This is the homepage of AccountAbility, a not-for-profit initiative set up in 1996 to promote accountability for sustainable development by strengthening social responsibility and ethical behaviour on the part of the business community and non-profit organizations. This website provides details about their activities (including the research carried out by the institute, and the training programmes they offer), and of developments in social and ethical accounting and auditing around the world. Additionally, there are downloadable resources (e.g. guidance notes and research reports); a discussion forum; information about forthcoming conferences of potential interest; and details about membership. The site is accessible in English and Spanish, and contains a search engine.
The Alden March Bioethics Institute (AMBI) of Albany Medical College is a multidisciplinary centre which conducts research, teaching and consultancy on a wide range of areas including ethics in nanotechnology; emergency medicine; genetics; and transplant. This website provides information about these activities and the outreach programmes they are involved in.
This is the American Medical Association (AMA)'s webpage on medical ethics. It contains: information about the mission and organization of its Ethics Group; the Association's Code of Medical Ethics; a bulletin of upcoming ethics events; and a downloadable copy of the professional oath it drafted for the 21st century entitled 'Declaration of Professional Responsibility: Medicine's Social Contract with Humanity' (also available in French; German; Japanese, Mandarin and Spanish). Access is given to the full-text of all articles featured since 1999 in Virtual Mentor, the AMA's Ethics Journal. Viewers are further apprised of the Association's plans to: enhance professionalism, encourage physician volunteerism, and improve public health.
The homepage of Andy Miah is a portal to an extensive range of Miah's thinking on the topics of ethics of biotechology and new technologies, specifically in relation their use in human augmentation. His website contains around 50 free full-text PDF papers and book chapters on such topics. Sample titles are: 'Justifying Human Enhancement: The Accumulation of Biocultural Capital'; 'Ethical Considerations of Human Performance Optimisation'; and 'Genetic Tests for Ability?: Talent Identification and the Value of an Open Future', among others. The author also maintains active weblogs on: Posthumanism; the medicalisation 'panic' around internet and videogame users; and bioethics in sports.
This website allows full access to 'Animals and Alternatives in Testing: History, Science, and Ethics', a book written by Joanne Zurlo, Deborah Rudacille and Alan Goldberg. Published by Mary Ann Liebert Inc. in 1994, the work is organised under the following chapter headings: Science and Society; The Eye of Science; Toxicology and Toxicity Testing; Science In Vitro; and Animal Experimentation: Ethics and Law. Also available are the bibliography; glossary of terms and appendices. The site is maintained by the Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing (CAAT) at the Johns Hopkins University, USA. A useful resource for those interested in research ethics.
This is the homepage of the Centre for Business and Sustainability at Ashridge, a London-based international business school. It is particularly interested in promoting discussion about how the long-term viability of business is affected by issues of corporate governance; employee relations; supplier alliances; business values; environmental responsibility; community investment; and government relations. This website focuses on the latest thinking in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and contains information about the centre's teaching, consultancy and research activities. It allows access to reports as well as the centre's journal; magazine and newsletter. A search engine is available. The centre is directed by Matthew Gitsham.
This website makes available the full-text of the Assisted Dying for the Terminally Ill Bill. It was introduced as a private members bill by Lord Joel Joffe, a retired human rights lawyer, in the wake of heart-rending cases like those of Diane Pretty's and Reginald Crew's. The bill seeks to make it lawful for doctors to assist terminally ill patients to end their lives. The contents, divided into 16 sections, could be downloaded from the site without charge. The resource would be of interest to those studying ethics at the end of life.
'Atlas Shrugged' is a free website providing materials for the study of Ayn Rand's 1957 novel of the same name. Published by the Ayn Rand Institute, this website provides an accessible study-guide to an influential novel that has sold six million copies and continues to sell 185,000 copies each year. The website is best used after a full reading of the novel, since it contains numerous 'plot spoilers'. The website contains a 'History of Atlas Shrugged', audio commentaries and recordings, a chapter-by-chapter video examination of the themes and ideas to be found in the novel, a full profile of Rand and her works, and links to a handful of selected external websites.
This Austin Community College Library Research Guide offers an interesting selection of annotated links to medical ethics resources on the Internet. These are organised into the following subject headings: general medical ethics; abortion; animal testing; death, dying, and hospice; human cloning; euthanasia/assisted suicide; medical records; palliative care and pain; and religious bioethics. The site also offers RSS feeds detailing recent articles, although some of the material linked to is only accessible to Austin students, and some only to members of institutions subscribing to the relevant journals.
This is the homepage of the Australian Association for Professional and Applied Ethics (AAPAE). It was established in 1993 to increase awareness of the significance of professional and applied ethics in Australia. It facilitates several activities like networking; community discussion; teaching; and publishing. This website informs visitors about the association's history, rationale and organisation. There are details of news and events, and of how to be a member and to join their email-list. There is a range of publications available without charge from the site. These include AGM reports; conference reports and proceedings; articles; reviews; newsletters; and presidential addresses. This website is hosted by the University of New South Wales. A search engine is available.
This is an online exhibition on the Tuskegee Syphilis Study which was carried out by the US Public Health Service between 1932 and 1972. In its aim to document how syphilis spreads and kills, the work enlisted the participation of 399 African Americans in Alabama who were suffering from the disease. Told only that they were being treated for 'bad blood', all forms of known therapy were deliberately withheld from them. The deception, described as 'deeply, profoundly, morally wrong' by Bill Clinton in the official apology issued to the victims and their family members on behalf of the US Government in 1997, remains one of the most disturbing episodes in the history of medical research and experimentation. This website makes available the Final Report of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study Legacy Committee produced on the 20th of May 1996 and provides links to the full transcript of the Presidential Apology and other relevant sites.
This is the website of the BBC’s online magazine Thread, which deals with the concept of eco-fashion. The website can be viewed in an Adobe Flash version or as HTML. It contains a collection of feature articles, including: Reports on subjects such as sustainability, ethical designers, working conditions, fair trade and waste management; Columns from regular writers; How-To Guides, including conservation and construction tips, and instructions on finding ethical fashion; Galleries including current trends and recommendations. There are a number of BBC videos on the website including interviews with designers, and in-depth reports. An archive of Style Files contains photo shoots of eco-fashion looks with details of suppliers and prices. There are also details of the Style Search competition to find the most ethical dresser, and sections on the BBC programmes Twiggy’s Frock Exchange and Blood Sweat and T-shirts.
Bioethics Forum aims to take advantage of the timeliness and liveliness of the internet to broaden and deepen discussion about bioethical issues. Maintained by The Hastings Center, this website contains diverse commentaries on a wide range of topical dilemmas in this area. These can be browsed according to Author's Name; Date (which goes back to 2006); and Subject. The Subject list includes the following topics: Bioethics; Bioethics and the Law; Caregiving; Human Bodies; Human Reproduction; Medical Research; Medicine and Business; Pharmaceutics; Research; Science and Society; and Science and Technology. The site also provides links to recent bioethics issues that make newspaper headlines. It holds a search engine. This should be an interesting resource for students of medical ethics.
Bioethics Port is a website created and maintained by Dr Andy Miah, a Reader in New Media and Bioethics in the School of Media, Language and Music at the University of the West of Scotland. It features movie clips and Miah's own web commentaries on a range of bioethical dilemmas that have been in the headlines. These include topics like abortion; artificial life; end of life issues; genetics; human cloning; stem cell; prosthesis; cognitive modification; and life extension. The site provides a list of FAQs and invites visitors to suggest clips for inclusion. It holds a search engine and contains information about Miah's recent publications. An interesting resource for students on medical ethics programmes.
The US National Institutes of Health (NIH), in collaboration with its Bioethics Interest Group, has produced this online resource to facilitate teaching, research and scholarly activities in Bioethics. The site provides annotated links to a wide range of web links on the subject. These include those produced by the NIH themselves, and other government departments and institutes of higher education in the US. Visitors are connected to resources like case studies; reports; databases; bibliographies; directories; educational modules; virtual libraries; articles; journals; homepages of relevant institutions; and ethical codes, regulations, guidelines; policies and declarations. They are also linked to websites that hold information on upcoming events and career opportunities in the field. Bioethics topics receiving coverage are equally as diverse. They include: stem cell research; gene patenting; neuroethics; privacy; use of human tissue; pharmacogenetics; palliative care; human subjects research; and responsible conduct of research. An interesting resource for students and scholars of medical ethics.
BioNews is a well-presented website which aims to inform readers of developments that are taking place in the fields of human genetics and assisted reproduction. Topics examined include: Human Genome Research; Embryo Screening; Sex Selection; Egg and Sperm Donation; Human Cloning; Stem Cell Research; Access to IVF; Genetic Testing; and Gene Patenting. The resource provides up-to-date news summaries of the scientific, medical and legal developments in these and related areas; commentaries on the social and ethical issues pertaining to them; and information on conferences and forthcoming events. Published by Progress Educational Trust, a UK charity (number 1011897), and sponsored by the Department of Health and AstraZeneca, Bionews is an interesting resource suitable for use by medical ethics students.
BMC Medical Ethics is an electronic only, peer-reviewed journal (ISSN: 1472-6939) which publishes work on the ethics of medical research and practice. This website allows free access to all materials published since the first volume was issued in 2000, making it a very useful and interesting resource for students of medical ethics. A search engine is available, as are lists of most viewed articles in the last 30 days and in the past year, and another on all-time most viewed articles. The site also contains their submission policy and instructions for authors. The journal is edited by Dr Melissa Norton, and published by BioMed Central Ltd, London.
This website contains an up-to-date compilation of all materials published by the British Medical Journal (BMJ) on research and publication ethics since 1998. Viewers can access these without charge and topics featured include: research fraud; scientific dishonesty; research misconduct; limits on commercial funding; falsification of results; open access publishing; what makes an expert; the Declaration of Helsinki; research ethics committees; consent, confidentiality and the Data Protection Act; research using human subjects from developing countries; journals' review procedures; plagiarism; and ethical writing.
Access to Health Records is a document issued by the British Medical Association (BMA) in December 2008, and made available as a PDF file via the Association's website. Although primarily aimed at medical practitioners in their capacity as holders of health records, this resource may also be of interest to medical ethicists and students alike. The document deals with matters such as: legal rights of access to health records and information; rights under the Data Protection Act 1998; applications for access; who can apply for access; who must give access; time limits for giving access and for making fresh requests; prescribed maximum fees chargeable for access; information which cannot be disclosed; access to records of deceased patients; and record-keeping.
This is the homepage of the Business and Human Rights Resource Centre (Registered Charity Number 1096664), an international organisation which aims to promote awareness and meaningful discussion of issues relevant to business and human rights. It works in collaboration with Amnesty International and leading academic institutions. This website makes available, among other things, an online library and reports of corporate misconduct and examples of best practice by companies. Links are provided to materials published by NGOs; companies and business organisations; the United Nations; intergovernmental organisations; governments and courts; policy experts and academics; social investment analysts and journalists. A brief description of the centre's purpose and resources is available in both French and Spanish. The site is updated hourly and the contents would be of interest to students of Business Ethics.
'Business Ethics Resources' is a website maintained by Chris Jarvis. It forms part of the UK-based Business Open Learning Archive (BOLA) and provides information and resources (including overhead projector transparencies; powerpoint slides and case studies) on topics in business ethics. These include introductions to the standard topics in ethics such as utilitarianism and Kantianism, and current issues including: ethical investment; employment and welfare morality; ethics and union-management relations; capitalism; group-think and moral behaviour; downsizing; company law; and corporate governance. A search engine is available.
'BUSINESS-ETHICS List' is the website of the discussion list set up in 1998 to facilitate networking among those who are interested in the ethical issues confronting business and industry. It aims to encourage discussions, debates and dissemination of information among academics and members of business commmunities who are involved in the systematic study or practical investigation of business ethics. The site provides an online discussion room, and information on how to join or leave the list. Viewers are given access to their archives, which go back to 1998. The list is hosted by JISCMail, the UK national academic mailing list service.
'Case Studies in Business Ethics' is a website maintained by Inc., a New York-based magazine for entrepreneurs. It offers a collection of online articles which advances the idea that it is possible to do business whilst doing good at the same time. The resource considers a cross section of issues ranging from environmental challenges and involvement in the community by businesses, to issues of wider global significance like fair trade and the impact of a more globalised economy on the quality of workers' lives. Although only a relatively small number of articles are provided here, the resource serves as an interesting starting point for those new to Business Ethics. Navigation is straightforward, and a brief description of each article is given on the resource's front page.
'Center for Business Ethics' is the homepage of a non-profit organisation based at Bentley University, USA. Founded and directed by Dr W. Michael Hoffman, the institute was established in 1976 to advance education and research in business ethics and corporate responsibility. This website offers information about the center's history, activities and programmes of study. Also available is a compilation of important surveys, articles, studies, and data in the field of business ethics. This is complemented by a useful reference listing of international centres and institutions working in the area. Links to relevant websites are also provided and visitors can access the homepage of 'Business and Society Review' - the center's journal. The site provides a search engine.
This is the homepage of the Center for Business Ethics at the University of St Thomas in Houston, Texas. The site presents a range of interesting resources which would be useful for those studying business ethics. These include: interviews with and commentaries by Dr Daryl Koehn, the center's Executive Director; working papers; and links to a wide range of online resources on issues related to business ethics. Visitors are allowed access to the archives of the center's Online Journal of Ethics (OJE)(ISSN 1092-8286), which publishes articles, commentaries, interviews and book reviews covering matters such as: corporate social responsibility; organizational ethics; Confucian business ethics; programmer ethics; employment law; and multiculturalism and economic growth. The site contains the full-text of past volumes from 1995 to 2000, and these are available without charge. A search engine is available.
The Center for Ethics and Policy at Carnegie Mellon University engages in research into applied ethics and political philosophy. The Center focuses on presenting ethical issues in practical settings, avoiding academic abstraction where possible. It places particular emphasis on the use of new technology in learning and teaching. The website describes the Center's objectives and the projects it has been involved with, including work in the fields of medical and scientific research ethics, corporate ethics, governance and democracy, environmental ethics and global justice. The website is also used to announce speakers and store abstracts of previous papers presented to the Center.
This is the official website for the Center for Ethics and Social Justice at Loyola University Chicago. The center was established in 1991 to encourage the integration of ethics throughout the university and the production of ethics-based programs and initiatives. It is directed by Dr William French. This website provides information about the center's history and mission, and the activities it has undertaken to date (e.g. ethics competition for undergraduates; conferences; workshops; and outreach programs). Also available are: a downloadable article on outcomes-centered ethics teaching and annotated links to online resources in ethics and social justice. An interesting site for those researching in these areas.
The home page of the Center for the Study of Ethics in Society at Western Michigan University (WMU) provides details of the Center's activities, plus resources that may be of interest to students and researchers of ethics. The Center was established to promote and support research, teaching, and service in the fields of applied and professional ethics. Material is available for five areas of focus: research ethics; communication ethics; academic ethics; engineering ethics; and ethics in the science classroom. The research ethics section provides access to WMU's Research Ethics Resource Center, a substantial gateway to material on the WMU site and elsewhere on the Web. Other resources available include teaching materials, including several modules on academic ethics (targeted at undergraduate students) and a guide to teaching ethics for secondary school science teachers, complete with lesson plans. The site also offers: PDF versions of academic papers issued by the Centre; information about the journal 'Teaching Ethics'; and details of lectures and other events taking place at the Centre.
The Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics (CAPPE) is a collaborative effort between the Australian National University; Charles Sturt University and the University of Melbourne. It receives funding from the Australian Research Council and is directed by Professor Tom Campbell. The centre's work is organised into six main research areas: Business and Professional Ethics; Criminal Justice Ethics; Ethical Issues in Biotechnology; Ethical Issues in Political Violence and State Sovereignty; IT and Nanotechnology: Ethics of Emergent Technology; and Welfare Ethics. This homepage informs visitors about the work which the centre carries out in each of these areas. There are also details about the centre's publications; recent events; and a selection of media articles and comments. Visitors are able to access audio and video recordings of events like conferences and public lectures; and the centre's annual reports. Links are provided to relevant websites.
Codes of Ethics Online is a website maintained by the Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions (CSEP) at the Illinois Institute of Technology. It offers an extensive collection of ethical codes from professional bodies, businesses; and governmental and other organizations. The materials are divided into a number of categories, including: Agriculture; Travel and Transportation; Management; Education; Business; Mental Health; Physical Health; Government; and Science. Visitors can therefore find the codes of ethics that guide the work of a wide range of professionals. Also provided are guides, papers, links and a bibliographic listing on topics like how to use and write codes of ethics. A search engine is available.
This is the online version of the NHS Code of Practice on Confidentiality published by the Department of Health in November 2003. The document explains, among other things, what is meant by 'confidentiality' and the circumstances in which patient information may be used or disclosed. The obligations of individuals working in the National Health Service (NHS) are outlined and guidelines on required practice are provided. It dealt also with the Data Protection Act and the Human Rights Act, and discusses issues like patients' consent to the use of their health records and the limits of confidentiality. Although aimed primarily at NHS staff, the resource would be of special interest to medical ethicists and students.
'Confidentiality: Protecting and Providing Information' is a webpage maintained by the General Medical Council (GMC). Although primarily targeted at registered medical practitioners, the resource would be of interest and use to students on Medical Ethics courses. Developed in 2004 and updated in 2009, the site outlines the parameters of a doctor's duty to protect patient confidentiality. It highlights issues like: patients' right to confidentiality; protecting information; sharing information with patients; the circumstances under which disclosure of information may be made (e.g. with the patient's explicit or implied consent; those dictated by law; and disclosures in the public interest); disclosure after a patient's death; and disclosure in relation to treatment sought by children and those who are mentally incompetent. There is also a glossary of terms and a list of frequently asked questions.
This is the online version of the 'Confidentiality and Medical Genetics' report (ISBN: 0953359604) which was commissioned and published by the UK Genetic Alliance (formerly the Genetic Interest Group) in 1998. Its aims are three-fold: to describe current practice in medical genetics in Britain with particular reference to the issue of the privacy and confidentiality of information; to highlight the ethical issues which shared use of individual genetic information within families give rise to; and to propose a framework that would guide health care professionals working in this area. The report is 23-pages long and is divided into the following 8 sections: Introduction; Regulatory and Legal Issues; Current Practice; Confidentiality; The Right Not To Know; Professionals and Families Working Together; The Consent Form; and Summary and Recommendations. This would be a useful resource for those studying genetic ethics.
This Web page provides access to the online version of the booklet entitled 'Consent: Patients and Doctors Making Decisions Together', published by the General Medical Council (GMC) in June 2008. This version replaces the earlier work entitled 'Seeking Patients' Consent: The Ethical Considerations', published in November 1998. It contains a set of principles on good practice which registered medical practitioners are expected to observe when obtaining patients' consent to examination/investigation, treatment, teaching, and research. Guidance are provided on issues like: sharing information and discussing treatment options; how to deal with questions; expressions of consent; the scope of treatment in emergencies; how to make decisions when a patient lacks capacity; how to involve children and young people in medical decision-making; how to ensure voluntary decision-making; and how to present information to patients. Viewers can also find a list of relevant cases and legislation in the Annex. The booklet can be browsed online, or downloaded as a PDF file. An interesting resource for students of medical ethics.
The Consent Guidance and Forms Web page offers a number of documents published by the NHS National Patient Safety Agency. These aim to assist researchers and reviewers participating in research involving human subjects. The resources include information on informed consent; a lengthy document giving guidance on the preparation of information sheets and consent forms; and a number of items relating to adults unable to consent for themselves. Topics covered by the site include: consent; information sources; randomisation; risks; placebos; confidentiality and the use of personal data; data storage; samples; and recruitment to trials. An interesting resource for those studying medical and research ethics.
The Corporate Social Responsibility website, created by Mallen Baker, offers a range of resources for those interested in this growing area. The site offers a wide range of articles (including links to material on sister site Business Respect) on various aspects of the subject, including the environmental, social, and financial impact of various business practices. Other features of the site include: discussion of exactly what corporate social responsibility (CSR) is; some arguments for and against it; case studies; news items; reading suggestions and links to other Web resources; and a blog. The site is aimed both at interested business people, and at scholars and students working on CSR.
'Creating a code of ethics for your organization' is a website maintained by Dr Chris MacDonald of Saint Mary's University, Canada. The resource starts off with a number of quotes about the significance to organizations and groups of having a code of ethics and goes on to give some general guidance on writing one. It then provides a bibliography of print-based articles on the topic. Information on relevant books recently published, and those on ethics and professional codes of ethics are also available. It further provides a lightly annotated list of links to websites with online essays; guidelines; speeches; and sample codes of ethics. Unfortunately a number of these links seemed broken at the time this record was reviewed. Students of Business Ethics would nevertheless find the resource interesting and useful.
This is the home page of CSR Europe (formerly The European Business Network for Social Cohesion), a Belgium-based organization which was set up in 1995 to promote corporate social responsibility. This website advises visitors about the scope of their work and offers a number of resources which would be of interest to students of business ethics and those researching in the area. These include: a list of FAQs about corporate social responsibility and CSR Europe itself; an events listing; transcripts of speeches; videos; and details of research reports, practical guidelines and surveys they have published to date. Information about how to become a member is also included. A search engine is available.
"CSR Europe is a non-profit organisation that promotes corporate social responsibility." It is a membership organisation, but the website has relevant free information. For example, the Resources section offers material on health and safety, diversity, auditing and CSR facts and figures. There are links to other related sites. (CSR Europe was formerly called The European Business Network for Social Cohesion.)
CSRwire.com (The Corporate Social Responsibility Newswire) is a website which aims to promote and facilitate the growth of corporate social responsibility and sustainability worldwide. This website provides a range of resources useful for those studying business ethics. These include: news reports; a list of corporate non-financial reports (on topics like sustainability; corporate citizenship; health and safety); announcement of recently published documents issued by companies; membership information; an events calendar; an online directory of various organizations worldwide; information on recent and forthcoming events; press releases; audio and video recordings; and a list of books on a range of relevant topics. A search engine is available.
This is the homepage of the Dartmouth College Ethics Institute. Led by Professor Ronald M. Green, the institute is actively engaged in teaching and research activities in applied and professional ethics. Faculty's interests range from medical, business, legal and engineering ethics, to teaching and research ethics. This website provides an events calendar; and information about: seminars; competitions and campus visits; visiting scholars programme and other fellowships on offer; educational programmes and research opportunities available. There is also an annotated link to relevant online resources which would be particularly interesting to students of Philosophy and Applied Ethics.
This is the homepage of the Institute for Business and Professional Ethics (IBPE) at DePaul University, Chicago. It was set up in 1985 to facilitate ethical deliberation and develop models for ethical decision-making in business and the professions. These are primarily aimed at students at the university; businesses in the vicinity; and the local community. This website contains information about the Institute's history and mission; and the programmes and activities it organises (e.g. conferences; workshops and lecture series). Resources made available include: a common ethics language manual; sample case studies; and a report of how IBPE compares with similar institutions. The Institute is led by Dr Patricia Werhane.
Diseases and Disorders: Links Pertaining to Ethics is a collection of lightly annotated links to important websites on biomedical ethics. These are organised into seven categories: Bioethical Issues; Bioethics; Institutional Ethics; Professional Ethics; Humanism; Morals; and Professional Misconduct. Between them, over 200 entries from around the world are recorded. They cover a diverse range of issues such as the ethical use of animals in biomedical research; the administration of lethal injection to prisoners on death penalty; war crimes; abortion; organ transplantation and donation; assisted suicide; cloning; human rights; confidentiality and privacy issues associated with medical records; medical malpractice; and the use of human subjects in research and experimentation. The sources linked to range from journalistic pieces to material produced by academic institutions and articles in medical journals (some publications may require subscription to access the full text). The site would be of interest to students on medical ethics courses.
This is the home page of Harvard University's Edmond J. Safra Foundation Center for Ethics. Established in 1986, the center aims to promote teaching and research on ethical issues in public and professional life. This website provides detailed information about their history and objectives; the academic programs and fellowships on offer; and other activities they undertake (e.g. lecture series; conferences; symposia). Also available are their course syllabi; news and events archives; newsletter and annual reports; and links to the home pages of a large number of ethics institutions in the US and elsewhere. An interesting resource for those working in the area of applied ethics.
This is the website of an organisation called Educators for Socially Responsible Apparel Business, or ESRAB, which seeks to provide information and support to all sections of the clothing industry and consumers in making ethically sound and socially responsible decisions and choices. They provide advice on education, training, research, and funding. The website contains downloadable PDF documents of White Papers, Published Papers and Publication Reviews related to ethics and social responsibility in the garment industries, and details of projects such as a 2002 survey of ITAA, or International Textile and Apparel Association members. There is also a gallery of photographs recording annual meetings, showing examples of environmentally friendly designs, and Genopalette textiles produced using sustainable agricultural methods.
EIRiS (The Ethical Investment Research Services Ltd) is a research organization formed in 1983. It undertakes studies in a wide range of areas including environmental performance; human rights; corporate governance; and socially responsible investment. This home page offers information about the services they offer, and details of upcoming events. The site also provides information about job vacancies at EIRiS; and full-text access to their publications, which include items such as briefing papers, policies and research reports. Visitors are also allowed access to their press releases, past and present. A search engine is available.
The Electronic Journal of Business Ethics and Organization Studies (EJBO) is a peer-reviewed online periodical publishing works related to ethical issues in business and organisations worldwide. It is edited by Professor Tuomo Takala of the University of Jyväskylä, Finland. Sample subjects covered include: managers and lying; consumption and the environment; ethics of business competition; racism and business ethics; and the role of corporate social responsibility in the new economy. The journal is supported by Finland's Business and Organization Ethics Network (BON), and consequently users can access all articles dating from 1996 without charge. Articles are made available as PDF files.
This is the homepage of the Emerson Ethics Centre which is based at Saint Loius University's John Cook School of Business. The center was established in 1990 to promote research in business ethics. This website informs users of its history, mission and range of activities. It provides them with free access to: the center's reports on their projects on consumer opinions and behaviours; case studies (on issues like corporate social responsibility and financial crime); student authored case studies; cases illustrating ethics in business; and editorial pieces on business ethics topics. This should be a useful resource for anyone researching on professional and business ethics.
'Engineering Ethics' is a website maintained by the Texas A & M University, USA. It provides resources that would assist university lecturers intending to introduce professional ethics into their undergraduate engineering courses. Among the materials offered are: engineering ethics cases and commentaries; case studies; ethics essays; a bibliographic listing of print-based references; and links to relevant websites. A search engine is available. The initiative is sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and its key contributors are Drs Mike Rabins, Ed Harris, Michael Pritchard and Lee L. Lowery Jr.
Ethical Corporation is an independent publisher interested in how companies around the world relate to their surroundings. Launched in 2001, it publishes a monthly magazine by the same name and content headings include 'Europe', 'Middle-East and Africa', 'North America', 'Latin America', 'Asia Pacific', 'Special reports', 'Strategy and management', 'Columnists', 'By invitation', and 'Climate Change'. This website contains information about past and recent issues of the print version. It presents headlines from the latest issue of the magazine as well as information about upcoming events and past conferences organised by them, and of vacancies in corporate responsibility related jobs worldwide.
This is the website of the Ethical Fashion Forum, or EFF, a United Kingdom based organisation seeking to assist the fashion industry in raising and maintaining ethical standards, by raising awareness of issues such as sustainability, ecology, social responsibility and poverty. The website contains a mission statement, an invitation for companies and individuals to join the EFF, member profiles, and a description of the organisation's services and activities. In a section entitled Fashion: Ethics, there is a discussion of what constitutes ethical fashion, and links to features on ethical sourcing and the market for ethical products. Another section covers EFF’s ongoing projects such as Africa Inspires, and the RE: Fashion awards. A News and Events section contains future events, an events archive, and a list of ethical fashion courses.
Hosted by the US National Library of Medicine, this bibliography contains over four thousand references to journal articles and books on topics relevant to the involvement and protection of human participants in biomedical research. The resource starts by recounting the tragic events surrounding the Tuskegee Syphilis Study (1932-1972) and went on to highlight how the compilation of this bibliography represents a serious effort to ensure that such a sad episode in the history of medical research is not replicated in the future. The work, it was hoped, could facilitate the education of researchers on the ethics of research involving human subjects. The entries are organised under the following headings: Overview of the ethics of research involving human participants; Historical perspectives on research involving human participants; Informed consent; Community consent; Privacy and confidentiality; Clinical trials; Special or vulnerable populations (women, minorities and cross-cultural issues; children and adolescents; the cognitively impaired; prisoners; and military personnel); Teaching and research using newly deceased patients; Genetics research; Research on gametes, embryos, and foetuses; Cloning; Research involving human biological materials; Xenotransplantation; AIDS/HIV research; Cancer research; Emergency, Acute and critical care research; Drug and device development; and Institutional review boards and ethics committees. The bibliography was compiled in 1999 and is now archived, and so does not list newer works on this subject, but still has the potential to be a valuable resource for those working in this area.
This website presents the online version of Ethical Performance - an independent global newsletter on corporate social responsibility and socially responsible investment. It provides information on the latest news and events in these areas, as well as analyses of how companies in the Europe/Americas and Asia Pacific regions relate to issues like human rights; ethics in the supply chain; the environment; risk and reputation management, and corporate governance. The site informs visitors of how they can subscribe to the print version and links are provided to the home pages of relevant organizations in the two geographical regions. Students of business ethics would find this resource useful and interesting.
'Ethics and Malpractice' forms part of the 'Articles, Research, and Resources in Psychology' website which was developed and maintained by Dr. Kenneth S. Pope, a psychologist in independent practice in the US. This resource offers visitors the opportunity to access the full-text of articles written or co-authored by Dr. Pope which touch on ethical and legal issues of import to psychologists. These include the following papers: 'Ethics of Practice: The Beliefs and Behaviors of Psychologists as Therapists'; 'Disability, Accessibility and Ethics in Psychology: 3 Barriers'; 'The Ethics of Research Involving Memories of Trauma' and 'Psychologists' Use of E-mail with Clients: Some Ethical Considerations'. Likewise provided is a document entitled 'Sample Agreement Between Expert Witness and Attorney' and the abstracts of a number of his research papers. There is also a section which contains the table of contents, reviews, and appendices of his books on these themes. Visitors can also access and download 'Children, Ethics, and the Law', a book written by psychologists Gerald Koocher and Patricia Keith-Speigel. This should be an interesting resource for students of health care ethics.
'Ethics in Anthropology' is a website created and maintained by Sharon Stoerger of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. It focuses on the ethical issues facing anthropologists and provides annotated links to a variety of online resources. These are organised under the following headings: Code of Ethics and Conduct, and Related Codes of Professional Associations; Case Studies; Ethical Issues and Controversies (e.g. the repatriation and reburial of the dead; plagiarism; and scientific integrity); Other Anthropology Ethics Materials; and Additional Resources. Although a number of the links are no longer in operation, those that are available would be of interest to anyone researching in this and related areas.
'Ethics in Medicine' is a website maintained by the University of Washington School of Medicine. It is dedicated to the provision of information on a wide range of topics in bioethics, the branch of philosophy that investigates ethical issues in medicine. The main section of the site contains an index of topics, which users can click on to gain access to a general discussion and overview of the selected issues (e.g. advance directives; confidentiality; do-no-resuscitate orders; informed consent; resource allocation; and termination of life-sustaining treatment). Each topic is accompanied by case studies, further readings, and other recommended resources on the web. In addition, there is a 'Bioethics Tools' section which introduces methodologies for decision making in clinical ethics, and a 'Bioethics by Clerkship' feature, which offers examples and case studies of ethical problems that attach to differing clinical roles. Finally, there is a list of links to other bioethics-related web resources and online professional societies and organisations.
This is the homepage of the Ethics Resource Center (ERC) - a non-profit organisation established in 1922 to promote high ethical standards in public and private institutions. The centre is chaired by Dr Patricia Harned and its main areas of activity are research and consultancy. This website informs visitors of its history, mission, vision, policies; publications and activities. It also provides resources like annual reports; newsletter; an ethics toolkit; press releases; articles; and ethics games and puzzles. A search engine is available. This should be an interesting resource for students of professional and applied ethics.
This is the homepage of the Canadian Centre for Ethics and Corporate Policy (EthicsCentre CA). The centre was set up in 1988 to help promote and maintain an ethical orientation and culture in Canadian organisations. This website informs visitors of their history and the activities they organise and undertake (e.g. presentations; seminars; conferences; workshops; networking; and referrals). The Resources section of the site offers a selection of articles and speeches, in PDF format, on ethics and corporate governance and responsibility. There are also annotated links to relevant websites. In addition, the site provides free access to the Centre's newsletter 'Management Ethics' (also in PDF), including back issues from 1998 onwards. A search engine is available.
This is the website of the Fair Wear Foundation, an organisation founded in 2001 and based in Amsterdam, which seeks to support companies within the European textile and fashion industry who support the Code of Labour Practices, particularly in relation to their operations in less developed countries. The website contains information about the organisation’s history, mission and objectives, the structure of the organisation, its international links, terms of membership, inspection and monitoring, support services, and a list of member companies. There is also a page containing the Code of Labour Practices, based on standards of the International Labour Organisation and the Declaration of Human Rights. The website also houses a library containing background study documents in PDF format, covering a number of countries including India, China, Turkey and Rumania. There are also collections of brochures and annual reports, policy documents and membership manuals. The website is available in both Dutch and English language versions.
'The Future of Humanity Institute' (FHI) describes itself as... "a unique multidisciplinary research institute at the University of Oxford" operating as part of the Oxford Faculty of Philosophy. The Institute seeks to engage in pioneering research in the ethics of areas such as: 'Human enhancement'; 'Global catastrophic risks'; 'Rationality and wisdom' in decision-making; and 'Future technologies'. The FHI website offers a full description of FHI staff, and there are also progress reports to download in PDF format. Video is available for some of the guest lectures at the FHI. The pages that detail each of the main research strands also offer full-text PDF papers for download, and links to FHI weblogs.
This website provides free access to the full-text of 'The Genetic Revolution' (ISBN: 0860658716) - a book which examines the impact of genetic engineering on society. It was written by Dr Patrick Dixon, a physician by training who is also the Chairman of Global Change Ltd. The book is organised into the following nine chapter headings: The End of the Line?; Playing God - Genetic Engineering; Cloning Copies of Yourself; Designer Life - Designer People; Strange Foods in a Strange World; New Gene Medicines for New People; Takes a Virus to Catch a Virus - Mutant Bugs?; Could New Genes Destroy Us? and A Practical Way Forward. The book was published in 1995 by Kingsway. This resource also contains web and RealVideo updates and comments on the issues discussed in the book. An interesting resource for students of medical ethics.
'GM Science Review' is a website which provides detailed information on the progress and outcome of the study led by Sir David King into the scientific aspect of genetic modification (GM). The work by the GM Science Review Panel is one strand of the UK Government's initiative to promote national dialogue on GM issues. This website contains downloadable copies of the panel's report entitled "An Open Review of the Science Relevant to GM Crops and Food Based on Interests and Concerns of the Public". The first report was published on the 21st of July 2003 and a supplementary second report was issued on the 22nd of January 2004. The site also provides background information about the panel and their work; details of panel and open meetings; comments on the first report; and links to relevant websites. This resource should be of interest to those researching into the ethical and environmental effects of genetic modification.
This website contains the full-text of the 25 pages long brochure published in August 2004 by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) entitled 'Guidelines for the conduct of research involving human subjects at the National Institutes of Health'. Below are the subject headings for the materials discussed: The Historical, Ethical and Legal Foundations for the NIH's Policies and Procedures; The NIH's Human Research Protection Program; Responsibilities of Investigators; Responsibilities of the NIH's Institutional Review Boards; Collaborative Research Activities; and The Office of Human Subjects Research. An interesting resource for students of medical and research ethics.
'HealthCare Ethics' constitutes a part of the 'Applied Ethics Resources on WWW' intiative, a project sponsored by the W. Maurice Young Centre for Applied Ethics. This resource presents a collection of very lightly-annotated links to a range of websites useful for the study of medical ethics. These include the home pages of institutes and organisations, and websites dealing with core issues in the area such as: cloning; DNA banking; care of the dying; codes of ethics; genetics; AIDS/HIV; and research ethics. A list of online and print publications is also available. The site is administered by Dr Chris MacDonald, an associate professor in the Philosophy Department at Saint Mary's University, Canada.
This website contains the full-text of 'Informed Consent in Health and Social Care Research: RCN Guidance for Nurses'. The print version of the booklet was published by the Royal College for Nursing in December 2005 to guide nurses when they engage in research involving human subjects. It discusses: the concept of informed consent; informed consent in special circumstances; the ethical and legal framework; responsibilities in obtaining consent; the participant's perspective; the process of gaining informed consent; working with vulnerable people; and human tissue samples. This would be a useful resource for those interested in medical and research ethics.
The Institute for Global Ethics (IGE) is an independent, non-sectarian and non-profit-making organisation established in 1990 in Camden, Maine. It aims to promote ethical action in a global context. This home page informs visitors about: the services they offer (to corporations, the education sector, non-profit organizations, individuals, foundations and governments); the products they have in store (e.g. books, whitepapers/reports, curricula, workbooks, DVDs/videos, CD-Roms and audiotapes); membership details; and news of upcoming events. A range of online resources are made available and these include the following: a list of FAQs; official documents; the institute's annual reports; book excerpts; full-text access to 'Ethics Newsline' - the institute's weekly newsletter which offers commentaries on the latest news in ethics from around the world; and a number of case-studies on ethical dilemmas in Business, Education, Children and Family, Medical, Philanthropy, Personal and Military contexts.
'Institute of Business Ethics (IBE)' is the homepage of a London-based organisation (charity number: 1084014) which came into being in 1986. It aims to promote high standards of corporate and business behaviour, and is committed to the sharing of best practice. This website gives details about the services and training offered by them. It further informs visitors of: forthcoming IBE events; ethics news and events; and IBE projects and publications. It offers: links to learning and training resources, surveys and reports; a list of FAQs; and fully annotated links to business ethics and corporate responsibility websites in the UK. Of particular use to students and instructors of business ethics is the section on Code of Ethics. This provides guidelines to businesses on how to draw up a workable code of ethics. It firstly explains the functions of such codes within the realm of business. It then outlines the steps that need to be taken to develop one before highlighting the contents of a typical code of ethics. It also discusses how the codes are to be implemented and offers further guidance on how to make them effective. Links are provided to the homepages of over forty companies that have their own code of ethics.
'Teaching Business Ethics' is a website maintained by the Institute of Business Ethics (IBE) and edited by the European Business Ethics Network-UK (EBEN-UK). It is aimed at students and instructors of business ethics. Resources made available are divided into three broad categories. The first, which focuses on teaching techniques, deals with issues such as: teaching methods; case studies; questionnaires and inventories; debates and seminars; and issues surrounding the teaching of business ethics. The second part provides materials that would be of use in designing courses and developing teaching plans. These include: case studies; questionnaires and inventories; curriculum documents; and information on feature films that could be used when teaching business ethics. The third part offers bibliographies of relevant publications, including: journals; textbooks; monographs; introductory readings; and book reviews. The site also provides annotated links to other business ethics websites.
This is the homepage of the International Business Ethics Institute (IBEI), a nonprofit and non-partisan educational organization which seeks to promote business ethics and corporate social responsibility around the world. It was established in 1994 and is based in Washington DC. This website gives details about the professional services offered by the Institute and of the latest news and events related to them (e.g. roundtable discussion series on business ethics and internship programmes). It further informs visitors of current research projects undertaken by their staff and works published by the institute. A number of online resources are also provided and these include: a business ethics primer; bibliographies of print-based materials; annotated links to relevant websites; a list of FAQs; and a number of quotes on business and ethics. A search engine is available.
The IBEI is a private, non-profit making, educational organisation. Its headquarters are in Washington, USA and there are other offices in London and Brazil. "It was founded in response to the growing need for transnationalism in the field of business ethics". The site describes their two main activities - increasing public awareness and working with companies. There are sections on their consultancy work, educational activities, resources and publications. The site is available in English, French or Portuguese.
This is the home page of the International Society for Military Ethics (ISME) (formerly the Joint Services Conference on Professional Ethics), an organisation established to discuss ethical issues relevant to the military. It holds an annual meeting which takes place in late January, and this website makes available the full-text versions of papers presented at those meetings. The site further offers general information about the organisation itself, in addition to resources including case studies and a bibliography on military ethics. Access is provided to material on the core values of the US Air Force, the US Army, and the US Navy. The site also connects users to the home pages of the Journal of Military Ethics (ISSN 1502-7589) and the Center for the Study of Professional Military Ethics. This website is available courtesy of the United States Air Force Academy.
The International Society of Business, Economics, and Ethics (ISBEE) is a professional association which aims to bring together academics and practitioners interested in the ethical dimension of economic, social and environmental issues. This website contains information about the latest events in business ethics and of works published by the Society; details of previous and forthcoming conferences organised by them; and a bibliography of Business Ethics articles published in the following journals: Business Ethics-A European Review; Business Ethics Quarterly; Business and Society; Business and Society Review; Journal of Business Ethics; and Teaching Business Ethics. Access is given to the Society's newsletter and to relevant websites.
The Linacre Centre for Healthcare Ethics aims to assist Catholics and others to explore bioethical issues from the perspective of Catholic moral teaching. Based in London, it operates under the trusteeship of the Catholic Trust for England and Wales, and the directorship of Dr Helen Watt. This homepage contains online papers written by their staff on a wide range of issues such as: abortion; AIDS; brain death; cloning; euthanasia; fertility treatment; genetics; hybrids/chimeras; organ donation; prolonging life; and stem cell research. On a few of these topics, viewers can also find the centre's submission to government committees and other official bodies. The site provides information about events organised by the centre (e.g. conferences and forums) and the facilities they are able to offer to researchers (e.g. a specialist bioethics reference library which holds over 6000 titles). Links to relevant websites are available. This would be a useful resource for those interested in Catholic Bioethics.
This webpage contains a full and up-to-date list of the General Medical Council (GMC)'s ethical guidance for doctors who are practising in the United Kingdom. Issues addressed include Consent; Confidentiality; Conflicts of Interest; Good Medical Practice; Maintaining Boundaries; Personal Belief and Medical Practice; Good Practice in Prescribing Medicine; Writing References; Withholding and Withdrawing Life-Prolonging Treatments; Reporting Gunshot Wounds; Acting as an Expert Witness; Raising Concerns About Patient Safety; Taking up and Ending Appointments; Reporting Criminal and Regulatory Proceedings Within and Outside the UK; Research; and Accountability in Multi-Disciplinary and Multi-Agency Mental Health Teams. Although directed at doctors, the list would be useful to students of medical ethics as it informs them of the standards to which medical practitioners in the UK are expected to conform to on the matters considered.
This is the website of Made-by, an umbrella fashion label representing fashion designers and manufacturers who want to manufacture and produce their work in a sustainable and socially responsible manner. The company is based in Amsterdam, and the website is available in Dutch, English and German language versions. A downloadable PDF document gives an overview of their mission. There are details of the labels, designers and manufacturers represented by Made-by, including links to their respective websites where appropriate, and statistics concerning their success in terms of sustainability expressed as their adherence to Made-by’s Social Policy in Developed Countries, and in their percentage use of organic cotton. There is also a facility called Track and Trace with which consumers can trace the global origin and journey of their product by entering a code printed on its label. There are also a series of slideshows on the website which detail the journey from raw materials to finished product. There is an explanation of the Made-by Blue Button logo, and a download page contains PDFs of annual reports, the Social Policy and other documents.
This is the Bioethics website maintained by the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University. The materials are presented in three main parts. The first offers resources like articles; cases; policy recommendations; and reports on a vast array of topics related to biotechnology and ethics like cloning; access to health care; genetics; assisted death; culturally competent care; and the withdrawal of treatment. The second section acquaints visitors with the programmes offered by the Centre. In the third section, links are provided to other websites dealing with health care and biotechnology; end of life ethics; ethics and sciences; environmental ethics; and cloning and stem cell research. An interesting resource for students on Medical Ethics programmes.
'Medical ethics' is a website which belongs to the BUBL LINK catalogue of internet resources. This resource contains a small number of links to evaluated and annotated online materials useful for the study of medical ethics like journals, directories, other databases and the home pages of relevant organisations. Each item is catalogued according to the Dewey Decimal Classification system and the links are regularly monitored. The site is well-organised and easy to access.
This website makes available for online viewing sessions from the Medical Ethics and the Humanities in End-of-Life Care Medical Conference organised by San Diego Hospice and Palliative Care on the 20th and 21st of March, 2001. The following papers were delivered: 'Physician-Assisted Dying: Pro and Con'; 'Medical Futility'; 'Ethical Theories: Humanist, Natural Law and Utilitarianism'; and 'Advance Directives'. Speakers include: Thomas Beauchamp; Rita Marker; Larry Schneiderman; Ann Boyd; and Sue Rubin. Unfortunately, little information is provided except the videos themselves: there do not appear to be details of the speakers' credentials, nor transcripts or summaries of the presentations. RealPlayer is needed to access the videos, but this can be downloaded from the site without charge.
This is the homepage of the US National Catholic Bioethics Center (NCBC). Established in 1972 and chaired by The Most Reverend Robert C. Morlino, the center conducts teaching, research, consultation and publishing in bioethics based on the official teaching of the Catholic Church. This website contains a number of interesting resources like: public policy reports; church documents; a state by state table of legal mandates; a Bioethics FAQs and Pastoral Resources; and NCBC's resources on stem cell research and human cloning. It also provides information about: the center's consultation services; publications; educational programs; news and events; membership; and other activities like seminars and workshops. The site gives access to the homepages of the center's two official journals - 'Ethics and Medics' and 'The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly'. This should be a stimulating resource for those interested in the intersection between religion and medicine.
This is the official website of the National Human Genome Research Institute (formerly the National Center for Human Genome Research). It was established in 1989 and forms part of the US National Institutes of Health (NIH). The institute is directed by Dr Francis S. Collin. This website makes available an extensive amount of information about genetics, genomics and the Human Genome Project. Resources available include: articles; CDs; a newsroom; a calendar of events; fact sheets; lists of FAQs; project reports; and powerpoint presentations. Of particular interest to commentators and students of medical ethics is a section entitled 'Policy and Ethics' which feature various materials on topics like genetic discrimination; genetic testing; intellectual property and genomics; social, cultural and religious issues in genetic research; cloning; stem cell research; and genetics and the law. This section also holds a legislation database and provides links to other online resources on bioethics.
'Neuroethics.upenn.edu' is an online resource which deals with ethical issues raised by developments in areas like neurology, psychiatry, psychopharmacology, functional neuroimaging and brain implants. It is created and maintained by Professor Martha J. Farah, director of the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience at the University of Pennsylvania. Resources made available on the site include: summaries of neuroethics issues; links to downloadable articles and abstracts of articles; course syllabi; a conference calendar; information about educational programs and talk series at the university; a listing of relevant novels and films; and access to other websites. This should be a useful resource for students of medical ethics particularly those with a keen interest in the ethics of neuroscience.
This is the homepage of the Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) at the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The office is responsible for providing guidance and leadership on the system to protect those participating in research conducted or supported by the HHS. This website provides: information on how to obtain approved assurance from OHRP; policy guidance on topics like HIV/AIDS, emergency research, pharmaceutical companies, prisoners, and stem cells; a list of FAQs; details of the conferences and educational activities they organize; and links to ethical codes and regulatory standards. A useful resource for those interested in research and professional ethics.
This is the homepage of the Office of Research Support which was established to support researchers at Duke University, USA. It is a user-friendly site which provides resources like: funding announcements; links to funding bodies; proposal writing guides; details of workshops and training; policy and procedures updates; forms; Duke research policies; and information on issues like: the award process; how to negotiate the contract; conflict of interest; award terms and conditions; and award transfer and closeout. A search engine is provided. The resource would be useful to researchers who are contemplating writing bids for funding as well as to those studying research ethics.
This website is an online forum for members of the global Organic Cotton community, and is a joint enterprise between the Dutch Interchurch Organisation for Development Co-operation or ICCO; the Swiss Association for International Cooperation or Helvetas; the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs or SECO; and Organic Exchange. The website contains a section on worldwide cotton production, its economic, social and environmental impact, and world markets, with similar sections on organic cotton and fair trade cotton specifically. The website also contains a library of articles and reports, many of which are downloadable from the website or via links to other sources.
The Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics was established in 2002 and is directed by Professor Julian Savulescu. The centre forms part of Oxford University's Philosophy Faculty and was set up with funding received from the Uehiro Foundation on Ethics and Education in Japan. Its range of activities include research, teaching and public lecturing. This website makes available a number of online resources which can be accessed without charge. These include articles and videos on topics like stem cell research; cloning; end-of-life decisions; predictive genetic testing; genetic, cognitive and sports enhancement; kidney sales; and addiction. It also contains a section on news report and provides links to the centre's newsletter and relevant websites. An interesting resource for students on medical ethics programmes.
The Park Ridge Center for Health, Faith and Ethics is an independent, non-profit and non-sectarian organization based in Illinois, USA. It carries out teaching, research and consultation in the intersection between health, faith and ethics. This homepage gives free access to the center's three main publications: its bimonthly Bulletin; Second Opinion - the center's peer-reviewed quarterly journal; and E-Ethics, its monthly newsletter. The site also gives information about the center's mission; educational programs; consultancy services; and other works published by them. A search engine is provided as are links to relevant websites. It does not, however, appear that the site is regularly updated. The existing materials would nevertheless be of value to those interested in the interaction of health, faith and ethics.
This informative webpage from the Department of Health provides a wide range of materials on patient confidentiality and access to health records. Apart from an overview of the legal and ethical obligations of confidentiality and patients' right to access health information about themselves, the site provides access to materials like the NHS Code of Practice on Confidentiality; NHS consultation documents; a list of frequently asked questions about access to health records; and documents relating to work done by advisory groups. There are also links to relevant publications (e.g. Health Service Circulars and the Health Service Ombudsman's reports) and legislation (e.g. the Data Protection Act 1998; the Access to Health Records Act 1990 and the Access to Medical Reports Act 1988). This is an invaluable resource for students on medical ethics programmes.
Philosophy of Management (formerly Reason in Practice) is a refereed journal which concentrates on philosophical issues of management in theory and practice. It is published three times a year. This home page contains the tables of contents, abstracts and the profiles of their contributors. Papers published include the following: 'Philosophy as a base for management: an Aristotelian integrative proposal'; 'The moral ambiguity of job qualifications'; 'Constituting business ethics: a metatheoretical exploration'; 'Global warming, justice and future generations'; and 'The misappropriation of MacIntyre'. The website also gives access to subscription details, instructions for submitting articles and information on conferences and other events. At the time this record was reviewed in May 2010, some parts of the site do not seem to have been updated for a number of years. There was nevertheless a pledge made on the website that plans are under way to update and rebuild the site very soon.
This is the homepage of 'Philosophy, Ethics and Humanities in Medicine', a peer-reviewed online journal (ISSN: 1747 5321) which publishes work on the philosophy of medicine and biology, and ethical aspects of clinical practice and research. Users can access without charge all materials published since 2006 from here. These include articles, book reviews, editorials, and commentaries. The site also contains the journal's submission policy; lists of the 10 top most accessed articles in the last 30 days, past year and all time; a list of FAQs; a search engine; and news of upcoming conferences and symposiums. The journal is edited by Michael Schwartz of the University of Loiusville and Dan J. Stein of the University of Cape Town. It is published by BioMed Central Limited.
'Physician-Assisted Death' is a website created and maintained by Professor Valerie J. Vollmar of Willamette University College of Law. It provides useful information on the ethico-legal developments relating to physician-assisted death particularly in the US. Three reports are provided for every year since 1997, each of which deals with the following subject-matters: litigation, legislation; medical developments; and other developments within the US and other parts of the world. These are made available in PDF and would require Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. The site is user-friendly and would benefit undergraduates and researchers looking for information on the subject. At the time this record was reviewed, the site does not seem to have been updated since 2009.
This website is a welcome addition to the growing numbers of online resources that discuss the latest developments in science, technology and other current affairs. It provides a daily ethical analysis of news in these areas and the commentators are drawn from the following 3 research centres at the University of Oxford: the Future of Humanity Institute; the James Martin 21st Century School; and the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics. Members of the public are also encouraged to contribute to the discussion. Among the topics discussed include: global warming; environmental ethics; neuroethics; hybrid embryos; elective caesarean section; information ethics; organ donation; business ethics; and teenage pregnancy. In addition to recent posts and comments, the site enables access to all materials produced since November 2007.
This is the homepage of the Centre for Professional Ethics at Keele University (PEAK). Directed by Professor Stephen Wilkinson, the centre offers postgraduate ethics courses as well as training for research ethics committees in the UK. This website contains information about: the programmes, training and consultancy services available; and their staff members' contact details and areas of research interests. The site provides annotated links to online resources on: academic writing and study skills; software for academic writing and research; and ethical issues in the news. Users are also able to access the homepages of relevant organisations from here. The site contains a search engine and news of forthcoming events.
This is the online version of the final report presented to Scottish Ministers by the Confidentiality and Security Advisory Group for Scotland (CSAGC) in 2002. 'Protecting Patient Confidentiality' is 56 pages in length and covers issues such as: the protection of the rights of the individual; uses of patient identifying information; the way forward; how to obtain consent; acceptable anonymisation; security of health service information system; new legislation; delivering change; and the principle of confidentiality. There is also a summary of conclusions and recommendations, and a glossary. The resource should therefore be of interest to students of medical ethics. Presented in PDF, the work requires Adobe Acrobat Reader.
This website takes visitors to the Department of Health's Reference Guide to Consent for Examination or Treatment. This downloadable document explains a wide range of issues relating to what constitutes consent in the context of medical treatment as well as in the use of removed tissue, video-recording and clinical photographs. Guidance is given on crucial concepts like the capacity for giving or withholding consent; voluntariness; and disclosure. The document further describes the situation as regards adults who are unable to give consent and distinguishes between circumstances where the incapacity is temporary, permanent/longstanding or fluctuating. The complexities as regards young patients are likewise addressed. Significantly, guidelines are offered on how to deal with children under the age of 16, and those between the ages of 16 to 17. Their participation in research and potential as bone marrow donors are also outlined. The document then refers to the withdrawing and withholding of life-prolonging treatment for adults and children with and those without the capacity to give consent, before highlighting the exceptions to the general principles discussed.
This campaign website documents the extraordinary ordeal experienced by Sally Clark and her family following her arrest and imprisonment for the murder of her two infant sons. The conviction, which was heavily influenced by Professor Roy Meadows' evidence that the probability of 2 cot deaths occurring in the same family stood at 73 million to one, was quashed by the Court of Appeal on the 29th of January 2003. This resource, which would be useful to medical ethicists and students, charts the history of the case from 1996, the year her first son died, to Sally Clark's own death in March 2007. It makes available press releases and statements issued by her and her family throughout this time; and media coverage of important events relating to the case. Visitors can also access the full judgement of the Court of Appeal from this site.
This website links readers to the online version of Saving Lives, Valuing Donors: A Transplant Framework for England produced by the Department of Health's Transplant Policy Team. Published in July 2003, the document maps out the major aims for organ and tissue transplantation in the UK for the following ten years. In the main, it provides guidance to the UK government, health professionals and other stakeholders on how to: encourage more people to consider being organ and tissue donors; improve the overall quality and effectiveness of transplant services; and enhance the clinical outcomes for donees. This should be an interesting resource for students on Medical Ethics courses.
This is the online version of 'Seeking Consent: Working with Children', a document published by the Department of Health in November 2001. It aims to highlight and offer guidelines on the legal and ethical complexities which may arise when consent is sought from children and their parents in the medical context. Among the important issues discussed are: whom consent should be sought from; how this should be carried out and what factors would need to be taken into account when so doing; what should be done in difficult situations where a procedure is not to benefit the child directly (e.g. consent for bone marrow donation); and consent to treatment for mental disorder and research. This resource would be particularly interesting to medical ethicists and postgraduates researching on consent.
This is the homepage of the Silha Center for the Study of Media Ethics and Law which is located within the School of Journalism and Mass Communication at the University of Minnesota. The centre, which was established in 1984, is directed by Professor Jane Kirtley. This website informs visitors of its history, objectives, and activities (e.g. an ethics forum; lectures and research). It contains resources like the centre's newsletter and other downloadable materials such as lecture transcripts and legal commentaries. Links are also provided to law and media-related websites, and to a list of published works in media ethics. This resource would benefit those researching in the areas of professional and applied ethics.
This is the official website for the Society for Applied Philosophy, a British organisation founded in 1975, and a forerunner in promoting rigorous philosophical work with a strong practical and social relevance. The society publishes the Journal of Applied Philosophy since 1984, the contents of which can be viewed from here. Access to full content is nevertheless restricted and is available only to subscribers. The Society organises lectures, workshops, and an annual conference. Information on current and forthcoming activities can be found on the site, along with an archive of previous events. The society invites proposals for future workshops. Membership of the Society is open to all interested parties, and instructions on how to join are given. This site is of interest both to students and teachers of philosophy working in areas of practical concern, such as applied ethics, science, law, education, politics, and medicine. It is also of interest to practitioners or students of those professions seeking informed but accessible debate about important or controversial issues within their field.
This is the home page of the Society for Business Ethics (SBE). Established in 1980, the society's main aim is to promote the study of business ethics worldwide. It holds an annual meeting and the program of the most recent meeting is made available on this site. Visitors can access the society's newletters without charge. They can also access the homepage of 'Business Ethics Quarterly' - the society's journal. Further, there is a listing of university professors and ethics professionals willing to answer questions on business ethics; a listing of job openings in business ethics; and information about conferences. Links are provided to relevant online resources in business ethics. A search engine is available.
This is the homepage of the Vice Admiral James B. Stockdale Center for Ethical Leadership (formerly the Center for the Study of Professional Military Ethics) based at the United States Naval Academy. The site provides information about the center's history and mission; the educational and fellowship programs it supports; and the lecture series it sponsors. Visitors can access without charge transcripts of papers presented during the lecture series as well as several other occasional papers. Also available are teaching tools for ethics as well as an online catalogue for the center's library holdings. The center is directed by Colonel Arthur J. Athens. This should be an interesting resource for students of profesional and military ethics.
'The Transplant Trade' was first shown on Channel 4 Television in April 2004. It highlighted the prevalence of transplant tourism: where those in need of organ transplantation illegally purchase kidneys from living donors from other countries (particularly South Africa, India and the USA). The programme explores difficult ethical questions such as whether people should be allowed to sell their organs, and whether the transplant trade should be legalized. This website aims to provide further information about the issues explored in the documentary. It presents annotated links to the homepages of relevant organizations; news stories; and websites dealing with organ donation, transplantation and related issues. It also suggests a number of print-based materials that could be consulted.
This website allows access to the full text of 'The Truth About AIDS' (ISBN: 085476495X) without charge. Written by Dr Patrick Dixon and published by Kingsway in 2004, the book explores the medical, social and political dimensions of the AIDS pandemic. The discussions, which are organised into 16 distinct chapters, would be of interest to students of Medical Ethics particularly the chapters on the moral dilemmas in AIDS work; life and death issues; and special AIDS/HIV issues in Africa and Asia. The site contains several brief reviews of the book and links visitors to the homepage of AIDS Care Education and Training (ACET) International Alliance.
This is the home page of the University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics (JCB). This website acquaints visitors with its main areas of activities, namely: research; education; clinical ethics; public outreach and consultancy. Resources provided include: details about the programmes on offer (e.g. academic courses; bioethics seminars; fellowships); research portals on various branches of ethics and related topics; and information about the JCB's consultation services, news and events. The site also provides free access to the centre's monthly newsletter known as 'The JCB Voice'. These are presented in PDF, hence requiring Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. The centre is directed by Dr Ross Upshur, Associate Professor in the Departments of Family and Community Medicine and Public Health Services at the University of Toronto.
This website enables users to access the online version of the World Medical Association (WMA)'s Medical Ethics Manual (ISBN 92-990028-1-9). The work is organised into six chapters: Principal Features of Medical Ethics; Physicians and Patients; Physicians and Society; Physicians and Colleagues; Medical Research; and a general conclusion. The following are provided in the Appendix - a glossary of terms, a list of medical ethics resources on the Internet, statements on the inclusion and strengthening of ethics teaching in the curriculum of medical schools worldwide, and several case studies. The manual can be downloaded as a PDF from here without charge. Also provided are translated versions of the manual. Available copies to date include those in French; Spanish; Mandarin; Korean; Indonesian; German; Arabic; Turkish and Japanese. This resource would be useful to students and teachers of medical ethics.
This is the homepage of Yale University's Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics. The center, which is directed by Dr David Smith, forms part of the university's Institution for Social and Policy Studies. This website makes available a number of interesting resources like: a collection of essays; the latest copy of 'Bioethics at Yale' and a calendar of events. It also contains details about the courses on offer; internship programs; working research groups; upcoming events; and projects like the Donaghue Initiative in Biomedical and Behavioral Research Ethics. The site provides a search engine and is easy to navigate.
'Your Genes, Your Choices: Exploring the Issues Raised by Genetic Research' is a book authored by Catherine Baker. Funded by the US Department of Energy, the work was written as part of the Science + Literacy for Health project of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). It discusses the Human Genome Project and highlights the ethical, legal and social issues surrounding the project. Each of the book's eight chapters starts with a case study and the work as a whole was written in a very user-friendly fashion, making it accessible to and useful for students of medical ethics who do not come from a science background. This website allows free access to all the book's contents including its glossary, bibliography and image credits. These are available in both PDF and HTML formats.