This is the homepage of Abstracta, an online-only international philosophy journal (ISSN: 1807-9792) which focuses on the following areas: Epistemology; Logic; Metaphysics; Moral Philosophy; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Mind and Psychology; and Philosophy of Science. It publishes articles and book reviews, and receives submission written in English and Portuguese. This website allows access to all contents featured in the journal since the first volume was published in 2004. These are presented in PDF and requires Adobe Acrobat Reader for access. The site also contains the journal's submission policy and information about how to join their mailing list. Links are further provided to over 1000 electronic texts by over 300 philosophers; as well as to other relevant websites. The journal is edited by Andre Abath; Leonardo de Mello Ribeiro and Carlos de Sousa. This homepage is also available in Portuguese.
Based at the University of St. Andrews, Arché was founded in 1998, with a mission to foster research of excellence on fundamental questions in analytical metaphysics, formal and philosophical logic, philosophy of language, philosophy of mathematics, and philosophy of mind. The Centre receives funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) for several major research projects (some ongoing, some now completed): The Logical and Metaphysical Foundations of Classical Mathematics; The Grundgesetze Translation Project; The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Modality; and Vagueness: its Nature and Logic. The site carries detailed descriptions of these projects and invites philosophers to collaborate. Indeed, the centre is proud of its commitment to collaborative work, and regards itself as a focal point for scholars in the field. Information on fellowships, graduate studies and events are all available on the site, as is the Arché Twiki, a forum for discussion and exchange of ideas. Also provided are a small selection of podcasts, photographs and links to relevant websites.
Bas van Fraassen is an influential philosopher of science and philosophical logic, currently at Princeton University. This, his personal website, contains a wealth of information both professional and personal. A CV, a teaching section, a thorough bibliography of publications and the full text of articles, are offset by pictures of rock climbing and the family cats. Van Fraassen has also compiled bibliographies of articles and reviews pertaining to several of his books. Some excerpts and reviews are in PDF. Van Fraassen is a prolific and wide-ranging philosopher, who has written on science, logic, semantics, epistemology, metaphysics, art, literature and religion. This site would be of use to anyone interested in keeping tabs on his vast and continuing contributions to philosophy.
Certain Doubts is a philosophy blog devoted to epistemological questions. Founded and administered by Jonathan L. Kvanvig, the blog boasts an impressive list of contributors from the field of theory of knowledge, including Keith DeRose, John Pollock, Timothy Williamson, and Ernest Sosa. Posts are a mixture of philosophical pieces intended to provoke discussion (to aid browsing, the right hand side bar includes a useful list of the most popular posts, and of those which have accrued the most comments) and subject-related news items, including publication announcements and calls for papers. The blog also offers a number of pieces discussing methods of ranking philosophy journals and individual epistemologists, plus US philosophy departments and programmes.
This website is devoted to the American philosopher and polymath Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914). Active in a great many areas of philosophical research, Peirce is probably best known for his contributions to logic and semiotics, and as one of the fathers of American pragmatism. The website starts with an inadequate biographical sketch of Peirce, although after this the content improves somewhat. There is a selected bibliography of a small number of his published papers, six of which are reproduced in full. These include his well-known 'On a New List of Categories', three essays on cognition, and two 'illustrations of the logic of science'. The third section of the site covers the community of Peirce scholars. It includes links to other related materials on the Web.
This site hosts a series of papers by Teed Rockwell on issues in philosophy of mind and cognitive science, with replies from philosophers including Richard Rorty (1931- 2007) and U.T. Place (1924-2000). Notable areas covered include: non-cognitive aspects of mental life; pragmatism; consciousness; mental causation; non-reductive materialism; the modularity of mind; and atomistic ontology and mind. There are also selected archives from the Cognitive Questions mailing list dialogue that spawned the site, links to related papers, and a chapter-by-chapter summary of Rockwell's book on a non-dualist mind/brain identity theory. This site would be of interest to advanced students and researchers working in the areas of consciousness, cognition, and the mind/body problem.
The Computational Epistemology Laboratory (CEL) is a cognitive science research facility based at the University of Waterloo, Canada. Cognitive science refers to that research on cognition which utilises the combined insights of several disciplines including: philosophy; artificial intelligence; linguistics; and psychology. Headed by Paul Thagard, Professor of Philosophy at Waterloo, the CEL website is broken into several sections: cognitive science at the University of Waterloo; software; bibliographies (including a glossary of cognitive science terms); and other sites of interest. Perhaps most usefully for the student or researcher of cognitive science, the site allows the free download of several software packages designed to enable analysis of cognitive science data. The site is well-designed and easy to navigate. Although the CEL mainly represents and showcases the research of Professor Thagard, it also provides a useful list of links to other online cognitive science resources.
This brief introduction to Condillac's life and ideas was originally written as an encyclopaedia entry but is published on the Web as a one-off site. Born Étienne Bonnot, Condillac (1714-1780) was an important French empiricist philosopher who claimed that all mental operations could be derived from sensation alone. This website consists of a short biography of Condillac's life, a slightly longer section on his thought and importance to philosophy, and a final section consisting of a short, selective bibliography.
The Critical Rationalist was a short-lived electronic journal (ISSN 1393-3809) devoted to pursuing and elaborating the philosophy of Karl Popper (1902-1994) and, in particular, his method of 'Critical Rationalism' as outlined in his work Conjectures and Refutations. Note the journal appears to have ceased pbulication in 1998 and there are only three extant past issues, all of which can be accessed on this site in a variety of formats. In the Popperian tradition, this site eschews philosophy as linguistic analysis, focusing on 'real' philosophical problems such as probability, induction, the mind-body problem, the nature of scientific theories and the philosophy of history. The site also exposes Popper's own philosophy to rigorous critical analysis: 'Comprehensively Critical Rationalism' (CCR). This site will be of use especially to anyone with an interest in Karl Popper and the philosophy of science.
'Culture & the Mind' is a five-year interdisciplinary research project funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC). The project seeks to "investigate the philosophical consequences of the impact of culture on the mind and the cognitive and evolutionary foundations of culture." The project has three main areas of investigation, each of which have short summaries on the website: 'Folk Psychology & Folk Epistemics'; 'Norms & Moral Psychology'; and 'Artefacts & Material Culture'. The website has profiles of the Project Director and members of the Organising Committee, and hyperlinks to their external websites. The project will run until 2009, and there are plans to place publications online on the website in future.
This site contains detailed outlines of seven lectures for an undergraduate course on epistemology run by Professor Michael Tooley at the University of Colorado at Boulder. The subjects covered include: the concept of knowledge; skepticism; theories of justification; perception and the external world; other minds; and knowledge of the past. There is also a relatively brief introductory lecture on epistemology. A detailed table of contents allows for easy searching of particular topics. Despite some unfortunate colour choices for individual pages, the notes are clear and accessible, covering many aspects of the topics in some detail. While it is unlikely that they would stand alone as a first introduction to epistemology, an undergraduate with some background in the subject may find these notes useful for revision purposes.
Created by prominent epistemologist Keith DeRose (1962- ), this site provides information on and a guide to further resources in epistemology and related areas. For teachers and students, there are recommendations for textbooks, anthologies, and collections of original papers on epistemology, with links through to publishers' websites, where available. There is also a set of links to online courses with syllibi. For the undergraduate in particular, there is an introductory essay by DeRose on epistemology. For the postgraduate, there is a detailed discussion of universities in North America and the U.K. with strengths in epistemology, as well as a summary of recent noteworthy faculty moves. Finally, there is an extensive list of important contemporary epistemologists, with links to their home or departmental web pages, plus a bibliography of their notable publications since 1995. Near the top of the page is a link to a separate annotated bibliography on contextualism (the view that knowledge is essentially context-relative), which is a particular area of interest to DeRose. There is also a link to the epistemology blog site, Certain Doubts, to which DeRose is a contributor. The Epistemology Page would be of value to students, researchers, and teachers interested in contemporary theory of knowledge.
The Epistemology Research Guide is primarily a gateway to electronic resources within the philosophical field of contemporary analytic theory of knowledge. The resource is developed and maintained by Dr Keith Korcz, a professor of philosophy at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette. His main aim is to provide access to academic papers available online. To this end, the website comprehensively lists over 1000 links to both individual papers (some in PDF) and in certain cases to the personal Web pages of their authors. The papers are listed both alphabetically by author and by general subject area within epistemology, albeit without synopses or critical notes. Access is also provided to sets of lecture notes for epistemology courses offered at other universities. In addition, there are lightly annotated links to sites with philosophy papers and those devoted to contemporary analytic theory and epistemology blogs; as well as ones with bibliographic resources in epistemology and others that offer information on how to locate philosophy books that are in print. The site is well laid-out, easy on the eye, and simple to navigate. It should be an invaluable resource for philosophy students at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels.
'The Future of Humanity Institute' (FHI) describes itself as... "a unique multidisciplinary research institute at the University of Oxford" operating as part of the Oxford Faculty of Philosophy. The Institute seeks to engage in pioneering research in the ethics of areas such as: 'Human enhancement'; 'Global catastrophic risks'; 'Rationality and wisdom' in decision-making; and 'Future technologies'. The FHI website offers a full description of FHI staff, and there are also progress reports to download in PDF format. Video is available for some of the guest lectures at the FHI. The pages that detail each of the main research strands also offer full-text PDF papers for download, and links to FHI weblogs.
This is a list of electronic resources on the life and works of Bishop George Berkeley (1685-1753), compiled by mathematician David Wilkins. There is a selection of both short and long biographies of Berkeley, and links to complete versions of Berkeley's texts, a number of which Wilkins has prepared himself for electronic distribution. There is also a separate section on the Analyst controversy -- Berkeley's attack on the method of mathematical analysis employed by Isaac Newton (1643-1727) and others. The original attack, plus various responses and counter-responses to it are all made available here, along with brief introductory comments that situate the writings in the context of the debate. This site is notable in its inclusion of important works by Berkeley, which are here often made available in different editions where they exist, and in a variety of electronic formats. Editions and versions used are clearly indicated, and the site is easy to navigate.
This website, developed and maintained by Gyula Klima, a professor of philosophy at Fordham University, makes available the lecture notes he used whilst teaching an introductory philosophy course for Yale's Directed Studies Programme from 1991 to 1993. Topics covered are as follows: 'Plato on immortality in his "Phaedo"'; 'Isagoge'; 'De Bono: Boethius' "De Hebdomadibus"'; 'St Thomas on Boethius' "De Hebdomadibus"'; 'St Thomas Aquinas on being and essence' (lecture notes and handout); 'Causa prima'; 'The last scholastic: Descartes'; and 'The vanishing of substance'. This resource is suitable for those seeking a user-friendly introduction to these subjects. Anyone wishing for a more in-depth discussion of some of these topics is directed to Professor Klima's list of publications, which can also be accessed from this site.
The Husserl Page is a website dedicated to providing easy access to online resources related to the life and thought of the philosopher and father of phenomenology, Edmund Husserl (1859-1938). The site provides a detailed biographic chronology of Husserl, thorough information on Husserl archives, links to many full texts of Husserl's lectures and essays freely available across the Web, and extensive bibliographies of primary and secondary sources. There are also links to Husserl-related announcements, organisations, and sites concerning Husserl or phenomenology. The site is accessible and an ideal starting point for those wishing to find online scholarly resources related to Husserl. A small number of links were nevertheless no longer functioning at the time this record was reviewed.
HYLE is published by HYLE Publications, Karlsruhe, in cooperation with the University of Karlsruhe, Institute of Philosophy. It is a refereed international journal for the philosophy of chemistry, which covers epistemological, methodological, foundational, and ontological problems of chemistry and its subfields; the peculiarities of chemistry and relations to technology, other scientific and non-scientific fields; aesthetical, ethical, and environmental matters in chemistry; as well as philosophically relevant facets of the history, sociology, linguistics, and education of chemistry. Most articles are in English but some are in German. The journal is available electronically twice yearly, free, and may be purchased as an annual printed volume. The website also provides online bibliographies; book reviews; links to related sites; and contents lists for over 80 other journals (Science studies current contents service).
This website provides full-text access to 'HYLE', a refereed journal which focuses on the philosophical aspects of chemistry (ISSN 1433-5158). It also provides extensive scholarly and practical information on the philosophy of chemistry. Articles in HYLE deal with problems in the epistemology, methodology, foundations, and ontology of chemistry and its subfields, as a distinct branch within the philosophy of science. The journal provides a forum for discussion as well as book reviews. It has a substantial international scientific board clearly identified on the home page. Most articles are in English but some are in German. Additional features on the website include a bibliography of resources on philosophy of chemistry, biographies of some philosophers of chemistry, a book review service, a conference calendar, detailed conference reports, a journals section with links to the tables of content for related journals both electronic and print, and links to pertinent sites.
This site contains the transcript of various interviews conducted in 1992 between Yasuhiko Tomida, a Japanese philosopher who is also responsible for creating the site, and W. V. Quine (1908-2000), the late American philosopher of language and epistemology. The interviews are divided up into different titled sections in which various aspects of Quine's thought is discussed, including pragmatism and naturalism, as well as his responses to Carnap and Davidson. The text is also annotated with references, and was included in Tomida's 1994 book, 'Quine and the Contemporary American Philosophy'. The presentation is somewhat austere but perfectly clear.
'John Locke's An Essay Concerning Human Understanding' is an e-text version, with online search engine, of the sixth edition of the classic work by the 17th century English philosopher John Locke (1632-1704). Locke was an empiricist (empiricism: human knowledge derives ultimately from the deliverances of our senses), and the Essay Concerning Human Knowledge was his major philosophical work. Therein he proposes, amongst other things, his theories of metaphysics and knowledge. In particular, Locke was keen to offer philosophical support for the corpuscularian movement in physics, and to popularise the distinction between primary and secondary qualities of body. (Corpuscularianism: the theory advocated by Isaac Newton amongst others that the behaviour of objects is to be explained by the behaviour in turn of its minute particles or corpuscles; primary qualities: properties such as size and shape that are taken to obtain in objects independent of our perceptions; secondary qualities: properties such as colour and taste that are taken to obtain in objects only as far as we perceive them to do so). The e-text itself is presented in plain text in a window within the main resource page. There are useful hyperlinked indices that divide the text into its constituent books, chapters and sections. The resource also provides a search engine that allows the user to search the text for phrases and terms; the results being displayed in hyperlinked lists. The e-text itself is stated to be based on an original HTML version by Roger Bishop Jones, although the URL provided by the site for this version was not responding at the time this record was reviewed. It is not stated which print edition of the text the e-text is taken from.
Kent Bach is professor in the Department of Philosophy at San Francisco State University. His personal home page includes online versions of his publications in the area of the philosophy of language, especially speech-acts and conversational implicature. Bach is also concerned with philosophical problems surrounding referring and belief-reports, and issues at the intersection between mind and world, such as self-deception and truth. Aside from articles on these topics, he has also published a large number of reviews and encyclopaedia entries, also included on the site. Also featured near the bottom of the home page is a select set of links to philosophy and other sites of interest.
The KLI Theory Lab originates from the Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research (KLI) in Austria. It is a comprehensive database that allows users to make efficient searches for online resources in the domain of science, philosophy, evolution and cognition. The site is divided into a number of sections, in order to aid speed of search. Sections include: AI and computing; artificial life; cognitive science; cultural evolution; epistemology and philosophy of science; history and social studies of science; philosophy of biology; philosophy of mind. Each section consists of a brief introduction to the subject, and a partly-annotated list of links to periodicals, conferences, societies, institutions, personal websites, and other resources connected with the field. Searches can be performed using author name, title, or key word. Note that at the time of reviewing, certain sections were under construction, and a non-negligible number of links broken or outdated.
Language is a website compiled and written by students at Duke University. It presents succinct introductory essays on language and its relations to the following areas: philosophy; neurobiology; psychology; and cultural anthropology. There is also a general essay by the editor of the website. Of prime interest to philosophers is the essay by Marnie Riddle, which outlines the history and basic concepts of the various movements surrounding logical empiricism (including logical positivism), ordinary language philosophy and its roots in the early work of Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951), and some more recent developments in philosophy of language. The other essays also contain material relevant to philosophy of mind, epistemology, and language, such as discussions of the work of the behaviourist B.F. Skinner (1904-1990), and the linguists Noam Chomsky (1928-), and Benjamin Whorf (1897-1941). The essays are clearly divided into sub-sections and a bibliography for each is provided. The essays may be of use to students who are seeking some basic information on language and its significance in certain areas of philosophy.
'Neurones and Neonates: Reflections on the Molyneux Problem' is an e-text version of an interesting and informative paper by Shaun Gallagher, professor of philosophy at the University of Central Florida. An earlier version of the paper was published in 1996. The paper addresses the "Molyneux Question", which was posed by William Molyneux (1656-1698), and hypothetically asks whether a person born blind, upon miraculously recovering his sight, would be able to recognise at first and by sight alone shapes that he is familiar with by touch. Molyneux thought not, as famously did philosophers John Locke (1632-1704) and George Berkeley (1685-1753). The question is of interest to philosophers wanting to know to what extent our perceptual knowledge and concepts are empirically driven (e.g. whether or not we need experience of something in order to know it), and also to what extent our perceptual concepts are transferable across our different sense modalities. Gallagher in his paper, having introduced the Molyneux Question and summarised reactions to it over the last 300 years, brings to bear recent findings in developmental psychology and in neurophysiology in his attempt to definitively solve it. He concludes, among other things, that our different sense modalities do communicate with one another from the outset, but nonetheless stresses the ways in which experience is a necessary factor in the proper development of our sense faculties. This resource would be of interest to anyone considering the empirical basis of perception, and in particular to those researching the application of contemporary scientific findings to the Molyneux Question itself.
'Notes on the Existence of God' was written by Don Mannison (formerly an academic at the University of Queensland, Australia) shortly before his death in 1989. The paper, which is divided into five parts, is a philosophical examination of belief in God. He explained in the first part that "what is of interest here is not the causal background of an individual's (or of a group's) religious convictions, but rather, an examination of the nature and implications of the beliefs themselves, and the possible type of epistemological foundation they might have". He dedicated the second part of the paper to traditional arguments for the existence of God and here he looked at the cosmological, design, and ontological arguments. The third part deals with "problems arising from the traditional concept of God" and the fourth concentrates on the argument for the existence of God from "personal experience", before bringing the discussion to a close in the fifth section with some concluding observations. An interesting resource for students of religion.
This site contains the full-text of 41 papers on epistemology as presented at the 20th World Congress of Philosophy in Boston, Massachusetts from August 10-15, 1998. Topics addressed include: naturalized epistemology; internalism and externalism; foundationalist and coherence theories of knowledge; truth; representationalism; and the Gettier problem. A considerable number of papers are concerned with theory of knowledge as it is found in early modern philosophy. The archive is searchable by name or subject keyword. The majority of papers are in English, though several are in Spanish or German. The theory of knowledge section is part of the larger Paideia Archive, which collects a wide variety of philosophical writings categorised by subject area.
The Paideia Project On-Line is dedicated to the Proceedings of 20th World Congress of Philosophy at Boston University, held between 10 and 15 August 1998. The most substantial aspect of the site is the Paideia Archive, which makes available almost a thousand papers presented at the conference. The archive arranges papers by subject matter in an orderly and user-friendly manner, and the coverage is fairly comprehensive. Beyond the traditional philosophical categories, there are sections on the philosophy of sport, education, children, gender, and literature, plus regional entries focusing on African, Asian, American, and Latin American philosophy. The papers themselves are in printer-friendly HTML format and, with a few exceptions, are in English. They are written by professional philosophers and graduate students who attended the Congress. There is a sophisticated search function for finding particular topics in the archive. This resource will be of primary use to research students and faculty members, especially those investigating the less conventional or widespread areas of philosophy.
David Chalmers, professor of philosophy at Australian National University, has compiled a simple, but useful, page listing contemporary philosophers who have made available their research papers online. The materials are organised into different sections, and headings include: philosophy of mind; philosophy of language; metaphysics; epistemology; philosophy of science; philosophy of logic; mathematics; philosophy of religion; applied ethics; philosophy of consciousness; value theory; and history of philosophy. There are also sections on Medieval philosophy; 17th and 18th century philosophy; Asian philosophy; Ancient Greek philosophy; and 19th and 20th century philosophy.
Philosophy Compass (ISSN 1747-9991) is an online scholarly journal which publishes original peer-reviewed surveys of research and other significant works from across the discipline. It fills a gap left by existing guides within the subject by focussing on the most up-to-date development in philosophy. The materials are organised according to Authors' names as well as the following themes: Aesthetics and Philosophy of Art; Continental; Epistemology; Ethics; History of Philosophy; Legal and Political; Logic and Language; Metaphysics; Mind and Cognitive Science; Naturalistic Philosophy; Philosophy of Science; and Philosophy of Religion. While this is a subscription-based journal, free trials are available from this site, together with sample articles and abstracts of all materials published. The site also provides information about its editorial board and on how to subscribe to the journal. This resource is published by Wiley-Blackwell Publishing under the general editorship of Brian Weatherson of Cornell University.
Philosophy Online is a website offering a set of study resources for philosophy students. The site covers two key texts, Descartes' 'Meditations' and Nietzsche's 'Beyond Good and Evil', plus three themes: theory of knowledge; philosophy of religion; and philosophy of mind. Annotated versions of the texts are offered, plus summaries, study questions, and links for further reading suggestions. The thematic sections are divided into a number of sub-topics, each of which provides a brief overview of the main concepts and ideas. At time of review, some sections were still under construction. This site is structured around the AQA A level philosophy syllabus, but would also be of use to university students approaching these topics for the first time.
Principia is a twice-yearly journal on epistemology (ISSN: 1808-1711) based at the Federal University of Santa Catarina, Brazil. English is the dominant language but there are also papers in Portuguese, Spanish and French. The emphasis is on Anglo-Analytic epistemological theory, including aspects of logic, and philosophy of language and science. The print journal has been running since 1997, and free and open access to issues since 2003 are available on line (now the journal's main medium of publication). Included amongst these are special issues on W.V.O. Quine (1908-2000) and Donald Davidson (1917-2003). Abstracts for all pre-2003 issues are made available. Papers are in PDF, and a CD-ROM version of the journal is also offered.
'The Proceedings of the Friesian School, Fourth Series' is an electronic journal dedicated to continuing the Friesian reformation of philosophical thinking. The Friesian School traces its origins back to Kant. The name Friesian refers to Jakob Friedrich Fries (1773-1843), an evaluator and developer of Kant's theory of Transcendental Deduction. Fries was rediscovered by Leonard Nelson (1882-1927). Others who were influenced by Kantian thinking via Fries include Rudolf Otto, Karl Popper, and Friedrich A. Hayek. The journal contains an archive of essays on a range of subject areas including, 'History of Philosophy' (largest section), 'Epistemology', 'Philosophy of Science', 'Ethics', 'Political Economy', 'Value Theory', 'Philosophy of Religion', 'Metaphysics', and 'Philosophy of History'. Each section contains a mixture of contributed essays and editorial essays (the latter written by the editor, Kelley L. Ross). There are also a number of book reviews, the majority undertaken by the editor. The journal is not peer reviewed though authors of contributed essays include academic staff, postgraduates and senior undergraduates. The writings of the editor comprise the bulk of the site. A section of the site is also dedicated to the publication of correspondence between the editor and readers.
Philosopher A. C. Grayling's Web page offers a selection of his writings, both academic and popular. Grayling has written on metaphysics, epistemology, and logic, and is also a fervent supporter of the secularisation of society; pieces on all these subjects appear on the site. He regularly writes columns for national newspapers, and the text of or links to some of his recent offerings are provided. Additionally, the site provides an overview of Grayling's career, a statement of his academic interests, and a list of his full-length publications. Grayling is a strongly opinionated author, and sometimes a controversial one, and although his style may not be to everyone's taste, there is much thought provoking material here.
Reading for Philosophical Inquiry is a useful online open source introductory philosophy textbook from Lander University. The book consists of a selection of excerpts from important works of philosophy, accompanied by an introduction and study notes. The work begins by discussing the nature of philosophy, and moves on to consider philosophy of religion, ethics, and metaphysics and epistemology. Featured authors include: Plato; Aquinas; Hume; Kant; Nietzsche; Mill; Bertrand Russell; and William James. Each section is available in three formats: HTML; PDF; and MP3 files created using speech synthesis software. The book is made available for use under a GDFL licence, full details of which are given on the site, and forms part of a wider collection of introductory philosophy resources on the Lander University website.
This is the personal homepage of Dr S. Matthew Liao, the Deputy Director of the Program on the Ethics of the New Biosciences in the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Oxford. The site makes available his published works as well as those in the process of being published. Presented in HTML and PDF, they cover different areas in Philosophy such as Bioethics; Ethics; Metaphysics; Moral Epistemology; Moral Psychology; and Neuroethics. These include articles like: 'The Right of Children to be Loved'; 'Selecting Children: The Ethics of Reproductive Genetic Engineering'; 'Rescuing Embryonic Stem Cell Research: The Blastocyst Transfer Method'; and 'The Basis of Human Moral Status'. Readers are invited to comment on these works. The site, which should be of interest to students of Philosophy, contains a search engine.
This is the homepage of 'Constructivism in Practical Philosophy 2009', a project sponsored by the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC). Hosted by Sheffield University's Philosophy Department, the project seeks to bring together scholars with research interests in various aspects of constructivism in practical philosophy. It would hold 3 workshops and one concluding conference in 2009 where original papers would be presented and discussed. Each workshop would be on a particular theme and these are as follows: Constructivism in Political Philosophy; Constructivism and Normative Epistemology; and Constructivism and Practical Reason. This project homepage contains the timetable of the events; the list of participants and links to their respective homepages; and information for registration. The project is jointly coordinated by Professor James Lenman and Dr Yonatan Shemmer of the University of Sheffield.
This is a website created by Nick Bostrom, containing investigations into the possibility that we may all be living in a computer-generated simulation of reality. Bostrom's original scholarly paper putting forward this variation on a classical sceptical scenario is included on this site, as are several more accesible synopses of the argument written for general consumption. Related writings and commentaries on Bostrom's simulation argument are made available, with abstracts. There are also links to sites concerning questions of humankind's evolutionary and technological advancement, or possible extinction, all of which pertain to the original simulation argument. A frequently asked questions section is provided. This site may be of interest to students and researchers investigating issues surrounding epistemological scepticism and/or the future of humanity.
'Social Epistemology: A Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Policy' (ISSN: 1464-5297) publishes work by scholars interested in the production, assessment and validation of knowledge. It is peer-reviewed and is published 4 times a year. The following are amongst the titles published: 'Comparability and incommensurability'; 'Social epistemology, information science and ideology'; Cross-cultural epistemic practices'; 'The dissonance of scientific and legal norms'; 'A brief history of bibliographies'; 'Dilemmas of objectivity'; and 'Social capital in changing capitalism'. This website contains: submission guidelines for authors; information on its editorial board and readership; and tables of contents of all materials published since 1987, including the abstracts of many articles. Free user registration is required to access a sample issue.
This is the website of the Social Philosophy and Policy Center (SPPC) based at Bowling Green State University, USA. Established in 1981, the centre studies public policy issues from a philosophical perspective. In so doing, it uses insights from other disciplines like economics, jurisprudence and political science. The site informs visitors of upcoming events (e.g. colloquia; lectures and conferences) and of works recently published by its staff, fellows and visiting scholars. It also connects them to Social Philosophy and Policy, the centre's journal which is published twice a year by Cambridge University Press. Each volume is based on a specific theme (e.g. bioethics; human rights; ethics and economics; philosophy and law; virtue and vice; responsibility; the welfare state; autonomy; and moral epistemology). Visitors can view all themes explored since 1983 from that homepage.
This website offers a variety of resources on the theory of knowledge, chiefly related to a course on the subject taught by G.J. Mattey at the University of California, Davis. The most substantial item on the site is a set of extensive lecture notes; these are intended to be used in conjunction with Keith Lehrer's book, 'Theory of Knowledge', but are comprehensive enough to constitute an introduction to the subject by themselves. Many aspects of the topic are covered, including truth, coherence, justification, and scepticism. There are also sample exam and essay questions, an online version of a paper by G.J. Mattey entitled 'Self-trust and the reasonableness of acceptance', a section (currently under construction) on prominent theorists of knowledge, and a short but useful links list. This is a valuable resource for those studying or teaching the theory of knowledge.
This web page contains an online version of a famous essay by W.V.O. Quine criticising some of the assumptions underlying empiricism. Willard Van Orman Quine (1908-2000) was one of the foremost American mathematicians and philosophers of the twentieth century. The 'Two Dogmas of Empiricism' that he objects to here are the belief in a fundamental distinction between analytic and synthetic truths, and the reductionism that assumes 'that each meaningful statement is equivalent to some logical construct upon terms which refer to immediate experience'. This e-text provides both the original 1951 edition of the essay and the revised 1961 edition. Where the texts vary, they are placed side-by-side for easy comparison. The footnotes are linked by hypertext, a good way to ensure the clean readability of the body of the text.
The Miniature Library of Philosophy website provides a large collection of primary source readings which together trace the history of the modern intellectual climate, beginning with Galilei Galileo (1564-1642) and ending with contemporary post-modern theory. While ostensibly the history of modern western philosophy is the main linking theme between the texts chosen, there is a strong bias towards Marxism and socialism, which is not surprising given that this collection is part of the vast Marxist Internet Archive. Other topics covered include the philosophy of mathematics, psychology, science, epistemology, social science, existentialism, and phenomenology, and post-structuralism. The readings are indexed by theme, and alphabetically by author, and a site search facility can be found at the bottom of the home page. A broad spread of philosophical topics is addressed, and there are links to biographical information on some of the philosophers, along with analysis and a glossary. Also available is a set of links to other pages of interest, including resources on ethics, politics, feminism, Marxism, and Hegel. While the site uses frames, a no-frames version is provided. This site was compiled by Andy Blunden, an independent scholar from Australia. It would be of use to students and researchers looking for key texts in the history of western philosophy.