"Liberty Rhetoric" and Nineteenth-Century American Women is a website intended to illustrate the use of liberty rhetoric, of the kind used in the Declaration of Independence and the Declaration of the rights of Man, in arguments for women's rights. The site introduces the significance of liberty rhetoric and examines three issues in greater detail: the origins of liberty rhetoric in the revolutionary tradition; the use of liberty rhetoric among Lowell Mill girls; and the 1848 Declaration of Sentiments. The Lowell Mill girls were women employed to work at the Merrimack Company's cotton mills in Lowell, Massachusetts. They achieved notoriety by organising strikes against low pay and working conditions in 1834 and 1836. The 1848 Declaration of Sentiments was the result of a convention held in New York, and was written in imitation of the Declaration of Independence. For each subject area, the site offers a number of transcripts and reproductions of primary sources, each accompanied by Questions to Ponder. The questions would be most appropriate for school students. Primary sources in some instances include plans and early photographs. The Declaration of Sentiments page allows side-by-side comparison of the 1848 document with its 1776 inspiration. This is an archived site, created in 1998 as a resource for students.
The website "She is more to be pitied than censured": women, sexuality and murder in 19th century America is an online version of an exhibition curated by Brown University Library in 1996. The exhibition is based on the collections of the John Hay Library of Brown University. As the title reveals, it provides an interesting insight into female involvement in crime and the role that gender can play within such circumstances. Sexual scandal and murder in the 19th century America were the subject of pamphlets, newspaper reports, and books, so there is plenty of scope to analyse differing portrayals of the crime and those involved. This site focuses on the murders of the following women: Sarah Cornell; Maria Bickford; Ellen Jewett; Mary Rogers; Alice A. Bowlsby; and Abby Farland. There is a useful, but rather brief, set of references to this exhibition, which explores the link between perceived sexual impropriety, attempted abortion, and the murder of these women.
The website African American Women Writers of the Nineteenth Century has been developed by the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture at the New York Public Library.The site provides a searchable database of African American women's writing during the period. It is possible to search by genre such as biography and autobiography, fiction or essays, or by author or title of work. The collection includes the first published book of poetry by an African American, Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral by Phillis Wheatley (1773); the first book of essays by an African American, Essays by Ann Plato (1841); texts by writers such as Mary Prince and Harriet Jacobs that have become more widely-known in recent years, alongside writings by much lesser-known women. To support accurate attribution of the collection, the site also offers MLA-style citations for each of the texts in the collection.In addition to the online texts, the site provides detailed biographies of a number of women whose work figures in the collection. The site provides information on topics such as slavery and missionary work and would be of interest to historians working in a range of fields other than the history of female emancipation, black emancipation or women's writing.
Duke University's African-American Women Online Archival Collections consist of three sets of primary resources relating to life during the nineteenth century. One is an autobiographical account, the other two archives of letters by slaves. Elizabeth Johnson Harris's life story is recorded in an 85 page hand-written memoir. The memoir is transcribed on the site, but can also be viewed as digitised images of the original document. Harris was born in Georgia in 1867 to parents who had been slaves. She was deeply religious and wrote poetry, some of her poems being included in the memoir. The collection contains only one letter by Vilet Lester, written in 1857. Addressing it to the daughter of one of her owners (with whom she seems to have had a close friendship), she traces her ownership since leaving the household and asks for news of developments. The archive of letters by Hannah Valentine and Lethe Jackson is a little more substantial. House slaves in Virginia, their letters from 1837 and 1838 cover daily events and news about friends and other slaves. Given the scarcity of letters written by slaves, this online collection provides an important resource. The site also includes links to other websites and details of additional materials held at Duke University.
This online exhibition published by the Saskatchewan Council of Archives and Archivists looks at the history of drag in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan during the twentieth century. The exhibition extends from 1910 to the present day, and looks at male and female impersonation in a number of settings. The chapters cover the tradition of drag in theatrical productions, amongst college students, and perhaps most interestingly in the general social life of the province, looking at events like mock weddings, parades, sporting events and variety nights. It also goes up to the present day and the role drag plays in gay society. The exhibition is well designed and features many digitised photographs, posters and playbills.
Published by the Library of Congress American Memory project, the “American Women” website is an online gateway to the American women's history resources available at the Library. This site is an expended version of the Library of Congress’ print publication, “American Women: A Library of Congress Guide for the Study of Women’s History and Culture in the United States”, and offers a fully searchable online version, with added illustrations and a number of links to digitised materials. The guide offers tips on how to search for material in the Library’s catalogues, a table of contents, detailed summaries of collections and catalogue record descriptions. Also featured are online exhibitions and audiovisual material in the form of lectures, readings and symposia. This site is a wonderful tool for researchers working in the field of American women’s history.
American women's history: a research guide is a useful website containing many resources of both a primary and secondary nature. The site has been compiled and is regularly updated by Ken Middleton, a reference librarian at Middle Tennessee State University Library. The collection comprises five main sections: subject index to research sources; state index to research sources; research tools: finding primary sources; research tools: finding secondary sources; and talking about women's history sources. The sections are sub-divided and either lead to further textual information or to relevant links. A good feature of this site is the abundance of primary sources, in digital, microform, and other formats. Biographies, journals, historical overviews, discussion lists, all add to the array of perspectives provided by this site. An essential site for those studying, teaching, or researching women's history, American history, or general history.
'Americana: the Journal of American Popular Culture from 1900 to present' is a full-text ejournal published by The Institute for the Study of American Popular Culture. Example article titles include: 'Invisible Girl's Quest for Visibility: Early Second-Wave Feminism and the Comic Book Superheroine'; '"Hello Lover": Commodification, Intimacy, and Second-Wave Feminism in Sex in the City'; 'John Wayne and the Queer Frontier; and 'The Other American Kitchen: Alternative Domesticity in 1950s Design, Politics, and Fiction', among many others. This will be a useful journal for those interested in cultural studies of post-1945 popular culture in North America. The Institute is “especially interested in publishing material that examines such issues as social action, social justice, human rights, environmental awareness, the human condition, diversity, love, compassion, ethical and moral obligations”. The website also has details of the Editorial Board and submission procedures.
Anne Langton, Gentlewoman, Pioneer Settler and Artist is an online exhibition designed by the Archives of Ontario to highlight the life of Anne Langton (1804–1896), who migrated to Upper Canada (now Ontario) from Britain in 1837. Information and illustrations for the exhibition are drawn from archival holdings of Langton's papers and artworks. Born to an aristocratic family in Yorkshire, and trained as a painter, Langton's life reflects the connection between British socio-economic vicissitudes and imperial development in the early-to-mid nineteenth century. Langton's family's industrial textile business collapsed in 1821, which ended Langton's art education in Paris, and led to her family's withdrawal from society. It also led to their emigration to Upper Canada in the late 1830s. The site's journal excerpts include an account of New York in 1837. Langton's shock at encountering the vast wildnerness near Peterborough, their final destination, is echoed in many memoirs of well-to-do immigrants. The exhibition portrays an outer and inner colonial transformation: her sketches over several years show the emergence from uncleared woods of a thriving British genteel region. At the same time, Langton's youthful European artistic style gives way under isolation, manual work and hardship to starker portrayals, but returns in the artist's late life to a refined control regained in a newly built society. The site notes that this experience "parallels accounts by other early European settlers in North America (and in other former British colonies)". It also provides a penetrating portrayal of the direct continuities between British and British Imperial History.
The "By popular demand: 'votes for women' suffrage pictures, 1850-1920" website, from the Library of Congress, provides access to thirty-eight pictures relating to the women's suffrage movement in the United States between 1850 and 1920. The online collection includes cartoons commenting on the movement, as well as photographs of prominent figures in the movement, and of parades and pickets. The site includes background information to the collection and a short bibliography. This site has been created as a partner site to the 'Votes for Women:' Selections from the National American Woman Suffrage Collection, 1848-1920 website, also from the Library of Congress.
'A Celebration of Women Writers' is a website edited by Mary Mark Ockerbloom, and developed in collaboration with the On-Line Books Page at the University of Pennsylvania. The site aims to recognise "the contributions of women writers throughout history". The site provides an extensive database of women writers, which can be searched by: name; dates; country of residence; or ethnicity. Although it deals with writing of all genres, this is a particularly useful website for literature students, as the majority of writers listed are poets and novelists. For most of the writers there are useful links to biographical and bibliographical information online, and for some there are also links to full texts of their works. The site also provides some e-texts, mainly relating to 18th, 19th, and early 20th-century women writers. Many colonial and postcolonial writers are also referenced, including: Anita Rau Badami; Helen Bannerman; Arundhati Roy; Jean Small; Alice Munro; Mary Electa Adams; Marylin Bowering and Marjorie Lowrie Christie Pickthall. The site is not only aimed at researchers, but also at active participants who wish to raise awareness of women writers. This site is easy to use with useful external links. The bibliographies are a particularly rich resource, leading to many other useful research sites.
This is the website of The Center for Western Studies at Augustana College (South Dakota). In 1862 Minnesota Sioux (Dakota) Indians evicted the original white settlers of the area, who returned with the establishment of Fort Dakota in 1865. Sioux Falls is the site of one of United States' largest livestock markets. The Center for Western Studies preserves and interprets the history and cultures of the Northern Plains of America, which includes south western Minnesota and north western Iowa, but especially South Dakota. It serves as a repository for over 200 archival collections (collection level descriptions available online), and maintains a library of over 35,000 books and bound periodicals on the American West (catalogue details available via an external link). In addition, the Center holds an extensive art and artefact collection (a selection of these are presented online), and sponsors annual events. Details of all this activity is included here. One of the most notable features of this website is the collection level descriptions of the Center's archive of over 100 collections documenting women’s history.
The United States National Library of Medicine publishes this online exhibition about the history of female doctors in America. The site is well designed, and is based around a collection of biographies of medical women from the mid nineteenth century to the present. The exhibition itself is in three parts, the struggle to enter the medical profession; the impact women have had on medicine; and their position and influence in health care today. Alongside the biographies of women like Elizabeth Blackwell, Mary Putnam Jacobi, and Gerty Cori, there are interactive features and short videos. To view these requires the free Flash and QuickTime downloads. It is also possible to search the site by keyword, and the biographies can be searched by location, ethnicity, specialities and medical school. There is also a resources section with intelligent interactive activities; lesson plans for teachers of high school students; information about embarking on a medical career; and a selection of selected reading. This exhibition was nominated in the competition for Best Museum Web Site Supporting Educational Use in Museums and the Web 2004: Best of the Web.
The website Civil War Women is part of Duke University Library digitised collections and provides online access to three primary sources written by women during the American Civil War. These are: the papers of Rose O'Neal Greenhow; the diary of Alice Williamson; and the papers of Sarah E. Thompson. Greenhow was a propagandist and renowned Confederate spy. Williamson was a Tennessee schoolgirl and Confederate sympathiser who kept a diary during 1864 recording events under the Union occupation. Thompson worked for the Union side organising sympathisers in a predominately rebel area around Greeneville, Tennessee. Transcriptions of papers from each of the collections are provided by the website, accompanied by digitised images of the original manuscripts. Information is also provided as to the additional holdings in each collection not available on the web. Biographical details are given for each of the three featured women, and selected links are provided to other relevant resources in the Duke University Library and on the internet .
This is the Women's Studies website of Columbia University Libraries. The site primarily provides users with access to the library catalogues, including: journals; the Barnard Center for Research on Women and Gender; the Columbia Institute for Research on Women and Gender website. The periodical indexes to research in women's studies are a great research tool for the interested; access to the actual journal articles from the website is only available to Columbia students and staff. The site also offers a range of links to Internet resources in the following areas: Women in US politics; Reproductive and Sexual Issues; Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual resources. More general sites are also listed. Internet resources are listed alphabetically and are fully annotated.
The Democracy in America website provides access to a full-text electronic version of Alexis de Tocqueville’s Democracy in America, and also explores issues raised in and relating to the book. The site has been created by the American Studies Program at the University of Virginia and presents an interesting variety of information. The available information is divided into the following sections: tour of de Tocqueville’s America in 1831; de Tocqueville’s America in 1997; race in 1831; everyday life in 1831; American religion in 1831; American women 1820-1842; European perspectives on American democracy; representative voices: de Tocqueville’s informants; inland navigation – connecting the New Republic; the Hudson River – a new American landscape; the new American character: Southwestern humorists; the Grand Tour comes home; European Travelers in America: 1830-1840; and mapping America: the 1840 Census.
The website Documents from the Women's Liberation Movement is an online collection of digitised primary sources on the late twentieth century feminist movement in the United States. The documents have been taken from Duke University's Special Collections Library and are concerned particularly with the radical origins of the Women's movement. There are over 50 transcribed documents available and these can be searched by keyword or browsed under a number of headings. These subject categories are: general and theoretical; medical and reproductive rights; music; organisations and activism; sexuality and lesbian feminism; socialist feminism; women of colour; and women's work and roles.
Early Canadiana Online (ECO) is the website of a collaborative research project designed to provide web access to a digital library of primary sources in Canadian history from the first European contact to the early 20th century. The collection is particularly strong in the subject areas of: literature; women's history; travel and exploration; native studies; and the history of French Canada. The ECO collection is made up of seven individual online collections totalling 3 million pages. After browsing or searching by title, author, subject, or keyword, and finding a text, one may view a scanned image of the page of the volume. Optical Character Recognition (OCR) has been performed on the images to enhance searching and accessing the texts. This site provides access to a vast and extensive collection of resources which should be of great interest to scholars in this field.
The Electronic Text Centre at the University of New Brunswick (UNB) is an online collection of information on the electronic publishing enterprise which serves UNB and the wider academic community. The website outlines the Centre's objectives and services, as well as containing information on standards in electronic publishing, and a number of online resources for the humanities. The site includes: pages on the Centre's image metadata scheme (based on Dublin Core); document imaging standards; and Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) guidelines. Links are provided to other sites concerned with such encoding standards. The online collections hosted at the site include several items likely to be of interest to literature and history scholars. These include: ACTS (Atlantic Canada Theatre Site), for information on Canadian theatre, particularly nineteenth-century Atlantic theatre; the Canadian poetry database; selected letters from the Rufus Hathaway collection of Canadian Literature; the development of education in New Brunswick, 1784-1900; the diaries of the eighteenth-century Loyalist adventurer, Benjamin Marston; the New Brunswick commission reports 1784-1950; records of land settlement in New Brunswick in the period 1765-1900; digitised records and transcriptions of eighteenth-century Canadian documents; the Ward Chipman Slavery Brief of 1800; and a collection of full-text works of poetry and prose by early Canadian women writers. The site also hosts a number of journals and includes links to projects and journals at other sites.
This slight site is about the first female doctor in the United States, Elizabeth Blackwell. It is published by Hobart and William Smith Colleges, which claims Blackwell as one of its alumna. On the site users will find a biography of Blackwell, which focuses on her qualification as a medic in 1849, and her subsequent input into medicine and women's opportunities in this field. There is also a handful of recent articles discussing Blackwell and her impact, and wider topics like the history of the New York Infirmary, as well as a few primary sources. The site also features web links and information about the Elizabeth Blackwell Award.
This is the website for the Emory Women Writers Resource Project, which is based at Emory University in the United States. The project consists of a collection of edited and unedited texts by women writers from the seventeenth century to the nineteenth century. It has been designed as a teaching resource for undergraduates learning to edit literary texts. The resource provides an alphabetical list of authors, which includes writers such as Aphra Behn and Margaret Cavendish, as well as lesser known authors and works by anonymous authors. Alternatively, users can choose material according to the ethnic origin of the writer. These categories include Caucasian, Native American and African American. Prose, poetry and dramatic texts are available online. It is possible to select either edited or unedited versions of a particular text, allowing students to compare their own work with fully edited versions. The site offers suggested assignments for students and recommended further reading.The site was commended in 1998 by the Scout Report, the premier weekly collection of useful Internet sites.
The website "Enterprising Women: 250 of American Business" is an online exhibition published in 2002 by the Schleslinger Library of the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, at Harvard University. It looks at the life histories of forty American women who have had an impact on American business, from the mid-eighteenth century to the end of the twentieth century. The site features biographies of people like Elizabeth Murray, Lydia Pinkham, Helena Rubenstein, Brownie Wise and Oprah Winfrey. The biographies are all illustrated with primary source materials, such as photographs, letters and documents. There is also an interesting archival section of advice letters from figures like Amelia Earhart and Susan B. Anthony. The site also features interactive games, classroom resources, and suggestions for further reading.
'Feminist Science Fiction, Fantasy and Utopia' is a scholarly site devoted to the study of a genre 'traditionally seen as a male domain', which offers writers and scholars the opportunity to explore 'social configurations other than the patriarchal societies we all know'. It is a comprehensive resource for researchers at all levels. The site is very plainly laid out in comparison to other sci-fi sites, including scholarly ones, which makes the site map easy to follow, if a little tiring on the eyes. The contents include Anthologies, Writers and Criticism. Each of these areas is broken down into detailed subheadings and includes comprehensive and fully referenced information. A history of feminist sci-fi is included, with each text designated as 'BF' (Before Frankenstein) or 'AF' (After Frankenstein). Comprehensive author indexes are also available, recommendations made for journals, a scholar's directory and information on live events, such as conferences. This site has a large content, across a broad consideration of the subject area, and as such it will be of interest primarily to the researchers of science fiction and fantasy.
The 'Five College Archives Digital Access Project' website provides access to a selection of material held at Amherst College, Hampshire College, Mount Holyoke College, Smith College and the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. It encompasses fifty-four online collections amounting to over thirty-eight thousand items. The material included on the site relates to 19th and early 20th century women, in particular the education of women. The type of material on the site includes letters, photographs, articles, diaries and official college publications. Details of the archives which have been included from each of the colleges can be found on the site. It is possible to search the collection. The search engine will, in the majority of cases, search the text of the description of documents as most of the documents have been put on the site as images. The collections of the colleges can be searched individually or together. The site also maintains a set of links relating to the digitization of archival collections. The site is now archived.
The Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual Transgender Historical Society (GLBTHS) collects, archives and exhibits material that deals with the history of homosexuals and other sexual minorities. The main focus of the society is GLBT history in the United States of America, although it does also hold a few world sources as well. This well-designed site contains a lot of information about the society, with details of membership and forthcoming events and exhibitions. In addition to this there are two searchable online catalogues, which allow users to search the archive and manuscript content and the periodical holdings of the society, kept in their library and archive in Northern California. Also available is a comprehensive catalogue of web links, which includes coverage of other Western countries.
'Gratt: a peer-reviewed journal of Anglophone studies' is a full-text ejournal aiming to cover... "Literature, Civilization, Cultural Studies, Gender Studies, Linguistics". The journal is produced by the University of Francois-Rabelais in Tours, France, but is published in English. At February 2009 four issues are online, offering articles as PDF files. Issues are themed: 'Queer Readings of Television Series and Serials'; 'Reading Thomas Jefferson'; 'Reading Thomas Pynchon's latest novel Against the Day'; and 'Reading Alison Bechdel'. There are also details of 39 paper-only issues, published between 1984 and 2007. The website offers a "Poetry and Fiction Corner", and "Occasional Papers" which at present features just one paper - 'Representing the Dirty South: Parochialism in Rap Music'. The website has details of the editors, and a style-sheet for contributors.
This Web page on the 'Grrrl Zine Network' website links to and hosts academic texts covering the subject of fanzines made by girls as part of the riot grrrl movement. The texts are free and in full-text form. The page contains, among others, substantial work with titles such as: 'Scratching the Surface: Zines in Libraries'; the British M.A. dissertation 'Unearthing the underground: a comparative study of zines in libraries'; and the PhD theses 'What is a girl? Producing subjects in feminist and visual culture pedagogies' and 'Congregating Women: Reading the rhetorical arts of third wave subcultural production'. There are also some abstracts and links to other resources.
The website The Honourable Pauline M. McGibbon, hosted by the Archives of Ontario, Canada, showcases its holdings related to the life of Pauline Mills McGibbon (1910-2001). This online exhibition gives an illustrated history of McGibbon's life. It emphasises her importance as Ontario's first female Lieutenant Governor, appointed in 1974; her contributions to the support of the arts in Ontario; and her position as first female chancellor of two of Canada's leading universities. One subpage provides details on the archival collection and how to gain access to it. The site will be useful for researchers in Canadian social history and women's history. It may also serve as a teaching tool.
This is the website for the Human Sexuality Collection (HSC) housed at Cornell University Library. The HSC has been established to preserve primary documents on the history of sexuality, with particular emphasis on the gay and lesbian history in the U.S. from the nineteenth century onwards, and the politics of pornography. Although users cannot access the full-text of any of the collection's holdings online, the site offers several useful resources. These are the Sexuality Research Guide, which provides information on how to approach the subject, a history of the collection and a detailed content list of its holdings, and bibliographies of useful texts and journals.
'The International Gay & Lesbian Review' is a full-text ejournal that offers summaries and reviews of books of lesbigay interest. The Review claims to be "the world's first academic journal to be published entirely on the World Wide Web." Nearly 1,000 short reviews are available, although some are available in abstract rather than full-text form. Both fiction and non-fiction books are reviewed, on a wide variety of topics and by a wide variety of reviewers. Reviews are usually in a tone suitable for the general university-educated reader. Some reviews are taken from now-defunct print publications such as Gay Today. The website has information about how to submit reviews. There is the ability to search by title, or by the surname of a book's author. For those without access to commercial book review databases, this will be a useful website to use in conjuction with Google Books and Amazon reviews.
The Intimate Circles website was published to accompany an exhibition held at Yale University's Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library from 28 July to 18 October, 2003. The exhibition examined the careers and lives of a selection of female "writers, artists, publishers, performers, collaborators, and community builders whose energies set in motion lasting aesthetic and cultural practices". This website acts as an online record of the exhibition, with images and information for each of the 67 women represented. A selection of essays, taken from the exhibition catalogue, are also available, along with general introductory details. A list of the women featured can be browsed alphabetically, by profession or by circle (Chicago Renaissance, Expatriates, Harlem Renaissance, New York, Southwest). Visual and performing artists include the painters Georgia O'Keeffe, Dorothy Brett and Mary Foote, actress Ethel Waters, singer Josephine Baker, dancer Katherine Dunham, violinist and music historian Olga Rudge and photographer Anne Brigman. Writers include Willa Cather, Zora Neale Hurston, Gertrude Stein, and Edith Wharton.
This well designed site is the website of the Jewish Women's Archive, which is dedicated to promoting and preserving research and sources on the history of Jewish women in the United States. The site contains an impressive amount of resources, with over 500 biographies, 1,800 digitised images, 40 lesson plans, and information on over 700 archival collections. The website is divided into three main sections - Stories, which features oral histories; Education, which provides a selection of digitised primary sources and related lesson plans; and Research Tools, where users can search the Virtual Archive by keyword, or browse by name, subject, occupation or location. Most of the material on the website is concerned with the history of Jewish women in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, but the collection does run as far back as the mid-seventeenth century.
The website of “Judy Malloy” is an amalgamation of her theoretical works on literary, feminist, and new media studies, as well as a collection of her own hyperfiction works. Judy Malloy calls herself a hyperfiction writer and information artist and is well known to students and teachers immersed in Internet technology and hypertext writing. The site does use frames and some works need Flash and audio plug-ins. The easy to navigate home page is separated into sections displaying her own fiction, collaborations, events she has curated (Intersections Women in Web Media), papers previously presented at conferences, and information about her artistic exhibitions. There are links to her CV, with a list of prepublication papers, articles, and current projects, her biography, a blog and some links to external websites. All texts are available online except for the hyperfictions written with Eastgate Systems, which are available for purchase. The plethora of information pertaining to Judy Malloy’s own hyperfiction works, hyperfiction theories, narrative theories, feminist concepts and creative writing in general is sure to be helpful to both undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as to teachers of English, media, women’s studies, postmodernism and Internet Technology.
The Literature & Culture of the American 1950s is a gateway to online resources related to American culture in the 1950s.The site was set up as part of a course on the 1950s by its editor, Professor Al Filreis of the University of Pennsylvania. Authors featured include Ralph Ellison, Jack Kerouac and Arthur Miller. Subjects include McCarthyism, Freud in the 1950s and women in the 1950s. There are also links to sites on film and rock music. This is a comprehensive set of links for those interested in American culture during the 1950s, or in any writers or events from that decade.
The Margaret Atwood Society is an international organisation for academics, scholars and teachers with a shared interest in the works of this Canadian writer. Atwood is the author of novels, short stories and poems. She is also a literary critic and a feminist activist. This online resource provides details on joining the society, as well as information about the newsletter and the journal it publishes. The section News and Events offers bibliographical details of the recent critical works on Atwood, as well as information about symposia and other events concerning the figure of the writer herself. Atwood is known principally for her novels, which are often preoccupied with the questions of sexual identity and gender representation. She is the author of The Handmaid's Tale (1985), and the Booker Prize winning The Blind Assassin (2000). The site also hosts an email discussion list, recent calls for papers for the society's sessions, information about previous and upcoming conference panels and links to several other sites about Atwood. There are also a few photographs of the author. The presentation of the site leaves a little to be desired, but the content should make it well worth a visit for students of Atwood. The society website will also be of interest to those researching Atwood's writings. It is is a reliable, easy to navigate and regularly updated online resource.
The website Michigan Feminist Studies is an interdisciplinary journal edited by postgraduates and published annually by the University of Michigan. On the website users can view the table of contents for the current issue, and the usual information for a journal: editorial team; scope of the journal; call for papers; contact details. The archive of the journal is divided into two groups: 1974-1997 and 1998 to present. This annual began as The University of Michigan Papers on Women's Studies and later was published under the title Occasional Papers in Women's Studies. Each cluster of issues is freely available in full-text on two different web pages supported by the University of Michigan Digital Library Production Service. These back issues can be searched by keyword, or browsed by issue, author or subject, and the content deals with feminism in history, literature and contemporary culture. Texts are in HTML and have permanent URLs.
The "Military and War" site on women's roles throughout military history is part of the About.com website, and it offers links to a mixture of articles and websites that provide a wealth of information on the role women have played in wars and conflicts during history. Subjects such as female participation in the armed forces, women's work on the home front and the effects war has on gender roles and relations. The focus is primarily on American women involved in 20th century conflicts, such as the First and Second World Wars, although there are a handful of sections covering the female experience in other wars including the Crusades and the Mexican Revolution. The content is laid out that it can be easily browsed, and there is also an option to search the site if the number of results needs to be narrowed down. The resources are internal and external to about.com; although credit for the information is given, this is a popular search site and should be included in academic work with care.
The Website The Narrative of Sojourner Truth is an online version of the account of Olive Gilbert, based on information given by Sojourner Truth and recorded in writing in 1850. The website is easy to navigate and is arranged in a linear text form with chapter or section headings differentiated for ease of navigation. The account tells of the famous Sojourner, christened Isabella, daughter of slaves, born between 1797 and 1800. Her story has become one of the most famous accounts of slavery in the USA. Freed in 1828, she had run away, and endured many trials which were common to African and Caribbean slaves in the USA and elsewhere. She was equally renowned for her sometimes misplaced Christian belief and piety. This is a text produced by the University of Virginia and is useful for all those studying Women's Studies, American or Afro-American Studies and History.
This Miami University Libraries online resource, Native American Women Playwrights Archive (NAWPA) is a specialised bibliographic source about Native American Women (and men) playwrights of the Americas held at the university archives. Information is provided about playwrights such as Annette Arkeketa; Shirley Cheechoo; Martha Kreipe De Montano; Vera Manuel; Janet Rogers; and Elizabeth Theobald. The site contains an alphabetical directory of Native American women with listings of their plays and publications, and some with links to programs and pictures. Users should know that there is a separate link to the Programs and Pictures section, with a useful Broken Link sign for the online resources that no longer function. The important selection of bibliographies is usefully divided into three categories that include Plays and Playwrights; About Native American Theatre; and By and About Spider Woman Theatre. There is also information about literature plays by men and pertinent anthologies, a transcript of a NAWPA authors’ Roundtable discussion, available to download as a PDF document, from 1999, and an invaluable links page. This site is easy to use, and there are many opportunities for the user to email the playwrights directly or the university.
'Nineteenth-Century Gender Studies' is a full-text online ejournal. The menu navigation uses Flash, and so any Flash-blocking software will need to be disabled in order to use the website. At January 2009 there are ten issues online, with articles in HTML format. Two issues are themed, as: 'Disability and the Body in Nineteenth-Century Britain'; and 'The New Woman and Sexuality'. Example article titles include: 'Fanged Desire: the New Woman and the Monster'; 'Sexing the Aesthete: the Autobiography and Apostasy of Edmund Gosse'; and 'Reader, Beware: Images of Victorian Women and Books', among others. The website also has details of the Editorial Board and submission procedures.
The ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives Web page provides free online access to bibliographic information on a collection of resources held by the archives on lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) history. The website includes a searchable catalogue of books, articles, magazines and images held by the ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives. Moreover, there are separate sections for searching the database for audio and visual resources, including interviews with LGBT activists and lectures from the ONE, Inc. lecture series. Although these resources are not yet available through the website (they can, however, all be found in the ONE Archives in Los Angeles, California), the website provides extra details and annotations about the available resources in a more detailed manner than an ordinary catalogue. The Web page is affiliated with the University of Southern California and is run by volunteer workers to provide a variety of resources on LGBT issues, including information on public and private aspects of the day-to-day lives of members of the LGBT community and a quarterly newsletter. The website is easily navigated by the use of links on the left of the page and the search engine - which uses Java - is quick and effective. There is also a link to the University of Southern California's LGBT time-line, which includes information on the civil rights movements and campaigns amongst the LGBT community from the 1940s to the present day, as well as biographies of significant or well-known activists.
This resource is an online video of a lecture (1hr 24mins) given in 2007 as the annual Schlesinger Lecture at Harvard University in the U.S.A. The title is "Out of the Gutter: Contemporary Graphic Novels by Women", delivered by Hillary Chute, of the Harvard University Society of Fellows. The video is freely presented online, in the Real format. Viewers may wish to install and use the Real Alternative player, instead of the intrusive official Real Player software. The lecture disusses autobiographical women's comics such as: 'Persepolis' and Fun Home' and also surveys the works of... "Lynda Barry, Phoebe Gloeckner, and Aline Kominsky-Crumb".
This website, which is hosted by Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), looks at the history of gay people in America. It was published in tandem with the independent film of the same title, which was aired by PBS. Out of The Past explores the importance of history in creating identity, and documents the history of gay men and women in the United States over four centuries.The main focus of the site is the Out of The Past section, which features an interactive time-line of events in the history of homosexuals, covering the seventeenth to the twentieth century. The narrative has been broken into six separate eras, and each period focuses on the life of a particular individual and their place in society. The individual stories are also accompanied by excerpts of the film, which can be viewed with a Real Player. In addition there is a resources section, which provides a detailed bibliography, selected web links, a discussion forum, and information about relevant organisations. The information is well presented, and this site is useful for those approaching the topic with little previous knowledge, as it provides a good overview of the events and issues surrounding gay history.
This website, which charts the role of the contraceptive pill in United States history, has been devised in tandem with a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) film dealing with the same subject. The website includes material directly related to the film, such as a description and transcript, but it also provides resources on scientific and medical history, the women's rights movement and gender relations in the United States of America during the twentieth century. Available are video clips of interviews, which can be viewed with QuickTime and RealPlayer, a timeline tracing the history of birth control from antiquity until the twentieth century, and transcripts of primary source material, including correspondence between Katherine McCormick and Margaret Sanger who were responsible for the advent of the oral contraceptive pill. In addition to this there are biographies of key individuals, encyclopedic entries on key events, and a gallery of pill packets and designs from the 1960s onwards. There is also a teacher's guide, with classroom activities and suggestions of how to use the resources on the site.
The Salem Witch Trials is a website authored by Donna Campbell, an Associate Professor of English at Gonzaga University, USA. It is a brief but interesting look at the trials for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts in 1692. The site is really suitable for gathering a basic knowledge of the issues involved in this infamous episode in American history. Campbell recommends and provides links to a few sites that are worth visiting and a limited bibliography. In her section on the background to the cases she mentions, as few people do, witchcraft trials in New England that preceded those of Salem, such as the trials of Mistress Ann Hibbens (1656), and outbreaks in Hartford and Fairfield, Connecticut. A brief account of who was tried is followed by another brief attempt at explanation, contrasting the views put forward by Paul Boyer and Stephen Nissenbaum, and Carol Karlsen in their respective books. The site is really little more than a short essay with a bibliography.
Selected Women Writers of the Harlem Renaissance, created by Jill Diesman, is a bibliographic resource dedicated to a group of American women writers from the period of the flowering of African American intellectual life during the 1920s and 1930s, called the Harlem Renaissance: Gwendolyn B. Bennett, Marion Vera Cuthbert, Alice Dunbar Nelson, Jesse Redmon Fauset, Angelina W. Grimke, Zora Neale Hurston, Nella Larson, Esther Popel, Anne Spencer, and Ida B. Wells-Barnett. The website lists primary and secondary bibliography for each author. Additional links are provided to resources exploring the cultural background and history of the Harlem Renaissance. Altogether, the site is a useful source of references to the works, and accompanying scholarship, for this unique group of artists. It will be of use to students and researchers.
'The Sickly Taper: A Bibliography of Gothic Scholarship' is a website created by Fred Frank, Professor Emeritus of English at the Allegheny College, Pennsylvania. The resource features a comprehensive selection of scholarly articles on various aspects of Gothic literature and art. This selection can be found in the section 'Bibliographies' which organises the material into five main categories: A-Z by Author; Anthologies of Gothic Literature (selected); American Gothic; Canadian Gothic; English/Irish/Scottish Gothic; Female Gothic (forthcoming; Gothic Film Criticism; Research and Reference Guides; Special Subject Areas. Works included in each category appear as a straightforward alphabetical listing of authors. Although the database is not searchable by key words or titles, the search in two of its categories can be narrowed down. 'English/Irish/Scottish Gothic' is sub-divided into 'Classic Era', 'Victorian' and 'Twentieth Century'. 'Special Subject Areas' can be browsed by 'The Double and the Doppelgaenger', 'Miscellaneous Subject Areas', 'National Gothics', 'Special Gothic Collections', 'Vampirism' and 'Werewolfery'. Relevant sections list publications on a large number of authors, covering a time frame from Ann Radcliffe to Angela Carter. These may be available in hard copy or online. For print publications, full bibliographic details are provided. The site also provides information about its editors, including contact details, and a page of links to related online resources, such as the International Gothic Association (IGA) or Gothic Materials for Study at the University of Virginia. This website will be of interest to students and researchers of Gothic fiction across the genre, from Horace Walpole to Stephen King.
The website "Stonewall and Beyond: Lesbian and Gay Culture" is an online exhibition published by the Columbia University Libraries, based on the exhibition held in 1994. It was put together for the 25th anniversary of the Stonewall riots that took place in New York in 1969, and provides an introduction to key elements of gay history. The exhibition uses digitised primary source material and well-written narrative to explore gay and lesbian history before and after the Stonewall riots. Topics covered include the riots themselves, early writings on homosexuality by people such as Margaret Mead, Edward Carpenter, and Sigmund Freud, homosexuality across the centuries, and queer diversity. Also covered is how the imagery of gay men and women has changed since Stonewall, AIDS activism, and Hispanic gay culture.
The Strange Fruit website has been designed to accompany the Public Broadcast Service (PBS) film of the same name that looks at the history of the protest song in the United States. The website, part of the Independent Lens project of the film company, also has among its resources an overview of the protest song, from the eighteenth century to the present day, with audio files of songs from throughout the centuries. To listen to these files users will need to download the free RealPlayer. The overview runs chronologically, covering slavery, abolition and women's rights, workers, the Great Depression, war, labour and race, the Civil rights movement and Vietnam, 1980s anti-establishment protests, up to the present day and anti Iraq war protests. Other resources featured on the site include a bibliography of books and articles, a list of web links, and an educator's section.
Although somewhat limited in the questions it poses, and therefore only partly suited for undergraduate use, this chapter-by-chapter study guide for Margaret Atwood's 'The Handmaid's Tale' will certainly be of great help to those studying for their A levels, as it brings to the reader's attention the main narrative and stylistic issues associated with this novel. This website also provides a brief but useful overview of mid-20th-century women's issues from both a general historical and a feminist perspective, and makes explicit a significant number of the many biblical references that are present in this book. Unfortunately the link it provides to a searchable electronic edition of the Bible is broken. The guide itself is accompanied by a short document detailing the terms and conditions of use, by a list of study guides by the same author, an annotated Science Fiction research bibliography, and a link to the Feminist Science Fiction, Fantasy and Utopia website.
This site, authored by Warren Hedges of South Oregon University, lists and describes the varieties of modern feminism. The site includes brief sketches of the following feminisms: liberal feminism; cultural feminism; seperatism; French feminism; psychonanalytic feminism; materialist feminism; the anti-pornography movement; pro-porn feminism; queer theory; radical feminism. The French feminism section, for example, explains its relationship to post-structuralism, notes the names of important figures (such as Kristeva, Cixous, and Irigaray), provides useful links for further research, and a bibliography. The site dates from 1996 and has not been updated at the time of review and many links lead to empty pages.
The Women Suffrage and the 19th Amendment site was created by the National Archives and Records Administration in the United States. The site aims to provide information about some of the issues leading up to the 19th Amendment (ratified 24 August 1920), which granted women the vote in the United States through a collection of nine online primary source documents. These documents range in date from 1868 to 1920. The documents include petitions, letters, a photograph and the ratification of the 19th Amendment. A facsimile copy of each document is available and is accompanied by a brief explanation of the content, although the size of the image is often too small to be really useful. The site also has a list of links to related websites.
'The Transatlantic 1790s' is database-backed site devoted to the literature and culture of the late eighteenth century, primarily in Britain and the United States. Of use to literature and history researchers up to undergraduate level, it is divided into three main sections, namely 'Projects', 'Bibliography' and 'Chronology'. Within the 'Projects' section are a collection of studies undertaken by the student researchers who designed and wrote the site, with details of the texts used as the focus of the research, a select bibliography and relevant further reading suggestions. The projects include 'Revolutionary Nuptials', which considers the changing nature of marriage under the influence of feminism, 'Conversations in Politics', a study of the views of Thomas Paine on democracy and religion, and 'Gothic Narratives' which explores the function of narrative in 'Edgar Huntley' by Charles Brockden Brown, 'Caleb Williams' by William Godwin, and 'The Italian' by Ann Radcliffe. The 'Bibliography' section is a database of critical works about or relating to the literature and culture of the 1790s. It is searchable by year, author or keyword. This is a developing feature of the site and suggestions for further texts to be included are invited. The 'Chronology' is also searchable by year, category or keyword, and may be customized to generate a chronology of the period according to particular research interests. This is a well-organised and presented site, with valuable practical features, as well as the useful content of the various projects.
The website 'University of Waterloo Library Special Collections' is the homepage of the Archives and Rare Books in the Dana Porter Library at the University of Waterloo in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Opened in 1976, the Doris Lewis Rare Book Room in the Library holds early editions of 50,000 rare books. The department claims strengths in the fields of women's studies; local history; the history of mathematics (especially Euclid's Elements of Geometry); architecture; dance; fine printing; and urban planning. Special Collections contain the archives of the University of Waterloo. The Archives hold manuscripts and other materials on prominent local figures, families and businesses, which are detailed at length in an online alphabetical catalogue. These will prove useful for genealogists and for researchers working on Canadian and local history. There are also some 19th century British History primary sources. Descriptions of separate book and manuscript collections are similarly posted under a variety of themes, from the William Blake Collection, to the B. P. Nichol Library of Science Fiction, to the Rosa Breithaupt Clark Architectural Collection, to the Spanish, Latin-American and South American Dancing Collection. The Archives also possess over two million negatives of photographs, including the photo archive of the local newspaper, the Kitchener-Waterloo Record, from 1938 to the present, which can be seen in the digital collections section of the site.
'Visual Culture & Gender' is a peer-reviewed academic ejournal. It is published annually, and at January 2009 there are three issues freely available online. Example article titles include: 'A Commentary on Women Creating Spaces in Welsh Visual Culture'; 'Re-constructing Self within the Family: Re-building the Family Album'; 'The Role of Motherhood Symbols in the Conflict Imagery of Northern Ireland'; and 'Thank Heaven for Little Girls: Girls' Drawings as Representations of Self', among others. Articles are offered in PDF format. There are also videos, reviews, and 'visual essays' available at the website. The website has details of the editors, the VCG Review Board, and the submissions process.
The website 'Votes for women : selections from the national American woman suffrage association collection 1848-1921' from the Library of Congress consists of 167 full-text items relating to the American women suffrage movement. The material on the site represents a part of the larger National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) collection donated to the Library of Congress by Carrie Chapman Catt, a former NAWSA president. It is possible to carry out free text searches on the material. These searches can be limited to either searching the bibliographic record or the full-text of the document. Other features of the site include a brief bibliography, biographical information on Carrie Chapman Catt and a timeline. This site forms part of the American National Memory Collection and is now archived.
The website Witchcraft in Salem Village: Intersections of Religion and Society is a short account of the Salem Witch trials of 1691-1692. The site consists of a text written by Professor Christine Heyrman of the University of Delaware, which discusses how to teach the subject of the Salem witchcraft trials at all levels from High School to university. There are good suggestions for how to develop discussion around the subject of accusations of witchcraft and the impact that gender had on the witchcraft persecution. Heyrman provides a good bibliography of the few books written on the subject that are worth reading, with links to selected excerpts of text.There are links to online resources such as the excellent National Geographic site that features an interactive witch trial. The site is of use to individuals with a casual interest in Salem or the witchcraft trials as well as High School students or university students. The site is part of TeacherServe at the National Humanities Center as part of a project called Divining America: Religion and the National Culture.
The Women and Social Movements in the United States 1600-2000 (WASM) is an editorial website developed and published by the Center for the Historical Study of Women and Gender at the State University of New York at Binghamton. The site provides access to over forty editorial projects on topics relating to the history of women's involvement in social movements undertaken by undergraduate and graduate students at Binghamton. Each project is a self-contained learning module, providing a narrative of an event or topic along with a selection of relevant primary sources, designed to encourage the process of historical analysis. Projects are accompanied by an introduction, bibliography, biographies, notes and related links as appropriate. Each project also has links to the Teachers Corner that provides lesson ideas. The website has recently been extended but access to the new material is only available to subscribers.
Hosted by the Purdue University, School of Liberal Arts, this website is described as an "Internet course and interdisciplinary resource featuring the vital contributions that women have made to the art and history of the American West" over the past 200 years. It contains a number of online illustrated essays, many written specifically for Women Artists of the American West by recognised art historians, curators and artists. It is arranged by theme: community; identity; spirituality; and locality, but also has a search facility. All the resources can be accessed without enrolling on the Women Artists of the American West course.
Women in America forms part of the University of Virginia's Democracy in America website and provides access to extracts from accounts of visitors to America during the period 1820-1842. These extracts aim to provide an insight into the lives of American women in this period. The writings of eighteen travellers are incorporated into the site, including: Charles Dickens, Gottfried Duden, Alexis de Tocqueville and Charles Lyell. Short biographical information on all the authors is also available. The accounts can be browsed either by author or topic. The accounts have been broken down into the following thirteen topics: courtship and marriage; employment; religion; Indians; health; wilderness; asylums and penitentiaries; law and government; education; race; arts and entertainment; appearance and fashion; and travel.
The Web Site Women in Tennessee history: a bibliography has been compiled by Ken Middleton, a reference librarian at Middle Tennessee State University Library. The bibliography has not been up-dated since 2005, so recent works are not included. However the site still stands as a good introduction for those studying women's history in America or the history of Tennessee. The bibliography is extremely comprehensive with over 800 references to a variety of works and over 100 annotated links to relevant online resources. Sections covered include: African-Americans; American Indians; arts and literature; biographical index; civil war; courtship/marriage; daily life; education; oral history; politics; religion; social reforms; sports; women's rights; work; World War I; and there is a list of sources consulted. As well as leading the researcher, teachers or student to specific resources, the author also provides information on large repositories of documentation in particular US libraries. A great site for researchers, which can also be used as a source for teaching materials.
Devoted to African-American female playwrights, “Women of Color, Women of Words” is a website of biographies, bibliographies, and general information about playwrights such as Alice Childress, Whoopi Goldberg, and Shay Youngblood, and their plays. Users will need a flash plug-in to view certain parts of the site. Covering a long list of writers, this online resource provides individual pages for each, including numerous links to other resources, bibliographies, guides and announcements both on- and offline and, for the researcher, a comprehensive list of American dissertations on the named playwrights. Featured plays are also on offer as well as information about American theatre companies who perform African-American theatre and their websites. This site is a useful reference source of interest to students and researchers of theatre in general, African American theatre, and women’s theatre.
The website Women of our Time is an interactive gallery of photographs exploring the role of American women throughout the twentieth century. The site allows users to explore images from the National Portrait Gallery at the Smithsonian Institute in Washington of America's most famous and influential women. The page was created to accompany the itinerant exhibition showed in several American cities between 2003 and 2005. Many of the women represented evolved through the dramatic transformations of the twentieth century. The gallery of photographs also documents the personalities of women who were instrumental in creating such an environment. A biographical section on the site allows users to listen to the exhibition's curator as he explores how photographs can document individual lives. Users can also learn about the evolution of photographic portraiture. Transcripts of the audio files are available on the web page. The site provides an opportunity to order the exhibition catalogue. The site requires audio, video and image capabilities.
'Women Writers' is an award-winning online, biannual magazine dedicated to women's writing, both fictional and scholarly. The magazine makes all of its articles freely available as part of its aim "to provide independent, print-publication quality scholarship [..] on the Internet" and to make it "accessible to students of all levels". Among the resources available on the site are: critical articles; book reviews; fiction; interviews with women writers; and an extensive 'webliography' of printed texts on feminist theory. Submissions from writers are invited. Materials from previous issues are available and are achived according to whether they are creative or scholarly. Students of English and gender studies will find this an interesting and valuable resource.
This digitisation project: Women's travel writing 1830-1930, is maintained by Wilson Library's Electronic Text Research Center at the University of Minnesota, to help people researching nineteenth and early twentieth century women's travel writing. The project as such does no longer exist but the website is maintained for reference. The site includes women travelller's from and to the United States, as well as selected American and European women travellers to non-Western areas. This site us useful for many reasons. Firstly, it provides full electronic texts of many canonical women travel writers of this period, including Susan Fenimore Cooper's Rural hours (1848); Mary H. Kingsley's work of 1896; Mary Gaunt's Alone in West Africa; Amelia M. Murray's Letters from the United States, Cuba and Canada (1856); and Fanny Trollope's Domestic Manners of the Americans (1949 edition). Secondly, these electronic texts can be browsed by author, geographic area and various themes such as sea travel and women naturalists. Thirdly, a preliminary bibliographic survey of women's nineteenth century travel sources is also provided catalogued by author, as well as biographies of the main writers, images from the travel texts, maps, portraits and publication histories. Finally, the site provides a list of secondary studies on women's travel writing and a limited but useful list of annotated links to similar websites about women's writing and travel. This site is easy and efficient to use and would be useful to anyone studying and researching women's travel writing of the nineteenth century.
The Women's Voices website provides access to the responses to a 1924 survey conducted amongst female students and alumni of the University of Michigan. Current and former students were asked about their experiences and recollections of university life. The survey was sent to about 10,000 women, from the very first intake, admitted to the university in 1870, up to 1924. The full responses are held in the Bentley Historical Library at Michigan; the extracts included on the website are taken from a book with the same name as the site, published in 2000. The site describes the survey and the responses received. The table of contents links to extracts from responses, categorised according to the topics being addressed. There are sections such as: Early Women; African-American Women; Faculty Wives; The Women's League; Traditions; Friendship; Religion; and Athletic Events. An appendix contains biographical information about some of the respondents. A search engine is provided with the resource.
This website is a guide to the business manuscript collections at the Baker Library Historical Collections Department, at Harvard Business School. Aimed at students and academics interested in gender studies the site complements the online catalogue in a topical manner by describing what is available in women's history materials. Unfortunately there are no plans at present to digitise the manuscript collection so contact with or a visit to the Baker library is needed. However this is still a very interesting site for scholars and researchers interested in the field of women in work and business, and female entrepreneurs, managers and landowners. The collection is divided into five sections comprising women at work - manual labor, women at work - professional labor, women, finance and investment, women and the law and women at home and abroad; these are further subdivided.
This online historical library of primary source material is published by the Worcester Women's History Project, which was set up to promote research into women's history, and the early years of the women's movement in the United States in particular. The library site holds a variety of transcribed primary source documents connected to the nineteenth century women's movement. They are divided by topic, which include the first National Women's rights Convention in 1850 and male voices on women's rights, the latter with commentaries such as "Ought Women to Learn the Alphabet?" (1859). The material includes speeches, letters, and newspaper articles. There is also a selection of links to other related online primary sources. Students, teachers and researchers who work on the history of women's rights will find this site useful as well for its documents on related political questions such as the abolition of slavery.
This is the home page of the Clara Thomas Archives and Special Collections of York University in Toronto, Canada. The Archive holds records related to the history of the University. Significantly, it also possesses a broad collection related to Canadian arts and culture. Its private collections are decked with the bright names associated with the Canadian arts establishment. Its Special Collections continue in the same vein. These include: the Canadiana Collection; The Canadian Literature Collection "with an emphasis on British, American and Canadian authors"; and the Canadian Pamphlet Collection, which has documents related to arts, politics and history of the country. But the site's virtual exhibitions are perhaps of greatest interest, and include scanned images of some writers' notebooks. Several finding aids for the archives are available online. These are arranged thematically, focussing on Women's Studies; Moving Images; Fine Arts; Labour History; War and Conflict resources; and Canadian Literary papers. These describe dozens of individual collections -- such as the papers of the Canadian novelist Margaret Laurence -- in great detail. Further information on hours, services, access, acquisitions, records management and donations is complemented by a links page with basic Canadian archival links and a link to the UNESCO Archival gateway. The site will be of greatest interest to specialists working in the fields of Canadian Art History and Cultural and Social History. However, researchers in British and American Literary History may also find information relevant to their research in this site.