American Philosophy is a subsite of The Radical Academy, a privately-maintained online platform for those with a general interest in philosophy. This site will best serve students, teachers and undergraduates who are focussing on American thought from the colonial period to World War II. The site posts short explanatory and introductory essays for various themes and periods, and sourced from a variety of texts. These essays have links embedded within them to explain further the lives of philosophers and their ideas. The site also provides primary texts online, with the foundational documents of different streams of American Philosophy classified under different headings. Among these are: American Political Philosophy; the American divines (from the Puritan, Calvinist, Quaker and Anglican traditions); the Founding Fathers, with a focus on Enlightenment influences; America's Coming of Age, featuring the figures who grappled with the abolition of slavery and early civil rights debates; American Transcendentalism; Late 19th Century thinkers; Idealism in America; American Pragmatism; and Recent American Thought. Navigation of these sources is clear and straightforward. However, there is no immediate bibliography for the site, which would have been useful.
The Ayn Rand Society (ARS) is "a professional society affiliated with the American Philosophical Association. ... Its aim is to foster the scholarly study by philosophers of the philosophical thought and writings of Ayn Rand." The ARS webpage has details of the ARS Steering Committee, past and current programmes, and details of obtaining membership - the ARS is only open to members of the American Philosophical Association. The ARS website has a reliable full-text essay, titled 'Ayn Rand and Objectivism: an overview', and a short selected biblilography of works by Ayn Rand. The ARS was established in 1987, and it will be a useful contact point for British scholars seeking to contact those working in U.S. universities on aspects of Rand's philosophy, her novels, and her ideas on art.
This is the home page of the Center for Advanced Research in Phenomenology. Founded in 1971, the organisation is dedicated to fostering and advancing the study of phenomenology specifically, and the continental philosophical tradition more broadly. This site makes available a number of resources useful to students of phenomenology at all levels, including: a brief overview of phenomenology; a photo collection of key thinkers in the field; a list of publishing outlets that cater to phenomenological research; an international registry of phenomenologists; and a list of new publications. Although certain parts of the site are in need of updating, it contains sufficient information such that it should prove useful to all those interested in phenomenology.
The Center for Process Studies (CPS), founded in 1973 by John B. Cobb, Jr. and David Ray Griffin, and based at the Claremont School of Theology, is dedicated to promoting process thought across the humanities. Process thought, attributed chiefly to Alfred North Whitehead (1861-1947) and Charles Hartshorne (1897-2000), is a school of thought that emphasises the development and change of nature and reality over its staticity; that is to say, becoming over being. The primary publication of the Center is the journal 'Process Studies', for which subscription details and a link with access to older issues are made available. The Center also publishes the 'Process Studies Supplement', an electronic journal freely available online in PDF, containing articles too long for the standard journal. In addition, the Center publishes a newsletter three times a year entitled 'Process Perspectives', which contains information on the recent activities of the Center. There are also sections on news, events, and related programs. The site is well presented and accessible.
This website is devoted to the American philosopher and polymath Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914). Active in a great many areas of philosophical research, Peirce is probably best known for his contributions to logic and semiotics, and as one of the fathers of American pragmatism. The website starts with an inadequate biographical sketch of Peirce, although after this the content improves somewhat. There is a selected bibliography of a small number of his published papers, six of which are reproduced in full. These include his well-known 'On a New List of Categories', three essays on cognition, and two 'illustrations of the logic of science'. The third section of the site covers the community of Peirce scholars. It includes links to other related materials on the Web.
The Critical Rationalist was a short-lived electronic journal (ISSN 1393-3809) devoted to pursuing and elaborating the philosophy of Karl Popper (1902-1994) and, in particular, his method of 'Critical Rationalism' as outlined in his work Conjectures and Refutations. Note the journal appears to have ceased pbulication in 1998 and there are only three extant past issues, all of which can be accessed on this site in a variety of formats. In the Popperian tradition, this site eschews philosophy as linguistic analysis, focusing on 'real' philosophical problems such as probability, induction, the mind-body problem, the nature of scientific theories and the philosophy of history. The site also exposes Popper's own philosophy to rigorous critical analysis: 'Comprehensively Critical Rationalism' (CCR). This site will be of use especially to anyone with an interest in Karl Popper and the philosophy of science.
Cultural Logic is an ejournal of Marxist theory, practice and culture (ISSN: 1097-3087). The journal is academic in origin. However, Cultural Logic is committed not just to understanding the world, but changing it too. Featured articles in the journal encompass discussions of the health of Marxism in the wake of recent post-structuralist critiques, as well as more localised interventions in politics. Cultural Logic, then, is a fascinating hybrid - part high-theory journal, part call to action. As such, it will be essential reading for anyone interested in contemporary radical movements, or working in theory or politics. Access to past issues, dating back to the journal's beginnings in 1997, is available, along with links, a search facility, and submission information.
This is a very simple website containing a complete electronic text (in English translation) of The Discourses by the ancient philosopher Epictetus (c. AD50-120). The Discourses record exchanges between Epictetus and his students after formal teaching had concluded for the day. They are a record of intimate, though earnest, discussions in which Epictetus gets his students to consider carefully what the philosophic life, for a Stoic, consists of, and how to live it oneself. A wide range of topics are touched upon, from friendship to illness, from fear to poverty, on how to acquire and maintain tranquillity, and why we should not be angry with other people. The electronic text is divided into four books, with each book containing several chapters.
Epicurus and Epicurean Philosophy is a website which aims to introduce Epicureanism both to the serious student of philosophy and to anyone seeking useful and inspiring ideas. Epicurus (341-270 BC) helped to lay the intellectual foundations for modern science and for secular individualism, with many aspects of his system still highly relevant some twenty-three centuries after they were first taught to his students at his school, known as 'The Garden', in Athens. The site includes: translations of Epicurean texts (including works by, as well as Epicurus himself: Diogenes Laertius; Lucretius; Cicero; Horace; Lucian; Cornelius Nepos; Plutarch; and Lactantius); background information on the period in which he and his followers wrote; general material on ancient philosophy; and pages of annotated links to other relevant online resources. There is also a discussion list associated with the site.
The Gurdjieff International Review is the website of a free full-text online journal dedicated to the study of the life and work of the Russian/Turkish philosopher Georges Ivanovitch Gurdjieff (1872-1949). In addition to archiving and reproducing the journal, the website also provides a database of information about Gurdjieff, his work and his pupils. There are introductory essays; a section listing Gurdjieff's aphorisms; thirty-five pupil biographies and a fully annotated bibliography of works by and about him. Gurdjieff's basic assertion was that although human beings are almost entirely mechanical their consciousness can be extended far beyond its present limits by studying and re-programming the machine. His exacting 'system', based on the esoteric knowledge he gained whilst wandering through central Asia between 1890 and 1910, is still taught in Gurdjieff groups worldwide and best explained, not in his own writings, but in the books of his most famous pupil P.D. Ouspensky (1878-1947).
This is the website for a series of AHRC-funded workshops which took place in late 2007/early 2008 focussing on the impact of instrumental policy on museums and galleries. The workshops brought together cultural policy researchers, museum professionals and policy makers to address areas of common concern. The website includes abstracts and notes from each of the three workshops.
The International Society for Neoplatonic Studies (ISNS) was formed in 1973 by a group of scholars seeking to promote the study of Neoplatonism in all of its aspects, from the ancient world to the modern. The society's website introduces their organisation and provides membership details. Information is provided about the society's own conferences and others that may be of interest, while a directory of scholars gives contact details for academics working in this area. The books and journals section draws attention to relevant publications, and electronic versions of several papers are available from the online journal archive. There are also two sets of links to Web resources: one for general sites (although this does not appear to be particularly well maintained), and one for primary texts by authors including: Plotinus; Porphyry; Philo of Alexandria; Boethius; and Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite. Finally, a link is provided to the society's email discussion list. A useful resource for those studying or researching Neoplatonism.
Karl Marx / Friedrich Engels is a subsite of Stimmen der proletarischen Revolution (Voices of the Proletarian Revolution), an online compendium of primary source documents of revolutionary movements from the 19th and 20th centuries. The Marx-Engels collection here runs from 1837 to 1895. Documents are transcripts of originals in German, ranging from private letters, articles, to manuscript texts and publications. Topics of note include the Jewish Question and emancipation; anti-Semitism; the role of power in history; the working classes in England, Chartists and the Corn Laws; critiques of Hegelian legal philosophy and state law; speeches on free trade and speeches at economic congresses; commentaries on 19th century political affairs in Europe and Russia; the Communist Manifesto; Das Kapital; and remarks on the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871. This collection will prove helpful for undergraduates and postgraduates who are just starting their research and the site would also make a good teaching tool. The site has its own search engine, with which users can search through the texts of documents. Bibliographical information is posted with each transcription.
Phenomenology Online, created by Dr Max van Manen of the University of Alberta, serves as an excellent introduction to the various aspects of phenomenology. The site makes available full-text articles, dissertations, an annotated bibliography, brief biographies and photos of eminent scholars, a glossary of frequently used terms, and, most impressively, an interactive map of the various aspects of phenomenology. The map Manen has created is a good way for students interested in phenomenology to conceptualize the development of phenomenology and the various philosophical approaches to it. Each branch within the map is accompanied by a concise but illuminating explanation. This is a fabulous resource for students interested in phenomenology.
This is the website of the Principia Cybernetica Project (PCP) - an international collaborative project which seeks to develop a philosophy based on the principles of evolutionary cybernetics. Key concepts associated with the Project include: Metasystem Transition Theory; knowledge as a model; actions as ontological primitives; evolution through variation and selection; and control as the basic mode of organization in complex systems. The Project's website is divided into a number of broad sections. Cross-references and hyperlinks to ongoing discussion are notable throughout the site. The sections are: Introduction to Principia Cybernetica; Metasystem Transition Theory; Project Organization; PCP Research on Intelligent Webs; and reference material. The largest section relates to metasystem transition theory and contains the core documents and discussion of the Project including sub-sections on epistemology, language, metaphysics, principles of systems, evolutionary theory and history, cybernetics, ethics, and the future of humanity. With the reference section, the site includes an electronic library. The project is supported by a number of contributors, overseen by an editorial board.