This is the homepage of 3TU.Centre for Ethics and Technology. Also known as 3TU.Ethics, the centre focuses on the philosophy of science, technology and engineering. It is a collaboration of the philosophy departments of the following three universities in the Netherlands: Eindhoven University of Technology; Delft University of Technology; and the University of Twente. This website informs visitors of news and events; and about the research programmes and projects undertaken by the centre. They may access a selection of recent publications by staff members. A publication database is provided. There is also information about recent publications in the field. Links are provided to relevant websites. A search engine is available.
The homepage of Andy Miah is a portal to an extensive range of Miah's thinking on the topics of ethics of biotechology and new technologies, specifically in relation their use in human augmentation. His website contains around 50 free full-text PDF papers and book chapters on such topics. Sample titles are: 'Justifying Human Enhancement: The Accumulation of Biocultural Capital'; 'Ethical Considerations of Human Performance Optimisation'; and 'Genetic Tests for Ability?: Talent Identification and the Value of an Open Future', among others. The author also maintains active weblogs on: Posthumanism; the medicalisation 'panic' around internet and videogame users; and bioethics in sports.
This website allows full access to 'Animals and Alternatives in Testing: History, Science, and Ethics', a book written by Joanne Zurlo, Deborah Rudacille and Alan Goldberg. Published by Mary Ann Liebert Inc. in 1994, the work is organised under the following chapter headings: Science and Society; The Eye of Science; Toxicology and Toxicity Testing; Science In Vitro; and Animal Experimentation: Ethics and Law. Also available are the bibliography; glossary of terms and appendices. The site is maintained by the Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing (CAAT) at the Johns Hopkins University, USA. A useful resource for those interested in research ethics.
This website makes available the full-text of the Assisted Dying for the Terminally Ill Bill. It was introduced as a private members bill by Lord Joel Joffe, a retired human rights lawyer, in the wake of heart-rending cases like those of Diane Pretty's and Reginald Crew's. The bill seeks to make it lawful for doctors to assist terminally ill patients to end their lives. The contents, divided into 16 sections, could be downloaded from the site without charge. The resource would be of interest to those studying ethics at the end of life.
'Atlas Shrugged' is a free website providing materials for the study of Ayn Rand's 1957 novel of the same name. Published by the Ayn Rand Institute, this website provides an accessible study-guide to an influential novel that has sold six million copies and continues to sell 185,000 copies each year. The website is best used after a full reading of the novel, since it contains numerous 'plot spoilers'. The website contains a 'History of Atlas Shrugged', audio commentaries and recordings, a chapter-by-chapter video examination of the themes and ideas to be found in the novel, a full profile of Rand and her works, and links to a handful of selected external websites.
This Austin Community College Library Research Guide offers an interesting selection of annotated links to medical ethics resources on the Internet. These are organised into the following subject headings: general medical ethics; abortion; animal testing; death, dying, and hospice; human cloning; euthanasia/assisted suicide; medical records; palliative care and pain; and religious bioethics. The site also offers RSS feeds detailing recent articles, although some of the material linked to is only accessible to Austin students, and some only to members of institutions subscribing to the relevant journals.
This is the website of the BBC’s online magazine Thread, which deals with the concept of eco-fashion. The website can be viewed in an Adobe Flash version or as HTML. It contains a collection of feature articles, including: Reports on subjects such as sustainability, ethical designers, working conditions, fair trade and waste management; Columns from regular writers; How-To Guides, including conservation and construction tips, and instructions on finding ethical fashion; Galleries including current trends and recommendations. There are a number of BBC videos on the website including interviews with designers, and in-depth reports. An archive of Style Files contains photo shoots of eco-fashion looks with details of suppliers and prices. There are also details of the Style Search competition to find the most ethical dresser, and sections on the BBC programmes Twiggy’s Frock Exchange and Blood Sweat and T-shirts.
This interesting website on Euthanasia is presented by the BBC using reports from its news archive. The materials are organised into five fact files. The first gives an overview of euthanasia, a glossary of terms, and discusses the legal positions in the UK and Europe. The second puts across the views of those on opposing sides of the debate and of the medical profession. The third file studies a number of high profile cases including that of Dr David Moor, Annie Lindsell and Mary Ormerod. The fourth reports on what happens elsewhere particularly in jurisdictions that have legalised euthanasia. Attention is also drawn to the case of Dr Jack Kevorkian who was a strong proponent of physician-assisted suicide. The final file looks at the future and considers the position in law and practice, and issues like terminal care and the ageing population. The website also contains some reports that are available in audio and video forms, and offers links to the home pages of pro-life and pro-choice organisations and to websites dealing with the issue from the religious and medical perspectives.
'Bioethics Discussion Pages' is a website hosted by Maurice Bernstein, M.D. Members of the public are here invited to pose questions and air their views regarding ethical misgivings arising from advances in biology and medicine. Responses are posted on these pages to encourage further discussion. Issues dealt with to date include: the transfer of patient information from one physician to another; participation in randomised clinical drug trial; refusal of unwanted treatment by pregnant women; commercialisation of eggs and sperms for reproduction; rights of insurance companies to genetic test results; and physician-assisted suicide. Polls are also taken on controversial issues, and their results and interpretations displayed on these pages. This would be an interesting resource for medical ethics students. Note, however, that the site does not seem to be updated regularly.
Bioethics Forum aims to take advantage of the timeliness and liveliness of the internet to broaden and deepen discussion about bioethical issues. Maintained by The Hastings Center, this website contains diverse commentaries on a wide range of topical dilemmas in this area. These can be browsed according to Author's Name; Date (which goes back to 2006); and Subject. The Subject list includes the following topics: Bioethics; Bioethics and the Law; Caregiving; Human Bodies; Human Reproduction; Medical Research; Medicine and Business; Pharmaceutics; Research; Science and Society; and Science and Technology. The site also provides links to recent bioethics issues that make newspaper headlines. It holds a search engine. This should be an interesting resource for students of medical ethics.
Bioethics Port is a website created and maintained by Dr Andy Miah, a Reader in New Media and Bioethics in the School of Media, Language and Music at the University of the West of Scotland. It features movie clips and Miah's own web commentaries on a range of bioethical dilemmas that have been in the headlines. These include topics like abortion; artificial life; end of life issues; genetics; human cloning; stem cell; prosthesis; cognitive modification; and life extension. The site provides a list of FAQs and invites visitors to suggest clips for inclusion. It holds a search engine and contains information about Miah's recent publications. An interesting resource for students on medical ethics programmes.
The US National Institutes of Health (NIH), in collaboration with its Bioethics Interest Group, has produced this online resource to facilitate teaching, research and scholarly activities in Bioethics. The site provides annotated links to a wide range of web links on the subject. These include those produced by the NIH themselves, and other government departments and institutes of higher education in the US. Visitors are connected to resources like case studies; reports; databases; bibliographies; directories; educational modules; virtual libraries; articles; journals; homepages of relevant institutions; and ethical codes, regulations, guidelines; policies and declarations. They are also linked to websites that hold information on upcoming events and career opportunities in the field. Bioethics topics receiving coverage are equally as diverse. They include: stem cell research; gene patenting; neuroethics; privacy; use of human tissue; pharmacogenetics; palliative care; human subjects research; and responsible conduct of research. An interesting resource for students and scholars of medical ethics.
BioNews is a well-presented website which aims to inform readers of developments that are taking place in the fields of human genetics and assisted reproduction. Topics examined include: Human Genome Research; Embryo Screening; Sex Selection; Egg and Sperm Donation; Human Cloning; Stem Cell Research; Access to IVF; Genetic Testing; and Gene Patenting. The resource provides up-to-date news summaries of the scientific, medical and legal developments in these and related areas; commentaries on the social and ethical issues pertaining to them; and information on conferences and forthcoming events. Published by Progress Educational Trust, a UK charity (number 1011897), and sponsored by the Department of Health and AstraZeneca, Bionews is an interesting resource suitable for use by medical ethics students.
This PDF of 'Birth of the Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights' gives the full-text of a 1999 publication by UNESCO's Division of the Ethics of Science and Technology. It traces various stages of UNESCO's Legal Commission of International Bioethics Commission's work. The Commission endeavoured to strike the right balance between upholding human rights and guaranteeing freedom of research in genetics, before the final draft of the Declaration was released. The Declaration itself contains a preamble and 25 articles. It is provided in full in its final form, along with earlier versions. The online version of the book can be downloaded from this website without charge.
BMC Medical Ethics is an electronic only, peer-reviewed journal (ISSN: 1472-6939) which publishes work on the ethics of medical research and practice. This website allows free access to all materials published since the first volume was issued in 2000, making it a very useful and interesting resource for students of medical ethics. A search engine is available, as are lists of most viewed articles in the last 30 days and in the past year, and another on all-time most viewed articles. The site also contains their submission policy and instructions for authors. The journal is edited by Dr Melissa Norton, and published by BioMed Central Ltd, London.
The Center for Health Care Ethics (CHCE) at Saint Louis University was set up in 1979. It carries out research, teaching and consultation services in a wide range of areas in health care ethics. This homepage contains detailed information about the training programs and lecture series on offer. Speakers for the latter have included well-known Medical Ethicists like James F. Childress, H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr. and Jonathan Moreno. There are also sections dedicated to news and events; research projects undertaken by its staff; newsletters and Ethics case studies. Links are provided to relevant websites. An interesting resource for students of Medical Ethics.
The Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics (CAPPE) is a collaborative effort between the Australian National University; Charles Sturt University and the University of Melbourne. It receives funding from the Australian Research Council and is directed by Professor Tom Campbell. The centre's work is organised into six main research areas: Business and Professional Ethics; Criminal Justice Ethics; Ethical Issues in Biotechnology; Ethical Issues in Political Violence and State Sovereignty; IT and Nanotechnology: Ethics of Emergent Technology; and Welfare Ethics. This homepage informs visitors about the work which the centre carries out in each of these areas. There are also details about the centre's publications; recent events; and a selection of media articles and comments. Visitors are able to access audio and video recordings of events like conferences and public lectures; and the centre's annual reports. Links are provided to relevant websites.
This is the homepage of the Centre for Computing and Social Responsibility(CCSR) at DeMontfort University. It aims to bring greater awareness about the social and ethical implications of computing and related technologies to the public. It seeks to do this primarily through research, teaching and consultancy. This website contains information about the doctoral programme they offer and details about forthcoming conferences. It allows access to several multimedia items; the homepage of its journal; a column on computer ethics; and numerous academic articles on titles such as 'A moral approach to electronic patient records'; 'Computer ethics: its birth and its future'; 'Flourishing ethics'; 'Towards morally defensible e-government interactions with citizens'; and 'Information and integrity in the information age'. Search facilities are available. The centre is directed by Professor Simon Rogerson.
This website allows access to the full contents of 'Computers, Information Technology, The Internet, Ethics, Society and Human Values', an electronic book prepared by Dr Philip Pecorino of the Queensborough Community College in New York. It explores the changes which computers and the internet have made to our daily lives, and how these have challenged and impacted on human values and issues like privacy and freedom of speech. The work is organised into 13 chapters: Introduction; Computers and Ethics; Ethics; Law: Free Speech and Censorship; Intellectual Property; Privacy; Secrecy and Security; Crime and Misbehavior; Information Technology and Accountability; Computing and Information Technology as Professions and Professional Codes; Social Change; Political Change; Artificial Intelligence: Computers and Being Human. The chapters contain discussion questions and case studies which could be used to facilitate class discussion. Hyperlinks are also provided to take readers to relevant online resources.
This is the online version of the 'Confidentiality and Medical Genetics' report (ISBN: 0953359604) which was commissioned and published by the UK Genetic Alliance (formerly the Genetic Interest Group) in 1998. Its aims are three-fold: to describe current practice in medical genetics in Britain with particular reference to the issue of the privacy and confidentiality of information; to highlight the ethical issues which shared use of individual genetic information within families give rise to; and to propose a framework that would guide health care professionals working in this area. The report is 23-pages long and is divided into the following 8 sections: Introduction; Regulatory and Legal Issues; Current Practice; Confidentiality; The Right Not To Know; Professionals and Families Working Together; The Consent Form; and Summary and Recommendations. This would be a useful resource for those studying genetic ethics.
This Web page provides access to the online version of the booklet entitled 'Consent: Patients and Doctors Making Decisions Together', published by the General Medical Council (GMC) in June 2008. This version replaces the earlier work entitled 'Seeking Patients' Consent: The Ethical Considerations', published in November 1998. It contains a set of principles on good practice which registered medical practitioners are expected to observe when obtaining patients' consent to examination/investigation, treatment, teaching, and research. Guidance are provided on issues like: sharing information and discussing treatment options; how to deal with questions; expressions of consent; the scope of treatment in emergencies; how to make decisions when a patient lacks capacity; how to involve children and young people in medical decision-making; how to ensure voluntary decision-making; and how to present information to patients. Viewers can also find a list of relevant cases and legislation in the Annex. The booklet can be browsed online, or downloaded as a PDF file. An interesting resource for students of medical ethics.
The Consent Guidance and Forms Web page offers a number of documents published by the NHS National Patient Safety Agency. These aim to assist researchers and reviewers participating in research involving human subjects. The resources include information on informed consent; a lengthy document giving guidance on the preparation of information sheets and consent forms; and a number of items relating to adults unable to consent for themselves. Topics covered by the site include: consent; information sources; randomisation; risks; placebos; confidentiality and the use of personal data; data storage; samples; and recruitment to trials. An interesting resource for those studying medical and research ethics.
This is the home page of the CyberPhilosophy Journal (CPJ) hosted by the University College of the Cariboo. This online resource is geared specifically towards students and aims to involve them in the exchange and discussion of philosophical ideas, with a particular emphasis on educational, informational and recreational technology. This involves discussing how recent technology relates to notions of an "online self", artificial communities, gender issues, online democracy and similar issues. The site does not, however, seem to have been updated since 2001. It nevertheless still allows access to all articles, essays, article reviews and website reviews published between 1998 to 2001. A search engine is available.
Cyberspace, Hypertext and Critical Theory web is an online collection of interlinked materials across many academic disciplines, which consider the implications of digital technology. The range of these implications is thought-provoking and covers: physical; psychological; philosophical; and moral consequences. Cyberspace deals primarily with the virtual interactions made possible by networked computer systems, while critical theory analyses how these interactions effect: communication; discourse; and the development of ideas. The introductory tour helps to explain these concepts to the newcomer and is a valuable part of the site. Once it is understood that cyberspace acts as a medium, while critical theory evaluates its role, other areas of this site become accessible. The site may be explored via anchors under headings including: Cyberspace; Hypertext; Critical Theory; Infotech; Politics; Economics; Visual Art and Cyborgs. As well as discussion of the technical aspects of cyberspace, balanced against its role as a Utopian/Dystopian resource, there are also a large number of articles considering the use of these concepts by fiction writers and artists. These are discussed under: Body and Self; Anime; and Cyberpunk Scifi. At first glance, this site is highly complex and perhaps intimidating to those unfamiliar with the broad spectrum of its concepts; the resource provides the user with a introduction to the website and a tour as well as with a search facility (unfortunately at the time of writing - June 2009 - the link is not working). However, its helpful navigation tools and clear presentation are user friendly and make it an excellent introduction for the beginner, as well as a useful resource for the more advanced researcher.
This is the homepage of the Dartmouth College Ethics Institute. Led by Professor Ronald M. Green, the institute is actively engaged in teaching and research activities in applied and professional ethics. Faculty's interests range from medical, business, legal and engineering ethics, to teaching and research ethics. This website provides an events calendar; and information about: seminars; competitions and campus visits; visiting scholars programme and other fellowships on offer; educational programmes and research opportunities available. There is also an annotated link to relevant online resources which would be particularly interesting to students of Philosophy and Applied Ethics.
Edge is a web magazine and email list emanating from the Reality Club, which is a group of self-styled intellectuals concerned with topical issues of scientific, philosophical, and cultural resonance. In particular, the magazine recognises scientists as a part of the intellectual community. There is hence a heavy bias in the magazine towards the sciences, especially the public presentation of advancements and controversies in physics, evolutionary biology, and neurophysiology. In 2010, the focus is on how the Internet is changing the way people think.
The site is at first glance puzzling to navigate, as the purpose of separate sections is not transparent, and parts of the site are duplicated in different sections. The current edition of the magazine can be read from the home page, and consists primarily of recent articles drawn from other sources, while past feature articles can be found in the "Features" section, and past editions in their entirety can be found indexed and archived in the "Edge Editions" section. Instructions for subscribing and receiving Edge by email are given. The "Reality Club" section of the site consists in transcripts of talks and responses from the club's members. The "Third Culture" section presents a history of the thinking behind Edge and the Reality Club, and a link to biographies of some its important figures and contributors, whereas the "Digerati" section offers hagiographies of a group of people cast as the elite of the cyberspace communications revolution. A search facility for the whole site is provided.
There is more than a hint of self-congratulation to be found on this site, with respect to its apparent cutting-edge status, nevertheless the fact remains that important thinkers contribute to and are discussed here, and it would be of interest to anyone seeking to monitor the current climate of science and humanities journalism.
This is the online version of 'Ends and Means' - a journal which explored the impact of technology on people's lives and their conceptions of the world (ISSN: 1472-5819). The journal was published twice yearly from 1990 to 2001, and the full content of all volumes published between 1996 to 2001 is available to view from this site. Most issues of Ends and Means consist of three or four articles, generally of between 2,000 and 4,000 words, and reviews of recently published books. The articles are not usually allied to any particular school of philosophy, and are comprehensible enough to be appreciated by the interested public.
The enviroethics discussion forum for environmental ethics was set up by the JISCmail, the National Academic Mailing List Service in 1994. The site houses an archive of all information and messages sent to the list from 1998 onwards. Posts include conference announcements and calls for papers, short articles, and relevant news items. Searches can be conducted using the user-friendly facility provided. The archives are publicly available, but posting to the list and accessing some other areas of the site requires registration. Information is provided about how to join, leave, post to, and manage the list.
Hosted by the US National Library of Medicine, this bibliography contains over four thousand references to journal articles and books on topics relevant to the involvement and protection of human participants in biomedical research. The resource starts by recounting the tragic events surrounding the Tuskegee Syphilis Study (1932-1972) and went on to highlight how the compilation of this bibliography represents a serious effort to ensure that such a sad episode in the history of medical research is not replicated in the future. The work, it was hoped, could facilitate the education of researchers on the ethics of research involving human subjects. The entries are organised under the following headings: Overview of the ethics of research involving human participants; Historical perspectives on research involving human participants; Informed consent; Community consent; Privacy and confidentiality; Clinical trials; Special or vulnerable populations (women, minorities and cross-cultural issues; children and adolescents; the cognitively impaired; prisoners; and military personnel); Teaching and research using newly deceased patients; Genetics research; Research on gametes, embryos, and foetuses; Cloning; Research involving human biological materials; Xenotransplantation; AIDS/HIV research; Cancer research; Emergency, Acute and critical care research; Drug and device development; and Institutional review boards and ethics committees. The bibliography was compiled in 1999 and is now archived, and so does not list newer works on this subject, but still has the potential to be a valuable resource for those working in this area.
The Ethox Centre was set up in 1998 within Oxford University's Department of Public Health and Primary Health Care. It conducts research and teaching on ethical issues associated with medicine, and provides ethics support to health services. This home page contains information about courses offered by the Centre, and the workshops and conferences it organises. Teaching materials on a number of key topics in bioethics (e.g. the Human Tissue Act; consent; confidentiality; the end of life; genetics; research with humans; and organ transplantation) can be viewed and downloaded from here without charge. It further provides useful sections that focus on Clinical Ethics Support and the projects undertaken by the Centre on areas like Genetics; Clinical Ethics; Mental Health and Neuroscience; and Global Health and Epidemiology. The centre is directed by Professor Michael Parker.
The European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies (EGE) advises the European Commission on ethical aspects of science and new technologies to help them prepare and implement Community legislation or policies. It was set up in 1997 and is made up of individuals from various fields of expertise. This website contains the Group's remit, operating rules and composition. It also allows full text access to all 'Opinions' the group has delivered since 1998 on a diverse range of issues (e.g. the patenting of inventions involving human stem cells; clinical research in developing countries; genetic testing in the workplace; and umbilical cord blood banking). Likewise, full text access is given to all its official publications. Information is also given of activities undertaken by the group since 2001. The site is available in English and French.
'The Future of Humanity Institute' (FHI) describes itself as... "a unique multidisciplinary research institute at the University of Oxford" operating as part of the Oxford Faculty of Philosophy. The Institute seeks to engage in pioneering research in the ethics of areas such as: 'Human enhancement'; 'Global catastrophic risks'; 'Rationality and wisdom' in decision-making; and 'Future technologies'. The FHI website offers a full description of FHI staff, and there are also progress reports to download in PDF format. Video is available for some of the guest lectures at the FHI. The pages that detail each of the main research strands also offer full-text PDF papers for download, and links to FHI weblogs.
This website provides free access to the full-text of 'The Genetic Revolution' (ISBN: 0860658716) - a book which examines the impact of genetic engineering on society. It was written by Dr Patrick Dixon, a physician by training who is also the Chairman of Global Change Ltd. The book is organised into the following nine chapter headings: The End of the Line?; Playing God - Genetic Engineering; Cloning Copies of Yourself; Designer Life - Designer People; Strange Foods in a Strange World; New Gene Medicines for New People; Takes a Virus to Catch a Virus - Mutant Bugs?; Could New Genes Destroy Us? and A Practical Way Forward. The book was published in 1995 by Kingsway. This resource also contains web and RealVideo updates and comments on the issues discussed in the book. An interesting resource for students of medical ethics.
'GM Science Review' is a website which provides detailed information on the progress and outcome of the study led by Sir David King into the scientific aspect of genetic modification (GM). The work by the GM Science Review Panel is one strand of the UK Government's initiative to promote national dialogue on GM issues. This website contains downloadable copies of the panel's report entitled "An Open Review of the Science Relevant to GM Crops and Food Based on Interests and Concerns of the Public". The first report was published on the 21st of July 2003 and a supplementary second report was issued on the 22nd of January 2004. The site also provides background information about the panel and their work; details of panel and open meetings; comments on the first report; and links to relevant websites. This resource should be of interest to those researching into the ethical and environmental effects of genetic modification.
This website contains the full-text of the 25 pages long brochure published in August 2004 by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) entitled 'Guidelines for the conduct of research involving human subjects at the National Institutes of Health'. Below are the subject headings for the materials discussed: The Historical, Ethical and Legal Foundations for the NIH's Policies and Procedures; The NIH's Human Research Protection Program; Responsibilities of Investigators; Responsibilities of the NIH's Institutional Review Boards; Collaborative Research Activities; and The Office of Human Subjects Research. An interesting resource for students of medical and research ethics.
'HealthCare Ethics' constitutes a part of the 'Applied Ethics Resources on WWW' intiative, a project sponsored by the W. Maurice Young Centre for Applied Ethics. This resource presents a collection of very lightly-annotated links to a range of websites useful for the study of medical ethics. These include the home pages of institutes and organisations, and websites dealing with core issues in the area such as: cloning; DNA banking; care of the dying; codes of ethics; genetics; AIDS/HIV; and research ethics. A list of online and print publications is also available. The site is administered by Dr Chris MacDonald, an associate professor in the Philosophy Department at Saint Mary's University, Canada.
This website on 'Information Systems Ethics' was founded and edited by Dr David Vance; and is hosted by the Mississippi State University. It contains information and links to numerous resources on computer and information ethics (cyberethics). The latter include: articles; virtual libraries; bibliographies; ethical guidelines; case studies; online sample syllabi; class materials; and papers. Together, they cover a wide range of moral issues posed by new information technology like privacy, identity and security. Links are also provided to the homepages of relevant organizations; discussion forums; and conferences.
The Institute for Global Ethics (IGE) is an independent, non-sectarian and non-profit-making organisation established in 1990 in Camden, Maine. It aims to promote ethical action in a global context. This home page informs visitors about: the services they offer (to corporations, the education sector, non-profit organizations, individuals, foundations and governments); the products they have in store (e.g. books, whitepapers/reports, curricula, workbooks, DVDs/videos, CD-Roms and audiotapes); membership details; and news of upcoming events. A range of online resources are made available and these include the following: a list of FAQs; official documents; the institute's annual reports; book excerpts; full-text access to 'Ethics Newsline' - the institute's weekly newsletter which offers commentaries on the latest news in ethics from around the world; and a number of case-studies on ethical dilemmas in Business, Education, Children and Family, Medical, Philanthropy, Personal and Military contexts.
This is the homepage of the Institute for the Study of Christianity in an Age of Science and Technology (ISCAST Ltd), Australia. It is a non-profit company which focuses on the relationship between Christianity and developments in science and technology. Headed by Emeritus Professor John R Pilbrow, the institute engages in research, teaching and public debate. This website allows access to a number of resources useful for those studying Christianity and the ethics of science and technology. These include: the full contents of the institute's online journal; texts of the public lectures they organise; an online discussion forum; information about the activities they engage in; and an annotated list of links to relevant websites. Visitors are also allowed to view and download the institute's bulletin as well as a publication edited by Allan J. Day entitled Science and Spirituality: Approaches in a Post Modern World (ISBN: 095789340X).
Christian Perspectives on Science and Technology is the online journal of the Institute for the Study of Christianity in an Age of Science and Technology, Australia (ISCAST Ltd). This website allows access to material published from 1996 onwards, presented in PDF (and hence requiring Adobe Acrobat Reader). The contents can be browsed by category: articles; opinion; book reviews; reflections; discussions; and the editor's column. A search engine is also available. Titles featured include: The Genesis of Everything: A Historical Account of the Bible's Opening Chapter; Modern Science and Christian Belief Should be at Peace; The Impact of Einstein's Relativity on Christian Thought; and Biotechnology and Medical Ethics: Thinking Biblically About Contemporary Medicine. The resource would be of interest to those studying religion and the ethics of science and technology. The journal is edited by Dr Bruce Craven.
International Journal of Internet Research Ethics is a full-text ejournal published from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. At June 2009 there are two issue online, with articles freely available as PDF files. The journal will be useful for researchers in a variety of fields, as well as for philosophers considering ethics, research ethics, and online lives. Articles are freely available as PDF files. Example article titles include: 'Playing a Good Game: Ethical Issues in Researching MMOGS and Virtual Worlds'; ' Emerging Legal Issues in the Collection and Dissemination of Internet-Sourced Research Data'; 'Data as Representation: Beyond Anonymity in e-Research Ethics'; and 'Creating a Web of Attribution in the Feminist Blogosphere', among others. The website has full details of the editors, Editorial Board, and the submission process.
'Issues and Bioethics' is a website which medical ethicists and students would find interesting. The section on Issues explores the many breakthroughs that are taking place in the field of biotechnology. Presented are compilations of articles and official documents on Animal Genome and Plant Genome Projects, Environmental Management, and Gene Therapy. The second section on Bioethics examines the impact these innovations may have on individuals, groups and society. Included are transcripts of speeches and interviews, articles, official guidelines, and teaching and learning resources. These are organised under two headings: Social Practices and Policies; and Issues of Individual Decision-Making. The responsibility for this website lies with Access Excellence, an educational program set up in 1993 by Genentech Inc.
The Linacre Centre for Healthcare Ethics aims to assist Catholics and others to explore bioethical issues from the perspective of Catholic moral teaching. Based in London, it operates under the trusteeship of the Catholic Trust for England and Wales, and the directorship of Dr Helen Watt. This homepage contains online papers written by their staff on a wide range of issues such as: abortion; AIDS; brain death; cloning; euthanasia; fertility treatment; genetics; hybrids/chimeras; organ donation; prolonging life; and stem cell research. On a few of these topics, viewers can also find the centre's submission to government committees and other official bodies. The site provides information about events organised by the centre (e.g. conferences and forums) and the facilities they are able to offer to researchers (e.g. a specialist bioethics reference library which holds over 6000 titles). Links to relevant websites are available. This would be a useful resource for those interested in Catholic Bioethics.
This webpage contains a full and up-to-date list of the General Medical Council (GMC)'s ethical guidance for doctors who are practising in the United Kingdom. Issues addressed include Consent; Confidentiality; Conflicts of Interest; Good Medical Practice; Maintaining Boundaries; Personal Belief and Medical Practice; Good Practice in Prescribing Medicine; Writing References; Withholding and Withdrawing Life-Prolonging Treatments; Reporting Gunshot Wounds; Acting as an Expert Witness; Raising Concerns About Patient Safety; Taking up and Ending Appointments; Reporting Criminal and Regulatory Proceedings Within and Outside the UK; Research; and Accountability in Multi-Disciplinary and Multi-Agency Mental Health Teams. Although directed at doctors, the list would be useful to students of medical ethics as it informs them of the standards to which medical practitioners in the UK are expected to conform to on the matters considered.
This is the Bioethics website maintained by the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University. The materials are presented in three main parts. The first offers resources like articles; cases; policy recommendations; and reports on a vast array of topics related to biotechnology and ethics like cloning; access to health care; genetics; assisted death; culturally competent care; and the withdrawal of treatment. The second section acquaints visitors with the programmes offered by the Centre. In the third section, links are provided to other websites dealing with health care and biotechnology; end of life ethics; ethics and sciences; environmental ethics; and cloning and stem cell research. An interesting resource for students on Medical Ethics programmes.
This website makes available for online viewing sessions from the Medical Ethics and the Humanities in End-of-Life Care Medical Conference organised by San Diego Hospice and Palliative Care on the 20th and 21st of March, 2001. The following papers were delivered: 'Physician-Assisted Dying: Pro and Con'; 'Medical Futility'; 'Ethical Theories: Humanist, Natural Law and Utilitarianism'; and 'Advance Directives'. Speakers include: Thomas Beauchamp; Rita Marker; Larry Schneiderman; Ann Boyd; and Sue Rubin. Unfortunately, little information is provided except the videos themselves: there do not appear to be details of the speakers' credentials, nor transcripts or summaries of the presentations. RealPlayer is needed to access the videos, but this can be downloaded from the site without charge.
This is the homepage of the US National Catholic Bioethics Center (NCBC). Established in 1972 and chaired by The Most Reverend Robert C. Morlino, the center conducts teaching, research, consultation and publishing in bioethics based on the official teaching of the Catholic Church. This website contains a number of interesting resources like: public policy reports; church documents; a state by state table of legal mandates; a Bioethics FAQs and Pastoral Resources; and NCBC's resources on stem cell research and human cloning. It also provides information about: the center's consultation services; publications; educational programs; news and events; membership; and other activities like seminars and workshops. The site gives access to the homepages of the center's two official journals - 'Ethics and Medics' and 'The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly'. This should be a stimulating resource for those interested in the intersection between religion and medicine.
The National DNA Database (NDNAD) Ethics Group was formed in July 2007. It serves as a Non-Departmental Public Body (NDPB) which advises the UK government on ethical issues surrounding the operation and practice of the National DNA Database. It is chaired by Professor Peter Hutton of the University of Birmingham. This website allows visitors to access annual reports
'Neuroethics.upenn.edu' is an online resource which deals with ethical issues raised by developments in areas like neurology, psychiatry, psychopharmacology, functional neuroimaging and brain implants. It is created and maintained by Professor Martha J. Farah, director of the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience at the University of Pennsylvania. Resources made available on the site include: summaries of neuroethics issues; links to downloadable articles and abstracts of articles; course syllabi; a conference calendar; information about educational programs and talk series at the university; a listing of relevant novels and films; and access to other websites. This should be a useful resource for students of medical ethics particularly those with a keen interest in the ethics of neuroscience.
The home page of philosopher and transhumanist Nick Bostrom offers online versions of a wide range of his papers. Bostrom, who is the Director of the University of Oxford's Future of Humanity Institute, has written extensively on: transhumanism (the movement which supports the use of technology to overcome limitations of the human condition); ethics and policy; ethical questions relating to technology; philosophy of science; probability; and a variety of other topics. His website offers both scholarly and popular papers. Bostrom is often a controversial author (for example, some of his best known works are those promoting the simulation hypothesis, which argues that it is probable that we are living in a computer simulation), but also a fascinating and accessible one, making this an interesting and valuable resource for all with an interest in this area of philosophy.
This is the homepage of the Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) at the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The office is responsible for providing guidance and leadership on the system to protect those participating in research conducted or supported by the HHS. This website provides: information on how to obtain approved assurance from OHRP; policy guidance on topics like HIV/AIDS, emergency research, pharmaceutical companies, prisoners, and stem cells; a list of FAQs; details of the conferences and educational activities they organize; and links to ethical codes and regulatory standards. A useful resource for those interested in research and professional ethics.
Opticon1826 is an full-text postgraduate ejournal, published from University College London. At July 2009 there are six issues online, freely offering editorials as HTML files and articles as PDF files. Creative work, commentaries, and research notes are also published. There is no statement of scope, but judging by the first six issues the journal mixes literary and film analysis with examinations of the ethics inherent in biomedical technology, third-world development, and the contemporary workplace. Example article titles of interest to those in the humanities include: 'Writing the Unthinkable: Narrative, the Bomb and Nuclear Holocaust'; 'It’s all about the Money? Issues for the Regulation of Genetic Testing'; 'A Spectral Turn around Venice: following in the footsteps of John Ruskin'; 'Monstrosity, Anxiety and the Real: Representations of the Victorian Metropolis in David Lynch's 'The Elephant Man'; 'Scopic Regime and Organised Walking: A Typological Study on the Modern Museum'; and 'Multilingual London and its Literatures', among others. There are details of the editors and Editorial Board, the faculty reviewers, and the submissions process.
The Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics was established in 2002 and is directed by Professor Julian Savulescu. The centre forms part of Oxford University's Philosophy Faculty and was set up with funding received from the Uehiro Foundation on Ethics and Education in Japan. Its range of activities include research, teaching and public lecturing. This website makes available a number of online resources which can be accessed without charge. These include articles and videos on topics like stem cell research; cloning; end-of-life decisions; predictive genetic testing; genetic, cognitive and sports enhancement; kidney sales; and addiction. It also contains a section on news report and provides links to the centre's newsletter and relevant websites. An interesting resource for students on medical ethics programmes.
The Park Ridge Center for Health, Faith and Ethics is an independent, non-profit and non-sectarian organization based in Illinois, USA. It carries out teaching, research and consultation in the intersection between health, faith and ethics. This homepage gives free access to the center's three main publications: its bimonthly Bulletin; Second Opinion - the center's peer-reviewed quarterly journal; and E-Ethics, its monthly newsletter. The site also gives information about the center's mission; educational programs; consultancy services; and other works published by them. A search engine is provided as are links to relevant websites. It does not, however, appear that the site is regularly updated. The existing materials would nevertheless be of value to those interested in the interaction of health, faith and ethics.
'Philosophy of Computer Games' is a website that was part of a major conference series on the topic, held at the University of Copenhagen in 2005, in Italy in 2007, and at Postdam in 2008. The website has all the details one would expect to find on the website of a major conference series. Proceedings are not available on the website, but there are are substantial abstracts of the papers presented in 2008, and biographies of speakers, which forms a useful free online resource. These can be found in the section titled "Abstracts / Bios". There is also an external Web link to external Web pages for the earlier conferences. The 2007 website - if one follows the chain of links for long enough - has abstracts and a free video archive of that conference. It is to be expected that there will be similar links to a dedicated website for the May 2008 conference, in time. This will be a useful starting point for those considering the philosophical implications of interactive computer-based experiences, and seeking fellow researchers on the subject.
'Philosophy of Computer Games' is a website for a major conference on the topic held in Italy in 2007. The website has all the details one would expect to find on the website of a major conference. It also contains a useful concise overview of the conference themes. Twenty of the conference papers are made freely available online, in full-text form, either as PDF or Powerpoint files (these are to be found via the 'Programme' menu item). Linked from the front page, but not from the main menu, is a complete video archive of all three days of the conference, presented as Flash video. These Flash videos can be easily navigated by speaker, but cannot easily be downloaded. This website will be a very useful starting point for those considering the philosophical implications of interactive computer-based experiences, and seeking fellow researchers on the subject. The 2007 conference was part of a series - there were also conferences in 2005 (abstracts only) and 2008 (PDF and video anticipated).
'The Philosophy of Trust' is a website presented by BBCi and the Open University to further explore the topic addressed by Onora O'Neill in the 2002 Reith Lectures. This resource gives a general description of the concept of trust and contains interesting commentaries from contemporary academics on trust, philosophy and society. There is a section which gives a brief summary of the viewpoints of several philosophers on this topic. They range from Szu Tzu, Aristotle, Plato, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Hume, Rousseau and Kant, to Marx, Foucault, Nash, Baier and O'Neill herself. All of the above can be downloaded as PDF or Word documents. Viewers are also given the opportunity to engage in the Open University's interactive version of The Prisoner's Dilemma.
This is the homepage of 'Philosophy, Ethics and Humanities in Medicine', a peer-reviewed online journal (ISSN: 1747 5321) which publishes work on the philosophy of medicine and biology, and ethical aspects of clinical practice and research. Users can access without charge all materials published since 2006 from here. These include articles, book reviews, editorials, and commentaries. The site also contains the journal's submission policy; lists of the 10 top most accessed articles in the last 30 days, past year and all time; a list of FAQs; a search engine; and news of upcoming conferences and symposiums. The journal is edited by Michael Schwartz of the University of Loiusville and Dan J. Stein of the University of Cape Town. It is published by BioMed Central Limited.
This is the website of the 'Physics and Ethics Education Project (PEEP)' which is based at the University of Bristol. Funded by the Institute of Physics (IOP), the project aims to support secondary school science teachers and students when dealing with ethical issues relating to physics. It contains an Ethics Toolkit which looks at the following topics: the frameworks for making decisions; reviewing information for bias; giving credit; creating knowledge; and the physicists' ethical code. The site also contains information that could help students explore ethical issues in specific areas like climate change; energy resources; transport; weapons; space; communications; and robotics. There are likewise resources for teachers that aim to assist them in managing discussion based lessons and to plan lessons. The website provides a glossary of terms; a discussion forum; a news archive; and a search engine. The material contained therein would also be useful to undergraduate students.
This website is a welcome addition to the growing numbers of online resources that discuss the latest developments in science, technology and other current affairs. It provides a daily ethical analysis of news in these areas and the commentators are drawn from the following 3 research centres at the University of Oxford: the Future of Humanity Institute; the James Martin 21st Century School; and the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics. Members of the public are also encouraged to contribute to the discussion. Among the topics discussed include: global warming; environmental ethics; neuroethics; hybrid embryos; elective caesarean section; information ethics; organ donation; business ethics; and teenage pregnancy. In addition to recent posts and comments, the site enables access to all materials produced since November 2007.
This is the home page of the body set up in 2001 to advise the US Government on the ethical issues associated with developments in biomedical science and technology. This website contains background information about the council; transcripts of meetings; and official reports of areas investigated. Amongst the topics considered are: cloning; assisted reproduction; genetics; nanotechnology; ageing; drugs, children and behaviour control; organ transplantation; stem cell research; and embryo research. Also provided are links to related sites and a list of all former US national bioethics commissions and their reports.
The Reith Lectures are an annual series of lectures, held since 1948 on a variety of topical issues, which are sponsored by the BBC and presented at venues around the UK. The 2002 lectures were delivered by Onora O'Neill under the title of 'A Question of Trust' and originally broadcast on Radio 4 in April and May 2002. The five lectures each considered an aspect of trust and the lecture headings were as follows: spreading suspicion; trust and terror; called to account; trust and transparency; and licence to deceive. The transcripts of the lectures and Q&A sessions can be printed or listened to from the website (for which RealPlayer software is required).
This website links readers to the online version of Saving Lives, Valuing Donors: A Transplant Framework for England produced by the Department of Health's Transplant Policy Team. Published in July 2003, the document maps out the major aims for organ and tissue transplantation in the UK for the following ten years. In the main, it provides guidance to the UK government, health professionals and other stakeholders on how to: encourage more people to consider being organ and tissue donors; improve the overall quality and effectiveness of transplant services; and enhance the clinical outcomes for donees. This should be an interesting resource for students on Medical Ethics courses.
This is the official website for the Society for Applied Philosophy, a British organisation founded in 1975, and a forerunner in promoting rigorous philosophical work with a strong practical and social relevance. The society publishes the Journal of Applied Philosophy since 1984, the contents of which can be viewed from here. Access to full content is nevertheless restricted and is available only to subscribers. The Society organises lectures, workshops, and an annual conference. Information on current and forthcoming activities can be found on the site, along with an archive of previous events. The society invites proposals for future workshops. Membership of the Society is open to all interested parties, and instructions on how to join are given. This site is of interest both to students and teachers of philosophy working in areas of practical concern, such as applied ethics, science, law, education, politics, and medicine. It is also of interest to practitioners or students of those professions seeking informed but accessible debate about important or controversial issues within their field.
'Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology' is an electronic journal published by the Digital Library and Archives (DLA) of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech). The journal was first published in 1995 and recent articles have dealt with issues like cognitive science; engineering; nanotechnology; the internet; email communication; technological theories; and technological dependency. The site has a very simple, basic design. Articles are available in both HTML and PDF versions. However, all PDF articles are only accessible to the Virginia Tech community. Also available on the site are guidelines for authors and a search engine.
This website allows access to the full text of 'The Truth About AIDS' (ISBN: 085476495X) without charge. Written by Dr Patrick Dixon and published by Kingsway in 2004, the book explores the medical, social and political dimensions of the AIDS pandemic. The discussions, which are organised into 16 distinct chapters, would be of interest to students of Medical Ethics particularly the chapters on the moral dilemmas in AIDS work; life and death issues; and special AIDS/HIV issues in Africa and Asia. The site contains several brief reviews of the book and links visitors to the homepage of AIDS Care Education and Training (ACET) International Alliance.
The United States Mission to the European Union's Web page on agriculture and biotechnology offers a collection of articles, statements, and news items dealing with issues surrounding agricultural biotechnology, in particular the genetic modification of food crops. The site gives the American viewpoint on the subject, which is occasionally at variance with views from Europe. In addition to the works listed on the main page, a link to the Bush administration archives provides access to further pieces, dating from 1999 onwards. Although not specifically designed as an ethics resource, this website provides useful source material for those studying the ethics of science and technology.
This is the home page of the University of Toronto Joint Centre for Bioethics (JCB). This website acquaints visitors with its main areas of activities, namely: research; education; clinical ethics; public outreach and consultancy. Resources provided include: details about the programmes on offer (e.g. academic courses; bioethics seminars; fellowships); research portals on various branches of ethics and related topics; and information about the JCB's consultation services, news and events. The site also provides free access to the centre's monthly newsletter known as 'The JCB Voice'. These are presented in PDF, hence requiring Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. The centre is directed by Dr Ross Upshur, Associate Professor in the Departments of Family and Community Medicine and Public Health Services at the University of Toronto.
This is the homepage of Yale University's Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics. The center, which is directed by Dr David Smith, forms part of the university's Institution for Social and Policy Studies. This website makes available a number of interesting resources like: a collection of essays; the latest copy of 'Bioethics at Yale' and a calendar of events. It also contains details about the courses on offer; internship programs; working research groups; upcoming events; and projects like the Donaghue Initiative in Biomedical and Behavioral Research Ethics. The site provides a search engine and is easy to navigate.
'Your Genes, Your Choices: Exploring the Issues Raised by Genetic Research' is a book authored by Catherine Baker. Funded by the US Department of Energy, the work was written as part of the Science + Literacy for Health project of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). It discusses the Human Genome Project and highlights the ethical, legal and social issues surrounding the project. Each of the book's eight chapters starts with a case study and the work as a whole was written in a very user-friendly fashion, making it accessible to and useful for students of medical ethics who do not come from a science background. This website allows free access to all the book's contents including its glossary, bibliography and image credits. These are available in both PDF and HTML formats.