This is the homepage of Abstracta, an online-only international philosophy journal (ISSN: 1807-9792) which focuses on the following areas: Epistemology; Logic; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Mind and Psychology; and Philosophy of Science. It publishes articles and book reviews, and receives submission written in English and Portuguese. This website allows access to all contents featured in the journal since the first volume was published in 2004. These are presented in PDF and requires Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. The site also contains the journal's submission policy and information about how to join their mailing list. Links are further provided to over 1000 electronic texts by over 300 philosophers; as well as to other relevant websites. The journal is edited by Andre Abath; Leonardo de Mello Ribeiro and Carlos de Sousa. This homepage is also available in Portuguese.
This website provides information on the AHRC Innateness and the Structure of the Mind Project which ran between 2001-2004. The initiative was based in Sheffield University's Philosophy Department and was led by Dr Stephen Laurence. The site provides a brief overview of the project and its stages, as well as of the conferences that it ran. Its aims were to perform an interdisciplinary investigation into the status of nativist theorising (i.e. the view that some knowledge and/or concepts are innate and not gained from experience of the world), in particular its resurgence in the wake of debates re-opened by Noam Chomsky, and influential currents in genetics and evolutionary biology. The output of the project includes several volumes on the current state of nativist theory, published by Oxford University Press. The project's attention was focused on three main questions: the structure of the innate mind; culture and the innate mind; and foundational issues. This project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC).
All in the Mind is the website of the Australian radio programme of the same name, dealing with the human "mental universe" - that is, aspects of mind, brain, and behaviour. With the assistance of scientists, academics and medical professionals, the programme explores topics as diverse as dreaming, addiction, artificial intelligence, free will and mental illness - and while by no means are all of the topics covered from an overtly philosophical perspective, there is nevertheless much here to interest the philosopher of mind. The material on the site is also ideal as an accessible supplement for those new to the subject. The website, which is attractively presented and easy to navigate, offers streamed audio recordings and transcripts of the four most recent programmes, as well as those for past programmes
The homepage of Andy Miah is a portal to an extensive range of Miah's thinking on the topics of ethics of biotechology and new technologies, specifically in relation their use in human augmentation. His website contains around 50 free full-text PDF papers and book chapters on such topics. Sample titles are: 'Justifying Human Enhancement: The Accumulation of Biocultural Capital'; 'Ethical Considerations of Human Performance Optimisation'; and 'Genetic Tests for Ability?: Talent Identification and the Value of an Open Future', among others. The author also maintains active weblogs on: Posthumanism; the medicalisation 'panic' around internet and videogame users; and bioethics in sports.
This site contains a large number of short book reviews by Piero Scaruffi, who works in computing and cognitive science. Works reviewed include classic and recent texts on philosophy of mind and related subjects, such as: neurophysiology; psychology; biology; and computer sciences. New reviews are added regularly, though very recent works in the field are not covered. The reviews tend to be fair and clear (albeit occasionally marred by type-o's), and fulfil the role of providing an general overview of the content of the work. Reviews are indexed by author's surname and by topic. Additional resources include: a list of "milestone books" in philosophy of mind; outlines from the author's course in the subject; a list of links to cognitive science-related sites; and links to libraries in America. There is also a conferences page, but at the time of writing this was not up to date. Readers are invited to submit suggestions for books for review and can also opt to receive updates via email. This site would be of value to students and researchers seeking information on some of the vast array of mind-related books that are available.
Based at the University of St. Andrews, Arché was founded in 1998, with a mission to foster research of excellence on fundamental questions in analytical metaphysics, formal and philosophical logic, philosophy of language, philosophy of mathematics, and philosophy of mind. The Centre receives funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) for several major research projects (some ongoing, some now completed): The Logical and Metaphysical Foundations of Classical Mathematics; The Grundgesetze Translation Project; The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Modality; and Vagueness: its Nature and Logic. The site carries detailed descriptions of these projects and invites philosophers to collaborate. Indeed, the centre is proud of its commitment to collaborative work, and regards itself as a focal point for scholars in the field. Information on fellowships, graduate studies and events are all available on the site, as is the Arché Twiki, a forum for discussion and exchange of ideas. Also provided are a small selection of podcasts, photographs and links to relevant websites.
This website hosts the archives of the COGPSY mailing list that aims to distribute announcements relevant to advanced students and practitioners of cognitive science, broadly construed so as to encompass both philosophy and psychology. The site is primarily used to announce jobs, research funding opportunities, conferences, and new writing in the field. Access to current postings and archives dating back to 1998 is openly available. Contribution to the list and receipt of new announcements via email can be arranged by subscribing, free of charge, to the list. The resource is run by the Listserv Management System at Texas A & M University. The postings are international in origin, and the list would be of use to anyone conducting research or working in the field of cognitive science.
This is the official website of the Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness (ASSC), an organisation that promotes analytic research into consciousness. The association aims to encourage research within the domains of cognitive science, neuroscience, analytic philosophy, and other related disciplines in the natural sciences, arts and humanities. One notable feature of this site is its e-prints section, providing free and full access to articles, commentaries and book chapters submitted by ASSC members, and presented in PDF. The site also contains information on conferences organised by the association, and on a prize for contributions to the study of consciousness, along with details of the association's official journal 'Psyche'. This would be a useful resource for advanced students and researchers in the fields of consciousness, philosophy of psychology, and neuroscience.
Autopoiesis and Enaction: The Observer Web is an impressive Internet resource that provides an extensive range of materials on on the work of cognitive scientists Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela. The site provides a basic introduction to their work by way of an online tutorial and study plan. The course is accompanied by a range of helpful resources, such as a suggested syllabus for exploring the literature on autopoiesis and enaction, and a compendium of the terms and concepts uses in autopoietic theory, with emphasis on the core literature of Maturana and Varela. In addition, the site includes links to related resources found elsewhere on the Internet, as well as information on The Observer, an email newsletter which provides a forum for the dissemination of news and views on autopoietic theory and enactive cognitive science. Maintained by Randall Whitaker of Wright State University, this site is a valuable resource for those interested in cognitive science, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of science.
Cognition, Biology, and Idealist Philosophy is an academic dissertation by philosopher Axel Randrup. The work can be downloaded from the website of the Oxford Text Archive (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS)) in HTML format. It is freely available, although users are required to agree to a brief terms and condition statement. The work argues that materialist philosophy contains a contradiction (namely that it assumes a material world independent of human observation, but also says that all our thoughts and cognitions, including the assumption of a material world, are dependent on our cognitive apparatus in its present stage of evolution), and offers an alternative account of natural science, biological evolution, and cognition, based on an idealist philosophy.
This site hosts a series of papers by Teed Rockwell on issues in philosophy of mind and cognitive science, with replies from philosophers including Richard Rorty (1931- 2007) and U.T. Place (1924-2000). Notable areas covered include: non-cognitive aspects of mental life; pragmatism; consciousness; mental causation; non-reductive materialism; the modularity of mind; and atomistic ontology and mind. There are also selected archives from the Cognitive Questions mailing list dialogue that spawned the site, links to related papers, and a chapter-by-chapter summary of Rockwell's book on a non-dualist mind/brain identity theory. This site would be of interest to advanced students and researchers working in the areas of consciousness, cognition, and the mind/body problem.
CogPrints is an electronic archive which houses an extensive range of papers pertaining to cognition in the fields of philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, linguistics, biology, computer science, medicine and anthropology. The site is primarily intended for undergraduates, postgraduates, and academics working in the aforementioned disciplines. Both preprints and published refereed articles are included, along with abstracts. The papers are presented in PDF, Postscript or HTML. Recent additions to the archive are listed in a separate section. Searches can be carried out by Year (from 1950) and Subject.
The Computational Epistemology Laboratory (CEL) is a cognitive science research facility based at the University of Waterloo, Canada. Cognitive science refers to that research on cognition which utilises the combined insights of several disciplines including: philosophy; artificial intelligence; linguistics; and psychology. Headed by Paul Thagard, Professor of Philosophy at Waterloo, the CEL website is broken into several sections: cognitive science at the University of Waterloo; software; bibliographies (including a glossary of cognitive science terms); and other sites of interest. Perhaps most usefully for the student or researcher of cognitive science, the site allows the free download of several software packages designed to enable analysis of cognitive science data. The site is well-designed and easy to navigate. Although the CEL mainly represents and showcases the research of Professor Thagard, it also provides a useful list of links to other online cognitive science resources.
This is the home page of Connexions, which was a short-lived web-based journal (ISSN: 1368-3233) with articles and reviews in philosophy and cognitive science. Although Connexions ceased publication in 2003, all back issues are available in PDF from this site, along with a handful of frequently asked questions. The journal represented a new venture in academic publishing, for whilst its format was similar to that of a traditional academic journal, the papers that appear in Connexions were considered works-in-progress. The primary function of Connexions was to expose those works to criticism. As the field of cognitive science is developing rapidly, and the journal has now been defunct for several years - the usefulness of this resource is limited accordingly. Nevertheless, it did receive contributions from a number of noteworthy philosophers, such as U.T. Place, Peter Carruthers, and Adam Morton, and may still prove of interest to some students and researchers of cognitive science looking for pieces that might not have appeared elsewhere.
This is the home page of the Consciousness and Experiential Psychology Section (CEP) of the British Psychological Society. The section was formed in 1997 in recognition of the rapidly increasing interest and research in consciousness studies, and it is of relevance both to psychologists and philosophers. The site contains information on events of the CEP, including their annual conference. There is also a brief annotated bibliography of some seminal works on consciousness. The CEP journal comes out twice yearly and information and subscription details are given, as is the opportunity to join the section. This site would be of interest to advanced students, researchers and teachers in philosophy of mind and philosophy of psychology.
This is a well-annotated bibliography that, despite the title, covers not just consciousness and the brain but many other areas in philosophy of mind. Cognitive science, neuropsychology, and consciousness are all particularly well-represented, but there are also references to works on memory, dreaming, self-reference, concepts and the language of thought, phenomenology, action, and emotion. The site does not appear to have any additions beyond 1998, and the majority of references cover the period up to and including the mid-1990s. Nevertheless the annotation is careful and in some cases quite extensive, and many of the works annotated remain important and relevant to philosophy of mind, psychology, and neuroscience. This resource, which would be of interest to students and researchers in those areas, was prepared by Ralph D. Ellis and Natika Newton.
'Contact: consciousness in interaction' is the online hub of a cross-disciplinary international research project, part-funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC), and is part of the 'Consciousness in a Natural and Cultural Context' programme. Contact seeks to question "the assumption that conscious experience must be explained by the brain by itself, as opposed to the embodied brain in interaction with environments, both natural and social." There is a full outline of the project, and the teams. There are profiles of the six different research teams, and hyperlinks to their respective websites. About 20 full-text draft papers are available for download. There is a diary of the project's conference schedule, and details of opportunities to join the project.
'Culture & the Mind' is a five-year interdisciplinary research project funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC). The project seeks to "investigate the philosophical consequences of the impact of culture on the mind and the cognitive and evolutionary foundations of culture." The project has three main areas of investigation, each of which have short summaries on the website: 'Folk Psychology & Folk Epistemics'; 'Norms & Moral Psychology'; and 'Artefacts & Material Culture'. The website has profiles of the Project Director and members of the Organising Committee, and hyperlinks to their external websites. The project will run until 2009, and there are plans to place publications online on the website in future.
The home page of David Chalmers, Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Centre for Consciousness at the Australian National University, offers full-text versions of many of his own articles, plus a range of other resources. The papers cover consciousness, meaning and modality, and artificial intelligence, and other related topics: the works are usefully grouped under different subject headings, and are introduced, with a pithy summary, by Chalmers himself. Additionally, there are links to places on the Web where his work is discussed, plus Chalmers' replies to the criticisms raised. No less useful are Chalmers' guides to other resources: these include MindPapers, a bibliography of over 18,000 works in the philosophy of mind, plus extensive lists of links to freely available papers on consciousness, to the Web pages of individual philosophers whose work may be found online, and to other relevant Web resources. On a lighter note, there is also a philosophical humour section. The site is easily navigable and clearly presented, and is an extremely valuable resource for all working in philosophy of mind and allied fields.
This dictionary of key terms and figures in the philosophy of mind is edited by Chris Eliasmith, an associate professor of Philosophy at the University of Waterloo. The entries consist of an initial concise definition plus, in many cases, a more lengthy discussion. Definitions and discussions incorporate hyperlinks to other entries where relevant. Entries also come with a list of bibliographic references, some of which are linked to the bookstore where selected texts mentioned can be purchased through Amazon. The standard of contribution is generally high, entries being peer reviewed before they are posted. A search engine and an index feature facilitate the tracking down of particular topics. The site also has a page of links to related sites in philosophy of mind and other areas of philosophy, plus intructions for submission to the dictionary. This would be a useful resource for students and beginning researchers in philosophy of mind and related disciplines. While currently far from comprehensive, its continual development and expansion speaks of its potential to become a major resource.
Dogma is an electronic journal that publishes articles and reviews in the areas of philosophy, psychoanalysis, critical theory, political theory, aesthetics, and sociology. Most of the articles appear here in French, but there is also some material in English and German. All articles are fully downloadable and freely available. In addition to the papers, there is a broad selection of reviews of recent publications in the aforementioned fields. There is also an extensive bibliography of a selection of contemporary authors, as well as a sophisticated search facility. In sum, this is a very well-designed, user-friendly Web resource that offers a substantial range of high quality material.
Edge is a web magazine and email list emanating from the Reality Club, which is a group of self-styled intellectuals concerned with topical issues of scientific, philosophical, and cultural resonance. In particular, the magazine recognises scientists as a part of the intellectual community. There is hence a heavy bias in the magazine towards the sciences, especially the public presentation of advancements and controversies in physics, evolutionary biology, and neurophysiology. In 2010, the focus is on how the Internet is changing the way people think.
The site is at first glance puzzling to navigate, as the purpose of separate sections is not transparent, and parts of the site are duplicated in different sections. The current edition of the magazine can be read from the home page, and consists primarily of recent articles drawn from other sources, while past feature articles can be found in the "Features" section, and past editions in their entirety can be found indexed and archived in the "Edge Editions" section. Instructions for subscribing and receiving Edge by email are given. The "Reality Club" section of the site consists in transcripts of talks and responses from the club's members. The "Third Culture" section presents a history of the thinking behind Edge and the Reality Club, and a link to biographies of some its important figures and contributors, whereas the "Digerati" section offers hagiographies of a group of people cast as the elite of the cyberspace communications revolution. A search facility for the whole site is provided.
There is more than a hint of self-congratulation to be found on this site, with respect to its apparent cutting-edge status, nevertheless the fact remains that important thinkers contribute to and are discussed here, and it would be of interest to anyone seeking to monitor the current climate of science and humanities journalism.
This website describes an AHRC-funded research project aiming to "enrich interdisciplinary emotion research by drawing on current work in psychiatry". Emotion and feeling have long of interest to philosophers and psychologists, but work psychiatry suggests several areas that have been neglected. Likewise, psychiatrists stand to benefit from the "analytic tools, concepts, methods and empirical data" developed by philosophers and psychologists. The project aims to hold a number of interdisciplinary workshops and a conference, details of which are available here.
The European Society for Philosophy and Psychology (ESPP) aims to promote interaction between philosophers, psychologists, and linguists on matters of mutual interest. The Society encourages researchers from departments other than philosophy, whose work may be of value to philosophers, to report their experimental findings and theoretical ideas, and it encourages philosophers to engage with the issues raised in such work. The website provides membership details, along with news and information on the society's annual conference.
Although still in the process of development, without all listed content made available, this is an excellent and highly accessible resource on many classic and current issues in philosophy of mind and cognitive science. The site is organised into a series of detailed introductions or 'guided tours' to key issues and debates in mind. Each piece is written by a specialist in that area. The tours cover both the history and the content of the debate. Included with each tour is a link to a select bibliography of relevant texts, annotated by the tour guide. A facility for searching annotated items by author or title is made available. Undergraduates and beginning graduate students working in any of the particular areas covered would benefit from this site. Of particular interest to more advanced researchers is a separate section (found via the 'Book Symposia' link) that contains discussion of some significant recent titles in philosophy of mind, in which the authors of the works and invited commentators correspond.
This website explains how to subscribe to and use the Phil-Action-L discussion list - a resource aimed at professional philosophers and graduate students with a basic knowledge of the field. The list is primarily for the exchange of ideas concerning the philosophy of action. However, there is flexibility as to subject matter, and discussion of related subjects is permitted, such as the nature of autonomy and free will. As the main topic is action, contributions are invited not only from philosophers of mind, but also from those working in psychology, the social sciences, moral psychology and ethics. The list is free but does require user registration.
This is the home page of the History and Philosophy of Psychology Section (HPS) of the British Psychological Society (BPS). The Section enables those interested in the history of psychology or in various philosophical aspects of the subject to share work and ideas. Details of events and publications of the Section are given here. The HPS publishes a journal 'History & Philosophy of Psychology', and the tables of contents are made available, as are subscription information and instructions for authors. A Resources section provides useful links to organizations, journals, archives, books, and museums relevant to the history and/or philosophy of psychology. This site would be of value to advanced students, researchers and teachers in the history of philosophy of mind and philosophy of psychology.
This is an extensive and enjoyable resource outlining the history of psychology largely from a philosophical perspective, beginning with the Presocratics and continuing through to the late 20th century. The site is divided into four main sections covering different eras, and within each section can be found short discussions of a particular figure, movement, or event. Historical figures up until the 'pre-psychology' era are presented in terms of both their general views and any particular ideas they had regarding minds and human cognition. There are also, in each section, links to a great deal of subsidiary information in the form of primary source texts, literature and poetry, diagrams, and timelines, all of which combine to make this a true history of ideas. The webmaster is Dr C. George Boeree, a retired professor of psychology with a special interest in philosophy. The pages were originally designed for his students at Shippensburg University, and much of the content are geared towards the undergraduate level. The home page also allows access to a set of interactive quizzes and an e-text of the historical and philosophical background of psychology. The site would be of use to students seeking to further their knowledge on the subject and/or find out information on areas beyond the more conventional philosophy of psychology and mind topics.
HyperPsycoloquy is the Web page of Psycoloquy (ISSN 1055-0143), a peer reviewed international, interdisciplinary electronic journal sponsored by the American Psychological Association. It publishes scholarly articles and commentaries on all topics in psychology and the philosophy of psychology, as well as cognitive science, neuroscience, behavioural biology, artificial intelligence, and linguistics. It also includes book reviews in all of the above fields. Visitors to the website can view back issues of the journal, with the option of browsing by topic, author, or volume, or searching using keywords. The site is rather basic in terms of presentation, but it is straightforward to navigate, and there is much here to interest those working in the relevant fields.
Idealist Philosophy is an essay by Alex Randrup, expounding an idealist ontology and examining notions of consciousness, particularly as they relate to scientific endeavour. The form of idealism examined in this paper states that only conscious experience in the Now is real. The work also deals with intersubjectivity, collective experience, egoless experience, and spiritual experience. The paper can be downloaded in HTML format from the Oxford Text Archive (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS)). Access to the work is free, although users are requested to agree to a short statement of terms and conditions. The paper is also available through the PhilSci Archive.
"Imagination, mental imagery, consciousness, cognition" is a website featuring a collection of the writings of Nigel J.T. Thomas. Most of the articles deal with issues in the field of philosophy of mind and consciousness, in particular mental imagery and imagination; there are also papers on other issues in the field of mind and consciousness, and a couple of pieces on the history of biochemistry. Also included on the site is a categorised list of annotated links to websites on related subjects. Comments on the work or additions to the links are invited through a discussion board. The resource is easy on the eye, and is simple to navigate.
Interdisciplinary Psychiatry and Philosophy is the Web page of the International Center for Interdisciplinary Psychiatric Research (CIRIP), which describes itself as a 'research centre without walls' working in areas such as idealist philosophy, ontology (study of the nature of being), cognition, collective consciousness, and the psychopathological effects of certain drugs. Hosted by the Cogprints Eprint Archive, the site offers abstracts of relevant papers, plus the full text of a small selection of articles on idealist philosophy. The site is mostly in English, though there are a couple of short sections in French. This resource is not without drawbacks: it is not the most easily navigable of sites (there are very few internal links to facilitate moving from one section to another), some sections appear to have been translated from their original language with less than perfect fluency, and some of the subject matter seems to verge on the frankly eccentric. Nevertheless, for those prepared to spend some time digging, this remains a potentially useful resource, with some fascinating material to be explored. (A link is provided to the CIRIP archives, but at time of cataloguing this site appeared to be down.)
The Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research (JAIR) (ISSN 1076-9757) is an international electronic and print journal that covers all areas of artificial intelligence (AI). It publishes refereed research articles, survey articles, and technical notes. All contents published since the first volume was issued in 1993 are freely available from this homepage. Each entry is accompanied by an abstract, and the articles are presented in PDF - thus requiring Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. The site also makes available search facilities; annual reports; submission information; a list of FAQs; and annotated links to relevant websites. The journal is published by the AI Access Foundation and is edited by Dr Adnan Darwiche, chairman of the Computer Science Department at the University of California.
This is the website for the Journal of Consciousness Studies (JCS), a peer-reviewed monthly print journal devoted to the study of consciousness from both scientific and philosophical perspectives. Its mandate is to promote ideas and discussion from a variety of disciplines in clear, non-technical language. The site offers access to the full texts of a generous selection of articles and reviews that have previously appeared in the journal. It also, in the "Online" section, contains excerpts from some of the "classic" arguments conducted amongst the members of the journal's email discussion group, which there is the opportunity to join. Abstracts of all contents featured in the journal since the first volume was released in 1994 are likewise available. Instructions for authors and information on purchasing back issues of the journal can all be found on the site. This resource would be of interest to advanced students and researchers in the field of mind and consciousness, particularly those concerned to explore both its scientific and humanistic facets. The journal is edited by Professor Valerie Gray Hardcastle, Dean of McMicken College of Arts and Sciences, University of Cincinnati.
This is the website of the print Journal of European Psychoanalysis (JEP), for which part of the content is available online. The journal publishes essays primarily in English, though also in French and Italian, on psychoanalysis, and on the interaction between psychoanalysis and other disciplines (particularly philosophy). Its dedication to interdisciplinary study, therefore, makes the journal of interest to critics, theorists, sociologists and philosophers, as well as those working in the fields of psychology and psychoanalysis. Contributors have included Jacques Derrida, Jean-Francois Lyotard, André Green and other notable European intellectuals. Many of the articles in the journal are concerned with Jacques Lacan and his legacy, particularly the politics of his psychoanalysis. The tables of content for each issue dating back to the first one in 1995 can be viewed online, and the full text of a number of articles, along with some abstracts of others, are made available for each issue. Subscription information for the print version of the journal is provided, as are links to other sites of interest.
Kent Bach is professor in the Department of Philosophy at San Francisco State University. His personal home page includes online versions of his publications in the area of the philosophy of language, especially speech-acts and conversational implicature. Bach is also concerned with philosophical problems surrounding referring and belief-reports, and issues at the intersection between mind and world, such as self-deception and truth. Aside from articles on these topics, he has also published a large number of reviews and encyclopaedia entries, also included on the site. Also featured near the bottom of the home page is a select set of links to philosophy and other sites of interest.
The KLI Theory Lab originates from the Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research (KLI) in Austria. It is a comprehensive database that allows users to make efficient searches for online resources in the domain of science, philosophy, evolution and cognition. The site is divided into a number of sections, in order to aid speed of search. Sections include: AI and computing; artificial life; cognitive science; cultural evolution; epistemology and philosophy of science; history and social studies of science; philosophy of biology; philosophy of mind. Each section consists of a brief introduction to the subject, and a partly-annotated list of links to periodicals, conferences, societies, institutions, personal websites, and other resources connected with the field. Searches can be performed using author name, title, or key word. Note that at the time of reviewing, certain sections were under construction, and a non-negligible number of links broken or outdated.
Language is a website compiled and written by students at Duke University. It presents succinct introductory essays on language and its relations to the following areas: philosophy; neurobiology; psychology; and cultural anthropology. There is also a general essay by the editor of the website. Of prime interest to philosophers is the essay by Marnie Riddle, which outlines the history and basic concepts of the various movements surrounding logical empiricism (including logical positivism), ordinary language philosophy and its roots in the early work of Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951), and some more recent developments in philosophy of language. The other essays also contain material relevant to philosophy of mind, epistemology, and language, such as discussions of the work of the behaviourist B.F. Skinner (1904-1990), and the linguists Noam Chomsky (1928-), and Benjamin Whorf (1897-1941). The essays are clearly divided into sub-sections and a bibliography for each is provided. The essays may be of use to students who are seeking some basic information on language and its significance in certain areas of philosophy.
Metacognition as a Precursor to Self-Consciousness (MPSC) is the website of a collaborative research project, coordinated by Joëlle Proust of the Institut Jean-Nicod in Paris. The project comprises seven sub-projects, based around Europe and in the USA, dealing with a range of different aspects of philosophy of mind and cognitive science. One of the sub-projects, Metacognition from a Logical Point of View (based at the University of Bristol) is funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. Others have a more scientific focus, and include studies of animal thought, human cognitive development, and neurophysiology. A brief overview of the aims and objectives of each project is given, and in some cases a list of relevant scholarly literature. There are also details of project participants and events.
Mind & Language is a scholarly journal taking an interdisciplinary approach to studying the phenomena of mind and language. It invites contributions from areas such as linguistics; philosophy; psychology; artificial intelligence; cognitive anthropology, "creating the conditions for a fusion of effort, thus making real progress towards a deeper and more far-reaching understanding of phenomena of mind and language". The journal publishes original articles, as well as forums, survey articles, and reviews of recent books. The site offers a link to journal contents and abstracts; a content alert service (Select); an online sample issue (full-text) available upon registration; information for contributors; and a link to Ingenta Journals, where full-text access is available to members of subscribing institutions. Alternatively, a Pay-Per-View service is available for access to individual articles.
This is the homepage of 'Mind and Society' - a series of annual symposia organised jointly by the sociology departments of the University of Manchester and Manchester Metropolitan University. The initiative aims to bring together scholars from different disciplines who are interested in the implications of Wittgensteinian philosophy in the studies of science and technology, and social science. This website contains information about all the meetings they have held since the first symposium was organised in 1994. There are details of the board and the participants; and a map of how to get to the symposium. There are also details of recent publications and access to a number of articles. Links are provided to relevant websites.
MindPapers is an extensive and well-categorised online bibliography of books and papers covering modern philosophy of mind and related topics. It is compiled by David Chalmers and David Bourget of the Australian National University, and forms part of PhilPapers - a vast directory of online material by academic philosophers. The bibliography has around 30,000 entries. The references are divided into eight main sections: philosophy of consciousness; intentionality; perception; metaphysics of mind; miscellaneous philosophy of mind; philosophy of artificial intelligence; philosophy of cognitive science; and science of consciousness. Each of these sections is sub-divided into further categories, making it a simple job to track down references on a particular subject. The site is easy to navigate, with search facilities provided, and where possible entries are linked to online versions of the papers (although users should note that some online journals linked to are not accessible by non-subscribers). It is a valuable resource for all researchers in mind and related fields.
The 'Online Papers on Consciousness' website is compiled by David Chalmers of the Australian National University, and is part of his vast collection of online resources pertaining to the philosophy of mind. The site offers links to almost 5,000 online papers concerned with the study of consciousness, from both philosophical and scientific angles. The papers are grouped under eight main categories (philosophy of consciousness; science of consciousness; philosophy of artificial intelligence; philosophy of cognitive science; intentionality; perception; metaphysics of mind; and miscellaneous philosophy of mind), and sub-divided into a large number of sub-categories, thus giving a quite specific indication as to the topic of any given paper. As with any resource of this scope, not all links can be guaranteed to be working at any given time, but the site is generally well-maintained. Its overall presentation is simple but effective. This is a useful resource for students, teachers, and researchers working in the areas of theoretical or empirical philosophy of mind and consciousness.
This site contains the full-text of 35 papers on the philosophy of mind as presented at the 20th World Congress of Philosophy in Boston, Massachusetts from August 10-15, 1998. Topics addressed include many standard issues in philosophy of mind, such as the mind-body problem; folk psychology; qualia; supervenience; simulation theory; and zombies. There are also papers on such diverse subjects as David Hume; blindsight; and the relation between phenomenolgy and Jerry Fodor's theory of the modularity of mind. The archive is searchable by name or subject keyword. The majority of papers are in English. The philosophy of mind section is part of the larger Paideia Archive, which collects a wide variety of philosophical writings categorised by subject area.
David Chalmers, professor of philosophy at Australian National University, has compiled a simple, but useful, page listing contemporary philosophers who have made available their research papers online. The materials are organised into different sections, and headings include: philosophy of mind; philosophy of language; metaphysics; epistemology; philosophy of science; philosophy of logic; mathematics; philosophy of religion; applied ethics; philosophy of consciousness; value theory; and history of philosophy. There are also sections on Medieval philosophy; 17th and 18th century philosophy; Asian philosophy; Ancient Greek philosophy; and 19th and 20th century philosophy.
Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences is a website from the University of Central Florida's Department of Philosophy, offering a wealth of information and resources that bear on the connections between these two disciplines. Classic and recent or in-progress texts can be found via the Research Papers and the Bibliographical Resources sections. There are several pages of links, covering topics including: neurophenomenology; phenomenology; cognitive science; teaching resources; bibliographies of significant phenomenologists and cognitive scientists; and announcements of related conferences and events (although unfortunately these lists do not seem to be updated particularly frequently, and there are some broken links). The site also offers information on the related International Association for Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, including their previous and upcoming colloquia and projects, and on the journal Philosophy and the Cognitive Sciences. Many of the people connected with the International Association for Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences are outstanding in their field, and this site would be of use to anyone researching or otherwise wishing to explore this area.
This site is a collection of 150 essays, about various topics in current philosophy. The main topics are: philosophy of science, cognitive science, aesthetics, philosophy of economics, and philosophy of psychology. The essays tend to be quite short but, in many cases, serve as a useful introduction to various topics. Essays on "Mind and Artificial Intelligence", for example, cover Searle's Chinese Room argument, and Turing Machines.The site consists of a series of links to the articles, which are organised by area of philosophy, and accessing the material is therefore quite straightforward. There are also links to other useful sites.
This website offers a streamed video recording and a transcript of Philosophy and the Habits of Critical Thinking, an hour-long interview with American philosopher John R Searle (1932- ). In conversation with host Harry Kreisler, Searle talks about a range of topics including his early life, issues in philosophy of mind and language (including his own famous Chinese room example), freedom of speech, and the goals of education. To facilitate navigation, the transcript is divided into six sections, and a brief summary of each is given on the front page. This site perhaps has more to offer to those specifically interested in Searle than to the general philosophical enquirer; while there is some interesting discussion, it is somewhat buried in the conversation about Searle's own philosophical journey and his thoughts on education and related matters (despite the title of the interview, there is comparatively little about the process of critical thinking). Nevertheless, this is still an interesting and stimulating recording.
Philosophy Compass (ISSN 1747-9991) is an online scholarly journal which publishes original peer-reviewed surveys of research and other significant works from across the discipline. It fills a gap left by existing guides within the subject by focussing on the most up-to-date development in philosophy. The materials are organised according to Authors' names as well as the following themes: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Continental; Epistemology; Ethics; History of Philosophy; Legal and Political; Logic and Language; Metaphysics; Mind and Cognitive Science; Naturalistic Philosophy; Philosophy of Science; and Philosophy of Religion. While this is a subscription-based journal, free trials are available from this site, together with sample articles and abstracts of all materials published. The site also provides information about its editorial board and on how to subscribe to the journal. This resource is published by Wiley-Blackwell Publishing under the general editorship of Brian Weatherson of Cornell University.
'Philosophy of Computer Games' is a website that was part of a major conference series on the topic, held at the University of Copenhagen in 2005, in Italy in 2007, and at Postdam in 2008. The website has all the details one would expect to find on the website of a major conference series. Proceedings are not available on the website, but there are are substantial abstracts of the papers presented in 2008, and biographies of speakers, which forms a useful free online resource. These can be found in the section titled "Abstracts / Bios". There is also an external Web link to external Web pages for the earlier conferences. The 2007 website - if one follows the chain of links for long enough - has abstracts and a free video archive of that conference. It is to be expected that there will be similar links to a dedicated website for the May 2008 conference, in time. This will be a useful starting point for those considering the philosophical implications of interactive computer-based experiences, and seeking fellow researchers on the subject.
'Philosophy of Computer Games' is a website for a major conference on the topic held in Italy in 2007. The website has all the details one would expect to find on the website of a major conference. It also contains a useful concise overview of the conference themes. Twenty of the conference papers are made freely available online, in full-text form, either as PDF or Powerpoint files (these are to be found via the 'Programme' menu item). Linked from the front page, but not from the main menu, is a complete video archive of all three days of the conference, presented as Flash video. These Flash videos can be easily navigated by speaker, but cannot easily be downloaded. This website will be a very useful starting point for those considering the philosophical implications of interactive computer-based experiences, and seeking fellow researchers on the subject. The 2007 conference was part of a series - there were also conferences in 2005 (abstracts only) and 2008 (PDF and video anticipated).
Philosophy Online is a website offering a set of study resources for philosophy students. The site covers two key texts, Descartes' 'Meditations' and Nietzsche's 'Beyond Good and Evil', plus three themes: theory of knowledge; philosophy of religion; and philosophy of mind. Annotated versions of the texts are offered, plus summaries, study questions, and links for further reading suggestions. The thematic sections are divided into a number of sub-topics, each of which provides a brief overview of the main concepts and ideas. At time of review, some sections were still under construction. This site is structured around the AQA A level philosophy syllabus, but would also be of use to university students approaching these topics for the first time.
This is the website of the Philosophy-Neuroscience-Psychology Program (PNP) of Washington University in St Louis. Part of the purpose of the site is to provide information for existing and prospective students, to which end it has a calendar of events and details on faculty, and undergraduate and graduates programmes. But it also stands as a useful resource in its own right, primarily through its Research section. Here can be found an archive of papers and technical reports, and information about books by faculty members. There are also links to relevant websites. The Philosophy-Neuroscience-Psychology Program is an important centre for research at the crossroads of these three disciplines, and this site would be of interest to students and researchers working in some or all of these areas.
'The Pre-History of Cognitive Science Web' is an online resource which summarises the theories of human cognition developed between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries. The site consists of separate pages devoted to each major thinker that discussed the relationship between the material world, our physical bodies, and abstract thought. The represented writers are Robert Burton (1577-1640), Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), John Locke (1632-1704), and George Berkeley (1685-1753). For each author, the page begins with a brief overview of their major texts and general intentions. Next, their model of human cognition is described in some detail. Finally, the significance of the model to the history of human cognition is discussed, and the strengths and weaknesses of their theories are examined. Important concepts are hyperlinked to a subject index, thus allowing the user to cross-reference particular topics for each of the featured writers. Bibliographic information and a chronology are also included.
This website is devoted to the renowned American analytic philosopher, Wilfrid Sellars (1912-1989). Sellars has been described as 'one of the most important philosophical writers of the century, perhaps of any century'. The site contains detailed bibliographies of both Sellar's work and secondary publications on his work, as well as details of PhD theses and other graduate dissertations on Sellars. There are also links to electronic versions of a number of his writings (including correspondences) and audio recordings of his talks, as well as to sites with biographical information. The resource is maintained by Andrew Chrucky.
This is the website for Psyche, the official journal of the Association for the Scientific Studies of Consciousness. It is devoted to the study of consciousness from a variety of academic angles, including the philosophical. Interdisciplinary approaches are especially welcomed. The site offers free access to the current as well as to all back issues of the journal. The contents (which include articles and book reviews) are available in PDF, hence requiring Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. Search facilities are available. The journal, which was first published in 1994, is edited by Stephanie Ortigue of Syracuse University and Gabriel Kreiman of Harvard Medical School.
This website allows visitors to access without charge an annotated bibliography of books and articles which investigate immoral and antisocial behaviour from psychiatric and philosophical viewpoints. It is compiled by Dr Luca Malatesti of the Institute of Applied Ethics at the University of Hull. Presented in PDF, the bibliography is part of the outcome of a research project funded by the Wellcome Trust entitled 'A Philosophical Investigation of Psychosocial Explanation and Its Importance for Responsibility and Personality Disorders'. The bibliography, which runs to around 20 pages, also provides hyperlinks which take visitors to the online version of the items listed or to sites which provide further information about how they could be obtained. Some of these, like the bibliography itself, would require Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. A majority of the items listed date from the 1970 onwards and the bibliography is continuously updated. Also provided towards the end of the document is a glossary of terms.
This is the home page of Quirks and Quarks, a long-running and award-winning popular science radio programme produced by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC). There are archives of past shows on the site with excellent transcripts, links, images, and sound files. Archives go back to 1989, although audio files are no longer available for older shows, and the earliest entries provide programme logs only. Recent shows are available in MP3 or Ogg format, and a podcast of the current show is updated weekly. The site covers an enormous range of topics related to technology, medicine and science and their connections to social issues. Quirks and Quarks has addressed subjects of interest to philosophers such as animal consciousness. The site's extensive bibliographies may appeal to those working in philosophy as well as the history and philosophy of science, since they include references to relevant biographies, books on cosmology and evolution, the human place in the environment, and problems in understanding the biological aspects of perception. The site has a newsletter, its own search engine, and a questions section which allow users to ask questions of the site's host, who then posts his answers. The friendly tone and accessibility of the site will also make it useful and informative for teachers, students and members of the public.
Directed by philosopher of mind Stephen Stich and based at Rutgers University, the Research Group on Evolution and Higher Cognition was formed in order to investigate issues at the intersection of cognitive science and the evolution of mind. Of particular concern are the mechanisms underlying higher cognitive capacities, such as moral and scientific cognition, pretense, and 'mindreading' (the ability to understand someone's thoughts on the basis of their behaviour). The group has not been active for some time, hence the primary value of this site is the archive of drafts, pre-prints, and papers as found in the Publications section. In addition to the aforementioned areas of concern, these cover such topics as: rationality; mental disorders; social construction; and philosophical intuitions. All papers are in English except one, which is in French. While these writings do not represent the most recent work in this rapidly progressing field, they pertain to areas of great interest in current philosophy of mind and psychology, and cognitive science. This site may be of use to advanced researchers working in those areas.
The 'Research Sources on Concepts of Person and Self' website offers resources which are useful to those studying these concepts. The site is divided into two main sections. The first contains a bibliographic listing of relevant materials. These are organised both alphabetically and under the following themes: Philosophy of Mind/Cognitive Science; Self-Consciousness; Pathologies of the Self; Embodiment, Self, and Personal Identity; Developmental Theories of Self; Studies of Animal Cognition and Self-Recognition; Social Construction of the Self; Theory of Mind; Narrative Theories of Personal Identity; Feminist Theories/Gender Studies of Self Identity; Concept of the Person in Law, Politics, and Ethics; Historical Studies: Texts and Commentaries; Medical Issues and the Person; and Personalism. The second section connects users to the online texts of books; conference papers; journal articles; and book chapters. This website is maintained by Shaun Gallagher, Professor of Philosophy and Cognitive Science at the University of Central Florida. Search engines are available.
This is the Brain and Behavior section of the larger Serendip website. The objective is to stimulate thought about and interest in the more theoretical and philosophical aspects of neuroscience and psychology through a series of interactive exhibits that pertain to such subjects as: reaction times to visual stimuli; pattern detection; the prisoner's dilemma; blindsight; blind spots; lateral inhibition; artificial intelligence; free will; and memory. Some of these exhibits require Flash or Shockwave plug-ins, or a Java-enabled browser. Some exhibits are accompanied by a fair amount of background information and links to further pages or external sites of interest, all of which help to set the context for what is important about the given psychological phenomenon being explored. Others require a considerable amount of extrapolation on the user's part in order to gain anything more than a diversion from the exercise. Apart from the exhibits, visitors can also find resources like essays; papers; online forums; lecture notes; and conversations on the site. There is also a list of recommended reading and annotated links to relevant websites. In keeping with the overall theme of serendipity, the site is designed to be searched in a non-systematic fashion. Not all of what is available is immediately apparent, and some exploring is required in order to get the best of this resource. Philosophers of mind and psychology are increasingly looking towards empirical evidence provided by the neurosciences. This site would be of use to the undergraduate or beginning postgraduate student who is curious about some of the more interesting or puzzling issues that reside at the intersection between philosophy of mind, neuroscience, and psychology.
Signs - International Journal of Semiotics is an international peer-reviewed electronic journal based at the Royal School of Library and Information Service, Denmark. Interdisciplinary in orientation, its coverage spans all processes of cognition, communication, meaning and information interchange in which signs feature. This website contains information on its editorial board, submission guidelines, an essay on what Semiotics is, and links to relevant websites. The journal has published papers on the origins and meaning of sign-based forms of communication, looking both at biological organisms in general and specifically at the role of symbolism in humans. As a result, some papers may be useful to both students and researchers focusing on cognitive archaeology and symbolism during the Palaeolithic. Several published articles have been influenced by works by Charles Sanders Peirce. It publishes papers on an ongoing rather than a periodical basis, and viewers can access the full-text versions for free.
This is a website created by Nick Bostrom, containing investigations into the possibility that we may all be living in a computer-generated simulation of reality. Bostrom's original scholarly paper putting forward this variation on a classical sceptical scenario is included on this site, as are several more accesible synopses of the argument written for general consumption. Related writings and commentaries on Bostrom's simulation argument are made available, with abstracts. There are also links to sites concerning questions of humankind's evolutionary and technological advancement, or possible extinction, all of which pertain to the original simulation argument. A frequently asked questions section is provided. This site may be of interest to students and researchers investigating issues surrounding epistemological scepticism and/or the future of humanity.
The SWIF (Sito Web Italiano per la Filosofia) Philosophy of Mind Review offers a collection of online symposia on books in this field. Each issue provides: an introductory essay; a synopsis of the work under consideration; a number of critical essays; and replies to each essay from the book's author. The books covered include works by notable authors such as Jaegwon Kim and Peter Carruthers. In addition to the review, the site also has an archive section, offering, for example, links to the home pages of philosophers working in the philosophy of mind and/or cognitive science; lists of books and journals; preprints of essays; and links to relevant websites. However, the site is no longer being updated, and many of these sections are several years out of date, resulting in a high proportion of broken links. Nevertheless, some sections (the book list and essay preprints, for example) may still remain of use despite this.
Theoretical and Conceptual Advances in the Cognitive Neuroscience of Self Representation: Representations of the Minimal Self in Self-Narrative is a research project based at the University of Central Florida. Funded by the National Science Foundation and the European Foundation, the project is an interdisciplinary collaboration between philosophers, psychologists, psychiatrists, and cognitive neuroscientists in the USA and Europe. It considers connections between the 'minimal self' (which includes sense of ownership and agency) and the more fully developed 'narrative self', and is one part of the BASIC (Brain, Agency, Self, Intersubjectivity, and Consciousness) network of research projects. The project Web page offers an overview of the project, details of project staff, and a bibliography.
The Center for Cognitive Studies is a research unit based at Tufts University which is co-directed by eminent philosopher of mind, Daniel C. Dennett (1942- ) and Ray Jackendoff. Various projects within the broad area of cognitive studies are engaged in under the auspices of the Center. Brief information about the Center's members, news about upcoming lectures and Tuft's cognitive science program, plus a set of links to sites of related interest, are all provided. The site's primary value, however, is the extensive number of Dennett's papers that it makes available, either in reprint or preprint form. These cover the time period from 1987 to the present, and include: short articles for the popular press; commentaries and brief contributions to ongoing debates amongst colleagues; and lengthier journal articles and book contributions. For the true Dennett aficionado, there are additional sections on corrections to publications and responses to articles. There is also a list of publications by authors affiliated with the Center, and by other relevant philosophers, but very few of these are linked to web-accessible versions (although some bibliographic details are given). Dennett remains an important and prolific philosopher who has contributed to many significant debates in philosophy of mind and consciousness. This site would be of interest to students and researchers seeking ready access to a good number of his works, some of which are not easily accessible otherwise.
The University of Liverpool's Philosophy Department has published this 'Subject Resources' website for the benefit of undergraduate students. It provides a number of introductory notes on important philosophers and summaries of key philosophical topics, all written by members of the faculty. There are PDF files covering the aesthetics of Kant and Schiller, and the political philosophies of Aristotle, Hobbes, Locke, Mill, Nozick, and Rawls. There is a multipart paper on emotivism, and an introduction to the philosophy of mind that covers dualism and behaviourism. Links pages are provided to other sites dealing with the philosophy of mind and early modern philosophy. Unfortunately, a number of these were not in operation at the time this record was reviewed.
The Miniature Library of Philosophy website provides a large collection of primary source readings which together trace the history of the modern intellectual climate, beginning with Galilei Galileo (1564-1642) and ending with contemporary post-modern theory. While ostensibly the history of modern western philosophy is the main linking theme between the texts chosen, there is a strong bias towards Marxism and socialism, which is not surprising given that this collection is part of the vast Marxist Internet Archive. Other topics covered include the philosophy of mathematics, psychology, science, epistemology, social science, existentialism, and phenomenology, and post-structuralism. The readings are indexed by theme, and alphabetically by author, and a site search facility can be found at the bottom of the home page. A broad spread of philosophical topics is addressed, and there are links to biographical information on some of the philosophers, along with analysis and a glossary. Also available is a set of links to other pages of interest, including resources on ethics, politics, feminism, Marxism, and Hegel. While the site uses frames, a no-frames version is provided. This site was compiled by Andy Blunden, an independent scholar from Australia. It would be of use to students and researchers looking for key texts in the history of western philosophy.
Zombies are used in some thought experiments in the philosophy of mind to argue for the independence of conscious experience from behavioural propensities or functional states. Some philosophers hold that such beings are impossible. This entertaining page, by philosopher of mind and consciousness David Chalmers (1966- ), lists a variety of resources pertaining to all things zombie-ish in philosophy and elsewhere. There is a brief discussion on the page itself of the history and significance of the concept of zombies within philosophy of mind, and a list of links to some key online papers and abstracts, with brief summaries of their content. Some papers are in PDF. There are also a number of links to other philosophical zombie resources. Chalmers also includes material on the place of zombies outside of philosophy, such as in Haitian religion, and popular culture. While the page has been fairly well maintained, some links no longer function at the time this record was reviewed. Zombies continue to provide a stimulating and accessible means of access to some key debates in contemporary philosophy of mind. This site would prove useful to undergraduates studying philosophy of mind in general, or questions of consciousness, qualia, and behaviour in particular.