Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), Francis Hutcheson (1694-1746), Joseph Butler (1692-1752), Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1788), and Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) are all discussed. This website provides access to extensive lecture notes, e-texts of relevant major works and links to other sites of similar interest. It is an excellent site and provides a good overview of the subject matter.
Humanitas is a print journal that makes a considerable amount of its content freely and openly available online. It offers articles and reviews for those interested in theoretical aspects of sociology (construed as a humanities discipline) and other social sciences, political and cultural criticism, and aesthetics. Scholarly articles sit alongside film reviews and poetry. The tendency, in tone and content, is towards conservative humanism, although liberalism and postmodernism also make frequent appearances in discussions. The current issue, and full tables of contents plus partial access to archives dating back to volume six which was published in 1992, are available. Information about the editors, subscriptions to the print journal, and instructions for submission to the journal, can all be found via the home page. Humanitas is published by the National Humanities Institute. Links to the Institute's site as well as to a number of other sites of relevance to humanities research are given at the bottom of the Humanitas home page.
Ideas and Issues was an American radio programme hosted by Hugh LaFollette that ran between 1995 and 2003. Most of the guests featured on the show were academics, many of them philosophers or political scientists. Ideas and Issues catered for a general audience, although it was perhaps more academically inclined than some of its rivals. Guests included well-known authors such as Richard Dawkins, Matt Ridley, Michael Ignatieff, and Stanley Fish. This website hosts the archives of the show, which may be downloaded in RealAudio format or, in some cases, mp3. There is some grouping of shows by broad subject area in some parts of the 'list of shows' section, but there is no search engine provided. Episodes include: 'Why I am a Secular Humanist'; 'Why I am a Theist'; 'Greed'; 'The Origins of Virtue'; 'Punishment'; 'Pseudoscience'; 'Atheism'; 'Evolution'; 'The Significance of Community'; 'Relativity Theory'; 'Why Abortion is Immoral'; and 'Deconstruction'.
'Immanuel Kant in Italia' is a mostly Italian-language website devoted to the 18th century German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804). Kant's Critique of Pure Reason is, arguably, the foundation of modern philosophy, and his Critique of Judgement, and Critique of Practical Reason still resonate with thinkers today. The primary purpose of the website is to provide information about Kantian philosophy in Italy. The site is divided into a number of sections: there is a brief outline of Kant's life; bibliographies in German and Italian; information about Kant's reading; a bibliography of studies of Kant's work; and a section concerning Kant's debt to Italian culture and writers (albeit incomplete and not very informative). There is also information on conferences and events - but at the time this record was reviewed, this section does not seem to have been updated for some time. The site is text-based and fast loading.
The Institut d'études lévinassiennes, based in both Paris and Jerusalem, is a research centre dedicated to discussion and analysis of the Lithuanian-born Jewish philosopher Emmanuel Lévinas (1905-1995). Famous for the assertion that ethics should replace ontology as 'first philosophy,' Lévinas's works have been influential for a generation of French philosophers including Jacques Derrida and Jean-Luc Marion. The Institut d'études lévinassiennes is an excellent source of information for the Lévinas scholar, containing extensive biographical and bibliographical details as well as access to some useful online articles and information on the activities of the Institute itself (its courses, seminars, and an online forum). All information is provided in French and is available free of charge. Highly recommended.
Inter-Disciplinary.Net's Evil hub (including material from what was previously known as the Wickedness.Net project) is an online resource for exploring the darker side of human nature. The hub is home to a number of discrete projects: Perspectives on evil; Evil, law and the state; Fear, horror and terror; Monsters and the monstrous; Evil, women and the feminine; Villains and villainy; and Magic and the supernatural. Project archives are available for each of these, plus details of past and forthcoming conferences and other project activities. Ebooks of a number of volumes of conference proceedings are also available via the Publishing section of the parent site. The projects bring together academics from a range of disciplines, including: criminology; cultural history; theology; genocide studies; philosophy; and war studies. The site is likely to be of interest to anyone whose research touches upon questions of wickedness or evil in a historical or contemporary context.
Inter-disciplinary.Net's Hostility and Violence hub is a website which brings together research into the nature and role of hostility and violence in contemporary life, and explores how violence is portrayed in media, art, and literature. The hub is home to a number of discrete projects: War, virtual war and human security; Violence and the contexts of hostility; and Persecution. Project archives are available, plus details of past and forthcoming conferences and other project activities, and ebooks of a number of volumes of conference proceedings are also available via the Publishing section of the parent site. The projects bring together academics from a range of disciplines, to explore philosophical, historical, theological, literary, cultural, political, and other perspectives on the issues under consideration.
Inter-Disciplinary.Net's Persons hub is an online resource for exploring what it means to be a person, and how persons stand in relation to one another. The hub is home to a number of discrete (and quite diverse) projects: Forgiveness; Hope; The Patient; Ethics in Everyday Life; Persons, Intimacy and Love; and Persons and Animals. Project archives are available for each of these (though at time of review some of these were still under construction), plus details of past and forthcoming conferences and other project activities. The projects bring together academics from a range of disciplines, including: metaphysics; social and medical ethics; and philosophy of love and sex.
Inter-Disciplinary.Net's Transformations hub is an online resource for exploring aspects of human nature that are in flux. The hub is home to a number of discrete (and quite diverse) projects: Ethics and Public Life; Culture, Politics, Aesthetics; Intellectuals, Knowledge, Power; Sexualities; The Erotic; and Good Sex, Bad Sex: Sex Law, Crime, and Ethics. Project archives are available for each of these (though at time of review, in some cases these were still under construction), plus details of past and forthcoming conferences and other project activities. The projects bring together academics from a range of disciplines, including: ethics; political philosophy; philosophy of love and sex; and cultural studies.
This is the home page of the International Centre for Ethics, Justice, and Public Life based at Brandeis University, USA. The centre aims to develop effective responses to dispute and injustice around the world; and to promote ethical practice in civic and professional life. This website contains general information about the center; and details about activities and events they participate in or coordinate; courses and seminars on offer; and books published. It also offers links to relevant internet resources and visitors can access the full text of reports and 'Ethics Central', the Center's newsletter. There is a section on 'Ethical Inquiry', a monthly series which discuss different ethical issues every month. There is another section on 'International Justice in the News' which features news about people working in international courts and tribunals, and of developments and publications in international justice. A search engine is available.
International Journal of Internet Research Ethics is a full-text ejournal published from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. At June 2009 there are two issue online, with articles freely available as PDF files. The journal will be useful for researchers in a variety of fields, as well as for philosophers considering ethics, research ethics, and online lives. Articles are freely available as PDF files. Example article titles include: 'Playing a Good Game: Ethical Issues in Researching MMOGS and Virtual Worlds'; ' Emerging Legal Issues in the Collection and Dissemination of Internet-Sourced Research Data'; 'Data as Representation: Beyond Anonymity in e-Research Ethics'; and 'Creating a Web of Attribution in the Feminist Blogosphere', among others. The website has full details of the editors, Editorial Board, and the submission process.
This is the homepage of the International Programme for Ethics, Public Health and Human Rights (IPEPH), an interdisciplinary forum based at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM). It was created to examine the ethical and human rights aspects of public health theory and practice. This website contains the following: an overview of the programme; details of its health and human rights work agenda; information about its research, consultancy, teaching, and postgraduate opportunities; a list of links to the homepages of relevant health and human rights organisations; and details of the programme's staff.
Introductory Material for Ethics is an online guide to some basic concepts that are used in moral philosophy. The site defines key ethical terms (such as ethics and morality), and outlines the distinctions between the three main areas of moral philosophy: applied ethics; normative ethics; and metaethics. It gives an overview of some basic moral problems at both the theoretical and practical levels, and provides links to key terms in the dictionary that also forms part of the site. The site is offered as part of an online course taught by Robert Berman at Xavier University of Louisiana, and also include a syllabus and outlines of a number of key philosophy texts. A helpful site for students and teachers of moral philosophy.
Isegoria (ISSN 1130-2097) is a biannual journal dedicated to moral and political philosophy. Based in Spain, it publishes articles on a wide range of topics including those on ethics; analytical philosophy; and the philosophy of right, history, religion, and science. This website is accessible in Spanish and English. It contains an archive which allows viewers to read a number of the works they published without charge. These are in PDF format and are mostly in Spanish. The site also provides a search engine; submission guidelines for authors; and information about its editorial board.
This is the home page of Dr Jan Edward Garrett, a professor of philosophy at Western Kentucky University. It contains a variety of information, most notably a teaching section with reading lists, study questions, lecture notes, and syllabi for courses on introductory philosophy, ancient and modern philosophy, philosophy of religion, ethics, and international justice. Within each course section, there are links to relevant writings by Garrett himself and by other philosophers. Further writings by Garrett can be found in the Talks/Essays section, and the site also has a brief list of his published research. Another valuable aspect of the site is its extensive set of ethics links, which can be searched alphabetically or by topic. In addition, the home page contains a link to Garrett's Stoic Place site, which is a forum for the presentation and discussion of the history and ideas of stoicism. There is also a link to the Kentucky Philosophical Association (KPA).
The online Journal for Cultural and Religious Theory (ISSN: 1530-5228) is concerned with intersections between secular culture and religion, utilising the latest methodologies in theory and theology. With the recent coincidence between Continental philosophy and theology - particularly in the work of Emmanuel Levinas, Jacques Derrida and Walter Benjamin - the field of the Journal for Cultural and Religious Theory is at the centre of current debates surrounding ethics, responsibility, subjectivity and indeterminacy. Phenomenology and deconstruction, then, are frequently the basis of discussion in the journal. There are even interviews with major post-modern thinkers who tarry with theology, such as Derrida, Mark C. Taylor and Jean-Luc Marion. The journal will be of interest to anyone working in theology, literature or theory.
The Journal of Buddhist Ethics (JBE) is a wholly-online, peer-reviewed journal (ISSN: 1076-9005). It is divided into annual volumes which run back to 1994. Areas dealt with include: Vinaya and jurisprudence; medical ethics; philosophical ethics; human rights; ethics and psychology; ecology and the environment; social and political philosophy; cross-cultural ethics; ethics and anthropology; and interfaith dialogue on ethics. The journal also carries a substantial number of book reviews. The website presents full information about submitting to the journal, plus details of the editorial board, policy, and coverage. The Journal of Buddhist Ethics is also a gateway to online resources for the study of Buddhism in general. There is an extensive (though unannotated) list of websites, and the scholarly resources section includes links to bibliographies and other reference materials. The site further acts as the primary distributor of a public domain version of the Pali Canon in electronic form (in association with the Sri Lanka Tripitaka Project). Additional fonts may be required in order to display the texts in Pali. The site also includes a search engine.
Kant on the Web describes itself as the Internet's "most organised and comprehensive" list of electronic resources on the 18th century German philosopher Immanuel Kant. The site was compiled by Stephen Palmquist, an associate professor in the Department of Religion and Philosophy at Hong Kong Baptist University, and provides access to a large number of online primary and secondary resources of use to Kant scholars and students. The website itself hosts etext versions of Palmquist's own preparations of Kant's writings, as well as lexical aids, books, and journal articles by Palmquist in the area of Kantian scholarship. The site also provides a comprehensive list of links to resources hosted by other websites, including: Kant's works in both the original German and in English translation; electronic versions of books and articles on Kant by a wide range of authors; email discussion groups; multimedia resources; teaching resources such as transcripts of various university's lecture note packages; and miscellaneous other resources. The website is generally well maintained (despite a few broken internal links) and very comprehensive indeed, although it might perhaps have been easier on the eye without the omnipresent background of Kant's head.
This online text of a Lecture on Aristotle's 'Nicomachaean Ethics' was originally given by Ian C. Johnston, an Honorary Research Associate at Vancouver Island University, in 1997. Of interest to literature and classics scholars, the resource is read by scrolling down the page, with all references and notes contained within the text. The lecture is laid out in sub-headed sections. The Introduction discusses some of the difficulties encountered in reading Aristotle, and sets out the methodology to be used in the main body of the lecture. The primary contention is that the moral philosophy of Aristotle remains relavent to our own lives, due to the practical and accessible framework he lays out for how we should live. The lecture considers the preambles and preparations Aristotle makes in preparing his audience to hear his arguments, comparing his concerns with those of Plato in the 'Republic', before laying out a useful overview of the structure of Aristotle's argument. The main body of the lecture considers areas such as 'Human Behaviour as Teleological Activity', 'Aristotle's Conception of Happiness', 'Practical Wisdom' and 'The Importance of Feeling'. The conclusion addresses the reasons why Aristotle's work remains consistently influential and reviews the value of the concept of a community-based moral life for modern society. The only difficulty in using this site is that the great length and few sub-divisions make referring back to particular arguments a little difficult. However, as it is essentially an on-screen version of a paper, it serves its purpose as a way of bringing a thought-provoking argument into the public domain.
The Linacre Centre for Healthcare Ethics aims to assist Catholics and others to explore bioethical issues from the perspective of Catholic moral teaching. Based in London, it operates under the trusteeship of the Catholic Trust for England and Wales, and the directorship of Dr Helen Watt. This homepage contains online papers written by their staff on a wide range of issues such as: abortion; AIDS; brain death; cloning; euthanasia; fertility treatment; genetics; hybrids/chimeras; organ donation; prolonging life; and stem cell research. On a few of these topics, viewers can also find the centre's submission to government committees and other official bodies. The site provides information about events organised by the centre (e.g. conferences and forums) and the facilities they are able to offer to researchers (e.g. a specialist bioethics reference library which holds over 6000 titles). Links to relevant websites are available. This would be a useful resource for those interested in Catholic Bioethics.
The Zen Journal is an online full-text journal, hosted by the Maria Kannon Zen Center, a non-profit organisation 'which offers a setting for people of various backgrounds and faith traditions to practice Zen'. The journal is likely to be of interest to researchers beginning the study of religion and philosophy and those considering the role of philosophical disciplines today, as the articles are aimed at understanding the ways of Zen and applying them in the context of the modern world. Recent articles include a four part series on The Four Bodhisattva Vows, by Ruben L. F. Habito, Practising Zen in Iraq, by Sheila Provencher, and Our Undivided Way by Flint Sparks. Issues of the journal going back to 1996 are available as PDF files.
The home page of philosopher and transhumanist Nick Bostrom offers online versions of a wide range of his papers. Bostrom, who is the Director of the University of Oxford's Future of Humanity Institute, has written extensively on: transhumanism (the movement which supports the use of technology to overcome limitations of the human condition); ethics and policy; ethical questions relating to technology; philosophy of science; probability; and a variety of other topics. His website offers both scholarly and popular papers. Bostrom is often a controversial author (for example, some of his best known works are those promoting the simulation hypothesis, which argues that it is probable that we are living in a computer simulation), but also a fascinating and accessible one, making this an interesting and valuable resource for all with an interest in this area of philosophy.
'Nietzsche: Beyond Good and Evil' is a website consisting of three lectures by Ian Johnston, prepared for a past university course. The lectures primarily focus on the content of Beyond Good and Evil, a book by the 19th century German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), and on the context in which it was set. Beyond Good and Evil (written in 1886) is one of Nietzsche's best known works. In it he describes, among other things, the processes by which societies, and in particular Christian societies, gradually cease to be culturally productive and become morally stagnant. The lectures themselves provide a general overview of Nietzsche's overall philosophy, by way of setting the context for the themes contained in Beyond Good and Evil. Johnston also constructs an analogy which he hopes will allow his students to better understand what it is that Nietzsche is trying to say. Further, there is some discussion concerning Nietzsche's use and criticisms of language in his philosophy as a whole. The lectures are a mine of useful information, and would be of particular interest for any undergraduate students looking for secondary sources in their study of Nietzsche in general, and of Beyond Good and Evil in particular.
The Nietzsche Society website is the home page of the organisation of the same name, whose stated aim is the promotion of the study of the philosophy of the 19th century German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), primarily from a Continental perspective. The resource provides details of the aims and activities of the Society, including its annual conference, as well as hyperlinked access to the website of the Society's journal "New Nietzsche Studies". There is also linked access to a useful array of Nietzsche resources hosted elsewhere on the Web, including other Nietzsche societies and various research tools dedicated to the study of Nietzsche. The resource is easy to navigate with its hyperlink facility, though employs sometimes quite distracting (especially on the journal's call for papers page) large-scale graphics. Unfortunately, the Society's information pages do not appear to have been updated for some time; however, the links are still current and the journal's Web page is up-to-date.
This is the website of the North American Nietzsche Society. The Society was formed in 1980 to encourage dialogue among scholars working on Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), foster exchange of ideas and collaborations, and encourage other Nietzsche-based productions. Philosophers and researchers in German literature constitute the majority of Society members. The site contains calls for papers, previous conference programmes, information about joining the Society, and a brief message from the Society's director, the Nietzsche scholar Richard Schacht. There is also a section devoted to the correct citation of Nietzsche's texts.
On the Genealogy of Morals is an e-text version of the book of the same name, first published in 1887, by the 19th century German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900). The resource is maintained, and the text is also translated from the original German, by Ian Johnston, of Malaspina University-College, Canada, and it forms part of Johnston's general Web page "Johnstonia". Nietzsche himself was a radical thinker both in terms of his style and in terms of the content of his philosophy. On the Genealogy of Morals sees Nietzsche examining how moral codes are born and develop, and he launches a fervent attack on what he sees as the negative cultural forces at play behind the central concepts involved in Judaeo-Christian morality. The resource has hyperlinked shortcuts to the different chapters. There is also a useful link to an e-text version of the book in the original German, again maintained by Ian Johnston. The site would be of use to anyone wanting access to an online edition of this book in English.
The website 'Online Guide to Ethics and Moral Philosophy' provides a good introduction to some of the main areas of moral philosophy. The site is divided into three main sections: the history of moral philosophy, concepts and problems in theoretical moral philosophy and, finally, applied ethics. Note that the last of these three sections has not been developed and has long since surpassed its proposed dates for development, and therefore the site can only be considered a good resource with respect to the first two sections. The first section provides lucid introductions to the thoughts of the key historical figures of moral philosophy. Individuals as diverse as Socrates (469-399 BCE), David Hume (1711-1776), Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) and Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) are discussed. The second section provides introductions to topics such as utilitarian and contractarian approaches to moral philosophy; ethical egoism; and relativism. There are, throughout both sections, summaries of key texts and overviews of primary movements and views, and links to other relevant sites. A search facility is also provided. This website is a useful resource for undergraduates working in the area of historical or theoretical ethics.
The Paideia Project On-Line is dedicated to the Proceedings of 20th World Congress of Philosophy at Boston University, held between 10 and 15 August 1998. The most substantial aspect of the site is the Paideia Archive, which makes available almost a thousand papers presented at the conference. The archive arranges papers by subject matter in an orderly and user-friendly manner, and the coverage is fairly comprehensive. Beyond the traditional philosophical categories, there are sections on the philosophy of sport, education, children, gender, and literature, plus regional entries focusing on African, Asian, American, and Latin American philosophy. The papers themselves are in printer-friendly HTML format and, with a few exceptions, are in English. They are written by professional philosophers and graduate students who attended the Congress. There is a sophisticated search function for finding particular topics in the archive. This resource will be of primary use to research students and faculty members, especially those investigating the less conventional or widespread areas of philosophy.
The Park Ridge Center for Health, Faith and Ethics is an independent, non-profit and non-sectarian organization based in Illinois, USA. It carries out teaching, research and consultation in the intersection between health, faith and ethics. This homepage gives free access to the center's three main publications: its bimonthly Bulletin; Second Opinion - the center's peer-reviewed quarterly journal; and E-Ethics, its monthly newsletter. The site also gives information about the center's mission; educational programs; consultancy services; and other works published by them. A search engine is provided as are links to relevant websites. It does not, however, appear that the site is regularly updated. The existing materials would nevertheless be of value to those interested in the interaction of health, faith and ethics.
Parrhesia - A Journal of Critical Philosophy (ISSN 1834-3287) is a peer-reviewed work which examines the intersections between questions of subjectivity, politics, ethics, aesthetics and truth. This website allows free access to all published articles and book reviews. It contains information about the editorial board; a style guide; and links to relevant websites. Articles featured include: 'Thinking Between Disputes: An Aesthetics of Knowledge'; 'Foucault, Freedom and Truth Emergence'; 'Restating Sovereignty: On America's Regaining the Old Sense of the Political'; and 'The Many Faces of Humanitarianism'. The journal is affiliated with the University of Melbourne and the Melbourne School of Continental Philosophy.
PEA Soup is a multi-contributor philosophy blog. The chief subject matter is ethics, although this is interpreted broadly, and in addition to covering applied and theoretical ethics and metaethics, also includes allied areas such as political philosophy, philosophy of action, and personal identity. Posts on other philosophical topics appear from time to time. Additionally, the blog has a secondary focus on academic life, and thus includes subject-related news announcements (calls for papers, conference details, links to new online resources, and so forth) and posts on matters of interest to those involved in philosophical research or teaching at university level. Boasting several dozen contributors (including some eminent ethicists), the blog is updated regularly, and discussion in the comments (in which readers are encouraged to participate) is often lively. One of the foremost ethics blogs on the Web.
This website presents the electronic text of 'Personalist Ethics and Human Subjectivity' - the 12th volume from the Cultural Heritage and Contemporary Change series, here made available by the Council for Research in Values and Philosophy (RVP). There are three sections to the text: Subjectivity and Ethics; Ethics in a Human Context; and Ethics A Religious Context. Articles include, amongst others: 'A Phenomenology of Moral Sensibility: Moral Emotion', by John D. Caputo; 'Aesthetic Sensitivity as Completion of Ethical Freedom', by George F. McLean; and 'Ethics and Social Values: Scheler and Ricoeur', by Robert D. Sweeney.
This is the official website of Philo, the official journal of the Society of Humanist Philosophers. The journal only includes articles on issues surrounding Naturalism and Theism, and Philo aims to provide a more 'conceptually precise' treatment of these issues; and to promote and keep pace with developments in Naturalist Metaphysics and Ethics. It is published biannually by the Center for Inquiry, Amherst, and Purdue University. The site provides the table of contents of all volumes published since 1998 and gives access to a small number of the articles published therein. There is also information about their submission policy.
This website provides a variety of learning and teaching material from Michael Tooley's undergraduate course, An Introduction to Ethics, which covers both theoretical and applied ethics (although emphasis is to some extent on the latter). Although primarily designed for his own students, certain sections are clear and extensive enough to be potentially of value to those outside the course, students and teachers alike. Among the areas that teachers of introductory ethics might find of use are a set of critical exercises, along with accompanying lecture material. Essay and debate assignments and topics may also provide some inspiration for instructors. For students, there is a useful guide to writing philosophy papers in ethics. Beginning students in ethics may also find the general lecture materials and the specific notes on various topics in ethics (suicide, abortion and euthanasia) of interest. The site is clearly laid out and accessible, and forms part of Tooley's larger philosophy home page, which features similar material for some other areas of philosophy.
Edited by Dr Richard T. Nolan, the Philosophy and Religion website includes a diverse collection of materials, some written by Nolan himself, and some by other authors. There are: articles relating to issues in philosophy (particularly philosophy of religion), theology, biblical thought, and ethics; two complete books ('The Diaconate Now' and 'Living Issues in Ethics'); the scholarly papers of contemporary philosophers of religion Edmond La B. Cherbonnier and Frank G. Kirkpatrick; a section dealing with Christology within a Semitic context; brief items for the novice in philosophical, theological and religious studies; reflective homilies; Constructive Criticisms and Commentary on the Institutional Church; and information about the Anglican liturgy and beliefs.
Philosophy Compass (ISSN 1747-9991) is an online scholarly journal which publishes original peer-reviewed surveys of research and other significant works from across the discipline. It fills a gap left by existing guides within the subject by focussing on the most up-to-date development in philosophy. The materials are organised according to Authors' names as well as the following themes: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Continental; Epistemology; Ethics; History of Philosophy; Legal and Political; Logic and Language; Metaphysics; Mind and Cognitive Science; Naturalistic Philosophy; Philosophy of Science; and Philosophy of Religion. While this is a subscription-based journal, free trials are available from this site, together with sample articles and abstracts of all materials published. The site also provides information about its editorial board and on how to subscribe to the journal. This resource is published by Wiley-Blackwell Publishing under the general editorship of Brian Weatherson of Cornell University.
The Philosophy of Benedictus de Spinoza (1632 - 1677) is a website compiled by Rudolf W. Meijer. It offers electronic editions of a number of works by Spinoza: his Ethica; the Tractatus de Intellectus Emendatione; the Tractatus Politicus; and a selection of relevant correspondence. The Latin text is based on Carolus Bruder's 1843 edition, but also makes some use of the edition published by Carl Gebhardt in 1925. The electronic editions reproduce both the content and also, as far as possible, the appearance of the print version. Users also have the option of viewing the original text alongside an English or French translation. The works have been enhanced by the inclusion of hypertext cross-references, also collected together in an index. A glossary provides an index of technical words and phrases with hyperlinks back to the main text. Also offered are a brief biography of Spinoza, an essay by the site author, and links to other relevant resources.
'Photojournalism, Technology and Ethics: what's right and wrong today?' is a free 10,000 word ebook from Black Star Publishing. The text was published in 2008 by the well-known New York photojournalism agency Black Star, and is available for download in PDF format. The contents consist of four chapters and a short bibliography: 'Our Pictures Must Always Tell the Truth'; 'The Golden Age of Photojournalism'; 'Altered Photographs, Staged Shots and the Era of Distrust'; and 'Toward a 21st Century Ethical Model'. This will be a useful document for students seeking a short accessible contemporary professional perspective on the history of photojournalism ethics; for professional photojournalists concerned with ethical issues and the alteration of photographs; and for ethicists seeking practitioners who are advancing professional models of 21st century media ethics.
'The Proceedings of the Friesian School, Fourth Series' is an electronic journal dedicated to continuing the Friesian reformation of philosophical thinking. The Friesian School traces its origins back to Kant. The name Friesian refers to Jakob Friedrich Fries (1773-1843), an evaluator and developer of Kant's theory of Transcendental Deduction. Fries was rediscovered by Leonard Nelson (1882-1927). Others who were influenced by Kantian thinking via Fries include Rudolf Otto, Karl Popper, and Friedrich A. Hayek. The journal contains an archive of essays on a range of subject areas including, 'History of Philosophy' (largest section), 'Epistemology', 'Philosophy of Science', 'Ethics', 'Political Economy', 'Value Theory', 'Philosophy of Religion', 'Metaphysics', and 'Philosophy of History'. Each section contains a mixture of contributed essays and editorial essays (the latter written by the editor, Kelley L. Ross). There are also a number of book reviews, the majority undertaken by the editor. The journal is not peer reviewed though authors of contributed essays include academic staff, postgraduates and senior undergraduates. The writings of the editor comprise the bulk of the site. A section of the site is also dedicated to the publication of correspondence between the editor and readers.
This is the home page of R. Jay Wallace, Professor of Philosophy at the University of California at Berkeley. Wallace's primary research interest is in moral philosophy, extending to related areas such as political philosophy, philosophy of law, and philosophy of action. The site contains a CV and provides details of the courses that he teaches. There is also a bibliography of the works he has published as well as a list of the talks he has given since 1992. There are a number of online papers (in PDF) which can be accessed without charge.
Reading for Philosophical Inquiry is a useful online open source introductory philosophy textbook from Lander University. The book consists of a selection of excerpts from important works of philosophy, accompanied by an introduction and study notes. The work begins by discussing the nature of philosophy, and moves on to consider philosophy of religion, ethics, and metaphysics and epistemology. Featured authors include: Plato; Aquinas; Hume; Kant; Nietzsche; Mill; Bertrand Russell; and William James. Each section is available in three formats: HTML; PDF; and MP3 files created using speech synthesis software. The book is made available for use under a GDFL licence, full details of which are given on the site, and forms part of a wider collection of introductory philosophy resources on the Lander University website.
The 'Research Sources on Concepts of Person and Self' website offers resources which are useful to those studying these concepts. The site is divided into two main sections. The first contains a bibliographic listing of relevant materials. These are organised both alphabetically and under the following themes: Philosophy of Mind/Cognitive Science; Self-Consciousness; Pathologies of the Self; Embodiment, Self, and Personal Identity; Developmental Theories of Self; Studies of Animal Cognition and Self-Recognition; Social Construction of the Self; Theory of Mind; Narrative Theories of Personal Identity; Feminist Theories/Gender Studies of Self Identity; Concept of the Person in Law, Politics, and Ethics; Historical Studies: Texts and Commentaries; Medical Issues and the Person; and Personalism. The second section connects users to the online texts of books; conference papers; journal articles; and book chapters. This website is maintained by Shaun Gallagher, Professor of Philosophy and Cognitive Science at the University of Central Florida. Search engines are available.
Responses to the Holocaust : A Hypermedia Sourcebook is one of the few websites that explicitly addresses the intellectual impact of the Holocaust. It is basically a defunct site, having not been updated since 1995 and thus there are a number of broken links; nonetheless, its content is unusual and significant enough to merit scholarly attention and it should prove a fertile starting point especially for undergraduate and graduate students. Fields covered by the site include literature, literary criticism and film. There are essays here on films which explore the legacy of the Holocaust. Literary criticism, following Theodor Adorno, questions the ability of literature to 'represent' extreme events whose nature lies outside the realm of aesthetic or even basic linguistic expression. At the same time, philosophers such as Hannah Arendt, Emmanuel Levinas and Jean François Lyotard have all taken the Holocaust as a starting point for their ideas, notably in terms of individual responsibility and of Postmodern Philosophy. From this, the site takes us to a paper on the second generation melancholia of Art Spiegelman's MAUS. But by far the most intriguing and least explored of these influences, however, lies in the realm of Information Technology. There is a good essay here by Robert Leventhal which posts pictures of the Hollerith machine, an early computing prototype which was used by the Nazis to process victims' information and was produced by a subsidiary of IBM. Leventhal presents the actual machinery and technical expertise – whether in terms of computing, engineering, science or medicine – which ensured the practical implementation Holocaust, and points to pressing and increasingly relevant questions on the institutionalized intermingling of information, science, technology and the state. The fact that many of the legacies of the Holocaust have become banal and unrecognised aspects of daily life testifies to this genocide's impact on modern culture, but also to its position as a breaking point not merely in Western, but in world, consciousness.
RS-Web (Religious Studies on the Web) is designed and written by Robert Bowie, a Senior Lecturer in Religious Studies at Canterbury Christ Church University. It contains a number of interesting resources like annotated links to relevant websites; bibliographies; discussion topics; ethical quotes; glossaries; and links to online Bibles and commentaries. These are organised into the following topics: Ethics; Philosophy of Religion; Religious Education; Biblical Studies; and Theology. There are also Study Support resources like essay writing and examination tips. Although primarily targeted at A-Level students, this resource is suitable for undergraduate use. It would also be of interest to anyone seaching for introductory materials on Christianity and Ethics.
This is the personal homepage of Dr S. Matthew Liao, the Deputy Director of the Program on the Ethics of the New Biosciences in the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Oxford. The site makes available his published works as well as those in the process of being published. Presented in HTML and PDF, they cover different areas in Philosophy such as Bioethics; Ethics; Metaphysics; Moral Epistemology; Moral Psychology; and Neuroethics. These include articles like: 'The Right of Children to be Loved'; 'Selecting Children: The Ethics of Reproductive Genetic Engineering'; 'Rescuing Embryonic Stem Cell Research: The Blastocyst Transfer Method'; and 'The Basis of Human Moral Status'. Readers are invited to comment on these works. The site, which should be of interest to students of Philosophy, contains a search engine.
The personal website of Simon Blackburn, Professor of Philosophy at the University of Cambridge, consists of a number of full text articles, teaching materials, a bibliography, and a brief biography. Of the teaching materials, the lengthy discussion notes from Blackburn's lecture courses on Hume's moral philosophy and his Dialogues on Natural Religion will be of particular interest to students. The full text articles, many of which are unpublished, include papers covering topics in: analytic philosophy; ethics; religion; and quasi-realism. Some of these require Adobe Acrobat Reader. Also available, as HTML files, are previously published reviews of books by, or on, a number of major figures of modern thought, including: Eco; Dawkins; Kant; Nussbaum; Polkinghorne; and Rorty. Links are provided to descriptions of, and in some cases excerpts from, a selection of Blackburn's own books, although at time of cataloguing some of these links are inactive.
This is the homepage of the Society for Ethics Across the Curriculum (SEAC). The organisation, led by Dan Wueste, seeks to promote scholarship on ethics and the teaching of ethics across all disciplines. The society publishes a journal 'Teaching Ethics', the homepage of which can be accessed from here. The website also contains information about the conferences and ethics series it organises. Other resources include: a number of selected cases; downloadable ethics manuals; and annotated links to relevant online resources. An interesting resource for teachers and students of ethics.
SpeakOut.com is an American 'activism center' focused on a number of moral and religious issues that have entered the public arena through legislation, judicial proceedings and public sentiment. The site does not endorse or espouse one particular stance regarding any religious or moral issue. Rather, it aims to disseminate information and facilitate open discussion and informed political activity. The site attempts to present a range of views on issues such as abortion, the death penalty, religion and morality, animal rights, and gay rights. Including links to news resources, government documents, and the websites of relevant organizations, SpeakOut.com is a user-friendly and balanced political forum. However, while there is much food for thought here, users should note that this site does not appear to be updated particularly frequently, and hence the information included about various issues may not always be as current as one could wish: for example, news stories may well be out of date, and not all links to external sites are functioning. Users should also be aware that as this is an American site, the focus is firmly on these issues as they pertain to the USA: the legislation and sample cases referred to are almost exclusively American.
Studies in the History of Ethics (SHE) is a web-based peer-reviewed journal which publishes articles and book reviews in the following areas: ethical theory/normative ethics; metaethics; applied ethics; moral psychology; social and political philosophy; and legal philosophy. This website provides: an electronic subscription form; details of their submission guidelines and editorial board; and a search engine. Viewers can gain access to all materials published since June 2005 without charge. There does not, however, appear to be a consistent pattern as to how regularly these are published every year. Titles featured include: 'Kants History of Ethics'; 'Kant and Aristotle on the Difficulty of Moral Knowledge'; 'Reevaluating the Historical Evolution of Double-Effect: Anscombe, Aquinas, and The Principle of Side-Effects'; and 'The Morality of On Liberty'. An interesting resource for Philosophy students.
Thus Spake Zarathustra is an e-text version of the book of the same name by Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), and features English and German renderings of the entire text presented in parallel columns, in order that they can be read side by side. This particular resource was prepared from files made available on Project Gutenberg's website, although it is not clear who is responsible for the translation into English. Nietzsche was a German philosopher, a radical thinker both in terms of his style and the content of his philosophy. Among other things, he criticised the traditional ways in which human beings come to form and justify the beliefs they hold (especially our moral, religious and philosophical beliefs). Nietzsche had it that each of us should create our own values, and in doing so go beyond what human existence normally amounts to. Many of these themes are the focus of "Thus Spake Zarathustra". The resource itself is simple to navigate, with hyperlinked access to each chapter of the text. The resource will be of especial use for Nietzsche scholars looking for an e-text version that allows them to readily compare the English and German renderings of the text. Likewise, it would be useful as a teaching resource for German to English translation.
The University of Liverpool's Philosophy Department has published this 'Subject Resources' website for the benefit of undergraduate students. It provides a number of introductory notes on important philosophers and summaries of key philosophical topics, all written by members of the faculty. There are PDF files covering the aesthetics of Kant and Schiller, and the political philosophies of Aristotle, Hobbes, Locke, Mill, Nozick, and Rawls. There is a multipart paper on emotivism, and an introduction to the philosophy of mind that covers dualism and behaviourism. Links pages are provided to other sites dealing with the philosophy of mind and early modern philosophy. Unfortunately, a number of these were not in operation at the time this record was reviewed.
Vurt: Issues in Ethics is a website offering an introductory guide to ethics. The Issues in Ethics course handbook (offered as a PDF file) covers a range of topics: Moral claims; Self harm; Censorship and freedom of speech; Abortion; War; Animals; Feminism; Democracy; Crime and punishment; and Ends and means. In each section, an overview of key concepts and ideas is given, and some questions are posed to prompt students to engage with the issue. Also available is a guide to reading and other material, which provides links to online resources relevant to the issues covered. Although intended to accompany a course at Cardiff University, the site also functions well as a free-standing guide to the basics of ethics, and would be a useful resource for those beginning to study this topic.