The Alberti Magni E-Corpus provides online editions of the works of the medieval philosopher and theologian, Albert the Great (ca. 1193-1280). Users can download PDF image files of over 30 volumes of Albert's works, taken from the Borgnet edition. Over 20 works (including Ethica, De Morte et Vita, and Super Porphyrium De V Universalibus) have also been transcribed for online browsing and searching, and there are plans to add further works in the future. Users should note that the texts are only available in the original Latin. The site home page and search interface are available in English and French. This resource is hosted by the University of Waterloo in Canada.
This is the home page of Alfred J. Freddoso, a professor of Thomistic Studies and Philosophy at the University of Notre Dame. It contains course material, such as lecture outlines; handouts; syllabi; and study questions for a number of courses. Most courses concern aspects of ancient (including Presocratic) and medieval philosophy, and philosophy of religion, with particular attention to scholasticism and Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274). A wide variety of supplementary material, ranging from primary and secondary source texts, maps, and some of the author's own translations, can be found within the individual course pages. Freddoso's own philosophical writings, published and unpublished, are available, as is his in-progress translation of Aquinas' Summa Theologica, with commentary. Also available is the complete text of Pope John Paul II's Fides et Ratio, with accompanying commentary and study notes. This site would be of interest to undergraduates with some basic familiarity with the topics covered, who are seeking revision material or further information. It would also be of use to teachers designing courses in any of the topics covered.
The American Catholic Philosophical Association (ACPA), established in 1926, is dedicated to cultivating the Catholic philosophical heritage and using it to engage contemporary philosophical issues. This website provides information about the association, how to be a member, meetings and conferences, job opportunities, fellowships, and the Asssociation's constitution and publications. The main scholarly outlet of the Association is the journal 'American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly,' for which subscription information is available online. The site is well presented and accessible.
The Antichrist is an e-text version of H.L. Mencken's 1920 English translation of the book of the same name by Friedrich Nietzsche. The resource is part of the Friedrich Nietzsche Society website, an extensive resource for Nietzsche scholars. Nietzsche himself (1844-1900) was a German philosopher, a radical thinker both in terms of his style and in terms of the content of his philosophy. Among other things, he criticised the traditional ways in which human beings come to form and justify the cultural beliefs they hold (especially our moral, religious and philosophical beliefs). In "The Antichrist", written in 1888, Nietzsche attacks the institution of Christianity and the value system that is its legacy. He also advocates the Dionysian tradition (the side of human nature characterised by creation and change, which Nietzsche names after the Greek god Dionysus) in art. The text itself is presented as a single page, though it does feature hyperlinks to the footnotes.
This interesting resource forms part of the Jacques Maritain Center website of the University of Notre Dame, Indiana. They provide a collection of texts written by the Catholic philosopher Jacques Maritain (1882-1973) and others on various subjects, but particularly on Thomism and St. Thomas Aquinas. The works by Maritain at the site include: "St. Thomas Aquinas"; "Reflections on America"; "Art and Scholasticism"; "The Frontiers of Poetry"; "The Responsibility of the Artist"; "Moral Philosophy"; and "The Range of Reason". A section of the site headed 'The Thomistic Revival' includes texts from a number of different authors writing about scholasticism and the renewal of interest in medieval philosophy in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. A list of links to external websites dealing with issues of Catholic theology and philosophy concludes the contents of the site. The texts themselves are presented as plain HTML, and are divided by chapter.
Ars Disputandi (AD) is an online journal (ISSN: 1566-5399) devoted to topics surrounding the philosophy of religion. The website publishes articles, book reviews, literature surveys, and bibliographies. Past articles have covered topics such as feminism and philosophy of religion, the origin of evil, and evolution. Ars Disputandi aims to be a lively online forum for the exchange of ideas, rather than a traditional journal. In keeping with this aim, the site is not published in the form of distinct chronological issues: new articles are published instantly on editorial approval. This site will be of most interest to those working in philosophy, theology and related areas.
The Augustine of Hippo site was initially created by James J. O'Donnell to support a series of online seminars. The site has grown to provide access to a range of resources for the study of Saint Augustine of Hippo, many of which are authored by O'Donnell. The site is divided into a number of sections and navigated through frames. Sections include: an introduction to the life and works of Augustine; texts and translations; commentaries; research materials; a record of the online seminars; and digital images relating to Augustine. The introductory section includes a number of essays written by O'Donnell as well as links to resources such as encyclopaedia entries. The texts and translations section brings together a number of online works of Augustine ranging from the City of God to sermons. Many of the texts are available in both Latin and English translation. Perhaps the most significant resource available in this section is O'Donnell's own edition and commentary on Augustine's Confessions (Augustine: Confessions, a text and commentary. Oxford: 1992. ISBN 0198143788). Research materials include bibliographies, maps, and a collection of online research papers. Throughout the site are scattered annotated links to other Augustinian resources on the Web.
The Australasian Philosophy of Religion Association (APRA) was set up to promote and disseminate scholarly work in the field of philosophy of religion. It aims also to build stronger network amongst scholars working in the field. This homepage contains a section which lists the names and contact details of Australasian philosophers of religion. These are organised according to their institutional affiliation. There are also details on news and events related to philosophy of religion, both in the Australasian region and beyond. Information is given on how to join their mailing list, and links are provided to the homepages of relevant associations and journals. A search engine is available. This website is maintained by Charles Sturt University, Australia.
'Blaise Pascal (1623-1662)' is a resource that provides useful introductory information about the life and works of the 17th century French scientist, mathematician, theologian and philosopher Blaise Pascal. The site's webmaster and editor is Bill Uzgalis, a professor of philosophy at Oregon State University, and this forms part of his more general website 'Great Voyages: the History of Western Philosophy from 1492 to 1776'. Philosophically speaking, Pascal was in general a sceptic (one who holds that we have no better reason to believe a proposition than to believe its contrary, and thus we should suspend judgement on the matter). However, he famously proposed 'Pascal's Wager', according to which, although there is no other rational justification for belief in God, we would be wise to accept his existence, since the rewards involved if we are right here far outweigh the penalties if we are wrong. Pascal's best known philosophical work is his 'Pensees'. The site provides an overview of Pascal's life, a sourced timeline detailing important biographical and professional events in Pascal's life, and an unannotated bibliography of Pascal's works. There is also access from the site to e-text versions of Pascal's 'Pensees' and 'Provincial letters', as well as to other relevant pages held elsewhere on the the 'Great Voyages' site.
The Boethius website is created and maintained by James J. O'Donnell of Georgetown University. It focuses on the Roman philosopher, poet and politician who lived from ca. 480 to ca. 525 CE, offering a brief biography and the Latin text of his 'Consolation of Philosophy (Consolatio Philosophiae)' with translation tools, a line-by-line commentary, an English translation and a bibliography. It is intended as a teaching resource for students of classics and/or history and for this it serves its purpose very well. There are also links to related resources but a number of these were not functioning at the time this record was reviewed.
The British Society for the Philosophy of Religion (BSPR) is the UK's primary scholarly association for the discussion of this subject area. The society's website provides information about BSPR activities, the chief of which is a major conference taking place every two years. Membership information, details of the committee, and a copy of the society's constitution are also available. At time of writing, there were plans to add a discussion section, which would include comment on recent literature in philosophy of religion.
The Cambridge Inter-Faith Programme is located within the Centre for Advanced Religion and Theological Studies (CARTS) in the Faculty of Divinity at the University of Cambridge. It aims to promote a scholarly and multi-faith approach to religious learning and understanding of the three Abrahamic faiths (namely Christianity, Islam and Judaism) by studying their history; scriptures; traditions; practices; ethics; law; philosophy; theology; sociology; and politics. This homepage contains resources like the transcripts of lectures and speeches; articles and essays; press articles; reports of conferences; details of projects, publications, news and events; a description of the programme's academic design; and links to relevant websites. The Programme is directed by Professor David Ford.
This is the homepage of the Canadian Society of Christian Philosophers (La société canadienne des philosophes chrétiens et chrétiennes) (CSCP-SCPC). The society aims to be a forum for the discussion of inter-related topics in religion and philosophy. It invites those within any Christian denomination or none to attend its annual meetings and contribute to its bi-annual newsletter. This website is well-designed, with a useful split-screen format to facilitate easy access to the main menu. It is broken into sections which include: activities; newsletters; member interests; membership; publications; and related links. The website is accessible in French and English, and all information is available free of charge. The site makes use of frames. A search engine is available.
The Center for Process Studies (CPS), founded in 1973 by John B. Cobb, Jr. and David Ray Griffin, and based at the Claremont School of Theology, is dedicated to promoting process thought across the humanities. Process thought, attributed chiefly to Alfred North Whitehead (1861-1947) and Charles Hartshorne (1897-2000), is a school of thought that emphasises the development and change of nature and reality over its staticity; that is to say, becoming over being. The primary publication of the Center is the journal 'Process Studies', for which subscription details and a link with access to older issues are made available. The Center also publishes the 'Process Studies Supplement', an electronic journal freely available online in PDF, containing articles too long for the standard journal. In addition, the Center publishes a newsletter three times a year entitled 'Process Perspectives', which contains information on the recent activities of the Center. There are also sections on news, events, and related programs. The site is well presented and accessible.
The website for the Center for the Study of the Great Ideas aims to provide an online presence that furthers the work of the Center's mission to prove that 'philosophy is everybody's business'. Addressing the questions as to what we should seek in life and how we should go about our search sums up the life and work of Dr. Mortimer J. Adler (1902 - 2001), who co-founded the Center and whose academic credentials include the post of Professor Emeritus at the University of Chicago. The site aims to make the ideas of Dr. Adler widely available and while membership options at a range of prices are offered, the site contains a sufficient amount of open access material to provide comprehensive introductory insights. Under the headings such as 'The Great Ideas', 'The Great Books' and 'Liberal Education', the basic concepts of the Center are introduced fully, with a biography of Dr. Adler and a useful range of links. A search engine is available, which will yield results when searched by author name or subject. This is a wide-ranging site, with a large amount of thought-provoking material.
The Centre of Theology and Philosophy (COTP) is a research centre based in the Department of Theology and Religious Studies at the University of Nottingham. This homepage contains information about the centre's staff, fellows and members; courses they offer and the conferences they organise. The site, which should be of particular interest to those pursuing Religious Studies degree programmes, also provides resources like online papers (available in Word and PDF); a discussion forum; a news section; podcasts; reviews of recent publications in the areas of theology and philosophy; and links to relevant websites. The centre is directed by John Millbank, Professor in Religion, Politics and Ethics. He is also the author of most of the online papers made available on the site.
This resource is an online reprint of 'Augustine: Confessions' a text and commentary by James J. O'Donnell (Oxford: 1992; ISBN 0-19-814378-8). The text of the Confessions is in the original Latin, and the commentary in English. For each of the 13 books of the Confessions, a link is provided to the introductory commentary on that book. Likewise, every section of the text is linked to extensive comments on the section. Users can also enjoy a sample of a number of frescoes on the life of Augustine (350-430 AD) done by Benozzo Gozzoli in San Gimignano in the 15th century. The site is user-friendly, with frames and no-frames versions available, and search engines are provided.
Correspondences: Jewish Mysticism, Indian Philosophies is a dissertation by Axel Randrup and Tista Bagchi. The work can be downloaded in HTML format from the Oxford Text Archive website (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS)). The authors examine correspondence between eight significant traits of Jewish mysticism and traits of Buddhism and other systems of Indian religion and philosophy in the literature. This is a study in comparative religion, but some important relations between these Indian and Jewish belief systems and modern science are also discussed. The work is freely available, although users are asked to agree to a brief terms and conditions statement before downloading it.
This is the home page of CrossCurrents, a magazine sponsored by the Association for Religion and Intellectual Life. Articles therein come from the interfaith community and these deal with a vast array of socio-religious issues relating to life in the postmodern era. The site publishes the tables of contents of all issues. It further makes available without charge a number of full-text articles taken from previous and current issues, as well as special collections of articles organised under themes like 'Religion and Violence'; 'Nature as Thou'; 'Returning to Scripture'; 'Education of the Heart'; and 'Sophia's Sisters'. The magazine's submission policy and an online forum that enables readers to register their reaction to issues raised on the site are also available.
This website provides the online texts of three major works by the philosopher David Hume (1711-1776). This being part of the Internet Infidels website, the works chosen are those in which Hume's ideas on God and religion are most prominent. The Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding (1748) is the first of the three, followed by the Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion (1779), and Essays On Suicide And The Immortality Of The Soul (1783). The online version of the Enquiry does not state the copy text upon which it is based, but the others do give edition details. Each work is displayed on a single page. The main Web page also provides links to information on Hume in the 'Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy'.
This Web page briefly outlines an AHRC/ESRC-funded project analysing the contribution faith-based organisations make to housing homeless people. In particular, the project is aiming to compare the moral frameworks religious organisations use with those of secular agencies, examine the impact of policy changes and study the “difference faith makes” to the service user.
The website of the Canadian-based Dooyeweerd Centre for Christian Philosophy is dedicated to the life and works of the Dutch Christian philosopher Herman Dooyeweerd (1894-1977). The site contains: a brief biography of Dooyeweerd; access to the discussion forum "Thinknet" for those interested in his work; a thoroughly annotated bibliography (including excerpts) of Dooyeweerd's written works, and information about ordering his works online; and other related links of interest to Dooyeweerd scholars. The site is straightforward to navigate, and all information is available in English and free of charge. It is a good source of information on this prolific and far-ranging writer.
This is the homepage of the distinguished American philosopher of religion, Dr William Lane Craig. The site offers transcripts of debates he has conducted with eminent scholars, and online versions of several dozen of his articles. Twelve debates about the existence of God or related topics are recorded. The articles section contains papers in five subject areas: the existence of God; divine omniscience; divine eternity; the historical Jesus; and Christian particularism (that is, discussion of the contention that Christianity is the only religion which can offer salvation). A link is also provided to Craig's Reasonable Faith website, which offers further relevant material. An extremely useful resource for anyone interested in the philosophy of religion.
This website is dedicated to the Lithuanian-born Jewish philosopher Emmanuel Lévinas (1906-1995). Famous for the assertion that ethics should replace ontology as 'first philosophy', Lévinas' works have been influential for a generation of French philosophers including Jacques Derrida and Jean-Luc Marion. This gateway to Lévinas-related resources on the web has been compiled by a Japanese enthusiast, Gen Nakayama, and contains some useful information, including: a bibliography of Lévinas' writings and links to sites grouped under such subject headings as: Judaism; Anti-Semitism and Racism; and the Holocaust. Users should note, however, that at the time this record was reviewed, the site does not seem to have been updated since 1998 and a number of the links are no longer in operation.
The purpose of this site is to make available over the Web various texts by the Dutch humanist and theologian Desiderius Erasmus. Born in Rotterdam in about 1466, he died in Basel, Switzerland in 1536. In his work he tried to free the methods of scholarship from the rigidity and formalism of medieval traditions. He conceived of himself as, above all else, a preacher, and was convinced that what was needed to regenerate Europe was sound learning, applied frankly and fearlessly to the administration of Church and State. At present, the site carries electronic versions of all the texts available in print: the Colloquia, Moriae Encomium, The Praise of Folly, and Three Prayers from the Precationes. With the exception of the Moriae Encomium, which is in the original Latin, all texts are in English. The Three Prayers are translated by the site's creator, Christopher Cudabac.
Essential readings on Chinese philosophy is an annotated bibliography of mainly printed books intended for use by experienced philosophers seeking a core reading list. The subject headings include: general histories; specialised studies; Neo/Confucianism; Taoism; Mohism; comparative studies; I Ching; Buddhism; and Chinese science. Where available links are made to websites by or about authors. Annotations vary from short statements to more lengthy paragraphs. The author of the site, Bryan Van Norden, is an assistant professor in the Philosophy Department at Vassar College.
This site collects together the classic essays: 'The Ethics of Belief' by William Kingdon Clifford (1845-1879) and "The Will to Believe" by William James (1842-1910), along with analysis from the site's editor, A.J. Burger. Together, these writings deal with the question of whether it is appropriate to act on a desire to believe something for which there is insufficient evidence. The particular focus of this question is its bearing on religious faith. As Burger points out, it is rare that the essays of James and Clifford are presented in their entirety (Clifford's had been out of print for some time prior to this site's appearance). The object of this collection, then, is to present the complete texts, and to situate James' essay in its proper context, as a response to Clifford. The text is available in HTML, and there is a link to information on the revised print version of the publication.
The Evangelical Philosophical Society, founded in 1974, is an organisation dedicated to Christian philosophical scholarship in both the church and academy. The Society holds an annual meeting in conjunction with the Evangelical Theological Society and the American Academy of Religion, and publishes the annual journal, Philiosophia Christi. The site provides access to the journal's homepage from where visitors may view the table of contents and the Editor's Introduction to all past issues, as well as their submission policy. The site also contains a number of articles and provides information about recent news and events. The resource is well presented and accessible.
This is the home page of the Forum on Religion and Ecology at Yale University. Directed jointly by Professors Mary Evelyn Tucker and John Grim, the forum is an interreligious, interdisciplinary and multicultural project on the environment. This website contains information about the project itself and details about publications, news and events on religion and ecology. It includes materials that explore the interaction between humans and the environment from the perspective of Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Daoism, Hinduism, indigenous traditions, Islam, Jainism, Judaism, and Shinto. It also includes discussions of science, ethics, public policy, gender, and economics. And in line with its aim to establish religion and ecology as an academic discipline, resources like course syllabi and speakers list are also provided. Visitors can further access without charge resources like essays; the forum newsletter; official statements on religion and ecology; and links to the home pages of relevant journals, magazines and organisations.
The Gabriel Marcel Society website is committed to promoting international discussion of the French Christian existentialist philosopher and playwright Gabriel Marcel (1889-1973). Founded in 1986 by Thomas Anderson, philosophy professor at Marquette University, USA, the Society aims to encourage scholarship on Marcel and his writings. On the site, the user will find information about the Society's activities. Sections on the site include: Events and News; Meetings; Newsletter; Research Centers; and References and Related Links. There are also a number of sections dedicated to Marcel's theatrical work. The site is well-presented and easy to navigate. All information is in English and freely accessible.
This webpage contains multiple-choice quizzes on a variety of philosophical subjects, including: ethics; logic; philosophy of religion; and various historical and contemporary figures in ethics and analytic philosophy. The exercises, which are generally at an undergraduate introductory level, are designed by Harry J. Gensler of John Carroll University, Cleveland. Each quiz contains some brief introductory material on the topic at hand, and an indication of the specific texts on which the quiz qustions are based, though in many cases the exercises could be tackled by any student with a general familiarity with the subject. This resource would be of interest to undergraduates seeking to test or review their basic knowledge of topics in philosophy.
The Gifford Lectures website offers an online database of books derived from the prestigious lecture series of the same name. Since 1888, lectures have been delivered at four Scottish universities (Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow, and St. Andrews) on the subject of natural theology (that is, the part of theology that depends on human observation and reasoning rather than on divine revelation). The subject has been interpreted broadly, and topics covered include: anthropological religion; science and religion; agnosticism; religious experience; faith; and religious epistemology. The site offers details of each series of lectures, including the title, an abstract, and a biography of the lecturer. Most Gifford lecture series gave rise to books, and the site offers searchable full text versions of over a hundred volumes (though older works are more likely to be available than newer ones, presumably for reasons relating to copyright). With authors including Emil Brunner, Rudolf Bultmann, John Macquarrie, and Richard Swinburne, this is a valuable resource for theologians and philosophers of religion.
This resource focuses on the golden rule that we are to treat others as we would want to be treated. It is maintained by Harry J. Gensler who teaches Philosophy at John Carroll University, Cleveland. The site provides a short essay and guides to longer studies on the principle. There is also a section which informs visitors of how Gensler first took an interest in the golden rule, and the books he has written on the subject. Web exercises, based on the themes explored in a number of these books, are accessible from here. The site further indicates where the rule appears in the New Testament, and links are given to other online resources.
The French-language website 'Grand Portail Philosophie Thomas D'Aquin' is a vast resource devoted to the philosophy of Thomas Aquinas (c.1225-1274). With St Augustine, Aquinas is the father of modern theology. Indeed, his integration of Christian theology with Aristotelian philosophy could be described as one of the most important events in the history of Western philosophy. This extensive site provides: a detailed introduction to Aquinas' philosophy - his metaphysics, logic, politics, ethics, etc; an introduction to realist philosophy; information about other theological traditions; a discussion forum; links to articles on Aquinas; a biography and bibliography of Aquinas; and extensive links to translations of Aquinas' works into French. The site can be slow to load due to the use of large images, but the contents are excellent.
This is the home page of the Howard and Edna Hong Kierkegaard Library, a building that holds over 11,000 books and 3,500 journal articles by or about the nineteenth-century Danish philosopher and theologian Soren Kierkegaard, as well as related writers. The library is located at St Olaf College, USA. Kierkegaard himself (1813-1855) is best known as the founding father of the existentialist movement in contemporary philosophy (existentialism: broadly the doctrine that our thinking should proceed from the starting point of the realities of human existence as we encounter it, rather than from any other, more abstract consideration). His best known philosophical work is 'Fear and Trembling'. This website provides information about the library, its history, programs, collections, publications and staff, as well as a page of information on the life and work of Kierkegaard himself. Visitors can access their newsletters without charge. There are also hyperlinks to other Kierkegaard resources hosted elsewhere on the web. The curator of the library is Gordon Marino.
This website presents a selection of excerpts from the manuscripts of Søren Kierkegaard dating between 1834 and 1855. The selection is based on an exhibition of 1996 displayed in Copenhagen at the Round Tower. The images are generally clear and easy to read (although, of course, the papers are in Danish and some familiarity with nineteenth-century handwriting is an advantage). The site itself has an English version, and is equipped with an index of manuscript titles and call marks, two essays on Kierkegaard, a selection of portraits, information on his contemporaries, and a chronology. The contemporaries section provides brief biographical notices and a selection of portraits. There are also photographs of old Copenhagen. This is a charming site which should be of use not just to the specialist but to a general reader who would like a sense of Kierkegaard and his times.
'Images of St Augustine' is a website maintained by John Immerwahr, Professor of Philosophy at Villanova University, USA. It provides a brief narrative of the life of Saint Augustine of Hippo (354-430). The materials are offered in two sections. The first presents a selection of images, which are accompanied by narration, of the frescoes painted by Benozzo Gozzoli in the Church of Saint Augustine in San Gimignano, Italy. The scenes are on the following themes: School, College, Mother of Tears; Rome; The Teacher; To Milan; Arrival in Milan; St Ambrose; Conversion; Baptism; Seashell; Death of Monica (his mother); and (St Augustine's) Funeral. The second section contains a number of images from the stained glass windows in the St Thomas of Villanova Church on the campus of Villanova University. The scenes here are on the following themes: Conversion; Baptism; Vision; Death; Writing Confessions; Pelagianism; Sea Shell (an ancient symbol of baptism); and Giving the Rule. This is an interesting and engaging resource for those seeking an introduction to the life and teachings of St Augustine.
The Institut d'études lévinassiennes, based in both Paris and Jerusalem, is a research centre dedicated to discussion and analysis of the Lithuanian-born Jewish philosopher Emmanuel Lévinas (1905-1995). Famous for the assertion that ethics should replace ontology as 'first philosophy,' Lévinas's works have been influential for a generation of French philosophers including Jacques Derrida and Jean-Luc Marion. The Institut d'études lévinassiennes is an excellent source of information for the Lévinas scholar, containing extensive biographical and bibliographical details as well as access to some useful online articles and information on the activities of the Institute itself (its courses, seminars, and an online forum). All information is provided in French and is available free of charge. Highly recommended.
'Interdisciplinary Documentation on Religion and Science' is a website which was designed to meet the needs of those interested in the intersection between theology, philosophy and science. It is directed by Giuseppe Tanzella-Nitti of the Pontifical University of the Holy Cross, Rome; Alberto Strumia of the University of Bari; and Michelle Crudele of University Campus Bio-Medico, Rome. The site is divided into two main parts. The 'Anthology and Documents' section contains texts from works by classical and contemporary theologians, scientists and philosophers. Also offered are official documents of the Catholic Church and other Christian churces. The second section links visitors to the online database of the Interdisciplinary Encyclopedia of Religion and Science (INTERS), from where they may access approximately 60 articles on a wide variety of topics. This interesting website is accessible in English and Italian. A search engine is available.
'International Kierkegaard Information' is an interesting online resource that gives information about and (where applicable) access to resources dedicated to the work of the nineteenth-century Danish philosopher Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1855). The site is compiled and maintained by Julia Watkin. Kierkegaard himself is widely considered to be the founding father of the existentialist movement in contemporary philosophy. The site provides comprehensive and often annotated entries for various Kierkegaard organisations and societies, conferences, courses, websites, and other resources, located worldwide. The site is attractive to the eye, well-laid out, and simple to navigate, with hyperlinked access to the various sub-sections. Unfortunately, the resource does not seem to have been updated since 2004.
This website allows access to the Interdisciplinary Encyclopedia of Religion and Science (INTERS). It is an online only database which features around 60 articles on important areas related to religion and science. The encyclopedia is edited by Giuseppe Tanzella-Nitti, Philip Larrey and Alberto Strumia. Each entry provides a contemporary account on a specific topic as well as a summary of how the same topic was discussed historically. A number of these entries were originally published in Italian as part of the Dizionario Interdisciplinare di Scienza e Fede (ISBN: 88-401-1050-X). This website, which is accessible in English and Italian, also contains background information about the encyclopedia and instructions for readers. A search engine is available.
Isegoria (ISSN 1130-2097) is a biannual journal dedicated to moral and political philosophy. Based in Spain, it publishes articles on a wide range of topics including those on ethics; analytical philosophy; and the philosophy of right, history, religion, and science. This website is accessible in Spanish and English. It contains an archive which allows viewers to read a number of the works they published without charge. These are in PDF format and are mostly in Spanish. The site also provides a search engine; submission guidelines for authors; and information about its editorial board.
The website of the Jacques Maritain Center, based at the University of Notre Dame, aims to make available information and resources on the work of the French Catholic philosopher, Jacques Maritain. Maritain was a paradigmatic Catholic philosopher who sought to provide a model of the way in which religious belief and other spheres of human life can be interwoven. He was deeply influenced by St. Thomas Aquinas and accepted the Catholic Church's recommendation of Aquinas as its master in theology and philosophy. The Center exists to contribute to the increasing influence of the philosophy of Jacques Maritain. The Center's site contains an extensive range of information on the life and work of Maritain. Exerpts from his work are available online along with useful bibliographic information. In addition, there is: an index of Maritain's papers; an index of papers by Yves R. Simon and Charles de Koninck; a list of books and dissertations on Maritain; conference details; a Latin dictionary and grammar aid; a French dictionary and grammar aid; a Greek lexicon; and an image gallery.
This website is the Jacques Maritain Center's page on St. Thomas Aquinas. A saint, philosopher, theologian, doctor of the Church (Angelicus Doctor), and patron of Catholic universities, colleges, and schools, Aquinas was born at Rocca Secca in the Kingdom of Naples in 1225 or 1227, and died at Fossa Nuova, 7 March, 1274. The site is a detailed outline of his life and thought. A biography and general overview introduces Aquinas, but then the text concentrates on his most important publication - the Summa Theologica - and provides a relatively short, but dense, reading. A basic site, this is a very good introduction to one of the most influential European thinkers.
This is the home page of Dr Jan Edward Garrett, a professor of philosophy at Western Kentucky University. It contains a variety of information, most notably a teaching section with reading lists, study questions, lecture notes, and syllabi for courses on introductory philosophy, ancient and modern philosophy, philosophy of religion, ethics, and international justice. Within each course section, there are links to relevant writings by Garrett himself and by other philosophers. Further writings by Garrett can be found in the Talks/Essays section, and the site also has a brief list of his published research. Another valuable aspect of the site is its extensive set of ethics links, which can be searched alphabetically or by topic. In addition, the home page contains a link to Garrett's Stoic Place site, which is a forum for the presentation and discussion of the history and ideas of stoicism. There is also a link to the Kentucky Philosophical Association (KPA).
Eliezer Segal (University of Calgary) has created a substantial site for the study of Jewish mysticism. Although it was originally created for a specific undergraduate course, the site should prove useful for its bibliographies and overviews, as well as links to further resources. The bibliography includes sections on early Kabbalah, German pietism, Hasidism, and feminism. Overviews include sources for mysticism during the Talmudic era, from the Bahir to the Zohar, an imagemap guide to the ten sefirot of the Kabbalah, and the Chabad-Lubavitch Hasidic movement.
The online Journal for Cultural and Religious Theory (ISSN: 1530-5228) is concerned with intersections between secular culture and religion, utilising the latest methodologies in theory and theology. With the recent coincidence between Continental philosophy and theology - particularly in the work of Emmanuel Levinas, Jacques Derrida and Walter Benjamin - the field of the Journal for Cultural and Religious Theory is at the centre of current debates surrounding ethics, responsibility, subjectivity and indeterminacy. Phenomenology and deconstruction, then, are frequently the basis of discussion in the journal. There are even interviews with major post-modern thinkers who tarry with theology, such as Derrida, Mark C. Taylor and Jean-Luc Marion. The journal will be of interest to anyone working in theology, literature or theory.
Kant on the Web describes itself as the Internet's "most organised and comprehensive" list of electronic resources on the 18th century German philosopher Immanuel Kant. The site was compiled by Stephen Palmquist, an associate professor in the Department of Religion and Philosophy at Hong Kong Baptist University, and provides access to a large number of online primary and secondary resources of use to Kant scholars and students. The website itself hosts etext versions of Palmquist's own preparations of Kant's writings, as well as lexical aids, books, and journal articles by Palmquist in the area of Kantian scholarship. The site also provides a comprehensive list of links to resources hosted by other websites, including: Kant's works in both the original German and in English translation; electronic versions of books and articles on Kant by a wide range of authors; email discussion groups; multimedia resources; teaching resources such as transcripts of various university's lecture note packages; and miscellaneous other resources. The website is generally well maintained (despite a few broken internal links) and very comprehensive indeed, although it might perhaps have been easier on the eye without the omnipresent background of Kant's head.
This website is devoted to English translations of lesser-known works by Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716), the German philosopher, mathematician and physicist. The site contains translations of various previously untranslated papers and letters, with emphasis on works concerned with theology and metaphysics. The translator is Lloyd Strickland, a Leibniz scholar. The following works are amongst the many on the site: The Philosopher's Confession (1672-73); The Author of Sin (1673?); The Distinction of the Mind and Body (Early 1677?); Middle Knowledge (November 1677). Full information on the original source of the translations is provided. There are also lightly annotated links to other Leibniz resources. This website uses frames, though the option of viewing texts in PDF is also given.
This website aims to provide information on the Lublin School of Philosophy. It is maintained by Hugh McDonald. Amongst the resources made available include: an essay on Lublin Thomism; a bibliography of relevant books and articles; and articles by members of the Lublin School of Philosophy on topics like Slavery; Integral Humanism; Tolerance; and The Practical Consequences of Theoretical Nihilism. Visitors can also access the full-text of Understanding Philosophy - a book written by Professor Mieczyslaw Kvapiec. Links are provided to other websites, but a number of these were not functioning at the time this record was reviewed.
The Ludwig Feuerbach Archive, published by the Marxists Internet Archive, contains the full-text translation of the most influential work that Ludwig Feuerbach (1804-1872) wrote; namely, The Essence of Christianity. In addition to this, the site features the full-text of two of Feuerbach's Lectures on the Essence of Christianity, and his Principles of Philosophy of the Future. The full-texts of several important secondary sources are also made available. These include: Karl Marx's critique of Feuerbach; Marx's theses on Feuerbach; and Frederick Engels' The End of Classical German Philosophy. The site is well presented, accessible, and will be of value to those interested in the writings and influence of Ludwig Feuerbach.
The Marburg Journal of Religion (ISSN:1612-2941), published on the Web only, is an ejournal devoted to empirical and philosophical issues related to religion. The journal aims for a broad editorial policy: it is not guided by any particular religion, but encourages submissions which promote a clearer understanding of "Religionswissenschaft" as a discipline. Past issues have contained articles on topics such as Shinto, Scientology and human rights, and Satanism. In theory, the journal publishes essays in any language; in practice, however, the majority are in English, plus a few in German, and the occasional work in other languages. Hosted by the University of Marburg, the Marburg Journal of Religion is published with varying frequency. The number of articles and contributors also varies from issue to issue. The site provides a search engine and all contents can be accessed without charge.
The Medieval Logic and Philosophy website is the work of Paul Vincent Spade (Professor of Philosophy at Indiana University). Through a compilation of PDF-files (often from Spade's own teaching resources), this site offers a solid introduction to major philosophical discussions of the Middle Ages. A wide range of topics are addressed including, but not limited to: universals; metaphysics; and the trinity. Spade also touches upon such authors as: Richard Rufus; Aquinas; and Boethius. Texts by these authors and others (located under 'Stuff to Download') will be of considerable interest to undergraduate students coming to grips with a specific question in medieval philosophy. However, both postgraduates and lecturers may benefit from the many primary resources available or be interested to observe how Spade has structured and selected his own teaching materials.For those really struggling with a particular issue or requiring more information on a particular topic, there is an extensive collection of annotated links on medieval resources and materials. As of March 2007the site will no longer be updated, but the existing information remains available for use.
The Michael Sudduth's Analytic Philosophy of Religion Website provides access to numerous interesting resources on the philosophy of religion. It is maintained by Dr Michael Sudduth, a Christian philosopher in the analytic tradition who teaches in the Philosophy Department at San Francisco State University (SFSU). The site provides access to his published and unpublished works, and to course materials he uses at the university. Access is also given to course materials on subjects he has taught elsewhere. Further, there are links that take readers to a discussion forum; to Sudduth's website on philosopher Alvin Plantinga; and to other websites dealing with the philosophy of religion; general philosophy; theology; and science.
This is currently one of the best internet resources in English on the great Andalusian mystic and philosopher Ibn ‘Arabi (1165-1240), also known as the Greatest of Spiritual Masters (Shaykh al-Akbar). The subjects covered include Ibn ‘Arabi’s works, theological and philosophical discussion of themes in his writings, later commentators, and the spread of his teachings. The Muhyiddin Ibn ‘Arabi Society was founded in 1977, and is based in Oxford, with a branch in the United States, and has organised numerous events and publications relating the Ibn ‘Arabi not only addressed to an academic audience, but also a wider group of Ibn ‘Arabi enthusiasts and admirers of his teachings. Information about related events and publications are found here, as well as free podcasts of lectures. Many of the contributors to the website are Ibn ‘Arabi scholars well known in the West, such as Michel Chodkiewicz, William Chittick, Claude Addas and James Morris. These authors and others have contributed original essays and articles for this website, but reproductions of articles from books and journals can also be found here in very readable format. Unfortunately, there are hardly any articles that provide information on his background and historical context, as well as the negative reaction his teachings provoked in some quarters of the Muslim world. Also, works by Ibn ‘Arabi and his commentators are found only in translation, and not in their original languages.
'Nicholas Malebranche (1638-1715)' is a useful online resource that provides information on the life and work of the French philosopher Nicholas Malebranche. The resource's webmaster and editor is Bill Uzgalis, a professor of philosophy at Oregon State University. He prepared the resource both for a past university course and for anyone in general interested in the subject matter, and it forms part of Uzgalis' 'Great Voyages: The History of Western Philosophy from 1492-1776' site. Malebranche himself was a Cartesian philosopher (Cartesian: in the tradition of the great French philosopher Rene Descartes, 1595-1650). Perhaps his most famous doctrine is that of 'occasionalism', a proposed solution to the problem of how the mind relates to the body, whereby mind and body do not interact with each other, but rather God merely guarantees that certain bodily events always occur at the same time as related mental events. The site is divided into several parts: an informative overview of Malebranche's life and work; a sourced timeline detailing biographical and professional events in Malebranche's life; an annotated list of off-line secondary literature recommended by Uzgalis; and a brief bibliography of Malebranche's works. The resource is attractive to the eye, and there are occasional graphics. It is also well laid-out and is easy to navigate, with hyperlink facilities.
The Nietzsche Society website is the home page of the organisation of the same name, whose stated aim is the promotion of the study of the philosophy of the 19th century German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), primarily from a Continental perspective. The resource provides details of the aims and activities of the Society, including its annual conference, as well as hyperlinked access to the website of the Society's journal "New Nietzsche Studies". There is also linked access to a useful array of Nietzsche resources hosted elsewhere on the Web, including other Nietzsche societies and various research tools dedicated to the study of Nietzsche. The resource is easy to navigate with its hyperlink facility, though employs sometimes quite distracting (especially on the journal's call for papers page) large-scale graphics. Unfortunately, the Society's information pages do not appear to have been updated for some time; however, the links are still current and the journal's Web page is up-to-date.
This website is dedicated to the life and work of the Russian philosopher Nikolai Berdyaev (1874 - 1948). The resource provides: information about his life and an overview of his philosophy; a small collection of Berdyaev quotes; links to articles and essays by and about Berdyaev; bibliographies of his writings; a collection of photographic images; and details of the Berdyaev email discussion list. There are also links to other internet resources of interest. A search engine is available.
'Notes on the Existence of God' was written by Don Mannison (formerly an academic at the University of Queensland, Australia) shortly before his death in 1989. The paper, which is divided into five parts, is a philosophical examination of belief in God. He explained in the first part that "what is of interest here is not the causal background of an individual's (or of a group's) religious convictions, but rather, an examination of the nature and implications of the beliefs themselves, and the possible type of epistemological foundation they might have". He dedicated the second part of the paper to traditional arguments for the existence of God and here he looked at the cosmological, design, and ontological arguments. The third part deals with "problems arising from the traditional concept of God" and the fourth concentrates on the argument for the existence of God from "personal experience", before bringing the discussion to a close in the fifth section with some concluding observations. An interesting resource for students of religion.
This website presents an electronic version of the essay 'On Nature' by John Stuart Mill (1806-1873). Published posthumously in 1874, the work was the first of three essays in a volume on Essays on Religion. The other essays were 'The Utility of Religion' and 'Theism'. The version featured here is taken from the 1904 edition by Watts & Co., for the Rationalist Press. The full-text of the essay is presented on the same webpage. The page numbers and page breaks of the print version are nevertheless helpfully indicated. The site is maintained by the Philosophy Department at Lancaster University.
This site provides access to a series of four lectures given by Jacques Maritain (1882-1973), the French Catholic philosopher, on the philosophy of history. The lectures were delivered at the University of Notre Dame in 1955. They were edited by Professor Joseph Evans and later revisions have been included. The website has a introductory section, four main sections and a section of final remarks. The four main sections are entitled: the philosophy of history in general; axiomatic formulas or functional laws; typological formulas of vectional law; and God and the mystery of the World. The site has been produced by the Jacques Maritain Center at the University of Notre Dame.
The online concordance to the complete works of Hryhorii Skovoroda is an excellent resource created by Canadian academics Natalia Pylypiuk and Oleh S. Ilnytzkyj. Funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, the site provides free access to this eighteenth century Ukrainian writer's poetry, philosophical writings and letters. Skovoroda wrote in Slavonic and Latin, sometimes citing Greek texts, and the concordance (which contains over 47,000 keywords) can be searched in all three languages with the help of an online keyboard. The e-texts of Skovoroda's corpus, based on a recently revised edition of his complete works (edited by Professor Leonid Ushkalov of the H. Skovoroda National Pedagogical University of Kharkiv), may be browsed or searched. Many are also made available as digitised manuscripts - some in Skovoroda's own hand. Clear guidelines on how to use the resource, plus a page of technical information, are helpful additions. The site will be of most use to researchers in the fields of Ukrainian history, literature and culture, Slavic linguistics and lexicography.
The Owen Barfield World Wide Website is devoted to the English intellectual and literary figure, Owen Barfield (1898-1997). Known for his work on language and the evolution of consciousness, Barfield is perhaps best known as a follower and interpreter of the religious philosophy of Rudolf Steiner. He was also a member of the "Inklings" circle (along with C. S. Lewis and J. R. R. Tolkien) which met in Lewis' rooms in Oxford between 1922 and 1945. Resources available on the site include: bibliographies of his works; a Barfield timeline; information about his published works; photographs; and a lexicon of terms associated with Barfield studies. The site is an invaluable resource for enthusiasts and scholars of Barfield.
The Paideia Project On-Line is dedicated to the Proceedings of 20th World Congress of Philosophy at Boston University, held between 10 and 15 August 1998. The most substantial aspect of the site is the Paideia Archive, which makes available almost a thousand papers presented at the conference. The archive arranges papers by subject matter in an orderly and user-friendly manner, and the coverage is fairly comprehensive. Beyond the traditional philosophical categories, there are sections on the philosophy of sport, education, children, gender, and literature, plus regional entries focusing on African, Asian, American, and Latin American philosophy. The papers themselves are in printer-friendly HTML format and, with a few exceptions, are in English. They are written by professional philosophers and graduate students who attended the Congress. There is a sophisticated search function for finding particular topics in the archive. This resource will be of primary use to research students and faculty members, especially those investigating the less conventional or widespread areas of philosophy.
This website allows access to an electronic text of Blaise Pascal's 'Pensées' of 1660. The 'Pensées' is the French mathematician and philosopher's published thoughts on several topics, predominantly religious, which mostly take the form of short aphoristic statements. The work is perhaps best known for 'Pascal's Wager', where the author reasons that it is wise to believe in God as one loses nothing thereby, whilst one stands to lose all by not believing. Biblical references within the text are hyperlinked to footnotes providing the source of the reference, but otherwise the text is presented without additions. The translation used is that of W. F. Trotter, first published in 1904.
David Chalmers, professor of philosophy at Australian National University, has compiled a simple, but useful, page listing contemporary philosophers who have made available their research papers online. The materials are organised into different sections, and headings include: philosophy of mind; philosophy of language; metaphysics; epistemology; philosophy of science; philosophy of logic; mathematics; philosophy of religion; applied ethics; philosophy of consciousness; value theory; and history of philosophy. There are also sections on Medieval philosophy; 17th and 18th century philosophy; Asian philosophy; Ancient Greek philosophy; and 19th and 20th century philosophy.
This website presents the electronic text of 'Personalist Ethics and Human Subjectivity' - the 12th volume from the Cultural Heritage and Contemporary Change series, here made available by the Council for Research in Values and Philosophy (RVP). There are three sections to the text: Subjectivity and Ethics; Ethics in a Human Context; and Ethics A Religious Context. Articles include, amongst others: 'A Phenomenology of Moral Sensibility: Moral Emotion', by John D. Caputo; 'Aesthetic Sensitivity as Completion of Ethical Freedom', by George F. McLean; and 'Ethics and Social Values: Scheler and Ricoeur', by Robert D. Sweeney.
The Peter Auriol home page aims to disseminate recent research into the life and works of Peter Auriol (c.1280-1322, sometimes also spelt 'Aureol', 'Oriol', or 'Aureolus'). The site provides information about current research relating to Auriol; an extensive bibliography of primary and secondary texts; links to preliminary editions or translations from his works; and annotated links to other online resources. The site is maintained by Russell L. Friedman from the Institute of Philosophy at the Catholic University of Leuven.
This is the official website of Philo, the official journal of the Society of Humanist Philosophers. The journal only includes articles on issues surrounding Naturalism and Theism, and Philo aims to provide a more 'conceptually precise' treatment of these issues; and to promote and keep pace with developments in Naturalist Metaphysics and Ethics. It is published biannually by the Center for Inquiry, Amherst, and Purdue University. The site provides the table of contents of all volumes published since 1998 and gives access to a small number of the articles published therein. There is also information about their submission policy.
'Philosophers' Criticisms of Anselm's Ontological Argument for the Being of God' is a compilation of fully sourced e-text versions of extracts from the writing various philosophers put forward in response to St. Anselm's ontological argument for the existence of God. The resource was compiled by Paul Halsall, a professional historian and editor of the Internet Medieval Sourcebook, of which this site is a part. This Sourcebook itself is hosted by the website of Fordham University, USA. St. Anselm (1033-1109) proposed the ontological argument as an attempt to prove by reasoning that God exists. In broad terms, the argument states that since God is defined as the greatest conceivable being, and since a being that exists in reality is greater than a being who exists merely in the imagination, God must therefore necessarily exist. A similar version of the ontological argument was later put forward by French philosopher René Descartes (1596-1650), and this is also provided by this resource. In total, the resource provides responses by nine philosophers. They are: René Descartes; Benedict Spinoza; John Locke; Gottfried W. Leibniz; Immanuel Kant; Georg W.F. Hegel; J.A. Dorner; Lotze; and Robert Flint. The site is easy enough on the eye, with medium-size black type on a white background, and is simple to navigate, with hyperlinks to the individual responses. Those new to the subject should note that this site offers the primary texts only, without additional exposition or commentary. Nevetheless, this site would be of use to any student or scholar studying the ontological argument who wants quick access to some of the major responses to Anselm.
Philosophical Themes from C. S. Lewis is a website offering a collection of online articles and other resources. While much of the material deals with aspects of Lewis's thought, there are also articles on G. K. Chesterton, and on more general philosophical and theological questions. The articles are the work of Steven Lovell, a former PhD student at the University of Sheffield; the site also offers a summary of his PhD thesis, and interested readers are invited to contact him to request copies of further sections of this work. There is also a useful list of links to online Lewis and Chesterton resources, and to other sites of interest to the philosopher of religion. The site is attractively presented; a side bar which provides links to the major sections of the site makes navigation easy. Lovell himself admits that not all the material on the site is perfect: some of it, written when he was younger, has obvious weaknesses. Nevertheless, there is still a great deal of food for thought here, and this is a stimulating site for anyone interested in Lewis, or in philosophical theology more generally.
Edited by Dr Richard T. Nolan, the Philosophy and Religion website includes a diverse collection of materials, some written by Nolan himself, and some by other authors. There are: articles relating to issues in philosophy (particularly philosophy of religion), theology, biblical thought, and ethics; two complete books ('The Diaconate Now' and 'Living Issues in Ethics'); the scholarly papers of contemporary philosophers of religion Edmond La B. Cherbonnier and Frank G. Kirkpatrick; a section dealing with Christology within a Semitic context; brief items for the novice in philosophical, theological and religious studies; reflective homilies; Constructive Criticisms and Commentary on the Institutional Church; and information about the Anglican liturgy and beliefs.
Philosophy Compass (ISSN 1747-9991) is an online scholarly journal which publishes original peer-reviewed surveys of research and other significant works from across the discipline. It fills a gap left by existing guides within the subject by focussing on the most up-to-date development in philosophy. The materials are organised according to Authors' names as well as the following themes: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Continental; Epistemology; Ethics; History of Philosophy; Legal and Political; Logic and Language; Metaphysics; Mind and Cognitive Science; Naturalistic Philosophy; Philosophy of Science; and Philosophy of Religion. While this is a subscription-based journal, free trials are available from this site, together with sample articles and abstracts of all materials published. The site also provides information about its editorial board and on how to subscribe to the journal. This resource is published by Wiley-Blackwell Publishing under the general editorship of Brian Weatherson of Cornell University.
Philosophy of Religion .Info is a collection of introductory articles on key topics in philosophy of religion and Christian ethics. The site covers the major arguments for and against the existence of God (plus arguments for agnosticism), and also offers brief biographies of central historical and modern figures in the field. Ethical topics covered include natural law, divine command theory, relativism, and just war theory. The author takes a balanced approach, giving the arguments on both sides of most major questions, rather than coming down in favour of any specific position. The site is easily navigable, and is a useful resource for anyone embarking on the study of philosophy of religion.
This website provides the text of an online Philosophy of Religion textbook written by Dr Philip A. Pecorino, a professor of philosophy at Queensborough Community College, New York. Religions which received coverage in the text include: Buddhism; Christianity; Confucianism; Hinduism; Islam; Jainism; Judaism; Shintoism; Sikhism; Taoism; and Zoroastrianism. The work is divided into ten chapters: Overview; Religions of the World; Science and Religion; Arguments for the Existence of God: Reason; Arguments for the Existence of God: Experience; The Problem of Evil; The Existence of Souls and the Resurrection; Religious Language and Worldviews; Religion, Morality and Ethics; and The Essence of Religion: A Definition of Religion. Each chapter is divided further into a number of sections and references are occasionally provided to relevant online resources including podcasts. The site also contains discussion topics which would be useful for those teaching the course, as well as a bibliography and access to internet reference works and other websites.
The Philosophy of Religion Mind Mapping Project is an online resource hosted by the University of Glasgow. It offers a diagrammatic representation of the key topics in philosophy of religion. The main navigation map offers ten branches (including topics such as reason and religious belief; evil; religious diversity; and various argument for the existence of God), each of which can be clicked for further detail. The left-hand sidebar includes an Attachments section, which offers links to other relevant online resources. The interface takes a little getting used to, but the site does provide a good overview of the structure of the central debates in this area. For those who find the mind map format unhelpful, a text version is also available.
Philosophy Online is a website offering a set of study resources for philosophy students. The site covers two key texts, Descartes' 'Meditations' and Nietzsche's 'Beyond Good and Evil', plus three themes: theory of knowledge; philosophy of religion; and philosophy of mind. Annotated versions of the texts are offered, plus summaries, study questions, and links for further reading suggestions. The thematic sections are divided into a number of sub-topics, each of which provides a brief overview of the main concepts and ideas. At time of review, some sections were still under construction. This site is structured around the AQA A level philosophy syllabus, but would also be of use to university students approaching these topics for the first time.
PHILosophy, Theology And Religion (PHILTAR) is a website that serves as a gateway to online academic materials on philosophy, theology, and religion. The philosophy section classifies resources into: general philosophy; Chinese philosophy; Indian philosophy; Islamic philosophy; philosophy of mathematics; and Russian philosophy. Also available is a compendium of philosophers, which contains more than a thousand names, arranged alphabetically. The religion section contains links to sites on trans-cultural religions (offering a useful introduction to the major world faiths); regional religions; and science and religion, plus PHILTAR's own encyclopaedia of religion. Unfortunately, the site seems to be incomplete: although a theology section (supposedly dealing with Biblical studies and church history) is advertised on the front page, this appears to be devoid of content. The site also does not seem to be updated frequently. However, at time of review, the proportion of broken links was relatively low, and the site remains a useful resource in the areas of philosophy, religion, and religious education.
The Process-Philosophy mailing list is an open forum for discussing topics pertaining to process thought and philosophy (the view that what does and/or will exist consists primarily in changing events rather than enduring substances). There is considerable emphasis on the metaphysics of seminal process philosopher Alfred North Whitehead (1861-1947) and the process theology of Charles Hartshorne (1897-2000), but remarks on other historically influential thinkers and general metaphysical issues are encouraged. The site provides an online discussion room, and information on how to join and leave the list. Archives of the list dating back to 1998 are freely and openly available. A search facility is provided. The list is hosted by JISCmail, the UK national academic mailing list service.
The Prosblogion is a group blog devoted to philosophy of religion. Over twenty philosophers are listed as contributors, ranging from graduate students to well-established scholars such as Jonathan Kvanvig and Keith DeRose. A wide range of issues within the sphere of philosophy of religion are covered, plus related areas such as doctrine, free will, and religious ethics. The majority of posts offer substantive philosophical discussion (which contributors and readers are encouraged to continue in the comments), but the blog also offers subject-related news, calls for papers, and links to other sites which may be of interest. A stimulating site for those with an interest in this area.
Reading for Philosophical Inquiry is a useful online open source introductory philosophy textbook from Lander University. The book consists of a selection of excerpts from important works of philosophy, accompanied by an introduction and study notes. The work begins by discussing the nature of philosophy, and moves on to consider philosophy of religion, ethics, and metaphysics and epistemology. Featured authors include: Plato; Aquinas; Hume; Kant; Nietzsche; Mill; Bertrand Russell; and William James. Each section is available in three formats: HTML; PDF; and MP3 files created using speech synthesis software. The book is made available for use under a GDFL licence, full details of which are given on the site, and forms part of a wider collection of introductory philosophy resources on the Lander University website.
RS-Web (Religious Studies on the Web) is designed and written by Robert Bowie, a Senior Lecturer in Religious Studies at Canterbury Christ Church University. It contains a number of interesting resources like annotated links to relevant websites; bibliographies; discussion topics; ethical quotes; glossaries; and links to online Bibles and commentaries. These are organised into the following topics: Ethics; Philosophy of Religion; Religious Education; Biblical Studies; and Theology. There are also Study Support resources like essay writing and examination tips. Although primarily targeted at A-Level students, this resource is suitable for undergraduate use. It would also be of interest to anyone seaching for introductory materials on Christianity and Ethics.
The Saint Anselm Journal is a refereed online journal that publishes original articles, discussion papers, and book reviews that examine the life, thought, teachings, and influence of the Medieval Christian philosopher and theologian Saint Anselm of Canterbury. The journal is published by the Institute for Saint Anselm Studies, an academic research centre based at Saint Anselm College, New Hampshire, and it is intended to further the aim of the institute, which is to bring Saint Anselm into living contact with the culture of the 21st century. Many of its articles first appeared in colloquia or conferences hosted or sponsored by the institute. The journal was first published in Autumn 2003, and since 2005 it has appeared biannually, in spring and autumn. Current and previous editions are freely available without subscription as PDF files, and require Adobe Acrobat Reader software to be viewed. The site, which is simply designed and easy to navigate, contains information on journal editorial policy and submissions, and an index of authors published by the journal.
The Secular Web is published by the volunteer organisation, the Internet Infidels, a group of atheists and 'freethinkers'. Their aim is to promote metaphysical naturalism, and combat theistic beliefs. Although the majority of the essays and discussions there are concerned with attacking or defending Christianity, it is claimed that this is merely statistical and that the Secular Web is intended to be a broader project. Users will find an extensive number of documents and resources here. New essays and comments are added to the 'What's New' section of the site and their 'Kiosk' hyperlink contains information on new publications, including some excerpts. The 'Library' contains a large number of texts from important atheist and humanist writers, from Epicurus to the present day.
The personal website of Simon Blackburn, Professor of Philosophy at the University of Cambridge, consists of a number of full text articles, teaching materials, a bibliography, and a brief biography. Of the teaching materials, the lengthy discussion notes from Blackburn's lecture courses on Hume's moral philosophy and his Dialogues on Natural Religion will be of particular interest to students. The full text articles, many of which are unpublished, include papers covering topics in: analytic philosophy; ethics; religion; and quasi-realism. Some of these require Adobe Acrobat Reader. Also available, as HTML files, are previously published reviews of books by, or on, a number of major figures of modern thought, including: Eco; Dawkins; Kant; Nussbaum; Polkinghorne; and Rorty. Links are provided to descriptions of, and in some cases excerpts from, a selection of Blackburn's own books, although at time of cataloguing some of these links are inactive.
The Society of Christian Ethics (SCE) is a non-denominational organisation dedicated to promoting scholarship in Christian ethics, including the relationship between Christian ethics and other areas of theoretical and practical interest. The Society also seeks to promote better teaching of Christian ethics in colleges and universities. The Society convenes annually, and publishes a journal twice a year, details of which are available on the site. Information for those interested in membership and upcoming conferences is readily available, as are links to related societies and interest groups. Some resources are only available to members.
The Society of Christian Philosophers (SCP) aims to provide a forum for the discussion of philosophical issues and especially the nature and role of Christian commitment in philosophy. The Society is open to anyone interested in philosophy who considers himself or herself a Christian. The website provides membership details, announcements of recent news and events, a list of FAQs, and an archive of newsletters (available to view in PDF format). The Society also hosts its own email discussion list and publishes a journal, 'Faith and Philosophy', details of which are included.
'Summa Theologica' is an online version of St Thomas Aquinas's (c.1225-1274) influential 13th century treatise on theology and philosophy. The copy text is the 1920 revised edition translated by the Fathers of the English Dominican Province. The online version has benefited from the addition of links between the various sections, as well as to encyclopaedia entries. The parent site, New Advent, is the work of a Catholic layman. The resource is freely accessible, but does display advertisements around its borders. Theologians and those studying medieval philosophy should find the site of interest.
This is the official website of Swami Krishnananda of The Divine Life Society in Rishikesh. Born in India, Swami Krishnananda was one of the most revered philosophical thinkers of his time. His thought embraces Eastern and Western philosophy, the philosophy of education, the philosophy of religion, metaphysics, mysticism, cosmology and, of course, spirituality. Before his death in 2001, Swami Krishnananda agreed to allow more than thirty of his books to be placed online for free access. Accurate electronic versions of many of his writings are, then, available on the site. The website also contains articles, poetical writings, audio recordings and video clips (with transcripts), all on various aspects of philosophy and spiritual development. A biography of Swami Krishnananda is included, as is information about the Divine Life Society.
This is a German-language website on the nineteenth-century Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855). Kierkegaard is one of the primary precursors of the philosophical movement known as Existentialism. A stern critic of Hegel, Kierkegaard combined his own unique understanding of Christianity with a playful literary style. The site includes: a biography of the thinker; a bibliography of his works and biographies written about him; and links to other relevent sites. There is also a selection of quotations by Kierkegaard, accompanied by a search facility.
'Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography' is a website maintained by Thérèse Bonin. It contains a useful bibliography of works by and about the medieval Catholic philosopher and theologian St Thomas Aquinas (c.1225-1274). The list is divided into the following categories: theological syntheses; commentaries on scripture; commentaries on Aristotle; commentaries on neoplatonic texts; disputations; polemical writings; other authentic works; works of uncertain authenticity; and spurious works. There are links to online editions where available. Further links are provided to other websites of interest (e.g. on early Christian writers; medieval authors; the middle ages; and Islamic philosophy).
Thus Spake Zarathustra is an e-text version of the book of the same name by Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), and features English and German renderings of the entire text presented in parallel columns, in order that they can be read side by side. This particular resource was prepared from files made available on Project Gutenberg's website, although it is not clear who is responsible for the translation into English. Nietzsche was a German philosopher, a radical thinker both in terms of his style and the content of his philosophy. Among other things, he criticised the traditional ways in which human beings come to form and justify the beliefs they hold (especially our moral, religious and philosophical beliefs). Nietzsche had it that each of us should create our own values, and in doing so go beyond what human existence normally amounts to. Many of these themes are the focus of "Thus Spake Zarathustra". The resource itself is simple to navigate, with hyperlinked access to each chapter of the text. The resource will be of especial use for Nietzsche scholars looking for an e-text version that allows them to readily compare the English and German renderings of the text. Likewise, it would be useful as a teaching resource for German to English translation.
This website is a vast gateway to Internet resources relating to the American pragmatist philosopher, William James (1842-1910). Edited by Professor Frank Pagares of Emory University, the site contains links to articles, course materials, conferences, bibliographies of James, as well as to relevant general philosophy resources. However, perhaps most useful are the links to freely downloadable full-text versions of many of James' works, including his Principles of Psychology; The Will to Believe; On the Varieties of Religious Experience; and Pragmatism, as well as countless talks, essays, reviews, letters, and other writings. The site is well organised into a number of sub-categories, and includes a bespoke search engine. With a simple layout and restrained design, the William James website is fast and easy to navigate, and will be extremely valuable to students, teachers, and researchers of William James.
This site contains the full-text of William James' (1842-1910) classic text, 'The Varieties of Religious Experience'. First published in 1902, and based on the Gifford Lectures on Natural Religion delivered at Edinburgh University in 1901-1902, 'The Varieties of Religious Experience' remains one of the most influential texts on the psychology and philosophy of religion. The text is easily accessible, and is helpfully divided and linked according to the original table of contents. It is made available on the Web by Dr Michael Nielsen of Georgia Southern University.
This is the website of the William James Society, founded in 1999 by Randall Albright, and dedicated to the study of the life and thought of the influential American pragmatist philosopher, William James (1842-1910). The site features a comprehensive bibliography of James' work, and an extensive bibliography of secondary literature. The site also provides access to the principal outlet of the Society: the journal 'William James Studies'. The Society meets annually in conjunction with the American Philosophical Association, and the conference papers are published in the journal, along with other essays. Information for those interested in membership is readily available. There is also information on news and events, and a page of links to sites related to pragmatism and to philosophy in general.