This is a Web page detailing the context, range and availability of the 'Index of Marfleets, Pre-1500' dataset hosted by the Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS), based at the UK Data Archive University of Essex (formerly part of the Arts and Humanities Data Service - AHDS). The data is available to order from the UK Data Archive in RTF and PDF formats. From this Web page you may download a PDF of the study documentation. To make use of this dataset you must first register with the UK Data Archive, and further information is supplied giving instructions. The main aim of this project was to record information about individuals pre-1500 with the surname Marfleet or variants of the surname Marfleet. The dataset contains the names of individuals pre-1500 with the surname Marfleet or variants thereof, with details of the source in which they are mentioned, including the date of the source and a transcription or precis of the relevant part. The variants of the surname Marfleet which appear are Mareflete, Marflet, Marflete, Mayrflete, Mereflet, Merfflete, Merfle, Merfleet, Merflet, Merflete, Merfleyt, Meriflet, Mersflet, Mirfleet, Mirflete and Moreflett.
This site, Institut für Österreichische Dialekt- und Namenlexika (Institute of lexicography of Austrian dialects and names) is another of the many divisions of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. Established in 1911 when it formulated its first dictionary of local dialects, this institute has two main aims. First, its members study the evolution and location of elements of the Bairisch dialect in Austria, South Tyrol and Bavaria. Second, they study the historical and recent developments in place names, geographical names and names of people in the region.The site recounts the history of the institute, which is also the history of its projects and corresponding publications. Among these are Das Altdeutsche Namenbuch (the Old German Book of Names), which lists approximately 40,000 place names. A similar project Die Ortsnamendatenbank (the Place Names Data Bank) runs to the present time. Das Wörterbuch der bairischen Mundarten in Österreich and Die Datenbank der bairischen Mundarten in Österreich are the dictionary and data bank projects for the Bairisch dialect.
Information on the former includes online documents on the planning and conceptualisation of the dictionary. The site dealing with the Bairisch data bank offers a sample from the data bank, which is in the process of being digitised for online use. There is also a coloured map of Austria illustrating the linguistic regions where Südbairisch, Mittelbairisch, Süd-mittelbairisch flourish. Aimed at linguists and historians, the site includes purchasing information for the institute's publications. A bibliography lists the publications of affiliated scholars, with links to online versions of their published findings. There is a small list of links to various specialised online German dictionaries.
The Institute for Name-Studies is concerned with research into English place-names and personal names and is based at the University of Nottingham. The institute also houses the offices and libraries of the English Place-Name Society (EPNS). The site contains information about the institute and the studies conducted there. This website makes available an online version of the Institute's database titled A Key to English Place-Names. This project, which is supported by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC), aims to provide access to information about the origins of the names of England's towns and villages. The page allows the user to access etymological information about the names of the 14,000 English parishes in the 42 historic counties through a digitised map. Users select the county they wish to explore, and are taken to a county map. Clicking on a place-name opens a pop-up window displaying the etymological information for that name. The site can be browsed using an alphabetical county index that links to lists of parishes within each county. The search function allows users to search by name or by elements within the name, and may be restricted by county and by the original language of the place-name. At the time of cataloguing, the search by name was not working, but the other search functions produced results. The pop-up windows showing etymological information also contain some unexplained codes or references. This website is likely to be of considerable general interest, as well as being a very valuable research tool for linguists, historians and students of local history.
The Web page for the Northern Ireland Place-Name Project provides a one-page summary of the background to the project, its staff, and a description of an exhibition based on the project entitled Celebrating Ulster's Townlands: A Travelling Exhibition for the Millennium. There is a description of the database of information on place-names and locations shown on a 1:50, 000 map of Northern Ireland together with historical spellings and source references, and a bibliography of place-names. The brief overview of the project is of interest mainly to potential students, local historians, geographers and researchers, as a pointer towards more information. Unfortunately, this site does not provide access to the database, but does provide contact details for further information. There is also a listing of the publications available from this project. The project received funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Board (AHRB) within the Research Grants scheme.
The website 'Pourquoi de la toponimie?' (Why place-names?) is an amateur guide to the historical origin, distribution and significance of French place-names by Catherine Créange. The present day toponymy of France is the result of thousands of years of social and linguistic evolution and reflects the successive settlement of the country by Celts, Romans, Franks, Burgundians, Visigoths and Vikings who have left their mark in the place-names of towns, villages and natural features. The core of the website is a hypertext database of place-names which can be searched by région and départment but readers can also explore the lists thematically according to places featuring names of Gaulish gods, saints and ethnonyms. Brief introductory notes are also provided which outline the importance of place-name analysis and the written sources which allow us to trace the origins of toponyms based on comments in ancient geographers and scientists (Poseidonius, Eratosthenes, Strabo, Pliny and Ptolomy), historical writers (Julius Caesar, Diodorus Siculus, Cicero and Cassius Dio) and Renaissance scholars who initiated the interest in the historical geography of France such as Konrad Peutinger (after whom is named one of the most important itineraries to survive from Roman times) and Dom Nicolas (who published the first modern edition of Ptolomy in 1475). While by no means a comprehensive survey of French place-names and their linguistic and historical significance (the site offers limited diachronic analysis of name changes over time based on documentary sources for instance), this resource nonetheless provides an interesting and highly informative overview of the subject and will benefit archaeologists and ancient or mediaeval historians working in France as well as those who are interested in comparative place-name studies.
This website provides details of a project which aims to “bring together local history and archaeology groups” currently studying the origins of their local places. It aims to provide advice and tools to enable these groups to do comparable studies of their areas, allowing results to be compiled into an extensive database. The hope is that this aggregation of data can transform the study of village origins. The website outlines the project, and is beginning to offer information which would be useful to groups participating: field study guides, thoughts on some common placenames and links to further useful resources. The project originated from a 2009 series of AHRC-funded workshops, which explored attitudes to landscape and changes in settlements and land-use in the Anglo-Saxon period in English history, as evidenced in place-names.
This website created by the Institute of the Russian Language (Russian Academy of Sciences) is a unique primary source for all those involved in Russian language studies. It contains interactive dictionaries and reference literature. In order to maintain a continious development of the site, a fee for using some of its materials has been introduced, although it is still possible to access some resources without a subscription fee by providing the user name and password: guest/guest. By clicking on the word 'Poisk' users can look up information in the Russian Concise Dictionary compiled by Vladimir Dal, Dictionary of Russian Spelling, Dictionary of Foreign Words, Dictionary of Russian Personal Names, Dictionary of Russian Idioms - all in all 12 dictionaries. The virtual library of reference sources contains texts of four works: Russian Grammar, Concise Russian Grammar, Bibliography of Books on Linguistics and Russian Linguistics, and The History of Words by V. Vinogradov. Users can submit questions to a linguist on duty and also browse the most frequently asked questions. The site includes information on the most prominent Russian philologists, such as Vinogradov, Grot, Dal, Sreznevskii, etc.
This website features the work of the Scottish Place-name Society and the Scottish Place-name Database at the Universities of St Andrews and Edinburgh and is a valuable online resource for students and scholars in a range of historical and linguistic disciplines. The analysis of place-names has played a central part in the study of the archaeology, history and dialect of many parts of the British Isles and reveals a palimpsest of successive languages and peoples including P and Q Celtic, Anglo-Saxon, Viking and Norman. The resource includes: notes and queries on Scottish toponyms arranged county-by-county; news and reports from past and forthcoming conferences; a bookshelf of key readings and new publications in place-name studies; links to other online place-name societies and to related websites; details of the members and activities of the society. Also provided is a valuable index to W.H. Watson's seminal work The history of the Celtic place-names of Scotland first published in 1926 and edited by E.J. Basden which is available as a PDF file as well as online portions of Watson's text (Lothian, Dumfries and Galloway, Ayrshire and Strathclyde and Scotland North of the Forth) which preserves the original pagination.