This is the home page of Alfred J. Freddoso, a professor of Thomistic Studies and Philosophy at the University of Notre Dame. It contains course material, such as lecture outlines; handouts; syllabi; and study questions for a number of courses. Most courses concern aspects of ancient (including Presocratic) and medieval philosophy, and philosophy of religion, with particular attention to scholasticism and Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274). A wide variety of supplementary material, ranging from primary and secondary source texts, maps, and some of the author's own translations, can be found within the individual course pages. Freddoso's own philosophical writings, published and unpublished, are available, as is his in-progress translation of Aquinas' Summa Theologica, with commentary. Also available is the complete text of Pope John Paul II's Fides et Ratio, with accompanying commentary and study notes. This site would be of interest to undergraduates with some basic familiarity with the topics covered, who are seeking revision material or further information. It would also be of use to teachers designing courses in any of the topics covered.
'Assembled Western Philosophers' is a subsite of a Web page entitled Philosophy Pages, designed by Garth Kemerling. It provides two extensive lists of key contributors to the Western philosophical tradition, from Plato to the present day. By clicking on a name in the main list on the upper half of the page, the user is taken to a biography of the philosopher. Some of these biographies are illustrated and all are accompanied by lists of primary and secondary source lists, as well as links to online book retailers and additional online information. Within the biographies, there are also helpful links to further explanations of philosophical terms and schools of thought. The more extensive, secondary list of philosophers provides briefer biographies and information, along with links to online versions of texts, where available. This is an extensive site with a wealth of information, and will be of use to undergraduates and teachers.
'The Daily Translation' is a website maintained by the University of Northern Colorado. It gives a new translation task each day, from English into formal logic. Each translation exercise is set in the context of a mock newspaper article, often based on actual past news events. The level of logic required is elementary. An archive of previous translations is made available, and involves one or more possible translations of the sentence plus a brief commentary. Each challenge is presented as a GIF format image. This is part of the university's Philosophy website, and links to other pages and external sites of interest to philosophy students can be found, including a 'Primer' on arguments and their evaluations, and an 'Argument Clinic' in which the reader is invited to submit arguments to the faculty for examination and assessment. The Daily Translation would be a useful exercise for undergraduates learning or seeking to maintain basic skills in logic.
Dartmouth Writing Program: Materials for Faculty is an online collection of humanities teaching resources prepared at Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire. With its emphasis on critical thinking, argument and analysis, this study aid and teaching tool will serve as a valuable resource for instructors of introductory undergraduate courses in History and Philosophy. There are foci on Pedagogies and Methods here under the following headings: Teaching the writing process; Teaching argument; Teaching critical thinking; Teaching modes of discourse; Teaching writing through literature; Teaching grammar and style; Creating writing assignments; Using peer groups; Responding to student text; and Managing the 'personal' in student writing. Each subpage opens to an extended discussion of possible teaching approaches and gives sample methods from different courses. Also posted are class assignments, relevant links and course syllabi excerpts to support specific instruction in English Literature, Spanish, and Art History.
This site contains detailed outlines of seven lectures for an undergraduate course on epistemology run by Professor Michael Tooley at the University of Colorado at Boulder. The subjects covered include: the concept of knowledge; skepticism; theories of justification; perception and the external world; other minds; and knowledge of the past. There is also a relatively brief introductory lecture on epistemology. A detailed table of contents allows for easy searching of particular topics. Despite some unfortunate colour choices for individual pages, the notes are clear and accessible, covering many aspects of the topics in some detail. While it is unlikely that they would stand alone as a first introduction to epistemology, an undergraduate with some background in the subject may find these notes useful for revision purposes.
Essay Writing Handbook for Philosophy Students is an online guide on philosophy essay writing techniques, prepared by Evan Thompson and Duff Waring of York University in Toronto. The document is in PDF, thus requiring Adobe Acrobat Reader. With extended explanations and examples, this guide distinguishes first between analytic and argumentative essays. It describes essay format and issues of academic honesty (and dishonesty). It also tackles a number of common stylistic errors in grammar, punctuation, turns of expression, the politically-correct use of gendered pronouns, abbreviations and common misspellings. Aimed primarily at undergraduates, this resource will provide a good teaching tool for instructors at this level. It is particularly valuable for its unflinching recognition of the current need to reemphasise and develop grammatical and linguistic knowledge at the initial undergraduate levels, along with analytical skills. However, the Handbook's notes on citation style are extremely brief, and instructors may want to refer students to other sources for explanations on the preparation of references and bibliographies.
This webpage contains multiple-choice quizzes on a variety of philosophical subjects, including: ethics; logic; philosophy of religion; and various historical and contemporary figures in ethics and analytic philosophy. The exercises, which are generally at an undergraduate introductory level, are designed by Harry J. Gensler of John Carroll University, Cleveland. Each quiz contains some brief introductory material on the topic at hand, and an indication of the specific texts on which the quiz qustions are based, though in many cases the exercises could be tackled by any student with a general familiarity with the subject. This resource would be of interest to undergraduates seeking to test or review their basic knowledge of topics in philosophy.
Guidelines on Reading Philosophy is a site developed by Jim Pryor of New York University. The site is a well written introductory guide for undergraduates who must cope with abstract ideas and technical vocabulary in their texts. Pryor suggests a succession of reading and note-taking strategies in order that students may understand a philosopher's definitions of terms and argument. This simple resource is valuable because it addresses the needs of undergraduate philosophy students very clearly, carefully and specifically. It can certainly be recommended as a teaching tool.
'Guidelines on Writing a Philosophy Paper' is a site developed by Jim Pryor of New York University. It is a teaching resource aimed at undergraduates. Its primary value is that it acknowledges the subtle differences between composing a paper in Philosophy and in other Humanities disciplines. This field-specific approach is most helpful, as undergraduate Humanities education often focuses broadly on the development of basic argumentation and general analytical ability, without much deeper consideration of the subject itself. Similar undergraduate writing guides often do not address, or only implicitly address, the fact that study in different areas of the Humanities often brings varying analytical skills to the fore. Here, the site encourages the common Humanities concerns of critical, original and analytical thinking and advises on the usual issues related to grammar, style and grading criteria. But the substantial value of the site for both teachers and students of philosophy lies in the emphasis upon foci that are essential to the discussion of philosophical topics. These include consistent inner logic; word choice; contemplation and planning of the argument and mode of expression.
How to Read a Philosophy Paper (including this one) is an undergraduate guide which was prepared by Jeff McLaughlin at Thompson Rivers University. The site also has two closely linked pages entitled How to Plan a Philosophy Paper and How to Write a Philosophy Paper. All of these pages provide advice in a chatty, humorous tone, which should instruct students relatively painlessly. At the same time, McLaughlin's efforts are fundamentally thorough and serious. In his reading guide, he explains the basic steps of reading philosophical texts and he presents them as the building blocks of critical thinking in a multi-part and multi-faceted process. He also explains the logical rules and the logical consistency that drive philosophical arguments in an accessible and penetrating manner. In his planning guide, McLaughlin continues in the same vein, notably drawing attention to the difference between a philosophy paper and papers in other disciplines. In his writing guide, McLaughlin again translates the principles of argumentation into the task at hand; he advises students to understand the correlation between those principles and their activities as they compose each paragraph. The guide finishes with a citation style guide. For its general accessibility and clarity, this site can be recommended as a good teaching tool at the introductory post-secondary level.
'Introduction to Philosophy: An Online Textbook' is an electronic text written by Dr Philip A. Pecorino, professor of Philosophy at Queensborough Community College. As the following chapter headings show, the work covers a wide range of topics within Philosophy: The Greeks: The Origins of Philosophy in the West; Philosophy of Religion and the Problem of God; Metaphysics; Epistemology; The Mind-Body Problem; Freedom and Determination; Ethics; Social Philosophy; Political Philosophy; and Philosophy of Arts and Aesthetics. Each chapter contains several sections which discuss the topic at hand and provides hyperlinks to other online materials. There are also: guidelines on how to write Philosophy papers; suggestions of discussion topics; a bibliography of relevant print-based works; and links to relevant websites (although several links were not working at the time of writing).
Introductory Material for Ethics is an online guide to some basic concepts that are used in moral philosophy. The site defines key ethical terms (such as ethics and morality), and outlines the distinctions between the three main areas of moral philosophy: applied ethics; normative ethics; and metaethics. It gives an overview of some basic moral problems at both the theoretical and practical levels, and provides links to key terms in the dictionary that also forms part of the site. The site is offered as part of an online course taught by Robert Berman at Xavier University of Louisiana, and also include a syllabus and outlines of a number of key philosophy texts. A helpful site for students and teachers of moral philosophy.
The Ism Book website, written by Peter Saint-Andre, provides a set of brief definitions of various movements, concepts, and ideas in philosophy, religion, politics, the arts, and science (with emphasis on the first three of these areas). The home page has a featured "ism" or word, with its accompanying definition, and the complete list of defined words can be accessed through the "surf the site" section. The definitions are clear and concise, and generally well-informed. Many definitions contain hyperlinks to other related terms on the site. The resource is maintained by one person and is therefore far from exhaustive. It is clearly intended as a guide to these concepts for the relatively uninitiated, and is likely to be most useful as a quick reference guide for those studying AS/A level philosophy and RS, or for those embarking on undergraduate courses.
This is the home page of Dr Jan Edward Garrett, a professor of philosophy at Western Kentucky University. It contains a variety of information, most notably a teaching section with reading lists, study questions, lecture notes, and syllabi for courses on introductory philosophy, ancient and modern philosophy, philosophy of religion, ethics, and international justice. Within each course section, there are links to relevant writings by Garrett himself and by other philosophers. Further writings by Garrett can be found in the Talks/Essays section, and the site also has a brief list of his published research. Another valuable aspect of the site is its extensive set of ethics links, which can be searched alphabetically or by topic. In addition, the home page contains a link to Garrett's Stoic Place site, which is a forum for the presentation and discussion of the history and ideas of stoicism. There is also a link to the Kentucky Philosophical Association (KPA).
Language is a website compiled and written by students at Duke University. It presents succinct introductory essays on language and its relations to the following areas: philosophy; neurobiology; psychology; and cultural anthropology. There is also a general essay by the editor of the website. Of prime interest to philosophers is the essay by Marnie Riddle, which outlines the history and basic concepts of the various movements surrounding logical empiricism (including logical positivism), ordinary language philosophy and its roots in the early work of Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951), and some more recent developments in philosophy of language. The other essays also contain material relevant to philosophy of mind, epistemology, and language, such as discussions of the work of the behaviourist B.F. Skinner (1904-1990), and the linguists Noam Chomsky (1928-), and Benjamin Whorf (1897-1941). The essays are clearly divided into sub-sections and a bibliography for each is provided. The essays may be of use to students who are seeking some basic information on language and its significance in certain areas of philosophy.
Living Philosophy is a website created and maintained by a Scottish production company which calls itself "The Radicals". The company seeks to bring classical philosophers alive through playreadings and docudramas at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe. This website, developed with the assistance of a grant from ScotlandUnltd, contains information about these plays. It also has sections dedicated to David Hume (1711-1776), Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832), Socrates (470 BCE-c.399 BCE) and Adam Smith (1723-1790). Materials offered include: brief overviews of their lives; and commentaries and bibliographies of their work. The site also provides general information about philosophy and why it should be studied. Accessible and interesting, this resource would be useful for undergraduate use.
The Zen Journal is an online full-text journal, hosted by the Maria Kannon Zen Center, a non-profit organisation 'which offers a setting for people of various backgrounds and faith traditions to practice Zen'. The journal is likely to be of interest to researchers beginning the study of religion and philosophy and those considering the role of philosophical disciplines today, as the articles are aimed at understanding the ways of Zen and applying them in the context of the modern world. Recent articles include a four part series on The Four Bodhisattva Vows, by Ruben L. F. Habito, Practising Zen in Iraq, by Sheila Provencher, and Our Undivided Way by Flint Sparks. Issues of the journal going back to 1996 are available as PDF files.
Paper Writing Strategies for Introductory Philosophy Courses is an outstanding online undergraduate composition guide prepared by Joseph Cruz of the Philosophy Department at Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts. The site seeks to teach undergraduates how to write critical analyses of philosophical questions in a clear, honest, and direct manner. It does this by providing six versions of the same sample paper, from the initial notes, through four drafts, to the finished piece. Cruz has added highly visible explanations all along in the margins of the different versions which greatly clarify the step-by-step process of conceiving, writing and polishing an essay. Throughout the site there are links to a summary page which highlights the key points, giving advice on: general approach; style; substance; references; and closing. While students should remember that not all lecturers will have exactly the same requirements, this is a helpful general guide to essay writing.
'The Philosophical Society' is the homepage of the organisation founded in 1913 to encourage the study of practical philosophy among members of the public. The society's membership is made up of professional philosophers and non-professionals. It has its own journal 'The Philosopher' which is published twice a year and this site allows access to a selection of articles from the journal. It also provides information about membership; the society's history; talks; meetings; conferences; books; and courses. An online forum is provided to encourage discussion on philosophical topics. The site contains a search engine and is easy to navigate. The society's president is Brenda Almond, Emeritus Professor of Moral and Social Philosophy at the University of Hull.
'Philosophical Terms and Methods' is an online teaching tool written by Jim Pryor of New York University. This site is aimed generally at undergraduates in order to teach them the fundamental components and characteristics both of philosophical arguments and of analyses of philosophical arguments. This is not solely an introductory site: different levels of undergraduates and their instructors can benefit by consulting or recommending this resource. The site explains in detail and formally defines the following: what an argument is; valid, sound, and persuasive arguments; conditionals and consistency; good and bad forms of argument; analysing concepts; and thought experiments and counter-examples. In addition to these clear and helpful explanatory essays, site users will find a Philosophical Glossary for Beginners attached to the site, with definitions of such terms as ad hoc, and ad hominem arguments, among others. Commonly used foreign words and phrases are also included.
This website provides a variety of learning and teaching material from Michael Tooley's undergraduate course, An Introduction to Ethics, which covers both theoretical and applied ethics (although emphasis is to some extent on the latter). Although primarily designed for his own students, certain sections are clear and extensive enough to be potentially of value to those outside the course, students and teachers alike. Among the areas that teachers of introductory ethics might find of use are a set of critical exercises, along with accompanying lecture material. Essay and debate assignments and topics may also provide some inspiration for instructors. For students, there is a useful guide to writing philosophy papers in ethics. Beginning students in ethics may also find the general lecture materials and the specific notes on various topics in ethics (suicide, abortion and euthanasia) of interest. The site is clearly laid out and accessible, and forms part of Tooley's larger philosophy home page, which features similar material for some other areas of philosophy.
This is the homepage of the Philosophy Department at the University of Melbourne. It contains information about the history of the department and the undergraduate and postgraduate programmes they offer. It also informs visitors about the research and knowledge transfer activities they organise and engage in (e.g. research seminars; philosophy colloquia; conferences). There are annotated and unannotated links to relevant websites. Of particular interest and use to students of Philosophy is a section which provides guidance on how to research and write Philosophy essays. There is also a short paper on the question 'What is Philosophy?' with a link to an online video presentation on the same. The site provides a search engine.
The Philosophy Articles for Debate website contains a collection of introductory papers on some of the major topics of Western philosophy. The site is tailored to those new in philosophy and begins with an exposition of what philosophy is, and technical terms in the articles are hyperlinked to definitions. Topics covered include: induction (reasoning from particular experiences to generalisations about the world); the nature of truth; time and space; freedom; the status of evidence and proof; and consciousness. One potential drawback of the site is that the opinions presented are very much those of the author; in most cases, little effort seems to have been made to provide balanced coverage of the range of current views on these subjects. However, the author encourages discussion, and invites readers to email him their reactions: some of these are displayed on the site. Providing one is willing to bear in mind that these articles are intended to spark debate rather than to give an authoritative answer, this is a stimulating and enjoyable introduction to philosophy. This site uses frames, but a no-frames version is offered.
Philosophy Now is an online magazine, based on the print publication of the same name, founded in 1991 and sold from news-stands and bookshops worldwide. The website offers free access to numerous articles, interviews, and reviews, although a subscription is required to view all items. Also included are a discussion forum, links page, columns, and a number of philosophy events calendars. Like the print magazine, the site is aimed first of all at the general intelligent public, with the intention of introducing those new to the subject to the best that modern philosophy has to offer. However, as the articles it contains are original pieces of philosophy composed by leaders in their fields, it also attracts, like the print magazine, a sizeable audience of philosophy academics and postgraduate students.
Philosophy Online is a website offering a set of study resources for philosophy students. The site covers two key texts, Descartes' 'Meditations' and Nietzsche's 'Beyond Good and Evil', plus three themes: theory of knowledge; philosophy of religion; and philosophy of mind. Annotated versions of the texts are offered, plus summaries, study questions, and links for further reading suggestions. The thematic sections are divided into a number of sub-topics, each of which provides a brief overview of the main concepts and ideas. At time of review, some sections were still under construction. This site is structured around the AQA A level philosophy syllabus, but would also be of use to university students approaching these topics for the first time.
Philosophy Pages is a useful reference source for students of Western philosophy. It is maintained by Garth Kemerling of Newbury College, USA. The site includes a dictionary of philosophical terms and names, which serves as a helpful guide to technical terms and personal names often encountered in the study of philosophy. It also features a narrative description of the historical development of Western philosophy. The site's other constituent elements are: a timeline for canonical figures in the history of Western philosophy; a summary treatment of the elementary principles of logic; a study guide for students of philosophy; and links to other philosophy resources on the Web. The site is well-designed and easily navigable via a simple menu which appears at the top of each page. Users can also download the entire site if they wish.
'Philosophy Since the Enlightenment' is an online resource which provides an introduction to philosophers and philosophical themes from the eighteenth century (e.g. Hume and Kant) to the present (e.g. post-structuralism, Derrida and Foucault). Each section comprises an introductory essay divided into short pieces about relevant philosophers and philosophies. Apart from the above two themes, other sections include: Romanticism; analytic philosophy; existentialism; God; mind; science; and moral philosophy. The author of the site is Roger Jones and the resource has been developed with the adult learner in mind. The site uses frames.
'The play of mind' is a collection of free downloadable programmes designed to teach introductory philosophy and the history of ideas. The work of American philosophy lecturer Warren Weinstein, they cover a wide range of topics, including ethics, religion, law, and the nature of humanity, focusing on introducing students to the ideas of great thinkers, and asking them to consider whether and to what extent they agree with them. The programmes are divided into different sets, involving varying degrees of interaction and sophistication. Students are given the chance to monitor and test their opinions against the views of philosophers throughout the ages. Some of the programmes could stand as a convenient starting point for essays or classroom discussion. The programmes are small and swift to download, and are straightforward to use, though the DOS-style format (these are DOS programs modified for use in Windows) can be rather tiring on the eyes. This is a potentially useful resource for those teaching introductory philosophy.
This website provides an alphabetical list of commonly-used philosophical terms and concepts, each of which is accompanied by a short statement explaining what it means. The explanations are basic and unsourced, and are perhaps best viewed as a starting point for coming to terms with the concepts, rather than a full explanation of them. The resource would be interesting to philosophy undergraduates and members of the public. The web page also connects users to other resources on philosophy offered by the Radical Academy. This site is maintained by Dr Jonathan Dolhenty, president of the Center for Applied Philosophy.
Reading for Philosophical Inquiry is a useful online open source introductory philosophy textbook from Lander University. The book consists of a selection of excerpts from important works of philosophy, accompanied by an introduction and study notes. The work begins by discussing the nature of philosophy, and moves on to consider philosophy of religion, ethics, and metaphysics and epistemology. Featured authors include: Plato; Aquinas; Hume; Kant; Nietzsche; Mill; Bertrand Russell; and William James. Each section is available in three formats: HTML; PDF; and MP3 files created using speech synthesis software. The book is made available for use under a GDFL licence, full details of which are given on the site, and forms part of a wider collection of introductory philosophy resources on the Lander University website.
'Some Texts From Early Modern Philosophy' is a website created and maintained by the eminent scholar, Jonathan F. Bennett. Here he has taken key primary works of early modern philosophy and made them more accessible through slight modifications of the texts. These modifications include, for example: a basic updating of language; limiting convoluted syntax; numbering points; adding occasional bracketed commentary of his own; and the like. Among the texts Bennett includes are: Berkeley's 'Principles of Human Knowledge'; Descartes' 'Meditations on First Philosophy' and 'Discourse on the Method'; Hobbes' 'Leviathan'; Hume's 'Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding' and 'Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion'; Kant's 'Prolegomena to any Future Metaphysic'; Locke's 'Essay Concerning Human Understanding'; and Mill's 'On Liberty'. This site should prove invaluable to students of early modern philosophy.
The Sophia Project website, run by the Department of Philosophy at Molloy College, aims to introduce the newcomer to philosophy. Ideally suited to school and FE guided study as well as new undergraduates, the Sophia Project presents philosophy to students in sections including: "What is Philosophy?", "Logic in a Nutshell", and "Reading a Philosophical Work", all of which can be found in the Resources area. Sections on philosophers from Aquinas to Wittgenstein allow the student to access primary texts and commentaries, while a useful further links section acts as a well-annotated gateway for the newcomer to philosophy. The site is well designed and all material is engagingly presented. Highly recommended.
Squashed Philosophers is a website offering abridged versions of some classic philosophical texts. Significant works of several dozen well-known philosophers can be found here, and classical and early modern philosophy are particularly well represented. Also included are some political, psychoanalytic and scientific texts at the margins of philosophy. The abridgement has been carried out by Glyn Hughes (who has performed a similar task for some religious and literary texts). Each text is introduced with an "extremely squashed" synopsis, along with an indication of the original and the abridged length of the text. The home page contains an estimated reading time for each abridged version. Some texts are more severely condensed than others. Whilst the site suggests that squashed texts contain all the student needs for the purposes of exams, the wary undergraduate will recognise the potential pitfalls of abridgement and not abandon the original works. Squashed Philosophers would stand as a helpful summary, introduction, or refresher of the main points. Squashed Philosophers is available in a print version and purchase details are provided on the site, as is a brief guide to how best to use the site, and an invitation to recommend alterations or suggest new texts ripe for squashing.
Taking Notes on Philosophical Texts is a brief online introductory undergraduate guide prepared by Peter Suber of the Philosophy Department at Earlham College. Suber suggests a very meticulous approach to taking notes on philosophical readings in order to encourage students to identify the terms of a given argument. He also prompts them to note every aspect of their own comprehension of parts of the text. In so doing, he pushes students to simultaneously develop their critical capacity along with their understanding of the form and meaning of philosophical arguments. The value of the site lies here, in the encouragement of learning through direct experiences with careful academic activity, intellectual practice and methodical introspection.
'A Timeline of Western Philosophers' is a subsite of the Philosophy Pages designed by Garth Kemerling, and devoted to providing general information on Western philosophy for students at the introductory levels of the field. The timeline lists important thinkers, beginning in 600 BCE with the main Presocratic philosophers and running up to contemporary thinkers in recent times. Clicking on a name takes the user to the appropriate spot in Kemerling's philosophical dictionary, located elsewhere in the site, and provides information on the philosopher in question, and links to definitions of related ideas elsewhere in the dictionary. The timeline uses surnames only, and while the list is extensive it is not exhaustive. The length of dictionary entries varies according to the generally perceived importance of each figure. Major entries include images, short bibliographies for further reading and online retailer links for purchasing listed works. In general, this site should provide a quick reference and bibliographical resource for beginning students in philosophy. Users should, however, note that the site does not seem to have been updated since 2001 (at the time of review). The existing links are nevertheless still in good condition,
The Miniature Library of Philosophy website provides a large collection of primary source readings which together trace the history of the modern intellectual climate, beginning with Galilei Galileo (1564-1642) and ending with contemporary post-modern theory. While ostensibly the history of modern western philosophy is the main linking theme between the texts chosen, there is a strong bias towards Marxism and socialism, which is not surprising given that this collection is part of the vast Marxist Internet Archive. Other topics covered include the philosophy of mathematics, psychology, science, epistemology, social science, existentialism, and phenomenology, and post-structuralism. The readings are indexed by theme, and alphabetically by author, and a site search facility can be found at the bottom of the home page. A broad spread of philosophical topics is addressed, and there are links to biographical information on some of the philosophers, along with analysis and a glossary. Also available is a set of links to other pages of interest, including resources on ethics, politics, feminism, Marxism, and Hegel. While the site uses frames, a no-frames version is provided. This site was compiled by Andy Blunden, an independent scholar from Australia. It would be of use to students and researchers looking for key texts in the history of western philosophy.
Vurt: Issues in Ethics is a website offering an introductory guide to ethics. The Issues in Ethics course handbook (offered as a PDF file) covers a range of topics: Moral claims; Self harm; Censorship and freedom of speech; Abortion; War; Animals; Feminism; Democracy; Crime and punishment; and Ends and means. In each section, an overview of key concepts and ideas is given, and some questions are posed to prompt students to engage with the issue. Also available is a guide to reading and other material, which provides links to online resources relevant to the issues covered. Although intended to accompany a course at Cardiff University, the site also functions well as a free-standing guide to the basics of ethics, and would be a useful resource for those beginning to study this topic.
This resource offers an online tutorial on how to produce good philosophy essays. Users are invited to follow the efforts of a fictional student as she progresses through several drafts of a paper for an introductory course that emphasises moral and political philosophy. For each draft, remarks and suggestions are made on different parts of the student's work until the final version, which would receive a very good grade, is completed. The resource also has a separate page that contains useful tips on style, substance, references, quotations, and on how to get started and to conclude. This website is maintained by Dr Joseph Cruz, Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Williams College, USA.
'Writing philosophy papers: a student guide' is the online edition of a handbook produced by the Department of Philosophy at Oregon State University. It provides a lengthy and comprehensive survey of the process of planning and writing a philosophy essay. Advice is given on how to generate and organise ideas and then build an argument, and a number of different types of philosophical writing are described and illustrated (though unfortunately not all of the links to other sites are functioning at the time of review). Inevitably, some of the material here is aimed specifically at students of Oregon State University rather than a wider audience, and the work as a whole deals with the process of writing an essay over a time period of several weeks, so may be less helpful for those working to a tighter timescale. Nevertheless, this is an extremely useful resource for those either learning or teaching the process of philosophical writing. This is a long document, but it is broken down into manageable and well-labelled sub-sections. It is in PDF and so requires Adobe Acrobat Reader.