This is the website of The Argument Clinic at the University of Northern Colorado. Visitors are invited to submit an argument to the Clinic and have it examined by staff at the university's Philosophy department. Examples of past submissions are provided. The site is a simple form, containing spaces for your name, email address, date, and a description of the argument. The site also contains information about arguments and their evaluation. The Argument Clinic is obviously lighthearted, but is a useful resource for those teaching and learning critical thinking.
Chance is a website developed by a group of academics based at Dartmouth, Middlebury, Grinnell and Spelman Colleges and the University of Minnesota. The site contains materials to develop a course on studying philosophical problems related to chance. There is a wealth of courseware on the site offered by different instructors who cooperated on this project. There are numerous syllabi; student evaluation sheets; a teacher's guide; and a great array of teaching and study aids. Several articles about the Chance courses are posted in full. A good bibliographic resource lists many sources and also posts some online in full-text versions. A bibliographic reviews journal is available on the site in the form of Chance News. This newsletter offered reviews of "articles in the news that teachers of probability and statistics might want to use in their classes." These reviews are now archived in the Chance News Archives, with all issues of Chance News between 1992 and 2004. This periodical has now been replaced by the Chance Wiki. An entire lecture series from 2000 has been videotaped and posted on the site, although there were some problems accessing the tapes at the time of review. Audio tapes of relevant discussions on carriers such as NPR are also posted. Users should also check the site's annotated links page and the search engine.
Critical Thinking on the Web offers a comprehensive guide to Web resources on critical thinking and related topics, giving well-annotated links to scores of useful sites. It covers argument mapping, definitions of critical thinking, fallacies, and a whole host of other aspects of the subject, and includes everything from complete online courses to brief humorous (though still informative) articles. The site is easy to navigate: the front page gives a list of categories into which the resources are sorted, along with the site's author's top ten recommendations, details of newly added links (the site is updated frequently), and a search function. A valuable resource for anyone studying, teaching, or merely interested in critical thinking.
Critical Thinking Web is an online resource providing over a hundred free tutorials on critical thinking, logic, and reasoning. The tutorials, most of which are fairly short, are suitable for independent use by students. Topics covered include: the nature of critical thinking and how to improve it; analysis of meaning and arguments; sentential (propositional) logic; basic statistics; and fallacies and biases. Additionally, the site offers a downloadable mini-guide to critical thinking, plus a set of exercises suitable for use in class teaching (both available as PDF documents). Compiled by Dr Joe Lau of the University of Hong Kong and Dr Jonathan Chan of Hong Kong Baptist University, this resource is available in English and both traditional and simplified Chinese.
This is the home page of Professor Douglas Neil Walton of the University of Windsor in Canada. Walton specialises in informal logic, fallacies (errors of reasoning) and argumentation (the theory behind logical argument). The site features the text of several dozen articles by him (in PDF); a list of his books; the PowerPoint slides of the talks he has given; and a copy of his CV. There are also useful links to research and teaching resources including: the home pages of other academics; the websites of relevant journals; and software.
This Web page is part of the Introduction to Postcolonial Studies website hosted by the English Department at Emory University, and provides introductory information relating to the postcolonial critic Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak. It includes a brief biography, a link to a glossary of key terms used in her work, and a list of her major works. Born to middle-class parents in Calcutta in 1942, Spivak studied English literature at the University of Calcutta and went on to train in comparative literature in the United States. Spivak has described herself as a "para-disciplinary ethical philosopher" and also as a Marxist, deconstructionist and feminist. A translator of Jacques Derrida's Of Grammatology, she has also translated the stories of the Bengali writer Mahasweta Devi.
'Guidelines on Writing a Philosophy Paper' is a site developed by Jim Pryor of New York University. It is a teaching resource aimed at undergraduates. Its primary value is that it acknowledges the subtle differences between composing a paper in Philosophy and in other Humanities disciplines. This field-specific approach is most helpful, as undergraduate Humanities education often focuses broadly on the development of basic argumentation and general analytical ability, without much deeper consideration of the subject itself. Similar undergraduate writing guides often do not address, or only implicitly address, the fact that study in different areas of the Humanities often brings varying analytical skills to the fore. Here, the site encourages the common Humanities concerns of critical, original and analytical thinking and advises on the usual issues related to grammar, style and grading criteria. But the substantial value of the site for both teachers and students of philosophy lies in the emphasis upon foci that are essential to the discussion of philosophical topics. These include consistent inner logic; word choice; contemplation and planning of the argument and mode of expression.
How to Read a Philosophy Paper (including this one) is an undergraduate guide which was prepared by Jeff McLaughlin at Thompson Rivers University. The site also has two closely linked pages entitled How to Plan a Philosophy Paper and How to Write a Philosophy Paper. All of these pages provide advice in a chatty, humorous tone, which should instruct students relatively painlessly. At the same time, McLaughlin's efforts are fundamentally thorough and serious. In his reading guide, he explains the basic steps of reading philosophical texts and he presents them as the building blocks of critical thinking in a multi-part and multi-faceted process. He also explains the logical rules and the logical consistency that drive philosophical arguments in an accessible and penetrating manner. In his planning guide, McLaughlin continues in the same vein, notably drawing attention to the difference between a philosophy paper and papers in other disciplines. In his writing guide, McLaughlin again translates the principles of argumentation into the task at hand; he advises students to understand the correlation between those principles and their activities as they compose each paragraph. The guide finishes with a citation style guide. For its general accessibility and clarity, this site can be recommended as a good teaching tool at the introductory post-secondary level.
Lacanian Compass is an open-access online newsletter published by the World Association of Psychoanalysis (WAP). Its aim is to inform of international events in the field of Lacanian psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic criticism. Jacques Lacan is a French psychoanalyst and theorist whose works has had a tremendous influence on modern thought. His interests in structuralist linguistics and the philosophy of Hegel, Heidegger and Merleau-Ponty led to the reconceptualization of issues such as: otherness; subjectivity; sexual difference; and the drives. Current and previous issues of the Lacanian Compass provide commentaries and reports from seminars, lectures and psychoanalytic congresses, as well as critical responses to queries raised by literature, visual arts, media and cultural studies. Although the welcome screen listing consecutive issues of the newsletter is presented in Spanish, the publication itself is entirely in English. The fact that articles and papers in Lacanian Compass are available in full length is another advantage of the journal. These two qualities make the following publication significantly different from otherwise highly commendable Lacanian Ink and The Symptom. This newsletter can be of use to scholarly audience and enthusiasts of psychoanalytic criticism. For those who wish to be regularly updated, the website offers a free subscription.
'Logic' is part of the Philosophy Pages online resource created by Garth Kemerling. This subsite, based on material from three basic introductory undergraduate texts, provides clear and comprehensive essays which explain the principles and ideas of Elementary Logic. Within each essay, terms that require further definition are hyperlinked to Kemerling's Philosophical Dictionary, also on the site. Essays are arranged under the following headings: logical arguments; uses of language; definition and meaning; fallacies of relevance, presumption, and ambiguity; categorical propositions and immediate inferences; categorical syllogisms and their validity; syllogisms in ordinary language; logical symbols expressing argument form and statement form; rules of inference and replacement to prove validity or invalidity; basics of quantification theory; analogical inferences; causal reasoning; scientific explanation; and probability theory. There is also a short bibliography, with links to an online retailer that sells the recommended books. Undergraduates ought to find this site a helpful study aid.
The Fallacy Files website provides an extensive set of examples of logical fallacies, or mistakes in reasoning, ordered alphabetically and including alternate names by which specific fallacies are known. The fallacies may also be explored through a taxonomy based on the fallacy/sub-fallacy model. Each fallacy has a page of description and analysis, which includes examples. Each fallacy file includes the 'type', 'form' and sub-fallacies associated with the fallacy being defined, as well as the resource from which this information is drawn. The site includes a selection of fallacy examples found 'in the wild', from newspapers, magazines and other media. A section on Sources and Resources provides information on other web and print-based resources concerning fallacies and informal logic. A weblog for the Fallacy Files website includes email from readers, and further provision and discussion of examples of fallacious thought. The site is easy to navigate. It will be of use to undergraduates studying critical thinking or informal logic, and also to teachers, who may need to brush up on their knowledge of logical fallacies.
This is an online tutorial covering many key concepts in basic logic and critical thinking. The tutorial consists of chapters on topics ranging from definitions, fallacies, and argument structure, through to syllogisms, propositional logic and notation, and statistical analysis. Each chapter contains a discussion, a self-quiz, and a set of interactive multiple-choice practice questions, which allow the user to see the results immediately. The online tutorial was originally designed to accompany a text on reasoning by David E. Kelley, but it is sufficiently robust to stand on its own as an introduction to critical thinking and elementary logic. The self-quiz and practice questions could also serve as useful revision tools for the undergraduate taking a course in this area.
The Nizkor Project: Fallacies is based on Dr. Michael C. Labossiere's Macintosh programme Fallacy Tutorial Pro 3.0. The site provides a brief description of what a fallacy is - very briefly, an error of reasoning found in an argument in which the premises do not provide the necessary degree of support for the conclusion. The Nizkor Project: Fallacies is divided into 42 sections, each dealing with a different kind of fallacy. For example, the following fallacies are covered: ad hominem, tu quoque, appeal to novelty, questionable cause, and straw man. Each section is clearly written with a number of examples for clarity of understanding. In all, this is an introduction to some of the more basic fallacies, and may be of interest to beginning undergraduates new to critical thinking. An Italian version of the site is also made available. The Fallacies pages are part of the Nizkor Project website, which is dedicated to providing educational resources on the Holocaust.
'Philosophical Terms and Methods' is an online teaching tool written by Jim Pryor of New York University. This site is aimed generally at undergraduates in order to teach them the fundamental components and characteristics both of philosophical arguments and of analyses of philosophical arguments. This is not solely an introductory site: different levels of undergraduates and their instructors can benefit by consulting or recommending this resource. The site explains in detail and formally defines the following: what an argument is; valid, sound, and persuasive arguments; conditionals and consistency; good and bad forms of argument; analysing concepts; and thought experiments and counter-examples. In addition to these clear and helpful explanatory essays, site users will find a Philosophical Glossary for Beginners attached to the site, with definitions of such terms as ad hoc, and ad hominem arguments, among others. Commonly used foreign words and phrases are also included.
The Reasoning Page is a website maintained by Bruce B. Janz of the University of Central Florida. It is devoted to resources for critical thinking, formal reasoning, applied reasoning, and rhetoric. In effect, then, the site is a critical reasoning gateway. The contents are organised into the following main sections: Argumentation/Critical Thinking/Informal Logic; Formal Reasoning; History of Logic; Rhetoric; and Reasoning in Context. The selection of links is vast. Unfortunately, quite a number of these were not working at the time this record was reviewed.
The Skeptic's Dictionary - Logic and Perception is a useful and informative electronic dictionary of, in the main part, certain terms and concepts in logic and perceptual science. A link to the related pages, The Skeptic's Dictionary - Philosophy and Science can be found at the bottom of the page. Topics dealt with are chosen primarily on the basis of their strange, amusing, or uncanny appeal, though the discussions are serious and well-informed. The resource is written by Robert T. Carroll, a professor of philosophy at Sacramento City College, and forms part of his larger site "The Skeptic's Dictionary". The Logic and Perception site includes, among other things, definitions and discussions of various common fallacies (fallacy in its broadest sense: faulty reasoning), and other forms of putatively poor thinking, such as false memory syndrome, self-deception, selection bias, and the subliminal. The resource contains the author's own recommendations for further reading in the fields of logic and perception and, in the related pages, on philosophy and science. Additionally, there are carefully-chosen bibliographical resources listed for the subject matter of individual entries. There are also links to related sites of interest for the individual discussions, and reader's comments. Professor Carroll's definitions are clear and concise, and contain hyperlinked access to entries for related names and terms on other parts of the site. The resource is easy on the eye, and is also simple to navigate.
Taking Notes on Philosophical Texts is a brief online introductory undergraduate guide prepared by Peter Suber of the Philosophy Department at Earlham College. Suber suggests a very meticulous approach to taking notes on philosophical readings in order to encourage students to identify the terms of a given argument. He also prompts them to note every aspect of their own comprehension of parts of the text. In so doing, he pushes students to simultaneously develop their critical capacity along with their understanding of the form and meaning of philosophical arguments. The value of the site lies here, in the encouragement of learning through direct experiences with careful academic activity, intellectual practice and methodical introspection.
This is the website of the TALESSI Project, a learning and teaching development programme which aims to promote learning for interdisciplinarity, critical thinking and values awareness in higher education. The organisation is based at the University of Greenwich, and is supported by the Fund for the Development of Teaching and Learning. It has been operating for around three years, and has developed a collection of online Teaching and Learning Resources (TLRs); these and other information about the project can be accessed here.The site lists the project's current TLRs (many of which have an environmental focus) in thematic clusters, and visitors can access users' comments on the resources. In addition, there is information about forthcoming conferences and workshops, as well as a selection of online papers and links to other web resources of relevance to TALESSI. This is an attractively designed website that is straightforwardly navigable.
'Writing philosophy papers: a student guide' is the online edition of a handbook produced by the Department of Philosophy at Oregon State University. It provides a lengthy and comprehensive survey of the process of planning and writing a philosophy essay. Advice is given on how to generate and organise ideas and then build an argument, and a number of different types of philosophical writing are described and illustrated (though unfortunately not all of the links to other sites are functioning at the time of review). Inevitably, some of the material here is aimed specifically at students of Oregon State University rather than a wider audience, and the work as a whole deals with the process of writing an essay over a time period of several weeks, so may be less helpful for those working to a tighter timescale. Nevertheless, this is an extremely useful resource for those either learning or teaching the process of philosophical writing. This is a long document, but it is broken down into manageable and well-labelled sub-sections. It is in PDF and so requires Adobe Acrobat Reader.