This is a biography of the Muslim thinker ibn Sina, also known as Avicenna. Born in 980 A.D. in Kharmaithen (near Bukhara), Central Asia (now Uzbekistan), Avicenna died in 1037 A.D. in Hamadan, Persia (now Iran). Avicenna sought to integrate all aspects of science and religion in a single grand metaphysical vision. With this vision he attempted to explain the formation of the universe, as well as to elucidate the problems of evil, prayer, providence, prophecies, miracles, and marvels. He also considered problems relating to the organisation of the state in accordance with religious law and the question of the ultimate destiny of man. The site is part of the MacTutor History of Mathematics archives based at the School of Mathematics and Statistics at University of St. Andrews. The site contains detailed biographical information about Avicenna, a basic outline of his thought, and links to other related entries in MacTutor. There is also a bibliography of books and articles on Avicenna, although it does not contain references dating past 1999.
This website is dedicated to the life and works of the eminent Islamic scholar Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (1058-1111). On offer are: original and translated versions of his writings in areas as diverse as theology, jurisprudence, logic, Sufism and philosophy; monographs and other works related to him; and access to bibliographic materials on the web. The site, which can be accessed in over 10 languages, also includes a short biography of al-Ghazali and access to further biographical material on the web; lecture transcripts; portraits; maps of areas and eras important for studies on al-Ghazali; and a search engine. Some materials are in PDF format. This resource would be particularly useful to postgraduate researchers.
Iqbal-Namah is a quarterly bulletin published jointly by the Center for Islamic Studies at Youngstown State University and Iqbal Academy Pakistan. It aims to introduce the works of the South Asian poet-philosopher Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938) to a wider constituency. Within its pages, readers will find extracts from and studies of Iqbal's writings. They are also apprised of critical and interpretative works about him and of other relevant information. All issues are available online and can be downloaded as portable document format (PDF) files.
Islamic Philosophy Online presents an extensive collection of resources for the study of Muslim philosophers and thought, from the Abbasid period (which began in the 8th century) to the present day. There are over two gigabytes of text at the site, mostly in English or Arabic, but with some works in French, German, or Latin. The website consists of: general histories of Islamic philosophy; reference guides, including a dictionary of Islamic philosophy; primary texts by some of the most notable Muslim thinkers; modern articles; and news of events and current research. It also hosts utilities such as a date converter and an Arabic text processor. There are extensive separate Web pages devoted to a number of thinkers, including: Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (1058-1111); Ibn Sina (Avicenna) (980-1037); Ibn Rushd (Averroes) (1126-1198); and Ibn Taymiyah (1263-1328). These pages contain a wealth of information including biographical and bibliographical details, primary and secondary works, and links. Details are also given of the Journal of Islamic Philosophy, which features articles and book reviews. Tables of contents and submission guidelines are available. This is an excellent site that should be bookmarked by anyone studying Islamic philosophy or interested in its historical impact.
This is currently one of the best internet resources in English on the great Andalusian mystic and philosopher Ibn ‘Arabi (1165-1240), also known as the Greatest of Spiritual Masters (Shaykh al-Akbar). The subjects covered include Ibn ‘Arabi’s works, theological and philosophical discussion of themes in his writings, later commentators, and the spread of his teachings. The Muhyiddin Ibn ‘Arabi Society was founded in 1977, and is based in Oxford, with a branch in the United States, and has organised numerous events and publications relating the Ibn ‘Arabi not only addressed to an academic audience, but also a wider group of Ibn ‘Arabi enthusiasts and admirers of his teachings. Information about related events and publications are found here, as well as free podcasts of lectures. Many of the contributors to the website are Ibn ‘Arabi scholars well known in the West, such as Michel Chodkiewicz, William Chittick, Claude Addas and James Morris. These authors and others have contributed original essays and articles for this website, but reproductions of articles from books and journals can also be found here in very readable format. Unfortunately, there are hardly any articles that provide information on his background and historical context, as well as the negative reaction his teachings provoked in some quarters of the Muslim world. Also, works by Ibn ‘Arabi and his commentators are found only in translation, and not in their original languages.
The website Philosophers of the Arabs, a project of the Egyptian Philosophical Society, introduces modern Arab thought and philosophy and aims to facilitate dialogue between Arab philosophy and philosophy more generally. It is aimed at specialists in the Arab world and beyond, but contains much content that will be of interest to non-specialists as well. The site is organised into five main categories: philosophers; research; discourse; news; and services. It is available in both English and Arabic, with some differences in content.
The philosophers section includes brief biographies of modern (19th- and 20th-century) Arab philosophers; a list of contemporary philosophers; as well as lists of important professors, non-Arab Muslim philosophers and Orientalists. The research section lists recent publications on both Arab philosophy and non-Arab philosophy. The English version of the site provides links to many of the publications in Western languages and reviews of some of the publications in Arabic, while the Arabic version provides links to publications in Arabic as well. Also of interest will be the services section, which provides links to websites related to Arab and Islamic philosophy as well as information on publications and research centres. Although the site was still in development at the time of review, it already contains much information that will be of interest to students and researchers interested in the philosophy or history of the Arab world.
This is the website of the Sadra Islamic Philosophy Research Institute (SIPRIn), established in 1994 with the objective of promoting knowledge about the 17th century Islamic philosopher Mulla Sadra and his Transcendent Philosophy, and to this end, organising international conferences. The site provides details of the Institute's activities, an introduction to the life and philosophy of Mulla Sadra, and a substantial collection of online papers. The site is available in Persian and in English, though the quality of the translation in the English version is somewhat variable, occasionally resulting in rather idiosyncratic use of language. A useful resource for anyone wanting to find out more about this Islamic thinker.
'Teaching Materials on Medieval Philosophy' is a website which offers a series of detailed guides on leading medieval philosophers and thinkers, as well as their classical precursors, and their early modern heirs, both Rationalist and Empiricist. Fundamental ideas as well as close readings of specific texts are presented. Some of the figures discussed include: Aristotle (384-322 BCE); Boethius (c.480-c.525); St. Anselm (1033-1109); al-Ghazali (1058-1111); Thomas Aquinas; John Duns Scotus (c.1266-1308); and William of Ockham (1285-1347). The guides were developed in conjunction with a series of courses and taped lectures on the medieval intellectual tradition given by the author, John Kilcullen, at Macquarie University and the University of Sydney. Descriptions of related courses can also be found on the site, and they include reading lists and essay topics. This is part of John Kilcullen's larger 'Politics, Philosophy and Medieval Studies' site, and would be of use to undergraduates seeking basic or further information on medieval and related philosophy.