This is the home page of Alfred J. Freddoso, a professor of Thomistic Studies and Philosophy at the University of Notre Dame. It contains course material, such as lecture outlines; handouts; syllabi; and study questions for a number of courses. Most courses concern aspects of ancient (including Presocratic) and medieval philosophy, and philosophy of religion, with particular attention to scholasticism and Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274). A wide variety of supplementary material, ranging from primary and secondary source texts, maps, and some of the author's own translations, can be found within the individual course pages. Freddoso's own philosophical writings, published and unpublished, are available, as is his in-progress translation of Aquinas' Summa Theologica, with commentary. Also available is the complete text of Pope John Paul II's Fides et Ratio, with accompanying commentary and study notes. This site would be of interest to undergraduates with some basic familiarity with the topics covered, who are seeking revision material or further information. It would also be of use to teachers designing courses in any of the topics covered.
The Ancient Commentators on Aristotle Project is run by the Department of Philosophy at King's College London, and this is its website. The project aims to make available in English translation the principal ancient commentaries on the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 BC). This site makes available online several documents (in PDF format) related to the project. It should be noted, however, that the translated commentaries themselves are unavailable here (links are provided for those wishing to purchase these online). Nonetheless, researchers of Aristotle will find several items of interest. Chief among these is an extensive bibliographical guide to recent works on the commentators. This is an annotated list of articles and books relating to the ancient Greek, Arabic and Latin commentaries on Aristotle. Also provided here are lists of volumes produced by the project, including translations and explanatory works.
'Ancient Egyptian Religion' is a website that serves as a gateway to a short but useful and well-maintained collection of links relating to the religious beliefs of ancient Egyptians. The list, compiled by Andrew Bayuk, is lightly annotated. The materials chosen cover items such as: deities; beliefs; practices; culture; mythology; priesthood; history; philosophy; symbols; death; funeral; embalming; and tombs. The site forms part of the 'Guardian's Egypt' website, which features various other aspects of Egypt and Egyptology. Accessible and informative, this resource is suitable for undergraduate use.
Ancient Greece is a website consisting of a general introduction to Greek history and culture from the archaic to the Hellenistic period. There are pages on the culture and organisation of the city states Sparta and Athens, and on the Delian League (centred on Delos) and the Theban Hegemony. Other pages describe the background to, and consequences of, the important wars and conflicts fought by the Greeks. Philip II and Alexander the Great both receive attention. As well as describing the historical events, the website introduces some of the key elements of Greek philosophy, from the pre-Socratics to Hellenistic thought. Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle are all featured, with extracts from their key works reproduced. Pages on Greek literature and drama include extracts from Homer's 'Odyssey' and Thucydides' 'History of the Peloponnesian War'. The origins and significance of comedy and tragedy are explained. The site also includes two rather rudimentary maps of the Greek regions and cities. 'Ancient Greece' forms part of an online courseware unit from Washington State University's 'World Civilizations' project. It is targeted at students about to begin university and first year undergraduates.
The Archelogos Project website is the home of an ambitious and exciting project, based at the University of Edinburgh. The project's aim is the creation of an electronic database recording all the philosophical arguments that can be extracted from the works of the ancient Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle. The database, which is designed for online viewing, is still a work in progress, but substantial sections of text are already available. Arguments are presented hierarchically: each of the main points can be expanded to reveal the sub-arguments. Citations are given for each argument's location in the original work, plus links to both the Greek texts and English translations. There are also notes on alternative interpretations of words and phrases, and references to other passages where similar themes occur. Analyses have been commissioned from specialists in ancient philosophy, and are overseen by an academic board drawn from universities around the world. The Archelogos Database is one of several interesting and innovative on-going University of Edinburgh projects relating to ancient philosophy; links to the others are also provided.
Aristoteles Latinus is a project aiming to produce a multi-volume critical edition of all the medieval translations of Aristotle from Greek to Latin, including a critical apparatus evidencing the way in which Aristotle's texts became known in the West. The project is under development at the De Wulf-Mansion Centre, Catholic University, Louvain and it is receiving support from the International Union of Academies. Twenty-seven volumes have already been published during the last 50 years and they are listed on the project website. They include the entire corpus of Aristotle's logical works; his Metaphysics and Nicomachean Ethics; and several versions of the physical and technical works. The complete texts are available in printed form and in an electronic database (ALD-1) on CD-Rom. The two are not identical, however, as much of the critical apparatus, indexes and other tools have not been included in the electronic version. On the website there is also a list of editions in progress as well as a list of future editions to be considered. There is other useful information on the website including information about related research projects, lectures and events.
The Augustine of Hippo site was initially created by James J. O'Donnell to support a series of online seminars. The site has grown to provide access to a range of resources for the study of Saint Augustine of Hippo, many of which are authored by O'Donnell. The site is divided into a number of sections and navigated through frames. Sections include: an introduction to the life and works of Augustine; texts and translations; commentaries; research materials; a record of the online seminars; and digital images relating to Augustine. The introductory section includes a number of essays written by O'Donnell as well as links to resources such as encyclopaedia entries. The texts and translations section brings together a number of online works of Augustine ranging from the City of God to sermons. Many of the texts are available in both Latin and English translation. Perhaps the most significant resource available in this section is O'Donnell's own edition and commentary on Augustine's Confessions (Augustine: Confessions, a text and commentary. Oxford: 1992. ISBN 0198143788). Research materials include bibliographies, maps, and a collection of online research papers. Throughout the site are scattered annotated links to other Augustinian resources on the Web.
The Boethius website is created and maintained by James J. O'Donnell of Georgetown University. It focuses on the Roman philosopher, poet and politician who lived from ca. 480 to ca. 525 CE, offering a brief biography and the Latin text of his 'Consolation of Philosophy (Consolatio Philosophiae)' with translation tools, a line-by-line commentary, an English translation and a bibliography. It is intended as a teaching resource for students of classics and/or history and for this it serves its purpose very well. There are also links to related resources but a number of these were not functioning at the time this record was reviewed.
This website publishes new translations of Plato's Euthyphro, Socrates' Defense (also known as The Apology), Crito and the death scene from Phaedo and is part of Dr Woods' personal page. The new translation has been prepared by Dr Woods and his student Ryan Pack with the intention of offering a good online translation for those who cannot (or prefer not) to visit a library. This is a good idea, and hopefully more lecturers will make available important contents online. Students in particular will appreciate this website.
This is the website of the "Center for Hellenic Traditions" established in 2004 at the Central European University in Budapest, Hungary. The site reflects the activities and publication profile of this centre. Its proclaimed aim is to "promote innovative research into the history of Hellenic culture in a number of less frequented research areas". Thus, the research fields include religion, theology, philosophy, literature, and history of art, while the geographical area covered comprises the Balkans, the Eastern Mediterranean, Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, the Middle East and India from Antiquity to the Early Modern period. The site informs about the workshops and colloquia organised by the center and introduces the most recent publications. The center is also part of a larger project of digitisation of Syriac manuscripts in Southern India. A call for application for fellowships is posted on the site. The titles in the lecture series hosted by the centre gives a god overview of the research interests of the centre and of the good academic reputation it has acquired among specialists.
This resource is an online reprint of 'Augustine: Confessions' a text and commentary by James J. O'Donnell (Oxford: 1992; ISBN 0-19-814378-8). The text of the Confessions is in the original Latin, and the commentary in English. For each of the 13 books of the Confessions, a link is provided to the introductory commentary on that book. Likewise, every section of the text is linked to extensive comments on the section. Users can also enjoy a sample of a number of frescoes on the life of Augustine (350-430 AD) done by Benozzo Gozzoli in San Gimignano in the 15th century. The site is user-friendly, with frames and no-frames versions available, and search engines are provided.
The Cornell University Library Historical Monographs Collection website provides free access to facsimiles of over 400 historical monographs. A number are of interest to those working in ancient and modern history of philosophy. These include English translations of: Aristotle's (384-322 BCE) On Youth and Old Age, Life and Death, and Respiration; The Science of Ethics as Based on the Science of Knowledge, by Johann Fichte (1762-1814); The Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason, and On the Will in Nature, by Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860); The Positive Philosophy of Auguste Comte (1798-1857) in three volumes; and Otto Weininger's (1880-1903) Sex and Character. There is also a facsimile of Moses Maimonides' (1135-1204) Moreh Nevukhim (Guide for the Perplexed), translated into Hebrew. As this is an historical archive, the translations and texts should not be treated as definitive or up-to-date (the Comte, for instance, is recorded as being 'freely translated' and condensed by the author Harriet Martineau); the site is primarily of historical philosophical interest. The database may be browsed or searched by author/title.
The 'Deep Evil Scary Metaphysics page' is the home page for courses run by Professor Rose Cherubin at George Mason University (GMU). It provides access to a wealth of resources for the study of Pre-Socratic philosophers and Plato and Aristotle. There are course notes, syllabi, digital dialogues, online articles, PowerPoint slides, writing guides, and links to other classical resources with summaries of their contents. This website is clearly a useful tool for all those studying courses in ancient Greek philosophy and particularly for those who are studying the Pre-Socratics.
This is a very simple website containing a complete electronic text (in English translation) of The Discourses by the ancient philosopher Epictetus (c. AD50-120). The Discourses record exchanges between Epictetus and his students after formal teaching had concluded for the day. They are a record of intimate, though earnest, discussions in which Epictetus gets his students to consider carefully what the philosophic life, for a Stoic, consists of, and how to live it oneself. A wide range of topics are touched upon, from friendship to illness, from fear to poverty, on how to acquire and maintain tranquillity, and why we should not be angry with other people. The electronic text is divided into four books, with each book containing several chapters.
Epicurus and Epicurean Philosophy is a website which aims to introduce Epicureanism both to the serious student of philosophy and to anyone seeking useful and inspiring ideas. Epicurus (341-270 BC) helped to lay the intellectual foundations for modern science and for secular individualism, with many aspects of his system still highly relevant some twenty-three centuries after they were first taught to his students at his school, known as 'The Garden', in Athens. The site includes: translations of Epicurean texts (including works by, as well as Epicurus himself: Diogenes Laertius; Lucretius; Cicero; Horace; Lucian; Cornelius Nepos; Plutarch; and Lactantius); background information on the period in which he and his followers wrote; general material on ancient philosophy; and pages of annotated links to other relevant online resources. There is also a discussion list associated with the site.
History of Ancient Philosophy is a highly organised and detailed piece of online courseware developed by Marc Cohen of the Philosophy Department at the University of Washington. The site will be most helpful for instructors and students working on ancient Greek philosophy from the Milesians through to Aristotle. Cohen makes available here his detailed lecture notes on a range of topics (subjects covered include Zeno, Plato and Aristotle, among others), as well as providing information about the course syllabus, including a schedule and sample examination questions. The site also provides a collection of links to online primary and secondary sources devoted to ancient philosophy and related topics. Cohen also has other subsites here entitled Just for Fun and Ancient Philosophy in the News, with recent relevant news items. These subpages are clearly meant to spark students' interest, but other visitors will find them informative as well.
'Images of St Augustine' is a website maintained by John Immerwahr, Professor of Philosophy at Villanova University, USA. It provides a brief narrative of the life of Saint Augustine of Hippo (354-430). The materials are offered in two sections. The first presents a selection of images, which are accompanied by narration, of the frescoes painted by Benozzo Gozzoli in the Church of Saint Augustine in San Gimignano, Italy. The scenes are on the following themes: School, College, Mother of Tears; Rome; The Teacher; To Milan; Arrival in Milan; St Ambrose; Conversion; Baptism; Seashell; Death of Monica (his mother); and (St Augustine's) Funeral. The second section contains a number of images from the stained glass windows in the St Thomas of Villanova Church on the campus of Villanova University. The scenes here are on the following themes: Conversion; Baptism; Vision; Death; Writing Confessions; Pelagianism; Sea Shell (an ancient symbol of baptism); and Giving the Rule. This is an interesting and engaging resource for those seeking an introduction to the life and teachings of St Augustine.
The Digital Texts Project website of the Institute for Learning Technologies (ILT), based at Columbia University, offers free full-text editions of many classic philosophical works in English. Texts available include: Aristotle's 'Nicomachean Ethics'; Plato's 'Meno'; 'Crito'; 'Protagoras'; 'Phaedrus'; 'Gorgias'; 'Ion'; 'Symposium'; 'Phaedo'; and 'Republic'; John Dewey's 'Democracy and Education'; John Locke's 'An Essay Concerning Human Understanding'; and Machiavelli's 'The Prince'. There are also texts by George Berkeley, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, David Hume, and Virgil, amongst others. Brief biographic sketch of authors are also provided, plus links to other major sites with digital texts available. However, it should be noted that this site is still a work in progress: texts are not yet available for all the authors listed on the home page, and some of those which are available are only in plain text format (HTML versions are said to be forthcoming, but site updates do not appear to be particularly frequent). Nevertheless, there is already enough material here to make this an extremely useful resource.
The website of the International Association for Greek Philosophy (IAGP) provides information about the activities of the Association, which is a non-profit organisation devoted to promoting the study of Greek philosophy. Details of past and forthcoming conferences and publications are given, plus contact details for the Association. The site also offers a link to the International Centre for Greek Philosophy, a non-profit academic research and cultural institution which aims to promote international research into Greek philosophy, and to coordinate and develop the research carried out by specialists in Greek philosophy.
This is the website of the International Plutarch Society, which aims to further Plutarchan studies and to encourage communication between scholars who are researching various aspects of Plutarch's works. The site gives a page of links to English translations of writings of the Greek biographer, historian, and moral philosopher, (found in the Internet Classics Archive) as well as a large downloadable bibliography (in PDF format) of secondary material on Plutarch which, although comprehensive, gives only the title and author of works with no annotation detailing their content. Details of how to become a member of the International Plutarch Society are also given on the website, as well as information on new publications and upcoming conferences on Plutarch and tables of contents for the Society's paper journal, Ploutarchos.
The International Society for Neoplatonic Studies (ISNS) was formed in 1973 by a group of scholars seeking to promote the study of Neoplatonism in all of its aspects, from the ancient world to the modern. The society's website introduces their organisation and provides membership details. Information is provided about the society's own conferences and others that may be of interest, while a directory of scholars gives contact details for academics working in this area. The books and journals section draws attention to relevant publications, and electronic versions of several papers are available from the online journal archive. There are also two sets of links to Web resources: one for general sites (although this does not appear to be particularly well maintained), and one for primary texts by authors including: Plotinus; Porphyry; Philo of Alexandria; Boethius; and Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite. Finally, a link is provided to the society's email discussion list. A useful resource for those studying or researching Neoplatonism.
The Ancient History Sourcebook, created by Paul Halsall, forms part of the Internet History Sourcebooks Project Series. This site concentrates on bringing together primary source material relating to the Ancient World in a structured manner. The main subject areas covered are: human origins; Mesopotamia; Egypt; Persia; Israel; Greece; Hellenistic World; Rome; late Antiquity and Christian origins. These categories are all further subdivided. The material on the site is a mixture of links to other websites and documents prepared as part of the sourcebook project. The Ancient History Sourcebook is straight forward to navigate as it is easy to browse and it is possible to search the site.
Johnstonia is the home page of Ian Johnston, formerly an instructor at Vancouver Island University in Canada. The website offers a substantial collection of primary texts, many of which were translated by Johnston, plus many of Johnston's own essays, lecture transcripts, book reviews, and other study materials. Most of the primary texts fall within the disciplines of classics and philosophy, including works by: Aristophanes; Homer; Nietzsche; Rousseau; and several others. The lectures and other material cover many of the same authors, plus a number of literary writers: T. S. Eliot, John Milton, and Tom Stoppard are among those included, and there is a section devoted to the study of Shakespeare. The site describes itself as 'designed to provide curricular material for various courses in literature and Liberal Studies'. The works are freely available for educational and other non-commercial uses.
The Last Days of Socrates is a website designed by two faculty members of Clarke College, Iowa, and intended to provide help for those students who are reading the work of Socrates (469-399 BC) for the first time (typically first year undergraduates). It provides the complete texts (in English translation) of the Euthyphro, Apology, Crito and the Phaedo, the four central addresses attributed to Socrates and reported by Plato (429-347 BC). Each text is accompanied by explanatory notes of the important philosophical issues such as those that are concerned with Socratic irony, value and reason. The translations include cross-references with clickable links giving explanations of key terms or proper nouns. The site also offers a series of audio links to recordings of extracts from the speeches (RealPlayer is required in order to access these). A less comprehensive Spanish language version of the site is also available.
This Open University website accompanies a series of BBC Four television lectures delivered by Mark Steel, stand-up comedian, journalist and political satirist. The series is an adaptation of Steel's earlier broadcasts on Radio 4 and presents the left-wing comedian's own opinions on the lives and works of "people with a passion" (including Aristotle, Byron, Cromwell, Darwin, Descartes, Marx, Newton, Paine, and Pankhurst). The television lectures were well-researched, and are forcefully and clearly delivered. They avoid comical lecturing, but comedy pervades every episode. Genuine historical comment and insight captures the attention of all - including the "MTV generation". Although obviously accessible for the general reader, the website will be of interest for school and undergraduate students. As well as information about the presenter, the site includes brief essays by Open University tutors on the Steel's lectures and their subjects: Aristotle (by Jon Pike); George Gordon, Lord Byron (by Hamish Johnson); Charles Darwin (by Paul Underhill); Sigmund Freud (by Richard Stevens); Karl Marx (by Sue Hemmings); Isaac Newton (by Robin Wilson). There is also the opportuntiy to follow the history of thought and philosophy further with links to Open University courses, and an email discussion forum about the lectures.
Ben R. Schneider Jr. provides this online electronic database of early modern books, and older school-book texts popular with early modern readers. These all engage on some level with the subject of moral philosophy. Included are: conduct books such as Sir Thomas Elyots' 'The Boke Named the Governour' (1531) and Count Baldassare Castiglione's 'The Book of the Courtier' (1528; trans. Thomas Hoby 1561); biographies such as Plutarch's Lives; and works dealing with moral philosophy more directly, such as Bishop Joseph Hall's 'Characters of Virtues and Vices' (1608). Transcriptions appear to be fair, although authoritative hardcopy editions should be consulted for research purposes. Useful indices to the texts are provided and the site also features a links page focussing upon online resources dedicated to Stoic philosophy. Schneider is Emeritus professor of English at Lawrence University.
David Chalmers, professor of philosophy at Australian National University, has compiled a simple, but useful, page listing contemporary philosophers who have made available their research papers online. The materials are organised into different sections, and headings include: philosophy of mind; philosophy of language; metaphysics; epistemology; philosophy of science; philosophy of logic; mathematics; philosophy of religion; applied ethics; philosophy of consciousness; value theory; and history of philosophy. There are also sections on Medieval philosophy; 17th and 18th century philosophy; Asian philosophy; Ancient Greek philosophy; and 19th and 20th century philosophy.
The Perseus Project is a large digital library of online texts and images for the study of ancient Greece and Rome. The resources available via Perseus are extensive, including the following: primary texts (in the original ancient Greek and Latin languages as well as English translation); secondary texts relating to various aspects of the ancient world; a set of linguistic tools; and a number of large databases relating to the study of ancient archaeological sites and artefacts. The art and archaeology section of the website offers a searchable collection of art objects, sites and buildings, with descriptions and images drawn from museums worldwide. It includes architecture, sculpture, coins and vases, and provides access to supporting tools such as atlases and encyclopaedias. The study of the classical world via Perseus is further enhanced by: an interactive atlas; an extensive encyclopaedia with embedded cross-references; and a series of overview articles. The site also offers several further collections of primary and secondary texts: papyri (from the Ptolematic and Roman periods); English Renaissance texts (including all of Marlowe's works, a facsimile of the First Folio of Shakespeare's plays and other resources); London (atlas from 1780 to the present, texts about London, photographs and other materials); books on California and the Upper Midwest from the Library of Congress American Memory Collection; and documents on the history of Tufts University. Mirror sites are available in Berlin and Chicago.
Philoctetes is a website which offers several key early philosophical texts in ancient Greek, along with English and French translations. In most cases the translation appears opposite the Greek text for ease of comprehension. Featured authors are: Thales (c. 600BC); Anaximander (sixth century BC); Heraclitus (c. 540-c. 480 BC); Parmenides (c. 515-c. 450 BC); Empedocles (fifth century BC); and Zeno (fifth century BC). Also included, with French translation only, are Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, as well as works by Aeschylus (525-456BC), Plato (427-347BC) and Euclid (c. 300BC). Texts can be downloaded in PDF format. There is also a searchable dictionary of Greek gods. Results appear in French and give references to, and quotations from, key passages in the ancient texts.
Philosophy Pages is a useful reference source for students of Western philosophy. It is maintained by Garth Kemerling of Newbury College, USA. The site includes a dictionary of philosophical terms and names, which serves as a helpful guide to technical terms and personal names often encountered in the study of philosophy. It also features a narrative description of the historical development of Western philosophy. The site's other constituent elements are: a timeline for canonical figures in the history of Western philosophy; a summary treatment of the elementary principles of logic; a study guide for students of philosophy; and links to other philosophy resources on the Web. The site is well-designed and easily navigable via a simple menu which appears at the top of each page. Users can also download the entire site if they wish.
This is the homepage of Plato, the internet journal of the International Plato Society. It is an impressive site committed to encouraging debate, and the exchange of ideas, between thinkers throughout the world. It consists primarily of essays that interpret texts by Plato and his followers. Work in the history of ideas is also prominent, some articles examining the popularity of Plato in modern Japan, others exploring the transmission of Platonic ideas from one period to another. True to the influence of Plato, the papers carried by this elegantly designed journal are in a number of languages, but English is the most important. Anyone working in philosophy, the history of ideas or theology will find the journal invaluable.
Plato and his Dialogues is an online essay written by Bernard F Suzanne, a data processing systems architect and student of Plato. The essay provides a useful introduction to the ancient Greek philosopher and is divided into sections on the following topics, based on Plato's writings and ideas: Plato's autobiography; investing in education for political purpose; the just man and the philosopher-king; soul searching; the whole of being; rhetoric vs dialectic; man's happiness in the city; know thyself; Platonic theory. References to the texts of Plato are linked to their English translations on the Perseus website. There is also an alphabetical list of Plato's works, with links to their full English and Greek versions from Perseus.
This is the website of the Plato Centre (formerly the Centre for the Study of the Platonic Tradition), which is part of the School of Classics at Trinity College Dublin and which aims to further the study of the history of Platonism (including Christian, Jewish, and Islamic Platonism). The site offers details of the Centre's undergraduate and postgraduate degree programmes in Platonic studies, as well as giving information on Centre members and faculty (with details of their research and publications). The site also provides information on lectures, conferences, visiting scholars, and the activities of the Centre's members, as well as details of conferences held elsewhere on themes relating to the Centre's work. There is also a list of links to other relevant online resources of interest to those studying the Platonic tradition.
Rhetorical Review, edited by Dr Pernille Harsting, is an electronic journal that publishes book reviews of new publications on the history of rhetoric. It is the result of international collaboration of specialists in the field of rhetoric.The journal was launched in June 2003 and is published three times a year in February, June and October. Publications reviewed cover all aspects of the history of rhetoric in various languages. All reviews are written in English. All back issues are archived and available full-text. There is an cumulative A-Z listing of authors and editors of books reviewed plus an A-Z book title listing.
The Society for Philosophy in Practice (SPP) (formerly the British Society of Consultant Philosophers) is a professional organization which seeks to promote philosophical consultancy, Socratic dialogue, philosophy for children, and the use of philosophy in general. This website gives details of the courses they offer; an events diary; information on membership; and a 'Code of Practice for Consultant Philosophers' drafted by the organization. The site also gives full-text access to 'PipTalk' - the society's newsletter. It is published annually and contains short articles and interviews. Users are likewise directed to the home page of 'Practical Philosophy' - the society's official journal which is published twice a year. It contains book reviews and articles on philosophical counselling, Socratic dialogue, philosophy for children, and other aspects of practical philosophy.
Squashed Philosophers is a website offering abridged versions of some classic philosophical texts. Significant works of several dozen well-known philosophers can be found here, and classical and early modern philosophy are particularly well represented. Also included are some political, psychoanalytic and scientific texts at the margins of philosophy. The abridgement has been carried out by Glyn Hughes (who has performed a similar task for some religious and literary texts). Each text is introduced with an "extremely squashed" synopsis, along with an indication of the original and the abridged length of the text. The home page contains an estimated reading time for each abridged version. Some texts are more severely condensed than others. Whilst the site suggests that squashed texts contain all the student needs for the purposes of exams, the wary undergraduate will recognise the potential pitfalls of abridgement and not abandon the original works. Squashed Philosophers would stand as a helpful summary, introduction, or refresher of the main points. Squashed Philosophers is available in a print version and purchase details are provided on the site, as is a brief guide to how best to use the site, and an invitation to recommend alterations or suggest new texts ripe for squashing.
The purpose of this website is to present basic information on Stoicism both in its origins as a movement in ancient philosophy, and as a set of ideals that continues to have contemporary resonance. Compiled by Dr Jan Edward Garrett of Western Kentucky University, this site has original essays on Stoicism by the author and other scholars, alongside access to various relevant classical texts. Sections on 'Historical Materials' and 'Stoicism Today' are usefully divided into materials at the basic and at the intermediate levels. There are also links to other sites of interest.
'Teaching Ancient Philosophy' is a web resource designed for the use of university teachers and students of Ancient Philosophy. Materials for teachers include commentaries on pedagogical issues as well as bibliographies and reviews of existing literature in teaching Ancient Philosophy, and prospective textbooks for courses relating to the subject. Resources for students include links to online texts; lexicons; encyclopedias; the homepages of relevant journals and organizations, discussion lists; contextual resources (e.g. images, maps, and archaeological guides); and online language resources. The site was designed by Dr John Sellars, senior lecturer in Philosophy at the University of the West of England, Bristol.
'Teaching Materials on Medieval Philosophy' is a website which offers a series of detailed guides on leading medieval philosophers and thinkers, as well as their classical precursors, and their early modern heirs, both Rationalist and Empiricist. Fundamental ideas as well as close readings of specific texts are presented. Some of the figures discussed include: Aristotle (384-322 BCE); Boethius (c.480-c.525); St. Anselm (1033-1109); al-Ghazali (1058-1111); Thomas Aquinas; John Duns Scotus (c.1266-1308); and William of Ockham (1285-1347). The guides were developed in conjunction with a series of courses and taped lectures on the medieval intellectual tradition given by the author, John Kilcullen, at Macquarie University and the University of Sydney. Descriptions of related courses can also be found on the site, and they include reading lists and essay topics. This is part of John Kilcullen's larger 'Politics, Philosophy and Medieval Studies' site, and would be of use to undergraduates seeking basic or further information on medieval and related philosophy.
The University of Adelaide library ebooks website offers free access to the library's collection of over 1,200 Web books including the novels, plays and poems of writers as varied as George Gissing, Ovid, Henrik Ibsen, David Hume and W. B. Yeats. The strength of the collection lies in its selection of classical, European and English literature, but also includes classic works of philosophy, history, and science. The collection can be searched alphabetically or chronologically by author, alphabetically by title, or by theme. A short biography is given for most writers, plus links to relevant websites. There are also excellent links to other etext resources, collections, and archives, such as Project Gutenberg and the Oxford Text Archive.
The Worlds of Late Antiquity website is the home page for 'miscellaneous materials relating to the culture of the Mediterranean world', covering the period from 200 to 700 CE. Topics include the life and works of Saint Augustine, Cassiodorus' Variae, Boethius' Consolation of Philosophy, Pope Gregory the Great, Junillus/Junilius (quaestor under Justinian c.AD 541-9, who composed the Instituta regularia divinae legis in AD 542), Aelius Donatus (the mid 4th century grammarian who was the teacher of Jerome), and Cosmas Indicopleustes (a 6th century Alexandrian merchant who eventually became a monk, and who wrote the Christian Topography, based on his travels). All of the sections are composed by James O'Donnell of Georgetown University, primarily for a course he taught in 1995 (the exception to the above is the section on Cosmas, which is by Andrew Weisner also of the University of Pennsylvania). The site focuses on particular works by the aforementioned ancient writers, making the texts available on the net. For instance, Gregory the Great's 'Moralia in Iob' consists of the first five volumes of this book of which the first book is available in HTML format with clickable footnotes, while the remaining four are on ASCII format without footnotes. The Christian Topography of Comas is based upon McCrindles' (1887) translation, using Winstedt's (1909) edition of the Greek text. Generously, O'Donnell includes (a complete edition) of his own book on Cassiodorus, written in 1979, which is now out of print.