'Francis Lodwick: a working bibliography' is a website created by the Centre for Early Modern Studies at the University of Oxford. The site's aim is to provide more detail about the seventeenth-century linguist and philosopher Francis Lodwick and to enable further study of his works in the absence of other detailed bibliographies. The site gives: a brief biography of Lodwick; a short explanation of the rationale behind the bibliography; and the bibliography itself. This resource sheds some light on a relatively neglected but important figure in English philosophical and linguistic thought, and would interest students and researchers working in: philosophy; English; and linguistics.
The Franciscan Authors website is a catalogue of writers connected to the Franciscan order who lived between the 13th and 18th centuries. The authors can be browsed via an alphabetical index, though unfortunately there does not appear to be a search function. A typical entry will include a short biographical note, a list of works, and may also include suggestions for further reading. An extensive bibliography section provides information for those wishing to pursue the topic further. There are also sections for anonymous writers, lives, Franciscan provinces as they were around 1350, plus a substantial but unannotated list of links to related resources.
'Great Voyages: the History of Western Philosophy from 1492 to 1776' is a well-presented, extensive and very useful web resource that hosts amongst other things biographical information, primary texts and annotated bibliographical references concerning the philosophy and philosophers of the 16th-18th centuries. The site's webmaster and editor is Bill Uzgalis, a professor of philosophy at Oregon State University, USA. He prepared the resource both for a past university course and for anyone in general with an interest in the subject matter. Over thirty philosophers are covered, including Machiavelli; Gassendi; Descartes; Malebranche; Bayle; Rousseau; Bacon; Hobbes; Locke; Berkeley; Hume; Spinoza; Leibniz; and Kant. For each, Uzgalis provides a brief overview of the life and work of the philosopher, a sourced timeline, and often, links to e-texts of primary and secondary sources hosted both by the site itself and elsewhere, and annotated bibliographies of secondary material available off-line. The resource is attractive to the eye, and there are the occasional graphics. It is also extremely well-laid out and is easy to navigate, with extensive hyperlink facilities. This would be a useful website for undergraduates studying the history of modern western philosophy.
This website about Hugo Grotius (1583-1645) consists of a biography and links to primary and secondary resources. Grotius was a lawyer, historian, and political philosopher. He has been described as 'the founding father of international law', and is best known for his treatise 'The Law of War and Peace' ('De Jure Belli ac Pacis'). The website links to a full-text English version of this work, in the form of a PDF file. There is also a short bibliography of Grotius's key publications. The links to secondary essays are useful, and include a number of essays on the relevance of Grotius today.
The Digital Texts Project website of the Institute for Learning Technologies (ILT), based at Columbia University, offers free full-text editions of many classic philosophical works in English. Texts available include: Aristotle's 'Nicomachean Ethics'; Plato's 'Meno'; 'Crito'; 'Protagoras'; 'Phaedrus'; 'Gorgias'; 'Ion'; 'Symposium'; 'Phaedo'; and 'Republic'; John Dewey's 'Democracy and Education'; John Locke's 'An Essay Concerning Human Understanding'; and Machiavelli's 'The Prince'. There are also texts by George Berkeley, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, David Hume, and Virgil, amongst others. Brief biographic sketch of authors are also provided, plus links to other major sites with digital texts available. However, it should be noted that this site is still a work in progress: texts are not yet available for all the authors listed on the home page, and some of those which are available are only in plain text format (HTML versions are said to be forthcoming, but site updates do not appear to be particularly frequent). Nevertheless, there is already enough material here to make this an extremely useful resource.
The website of the International Association for Scottish Philosophy provides information about this organisation, which exists to facilitate and encourage study of the Scottish philosophical tradition. The Association does not organise its own events, but instead promotes conferences and other societies which may be of interest to those with an interest in this area: lists of relevant events and bodies and available on the site. Details of how to join the Association (which is free) are also provided. Additionally, the website offers a historical survey of Scottish philosophy, plus short articles about major Scottish philosophers (including David Hume, Thomas Reid, and Adam Smith) and about the impact of Scottish philosophy around the world. The site also gives information about the Journal of Scottish Philosophy, including an opportunity to read and participate in online discussion of a featured article.
The International Society for Neoplatonic Studies (ISNS) was formed in 1973 by a group of scholars seeking to promote the study of Neoplatonism in all of its aspects, from the ancient world to the modern. The society's website introduces their organisation and provides membership details. Information is provided about the society's own conferences and others that may be of interest, while a directory of scholars gives contact details for academics working in this area. The books and journals section draws attention to relevant publications, and electronic versions of several papers are available from the online journal archive. There are also two sets of links to Web resources: one for general sites (although this does not appear to be particularly well maintained), and one for primary texts by authors including: Plotinus; Porphyry; Philo of Alexandria; Boethius; and Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite. Finally, a link is provided to the society's email discussion list. A useful resource for those studying or researching Neoplatonism.
The Italian Renaissance website is intended as a student-level introduction to the key developments of the Renaissance. It begins by discussing what exactly the 'Renaissance' was, why and when it came to be so called, and how it differed from the Middle Ages. There is a page on humanism, which likewise explores its origins and character, and a page on Renaissance Neo-Platonism, looking at the history and revival of this school of philosophy. The site also describes the achievements of several influential individuals such as Pico della Mirandola, Niccolò Machiavelli, and Leonardo da Vinci. A page on architecture and public space completes the historical section of the site.
A 'resources' section provides a representative gallery of examples of Renaissance art. This includes images of works by Botticelli, da Vinci, Raphael, and Titian amongst others. Readings from the period include extracts from texts by Machiavelli, Michelangelo Buonarroti, and Pico della Mirandola. There is also an historical map of early modern Italian cities and states, and a short list of links. This site forms part of an online courseware unit from Washington State University's 'World Civilizations' project. It is targeted at students about to begin university and first year undergraduates. The site has remained static for some time, but remains a useful tool.
The Iter project offers a series of online bibliographic databases pertaining to the Middle Ages and the Renaissance (400-1700). Access to the databases is available only to members of subscribing institutions and individual subscribers: subscription information is available from the site. The main Iter database contains more than a million bibliographic records for books, journal articles, reviews, and other scholarly material, and is updated daily. Lists of journals and essay collections indexed are provided. Other resources accessible via the Iter interface include a John Milton bibliography; Iter Italicum, a catalogue of Renaissance humanistic manuscripts; Baptisteria Sacra, which offers descriptions of fonts from the early Christian period to the 17th century; and the International Directory of Scholars. A number of journals can also be accessed through the site.
The home page for the J. R. Ritman Library (Bibliotheca Philosophica Hermetica) provides information about the library's collections and activities. This private library (unaffiliated to any university or other institution, but freely accessible to the public) houses materials relating to the Hermetic-Christian tradition (Hermeticism is a set of religious and philosophical beliefs based on a body of writings attributed to the mythical philosopher and alchemist, Hermes Trismegistus). Topics covered include: alchemy; mysticism; Rosicrucianism; and Hermetic philosophy. It is possible to search the library's catalogue online, and a digitisation project is underway, although at time of review the works were not yet available via the website. The site also offers a series of articles on subjects relating to the Hermetic tradition, a bibliography of other relevant works, and access to the library's online exhibitions.
The website 'Medieval and Modern Thought Text Digitization Project' is the homepage of this database run by Stanford University Libraries and Academic Information Resources. This ongoing project makes available digital versions of texts from the collections of Stanford Library and its partners. The main areas included at the time of review are: the medieval Church and its law and organisation; language, grammar and linguistics; reference works; and philosophy. Subjects covered range from Ambiguity and Anaphora to Theology and Trees. Many of the texts are lecture notes published in collaboration with Stanford University's Center for the Study of Language and Information (CSLI). Others are editions of early works on the Church, and secondary works covering its development. Notable items include Matthew Paris' 'English History', in both English and Latin, and Roger Bacon's works in Latin. The expansion of the collection is likely to be governed by local research needs. The resource will be most useful for scholars and students researching in all the areas it covers, and will increase in value as the collections continue to develop. The archive of texts may be searched using a simple or advanced query, and the site includes a page of search tips for researchers. The collection may also be browsed by author, title or subject. Each record includes brief bibliographical information. The texts are available in full as PDF files, and may be viewed or downloaded. They are digitised in their original languages, which include: Latin; French; German; and English.
This online essay discusses the legal philosophy of Hugo Grotius (1583-1645) from the perspective of the ethical precepts laid down in his theological works. The author seeks to determine whether Grotius should be considered as belonging to the naturalist, positivist, or eclectic, school of international legal theory or under 'an entirely separate category', the theonomist school. The essay also asks whether Grotius is of any relevance to legal theory today, concluding that his belief that a state is composed of individuals, rather than an abstract entity in itself, should be given greater attention. The essay's footnotes are a little intrusive, being regularly inserted into the body of the text, but the work appears scholarly enough.
'Neoplatonism' is an unmoderated discussion list that has been set up by Dr Cosmin I. Andron. The list is intended to provide a forum for interested scholars to discuss all aspects of Platonism, including Neoplatonism. It contains a mixture of reviews, notices, and academic discussion on all matters Platonic. Although posts are also invited in French, Italian, and German, the vast majority are in English. This list would be of interest to advanced researchers in the field. Instructions on how to join the list are given, though current and past postings since June 2002 can be viewed without registration. There is also a link to the home page of the International Society for Neoplatonic Studies.
This is the website of the Plato Centre (formerly the Centre for the Study of the Platonic Tradition), which is part of the School of Classics at Trinity College Dublin and which aims to further the study of the history of Platonism (including Christian, Jewish, and Islamic Platonism). The site offers details of the Centre's undergraduate and postgraduate degree programmes in Platonic studies, as well as giving information on Centre members and faculty (with details of their research and publications). The site also provides information on lectures, conferences, visiting scholars, and the activities of the Centre's members, as well as details of conferences held elsewhere on themes relating to the Centre's work. There is also a list of links to other relevant online resources of interest to those studying the Platonic tradition.
The Pico Project, a collaboration between Brown University and the University of Bologna, makes accessible online "The Discourse on the Dignity of Man" ("Discorso sulla dignità dell'uomo") by Pico della Mirandola (1463-1494), a text regarded as the "Manifesto of the Renaissance". The Project addresses the difficulty of the Discourse's language, it being the highly-refined Latin of Humanism, by offering a variety of ways of accessing the text in Latin, Italian and English. Users may access the first printed edition of the text (Bologna 1496), as well as two later editions and Pico's 1487 "Apologia", in which he defended his views. A transcription of the Latin text of the Discourse is also available. Additionally, two annotated parallel translations of the text, Latin and Italian, and Latin and English are present. Here, users may read the two versions side by side, with annotations in a separate frame on the screen. A general bibliography on Pico and a chronology of his life will also be of interest. This website demonstrates the potential benefits technology has to offer the study of texts in particular: the Pico Projects offers new ways to read and understand this significant work that will be of great use to students and teachers, as well as researchers.
Scholasticon is an online research aid to scholars interested in the late scholasticism of the 16th to 18th centuries. The site, which is almost entirely in French, includes an introduction, a bibliography of recently-published works, and a guide to libraries. Probably the most extensive section of the site is an index of theologians and metaphysicians who might be considered late scholastics. Entries for each individual varies from a short paragraph through to a longer article with bibliography and, occasionally, a portrait image. The site also offers a collection of annotated links to online texts and other useful sites; unfortunately these are not particularly well maintained. The site makes use of frames, and seems to have been designed to be viewed using Internet Explorer: users of other browsers may encounter some slight display problems.
The Sir Thomas More pages from Luminarium.org provide a biography, links, and primary and secondary texts for the Christian Humanist who became Chancellor of England under Henry VIII. The biography contains hyperlinks to pages of information about the places and personalities with whom More (1478-1535) was associated, and includes footnotes and a small bibliography. The primary sources include links to online texts of some of More's most important writings, including 'Utopia' and 'The History of King Richard III'. There are also online secondary essays, which offer varying perspectives on More's achievements; and a long list of categorised links to other online materials about More. This web resource should prove useful to undergraduates studying Sir Thomas More from a literary or political philosophy perspective.
The site of the Sixteenth Century Society and Conference (SCSC) offers some insight into the aims, activities and publications of this scholarly association based in North America. SCSC is dedicated to gather all scholars interested in early modern studies, from any academic discipline and geographical region. The site announces not only the call for papers and submissions to the annual conference of SCSC but also events and opportunities in related areas of interest put forward by other associations. Information about the forthcoming annual conference and calls for registrations are available on the site; the programme of the previous year’s meeting can be consulted. SCSC publishes The Sixteenth Century Journal quarterly, although it is not substantially presented on the society’s homepage. The site encourages membership in the society, which enables access to Iter: gateway to the Middle Ages and Renaissance, along with an annual subscription to the journal. The prizes offered by SCSC for books in early modern studies and the prize committees for each category are listed.
Thomas More's Utopia is one of Bielefeld University Library's digital editions of works from its special collections. Utopia has been digitized from the 1518 edition published in Basel, and comprises an image for every two pages of the book, together with navigation aids. The images are designed to be viewed on a 1024 x 768 resolution screen and makes use of HTML frames. The edition preserves front and back matter, including title-page borders and illustrations by Hans Holbein and an epigram by Erasmus. This edition would be of use to anyone interested in early printed books, and those studying Thomas More's work.