This is the homepage of Abstracta, an online-only international philosophy journal (ISSN: 1807-9792) which focuses on the following areas: Epistemology; Logic; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Mind and Psychology; and Philosophy of Science. It publishes articles and book reviews, and receives submission written in English and Portuguese. This website allows access to all contents featured in the journal since the first volume was published in 2004. These are presented in PDF and requires Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. The site also contains the journal's submission policy and information about how to join their mailing list. Links are further provided to over 1000 electronic texts by over 300 philosophers; as well as to other relevant websites. The journal is edited by Andre Abath; Leonardo de Mello Ribeiro and Carlos de Sousa. This homepage is also available in Portuguese.
This is a biography of the Muslim thinker ibn Sina, also known as Avicenna. Born in 980 A.D. in Kharmaithen (near Bukhara), Central Asia (now Uzbekistan), Avicenna died in 1037 A.D. in Hamadan, Persia (now Iran). Avicenna sought to integrate all aspects of science and religion in a single grand metaphysical vision. With this vision he attempted to explain the formation of the universe, as well as to elucidate the problems of evil, prayer, providence, prophecies, miracles, and marvels. He also considered problems relating to the organisation of the state in accordance with religious law and the question of the ultimate destiny of man. The site is part of the MacTutor History of Mathematics archives based at the School of Mathematics and Statistics at University of St. Andrews. The site contains detailed biographical information about Avicenna, a basic outline of his thought, and links to other related entries in MacTutor. There is also a bibliography of books and articles on Avicenna, although it does not contain references dating past 1999.
Based at the University of St. Andrews, Arché was founded in 1998, with a mission to foster research of excellence on fundamental questions in analytical metaphysics, formal and philosophical logic, philosophy of language, philosophy of mathematics, and philosophy of mind. The Centre receives funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) for several major research projects (some ongoing, some now completed): The Logical and Metaphysical Foundations of Classical Mathematics; The Grundgesetze Translation Project; The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Modality; and Vagueness: its Nature and Logic. The site carries detailed descriptions of these projects and invites philosophers to collaborate. Indeed, the centre is proud of its commitment to collaborative work, and regards itself as a focal point for scholars in the field. Information on fellowships, graduate studies and events are all available on the site, as is the Arché Twiki, a forum for discussion and exchange of ideas. Also provided are a small selection of podcasts, photographs and links to relevant websites.
This is the home page of philosopher Barry Smith, editor of The Monist and SUNY Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at the State University of New York at Buffalo. It is primarily a forum for the presentation of many of his works, sole and jointly authored, on various ontological topics. Papers are divided into a number of useful sub-categories: formal ontology; ontology development; biomedical ontology; biomedical terminology; geospatial ontology; social ontology; and cognitive ontology. Smith is a prolific philosopher, and there is a wealth of material on this site. Some of the papers are in PDF format. Also available are links to related sites of interest, including the Ontology Research Group, of which Smith is a Director, and Smith's curriculum vitae and complete bibliography, plus a set of links to recent and upcoming events and seminars at which Smith is speaking. This website would be of interest to advanced students and researchers of theoretical and applied ontology.
Bas van Fraassen is an influential philosopher of science and philosophical logic, currently at Princeton University. This, his personal website, contains a wealth of information both professional and personal. A CV, a teaching section, a thorough bibliography of publications and the full text of articles, are offset by pictures of rock climbing and the family cats. Van Fraassen has also compiled bibliographies of articles and reviews pertaining to several of his books. Some excerpts and reviews are in PDF. Van Fraassen is a prolific and wide-ranging philosopher, who has written on science, logic, semantics, epistemology, metaphysics, art, literature and religion. This site would be of use to anyone interested in keeping tabs on his vast and continuing contributions to philosophy.
This website allows free access to the entire electronic text of the second edition (2001) of 'Beyond Experience: Metaphysical Theories and Philosophical Constraints' (ISBN: 0-9730084-0-7) by Norman Swartz. Along with the full-text of the publication, separated into chapters for fast downloading, the site also features a number of reviews of the book which testify to its usefulness as a text for teaching undergraduate metaphysics. The book is written in clear prose and is a good introduction to a central area of philosophy. It is particularly strong on the relationship between metaphysics and science. The text is downloadable in PDF and HTML formats.
This website is the home page of the Causality: Metaphysics and Methods project of the Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Sciences at the London School of Economics. This project ran from 2002-2004, and received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board within the research grants scheme. Its aim was to investigate the applicability and possible development of causal theory as formulated in recent philosophy of science. In particular, it examined the relevance of causality to the areas of biology, economics and medicine. As well as general information about the objectives and achievements of the project, and the personnel involved, this site also offers the full text (in PDF format) of a considerable number of papers, technical reports and discussions that came out of the project. The site is straightforwardly presented and easily navigable.
The Center for Process Studies (CPS), founded in 1973 by John B. Cobb, Jr. and David Ray Griffin, and based at the Claremont School of Theology, is dedicated to promoting process thought across the humanities. Process thought, attributed chiefly to Alfred North Whitehead (1861-1947) and Charles Hartshorne (1897-2000), is a school of thought that emphasises the development and change of nature and reality over its staticity; that is to say, becoming over being. The primary publication of the Center is the journal 'Process Studies', for which subscription details and a link with access to older issues are made available. The Center also publishes the 'Process Studies Supplement', an electronic journal freely available online in PDF, containing articles too long for the standard journal. In addition, the Center publishes a newsletter three times a year entitled 'Process Perspectives', which contains information on the recent activities of the Center. There are also sections on news, events, and related programs. The site is well presented and accessible.
Cognition, Biology, and Idealist Philosophy is an academic dissertation by philosopher Axel Randrup. The work can be downloaded from the website of the Oxford Text Archive (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS)) in HTML format. It is freely available, although users are required to agree to a brief terms and condition statement. The work argues that materialist philosophy contains a contradiction (namely that it assumes a material world independent of human observation, but also says that all our thoughts and cognitions, including the assumption of a material world, are dependent on our cognitive apparatus in its present stage of evolution), and offers an alternative account of natural science, biological evolution, and cognition, based on an idealist philosophy.
'Critique of Pure Reason' is a website which provides access to an e-text version of the book of the same name, first published in 1781, by the eighteenth century German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804). The e-text was prepared for the web by Dr Stephen Palmquist of the Department of Religion and Philosophy at Hong Kong Baptist University, and it is based on an old edition of the 1929 Norman Kemp Smith translation as published by Palgrave Macmillan. The Critique of Pure Reason is Kant's best known work, and in it his main concern is to determine the ways in which knowledge can be established beyond the realm of human experience. The Kemp Smith translation itself is for many the authoritative rendering of the text in English. The resource features black type on a white background, and navigation of the text is aided by hyperlinks to the start of each of the eight main sections of the book. The site would be of use to anyone wanting online access to this canonical philosophy text in English.
The 'Deep Evil Scary Metaphysics page' is the home page for courses run by Professor Rose Cherubin at George Mason University (GMU). It provides access to a wealth of resources for the study of Pre-Socratic philosophers and Plato and Aristotle. There are course notes, syllabi, digital dialogues, online articles, PowerPoint slides, writing guides, and links to other classical resources with summaries of their contents. This website is clearly a useful tool for all those studying courses in ancient Greek philosophy and particularly for those who are studying the Pre-Socratics.
Descriptive and Formal Ontology, developed by Raul Corazzon, has brought together an extensive and extremely useful collection of materials on a wide range of topics relating to ontology. The site is divided into two primary areas: first, the shape of contemporary ontological discussions as revealed in both its philosophical and technological relationships, and second, the historical development of ontology. Regarding the first aspect, special attention is paid to its discussion and development among major ontologists, and its present applications in computer models, databases and language mapping. Here one will find a good supply of introductory background and additional links on thinkers from the last two centuries, organized by name and, where appropriate, significant groups like the Vienna School, or related developments like process theology. A number of online articles are available, along with bibliographic and biographical collections on major scholars, such as Nino Cocchiarella, and their works. Students will also appreciate a selection of definitions for 'Ontology' and descriptions of on-going problems in the field. The second part of this site is entitled 'Apropos the history of ontology'. Here the user is introduced to some of the earlier themes and thinkers in ontological discussions, beginning with Anselm of Canterbury's (1033-1109) formulation of five ontological proofs for the existence of God, and continuing through to the seventeenth century. Those researching opinions and attitudes towards this subject in the Middle Ages are strongly encouraged to look through the large 'Annotated Bibliography of the medieval theories of suppositio and oratio mentalis'. The site also introduces the research of a few contemporary leading historians with a substantial focus on this subject at that time.
The Emmanuel Levinas Web Page provides an overview of the life and work of the Lithuanian-born philosopher and Talmudic commentator, who lived from 1906 to 1995. The site offers a list of Levinas's own works, plus an extensive and regularly updated bibliography of secondary literature. An announcements section provides details of relevant conferences and other events, and for those who would like to explore the subject further, there is a short list of links to resources elsewhere on the Web. The site is maintained by Peter Atterton of San Diego State University.
Ereignis@beyng.com is a website dedicated to the work of the German philosopher Martin Heidegger (1889-1976). It is maintained by Pete Ferreira and contains numerous resources like: online articles; a bibliography of Heidegger's work; a chronology of his life; a well-annotated list of books by and about Heidegger; and, unusually, a list of Greek words used by Heidegger together with their English translations. Also provided are partially annotated links to relevant online resources hosted elsewhere on the web. The site is well presented and relatively easy to navigate. A search engine is available.
This is a basic plain text version of Spinoza's 'Ethics' translated into English by R. H. M. Elwes. Benedict de Spinoza (1632-1677), also known as Baruch Spinoza, was one of the great rationalist philosophers of the 17th century, and his 'Ethics' is his most famous and influential work. The text is divided into five parts, each part on its own Web page. The only problem with this is that searching the text for particular words or phrases is more time consuming than if the text were in just one file. This is a very basic site, with no search engine.
The Garden of Forking Paths is a philosophical blog devoted to agency theory. Free will and moral responsibility are particularly popular subjects for posts, but the topic is interpreted broadly, and is taken to include all related facets of metaphysics, ethics, and philosophy of action. Founded and coordinated by Neal Tognazzini and Gustavo Llarull (both doctoral candidates at the University of California, Riverside), the blog has an impressive list of contributors, including Alfred Mele, Jonathan Kvanvig, and Thomas Nadelhoffer. Posts are a mixture of philosophical pieces intended to provoke discussion, subject news (including conference announcements and calls for papers), and links to other relevant online material. The blog also offers a small collection of online papers, mostly in draft form. This resource is likely to be of interest to anyone wishing to keep up with current debates in this area of philosophy.
This is a list of electronic resources on the life and works of Bishop George Berkeley (1685-1753), compiled by mathematician David Wilkins. There is a selection of both short and long biographies of Berkeley, and links to complete versions of Berkeley's texts, a number of which Wilkins has prepared himself for electronic distribution. There is also a separate section on the Analyst controversy -- Berkeley's attack on the method of mathematical analysis employed by Isaac Newton (1643-1727) and others. The original attack, plus various responses and counter-responses to it are all made available here, along with brief introductory comments that situate the writings in the context of the debate. This site is notable in its inclusion of important works by Berkeley, which are here often made available in different editions where they exist, and in a variety of electronic formats. Editions and versions used are clearly indicated, and the site is easy to navigate.
'George Berkeley and Samuel Johnson: Correspondence' is a Web page offering an etext version of four letters, philosophical in content, exchanged in 1729-30 between the 18th century empiricist philosopher George Berkeley, and the American clergyman and philosopher Samuel Johnson (who should not be confused with the British Dr Johnson, compiler of the first English Dictionary). In the letters, Johnson raises a number of queries and objections regarding Berkeley's immaterialism (that is, the theory in metaphysics that only minds and the ideas they have exist), to which Berkeley then attempts to reply. The page is simply presented, with the etexts in plain text, using a font that is comfortable to read. It is not stated which print publication of the correspondence the etexts are taken from.
This website, developed and maintained by Gyula Klima, a professor of philosophy at Fordham University, makes available the lecture notes he used whilst teaching an introductory philosophy course for Yale's Directed Studies Programme from 1991 to 1993. Topics covered are as follows: 'Plato on immortality in his "Phaedo"'; 'Isagoge'; 'De Bono: Boethius' "De Hebdomadibus"'; 'St Thomas on Boethius' "De Hebdomadibus"'; 'St Thomas Aquinas on being and essence' (lecture notes and handout); 'Causa prima'; 'The last scholastic: Descartes'; and 'The vanishing of substance'. This resource is suitable for those seeking a user-friendly introduction to these subjects. Anyone wishing for a more in-depth discussion of some of these topics is directed to Professor Klima's list of publications, which can also be accessed from this site.
Idealist Philosophy is an essay by Alex Randrup, expounding an idealist ontology and examining notions of consciousness, particularly as they relate to scientific endeavour. The form of idealism examined in this paper states that only conscious experience in the Now is real. The work also deals with intersubjectivity, collective experience, egoless experience, and spiritual experience. The paper can be downloaded in HTML format from the Oxford Text Archive (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS)). Access to the work is free, although users are requested to agree to a short statement of terms and conditions. The paper is also available through the PhilSci Archive.
This website contains the full text, translated into English, of the Universal Natural History and Theory of Heaven, by Immanuel Kant (1724-1804). The 18th century German philosopher is best known for the Critique of Pure Reason, a founding text in modern philosophy. The text of Universal Natural History is provided with an number of section abstracts that summarise the contents. The site also carries a German version, and both texts can be downloaded. The translation is by Ian Johnston of Malaspina University-College, British Columbia. The resource can also be downloaded from the Oxford Text Archive (OTA) website (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service (AHDS)).
'Immanuel Kant in Italia' is a mostly Italian-language website devoted to the 18th century German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804). Kant's Critique of Pure Reason is, arguably, the foundation of modern philosophy, and his Critique of Judgement, and Critique of Practical Reason still resonate with thinkers today. The primary purpose of the website is to provide information about Kantian philosophy in Italy. The site is divided into a number of sections: there is a brief outline of Kant's life; bibliographies in German and Italian; information about Kant's reading; a bibliography of studies of Kant's work; and a section concerning Kant's debt to Italian culture and writers (albeit incomplete and not very informative). There is also information on conferences and events - but at the time this record was reviewed, this section does not seem to have been updated for some time. The site is text-based and fast loading.
This site offers an online edition of Immanuel Kant's (1724-1804) great philosophical work, Critique of Pure Reason. This version is based on the 1929 English translation by Norman Kemp Smith, who produced a parallel edition of both of the original two editions of the work, published in 1781 and 1787. The online version was prepared by Hong Kong Baptist University and the Chinese University of Hong Kong. Tables of contents from the 1781 and 1787 editions are both listed. From there, site visitors can click on hyperlinks to the section of the text which they wish to read. Parts of the site, for example the Kant Gallery, are not available to the public. Navigation of the site can be a bit haphazard due to the use of frames.
Interdisciplinary Psychiatry and Philosophy is the Web page of the International Center for Interdisciplinary Psychiatric Research (CIRIP), which describes itself as a 'research centre without walls' working in areas such as idealist philosophy, ontology (study of the nature of being), cognition, collective consciousness, and the psychopathological effects of certain drugs. Hosted by the Cogprints Eprint Archive, the site offers abstracts of relevant papers, plus the full text of a small selection of articles on idealist philosophy. The site is mostly in English, though there are a couple of short sections in French. This resource is not without drawbacks: it is not the most easily navigable of sites (there are very few internal links to facilitate moving from one section to another), some sections appear to have been translated from their original language with less than perfect fluency, and some of the subject matter seems to verge on the frankly eccentric. Nevertheless, for those prepared to spend some time digging, this remains a potentially useful resource, with some fascinating material to be explored. (A link is provided to the CIRIP archives, but at time of cataloguing this site appeared to be down.)
Kant on the Web describes itself as the Internet's "most organised and comprehensive" list of electronic resources on the 18th century German philosopher Immanuel Kant. The site was compiled by Stephen Palmquist, an associate professor in the Department of Religion and Philosophy at Hong Kong Baptist University, and provides access to a large number of online primary and secondary resources of use to Kant scholars and students. The website itself hosts etext versions of Palmquist's own preparations of Kant's writings, as well as lexical aids, books, and journal articles by Palmquist in the area of Kantian scholarship. The site also provides a comprehensive list of links to resources hosted by other websites, including: Kant's works in both the original German and in English translation; electronic versions of books and articles on Kant by a wide range of authors; email discussion groups; multimedia resources; teaching resources such as transcripts of various university's lecture note packages; and miscellaneous other resources. The website is generally well maintained (despite a few broken internal links) and very comprehensive indeed, although it might perhaps have been easier on the eye without the omnipresent background of Kant's head.
This website contains the text of a lecture series delivered by Robert Cavalier of Carnegie Mellon University on one of the most influential philosophical texts of the 20th century, Being and Time, by Martin Heidegger (1889-1976). The lectures are designed to serve as a guide to the reading of that text, and the analysis is thoughtful and careful, and may therefore prove to be of some use to the undergraduate student attempting to come to grips with this difficult work. The lectures are helpfully divided into subjects easily relatable to various sections of Being and Time.
This website is devoted to English translations of lesser-known works by Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716), the German philosopher, mathematician and physicist. The site contains translations of various previously untranslated papers and letters, with emphasis on works concerned with theology and metaphysics. The translator is Lloyd Strickland, a Leibniz scholar. The following works are amongst the many on the site: The Philosopher's Confession (1672-73); The Author of Sin (1673?); The Distinction of the Mind and Body (Early 1677?); Middle Knowledge (November 1677). Full information on the original source of the translations is provided. There are also lightly annotated links to other Leibniz resources. This website uses frames, though the option of viewing texts in PDF is also given.
This website aims to provide information on the Lublin School of Philosophy. It is maintained by Hugh McDonald. Amongst the resources made available include: an essay on Lublin Thomism; a bibliography of relevant books and articles; and articles by members of the Lublin School of Philosophy on topics like Slavery; Integral Humanism; Tolerance; and The Practical Consequences of Theoretical Nihilism. Visitors can also access the full-text of Understanding Philosophy - a book written by Professor Mieczyslaw Kvapiec. Links are provided to other websites, but a number of these were not functioning at the time this record was reviewed.
The Medieval Logic and Philosophy website is the work of Paul Vincent Spade (Professor of Philosophy at Indiana University). Through a compilation of PDF-files (often from Spade's own teaching resources), this site offers a solid introduction to major philosophical discussions of the Middle Ages. A wide range of topics are addressed including, but not limited to: universals; metaphysics; and the trinity. Spade also touches upon such authors as: Richard Rufus; Aquinas; and Boethius. Texts by these authors and others (located under 'Stuff to Download') will be of considerable interest to undergraduate students coming to grips with a specific question in medieval philosophy. However, both postgraduates and lecturers may benefit from the many primary resources available or be interested to observe how Spade has structured and selected his own teaching materials.For those really struggling with a particular issue or requiring more information on a particular topic, there is an extensive collection of annotated links on medieval resources and materials. As of March 2007the site will no longer be updated, but the existing information remains available for use.
The Metaphysics of Science is the name of is a major three-year AHRC-funded project based in the UK, exploring how natural and obvious classifications can be fitted into a coherent and unified worldview. The project website has an overview of the project, its staff and researchers, aims and outcomes, and partners (the Universities of Birmingham, Bristol, and Nottingham). There are details of five project workshops, most of the papers from a 2007 Birmingham conference titled 'Nature and its Classification: A Metaphysics of Science', and also details of the forthcoming conference 'Metaphysics of Science' to be held in September 2009. The website has many full-text papers, freely available for download as PDF files. These include: 'Natural Kinds: (Thick) Essentialism or Promiscuous Realism?'; 'Ayn Rand on Concepts'; 'Aristotle on the Ontological Basis of Zoological Classification'; and 'Natural kinds, Naturalistic Epistemology and Philosophical Method', among many others.
This is the home page of the Metaphysical Research Lab, based at Stanford University but enjoying virtual membership and contributions from all over the English-speaking academic world. The site first defines what that research group takes metaphysics to be, and then presents the substantive metaphysical theory that they have accordingly developed, which is also relevant to intensional logic and the philosophies of language, mathematics and history. The details of that theory can be read in a document authored by Edward N. Zalta, a Senior Research Scholar at the Centre for the Study of Language and Information at Stanford, who is also responsible for the website. A 'tutorial' concerning the theory may also be downloaded, as can a streaming video lecture (in RealPlayer) and accompanying slides (in PDF format). The site, in addition, contains full details of all the contributors to the research probject, as well as brief notes on the philosophers whose ideas have most influenced the group: viz. Plato, Frege, Leibniz, Meinong and Mally. Everything is clearly, if rather sparsely, presented.
This is currently one of the best internet resources in English on the great Andalusian mystic and philosopher Ibn ‘Arabi (1165-1240), also known as the Greatest of Spiritual Masters (Shaykh al-Akbar). The subjects covered include Ibn ‘Arabi’s works, theological and philosophical discussion of themes in his writings, later commentators, and the spread of his teachings. The Muhyiddin Ibn ‘Arabi Society was founded in 1977, and is based in Oxford, with a branch in the United States, and has organised numerous events and publications relating the Ibn ‘Arabi not only addressed to an academic audience, but also a wider group of Ibn ‘Arabi enthusiasts and admirers of his teachings. Information about related events and publications are found here, as well as free podcasts of lectures. Many of the contributors to the website are Ibn ‘Arabi scholars well known in the West, such as Michel Chodkiewicz, William Chittick, Claude Addas and James Morris. These authors and others have contributed original essays and articles for this website, but reproductions of articles from books and journals can also be found here in very readable format. Unfortunately, there are hardly any articles that provide information on his background and historical context, as well as the negative reaction his teachings provoked in some quarters of the Muslim world. Also, works by Ibn ‘Arabi and his commentators are found only in translation, and not in their original languages.
The Paideia Project On-Line is dedicated to the Proceedings of 20th World Congress of Philosophy at Boston University, held between 10 and 15 August 1998. The most substantial aspect of the site is the Paideia Archive, which makes available almost a thousand papers presented at the conference. The archive arranges papers by subject matter in an orderly and user-friendly manner, and the coverage is fairly comprehensive. Beyond the traditional philosophical categories, there are sections on the philosophy of sport, education, children, gender, and literature, plus regional entries focusing on African, Asian, American, and Latin American philosophy. The papers themselves are in printer-friendly HTML format and, with a few exceptions, are in English. They are written by professional philosophers and graduate students who attended the Congress. There is a sophisticated search function for finding particular topics in the archive. This resource will be of primary use to research students and faculty members, especially those investigating the less conventional or widespread areas of philosophy.
David Chalmers, professor of philosophy at Australian National University, has compiled a simple, but useful, page listing contemporary philosophers who have made available their research papers online. The materials are organised into different sections, and headings include: philosophy of mind; philosophy of language; metaphysics; epistemology; philosophy of science; philosophy of logic; mathematics; philosophy of religion; applied ethics; philosophy of consciousness; value theory; and history of philosophy. There are also sections on Medieval philosophy; 17th and 18th century philosophy; Asian philosophy; Ancient Greek philosophy; and 19th and 20th century philosophy.
This is the home page of Peter Lynds, including information about, and links to his papers including his controversial work on the subject of time and its relation to physics, 'Zeno's Paradoxes: A Timely Solution'. Lynd's work is situated at an intersection between philosophy and physics. Of particular interest is his paper on time and classical quantum mechanics. The paper focuses upon the question of indeterminacy and discontinuity. The site also contains links to media reports regarding his work, and other websites of interest.
This is the official website of Philo, the official journal of the Society of Humanist Philosophers. The journal only includes articles on issues surrounding Naturalism and Theism, and Philo aims to provide a more 'conceptually precise' treatment of these issues; and to promote and keep pace with developments in Naturalist Metaphysics and Ethics. It is published biannually by the Center for Inquiry, Amherst, and Purdue University. The site provides the table of contents of all volumes published since 1998 and gives access to a small number of the articles published therein. There is also information about their submission policy.
Philosophy Compass (ISSN 1747-9991) is an online scholarly journal which publishes original peer-reviewed surveys of research and other significant works from across the discipline. It fills a gap left by existing guides within the subject by focussing on the most up-to-date development in philosophy. The materials are organised according to Authors' names as well as the following themes: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Continental; Epistemology; Ethics; History of Philosophy; Legal and Political; Logic and Language; Metaphysics; Mind and Cognitive Science; Naturalistic Philosophy; Philosophy of Science; and Philosophy of Religion. While this is a subscription-based journal, free trials are available from this site, together with sample articles and abstracts of all materials published. The site also provides information about its editorial board and on how to subscribe to the journal. This resource is published by Wiley-Blackwell Publishing under the general editorship of Brian Weatherson of Cornell University.
The Philosophy of Benedictus de Spinoza (1632 - 1677) is a website compiled by Rudolf W. Meijer. It offers electronic editions of a number of works by Spinoza: his Ethica; the Tractatus de Intellectus Emendatione; the Tractatus Politicus; and a selection of relevant correspondence. The Latin text is based on Carolus Bruder's 1843 edition, but also makes some use of the edition published by Carl Gebhardt in 1925. The electronic editions reproduce both the content and also, as far as possible, the appearance of the print version. Users also have the option of viewing the original text alongside an English or French translation. The works have been enhanced by the inclusion of hypertext cross-references, also collected together in an index. A glossary provides an index of technical words and phrases with hyperlinks back to the main text. Also offered are a brief biography of Spinoza, an essay by the site author, and links to other relevant resources.
The Process-Philosophy mailing list is an open forum for discussing topics pertaining to process thought and philosophy (the view that what does and/or will exist consists primarily in changing events rather than enduring substances). There is considerable emphasis on the metaphysics of seminal process philosopher Alfred North Whitehead (1861-1947) and the process theology of Charles Hartshorne (1897-2000), but remarks on other historically influential thinkers and general metaphysical issues are encouraged. The site provides an online discussion room, and information on how to join and leave the list. Archives of the list dating back to 1998 are freely and openly available. A search facility is provided. The list is hosted by JISCmail, the UK national academic mailing list service.
Philosopher A. C. Grayling's Web page offers a selection of his writings, both academic and popular. Grayling has written on metaphysics, epistemology, and logic, and is also a fervent supporter of the secularisation of society; pieces on all these subjects appear on the site. He regularly writes columns for national newspapers, and the text of or links to some of his recent offerings are provided. Additionally, the site provides an overview of Grayling's career, a statement of his academic interests, and a list of his full-length publications. Grayling is a strongly opinionated author, and sometimes a controversial one, and although his style may not be to everyone's taste, there is much thought provoking material here.
Reading for Philosophical Inquiry is a useful online open source introductory philosophy textbook from Lander University. The book consists of a selection of excerpts from important works of philosophy, accompanied by an introduction and study notes. The work begins by discussing the nature of philosophy, and moves on to consider philosophy of religion, ethics, and metaphysics and epistemology. Featured authors include: Plato; Aquinas; Hume; Kant; Nietzsche; Mill; Bertrand Russell; and William James. Each section is available in three formats: HTML; PDF; and MP3 files created using speech synthesis software. The book is made available for use under a GDFL licence, full details of which are given on the site, and forms part of a wider collection of introductory philosophy resources on the Lander University website.
This is the personal homepage of Dr S. Matthew Liao, the Deputy Director of the Program on the Ethics of the New Biosciences in the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Oxford. The site makes available his published works as well as those in the process of being published. Presented in HTML and PDF, they cover different areas in Philosophy such as Bioethics; Ethics; Metaphysics; Moral Epistemology; Moral Psychology; and Neuroethics. These include articles like: 'The Right of Children to be Loved'; 'Selecting Children: The Ethics of Reproductive Genetic Engineering'; 'Rescuing Embryonic Stem Cell Research: The Blastocyst Transfer Method'; and 'The Basis of Human Moral Status'. Readers are invited to comment on these works. The site, which should be of interest to students of Philosophy, contains a search engine.
The Society for the Study of Process Philosophies (SSPP), founded in 1966 and affiliated with the American Philosophical Association, is a group of scholars dedicated to furthering research into process thought (very generally, the view that what does and will exist is essentially changing). The Society holds periodic conferences in conjunction with other philosophical organisations. The site provides information about the society's history; membership; and their past and upcoming meetings. There are also annotated links to online resources including the full-text of papers; discussion lists and the homepages of relevant organisations and journals. The site is well presented and accessible.
'A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge' is an e-text version of the classic work of the same name (often called simply 'The Principles') by the 18th century empiricist philosopher George Berkeley (1685-1753). This particular electronic version is stated to be based on the 1734 edition published by Jacob Tonson. The Principles was perhaps Berkeley's magnum opus, first published in 1710 when the philosopher was just 25. It is certainly the fullest expression of Berkeley's doctrine of immaterialism (immaterialism: the theory in metaphysics that only minds and the ideas they perceive exist). The Introduction to the Principles almost stands apart from the rest of the work; herein Berkeley argues against the possibility of abstract/general ideas. In the main body of the Principles, Berkeley argues, amongst other things, against i) our ability to have knowledge of, ii) the existence of, and iii) the logical possibility of, objects existing independent from minds and ideas. He also argues against his opponent John Locke's (John Locke: English empiricist philosopher, 1632-1704) distinction between primary and secondary qualities (primary qualities: properties such as size and shape, taken to obtain in objects out there in the real world; secondary qualities: properties such as colour and smell, taken to obtain in the mind of the person perceiving a given object). The text is, as in all print publications, divided into numbered paragraphs (commonly referred to in this instance as 'sections'). The resource also provides hyperlinks to the webmaster's main Berkeley webpage, and to his more general History of Mathematics webpage.
This is the website of a module on the philosophy of Kant offered at the University of California, Davis, between 1995 to 1997. Immanuel Kant (1724-1804CE) was a German philosopher who contributed to the study of metaphysics to such a degree as to secure his position as one of the most important philosophers in history. Metaphysics is the study of what the world is like and it asks questions that cannot be answered by science, concerning such things as the nature of God, free will, the universe, time and space. This website gives access to lecture notes dealing with the central topics of Kant's metaphysical project. It considers, amongst other things, Kant's view of the soul, the cosmos, causation, space, time, and God, as well as Kant's distinction of a priori and a posteriori reasoning (the former provides a judgement's justification independent of experience whereas the latter justifies judgements on the basis of experience). The lecture notes contain highlighted terms that link to a Kantian lexicon. Also of interest are the instructor's comments, which situate Kantian themes within the realm of their broader philosophical significance; these can be found by clicking on "1995 schedule" and following the links for the various paper topics. A link to the instructor's Kant Homepage is also available, and further information can be found there concerning Kant's predecessors, critics, and his notoriously complex terminology. This website is clear and well written. It will be useful to any undergraduate who is studying any topic within the history of modern philosophy.
This is the home page for Willard Van Orman Quine (1908-2000), the influential American mathematician and philosopher. The page was set up and is maintained by his son, Douglas Boynton Quine. W.V.O. Quine worked on such fields as mathematical logic, the logic of language, set theory, and the philosophy of language. His best known publications include 'The Ways of Paradox', 'Mathematical Logic', 'Set Theory and Its Logic', 'Quiddities', and perhaps the most influential, 'Word and Object'. The website is extensive in scope. It contains a detailed bibliography of Quine's papers and publications, including editions and translations. There is a selection of his book reviews, with links to the texts themselves. Newspaper profiles of Quine, and a number of obituaries, are also included. For the truly obsessive, there is even a list of the many countries that he visited, along with the amount of time spent in each and the year of the visit. The site should prove of interest to scholars studying Quine, although more primary and critical texts would improve it further.