Afrikanistik Online is a peer reviewed electronic journal that publishes scholarly research on various issues in African Studies including: theoretical and applied linguistics; anthropology; and communication sciences. Contributions to the journal have included: the assessment of the current state of African theology; the semantic-cognitive aspects of the classification system in West-Nilotic language family; and the role of the Internet in research in African Studies. The website of the Afrikanistik Online is available in English, French and German, with publications predominantly in these three languages. Publications can be downloaded in HTML free of charge. The journal will benefit undergraduates, graduates and faculty.
The Buganda Homepage Focus on Language website contains information about various aspects of Luganda, a language spoken in Buganda. The website provides guides to Luganda in a clear and easily navigable format. The topics covered include pronunciation, orthography and grammar. The section on the sound patterns of Luganda provides details of the vowel and consonant systems of the language, and their corresponding orthographic representations. The section on the grammar of Luganda contains elementary but useful information on the alphabet; parts of speech; tenses; and various types of expressions. In some of these sections, commentaries on the history of the language are included. Additional information can be found on the website including: a Luganda Phrasebook; the Luganda Society, which promotes the teaching of Luganda; and a list of reviews (written in English) of books written in Luganda. The site will be of interest to undergraduates, graduates and specialist researchers in comparative syntax.
This is the website of The Comparative Bantu OnLine Dictionary (CBOLD). The CBOLD project (1994-2000) culminated in an extensive lexicographic database that contains research material designed to enrich the description of grammatical and historical aspects of Bantu languages. The database contains structured collections of reconstructed Proto-Bantu and regional roots, and reflexes of these roots for hundreds of daughter languages, as well as published and unpublished dictionaries of some Bantu languages scanned from various sources and carefully annotated. Though founded by Larry Hyman and John Lowe of the University of California, Berkeley, CBOLD is a product of collaborative efforts by researchers in Bantu languages from USA, and various countries in Europe and Africa. Its principal aim is to facilitate research into Bantu languages by providing, in a unified format, comprehensive dictionaries and wordlists of Bantu languages. The website offers a frames only version, where one window enumerates categories of documents, and another displays their contents. The documents include: publications that made use of CBOLD resources; downloadable and searchable Bantu dictionaries and bibliography; computational tools for processing and displaying the data; African linguistics map; and further African languages resources. Each document contains links to other resources including African Language Data Archive and Open Language Archives Community, which are regularly updated. The expansive collection of dictionaries of Bantu languages makes this site an invaluable resource for teachers and researchers in descriptive and historical Bantu linguistics. However, there is no evidence that the site itself is regularly updated.
The academic journal for 'North African and Andalusian Dialectological Studies' (EDNA) is a publication from the Spanish 'Institute of Islamic and Near Eastern Studies'. The journal is devoted to the study of the Arabic language in the Western regions of Maghreb and Alandalús, thus combining studies on contemporary and historical issues of Arabic dialects in these regions. Available on the site is the full-text content for all issues published between 1996 and 2004. Although Spanish is the main language of the publication, there are also articles in English, French and German. As part of the Institute of Islamic and Near Eastern Studies, the user may also browse the website and access relevant information about the institute: publications; cultural activities; and the library.
This website on the Hausa language was developed at the University of California, Los Angeles as a major resource on Hausa language and culture for beginning linguists and others interested in Hausa. The page 'resources and references for studying the Hausa language' contains references to grammars, dictionaries, electronic resources and pedagogical texts. The online grammar provides basic information about the structure of the Hausa language explained in a non-technical way, probably too non-technical for the taste of the professional linguist, but excellent for beginners and for linguists in search of basic information. There are audible pronunciation samples. The page on culture is still under construction, the nearly finished part on eating habits shows small video's on etiquette (Realtime Player can be downloaded). The page on poetry and song isn't available. The links page provides useful links to sites on language and culture, including online dictionaries. There is the option to join the Hausa mailing list or to send queries by e-mail to the resource author.The online German English Hausa dictionary on the homepage was designed at the University of Vienna in 2001. This is an excellent starting point for any study on the Hausa language. The site is easy to navigate with the topics listed in the left hand navigation bar.
The website of Larry Hyman, professor of Linguistics at the University of California, Berkeley, contains information on his academic research on phonological and morphosyntactic aspects of Bantu languages from the theoretical, descriptive, comparative and historical perspectives. The topics covered in his publications include: the basic structure of Proto-Bantu; sound change, misanalysis, analogy and frication in the Bantu causative; tone, verb inflection and length harmony in Leggbó; affix ordering in Chichewa; verb-stem reduplication in Ndebele; and verb tones in Dagbani. Professor Hyman has also written on theoretical issues (such as the strengths and limitations of Optimality Theory, the interplay between phonology and morphology as it is exemplified in cyclicity, and the mechanisms of vowel harmony), and on languages that fall outside the Niger-Congo family, his area of specialisation, such as Hakha Lai (a Tibeto-Burman language). His writings highlight the contributions made and challenges posed by African languages to phonological theory. For instance, he (in corroboration with Francis Katamba) has explored the problem of defining the word in Luganda and its broader implications to the venerable criteria for the word embodied in the classification phonological, morphological, syntactic and semantic word. The website will prove invaluable to undergraduates, graduates and specialist researchers on African linguistics and phonological theory. A number of Professor Hyman's papers are available on the website in PDF format. However, the full appreciation of his contribution to and influence in the development of modern phonological theory comes with acquaintance with some of his papers that cannot be downloaded from his website.
Moheb's Coptic Pages is an online collection of information on the encoding of Coptic texts in Unicode. The site includes: instructions on typing and displaying Coptic texts in an X-terminal; a collection of Unicode Coptic fonts; keyboard mappings; and instructions on proofing Coptic texts using Hunspell. The site also includes downloadable digital editions of various versions of the Coptic Bible.
Swahili Forum (ISSN 1614-2373) is a peer-reviewed academic ejournal that publishes research on Swahili language, literature, culture and society. The first online issue of the journal dates back to 2003, and print issues from 1994 (Volume 1) to 2002 have also been made available on the website. Article topics have included: problems of development of national language terminology in Kenya; the status of Kiswahili in secondary schools; functional view of linguistic meaning and meaning typology in Kiswahili; biographies of Sufi poets; discussions of William Mkufya's literary work in the context of HIV/AIDS, Leibniz, and intertexuality; and aspects of the melody and lyrical composition in the Taarab (popular music of East Africa). In addition, the journal includes an issue dedicated to a comprehensive annotated bibliography of Swahili writings. Publications, which appear in English, French, Swahili and German, can freely be downloaded from the site in PDF format. A brief history of Swahili Forum is adumbrated on the website. The journal will be of interest to undergraduates, postgraduates and faculty.
This online resource offers access to Walter Ewing Crum's A Coptic Dictionary. First published in 1939, the text remains a key resource in the study of Coptic texts, and has gone through a number of reprints, including that of Sandpiper Books, London, and Powell's Books, Chicago in 2000. The scope and size of the publication makes it an expensive text, prohibitively so for many scholars. Therefore, while recommending purchase of the hard text as an opening statement, this website provides access to the full work of over nine hundred and fifty pages, through scanned images of each page. While the use of scanned images prevents a text search being made available, the unusual appearance of the site is the key to its usability. Each page is presented in a large table, with indicators as to where the entries for each new letter begin. Also included are the English, Greek and Arabic indexes of the original. Despite its initially bewildering appearance, this site is very easy to use and simple to navigate.